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Graphic Design Essays (Examples)

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Graphic Art it Is Possible
Words: 2185 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44818450
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The codes appeared on the screen and were read by trained typographers. In 1970, the Merganthaler Linotype VIP became the first phototypesetter to incorporate a minicomputer with programmable software that could be used to process raw text within the output machine (Barlow & Eccles, 1992).

The graphic artist and designer had been losing some of their credibility in relationship to the fine artists up to the 1970s, because typesetting became a mechanical process that required technical training rather than artistic talent. Yet illustrators continued to be considered artists. However, several graphic designers proved such beliefs biased and irrelevant. Starting in the 1950s, Alan Fletcher used pop art, humor and bold and colorful works to develop new works of art. David Carson, a typographer and graphic designer, established his expertise in the 1980s for experimental typeface design. Completely developing his own approach, he established new rules of design and typography and…


Barlow, G., & Eccles, S. (1992) Typesetting and composition. Great Britain: Heron Press.

Crawford, T. (2008). AIGA Professional Practices in Graphic Design. Allworth, NY: American Institute of Graphic Arts

Eskilson, S. (2007) Graphic design: a new history. New Haven, CT: Yale University

Loxley, S. (2006) Type: The secret history of letters. London: I.B. Tauris

Graphic Art Webliography the Web
Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 7982140
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The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.

3. The Computer Graphics Society ( Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related…

2. "Design and Create: Computer Graphics and Digital Art." . An extensive collection of articles and links related to graphic design and computers at Although is not a scholastic source, the information contained on the site can be used to trigger ideas for topics related to graphic design.

The article includes subtopics such as digital scrapbooking, pixel art and pixel paintings, techniques of digital art, vector drawing, and Web-specific graphics and issues associated with designing for the Web. The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.

3. The Computer Graphics Society ( ).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related to graphic design. Well-known graphic artists like those working in the film industry are detailed in articles, thereby exposing students of graphic design to multiple techniques and inspiring stories of famous artists. Similarly, students of graphic art will find the industry news sections helpful. A forums section on the Website allows students and artists to post questions and receive responses from other Computer Graphics Society members. The main drawback with the Computer Graphics Society Web site is that it requires full membership to access much of the material contained on the site.

Graphic Organizers Graphic Organization Among Education Teachers
Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68237692
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Graphic Organizers

Graphic Organization Among Education

Teachers focus on different tools and ways to carry out the courses that can be designed to know how they will approach and instruct students with a systematize syllabus that can explain what is to be expected in the class by the use of graphic organizers. Every level of education can carry multiple methods of skills and ways to educate the classmates they have, yet having a realistic associations including a visual and graphic relationship to the students and so that the facts, thoughts, activities, and mapped out learning concepts be remembered in the future to assist the students as they aim to graduate whether it is in high school, to the next grade, within a certification, degree program, as long as it is a curriculum where scholars are scored. Furthermore the graphic organizers vary depending on the students' ages and sometimes the social…

Depending on the teacher's research of the lectures and sessions the methods can be effective because it can be based on the location they teach in and consider the different types of students who live in the area for example of a local community college. The small college looks at the current students they have enrolled in the classes, their backgrounds to determine where they are from and if they are natives, the difference in the grades and success between male and female students and scholars of different races and genders that do finish. The teachers of this community college will commonly use traditional learning styles compiled with innovated ones for the students to stay local because they offer all of the needs and curriculums can be finished in the facilities without the students having to transfer. Many adults, especially since the number of job losses back in 2009, have returned to school at an older age, so the teachers must consider what these students would understand and what steps need to be taken in order to have all ages succeed.

The government's role in the schools and classrooms do affect the different graphic organizers they create because it makes a difference on the types of students that are eligible for their curriculums and if they are able to continue and return to school for people who are in to furthering their education or getting involved in a certification of some kind. Local, state, and federal funding is available for teaching, projects, and especially the students that are not eligible to pay for their education, so a lot of people who are at poverty levels and that are minorities are enrolled in local college courses and programs. The government's financial aid program, FAFSA, allows all possible students to fill out an application, giving personal, work history, and current income in the house, household size, assets, and other factors that will determine the amount of money each individual will be granted.

Community colleges that are in smaller neighborhoods can more easily determine a lot of factors geographically, yet it is pretty hard to determine some of the situations that occur inside the classroom from some of the students that will have learning disabilities that the teachers are not aware of. This makes it tough on the educator to distribute the same type of diagrams and learning methods that they have traditionally applied to past graduates and new ideas and training those instructors learn to stay in touch with society making graphic organizers evolve.

