Protecting Your Genes In Canada Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Sociology Type: Essay Paper: #76467179 Related Topics: Genetic Code, Canada, Parkinsons Disease, Discrimination In The Workplace
Excerpt from Essay :

Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act in Canada

Canada, as the majority of the developed states, continues to battle discrimination in all aspects of life, including employment, health care, education and so on. And the nature of the discrimination targeted by society and legislators is multiple, indulging religious, gender, sexual or political orientation, so on and so forth.

Currently, a question is being posed as to the necessity of an act to prevent genetic discrimination in the North American country. The question is raised by the increasing focus placed on genetics these days and the potential impact they can have on the life of an individual, including their life style, their health care or their employment status.

In its simplest form and formulation, genetic discrimination refers to the provision of different treatment to different individuals based on the genetic differences they reveal, such as a disease they have or could develop in the future based on their genetic predisposition.

"Genetic discrimination occurs when people are treated unfairly because of actual or perceived differences in their genetic information that may cause or increase the

...

At the level of employment, genetic discrimination would occur when an employer refuses to hire an individual based on a genetic predisposition to develop certain diseases. In terms of health care, the discrimination would be best revealed through the health insurance providers, who would provide costlier insurance -- or even deny it -- to individuals with a genetic predisposition towards certain diseases.

Aside from being unfair and unethical, the existence of such discriminatory practices generates negative effects upon the well-being of the population, as well as upon the overall advancement of medicine. For instance, a businessman might deny a genetic test for fear that results showing a specific predisposition would be recorded by his employer, and this would negatively impact his employment status, his opportunity for promotion or even the health insurance for himself or his family. The intentional denial of genetic testing -- when this is possible and shown to improve the future quality of life and health for an individual when a predisposition or diseases is identified early on -- generates negative impacts for the individual, his family, the society and also slows down the rate of medical research and advancement (Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness).

Seeing that such forms of discrimination already exist in Canada, is can be concluded that there exists a real need for an act to regulate the use of genetic information and prevent it from…

Sources Used in Documents:

References:

Watton, A. 2009, "Fighting genetic discrimination in Canada." Gene Watch, Vol. 21, No. 6, http://www.parkinson.ca/atf/cf/%7B09510C2A-33CF-4B25-B007-FB673C2510B7%7D/Genetics%20and%20Pop%20Culture%202009%20-%20pages21-22.pdf accessed on March 16, 2015

2009. "Genetic information discrimination." U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/genetic.cfm accessed on March 16, 2015

"Genetic discrimination affects us all! Who has perfect genes?," Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness. http://www.ccgf-cceg.ca/en/about-genetic-discrimination accessed on March 16, 2015


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