Israel's Security Policies Relating To Term Paper

Length: 10 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: History - Israel Type: Term Paper Paper: #62669521 Related Topics: Israel, Bleak House, Hamas, Judicial Process
Excerpt from Term Paper :



On October 6, 1973, Israel was attacked by the combined forces of Egypt and Syria. It was Yom Kipper, the most sacred day in the Jewish calendar. Egypt began as Israel had, with an air attack. On the ground, Israel was outnumbered six to one, fielding only about 200,000 soldiers against a combined force of over 1,150,000 Arab troops. Once again, the Soviet Union was involved, sending over 1,000 tons of weapons and ammunition to Egypt and Syria during the early days of the war. The United States was forced to intervene. On October 13, President Richard Nixon ordered an airlift of military supplies, enabling Israel to sustain its forces. After initial success, the war had gone against the Arabs and eventually Egyptian President Anwar Sadat appealed to the Soviet Union to save them. Following negotiations in Moscow on October 21, U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger flew to Tel Aviv where he obtained Israeli Prime Minister Golda Mier's agreement for a cease-fire. By October 22nd, the war was over.

Since the end of formal hostilities in 1973, the attacks on Israel from its hostile neighbors have been replaced by shadowy groups that rely more on terror tactics than infantry and tanks. First the PLO, which led to Israel's invasion of Southern Lebenon in 1982 and subsequently Hizbollah, which was formed in 1983, and Hamas in 1988. Both of these groups had, as their stated intention, the murder of every Jew and the destruction of the state of Israel and its allies. It was after twenty years of these terrorist tactics, and the lives of hundreds of innocent Israelis, that Israel began to consider building a fence around its borders. It would be almost another ten years before it finally implemented this tactic.

Israel's decision to build a wall separating itself from external threats has become a controversial one. Seen within Israel as the best chance to reduce or eliminate terrorism, and solidify the border between the Jewish state and the Palestinian state, it is viewed by much of the outside world as a symbol of oppression. According to Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, the fence, "is not a political border. It is not a security border but rather another means to assist in the war against terror, and greatly assist in stopping illegal aliens." Palestinians, however, have a different view, seeing the fence as a prison that would encircle them and leave Israel with control over entry in and out. According to Michael Tarazi of the PLO's negotiations support unit,

This just confirms that the Wall is not to separate the West Bank from Israelis, it's to separate Palestinians into their reservation. It means that the Israelis will take control of our border with Jordan and what remains of the best agricultural land we have. The Wall near the green line has already taken a lot of our best land and now they are going to do the same with what remains in the Jordan valley.

Noam Chomsky, professor of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a frequent writer about the Middle East, has called it "politicide against the Palestinians -- helping turn Palestinian communities into dungeons, next to which the bantustans of South Africa look like symbols of freedom, sovereignty and self-determination." He further states that, "it is misleading to call these Israeli policies. They are American-Israeli policies -- made possible by unremitting United States military, economic and diplomatic support of Israel."

This is the problem for the United States. In most of the world, Israel is viewed as a proxy state for the U.S.; certainly support of Israel is no secret. Since the inception of the Jewish state, the U.S. has been its constant ally. Therefore, whatever Israel does is seen as operating with the tacit approval of the U.S.

The current structure being erected is not the first attempt to protect Israel from attacks by building fences. On May 29, 1938, the British under the leadership of Sir Charles Taggert began building a wall along the Lebanese border that was designed to protect Jewish settlers and British soldiers from attacks by Arab bands. This wall was called the Taggert Wall after the British counter terrorism expert who had gained his experience as a member of the British police force...

...

He came to Palestine to coordinate the various security services, and erected a security fence along the northern border to prevent the infiltrations of terrorists. The structure managed to anger both the Jewish and Arab settlers, as it crossed pastureland and private property. After the threat from outlaw bands was over, the wall was dismantled. Later, in 1983, after the Israeli Defense Forces occupation in southern Lebenon was ended, a wall was built on the same border.

