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Autobiographical Account of acial elations in the Community
My Autobiographical Account of acial elations in My Community
"Despite my time studying race and ethnicity, I have been in the racial minority very seldom;" such has often been my own life as well (McKinney 2004 p 19). The community I reside in is typically a white majority, but has been developing to come into closer proximity to other minority groups. While these groups are not directly targeted for discriminatory purposes by the white majority in the community, there is clearly a line drawn between minority groups and the more established white residents of the community. Essentially, I have seen within my own community a growing sense of color-blind racism, where the racial structures are not so overtly stated, but rather implicit and hiding just underneath the surface.
The community I have lived in for years is a relatively smaller one, which…… [Read More]
How we remember our own lives is a huge factor in how we view ourselves in general. As such, our autobiographical memory can both impact and be impacted by our mood and mindset. The concept of the autobiographical memory is incredibly complex, and is often varied based on individual experiences and mood sets.
The notion of the autobiographical memory is a complicated one for sure. There is a vast body of research that uses it in a number of contexts, but still a similar pattern emerges. Essentially, "autobiographical memory is the aspect of memory that is concerned with the recollection of personally experienced past events" (Williams et al., 2007). It is our own recollection of how we view our past to have occurred. As such, the "autobiographical memory is of fundamental significance for the self, for emotions, and for the experience of personhood, that is for the experience…… [Read More]
Given the fact that my upbringing was somewhat strict, at the age of 18 I decided I wanted to take control of my freedom and started to do things that I pknew others would not approve of. This is why I decided to get married at this age, although I was advised to do otherwise. It seems that my decision was not a correct one, since we divorced when I was 21 years old.
In Stage 6 the individual focuses on developing relationships and on building a career. This is the period when I realized I wanted to become a nurse. I realized that this type of job is suitable with my personality and with the fact that I want to help people in a practical way. Also during this period I met my future husband. He is also divorced, which means that we have the maturity of learning from…… [Read More]
Autobiographical Narrative of Colonial American Life
The rise of the colonial era in the 1600s and 1700s was a time of reckoning and awakening for very many of us. Living in this time in the divided regions of America had its fair share of challenges for every person. It was worse if you are an immigrant from other worlds or had come in as a slave worker. These challenging times dictated life for every individual irrespective of anybody's ethnicity or origin (Lassieur, 2011).
I am an African-American resident, living in the southern colonies. The southern colonies of the Americas have rich lands and are hence mainly used for farming and other agricultural activities. I was born in this place and grew to be a person of age, now in my mid-thirties years. I am male and just recently got a wife. My father was an African man, who was brought…… [Read More]
The driver's head was bloody like mine, but he was conscious. He didn't look at me, and didn't say anything. I noticed that the car had four passengers; it might have been a mother and father, and two daughters, both very close to my age. The eldest was on her cell phone.
"at the intersection of State Street and Main. There were three cars involved," she breathed gently.
"Are you guys alright?" came a voice from the other side of the car. A man was jogging toward us from the direction of the compact car, apparently shaken, but unharmed. I couldn't reply. I couldn't talk. I wasn't fine, and all I could think was that I wanted to be home, without blood on my forehead or hands, without having done this. The family in the SUV was probably headed home when I hit them. They were going to have a…… [Read More]
By "story" I do not mean that the ways in which they understand (and enact) their lives are somehow false, fiction rather than fact. ather, I am using the word in what might be seen as an essentially Jungian way: Each person's biography can be seen as a narrative, a story that the self tells about the self and to the self. It is the most fundamental story in each life. Too often the story that people tell themselves about their own lives is one filled with shaming and negative elements; far too often such negative stories lead an individual to become to depend on alcohol or drugs to help them overcome their shame, depression, and other negative feelings about themselves.
The subjects of the research that I am currently proposing are skilled in disparaging their own lives, their own selves. The subjects of my research are three Armenian women…… [Read More]
autobiographical work Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is a book which illustrates the many difficulties of slave life in the United States of America. The book tells of Douglass's horrific upbringing as a slave and his subsequent freedom. Being a former slave, Douglass has the authority to write his autobiography which encompasses his youth, upbringing, and adulthood after leaving slavery. His purpose is to use legitimate arguments which showcase how slavery as an institution is wrong. Throughout the book, Douglass makes parallels between his own plight and that of the other slaves in his position with the stories of Biblical times and all peoples who would suffer at the hands of their oppressors. Of the major themes discussed in the narrative are the horrors of slavery and also the hypocrisy of Christian people who claimed to be religious but were not opposed to using and…… [Read More]
One has to keep in mind that the practice of foot binding, which literally crippled many Chinese women, actually began around the same time that Shaojun was writing these memorial poems for her husband (Xue). A woman gained much of her identity from her husband. Children were considered less valuable than men, and the way that her overt grief for her husband contrasts with her apparent lack of concern for her children seems to reinforce her internalizing the idea that men are more valuable than women and children.
However, her poetry does not only speak to her role as a wife. In the commentary about her as a poet as well as in her poems about her husband, Shaojun's love of learning and scholarship was apparent. She and Cheng appeared to have spent a tremendous amount of time together discussing poetry, singing songs, and having philosophical discussions. This displayed an…… [Read More]
The intricacies of the many brain areas and structures involved, complicated further by the interrelationships of the many types of memory, make this topic one in which a great deal of painstaking research is necessary. Yet to ignore the evidence at hand would simply be foolhardy, and it seems increasingly likely that autobiographical and episodic memory should be considered two different mental phenomena.
