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Aspirin is a most widely bought and used drugs for pain, fever and inflammation. Its main ingredient, salicylic acid, is irritating to the stomach and the drug must be modified. This experiment synthesizes aspirin with the use of salicylic acid as reactant. The experiment yielded a more acceptable, less irritating drug.
ackground of Experiment and Lab Concepts
Present records say that more than 15,000 pounds of aspirin are sold daily (Smith n.d.). It is effective in relieving or reducing different body pains. The first to successfully synthesize it was Charles Frederic Gerhardt in 1853 by creating acetylsalicylic acid but did not market his discovery. A German chemist Felix Hoffman in 1899 who worked for the ayer Company picked up Gerhardt's concept. It worked on his father's arthritis and Hoffman convinced his company to market the amazing drug. It was patented with the name aspirin on February 27, 1900 (Smith).
CSUS. Synthesis of aspirin. Department of Chemistry: California State University, 2014.
Retrieved on October 28, 2014 from http://www.chem.csustan.edu/consumer/aspirincons/aspirincons.htm
Smith, K. .S. Preparation of Acetylsalicylic acid. Department of Chemistry: Michigan
Technological University, n.d. Retrieved on October 28, 2014 from http://www.chemistry.mtu.edu/kmsmith/syp/Student/Tuesday/Aspirin.pdf
Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
Dealing with Dementia and the progression of Alzheimer's disease through its three stages is often a daunting and distressing task. Most often relatives feel isolated and without help as if they were to be left alone, having no help to deal with the "unknown." They are also afraid of having to watch their loved ones become more and more distant, potentially losing a horrible battle with this disease. n order to help with this fear of the "unknown" you need to first understand Dementia, Alzheimer's disease and the three stages that accompany Alzheimer's.
The search for information on this issue used multiple sources available. Searches were conducted through the Cochrane Library, PubMed, the Cumulated ndex of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CNAHL), the nstitute for Healthcare mprovement and Dynamed. Keywords for searches included: difficult patient, dementia and management. The broader search term "dealing with difficult patients"…
In regards to summarizing the literature on the challenges facing the management of dementia, two major thrusts of research exist: how best to categorize patients and how best to treat them. Aud (2001) found that by breaking down specific categories of de-identified resident data including behavioral symptoms, activity participation, medication use, health conditions, pain, falls, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations help result in better predictive patient outcomes. In a similar vein, Zimmerman (2010) suggested that the physical and psychosocial care environment, such as the characteristics of the nursing staff, influence the well-being of people with dementia, more than any other modifiable factor. In fact, the importance of the quality of nursing care staff has been echoed elsewhere, notably in Care (2010). This work examined the development of an educational tool which facilitates learning and professional development around the issues of person and relationship-centered dementia care and dramatically improved quality of care in dementia patients. From a different perspective, Gould (2010) there is a significant but small benefit in developing scripted training programs for staff in learning how best to manage dementia patients. In short, a general synthesis of this first area of research strongly promotes the understanding that quality nursing staff and a supportive psychosocial environment are critical to patient outcomes.
Regarding the best treatment of dementia, there is much less consensus. Defilipi (2000) found that typical antipsychotics have a modest effect on psychosis and behavioral symptoms, and preliminary studies suggest that atypical agents are effective. Yet, Steinmetzd (2010) argues that the patients considered difficult often are not in need of medical intervention and are not the ones experiencing major medical problems. Instead, they are the people who behave rudely and want a secondary gain. Patients with multiple non-specific complaints and those with psychosomatic problems are often the most challenging to manage long-term. Lastly, Williams (2009) argued that when discussing a treatment plan the probability of receptiveness to care varied significantly with communication acumen of the practitioner. An increased probability of receptiveness to care occurred with elderspeak compared with normal speak. Individuals with dementia slowly progress from forgetfulness to a stage of confusion which brings them to a new, different, initially strange and threatening mode of being. The patient's want and desire to keep up on their appearances and previous life is abandoned and their memory dissolves progressively more. They tend to live more in their own, dreamlike "world" which mingles the present and past together and the rules and structures of the "old world" looses its importance. During an increase of loss of memory, tends to derive limited vocabulary and verbal communication (Kuske, 2009).
In conclusion, the general literature around dealing with problematic patients and dementia is varied but clear trends emerge. The importance of a positive psychosocial environment is critical along with effective interventions cannot be understand from the studies examined in producing positive patient outcomes. Further research in the field in necessary to elucidate how best to intervene and what environmental factors are most significant.
American companies may be unwilling to participate in some aspects of the 'grey economy' of bribery that locals take for granted. However, the memory of Western colonialism in many regions of the world is still fresh, and Americans must be sensitive to the fact that they may not always be welcomed automatically with open arms.
Unfortunately, the symptoms of culture shock are often counterproductive to creating an understanding relationship -- negative thoughts and comments about the local culture, and exaggerating one's own cultural norms (such as aggressiveness) are common (Wederspahan 2002). Intense scrutiny of the local culture and intense self-scrutiny about one's own cultural norms are the best antidotes to such behaviors. Becoming educated about the culture, language, history, and communication styles of the nation before going abroad should become a regular part of all business standard operating procedures. Additionally, Americans should be asked to rigorously compare their own standard…
Kholsa, L. (2001). You say tomato. Forbes.
Wederspahan, Gary. (2002). Passport: Expat training -- don't leave home without it. TD.
Immigration Twenty-First Century" This synthesis essay; involves essays "Amnesty?" John
Immigration in the Twenty-First Century
Immigration in the twenty-first century is one of the most widely debated issues in the United States. Many different states, liberals and conservatives have denoted varying stances on this topic, which seemingly becomes more pressing every day as the number of undocumented workers continues to grow. This phenomenon is widely discussed in a pair of essays by John Kavanaugh and Fred eed, respectively. In the latter's piece of literature, "Why Blame Mexico?," the author deconstructs this topic from the perspective that the United States does not actually want to stop illegal aliens from coming into the country. In the former's literary work, "Amnesty?," the author discusses humanitarian and even religious reasons for tolerating and even granting amnesty to undocumented workers. As I see it, all humans deserve a fair chance to succeed in life and…
Kavanaugh, John. "Amnesty?" America. 2008. Web. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/eds/detail?sid=dce9a571-18d6-4937-a534-4c957a521d9a%40sessionmgr4004&vid=6&hid=4105&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=ofs&AN=504444554
Reed, Fred. "Why Blame Mexico?" The American Conservative. 2008. Web. http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/why-blame-mexico/
Digital Sound Synthesis and Usability Testing
Overview of analogue/digital synthesizers and their input in the music industry
An essential issue in the researches of new media happens to be to investigate and clarify the connection between technological development and cultural revolutions. In this case, digital technology has usually been seen as the single most significant tool in the design of numerous of today's new cultural terminologies. In media that is heavily reliant on computers and relative software, like blogs, the case becomes even more palpable; however, digital technologies may also be associated with changes in more conventional media like film, music as well as literature. Many comprehend the emergence of those novel expressions due to new technology conquering the restrictions of the earlier versions of the analogue format of media. After this argument, you might end up expecting that producing inventive documents in a brand new millennium will be the…
Apple Computer (1987) Human Interface Guidelines: The Apple Desktop Interface. Wokingham, England, Addison-Wesley.
Barlingdaug, G. (2007). Analog Sound in the Age of Digital Tools: The Story of the Failure of Digital Technology. Accessed 21-10-11 from http://www.ub.uit.no/munin/bitstream/handle/10037/971/paper.pdf?sequence=1
CEC (1990). Minimum Safety and Health Requirements for Work With Display Screen Equipment Directive (90/270/EEC) Official Journal of the European Communities No L. 156, 21/6/90.
Chateau, N and Marc Mersiol. (2005). Amuse: A tool for evaluating a-ective interfaces. In CHI'05 Workshop on Evaluating A-ective Interfaces - Innovative Approaces.
Cellular protein synthesis is a two step process. The first process is DNA transcription in which inside the cell's nucleus a gene encoding protein is copied into RNA. Then genes, in the form of DNA, are branded into the cell's chromosomes. Essentially this transcription process is copying mechanism. The next step in cellular protein synthesis is RNA translation. This step occurs after the mRNA has been moved to the ribosomal translation machines. These ribosomes are then read like a book and placed in specific sequences in order to produce the desired cell structure.
