Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
The objective of this work is to examine the knowledge needed by the graphic designer both historically and in today's modern world.
Swanson (2010) writes in the work entitled "Graphic Design Education as a Liberal Art: Design and Knowledge in the University and the 'Real World'" states "Though hardly homogeneous, the vast majority of graphic design programs, whether in vocational schools, art schools, or universities, are, at least in concept, vocational training programs." (p.3)
The Composition of Graphic Design As A Liberal Art
Swanson examines what graphic design would entail as a liberal art and states that it would take various forms. Swanson states specifically that design should be
"…about the relationship of form and communication. It is one of the fields where science and literature meet. It can shine a light on hidden corners of sociology and history. Design's position as conduit for and shaper of popular…
Salmon, M. And Gritzer, G. (1992) Parallel Content: Social Sciences and the Design Curriculum." Design Issues, Fall 1992.Balancing Skills and Understanding
Swanson, G. (2010) Graphic Design Education as a Liberal Art: Design and Knowledge in the University and the "Real World." Retrieved from: http://www.gunnarswanson.com/writing/GDasLiberalArt.pdf
Symbols: The Alphabet of Human Thought. History of Graphic Design. Retrieved from: http://designhistory.org/symbols.html
Tschichold, J. (nd) Good Designers Learn From History. Retin Art. Retrieved from: http://retinart.net/graphic-design/good-designers-learn-from-history/
The U.S. Government offers the H1B visa to enable highly skilled International Workers and International Students, from all over the World, or already in the U.S.A., the opportunity to legally live and work in America."
The process of obtaining one of the H1B visas involves many steps (H1B Program (http://www.h1base.com/).
A to obtain an H1B visa, an applicant must 'first' find an H1B job with an H1B visa employer company in the U.S.A.; commonly known as your 'H1B sponsor (H1B Program (http://www.h1base.com/)'."
Your H1B sponsor then applies for / files your H1B visa application. Individuals can NOT sponsor or apply for their own H1B visa - ONLY your new employer (sponsor) can (H1B Program (http://www.h1base.com/)."
An H1B visa is typically valid for up to six (6) years and entitles your spouse (husband/wife) and children to accompany you and 'live' in America (H1B Program (http://www.h1base.com/)."
One of the main advantages…
But What is Graphic Design? (Accessed 5-17-07)
Graphic Designer (Accessed 5-17-07)
http://www.youthcentral.vic.gov.au/ViewPage.action?siteNodeId=257&languageId=1&contentId=-1Case Study: Rachel, late 30s
The text that the scribe had to deal with was meant to transmit ideas and feelings, but the most important thing were the ideas. Nowadays, the role of the graphic designer is to produce an emotion which is strong enough in order to make the idea even stronger. People who, in the Medieval times had contact with a text "produced" by a scribe were supposed to learn. The "text" that the contemporary graphic designer produces is most often meant to sell. This means that the stake is higher and the involved mechanisms much more complex. The scribe had to deal with letters and his options were limited. The situation could not be more different compared to nowadays when the graphic designer has to deal with everything from colour to font style, size, etc. under the circumstances in which his options are overwhelming from a quantitative point-of-view.
5. Conclusion believe that…
Drucker J., McVarish E. (2008) Graphic design history. Prentice Hall
At this level, focus should be on meeting the needs of the graphic design industry. It is at the graduate level where intense discussion of theory should be developed. I agree with Frascara on this point. In most disciplines, such discussion is typically conducted at the graduate level. The average graphic design student can benefit from this work where applicable, especially if Frascara's proposed reference centers are created.
One of the main reasons Frascara wants to shift the emphasis of undergraduate education to meeting the needs of the industry is because he feels that the communication aspect of graphic art is understated in the current educational system. Greater specialized would allow for more in-depth training, allowing students more focus on this part of the discipline. I agree with his view that this aspect should be emphasized more. It will provide designers with a greater toolkit for the working world, but…
Frascara, Jorge. (1988). Graphic Design: Fine Art or Social Science? Design Issues. Vol. 5, No.1 (Autumn, 1988) pp. 18-29
Graphic Design Project
The shape of this design is irregular albeit the height and width are remarkably similar. The design uses bright colors -- notably red, yellow, several shades of blue and white as well -- and its texture has layers of shapes and colors. The feel of the design is ethereal, like it is floating in space. It has the texture and value that gives the impression of three dimensional. The man is in the middle, several jewels (diamonds) are in the foreground beside the clouds -- and the third dimension is in the background where stars, bubbles and rays of slashing red, yellow, orange light add to the luster around the man's body and especially his head and hat.
Space and balance: There is no distance between shapes as they are intertwined into an attractive medley of images, and design elements are equally distributed. The emphasis is…
Alfi, Coky Fauzi. "Elements and Principles in Graphic Design." Slideshare.net. Retrieved January 13, 2013, from http://www.slideshare.net . 2011.
Design-lib. "Graphic Design Principles." Retrieved January 13, 2013, from http://www.design-lib.com .
Ongoing turmoil actually led to the eventual development of a wide variety of distinctly Mexican typefaces and other graphic features, many of them collected and/or created by Ignacio Cumplido. This graphic designer (before the term had been coined) and printer created graphics and fonts that were at once bold and striking yet exceedingly simplistic and direct, providing hundreds of different varieties and endless combinations for use on posters and pamphlets advocating a wide range of figures and issues (Gravier & Brandt 2002). Intricate and fanciful graphic work was reserved for certain illustrations and became quite common as borders on many posters, calling interest and attention to as well as framing the still-simple text that delivered often pointed messages and announcements (Gravier & Brandt 2002).
Graphic Design Goes Online
In this regard, the graphic design elements of nineteenth century Mexico during the latter half of the century has much in common…
Gravier, M. & Brandt, A. (2002). "Nineteenth-Century Mexican Graphic Design: The Case of Ignacio Cumplido." Design Issues 18(4), pp. 54-63.
Krug, S. (2005). Don't make me think. Thousand Oaks, CA: New Rider Publishing.
Lynch, P. & Horton, S. (2008). Web style guide: basic design principles for creating Web sites. Kendallville, IN: Yale University Press.
Sanders, F. (1970). "Jose Maria Gutierrez Estrada: Monarchist Pamphleteer." The Americas 27(1), pp. 56-74.
The Apple online store is located at (http://www.apple.com/). Its target audience is broad, encompassing all consumers interested in buying a range of lifestyle hardware and software. The Website of the Apple store is consistent with Apple store presence in brick and mortar format, as white is the key color used for brand identity. In the case of the Apple Website, the background is pure white. The feature product today is the iPad Air, tagged as having "The Power of Lightness." The word "lightness" corresponds with the whiteness of the color scheme. Moreover, the color of the iPad Air in the display is white. Below the primary advertisement for the iPad Air in white, a series of four images links the visitor to other products sold on the Apple Web store. From the far left to the far right, Apple lists the iPad mini "Small Wonder," Life on iPad…
Apple. Website retrieved online: http://www.apple.com/
Multimedia options and technology buttress need for graphic design
Technology, as they say, is everywhere. And it's in everyone's hands. Fifteen years ago, cell phones were still uncommon among adults. Today, it seems peculiar if a young child doesn't own one, too.
But phones are just a mere segment of the communication and multimedia explosion. The emergence of smartphones, Blackberries and iPads have made information accessible and available immediately, right upon our demand.
This new information age has sparked a rebirth in advertising, for every multimedia medium contains a staggering area of words, pictures and appeals -- almost all of which have been designed or influenced by a graphic designer along the way.