In 1993, in an attempt to prevent suicide bombers from entering into Israel from Gaza, Prime Minister Rabin ordered a fence erected to close off this area. The Jewish and Arab populations were effectively sealed off from each other. Roadblocks were set up and Arab workers were prevented from crossing the border to work in Israel. "The wall Israeli General Vilnai built around Gaza has dampened security problems, but he says that cooping up Gaza residents will bring political and economic costs. 'The flow of workers to Israel must continue,' he says."

In May of 2002, as the frequency of suicide attacks increased, the Israeli government decided to begin building a partial fence along the green line (pre-1967 War) borders with the West Bank. As early as 1994, under Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, plans for the fence were discussed in Israel. A similar fence built in 1993 had been successful in preventing infiltration from the much smaller Gaza strip. Many in Israel continue to be angry over the delay, saying that hundreds of lives could have been saved had the fence been built in 1994 when it was originally proposed. In a speech in June 2003, former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak criticized the Israeli government for dragging its feet and not building the Wall sooner.

Construction on the fence began in July. The Wall will follow the Green Line, roughly the border before the 1967 war which separates Israel from the West Bank. In certain areas, however, the line will cut east into the West Bank to cover large Jewish settlements. In addition to the fence itself, there will be electronic monitoring devices placed around it and guardhouses at periodic intervals. In areas of high population, the fence is replaced by a wall to prevent Palestinians from shooting through the fence.

On October 1, 2003, the Israeli cabinet voted to extend the West Bank security fence, with the Ministry of Defense for the first time, publishing its planned route for the entire 250-mile section of fence along the western edge of the West Bank. Prime Minister Sharon went on Israeli television and told the world that he planned to extend the fence around the West Bank, separating the Jordan Valley from Jordan.

The United Nations (UN) General Assembly reacted with several resolutions calling for an end to the Wall and the Israelis reacted by saying it would ignore the resolutions. On October 26, 2003, Palestinians living near the fence were ordered to obtain special permits in order to continue living there. In November, the fence was condemned by both the European Union and Secretary General of the UN, and the next month the UN General Assembly passed a resolution to send this issue to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Hague to determine legality under international law. On July 9, 2004, the ICJ ruled that the barrier was illegal under international law and must be torn down. Palestinians who had been harmed by the fence were ordered to be compensated. Later that month, on July 19th, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution adopting the Court's ruling. Israel ignored these actions by the UN.

On July 16, 2004, Ambassador John Danforth, U.S. Representative to the United Nations, speaking against the proposed resolution, issued a statement saying,

The resolution before us and the opinion of the International Court of Justice it endorses point away from a political solution to the Israel-Palestinian conflict that would embody the vision of two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security. We must reject the resolution.

If there is to be a solution to the tragedy of the Middle East, it must be political, entailing the agreement by both parties to a reasonable compromise. The judicial process is not the political process, and the International Court of Justice was not the appropriate forum to resolve this conflict.

The nature of a political solution is balance. The claims of each side must be accommodated, or there can be no agreement.

The resolution before us is not balanced. It is wholly one-sided. It does not mention the threat terrorists pose to Israel. It follows a long line of one-sided resolutions adopted…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

The Anti-Terrorist Fence - an Overview." 9 July 2005 http://securityfence.mfa.gov.il/mfm/data/48152.doc.

Bregman, Ahron. A History of Israel. New York: Palgrove MacMillan, 2003.

Chomsky, Noam. "A Wall as a Weapon." The New York Times 23 February 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.commondreams.org/views04/0223-02.htm.

