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Construction Project Financing Valuation Market Review a Brief
Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22457102
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Construction Project Financing/Valuation

Market eview

A brief search of Internet-listed one-bedroom apartments in Abu Dhabi confirms a current yearly rental price of AED 75,000 for most properties in the city (, 2012). Many apartments located in different buildings and in different [arts of the city are listed for exactly this amount, though some were also found for lower (AED 60,000) and several were found that were higher (approx. AED 85,000), however as an average current price AED 75,000 seems quite accurate (, 2012). Likewise, an estimation of AED 120,000 as the current annual average rent for a two bedroom is also fairly accurate; there is a greater variance observed in prices for two bedrooms that is likely reflective of differences in actual size and also appears to be neighborhood- and building-driven to a greater degree than is the pricing of one-bedroom apartments, however AED 120,000 does seem to be a…


Jones, M. (2011). CEO Magazine Interview. Accessed 10 April 2012. (2012). Accessed 10 April 2012. (2012). Downturn for property rents in Abu Dhabi as market is flooded with new supply. Accessed 10 April 2012. 

Reuters. (2011). S&P keeps Abu Dhabi outlook. Accessed 10 April 2012.

Dubai a Close Competitor to Dubai's Tourism
Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95008773
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A close competitor to Dubai's tourism industry is that of neighboring Abu Dhabi. The two are the largest and wealthiest cities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). However, they are parts of separate emirates, so they each have their own governments. As a consequence, they are natural competitors. The two actually compete using their own state-supported airlines, Emirates in Dubai and Etihad in Abu Dhabi. These carriers compete in the Europe-Asia market using their respective homes as hubs. This draws traffic via each different airline, and both are critical to the tourism strategies of their respective emirates (ETurboNews, 2011).

hile Dubai's tourism industry is based on luxury -- high end hotels, resorts and shopping -- the tourism industry of Abu Dhabi is different. Abu Dhabi competes vigorously for tourism dollars, but its tourism industry is more diversified than that of Dubai. The city of Abu Dhabi has a similar…

Works Cited:

E Turbo News. (2011). Billions of dollars pumped into UAE's burgeoning aviation industry. Global Travel Industry News. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from 

Heyer, H. (2008). Positive growth ahead for Dubai despite economic meltdown, tourism officials say. Global Travel Industry News. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from -

Oakley, L. (2011). Abu Dhabi eyes 5m tourists a year by 2021. al-Arabiya. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from

Leadership Analysis Historical Context Saddam
Words: 2861 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42507323
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2. Leadership analysis of the two former Arab leaders

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Alnahyan and Saddam Hussein were two great Arab leaders that significantly influenced the Arab world, but there is very little resemblance in their leadership styles. As a manner of manifestation, the two had very distinct leadership styles, although their objective was somewhat common: the prosperity and unity of the Arab world.

2.1. General leadership analysis

The two Arab leaders had similar objectives, the unification of the Arab world, but different leadership styles, almost opposite.

Saddam Hussein exerted an autocratic leadership style that consisted in the strict surveillance of his subordinates, informational flows directed mostly up-down, inspiring fear to his subordinates, using fear as a way of control.

In opposition, Sheikh Zayed exerted a democratic leadership style, having as most main traits: sociability, flexibility, cooperation, communication, open spirit and friendly environment. The democratic leadership style is the most…

Reference List

Saddam Hussein (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at .

DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 1: The Nature and Importance of Leadership. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at

DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 2: Traits, Motives, and Characteristics of Leaders. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at

DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 7: Power, Politics, and Leadership. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at

Financial System Reforms Over the
Words: 10927 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 77379478
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3.2.3 Portfolio Diversification of Investment in Global Property Markets

ecause the global property markets are affected by globalization and specific country / regional factors, means that the overall amounts of risks will vary, the most notable include: transparency and efficiency. Where, each country / region has different on laws and regulations pertaining to the real estate markets. This means that the risks in a number of different markets will depend upon specific market conditions themselves, reflecting these two factors. To protect themselves against these kinds of risks, many investors will often seek to diversify their portfolio. Diversification is: when you are investing a number of different asset classes in real estate, across a variety of countries / regions. The idea is that if a risk occurs in a specific country or region, the other areas that you are diversified in will protect you against the severity of the declines. For…


2009 A Year of Revival for Property Sector, 2010, Visit Kuwait. Available from: . [30 March 2010].

Barwa Real Estate, 2010, Arabian Business. Available from: . [30 March 2010].

Business Risk, 2010, Invest Words. Available from: [29 March 2010].

Dubai Property Companies Called Merger Off, 2009, Property Wire. Available from: [30 March 2010].

Performance of the Middle East
Words: 8783 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Data Analysis Chapter Paper #: 76621532
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(Jabal Omar Development Corporation 2010)


Since 2008, the real estate market in Kuwait has been continually declining. The reason why is because the economy was largely depending upon oil revenues. However, in 2010 the sector began witnessing an increase in prices. This is because of the Kuwaiti government was aggressively promoting the tourism industry. As developers are expecting a strong increase in foreign direct investment, due to the governments push to expand the sector. As a result, holiday and residential areas in Kuwait are continuing to boom. (Finkelstein)

In the housing industry, there are large numbers of shortages that are affecting prices. What has been happening is the residential sector has been facing restrictions over the last several years, surrounding building permits. As the government was slow to endorse them, which created a rush on new areas that were approved for development. At the same time, the government has…


Alexandria Real Estate, 2010.

Egypt Property, 2010, Select Property. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011].

Egypt Real Estate Attracts Interest From Foreign Investors, 2010, New Investors. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011]

Jabal Omar Development Corporation, 2010

Economics of the UAE
Words: 1842 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82788345
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Economies of the UAE

Economics of the UAE

Current analysis of UAE Economy

Historical economic aspects

Discussion of basic economic indicators

GDP: per capita GDP; growth rate of GDP

Inflation rate


Trade balance

Natural / Human resources & Infrastructure

Exchange ate Behavior and Forecasting

Demographics (age distribution)

Short-term and long-term prospects/forecasts for UAE Economy

Current analysis of UAE Economy:

The Persian Gulf states including Abu Dhabi, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, Umm al Qaywayn, and a's al Qaywan are represented as UAE. The states follow an open economic and moderate political policy. The states are rich in oil reserves providing a structured support for their economic and social progress. The strong economic position of the states has enabled them to earn a competing position with the developed western countries. The continuous growth in economy has also enabled the businesses to invest in UAE. The governments of UAE are…


Al-Kaabi, M.K. (2012). The Strategic Alternatives of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Disruption of Maritime Traffic in the Arabian Gulf as a result of Iranian Threats to Close the Strait of Hormuz (Doctoral dissertation, Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School).

CIA. (2013). The world Fact Book. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved from 

Elbadawi, I.A. (2012). The State of Open Government Data in GCC Countries. In Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on e-Government (Vol. 36, No. 41, p. 193). Academic Conferences Limited.

Ramamurti, R., & Singh, J.V. (Eds.). (2009). Emerging multinationals in emerging markets. Cambridge University Press.