Baddeley, A.; Aggelton, J.; Conway, M. (eds). (2002). Episodic Memory: New Directions in esearch. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gilboa, A. (2004). "Autobiographical and episodic memory -- one and the same? Evidence from prefrontal activation in neuroimaging studies." Neuropsychologia, 42, pp. 1336-49.
Mayes, A.; pberts, N. (2001). "Theories of Episodic Memory."
Schagman, S.; Kvavilashvili, L. (2008). "Involuntary autobiographical memories in and outside the laboratory: How different are they from voluntary autobiographical memories?" Memory & Cognition, 36(5), pp. 920-32.
Summerfield, J.; Hassabis, D.; Maguire, E. (2009). "Cortical…… [Read More]
Effects: Helps the reader better understand the reality of the situation, underlines the fact that despite the fact that fictional techniques are being used, this is 'real' history.
n "Son," the conflict between the children and parents is generational in nature. Every succeeding paragraph of the short story takes the reader farther and farther back in time, detailing the history of the previous generation. The sons feel as if their fathers do not understand them. The son of 1973 thinks of himself as an interloper in his home. "Time has tricked him and made him a son" (Updike 1070). "Daughter of nvention" by Julia Alvarez depicts the conflict between a mother and daughter and the mother and the rest of the family. Alvarez's mother wants a source of esteem outside her maternal role and concocts inventions as a way of asserting her intelligence and value. Alvarez is desperate…… [Read More]
Country is an autobiographical story of Abraham Verghese, a man from India via Ethiopia who came to adopt the small town of Johnson City, Tennessee, as his new home.
In postgraduate studies he focused on infectious diseases, in part because it would open more professional opportunities to him, a foreign MD. A mentor took him with him to Tennessee, where Verghese and his wife quickly settled into rural, Southern life. His best friend was a gas station operator, and the emergency room staff enjoyed teaching him to "talk Southern."
Before moving his family to Tennessee, Verghese had read a few journal articles about the mysterious disease that as beginning to be called "AIDS," but it was a "big city," mostly New York and San Francisco. When he came to Johnson City to work, he never expected to be dealing with AIDS, and certainly not in more than 80 patients, but…… [Read More]
Brockmeier, J (in press). Dissecting memory: unravelling the autobiographical process. From:
Beyond the Archive: Memory, Narrative, and the Autobiographical Process. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.
The stories we tell about ourselves and how we remember events can have a profound effect upon our conceptions of 'the self.' Brockmeier's essay on "Dissecting memory" examines how fiction and autobiography can both shape self-perception. To analyze this concept, Brockmeier uses Ian McEwan's novel aturday as a kind of case study, which makes the narrator's stream-of-consciousness about both mundane and important matters as its driving focus, more so than external events. elective remembering and selective forgetting involve both cognitive and psychological factors: memory is a neurological process, but emotions also affect how and what we remember. Forgetting is not necessarily a 'bad' thing: it can enable us to experience things afresh when we revisit them, versus solely dwelling in negative aspects of…… [Read More]
The dual perspective of the Veil can also be seen in James Baldwin's "This Morning, This Evening, So Soon," though hope is something more of a stranger in this story. The protagonist's fear of returning to the United States with his white wife and mixed-race son from his now-home in France, where these things don't matter, is directly representative of the type of perspective implied by DuBois' use of the Veil metaphor. Even in France, the narrator/protagonist is seen with a similar dilemma, though based on his nationality rather than his skin color, when he reflects that his Tunisian companion thinks of him as simply an American. Though this may or may not be an accurate assessment of the companion, it is a reflection of the burden of the Veil that this character carries; even his life in France cannot remain untainted by the duality of simply his own racial…… [Read More]
Life in high school was never a breeze, but I did have it easier than most others. Although I was always more into the sports and activities side of school life I still maintained a 3.0 GPA. Plus, the basketball team I was on provided an easy and almost instantaneous camaraderie with my peers, which allowed me to bypass the typical nervous and shy meeting of new friends that the majority of students endure. The best thing of all, though, was the scholarship I was awarded: to play basketball at UCLA after graduating high school. I had always believed I would be granted one, right from the day I joined the team, just as I always maintained and believed in high aspirations for myself, but to actually achieve it was still surreal and staggering; by no means did I take it for granted. I treasured the fact that I had…… [Read More]
Life in Colonial America
My name is John Smith and I have lived in the American Colonies for more than ten years now. I was born 40 years ago in the year of our Lord 1710, in Yorkshire England, the fifth son of a poor farmer, and of my four elder brothers, only two survived childhood. But since my father had only a small plot of land to work, he left the farm to my eldest surviving brother while having nothing to leave either me or my other brother. However, my father did not simply abandon us, I was apprenticed to a master carpenter, while my brother was sent to join the British Navy. While I have had contact from my brother the farmer, I have not heard from my brother the seaman in many years. Letters, while difficult to send and receive, are more easily sent to and from…… [Read More]
Habitat for Humanity
Across the country and around the world, homelessness is a major problem for more than 100 million people who lack a permanent dwelling of their own (About Habitat for Humanity, 2016). One organization that has been committed to addressing this problem is Habitat for Humanity, a Christian ministry that helped nearly 7 million homeless people irrespective of their religion or race. Since its founding in 1976 in Georgia (Tucker, 2009), Habitat for Humanity has become an international organization in more than 70 countries with more than 1,400 local affiliates in the United States alone (About Habitat for Humanity, 2016). Inspired by former President Jimmy Carter's efforts with this organization and the worthiness of their mission, I volunteered to participate in a Habitat for Humanity project in 2014 that involved the demolition of an abandoned house and construction of a new house on the site. This paper provides…… [Read More]
New African by Andrea Lee and Autobiographical Notes by James Baldwin or outside work.
