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Autobiographical Essays (Examples)

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New African by Andrea Lee
Words: 2198 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63609980
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New African by Andrea Lee and Autobiographical Notes by James Baldwin or outside work.

In this essay you'll write your own statement about the value of a work of literature and then provide reasons why your evaluation is correct and evidence to support those reasons.

On one level this essay is about your opinion -- you set the criteria by which the work is judged -- but it is also about thinking clearly and supporting your ideas with evidence. If you'd like to sneak a look at this exercise before you start the prewriting, it's on pages 1181-1184 in your textbook.

Before you begin the reading for this section, make a list of stories, books, poems, or plays that have moved you. Some of your entries may have moved you because they seemed so wonderful and some because they seemed so downright awful. Either kind is a good candidate for…

Human Behavior Social Work
Words: 1629 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68449511
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As one of ten children, my family structure reflects my unique cultural background. All ten of us were raised by my mother alone; we struggled financially but rarely emotionally because of the immense love and support given to us by my mother. Having a strong maternal influence in my life might also reflect the Hispanic and Christian culture in which I was raised. Both Christianity and Puerto Rican culture impacted my world growing up. For instance, my mother imparted her religious beliefs to her kids, beliefs that were strongly rooted in the Christian tradition. In addition to my mother, I had various role models who helped forge my identity and behaviors. Christianity also serves to link our otherwise oppressed minority community with the dominant culture in America. Although I grew up in an environment that supported bilingualism and respected Hispanic culture, I occasionally met with biases and prejudices in…

Martin A Conway's 2001 Sensory-Perceptual
Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59623317
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3. The Controversy Associated With ecovered epressed Memories and Conway

The importance of autobiographical memory, as confirmed by Conway (2001) has lead not only to research regarding memory distortions, but also to studies regarding recovered repressed memories. obinson-eigler and obinson-eigler (2008) state that a controversy exists as to whether or not memories of traumatic events that have been "recovered" can be completely trusted. Conway's (2001) argument relating episodic memory to autobiographical memory certainly relates. Conway (2001) argues that episodic memories are routinely forgotten, even as soon as 24 hours after they occur, and that the autobiographical memory is the context to which they are tethered in order to be remembered. Thus, Conway (2001) would most likely argue that the validity of recovered memories lies in their relation to the self or autobiographical memory.

4. An analysis of Autobiographical Memory According to Conway

While obinson-eigler and obinson-eigler (2008) call autobiographical…


Conway, M.A. (2001) Sensory perceptual episodic memory and its context:

autobiographical memory. In Episodic Memory (Baddeley, a. et al., eds), Oxford University Press

Robinson-Reigler, G. & Robinson-Reigler, B. Cognitive Psychology: Apllying the Science of the Mind. Second Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Person Account From the Perspective
Words: 1649 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52011189
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There is one however, and it is the level of education they have. I plan to go through with my Master's Degree at some point and many of the people who lead my community including council people, the mayor the police chief and department heads also have high levels of education.

If I could change any inequality in my community I would change the fact that there are two African-American city employees out of 300 total workers.

I would do it with a drive to recruit people of color and encourage them to apply for open positions. I would require them to have educations equal to the average education of other city employees. I would change it so that the face of our town reflected the true demographic make up of the town.

When I called the mayor he had no way of knowing what color I am. When he…


Wright, Timothy (town mayor)

Kittewell, Cathy (County Clerk)

Johnson, Samuel (Police Chief)

Joyce Within James Joyce's Portrait
Words: 3261 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44154271
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Mulligan keenly notices features of Stephen's obsession when he mockingly calls him "O, shade of Kinch the elder! Japhet in search of father!" Partially, his argument for Shakespeare's autobiographical tendencies is seeded by his own frustration in his search for paternal links.

Out of this, Stephen's rejection of the Irish renaissance is significant because he wishes to judge himself against the backdrop of classical standards. "In our case, Stephen has 'entered into a competition' with Shakespeare by making himself a companion to the model of Shakespeare and placing himself, as much as he can by means of lecturing, next to the model of Shakespeare." So the contention that Shakespeare's plays are autobiographical, by being a particularly unique argument, if successful, would forever attach the name Dedalus to Shakespeare -- thus, his intellectual roots would be fundamentally defined to the external world. Notably, this would remain true regardless of Stephen's recognition…

Works Cited

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness and the Secret Sharer. New York: Bantam Books, 1981.

Ellman, Richard. James Joyce. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Jones, William Powell. Stephen Hero, a Part of the First Draft of a Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. New York: New Directions, 1944.

Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. New York: Penguin Books, 1993.

Gordon Betty N Baker-Ward Lynne and Ornstein
Words: 514 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12683359
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Gordon, Betty N., Baker-Ward, Lynne, and Ornstein, Peter A. (June 2001) "Children's testimony: A review of research on memory for past experiences."

Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review. Volume 4(2), 157-181. Retrieved at on December 7, 2003. Document Link URL:

The goal of the article was to evaluate several recent studies on children's memory the implications for the accuracy of children's testimony in the legal system. Although the studies were not all purely focused on sexual trauma recollections, the implications for legal court battles focusing on these recollections are of particular interest to the authors.

Pertinent to evaluating importance of article is how thoroughly it deals with the question of how memory develops in children over the course of the development process and how this memory may be tampered with.

The article also touches upon the idea, slightly more tangentially of how subjective is autobiographical and/or eyewitness testimony…

Memory Development
Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 37222001
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Wang, Q., & Brockmeier, J. (2002). Autobiographical remembering and cultural practice:

Understanding the interplay between memory, self and culture. Culture and Memory, 8(1), 45-64.

