Synthesis Essays Examples

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Ultimate Syntheses of Art and Science Form

Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49672769

ultimate syntheses of art and science, form and function, are witnessed in the field of architecture. Even nomadic peoples have erected structures to keep themselves warm and dry or with which to store food. These early versions of architecture gradually evolved into the giant palaces of Egypt, the cathedrals of Europe, and the skyscrapers of the modern age. Architecture fascinates me because of its universality: buildings of all shapes, sizes, and functions are needed in every part of the globe. Throughout history, the field of architecture has encompassed a myriad of building materials, construction techniques, and engineering prowess. Architecture transcends both art and science, because it represents the ultimately practical use of both.

Architecture affects the way we live, work, eat, and think about our environments. Especially in urban centers, buildings become an integral part of the atmosphere, creating mood and meaning. The shape of a structure impacts how we feel about it; so too do the materials used. I find architecture so fascinating because it combines the principles of engineering and even physics with aesthetics. Buildings are functional structures that are artistically rendered.

My intellectual interest in architecture arose out of my appreciation for ancient structures like the temples…… [Read More]

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Prevention of Nosocomial Infection

Words: 693 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22702346

Nosocomial Infections


The evidence-based approach utilized and advocated by all the authors cited in this essay can be viewed through the lens of a PDSA process as described by Hadaway (2006). For example, Pronovost and colleagues were interested in reducing the incidence of preventable CR-BSIs in the ICU setting in Michigan. They first identified an evidence base supporting an intervention and then planned how to implement the intervention to cause a small-scale change. This evidence base, as well, is nothing more than the sum of several research groups engaging in the PDSA process. The intervention(s) is then implemented to test its efficacy, the results studied, and significant positive or negative outcomes are acted upon. The research reviews by Kampf et al. (2009) and Hadaway (2006) represent a synthesis of the findings from several studies, which they used to support their theses regarding hand hygiene and CR-BSIs, respectively. Rhine's (2006) editorial also outlined interventions supported by research findings, which was motivated by a single study showing improved NICU CR-BSI rates can be maintained for a period of years.

From a nurse's perspective, however, the PDSA process is designed for small-scale changes. The first step would be to identify an evidence…… [Read More]

Hadaway, L.C. (2006). Best-practice interventions: Keeping central line infection at bay. Nursing, 36(4), 58-63.

Kampf, G., Loffler, H., & Gastmeier, P. (2009). Hand hygiene for the prevention of nosocomial infections. Deutsches Arzteblatt International, 106(40), 649-655.
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Break Out of War in Afghanistan and

Words: 6023 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66939679

break out of war in Afghanistan and Iraq propelled alarming forecasts about its most likely psychiatric effects. The chief of recuperation or readjustment therapy services at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) asserted that as high as 30% of soldiers deployed to Iraq may establish posttraumatic tension ailment (PTSD) (Dentzer, 2003), a disorder that can arise following experience of gruesome, dangerous occasions, such as battle, natural catastrophes, and rape. PTSD patients do not simply remember their injury; they reexperience it as vibrant sensory recollections (flashbacks), horror stories, and invasive ideas. They feel reduced or small and mentally detached from the family, friends and loved ones, yet likewise stressful, cranky, and hyper-vigilant as if risk were permanently present.

Psychiatry ratified the PTSD medical diagnosis in 1980, mainly in feedback to the belated awareness of its signs in Vietnam veterans whose troubles had actually long been improperly comprehended and dealt with. Undoubtedly, the most strenuous epidemiological research ever before done on Vietnam veterans had actually reported that 30.9% of guys who served in this war established PTSD (Kulka et al., 1990), consequently laying a basis for very early forecasts about PTSD amongst Iraq veterans. Keen to stay clear of the errors of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bouma, G.D. (2004). The research process. 5th ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Coll, Jose E.; Weiss, Eugenia L.; Yarvis, Jeffrey S. (2011). No One Leaves Unchanged: Insights for Civilian Mental Health Care Professionals Into the Military Experience and Culture. Social Work in Health Care. Aug2011, Vol. 50 Issue 7, p487-500. 14p.
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Multicultural Literature

Words: 2417 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46128341

Multicultural Literature

what is multicultural literature? What are the characteristics of quality multicultural literature?

