White's Concept Of Public Administration And Management Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Business - Management Type: Essay Paper: #53769356 Related Topics: Toulmin Argument, Public Administration, Public Personnel Administration, Administrative Law

Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … Administrative Traditions in America

American administrative tradition has been a historic dilemma for a long time. This is caused by the existence of various administrative traditions like the Hamiltonian traditions, the Madisonian, Wilsonian, and the Jeffersonian tradition. The mode of managing has improved dramatically, and the gap between the theory and the actual activities has brought many challenges to the managing sector. According to Kettl, political scientists have been in the process to initiate some approaches. Formal modeling is one of the administrative traditions that Kettl supports. He also suggests a public method of management and a right of citizens to choose institutions of their choice. Additionally, Kettl goes ahead and gives the effective methods America should focus on to have formal obligations. He talks of administration personnel and theorists who need to focus on the link between the government and its surrounding which include political, social and administrative. The author adds and states that the linking of these bodies in America is the formation of for the perception of the action of the American government in the 21st century (Kettl, 2015).

The traditions in America brought along serious administrative tensions. The tensions arose from these key administrative traditions because they focused on different interests. Hamiltonian traditions seek for effective governance while the Jeffersonian tradition was interested in the weak executive of America. Kettl talked about the work of managers as facing many challenges. This showed that the running of companies would eventually succumb to ineffective management. Government and the United States citizens were at a worry about the economy. Failure of the managers in their work greatly affects many countries and United States was therefore in the same views of economy affection by the administrative traditions...


Throughout history, Hamilton is credited as the cause of the American administrative state through the tradition. He was firm and made effective moves on his traditions, and the historians credited him to be the loudest when it came to devising administration. He focused on effectiveness in the government and called for a new form of government in America of which it happened a few years later (Kettl, 2015).

Jeffersonian Tradition

Jeffersonian tradition is one of the administrative traditions that have influenced the lives of many Americans. Thomas Jefferson founded as he sought to redefine America's political tradition. This tradition was much interested in the misuse of power by the people in top positions in the government. Unlike Hamilton, who pursued an energetic government, Jeffersonian tradition was much interested in local government with strong legislature finally claiming a limited form of governance (Kettl, 2015).

Madisonian Tradition

This is another administrative tradition in American history credited to James Madison. This tradition focuses on the general approach of the American politics. This tradition was used by the Americans Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian had differences and conflicted. Therefore, this tradition was used as a curing mechanism to find peace in America.

Wilsonian Tradition

It is another America administrative tradition attributed to Wilson who focused on the progressive procedure of saving the world from democracy. It is the only tradition where many of the American presidents were involved. Through this tradition, Barrack Obama won the 2009 elections when he created his legacy on the significant features of liberal internationalism.

Irreconcilable differences

Each of the four administrative traditions in America had its interest. The difference between the Hamiltonian and the Jefferson was that Hamilton focused on effectiveness in the government and called for a new government while Jeffersonian focused on American politics and limited government. The other irreconcilable difference is that when…

Sources Used in Documents:


Kettl, D.F. (2015). The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press

White, L. (1926). Introduction to the Study of Public Administration

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