In this essay you'll write your own statement about the value of a work of literature and then provide reasons why your evaluation is correct and evidence to support those reasons.
On one level this essay is about your opinion -- you set the criteria by which the work is judged -- but it is also about thinking clearly and supporting your ideas with evidence. If you'd like to sneak a look at this exercise before you start the prewriting, it's on pages 1181-1184 in your textbook.
Before you begin the reading for this section, make a list of stories, books, poems, or plays that have moved you. Some of your entries may have moved you because they seemed so wonderful and some because they seemed so downright awful. Either kind is a good candidate for…… [Read More]
As one of ten children, my family structure reflects my unique cultural background. All ten of us were raised by my mother alone; we struggled financially but rarely emotionally because of the immense love and support given to us by my mother. Having a strong maternal influence in my life might also reflect the Hispanic and Christian culture in which I was raised. Both Christianity and Puerto Rican culture impacted my world growing up. For instance, my mother imparted her religious beliefs to her kids, beliefs that were strongly rooted in the Christian tradition. In addition to my mother, I had various role models who helped forge my identity and behaviors. Christianity also serves to link our otherwise oppressed minority community with the dominant culture in America. Although I grew up in an environment that supported bilingualism and respected Hispanic culture, I occasionally met with biases and prejudices in…… [Read More]
3. The Controversy Associated With ecovered epressed Memories and Conway
The importance of autobiographical memory, as confirmed by Conway (2001) has lead not only to research regarding memory distortions, but also to studies regarding recovered repressed memories. obinson-eigler and obinson-eigler (2008) state that a controversy exists as to whether or not memories of traumatic events that have been "recovered" can be completely trusted. Conway's (2001) argument relating episodic memory to autobiographical memory certainly relates. Conway (2001) argues that episodic memories are routinely forgotten, even as soon as 24 hours after they occur, and that the autobiographical memory is the context to which they are tethered in order to be remembered. Thus, Conway (2001) would most likely argue that the validity of recovered memories lies in their relation to the self or autobiographical memory.
4. An analysis of Autobiographical Memory According to Conway
While obinson-eigler and obinson-eigler (2008) call autobiographical…… [Read More]
There is one however, and it is the level of education they have. I plan to go through with my Master's Degree at some point and many of the people who lead my community including council people, the mayor the police chief and department heads also have high levels of education.
If I could change any inequality in my community I would change the fact that there are two African-American city employees out of 300 total workers.
I would do it with a drive to recruit people of color and encourage them to apply for open positions. I would require them to have educations equal to the average education of other city employees. I would change it so that the face of our town reflected the true demographic make up of the town.
When I called the mayor he had no way of knowing what color I am. When he…… [Read More]
Mulligan keenly notices features of Stephen's obsession when he mockingly calls him "O, shade of Kinch the elder! Japhet in search of father!" Partially, his argument for Shakespeare's autobiographical tendencies is seeded by his own frustration in his search for paternal links.
Out of this, Stephen's rejection of the Irish renaissance is significant because he wishes to judge himself against the backdrop of classical standards. "In our case, Stephen has 'entered into a competition' with Shakespeare by making himself a companion to the model of Shakespeare and placing himself, as much as he can by means of lecturing, next to the model of Shakespeare." So the contention that Shakespeare's plays are autobiographical, by being a particularly unique argument, if successful, would forever attach the name Dedalus to Shakespeare -- thus, his intellectual roots would be fundamentally defined to the external world. Notably, this would remain true regardless of Stephen's recognition…… [Read More]
Gordon, Betty N., Baker-Ward, Lynne, and Ornstein, Peter A. (June 2001) "Children's testimony: A review of research on memory for past experiences."
Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review. Volume 4(2), 157-181. Retrieved at http://www.wkap.nl/journalhome.htm/1096-4037 on December 7, 2003. Document Link URL:
The goal of the article was to evaluate several recent studies on children's memory the implications for the accuracy of children's testimony in the legal system. Although the studies were not all purely focused on sexual trauma recollections, the implications for legal court battles focusing on these recollections are of particular interest to the authors.
Pertinent to evaluating importance of article is how thoroughly it deals with the question of how memory develops in children over the course of the development process and how this memory may be tampered with.
The article also touches upon the idea, slightly more tangentially of how subjective is autobiographical and/or eyewitness testimony…… [Read More]
Wang, Q., & Brockmeier, J. (2002). Autobiographical remembering and cultural practice:
Understanding the interplay between memory, self and culture. Culture and Memory, 8(1), 45-64.
