Pricing Strategies Price And Cost Variables Are Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Business Type: Essay Paper: #23077255 Related Topics: Variable, Cost Accounting, Competitive Strategies, Motivation
Excerpt from Essay :

Pricing Strategies

Price and cost variables are not fixed. At times, there are some fixed elements to these costs but in many instances these costs are subject to fluctuation. These fluctuations can derive from changes in buying power, changes in commodity prices and other considerations. Likewise, forces in the external environment can bring about changes in the prices the firm can charge. When uncertain variables are fixed, the company can find that margins do not hold as expected, which can compromise profit. In addition, the price can be set on the basis of variables on the assumption that the costs are relatively fixed. When these costs provide not to be fixed, the price does not deliver a strong enough margin. The impacts of these types of decisions can be far-reaching. Firms can decide to enter markets that are not profitable, and make decisions with respect to their product line-ups on the basis of uncertain information. The risk associated with the pricing decision increases significantly when there are uncertain variables in the costs and prices of a product.

2. There are a number of motivations that managers might have to undercut a stated pricing strategy. The most important class of motive lies with the external environment, in particular the relationship between price and demand for a given product (Goetz, 1985). A manager may see an opportunity in the marketplace and undercut the strategy in order to make marketing, but with input from a number of different parts of the organization. The reason is that there are two main levels on which the pricing decision is made -- the long-term strategic level and the short-term tactical level (Hurwich, no date). The pricing decision is made on the basis of a product's variable costs, the company's fixed costs, the competitive environment for the product and the expected shape of the demand curve. The marketing department has knowledge about the last two, but relies on the production department and the accounting department for the first two. The CEO may also have input, if the product is sufficiently important to the firm's overall strategy. Finance, sales and other ancillary departments may also contribute to the decision, particularly at the short-term level when price changes will have less long-run impact on the company's strategy.

The different departments may not all agree on the best price for a given product. It must be remembered, however, that the long-term pricing strategy must be consistent with the company's strategic objectives. In the…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited: (2010). Pricing strategy. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from


J. (1985). The pricing decision: A service industry's experience. Journal of Small Business Management. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from

Hurwich, M. (no date). The pricing decision -- who makes it and who makes it work? SPMG. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from

Cite this Document:

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