Log into your e-mail account and you are flooded with an array of local advertisements. You can work online, shop online, play games online, get homework help online and even get real-time advice from a certified mechanic…
Chu, David. (2011, April 11). Interview.
Heller, S. (2010). Pop: how graphic design shapes popular culture. New York: Allworth Press.
Houghton Mifflin Company. (2006). Retrieved 3/12/2011, from Dictionary.com:
Life as a graphic designer vs. An illustrator
'hat can you do with an art degree?' This is a common question asked of students who major in studio art or who get an MFA (Masters of Fine Arts). However, there are many professions which allow artists to create art and make a living. Two of these professions are that of a graphic designer and an illustrator. These professions share the common denominator of allowing someone to make a living with their creative visual intelligence. However, they require slightly different skill sets because of the unique nature of each profession. This paper will compare the typical activities of both professions; the skills and philosophies needed to perform the tasks required of graphic designers vs. illustrators; and the likely demand for professionals in these fields in the future.
Everyone has encountered the work of a graphic designer, even if he or she…
"Artist." Bureau of Labor and Statistics BLS. 2013. [8 Feb 2013]
"Graphic designer." Bureau of Labor and Statistics BLS. 2013. [8 Feb 2013]
For three years, I have studied in West Valley College with a grade point average (GPA) of 3.43. Prior to studying in the United States, I served under the Korean Military Service Program for two years and two months. After accomplishing the required period of service, I decided to go to the United States to have the opportunity of studying in the college level. As a military service member, I was interested in computer operations; thus, it came naturally that my chosen field of study when I was accepted in West Valley is to take up Computer Science.
Over the three years that I have studied in West Valley, I was able to hone my skills in various important computer operations that deal in both the aesthetic (physical appearance and features) and functional elements. As I familiarize myself with computer studies, I became more interested in one particular…
The elements of successful graphic design entail synchronizing effective visual components with the image's semantics or underlying meaning. A logo or advertisement is only effective if it becomes anchored in the consciousness of the consumer, and if the visual element conveys the content that it is intended to communicate. The content might be emotional, or it might be informational in nature. Even when the graphic design does not represent a commodity but a creative element such as an illustration in a book, the three core elements of recognition, emotionality, and mnemonics are critical. ecognition refers to the viewer's ability to recognize what is being represented literally, and semantically. In other words, it is important to recognize that the "golden arches" form the letter "M" in the McDonald's logo. Emotionality is critical in graphic design, especially when there is a marketing meaning to the design. Thus, the iPod advertisements…
Getlein, Mark. Living With Art. 8th Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2009.
"Graphic Design Principles Index." Retrieved online: https://www.math.duke.edu//education/ccp/resources/write/design/graphicindex.html
Jirousek, Charlotte. "Art Design, and Visual Thinking." Retrieved online: http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/element/element.htm
White, A.W. The Elements of Graphic Design. Skyhorse, 2013.
However, it is good to note that despite the numbers of typefaces, designers were seemed to be not contented with it. The new batch of designers did not maximize using the traditional typefaces offered to them by the computer, and they opted to use specialized software programs and created new type forms. Not only were they able to create unique typeface of their own, but they were also able to minimize the time commonly used in rendering mechanical drawings of each letter. This was because all of the drawing is accomplished on the computer (Thornton, 1996 para 8).
Graphic designers used a variety of methods in creating their own typeface designs. They would sometimes combine two existing type forms to create a hybrid font. At times, they would disregard some portions and weight of letters' harmony and manipulate it thereby creating shapes to produce barely recognizable letters (Thornton, 1996 para…
Works Cited and List of References:
Interview with Nicole Hickman (Graphic Designer, Production Artist)
A.H. Hutchings, "From the woodcut to the half-tone with personal reminiscences'," Printing Art, vol. XXVIII, no. 4, October 1916, p. 24.
Alessi, S. & Trollip, S.. Computer based instruction: Methods and development. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 1991 symposium of wood-engravers'," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. LX, February 1880, pp. 446-7.
Bradley, W. a. "Design in magazine make-up'," Printing Art, vol. XVI, no. 6, February 1911, p. 456.
They "carved" their laws "with care into walls or tablets and meant [the laws] to have a permanent presence and carry authority" (Drucker and McVarish, 2009: 34). Thus, because of the Greeks' understanding of graphic design, they were able to exert authority over their citizens. In the Middle Ages, the church, which was the primary source of learning and graphics held the same power, using graphics contained in the codex to communicate this power to citizens, in addition to non-writing graphics, such as pictures. Finally, the Renaissance, with its invention of the printing press, encouraged the equalization of power, as citizens were able to put their own thoughts into print, in addition to the monarchs and other powerful leaders. The age of Enlightenment was the offspring of this equalization, as it was "characterized by the rise of nationalism, reason, and scientific empiricism in Europe and North America" (Drucker and McVarish,…
Interpersonal skills and the ability to learn from the experiences of others (through the study of work examples from teachers and students) are important. Many traditional methods may become obsolete as the authors say. However, students may still learn a great deal about graphic design by learning how it developed and what made it important in the first place. This appears to be the greatest flaw of Windows on the Future -- the authors' inability to take their own advice and use all tools that are at their disposal, even if that means using tools that are traditional.
So while everyone has a great deal to learn about the power of graphic design and communication, those in the actual field should be given extra knowledge. McCain and Jukes imply the impact of graphic design many times in Window on the Future. They also explain how lifelong learning and a redefining…
McCain, Ted, and Ian Jukes. Windows on the Future: Education in the Age of Technology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2001.
Ted McCain and Ian Jukes, Windows on the Future: Education in the Age of Technology (Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2001), 101.
Ibid, 93-94, 101.
In a graphic design company that depends on creative pitches to clients, the best presentation software is an indispensible tool. Any workplace that requires snazzy presentations to lure or retain clients or land contracts will want to have powerful presentation software at its disposal. Microsoft Powerpoint and PEZI are two of the best presentation software applications on the market. They both offer something of value to the end user.
A company like ours, which already uses Microsoft Powerpoint, might want to take this fact into consideration. There are certainly benefits to sticking with the same software family, as it will avoid the problems and costs associated with training in the new software system Moreover, Microsoft Powerpoint is the most common application used for making presentations. This means that its file formats will be shareable with clients who want them. The pervasiveness of Microsoft PowerPoint also means that the software…
Bird, P. (2012). Prezi v. Powerpoint. Retrieved online: http://edu.prezi.com/article/27582/Prezi-vs.-Powerpoint/
Milton Glaser's 1967 poster of Bob Dylan epitomizes the hippie aesthetic. The hair is one of the distinguishing features in this poster, which makes sense symbolically given the importance of hair to hippie culture. Men with long hair were considered rebellious, and hippies were rebelling against the established social norms and institutions. Moreover, the musical Hair was released around the same time, highlighting the importance of hair as an emblem of rebellion and social change. Bob Dylan's hair in Glaser's poster is rendered in swirling lines of color. The stylized swirls of the long hair hearken to art nouveau, an era in which poster design became elevated to a fine art. Therefore, Glaser establishes a link between the Bob Dylan poster and the art nouveau era. There are connections with art nouveau's embrace of the poster as the foremost element of graphic art; and there are also thematic…
"Biography." Milton Glaser. Retrieved online: http://www.miltonglaser.com/milton/#0
Other graphic designers work at design studios. These designers generally focus upon design and visual brand strategies and create "logos, brochures and packaging, design studios generally provide such opportunities in abundance. They typically provide clients with creative solutions for both print and the eb" (trade-schools.net). The next types of graphic designers are those who work for companies which have nothing to do with creativity or the arts.