Autobiographical memory is a critical component of how an individual defines his or her sense of self in Western culture: the stories we remember and tell ourselves define how we see ourselves as human beings. According to Wang & Brockmeier (2002), not all cultures conceive of memory in such a personal and individualistic fashion: when asked to recollect a memory from childhood, Chinese undergraduates were more inclined to talk about collective experiences (Wang & Brockmeier 2002: 49). A more dependent and less individualistic concept of the self within a culture conspires to create different memories. Memories are not absolute and static, even highly personal ones; they are culturally contextual. Chinese residents even have later recollected memories than their American counterparts. "Personal remembering in these cultures evokes…

Film review: Memento (2000)

Director Christopher Nolan's film Memento (2000) chronicles the struggle of the main protagonist to find the killer of his wife, even though he suffers from a condition which makes it impossible to allow him to form new long-term memories. Over the course of the narrative it becomes clear that he was her killer. But when the private investigator (Teddy) Lenny hired to help him get to the bottom of his wife's death tries to convince him of the truth, Lenny effectively sets a trap for his future self, writing not to trust Teddy on a Polaroid. After forgetting what Teddy told him, Lenny kills Teddy, thus giving him a sense of closure, even though he knows (or at least his past self knew) that this was not the truth.

On one hand, Memento profoundly challenges the notion of memory as something static and real. It takes the genre of a typical mystery movie where the ending usually involves unmasking the true killer and circumvents this, given that the main character is incapable of really knowing the truth because of his condition. Yet there is also the suggestion that despite the absence of a coherent memory, Lenny is still the same person as he was before he lost his memory. His relationship with his wife, at least as recounted by Teddy, seems contentious and broken (the real way his wife died was that she did not believe he had memory loss and asked him to repeatedly inject her with insulin, as she was testing him to see if he would remember that he had done so only a short while ago). Although Lenny may have lost his ability to form new memories, his actions towards both his wife and Teddy indicate a deceitful and self-serving character that is consistent, even though his memories are not.

English High School Senior
Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68165124
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Filtered Water

James Joyce's autobiographical novel, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, is a multi-layered story. The author uses many techniques to indicate his surroundings, his attitudes, his maturity and his development. From styles of writing reminiscent of his infancy to youthful diatribes on the validity of the priesthood, Joyce takes us through his youth and his changing mindset. Furthermore, this intricate novel can be read from many different perspectives simultaneously. These perspectives include religious rebellion, sexual confusion, artistic freedom, political conviction, and family influence. It is a maze of vivid images and lucid dreams that define and describe Joyce's early years. It is my opinion that his water imagery most effectively expresses the complexity of Joyce's youthful composition

One of the most intense water images was the first one. The water is dark and dirty and cold. Another student, Welles, whose name is suggestive of water, throws…



Joyce, James, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, 11


Joyce, 14

Orthodoxy G K Chesterton the Most Prudent Way
Words: 1310 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8391829
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Orthodoxy G.K. Chesterton

The most prudent way to analyze a work of literature that is as diverse and as complicated (as well as unconventional) as G.K. Chesterton's Orthodoxy is to do so from a two-fold perspective in which one considers both the form of this narrative and its effect upon the content. Part of the inherent difficulty in undertaking this body of work lies in the incongruities that exist between both of these elements of Orthodoxy. On the one hand, this is a work of non-fiction that is based on the pious and austere subject of religion, and on Christianity in particular. Yet at the same time, the author writes fairly freely in a transformative tone that vacillates between both poetry and prose, and makes a number of salient points while utilizing the former of these. Despite this contradiction between his topic and the way he chooses to address it,…

Works Cited

Chesterton, Gilbert.. Orthodoxy. 1908. Print.

Weingart, Philip. "Orthodoxy G.K. Chesterton." 2012. Web.

Gilman Was a Social Activist and Herself
Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15747691
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Gilman was a social activist and herself experienced mental illness. These elements infuse her story "The Yellow Wallpaper" with greater meaning and urgency for Feminism and for plight of females then and now.

Gilman as social activist

Gilman advocates for woman. The woman owned by males and disallowed by husband, male physician, and brother from leaving the room becomes mad.

The woman is imprisoned -- locked in. Males stunt and kill her life. In the end she steps over them; Gilman is telling females to do so too.

Gilman's experience with mental illness and its treatment

Description of Gilman's experience

Elaboration of the haunting description of the wallpaper. Gilman's familiarity with the psychosis

E. Typical 19th century views/treatments of mental illness.

Description of contemporary treatment

b. Treatment of the character. It matched social beliefs and was created by males


How this knowledge enhances our understanding of the story and…

Sources Charlotte Perkins Gilman biography 

Brainy Quote  Charlotte Perkins Gilman The Yellow Wallpaper

My Autobiography
Words: 2913 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1399239
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Autobiography of Iviannette Figueroa

In this paper, I will describe my life and how my life experiences have shaped the person that I am today, how they have impacted my dreams, and what I intend to do in the future. In this paper I explore my childhood and how the difficulties that I encountered in that childhood have helped shape the woman I am today. The woman that I am today is a mother, a wife, and a student working towards admission into the respiratory therapist program. Generally, I have worked hard to put a difficult childhood behind me. As a result, I have to acknowledge that an autobiographical paper was very challenging for me. I do not like to think about how my childhood has impacted the woman that I am today. While I am generally self-confident, I realize that the things I like the least about myself are…


Deaux, K. & Snyder, M. (2012). The Oxford handbook of personality and social psychology.

New York: Oxford University Press.

DiCanio, M. (2004). Encyclopedia of violence: Frequent, commonplace, unexpected. Lincoln,

NE: Mystery Writers of America.

Charles Fort's We Do Not Fear the
Words: 2010 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94781452
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Charles Fort's We do not Fear the Father and Louise Edrich's the Lady in the Pink Mustang, what are the metaphors, similes and allegories in these two poems? How do they enhance the meaning of the poem?