Autobiographical memory is a critical component of how an individual defines his or her sense of self in Western culture: the stories we remember and tell ourselves define how we see ourselves as human beings. According to Wang & Brockmeier (2002), not all cultures conceive of memory in such a personal and individualistic fashion: when asked to recollect a memory from childhood, Chinese undergraduates were more inclined to talk about collective experiences (Wang & Brockmeier 2002: 49). A more dependent and less individualistic concept of the self within a culture conspires to create different memories. Memories are not absolute and static, even highly personal ones; they are culturally contextual. Chinese residents even have later recollected memories than their American counterparts. "Personal remembering in these cultures evokes…… [Read More]
James Joyce's autobiographical novel, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, is a multi-layered story. The author uses many techniques to indicate his surroundings, his attitudes, his maturity and his development. From styles of writing reminiscent of his infancy to youthful diatribes on the validity of the priesthood, Joyce takes us through his youth and his changing mindset. Furthermore, this intricate novel can be read from many different perspectives simultaneously. These perspectives include religious rebellion, sexual confusion, artistic freedom, political conviction, and family influence. It is a maze of vivid images and lucid dreams that define and describe Joyce's early years. It is my opinion that his water imagery most effectively expresses the complexity of Joyce's youthful composition
One of the most intense water images was the first one. The water is dark and dirty and cold. Another student, Welles, whose name is suggestive of water, throws…… [Read More]
Orthodoxy G.K. Chesterton
The most prudent way to analyze a work of literature that is as diverse and as complicated (as well as unconventional) as G.K. Chesterton's Orthodoxy is to do so from a two-fold perspective in which one considers both the form of this narrative and its effect upon the content. Part of the inherent difficulty in undertaking this body of work lies in the incongruities that exist between both of these elements of Orthodoxy. On the one hand, this is a work of non-fiction that is based on the pious and austere subject of religion, and on Christianity in particular. Yet at the same time, the author writes fairly freely in a transformative tone that vacillates between both poetry and prose, and makes a number of salient points while utilizing the former of these. Despite this contradiction between his topic and the way he chooses to address it,…… [Read More]
Gilman was a social activist and herself experienced mental illness. These elements infuse her story "The Yellow Wallpaper" with greater meaning and urgency for Feminism and for plight of females then and now.
Gilman as social activist
Gilman advocates for woman. The woman owned by males and disallowed by husband, male physician, and brother from leaving the room becomes mad.
The woman is imprisoned -- locked in. Males stunt and kill her life. In the end she steps over them; Gilman is telling females to do so too.
Gilman's experience with mental illness and its treatment
Description of Gilman's experience
Elaboration of the haunting description of the wallpaper. Gilman's familiarity with the psychosis
E. Typical 19th century views/treatments of mental illness.
Description of contemporary treatment
b. Treatment of the character. It matched social beliefs and was created by males
How this knowledge enhances our understanding of the story and…… [Read More]
Autobiography of Iviannette Figueroa
In this paper, I will describe my life and how my life experiences have shaped the person that I am today, how they have impacted my dreams, and what I intend to do in the future. In this paper I explore my childhood and how the difficulties that I encountered in that childhood have helped shape the woman I am today. The woman that I am today is a mother, a wife, and a student working towards admission into the respiratory therapist program. Generally, I have worked hard to put a difficult childhood behind me. As a result, I have to acknowledge that an autobiographical paper was very challenging for me. I do not like to think about how my childhood has impacted the woman that I am today. While I am generally self-confident, I realize that the things I like the least about myself are…… [Read More]
Charles Fort's We do not Fear the Father and Louise Edrich's the Lady in the Pink Mustang, what are the metaphors, similes and allegories in these two poems? How do they enhance the meaning of the poem?
A pink car signifies that she wants to be a girly-girly with a simple life, but the car, proud, and different. The car is a mustang, which is a wild, fast, and promiscuous creature. "The sun goes down for hours, taking more of her along than the night leaves with her," reflects the kind of empty work that she does during the night, and that she only belongs to herself in the day time when she is not performing. "It is what she must face every time she is touched, the body disposable as cups." Could the girl in the pink mustang be a stripper, a showgirl, or a prostitute? Regardless, she feels…… [Read More]
Eventually, Esther sneaks into the cellar with a bottle of sleeping pills -- prescribed to her for the insomnia she was experiencing, without any other real attempts to understand or solve the underlying problems of her mental upset -- having left a note for her mother saying she was taking a long walk. Esther then swallows as many of the pills as she is able, and it appears to be several days (it is never conclusively stated in the text) before she is found and taken to the hospital, where she awakens to learn that she has yet again been unsuccessful.
Following her physical convalescence, Esther is subjected to electroconvulsive therapy, which she notes has a soothing effect on her depression. Things begin to look somewhat better for Esther; she is being well-cared for at a private hospital paid for by a rich benefactress and admirer of Esther's work. The…… [Read More]
Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell
The publication in 2008 of ords in Air: The Collected Correspondence of Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop offers the reader a privileged glimpse into the long and emotional friendship between two major postwar American poets, who were each an active influence on the other's work. Bishop would enclose a poem in a 1961 letter to Lowell, claiming the draft "undoubtedly shows your influence" but also noting that "I'll probably make more changes" (ords in Air, 379). In a 1964 interview, Robert Lowell would claim Bishop as one of "the poets who most directly influenced me." (Kunitz 86). Indeed Travisano notes in his introduction to the letters that "Lowell's Life Studies and For the Union Dead, his most enduringly popular books, were written under Bishop's direct influence, as the letters make clear" (ords in Air, xviii). But those two titles mark a major shift in Lowell's…… [Read More]
A memoir or autobiography can take on a myriad of different literary forms; for both Gertrude Stein and Ernest Hemingway self-reflection is best achieved through the eyes of other people. The impact of Hemingway's A Moveable Feast and Stein's The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas is remarkable: the creation of autobiographical material that is neither narcissistic nor self-centered. The authors achieve their literary feats in part by writing in a straightforward style of prose that characterizes the remainder of their respective canon of work. hat impressionistic elements do add nuance and flourish to Hemingway and Stein's memoirs never becomes purple prose. Moreover, both A Moveable Feast and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas are constructionist, or constructivist, texts in that the authors assemble a "self" for the reader. The "self" is not monolithic, but rather, pluralistic and multi-faceted. In spite of their rather basic use of prose elements, both…… [Read More]
John Updike & Nathaniel Hawthorne
John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne are two of the most well-known writers to have contributed to the body of American Literature. Updike, the more recent writer of the two, has been considered one of America's most prestigious writers, often honored by collegiate bodies and authoritative figures. Likewise, Nathaniel Hawthorne in his time was recognized and respected, having come from a background commanding some respect. Both authors however, during their life struggled with negative issues; Updike for example struggled with separation and health problems that plagued him since he was a child. Hawthorne struggled with his ancestry who embodied a rigid Puritanical belief system, and also struggled with the poverty of his family that he was never quite able to overcome during his lifetime.