Unresolved UAE Iran dispute
Words: 2757 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 86329181
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longstanding territorial disputes between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Iran, regarding three islands in the Persian Gulf. The first dispute is with respect to the island of Abu Musa, which is claimed by Sharjah. The other is with respect to Greater Tunbs and Lesser Tunbs, both of which are claimed by as al-Khaimah. All three are presently viewed by the international community as territory of Iran. The issue dates back to the formation of the UAE. The former colonial power, the United Kingdom, transferred the islands to Iran at this time, in 1971, ostensibly in exchange for Iran dropping its claim to Bahrain. This paper looks at the dispute between the UAE and Iran over these islands, both in its historical context and in terms of its modern manifestations.

Historical Context

The dispute over the status of Abu Musa pre-dates the formation of the UAE. The island was under…

References (no date) Abu Musa. American University. Retrieved November 14, 2016 from (2000) Abu Musa island. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved November 14, 2016 from 

Kaikobad, K. (no date) The Abu Musa and Tunb Islands dispute. Strategics International. Retrieved November 14, 2016 from

Shoichet, C. & Castillo, M. (2016) Saudi Arabia -- Iran row spreads to other nations. CNN. Retrieved November 14, 2016 from

Initiatives Require Bold Solutions and
Words: 10456 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 4485576
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The following diagram represents the structure of the idea.

Figure 2. Project flow pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030: Urban Structure Framework Plan

Objectives of the Study

The overarching objective of this study is to build a solid portfolio management application that connects all the local governments of Abu Dhabi emirates in ways that will allow them to collaborate on various projects pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030 through one unified system from their offices without wasting time on face-to-face meetings, as well as introducing the potential for the leaking of information through channels that provide the opportunity for unauthorized access. This objective also include the need to develop a solid it security infrastructure by building strategies, recruiting qualified staff, implementing the latest technologies and best practices as identified in the research.

The study was guided by the following specific objectives:

1. Achieve cost effectiveness once the portfolio management software…


Andress, a. (2003). Surviving security: How to integrate people, process, and technology.

Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach.

Bhimani, a. (2003). Management accounting in the digital economy. Oxford: Oxford University


Comparing Etihad and Emirates
Words: 5255 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 45697747
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Emirates Airlines and Etihad Airways 
This paper discusses Etihad Airways, the number 2 airline of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and compares it to Emirates Airlines, the number 1 airline of the Middle East, and fourth largest airline in the world. The paper provides examples of the 7 P’s of the extended marketing mix for each airline, and provides a detailed marketing plan for Etihad Airways. The marketing plan includes how the plan will meet business objectives and marketing objectives of Etihad Airways as well as an Action Plan that can be used to to monitor and evaluate the company’s progress for meeting its business goals and objectives.
Etihad Airways
Etihad Airways is the 2nd largest airline in the UAE and the second flag carrier airline of the UAE with its HQ in Abu Dhabi and its main hub at Abu Dhabi International Airport. Founded in 2003, Etihad Airways…

Dubai World a Venture Funded by the
Words: 3009 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4003864
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Dubai World, a venture funded by the emirate of Dubai, announced that it would place a six-month "standstill" on $4 billion out of $26 billion of its outstanding debt. The move had dramatic repercussions for global financial markets, and the rulers of Dubai needed to evaluate the best strategy with respect to how to proceed following the announcement. The decision had major ramifications for Dubai as a nation-state.

Dubai's economic growth has been strong for several years, but unlike the wealth of neighboring Abu Dhabi, the growth in Dubai is not based on oil wealth. Dubai's wealth essentially comes from its ability to convince investors to put money into the country -- there is no genuine wealth in Dubai, it is all borrowed. This makes the issue of the Dubai World debt critical for the future of the emirate. The country's position as one of the Middle East's most open…

Market Driven Management
Words: 25695 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32150042
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Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.

It is the intention of this…


Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.

Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: 

Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.

On the Determinants of Capital Structure
Words: 2562 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34633957
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abaasso, C., Briars, M. & abasso, J. (2015). oyal family business in Qatar and the Emirates through sports club management: Green washing or a sustainable model? The cases of FC Barcelona and Manchester City. IJES Vol. 23 (2) 5.

This paper explores a couple of concepts. The authors look at two examples of sports teams -- FC Barcelona and Manchester City -- that are owned by royal families, one in Qatar and the other in Abu Dhabi. The first premise is that the authors contend these sporting clubs engage in "sustainable" and "responsible" activities. The second element of the article ponders whether those activities will affect a culture shift in these home nations, with the royal families essentially learning things about these concepts from the West and then applying them to their own nations.

On the first point, the author does not do a particularly good job at outlining the…


Mera, X. (2010). Factor prices under monopoly. Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. Vol. 13 (1) 48-70.

Rabaasso, C., Briars, M. & Rabasso, J. (2015). Royal family business in Qatar and the Emirates through sports club management: Green washing or a sustainable model? The cases of FC Barcelona and Manchester City. IJES Vol. 23 (2) 5.

Dubai Expo 2020 Finance
Words: 5212 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34297903
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In November, 2013, Dubai won the rights to the World Expo 2020, setting into motion a major project that will make a substantial contribution to Dubai's economy and be a catalyst for what the emirate hopes will be the continuation of the economic boom that began two decades ago.

Dubai expects that the Expo 2020 will attract 25 million visitors to the emirate over the six months that the Expo will run. This will make it the largest such project in the history of Dubai, and in size the Expo will in all likelihood eclipse the Qatar World Cup as the largest event in the history of the Middle East. Linked to the overall strategy to make Dubai a world-class destination, the World Expo 2020 is going to be part of a larger tourism centerpiece that is expected to propel that sector to become one of the largest revenue-earners…


Arnold, T. (2012). Dubai shows way to diversify economies. The National Retrieved May 5, 2014 from 

Branigan, T. (2010). Shanghai 2010 Expo is set to be the world's most expensive party. The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from 

Menon, P. (2014). Emaar regains investment grade credit rating as Dubai booms. Reuters. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from 

Mercer. (2014). Quality of living report. Mercer. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from

HSMS Gap analysis Hazard identification and Risk assessments
Words: 14774 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45172476
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HSMS Gap Analysis and Hazard Identification Risk Assessments

Description of APM Terminals

Legal Environment

Review of the Health and Safety Management System


Gap Analysis

Hazard Identification

Physical Hazards

Health and Welfare Hazards

Risk Assessment

Physical Hazard -- Working at Height - Scaffolding

Health & Welfare Hazard -- Noise

Action Plans

Action Plan 1 - Management System

Action Plan 2 -- Hazards and Risks

Barbour Checklist: BS OHSAS 18001 Audit Checklist

Occupational health and safety management has numerous benefits for business, not only an employer's duty of care, a legal and moral obligation but also critical part of business equal in importance to other business functions like finance, marketing and production. When health and safety is embedded as part of business, results would be, good company image and reputation, better employee motivation and morale, improved efficiency and ultimately increased profitability.

