While the theories have existed for some time, finding corroborating evidence is problematic as the research suggests a different path.
Pawelski et al. suggests that children raised in gay homes may experience isolation, peer ridicule, harassment, and depression. They also posit that these children have a higher propensity to consider suicide and attempt suicide. This internal confusion may be exacerbated by the absence of support groups and structures to assist in reducing the impact of this psychological upheaval. As there are sustained efforts to limit the establishment of groups considered "gay- straight alliances" (Pawelski et al.). This seems to suggest that there are serious psychological problems for children living in these arrangements.
This position is however countered by the work of Golombok et al. cited in (Patterson 1032) where they demonstrate that children from lesbian homes do not score lower than children from different sex homes on psychological tests. Daughters from same sex families scored higher on a well-being test than daughters from different sex families (1032). In total, the research suggests that at present children from same sex unions do not experience any significant psychological problems. Any problems observed are similar in both qualitative and quantitative terms to different sex families.
While individual homes may not be specifically affected. It is important to note that the nationwide political and religious debate over same-gender marriage has intensified. The result is the exacerbation of an already unstable climate for gay men and lesbians in our society. The lack of societal tolerance, acceptance, and support that gay and lesbian individuals, couples, and their children experience can and does affect their psychosocial and physical health and family compares to other children" (Meezan and Rauch 104). This impediment is not sufficient to inviolate the substantive elements of the research.
A dominant view is that gay parents will raise gay children. This harmonizes with the thought that sexual orientation is a greater function of environmental than biological factors. This view is challenged by Miller, who through a series of qualitative interviews with gay fathers and their children. Miller determined that children living with a gay father are not, more likely, to become gay or demonstrate gay tendencies, than children in a heterosexual marriage (547). The implications are that the genesis of homosexuality is more complex than simply being in a particular environment. Children in gay marriages will have the same opportunity for identity formation as in heterosexual marriages.
The chasm that exists between opponents and proponents of gay marriage will not be bridged in the immediate future. The arguments raised by the opponents of gay marriage, center on the possibility of psychosocial harm to children resulting from gay marriages. This harm has not been demonstrated empirically. The weight of existing research suggests that the children are normal. The children make have experiences that parallel their peers in heterosexual marriages and they are not disadvantaged in observable ways. Since gay marriage is a permanent feature of life in the postmodern world, this is good news.
Allen, Katherine R. And Demo, David H. "The Families of Lesbians and Gay Men: A New
Frontier in Family" Research Journal of Marriage and Family 57.1 (1995): 111-127.s
Kurdek, Lawrence A. "Are Gay and Lesbian Cohabiting Couples Really Different from Heterosexual Married Couples?" Journal of Marriage and Family 66.4 (2004):880-900.
Meezan, William and Rauch, Jonathan. "Gay Marriage, Same-Sex Parenting, and America's
Children." The Future of Children 15.2 (2005): 97-115.
Miller, Brian. "Gay Fathers and Their Children." The Family Coordinator 28.4 (1979): 544-552.
Patterson, Charlotte J. "Children of Lesbian and Gay Parents." Child Development 63.5 (1992):
-. "Family Relationships of Lesbians and Gay Men." Journal of Marriage and Family 62.4
Pawelski, James G. et al. "The Effects of Marriage, Civil Union, and Domestic Partnership…
Gay marriage is a topical and controversial issue, as evidenced by the subject's coverage in the media, presence on ballot initiatives and the high visibility of the controversy in general. There are a few different ethical issues where gay marriage is concerned. To opponents, the primary ethical issue relates to concepts such as the sanctity of marriage and the survival of the species. For proponents, the ethical issues are greater,
Homosexual Marriage and the Impacts on Parenting Homosexual marriage refers to legal matrimony between two individuals of the same gender and it is a phenomenon which has come under a great deal of scrutiny and debate during the last few years. As of the time of this writing nine states have legalized gay marriage, and 31 states have constitutional amendments which ban gay marriage to some extent -- a fact alone
Gay Marriage A Discussion about the Relevant Factors that Affect Same-Sex Partners in the Modern World Gay marriage, or same-sex marriage, is one of the most controversial topics in the modern age. It can be a divisive topic because many people feel strongly about the issue from both sides. Many argue that any form of partnership should have equal rights as the traditional marriages do and cite legal arguments and make reference
Gay Marriage Many same-sex couples want to be granted the right to legally marry. The reason is simple: They are in love with each other. They want to honor their relationship in the greatest way society has to offer, by making a public commitment to stand together in good times and bad life brings. While they receive some state-level protections, they do not receive most of the federal emotional and economic
Gay Marriage Gaiety is the practice of bossom love for similar sex and especially between two males or females, bisexual exclusive. "Continued engagement into such practices more often than not lead to desire to attain psychosocial satisfaction through intense urge to achieve a feeling of love and sense of belonging" (Abraham Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs). Hence eventually becoming life long partners as depicted in gay marriages, but marriage is defined
Three other significant arguments are worth mentioning. First, that gay marriage undermines the sanctity of marriage in some way, and secondly that marriage is purely for the sake of procreation --which is impossible in a gay marriage, and that moreover children are likely to be disadvantaged by such unions. These last two arguments are rather contradictory, as the one argument generally suggests that gay marriages should not be allowed because