Brown University's Health Education ebsite list several advantages of a vegetarian diet. They include the following:
According to the ADA, vegetarians are at lower risk for developing:
Colorectal, ovarian, and breast cancers
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Protein and calcium are lacking in a vegetarian diet however and these important building blocks of life…
Brown University Health Education Website. Being a Vegitarian. Viewed on 16 Jan 2013. Retrieved from http://brown.edu/Student_Services/Health_Services/Health_Education/nutrition_&_eatin g_concerns/being_a_vegetarian.php
DNA Tutorial. Replication of DNA: How is cellular DNA copied. Viewed on 16 Jan, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.dnatutorial.com/ReplicationOfDNA.shtml
Enotes. Vitamin Toxicity. Viewed on 16 Jan, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.enotes.com/vitamin-toxicity-reference/vitamin-toxicity-172528
While he agrees that ethics training plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of the profession and insulating it from corruption, the detective believes that societal dynamics are more important in that sense than any kind of formal training.
Theories of Police Misconduct:
The special agent expressed the belief that criminality has many different causes and that they operate both individually and in myriad combinations in different people. He acknowledges that there is often a biological or hereditary component to many of the behaviors that expose one to increased risk of criminal misconduct as well as the importance of the external environment. In that regard, he suggested that one of the most significant factors in criminal police misconduct is an ethical commitment throughout the agency hierarchy. According to the agent, training is relatively ineffective to whatever extent agency supervisors do not implement and exemplify ethical ideals in their supervisory…
low stress levels and a sense of peace to maintain a higher health index. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
USIG OUR HEAD AD HEART TOGETHER
Today's Americans are living longer than ever before and enjoying a higher quality of life than in past years.
Recent research has concluded that heart patients who can improve their mood often have fewer symptoms and break through than those who cannot improve their mood.
This is further evidence that a sense of well-being can contribute to a better health index for an individual when all other things are even. If a person has a heart or blood pressure problem stress can induce additional symptoms.
In Japan and other nations there is a smaller gap between the wealthy and the average income. CEOS in Japan make 15-20% more money than the factory workers, while in America there is sometimes a 500-fold…
Next, you will note lack of energy, lack of desire to get out and do things, lack of interest in the outside world.Next, you will have aches and pains. Particularly common are chest, shoulder, back and neck pains. But, it will seem like you are aware of vague, uncomfortable feelings from all over your body. Along with increased sensitivity to aches and pains, there is a decreased sense of pleasure in life. Things that used to be fun or pleasurable do not seem enjoyable anymore (Brain Chemical Messengers ( http://www.teachhealth.com/chemmess.html )."
Medical science has proven a synthesis between a sense of well-being and health. There are many genetic and environmental factors that influence one's health but there is also something an individual can do to help their health last longer. Having a sense of peace within and learning how to handle the stresses that every day life throws at people is an important aspect to becoming partners in one's own medical care with the practitioners.
Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")
Literature Review and Synthesis of Research on Time Management
Psychologists have conducted research into the effectiveness of various time management techniques for organizing work and personal life. Time management is also a popular topic for self-help books, PowerPoint presentations, and instructional web videos (for example, Allen, 2001; Mann, 2007; McGhee, 2005; Spidal, 2009). The untested assertions found in some of the practical manuals provide testable hypotheses that psychologists can investigate empirically using controlled samples and statistical models. These researchers have found some of the popularly promoted time-management advice to be supported by the research, and other recommendations to be of questionable value.
In this essay, I will compare, contrast and synthesize information presented in the three publications on time management: Bruce K. Britton and Abraham Tesser (1991), Therese Hoff Macan (1994), and Debra Spidal (2009). Each of these authors approaches the problem from different angles. Together their…
Allen, D. (2001). Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-free Productivity. New York: Viking.
Britton, B.K., Tesser, A. (1991). Effects of time-management practices on college grades. Journal of educational psychology, 83 (3), 405-410.
Macan, T. (1994). Time management: Test of process mode. Journal of applied psychology, 381-391.
Mann, M. (2007). Inbox Zero. via Google videos video.google.com / (accessed May 29, 2008).
However, the scope of that literature search probably should have included other relevant terms such as empathy, attitude, and (perhaps) burnout, since negative changes in vocational satisfaction could conceivably impact on caring in nursing. It also seems to have been a mistake to exclude data form nursing students, particularly in relation to the potential relevance of attitudinal and motivational factors common to those who select nursing as a profession in the first place. That choice would only have lent greater support to any conclusions about interpersonal factors associated with caring.
Given those limitations based on the choice to restrict the data to literature containing the word caring from a population that excluded nursing students, the methodology relied upon was of high quality because it likely identified all of the available literature based on those parameters. The use of coding of highly qualitative data seems to have been an artificial way…
Finfgeld-Connett, D. "Meta-synthesis of caring in nursing." Journal of Clinical Nursing,
Vol. 17 (2008): 196 -- 204.
forum's follow comments's response. Purpose synthesis accurately captures essence insights discussion provide analysis.
Discussion summary: Perceptions of APNs in practice
The focus of this week's discussion was upon the 'trust factor' regarding the expanding roles APNs are playing in healthcare. The original article which acted as a springboard to the discussion suggested that patients are often more satisfied with APN-directed care than physician-provided care, perhaps due to the greater sensitivity and better bedside manner of APNs. There was an extended discussion amongst the participants about how to offer care that was attenuated to patient's emotional as well as physical needs, yet still efficient and mindful of time constraints of the healthcare environment.
Gender may also be a factor when dealing with female patients, particularly in regards to gynecological matters: more APNs are female, so women often feel that APNs are more sensitive about female health needs. However, gender stereotypes can…
Jet Blue Case Study Synthesis
Jet Blue alternative solutions
The aviation industry within the U.S.A. is facing a tough time and has been since the 9/11 event that brought the entire industry to a standstill for a considerable number of days. The recovery has been slow and the trends inconsistent since then. Coupled with the stiff competition that the local airlines have, the American market in terms of the air passengers need a variation in the approach to the industry away from the traditional way and these alternative means have been successfully exploited by Jet Blue to emerge one of the single most effective local airlines in the U.S.A.
One of the strong areas of the company is the management that invested in implementing various strategies that proved to be right at the very start of it all. The management was able to provide marvelous customer service all round at…
As I was moving back into the right lane, having passed the slow moving truck with the hardened tomatoes, a similar truck with an identical load of tomatoes passed us both going in the other direction. There was an entire truckload of tomatoes headed East for who know how many hundreds or possibly thousands of miles, and another truckload headed in the opposite direction possibly even farther! There is no greater illustration available for the inefficiencies of our modern food system than had a satellite snapped a birds-eye-view photograph of these two tomato trucks passing each other, on there way to destinations unknown with tomatoes that likely could have been eaten ten miles from where they were picked. When McKibben points out inefficiencies, he mentions many of the alarming figures requiring transportation costs and other factors. But the sheer time wasted, and the logistical ineptitude that is apparent in this…
Graduate school only exacerbates this problem. Meanwhile. The competition for jobs after of college is quite fierce, and it has been suggested that spending the four or five years one would spend in college spent working, making contacts, and getting promoted might actually be of better use to many. Similarly, de Tocqueville noted that most people simply cannot achieve the amount of wealth that the Americans seemed to think their freedom entitled them to. Not only were there various obstacles that many couldn't or wouldn't overcome, but the simple fact of limited resources means that the majority of people mathematically could not become as wealthy as they wished. There are limited jobs with security and a decent pay rate today, but high school students are told that college -- rather than entering the workforce -- guarantees them a better life.
This applies directly to my life as a college student.…
Rigidity rather than responsiveness has increasingly become the norm.
In a McDonalds-style approach to education, efficiency and speed when serving the customer and demonstrating that the customer is being served through quick and demonstrable statistical results, is most important. A McDonalds-style institution must meet uniform standards, rather than create a shared 'meal' or experience -- this is the goal of the McDonald's enterprise, and sadly, far too many schools and school administrators and legislatures, in terms of how they measure student, classroom, and teacher performance.
As schools can exhibit some of the worst as well as the best qualities of bureaucracy, the McDonaldization or franchise, factory system of quality standardization must not hold sway. Ideally, an educational organization should be not a franchise, even a healthy franchise like Subway, but a learning organization. Learning organizations actively seek input from all involved parties, which in the case of the school, would…
Jaffee, David. Organization Theory: Tension and Change.