These companies are usually large and are ones who use their own in-house marketing and communications departments. There, the graphic designers generally help in the creation of things like, "brochures, promotional displays, corporate annual reports, catalogs, training materials and, sometimes, advertising campaigns" (trade-schools.net). These graphic designers are different from others in that they only work for one client, so they can have a clear understanding of the brand and needs (trade-schools.net).
The final type of graphic designers are those who work freelance. These…
Calstate.edu. (2000). Graphic Designer. Retrieved from Calstate.edu: http://www.calstate.edu/HRAdm/Classification/R09/Graphic_Designer.pdf
Consuegra, D. (2003). American Type Design and Designers. New York: Allworth Press.
Trade-schools.net. (2013). 5 Types of Graphic Design Careers. Retrieved from Trade-schools.net: http://www.trade-schools.net/articles/graphic-design-careers-5-types.asp
Impact of Typographers on Graphic Design Field
This paper sheds light on the lives of two prominent typographers Eric Gill and Adrian Frutiger. The purpose of this paper is to find out about the lives of these typographers, their careers and their contributions to the field of graphic designing. The art of typography pertains to the technique of arranging text in order to enhance visibility of the language. We begin with ritish sculptor Eric Gill as follows:
orn on February 22, 1984, Arthur Eric Rowton Gill was a sculptor, printmaker, typeface designer and stonecuttor of ritisch descent. His hometown was righton, Sussex and he used to live in a suburban street in the town. Eric dismissed righton as a "shapeless and meaningless mess." Gill was among the second of his thirteen siblings and his father was the minister of a small sect called "Connection." Eric…
Arrowsmith, Rupert Richard. Modernism and the Museum: Asian, African, and Pacific Art and the London Avant-Garde. Oxford University Press, 2010. Web Site.
Attwater, Donald. Modern Christian Revolutionaries: An Introduction to the Lives and Thought of: Kierkegaard, Eric Gill, G.K. Chesterton, C.F. Andrews [And] Berdyaev. New York: Devin-Adair Company, 1947. Web Site.
Friedl, Friedrich, Nicolaus Ott, and Bernard Stein. Typography: an encyclopedic survey of type design and techniques throughout history. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal, 1998. Print.
Harling, Robert. The Letter Forms and Type Designs of Eric Gill. Boston D.R. Godine, 1978. Print.
role did graphic designing play in the 1960s in popular culture?
The ability to transfer an idea, concept, theme, or notion from the abstract depths of one's mind onto the rich whiteness of a canvas is indeed, a unique one. It is a gift that one is born and blessed with. The capability to sketch, draw and paint has been a part of human civilization since the dawn of time. From the moments of the first primitive man who carved roughly on the coarse walls of the cave he probably called home to the diverse technological art forms that exist today, graphic design has been the very foundation upon which all this has been built. The term "graphic" owns its heritage to the Greek word of "Graphikos" and engages in the composition of symbols, signs, logos, line art, geometry, and other visuals. ( (A History of Graphic Design, 2011).
Adriana, M. 2011. "Print Ad Designs Through the Decades: The 60s" Graphic Design
Bass, S. 1955. "Man with the Golden Arm," viewed on 08 May 2012 at www.saul-bass.com
Christie, C. 2010. "Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Can (Tomato)." Christie, viewed on 08 May 2012 at www.christies.com
Crowther, B. 1955. "Narcotics Addict; Man with the Golden Arm Opens at Victoria," The New York Times, 16 December.
Art and Design: Why the Graphic Designer is not the Same as an Artist
In the 20th century "art" began to veer away from traditional norms and standards and take on a more commercial aspect, utilizing the means of mass production to become "designer" art. Therefore, it is natural that one might argue from a technical standpoint that graphic designers should be considered as artists. This paper will argue, however, that graphic designers are not artists because "art" as defined for centuries has a unique purpose to which graphic designers do not attend (Wolfe, 1976).
Graphic designers are not to be considered artists for the sole reason that art, according to the greatest playwright in the English language, is that which mirrors (or reflects) reality (Shakespeare, 1973). Art can be of any medium (painting, film, narrative) so long as it performs this task. The primary purpose of graphic design is…
Cezzar, J. (2015). What is Graphic Design? AIGA. Retrieved from:
Circar, V., Sonwalkar, V. (2008). An Introduction to Graphic Design. MindTree
Limited. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net /AfshanKirmani/an-introduction-to-graphic-design-presentation
Computer Specification for a Graphic Designer
The utilisation of technology facilitates many advantages. Not only the automation processes that would otherwise take longer manually, reducing the time taken, but increasing effectiveness through the efficiency that is provided. In addition, computer systems may also allow additional task to be undertaken, which would not be viable possible manually. This is particularly true when considering the utilisation of technology to support specific professions, such as the graphic arts. Therefore, when a graphic artist needs a computer they will need to take into account the different specifications of the applications they wish to use (Flynn & Luk, 2011). For a graphic designer there needs to be sufficient power, memory and disk space to contain the different imaging and associated software (Patterson & Hennessy, 2013).
Many software applications utilised by graphic designers, including CAD applications, will require a relatively fast computer system, with a high…
Anonymous, (2015), Frequently Asked Questions 8-Minimum and Ideal PC Specs for CAD, retrieved http://www.cadjewelleryskills.com/frequently-asked-questions-8-minimum-ideal-pc-specs-cad/
Flynn, M., & Luk, W. (2011). Computer System Design. London: John Wiley & Sons.
Heller, S., & Vienne, V. (2015). Becoming a Graphic and Digital Designer. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Patterson, D. A., & Hennessy, J. L. (2013). Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface. Oxford: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
Graphic Design Comparison
Graphic design has the power to shape our world and reflect our history. This is abundantly clear when examining two works of graphic design over a century apart. This paper will examine the similarities and difference between the handbill for the excursion tickets to Baltimore of 1876 and Paula Scher’s poster for the Public Theatre.
One major similarity between these two posters that have over 100 years of difference between them is that they both employ a visually arresting typography. Both posters use a font that is recognizable but hard to identify and depend on the use of large words given to words considered most important. “The 1995 posters Pentagram designed for The Public Theater’s production of Savion Glover’s Bring in 'Da Noise, Bring in 'Da Funk featured the wood typefaces used throughout The Public's identity” (Pentagram.com). In the case of the handbill, the largest and most important word…
omen Artists in (Graphic Design)
There are many accomplished female artists in the realm of graphic design. Some have pioneered the art, such as Cipe Pineies, April Greiman, Muriel Cooper and Paula Scher (Clifford). These women helped define graphic design in the 20th century and make it what it is today.
Paula Scher is a great woman artist in graphic design. She was born in 1948 and she developed her niche style of graphic design when, having difficulty with positioning print in her art layout an instructor advised her to make the text the image. She did and she re-invented the way text (words) work as the image in graphic design.
Graphic design by Paula Scher: Public Theater poster, 1995; New Jersey Performing Arts Center (NJPAC) environmental graphics, 2001. http://gdusa.com/blog/pioneering-women-of-graphic-design
Thus, while the field of art has been traditionally dominated by men, as Linda Nochlin points out (primarily because of…
Clifford, John. "Pioneering Women of Graphic Design." Graphic Design USA. Web. 9
Dec 2016. http://gdusa.com/blog/pioneering-women-of-graphic-design
Nochlin, Linda. "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?" Web. 9 Dec 2016.