A pink car signifies that she wants to be a girly-girly with a simple life, but the car, proud, and different. The car is a mustang, which is a wild, fast, and promiscuous creature. "The sun goes down for hours, taking more of her along than the night leaves with her," reflects the kind of empty work that she does during the night, and that she only belongs to herself in the day time when she is not performing. "It is what she must face every time she is touched, the body disposable as cups." Could the girl in the pink mustang be a stripper, a showgirl, or a prostitute? Regardless, she feels…

Plath Bell Jar the Life
Words: 2701 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21374117
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Eventually, Esther sneaks into the cellar with a bottle of sleeping pills -- prescribed to her for the insomnia she was experiencing, without any other real attempts to understand or solve the underlying problems of her mental upset -- having left a note for her mother saying she was taking a long walk. Esther then swallows as many of the pills as she is able, and it appears to be several days (it is never conclusively stated in the text) before she is found and taken to the hospital, where she awakens to learn that she has yet again been unsuccessful.

Following her physical convalescence, Esther is subjected to electroconvulsive therapy, which she notes has a soothing effect on her depression. Things begin to look somewhat better for Esther; she is being well-cared for at a private hospital paid for by a rich benefactress and admirer of Esther's work. The…

Works Cited

Buell, Frederick. "Sylvia Plath's Traditionalism." Boundary 2-5(1) (1976), pp. 195-212.

Gilson, Bill. "Biography of Sylvia Plath." Accessed 3 April 2010. 

Liukonnen, Petri. "Sylvia Plath." Accessed 3 April 2010.

Plath, Sylvia. The Bell Jar. New York: Harper, 2000.

Approaches to Biographical Literature Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell
Words: 3398 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13624972
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Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell

The publication in 2008 of ords in Air: The Collected Correspondence of Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop offers the reader a privileged glimpse into the long and emotional friendship between two major postwar American poets, who were each an active influence on the other's work. Bishop would enclose a poem in a 1961 letter to Lowell, claiming the draft "undoubtedly shows your influence" but also noting that "I'll probably make more changes" (ords in Air, 379). In a 1964 interview, Robert Lowell would claim Bishop as one of "the poets who most directly influenced me." (Kunitz 86). Indeed Travisano notes in his introduction to the letters that "Lowell's Life Studies and For the Union Dead, his most enduringly popular books, were written under Bishop's direct influence, as the letters make clear" (ords in Air, xviii). But those two titles mark a major shift in Lowell's…

Works Cited

Bishop, Elizabeth. The Complete Poems, 1927-1979. New York: Farrar Straus, 1984. Print.

Costello, Bonnie. Elizabeth Bishop: Questions of Mastery. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993. Print.

Gilbert, Sandra. "Mephistophilis in Maine: Rereading Skunk Hour." In Axelrod, Steven Gould and Deese, Helen. (Editors). Robert Lowell: Essays on the Poetry. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Print.

Hamilton, Saskia. The Letters of Robert Lowell. New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2005. Print.

Autobiographies a Memoir or Autobiography Can Take
Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53145897
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A memoir or autobiography can take on a myriad of different literary forms; for both Gertrude Stein and Ernest Hemingway self-reflection is best achieved through the eyes of other people. The impact of Hemingway's A Moveable Feast and Stein's The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas is remarkable: the creation of autobiographical material that is neither narcissistic nor self-centered. The authors achieve their literary feats in part by writing in a straightforward style of prose that characterizes the remainder of their respective canon of work. hat impressionistic elements do add nuance and flourish to Hemingway and Stein's memoirs never becomes purple prose. Moreover, both A Moveable Feast and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas are constructionist, or constructivist, texts in that the authors assemble a "self" for the reader. The "self" is not monolithic, but rather, pluralistic and multi-faceted. In spite of their rather basic use of prose elements, both…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. A Moveable Feast. Scribners.

Stein, Gertrude. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas. Harcourt, Brace, 1933.

John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne
Words: 1596 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40415704
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John Updike & Nathaniel Hawthorne

John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne are two of the most well-known writers to have contributed to the body of American Literature. Updike, the more recent writer of the two, has been considered one of America's most prestigious writers, often honored by collegiate bodies and authoritative figures. Likewise, Nathaniel Hawthorne in his time was recognized and respected, having come from a background commanding some respect. Both authors however, during their life struggled with negative issues; Updike for example struggled with separation and health problems that plagued him since he was a child. Hawthorne struggled with his ancestry who embodied a rigid Puritanical belief system, and also struggled with the poverty of his family that he was never quite able to overcome during his lifetime.

The works of both Updike and Hawthorne tend to have some autobiographical notes. Each author draws from experiences within their own lives.…

Works Cited:

Jalic, LLC. "Nathaniel Hawthorne." Jalic, LLC. (2004). {Online} Available:

De Bellis, Jack. "The John Updike Encyclopedia." Greenwood Press, Westport: 2000.

Farr, J. "Haunted Hawthorne." The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 28, winter 2004.

Contrarian's Guide to Leadership in
Words: 1470 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58926234
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The book therefore meanders through concepts, becoming pedantic in areas and autobiographical in others. Ironically the author makes the point that intellectual freedom is the catalyst of excellent leadership. The freedom of seeing time differently across an organization, from the long-term orientation of the leader to the short-term orientation of a manager or supervisor, is downplayed and ignored. Inherent in intellectual independence are the series of decisions as to how one will spend one's time. At a much more fundamental level, how a leader will compensate for wide variations in the perception of time across the organizations they serve also must be taken into account. None of these perspectives are mentioned, despite chapters of the book endorsing ambiguity and the strategy of not making any decision at all. It is a contradiction and paradox that also underscores this books' framework.

Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

The book's focus on the behaviors…


Bodla, M., & Nawaz, M. (2010). Transformational Leadership Style and its Relationship with Satisfaction. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(1), 370-381.

