Sexual Harassment Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

Sexual harassment is not something that has a sole effect on the accuser and the victim. This type of behavior has an influence on everything around them. Sexual harassment policies are put in practice to make sure there is a safe environment and lessen employer liability. There are approaches that can be performed in order to display the commitment that is from people in high places. With that said, this essay will discuss sexual harassment and also the characteristics that go along with it

What is Sexual Harassment?

Sexual harassment can be describes as any unwanted or unwelcome kindness either by talking or touching to a person that is reasonable is way that is inappropriate. This word sometimes encompasses to comprise of gender harassment, harassment based on sexual orientation, and also sexual abuse (Kantrowitz, 2005). If the victim does not show any type of expression, then it cannot be called sexual harassment. However, it is by law that it is not looked at as harassment if the victim does not express their rejection to the action the harasser is forcing on he or she.

Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination

Sexual harassment or gender discrimination can be verified in two diverse conditions. Sexual harassment is making unwelcome sexual advances, making offensive sexual comments, touching someone sexually against their will, threatening to fire/demote someone for not executing sexual favors for a boss, proposing to endorse a person if they will perform sexual favors for a boss.

Gender discrimination is when a person refuses to hire or promote a person or paying someone less money the same type of job for the reason that person's gender. It is looked at as only gender discrimination if the individual is not able to perform the job at the same pace as other workers, but is not given the chance. (Example: until lately, women were not able to work on ships in the U.S. Navy).

Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment

Quid pro quo harassment is the most typically looked at as a type of sexual harassment. It takes place when (1) job benefits, which involves occupation, raise, increases in pay, shift or work projects, performance prospects and other conditions of a job, or (2) the refusal of a sexual advance or appeal for sexual kindnesses outcomes in a perceptible employment disadvantage, a loss of a job benefit of the kind that is talked about from above (Gladstone, 2005).

This type of harassment is usually not allowed as an idea of criminal law (in certain circumstances, this is denoted as "abuse of power"), as a form of discrimination, sex or as a defilement of work or offense law (Sexual harassment In the Wohkplace, 2013).

Whenever a sexual harassment claimant starts establishing a case that is considered to be sexual harassment that encounters appropriate legal values, companies usually have the load of demonstrating that the harassment did not happen or that it happened for non-discriminatory details.

Hostile Environment and Sexual Harassment

The term "hostile work environment" has something to do with certain situations in which the hostile, threatening or aggressive conduct of another irrationally inhibits with a worker's work presentation or a student's academic learning setting. The behavior has to be really bad and prevalent to generate a frightening, hostile, or aggressive environment. Harassment is severe and persistent when it happens a lot, showing disgrace or threats that are physical, or even unreasonably gets involved and hinders a person's work performance or school work. Examples of a hostile environment are something like touching someone that does not want to be touched, comments or materials, evocative jokes, unwelcome sexual solicitations, threatening acts or words, or showing any form of pornographic data (Gladstone, 2005). On the other hand, minor or infrequent offensive remarks can more than likely not increase to the level of an environment that is hostile.

Up under the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it is illegal to victimize against a person in any feature of service on the foundation of an individual's sex (Sexual harassment In the Wohkplace, 2013). This comprises sexual harassment in the place of work.

Sexual harassment is described as unwanted sexual advances, unwanted needs for sexual favoritisms, and undesirable physical contact of a sexual nature or undesirable physical or verbal conduct that is of some sort of sexual nature. Sexual harassment has something to do with conduct which is directed by an individual at another individual of the exact or opposite gender. "Unwelcome physical or verbal behavior of a sexual type" comprises, but is not restricted to, the cautious, recurrent making of unwelcome gesticulations or explanations of a sexual way of doing things; the considered repeated action of aggressive sexually graphic materials which is not essential for business determinations; or careful physical or verbal behaviour of a sexual characteristics, whether or not repeated, that is adequately austere to interfere significantly with an worker's work presentation or to generate an threatening, aggressive or violent work setting (Petrocelli & Repa, 2006).

Factor that Contribute Sexual Harassment

In a lot of various situations, the cause of sexual harassment is originated in the nature and structure of the work setting. The succeeding factors can donate to examples of sexual harassment that go on at the workplace:

Dependence on other co-workers for teamwork and support

Dependence on administrators for career approval and success

Abusing the authority

Bullying in the workplace

Management that is poor

A job that is unstable

Personal issues for instance divorce

What is "unreasonable" behavior?

The law is not able to know what one is thinking. An easy evaluation for what most normal people would do in a certain circumstance needs to be utilized often to make the judgment whether something happens to be sensible. This is known as the Reasonable Person Standard by many people. This type of person think out of limits or hinders with work in the situation of harassment. If a "reasonable person" is able to look into the behavior adequately severe to generate a rude working setting, a defilement of Title Vll has happened. (Sexual harassment In the Workplace, 2013). This form of behavior is not really looked at in many companies and in fact it kind of flies up under the radar going undetected for quite some time. Most victims are even afraid to say anything from the start especially women because they think it will be blamed on them.

What is "severe or pervasive" and why these terms are important?

Severe and pervasive condition in concerns to harassment falls into the context and case-by-case circumstances into explanation. Courts necessitate criminal harassment to involve of one enormously austere occurrence or to continue long enough to become increasing. In some cases the court has held that in order to get a prima facie type of situation, the harassment is going to have to be something that is really bad, maybe life threating or continue long enough to the point where is becomes typical and hostile (Kantrowitz, 2005). A plaintiff is walking on egg shells if they refuse to tell what happens. It is vital that they report the initial harassment as soon as possible, because it could be looked as agreement. Severe and pervasive behavior or circumstances must likewise alter the positions and circumstances of the service in the mind of the person considered to be the victim and in the eyes of a sensible spectator (Sexual harassment In the Workplace, 2013).

Give the main legal reason why every company should have a valid written policy against sexual harassment

If a business miscarries in promoting some kind of policy on this issue it can have a turn out where there will be major lawsuits. During 1991, Congress put in the Title VII in order to allow victims of sexual harassment to get back what was taken from them according to the policy of the federal law. The EEOC inspires companies to "take every type of essential step in order to stop sexual harassment from taken place, for instance, as positively raising the subject of sexual harassment, and even going so far as to demonstrate disapproval that is strong, emerging suitable authorizations, notifying workers of their liberty to increase, and how to bring up, the concern of harassment which does fall up under the Title VII," (Harassment prevention policies and guidelines., 2013) A person that is the plaintiff in a sexual harassment charge now has the liberty to go before a trial jury. When the plaintiff is successful that are able to recuperate lost salaries, attorney dues, and more and not to mention the emotional injury and penal compensations up to $400,000, but this really depends on the employer's workforce size (Harassment prevention policies and guidelines., 2013). If a business has a sexual harassment rule, and a worker chooses not to let anyone know about the harassment, the worker will not have a case.

Meritor savings bank v. Vinson

Michelle Vinson was a woman that was working for Meritor Savings Bank. At one time, they fired her,…

Sources Used in Document:


Harassment prevention policies and guidelines. . (2013, April 4). Retrieved from

Sexual harassment In the Wohkplace. (2013, April 4). Retrieved from West's Encyclopedia of American Law: harassment

Gladstone, L.W. (2005). Sexual harassment policy, rules applicable to congressional. Congressional Research Service, 23-40.

Kantrowitz, B. (2005). Striking a nerve. Newsweek, 34-38.

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