The implementation of a sound health, safety and environment (HSE)…

UAE and Japan Relations
Words: 4304 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 95844397
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An Analysis of Relations between United Arab Emirates and Japan
In an era when American influence in the world is waning, the bipolarity of the Cold War years is being replaced by regional partnerships that are mutually beneficial for all stakeholders. Indeed, one important international partnership that has emerged over the past half century has been between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Japan, with both countries expanding their diplomatic presence in each other’s capitals and investing heavily in exports, most especially oil and gas to Japan with the UAE importing electronics, vehicles and various types of machinery from Japan. Moreover, international analysts predict that this strategic partnership will continue to expand for the foreseeable future. The purpose of this research proposal was to provide an overview of the history of the relations between Japan and the UAE. A discussion concerning the origins of this modern relationship is followed by…

Understanding Supply Chain Management
Words: 5928 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66786646
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Type A Project:
Team of 3-4 students will study a manufacturing or service company operation; the objective is to improve the equality of their final product. This could be done through improving any task in product realization process (Design, raw material, manufacturing, packaging, after sale …). The subject of the improvement has to be directly related to quality. The team will use quality analysis and improvement methods / techniques we learn in this course (six sigma methodologies in recommended).
Ideal project will focus on problems doable during time span of the course (i.e. not to much complex, also not trivial) and demonstrate the use of quality improvement tools on solving the problem at hand.
Final report:
• Full description of your company,
• It’s quality management system.
• Quality improvement opportunities
• Implementation of quality improvement tool
• Final outcomes
• Conclusion "
Each of these aspects of the instructions…

International Retail the Company Is
Words: 737 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34614962
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com, 2010). Jordan's retail fashion scene is similar to that of the UAE with an emphasis on high fashion (AME Info, 2007), although not on as grand a scale as the opulent malls of Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Despite restrictions on ladies' dress in the UAE, the market for estern fashions is strong, as women wear these fashions in the home and at women's only social events. Morocco's retail fashion industry is more nascent, and is focused on Casablanca, giving it a market structure similar to that of Jordan (CPP, 2010).

Other sources of information can come from chambers of commerce for the respective countries, as well as from news reports concerning the experiences of other retailers. However, as media in these countries is not free, the information is not always trustworthy. That said, first hand experience can also be valuable, as the company's managers can see the state…

Works Cited:

CIA World Factbook. (2010). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 1, 2010 from 

AME Info. (2008). UAE fashion retail brand catwalks on to international ramp. AME Info. Retrieved November 1, 2010 from (2010). Retrieved November 1, 2010 from

AME Info. (2007). Landmark Group opens second Max outlet in Amman. AME Info. Retrieved November 1, 2010 from

Pumps for All the United
Words: 1828 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 45944953
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The needs of each must be met, but the strategy should also emphasize a degree of equality between the groups that may not appear to exist on the surface.

Examples of Islam as a problem for HRM include the need for prayer times, the need for mosques and issues with regards to gender equality. HRM must ensure that the needs of a predominantly workforce are met, in accordance with the standards of the religion and the UAE (Budd & Scoville, 2005). In addition, the HRM strategy needs to be specifically geared towards eliminating gender issues in the workplace. This can include a degree of sensitivity training but also strong statements about the equality of the sexes.

Language barriers are going to cause major communications problems (ilson, 2005). This can impact on the messages delivered at high-level meetings; it can impact worker safety and it can result is communication breakdown between…

Works Cited:

CIA World Factbook. (2010). United Arab Emirates. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 27, 2010 from 

Shandling, K. (2008). New water and power infrastructure projects in the UAE. MaximsNews. Retrieved January 27, 2010 from 

De Bono, S., Van der Heijden, B. & Jones, S. (2008). Managing Cultural Diversity. New York: Meyer & Meyer.

Al-Gergawi, M. (2008). Emiratisation and the curse of entitlement. The National. Retrieved January 27, 2010 from

Sustainable Design
Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43254680
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Sustainable design is the smart and subtle way of utilizing modern building methods and materials to achieve a more intelligent building, while using fewer resources and recycling more waste. It is not simply a trend, nor is it only a marketing tool for 21st century developments, but rather sustainable design is a conscientious decision by an architect to take measures to protect the environment, lessen utility costs, and ensure a longer lasting product in the end. The future of arth can only be looked after by those who inhabit it, and therefore sustainability has become the most important idea today in the field of science and design. Like with many building standards, each country has its own method of measurement and evaluation to the level of sustainability achieved, and because of globalization, there have been several different international standards competing for international recognition and control over the green design process.…

ESTIDAMA, the word meaning 'sustainability' in Arabic, is the green design standard for the city of Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, ESTIDAMA, and particularly the Pearl Rating System used to rate sustainability in ESTIDAMA, was created in advance of Abu Dhabi's 2030 vision for the creation of a modern global capitol city. Although a similar system to the other two, there are a few major differences. ESTIDAMA places far more emphasis of its credit distribution on water usage, and less on energy usage, as this is a critical part of Abu Dhabi's development and need for clean water to be recycled as efficiently as possible. Energy is plentiful in the Middle East, and much of the development built in this region is a result of its fortunate energy supply.[footnoteRef:2] This problem of water usage, however, is not applicable to the rest of the world, and therefore shows why ESTIDAMA was created in the first place, because LEED and BREEAM simply could not readily adapt themselves to the particular conditions of Abu Dhabi. [2: "Comparing Estidama's Pearls Rating Method to LEED and BREEAM." Carboun. Web. 19 May 2011. .]

As far as accreditation is concerned, ESTIDAMA takes a hybrid approach between BREEAM and LEED, urging the use of a dedicated professional onsite to evaluate as progress moves, as BREEAM does, but also requiring the oversight of a "Pearl Qualified Professional" to complete the final inspection. This process is extremely thorough in its approach, and to have two checks is a valuable tool against cheating and corruption, which may seep into the competitive world of construction in the other two standards. This method of double checks however could be prohibitively bureaucratic in a democracy setting, which ESTIDAMA does not operate in currently. ESTIDAMA is certainly just as important to the field of sustainable design as the larger rating systems are, as it brings much of the same professionalism to the task, ESTIDAMA is however tinkered to appeal to its local market in the Middle East, and this is apparent in the breakdown of the evaluation process.

In conclusion, it is foreseeable that buildings will reach a near-zero release of carbon during their complete phase, and a lot less energy will be used during the buildings construction. In this way, all three sustainable standards will play their part, and will have brought good policy to a controllable environment of office space and residential construction. I, however, believe that the LEED standard is the best standard to follow, as it is best understand around the world and by architects, does not require specialization within countries, which would only dilute the strength of LEED's simplicity, and does not allow any individual to make evaluations, only the Green Building Council itself. This disallows cheating and presents a balanced and expert opinion of what LEED's standards ought to be. ESTIDAMA uses both practices in its methods, but is not as appealing as LEED because of how it looks at water resources far more than innovative design or efficient energy use. Energy is not a big problem in the Middle East, ESTIDAMA's market, however water is. This is antithesis to the majority of the rest of the world, which has been able to secure its own water supply but still requires energy to be brought in from abroad. ESTIDAMA is simply too much of a niche to be able to compete with the global design of the LEED design.

International Business Country a --
Words: 3308 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18551428
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The UAE has one of the most open economies in the world. And its vigorous economic partnership with the United States reflects the UAE's function as a regional leader in terms of economic restructuring, openness to international trade and investment, and political stability (UAE-U.S. Economic elationship, 2011)

The volume of U.S. exports and foreign direct investment into the UAE in recent years has grown considerably and is likely to continue to grow in the future. This growth reflects the progressively more diversified UAE economy as well as the country's leading role as a modernizing power in the Arab world.

