Graphic Design Essays (Examples)

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Graphic Art it Is Possible

Words: 2185 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44818450

The codes appeared on the screen and were read by trained typographers. In 1970, the Merganthaler Linotype VIP became the first phototypesetter to incorporate a minicomputer with programmable software that could be used to process raw text within the output machine (Barlow & Eccles, 1992).

The graphic artist and designer had been losing some of their credibility in relationship to the fine artists up to the 1970s, because typesetting became a mechanical process that required technical training rather than artistic talent. Yet illustrators continued to be considered artists. However, several graphic designers proved such beliefs biased and irrelevant. Starting in the 1950s, Alan Fletcher used pop art, humor and bold and colorful works to develop new works of art. David Carson, a typographer and graphic designer, established his expertise in the 1980s for experimental typeface design. Completely developing his own approach, he established new rules of design and typography and experimented with overlapping and distorted fonts that were interconnected with images. Peter Saville greatly changed the graphic design culture in fashion, art and music (Eskilson, 2007).

Desktop publishing totally transformed the field of graphic art and design. Artist April Greiman was one of the first graphic designers to make use…… [Read More]


Barlow, G., & Eccles, S. (1992) Typesetting and composition. Great Britain: Heron Press.

Crawford, T. (2008). AIGA Professional Practices in Graphic Design. Allworth, NY: American Institute of Graphic Arts

Eskilson, S. (2007) Graphic design: a new history. New Haven, CT: Yale University

Loxley, S. (2006) Type: The secret history of letters. London: I.B. Tauris
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Graphic Art Webliography the Web

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7982140

The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.

3. The Computer Graphics Society ( Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related to graphic design. Well-known graphic artists like those working in the film industry are detailed in articles, thereby exposing students of graphic design to multiple techniques and inspiring stories of famous artists. Similarly, students of graphic art will find the industry news sections helpful. A forums section on the Website…… [Read More]

2. "Design and Create: Computer Graphics and Digital Art." An extensive collection of articles and links related to graphic design and computers at Although is not a scholastic source, the information contained on the site can be used to trigger ideas for topics related to graphic design.

The article includes subtopics such as digital scrapbooking, pixel art and pixel paintings, techniques of digital art, vector drawing, and Web-specific graphics and issues associated with designing for the Web. The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.

3. The Computer Graphics Society ( ).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related to graphic design. Well-known graphic artists like those working in the film industry are detailed in articles, thereby exposing students of graphic design to multiple techniques and inspiring stories of famous artists. Similarly, students of graphic art will find the industry news sections helpful. A forums section on the Website allows students and artists to post questions and receive responses from other Computer Graphics Society members. The main drawback with the Computer Graphics Society Web site is that it requires full membership to access much of the material contained on the site.
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Graphic Organizers Graphic Organization Among Education Teachers

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68237692

Graphic Organizers

Graphic Organization Among Education

Teachers focus on different tools and ways to carry out the courses that can be designed to know how they will approach and instruct students with a systematize syllabus that can explain what is to be expected in the class by the use of graphic organizers. Every level of education can carry multiple methods of skills and ways to educate the classmates they have, yet having a realistic associations including a visual and graphic relationship to the students and so that the facts, thoughts, activities, and mapped out learning concepts be remembered in the future to assist the students as they aim to graduate whether it is in high school, to the next grade, within a certification, degree program, as long as it is a curriculum where scholars are scored. Furthermore the graphic organizers vary depending on the students' ages and sometimes the social class considering if the class is an upper level learning course or are these learners with disabilities or who have trouble in and outside of the institute that can affect their ability to understand the subjects they are required to understand and use. In the past there has been different…… [Read More]

Depending on the teacher's research of the lectures and sessions the methods can be effective because it can be based on the location they teach in and consider the different types of students who live in the area for example of a local community college. The small college looks at the current students they have enrolled in the classes, their backgrounds to determine where they are from and if they are natives, the difference in the grades and success between male and female students and scholars of different races and genders that do finish. The teachers of this community college will commonly use traditional learning styles compiled with innovated ones for the students to stay local because they offer all of the needs and curriculums can be finished in the facilities without the students having to transfer. Many adults, especially since the number of job losses back in 2009, have returned to school at an older age, so the teachers must consider what these students would understand and what steps need to be taken in order to have all ages succeed.

