Homer And Virgil Term Paper


Virgil and Homer -- World Literature The Trojan Legacy: Textual Similarities in the Epics Iliad by Homer and Aeneid by Virgil

In the study of world literature, it is essential that one must know about the earliest forms of literature, especially the works of Homer and Virgil. Homer, considered one of the greatest literary writers of Greek literature, was said to have composed his great epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey, during 8 B.C. He is well-known for his effective depiction of early Greek life, where the interplay between mortals and immortals and the inevitable Fate were discussed. Homer's legacy as chronicler of Greek history, society, and culture helped influence Virgil, who composed the Aeneid in 19 B.C. Using some of Homer's themes, characters, and some parts of the plot in the Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil created the Aeneid, which also gained popularity and acclaim as Homer's epic works.

This paper discusses similarities...


These similarities include the use of themes and characters that have originally been used in Iliad, and borrowed then modified in the Aeneid.
The first similarity between Homer and Virgil's work is the adaptation and continuation of the 'Trojan legacy' that Homer started with his epic works. In the Iliad, Homer's story revolves around tenth year of the Trojan War, wherein the Trojan heroes and their lives were given focus, as well as the defeat of the Trojans from the Achaeans. In Aeneid, Virgil adapted the Trojan-Achaean story, but instead focused on a minor character, Aeneas, as his protagonist. As one of the Trojan heroes, Aeneas, like Odysseus in the Odyssey, was given focus, as he became the leader of the lost Trojan heroes.

Apart from adapting the Trojan theme, Virgil also used the theme of prophecy to illustrate the…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Homer. Iliad. Translated by Samuel Butler. Available at http://www.uoregon.edu/~joelja/iliad.html.

Virgil. Aeneid. Available at http://www.uoregon.edu/~joelja/aeneid.html.

Cite this Document:

"Homer And Virgil" (2003, December 10) Retrieved June 14, 2024, from

"Homer And Virgil" 10 December 2003. Web.14 June. 2024. <

"Homer And Virgil", 10 December 2003, Accessed.14 June. 2024,

Related Documents

Nevertheless, both heroes are very similar in their characterizations: they are both human and are subject to the whims of the gods. Odysseus confides his most troubling mistake: "From the start my companions spoke to men and begged me to take some of the cheeses, come back again, and the next time to drive the lambs and kids from their pens, and get back quickly to the ship again, and

Virgil's epic poem "The Aeneid" is often described as the poet's response to Homer's epics "The Iliad," and "The Odyssey" in that it details the Trojan War and its aftermath from the Roman perspective. It is a Roman claim to great and far-reaching origins, and because of this apparently patriotic purpose, many classical scholars have attributed the poem's inspiration as Virgil's attempt to praise the emperor Augustus. However, to ascribe

Homer and Virgil

afterlife in two philosophers' representations. Specifically, it will explain and compare conceptions and representations of the afterlife in Homer and Virgil. Homer and Virgil Homer and Virgil both described Hades and their versions of the afterlife in their works, and they were far different views. In Homer's Hades, the area looks much like Earth, but it is barren and twisted, the geography is definitely warped and there is little scenery, it

S. Eliot to Robert Frost. According to Theodore Ziolkowski,"Virgil has permeated modern culture and society in ways that would be unimaginable in the case of most other icons of Western civilization" (ix). In the Aeneid, Virgil through out the story emphasizes through his characters that responsibility is of higher precedence than of love. He makes it apparent in Book II, in which Aeneas focuses on his responsibilities rather than on his

Even if one accepts that Homer's age was more barbaric than our own, the description conveys nothing of a balanced match between equals, only blood and death. This is not to say that the "Iliad" is lacking in tales of great warriors, but that the author was not enamored with conflict and war to the degree that he was immune to its seeder side. Even though Ajax's display is

Dante's Inferno And The Heroic Quest Like Homer's "The Odyssey," and "The Iliad," Dante's "The Inferno" begins with a kind of god's eye view of the world. However, rather than the gods looking down and squabbling about the morality of humans they see, Dante begins with his hero's face-to-face encounter with the divine, or at least a representative of the divine, the pagan poet Virgil. Virgil will be the poet's first