Liu, C.. (2008). The Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Knowledge Sharing Willingness. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22(3), 233-240.

Liu, J., Siu, O., & Shi, K.. (2010). Transformational Leadership and Employee Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Trust in the Leader and Self-Efficacy. Applied Psychology, 59(3), 454-479.

Pieterse, a., van Knippenberg, D., Schippers, M., & Stam, D.. (2010). Transformational and transactional leadership and innovative behavior: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609.

Mdd Tina's Case STUDY& 8230 Tina's Case Study
Words: 3317 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 90576378
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MDD: Tina's Case Study…"

Tina's Case Study MDD

"MDD: Tina's Case Study.."

Major Depressive Disorder: Tina's Story

Tina's Story- Case Study

Tina is a 23-year-old black female. She is currently separated from her husband of five years. She is currently employed by two companies, one at which she works Monday- Thursday mornings, and the other on Wednesday -- Friday evenings, and all day Saturday and Sunday. However, she hasn't shown up for work on a consistent basis for the last four weeks, and not at all in the last two days.

Once an energetic, active, healthy female who loved to exercise at the local gym three days a week, Tina now spends most of her time in her apartment. She hasn't been to the gym in over four weeks, and her body movements that used to be quick and marked are now slow and sluggish. Even though she hasn't changed…


Aglan, A., Williams, J.G., Pickles, A., & Hill, J. (2010). Overgeneral autobiographical memory in women: Association with childhood abuse and history of depression in a community sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49(3), 359-372. doi:10.1348/014466509X467413

American Psychological Association (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition (Text Revision) DSM IV-TR, Arlington VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Craigie, M.A., Saulsman, L.M., & Lampard, A.M. (2007). MCMI-III personality complexity and depression treatment outcome following group-based cognitive -- behavioral therapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63(12), 1153-1170. doi:10.1002/jclp.20406

Hybels, C.F., Blazer, D.G., Steffens, D.C., & Judith A., N. (2006). Partial remission. Geriatrics, 61(4), 22-26. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Hemingway Is Classified as a Modernist in
Words: 3093 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48270004
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Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in seeing the relationship between technique and meaning. In literature, writers developed new structures as a way of casting a new light on such accepted elements as character, setting, and plot. Much of modernist fiction shows this increased demand on the reader. Ernest Hemingway gives the illusion of moving in the other direction by simplifying language to the point where it seems ascetic, but in truth his language is complex in its way, building meaning into every word and the placement…

Works Cited

Aldridge, John W. "The Sun Also Rises?

Sixty Years Later." The Sewanee Review XCIV (2)(Spring 1986), 337?45.

Baker, Carlos. Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.

Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956.

Long Days Journey Into Night by Eugene O'Neill
Words: 2712 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48169430
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Eugene O'Neill

Long Days Journey Into Night by Eugene O'Neill

Eugene O'Neill's work "Long Day's Journey into Night" has been critically described as an autobiographical work, a tragedy with universal appeal and a Taoist manuscript among other descriptions. Long Day's Journey into Night might indeed be described as the autobiographical work of one of the most well-known dramatists, who incorporated aspects of every day living and the nature of human instinct and despair into his work. Clearly O'Neill attempts to describe the longing and tragedy that is inherently part of the human psyche. What better way to do this than to pull from true life experiences. These ideas and the critics that support or refute them are described in greater detail below.

S.K. Winther

Winther (1961), one of O'Neill's earlier critics, suggests that O'Neill deals with tragedy from a universally appealing standpoint. O'Neill according to Winther, deals with the fall…

Bibliography." Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1974

Bloom, H. "Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night." Chelsea House, Philadelphia. 1987.

Liu, Haiping; Swortzell, Lowell. "Eugene O'Neill in China: An International Centenary Celebration." New York: Greenwood Press, 1992

Pfister, Joel. "Staging Depth: Eugene O'Neill and the Politics of Psychological Discourse." Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Raleigh, J.H. "The Plays of Eugene O'Neill." Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois UP, 1965

Feminism in Frankenstein Introduction
Words: 1370 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38173235
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Frankenstein, Mary Shelley claims that the Publishers of Standard Novels specifically requested that she "furnish them with some account of the origin of the story," (16). However, the Publishers of Standard Novels did not simply want to know how the author had considered the main premise, plot, and theme of the Frankenstein story but that the story -- and its female authorship -- seemed contrary to prevailing gender norms. According to Shelley, the publishers wondered, "how I, then a young girl, came to think of, and to dilate upon, so very hideous an idea?" (16). If young girls were supposed to be sugar, spice, and everything nice, then a story about a monstrous creation would seem antithetical to the 19th century feminine ideal. Not only that, Mary Shelley intuited the publishers' surprise with the author's gender, for no sooner does Shelley launch into a carefully crafted response to their query,…

Confessions of St Augustine Saint
Words: 752 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 82283625
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The first ten books are mostly autobiographical, as Augustine describes in them episodes from his earlier life, and how his position concerning religion and philosophy had changed throughout his existence.

All across the book, Augustine refrains from portraying himself in a way that would glorify him. Instead, he chooses to present himself as the worst individual possible, emphasizing the sins he committed until eventually being saved by Christianity and Neoplatonistic philosophy.

The fact that Augustine insists on how his entourage was mostly responsible for his immoral behavior strengthens the theory that he tended to overestimate himself through considering that he was much better than anyone he came in contact with. Nonetheless, he admits his faults and does not attempt to claim that he is innocent. One can be inclined to believe that the author was actually determined to highlight his character as a Christian and as an intellectual.

While it…


Saint Augustine of Hippo. (2008). "Confessions." Filiquarian Publishing, LLC.

