Injustices Based on Racial Discrimination and Gender Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Injustices based on racial discrimination and gender bias in a democratic country sounds weird and hard-to-believe. However, what history has witnessed proves what nobody wants to hear or believe. This analytical research paper addresses grave issues concerning racial discrimination and gender bias pertaining to black vs. white and the related causes for the World War II as well as the prejudices that led to the Civil Rights Movement. Thus, the paper revolves around the popular poem "Mending Wall" by Robert Frost, addressing the issue of the racial conflict between blacks and whites in America. Poems by Langston Hughes will also be incorporated in the paper to better explain the black experiences before the WWII and Civil Rights Movement. The Works Cited appends seven sources in MLA format.

Mending Walls

Among many renowned literary figures that understood the cost that the world is paying for racial prejudices and the rebellious nature that took birth from the roots of racial injustices and discriminations considering the experiences of all the minorities especially the black living in the United States, Robert Lee Frost, one of the America's top poets, trough his poetry made fruitful attempts in spreading the much-needed awareness among the masses regarding the catastrophes connected to black white discrepancies. Born in San Francisco in 1874, Frost wrote, "a few poems it will be hard to get rid of" (Robert Frost). Among those few but unforgettable poems, "Mending Walls" was the first poem out of the sixteen noteworthy poetic pieces that was published in 1914 in Frost's first book, North of Boston (Frost: Five Poems). Composing this narrative and spectacular monologue, Frost has considerably contributed audaciously as well as skillfully to the burning issue of racial disparity among the blacks and the whites. He believes in "saying one thing in terms of another" (Frost: Essay Questions), a quality that is highly evident throughout the Mending Wall, which he has used to address the racial inequality in America regarding blacks and whites.

The "wall" in the poem serves as the humanly created barrier, as Marion Montgomery observes, "barriers were a major theme in his poetry, barriers between man and God, man and nature, man and man. Man is continually engaged in erecting or destroying them" (Frost: Essay Questions). Hence, through the description of wall that stands between the narrator that is Frost and his illogical, self-centered neighbor, the poet provides inkling towards the attitude of whites towards the blacks surviving the coldness of the wintry America. Frost paints a very close-to-reality picture of Black life in America before, during and after the War World II and the Civil rights Movements. He vehemently objects to the physical, social and psychological barriers like "walls" that have been built by mankind, by the people who consider themselves superior in comparison of the minorities on the inhuman, ignorant grounds of color, creed, caste or race, when the poet says in the poem "There where it is we do not need the wall, He is all pine and I am apple orchard, My apple trees will never get across, And eat the cones under his pines," (Mending Wall) thereby questioning the barriers that men have put up against their fellow men, which blocks their perception and holds them back from distinguishing good from bad, right from wrong, prejudiced from fair and the barriers that isolate one human from another on grounds of race distinction, creating false notions, agony, dissatisfaction among various classes and contempt for each other that has in past led to civil rights movements and international wars.

These barriers gave way to injustices like lynching, public mutilation and burning of blacks and race mutiny that the history witnessed before and after the World War II when records suggest that "primarily the victims were Black males who were often mutilated, shot and beaten before being burned on pyres. Mob lynchings were a common form of death for young Black men. The idea that most of these men were charged with the rape of white women is a false one. Their alleged crimes were numerous: using offensive language; bad reputation; refusal to give up a farm; throwing stones; unpopularity; slapping…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Robert Frost (1874-1963). Available at 31, 2002)

Frost, "Poetry Of Robert Frost: Five Poems From North Of Boston," Monarch Notes, 01-01-1963

Frost, "Poetry Of Robert Frost: Essay Questions, Criticism," Monarch Notes, 01-01-1963.

America After Slavery: From Lynchings to White Riots." Available at (October

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