Therefore, the servant leadership theory reflects the need for analyzing this type of leadership.
Servant Leadership Cons
There is also certain criticism addressed by some to this theory. It seems that servant leadership provides a too soft approach that does not favor the development of competitiveness within the company. The increased competition in the business environment requires that companies also build a competitive environment within them in order to help employees develop the skills required by successfully addressing the business environment.
In addition to this, servant leaders do not impose correction of certain issues and required discipline as often as they should. Their approach in situations that require such actions is usually to use persuasion skills in order to determine employees to modify their behavior. There are also situations where confidentiality must be kept regarding certain issues. Servant leaders are usually open to their subordinates, and tend to reveal confidential issues.
Another issue regarding servant leaders that is criticized is represented by the fact that these leaders, like participative leaders, involve their team members in the decision making process (Joseph, 2006). However, there are situations where such an approach is not to be followed. Therefore, in such situations the servant leader should listen less, and focus more on giving orders intended to address these situations.
In addition to this, some of the effects of servant leadership on companies seem to not be in accordance with the requirements of the business environment. Therefore, servant leaders must modify their behavior in accordance with these requirements. Their behavior also influences the situation of the community.
Implications of the Servant Leadership Theory
The servant leadership theory has significant implications n organizational level. Human resources management is one of the fields where servant leadership seems to be the most influential. The processes and activities within companies are also influenced by the leadership style.
The different types of leadership have different approaches and effects on companies, on employees, and on the business environment. This is because the leadership style represents the response that companies give to the environmental factors that influence their activity. Therefore, it is important that the leadership style is in accordance with the necessities determined by these factors.
The servant leadership style provides significant strong points. These can be mostly observed in the relationship between the leader and his subordinates. In this case, employees feel protected by the leader. They are also involved in the decision making process, and are encouraged to share their opinions. Servant leaders focus on the development of human resources.
However, there are certain issues that servant leaders must improve regarding their approach to leadership. In other words, servant leaders should increase their focus on processes, and not just limit to human resources. This is because there are situations that require the decisions of the leaders, their orders, and not the involvement of employees in the decision making process. In addition to this, leaders should not reveal as much as they do to their employees. It is important that the leader understands the need for focusing on certain processes and on improving the company and its productivity.
1. Gill, R. (2006). Theory and Practice of Leadership. Sage Publications. Retrieved March 28, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=yNspK3EEFg0C&pg=PA41&dq=servant+leadership+theory&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=HqlUUb_9I5GLswaDzYDwCw&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=servant%20leadership%20theory&f=false.
2. Lussier, R. & Achua, C. (2010). Leadership: Theory, Application, and Skill Development. Cengage Learning. Retrieved March 28, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=7ctnVNMtBQgC&pg=PA356&dq=servant+leadership+theory&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=9qlUUb72Ds_mtQbsyYCIBg&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=servant%20leadership%20theory&f=false.
3. Joseph, E. (2006). An Exploration of the Relationship Between Servant leadership Attributes and Leaders' Negotiation Strategy. Retrieved March 28, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=m7eGCulKUCgC&dq=servant+leadership+theory&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=CatUUc7bM4KUtQaIjYHoAg&ved=0CGIQ6AEwCTgK.
4. Bugenhagen, M. (2006). Antecedents of Transactional, Transformational, and Servant Leadership: A Constructive Development Theory Approach. Retrieved March 28, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=GwUNvwc5rPQC&dq=servant+leadership+theory&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=v6tUUfLAPITKsgbzqoGQBA&ved=0CGQQ6AEwCTgU.