The government's role in the schools and classrooms do affect the different graphic organizers they create because it makes a difference on the types of students that are eligible for their curriculums and if they are able to continue and return to school for people who are in to furthering their education or getting involved in a certification of some kind. Local, state, and federal funding is available for teaching, projects, and especially the students that are not eligible to pay for their education, so a lot of people who are at poverty levels and that are minorities are enrolled in local college courses and programs. The government's financial aid program, FAFSA, allows all possible students to fill out an application, giving personal, work history, and current income in the house, household size, assets, and other factors that will determine the amount of money each individual will be granted.

Community colleges that are in smaller neighborhoods can more easily determine a lot of factors geographically, yet it is pretty hard to determine some of the situations that occur inside the classroom from some of the students that will have learning disabilities that the teachers are not aware of. This makes it tough on the educator to distribute the same type of diagrams and learning methods that they have traditionally applied to past graduates and new ideas and training those instructors learn to stay in touch with society making graphic organizers evolve.
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Typography Graphic for Any Organization the Way

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22903222

Typography Graphic

For any organization, the way they communicate to the audience will determine their influence on a host of issues. In the case of Amnesty International, the human rights group is dealing with a conflict of interest by having a former Guantanamo detainee (Moazzam Begg) working with them. This is troubling, because the radical Islamist views that Begg will frequently discuss are in direct conflict with the ideals of the group (i.e. human rights and equality). ("Amnesty International") To fully understand how this is taking place requires looking at the organization's web site. This will be accomplished by studying: their audience, the purpose, the context and visual cues of the typography. Together, these different elements will support the thesis statement of how the viewer is impacted by what they see and read.

The Audience

The audience that the Amnesty International is trying to reach out to is individuals who are citizens of various countries around the globe. Their reports are designed to spotlight the different human rights abuses that are occurring. There use of the black background is instilling a certain amount of fear. The bright yellow boxes are utilized to create feelings of comfort (knowing that they are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Amnesty International." Washington Examiner, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"Amnesty International." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"How You Can Help." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012

"Maldives must investigate sexual harassment of detained women protesters." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
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Typography Design Taking a Lead From the

Words: 1426 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72879578

Typography Design

Taking a lead from the typeface named Matisse ITC, a typography-based design was created with the broad-brushstrokes, primary colors, and dominant white space that characterized the gouche paintings and cutouts created by the artist Matisse. The central theme is of a ski hut on the night of a full moon, with evidence of children playing in the snow left over from the day, and the cold clear starlit night shining between sparsely falling snowflakes. Four distinct typefaces are used in the graphic design. The typefaces have been manipulated to increase the continuity and message of the overall design.


According to Useful Information for Web Developers and Designers, "Typography is the ultimate form of science meeting art. Space, size, type treatment/effects, contrast, color selection -- and much more -- go into every piece of design that involves the use of type."

Although children are taught in school to print on lines that divide the letters the make exactly in half, type is not designed that way. The middle line is called the x-line and it is exactly the height of a lower-case x. excluding ascenders and descenders. The bottom line is called the base line, and the top…… [Read More]


30 Photos That Changed the World. (2010, April 26). Photography Schools Online. Retrieved 

Edgerton, G. (2009, April 20). Falling Man and Mad Men. [video]. In Media Res -- A Media Commons Project.

Jones-Kavalier, B.R. And Flannigan, S.I. (2008, February). Connecting the digital dots: Literacy of the 21st century. Teacher Librarian, 35 (3), 13-16.

Hogue, J. And Benezra, K. (2010, November 15). How women connect, catch up and find comfort with online video. Nielsenwire. Retrieved / online_mobile/how-women-connect-catch-up-and-find-comfort-with-online-video/
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Professional Design Practice in the

Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82510569

In order to achieve a connection with his or her audience, the designer cannot afford the relative luxury of work in isolation. While the creative process is important, it is also vital to embark upon this process based upon the results of audience-based research. The reason for this is that the audience for which specific design processes are provided will indicate the requirements regarding the design that is desired and expected. Specifically, the case of a cookbook for developmentally challenged individuals demonstrated this point particularly well for me. Focused research provided the designer with the information needed to create an effective product. Graphic design is not only about self-expression; it is also focused on the partnership between the artist and the audience. The artist needs to modify his or her vision to most effectively communicate…… [Read More]

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Web Design the Proper Procedure to Design

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34840673

Web Design

The proper procedure to design a website involves planning, innovation, and proper execution. The purpose of the website, along with its actual content, when melded together correctly, offers the visitor information and flexibility.

The first step a website innovator undertakes is to determine the audience of the website. Secondly, the innovator determines what the purpose of the website is. Although both of these steps seem simple, it is a crucial step. These two items need determined and defined clearly before further planning.