Within the latter part of the twentieth century, a pattern referred to as multiculturalism acquired popularity in American education (Almerico et al., 2006). Gay (1994) within an intensive research of the very commonly used meanings of multicultural literature recognized 13 particular explanations involving the idea and mentioned that a number of factors had been typical out of all definitions for the reason that all of them concur that the content material of multicultural literature ought to include:

Cultural pluralism, ethnic identities, unequal division of resources as well as

Opportunities along with other socio and political issues arising from extended track records of oppression

Multicultural education like a school of thought, a strategy for education transformation, along with a collection of particular subject material within just educational courses. (p. 3)

In her own book, Affirming Diversity, Nieto (2000) mentioned:

Multicultural literature & #8230; not only challenges but also rejects racial discrimination along with other types of discrimination in educational institutions as well as society and allows and supports pluralism (cultural, racial, linguistic, faith based, financial, as well as gender, as well as others) that pupils, their residential…… [Read More]

Almerica, G.M., Barron, E.L. And Silverman, H. (2006). Multicultural Literature as Defined in College Texts. Research in Higher Education Journal, Volume 1.

Author. (2007, November). Weaving multicultural literature into middle school curricula. Middle School Journal, 19-24.
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System Redesign of Expedition on Mount Everest

Words: 1714 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57922977


5) Feedback

The feedback received by climbers upon reviewing the plan and completing the training

Customization of the plan based on team features, such as size, physical fitness of the climbers and so on

6) Control

Initial control of the fitness, motivation and skills of each climber

Continuous controls of the state of each climber

7) Activities

Training of the team members

Physical checkups of all climbers

Packing supports

Raising environmental responsibility awareness and support

Mental preparation: understanding the risks, such as the potential for hallucinations or frostbite

Insuring the climbers against any potential risks associated with climbing (de Garis and O'Connell, 2003 de Garis and O'Connell, 2003).

8) Inputs

Personal commitments and desires of both climbers as well as T. Company staff

Long existent expertise of the staff at the T. Company

Financial investments. A trip to the Everest would generically commence at a minimum investment of $25,000 (eHow, 2011).


Boukreev, a., DeWalt, G.W., the climb: tragic ambitions on Everest, St. Martin's Griffin, 1999, ISBN 0312206372

de Garis, K., O'Connell, D.., How to climb Everest, the Guardian, Edition of March 30, 2003

Everest, Alpine Ascents, 2011, last accessed on February 23, 2011

How to climb Mount…… [Read More]

Boukreev, a., DeWalt, G.W., the climb: tragic ambitions on Everest, St. Martin's Griffin, 1999, ISBN 0312206372

de Garis, K., O'Connell, D.., How to climb Everest, the Guardian, Edition of March 30, 2003
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Post-Structuralism and Film the Objective

Words: 1265 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55737041

" (Barrat, nd) This view however, is not without its challenges. For example, there is a risk that the film will be examined "from the top-down, interpreting the film so that it fits into the general theoretical framework, and thus ignoring an analysis of the film's specific qualities." (Barrat, nd) in addition, it is reported that this theory is itself questionable in terms of its validity. During the 1980s, it is reported, "a new type of film scholarship emerged." (Barrat, nd) Over the past two decades, there have been two post-theoretical approaches to film: (1) neo-formalism/historical poetics; and (2) historical context. (Barrat, nd)

Classical Hollywood cinema is called the stylistic norm where there is classical narration focused on characters that are goal-oriented with a continual system of editing. These norms are held to be "against the historical conditions of the film's production and exhibition. There are various conditions for example economic and technological or "different modes of production and different advances in technology constraint what a film is and is not able to achieve." (Barrat, nd) Each of the groups is reported to operate "in truth against a socio-political background: films are viewed by different social groups with different attitudes…… [Read More]

Barrat, D. (nd) Post-Theory, Neo-Formalism and Cognitivism.