Typography Graphic for Any Organization the Way
Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22903222
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Typography Graphic

For any organization, the way they communicate to the audience will determine their influence on a host of issues. In the case of Amnesty International, the human rights group is dealing with a conflict of interest by having a former Guantanamo detainee (Moazzam Begg) working with them. This is troubling, because the radical Islamist views that Begg will frequently discuss are in direct conflict with the ideals of the group (i.e. human rights and equality). ("Amnesty International") To fully understand how this is taking place requires looking at the organization's web site. This will be accomplished by studying: their audience, the purpose, the context and visual cues of the typography. Together, these different elements will support the thesis statement of how the viewer is impacted by what they see and read.

The Audience

The audience that the Amnesty International is trying to reach out to is individuals who…

Works Cited

"Amnesty International." Washington Examiner, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"Amnesty International." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"How You Can Help." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"Maldives must investigate sexual harassment of detained women protesters." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

Professional Design Practice in the
Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 82510569
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In order to achieve a connection with his or her audience, the designer cannot afford the relative luxury of work in isolation. While the creative process is important, it is also vital to embark upon this process based upon the results of audience-based research. The reason for this is that the audience for which specific design processes are provided will indicate the requirements regarding the design that is desired and expected. Specifically, the case of a cookbook for developmentally challenged individuals demonstrated this point particularly well for me. Focused research provided the designer with the information needed to create an effective product. Graphic design is not only about self-expression; it is also focused on the partnership between the artist and the audience. The artist needs to modify his or her vision to most effectively communicate…

Typography Design Taking a Lead From the
Words: 1426 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72879578
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Typography Design

Taking a lead from the typeface named Matisse ITC, a typography-based design was created with the broad-brushstrokes, primary colors, and dominant white space that characterized the gouche paintings and cutouts created by the artist Matisse. The central theme is of a ski hut on the night of a full moon, with evidence of children playing in the snow left over from the day, and the cold clear starlit night shining between sparsely falling snowflakes. Four distinct typefaces are used in the graphic design. The typefaces have been manipulated to increase the continuity and message of the overall design.


According to Useful Information for Web Developers and Designers, "Typography is the ultimate form of science meeting art. Space, size, type treatment/effects, contrast, color selection -- and much more -- go into every piece of design that involves the use of type."

Although children are taught in school to…


30 Photos That Changed the World. (2010, April 26). Photography Schools Online. Retrieved

Edgerton, G. (2009, April 20). Falling Man and Mad Men. [video]. In Media Res -- A Media Commons Project.

Jones-Kavalier, B.R. And Flannigan, S.I. (2008, February). Connecting the digital dots: Literacy of the 21st century. Teacher Librarian, 35 (3), 13-16.

Hogue, J. And Benezra, K. (2010, November 15). How women connect, catch up and find comfort with online video. Nielsenwire. Retrieved / online_mobile/how-women-connect-catch-up-and-find-comfort-with-online-video/

Web Design the Proper Procedure to Design
Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34840673
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Web Design

The proper procedure to design a website involves planning, innovation, and proper execution. The purpose of the website, along with its actual content, when melded together correctly, offers the visitor information and flexibility.

The first step a website innovator undertakes is to determine the audience of the website. Secondly, the innovator determines what the purpose of the website is. Although both of these steps seem simple, it is a crucial step. These two items need determined and defined clearly before further planning.

The goal of the site is the next determination. The website innovator decides what the goal of the site is. Website builders design sites to disseminate information. Other sites implement a design to sell or persuade, while others collect information from the visitor. Many times, the sites have multiple purposes, such as provide information and sell a product or service during the visit. (An example of…

Wicked Problems in Design Thinking Focuses on
Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 95570936
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Wicked Problems in Design Thinking" focuses on the process of and concepts behind design, and how these have changed over the centuries of human intellectual history. Whereas, at first, the concept was subject to categorization within a specific subject field, the author argues that this can no longer be the case. Indeed, since the start of the 20th century, there has been a shift away from compartementalized subject fields towards a greater understanding of design as integrated with other fields of thought. Indeed, the author argues for design as a "liberal art."

Furthermore, Buchanan argues that the refinement and expansion of knowledge cannot extend its usefulness beyond the library or laboratory without an integration of sets of knowledge via communication. Often, the design process, by its nature as an integrative discipline, is one of the ways in which such usefulness can be achieved.

"…knowledge is achieved by a new kind…

Art Design or Art in
Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 4830667
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He maintains that graphic design discussion is flawed for a number of reasons, and these flaws have led to distortions about graphic design and its principles. He writes, "He and other avant-garde artists made a major impact in the visual development of graphic design, but they also raised the importance of their esthetic approach to a point where they communication link with the common denominator they were addressing broke down" (Frascara 20). He maintains their designs were so "out there" that they lost their meaning and were actually detrimental to graphic design, rather than the positive influence many people thought they were.

He also maintains that graphic design is an art form, but that many designers aren't considering that graphic design is also a medium that communicates and is socially significant. He writes, "Furthermore, as an art form, graphic design is viewed only from an esthetic perspective, without enough consideration…


Frascar, Jorge. "Graphic Design: Fine Art or Social Science?" Design Issues, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 18-29.