Shakespear Although Very Little Historical Information Is
Words: 1055 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99801941
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Although vey little histoical infomation is known about the man esponsible fo many of the geatest liteay achievements of all time, the audiences which have witnessed Shakespeae's plays have felt a close pesonal elationship with him. Though his wok, Shakespeae has shaed his deepest feelings and most pesonal expeiences ove and ove again. At is an expession of the self, and egadless of how many factual events ae placed in a body of wok, tue at emains autobiogaphical. This is the eason that Shakespeae's witing has become such an impotant pat of ou cultue and society; the amount of pesonalized enegy with which his wok is infused makes evey wod a pesonal expeience. This is also the eason that Tom Stoppad felt dawn to wite Shakespeae in Love, a fictionalized biogaphy of Shakespeae's expeiences that inspied him to wite the mastepiece Romeo and Juliet. Elements fom the histoical events…

references to Hamlet, MacBeth, and other Shakespearian plays as well as Romeo and Juliet. While Romeo and Juliet was actually inspired by an ancient myth that predated Shakespeare, it is inevitable that autobiographical elements were inserted into the work by Shakespeare because all true art houses a part of the artist. The movie Shakespeare in Love is not historical fact, but it contains the very truthful elements of William Shakespeare's inner self as they were revealed to Tom Stoppard. Art does not simply imitate life; art creates life as much as it is itself created.

Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury and Disease
Words: 3403 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5754060
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Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury and Disease

The care of patients with brain injury and diseases has improved substantially over the last thirty years. Nonetheless, the acute cognitive effects caused by brain injury are still a problem for the survivors. Such impairments are substantial contributors to functional disability after brain injury and reduce quality of life for affected persons and their families (Schultza, Cifub, McNameea, Nicholsb; Carneb, 2011). Accordingly, it is important for clinicians providing care to persons with brain injury to be familiar with the cognitive squeal of such injuries, their neuropathophysiologic bases, the treatment options that may alleviate such problems, and their effects on functional ability and quality of life.

Literature eview: Cognitive Effects

The anatomy, pathophysiology, and cognitive sequel of brain injury and diseases vary as a function of cause of brain injury. Accordingly, identification of the specific cause of injury and other relevant factors (e.g., age,…


Aaro, Jonsson C., Smedler, AC., Leis, Ljungmark M., & Emanuelson, I (2009). Long-term cognitive outcome after neurosurgically treated childhood traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury: ISSN: 1362-301X, Vol. 23 (13-14), pp. 1008-16. doi:10.3109/02699050903379354

Cozzarelli, Tara A. (2010). Evaluation and Treatment of Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. LCDR USPHS. Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 10, Edition 39-42. Retrieved from: 

Howard, RS., Holmes, PA & Koutroumanidis, MA. (2011). Hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury. Practical Neurology [Pract Neurol], ISSN: 1474-7766, Vol. 11 (1), pp. 4-18; PMID: 21239649. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2010.235218

Kinnunen, Kirsi Maria., Greenwood, Richard., Powell, Jane Hilary., Leech, Robert., Hawkins, Peter Charlie., Bonnelle, Valerie., Patel, Maneesh Chandrakan., Counsell, Serena Jane., and Sharp, David James (2011). White matter damage and cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury. Brain A Journal Of Neurology. 134; 449 -- 463. doi:10.1093/brain/awq347

Inner Truth and Outer Truth the Forefathers
Words: 3475 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76557239
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Inner Truth and Outer Truth

The forefathers of our country were not known for their emotional clarity. Neither were they known for expressing publicly their private sense of self. Those who became known at all were known for their hard work and dedication to the public causes meant to benefit the common good. We can perceive them only through our own eyes, much changed by the passage of time.

It is not for us to judge them, but to seek to understand as we hope that those who come after us will seek to understand us. The writings that historical figures have left us reveal their lives in guarded ways, in styles they had been taught were good and proper. If we search closely we may know something of what went on in their inmost hearts. John Woolman sat beside Newbegun Creek and listened quietly for Truth to "open the…

Me in the Mirror by Connie Panzarino
Words: 2418 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61922169
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Mirror" by Connie Panzarino

The Me in the Mirror" is an autobiographical work written by Constance Panzarino, a writer, activist and artist who talked about her life as a disable cause by the rare disease Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type II. Connie Panzarino was born on November 26, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York, and her book chronicles her life as a child growing and living with the said muscular disease. The book is divided into different sections that focus on various topics, and her narration is not a chronicle of her life from childhood to adulthood, but rather, Panzarino touched various aspects of her life as a disabled person. In addition to her struggle for physical mobility, her book speaks of her struggles also as a woman who is disabled, as an individual doing passionate work for her fellow disabled individuals, and most importantly, her fight against the concept of "Ableism,"…

Works of Maya Angelo
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23936609
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Works of Maya Angelou

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss author Maya Angelou, and some of her most important works. Specifically, it will discuss why her work is important, and give a brief biography of the writer. Maya Angelou has been an inspiration to writers, women, and Blacks ever since she began writing. Her career has spanned decades, and shows no signs of slowing down. Awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1971, Maya Angelou and her works are national treasures, meant to be enjoyed, contemplated, and to give inspiration forever.


Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on April 4, 1928. Her name was Marguerite Annie Johnson. Her brother Bailey gave her the nickname "Maya," for "My" and "my sister."

Maya's mother, Vivian Baxter, was a nurse and card dealer; her father, Bailey Johnson Sr., was a doorman and also a dietician or meal…

Language and Culture in Autobiography Language Culture
Words: 2019 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17786620
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Language and Culture in Autobiography

Language, Culture and Identity in the writings of Maxine Hong Kingston, Richard Rodriguez and Alfred Kazin: degradation of culture, family and self"

Through the three autobiographical works, "Talk," by Maxine Hong Kingston, "Hunger of Memory," by Richard Rodriguez and "Brownsville School Days," by Alfred Kazin a reader can plainly comprehend the difficulties associated with immigration and language learning and how those difficulties interact with a developing child's mind. Though the cultures and languages of all three of these authors are vastly different and the severity of internal and external reactions they have to the circumstances their emotional and intellectual responses to their challenges are strikingly similar.

