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Academic Integrity and Examples of Proper Citation
Answer the following question: How can these resources help students uphold academic integrity?
These resources help students uphold academic integrity by teaching them to understand the difference between appropriate and inappropriate use of source material. More specifically, they define and distinguish verbatim quotations from paraphrasing and mere referencing or crediting the ideas of another author. Probably the most valuable aspect of the material is that it helps students avoid plagiarizing unintentionally when they do not realize it and have no idea that their intended use of reference material is prohibited.
What are the differences between a summary, a direct quote, and a paraphrase?
A summary consists of an original brief synopsis of the ideas in the referenced material. A direct quote consists of reproducing the exact words of the referenced material with quotation marks; if it is longer than a few lines, it…
Akkoyunlu, B., & Soylu, M.Y. (2008). A Study of Student's Perceptions in a Blended
Learning Environment Based on Different Learning Styles. Educational Technology & Society, 11 (1), 183-193.
Questions on Academic Integrity
Who was most at fault for this situation?
Both Reggie and Arnie were in the wrong, both severely compromised academic integrity by copying the work of another and presenting it as their own. Reggie did not only copy the ideas and present them as his own, he copied the entire text. One may argue that under the circumstances he may have made a bad decision, with the different pressures he had not time to write the paper, as he had more important priorities. However, even allowing for difficult circumstances he undertook a course of action he knew was wrong. This is seen with the conversion he had with Arnie, when he told Arnie not to do the same; he was attempting to ensure that he was not caught. Arnie then made the same decision; to copy from an internet web site, and submit it as…
Academic Integrity Responsible
One of the most interesting passages in the Brothers Karamazov, written by Fyodor Dostoevsky, takes place in the Part Two, Book V Pro and Contra Chapter 5, The Grand Inquisitor. In this section of his work, the author explores the concept of free will, which most people generally attribute as a boon. However, in an elaborate poem told by one of the characters, Ivan, free will is largely portrayed as negative and the reason for all of mankind's suffering and ills. A thorough analysis of the events that take place in this poem, however, reveal the fact that it ultimately functions as a not-so subtle allegory alluding to the virtues of free will -- which in turn implies that despite what Dostoevsky articulates about the negatives associated with free will, he ultimately portrays it as an unquestionably positive asset.
The crux of the poem is that Christ…
All forms of communications, whether e-mail, discussion posts, response posts, or any other form, should be written in a scholarly manner. This includes being written with clear understanding, no grammar or punctuation errors, and free from plagiarism. Scholarly writing shows high integrity in citations and giving credit to others for their words and ideas.
Work should always be double checked 4 plagiarism (Examples of plagiarism and of appropriate use of other's words and ideas, 2011). Plagiarism is a huge issue in scholarly writing that creates legal issues as well as integrity issues for the individual as well as the university. Double checking the work against the sources used detects where citations need to be made when using other's words and ideas to determine where citations need to be made (Avoiding plagiarism, 2011). This includes cosmetic changes of changing the order and wording of sentences, substituting words, and altering computer code.…
Avoiding plagiarism. (2011, Jan 11). Retrieved from UC Riverside Libraries: http://library.ucr.edu/?view=help/plagiarism2.html
Examples of plagiarism and of appropriate use of other's words and ideas. (2011, Aug 11). Retrieved from Indiana University: http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.pdf
Peer Review. (2013, Mar 18). Retrieved from Walden University: http://libraryguides.waldenu.edu/peer-review
Verify Peer Review. (2013, Mar 18). Retrieved from Walden University: http://libraryguides.waldenu.edu/content.php?pid=309743&sid=2536039#8722036
College student, Nathan, was spotted cheating in an examination. The essence of his interview with his Dean is that cheating constitutes an ethical offense. As stated by the Dean, even famous personalities such as St. Augustine, Tolstoy, and Malcolm X gained the finest ethical sense out of experience; this included learning from where they went wrong. Furthermore, he stated that bonds can be forged by discussing ethics with others. This helps us more in times of immediate or emotional crises than all ethics-defining intellectual doctrines.
A complaint was lodged with the police against four Bihar students (Bihar is an Indian state) who were toppers in their school-leaving examination, following an inquiry that discovered they had cheated. The State educational board organized a retest for as many as 13 students, following a viral Internet video showing an arts stream student, Ms. Ruby Rai stating the subject political science dealt…
Like any academic institution, Walden University has certain explicit values relating to academic integrity. The fact that these values are made explicit, and that they relate to the official APA set of principles relating to academic honesty, provides a platform for individuals who work and study at the institution to develop a uniform and internationally accepted ethical approach to academia.
As a scholar-practitioner, I expect to develop a number of my personal attributes for the mutual benefit of Walden and my own academic and professional development. The values of honesty and trust, for example, go hand in hand. By proving myself honest in my work with both texts and human beings, for example, I will develop a sense of mutual trust involving myself as individual, those who lead my research efforts, and those who are yet to arrive at the institution and benefit from th work I accomplished.…
Persaud might have been under such duress as to plagiarize because the school and his professors placed an insurmountable amount pressure on him. Plagiarism, Persaud probably thought, was the only way to succeed and accomplish his dreams. Yet until the rules of the game change, players are obliged to obey them or else risk their personal and professional integrity.