Burgoyne JR and Flitterman-Lewis, S. (1992) New Vocabularies in Film Semiotics; Structuralism and Post Structuralism and Beyond. Routledge, Chapman and Hall, Inc.
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Fighting Cancer Is Among Medical Science's Greatest

Words: 393 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20306175

Fighting cancer is among medical science's greatest challenges and it is to this field of specialty I have been drawn. For the past several years I have devoted my time and energies to laboratory research projects involving the synthesis of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. HDAC inhibitors have emerged as one of the most promising chemical agents in counteracting cancer. Our goal for the past year has been to synthesize a new HDAC inhibitor. Our research was based on prior research and we are endeavoring to add to the growing body of scientific literature in this area. My work involves the synthesis, purification, characterization, and submission of the chemical compounds for biological screening or in vivo tests. Our research team successfully synthesized several new compounds of hydroxymic acid. We also developed a benzamide compound that is now known as MS-275, which was patented by Merck. Synthesizing MS-275 was one of the highlights of my career so far. Quite by accident I discovered that I can skip turning the carboxyl acid group into acid chloride for a far higher isolated yield of MS-275. The results of my study were promising, as they increased yield to 65% from 53%.…… [Read More]

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Dealing With Difficult Patients Translation of Evidence and Best Practice

Words: 3786 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75591008

Difficult Patients

Mitigating Risks from Dementia

Providing adequate care for an individual suffering from dementia presents many difficulties for nurses. Patients with dementia often have debilitating conditions such as Alzheimer's or similar neurologic diseases which are progressive, thereby making it challenging for them to remember, think lucidly, communicate effectively or complete activities of daily living. Furthermore, dementia can cause rapid variations in mood or even modify personality and behavior. With the tremendous number of elderly in society more and more nurses are required to care for patients with progressive dementias. It is imperative that a diagnosis be reached early in the course of the cognitive impairment and that the patient is closely monitored for coexisting morbidities. Nurses have a central role in assessment and management of individuals with progressive dementia. This essay provides some evidence-based practical strategies for managing the behavioral problems and communication difficulties often encountered in this population.

I currently work as a nurse practitioner for a non-profit hospice inpatient facility with 36 beds in Cape Coral, Florida. On a daily basis staff must tackle issues related to difficult patients. Patient are often angry, sad, emotional and sometimes delirious and in cases with severe dementia can become combative.…… [Read More]

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Revelation Our Senses Are'so

Words: 3209 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14493544

Calvin also taught that another way God begins to deal with a person to make him/her restless is knowledge.

Under the influence of the Spirit of God, a person is borne upward; traveling upward toward the knowledge of God. Conscience, as far as human understanding reaches, is a source which constitutes the unconditional starting point for the beginning of knowledge of God; for the revelation of Jesus Christ.

For Calvin, "revelation is not immediately revelation of Jesus Christ. But revelation of the harsh judgment of God, although this is certainly finally oriented to Christ."

Basically, Calvin did not have any revelation problem as the center of his theology. He began with the reality that a person is alienated from God, but that God seeks the individual out and entices him/her to a way in which community with God may be discovered again. Calvin argued sin has damaged human reason; that not only do reason's limitations have to be overcome, but reason's inescapable disorientation also. Something, Calvin explained, has gone fundamentally wrong with the noetic machinery of the human mind.

To understand Calvin's argument, Steinmetz purports, one may find it helpful to distinguish the three following terms:

The natural knowledge of…… [Read More]

A antithesis. Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian. Aavailable at Accessed 09.March 2009.

A antithesis. Random House, Inc. Available at Accessed 09.March 2009.
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Real World Connection Love Is

Words: 1083 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95840839

2."People need social order"

Evidence: The mob cries out for Caesar to be king.

Context: Although Brutus kills Caesar to protect the republic, the mob seems to desire a king.

Analysis: Aristocratic republicans like Brutus do not understand what the common people need.

Synthesis: Without social order, people will either demand authoritarian rule, or they will rule by mob violence.

3. "If the rightful ruler is deposed or killed, chaos will result"

Evidence: After the death of Caesar, mass killings take place at the hands of the Roman populace.

Context: People run amuck in the streets of Rome, the natural world makes dire portents even before the killing occurs.

Analysis: People kill out of the thrill of killing in a mob scene. The Romans are even shown killing a poet who had nothing to do with the conspiracy because of his "bad verses."