The codes appeared on the screen and were read by trained typographers. In 1970, the Merganthaler Linotype VIP became the first phototypesetter to incorporate a minicomputer with programmable software that could be used to process raw text within the output machine (Barlow & Eccles, 1992).
The graphic artist and designer had been losing some of their credibility in relationship to the fine artists up to the 1970s, because typesetting became a mechanical process that required technical training rather than artistic talent. Yet illustrators continued to be considered artists. However, several graphic designers proved such beliefs biased and irrelevant. Starting in the 1950s, Alan Fletcher used pop art, humor and bold and colorful works to develop new works of art. David Carson, a typographer and graphic designer, established his expertise in the 1980s for experimental typeface design. Completely developing his own approach, he established new rules of design and typography and…
Barlow, G., & Eccles, S. (1992) Typesetting and composition. Great Britain: Heron Press.
Crawford, T. (2008). AIGA Professional Practices in Graphic Design. Allworth, NY: American Institute of Graphic Arts
Eskilson, S. (2007) Graphic design: a new history. New Haven, CT: Yale University
Loxley, S. (2006) Type: The secret history of letters. London: I.B. Tauris
The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the About.com page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.
3. The Computer Graphics Society (http://www.cgsociety.org/).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related…
2. "Design and Create: Computer Graphics and Digital Art." About.com. http://graphicssoft.about.com/od/designandcreate/Design_and_Create_Computer_Graphics_and_Digital_Art.htm . An extensive collection of articles and links related to graphic design and computers at About.com. Although About.com is not a scholastic source, the information contained on the site can be used to trigger ideas for topics related to graphic design.
The About.com article includes subtopics such as digital scrapbooking, pixel art and pixel paintings, techniques of digital art, vector drawing, and Web-specific graphics and issues associated with designing for the Web. The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the About.com page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.
3. The Computer Graphics Society ( http://www.cgsociety.org/ ).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related to graphic design. Well-known graphic artists like those working in the film industry are detailed in articles, thereby exposing students of graphic design to multiple techniques and inspiring stories of famous artists. Similarly, students of graphic art will find the industry news sections helpful. A forums section on the Website allows students and artists to post questions and receive responses from other Computer Graphics Society members. The main drawback with the Computer Graphics Society Web site is that it requires full membership to access much of the material contained on the site.
Graphic Organization Among Education
Teachers focus on different tools and ways to carry out the courses that can be designed to know how they will approach and instruct students with a systematize syllabus that can explain what is to be expected in the class by the use of graphic organizers. Every level of education can carry multiple methods of skills and ways to educate the classmates they have, yet having a realistic associations including a visual and graphic relationship to the students and so that the facts, thoughts, activities, and mapped out learning concepts be remembered in the future to assist the students as they aim to graduate whether it is in high school, to the next grade, within a certification, degree program, as long as it is a curriculum where scholars are scored. Furthermore the graphic organizers vary depending on the students' ages and sometimes the social…
Depending on the teacher's research of the lectures and sessions the methods can be effective because it can be based on the location they teach in and consider the different types of students who live in the area for example of a local community college. The small college looks at the current students they have enrolled in the classes, their backgrounds to determine where they are from and if they are natives, the difference in the grades and success between male and female students and scholars of different races and genders that do finish. The teachers of this community college will commonly use traditional learning styles compiled with innovated ones for the students to stay local because they offer all of the needs and curriculums can be finished in the facilities without the students having to transfer. Many adults, especially since the number of job losses back in 2009, have returned to school at an older age, so the teachers must consider what these students would understand and what steps need to be taken in order to have all ages succeed.
The government's role in the schools and classrooms do affect the different graphic organizers they create because it makes a difference on the types of students that are eligible for their curriculums and if they are able to continue and return to school for people who are in to furthering their education or getting involved in a certification of some kind. Local, state, and federal funding is available for teaching, projects, and especially the students that are not eligible to pay for their education, so a lot of people who are at poverty levels and that are minorities are enrolled in local college courses and programs. The government's financial aid program, FAFSA, allows all possible students to fill out an application, giving personal, work history, and current income in the house, household size, assets, and other factors that will determine the amount of money each individual will be granted.
Community colleges that are in smaller neighborhoods can more easily determine a lot of factors geographically, yet it is pretty hard to determine some of the situations that occur inside the classroom from some of the students that will have learning disabilities that the teachers are not aware of. This makes it tough on the educator to distribute the same type of diagrams and learning methods that they have traditionally applied to past graduates and new ideas and training those instructors learn to stay in touch with society making graphic organizers evolve.
For any organization, the way they communicate to the audience will determine their influence on a host of issues. In the case of Amnesty International, the human rights group is dealing with a conflict of interest by having a former Guantanamo detainee (Moazzam Begg) working with them. This is troubling, because the radical Islamist views that Begg will frequently discuss are in direct conflict with the ideals of the group (i.e. human rights and equality). ("Amnesty International") To fully understand how this is taking place requires looking at the organization's web site. This will be accomplished by studying: their audience, the purpose, the context and visual cues of the typography. Together, these different elements will support the thesis statement of how the viewer is impacted by what they see and read.
The audience that the Amnesty International is trying to reach out to is individuals who…
"Amnesty International." Washington Examiner, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"Amnesty International." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"How You Can Help." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"Maldives must investigate sexual harassment of detained women protesters." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
In order to achieve a connection with his or her audience, the designer cannot afford the relative luxury of work in isolation. While the creative process is important, it is also vital to embark upon this process based upon the results of audience-based research. The reason for this is that the audience for which specific design processes are provided will indicate the requirements regarding the design that is desired and expected. Specifically, the case of a cookbook for developmentally challenged individuals demonstrated this point particularly well for me. Focused research provided the designer with the information needed to create an effective product. Graphic design is not only about self-expression; it is also focused on the partnership between the artist and the audience. The artist needs to modify his or her vision to most effectively communicate…
Taking a lead from the typeface named Matisse ITC, a typography-based design was created with the broad-brushstrokes, primary colors, and dominant white space that characterized the gouche paintings and cutouts created by the artist Matisse. The central theme is of a ski hut on the night of a full moon, with evidence of children playing in the snow left over from the day, and the cold clear starlit night shining between sparsely falling snowflakes. Four distinct typefaces are used in the graphic design. The typefaces have been manipulated to increase the continuity and message of the overall design.
According to Useful Information for Web Developers and Designers, "Typography is the ultimate form of science meeting art. Space, size, type treatment/effects, contrast, color selection -- and much more -- go into every piece of design that involves the use of type."
Although children are taught in school to…
30 Photos That Changed the World. (2010, April 26). Photography Schools Online. Retrieved http://www.photographyschoolsonline.net/blog/2010/30-photos-that-changed-the-world/
Edgerton, G. (2009, April 20). Falling Man and Mad Men. [video]. In Media Res -- A Media Commons Project.
Jones-Kavalier, B.R. And Flannigan, S.I. (2008, February). Connecting the digital dots: Literacy of the 21st century. Teacher Librarian, 35 (3), 13-16.
Hogue, J. And Benezra, K. (2010, November 15). How women connect, catch up and find comfort with online video. Nielsenwire. Retrieved http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire / online_mobile/how-women-connect-catch-up-and-find-comfort-with-online-video/
The proper procedure to design a website involves planning, innovation, and proper execution. The purpose of the website, along with its actual content, when melded together correctly, offers the visitor information and flexibility.