The simple voices of these three children of different cultures become complex words and ideas issued forth through the phenomena of growing up as an outsider and immigrant and most importantly a non-native English speaker. In these three works…

Hemingway the Snows of Kilimanjaro
Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15878269
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For many critics, no other short story by Ernest Hemingway is as overtly autobiographical as the Snows of Kilimanjaro. Richard Hovey goes as far to say that the story "must have been (Hemingway's) effort to purge himself of long-accumulated guilts" (83).

This paper examines how the parallels between the story's protagonist Harry and Hemingway reveal a theme of the conflict between financial comfort and the artistic calling. It shows how Hemingway depicts a writer, literally rotting from within, as he reflects on his own moral corruption and the loss of his artistic integrity.

As the story begins, the reader quickly learns that the protagonist, a writer named Harry, is dying. A scratch sustained earlier has become infected and has poisoned his blood, causing a gangrenous infection. Harry knows that death was coming, but he could no longer muster any horror or fear. Instead, all he feels is "a great…

Works Cited

Atkins, John. "Dealing with the Fear of Fear." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

DeKoster, Katie. "Ernest Hemingway: A Biography." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

Fielder, Leslie. "Hemingway's Men and (the Absence of) Women." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

Hemingway, Ernest. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987.

When Memory Speaks Autobiography by Jill Conway Essay
Words: 1697 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: Array
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Essay Prompt:
Creative Non-Fiction Book/Movie Review
1. Write a 4-5 page book OR film review about one of the texts on the course—or choose from one of the texts below. You cannot write about one of the books, films, or authors you will be presenting on. Feel free to expand on one of your journal entries but be sure to add secondary sources to enhance your research. Submit a typed copy during the first class following reading week. Electronic submissions will not be accepted. 
* Use proper MLA format: 
* See  Libraries for how to write a book review:
* See below for tips on writing film reviews:
Further Reading: (write about any one of the readings belows) 
Jill Conway:
Sonya Lea:
Regina McBride:
Lacy M. Johnson:
Herta Müller:üller/dp/0312429940
A.J. Albany:
Actual Essay:
When Conway claims in the first sentence of…

The Things They Carried
Words: 2153 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58721104
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Tim O’Brien is the author of the collection of short stories, The Things They Carried. A renowned American writer, William Timothy O’Brien became famous for writing Vietnam War centered novels. Aside from The Things They Carried, many recognize O’Brien for Going after Cacciato. (Herzog 10) Born in Austin, Minnesota on October 1, 1946, O’Brien spent most of his childhood in Worthington. Being there provided him with a chance at developing both his imagination and artistic sensibility. (Herzog 10) Furthermore, the location became a model for some of the stories in The Things They Carried. One of the main reasons he wrote this collection of short stories was due to the ignorance he considered existed among the general public about the Vietnam War. With most of the characters being semi-autobiographical, O’Brien provides some basis for understanding of what the Vietnam War was really like and thus demonstrating the sense of uncertainty…

Laughing Leprechaun While We Have
Words: 2747 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79185633
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Such a parsing of into which school Samuel Beckett can be slotted may seem to be nothing more than intellectual engagement -- not that there is anything wrong with this -- but it also serves as an important way of assessing both the "Irishness" and the humor of Beckett's writings. Unlike a writer like John Synge, for example, or illiam Butler Yeats, Beckett is generally not clearly identifiable as Irish from the dialect or settings or historical references in his writings. (This is especially true, of course, once he begins to write in French.) But there are hints of his nationality in this back-and-forthing that he does with literary genres and literary conventions. Such liberty with self-identification in terms of artistic identity is not solely Irish, of course. But an unwillingness to be categorized neatly does seem to be clearly associated with colonial identity. Ireland in Beckett's time was still…

Works Cited

Barrett, William. Real Love Abides. The New York Times, September 16, 1956.

Beckett, Samuel. The Complete Dramatic Works. New York: Faber and Faber, 2006.

Cronin, Anthony. Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.

Fiedler, Leslie, Search for Peace in a World Lost. The New York Times, August 3, 1997.

Elbow Peter Writing With Power
Words: 1858 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 13591361
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The story was filled with factual accuracy, while fictional, and vividly rich with images and characters that she and her father could picture with accurate detail. Romano tells us how Mariana finished the story with a young member of the family holding a roughly cut, wooden pony, and how when she gently finished the tale as he was in tears

Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill: National Council of Teachers of English. 1993. Print. This book an unusual book: at one level it is autobiographical, detailing the life of an American of Puerto Rican extraction from his childhood in New York City to an academic post at a university. At another level, Villanueva ponders his experiences in light of the history of rhetoric, the English Only movement, current socio- and psycholinguistic theory, and the writings of Gramsci and Freire, among others.

Zinsser, K. William. On…

Personal Exploration in Hope Leslie
Words: 2208 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74411107
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The narration of Hope Leslie also offers some other insights into the radical nature of the novel. Sedgwick's personal experiences in her home town as well as in New England and Massachusetts helps to add to the realism and beauty of her own descriptions of these very same places within the novel. However, Sedgwick uses these beautiful, serene, and sometimes melancholy characterizations of the landscape to both enhance the novel's themes and underscore the interactions of the many characters as well as literary devices of their own accord (Schweitzer, 100). One excellent example of this is during Everell's captivity, where Sedgwick uses the vivid and sometimes philosophical landscapes as an integral part of the dramatic action that takes place.

