Karl Marx Critique Of Religion Essay


235). Application of Marxism critique on Buddhism

Marxism on materialism is one Marxism aspect which is considered to be conflicting with Buddha-Dhamma. Buddha denounces materials while Marx proclaims it and Buddhism is considered non-materialist doctrine. Materialism that Marx means is not the one with physical, physiological or mechanical connotation or questions the conscious mind's reality. The stuff that the universe is composed of is not referred nor is it mechanistic materialism but rather dialectic materialism. Buddha's discourse refers concepts of materialism which are also not identical to the conventional materialism. The operative materialism aspect for Buddhism is the non-acceptance of survival after death. Regarding this question, there wasn't any rash by Marx to put forth his opinion and it's clear that dialectical materialism's philosophical theory by illustrated by Marx is neither denied nor affirmed by Buddhism. A case can be made for opposing between Marxism and Buddhism regarding the more banal materialism sense where by worldly goods importance is affirmed for human welfare. The middle way is the argument for Buddhism for both the layman and monk due to the respective lifestyles demands. Marx considered the characteristic of capitalism as accumulation for just the accumulation sake and therefore the distribution rule that is ideal communist state is one the each person is given according to his need. Reconciliation of these views can be found here also as can be noted the first social communist grouping was Buddha (Gunasekara, 1984).

The man physiology theory is another significant incompatibility aspect between Marxism and Buddhism especially the relation of human activity and human consciousness. A memorable statement is made by Marx in his Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859) preface that the being of the man is not determined by his consciousness but their consciousness is determined by their social being. Earlier communist manifesto expressed the same idea. This is very opposite to Buddhism where by the mind is considered the fore-runner to all the conditions. The being is therefore determined by consciousness.



From almost everything written by Marx his humanism is evident. Man was also considered as his destiny's arbiter. Humanism affirmation in both philosophies is components of criticisms of God and religion. A distinction between the two can be established by understanding that Marx theory's center is man in a society while only man is important for Buddha and the human situation essential aspects do not regard social economic scene as fundamental (Bramford, 1939, p.247).
Marxism is a philosophy which is of action and this is also true for Buddhism. Political and social actions are recommended by Marx because of their disparate views on humanism. Even though this sort of action is not decried by Buddha, he focuses on a higher ideal and type of happiness which is more fundamental. Accusations have been put against Buddha for his favor for contemplation rather than action both currently and in his time too. The consideration of ethics results from practice emphasis since action norms are laid down by ethics. There has been debate on the absolute ethics standards superficial rejection made by Marx (Gunasekara, 1984).

Sources Used in Documents:


Bramford, P. (1939). Marxism: An Autopsy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Callinicos, a. (1983). The Revolutionary Ideas of Karl Marx. NewYork: Bookmarks.

Elster, J. (1986). An Introduction to Karl Marx. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gunasekara, V. (1984). Marxism in a Buddhist Perspective. Retrieved April 25, 2010, from http://uqconnect.net/slsoc/bsq/marxbud.htm

Cite this Document:

"Karl Marx Critique Of Religion" (2010, April 26) Retrieved April 20, 2024, from

"Karl Marx Critique Of Religion" 26 April 2010. Web.20 April. 2024. <

"Karl Marx Critique Of Religion", 26 April 2010, Accessed.20 April. 2024,

Related Documents
Marx and Goffman Karl Marx

" Normality in this case, according to Goffman, represents a situation where everything appears contrary to what is about to take place, yet again with fewer fortunes of overturning the situation. Most of Goffman's first theoretical ideas are dramaturgical in nature. They encompass analysis of a frame of reasoning and complication of explanation while solving activities or doing work hand in hand. Goffman made use of theatre and stage presentation in

Karl Marx and John Maynard

Both of them also realized the necessity of fighting poverty and economic want and did not believe that the mythical 'invisible hand' of the free market economy would do so on its own. They were also common critics of at least some of the aspects of 'Classical Economics' such as the Say's Law. There, perhaps, the similarity between the two ends. Being a conscious opponent of Trotskyism, Keynes was by

Marx and Durkheim on Religion Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim, two of the most important social critics of the modern world, agree on very little about the functions and goals of religion and its place in modern societies. The one clear overlap in their assessments of religion is that it is immensely important and that no important critique of society can be complete without an examination of religion. This paper explores

Karl Marx Was One of

Geology was one of the sources of Marx's views about social system and it's structure (the idea of formation). Among the biological discoveries that influenced on Marx's sociological views were the discovery of cell, cell theory of the organism's structure and the most important was evolutionary teaching of Darwin that was stated in work "The origins of species." Marx saw biological analogue of his theories in Darwin's work and

Karl Marx's philosophical and political views were undeniably influenced by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Although the latter died five years before the former began attending the University of Berlin, Hegel's notions had already become the standard by which all Prussian philosophers sought to attain and the launching point for many new and influential philosophies by the time Marx arrived on the scene. Although Marx appears to have somewhat embraced Hegel's

Hegel and Karl Marx

Marx Hegel German philosopher Hegel developed a philosophy that can be called phenomenology, or Philosophy and the Actual World. Whereas previous philosophers concerned themselves with abstractions, Hegel wanted to apply philosophical inquiry to the world that we can know directly. Hegel appears to be more concerned with effects than with causes. However, Hegel is a philosopher and as such he is eminently concerned with reason. Like the ancient Greeks, Hegel appreciated the