The first step a website innovator undertakes is to determine the audience of the website. Secondly, the innovator determines what the purpose of the website is. Although both of these steps seem simple, it is a crucial step. These two items need determined and defined clearly before further planning.
The goal of the site is the next determination. The website innovator decides what the goal of the site is. Website builders design sites to disseminate information. Other sites implement a design to sell or persuade, while others collect information from the visitor. Many times, the sites have multiple purposes, such as provide information and sell a product or service during the visit. (An example of…
Wicked Problems in Design Thinking" focuses on the process of and concepts behind design, and how these have changed over the centuries of human intellectual history. Whereas, at first, the concept was subject to categorization within a specific subject field, the author argues that this can no longer be the case. Indeed, since the start of the 20th century, there has been a shift away from compartementalized subject fields towards a greater understanding of design as integrated with other fields of thought. Indeed, the author argues for design as a "liberal art."
Furthermore, Buchanan argues that the refinement and expansion of knowledge cannot extend its usefulness beyond the library or laboratory without an integration of sets of knowledge via communication. Often, the design process, by its nature as an integrative discipline, is one of the ways in which such usefulness can be achieved.
"…knowledge is achieved by a new kind…
He maintains that graphic design discussion is flawed for a number of reasons, and these flaws have led to distortions about graphic design and its principles. He writes, "He and other avant-garde artists made a major impact in the visual development of graphic design, but they also raised the importance of their esthetic approach to a point where they communication link with the common denominator they were addressing broke down" (Frascara 20). He maintains their designs were so "out there" that they lost their meaning and were actually detrimental to graphic design, rather than the positive influence many people thought they were.
He also maintains that graphic design is an art form, but that many designers aren't considering that graphic design is also a medium that communicates and is socially significant. He writes, "Furthermore, as an art form, graphic design is viewed only from an esthetic perspective, without enough consideration…
Frascar, Jorge. "Graphic Design: Fine Art or Social Science?" Design Issues, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 18-29.
Poyner, Rick. "Art's Little Brother." Icon Magazine, May 2005.
Graphic Freelance Designer
Design professionalism standards and ethics (Discuss how the use of copyrighted materials may or may not be a factor with the portfolio you are preparing and in following proper use guidelines.)
Professional designers aren't entitled to take exclusive credit for any design whose creation has involved collaboration between two or more designers (Crawford, 34). Further, professional designers aren't encouraged to accept projects which are likely to involve conflicting interests and, thus, dispute, without the consent of the client (Crawford, 38).
The American Institute of Graphic Arts' (AIGA's) Design Business and Ethics guideline series delineates crucial professional and ethical challenges faced by professional designers and purchasers of graphic designs. The work explores chief designer concerns when it comes to remaining successful, and directly addresses individual rights protection.
The AIGA's Design Business and Ethics covers norms every designer is required to abide by. The norms aim at guiding workplace…
Aszman, Amanda. What to Expect in 2016: Predictions from Top Creatives. How Design, December 23, 2015. Web. [ http://www.howdesign.com/resources-education/graphic-design-trends-2016/ ]
Bartow, Doug. 29 Things Young Designers Need to Know, How Design, September 11, 2014. [ http://www.howdesign.com/design-career/29-things-young-designers-need-to-know/ ]
Crawford, Tad, ed. Design Business and Ethics. Richard Grefe, AIGA, 2009. Web. [ http://www.makinggood.ac.nz/media/1278/aiga_47555891-design-business-and-ethics-1-.pdf ]
Decker Design, After School Special: Advice for Emerging Designers -- AIGA. AIGA, 2011. Web. [ http://www.aiga.org/contentassets/7334d1c7b46648ef92fe8f73527ff952/aiga-afterschoolspecial.pdf ]
And in these credit-strapped times, he "may be at a disadvantage in raising funds" as sole proprietors cannot issue bonds or sell shares of stock -- they are "often limited to using funds from personal savings or consumer loans" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards).
Even in terms of his tax returns, the law does not always favor sole proprietorships: some employee benefits such as owner's medical insurance premiums are not directly deductible from business income and are "only partially deductible as an adjustment to income" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards). There are also different rates of taxation for the two entity types: "a corporation pays 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $50,000; 25% tax on income from $50,001 - $75,000; 34% tax on income from $75,001 - $100,000; 39% tax on income from $100,001 - $335,000; and 34% tax on income over $335,000" while a married sole…
Sole proprietorship vs. partnership vs. limited liability company (LLC) vs. corporation vs.
S-Corporation. Residual Rewards. Retrieved July 15, 2009 at http://www.residual-rewards.com/business-types.html
Designing a eb Site
Technology is driving society at a pace unparalleled in history creating new attitudes, interrelationships, and global awareness. A new consumer is emerging. This consumer is not easily persuaded by clever graphics or manipulated by fads in design. The new consumer is educated as to his options, and will not settle for less than he feels his money is worth. In the past, a consumer was limited to geographical boarders as he developed purchasing decisions. Products and prices offered by merchants within a few mile radius of his home was the extent of his knowledge. Today a consumer can get information with the click of a mouse, and the buzz of a modem. He shops with a frame of reference formed by vendors across the street, and around the world.
In order to create a web site which is an effective tool for marketing information, product, or…
NetResults. Advertising Age, 1/17/20000, Vol 71. Issue 3, p43 www.nua.ie/surveys
NABE Panel Cites Widespread Usage of E-Commerce, Special Survey. (2000) National Association for Business Economics. Available at: www.nabe.com / www.ecommerce.gov
An interview with Jakob Nielsen on designing Web sites for the intranet (2003)
Information Today Inc. Infotoday.com. May/June Available online at http://www.infotoday.com/IP/may03/interview.shtml
Setting Goals in the Classroom
Compare and contrast
Framework for Teaching vs. The Five Core Propositions
Framework designed to structure pedagogy in the classroom
Designed, according to its founders to be "used as the foundation of a school or district's mentoring, coaching, professional development, and teacher evaluation processes" and other structured projects
A general vision for "accomplished teachers"
Focused on praxis
Focused on defining values
Split into four distinct domains of learning
Defined by five principles that all support learning
Designed to provide a roadmap for teacher improvement chronologically from planning onward
Designed to emphasize what works in all of a teacher's current practices, in a non-chronological fashion
Focuses on concrete objectives
Focuses on eternal values of teaching
When structuring a lesson plan, it is essential that a teacher keep in mind his or her long-term goals for the class as well as the specific, observable and measurable…
Five Core Propositions. (2011). National Board Certified Teachers. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at http://nbpts.org/the_standards/the_five_core_propositio
Framework for Teaching. (2011). Danielson Group. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at http://charlottedanielson.com/theframeteach.htm
Journal of Albrecht Durer, 1498
I, Albrecht Durer, will preserve what I feel today in indelible colors. I stand pompous, extravagantly dressed, back to where I have always belonged. I may seem ostentatious now, with the artistic splendor I am bestowed with, more refined. Yet it was at Venice where I found inner tranquility of being an artist. I shall paint now as my imaginations will sweep with the aura of nature around me and my skills shall gain more strength. I will rejoice today to celebrate the liberty of an artist that I had experienced in Italian culture with the hope to awaken same liberation amongst natives of my land. I shall portray myself to depict the worth of a piece of art, the spectacle that a mere smear of color on canvas could create.
I may seem imprudent to Nuremberg for here I stand now almost 26, still…
Ashcroft, J. (2012). Art in German: Artistic Statements by Albrecht DUrer. Forum for Modern Language Studies, 48(4), 376-388.