Poyner, Rick. "Art's Little Brother." Icon Magazine, May 2005.

Portfolio Research Graphic freelance designer
Words: 864 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 81232789
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Graphic Freelance Designer

Design professionalism standards and ethics (Discuss how the use of copyrighted materials may or may not be a factor with the portfolio you are preparing and in following proper use guidelines.)

Professional designers aren't entitled to take exclusive credit for any design whose creation has involved collaboration between two or more designers (Crawford, 34). Further, professional designers aren't encouraged to accept projects which are likely to involve conflicting interests and, thus, dispute, without the consent of the client (Crawford, 38).

The American Institute of Graphic Arts' (AIGA's) Design Business and Ethics guideline series delineates crucial professional and ethical challenges faced by professional designers and purchasers of graphic designs. The work explores chief designer concerns when it comes to remaining successful, and directly addresses individual rights protection.

The AIGA's Design Business and Ethics covers norms every designer is required to abide by. The norms aim at guiding workplace…

Works cited

Aszman, Amanda. What to Expect in 2016: Predictions from Top Creatives. How Design, December 23, 2015. Web. [ ]

Bartow, Doug. 29 Things Young Designers Need to Know, How Design, September 11, 2014. [ ]

Crawford, Tad, ed. Design Business and Ethics. Richard Grefe, AIGA, 2009. Web. [ ]

Decker Design, After School Special: Advice for Emerging Designers -- AIGA. AIGA, 2011. Web. [ ]

Marcus Best Business Marcus' Graphic
Words: 879 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4653643
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And in these credit-strapped times, he "may be at a disadvantage in raising funds" as sole proprietors cannot issue bonds or sell shares of stock -- they are "often limited to using funds from personal savings or consumer loans" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards).

Even in terms of his tax returns, the law does not always favor sole proprietorships: some employee benefits such as owner's medical insurance premiums are not directly deductible from business income and are "only partially deductible as an adjustment to income" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards). There are also different rates of taxation for the two entity types: "a corporation pays 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $50,000; 25% tax on income from $50,001 - $75,000; 34% tax on income from $75,001 - $100,000; 39% tax on income from $100,001 - $335,000; and 34% tax on income over $335,000" while a married sole…

Works Cited

Sole proprietorship vs. partnership vs. limited liability company (LLC) vs. corporation vs.

S-Corporation. Residual Rewards. Retrieved July 15, 2009 at

For How to Design a Quality Web Site With Good Usability
Words: 2553 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32385810
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Designing a eb Site

Technology is driving society at a pace unparalleled in history creating new attitudes, interrelationships, and global awareness. A new consumer is emerging. This consumer is not easily persuaded by clever graphics or manipulated by fads in design. The new consumer is educated as to his options, and will not settle for less than he feels his money is worth. In the past, a consumer was limited to geographical boarders as he developed purchasing decisions. Products and prices offered by merchants within a few mile radius of his home was the extent of his knowledge. Today a consumer can get information with the click of a mouse, and the buzz of a modem. He shops with a frame of reference formed by vendors across the street, and around the world.

In order to create a web site which is an effective tool for marketing information, product, or…

Works Cited

NetResults. Advertising Age, 1/17/20000, Vol 71. Issue 3, p43

NABE Panel Cites Widespread Usage of E-Commerce, Special Survey. (2000) National Association for Business Economics. Available at: /

An interview with Jakob Nielsen on designing Web sites for the intranet (2003)

Information Today Inc. May/June Available online at

Graphic Organizer
Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17998727
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Setting Goals in the Classroom

Graphic organizer

Compare and contrast

Framework for Teaching vs. The Five Core Propositions

Framework designed to structure pedagogy in the classroom

Designed, according to its founders to be "used as the foundation of a school or district's mentoring, coaching, professional development, and teacher evaluation processes" and other structured projects

A general vision for "accomplished teachers"

Focused on praxis

Focused on defining values

Split into four distinct domains of learning

Defined by five principles that all support learning

Designed to provide a roadmap for teacher improvement chronologically from planning onward

Designed to emphasize what works in all of a teacher's current practices, in a non-chronological fashion

Focuses on concrete objectives

Focuses on eternal values of teaching

When structuring a lesson plan, it is essential that a teacher keep in mind his or her long-term goals for the class as well as the specific, observable and measurable…


Five Core Propositions. (2011). National Board Certified Teachers. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at 

Framework for Teaching. (2011). Danielson Group. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at

Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist
Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 49097650
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Journal of Albrecht Durer, 1498

I, Albrecht Durer, will preserve what I feel today in indelible colors. I stand pompous, extravagantly dressed, back to where I have always belonged. I may seem ostentatious now, with the artistic splendor I am bestowed with, more refined. Yet it was at Venice where I found inner tranquility of being an artist. I shall paint now as my imaginations will sweep with the aura of nature around me and my skills shall gain more strength. I will rejoice today to celebrate the liberty of an artist that I had experienced in Italian culture with the hope to awaken same liberation amongst natives of my land. I shall portray myself to depict the worth of a piece of art, the spectacle that a mere smear of color on canvas could create.