The country is the biggest export market for the United States in the Middle East and, in 2010, was the 21st largest export market for the United States internationally.

The UAE buys goods from every state in the United States, as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto ico, and the…


Doing business in the UAE. (2009). Retrieved from 

Hill, Charles W.L. (2007) International Business: Competing in the Global Marketplace

(6/E), Irwin publishers, London.

Overseas Business Risk -- United Arab Emirates. (2011). Retrieved from erseasbusinessrisk.html

It Project Management the Business
Words: 2189 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 34770731
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It will save the stationary, printing, and other operational costs of the company. Secondly, the company will not have to hire new staff in order to meet the increasing needs of its business.

5.1.2: Intangible Benefits of the System:

i. Customer Satisfaction:

The new system will make the customer services of the company more efficient. The customers will be able to access their account, company's information, meeting schedules, and other information by using this automated system. They will feel more satisfied with the company which is vital for building long-term relationship.

ii. Strategic Planning:

Using this system, the Top Management personnel will be able to analyze the company's progress and current financial position in a more effective way. The system is capable of generating quick reports, analyzing and comparing different types of information, and proving real-time access to customer data in an error-free and reliable way.

iii. Efficient Utilization of…


Cooper, D., Grey, S., Raymond, G. & Walker, P. (2004). Project Risk Management Guidelines: Managing Risk in Large Projects and Complex Procurements, eBook. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons

Haynes, M.E. (2002). Project Management: Practical Tools for Success, 3rd Edition. Menlo Park, California: Crisp Learning

Information Resources Management Association, (2011). Enterprise information systems: concepts, methodologies, tools and applications. Hershey: Business Science Reference

Meredith, J.R. & Mantel, S.J. (2012). Project Management: A Managerial Approach, 8th Edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley

Al Sadeem Landscape Strategic analysis
Words: 3455 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35878230
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Case Synopsis

Al Sadeem Garden Landscape is a company that provides landscaping, gardening and maintenance services to a variety of clients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This case study provides a strategic analysis of the company, with specific attention to the operational history of the company, its internal and external environments, as well as successful strategies. The case study also identifies the challenges facing the company and provides recommendations for overcoming the challenges. The case study was compiled based on secondary data.

2. Introduction

Al Sadeem was established in 2014 with the aim of providing landscaping, gardening and maintenance services to small, medium-sized and large organizations in the UAE. Though the company has experienced fairly impressive growth in the two years it has been in existence, it faces significant challenges relating to marketing and financing. Based on a careful analysis of the company's internal and external environments, this case…

Airports Globalization Has Impacted the
Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35572058
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They compete with each other for business, seek to build both aviation and non-aviation revenue streams and they must also deal with enhanced security requirements. This places significant pressure on the airport sector. The response within the sector has been twofold. Some airports have become privatized, which allows major airport operators to utilize their expertise across a range of markets. The other solution is the development of public airports that serve as branches of their governments, attracting passengers and investment to the region. Both types of airports have strong, multifaceted strategic mandates and are among the vanguard of modern air transportation.

orks Cited:

Babu, V., Batta, R. & Lin, L. (2004). Passenger grouping under constant threat probability in an airport security system. European Journal of Operational Research. Vol. 168 (2) 633-644.

Barnard, B. (2010). Global air cargo revenue grows 40%. The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from…

Works Cited:

Babu, V., Batta, R. & Lin, L. (2004). Passenger grouping under constant threat probability in an airport security system. European Journal of Operational Research. Vol. 168 (2) 633-644.

Barnard, B. (2010). Global air cargo revenue grows 40%. The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from 

Cidell, J. (2004). Scales of airport expansion: Globalization, regionalization and local land use. Center for Transportation Studies. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from

Frost & Sullivan. (2010). 16th APSA International Conference Airport Security Market Overview. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from

Healthcare Strategic Planning & Management
Words: 2211 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49323645
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Increase benefits

To gain more employees for the nursing staff, SKMC should increase their level of satisfaction by offering several incentives such as increased living expenses or better housing facilities. Moreover, they should include full medical coverage in the work contract. Regarding the foreign employees they should expand the annual leave from 42 days to at least 60 days in order for the abroad workers to be able to spend two full months with their families back home.

The management of Sheikh Khalifa Medical City might object to these propositions arguing the increased costs they would involve. However, their objection can be counteracted by the fact that satisfied personnel perform better at their jobs, leading to an increased quality of the services offered by SKMC and therefore to an increased number of patients and increased revenues and profits.

Emphasis on culture

To attract more foreign personnel within SKMC, the…


John M. Bryson, September 1995, Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement, Jossey-Bass Publishing, Revised edition

Janet Shapiro, Strategic Planning Toolkit, Civicus, World Alliance for Citizen Participation,, last accessed on March 1, 2007

Jay Cooper, Acting Chief Executive Officer Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Official Website of SKMC,,last accessed on March 1, 2007

International Hospital Recruitment Inc. Canada, Sheikh Khalifah Medical Center, 2004, , last accessed on March 1, 2007

Corp Gov UAE Corporate Governance
Words: 2120 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79913915
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Clearly, he companies engaged in this practice were operating with direct intention, and a roper governance system would have made this obvious and prevented it.

Software Spying

In another telecommunications case, a company was found to have included spyware in a company-sponsored "software upgrade" to users' cell phones, that enabled the company to collect confidential information from users' phones without their consent (Khaleej Times, 2009). Not only is this practice clearly unethical, but it is also illegal despite a lack of stringency in the detection of such crimes and the prosecution of large-scale corporate offenders such as telecommunications companies. Again, greater transparency and internal control would have allowed this practice to be discovered much sooner, and the risk of discovery almost certainly would have prevented this action from ever occurring. Corporate governance works best when it is so strong it is only rarely and usually accidentally tested; when purposeful actions…


ADCCG. (2012). Accessed 7 May 2012.

ADX. (2012). Mission & Vision. Accessed 7 May 2012. 

Creffield, L. (2007). Why you can't block Skype. Accessed 7 May 2012. 

Etisalat. (2011). 2010 Annual Report.

Trade Show Industry in Germany
Words: 31155 Length: 113 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 38292092
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Significance of the Study

This study is significant because it sheds light on a very important contributor to local and international trade. Trade fairs have a long history in providing a meeting place for buyers and sellers. They are an important channel of communication for B2B buyers and sellers. This is a significant area for study because there are limited channels of communication between B2B buyers and sellers. The previous sections have diversified the importance of communication to trade. B2B buyers and sellers cannot use mass channels of communication such as television advertising or newspaper advertising. In this market usage of personal visits and demonstrations are the common channels of marketing and communication. The B2B selling and marketing activities are less highlighted in research than B2C activities. Therefore, this study is significant because it explores a very important channel of marketing and communication in the B2B market.

The study is…

UFI.(2009). The Trade Fair Industry in Asia, 5th edition: A UFI report researched and compiled by Business Strategies Group Executive Summary -- for UFI members only." Business Strategies Group Ltd. [online] Available at  [Accessed 10 May, 2012].