The goal of the site is the next determination. The website innovator decides what the goal of the site is. Website builders design sites to disseminate information. Other sites implement a design to sell or persuade, while others collect information from the visitor. Many times, the sites have multiple purposes, such as provide information and sell a product or service during the visit. (An example of a site designed to give information, yet make sales is WRITERSDIGEST.COM. It provides basic information to those interested in freelance writing, yet attempts to sell its parent company's products, which includes books and magazines. Others simply provide supplemental information (such as CBS.COM, a site to provide supplemental programming information about…… [Read More]

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Wicked Problems in Design Thinking Focuses on

Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95570936

Wicked Problems in Design Thinking" focuses on the process of and concepts behind design, and how these have changed over the centuries of human intellectual history. Whereas, at first, the concept was subject to categorization within a specific subject field, the author argues that this can no longer be the case. Indeed, since the start of the 20th century, there has been a shift away from compartementalized subject fields towards a greater understanding of design as integrated with other fields of thought. Indeed, the author argues for design as a "liberal art."

Furthermore, Buchanan argues that the refinement and expansion of knowledge cannot extend its usefulness beyond the library or laboratory without an integration of sets of knowledge via communication. Often, the design process, by its nature as an integrative discipline, is one of the ways in which such usefulness can be achieved.

"…knowledge is achieved by a new kind of art directed toward orders of change." Knowledge is no longer only the traditional discipline of study; it has become an active process of re-imagining and contribution.

"Dewey pointed toward science as art." Science has become a discipline focused on designing solutions in response to problems experienced in everyday life.…… [Read More]

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Art Design or Art in

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4830667

He maintains that graphic design discussion is flawed for a number of reasons, and these flaws have led to distortions about graphic design and its principles. He writes, "He and other avant-garde artists made a major impact in the visual development of graphic design, but they also raised the importance of their esthetic approach to a point where they communication link with the common denominator they were addressing broke down" (Frascara 20). He maintains their designs were so "out there" that they lost their meaning and were actually detrimental to graphic design, rather than the positive influence many people thought they were.

He also maintains that graphic design is an art form, but that many designers aren't considering that graphic design is also a medium that communicates and is socially significant. He writes, "Furthermore, as an art form, graphic design is viewed only from an esthetic perspective, without enough consideration of communication and social significance" (Frascara 20). His main point is also a definition, and he writes, "Graphic design is the activity that organizes visual communication in society" (Frascara 20), and that it has to communicate something to someone else. This could be a loose definition of art, too, because…… [Read More]


Frascar, Jorge. "Graphic Design: Fine Art or Social Science?" Design Issues, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 18-29.

Poyner, Rick. "Art's Little Brother." Icon Magazine, May 2005.
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Marcus Best Business Marcus' Graphic

Words: 879 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4653643

And in these credit-strapped times, he "may be at a disadvantage in raising funds" as sole proprietors cannot issue bonds or sell shares of stock -- they are "often limited to using funds from personal savings or consumer loans" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards).

Even in terms of his tax returns, the law does not always favor sole proprietorships: some employee benefits such as owner's medical insurance premiums are not directly deductible from business income and are "only partially deductible as an adjustment to income" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards). There are also different rates of taxation for the two entity types: "a corporation pays 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $50,000; 25% tax on income from $50,001 - $75,000; 34% tax on income from $75,001 - $100,000; 39% tax on income from $100,001 - $335,000; and 34% tax on income over $335,000" while a married sole proprietor "would pay 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $35,800; 28% tax on income from $35,801 to 86,500; and 31% tax on income over $86,501" (Sole proprietorship, 2009, Residual Rewards).

But, Marcus wails, I don't want to be liable for my business' debts, yet I have no…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sole proprietorship vs. partnership vs. limited liability company (LLC) vs. corporation vs.

S-Corporation. Residual Rewards. Retrieved July 15, 2009 at
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For How to Design a Quality Web Site With Good Usability

Words: 2553 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32385810

Designing a Web Site

Technology is driving society at a pace unparalleled in history creating new attitudes, interrelationships, and global awareness. A new consumer is emerging. This consumer is not easily persuaded by clever graphics or manipulated by fads in design. The new consumer is educated as to his options, and will not settle for less than he feels his money is worth. In the past, a consumer was limited to geographical boarders as he developed purchasing decisions. Products and prices offered by merchants within a few mile radius of his home was the extent of his knowledge. Today a consumer can get information with the click of a mouse, and the buzz of a modem. He shops with a frame of reference formed by vendors across the street, and around the world.