The works of both Updike and Hawthorne tend to have some autobiographical notes. Each author draws from experiences within their own lives.…… [Read More]
The book therefore meanders through concepts, becoming pedantic in areas and autobiographical in others. Ironically the author makes the point that intellectual freedom is the catalyst of excellent leadership. The freedom of seeing time differently across an organization, from the long-term orientation of the leader to the short-term orientation of a manager or supervisor, is downplayed and ignored. Inherent in intellectual independence are the series of decisions as to how one will spend one's time. At a much more fundamental level, how a leader will compensate for wide variations in the perception of time across the organizations they serve also must be taken into account. None of these perspectives are mentioned, despite chapters of the book endorsing ambiguity and the strategy of not making any decision at all. It is a contradiction and paradox that also underscores this books' framework.
Leadership and Emotional Intelligence
The book's focus on the behaviors…… [Read More]
MDD: Tina's Case Study…"
Tina's Case Study MDD
"MDD: Tina's Case Study.."
Major Depressive Disorder: Tina's Story
Tina's Story- Case Study
Tina is a 23-year-old black female. She is currently separated from her husband of five years. She is currently employed by two companies, one at which she works Monday- Thursday mornings, and the other on Wednesday -- Friday evenings, and all day Saturday and Sunday. However, she hasn't shown up for work on a consistent basis for the last four weeks, and not at all in the last two days.
Once an energetic, active, healthy female who loved to exercise at the local gym three days a week, Tina now spends most of her time in her apartment. She hasn't been to the gym in over four weeks, and her body movements that used to be quick and marked are now slow and sluggish. Even though she hasn't changed…… [Read More]
Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in seeing the relationship between technique and meaning. In literature, writers developed new structures as a way of casting a new light on such accepted elements as character, setting, and plot. Much of modernist fiction shows this increased demand on the reader. Ernest Hemingway gives the illusion of moving in the other direction by simplifying language to the point where it seems ascetic, but in truth his language is complex in its way, building meaning into every word and the placement…… [Read More]
Long Days Journey Into Night by Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill's work "Long Day's Journey into Night" has been critically described as an autobiographical work, a tragedy with universal appeal and a Taoist manuscript among other descriptions. Long Day's Journey into Night might indeed be described as the autobiographical work of one of the most well-known dramatists, who incorporated aspects of every day living and the nature of human instinct and despair into his work. Clearly O'Neill attempts to describe the longing and tragedy that is inherently part of the human psyche. What better way to do this than to pull from true life experiences. These ideas and the critics that support or refute them are described in greater detail below.
Winther (1961), one of O'Neill's earlier critics, suggests that O'Neill deals with tragedy from a universally appealing standpoint. O'Neill according to Winther, deals with the fall…… [Read More]
Frankenstein, Mary Shelley claims that the Publishers of Standard Novels specifically requested that she "furnish them with some account of the origin of the story," (16). However, the Publishers of Standard Novels did not simply want to know how the author had considered the main premise, plot, and theme of the Frankenstein story but that the story -- and its female authorship -- seemed contrary to prevailing gender norms. According to Shelley, the publishers wondered, "how I, then a young girl, came to think of, and to dilate upon, so very hideous an idea?" (16). If young girls were supposed to be sugar, spice, and everything nice, then a story about a monstrous creation would seem antithetical to the 19th century feminine ideal. Not only that, Mary Shelley intuited the publishers' surprise with the author's gender, for no sooner does Shelley launch into a carefully crafted response to their query,…… [Read More]
The first ten books are mostly autobiographical, as Augustine describes in them episodes from his earlier life, and how his position concerning religion and philosophy had changed throughout his existence.
All across the book, Augustine refrains from portraying himself in a way that would glorify him. Instead, he chooses to present himself as the worst individual possible, emphasizing the sins he committed until eventually being saved by Christianity and Neoplatonistic philosophy.
The fact that Augustine insists on how his entourage was mostly responsible for his immoral behavior strengthens the theory that he tended to overestimate himself through considering that he was much better than anyone he came in contact with. Nonetheless, he admits his faults and does not attempt to claim that he is innocent. One can be inclined to believe that the author was actually determined to highlight his character as a Christian and as an intellectual.