I may seem imprudent to Nuremberg for here I stand now almost 26, still…


Ashcroft, J. (2012). Art in German: Artistic Statements by Albrecht DUrer. Forum for Modern Language Studies, 48(4), 376-388.

Bartrum, G. (2002). Albrecht Durer and his Legacy: the Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist. London.

Koerner, J.L. (1993). The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art. United States of America: The University of Chicago Press.

Wisse, J. (October 2002). "Albrecht Durer (1471 -- 1528)." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved from

Design of Goods and Services
Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 71443151
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egal Marine

Product life cycle is an approach that companies use when analyzing the evolution of their products. This is intended to determine the investments that must be made regarding these products, but also the incomes they are likely to determine. The concept of product life cycle also applies in the case of egal Marine products. In this case, most of the company's products usually have a life cycle of three to five years. This can be considered a short life style in comparison with other products that benefit from life cycles of decades.

In this situation, products with short life cycles require increased levels of investments. This is because the company must focus on introducing new products on the market in order to be competitive (Wu et al., 2005). However, these products are also able to determine increased levels of incomes that can be used in investing in the…

Reference list:

1. Wu, D. et al. (2005). Managing Short Lifecycle Technology Products for Agere Systems. Retrieved May 3, 2013 from

Nets Analysis Graphic Organizer A Comparing and
Words: 1598 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35035660
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NETS Analysis

Graphic Organizer

a) Comparing and contrasting the National Education Technology Standards for Teachers (NETS) with any set of standards listed by the state of Maryland.

NETS for teachers are basically the standards used to continuously evaluate the skills and the knowledge that the teachers' need for their teaching profession. These standards are also used as indicators for the teachers' performance (ISTE, 2008). One of the NETS standards is that teachers are supposed to facilitate and inspire student learning and creativity. This is mainly done by using digital tools to engage students in tackling current issues. Teachers are also required to design digital age learning experiences and assessments for their students as this enables the students to develop their individual goals by use of digital resources.

The NETS standards also require the teachers to model digital age work and learning to showcase their skills as innovative professionals in technology.…


International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). (2008). NETS. Retrieved on 23/5/12 from

History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in Film
Words: 11249 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 80180588
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sound technologies and sound design in Film

Sound in films

Experiments in Early Age


Crucial innovations

Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan

Sound Design

Unified sound in film production

Sound designers in Cinematography

Sound Recording Technologies

History of Sound Recording Technology

Film sound technology

Modern Digital Technology

History of sound in films


Sound Design

Sound Recording Technologies

The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…


Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.

Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.

Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.

Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.

TESOL Materials and Course Design a Situation
Words: 6759 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39322444
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TESOL: Materials and Course Design

A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins:

New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency y the teachers assigned y TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will e run under this teacher - memer of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).

This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in estalishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated y the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).

Teacher assigned y TESOL is also a memer of programming system as a support memer, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaoration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors…

bibliography of ESL resources: Suggestions for selecting materials & ircs top choices. Illinois Resource Center.

Hamayan, E., Marler, B., Sanchez-Lopez, C. And Damico, J. (2007). Special Education Considerations for English Language Learners: Delivering a Continuum of Services. Caslon Publishing.

Kieffer, M.J. (2008). Catching up or falling behind? Initial English proficiency, concentrated poverty, and the reading growth of language minority learners in the United States. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 851-868.

Linse, C. (2008). Language Issue or Learning Disability? Essential Teacher, 5/4, 28-30.

Roessingh, H. (2006). Early language and literacy development among young ELL: Preliminary insights from a longitudinal study and the dual language book project. [Power Point Presentation Slides] Retrieved online November 20, 2011 at

Print Design and Movie Magic Some Factors
Words: 786 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93255139
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Print Design and Movie Magic

Some factors to consider for good print design are accurate use of bleeds, edges, cropping, color, and elements of typography. Text should not be cut off or flowing over into the folding of brochures or the next newsletter columns. Print layout and design elements must meet in order to produce excellent advertising copy.


Bleeding occurs when a design element such as print or an image extends further than the edge of the margins or page. Sometimes this can be intended for effect, but is viewed as unprofessional if unintentional (Graphic Fetish, 2009).


Crop marks, cropping is an element used to trim off the unnecessary parts of a picture image, or page. The crop marks are the cutting lines that are guides to setting areas being cut.

Color Schemes

Color can draw or detract from a print design. Using complementary colors in print can…


Douglis, P.K. (2004). When color makes difference conveying ideas meaning. Communication World, 21 Vol. 4, pp. 52-53.

