Peter Behrens Behrens wrote the preface and designed the ornament for the record of the exhibition that was presented to Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig, Ein Dokument Deutscher Kunst, 1901 (Peter pp).
Born in Hamburg, Germany in 1869, Peter Behrens studied painting from 1886 to 1889 at the Karlsruhe School of Art, and in 1889 in Dusseldorf under Ferdinand Brutt (Peter pp). He visited the Netherlands in 1890 before finally settling down in Munich (Peter pp). Behrens was a member of the Munich Secession and associated with the contemporary artistic radicals of the day, and in 1897, after visiting Italy the year before, he became one of the founders of the Munich Vereinigte Werkstatten, United Workshops (Peter pp). He formed a close friendship with Otto Eckmann and designed for Pan, and designed cover for Otto Julius Bierbaum's literary magazine, Die Insel, 1899, his Der Brunte Vogel, 1899, and for his Pan im Busch, 1901 (Peter pp). Behrens was invited in 1899 to Darmstadt to join the artists' colony set up by Prince Albert's grandson, Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig II von Hessen (Peter pp).
While in Darmstadt, Behrens built his own house, designing everything from the structure down to the cutlery (Peter pp). He had designed it specifically for the Darmstadt 1901 Exhibition, and in fact, the Haus Peter Behrens was the only building on the Mathildenhohe that had not been designed by Olbrich (Peter pp). The house incorporated both ...
Trained as a textile and graphic designer, Behrens emerged as one of the leading architects in Germany (Sachsse pp). After spending several years at Mathildenholhe, he was appointed director of the School of Arts and Crafts in Dusseldorf in 1903, where his intent was to set up a photography class headed by Erwin Quedenfeldt, another member of the Deutsche Werkbund and an important figure in the fine art photography movement (Sachsse pp). In 1907, Behrens left Dusseldorf to become chief designer for the company, Allgemeine Elekrizitatsgesellschaft, AEG, in Berlin, which at the time produced large numbers of electrical household articles and was run by Emil Rathenau (Sachsse pp). One of the first decisions Behren made at AEG was to produce a large catalog of the company's manufactured goods, particularly those he had designed, and in contrast to earlier…
Behrens wrote the preface and designed the ornament for the record of the exhibition that was presented to Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig, Ein Dokument Deutscher Kunst, 1901 (Peter pp).
The Turbine Factory and its use of industrial material on a very grand scale is able to evoke feelings of machinery and production and how it changed society, or rather, how it controlled society at that time. Behrens was able to transform architecture by creating designs that reflected the changing culture. Frank Lloyd Wright and Peter Behrens were pioneers in the innovation of functionalism. While Wright used more organic elements
This new political project would come to the forefront in the Bauhaus's conceptualization of functionalism, particularly under the second director Hannes Myer, who believed that architecture should be low cost and fulfill the living and working needs of the common working man. This idealistic belief, as detailed in such works as Karel Teige's the Minimum Dwelling, resulted in the construction of panel housing units in cities throughout Germany -
Walter Gropius Germany's high culture of the late medieval period was followed by a slow decline. In the seventeenth century the Thirty Year's War wrecked her material and political potential for more than a century. In the late eighteenth century, during a period of political importance, classic German literature was produced in the small princely courts. In the early nineteenth century, a thin layer of highly cultivated individuals began to produce
As such, the original construction for the building was completed between 1911 and 1913, after which point the factory underwent significant reconstruction resulting in an expansion that was largely different than its original design. The construction effort was largely financed by Benscheidt, who worked in conjunction with foreign investors raise the necessary funding. The building's foundation was achieved by mixing compressed concrete and pebble dashing. While the majority of
International Style of Design & Architecture The International Style In the 1920s and the 1930sa major architectural and design style emerged that was referred to as the International Style by Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in their book titled the International Style (Hasan-Uddin & Jodidia 2009). Hitchcock and Johnson published the book in order to catalogue and preserve a record of the work introduced at the International Exhibition of Modern Architecture that
Seagram Building by Mies Van Der Rohe Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was born in the year 1886 in Aachen, Germany. His father was a stonemason, and the young Mies underwent training under him, after which, at the age of nineteen, he moved on to Berlin. Berlin being a land of numerous opportunities at the time, Mies was able to train under the 'art nouveau' architect and Interior Designer, Bruno Paul.