In this way, Sedgwick is one of the first novelists to use this sort of technique in a way that both highlights the natural surroundings in the story and how these…


Emerson, Amanda. "History, Memory, and the Echoes of Equivalence in Catharine Maria Sedgwick's Hope Leslie." Legacy. Vol. 24, No. 1, 2007, pp. 24-49.

Samuels, Shirley. "Women, Blood, and Contract." American Literary History. Vol. 20, No. 1-2, pp. 57-75

Schweitzer, Ivy. Perfecting Friendship: Politics and Affiliation in Early American Literature. The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 2006.

Sedgwick, Catharine Maria. Hope Leslie, or, Early times in the Massachusetts. Harper and Brothers: New York, 1842.

Individual the So-Called Object Concept
Words: 2394 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 8568284
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That is, until an infant ealizes that she is looking at heself in the mio athe than anothe baby, the concept of self cannot begin to fom (Johnston, 1996). As childen matue, the link between cognition and self-concept becomes moe illuminated. In olde childen, pat of the matuation pocess is the ability to solve poblems and pocess infomation (Siegle and Alibali, 2004). The fact that childen use a vaiety of stategies and behave diffeently when ovecoming obstacles to each a common goal eflects diffeences not only in thei cognitive abilities but also how they see themselves -- "I don't give up easily; I always ty my best; I lean well; I don't like myself," etc. (Measelle et al., 2005).

If, as ealie suggested, by five to seven yeas of age, childen ae able to give accuate self-desciptions of themselves, then the pecusos of self-concept clealy evolve aound the toddle and…

references, discussing negative emotions, engaging children in conversations, discovering unique attributes, and the like all have Western upbringing tones. In other cultures, these norms may not be norms at all and hence the psychometric procedures used to generate traditionally Western self-description may not apply, say among Chinese or Asian children (Wang, 2004). The Chinese, as opposed to the autonomy-oriented European-Americans, are interdependent and put value in kinship such that a person's identity is often tied to his social responsibilities. Social rules exist in the Chinese culture that promotes humility and self-criticism for the sake of social harmony (Chin, 1988, in Wang, 2004). This, of course, is in contrast to Western culture that promotes self-enhancement.

A recent study on the comparative autobiographical memories and self-description in 3- to 8-year-old American and Chinese children considered the following differences and used a relatively novel, open-ended narrative method to examine the development of self-constructs. The results of the study are consistent with the cultural outlines above. American children tend to describe themselves in terms of their personal attributes and inner disposition in a generally light tone. Chinese children, on the other hand, focused on specific relationships, social roles, observable behavior, and situation bound features in a modest tone (Wang, 2004). The implication of this study is that self-concept is culture-specific and that the early emergence of cultural self-constructs may prepare children to become competent members of their respective societies (Wang, 2004).

In summary, this paper illustrates that the development of self is a product of cognitive achievement, everyday experiences, and cultural values. The role of child-parent interactions and differing cultural beliefs are emphasized as crucial in shaping self-concept among children.

Pessimism in Poetry Pessimism in
Words: 16260 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96505250
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" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,

The Father of our souls, shall be,

John tells us, doth not yet appear;

is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.

That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."

Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,

This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…

Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the
Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93284830
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hen Jacobs was transferred to the Norcoms, the reality of slavery suddenly hit the author hard because prior to her being sold to them she enjoyed a relatively happy childhood in a secure home environment. Dr. Norcom frequently made advances on Jacobs and she was forced to find solace in the arms of a white lawyer to help resist Dr. Norcom. She had two children by the lawyer, and was separated from them. Being separated from her parents and then from her children is a poignant dimension of slavery that Jacobs explicates in the narrative. Moreover, Jacobs describes the insidious psychological abuse that many domestic servants endured.

Jacobs also explains what might be new information for many readers: the different types of slavery and different ways slavery manifested. Not all slaves were field workers and not all slaves were treated poorly. Some, like her parents at the outset of the…

Works Cited

Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. In Norton Anthology of American Literature, 7th Edition, Vol. B. pp. 1809.

Memory Functions Memory Is a
Words: 2422 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48494637
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..Educational psychologists have made rather extensive investigations of semantic (declarative) and procedural memory with respect to studying and theorizing about classroom learning and teaching....very little theoretical or empirical work has been conducted in educational psychology that has examined the episodic (experiential and autobiographical) memories of teachers and learners in relation to instructional interventions and students' learning from such interventions.

Martin 1993: 169-170)

Another memory theory that has become popular and may have significant educational distinction is the concept of working memory, or rapid access memory that is finite (such as the AM of a computer and therefore cannot be stretched across to much stimulus or brain work to elicit memory of the core concepts.

esearch on test anxiety and working memory suggests that performance deficits caused by test anxiety can be explained by the extent to which individuals are able to use their working memory capacity (Darke, 1988b; Eysenck, 1985).…


Antoine, Marie, Shannon Donald, and Carolyn C. Cox. 2003. "Are Students Throwing Away Nutrition?." Journal of Research in Childhood Education 17:230.

Arnold, Magda B. 1984. Memory and the Brain. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chance, P.A. 1999. Learning and Behavior. New York: AIPI.

Das, J.P. 1989. "Good and Poor Readers' Word Naming Time, Memory Span, and Story Recall." Journal of Experimental Education 57:101-114.

Social Times and the Culture
Words: 4845 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5402298
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They were followed in 1936 by the Harlem River Houses, a more modest experiment in housing projects. And by 1964, nine giant public housing projects had been constructed in the neighborhood, housing over 41,000 people [see also Tritter; Pinckney and oock].

The roots of Harlem's various pre 1960's-era movements for African-American equality began growing years before the Harlem Renaissance itself, and were still alive long after the Harlem Renaissance ended. For example:

The NAACP became active in Harlem in 1910 and Marcus Garvey's Universal

Negro Improvement Organization in 1916. The NAACP chapter there soon grew to be the largest in the country. Activist a. Philip Randolph lived in Harlem and published the radical magazine the Messenger starting in 1917.