In order to create a web site which is an effective tool for marketing information, product, or service, a person or business must first be aware of the trends in the marketplace. Secondly, a web site must give the visitor something of value. A web site which offers information, membership in a community, or the opportunity to purchase items will be visited repeatedly, whereas a site with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

NetResults. Advertising Age, 1/17/20000, Vol 71. Issue 3, p43

NABE Panel Cites Widespread Usage of E-Commerce, Special Survey. (2000) National Association for Business Economics. Available at: /

An interview with Jakob Nielsen on designing Web sites for the intranet (2003)

Information Today Inc. May/June Available online at
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Graphic Organizer

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17998727

Setting Goals in the Classroom

Graphic organizer

Compare and contrast

Framework for Teaching vs. The Five Core Propositions

Framework designed to structure pedagogy in the classroom

Designed, according to its founders to be "used as the foundation of a school or district's mentoring, coaching, professional development, and teacher evaluation processes" and other structured projects

A general vision for "accomplished teachers"

Focused on praxis

Focused on defining values

Split into four distinct domains of learning

Defined by five principles that all support learning

Designed to provide a roadmap for teacher improvement chronologically from planning onward

Designed to emphasize what works in all of a teacher's current practices, in a non-chronological fashion

Focuses on concrete objectives

Focuses on eternal values of teaching

When structuring a lesson plan, it is essential that a teacher keep in mind his or her long-term goals for the class as well as the specific, observable and measurable objectives he or she has set. For example, the principle-based Five Core Propositions of the National Board Certified Teachers (NBCTs) stresses that teachers must make knowledge accessible and equally available to all students; that teachers must have mastery over their subject matter; give effective instruction; model what means is to…… [Read More]


Five Core Propositions. (2011). National Board Certified Teachers. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at

Framework for Teaching. (2011). Danielson Group. Retrieved June 20, 2011 at
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Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49097650

Journal of Albrecht Durer, 1498

I, Albrecht Durer, will preserve what I feel today in indelible colors. I stand pompous, extravagantly dressed, back to where I have always belonged. I may seem ostentatious now, with the artistic splendor I am bestowed with, more refined. Yet it was at Venice where I found inner tranquility of being an artist. I shall paint now as my imaginations will sweep with the aura of nature around me and my skills shall gain more strength. I will rejoice today to celebrate the liberty of an artist that I had experienced in Italian culture with the hope to awaken same liberation amongst natives of my land. I shall portray myself to depict the worth of a piece of art, the spectacle that a mere smear of color on canvas could create.

I may seem imprudent to Nuremberg for here I stand now almost 26, still lost in youthful abandon. Yet, I feel the looming prospect of gaining all or losing what I have today. I shall leave behind flamboyant self and will accept what is to come in the future. The responsibilities that lay on my shoulders seem more pronounced now for I shall have…… [Read More]


Ashcroft, J. (2012). Art in German: Artistic Statements by Albrecht DUrer. Forum for Modern Language Studies, 48(4), 376-388.

Bartrum, G. (2002). Albrecht Durer and his Legacy: the Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist. London.

Koerner, J.L. (1993). The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art. United States of America: The University of Chicago Press.

Wisse, J. (October 2002). "Albrecht Durer (1471 -- 1528)." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved from
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Design of Goods and Services

Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71443151

Regal Marine

Product life cycle is an approach that companies use when analyzing the evolution of their products. This is intended to determine the investments that must be made regarding these products, but also the incomes they are likely to determine. The concept of product life cycle also applies in the case of Regal Marine products. In this case, most of the company's products usually have a life cycle of three to five years. This can be considered a short life style in comparison with other products that benefit from life cycles of decades.

In this situation, products with short life cycles require increased levels of investments. This is because the company must focus on introducing new products on the market in order to be competitive (Wu et al., 2005). However, these products are also able to determine increased levels of incomes that can be used in investing in the research and development of innovative boats. In addition to this, Regal Marine should focus on influencing consumer behavior in order to increase the life cycle of these boats. This can determine reduced levels of investments, because the company would not have to introduce new products on the markets as often…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Wu, D. et al. (2005). Managing Short Lifecycle Technology Products for Agere Systems. Retrieved May 3, 2013 from
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Nets Analysis Graphic Organizer A Comparing and

Words: 1598 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35035660

NETS Analysis

Graphic Organizer

a) Comparing and contrasting the National Education Technology Standards for Teachers (NETS) with any set of standards listed by the state of Maryland.

