She protects her from the men, believing her innocent of sex. When Frank says he has made love to her, Kitty replies, "Now see here: I won't have any young scamp tampering with my little girl" (232). Later Kitty says to Vivie, "What do you know of men, child, to talk that way about them?" (242). She criticizes her daughter for showing independence and putting on airs (243) and tries to control her, saying, "Your way of life will be what I please, so it will" (243). In sum, this shows a conflicting worldview between mother and daughter, with the experienced mother believing that the innocent daughter is straying from the right path.
After accepting her mother briefly, the end shows Vivie breaking with Kitty completely. Their views of choice and emancipation are different. Kitty feels like she was determined into prostitution, and is proud of having made it so well. Vivie's view is different: "Everybody has some choice, mother" (246). Vivie hates the notion of fate and believes in freedom. "People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don't believe in circumstances" (246). It is this viewpoint that drives her into professional life and away from romance. The key is that Vivie, in her innocence, does not understand the world yet. Her choice for emancipation is naive, according to Kitty, and based on different goals. Kitty wants respectability and realizes that her daughter, as a lady with an education, would be a fool to do prostitution (250). But she hangs on to an outdated view: "Don't you be led astray by people who don't know the world, my girl. The only way for a woman to provide for herself decently is for her to be good to some man that can afford to be good to her" (251).
Vivie rejects this in her emancipated self-sufficiency. She finds her mother's idea of life repulsive and boring. Instead, she pursues the new form of emancipation: business work. It is exactly this which allows her ultimately to reject her mother's allowance and set herself up financially to live alone. She regains her self-possession (270). In the final interaction, the mother persists...
Kitty thinks her daughter is deluded in innocence. In the end, Vivie remains innocent, going her own way forward, but toward a different kind of experience. She parts without feeling like it will make any difference, disowning Kitty, choosing to remain distant from the woman she has never known. They both must work, she says, "But my work is not your work, and my way not your way" (284). Johnson says, "Vivie thus rejects her mother, not because of her unconventional sexual politics, but because she strives for upper-class respectability" (95). She interprets this "New Woman" renunciation as hypocrisy. But one can read it not as a drive for respectability, which is in fact Kitty's main view, but as a drive for independence. Vivie finds her mother a contradiction she cannot endure, and turns to her new emancipated, self-determined, and innocent path.
In sum, the relationship between innocence and experience plays out between the mother and daughter. This theme is crucial today, for the same types of dynamics continue to shape the relationships between mothers and daughters. Often parents and children have competing worldviews. This negotiation is difficult for both, just as it is in Mrs. Warren's Profession. The play teaches its audience both to hold a sympathetic view for the underprivileged, who are forced to assume possibly shameful roles. At the same time, it shows that worldly experience is not all it is cracked up to be. Innocence is an option. Self-determination is possible. Women can work hard to make it in the professional world, even if it means rejecting the traditional view of a parent and resisting its influence. This theme remains relevant for the contemporary world.
Gilmartin, Andrina. "Mr. Shaw's Many Mothers." In Fabian Feminist: Bernard Shaw and Woman. Edited by Rodelle Weintraub, 143-55. University Park: Pennsylvania State University, 1977.
Johnson, Katie N. Sisters in Sin: Brothel Drama in America, 1900-1920. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Shaw, Bernard. Plays Unpleasant. New York: Penguin…
Mrs. Warrant's Profession: The Intellectual, the Victim, and the Conventional Woman Mrs. Warren's Profession" by George Bernard Shaw was a play written more than a hundred years ago in 1894 The roles that women play in this masterpiece show that Shaw was far ahead of his time in his thoughts about what women should do and be. He presented a new vision of an intellectual, entrepreneurial woman and challenged the conventional roles
For Mrs. Warren, modern meant breaking away from traditional values and making a profit from one of the oldest, yet most detestable business known to mankind. While many may question her morals, no one can question her individual success free from the constraints of any man. Vivie takes after her mother in that she refuses to be told what to do or how to behave by any societal norms.
Victorian New Woman: Shaw's Views Victiorian New Woman In their analysis of the 'sexualized visions of change and exchange' which mark the end of the nineteenth century (Smith, Marshall University) 1 and the uncertain formation of the twentieth, Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar read the leitmotif of the late-Victorian New Woman as one fantasy among many, part of a sequence of imaginative literary extremes that reflects the changing stakes in an escalating
Warren's business partner and has in fact invested 40,000 pounds in the venture. In his own words, "The fact is, it's not what would be considered exactly a high-class business in my set -- the county set, you know.... Not that there is any mystery about it: don't think that. Of course you know by your mother's being in it that it's perfectly straight and honest. I've known her
The author also makes it clear to his audiences that he is not afraid to rock the social boat and portray women's lives as women themselves would like them to be - even if this level of enlightenment was not yet a federal mandate. In one of her responses to Praed's initial line of questioning, Vivie advises (and shocks) him by saying: "Oh yes I do. I like working and
The servant is deemed 'other' by society, of an entirely different class than the mistress. The servant seems grateful simply to simply be employed to an individual of high-born status. The 'otherness' between the two women is so great, the servant does not even seem to perceive herself as part of the same substance as the lady. She has no jealousy of the fact that the lady does not