Homer And Virgil Term Paper

Related Topics:

¶ … afterlife in two philosophers' representations. Specifically, it will explain and compare conceptions and representations of the afterlife in Homer and Virgil.

Homer and Virgil

Homer and Virgil both described Hades and their versions of the afterlife in their works, and they were far different views. In Homer's Hades, the area looks much like Earth, but it is barren and twisted, the geography is definitely warped and there is little scenery, it is more like a dreamland. Homer sees suffering far differently than Virgil. His residents of Hades do not really seem to suffer much, although he does indicate some tortures inflicted on some poor souls. Mostly, his Hades is filled with people who are there because of personal trials and tribulations, and the Devil does not deem it necessary to place them on display as a warning to others. Virgil's view of Hades is more traditional, with fire erupting out of the River Styx, and a massive gate barring entry (or exit). In addition, Virgil's underworld is also devoid of individuality, which is quite frightening it itself. To know you would spend the rest of your life as one in a myriad of no one's is quite frightening, no matter who you are. Virgil exposes the residents of Hades to the public eye, and this is even more frightening and awful for those who have sinned enough to reach the underworld. Virgil is also quite obsessed with cataloguing all the lost souls in Hades, and making sure they are compartmentalized strictly according to their sin and gravity of the sin. On the other hand, Homer is barely concerned with compartmentalizing, and his world is not so orderly and ordered. It is clear these men had quite different ideas about punishment and the afterlife, and they had unique ideas about what we will face in the afterlife. Their views of Hades are vastly different, but each agrees we must pay for our sins, and however we do it, it will be unpleasant and eternal.


Thuleen, Nancy. "Interaction and Reaction in Virgil and Homer." Personal Web Page. 1992. 18 Dec. 2003. http://www.nthuleen.com/papers/L10virgil.html

Cite this Document:

"Homer And Virgil" (2003, December 18) Retrieved June 14, 2024, from

"Homer And Virgil" 18 December 2003. Web.14 June. 2024. <

"Homer And Virgil", 18 December 2003, Accessed.14 June. 2024,

Related Documents

Nevertheless, both heroes are very similar in their characterizations: they are both human and are subject to the whims of the gods. Odysseus confides his most troubling mistake: "From the start my companions spoke to men and begged me to take some of the cheeses, come back again, and the next time to drive the lambs and kids from their pens, and get back quickly to the ship again, and

Homer and Virgil

Virgil and Homer -- World Literature The Trojan Legacy: Textual Similarities in the Epics Iliad by Homer and Aeneid by Virgil In the study of world literature, it is essential that one must know about the earliest forms of literature, especially the works of Homer and Virgil. Homer, considered one of the greatest literary writers of Greek literature, was said to have composed his great epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey, during 8

Virgil's epic poem "The Aeneid" is often described as the poet's response to Homer's epics "The Iliad," and "The Odyssey" in that it details the Trojan War and its aftermath from the Roman perspective. It is a Roman claim to great and far-reaching origins, and because of this apparently patriotic purpose, many classical scholars have attributed the poem's inspiration as Virgil's attempt to praise the emperor Augustus. However, to ascribe

S. Eliot to Robert Frost. According to Theodore Ziolkowski,"Virgil has permeated modern culture and society in ways that would be unimaginable in the case of most other icons of Western civilization" (ix). In the Aeneid, Virgil through out the story emphasizes through his characters that responsibility is of higher precedence than of love. He makes it apparent in Book II, in which Aeneas focuses on his responsibilities rather than on his

Even if one accepts that Homer's age was more barbaric than our own, the description conveys nothing of a balanced match between equals, only blood and death. This is not to say that the "Iliad" is lacking in tales of great warriors, but that the author was not enamored with conflict and war to the degree that he was immune to its seeder side. Even though Ajax's display is

Dante's Inferno And The Heroic Quest Like Homer's "The Odyssey," and "The Iliad," Dante's "The Inferno" begins with a kind of god's eye view of the world. However, rather than the gods looking down and squabbling about the morality of humans they see, Dante begins with his hero's face-to-face encounter with the divine, or at least a representative of the divine, the pagan poet Virgil. Virgil will be the poet's first