Jesus - Christianity Christmas, The Day Celebrated Term Paper


Jesus - Christianity Christmas, the day celebrated as the birth of Jesus Christ, is the basis of one of Christianity's holiest observances and its story proclaims the advent of a Savior, the miracle of God's invasion of human history (Sheler pp). Although only Matthew and Luke mention the birth of Christ, the birth is nonetheless believed to have fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies that "a virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel," and that out of Bethlehem 'one will go forth ... To be ruler in Israel'" (Sheler pp).

There are numerous religious traditions within Christianity that vary by culture, as well as thousands of diverse beliefs and sects (Christianity pp). In fact, during the past two millennia, it has been grouped into three main branches, Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism (Christianity pp). Christianity is the world's largest single religion with over 2.2 billion followers (Christianity pp).

Christianity originated in the first century, when according to the New Testament, Jesus' followers were first called Christians by non-Christians in the city of Antioch, where they had fled after the early persecutions in Judea (Christianity pp). During the first three centuries, Christianity spread rapidly through Egypt into North Africa, Sudan and Ethiopia, from Mesopotamia to Persia, Inner Asia and India, and from Greece and Rome to Europe (Christianity pp).

There were two main communities of Christians, the Jewish Christians who were those Jews and Gentile converts, and the Hellenistic Christians who were those who were more influenced by the Greek-speaking world and believed the central message of Christianity could be represented in ways more appropriate for Gentiles (Christianity pp). Tertullian, one of...


Also during this time, the canonical books of the New Testament began to appear and a church hierarchy emerged, the Bishops of Alexandria, Antioch and Rome assumed the title Patriarch (Christianity pp).
In 312, Roman Emperor Constantine was converted and with his Edict of Milan in 313, he made Christianity a state religion, however, during the reign of Julian the Apostate, 361-363, persecution was briefly revived when he tried to restore paganism to the empire, then in 382, Christianity was made the official favored religion by Emperor Theodotius (Christianity pp). Similar events took place in Georgia and Armenia, however, in Persia, the Christians struggled under the oppressive Sassanids who tried to revive Zoroastrian (Christianity pp).

Christianity had spread to most of the Western world, the Middle East, parts of Africa, and into the Far East by the second millennium (Christianity pp).

During the European Reformation of the 1500's, Protestants and several other churches renounced allegiance to Rome over abuses of the growing Papal authority, thus, sparking a…

Sources Used in Documents:

Work Cited



Sheler, Jeffrey L. "The first noel."

U.S. News & World Report; 12/21/1992; pp.

Cite this Document:

"Jesus - Christianity Christmas The Day Celebrated" (2005, May 16) Retrieved June 18, 2024, from

"Jesus - Christianity Christmas The Day Celebrated" 16 May 2005. Web.18 June. 2024. <>

"Jesus - Christianity Christmas The Day Celebrated", 16 May 2005, Accessed.18 June. 2024,

Related Documents

Traditional Christmas foods in Costa Rica, on the other hand, include the tamal (corn flour dough stuffed with potatoes, vegetables and pork or chicken, then boiled in plantain leaves); pupusa (tortilla with cheese, corn and whatever); vigoron (cabbage, tomato, yucca and fried pork rind, served on a plantain leaf); and grilled pork, chicken and sausage. Many Costa Ricans also eat the traditional U.S. Christmas meal, but insist on their

There is no cautioning the children to get to bed early to wait for Santa Claus, as gifts are not traditionally exchanged upon this day in Cuban culture. Although some Cubans have adopted the concept of Santa Claus after living in America, traditionally Noche Buena and Christmas Day is more of an adult festival. The parties on Noche Buena, much like New Year's Day, last long into the morning

American Jews in Film

American Jews in Film Narration is an old age tradition that has helped for centuries in protecting the tales and stories of humans and carrying it forth from one generation to other. Where before the tradition carried forth in an oral manner, today the mediums for these narrations have changed drastically, and have moved on from oral traditions to written and even visual mediums. These mediums, which include, Newspaper, books, Radio,

Rituals are considered to be a set of actions that are performed, not for the actions themselves, but rather for the actions symbolic value. What determines the actions or rituals may include traditions, religion, and/or the community in which the ritual takes place. Moreover, any number of activities or events can be incorporated into a ritual. According to Kyriakidis (2007), the term ritual is actually the phraseology used by someone

Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should 'look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to Cezanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect-so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his

Generation Transmission of Culture There are a number of ways that a culture may be transmitted to the next generation such as influences from family and parents, religion, and community. This works intends to explore the generation transmission of cultural elements through the methodology of informational research. One of my earliest memories is the sound of the drums coming down Main Street while the smells of popcorn and coffee drifted through the