Crock, Stan. "Israel's Wall: A Step toward Peace?" Business Week Online 18 July 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/jul2002/nf20020718_1722.htm.
Danforth, John. "U.S. Opposes International Court Ruling on Israeli Wall." United States Ambassador to United Nations July 16, 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.usembassy.it/file2004_07/alia/a4071611.htm.
Deluge-hit Palestinians Blame Israeli Separation Wall." IslamOnline.net 17 February 2005. 9 July 2005 http://islamonline.net/English/News/2005-02/17/article05.shtml.
Greenberg, Joel. "Israeli Wall Goes Up Near 2 Villages." Chicago Tribune 15 January 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.miftah.org/display.cfm?DocId=2981&CategoryId=5.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency 27 June 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.jewishsf.com/bk030627/1b.shtml.
HaCohen, Ran. "The Apartheid Wall." Antiwar.com 21 May 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.antiwar.com/hacohen/h052103.html.
Halper, Jeff. "The Key to Peace: Dismantling the Matrix of Control." 9 July 2005 http://www.icahd.org/eng/articles.asp?menu=6&submenu=3.
Israeli Wall to Engulf Jerusalem." Alijazeera.Net March 14, 2005. 9 July 2005 http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/4D5E594A-40E2-4606-BC87-D374E2A7A7ED.htm.
Isseroff, Ami. "Israeli Security Barrier (Wall) Current Status (2005) and Evolution." MidEastWeb March 10, 2005. 9 July 2005 http://www.mideastweb.org/thefence.htm.
McGreal, Chris. "Israeli Wall to Encircle Palestine." Guardian Unlimited 18 March 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,916222,00.html.
O'Loughlin, Ed. "Israeli Fence Will Leave 70,000 Palestinians in No-Man's-Land." Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) 1 November 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/1101-02.htm.
Rabbani, Mouin. "Bleak Horizons After Operation Defensive Wall." ZNet 30 April 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.zmag.org/content/Mideast/rabbani_dimhorizons.cfm.
Rossell, Dan. "Israeli Wall Protects with a Proven Method." The Battalion Online 23 January 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.thebatt.com/news/2004/01/23/Opinion/Israeli.Wall.Protects.With.A.Proven.Method-586389.shtml.
UN Report Slams Israeli Wall as Illegal Annexation of Palestinian Land." Common Dreams News Center 30 September 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0930-07.htm.
A van Creveld, Martin. "Sharon's Plan Is to Drive Palestinians across the Jordan." The Daily Telegraph. April 28, 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/04/28/wpal28.xml&sSheet=/news/2002/04/28/ixworld.html.
Zunes, Stephen. "Implications of the U.S. Reaction to the World Court Ruling against Israel's Separation Barrier." Miftah 18 January 2005. 9 July 2005 http://www.mindfully.org/Reform/2005/Separation-Barrier-U.S.-Reaction18jan2005.htm.
Martin van Creveld. "Sharon's Plan Is to Drive Palestinians across the Jordan." The Daily Telegraph. April 28, 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/04/28/wpal28.xml&sSheet=/news/2002/04/28/ixworld.html.
Mouin Rabbani. "Bleak Horizons After Operation Defensive Wall." ZNet 30 April 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.zmag.org/content/Mideast/rabbani_dimhorizons.cfm.
Ran HaCohen. "The Apartheid Wall." Antiwar.com 21 May 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.antiwar.com/hacohen/h052103.html.
Chris McGreal. "Israeli Wall to Encircle Palestine." Guardian Unlimited 18 March 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,916222,00.html.
Noam Chomsky. "A Wall as a Weapon." The New York Times 23 February 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.commondreams.org/views04/0223-02.htm.
Stan Crock. "Israel's Wall: A Step toward Peace?" Business Week Online 18 July 2002. 9 July 2005 http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/jul2002/nf20020718_1722.htm.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency 27 June 2003. 9 July 2005 http://www.jewishsf.com/bk030627/1b.shtml.
John Danforth. "U.S. Opposes International Court Ruling on Israeli Wall." United States Ambassador to United Nations July 16, 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.usembassy.it/file2004_07/alia/a4071611.htm.
Dan Rossell. "Israeli Wall Protects with a Proven Method." The Battalion Online 23 January 2004. 9 July 2005 http://www.thebatt.com/news/2004/01/23/Opinion/Israeli.Wall.Protects.With.A.Proven.Method-586389.shtml.
Stephen Zunes. "Implications of the U.S. Reaction to the World Court Ruling against Israel's Separation Barrier." Miftah 18 January 2005. 9 July 2005 http://www.mindfully.org/Reform/2005/Separation-Barrier-U.S.-Reaction18jan2005.htm.
The Anti-Terrorist Fence - an Overview." 9 July 2005 http://securityfence.mfa.gov.il/mfm/data/48152.doc.