NETS for teachers are basically the standards used to continuously evaluate the skills and the knowledge that the teachers' need for their teaching profession. These standards are also used as indicators for the teachers' performance (ISTE, 2008). One of the NETS standards is that teachers are supposed to facilitate and inspire student learning and creativity. This is mainly done by using digital tools to engage students in tackling current issues. Teachers are also required to design digital age learning experiences and assessments for their students as this enables the students to develop their individual goals by use of digital resources.

The NETS standards also require the teachers to model digital age work and learning to showcase their skills as innovative professionals in technology. In addition, teachers should also promote and model the digital citizenship and responsibility so as to guide students on global issues and how to be ethical in the application of the digital tools. According to the NETS standards, it is the responsibility of the teachers to participate in professional growth…… [Read More]


International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). (2008). NETS. Retrieved on 23/5/12 from
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History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in Film

Words: 11249 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80180588

sound technologies and sound design in Film

Sound in films

Experiments in Early Age


Crucial innovations

Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan

Sound Design

Unified sound in film production

Sound designers in Cinematography

Sound Recording Technologies

History of Sound Recording Technology

Film sound technology

Modern Digital Technology

History of sound in films


Sound Design

Sound Recording Technologies

The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films shown in theaters and they were narrated live. However the introduction of sound in films was a key development of early 20th century (1912 -- 1914).

Since then latest techniques and technologies are experimented and the journey of improvements is continuing through the time. The aim of the current research…… [Read More]


Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.

Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.

Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.

Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
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TESOL Materials and Course Design a Situation

Words: 6759 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39322444

TESOL: Materials and Course Design

A situation analysis, giving all details available before the course begins:

New comers of the TESOL school scheme will be assessed for their English language proficiency by the teachers assigned by TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will be run under this teacher - member of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).

This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in establishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated by the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).

Teacher assigned by TESOL is also a member of programming system as a support member, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaboration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors in developing required level for the student. TESOL teachers will be liable to work in programming framework assessing the student's individual issues and addressing these issues in form of progress report (Dorr, 2006).

The strategies implementing the programme include different levels of processes conducted in the classrooms with students comprising…… [Read More]

bibliography of ESL resources: Suggestions for selecting materials & ircs top choices. Illinois Resource Center.

Hamayan, E., Marler, B., Sanchez-Lopez, C. And Damico, J. (2007). Special Education Considerations for English Language Learners: Delivering a Continuum of Services. Caslon Publishing.

Kieffer, M.J. (2008). Catching up or falling behind? Initial English proficiency, concentrated poverty, and the reading growth of language minority learners in the United States. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 851-868.

Linse, C. (2008). Language Issue or Learning Disability? Essential Teacher, 5/4, 28-30.

Roessingh, H. (2006). Early language and literacy development among young ELL: Preliminary insights from a longitudinal study and the dual language book project. [Power Point Presentation Slides] Retrieved online November 20, 2011 at
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Print Design and Movie Magic Some Factors

Words: 786 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93255139

Print Design and Movie Magic

Some factors to consider for good print design are accurate use of bleeds, edges, cropping, color, and elements of typography. Text should not be cut off or flowing over into the folding of brochures or the next newsletter columns. Print layout and design elements must meet in order to produce excellent advertising copy.


Bleeding occurs when a design element such as print or an image extends further than the edge of the margins or page. Sometimes this can be intended for effect, but is viewed as unprofessional if unintentional (Graphic Fetish, 2009).


Crop marks, cropping is an element used to trim off the unnecessary parts of a picture image, or page. The crop marks are the cutting lines that are guides to setting areas being cut.

Color Schemes

Color can draw or detract from a print design. Using complementary colors in print can give warmth and an inviting feel to the print or it can bore the audience (Graphic Fetish, 2009). Understanding how to properly use color is important in reaching an audience or highlighting the capture of an eventful moment (, 2012).

Typography design refers to how the printed material is laid…… [Read More]


Douglis, P.K. (2004). When color makes difference conveying ideas meaning. Communication World, 21 Vol. 4, pp. 52-53.

Graphic Fetish. (2009). Three graphical standard principal elements in effective print design. Retrieved January 9. 2012 from

Kyrnin, J. (2012). Pixel perfect design does not equal good web design. Retrieved January 9, 2012 from (2012). Wildfire post production. Retrieved January 11, 2012 from
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Poster Design

Words: 2441 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29733676

Posters have always carried with them the ability to communicate in a unique way. With the right message, posters can inspire and motivate people to think about things in new ways and perhaps do things they might otherwise never do. Posters can reflect culture, as well as alter it. When combining art with other interests, posters can become powerful tools of communication.