Synthesis: Once there is anarchy, people take the opportunity to glory in their baser instincts.

Ordinary people are easily swayed by effective speechmaking/charismatic people; thus they can be changed into a dangerous mob"

Evidence: The mob is easily swayed by Mark Anthony to revolt against the assassins of Caesar.

Context: Although Brutus kills Caesar to protect the…… [Read More]

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Special Education Inclusion

Words: 8710 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43314572

country's public schools are experiencing dwindling state education budgets and increased unfunded mandates from the federal government, the search for optimal approaches to providing high quality educational services for students with learning disabilities has assumed new importance and relevance. In an attempt to satisfy the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, a growing number of special educators agree that full inclusion is the optimal approach for providing the individualized services needed by young learners with special needs. Known as "mainstreaming" in the past, full inclusion means integrating students with special physical, cognitive or emotional needs into traditional classroom setting. Practices that promote full inclusion for students with special needs assist educators in focusing instruction in innovative ways to help meet the educational needs of an increasingly diverse student population with a wide array of specialized needs. Critics of full inclusion argue that in many if not most instances, young learners with special needs fail to receive the specialized training they are going to need to succeed after they leave school. Proponents of full inclusion counter that all students can benefit from inclusive practices and resources are available in the community to assist with daily needs training.…… [Read More]

Allen, M., Burrell, N., Eayle, B.M., & Preiss, R.W. (2002). Interpersonal communication research: Advances through meta-analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

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Deinstitutionalization Importance of a Historical Literature Review

Words: 4057 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94795957

Evaluating theoretical framework also assists in determining whether the structure directs the research study. This process entails identification of constructs or concepts, assessment of definitions, relationships, variables, hypothesis, methodology and findings.

Discussion Question Two: Will there always be a theoretical framework that aligns with your chosen topic of study? Why or why not?

Theoretical framework entails the collection of combined concepts that are not essentially well established (Aparasu, 2011). Theoretical framework determines the things a researcher measures and the statistical link to look for. Through theoretical framework, researchers engage preconceived ideas. For instance, some people deem that human beings are untrustworthy and lazy. Such basic beliefs regarding human temperament influences how a researcher views things when conducting a research. In this regard, not understanding the actual framework is an enormous concern. Theoretical framework directs the researcher to what he/she views in his/her environment, and what he/she does not notice in his/her environment. Researchers do notice aspects that fail to fit their framework. Getting around this issue is not easy, but researcher can minimize the problem through making implicit theoretical frameworks explicit (Aparasu, 2011). When implicit theoretical framework is made explicit, the researcher can consider other theoretical frameworks and view the…… [Read More]

Aparasu, R. (2011). Research methods for pharmaceutical practice and policy. New York:

Pharmaceutical Press.
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Ruddiman's Account of Ancient Human

Words: 2518 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69627461

Humanity might not have the same effective power over the environment when fossil fuels run out. While this assumption is certainly believable, humans will not doubt reach a point where the greenhouse gas absorbing plants and bodies will no longer be able to keep up with human activity. This will further exacerbate the problem of human-caused global climate change. On the other hand, if humans are able to develop non-fossil fuel alternatives that do not have a negative effect on the environment on a global scale, the warming trend might very well be reversed in a generation or two. Either way, Ruddiman's arguments will likely be proven to be wrong or right, on a long enough timeframe.

Section IV: Opposing Points-of-View

Anthropologists, specifically, disagree with Ruddiman. Since the author himself is not an anthropology professor and admittedly has very little experience in this field, it would only seem natural that this specific type of academic opposition could in fact be the most damaging to Ruddiman's theories. Anthropologists argue that there were not enough humans on the planet, even a few millennia ago to ever have exacted enough change to avert a global ice age (Silver, 1992). In fact, many of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allen, Robert, Scott Seaman and John DeLascio. "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76 (2009): 12-9. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. .

