¶ … Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) on one's well being can be problematic if not successfully understood and incorporated within a person's psyche. The purpose of this essay is to critically review the literature on the diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of PTSD from a "biopsychosocial" perspective. This approach is holistic in nature and is helpful in understanding that nature of disorders and their place within the medical profession. Disorders are important because they suggest a relative problem and not an objective problem. Order is subjective and the need to view PTSD from a more objective viewpoint is helpful in learning what its study can truly do for those who are suffering from the ill effects of trauma. While trauma is inherent in the human condition, successful ways of dealing with this issue of life development have not been adequately expressed in a cohesive manner. This essay attempts to bridge these gaps of misunderstanding through the examination of empirical example, thorough research and well define terms, in a summation of literature relevant to the topic at hand. These techniques were highlighted as useful tools in treating PTSD in such a manner. The article was premised on the fact that there were many people traumatized on the days of the terrorist attacks and nearly 60,000 worked in the aftermath and rescue effort. The trauma imposed on this group of people was used as a basis to measure the effects of desired treatments.
Haugen et al. (2013) presented a useful article on the idea of treating those with PTSD experienced through attacks of 9/11. This ...
The authors suggested that three interventions:
1. Meaning Making
2. Following the Affect
3. Interpreting Defenses all support an integrative means of blending successful patterns of treatment into one simple system. The authors suggested that "the interventions are components of a cohesive, integrative treatment approach combining prototypic elements of psychodynamic and cognitive -- behavioral therapies tailored to this population. The goal of treatment is to help the patient to "reestablish a sense of purpose and meaning in life and hope for the future, in spite of the fear and loss inspired by the trauma" (Krupnick, 2002, p. 77). Such meaning making is associated with but not equivalent to symptom reduction and is facilitated by focusing on the most affect-laden parts of the traumatic memories and helping the patient to relax implicit avoidance strategies on which they have relied."
This article is useful because it provides a useful model in treating trauma victims in a comprehensive manner. The research in the article does not provide success rates or empirical example about the long ranges success of these intervention treatments discussed in the articles. This is admitted in the article, and is listed as a limitation to the research. The article was useful in other ways because it demonstrated an holistic approach to a problem that was well reasoned and clear to understand.
Peri & Gofman (2013) presented an intervention model for patients suffering from PTSD symptoms in their research article. Their research was premised on the idea that there is a very high rate of PTSD patients who are not effectively treated and that a new approach is called for to help in this dearth of healing. The authors wrote "we propose that current psychotherapies for PTSD concentrate on extinction of conditioned fear responses and on correcting impaired cognitive networks that cause uncontrolled anxiety and fear in innocuous situations, although other emotions commonly associated with trauma -- such as guilt, shame and anger (Brewin, 2011) -- are not directly addressed by current evidence based interventions."
The authors offered a treatment called Narrative Reconstruction (NR) to help address the problems with intrusive symptoms of PTSD. They wrote "NR is a…
These techniques were highlighted as useful tools in treating PTSD in such a manner. The article was premised on the fact that there were many people traumatized on the days of the terrorist attacks and nearly 60,000 worked in the aftermath and rescue effort. The trauma imposed on this group of people was used as a basis to measure the effects of desired treatments.
Treatments for PTSD Treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients has varied from one context to the other depending on the nature of the disorder. However, over the years, an increased number of research studies have been conducted to establish the best treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder patients. A number of findings have been made public as further research takes place. This study will critically evaluate three articles whilst comparing group
The other principal difference between the sources reviewed is that the first included narratives authored by different clinicians and experts and incorporated their anecdotal professional experiences as well as their description of the manner in which their treatment approaches relies on empirical research in each of their different areas of clinical expertise. As a result, that work is an appropriate reference for the available treatment options for PTSD and
Trauma-Related Disorders and Recommended Treatment Clinical Presentation of Trauma-Related Disorders and Recommended Treatments On January 13, 2015, Andrew Brannan, a 66-year-old Vietnam veteran was executed in Georgia for killing police officer Kyle Dinkheller in 1998 (Hoffman, 2015). At the time, Brannan had been living in a bunker on his mother's property without water or electricity and had stopped taking his medications. According to the Veterans Administration (VA), he was 100% disabled due
, 2010). This point is also made by Yehuda, Flory, Pratchett, Buxbaum, Ising and Holsboer (2010), who report that early life stress can also increase the risk of developing PTSD and there may even be a genetic component involved that predisposes some people to developing PTSD. Studies of Vietnam combat veterans have shown that the type of exposure variables that were encountered (i.e., severe personal injury, perceived life threat, longer duration,
PTSD Effects in the Military The military and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) The Iraq occupation cost the Americans as citizens and as a government more than was foreseen hence brought more harm than immediate good to the U.S.A. As a nation. This is in light of the collateral damage that the war has caused to the people of America physically and emotionally. Many arguments have been fronted that the benefits of
In this study, patients were adults suffering from PTSD that had been referred after three months of PTSD symptoms. These patients were not combat soldiers, and had been referred after either a non-sexual assault or a motor vehicle accident. The patients were between 17 and 60 years old and did not have other psychological problems. Eighty-four individuals made it through the primary assessment through the follow-up meeting. Individuals were