It wasn't until the late nineteenth century, with the advent of the lithographic process that posters became recognized as the type of art they are today. Though the movement began in Paris with superb poster designers such as Cheret, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Cappiello, it wasn't long before the art spread Holland, Belgium, London, and America (Fusco xiii). Famous American poster designers include Bradley, Parrish, and Hardy.

This new art movement became known as Art Nouveau, which was the leading international decorative style of the early nineteenth century. Art Nouveau posters featured a flowing line which was inspired from nature. The style of this movement was all-encompassing, gathering influence from architecture, graphics, and furniture. Art Deco became the leading international decorative style after World War I and maintained popularity until World War II. Art Deco is best described as a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Davidson, James West, et al. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1990.

Fusco, Tony. The Official Guide to Posters. New York: House of Collectibles. 1990.

Kiehl, David W. American Art Posters of the 1890s in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, including the Leonard A. Lauder Collection. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987.

The International Poster Gallery. 3 Dec. 2003.
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Social Studies Course Design Title of Lesson

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93528907

Social Studies Course Design

Title of Lesson: Creation Myths From Around the World

Core Subjects: Social Studies

Secondary Subjects: Language Arts, Geography

Grade Levels: 5,6,7,8 (Varied by content depth and assessment)

Course Justification/Theory: One very interesting aspect of the human experience is the manner in which certain themes appear again and again over time, in literature, religion, mythology, and culture -- regardless of the geographic location, the economic status, and the time period. Perhaps it is the innate human need to explain and explore the known and unknown, but to have disparate cultures in time and location find ways of explaining certain principles in such similar manner leads one to believe that there is perhaps more to myth and ritual than simple repetition of archetypal themes. In a sense, then, to acculturate the future, we must re-craft the past, and the way that seems to happen is in the synergism of myth and ritual as expressed in a variety of forms. Myths and folktales are the world's oldest stories. People have told myths and folktales since language was created, keeping them alive and vital through the centuries by word of mouth. Myths and folktales are important in every world culture.…… [Read More]

Sources 2009. North American Creation Myths. [ONLINE] Available at: (2006). The Bering Migration, The First People. [ONLINE]

Available at: (2006). Videos on Myth. [ONLINE]
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Web Design Designing a Web

Words: 3427 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94804155

Make a link for Home Page, Previous Page, Next Page.

Offering a Content Page to users can provide them an idea of the contents of the web site. With a Content Page, users do not anymore need to pass through pages just to go to the page that they intend to go to.

Make sure that links and buttons have a keyboard shortcut. Keep in mind that some users find it easier and quicker to use keyboard shortcuts than pointing and clicking the mouse device.

Provide a page ID, such as window title page. Even though users reached several levels of navigating from one page to another, the information, in the form of a simple title page, can help them remember the reason why they are browsing the page.

Provide a link or button to pages that are related or relevant to the current page. Although search functions are useful, links and buttons to related pages is a quick way of providing suggestions to users as to which information can further give him some help

A.3 Keep Your Web Site Updated to the Latest Technology

Most of the time, users seek for new technologies. They are fascinated with new technologies.…… [Read More]


Maguire, J. (2004). Site Design Tips to Improve Your Sales

Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from E-commerce Guide Online. Web site:

Ward, M. A Decade of Good Website Design.

Retrieved on Jan. 29, 2005, from BBC News Online.
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Principles of Good Web Design

Words: 3086 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66537855

Web design

The principles of good web design revolve around a number of central core factors. One important central criterion in the development of the principles of effective web design is to fully understand crucial characteristics of the medium. Another central aspect is to base your design message on aim and communication. The first factor -- understanding the medium of the Internet - is an essential and often neglected factor in web design as will become evident in the discussion of the various principles. Secondly, it should always be remembered that, within the context of the specific medium, being able to communicate quickly and effectively with the viewer or client is what makes a good Web site effective. The intended purpose of the web site is also another cardinal feature that influences the principles of design as it is in the creative presentation that is determines its ultimate level of success. It is within the ambit of these aspects that Web design principles have been developed. While a particular Web site may have a striking and pleasing appearance, if it does not take cognizance of the specific medium and if it cannot communicate its aims and intension clearly then it…… [Read More]


Beebe, R.J., Trenta, L., Covrig, D., Cosiano, P., & Eastridge, H. (2002). Build It and They Will Not Necessarily Come: The Effectiveness of a Professional Development Web Site for Entry-Year Principals THE Journal (Technological Horizons In Education), 29(11), 58+.