Bartrum, G. (2002). Albrecht Durer and his Legacy: the Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist. London.
Koerner, J.L. (1993). The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art. United States of America: The University of Chicago Press.
Wisse, J. (October 2002). "Albrecht Durer (1471 -- 1528)." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/durr/hd_durr.htm
Product life cycle is an approach that companies use when analyzing the evolution of their products. This is intended to determine the investments that must be made regarding these products, but also the incomes they are likely to determine. The concept of product life cycle also applies in the case of egal Marine products. In this case, most of the company's products usually have a life cycle of three to five years. This can be considered a short life style in comparison with other products that benefit from life cycles of decades.
In this situation, products with short life cycles require increased levels of investments. This is because the company must focus on introducing new products on the market in order to be competitive (Wu et al., 2005). However, these products are also able to determine increased levels of incomes that can be used in investing in the…
1. Wu, D. et al. (2005). Managing Short Lifecycle Technology Products for Agere Systems. Retrieved May 3, 2013 from http://chrisarmbruster.com/documents/WhitepaperLifeCycle.pdf.
a) Comparing and contrasting the National Education Technology Standards for Teachers (NETS) with any set of standards listed by the state of Maryland.
NETS for teachers are basically the standards used to continuously evaluate the skills and the knowledge that the teachers' need for their teaching profession. These standards are also used as indicators for the teachers' performance (ISTE, 2008). One of the NETS standards is that teachers are supposed to facilitate and inspire student learning and creativity. This is mainly done by using digital tools to engage students in tackling current issues. Teachers are also required to design digital age learning experiences and assessments for their students as this enables the students to develop their individual goals by use of digital resources.
The NETS standards also require the teachers to model digital age work and learning to showcase their skills as innovative professionals in technology.…
International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). (2008). NETS. Retrieved on 23/5/12 from http://www.iste.org/welcome.aspx
sound technologies and sound design in Film
Sound in films
Experiments in Early Age
Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…
Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.
Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.
Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.
Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
TESOL: Materials and Course Design
A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins:
New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency y the teachers assigned y TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will e run under this teacher - memer of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).
This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in estalishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated y the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).
Teacher assigned y TESOL is also a memer of programming system as a support memer, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaoration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors…
bibliography of ESL resources: Suggestions for selecting materials & ircs top choices. Illinois Resource Center.
Hamayan, E., Marler, B., Sanchez-Lopez, C. And Damico, J. (2007). Special Education Considerations for English Language Learners: Delivering a Continuum of Services. Caslon Publishing.
Kieffer, M.J. (2008). Catching up or falling behind? Initial English proficiency, concentrated poverty, and the reading growth of language minority learners in the United States. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 851-868.
Linse, C. (2008). Language Issue or Learning Disability? Essential Teacher, 5/4, 28-30.
Roessingh, H. (2006). Early language and literacy development among young ELL: Preliminary insights from a longitudinal study and the dual language book project. [Power Point Presentation Slides] Retrieved online November 20, 2011 at https://webdisk.ucalgary.ca/~hroessin/public_html/Early%20language%20and%20literacy%20development%20among%20young%20ELL.%20old%20word.ppt
Print Design and Movie Magic
Some factors to consider for good print design are accurate use of bleeds, edges, cropping, color, and elements of typography. Text should not be cut off or flowing over into the folding of brochures or the next newsletter columns. Print layout and design elements must meet in order to produce excellent advertising copy.
Bleeding occurs when a design element such as print or an image extends further than the edge of the margins or page. Sometimes this can be intended for effect, but is viewed as unprofessional if unintentional (Graphic Fetish, 2009).
Crop marks, cropping is an element used to trim off the unnecessary parts of a picture image, or page. The crop marks are the cutting lines that are guides to setting areas being cut.
Color can draw or detract from a print design. Using complementary colors in print can…
Douglis, P.K. (2004). When color makes difference conveying ideas meaning. Communication World, 21 Vol. 4, pp. 52-53.
Graphic Fetish. (2009). Three graphical standard principal elements in effective print design. Retrieved January 9. 2012 from http://www.graphicfetish.com/3-standard-principal-elements-in-effective-print-design/
Kyrnin, J. (2012). Pixel perfect design does not equal good web design. Retrieved January 9, 2012 from http://webdesign.about.com/od/webdesignbasics/a/aa061807.htm
Wildfire.com (2012). Wildfire post production. Retrieved January 11, 2012 from http://wfwilshire1.wildfirepost.com/pages/reel/
Posters have always carried with them the ability to communicate in a unique way. ith the right message, posters can inspire and motivate people to think about things in new ways and perhaps do things they might otherwise never do. Posters can reflect culture, as well as alter it. hen combining art with other interests, posters can become powerful tools of communication.
It wasn't until the late nineteenth century, with the advent of the lithographic process that posters became recognized as the type of art they are today. Though the movement began in Paris with superb poster designers such as Cheret, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Cappiello, it wasn't long before the art spread Holland, Belgium, London, and America (Fusco xiii). Famous American poster designers include Bradley, Parrish, and Hardy.
This new art movement became known as Art Nouveau, which was the leading international decorative style of the early nineteenth century. Art Nouveau…
Davidson, James West, et al. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1990.
Fusco, Tony. The Official Guide to Posters. New York: House of Collectibles. 1990.
Kiehl, David W. American Art Posters of the 1890s in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, including the Leonard A. Lauder Collection. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987.
The International Poster Gallery. 3 Dec. 2003. http:www.internationalposter.com
Make a link for Home Page, Previous Page, Next Page.
Offering a Content Page to users can provide them an idea of the contents of the web site. With a Content Page, users do not anymore need to pass through pages just to go to the page that they intend to go to.
Make sure that links and buttons have a keyboard shortcut. Keep in mind that some users find it easier and quicker to use keyboard shortcuts than pointing and clicking the mouse device.
Provide a page ID, such as window title page. Even though users reached several levels of navigating from one page to another, the information, in the form of a simple title page, can help them remember the reason why they are browsing the page.
Provide a link or button to pages that are related or relevant to the current page. Although search functions are useful,…
Maguire, J. (2004). Site Design Tips to Improve Your Sales
Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from E-commerce Guide Online. Web site: http://www.ecommerce-guide.com/solutions/customer_relations/article.php/10363_3390731
Ward, M. A Decade of Good Website Design.
Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from BBC News Online.
The principles of good web design revolve around a number of central core factors. One important central criterion in the development of the principles of effective web design is to fully understand crucial characteristics of the medium. Another central aspect is to base your design message on aim and communication. The first factor -- understanding the medium of the Internet - is an essential and often neglected factor in web design as will become evident in the discussion of the various principles. Secondly, it should always be remembered that, within the context of the specific medium, being able to communicate quickly and effectively with the viewer or client is what makes a good Web site effective. The intended purpose of the web site is also another cardinal feature that influences the principles of design as it is in the creative presentation that is determines its ultimate level of…
Beebe, R.J., Trenta, L., Covrig, D., Cosiano, P., & Eastridge, H. (2002). Build It and They Will Not Necessarily Come: The Effectiveness of a Professional Development Web Site for Entry-Year Principals THE Journal (Technological Horizons In Education), 29(11), 58+.
Bhat, S., Bevans, M., & Sengupta, S. (2002). Measuring Users' Web Activity to Evaluate and Enhance Advertising Effectiveness. Journal of Advertising, 31(3), 97+.