Bast, Joseph. "Eight Reasons Why 'Global Warming' is a Scam." The Heartland Institute. The Heartlander, Feb. 2003: n.pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2010.
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Policy Reform to Promote the

Words: 7175 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67566472

In other, more charter-friendly states, there are multiple authorizers -- universities, state boards, even specially created bodies with expertise in charter school creation. The new bill before the state House and Senate will give the Board of Education an advising role on charter school applications prior to going before the local school board.

Patrick Henry School of Science and Arts opened Aug. 11, 2010 making it the 10th charter school to open in the state of Virginia since charter schools were allowed to open in 1998. However, if history repeats itself, Patrick Henry will have a bumpy road ahead. Including Patrick Henry only three charter schools are operating currently in the state of Virginia and Patrick Henry is the only one operating in the city of Richmond. At one time there were nine charter schools in Virginia, but most of them closed due to financial reasons. (citation)

According to the Richmond Time Dispatch "Charter school funding is as much a political decision as it is a pure per-pupil funding issue. And given that the government body in the commonwealth that approves a charter application does not have taxing authority, this makes funding a two-step process," said Virginia Secretary of Education…… [Read More]

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Injections of Phosphatidylcholine Solubilized With

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89968927

Therefore, Hexsel's study will not be included in this analysis for failure to meet the study protocol.

Another human study involved a case study of a single patient. This Brazilian study represented a case study and does not meet the protocol for inclusion in this analysis either (Rittes, 2001). As there have been no human studies in the United States to date, we must rely on studies published in other countries for our meta-analysis. A study conducted in Vienna by Karl Heinrich will be used as one of the studies to be analyzed. This was the only study that could be located involving an actual population of human subjects, as this type of research is prohibited in the U.S. At this time.

The sample population used by Heinrich consisted of 86 individuals who received a standardized series of treatments. This study suffered from significant flaws that make the results questionable. For instance, the patients received between 1-3 injections, but no analysis between these groups was reported. Heinrich reports a reduction in 100% of the test subjects. However, there was no control group. To be considered valid according to FDA protocols, the study must be double-blind with one group receiving a…… [Read More]

Atoba MA, Ayoola EA, Ogunseyinde O. Effects of essential phospholipid choline on the course of acute hepatitis-B infection. Trop Gastroenterol. 1985; 6:96-9.

Bechara FG, Sand M, Altmeyer P. et al. Intralesional lipolysis with phosphatidylcholine for the treatment of lipomas: pilot study. Arch Dermatol. 2006 Aug;142(8):1069-70. Retrieved March 24, 2007 at .
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Remote Nursing Review the Roles of Registered

Words: 1665 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75279981

Remote Nursing Review

The Roles of Registered Nursing in Shaping and Providing Care in Rural and Remote Locations: A Literature Review

The roles and perspectives of nursing have undergone major changes in the past several decades, continuing the rapid and profound development that this area of medical science and art has experienced in its relatively brief history. For quite some time, nursing existed either as a highly denigrated and unskilled profession looked down upon my others in the medical establishment and society at large, or as the semi-sacred and highly secret practice of healing through natural remedies and purely experiential knowledge transmitted orally and though demonstration from generation to generation. An appreciation and codification of nursing as a science -- albeit a science with certain subjective and aesthetic principles, making the designation of nursing as an art somewhat appropriate as well -- did not really occur until the nineteenth century, marking a rather slow beginning to this area of knowledge.

Since its inception and recognition as a valuable science, however, nursing has risen rapidly in the degree of prestige and respect that is conferred upon it as well as the degree of influence that it has on the practice of…… [Read More]

Banner, D., MacLeod, M. & Johnston, S. (2010). Role Transition in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care Nursing: A Scoping Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(4): 40-57.

Coyle, M., Al-Motlaq, M., Mills, J., Francis, K. & Birks, M. (2010). An integrative review of the role of registered nurses in remote and isolated practice. Australian Health Review 34(2): 239-45.
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Living Things Are Characterized by the Following

Words: 4492 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61564004

living things are characterized by the following seven characteristics namely mobility, respiration, excretion, sensitivity or response to external stimulus, growth, feeding, and reproduction. Though there may be variations between animal and plant kingdom (ex, plants take in carbon dioxide and prepare their own food), these characteristics are commonly observed among all living things.