Viardot, E. (2004). Successful Marketing Strategy for High-Tech Firms. Volume 5. NY: Artech House

Yeshin, T. (2006). Sales Promotion. NY:Cengage Learning

Global Warming Has Become an Issue of
Words: 4496 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Introduction Paper #: 54711820
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Global warming has become an issue of major global concern. This research explores the complexities of the issues surrounding global warming and the development of models to help curb the human contributions to its continuation. This research focuses on the UAE and its initiatives to develop sustainable cities in the future.

Evolution of Cities

environmental change and Global warming

Field Work and Case Studies

Back Ground

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) covers an area of approximately 777 sq. km and has a population of over 5 1/2 million residents according to 2009 statistics (Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. 2009). The country has the six largest oil reserves in the world and is one of the most developed economies in the Middle East. It has one of the most developed infrastructures in the Middle East as well. Global warming has become a key issue in developed nations that…


Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). Expat numbers rise rapidly as UAE population touches 6m. 2009 revision. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web:

Ellis, C. History of Cities and City Planning. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: 

Environment and Ecology. 2011. UNESCO World Heritage. XIth World Congress of the OWHC -- Sintra 2011 Climate Change. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: 

Ewing, R., Bartholomew, K., & WInkel, S. et al. "Growing Coooler: evidence of urban development and climate change. Urban Land Insititute. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web:

Phone Use While Driving
Words: 1433 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65331736
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Mobile Phones

One of the most important concepts in public safety is the idea of "accidents." That is the wrong word for a collision that was avoidable either through attention or preventative measures. There are very few accidents on the roads. There are collisions, and they are caused by either mechanical error or human error. The word 'accident' lets people off the hook for their mistakes, mistakes that nobody should make if they are doing their job. The reality is that there are a lot of things that people do to cause collisions. One is that they take their attention away from the task at hand. When a person is operating a 2000-lb, traveling at a speed sufficient to induce deadly force, one may wish to pay attention, to prevent collisions. Mobile phones are just one of many sources of driver distraction, but there should be penalties associated with driving…


Ruiz, R. (2014) A third of UAE drivers admit using phone at wheel. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from 

Ruiz, R. (2015). Stowing mobile phones away while driving could save lives, experts say. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from 

Nagraj, A. (2014). UAE clamps down on drivers using mobile phones. Gulf Business. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from 

Madden, M. & Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and distracted driving: Texting, talking and other uses of the cell phone behind the wheel. Pew Research Center. 2009-11-16, 1-16.

Beowulf as a Hero Lesson
Words: 8817 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 81934961
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Your answer should be at least five sentences long.

The Legend of Arthur

Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16

Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty

1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.

2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.

Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16

Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences

Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.

* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.

* Be sure to…

China and U S Naval Competition
Words: 3353 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73432736
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S. For its weapons sales to Taiwan. (Janbo)

It must also be noted that China's Naval expansion is a departure from what many experts conjectured in the recent past. Like many before, Lee Lai To commented just a few years ago that China, regardless of its even then obvious desire to expand its naval might would be very unlikely to challenge the U.S. In any significant way. To argues that:

"U.S. military deterrence and U.S. interests -- particularly with regard to maintaining the security of the sea-lanes and forward deployment of the U.S. military in the Asia-Pacific region, including the South China Sea area -- have made and will continue to make China extremely cautious about engaging in actions that might draw Washington into the South China Sea disputes. (To 26)" (Wong)

To was also quick to note that up to the time of his research and work in 2003…


"China tells U.S. that'd. China Sea is 'core interest' in new policy." Associated Press 3 July 2010: .

"Gates on China: Speaking the truth makes the Pacific a safer place." Wals Street Journal Opinion 6 June 2010: .

Janbo, Jian. "China Takes New Tack in Maritime Diplomacy ." Asia Times Online 14 July 2010:

Kate, Daniel Ten. "U.S. Criticism of China's Military May Overshadow Asian Security Meeting." Bloomberg 15 July 2010: .

Talent Is Something That I
Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22657376
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I understand that by improving my communication skills I can remove a constraint on my ability to make deals happen -- I can bring together that Japanese money with those Arab engineers and make my U.S. employer a lot of money. That is the combination of skill and talent that I will bring to my chosen career in investment banking.

Essay 2: Innovation is everything in business today. Great ideas are the only source of true competitive advantage, so it is critical that I improve on my ability to think in an innovative way. That is one of the biggest appeals to me of the UC Irvine MBA program. I am seeking an MBA because the knowledge and skills that I acquire in the program are essential components of my toolbox, and UC Irvine will give me the knowledge and skills that I seek. The school has an excellent reputation…

Dubailand Perdier Has Five Days
Words: 4043 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 66441159
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Dubailand appears to have strong governmental support, but in a country subject to rapid change, smaller projects could supercede Dubailand for government attention and affection if they prove more valuable. Thus, strong relationships with government in particular will need to be nurtured in order to help Dubailand meet its infrastructure and financing targets.

Motivation and vision are vital parts of the plan. At this point, Dubailand still only exists in the conceptual stage. To move the project beyond that will require substantial motivation. hile some of this will derive simply from getting construction work started, the strategy should be more detailed. The strategy should not just include the standard vision and mission statements, but will also need to address the means by which each individual employee and third-party employee is specifically motivated to perform to their highest potential. A plan must be in place to instill a spirit and a…

Works Cited:

Balmer, Sylvia & Baum, Tom. (1993). Applying Herzberg's Hygiene Factors to the Changing Accommodation Environment. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. Vol. 5, No. 2.

Shaw, Jason D.; Delery, John E & Abdulla, Mohamed. (2003). Organizational Commitment and Performance among Guest Workers of an Arab country. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 56, No. 12. pp. 1021-1030.

Overfelt, Maggie. (2009). Once mighty, Dubai wilts. The Real Deal. Retrieved October 6, 2009 from

Bernard Madoff the Events Surrounding
Words: 1461 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84523481
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It appears that little will change under Obama, with the appointed head of the EC, Mary chapiro, similarly concerned with protecting Wall treet sharks.

James Petras (2008) similarly believes that Madoff's failure is not a personal one, but a failure of the current social, political and economic justice. In addition to an economic culture that most favors the very rich, Petras also believes that the EC and its actions are completely predictable, precisely because the regulators are selected from those are regulated. Madoff was so successful for so long because he was able to play the fraud game better than others.

According to a radio interview conducted with (2008), Maurice chweitzer explains the exact principles that worked together in enabling the Madoff scandal, as well as others like it. These principles include scarcity, authority, social proof, and the liking principle. According to the first, the client is told that the…


Dey, Iain & Rushe, Dominic. (2008, Dec. 14). World's richest hit by Bernard Madoff. Times Online. 

(2009, Jan 7). Radio Interview: The Bernard Madoff Case - Trust Takes Another Blow. 

Lendman, Stephen. (2008, Dec. 26). Early Suspicions About Bernard Madoff. Global Research. 

Petras, James. (2008, Dec. 20). Bernard Madoff: Wall Street Swindler Strikes Powerful Blows for Social Justice. Dissident Voice.