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001.
Northouse, Peter G. Leadership: Theory and Practice. 4th edition.
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc., 2007
Synthesis of six postings
The first posting, like most of the postings on the question "How do Socrates', Plato's, and Aristotle's ideas still affect us today?" stresses the Socratic Method as the primary gift of Socrates to the world. It notes the similarity in approach of Plato and Socrates, given that Plato was the primary disseminator of what we now label as Socrates' teachings. The second posting also discusses the Socratic Method and its modern applications, but creates more of a distinction between the teachings of Plato and Socrates. Plato placed a greater stress upon the distinction between what we call 'the real world' and his vision of the ideal world (the realm of the forms). The first two posts state that Plato and Socrates used mathematical concepts to illustrate their ideas, although the equally influential Aristotle was more interested in the application of mathematics to science than 'pure'…
Supply Change Synthesis esolving Conflict
The complex systems that are present in the supply chain structure creates both solutions to old problems, however create new issues to deal with as well. The relationship between manufacturers and end-customers are unique and require a strategic plan that specifies what unique characteristics are inherent within that relationship.
This essay aims to explore the relationship issues within the supply chain itself and discuss why integrating the supply chain may create conflicts within that structure. Essentially this essay will argue that fundamental principles based on shared values expressed through strategic design, provides the best model of supply chain management that can be practically expressed in real world situations and contribute to the overall effectiveness, efficiency and economics of the effort.
Defining The elationship
To understand any subject or problem, it is necessary to first gather the details and facts of the case at hand. Mentzer…
Benton, W.C., & Maloni, M. (2005). The influence of power driven buyer/seller relationships on supply chain satisfaction. Journal of Operations Management,23(1), 1-22.
Chen, I.J., & Paulraj, A. (2004). Towards a theory of supply chain management: the constructs and measurements. Journal of operations management, 22(2), 119-150.
Mentzer, J.T., DeWitt, W., Keebler, J.S., Min, S., Nix, N.W., Smith, C.D., & Zacharia, Z.G. (2001). Defining supply chain management. Journal of Business logistics, 22(2), 1-25.
Stevens, G.C. (1989). Integrating the supply chain. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, 19(8), 3-8.
School Advisory Program Implementation
Knowledge, Integration, and Synthesis of Theory and esearch
School advisory programs aim to serve various purposes that include providing the environment and time to develop meaningful teacher-student relationships, promoting students' emotional, moral, and social development, and providing academic and personal guidance chiefly. The programs need to be organized effectively, encompass relevant content, and have a suitable leader. Periodic program assessment is also important. This paper will compare and contrast three theoretical approaches in the area of advisory program implementation, followed by taking up one approach -- promotion of care via advisory programs -- for discussion. It will also address controversies in connection with such programs, and recommend solutions to challenges.
Theories applicable to School Advisory Program Specialization
Dimension 1: Purpose
One of the chief purposes of school advisory initiatives is: providing the environment and time to cultivate significant teacher-student (advisor-student) relationships. The school community's vision, regarding…
Beck, L. (1994). Reclaiming educational administration as a caring profession. New York: Teachers College Press.
Brown, K.M. & Anfara, Jr. V.A. (2001). Competing Perspectives on Advisory Programs: Mingling or Meddling in Middle Schools? Research in Middle Level Education Annual, Volume 24.
Center for Collaborative Education. (2003). How are Boston Pilot Schools Students Faring?
Center for Social and Emotional Education (n.d). Reaching Every Child: Developing a Middle School Advisory Program. Extracted from http://www.schoolclimate.org/
Knowledge, Integration and Synthesis of Theory and esearch
This paper will focus on the theories applied to analysis of school advisory program specializations.
School advisory programs aim to serve various purposes that include providing the environment and time to develop meaningful teacher-student relationships, promoting students' emotional, moral, and social development, and providing academic and personal guidance chiefly. The programs need to be organized effectively, encompass relevant content, and have a suitable leader. Periodic program assessment is also important. This paper will compare and contrast three theoretical approaches in the area of advisory program implementation, followed by taking up one approach -- promotion of care via advisory programs -- for discussion. It will also address controversies in connection with such programs, and recommend solutions to challenges.
Theories applicable to School Advisory Program Specialization
Dimension 1: Purpose
One of the chief purposes of school advisory initiatives is: providing the environment and time…
Center for Social and Emotional Education (n.d). Reaching Every Child: Developing a Middle
School Advisory Program. Extracted from http://www.schoolclimate.org/
Framework for School Success (2015). '11 Principles of Effective Character Education'.
Extracted from http://www.character.org/
The corporate level strategy also ensures that the values and expectations of stakeholders are understood and taken into consideration when developing a strategy. In the case of Clearsky, stakeholders such as customers and investors expect that the company will take the appropriate risks as it pertains to positioning the company for success. Sixty percent of Clearsky is publicly held while the other forty percent is owned by the Singapore's government. With this understood all of these investors and customers expect the company to make decisions that will secure its future. The recommendation to use the services of another vendor is necessary because the company must remain competitive.
In addition to Corporate level strategies business level strategies must also be taken into consideration.
"Business level strategies are essentially positioning strategies whereby businesses tend to secure for themselves an identity and position in the market. The aim here is to increase the…
Angelides M.C. . (2009) Advances in Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization. CRC Press
Guptaa A.K. And Vijay Govindarajan. (2000) Managing global expansion: A conceptual framework. Business Horizons 43 (2), 45-54
In-Flight Wi-Fi: 76% of People Will Change Airlines to Have It. Retrieved from: http://mashable.com/2009/08/31/w-fi-alliance-poll/
Rahul Kumar. Three Levels of Strategy. Retrieved from: http://www.gaebler.com/Three-Levels-of-Strategy.htm
Practitioner Literature on Organizational Learning
The concept of organizational learning has generated significant attention in the recent past because of the increased complexities of the modern business environment that are attributable to societal changes, particularly rapid technological developments. However, there is lack of consensus on the actual definition of organizational learning and how the process should take place. Despite this lack of consensus, there is academic and practitioner literature on the concept that seeks to provide a scholarly and practice-oriented perspective on the issue respectively. Practitioner literature on organizational learning is largely practice-oriented and prescriptive literature that was disseminated mainly by consultants and practitioners in today's organizations and business environment (Newberry, 2008, p.20).
Practitioner literature on organizational learning seemingly focuses on the practicality of the concept and its related outcome. Authors that focus on organizational learning from a practice-oriented perspective all use the tern learning organization to describe their specific…
Cors, R. (2003, May 5). What is a Learning Organization? Reflections on the Literature and Practitioner Perspectives. Retrieved from University of Wisconsin-Madison website: https://www.engr.wisc.edu/services/elc/lor/files/Learning_Org_Lit_Review.pdf
Newton, D.B. (2008). Organizational learning, leadership and culture: a study of program managers in the department of defense. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
Schulz, M. & Baum, J.A.C. (2001). Organizational Learning. Retrieved from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill website: http://www.unc.edu/~healdric/Classes/Soci245/Schulz.pdf
Scott, B.B. (2011, January). Organizational Learning: A Literature Review. Retrieved from Queen's University website: http://irc.queensu.ca/sites/default/files/articles/organizational-learning-a-literature-review.pdf
Peter Singer and Ben Goldacre
The Ethical View of Peter Singer Toward Ben Goldacre
Ben Goldacre's book Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients (2013) is an important testament to the concerns of modern day medicine. There are several problems discussed in the book, one of which is the sponsorship of trials into new medicines. To that end, Goldacre writes that these medications are not tested by independent groups or scientists, but rather by the people and companies from which they are manufactured (xi). This is a serious issue from an ethical standpoint, of course, which is something noted by Peter Singer in his work Practical Ethics (2011).
While Singer does not specifically address Goldacre or big pharma, he does address many of the issues that Goldacre also focuses on. For example, how Goldacre would be against drug companies because of the way those companies avoid what…
Fairlie, Ian. "Book Reviews: Bad Science, by Ben Goldacre." Medicine, Conflict and Survival, 25 (3): 255 -- 257. 2009. Print.
Goldacre, Ben. Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients. NY: Faber & Faber, 2013. Print.
