On the packages, only girls were playing with them, and the packages were decorated with bows. The dog has a royal blue bowl and a more assertive posture than the kitten, which also has a light pink bowl.
Baby Born" is an infant doll that looks quite life-like. Again only girls were shown playing with these on the packaging. The girls' pictures were framed by hearts. Baby Born comes with bottles, rattles, and a blanket, so the toy is interactive. Thus girls are given interactive toys that nurture, while the boys are being given toys that encourage them to build and explore their world, especially at later ages.
The Wiggles" Musical Guitar" is a toy electric guitar that is played by pushing buttons placed along the neck. This toy is clearly aimed at boys. While it uses bright, primary colors, only young men are shown on the box, and the message is driven home as some of the buttons are shaped like boys as well. No girls are shown anywhere, perpetuating the stereotype that only boys play electric guitars.
At ages six to ten, real differences appeared. "My Real Puppy" was not packaged in a sex-preferenced way. It is a somewhat realistic representation of a puppy (or kitten) and comes with bowl, collar and leash. It makes animal sounds. The ...
New Born Puppy/Bunny" is clearly geared toward girls. The toys act in ways designed to get a nurturing response. Supposedly newborn, they raise their heads and open their eyes. The packaging shows little girls looking adoringly at the toy and cuddling them.
At this age there were a lot of Legos kits, none of which seemed to appeal to girls. The STAR WARS kit allows the child to make a kind of starship used in battle in the movies. The package is colored in dark colors of browns and blacks, with orange and bright, non-pastel yellows. It shows a boy flying the starship.
Perhaps it makes sense to market the STAR WARS kit to boys, but all LEGOS kits were geared that way, even when girls could have been worked in. LEGOS' "Knights' Kingdom" is an elaborate set that allows the builder to construct an elaborate castle complete with architecturally-detailed towers and a working drawbridge. It comes with action figures - all male. Given the popularity of the Harry Potter books with girls as well as boys and the presence of important female characters in those stories, it seems as if LEGOS could broaden its market by including girls in this kit. It could be called "royal kingdom" or "medieval kingdom" and be more gender neutral. I did not find any toys that encouraged girls to build. The great majority of female toys encouraged nurturing and passive play.
The dog has a royal blue bowl and a more assertive posture than the kitten, which also has a light pink bowl.
GENDER IDENTITY Explain interaction hormones behavior interactions affect determination gender identity. Address paper: Include roles biological factors - nature- environmental influences-nutrue- sexual differentiation gender identity. The interaction between hormones and behavior Essentially, the difference in the brain of males and females is mostly realized in the concepts of sex and gender aspects. Most of these realizations have been made in the recent years as researchers have focused on the structure and functionalism
Gender Development and Stereotyping Gender typing refers to the process through which a child starts becoming aware of their gender and hence starts behaving accordingly through adoption of values and attributes which are associated with members of the sex which they identify as being the one they belong to . This is a very important step to the social and personality development of a child as it has an impact on
Name changes, surgery or even legal birth certificate changes on this subject are scrutinized, difficult to attain and never really expressly respected as legitimate proof of someone's sex or gender, once they have occurred. (117) Denmark and Nielson, in their International handbook on Gender Roles characterize the U.S. As a multi-cultural nation that is demonstrative of social change with regard to gender roles and yet they go on to say
In addition, the researcher note that the relatively small sample size in their study did not allow separate genetic analyses for males and females (Coolidge et al.). Environmentalism (social influence). A recent study by Wallien and Cohen-Kettenis (2008) analyzed psychosexual outcomes of gender-dysphoric children at 16 years and older to determine childhood characteristics related to psychosexual outcomes based on various social influences that may be experienced during the timeframes studied.
Firstly, males tend to base their self-worth on what they have accomplished as individuals. This is an "independent self-concept." Females on the other hand, tend to judge themselves more in terms of an "interconnected self-concept," meaning that they assess themselves in terms of how they interact with other people. Research has also demonstrated however that in countries like the United States, which are considered to be relatively individualistic, the
Toy Study Fred Meyer Toy Section aisle sections of toys; about 1/3 gender neutral, about 1/2 boys, the rest girls. Themes seemed archetypal: Boys = trucks, guns, action figures; Girls = dolls, ovens, dress ups; Gender Neutral = puzzles, construction, science and art, plush (depending on age). Toys were grouped according to type: plush, art, dolls, etc. Asked for help, there was no one dedicated to toys; asked for a specific product,