Cite this Document:

"Israel's Security Policies Relating To" (2005, July 12) Retrieved November 30, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/israel-security-policies-relating-to-66238

"Israel's Security Policies Relating To" 12 July 2005. Web.30 November. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/israel-security-policies-relating-to-66238>

"Israel's Security Policies Relating To", 12 July 2005, Accessed.30 November. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/israel-security-policies-relating-to-66238

Related Documents
American Foreign Security Policies What
Words: 1788 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 36781574

But the U.S. must also set an example to the world on human rights, and that begins with a rejection of the kind of abuses that were carried out at Abu Ghraib in Iraq during the U.S. occupation of that sovereign nation. Works Cited Biden, Joseph. (2009). Biden Lays Out U.S. Foreign Policy Goals, Approaches. America.gov. Retrieved Dec. 16, 2010, from http://www.america.gov. Blanton, Shannon Lindsey. (2005). Foreign Policy in Transition? Human Rights, Democracy, and

Israel Securitization Issue
Words: 3097 Length: 10 Pages Topic: History - Israel Paper #: 53494015

Israel Explanation of the Issue: Introduction The most recent escalation of conflict in Israel and Gaza show that the current situation is untenable. This paper examines the history of the creation of the state of Israel and the aftermath of the Balfour Declaration and its subsequent United Nations resolutions in 1947. After providing background information on the situation in Israel, the author will examine the security risks that both the Israelis and

Thematic Analysis of Security Issues
Words: 20201 Length: 78 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 25267847

Security Study Travel and tourism are major industries in European countries such as Greece. The hotel industry is dedicated to making the accommodations for their patrons as enjoyable as possible. This means ensuring that hotel guests, visitors, and staff have a safe and secure environment. It is for this reason that many of the larger hotel chains have their own private security personnel who are entrusted to maintain the safety of

Israel and Palestine in Order
Words: 1584 Length: 4 Pages Topic: History - Israel Paper #: 89684371

Many critics are of the option that the present mistrust of Palestinian intentions from the Israeli point-of-view would also not be automatically remedied by a two - state implementation. However, as commentators like Ziad Asali of Cornell University suggests, the two - state solution has to be implemented in conjunction with certain other factors and changes, in order to remotely have a chance of changing the course of this seemingly

Terrorism and National Policy
Words: 2263 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Terrorism Paper #: 90552651

TERRORISM & NATIONAL POLICY Terrorism and National Policy The main concern of the U.S. National Security Council relates to the existing terrorist movements that pose risks to Americans citizens and its territory. The U.S. has historically been one of the main targets of the Islamist terrorist groups alongside other countries such as Israel. The U.S. has undertaken various national policies to combat terrorism within and beyond its borders. However, the September 11

Indian Foreign Policy -- When
Words: 2346 Length: 6 Pages Topic: History - Asian Paper #: 121852

77). India / Theoretical / Foreign Policy Shyness (Pant, 2009, p. 251). Pant's latest scholarship on India's foreign policies (2009, p. 253) is far more forceful and impactful than the narrative in his 2008 book. He chides India for not letting go of its Cold War foreign policy strategy. "The Cold War officially ended almost two decades ago," Pant writes (p. 253), and yet India continues to debate "the relevance of