Boeing and Globalization the Process
Words: 1583 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72614656
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" (Hill, 1)

Again, it is borne out by our understanding of globalization that larger economies must experience some form of retraction in order to become compatible with trade partners. Here, researchers have observed that "at high transport costs all countries have some manufacturing, but when transport costs fall below a critical value a core-periphery pattern spontaneously forms, and nations that find themselves in the periphery suffer a decline in real income. At still lower transport costs there is convergence of real incomes, in which peripheral nations gain and core nations may lose." (Gould, 1) for the United States and such firms as Boeing, this is a very real threat for which competition may only be engaged by reduction of costs, true competitive edge in an open and global marketplace and a core adaptability to the needs and innovations which are currently overwhelming it.

orks Cited

Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6,…

Works Cited

Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6, 2004). Shaking Up Trade Theory. Business Week. Online at 

Gould, David M. (1998). Has NAFTA Changed North American Trade? Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Online at 

Hill, S. (2008). Boeing's tanker contract protest raises questions about globalizations. Manufacturing Business Technology. Online at 

Holmes, S. (2006). On a wing and a prayer at Boeing. Business Week. Online at

Green Business The Only Hope
Words: 1782 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84312644
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Unless this model is fundamentally reformed as to take into account the overall health of the planet, the prospect of a sustainable future looks grim.


Hawken, P., Lovins, A., & Lovins, H.L. (1999) Natural capitalism: creating the next industrial revolution. Boston: Little, Brown.

Heuer, M. (2010). Foundations and capstone; core values and hot topics; ethics-lx; skytech; and the green business laboratory: simulations for sustainability education. Academy Of Management Learning & Education, 9(3), 556-561.

Hirshberg, G. (2008, June 16) Stirring it up: how to make money and save the world. Wall Street Journal. etrieved on 21 Nov., 2011, from

Johnson, M.W., & Suskewicz, J. (2009). How to jump-start the clean tech economy. Harvard Business eview, 87(11), 52-60.

Marcus, A.A., & Fremeth, A.. (2009). Green management matters regardless. Academy Of Management Perspectives, 23(3), 17-26.

Morgan, L. (2011). Green job training in prisons benefits everyone. Corrections Today, 73(2), 34.

Norberg, J.…


Hawken, P., Lovins, A., & Lovins, H.L. (1999) Natural capitalism: creating the next industrial revolution. Boston: Little, Brown.

Heuer, M. (2010). Foundations and capstone; core values and hot topics; ethics-lx; skytech; and the green business laboratory: simulations for sustainability education. Academy Of Management Learning & Education, 9(3), 556-561.

Hirshberg, G. (2008, June 16) Stirring it up: how to make money and save the world. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 21 Nov., 2011, from 

Johnson, M.W., & Suskewicz, J. (2009). How to jump-start the clean tech economy. Harvard Business Review, 87(11), 52-60.

Islam in America Shari'ah The
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62457690
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(Prophet Noble Drew Ali)

Ali came to Chicago in 1925 and his movement took on its greatest force here. He saw Marcus Garvey as a motivation for his own work. Ali, like Garvey preached the significance of forming unity among all the people of the African Diaspora. Marcus Garvey was particularly acclaimed as a John the Baptist who set the way for the emergence of Noble Drew Ali at Moorish Science Temple meetings. (What was the relationship between Noble Drew Ali and Marcus Garvey?)

Warith al-Din Muhammad:

Many foreign countries have exercised substantial power on the lives of American Muslims by ascertaining to increase the religious knowledge. Saudi Arabia has enhanced the image of Islam in the West. It has supported the actions of the Muslim World League -- MWL in America. Saudi Arabia has also promoted good relations with the Afro-American Muslim community. In all possibility, under foreign pressure,…

Compare and Contrast in International Marketing Communication Perspective
Words: 1871 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18287944
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International Marketing Communication Perspective

There are challenges that face organizations, which engage in global marketing. This form of cross border marketing involves diversity cultural backgrounds. It is pertinent to note that each country has distinctive needs relating to producing goods for them. International marketing requires a comprehensive understanding of the needs of each target market. This study provides a comprehensive review of the differences and similarities that exist between the marketing needs of UAE and Indonesia (Govers, 2009).

Marketing communications

The aim of marketing communication is to convey the accurate information to the targeted group of people. In Indonesia and UAE, the populations are largely Muslim. The right choices to be made as a marketer have to be made to ensure any message delivered to the people is helpful to the brand being marketed. These require a communication strategy when addressing the target market. A communication strategy will help in…


Amant, K., & Kelsey, S. 2012. Computer-Mediated Communication across Cultures:

International Interactions in Online Environments. Hershey, PA: Information Science


Cohen, W.A. 2006, The Marketing Plan (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons.

Bahrain Bay What Are Bahrain Bay's Four
Words: 746 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95618111
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Bahrain Bay

What are Bahrain Bay's four foundational philosophies, and how might they be used as marketing tools?

Bahrain Bay's four foundations philosophies are: social equity; aesthetics and scale; the fabric of community; and the environment of tomorrow. "Social equity" means healthy and safe conditions that provide and encourage equal opportunity for all current and future residents. "Aesthetics and scale" mean ensuring that Bahrain's development is harmonious in size, materials, design and artistic expression with Bahrain's natural ecology, including the flora and fauna. "The fabric of community" means involving current and future residents/business people/visitors in the ongoing design, development and rewards of Bahrain's development. "The environment of tomorrow" means ongoing development that honors and is compatible with local ecology and community to create a continually sustainable and ecologically sound community. These four foundational principles can be used as marketing tools by appealing to the lenders/investors/participants concerns for significant sustainable financial…

Small Medium Sized Businesses in United Arab
Words: 1223 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84791572
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Small Medium Sized usinesses in United Arab Emirates

The objective of this study is to trace the history, customer services, CRM and satisfaction issues and problems in small medium size businesses in the United Arab Emirates and to discuss the trends in SMEs.

Small and Medium-scale Enterprises plays an important role in economic development worldwide. Many developing countries in fact have placed Small and medium enterprise development and promotion on top of their economic agenda one of them is The UAE country. Today United Arab Emirates setup governmental fund such as khalifa fund and Dubai SME fund to expand the SME sector and open new opportunities for entrepreneurs to grow and improve. As, There are many small businesses grow by the funding of the Khalifa fund which is "in 2008 offered Dh 246 million in funds for 154 new industrial and services enterprises." Also, the governmental funding can provides many…


Abu Dhabi Council for Economic Development Emphasizes Support to SME (2009) UAE Interact. 4 May 2009. Retrieved from:

Diana, Allison (nd) UAE CRM and Customer Experience Management Excels. Global CRM. Retrieved from: 

Microsoft Business Solutions highlights new customer relationship management offering (2002) AME Info. 13 Oct 2002. Retrieved from: 

Small Business (2012) Wikipedia. Retrieved from:

Communication Islamic Countries Freedom in All Its
Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26131748
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Communication Islamic Countries

Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but even in the most democratic of states, such as the United States and the UK. When freedom extends to the press, the contestability of the topic gains an extra dimension. Some critics, for example, advocate freedom of the press only to such an extent as its ability to promote a peaceful existence and harmony among citizens and their government. Others, however, would see the press gaining complete freedom, regardless of its consequences for personal and collective peace. In Muslim countries such as Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, freedom extended to the press and the media is yet further muddied by the importance of religious and state rule in these countries. In both environments, Islam remains the main ruling force in…


Article 19. (2005, Dec.). Freedom of Expression aand the Media in Indonesia. Alliance of Independent Journalists. Retrieved from: 

BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates Profile: Media. Retrieved from: 

BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates: Overview. Retrieved from: 

El-Baltaji, D. (2009, Fall). Emirates Press Law. Arab Media & Society, Iss. 9. Retrieved from:

Globalization and egionalization

Globalization strategies are formed on a competitive advantage. A competitive advantage is defined as the manner in which companies distinguish themselves to establish a customer base and acquire a market share. A business achieves a competitive advantage by marketing its products or services in ways that enable it to outperform its rivals and connect with consumers. Absence of a competitive advantage is a recipe for a business to resort to marketing their services and products based exclusively on price strategy (Mucchielli, 2011).

