Selecting an OD Model
Determining which OD model should be used to examine a firm will require consideration of the different available OD models and assessment of which is most likely to meet the needs of the analyst. Invariably, whichever model is chosen, the quality the analysis will be based on the quality of the input information and skills of the analyst, rather than simply reliant on the tool itself (Mintzberg et al., 2011).
There are a number of choices. The 7 S's model has some advantages; with the seven factors this provides a relatively simplistic approach towards examining an organization, with the different factors providing a comprehensive analytical framework. However, the structure does not provide for a high level of integration of the different factors, so may not be the optimal model. A similar fragmented approach to different factors may be seen in many of the other models, from the more simplistic PEST and SWOT analysis, or they may have more limited application, such as the force field analysis of Lewin.
One approach which overcomes many of these disadvantages provides a more integrated comprehensive model is that of the Nadler-Tushman...
This congruence model is focused on assessing processes within an organization, and the way in which inputs are transformed into outputs as they go through the organization. The application of the model requires an examination of the different types of input which go into the company, which are examined as they move through the company until they become outputs. The different types of input include physical resources that are utilized, as well as intangible resources that are also important to the organization, for example intellectual human capital, strategy, and the way in which the organizations' history and culture impact on the processes (Falletta, 2005).
The throughputs which lead to the outputs are examined through the dimensions of the different process types; these include the collective processes as well as individual processes (Falletta, 2005). The examination of the throughputs also incorporates the informal, as well as formal, processes or arrangements that are in place (Falletta, 2005). For example, the formal influences may be examined by looking at the defined processes which are part of production or the provision of services, the informal influences will require consideration of aspects such as the employment relationship, and the internal politics which impact on the relationships between the various…
This would give accurate financial position of the business entity at the end of the financial year. Skype Limited would also measure performance of the group by evaluating on how the objectives of the groups meet the needs and preferences of the market. This would give the ideal position of the business entity within the market segments (Gomes, 2010). Individual Level What are some of the key individual functions? One of the
Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model Analysis of Whole Foods Whole Foods Market, Inc. is one of the admired organizations in the modern economy through implementation of quality strategies towards the achievement of its goals and objectives. The strategy of the organization focuses on the need to enhance quality and efficiency in the provision of products and services to the consumers. This strategy of the Whole Foods Market, Inc. is under the differentiation strategy
In the short run, the company has an uphill battle to establish itself in a tough market -- Palm's past successes in the industry are almost irrelevant at this point -- but in the long run the potential exists for HP/Palm to develop game-changing technology. The overall strategic fit therefore is only partially congruent. Internally, the three factors are congruent with each other. The resources, environments and histories of these
Input Diagnosis The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model evolved out of open systems theory as a tool for organizational diagnosis (Falletta, 2005), and is arguably the most complete tool available, in that while complex it has the ability to capture the subtlety and nuance real world corporations. Performance in this model is dictated by strategy, culture, structure, work and people. The key is that these different variables should all be aligned towards a
Business Studies Assessment of Whole Foods Market Outputs with the Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model may be used to analyze the performance of an organization, looking at the output across three different levels; the organizational level, the group level and individual level. XCG been undertaken an analysis of Whole Foods Market, and after determining that this model may provide them with the most useful information for an analysis of the
Business Outputs at Whole Foods Market Organizational Level Outputs Group Level Outputs Individual Level Outputs Is There Congruence? Whole Foods Market is one of the preeminent organic food retailers in the U.S. The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model provides an effective framework for The Excellence Consulting Group (XCG) to analyze the organization, and assess the outputs to determine how the performance of the firm stacks up against the goals. The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model examines outputs by looking at