Singer, Peter. Practical Ethics. NY: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Diabetes is regarded as one of the most problematic and major health concerns that has become prevalent across the globe. According to Kam et al. (2016), in 2012, diabetes resulted in the deaths of 1.5 million people throughout the world. Given its prevalence and devastating impacts, effective prevention and management of diabetes has become a major issue, especially among high-risk individuals/populations. Based on existing findings in the public health sector, dietary and lifestyle changes have been identified as the most suitable prevention and management techniques of diabetes. This study focuses on examining whether an intervention consisting of a traditional, organic, and all-natural diet of locally grown/produced foods plus exercise is more effective in addressing the body's issues in creating or absorbing insulin than insulin injections. In this regard, the researcher has identified relevant studies that will be synthesized based on their relevance, rigor, and level of evidence in…
Aguiar et al. (2014, January 15). Efficacy of Interventions that include Diet, Aerobic and Resistance Training Components for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(2), 1-10.
Ajala O., English, P., & Pinkney, J. (2013). Systemic Review and Meta-analysis of Different Dietary Approaches to the Management of Type 2 Diabetes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 97(3), 505-516.
Cunningham-Myrie, C., Theall, K., Yonger, N., et al. (2015). Associations Between Neighborhood Effects and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Diabetes. The Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey, 2008. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68(9), 970-978.
Kam et al. (2016, September 27). Dietary Interventions of Type 2 Diabetes: How Millet Comes to Help. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7(1454), 1-14.
ultimate syntheses of art and science, form and function, are witnessed in the field of architecture. Even nomadic peoples have erected structures to keep themselves warm and dry or with which to store food. These early versions of architecture gradually evolved into the giant palaces of Egypt, the cathedrals of Europe, and the skyscrapers of the modern age. Architecture fascinates me because of its universality: buildings of all shapes, sizes, and functions are needed in every part of the globe. Throughout history, the field of architecture has encompassed a myriad of building materials, construction techniques, and engineering prowess. Architecture transcends both art and science, because it represents the ultimately practical use of both.
Architecture affects the way we live, work, eat, and think about our environments. Especially in urban centers, buildings become an integral part of the atmosphere, creating mood and meaning. The shape of a structure impacts how we…
With the operational environment becoming ever more competitive, and against the backdrop of austerity in resource management, the importance of performance-based management (PBM) cannot be overemphasised. Indeed, PBM has increasingly become a common practice in organisations of different sizes -- small and large -- and in diverse sectors -- manufacturing and service, as well as public and private sectors (Ploom & Haldma, 2013; Lutwama, Roos & Dolamo, 2013; Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016; Wierzbinski, 2016). Organisations now rely on performance data to make decisions relating to various organisational processes, including strategic planning, internal management, resource allocation, reporting, as well as monitoring and evaluation.
Defining PBM can be quite problematic, with the term being often confused with performance measurement (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). In addition, performance management is often thought to involve only personnel management processes such as employee performance appraisal (Turk, 2016). Furthermore, contention exists over whether it…
Homelessness in the United States
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
The political situation in the colonies of America were more than ready to receive the pamphlet entitled Common Sense by Thomas Paine. Paine's writing provided a nation confused about their future and issues surrounding it, with a needed spur towards action and clarity of thought. The ambivalence of the time from the end of 1775 results from equally strong but opposing forces in the collective consciousness of the American mind during this time.
On the one hand, there was the urge towards autonomy and independence, while on the other a fundamental dependence on the ritish still reigned. Exacerbating the confusion within people's minds was the political upheaval manifest in the war breaking out in Massachusetts during April, as well as the Second Continental Congress. Further battles against the ritish were fought in New England and the South (Foner 79).
Foner, Eric. Tom Paine and Revolutionary America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Paine, Thomas. Common Sense. Penguin, 1983
Cost Leadership / Differentiation / Best-Cost
Cost leadership creates a low cost for a given level of quality (Porter's Generic Strategies). Products get sold at industry average to earn a higher profit than rivals or below industry average to gain market share. By producing a cheaper price, the firm stays profitable for longer periods targeting a broad market. It is useful for improving processes, lowering material costs, making decisions, and efforts of eliminating some costs. It is also used to create barriers to entry. Differentiation is developing products that have unique attributes that give value competitor products do not have. It creates a competitive advantage with products and may allow for premium pricing to cover all associated costs. Best cost combines cost leadership with differentiation to create value added products for the least cost for the level of quality, which in turn, creates a bigger competitive advantage.
Balanced Scorecard Basics. 2013. webpage retrieved from http://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSCResources/AbouttheBalancedScorecard/tabid/55/Default.aspx . 1 Oct 2013.
Change Management. nd. webpage retrieved from http://zeepedia.com/read-php-prospectors_a..._management_change_management&b=41&c=24 . 1 Oct 2013.
Hambrick, Donald C., & Fredrickson, James W. Strategy Diamond. 2013. article retrieved from http://provenmodels.com/598/strategy-diamond/donald-c.-hambrick -- james-w.-fredrickson/. 1 Oct 2013.
Porter's Generic Strategies. 2010. webpage retrieved from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml . 2 Oct 2013.
break out of war in Afghanistan and Iraq propelled alarming forecasts about its most likely psychiatric effects. he chief of recuperation or readjustment therapy services at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) asserted that as high as 30% of soldiers deployed to Iraq may establish posttraumatic tension ailment (PSD) (Dentzer, 2003), a disorder that can arise following experience of gruesome, dangerous occasions, such as battle, natural catastrophes, and rape. PSD patients do not simply remember their injury; they reexperience it as vibrant sensory recollections (flashbacks), horror stories, and invasive ideas. hey feel reduced or small and mentally detached from the family, friends and loved ones, yet likewise stressful, cranky, and hyper-vigilant as if risk were permanently present.
Psychiatry ratified the PSD medical diagnosis in 1980, mainly in feedback to the belated awareness of its signs in Vietnam veterans whose troubles had actually long been improperly comprehended and dealt with. Undoubtedly,…
Trochim, W. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog Publishing.
Vogt, Dawne S.; Samper, Rita E.; King, Daniel W.; King, Lynda A.; Martin, James A. (2008). Deployment stressors and posttraumatic stress symptomatology: Comparing active duty and National Guard/Reserve personnel from Gulf War I. Journal of Traumatic Stress. Vol. 21 Issue 1, p66-74. 9p.
Yin, R.K. (2008) Case study research: design and methods. 4th ed. London: Sage Publication Inc.
what is multicultural literature? What are the characteristics of quality multicultural literature?
Within the latter part of the twentieth century, a pattern referred to as multiculturalism acquired popularity in American education (Almerico et al., 2006). Gay (1994) within an intensive research of the very commonly used meanings of multicultural literature recognized 13 particular explanations involving the idea and mentioned that a number of factors had been typical out of all definitions for the reason that all of them concur that the content material of multicultural literature ought to include:
Cultural pluralism, ethnic identities, unequal division of resources as well as
Opportunities along with other socio and political issues arising from extended track records of oppression
Multicultural education like a school of thought, a strategy for education transformation, along with a collection of particular subject material within just educational courses. (p. 3)
In her own book, Affirming Diversity, Nieto…
Almerica et al. 2006:
The authors in this research carried out a content evaluation of children's literature college books to find out the way the phrase multiculturalism had been interpreted within just the perspective of children's literature. They established the way the idea had been outlined, the degree to which various subcultures within the America had been depicted, the quantity of textual content dedicated to every depicted cultural group, and also the quantity of suggested trade books for every group.
• The racial foundation involving the classroom has and also will continue to transform.
The feedback received by climbers upon reviewing the plan and completing the training
Customization of the plan based on team features, such as size, physical fitness of the climbers and so on
Initial control of the fitness, motivation and skills of each climber
Continuous controls of the state of each climber
Training of the team members
Physical checkups of all climbers
aising environmental responsibility awareness and support
Mental preparation: understanding the risks, such as the potential for hallucinations or frostbite
Insuring the climbers against any potential risks associated with climbing (de Garis and O'Connell, 2003 de Garis and O'Connell, 2003).