Biology is a very broad field that encompasses the study of characteristics of living things. It includes botany, zoology and all other sub-disciplines that range from microbiology to evolution and ecology.

Evolution is the branch of biology that deals with the study of natural development of living organisms and the changes in them over time. Evolution refers to the heritable changes that occur in a population over a period of time. All the diversity that is observed currently in plant and animal kingdom can be ascribed to evolution over a long period of time.

Atoms are the smallest, fundamental building blocks of every living and non-living matter. Molecules are nothing but groups of atoms bound together by means of chemical bonds.

5) Water is a universal solvent that dissolves most molecules and it is non-reactive as well. All plant and animal life is dependant on water and…… [Read More]

1) Mark Rothery, "Cells," Accessed on Sep 20th 2005, Available from
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Canon Law

Words: 1105 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97849422

Orthodox Church is indeed in a state of canonical disarray and this paper aims to put together a set of plausible arguments in favor of this statement. The best place to start is likely with Viscuso's study "A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church: The 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress," which looks back at the 1923 as a quintessential moment in the process of reform that the Orthodox Church could have embarked on at the beginning of the 20th century.

This reform process could have positively affected the development of the church, including by making it more adaptable to the requirements of the 20th century. Some of the initiatives that Melenios put forward at the Congress were, in fact, targeting organizational needs. With the expansion of the Orthodox creed on new continents, including North and South America, his goal was to concentrate leadership in the hands of the Patriarch of Constantinople (Viscuso, 2006).

Beyond the fact that, at that time, this was him, the approach made a lot of sense from a political and organizational point-of-view: such centralization would have allowed for a unitary approach, in everything from canonical law to assigning functions within the church. However, this was not the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
1. Lossky, Vladimir. Orthodox Theology: An Introduction. New York, 1978.

2. Allen, Joseph J. Orthodox Synthesis -- the Unity of Theological Thought. New York, 1981.
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Wilhelm Wundt Was One of the Great

Words: 872 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68651245

Wilhelm Wundt was one of the great, founding fathers of modern psychology. His definition of the three main goals of psychology and understanding of the specific elements of thought were some of his major contributions. Further, Wundt helped define the terms perception, apperception and creative synthesis. His early work on the psychology of elements and his later work in the Volkerpsychologie helped to cement his position as an outstanding and influential psychologist. Wundtian psychology has declined greatly in recent times, largely as a result of his reliance on introspection.

Wundt's three main goal of psychology were to describe, predict and explain behavior. Wundt was one of the first psychologists to set psychology apart from philosophy. He sought to apply the principles of scientific investigation. As such, he was one of the first psychologists to bring the study of psychology to the laboratory, and attempt to discern the basic nature of human consciousness and experience.

According to Wundt, there are specific elements of thought, each with specific attributes. He founded the psychological school of structuralism that believed that the mind could be studied, like any other physical entity. Structuralism broke down thought into three main elements: sensations, feelings and images. These…… [Read More]

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Instruction Namely Introduction Added and

Words: 4714 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52992639

She epitomizes pragmatic reality, and by so doing, in a certain manner assumes tangible metaphysical form. Rather than being apart and indistinct from humans, the Lady has become absorbed in the Mexican culture and has become such an endearing figure precisely due to the fact that she is seen as part of their suffering and as corporal liberal embodied in incorporeal form that is part of -- the essence of -- their very being. In that way, she is more animate than inanimate and possesses enduring capacity.

Part II. Major theological themes that can be infered from the works of Jeanette Rodriguez and Nancy Pineda-Madrid on Our Lady of Guadalupe

Various replicative theological themes can be inferred from the works of these authors. The essay elaborates on them.

1. Empowerment:

Mary's relationship to the American-Mexican woman, i.e. As symbol that is stereotyped by a supercilious, dominating majority, but that appears to them as motherly and liberating -- is akin to the general Marian scatology in that Mary gives dignity and liberation to the oppressed in, that seen as servile and humiliated herself, the oppressed identify with her and perceive her as suffering human who withstood her tormentors in a dignified,…… [Read More]

Pena, M. (1995). Our Lady of Guadalupe: Faith and Empowerment among Mexican-American Women Gender and Society, 9, 32-47.