It was from Harlem that he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car

Porters. .E.B. DuBois lived and published in Harlem in the 1920s, as did

James eldon Johnson and Marcus Garvey.…

Works Cited

Baldwin, James. "Sonny's Blues." Online. Retrieved February 3, 2007, at .

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)'. Wikipedia.

December 7, 2006. Retrieved December 7, 2006, from: http://en.


English Literature Texts Both Rohinton Mistry's Squatter
Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29101861
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English literature texts

Both Rohinton Mistry's "Squatter" and Ngugi a Thiong'o's "Decolonizing the Mind" utilize literature to challenge the idea of a uniform national and cultural identity, primarily through the means of depicting situations in which there are clashes of culture. Both are cautionary tales that warn against the forsaking of one's initial, primary heritage in exchange for a esternized adaptation. The primary difference between the two works lies in the perspectives of both the authors and the events which affect the characters in the stories: Mistry's does so from the perspective of assimilation, while Thiong'o's does so from the perspective of suppression.

That Mistry's short story, definitely farcical in nature, is a warning to those who risk abandoning their culture in favor of willfully assimilating to another, is evident from the subject matter: that of a triumphant Parsi young man settling into Canada to become a fully integrated esterner.…

Works Cited

1. Eds. Gwynn, R.S. Campbell, Wanda. Fiction: A Pocket Anthology. Toronto: Pearson, 2004. Web.

2. Thiong'o, Ngugi wa. Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. 1986. Web.

African-American Women's Literature Unlike Any
Words: 3455 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93315520
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The fact that this figure remains a guess says something important about what orrison was up against in trying to find out the full story of the slave trade. uch of that story has been ignored, left behind, or simply lost.

Through her works she attempted to retell the stories of grief associated with slavery and terror, her characters living their lives with greater understanding of its value than almost any other set of characters in fiction today.

Within the genre of the autobiography there is a different tenor of thought the words and deeds are that of the author and the message is clearly self, devolvement. Angelou in the Heart of a Woman demonstrates the ideals of her time, as a civil rights organizer and protestor. She clearly spells out the strife that exists between whites, and blacks and the dangerous dance they are doing during what most would…

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 97.

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 191.

Alice Walker in love & Trouble: Stories of Black Women (New York Harcourt Press, 1973) 47-59.

Little Prince Some Unrecognized Messiah
Words: 2528 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50683924
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This fox asks the prince to tame him (the word in French is closer to "befriend" or even "socialize") for only in being tamed and forming that sort of relationship does he become unique. The fox says, "ut if you tame me, then we shall need each other. To me, you will be unique in all the world. To you, I shall be unique in all the world..." (Ch. 21) it is this which gives color to the world. In taming the fox, and learning that establishing ties and relationships is what gives meaning to life, the prince comes to understand that his rose is unique, because she has a relationship with him. The idea that it is relationships, commitments, and sacrifices which define and give meaning to life is one which continues through-out Exupery's life and work. "One sees clearly only with the heart," the fox informs the prince,…


Brosman, Catharine (ed). Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 72: French Novelists, 1930-1960. A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. The Gale Group, 1988. pp. 314-330. [Gale online database]

Linde. "Goddess in the Wheel of the Year." Matrifocus, 2003 vol 3.1. 

Mitchell, Bonner. "Le Petit Prince and Citadelle: Two Experiments in the Didactic Style," in the French Review, April, 1960, pp. 454-61. [Gale online database]

Robinson, Joy D. Marie. "Antoine de St. Exupery," in Twayne's World Authors Series Online New York G.K. Hall & Co., 1999 [Gale online database]

Antonio Damasio Using Consciousness
Words: 1438 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89832353
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Antonio Damasio

The integrated and conscious self: Attaining and using consciousness in Antonio Damasio's "The Feeling of hat Happens"

In Antonio Damasio's discussion of the scientific foundations of studying "consciousness," he presented a two-fold analysis of how consciousness is developed and utilized by humans. In his book, "The Feeling of hat Happens," Damasio explicated first on the neurological basis of the creation and development of consciousness in the human mind. In this phase, he attempted to illustrate how consciousness is developed biologically, or more specifically, neurologically. This finding helped relate Damasio's second point in his discourse, which brought into fore the function of consciousness in creating greater rationalization for the individual.

hat Damasio's findings in the book proved that consciousness, a concept that has been discussed conceptually and abstractly, was now illustrated in scientific and concrete terms. Consciousness is no longer just a social phenomenon, but is also a scientific…

Work cited

Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. NY: Harcourt Brace.

Jerzy Kosinski Who Was Born on June
Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89497321
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Jerzy Kosinski, who was born on June 18, 1933 and who died on May e, 1991, was a novelist born in Lodz, Poland (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1996. Although born to a Jewish family, a sympathetic Catholic priest provided a forged baptismal certificate at the onsent of World War II so he would be safe from the Holocaust (Wikipedia, 2005). His family hid in the countryside and were not discovered by the Nazis (Wikipedia, 2005). Kosinski paid a high price, because he learned at an early age that he could survive by pretending he was someone he was not (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1996.

After emigrating to the United States in 1957, Kosinski began telling an embellished story of how he survived World War II to those he met (Phillips, 2001). Eventually he wrote a novel, The Painted ird, widely believed to be an autobiographical story of how he survived the Nazi…

Behrens, Roy R. 1996. "Introspectives (Jewish novelist Jerzy Kosinski)." Print, November.

Phillips, Aliza. 2001. "Reimagining Jerzy Kosinski, Author and Survivor Who Rewrote His Own Life Story." Forward, Feb. 9.

St. Louis Post-Dispartch. 1996. "Novelist Jerzy Kosinski: Virtuoso at Pretending" (book review). March 17.