Personal commitments and desires of both climbers as well as T. Company staff
Long existent expertise of the staff at the T. Company
Financial investments. A trip to the Everest would generically commence at a minimum investment of $25,000…
Boukreev, a., DeWalt, G.W., the climb: tragic ambitions on Everest, St. Martin's Griffin, 1999, ISBN 0312206372
de Garis, K., O'Connell, D.., How to climb Everest, the Guardian, Edition of March 30, 2003
Everest, Alpine Ascents, 2011, http://www.alpineascents.com/everest.asp last accessed on February 23, 2011
How to climb Mount Everest, eHow, 2011, http://www.ehow.com/how_17485_climb-mount-everest.html last accessed on February 23, 2011
Mitigating isks from Dementia
Providing adequate care for an individual suffering from dementia presents many difficulties for nurses. Patients with dementia often have debilitating conditions such as Alzheimer's or similar neurologic diseases which are progressive, thereby making it challenging for them to remember, think lucidly, communicate effectively or complete activities of daily living. Furthermore, dementia can cause rapid variations in mood or even modify personality and behavior. With the tremendous number of elderly in society more and more nurses are required to care for patients with progressive dementias. It is imperative that a diagnosis be reached early in the course of the cognitive impairment and that the patient is closely monitored for coexisting morbidities. Nurses have a central role in assessment and management of individuals with progressive dementia. This essay provides some evidence-based practical strategies for managing the behavioral problems and communication difficulties often encountered in this population.…
Aud, M.A., Oliver, D., Bostick, J. And Schwarz, B. 2011. Effectiveness of Social Model Care Units for Dementia. International Nursing Research Congress 2005.
Care, N.D. 2010. Teaching and Learning. Pulse. Winter Edition.
Fletcher, S. And Zimmerman, S. 2010. Trainee and trainer reactions to a scripted dementia care training program in residential care/assisted living settings and nursing homes. Alzheimer's Care. 11(1): 61-70.
Goodman, C. 2011. The organizational culture of nursing staff providing long-term dementia care is related to quality of care. Evidence-Based Nursing. 47:1274-1282.
.....confusion over what a literature review should look or sound like. In some cases, a literature review may read like a summary of the articles reviewed. This often results in a poor-quality literature review. A good literature review should be a synthesis of the articles reviewed, not a summary (Ingram et al., 2006). Indeed, whereas summarizing and synthesizing are both useful reading and research strategies, it is important to note that there is a significant difference between the two. Each has its own purpose, process, and outcome.
Generally, summarizing is a basic reading strategy whose aim is to compile information to bring to light the key points (Ohio State University, n.d.). Focusing on each source of information at a time, attention is paid to reiterating the information, providing a quick overview, and articulating the general meaning. Synthesizing, on the other hand, is an advanced reading strategy whose aim is to…
Calvin also taught that another way God begins to deal with a person to make him/her restless is knowledge.
Under the influence of the Spirit of God, a person is borne upward; traveling upward toward the knowledge of God. Conscience, as far as human understanding reaches, is a source which constitutes the unconditional starting point for the beginning of knowledge of God; for the revelation of Jesus Christ.
For Calvin, "revelation is not immediately revelation of Jesus Christ. But revelation of the harsh judgment of God, although this is certainly finally oriented to Christ."
Basically, Calvin did not have any revelation problem as the center of his theology. He began with the reality that a person is alienated from God, but that God seeks the individual out and entices him/her to a way in which community with God may be discovered again. Calvin argued sin has damaged human reason; that…
country's public schools are experiencing dwindling state education budgets and increased unfunded mandates from the federal government, the search for optimal approaches to providing high quality educational services for students with learning disabilities has assumed new importance and relevance. In an attempt to satisfy the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, a growing number of special educators agree that full inclusion is the optimal approach for providing the individualized services needed by young learners with special needs. Known as "mainstreaming" in the past, full inclusion means integrating students with special physical, cognitive or emotional needs into traditional classroom setting. Practices that promote full inclusion for students with special needs assist educators in focusing instruction in innovative ways to help meet the educational needs of an increasingly diverse student population with a wide array of specialized needs. Critics of full inclusion argue that in many if not…
Allen, M., Burrell, N., Eayle, B.M., & Preiss, R.W. (2002). Interpersonal communication research: Advances through meta-analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Anzul, M., Evans, J.F., King, R., & Tellier-Robinson, D. (2001). Moving beyond a deficit perspective with qualitative research methods. Exceptional Children, 67(2), 235.
Baskin, T.W., & Enright, R.D. (2004). Intervention studies on forgiveness: A meta-analysis.
Evaluating theoretical framework also assists in determining whether the structure directs the research study. This process entails identification of constructs or concepts, assessment of definitions, relationships, variables, hypothesis, methodology and findings.
Discussion Question Two: Will there always be a theoretical framework that aligns with your chosen topic of study? Why or why not?
Theoretical framework entails the collection of combined concepts that are not essentially well established (Aparasu, 2011). Theoretical framework determines the things a researcher measures and the statistical link to look for. Through theoretical framework, researchers engage preconceived ideas. For instance, some people deem that human beings are untrustworthy and lazy. Such basic beliefs regarding human temperament influences how a researcher views things when conducting a research. In this regard, not understanding the actual framework is an enormous concern. Theoretical framework directs the researcher to what he/she views in his/her environment, and what he/she does not notice in…
Aparasu, R. (2011). Research methods for pharmaceutical practice and policy. New York:
Beck, C., & Faan, C. (2013). Routledge international handbook of qualitative nursing research.
New York: Routledge
Humanity might not have the same effective power over the environment when fossil fuels run out. While this assumption is certainly believable, humans will not doubt reach a point where the greenhouse gas absorbing plants and bodies will no longer be able to keep up with human activity. This will further exacerbate the problem of human-caused global climate change. On the other hand, if humans are able to develop non-fossil fuel alternatives that do not have a negative effect on the environment on a global scale, the warming trend might very well be reversed in a generation or two. Either way, Ruddiman's arguments will likely be proven to be wrong or right, on a long enough timeframe.
ection IV: Opposing Points-of-View
Anthropologists, specifically, disagree with Ruddiman. ince the author himself is not an anthropology professor and admittedly has very little experience in this field, it would only seem natural that…
Allen, Robert, Scott Seaman and John DeLascio. "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76 (2009): 12-9. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. .
Bast, Joseph. "Eight Reasons Why 'Global Warming' is a Scam." The Heartland Institute. The Heartlander, Feb. 2003: n.pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2010.
Bert, Ray. Rev. Of Plows, Plagues, & Petroleum: How Humans Took Control of Climate, by William F. Ruddiman. Civil Engineering 78 (2008): 73.
Morgan, Sally. Global Warming. New York: Heinemann, 2009. Print.
In other, more charter-friendly states, there are multiple authorizers -- universities, state boards, even specially created bodies with expertise in charter school creation. The new bill before the state House and Senate will give the Board of Education an advising role on charter school applications prior to going before the local school board.
Patrick Henry School of Science and Arts opened Aug. 11, 2010 making it the 10th charter school to open in the state of Virginia since charter schools were allowed to open in 1998. However, if history repeats itself, Patrick Henry will have a bumpy road ahead. Including Patrick Henry only three charter schools are operating currently in the state of Virginia and Patrick Henry is the only one operating in the city of ichmond. At one time there were nine charter schools in Virginia, but most of them closed due to financial reasons. (citation)
According to the…
Lawrence F. Garrison, & Mitchell Holifield. (2005). ARE CHARTER SCHOOLS EFFECTIVE? Planning and Changing, 36(1/2), 90-103. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 877541691).
CHARTER SCHOOLS: LESSONS in SCHOOL REFORM [review of the Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. (2005). Harvard Educational Review, 75(3), 341-343. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 920579091).
Victoria Benning. (1998, October 15). Fairfax Studies Charter School Plan; Measure's Guidelines Allow Only Special-Need Applications: [FINAL Edition]. The Washington Post, p. B05. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from ProQuest National Newspapers Premier. (Document ID: 35117762).
Kraft, M. & Furlong, S. (2007). Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives.
Therefore, Hexsel's study will not be included in this analysis for failure to meet the study protocol.
Another human study involved a case study of a single patient. This Brazilian study represented a case study and does not meet the protocol for inclusion in this analysis either (Rittes, 2001). As there have been no human studies in the United States to date, we must rely on studies published in other countries for our meta-analysis. A study conducted in Vienna by Karl Heinrich will be used as one of the studies to be analyzed. This was the only study that could be located involving an actual population of human subjects, as this type of research is prohibited in the U.S. At this time.
