Ritalin: A Misclassified Drug According Term Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Sports - Drugs Type: Term Paper Paper: #94083600 Related Topics: Drug Addiction, Drugs In Sports, Drugs, Drug Abuse
Excerpt from Term Paper :



Most doctors that prescribe Ritalin today caution patients to talk with them prior to discontinuation, and most will use a tapering system to wean patients from the medication so they do not experience withdrawal symptoms.

What I would like to see presented in the DSM-V work group committee members is a change in language so that Ritalin is classified as an agent that can result in dependency, misuse and abuse. This is especially true given the fact that it is often used as a street "drug" that has an amphetamine like reaction in individuals that use it without the need for it. People that use Ritalin that have a justified need for it may feel nothing except they are better able to concentrate, if the medication is working properly; however the medication is not tolerated the same in all people that use it. The work group committee members need simply to read and review the dozens of studies available that link misuse and abuse of Ritalin. The U.S. Department of Health and Human services note that even people that are legitimately prescribed a drug can develop physiological dependence especially when the medication is used over the long-term. Psychological dependence is more likely of individuals that have a history of addiction or related problems (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006, p.3). Some people realize they need an escalating does to increase their productivity or any sense of "euphoria" a drug may create.

Others may want to misuse the drug as an appetite suppressant, a habit that can be especially dangerous because Ritalin stimulates the central nervous system. Overuse of this medication by individuals that have or do not have a prescription may result in cardiovascular problems including heart attacks or stroke (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Doctors have an obligation to monitor patients for these effects. However, the DSM V and membership committee also have a quality of their life.

Doctors also must have this information from the DSM so they can report to patients the potential side effects or the potential for abuse or misuse of the drug. If they are not fully aware or fully informed, the industry may suffer as patients are more likely to enter into litigation if their health declines because of a perceived "misdeed" on the part of the prescribing physician. Prescribing physicians must first examine the patient's history to determine if they have a history or dependency, chronic pain or other conditions that may lead to dependency before they can prescribe the medication (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006). Should this information not be presented in the DSM-V, the work group committee members are at risk for litigation that may stem from the illicit use of a drug that should be carefully monitored and prescribed. As it stands now, this medication is far to easy to get, thus the work group committee has a duty to the patients and doctors it works for to define and categorize Ritalin accordingly.

References

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Text Revision.

Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC:

American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed., Revised. Washington,

DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1987.

First, M.B., & Pincus, a. (2002 Mar) the DSM-IV Text Revision: Rationale and Potential Impact on Clinical Practice. American Psychiatric Association, Psychiatr Serv, 53:288-292.

Sadock, B.J., & Sadock, V.A. (2007) Study guide and self-examination review in psychiatry. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Spitzer, RL, Wakefield, JC, (1999) DSM-IV diagnostic criterion for clinical significance:

Does it help solve the false positives problem? American Journal of Psychiatry, 156:1856-1864.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2006) Prescription medications:

Misuse, abuse, dependence, and addiction. Substance abuse treatment advisory. 5(2):1-5.…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Text Revision.

Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC:

American Psychiatric Association, 1994.


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