Pena, M. & Frehill, L.M. (1998). Latina religious practice: Analyzing cultural dimensions in measures of religiosity. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 620-629
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Evil What Is the Nature

Words: 2945 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79449306

Initially St. Augustine favoured the dualistic view that evil was external and separate from the world and mankind that in evident from the Manichean worldview. However, he was later to reject this strict dualism and taker another view of the nature of evil. This was more Platonic and was based on the writings of Plotinus and Porphyry. This refers to the view that evil is a measure and result of our separation from God.

For Augustine, the measure of all existence was God. Instead of the Manichean view that evil existed outside humanity "…as an invasion," he posited the view that evil only existed to the extent that we do not acknowledge and live within God's word and law. ( Augustine Influences Christianity). Stated in another way, evil exists only because mankind refuses to acknowledge God. In essence Augustine defines evil as "…a privation in goodness." (A Brief Response to the Problem of Evil) This means that evil is parasitic on what is good and can "…only be defined in relation to what is good and not vice versa." (A Brief Response to the Problem of Evil)

5. Kant and human will as the source of evil

An important distinction…… [Read More]

A Brief Response to the Problem of Evil. April 22, 2009.

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Communications in a Business Setting Compromise the

Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49574590

communications in a business setting compromise the work of that business, a solution must be found for the benefit of the company and of all who work there. Problems can arise when employees whose tasks require written communications skills are deficient in those skills. Problems can arise also when employees are expected to both understand and explain matters verbally and nonverbally.

The cure for the first problem could be as simple as sending the employee in question for writing instruction.

The cure for the second is, however, much less straightforward. The problem might arise because of the use, or misuse, of strategic ambiguity either by the employee exhibiting the problem, or by managers and colleagues who deal with her. Or it might be caused by an unrecognized personal problem of the employee, for example, a drinking/drugs problem or a cognitive disability of short or long duration. This paper looks at a single case of a financial manager exhibiting distressing verbal communications deficits, and suggests avenues for exploration in curing or minimizing the problem. It also explores the ways strategic ambiguity might be in play either by the other members of the company, or by the employee in question.


Strategic…… [Read More]

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Due to Run Off From

Words: 1115 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9402806

The inquiry cited above makes use of the functions of analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Analysis is the act of reviewing and comparing data. In the inquiry of the herbicides, the analysis occurs with the review of prior evaluations and inquires. This analysis of studies regarding the effect of atrazine allowed the inquiry to come up with its hypothesis and thus direct the actual experiment. Without an analysis of the original, existing data the concept of comparing use of atrazine, isoxaflutale and a mix of both would not have been thought of.

The concept of synthesis refers to the integration of two or more existing elements in order to create something new. In the inquiry, there are numerous levels of synthesis. First and foremost is the agricultural practice of combining atrazine with isoxaflutale as a method of creating a new, supposedly less toxic herbicide that would comply with the regulations issued by the Environmental Protection Agency. At another level is the synthesis of information. For example, the test results provided several, individual results. On one hand the mixed test showed that by mixing the two herbicides together did not make the product less harmful to humans. On the other hand the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Heston, Emily D., Kathleen Brundage. The Immunotoxic Effect of a Mixture of Atrazine and Isoxaflutole. Mountain State University: Department of Microbology, Immunology and Cell Biology.

Lee, Jennifer. "Popular Pesticide Faulted for Frogs Sexual Abnormalities," New York Times, 2003-06-19, p. 20.
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Neuroscience and Adult Development

Words: 5856 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32161450

Neuroscience and Human Development

One of the most noticeable aspects of human beings involves the changes in shape, size, form, and function of the individual from a newly formed fetus to a fully grown adult. As the single most successful organism on Earth, human beings have developed, through millions of years of evolutionary adaptations, integrated yet malleable systems involving biological, physiological, emotional and intellectual components. This paper will review some of the most prominent theories of human development, discuss the nexus of human development and the neurological processes involved in the human body, and analyze the development and life progression processes human beings experience from birth through death.