Boling, E., Beriswill, J.E., Xaver, R., Hebb, C., Kaufman, D., & Frick, T. (1998). Text Labels for Hypertext Navigation Buttons. International Journal of Instructional Media, 25(4), 407.
Dickson, T. (2000). Mass Media Education in Transition: Preparing for the 21st Century. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
M.S. Advanced Architectural Design
Office of Architecture Admissions
To the Admissions Committee.
As the son of an architect, my exposure to artistic forms and cultural designs began at an early age; my decision to become an architect was of course quite natural. The study of Architectural Engineering at Han Yang University in Seoul, South Korea broadened my knowledge on theory and I soon realized that my perspectives were changing. When I began working at my father's architectural firm I quickly decided to become a designer and theorist architect instead of an engineer. This desire soon led me to the Southern California Institute of Architecture, where I successfully completed an Architectural Degree.
When I began my studies at SCI, my knowledge in the field was limited, but as time passed and the course work became increasingly difficult, I thought of quitting, due to feeling that I was not qualified. As a…
Skills must be honed that create a functional page that users will view and use as the client hopes them to.
Many new eb designers produce eb pages that seem to ignore fundamental principles of "good design": full of colored backgrounds, animated pictures, multiple colors and styles of text, and little to no navigation or eb-based structure. Even in courses devoted to eb design, students still produce pages that lack unity, coherence and emphasis: "though they [students] seem to understand (and can critique) others' efforts, they're stymied when it's time for production. Few have the skills or experience writing in this medium" (Yancey & ickliff, 2001, p. 180). Similarly, individuals working on their own or working from documentation struggle with being able to create eb pages due to the same lack of experience writing on the eb.
For this reason, relative examples, as explained in the previous subheading…
Chan, Henry, Raymond Lee, Tharam Dillon, and Elizabeth Chang. E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications. New York: Wiley, 2001.
Castro, Elizabeth HTML 4 for the World Wide Web Berkeley, CA Peachpit Press, 1998.
Dix, Alan. "3 Human-Computer Interaction and Web Design." Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design. Ed. Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005. 28-46.
Experiential cognition and reflective cognition are defined and in this area, orman says that they overlap, yet must be balanced. What one experiences is important, but one needs to reflect and contemplate in order to have a rational mind. This is where entertainment can fixate a person's mind on one side, so that it becomes unbalanced.
In other chapters, orman gives examples of "reflective" games and charts that allow the mind to contemplate information given, rather than just "experiencing" it. orman gives multiple examples where graphic illustration or charts illustrating logical processes clarify confusing sentences, paragraphs or instructions. Finally "naturalness" is extolled, saying that the easier something is, the more natural it is, and therefore becomes the preferred way of solving a problem. The final chapter describes how time is involved in the technology of TV and entertainment. How one is forced to see or listen to commercial messages in…
Norman, Donald. "The design challenge" the Design of Everyday Things. New York: Currency/Doubleday. 1988.
Norman, Donald a. "A human-centered technology." Things That Make Us Smart. New York: Basic Books. 1993.
Wiggins and McHighe. "What is backward design?" Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. 1998.
About a decade ago when the World Wide Web first launched, only the brave and commercial entrepreneurs established web sites. If they could not handle the HTML coding themselves, it was necessary to work with a web designer/graphic designer, who charged thousands of dollars. This was a new technology, so vendors charged a lot for their services. They were learning as they went, as well. Within a couple of years, thousands and then hundreds of thousands of organizations and individuals of all kinds started getting involved with the web. Soon the price of web sites started tumbling down, and now they are available for free by many services. Another change started occurring in most recent years, individuals began having their own personal sites on which they blogged, wrote articles about themselves and their feelings, interviewed others, and provided information about things that interested them. Social media is just…
Ford, C., McMahon, M., & Reeves, J. (2009) Putting together professional portfolios. London: Sage
Herrington, J., Reeves, T.C., & Oliver, R. (2009) A guide to authentic e-learning. New York: Routledge.
Tai, D. (2009). Google Sketchup for site design: a guide to modeling site plans.
New York: John Wiley and Sons
Clarity: Document Design
Format for Clarity: Document Design
The likeliness that a document will attract a readership is greatly dependent on the design of the document. Poorly designed memos, letters, and reports (among others) do not appeal to readers hence receive limited numbers of responses. The choice of words used in a document and the document's format is also important as aspects of effective writing.
Good Design: An illustration
An illustration is given by a document that has been designed differently in three ways. The first document displays a memo, which has not been divided into paragraphs. It does not use headings or any other feature that should be typical of a properly designed document. The second design of the memo has been divided into readable paragraphs, although no additional features (like headings) are used. However, the third design is a properly designed document often showing a paragraphed document and…
May C.B. & May, G.S. (2012). Effective Writing: A Handbook for Accountants by 9th Edition,
2012, Pearson Prentice Hall
advertisements are specifically designed to lure select audiences -- such as the use of Joe Camel to entice youth to smoke. The article "Racial and Gender Biases in Magazine Advertising" concerns a study that looked at whether or not this problem with stereotyped advertising has grown. Are the racial and gender biases in magazine advertisements increasing, and, if so, to what extent? To determine the answer, authors S. Plous and Dominque Nepture of Wesleyan University conducted content analyses of ten years of fashion advertisements geared toward white women, black females or white men. In total, 1000 ads were studied that ran in 1985 to 1994 publications. The researchers found a) except for black females in white women's magazines, African-Americans were underrepresented in white magazines; b) female body exposure was greater than male body exposure, and white female body exposure rose significantly during the ten years; c) white women were shown…
The purpose of graphic advertising is to ensure the potential consumer that the product being shown will in some way improve their lives and that not buying the product will make them less happy. This is achieved through both verbal and nonverbal messages along with connotative and denotative messages. orking together, the obvious information is paired with the inferred information to send a message to the consumer to purchase this product. In the case of this specific advertisement for Campbell's Spaghettios, the colors of the packaging, the actual words printed on the packaging, as well as the overall layout of the packaging are used to convince consumers to buy.
The Campbell's company has been around for a very long time. American consumers will be used to the trademark red and white can used by that company. This alone sends a subconscious message to adults who would have eaten…
When looking at the advertisement, the first thing that is noticed is large red letters in capitalized font bearing the statement, "GOOD IN EVERY WAY." The rest of the text in the image is small in comparison to this central statement. It is clear that this is the message that is meant to have the most impact on potential consumers. By using red lettering against a white background, the advertisers are using the traditional Campbell's color scheme and adding a secondary message behind the statement. Not only is the ad promising the product's goodness, but the statement is backed up by a company who the consumers trust. In smaller type the following statement is printed: "Spaghettios pasta is as healthy as it is tasty! It's a delicious entree that's low in fat, with a healthy level of sodium and a full serving of vegetables. We start with vine-ripened tomatoes and don't add MSG*, for a yummy choice moms and kids can both agree on." For parents who are health-conscious and wary about what they feed their children, these words are designed to convince them that Spaghettios are an ideal choice. However the asterisk points to additional information at the bottom of the ad, provided in even smaller black type that reads, "*Except for the small amount naturally occurring in yeast extract. 2010 CSC Brands LP." The size of the font is used to show the information that the advertisers want the consumer to come away with. The smaller the print, the less likely it is to be read.
