Neanderthal And Modern Human Differences Reaction Paper

Related Topics:

Bone is very fragile and rock slides, cave-ins etc. could cause damage to the bones after the demise of the skeleton's owner. Trinkaus maintains that among the examples of supposed violence, only a few exceptional cases stand up to scrutiny. This would include the Shanidar 3 Iraq rib bone that undoubtedly betrays injury from a thrown spear. Trnkaus further maintains that this is the only absolutely conclusive evidence found of a violent encounter between modern man and his Neanderthal cousins (ibid. 143). Although less definitive, Shanidar 1 shows injuries that might have been due to a violent encounter, although and accident can not be ruled out, although it is not clear whether the atrophied right arm was amputated or was due to a blow to the left side of the skull that caused paralysis to that right arm. Other Shanidar cave skeletons had only minor injuries, none of which proves conclusively whether...


Many show signs of arthritic degeneration and probably died at advanced ages between 40 to 60 years of age.
Most of the other Neanderthal remains from Europe show the same issues. On the positive side, this would seem to indicate that the individuals in question were cared for at least sometime into their old age. Neanderthal skeletons show the first evidence of intentional burial with offerings.

The lives of the Neanderthals may have been harsh and dangerous. Their social behavior however compensated for this. They took care of each other. Trinkaus argues therefore that they should be considered the first humans (ibid 145). This author agrees with this analysis.

Works Cited:

Trinkaus, Erik. "Hard Times Among the Neanderthals." 15 Apr 2010.


Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited:

Trinkaus, Erik. "Hard Times Among the Neanderthals." 15 Apr 2010.


Cite this Document:

"Neanderthal And Modern Human Differences" (2010, April 15) Retrieved July 22, 2024, from

"Neanderthal And Modern Human Differences" 15 April 2010. Web.22 July. 2024. <>

"Neanderthal And Modern Human Differences", 15 April 2010, Accessed.22 July. 2024,

Related Documents

Origin of Anatomically Modern Humans The curiosity to study origin and birth of human beings has shaped a holistic subject, paleoanthropology, which mainly focuses on the origin of modern human beings or Homo sapiens (Matthew and Nitecki, 1994).For about 30,000 years, the Earth has been inhabited by humans that carry anatomical and behavioral uniformity. The situation70,000 years before was clearly different and diverse groups of hominids preceded the modern Homo sapiens;

Neandertals and Humans in Popular Culture Neandertals and “Cro-Magnon” (early AMH) have long held the popular imagination. From Boule’s unfortunate depiction of the old man at La Chappelle as a stopped, brooding primitive, to the tyranny of the Paleodiet, pop culture is frequently drawing attention on our hominin cousins and early forms of our species to make sense of our place in the world. This paper provides a critical analysis of

Human Evolution

Human evolution is the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens as a species that can be distinguished from other hominids, great apes, and mammals. Neanderthals are a unique species as they can be either classified as a subspecies of Homo sapiens as Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, or can be classified as a distinct and separate species as Homo neanderthalensis. Though Neanderthals are presently considered an extinct species, evidence indicates that H.

There is no reason to suppose that a difference as radical as true language vs. protolanguage is required to explain why modern humans replaced Neanderthals so quickly. In much shorter spaces of time, groups of modern humans have replaced other groups with identical biological capacities; it took only decades, not millennia, for Europeans to replace Tasmanians, for instance. The precise nature of Neanderthal capacities and of human-Neanderthal interactions remains tantalizingly

By all anthropological accounts, early-modern proto-human hominids like Neanderthals, Cro-Magnon Man, and Homo Habilis bore much closer similarity to Homo Sapiens than any surviving modern simian species. In all likelihood, Neanderthals possessed very similar abilities and comparable intellect to modern human beings. The extinction of Neanderthal man is more likely related to slight differences in suitability for survival after the most recent ice age, or to being out-competed by Homo

Examination of female Neanderthal pelvic bones in conjunction with skulls of Neanderthal infants illustrates that among Neanderthals, birth was a more difficult and dangerous process than in humans. It can be presumed that the rate of Neanderthal mortality of mothers during birth and infant mortality were far greater than even the relatively high rates that prevailed among modern humans prior to the development of modern medicine. In that regard,