The sample population used by Heinrich consisted of 86 individuals who received a standardized series of treatments. This study suffered from significant flaws that make the results questionable.…
Atoba MA, Ayoola EA, Ogunseyinde O. Effects of essential phospholipid choline on the course of acute hepatitis-B infection. Trop Gastroenterol. 1985; 6:96-9.
Bechara FG, Sand M, Altmeyer P. et al. Intralesional lipolysis with phosphatidylcholine for the treatment of lipomas: pilot study. Arch Dermatol. 2006 Aug;142(8):1069-70. Retrieved March 24, 2007 at http://www.hubmed.org/display.cgi?uids=16924064 .
Hanin I, Ansell GB, eds. Lecithin. Technological, Biological and Therapeutic Aspects. New York and London: Plenum Press; 1987.
Doris Hexsel "
emote Nursing eview
The oles of egistered Nursing in Shaping and Providing Care in ural and emote Locations: A Literature eview
The roles and perspectives of nursing have undergone major changes in the past several decades, continuing the rapid and profound development that this area of medical science and art has experienced in its relatively brief history. For quite some time, nursing existed either as a highly denigrated and unskilled profession looked down upon my others in the medical establishment and society at large, or as the semi-sacred and highly secret practice of healing through natural remedies and purely experiential knowledge transmitted orally and though demonstration from generation to generation. An appreciation and codification of nursing as a science -- albeit a science with certain subjective and aesthetic principles, making the designation of nursing as an art somewhat appropriate as well -- did not really occur until the nineteenth century,…
Banner, D., MacLeod, M. & Johnston, S. (2010). Role Transition in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care Nursing: A Scoping Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(4): 40-57.
Coyle, M., Al-Motlaq, M., Mills, J., Francis, K. & Birks, M. (2010). An integrative review of the role of registered nurses in remote and isolated practice. Australian Health Review 34(2): 239-45.
Naylor, M. & Kutzman, E. (2010). The Role Of Nurse Practitioners In Reinventing Primary Care. Health Affairs 29(5): 893-9.
living things are characterized by the following seven characteristics namely mobility, respiration, excretion, sensitivity or response to external stimulus, growth, feeding, and reproduction. Though there may be variations between animal and plant kingdom (ex, plants take in carbon dioxide and prepare their own food), these characteristics are commonly observed among all living things.
iology is a very broad field that encompasses the study of characteristics of living things. It includes botany, zoology and all other sub-disciplines that range from microbiology to evolution and ecology.
Evolution is the branch of biology that deals with the study of natural development of living organisms and the changes in them over time. Evolution refers to the heritable changes that occur in a population over a period of time. All the diversity that is observed currently in plant and animal kingdom can be ascribed to evolution over a long period of time.
Atoms are the…
1) Mark Rothery, "Cells," Accessed on Sep 20th 2005, Available from http://www.mrothery.co.uk/cells/cellnotes.htm
Orthodox Church is indeed in a state of canonical disarray and this paper aims to put together a set of plausible arguments in favor of this statement. The best place to start is likely with Viscuso's study "A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church: The 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress," which looks back at the 1923 as a quintessential moment in the process of reform that the Orthodox Church could have embarked on at the beginning of the 20th century.
This reform process could have positively affected the development of the church, including by making it more adaptable to the requirements of the 20th century. Some of the initiatives that Melenios put forward at the Congress were, in fact, targeting organizational needs. With the expansion of the Orthodox creed on new continents, including North and South America, his goal was to concentrate leadership in the hands of the Patriarch of Constantinople…
1. Lossky, Vladimir. Orthodox Theology: An Introduction. New York, 1978.
2. Allen, Joseph J. Orthodox Synthesis -- the Unity of Theological Thought. New York, 1981.
3. Viscuso, Patrick. A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church: The 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress. Berkeley, 2006.
She epitomizes pragmatic reality, and by so doing, in a certain manner assumes tangible metaphysical form. ather than being apart and indistinct from humans, the Lady has become absorbed in the Mexican culture and has become such an endearing figure precisely due to the fact that she is seen as part of their suffering and as corporal liberal embodied in incorporeal form that is part of -- the essence of -- their very being. In that way, she is more animate than inanimate and possesses enduring capacity.
Part II. Major theological themes that can be infered from the works of Jeanette odriguez and Nancy Pineda-Madrid on Our Lady of Guadalupe
Various replicative theological themes can be inferred from the works of these authors. The essay elaborates on them.
Mary's relationship to the American-Mexican woman, i.e. As symbol that is stereotyped by a supercilious, dominating majority, but that appears…
Pena, M. (1995). Our Lady of Guadalupe: Faith and Empowerment among Mexican-American Women Gender and Society, 9, 32-47.
Pena, M. & Frehill, L.M. (1998). Latina religious practice: Analyzing cultural dimensions in measures of religiosity. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 620-629
Pineda-Madrid, N. (March 2005). Interpreting Our Lady of Guadalupe: Mediating the Christian Mystery of Redemption. Graduate Theological Seminary, Berkeley, CA,
Pineda-Madrid, N. (2008). On Mysticism, Latinas/os, and the Journey: A Reflection in Conversation with Mary Engel, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 24, 178-183.
Initially St. Augustine favoured the dualistic view that evil was external and separate from the world and mankind that in evident from the Manichean worldview. However, he was later to reject this strict dualism and taker another view of the nature of evil. This was more Platonic and was based on the writings of Plotinus and Porphyry. This refers to the view that evil is a measure and result of our separation from God.
For Augustine, the measure of all existence was God. Instead of the Manichean view that evil existed outside humanity "…as an invasion," he posited the view that evil only existed to the extent that we do not acknowledge and live within God's word and law. ( Augustine Influences Christianity). Stated in another way, evil exists only because mankind refuses to acknowledge God. In essence Augustine defines evil as "…a privation in goodness." (A Brief Response to…
A Brief Response to the Problem of Evil. April 22, 2009.
Augustine Influences Christianity. April 22, 2009.
communications in a business setting compromise the work of that business, a solution must be found for the benefit of the company and of all who work there. Problems can arise when employees whose tasks require written communications skills are deficient in those skills. Problems can arise also when employees are expected to both understand and explain matters verbally and nonverbally.
The cure for the first problem could be as simple as sending the employee in question for writing instruction.
The cure for the second is, however, much less straightforward. The problem might arise because of the use, or misuse, of strategic ambiguity either by the employee exhibiting the problem, or by managers and colleagues who deal with her. Or it might be caused by an unrecognized personal problem of the employee, for example, a drinking/drugs problem or a cognitive disability of short or long duration. This paper looks at…
Ames, Genevieve M., Joel W. Grube, and Roland S. Moore. 'The relationship of drinking and hangovers to workplace problems: an empirical study." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 58, no. 1 (1997): 37+.
Cooper, Lynn O. "Listening competency in the workplace: a model for training." Business Communication Quarterly 60, no. 4 (1997): 75+.
Crombie, Winifred, and Helen Samujh. "Negative messages as strategic communication: a case study of a New Zealand company's annual executive letter." The Journal of Business Communication 36, no. 3 (1999): 229.
Krider, Diane S., and Peter G. Ross. "The experiences of women in a public relations firm: a phenomenological explication." The Journal of Business Communication 34, no. 4 (1997): 437+.
The inquiry cited above makes use of the functions of analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Analysis is the act of reviewing and comparing data. In the inquiry of the herbicides, the analysis occurs with the review of prior evaluations and inquires. This analysis of studies regarding the effect of atrazine allowed the inquiry to come up with its hypothesis and thus direct the actual experiment. Without an analysis of the original, existing data the concept of comparing use of atrazine, isoxaflutale and a mix of both would not have been thought of.
The concept of synthesis refers to the integration of two or more existing elements in order to create something new. In the inquiry, there are numerous levels of synthesis. First and foremost is the agricultural practice of combining atrazine with isoxaflutale as a method of creating a new, supposedly less toxic herbicide that would comply with the regulations issued…
Heston, Emily D., Kathleen Brundage. The Immunotoxic Effect of a Mixture of Atrazine and Isoxaflutole. Mountain State University: Department of Microbology, Immunology and Cell Biology.
Lee, Jennifer. "Popular Pesticide Faulted for Frogs Sexual Abnormalities," New York Times, 2003-06-19, p. 20.
Wackett LP, Sadowsky, MJ, Martinez B. Biodegradaton of Atrazine Degradation in Natural Environments. Biodegradation. 13: 11-19, 2002.