The layout of the advertisement shows a large Spaghettio in the center against a white background. The pasta is oval or halo-shaped, reflecting the "goodness" of the food. In the lower left hand corner of the ad is a bowl of the product filled to the brim of a white bowl. The red of the sauce and the white of the bowl mirroring the colors of the Campbell's soup can and invoking the feelings mentioned earlier. The words "vegetable" and "original" are used to convey that Spaghettios which would seem an unhealthy quick-fix meal is actually a healthy option in a world of fast food. The word original is highlighted in its importance by being a different color. It is surrounded by the color blue. The rest of the ad being red and white primarily reminds the consumer that this is an American company and purchasing a can is akin to being patriotic.
The silent cues of color and layout are designed to show that this is an American company and to bring a sense of nostalgia and patriotism to the potential buyers. The written statements are carefully designed to provide information in a way which would be most likely to get someone to buy. These three aspects work together to convince potential consumers that the Campbell's company is, in a way, a part of the family.
There is a risk, however, that the company begins to lag the pace of technological change, and in such a situation would see reduced relevance in its industries. hat the PEST analysis shows is that in general the external environmental forces have either a favorable or neutral impact on Apple's operations. Traditional sources of external risk (political/legal) are minimal and the other key risk source (technological change) has traditionally been an area of strength for Apple. The trends for the future are positive, so Apple is likely to continue to succeed simply by staying the course.
In the external environment, a firm like Apple has innumerable opportunities. The ones most appealing are closely related to either Apple's technology or media properties. Extensions of Apple TV to compete with Netflix could be an opportunity. Video game consoles are a related business where Apple can succeed, just as rival Microsoft has. There…
Cavallaro, M. (2009). Nintendo does not console Microsoft. Forbes. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from http://www.forbes.com/2009/01/28/wii-playstation-Xbox-personal-finance-investing-ideas_0128_videogames.html
CBC. (2010). Apple's iPhone 4 leads to long line-ups. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/story/2010/07/30/apple-iPhone.html
Cho, K. (2007). Sony's Playstation 3 wins market share from Wii, Xbox in U.S.. Bloomberg. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aTnhEyskdX1I&refer=us
Cordes, H. (2010). Baby boom echo boosts population. Omaha.com. Retrieved April 4, 2011 from http://www.omaha.com/article/20100124/NEWS01/701249929
Live Concet Analysis
How Doing Good Makes Us Feel Poweful and Poweless at the Same Time
Design Activism vs. Design fo Social Change
The Awakening Consciousness of Designes 1960's
Thee has been lukewam inteest in public sevice design, social impact and design activism. But in most convesations, all othe designs wok to enhance the standad of living of the people; some of it must be activism. The agument is seldom boosted by the notion that achitectue has been impacted by intellectual movements and ats fo instance, modenism which fuels an idea of a evolutionay society. These movements had ideal poposals fo society's efoms. They wee elated deeply to commece and aesthetics as well (Jose et al., 2008). Conside the diffeence between modenism and activism fo that matte. The modenism idea states that people stand equals to each othe, while society became united in evey aspect fo instance uniting laboes,…
references and charitable habits of Generation Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers and Matures. Convio and Edge Research. (2010).
Boehnert, J. "In the Front Line," Creative Review, October 2008.
Borasi, G., & Zardini, M. (Eds.). Actions: What you can do with the city. Canadian Centre for Architecture. (2008).
Brown, T., Sklar, A., Speicher, S., Solomon D. And Wyatt, J. "Design For Social Impact," (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2009), 80-81.
Cowan, G. "Street Protest Architecture," Bad Subjects, January 2004.
(2009). Tipskey.com. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.tipskey.com/article/advanced_flowchart/
Kock, E., ed. (2007). ystems Analysis & Design Fundamentals. Thousand Oaks, CA: age.
Mind Tools, (2012). Flow Charting. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_97.htm
Phone Call In
ystem Creates Automatic Ticket
Elevated and Marked Urgent
Return to customer, follow up for satisfaction
Cannot solve in-house
Can solve in house, instruct technician
Elevate to upervisor
Implement olution from upervisor
Is this solved?
Receive Product Back - Test
end out to specialist; inform client of delay
Arrange for unit to be mailed in -- once it arrives, tag with Ticket number
Analyze and Address Issue
Analyze and Address Issue
Elevate and Assign to Tech…
Advanced Flowcharting. (2009). Tipskey.com. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.tipskey.com/article/advanced_flowchart/
Kock, E., ed. (2007). Systems Analysis & Design Fundamentals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mind Tools, (2012). Flow Charting. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_97.htm
Phone Call In
"Hopefully, I am evolving as an artist and a designer, and Digital Kitchen seems to be a place that [offers me the best] chance at getting to the next level" (Remson, 2002, p. 6).
There are always "next levels" for Carson. Looking at his design for the book the Architecture of Patterns, at first the eye sees the + signs and interprets them as crosses in a cemetery. A closer look and maybe they are just "X's" turned on their sides. Small, smaller, with a few very large + positioned on the cover. The book title is blurred and interrupted by the +'s. Carson's design for Quicksilver and Pukas Surfboards is rowdy; a surfboard shape is permeated with circles and a macrame-like swirl connecting to what could be a bow. it's bizarre, but it's pure Carson. The Bark catalog design uses fonts creatively, a patented Carson approach. "Born on the…
Adweek. "End of Print?" 44.42, (1994): p. 32.
Blackwell, Lewis, and Carson, David. The End of Print: The Grafik Design of David Carson.
San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2000.
Carson, David. "click: dcd work, bio, clients." Retrieved Nov. 17, 2010, from http://www.davidcarsondesign.com/?dcdc=top/t .
Another favorite is the Dylan poster that is, again, not complicated in its appearance. The silhouette of Dylan is topped off with a mass of hair that is in the form of thick curly lines in bright colors. This image is one that is difficult to forget once it is seen. These images are iconic and they remain with us because they grab our attention without being overdone. The Saratoga Performing Arts Center poster is another design that is a favorite because Glaser has taken what we consider everyday elements and turned them into something that is recognizable but different enough to garner a second or third look. I enjoy the School of Visual Arts poster because it captures what artists do with a few words and what appears to be a simple image. Glaser's style is one that cannot be defined in a few words but, like most real…
Barnicoat, John. "Poster." Oxford Art Online. Information Retrieved 29 Jan. 2009. http://www.oxfordartonline.com
Glaser, Milton." Oxford Art Online. Information Retrieved 29 Jan. 2009.
Boston University is a 150-year-old institution located in Boston Massachusetts on the banks of the Charles River. At least 30,000 students attend the university, from around the country and the world. I am one of those students, and I just served as an intern at Boston University in the Distance Education center.
This was my first job and I worked as an intern web designer for the Distance Learning education center. I did not actually do the web design, but I did the small things, such as web maintenance, graphics, and updating the web site with new course materials, news, and registration information. My major was graphic design, and so I expected to work mostly on graphics and design of web pages, but in reality I was able to learn much more about the technical side of computers and the web. I was also able to learn more…
Good design "today" is more random, and as such is unable to contribute to broader social goals; it only contributes to sales.
Bennett's article counters Ewen's by illustrating an example where design can be used to pursue broader social goals. She cites the case of AIDS posters in Kenya. For such posters to be effective, they must reflect the local society. This requires professional graphic design talent. From the project studied in the article Bennett shows how design can still have a positive function in society. It is not merely to sell product, but can be used to sell a message as well. The "then" design sold certain messages about the direction of society; this "now" design serves the same function. The AIDS posters therefore represent an evolution in the role of design, where modern selling principles are incorporated into historical socio-political messages to sell ideas, such as…