While it…… [Read More]
Although vey little histoical infomation is known about the man esponsible fo many of the geatest liteay achievements of all time, the audiences which have witnessed Shakespeae's plays have felt a close pesonal elationship with him. Though his wok, Shakespeae has shaed his deepest feelings and most pesonal expeiences ove and ove again. At is an expession of the self, and egadless of how many factual events ae placed in a body of wok, tue at emains autobiogaphical. This is the eason that Shakespeae's witing has become such an impotant pat of ou cultue and society; the amount of pesonalized enegy with which his wok is infused makes evey wod a pesonal expeience. This is also the eason that Tom Stoppad felt dawn to wite Shakespeae in Love, a fictionalized biogaphy of Shakespeae's expeiences that inspied him to wite the mastepiece Romeo and Juliet. Elements fom the histoical events…… [Read More]
Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury and Disease
The care of patients with brain injury and diseases has improved substantially over the last thirty years. Nonetheless, the acute cognitive effects caused by brain injury are still a problem for the survivors. Such impairments are substantial contributors to functional disability after brain injury and reduce quality of life for affected persons and their families (Schultza, Cifub, McNameea, Nicholsb; Carneb, 2011). Accordingly, it is important for clinicians providing care to persons with brain injury to be familiar with the cognitive squeal of such injuries, their neuropathophysiologic bases, the treatment options that may alleviate such problems, and their effects on functional ability and quality of life.
Literature eview: Cognitive Effects
The anatomy, pathophysiology, and cognitive sequel of brain injury and diseases vary as a function of cause of brain injury. Accordingly, identification of the specific cause of injury and other relevant factors (e.g., age,…… [Read More]
Inner Truth and Outer Truth
The forefathers of our country were not known for their emotional clarity. Neither were they known for expressing publicly their private sense of self. Those who became known at all were known for their hard work and dedication to the public causes meant to benefit the common good. We can perceive them only through our own eyes, much changed by the passage of time.
It is not for us to judge them, but to seek to understand as we hope that those who come after us will seek to understand us. The writings that historical figures have left us reveal their lives in guarded ways, in styles they had been taught were good and proper. If we search closely we may know something of what went on in their inmost hearts. John Woolman sat beside Newbegun Creek and listened quietly for Truth to "open the…… [Read More]
Mirror" by Connie Panzarino
The Me in the Mirror" is an autobiographical work written by Constance Panzarino, a writer, activist and artist who talked about her life as a disable cause by the rare disease Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type II. Connie Panzarino was born on November 26, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York, and her book chronicles her life as a child growing and living with the said muscular disease. The book is divided into different sections that focus on various topics, and her narration is not a chronicle of her life from childhood to adulthood, but rather, Panzarino touched various aspects of her life as a disabled person. In addition to her struggle for physical mobility, her book speaks of her struggles also as a woman who is disabled, as an individual doing passionate work for her fellow disabled individuals, and most importantly, her fight against the concept of "Ableism,"…… [Read More]
Works of Maya Angelou
The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss author Maya Angelou, and some of her most important works. Specifically, it will discuss why her work is important, and give a brief biography of the writer. Maya Angelou has been an inspiration to writers, women, and Blacks ever since she began writing. Her career has spanned decades, and shows no signs of slowing down. Awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1971, Maya Angelou and her works are national treasures, meant to be enjoyed, contemplated, and to give inspiration forever.
Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on April 4, 1928. Her name was Marguerite Annie Johnson. Her brother Bailey gave her the nickname "Maya," for "My" and "my sister."
Maya's mother, Vivian Baxter, was a nurse and card dealer; her father, Bailey Johnson Sr., was a doorman and also a dietician or meal…… [Read More]
Language and Culture in Autobiography
Language, Culture and Identity in the writings of Maxine Hong Kingston, Richard Rodriguez and Alfred Kazin: degradation of culture, family and self"
Through the three autobiographical works, "Talk," by Maxine Hong Kingston, "Hunger of Memory," by Richard Rodriguez and "Brownsville School Days," by Alfred Kazin a reader can plainly comprehend the difficulties associated with immigration and language learning and how those difficulties interact with a developing child's mind. Though the cultures and languages of all three of these authors are vastly different and the severity of internal and external reactions they have to the circumstances their emotional and intellectual responses to their challenges are strikingly similar.
The simple voices of these three children of different cultures become complex words and ideas issued forth through the phenomena of growing up as an outsider and immigrant and most importantly a non-native English speaker. In these three works…… [Read More]
For many critics, no other short story by Ernest Hemingway is as overtly autobiographical as the Snows of Kilimanjaro. Richard Hovey goes as far to say that the story "must have been (Hemingway's) effort to purge himself of long-accumulated guilts" (83).
This paper examines how the parallels between the story's protagonist Harry and Hemingway reveal a theme of the conflict between financial comfort and the artistic calling. It shows how Hemingway depicts a writer, literally rotting from within, as he reflects on his own moral corruption and the loss of his artistic integrity.
As the story begins, the reader quickly learns that the protagonist, a writer named Harry, is dying. A scratch sustained earlier has become infected and has poisoned his blood, causing a gangrenous infection. Harry knows that death was coming, but he could no longer muster any horror or fear. Instead, all he feels is "a great…… [Read More]
Creative Non-Fiction Book/Movie Review
1. Write a 4-5 page book OR film review about one of the texts on the course—or choose from one of the texts below. You cannot write about one of the books, films, or authors you will be presenting on. Feel free to expand on one of your journal entries but be sure to add secondary sources to enhance your research. Submit a typed copy during the first class following reading week. Electronic submissions will not be accepted.