Bhat, S., Bevans, M., & Sengupta, S. (2002). Measuring Users' Web Activity to Evaluate and Enhance Advertising Effectiveness. Journal of Advertising, 31(3), 97+.

Boling, E., Beriswill, J.E., Xaver, R., Hebb, C., Kaufman, D., & Frick, T. (1998). Text Labels for Hypertext Navigation Buttons. International Journal of Instructional Media, 25(4), 407.

Dickson, T. (2000). Mass Media Education in Transition: Preparing for the 21st Century. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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M S Advanced Architectural Design Office of Architecture

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12028500

M.S. Advanced Architectural Design

Office of Architecture Admissions

To the Admissions Committee.

As the son of an architect, my exposure to artistic forms and cultural designs began at an early age; my decision to become an architect was of course quite natural. The study of Architectural Engineering at Han Yang University in Seoul, South Korea broadened my knowledge on theory and I soon realized that my perspectives were changing. When I began working at my father's architectural firm I quickly decided to become a designer and theorist architect instead of an engineer. This desire soon led me to the Southern California Institute of Architecture, where I successfully completed an Architectural Degree.

When I began my studies at SCI, my knowledge in the field was limited, but as time passed and the course work became increasingly difficult, I thought of quitting, due to feeling that I was not qualified. As a result, I contemplated whether or not to change my career choice, but through much effort I finally completed the courses. After graduating, I became employed at an architectural firm and participated in several projects as chief designer. However, I soon realized what I really wanted to do was create progressive…… [Read More]

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Web Design Evolution for Common

Words: 3229 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57367248

Skills must be honed that create a functional page that users will view and use as the client hopes them to.

Many new Web designers produce Web pages that seem to ignore fundamental principles of "good design": full of colored backgrounds, animated pictures, multiple colors and styles of text, and little to no navigation or Web-based structure. Even in courses devoted to Web design, students still produce pages that lack unity, coherence and emphasis: "though they [students] seem to understand (and can critique) others' efforts, they're stymied when it's time for production. Few have the skills or experience writing in this medium" (Yancey & Wickliff, 2001, p. 180). Similarly, individuals working on their own or working from documentation struggle with being able to create Web pages due to the same lack of experience writing on the Web.

Karper 340)

For this reason, relative examples, as explained in the previous subheading may provide the best clues for how the website should look in HTML and in a browser. The work must be balanced and usable, on every level and must be supported by the system it is intending to serve to update content and repair bad links and other such issues.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chan, Henry, Raymond Lee, Tharam Dillon, and Elizabeth Chang. E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications. New York: Wiley, 2001.

Castro, Elizabeth HTML 4 for the World Wide Web Berkeley, CA Peachpit Press, 1998.

Dix, Alan. "3 Human-Computer Interaction and Web Design." Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design. Ed. Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005. 28-46.

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Art - Design in the

Words: 1039 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16368765

Experiential cognition and reflective cognition are defined and in this area, Norman says that they overlap, yet must be balanced. What one experiences is important, but one needs to reflect and contemplate in order to have a rational mind. This is where entertainment can fixate a person's mind on one side, so that it becomes unbalanced.

In other chapters, Norman gives examples of "reflective" games and charts that allow the mind to contemplate information given, rather than just "experiencing" it. Norman gives multiple examples where graphic illustration or charts illustrating logical processes clarify confusing sentences, paragraphs or instructions. Finally "naturalness" is extolled, saying that the easier something is, the more natural it is, and therefore becomes the preferred way of solving a problem. The final chapter describes how time is involved in the technology of TV and entertainment. How one is forced to see or listen to commercial messages in order to get to the desired program. This, he purports, "violates its affordances" and the medium gets in the way (1993, 107).

Things That Make Us Smart provides a very convincing argument for the fact that technology provides a poor trade-off for human interaction. Each of its assets has been…… [Read More]

Norman, Donald. "The design challenge" the Design of Everyday Things. New York: Currency/Doubleday. 1988.

Norman, Donald a. "A human-centered technology." Things That Make Us Smart. New York: Basic Books. 1993.