A company may gain a competitive advantage through identifying attributes that appeal to a new market segment and designing a strategic approach to promote the attributes. Creating brand awareness, designing corporate recognition programs and highlighting product differentiation are among globalization methods with a direct tie to a competitive advantage, which results in continuous profitability (ugman, 2010). Fortunately, global businesses like Apple are already using unlimited…


Fratianni, M. (2009). Regional economic integration. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI.

Higgott, R.A. (2010). Globalization and regionalization: New trends in world politics. Abu Dhabi, U.A.E: The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research.

Mucchielli, J.-L. (2011). Globalization and regionalization: Strategies, policies and economic environments. New York [u.a.: Haworth Press.

Rivas, B.R.M. (2009). The regionalization paradox: A dynamic theory of global strategic management. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Understanding of Islamic Marketing Strategy
Words: 5870 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 14149181
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Islamic Maketing Stategy

As the population of Muslims is inceasing ove time, thee is also an inceased demand of the intoduction of Islamic pinciples in diffeent sectos. One of these sectos that have seen a geat deal of Islamization lately is the maketing secto. Muslims now want a maketing system that is in accodance with the laws of Shaiah. One of the most pojected examples of this is the intoduction of Islamic banking to povide altenate poducts and sevices to the Muslim customes. Many eseaches and studies have been caied out to see what the esponse of the Islamic maketing stategies has been ove the yeas. In this pape, we shall fist look at in detail what is actually meant by the Islamic maketing stategy and how the Islamic laws petaining to business diffe fom the conventional laws. We shall then look at how these stategies have been adopted by…

references In Jordan," International Journal Of Bank Marketing, Vol. 17 Iss: 3, Pp.135 -- 151.

Niazi, L.A.K. (1991). Islamic Law Of Contract. Lahore, Research Cell, Dyal Sing Trust Library.

Psychology: Research & Practice, 27, Pg.583-587.

Quran. (N.D.). Qura'an Majeed.

Shaw, M. (1996) Civil Society And Media In Global Crises, St. Martin Press, London.

ICT Use Is Applied to the Tourism
Words: 4714 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 30526752
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ICT Use is Applied to the Tourism and Hospitality Industries

This work in writing conducts a critical evaluation of how use of ICT is applied to the tourism and hospitality industries. This work in writing will evaluate the Disney hospitality and tourism website located at

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development reports that the tourism industry has undergone a transformation by the information and communication technologies (ICT) and that the Internet has "dramatically changed the way in which consumers plan and buy their holidays. It has also affected how tourism providers promote and sell their products and services." (2002) The market for tourism is reported to be highly reliant on information and stated as an example is "A consumer in Canada wanting to stay in a remote hotel on a Thai island needs up-to-date information about boat connections, activities on offer, and even recommendations from other travelers.…


Cantoni, L.; Kalbaska, N.; and Inversini, A. (2009) E-Learning in Tourism and Hospitality: A Map. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education. Retrieved from: 

ICT and Tourism: A Natural Partnership (2002) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Retrieved from: 

Law, R. et al. (2010) Website Evaluation in Tourism Research. Progress in Tourism Management. Vol 31 (3). Retrieved from: 

O'Connor, Peter and Murphy, Jamie (nd) A Review of Research on Information Technology in the Hospitality Industry. Retrieved from:

International Energy Law
Words: 5741 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80982703
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International Energy Law

International Energy Arbitration

This paper will examine the role of arbitration in the international energy sector over the past 50 years. Discussion is organized around the five decades leading up to the current state of affairs in the international energy sector. In each section, major arbitrations are identified and tied to the categorical intention of arbitrations of that period. For instance, arbitration awards that occurred during a period of substantive concession agreements -- termed the first generation of concession agreements by Kosheri (n.d.) -- include the Abu Dhabi award of 1951, the Qatar award of 1953, and the Aramco award of 1958.

The next period, which occurred roughly in the 1960s and 1970s, was characterized by arbitration awards that evidenced a climate of confrontation, during which host nations took the position of abstaining from participation in arbitration proceedings. These nations were unilaterally interested in bringing the earlier…


Bishop, R.D. (2000). International arbitration of petroleum disputes: The development of a "Lex Petrolea. The Journal, [Website] The Centre for Energy, Petroleum, and Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP).

Brower, C.N. And Sharpe, J.K. (2003, July). International arbitration and the Islamic World: The third phase. The American Journal of International Law, 97 (3).

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, New York, (1958, 10 June). 330 United Nations Treaty Series (U.N.T.S.), 38.

Dundas, H. (2004, July). Dispute resolution in the oil and gas industry: An oilman's perspective. Oil, Gas, & Energy Law Intelligence, 2 (3).

Politics International
Words: 2649 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 129839
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Political Framework of Islam

The Peninsula states of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, ahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Oman are under growing pressure from outspoken critics who use the language and authority of Islam in these overwhelmingly conservative Muslim societies to call for political and economic reform. The rise of a radically activist Islamic politics predates the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, but Sunni and Shia Muslim radicals received significant boosts from the establishment of Islamic government in Tehran and, more recently, from the Gulf War in 1990-91.