Much of the success of human beings is attributable to the very design of the human body; including a large bi-pedal body, a brain that is disproportionately large relative to that of body size, as well as an extended period of childhood, during which significant formative transitions occur (Ulijaszek et al., 2000). With an unusually large brain than other organisms on Earth, humans have certain, distinct advantages in the struggle for survival and dominance over other animals. For example, our ability to reason, to analyze, and interpret information quickly has provided a…… [Read More]

Bear, Mark F., Connors, Barry W., & Paradiso, Michael A. (2007). Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain (3rd ed.). USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bhise, S.B., & Yadav, A.V. (2008). Human Anatomy and Physiology. India: Nirali Prakashan. Human Anatomy and Physiology
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Inorganic Chemistry Linear Sp Carbon Allotropes in

Words: 1415 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62343041

Inorganic Chemistry

Linear sp Carbon Allotropes in Question

While modern day discoveries and characterizations of allotropes are reported, the definition of allotropy remains ambiguous as the question of what constitutes an allotrope is under debate. Lagow et al. reported the synthesis of a terminally capped linear acetylenic carbon with alternating single and triple binds, claiming it to be a stable sp carbon allotrope (1994), a subject of debate as the classification of acetylenic carbon as an allotrope continues to be determined, and the stability of such a compound is in question. The proposed structure and stability of a linear sp carbon of such a proposed length and with alternating single and triple bonds is disputed by Hirsch et al. Thus, the stability of long-chain carbon allotropes and the characterization of the linear sp carbon synthesized by Lagow et al., given its terminal end design, remains in question as to the significance of the claim.

The IUPAC Red Book defines allotropes as "different structural modifications of [an] element," with allotropic transition considered the "transition of a pure element, at a defined temperature and pressure, from one crystal structure to another which contains the same atoms but which has different properties" (Golden…… [Read More]

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HRM Outline Human Resource Management

Words: 9449 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89370006

, 2010). The model includes several mediator (e.g., knowledge exchange) and moderator variables (e.g., self-leadership competencies of actors) that explain why and when this approach is effective and looks at leadership in more of a comprehensive way than focusing on one individual. Such perspectives have suggested that when employees become involved in the decision making processes then this can strengthen leadership.

Transactional Leadership

Transactional leadership is the leadership model that represents what most people view as the concept of management. Transactional leadership is defined by an exchange relationship between the managers and the employees that are all motivated by their own self-interests and meeting the expectations that are associated with their job description. Transactional leadership consists of monitoring, controlling, and motivating employees through economic incentives and other types of exchange incentives (Bass, 1985). Most of the motivation in this model stems from financial exchanges such as by either salaries, performance bonuses, benefits or other incentives to lead the organization towards is shared goals by more of a contractual arrangement than anything else.

On form of transactional leadership is known as management by exception. This is a form of management that involves monitoring performance at regular intervals and taking corrective action…… [Read More]

Alipour, F., K., I., & Karimi, R. (2011). Knowledge Creation and Transfer: Role of Learning Organization. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), 61-67.

Antonacopolou, E. (2001). The Paradoxical Nature of the Relationship Bewteen Training and Learning. Journal of Management Studies, 38(3), 327-350.
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Abortion Be Legal Even in

Words: 2850 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57474200

Anger may also be directed at general society or circumstances that prevented the woman from having an optimally healthy pregnancy or from being able to provide a child with a healthy and wholesome environment in which to grow and flourish. All these issues could have severe post-abortion effects upon women who undergo the procedure. On the basis of these findings, the authors recommend that abortion should not be legalized.

Another version of the human rights argument is espoused by Pruss (2001), who focuses upon the fetus as a person with an identity. Pruss considers that the fetus, at the point of conception, is not a physical part of the mother's identity any more than it is part of the father's. In other words, the fetus is as separate entity, although for the first nine months of its life it is dependent upon its mother for its continued life. Although it is growing within her body, it is not part of her body in the same way that her arms or legs are her body parts. As such, the argument that the woman should have sovereignty over her own body and life does not apply to her unborn child, who has…… [Read More]

BBC. (2010). Arguments against abortion. Ethics Guide. Retrieved from 

Donahue, J.J. And Levit, S.D. (2003). Further Evidence that Legalized Abortion Lowered Crime. The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 34, No.1. Retrieved from