* Use proper MLA format:
* See Libraries for how to write a book review:
* See below for tips on writing film reviews:
Further Reading: (write about any one of the readings belows)
Jill Conway: https://www.amazon.ca/When-Memory-Speaks-Exploring-Autobiography/dp/0679766456
Sonya Lea: https://www.amazon.com/Wondering-Who-You-Are-Memoir-ebook/dp/B00RKI3NAY
Regina McBride: https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Songs-Memoir-Regina-McBride/dp/1941040438
Lacy M. Johnson: https://www.amazon.ca/Other-Side-Lacy-M-Johnson/dp/1935639838
Herta Müller: https://www.amazon.com/Land-Green-Plums-Herta-Müller/dp/0312429940
A.J. Albany: http://www.jerryjazzmusician.com/2003/11/amy-albany-author-of-low-down-jazz-junk-and-other-fairy-tales-from-childhood/
When Conway claims in the first sentence of…… [Read More]
Tim O’Brien is the author of the collection of short stories, The Things They Carried. A renowned American writer, William Timothy O’Brien became famous for writing Vietnam War centered novels. Aside from The Things They Carried, many recognize O’Brien for Going after Cacciato. (Herzog 10) Born in Austin, Minnesota on October 1, 1946, O’Brien spent most of his childhood in Worthington. Being there provided him with a chance at developing both his imagination and artistic sensibility. (Herzog 10) Furthermore, the location became a model for some of the stories in The Things They Carried. One of the main reasons he wrote this collection of short stories was due to the ignorance he considered existed among the general public about the Vietnam War. With most of the characters being semi-autobiographical, O’Brien provides some basis for understanding of what the Vietnam War was really like and thus demonstrating the sense of uncertainty…… [Read More]
Such a parsing of into which school Samuel Beckett can be slotted may seem to be nothing more than intellectual engagement -- not that there is anything wrong with this -- but it also serves as an important way of assessing both the "Irishness" and the humor of Beckett's writings. Unlike a writer like John Synge, for example, or illiam Butler Yeats, Beckett is generally not clearly identifiable as Irish from the dialect or settings or historical references in his writings. (This is especially true, of course, once he begins to write in French.) But there are hints of his nationality in this back-and-forthing that he does with literary genres and literary conventions. Such liberty with self-identification in terms of artistic identity is not solely Irish, of course. But an unwillingness to be categorized neatly does seem to be clearly associated with colonial identity. Ireland in Beckett's time was still…… [Read More]
The story was filled with factual accuracy, while fictional, and vividly rich with images and characters that she and her father could picture with accurate detail. Romano tells us how Mariana finished the story with a young member of the family holding a roughly cut, wooden pony, and how when she gently finished the tale as he was in tears
Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill: National Council of Teachers of English. 1993. Print. This book an unusual book: at one level it is autobiographical, detailing the life of an American of Puerto Rican extraction from his childhood in New York City to an academic post at a university. At another level, Villanueva ponders his experiences in light of the history of rhetoric, the English Only movement, current socio- and psycholinguistic theory, and the writings of Gramsci and Freire, among others.
Zinsser, K. William. On…… [Read More]
The narration of Hope Leslie also offers some other insights into the radical nature of the novel. Sedgwick's personal experiences in her home town as well as in New England and Massachusetts helps to add to the realism and beauty of her own descriptions of these very same places within the novel. However, Sedgwick uses these beautiful, serene, and sometimes melancholy characterizations of the landscape to both enhance the novel's themes and underscore the interactions of the many characters as well as literary devices of their own accord (Schweitzer, 100). One excellent example of this is during Everell's captivity, where Sedgwick uses the vivid and sometimes philosophical landscapes as an integral part of the dramatic action that takes place.
In this way, Sedgwick is one of the first novelists to use this sort of technique in a way that both highlights the natural surroundings in the story and how these…… [Read More]
That is, until an infant ealizes that she is looking at heself in the mio athe than anothe baby, the concept of self cannot begin to fom (Johnston, 1996). As childen matue, the link between cognition and self-concept becomes moe illuminated. In olde childen, pat of the matuation pocess is the ability to solve poblems and pocess infomation (Siegle and Alibali, 2004). The fact that childen use a vaiety of stategies and behave diffeently when ovecoming obstacles to each a common goal eflects diffeences not only in thei cognitive abilities but also how they see themselves -- "I don't give up easily; I always ty my best; I lean well; I don't like myself," etc. (Measelle et al., 2005).
If, as ealie suggested, by five to seven yeas of age, childen ae able to give accuate self-desciptions of themselves, then the pecusos of self-concept clealy evolve aound the toddle and…… [Read More]
" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,
The Father of our souls, shall be,
John tells us, doth not yet appear;
is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.
That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."
Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,
This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…… [Read More]
hen Jacobs was transferred to the Norcoms, the reality of slavery suddenly hit the author hard because prior to her being sold to them she enjoyed a relatively happy childhood in a secure home environment. Dr. Norcom frequently made advances on Jacobs and she was forced to find solace in the arms of a white lawyer to help resist Dr. Norcom. She had two children by the lawyer, and was separated from them. Being separated from her parents and then from her children is a poignant dimension of slavery that Jacobs explicates in the narrative. Moreover, Jacobs describes the insidious psychological abuse that many domestic servants endured.
