"Color has taken possession of me; no longer do I have to chase after it, I know that it has hold of me forever. That is the significance of this blessed moment. Color and I are one," Klee said (cited by Pioch). With this revelation and the expressionist approach Klee learned under Blue Rider tutelage, Klee developed his signature style. After the First World War, both Klee and his friend and fellow expressionist Kandinsky taught at the Bauhaus School in Berlin. Klee taught at the Bauhaus School from 1921-1931. After that, Klee taught in Dusseldorf but was persecuted by the Nazis because of his work (Pioch). He moved back to Switzerland in 1933 and died there in 1940 from a disease called scleroderma.
The Bauhaus School represented a conceptual shift in art, as it celebrated design and craftsmanship as well as philosophical themes. The impact of Bauhaus on the history of art is especially evident in some of Klee's work. However, "Twittering Machine" exemplifies the core elements of both Blue Rider and Bauhaus. From Blue Rider and his experiences in Africa, Klee incorporates playful colors and abstract ideas: shapes, forms, and colors are the key elements of the painting. From Bauhaus Klee developed strong affection for the interface between technology and humanity as well as between technology and nature. Klee also addresses the idea of communication in a conceptual and symbolic way.
The Bauhaus School developed a "positive, communal approach to the problems...
In "Twittering Machine" Klee accomplishes the goal of uniting the distinct impulses of nature and the human mind. Technology is not evil or sinister for Paul Klee. Rather, technology is an aspiration. The stick figure reaching for the birds on the wire suggests the human quest for freedom, symbolized by the wings and the motif of the bird. However, the stick figure also longs to be a part of the social life that the birds represent.
Bauhaus art was optimistic, reflecting the drive for a collective solution to global problems through art, design, and technology. The rectangular plane upon which the stick figure stands offers a visual and metaphoric grounding. Similarly, the birds on the wire are gobbling food, and the overall impact of the composition is active, engaging, and cheerful.
Bauhaus-Arhiv Museum of Design. "Paul Klee's Elemental Design Theory 1921-1931." Retrieved April 28, 2009 from http://www.bauhaus.de/english/bauhaus1919/unterricht/unterricht_klee.htm
"Klee-Twittering Machine." Retrieved April 28, 2009 from http://www.csulb.edu/~karenk/20thcwebsite/438final/ah438fin-Info.00033.html
Pioch, Nicolas. "Klee, Paul." WebMuseum, Paris. Retrieved April 28, 2009 from http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klee/
Abstract Expressionist Painting Artistic and Aesthetic Value in American Modernist Art during the Cold War Era Defining American Expressionism American modernism is perhaps one of the most difficult artistic periods to define. Modernism refers to a trend that affirms the power of human beings to create, shape, and make improvements to their environment. Modernism is aided by technological advances and is considered both progressive and optimistic in its approach to defining society. American
In reality, Van Gogh did not seek nor did he analyze the harmony of nature here; instead, he transformed it by projecting a vision entirely all his own. In conclusion, the great Impressionist painters revealed in their work a restless, self-conscious search for freedom of expression so characteristic of the late 1880's and into the early years of the 20th century. Their desire for a more modern form of expression
Bauhaus After World War I, the nation state of Germany under the direction of architect Walter Gropius created a "consulting art center for industry and the trades" (Bayer 12). Called Bauhaus, "house for building," the school combined the role of artisans and craftspeople and included everything from architecture to theater to typography. When the school was forced to close during the Nazi regime in 1932, many of its artists moved to