Graphic Fetish. (2009). Three graphical standard principal elements in effective print design. Retrieved January 9. 2012 from 

Kyrnin, J. (2012). Pixel perfect design does not equal good web design. Retrieved January 9, 2012 from (2012). Wildfire post production. Retrieved January 11, 2012 from

Poster Design
Words: 2441 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29733676
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Posters have always carried with them the ability to communicate in a unique way. ith the right message, posters can inspire and motivate people to think about things in new ways and perhaps do things they might otherwise never do. Posters can reflect culture, as well as alter it. hen combining art with other interests, posters can become powerful tools of communication.

It wasn't until the late nineteenth century, with the advent of the lithographic process that posters became recognized as the type of art they are today. Though the movement began in Paris with superb poster designers such as Cheret, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Cappiello, it wasn't long before the art spread Holland, Belgium, London, and America (Fusco xiii). Famous American poster designers include Bradley, Parrish, and Hardy.

This new art movement became known as Art Nouveau, which was the leading international decorative style of the early nineteenth century. Art Nouveau…

Works Cited

Davidson, James West, et al. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1990.

Fusco, Tony. The Official Guide to Posters. New York: House of Collectibles. 1990.

Kiehl, David W. American Art Posters of the 1890s in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, including the Leonard A. Lauder Collection. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987.

The International Poster Gallery. 3 Dec. 2003.

Web Design Designing a Web
Words: 3427 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94804155
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Make a link for Home Page, Previous Page, Next Page.

Offering a Content Page to users can provide them an idea of the contents of the web site. With a Content Page, users do not anymore need to pass through pages just to go to the page that they intend to go to.

Make sure that links and buttons have a keyboard shortcut. Keep in mind that some users find it easier and quicker to use keyboard shortcuts than pointing and clicking the mouse device.

Provide a page ID, such as window title page. Even though users reached several levels of navigating from one page to another, the information, in the form of a simple title page, can help them remember the reason why they are browsing the page.

Provide a link or button to pages that are related or relevant to the current page. Although search functions are useful,…


Maguire, J. (2004). Site Design Tips to Improve Your Sales

Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from E-commerce Guide Online. Web site: 

Ward, M. A Decade of Good Website Design.

Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from BBC News Online.

Principles of Good Web Design
Words: 3086 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66537855
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Web design

The principles of good web design revolve around a number of central core factors. One important central criterion in the development of the principles of effective web design is to fully understand crucial characteristics of the medium. Another central aspect is to base your design message on aim and communication. The first factor -- understanding the medium of the Internet - is an essential and often neglected factor in web design as will become evident in the discussion of the various principles. Secondly, it should always be remembered that, within the context of the specific medium, being able to communicate quickly and effectively with the viewer or client is what makes a good Web site effective. The intended purpose of the web site is also another cardinal feature that influences the principles of design as it is in the creative presentation that is determines its ultimate level of…


Beebe, R.J., Trenta, L., Covrig, D., Cosiano, P., & Eastridge, H. (2002). Build It and They Will Not Necessarily Come: The Effectiveness of a Professional Development Web Site for Entry-Year Principals THE Journal (Technological Horizons In Education), 29(11), 58+.

Bhat, S., Bevans, M., & Sengupta, S. (2002). Measuring Users' Web Activity to Evaluate and Enhance Advertising Effectiveness. Journal of Advertising, 31(3), 97+.

Boling, E., Beriswill, J.E., Xaver, R., Hebb, C., Kaufman, D., & Frick, T. (1998). Text Labels for Hypertext Navigation Buttons. International Journal of Instructional Media, 25(4), 407.

Dickson, T. (2000). Mass Media Education in Transition: Preparing for the 21st Century. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

M S Advanced Architectural Design Office of Architecture
Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12028500
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M.S. Advanced Architectural Design

Office of Architecture Admissions

To the Admissions Committee.

As the son of an architect, my exposure to artistic forms and cultural designs began at an early age; my decision to become an architect was of course quite natural. The study of Architectural Engineering at Han Yang University in Seoul, South Korea broadened my knowledge on theory and I soon realized that my perspectives were changing. When I began working at my father's architectural firm I quickly decided to become a designer and theorist architect instead of an engineer. This desire soon led me to the Southern California Institute of Architecture, where I successfully completed an Architectural Degree.

When I began my studies at SCI, my knowledge in the field was limited, but as time passed and the course work became increasingly difficult, I thought of quitting, due to feeling that I was not qualified. As a…

Web Design Evolution for Common
Words: 3229 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57367248
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Skills must be honed that create a functional page that users will view and use as the client hopes them to.