Walsh, Edward. "EPA Stops Short of Banning Herbicide," Washington Post, 2003-02-01, p. A14.
Linear sp Carbon Allotropes in Question
While modern day discoveries and characterizations of allotropes are reported, the definition of allotropy remains ambiguous as the question of what constitutes an allotrope is under debate. Lagow et al. reported the synthesis of a terminally capped linear acetylenic carbon with alternating single and triple binds, claiming it to be a stable sp carbon allotrope (1994), a subject of debate as the classification of acetylenic carbon as an allotrope continues to be determined, and the stability of such a compound is in question. The proposed structure and stability of a linear sp carbon of such a proposed length and with alternating single and triple bonds is disputed by Hirsch et al. Thus, the stability of long-chain carbon allotropes and the characterization of the linear sp carbon synthesized by Lagow et al., given its terminal end design, remains in question as to the…
Demishev, SV, Pronin, AA, Sluchanko, NE, Samarin, NA, Glushkov, VV, Lyapin, AG, Kondrin,
MV, Brazhkin, VV, Varfolomeeva, TD, Popova, SV, & H. Ohta. (2002). "New nanocluster carbyne-based material synthesized under high pressure." General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Russia: Moscow. Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 585-588. [Online]. Available at http://www.ioffe.rssi.ru/journals/ftt/2002/04/p585-588.pdf
Lagow, RJ, Kampa, JJ, Wei, HC, Battle, SL, Genge, JW, Laude, DA, Harper, CJ, Bau, R,
Stevens, RC, Haw, JF, & E. Munson. (20 Jan. 1995) "Synthesis of Linear Acetylenic Carbon: The 'sp' Carbon Allotrope." Science, New Series. Vol. 267, No. 5196, pp. 362-367.
, 2010). The model includes several mediator (e.g., knowledge exchange) and moderator variables (e.g., self-leadership competencies of actors) that explain why and when this approach is effective and looks at leadership in more of a comprehensive way than focusing on one individual. Such perspectives have suggested that when employees become involved in the decision making processes then this can strengthen leadership.
Transactional leadership is the leadership model that represents what most people view as the concept of management. Transactional leadership is defined by an exchange relationship between the managers and the employees that are all motivated by their own self-interests and meeting the expectations that are associated with their job description. Transactional leadership consists of monitoring, controlling, and motivating employees through economic incentives and other types of exchange incentives (Bass, 1985). Most of the motivation in this model stems from financial exchanges such as by either salaries, performance…
Alipour, F., K., I., & Karimi, R. (2011). Knowledge Creation and Transfer: Role of Learning Organization. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), 61-67.
Antonacopolou, E. (2001). The Paradoxical Nature of the Relationship Bewteen Training and Learning. Journal of Management Studies, 38(3), 327-350.
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. (1998). Transformational leadership: Industry, military, and educational impact. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Anger may also be directed at general society or circumstances that prevented the woman from having an optimally healthy pregnancy or from being able to provide a child with a healthy and wholesome environment in which to grow and flourish. All these issues could have severe post-abortion effects upon women who undergo the procedure. On the basis of these findings, the authors recommend that abortion should not be legalized.
Another version of the human rights argument is espoused by Pruss (2001), who focuses upon the fetus as a person with an identity. Pruss considers that the fetus, at the point of conception, is not a physical part of the mother's identity any more than it is part of the father's. In other words, the fetus is as separate entity, although for the first nine months of its life it is dependent upon its mother for its continued life. Although it…
BBC. (2010). Arguments against abortion. Ethics Guide. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/abortion/mother/against_1.shtml
Donahue, J.J. And Levit, S.D. (2003). Further Evidence that Legalized Abortion Lowered Crime. The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 34, No.1. Retrieved from http://epoca.globo.com/edic/465/artigo_aborto3.pdf
Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, L.J. And Ridder, E.M. (2006). Abortion in young women and subsequent mental health. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Vol 47, No. 1. Retrieved from http://220.127.116.11/uca/common/grupo54/files/new_zealand_abortion_study.pdf
Grimes, D.A., Benson, J., Sing, S., Romero, M., Ganatra, B., Okonofua, F.E. And Shah, I.H. (2006, Oct.). Unsafe abortion: the preventable pandemic. The Lancet Sexual and Reproductive Health Series. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/unsafe_abortion/article_unsafe_abortion.pdf
S1 - No
S2 - No
S3 - No
Rational - This question is intended to determine whether other forms of abuse occur within teenage social relationship even more frequently than actual physical abuse or face-to-face verbal abuse. Had any of the subjects answered affirmatively, that would have suggested specific follow-up questions to explore the issues raised.
6. Have any of your friends ever been the victim of stalking-type of behavior? If yes, through what medium (in person, by phone, via Internet, etc.)? Also, how many people do you know personally who have ever been victimized in this way?
S1 - Yes; four
S2 - Yes; two
S3 - Yes; four
Rational - This question provides a comparison to the subjects in the Claiborne study.
It also expands the anecdotal data to include three separate peer groups.
7. Have you ever before (today) discussed the issue of violence or…
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005)
Psychology and Life 18th edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hsu, C. (2007) Family First: Abuse Is Not Love; Sep 27, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://wcbstv.com/parenttoparent/family.first.abuse.2.292513.html
This resource consists of a transcript of a television news interview conducted on Smith, T. (2008) "Horrors" Found in Tween, Teen Dating: Survey Uncovers Significant Levels of Physical, Verbal Abuse; Sex at Young Ages; Many Parents in the Dark; Jul 8, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2008, at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/07//earlyshow/living/relationships/main4240192.shtml
gifted middle school students and the efficacy of the instruction provided by their teachers is entitled A synthesis of research on psychological types of gifted adolescents, which was written by Ugur Sak. One of the particular benefits of this article was the many recommendations directly related to instruction of gifted students which was offered based upon the findings of the studies conducted, which were synthesized results of 14 studies that had been coded with 19 different samples. In total, there were 5,723 gifted participants in middle and high school that were evaluated for personality types and inherent proclivities inherent within them based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. One of the potential gaps in this type of population sample can be attributed to the fact that since the studies were synthesized and came from published articles, books technical reports and unpublished dissertations, there may have been unforeseen variables in their results…
Brighton, C., Hertberg, H., Moon, T., Tomlinson, C., Callahan, C. (2005). The feasibility of high-end learning in a diverse middle school. National Research Center of the Gifted and Talented. Retrieve from http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/nrcgt/reports/rm05210/rm05210.pdf
Callahan, C., Tomlinson, C., Hunsaker, S., Bland, L., Moon, T. (1995). Instruments and evaluation designs used in gifted programs. National Research Center of the Gifted And Talented. Retrieved from http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/nrcgt/reports/rm95132/rm95132.pdf
Callahan, C., Hunsaker, S., Adams, C., Moore, S., Bland, L. (1995). Instruments used in the identification of gifted and talented students. National Research Center of the Gifted and Talented. Retrieved from http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/nrcgt/reports/rm95130/rm95130.pdf
Sak, U. (2004). A synthesis of research on psychological types of gifted adolescents. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education 15 (2) 70-79. Retrieved from http://www.sengifted.org/articles_social/Sak_SynthesisOfResearchOnPsychologicalTypes.shtml
health care in the United States has been the source of heated debate for a number of years. Although the publicity surrounding the issue has been considerable and made to look like it is a recent problem facing the nation, the problem, in reality, has been on the horizon for nearly a century. During President Woodrow Wilson's administration, efforts were unsuccessfully made to pass national legislation regarding the delivery of health care in the United States and the issue has appeared periodically on the national agenda ever since (Lepore, 2009). Finally, on March 23, 2010, among massive controversy, the Affordable Care Act, through the massive efforts of the Obama administration, became law.
Despite the passing of the Affordable Care Act, health care in the United States remains dismal for a large percentage of American citizens. Although there were a number of significant provisions in the Act that took effect nearly…
Anderson, R.M. (2001). Improving Access to Care in America. Los Angeles: University of California.
Boehm, G. (2005). Debunking Medical Malpractice Myths: Unraveling the False Premises behind Tort Reform. Yale Journal of Health Policy Law & Ethics, 357-369.
Lepore, J. (2009, December 7). Preexisting Condition. The New Yorker .