Jacobs also explains what might be new information for many readers: the different types of slavery and different ways slavery manifested. Not all slaves were field workers and not all slaves were treated poorly. Some, like her parents at the outset of the…… [Read More]
..Educational psychologists have made rather extensive investigations of semantic (declarative) and procedural memory with respect to studying and theorizing about classroom learning and teaching....very little theoretical or empirical work has been conducted in educational psychology that has examined the episodic (experiential and autobiographical) memories of teachers and learners in relation to instructional interventions and students' learning from such interventions.
Martin 1993: 169-170)
Another memory theory that has become popular and may have significant educational distinction is the concept of working memory, or rapid access memory that is finite (such as the AM of a computer and therefore cannot be stretched across to much stimulus or brain work to elicit memory of the core concepts.
esearch on test anxiety and working memory suggests that performance deficits caused by test anxiety can be explained by the extent to which individuals are able to use their working memory capacity (Darke, 1988b; Eysenck, 1985).…… [Read More]
They were followed in 1936 by the Harlem River Houses, a more modest experiment in housing projects. And by 1964, nine giant public housing projects had been constructed in the neighborhood, housing over 41,000 people [see also Tritter; Pinckney and oock].
The roots of Harlem's various pre 1960's-era movements for African-American equality began growing years before the Harlem Renaissance itself, and were still alive long after the Harlem Renaissance ended. For example:
The NAACP became active in Harlem in 1910 and Marcus Garvey's Universal
Negro Improvement Organization in 1916. The NAACP chapter there soon grew to be the largest in the country. Activist a. Philip Randolph lived in Harlem and published the radical magazine the Messenger starting in 1917.
It was from Harlem that he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters. .E.B. DuBois lived and published in Harlem in the 1920s, as did
James eldon Johnson and Marcus Garvey.…… [Read More]
Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch
The movie Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch was directed by Chi Leung "Jacob" Cheung which has been nominated for 4 awards at the Hong Kong Film Award. The story mostly follows the young Lai Shi on his quest to become a eunuch for the Manchu Emperor. The story is adapted from a somewhat autobiographical novel.
Lai Shi's quest of becoming a eunuch is very noble; the main goal behind his decision of castrating himself in order to become a eunuch was to be able to earn more money for his family to survive. The eunuchs were usually recruited from lower classes and castration was a necessary element for anyone wishing to become a eunuch during this era (Scholz, 131). In this regards, it would be true to say that Lai Shi is defined as the real hero archetype, as he was ready to do a…… [Read More]
English literature texts
Both Rohinton Mistry's "Squatter" and Ngugi a Thiong'o's "Decolonizing the Mind" utilize literature to challenge the idea of a uniform national and cultural identity, primarily through the means of depicting situations in which there are clashes of culture. Both are cautionary tales that warn against the forsaking of one's initial, primary heritage in exchange for a esternized adaptation. The primary difference between the two works lies in the perspectives of both the authors and the events which affect the characters in the stories: Mistry's does so from the perspective of assimilation, while Thiong'o's does so from the perspective of suppression.
That Mistry's short story, definitely farcical in nature, is a warning to those who risk abandoning their culture in favor of willfully assimilating to another, is evident from the subject matter: that of a triumphant Parsi young man settling into Canada to become a fully integrated esterner.…… [Read More]
The fact that this figure remains a guess says something important about what orrison was up against in trying to find out the full story of the slave trade. uch of that story has been ignored, left behind, or simply lost.
Through her works she attempted to retell the stories of grief associated with slavery and terror, her characters living their lives with greater understanding of its value than almost any other set of characters in fiction today.
Within the genre of the autobiography there is a different tenor of thought the words and deeds are that of the author and the message is clearly self, devolvement. Angelou in the Heart of a Woman demonstrates the ideals of her time, as a civil rights organizer and protestor. She clearly spells out the strife that exists between whites, and blacks and the dangerous dance they are doing during what most would…… [Read More]
This fox asks the prince to tame him (the word in French is closer to "befriend" or even "socialize") for only in being tamed and forming that sort of relationship does he become unique. The fox says, "ut if you tame me, then we shall need each other. To me, you will be unique in all the world. To you, I shall be unique in all the world..." (Ch. 21) it is this which gives color to the world. In taming the fox, and learning that establishing ties and relationships is what gives meaning to life, the prince comes to understand that his rose is unique, because she has a relationship with him. The idea that it is relationships, commitments, and sacrifices which define and give meaning to life is one which continues through-out Exupery's life and work. "One sees clearly only with the heart," the fox informs the prince,…… [Read More]
The integrated and conscious self: Attaining and using consciousness in Antonio Damasio's "The Feeling of hat Happens"
In Antonio Damasio's discussion of the scientific foundations of studying "consciousness," he presented a two-fold analysis of how consciousness is developed and utilized by humans. In his book, "The Feeling of hat Happens," Damasio explicated first on the neurological basis of the creation and development of consciousness in the human mind. In this phase, he attempted to illustrate how consciousness is developed biologically, or more specifically, neurologically. This finding helped relate Damasio's second point in his discourse, which brought into fore the function of consciousness in creating greater rationalization for the individual.
hat Damasio's findings in the book proved that consciousness, a concept that has been discussed conceptually and abstractly, was now illustrated in scientific and concrete terms. Consciousness is no longer just a social phenomenon, but is also a scientific…… [Read More]