Many new eb designers produce eb pages that seem to ignore fundamental principles of "good design": full of colored backgrounds, animated pictures, multiple colors and styles of text, and little to no navigation or eb-based structure. Even in courses devoted to eb design, students still produce pages that lack unity, coherence and emphasis: "though they [students] seem to understand (and can critique) others' efforts, they're stymied when it's time for production. Few have the skills or experience writing in this medium" (Yancey & ickliff, 2001, p. 180). Similarly, individuals working on their own or working from documentation struggle with being able to create eb pages due to the same lack of experience writing on the eb.

Karper 340)

For this reason, relative examples, as explained in the previous subheading…

Works Cited

Chan, Henry, Raymond Lee, Tharam Dillon, and Elizabeth Chang. E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications. New York: Wiley, 2001.

Castro, Elizabeth HTML 4 for the World Wide Web Berkeley, CA Peachpit Press, 1998.

Dix, Alan. "3 Human-Computer Interaction and Web Design." Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design. Ed. Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005. 28-46.


Art - Design in the
Words: 1039 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16368765
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Experiential cognition and reflective cognition are defined and in this area, orman says that they overlap, yet must be balanced. What one experiences is important, but one needs to reflect and contemplate in order to have a rational mind. This is where entertainment can fixate a person's mind on one side, so that it becomes unbalanced.

In other chapters, orman gives examples of "reflective" games and charts that allow the mind to contemplate information given, rather than just "experiencing" it. orman gives multiple examples where graphic illustration or charts illustrating logical processes clarify confusing sentences, paragraphs or instructions. Finally "naturalness" is extolled, saying that the easier something is, the more natural it is, and therefore becomes the preferred way of solving a problem. The final chapter describes how time is involved in the technology of TV and entertainment. How one is forced to see or listen to commercial messages in…

Norman, Donald. "The design challenge" the Design of Everyday Things. New York: Currency/Doubleday. 1988.

Norman, Donald a. "A human-centered technology." Things That Make Us Smart. New York: Basic Books. 1993.

Wiggins and McHighe. "What is backward design?" Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. 1998.

Web Design About a Decade Ago When
Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19162415
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Web Design

About a decade ago when the World Wide Web first launched, only the brave and commercial entrepreneurs established web sites. If they could not handle the HTML coding themselves, it was necessary to work with a web designer/graphic designer, who charged thousands of dollars. This was a new technology, so vendors charged a lot for their services. They were learning as they went, as well. Within a couple of years, thousands and then hundreds of thousands of organizations and individuals of all kinds started getting involved with the web. Soon the price of web sites started tumbling down, and now they are available for free by many services. Another change started occurring in most recent years, individuals began having their own personal sites on which they blogged, wrote articles about themselves and their feelings, interviewed others, and provided information about things that interested them. Social media is just…


Ford, C., McMahon, M., & Reeves, J. (2009) Putting together professional portfolios. London: Sage

Herrington, J., Reeves, T.C., & Oliver, R. (2009) A guide to authentic e-learning. New York: Routledge.

Tai, D. (2009). Google Sketchup for site design: a guide to modeling site plans.

New York: John Wiley and Sons

Clarity Document Design Format for Clarity Document
Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 3762466
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Clarity: Document Design

Format for Clarity: Document Design

The likeliness that a document will attract a readership is greatly dependent on the design of the document. Poorly designed memos, letters, and reports (among others) do not appeal to readers hence receive limited numbers of responses. The choice of words used in a document and the document's format is also important as aspects of effective writing.

Good Design: An illustration

An illustration is given by a document that has been designed differently in three ways. The first document displays a memo, which has not been divided into paragraphs. It does not use headings or any other feature that should be typical of a properly designed document. The second design of the memo has been divided into readable paragraphs, although no additional features (like headings) are used. However, the third design is a properly designed document often showing a paragraphed document and…


May C.B. & May, G.S. (2012). Effective Writing: A Handbook for Accountants by 9th Edition,

2012, Pearson Prentice Hall

Advertisements Are Specifically Designed to Lure Select
Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50495924
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advertisements are specifically designed to lure select audiences -- such as the use of Joe Camel to entice youth to smoke. The article "Racial and Gender Biases in Magazine Advertising" concerns a study that looked at whether or not this problem with stereotyped advertising has grown. Are the racial and gender biases in magazine advertisements increasing, and, if so, to what extent? To determine the answer, authors S. Plous and Dominque Nepture of Wesleyan University conducted content analyses of ten years of fashion advertisements geared toward white women, black females or white men. In total, 1000 ads were studied that ran in 1985 to 1994 publications. The researchers found a) except for black females in white women's magazines, African-Americans were underrepresented in white magazines; b) female body exposure was greater than male body exposure, and white female body exposure rose significantly during the ten years; c) white women were shown…

Campbell's Spaghettios the Purpose of Graphic Advertising
Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68905963
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Campbell's Spaghettios

The purpose of graphic advertising is to ensure the potential consumer that the product being shown will in some way improve their lives and that not buying the product will make them less happy. This is achieved through both verbal and nonverbal messages along with connotative and denotative messages. orking together, the obvious information is paired with the inferred information to send a message to the consumer to purchase this product. In the case of this specific advertisement for Campbell's Spaghettios, the colors of the packaging, the actual words printed on the packaging, as well as the overall layout of the packaging are used to convince consumers to buy.