Shi, L. (2003). Delivering Health Care in America: A Systems Approach (3rd Edition). Burlington, VT: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
" child who has disabilities certainly is expected to lack at least "some of the skills" that are required for participation in class activities, and hence, "need special assistance to develop" the needed skills vis-a-vis "the typical preschool" setting. So, that is where ecological assessment comes into the picture, in specific the "development of daily inclusion patterns of the preschool setting" based on the careful assessment of activity demands, "routines, and interactional patterns (both peer and adult)."
The article goes on to point out that "there must be a strong, direct link between assessment, child goals, and intervention content and activities" to make absolutely certain that the child is deriving "maximum benefits from an intervention program" that is to be delivered in inclusive preschool environments.
In the article, Quality Teaching for Diverse Students in Schooling: Best Evidence Synthesis (Alton-Lee, 2003), the author points out that a way to go about…
Akos, Patrick. (2005). The Unique Nature of Middle School Counseling. Professional School
Counseling, 9(2), 95-104.
Alton-Lee, Adrienne. (2003). Quality Teaching for Diverse Students in Schooling: Best
Evidence Synthesis. Wellington: Ministry of Education. ISBN: 0-478-18742-4
Therefore, the research conduced on the word of God can be a useful means through which a priest can become a better preacher by adapting his sermons in such a manner as to insure that he does not exclude certain parts of his community and addressing only the ones that believe or the ones than need to be shown the path of God.
Another important role played by theology for the priest is the knowledge that this exercise provides in better understanding the word of God in the way that it becomes accessible to all the community, regardless of background. More precisely, the Holy Book although speaks of generally applicable truths, has a lot of interpretations. The study of theology allows the priest to be in deep contact to these interpretations and be aware of the teachings and adapt its sermons. Also, it is important for the preacher to understand…
Tarazi, Paul. "The Synthesis of Interpretation and Proclamation" in Orthodox Synthesis: the Unity of Theological Thought (ed) Joseph Allen. New York: Athens Printing Company, 1981.
Chronic Liver Disease
With a number of functions -- including detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of chemicals that are necessary for digestion -- the human liver is vital.
It is reddish brown and has four unequal sized lobes; usually weighs about 3.5 pounds and is the largest gland in the human body. It is located just below the diaphragm in the body's right upper abdominal quadrant.
The liver plays a major role in the body's metabolic processes as well -- glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, some hormone production.
The liver produces bile -- which is an alkaline compound that helps in digestion by changing fat (lipid) molecules to a more digestible format.
The liver's detoxification and synthesis of micronutrients are vital -- short-term liver dialysis is possible, but a person cannot exist without a functioning liver (Virtual Liver, 2008).
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Cirrhosis is the result…
Nutrition and Cirrhosis. (2010). HepCNet. Retrieved from:
Greenlee, H., et.al. (2007). "Clinical Applications of Silybum Marianum." Integrative
Cancer Therapies. 6(1): 158-65.
Huseini, H., et.al. (2006). "The Effects of Sulybum Marianum in the Treatment of Type II Diabetes." Phytotherapeutic Research. 20(1): 1036-39.
Doctor Determine Treatment for a Diagnosis of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance:
Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.
The enzymes work as a lock and key process where the relevetn active part of the enzyme fits into the substrate (i.e. The molecule on which the enzyme acts) and activates it. There are various active sites on the enzyme and only the enzyme that will 'fit' in the substrate will work. After part of enzyme matching with substrate, enzyme breaks down substrate into two smaller products.
The following image illustrates:
(adapted from http://waynesword.palomar.edu/molecu1.htm)
At times the process can be blocked by an impediment that stops the 'key' from 'turning, as happens in the case of a lack in aldolase B. which can prompt hereditary fructose intolerance
Explain how a deficiency in aldolase B. can be responsible for hereditary fructose intolerance.
Hereditary fructose intolerance is a disease…
Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. (2002) Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: WH Freeman
Cross NC, de Franchis R, Sebastio G, et al. (1990). Molecular analysis of aldolase B. genes in hereditary fructose intolerance. Lancet 335 (8685): 306 -- 9
Huntington's Disease Outreach Project for Education at Stanford Coenzyme Q10: An Antioxidant Drug
New Culture May 4th movements. Why considered important modern Chinese history? 2. What Han synthesis? Who principle figure process elements bring create ? 3.
As suggested by the terminology, the New Culture movement refers to the attempt to rise against traditional Chinese culture. The movement was initiated by various Chinese intellectual circles around 1916 and was related to the perception that Confucian tradition contributed to the country's stagnation and national weakness and inhibited the development of China. The May 4th Movement, part of the overall Chinese cultural reform, refers to the day in 1919 that marked the immense popular protest against some of the terms that the treaty of Versailles included. The population reacted against Japan receiving territorial rights in China which had been previously owned by Germans. The Chinese intellectuals deemed the imperious need of a cultural movement that would enable China's adaptation of norms to those of the…
Transitioning and Student Wellbeing
Integration, Wellbeing, and Success of Transitioning of Students Background
Migration is a common phenomenon for many families around the globe. When a family moves, children often face the challenges of adapting to the behavior, culture, and requirements of the new school (Heinlein & Shinn, 2000). Significant evidence shows that the effects of moving affect students and teachers moving to a new school more than it does for the receiving students and teachers. However, those affected by changes in the learning environment are more resilient and can adapt easily to the new environment than their parents and teachers. The influence of mobility on the performance of the students has been an area of focus with a history that dates back to the beginning of World War II.
Significant evidence shows conflicting results on the effect mobility have on the performance of students, with some postulating it reduces…
Franke, T.M., & Hartman, C. (2003). Student mobility: how some children get left behind. The Journal of Negro Education, 72(1), 1-5.
Gruman, DH, Harachi, T.W., Abbott, R.D., Catalano, R.F., & Fleming, C.B. (2008). Longitudinal effects of student mobility on three dimensions of elementary school engagement. Child Development, 79(6), 1833-1852
Hattie, J. (2009) Making learning visible: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-analyses Relating to Achievement. London: Routledge
Heinlein, L.M., & Shinn, M. (2000). School mobility and student achievement in an urban setting. Psychology in the Schools, 37(4), 349-357.
g. Johnny Appleseed for history, etc.). Read aloud, pass out a blank matrix and ask students to fill in the matrix with questions using Bloom's taxonomy -- at least two questions per heading.
Assessment: using a rubric, students can self-assess their work by switching papers with a partner and checking to see if the questions listed are appropriate for the taxonomy ladder. Once this is done, divide class into six groups, each group taking the "Expert Role" of one of the categories. The group will present their own definition of that category and give examples using one of the fruits used earlier -- not just asking, but answering and explaining why these questions are important.
Special Learners: Advanced students should use their favorite television program to fill in the matrix, paying special attention to the types of questions most frequently asked? Higher or lower level? Why? Slower students should work…
Synthesis: This quote is similar to a comment Nick makes about the Tom and Daisy Buchanan in F. Scott Fitzgerald's the Great Gatsby: "They were careless people, Tom and Daisy -- they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made" (188). Though the Buchanans are not exactly like Mama Elena in their motives, and completely unlike her in their "carelessness" because Mama Elena's destructive impulses are controlled and purposeful, both quotes demonstrate the selfishness and amount of control that the characters involved like to exert on the others around them.
Dialectic Journal #2
Quote: "Each person has to discover what will set off these explosions in order to live, since the combustion that occurs when one of them is ignited is what nourishes…
She also clearly makes a stand against continuing to rely to any large degree on non-renewable resources and giving the scientific community more authority and right.
Clinton's platform is currently relying very heavily upon the idea of helping the middle class. Her campaign bus is currently touring Iowa with a slogan of "The Middle Class Express." She is actively seeking middle class support, and her platform is dominated by issues resolving to make those who currently feel invisible in the current administration. She is speaking to the idea that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle class is disappearing. The sentiment is a strongly held belief in middle America and the platform is strong, as it speaks to the current feeling of America.
If you place your mouse over the numbers next to Clinton's opening picture on her official website her position…
AP, "Democratic rivals target Hillary Clinton in debate" October 30, 2007, http://www.clarionledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071030/NEWS/71030060
Clinton, Hillary, Official Website 2008 Candidacy Retrieved October 30, 2007 from www, hillaryclinton.com
Clinton, Hillary, Senator NY Overview Immigration Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://clinton.senate.gov/issues/immigration
CNN Elections 2008 Info Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/issues/issues.socialsecurity.html