Warehouse Management Systems WMS the Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Below, we study, both the primary and secondary drivers, to get a clear picture of WMS.

Choosing a WMS

Primary drivers include a group of fundamental functions and operatives of a warehouse system like the software components, technology, cost, support and other utilities as well as the precise graphic business necessities. Below is the further explanation of the applications included in the primary drivers (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Software Components

Software components and the operations play a huge part in the advancing market and rising competition. The more efficient and updated the software components, the better the pace of the implementation of the functions of the warehouse, as well as the transferability and amalgamation of the advanced software application and prior-used components with new ones, etc. (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).


With the increasing competition in the market, technological advancements have paved their way into becoming one of the essentials drivers. Of course any purchase or use of technology has to coordinate with the hardware and systems being employed in the warehouse and currently in the internet-driven era, it is important to update the systems and utilize the facilities of advanced technologies (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Support and other utilities

Back-up of any setup, especially the software applications, is crucial in any business which makes this particular driver critical in WMS. The pre-purchase authentication, mechanical or web back-up along with and certification and preparation back-up ought to be represented in this driver (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).


The main aim of all businesses along with making the maximum profits is to do it with as little time and money consumed as possible. This has not changed with the advancements in technology or software applications. Normally, in competitive atmospheres, corporations offer the software application at lowered prices but cover up the difference in the hardware supply, application and maintenance facilities; so in other words, everything needs to be taken into consideration by the firm at the time of purchase (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).


Customization is perhaps the decisive service to consider at the time of purchase of a software application as some contractors do not offer this service due to the decrease in profits. It renders differences in the needs of different companies and even with the various departments within a company. The companies should consider before going through the process of customizing their applications and systems that none of the customized changes reflect negatively on the overall costs (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

7.3.2 Secondary drivers:

Secondary drivers do not hold as much value in the majority of the firms as the primary drivers and are not crucial in the success or failure of the company, however, numerous sales companies can employ these drivers to increase their purchase percentages. The secondary drivers include the following (Sahay and Gupta, 2003):

Vendor potency

The vendor potency in this particular drive is concluded through the analyses and examinations of the seller's overall individual capabilities, management of the material and monetary assets, capital attainment, networks formations, business awareness, market knowledge, risk-bearing abilities and familiarity (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Vendor image

This is a differential and variant qualitative aspect dependent on the seller's strategy, research and developments for creative, enhanced, endorsed and well-advertised products, ideas and associations or affiliations within the market sphere for the development of the software applications (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Industries covered

Another important factor that needs to be taken into consideration is the spread of particular software i.e. The current customers of the seller and his software which enables the company to analyze the appropriateness of the software in different situations and how to coordinate that into their own setup (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Other drivers

Some of the other drivers that are included amongst the secondary drivers are mainly widespread and personal like the need for safety, receptiveness, error management, diversity and elasticity. The safety issues that should be given importance and quick resolutions include data smashing, data piracy and fraud. The history of the seller and execution of the product are also extremely crucial for its future success or failure (Sahay and Gupta, 2003).

Future trends in WMS

One common denominator in the objectives of all the companies in the international and business market is the aim to decrease the expenses, increase the profits while at the same time enhancing the process of the production and merchandise to gain an edge over the competition. The technology advancements and the it software revised applications increasingly offer the appropriate and commanding ways to achieve these common goals making it pretty predictable to see the EAI Software playing a fundamental part in the amalgamation of different software applications like the SCM, ERP, WMS/TMS (Roch, 202, p. 36; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005). This trend, as a matter of fact, has already been applied and carried through in the agenda and curriculum of SAP where the operations of the WMS/TMS and SAP APO-applications have been integrated, for the SCM enhancement troubles, to form a completely new software application. Conversely, though these new technologies offer what the companies need, most of them still prefer to employ the logically-supported inter-corrective leaning tactics in their systems setup because of the fluctuating and impulsive nature of the commercial settings (Rosenblum, 204; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005).

In the future, one of the foreseen trends in the ERP setup could be their move to expand the value series contribution supported by a potential of, not only encompassing a targeted consumer but also having an aimed edition of the new ERP system in operation, one that would make both the outward and inward contributions of information and facts achievable by linking the functions outwardly and building the structural design in a web-supported, exposed and constituently setup environment (Helo and Szekely, 2005).

Primarily the infrastructure included transportation facilities that dealt with only the deliver and allocation of the products to the market, whereas in current times these are now expanding into visual display unit (VDU) procedures and warehouse management systems. An important fact to note here is that the WMS transportation services do not encompass the decision and choices of the course of transportation along with the loading and unloading regulations. This new aspect of transportation facilities are already being incorporated into numerous project source development structures and software applications like SAPR/3. Of course, the result though positive does create a new scenario which needs to be resolved as well i.e. The incorporation of the logistics department to additional delivery classifications (Helo and Szekely, 2005).

The EAI software application supplies numerous mechanisms for a methodical and informed transfer of homogeneous statistics and facts. When looking at it in application or practically, this then results in the intersection of numerous software applications offered. So what is left in the end is the decision for the managers to either utilize an ERP software application which is complete with everything needed but results in the inactivity of certain features and overlapping of others or to purchase and employ groups of various smaller software applications in accordance to what they need (Helo and Szekely, 2005).

A recent research that was conducted in Canada, on the influence of the various dimensions brought for the delivery classifications confirmed the following (Industry Canada et al., 2003; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005):

Web-supported system for software being substituted by the varying structural designs;

The communication of information increased between the commercial businesses concerning the supply chain; and Consistency of this information transference between the corporations had become more important to the point of success of failure being partially dependent on them.

The supply chain event management systems allows the executives to examine their transportation and delivery services, as well as, communicate and manage with the contractors, as well as, the consumers to tackle any unexpected ill-response or dissatisfactory results. Plus, an SCEM setup will be operated to communicate efficiently and accurately the timelines and categories of the forthcoming events. Another possible application that could be introduced into the WMS/TMS sections is the use of voice recognition technologies that will make the executions of numerous functions a lot simpler and concurrently administered (Wyat, 202; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005).

The developed labor management setups will allow the managers to choose the laborers according to their abilities; choose the number of the employees required according to the volume of the task, as well as, help them to inspect and analyze the accomplishment statistics for every worker (Wyat, 202; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005).

The introduction and enhancement of RFID-technology, accompanied with barcodes making it more cost-valuable, will potentially initiate the use of appliances and functions that have an enhanced reading variety, speedier processing of operations and better storage setup (Wyat, 202; as cited in Helo and Szekely, 2005).


Helo, P and Szekely, B. (2005). Logistics information systems. An analysis of software solutions for…

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