The Campbell's company has been around for a very long time. American consumers will be used to the trademark red and white can used by that company. This alone sends a subconscious message to adults who would have eaten…

When looking at the advertisement, the first thing that is noticed is large red letters in capitalized font bearing the statement, "GOOD IN EVERY WAY." The rest of the text in the image is small in comparison to this central statement. It is clear that this is the message that is meant to have the most impact on potential consumers. By using red lettering against a white background, the advertisers are using the traditional Campbell's color scheme and adding a secondary message behind the statement. Not only is the ad promising the product's goodness, but the statement is backed up by a company who the consumers trust. In smaller type the following statement is printed: "Spaghettios pasta is as healthy as it is tasty! It's a delicious entree that's low in fat, with a healthy level of sodium and a full serving of vegetables. We start with vine-ripened tomatoes and don't add MSG*, for a yummy choice moms and kids can both agree on." For parents who are health-conscious and wary about what they feed their children, these words are designed to convince them that Spaghettios are an ideal choice. However the asterisk points to additional information at the bottom of the ad, provided in even smaller black type that reads, "*Except for the small amount naturally occurring in yeast extract. 2010 CSC Brands LP." The size of the font is used to show the information that the advertisers want the consumer to come away with. The smaller the print, the less likely it is to be read.

The layout of the advertisement shows a large Spaghettio in the center against a white background. The pasta is oval or halo-shaped, reflecting the "goodness" of the food. In the lower left hand corner of the ad is a bowl of the product filled to the brim of a white bowl. The red of the sauce and the white of the bowl mirroring the colors of the Campbell's soup can and invoking the feelings mentioned earlier. The words "vegetable" and "original" are used to convey that Spaghettios which would seem an unhealthy quick-fix meal is actually a healthy option in a world of fast food. The word original is highlighted in its importance by being a different color. It is surrounded by the color blue. The rest of the ad being red and white primarily reminds the consumer that this is an American company and purchasing a can is akin to being patriotic.

The silent cues of color and layout are designed to show that this is an American company and to bring a sense of nostalgia and patriotism to the potential buyers. The written statements are carefully designed to provide information in a way which would be most likely to get someone to buy. These three aspects work together to convince potential consumers that the Campbell's company is, in a way, a part of the family.

Apple Has Designed a New
Words: 4394 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 61094794
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There is a risk, however, that the company begins to lag the pace of technological change, and in such a situation would see reduced relevance in its industries. hat the PEST analysis shows is that in general the external environmental forces have either a favorable or neutral impact on Apple's operations. Traditional sources of external risk (political/legal) are minimal and the other key risk source (technological change) has traditionally been an area of strength for Apple. The trends for the future are positive, so Apple is likely to continue to succeed simply by staying the course.

In the external environment, a firm like Apple has innumerable opportunities. The ones most appealing are closely related to either Apple's technology or media properties. Extensions of Apple TV to compete with Netflix could be an opportunity. Video game consoles are a related business where Apple can succeed, just as rival Microsoft has. There…

Works Cited:

Cavallaro, M. (2009). Nintendo does not console Microsoft. Forbes. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from 

CBC. (2010). Apple's iPhone 4 leads to long line-ups. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from 

Cho, K. (2007). Sony's Playstation 3 wins market share from Wii, Xbox in U.S.. Bloomberg. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from 

Cordes, H. (2010). Baby boom echo boosts population. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from

Live Concert Analysis How Doing Good Makes
Words: 6286 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 68417534
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Live Concet Analysis

How Doing Good Makes Us Feel Poweful and Poweless at the Same Time

Design Activism vs. Design fo Social Change

The Awakening Consciousness of Designes 1960's


Thee has been lukewam inteest in public sevice design, social impact and design activism. But in most convesations, all othe designs wok to enhance the standad of living of the people; some of it must be activism. The agument is seldom boosted by the notion that achitectue has been impacted by intellectual movements and ats fo instance, modenism which fuels an idea of a evolutionay society. These movements had ideal poposals fo society's efoms. They wee elated deeply to commece and aesthetics as well (Jose et al., 2008). Conside the diffeence between modenism and activism fo that matte. The modenism idea states that people stand equals to each othe, while society became united in evey aspect fo instance uniting laboes,…

references and charitable habits of Generation Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers and Matures. Convio and Edge Research. (2010).

Boehnert, J. "In the Front Line," Creative Review, October 2008.

Borasi, G., & Zardini, M. (Eds.). Actions: What you can do with the city. Canadian Centre for Architecture. (2008).

