Responses To 18th Century Enlightenment And French Revolution Chapter

Length: 1 pages Subject: Black Studies - Philosophy Type: Chapter Paper: #74664474 Related Topics: Enlightenment Period, Enlightenment, French, Worldview
Excerpt from Chapter :

French Revolution

Enlightenment

The enlightenment was one of the most interesting times in history. In this period there was a considerable amount of philosophical inquiry being devoted to challenging traditional worldviews. Intellectuals began to investigate different forms of state power and questioning what rights people should be given simply because they were human. These were referred to as natural rights and John Locke's version includes the naturally acquired right for everyone to have "life, liberty, and property." These concepts have provided much of the foundation for the same principles that guide the Western world today. The rights that were identified in this period protected the citizens from extreme forms of despotic rule and provided a path for...

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This was a major social and political shift and previously many of the kings and rulers believed, at least claimed that they derived their power to rule directly from God himself. This was a hard position to overcome in the development of humanity. Challenging someone that believed that their power came directly from God could have severe implications for the challenger. It wasn't until a momentum of rationalism began to take foot that there was enough of a foundation for citizens to begin to question the power of their rulers. However when enough people began to organize themselves and challenge the traditional power structures they were able to create new systems of organization.

Spread of the Enlightenment

Once people began to develop the idea that they could challenge existing thoughts and practices, this type of inquiry spread to all kinds…

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