Wiggins and McHighe. "What is backward design?" Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. 1998.
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Web Design About a Decade Ago When

Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19162415

Web Design

About a decade ago when the World Wide Web first launched, only the brave and commercial entrepreneurs established web sites. If they could not handle the HTML coding themselves, it was necessary to work with a web designer/graphic designer, who charged thousands of dollars. This was a new technology, so vendors charged a lot for their services. They were learning as they went, as well. Within a couple of years, thousands and then hundreds of thousands of organizations and individuals of all kinds started getting involved with the web. Soon the price of web sites started tumbling down, and now they are available for free by many services. Another change started occurring in most recent years, individuals began having their own personal sites on which they blogged, wrote articles about themselves and their feelings, interviewed others, and provided information about things that interested them. Social media is just an extension of this. Increasing numbers of people are putting up their own web sites in addition. To determine what my web site should be like, I conducted research online that is included in this report.

Many people start their own web sites before giving them any thought. They think…… [Read More]


Ford, C., McMahon, M., & Reeves, J. (2009) Putting together professional portfolios. London: Sage

Herrington, J., Reeves, T.C., & Oliver, R. (2009) A guide to authentic e-learning. New York: Routledge.

Tai, D. (2009). Google Sketchup for site design: a guide to modeling site plans.

New York: John Wiley and Sons
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Clarity Document Design Format for Clarity Document

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3762466

Clarity: Document Design

Format for Clarity: Document Design

The likeliness that a document will attract a readership is greatly dependent on the design of the document. Poorly designed memos, letters, and reports (among others) do not appeal to readers hence receive limited numbers of responses. The choice of words used in a document and the document's format is also important as aspects of effective writing.

Good Design: An illustration

An illustration is given by a document that has been designed differently in three ways. The first document displays a memo, which has not been divided into paragraphs. It does not use headings or any other feature that should be typical of a properly designed document. The second design of the memo has been divided into readable paragraphs, although no additional features (like headings) are used. However, the third design is a properly designed document often showing a paragraphed document and employs the use of headings and numbered lists to enhance readability (May & May, 2012).

Professional Appearance

Documents should be designed to conform to the employer's expectations. Most organizations have a letter and memo templates that can give a document a professional outlook when used. Students, alike, should strive to…… [Read More]


May C.B. & May, G.S. (2012). Effective Writing: A Handbook for Accountants by 9th Edition,

2012, Pearson Prentice Hall
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Advertisements Are Specifically Designed to Lure Select

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50495924

advertisements are specifically designed to lure select audiences -- such as the use of Joe Camel to entice youth to smoke. The article "Racial and Gender Biases in Magazine Advertising" concerns a study that looked at whether or not this problem with stereotyped advertising has grown. Are the racial and gender biases in magazine advertisements increasing, and, if so, to what extent? To determine the answer, authors S. Plous and Dominque Nepture of Wesleyan University conducted content analyses of ten years of fashion advertisements geared toward white women, black females or white men. In total, 1000 ads were studied that ran in 1985 to 1994 publications. The researchers found a) except for black females in white women's magazines, African-Americans were underrepresented in white magazines; b) female body exposure was greater than male body exposure, and white female body exposure rose significantly during the ten years; c) white women were shown in low-status positions nearly twice as often as were other models; and d) black women wore the majority of animal prints, most of which were patterned after a predatory animal.


Such results as these by Plouse unfortunately substantiate the saying, "the more things change, the more they…… [Read More]

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Product Design Brief

Words: 855 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11724432

Functions of the Primary Package

The primary package is what comes in direct contact with the product. The primary package is be made to contain the required quantity of the product. For instance, one pack of juice is 8 ounces. The packaging must be free from leaks and provide protection for the product against hazards and during transportation. The package should be compatible with the product it contains and able to safeguard against degradation, microbial contamination and evaporation. It should also be conducive for dispensation, reuse, and recycling. Other than the above functions, the packaging material should be printable on the outside, and attractive to potential consumers.

Recommendation for the Material

The material used for the packaging should be a combination of flexible plastics, aluminum lining and paper called aseptic. Aseptic material is commonly used in packaging of high-end liquid food products such as milk and juice. This material is also conducive for products that are required in sterilized containers.

Aseptic is advantageous; it is lightweight and offer strength in containing the product, making transportation less strenuous. The weight of the product is considerable compared to that of the aseptic container. It cost less as compared to other packaging materials…… [Read More]


JAZD Markets. (2012). Standard Flexo Printing. Retrieved March 21, 2012, from

Nelson, P.E. (2012). Principles of Aseptic Processing and Packaging. Purdue University Press.