Brown, T., Sklar, A., Speicher, S., Solomon D. And Wyatt, J. "Design For Social Impact," (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2009), 80-81.

Cowan, G. "Street Protest Architecture," Bad Subjects, January 2004.

Flowcharting Customer Service Help Desk
Words: 801 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20776825
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(2009). Retrieved April 2013 from:

Kock, E., ed. (2007). ystems Analysis & Design Fundamentals. Thousand Oaks, CA: age.

Mind Tools, (2012). Flow Charting. Retrieved April 2013 from:

Phone Call In

Email In

ystem Creates Automatic Ticket

Elevated and Marked Urgent

Not solved

Return to customer, follow up for satisfaction




Cannot solve in-house

Can solve in house, instruct technician

Elevate to upervisor



Implement olution from upervisor

Is this solved?


Receive Product Back - Test

end out to specialist; inform client of delay

Arrange for unit to be mailed in -- once it arrives, tag with Ticket number

Complete Ticket

File Report

Analyze and Address Issue

Analyze and Address Issue


Elevate and Assign to Tech…


Advanced Flowcharting. (2009). Retrieved April 2013 from: 

Kock, E., ed. (2007). Systems Analysis & Design Fundamentals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mind Tools, (2012). Flow Charting. Retrieved April 2013 from: 

Phone Call In

David Carson When David Carson
Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49275025
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"Hopefully, I am evolving as an artist and a designer, and Digital Kitchen seems to be a place that [offers me the best] chance at getting to the next level" (Remson, 2002, p. 6).

There are always "next levels" for Carson. Looking at his design for the book the Architecture of Patterns, at first the eye sees the + signs and interprets them as crosses in a cemetery. A closer look and maybe they are just "X's" turned on their sides. Small, smaller, with a few very large + positioned on the cover. The book title is blurred and interrupted by the +'s. Carson's design for Quicksilver and Pukas Surfboards is rowdy; a surfboard shape is permeated with circles and a macrame-like swirl connecting to what could be a bow. it's bizarre, but it's pure Carson. The Bark catalog design uses fonts creatively, a patented Carson approach. "Born on the…

Works Cited

Adweek. "End of Print?" 44.42, (1994): p. 32.

Blackwell, Lewis, and Carson, David. The End of Print: The Grafik Design of David Carson.

San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2000.

Carson, David. "click: dcd work, bio, clients." Retrieved Nov. 17, 2010, from .

Milton Glaser Man of Art
Words: 1153 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64567763
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Another favorite is the Dylan poster that is, again, not complicated in its appearance. The silhouette of Dylan is topped off with a mass of hair that is in the form of thick curly lines in bright colors. This image is one that is difficult to forget once it is seen. These images are iconic and they remain with us because they grab our attention without being overdone. The Saratoga Performing Arts Center poster is another design that is a favorite because Glaser has taken what we consider everyday elements and turned them into something that is recognizable but different enough to garner a second or third look. I enjoy the School of Visual Arts poster because it captures what artists do with a few words and what appears to be a simple image. Glaser's style is one that cannot be defined in a few words but, like most real…

Works Cited

Barnicoat, John. "Poster." Oxford Art Online. Information Retrieved 29 Jan. 2009. 

Glaser, Milton." Oxford Art Online. Information Retrieved 29 Jan. 2009.

Intern Statement Boston University Is a 150-Year-Old
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97783466
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Intern Statement

Boston University is a 150-year-old institution located in Boston Massachusetts on the banks of the Charles River. At least 30,000 students attend the university, from around the country and the world. I am one of those students, and I just served as an intern at Boston University in the Distance Education center.

This was my first job and I worked as an intern web designer for the Distance Learning education center. I did not actually do the web design, but I did the small things, such as web maintenance, graphics, and updating the web site with new course materials, news, and registration information. My major was graphic design, and so I expected to work mostly on graphics and design of web pages, but in reality I was able to learn much more about the technical side of computers and the web. I was also able to learn more…

Teens and Technology Is Rapidly
Words: 444 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 94714207
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Audit information will be presented to head teacher so that they may present to proper administrative officials.

Role That He Outlines for
Words: 310 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 17602731
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Good design "today" is more random, and as such is unable to contribute to broader social goals; it only contributes to sales.

Bennett's article counters Ewen's by illustrating an example where design can be used to pursue broader social goals. She cites the case of AIDS posters in Kenya. For such posters to be effective, they must reflect the local society. This requires professional graphic design talent. From the project studied in the article Bennett shows how design can still have a positive function in society. It is not merely to sell product, but can be used to sell a message as well. The "then" design sold certain messages about the direction of society; this "now" design serves the same function. The AIDS posters therefore represent an evolution in the role of design, where modern selling principles are incorporated into historical socio-political messages to sell ideas, such as…