Regional specialists from the government, the academic community, and the private sector debated the impact of radicalized Islamic politics on the regimes and U.S. interests in recent roundtables at the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS). They agreed that Islamic radicals throughout the region have common perceptions of the causes of their societies' ills. These include dissatisfaction with ruling families that…

Cross-Boundary Offshore Oil & Gas Resources Joint
Words: 4203 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81418808
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Cross-oundary Offshore Oil & Gas Resources

Joint Development Agreements & Frameworks


[Type the company name]


Table of Contents

1. Introduction 3

2. The rule of capture 3

3. The CooperationApproach 4

4. Legal framework to develop trans-boundary offshore O&G resources 5

4.1 Cross-border unitization agreements 6

4.2 Joint Development Agreements (JDA) 6

4.3 National law and its application in Co-operative Agreements 7

4.4 ilateral treaties for trans-boundary oil and gas exploration 7

4.5 The Framework Agreement Approach 9

4.6 The Third Party approach to dispute resolution 10

5. Conclusion 10

ibliography 11

Treaties & Conventions 11

ooks 11

Articles 12

Websites 13

1. Introduction

Subsea resources such as petroleum and natural gas are important sources of meeting the energy demand of countries. Cross-territory disputes are arising among different countries. Advancement in technology in exploration and extraction of subsea resources has expedited the overall procedure of competitive drilling. This…


Treaties & Conventions

Cross boundary petroleum cooperation between the UK and the Kingdom of Norway 2005

Treaty, Timor Sea. "Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste relating to the Unitization of the Sunrise and Troubadour fields Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra (Dili, 6 March 2003)(1)." Accessed from

U.S-Mexico Trans-boundary hydrocarbons agreement 2012

Globalisation Is the Process by
Words: 1970 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67095451
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Immigration policy, distance and financial constraints reduce the flow of people. Religions are notoriously difficult to pass from culture to the next because of the deep level of personal involvement. Languages are passed to outsiders only when pragmatic, as in the case of lingua francas. As long as the barriers to passing important cultural artifacts between cultures remain, globalisation will remain in evidence mostly with what can be transferred easily -- money, goods, and sometimes information and entertainment, but only when the receiving side is willing, which is no guarantee.

Part B. Junction Hotel is going to have to deal with an international set of guests and is likely to have an international staff as well. It will be imperative for the managers of the hotel, therefore, to be able to deal with both of these. (French, et al., p.25) note that the global manager must be culturally sensitive. This…

Works Cited:

Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions (2009). Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions [Internet] Available from  / [April 25, 2011]

Waters, M. (1995). Globalization. London: Routledge. Powerpoint presentation in possession of the author.

French, et al., (no date) no title -- powerpoint presentation in possession of the author.

Dubai's SME and Expo 2020
Words: 6310 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63604966
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Expo 2020 to Small Scale Business in United Arab Emirates

The Expo 2020 will have an enormous economic impact on the Emirate of Dubai since they won the bid to host the convention. Dubai's is a nation with an economy that is not very diverse. The country depends on several factors to keep the economy stable, and these include tourism, the real estate sector, and the financial services sector. Due to this it is understandable that Dubai's economy could easily come under heavy pressure from external factors. The 2008 and 2010 economic crisis demonstrates this point clearly as the housing bubble declined and pulled Dubai's economy down with it.

The Expo 2020 is a great benefit for Dubai since its economic implications will lift the financial sector for both Dubai and the UAE. Travelers from all over the world will come to see the Expo and is thus a great…


Bailey, J. (2013). Expo 2020 - What Is It And Does It Affect Me? Gulf Business. Retrieved from: 

Bouma, G, D, (2010). The research process 4th Ed, Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Business Wire. (2014, February 28). Research and Markets: Dubai Expo 2020 Projects Report. Business Wire (English).

Dokoupil, M., & Menon, P. (2013). MIDEASE Money - Dubai's world Expo bid may fuel boom, pose challenge. Retrieved from

Nike New Product Marketing
Words: 1313 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30308199
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Target Markets

The target market for the headscarves consists of Muslim women. In general, the product will appeal mostly to those aged 12-40, as that is the prime demographic for athletic wear, and as well that demographic may be more liberal with respect to things like exercise. It is important to note that there are significant differences between types of Muslims, so there is no one universal headscarf style that will appeal to all groups, or even be acceptable to all groups. A variety of designs will be needed in order to meet the needs of the target market. The target market is otherwise the same as for Nike's regular client base. This means younger, fairly well-educated, in the case of Muslims more liberal, and with a reasonable income that allows them to purchase Nike's premium-priced products.

The market is a niche market. In the United States, there are…


CIA World Factbook (2015). United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 19, 2015 from 

Cohen, S. (2011). The significance of clothing for female athletes.UK Sports Coach.. Retrieved April 19, 2015 from

Harb, J. (2013). Recognising and profiting from growing niche markets. The New Economy. Retrieved April 19, 2015 from

The Implementation of Total Quality Management
Words: 4466 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45913308
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Total Quality Management in Emirates Global Aluminum Company

Total Quality Management (TQM)

TQM is a method of enhancing the competitive advantage of the organization in pursuit of a significant market share to increase the profit margins of the organization. This is primarily done through effective leadership. It entails managerial functions such as; coordination, staffing, control, organizing, and planning. Furthermore, TQM requires proactive and strategic leadership in executing these quality control measures.

Every business entity or project comprises of internal and external customers. The internal customers are the workers of the organization while the external customers are the clients. Clients are of varied nature. There are those who are linked to the business directly. Others are linked indirectly. The indirect customers are the shareholders of the company.

As a management principle, TQM is geared towards improving the production process and also satisfying people. The primary goals of TQM are to ensure…


Charantimath, P. M. (2011). Total quality management. New Delhi, India: Dorling KIndersley (India.

Dhamija, P. (2008). Exploring total quality management in stent-device companies.

Franceschini, F., & Galetto, M. (2006). Benchmarking in total quality management. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub.

In Tetteh, E. G., & In Uzochukwu, B. M. (2015). Lean six sigma approaches in manufacturing, services, and production.

Emirate Airlines Customer Service
Words: 4373 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62757631
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Emirate Airline Analysis

What follows in this report is a review and summary of the customer services aspect of Emirates Airline. The firm in question has most certainly established a name for themselves and there is the common refrain about how adept they are. Even so, there are opportunities for them to get better and all firms should commit to a culture and mindset of continuous improvement, fettering out what problems what do exist and finding common sense solutions for dealing with the same. Regardless of what problems are found, there need to be evidence-based and realistic solutions put forth, and that shall be the goal of this report. While Emirates Airlines does a lot of things well when it comes to their customer services, they could do even better and strive to do so whenever possible.

Company Summary

Before getting into the minutia of what should change and why,…

Franklin Equipment Ltd Project Dilemma
Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 96765742
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Case Study: Franklin Equipment, Ltd.
Q1. Evaluate the criteria FEL uses to assign managers to project teams. What efficiencies do these criteria create? What are the resulting problems?
FEL assigns managers to project teams based on the manager’s areas of expertise and availability. Expertise is essential given that the type of work is highly differentiated on each project team and requires very specific skills. Many of these skills are so-called “hard” rather than “soft” people skills and require years of experience, advanced degrees, and certification; they are not something that can be learned on the job (such as engineering). A manager must have a proven track record to handle a high-profile project. Managers are also assigned based upon existing commitments. This ensures that employees are not overworked and spread too thin. There is little point having a large and capable workforce if it is not used to its maximum advantage.…

Gender Equality in Arabia
Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22528225
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Gender Equality in the Gulf
Problem Description
Historically, there has been a marked dearth of gender equality and women’s empowerment in the countries compromising the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which include Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. There are a number of reasons responsible for this situation. Firstly, these countries are all predominantly Muslim. Traditional gender roles (and stereotypes) largely exist in Islam and in countries which adhere to this faith as their national religion. Women are supposed to remain covered up in their raiment and relegated to domestic roles. The problem is that women account for approximately 50 percent of the population in the GCC countries, yet only constitute approximately 25 percent of the labor force in those countries (World Bank). Therefore, these countries are disadvantageously affected in certain aspects of economics and society because of the lack of female contributions in both of…