Preventing plagiarism depends on four main factors. First, students should resist plagiarizing at all costs. This means that students need to be honest with their friends, their family members, their professors, and their deans. When under extreme pressure or in an academic predicament; when they feel like they might fail a course unless they steal someone else's ideas, students need to come clean. Students who are honest about their situations are more likely to earn their professors' respect than those who cheat. Friends and family members are likely to support the…
Avoiding Plagiarism." The Owl at Purdue. Retrieved June 21, 2008 at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
Batty, D. (2008). GMC suspends Raj Persaud for plagiarism. Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2008/jun/20/mentalhealth.health1?commentpage=1
CNN.com/Associated Press (2007). Seinfeld: Wife not guilty of 'vegetable plagiarism'. Oct 21, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2008 at http://www.cnn.com/2007/SHOWBIZ/books/10/31/people.jessicaseinfeld.ap/index.html
Cook, G. & Bombardieri, M. (2005). MIT professor is fired over fabricated data. The Boston Globe. Oct 28, 2005. Retrieved June 21, 2008 at http://www.boston.com/news/local/Massachusetts/articles/2005/10/28/mit_professor_is_fired_over_fabricated_data/?page=full
It is widely accepted in literature that this is a significant threat, as the education establishment is unable to control the conditions in which exams are taken (Cluskey et al. 2011; Yates and Beaudrie, 2009; Lanier, 2006). However, the potential for cheating does not necessarily mean it is occurring. The research by Yates and Beaudrie, (2009) compared the results achieved by students who were assessed within a proctored environment, and students who undertook non-proctor and assessment online. The results were interesting, comparing 406 traditional students, with 444 online students, the research indicated that there was no significant difference in the grades that were achieved, arguing that this does not substantiate the worries found in other literature that cheating is taking place. The assessment is utilized argued that online testing is a viable approach. However, it maybe argued that this conclusion has a significant flaw, as an underlying assumption is that…
Education, Vol. 23, No. 2, April 2009: pp. 1 -- 14
Cluskey, G.R. Jr.; Ehlen, Craig R; Raiborn, Mitchell H, (2011), Thwarting online exam cheating without proctor supervision, Journal of Academic and Business Ethics, 4, 1-7.
Lanier, Mark M, (2006), Academic Integrity and Distance Learning, Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 17(2), 244-261
Yates, Ronald W; Beaudrie, Brian, (2009), the Impact of Online Assessment on Grades in Community College Distance Education Mathematics Courses, the American Journal of Distance Education, 23: 62 -- 70, 2009
academic environment students are under extreme pressure to turn assignments in on time as well and to get good grades on those assignments. Under these conditions students will often choose the path of least resistance or the easy way out and plagiarize from some document. In this essay we will briefly examine what plagiarism is and the challenges students face when attempting to avoid plagiarism. Ultimately it will be apparent that the majority of students plagiarize unintentionally and often to their great distress. While plagiarism is a serious concern, stemming the tide will require student education combined with institutional vigilance. Consequently, it is very difficult for untrained students to avoid plagiarism.
While there are many technical definitions of plagiarism, Academic Integrity (2011) suggests that plagiarism involves many variant and diverse types of behaviors. These behaviors range from the actual copying of text from another location for use in the students…
Academic Integrity for Students (2011). Retrieved from http://guides.library.ualberta.ca/content.php?pid=62200&sid=457755
Davis, S.F., Grover, C.A., Becker, A.H., & McGregor, L. N (1992). ' Academic Dishonesty',
Teaching of Psychology, 19 (1):16-20.
Academic and Professional Development
A scholar-practitioner in clinical research administration is someone who can actively apply academic research to his or her mindful practice in the field and affect the lives of patients in a positive way and who can also use clinical knowledge, experience, and wisdom to inform his or her academic practice. In other words, he or she can enjoy 'the best of both worlds' and merge practice and theory. The practice of medicine is ultimately designed to help people in the real world, so there should always be a dialogue or permeable relationship between scholarship and research. The clinical research administrator embodies this ideal. I see this in my own work and also the work of others. One of the strengths of master's level research is that it enables a nurse to function both as a scholar and also to continue to work effectively in the field…
Academic Strategies for the Business Professional
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My mother has, and continues to have, an enormous impact in my life. My family has not had the smoothest of runs, but all through, mum has managed to demonstrate calmness, contentment, peace, integrity, empathy, perseverance, and compassion even in the face of enormous life challenges. She has always maintained an open mind, an open heart, humor, and joy even when she's going through the toughest of challenges; and even when it does not seem okay, she still wears a smile, and says 'it will be okay'. To her, this…
In academic institutions throughout the world, there are systems of codes which dictate how administration expects the student bodies to behave. These codes can be different based upon the specific rules of the institution in question. Some have clothing rules, others alcohol or narcotic rules, but there are certain dictums which are more universal. Many schools have rules which dictate that students must behave in ways which the institution considers to be honorable. These honor codes can include different components, but it is primarily a pledge against cheating in any sense of the word. Students in many institutions must sign honor pledges wherein they promise that they will not cheat on their assignments or their examinations. Also, if they are witness to any dishonesty on the part of their classmates, then they are responsible for revealing that duplicity to members of the staff or administration. The students pledge…
McCabe, Donald L. "It Takes a Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity."
Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty Winchell. Elements of Argument: A Text
and Reader. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012. Print.
Rawe, Julie. "Battling Term-Paper Cheats." Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty
Athletics and Academics
In the current economic climate of the United States, public institutions are finding themselves having to make harsher and harsher budget cuts. Teaching positions are minimized, class sizes are increased, and fees are rising to nearly unaffordable regions. The English Department at a certain university or high school may drop from twenty-five professors to a dozen or so. It is the harsh reality of living in an era of economic downturn. However, even as the college school would lose more and more financial assistance from the government, athletic programs at schools continue to expand and provide more and more incentives for prospective recruits. This is symptomatic of a flawed philosophy in college institutions: the ability to perform athletic skills has more importance than the ability to think. This perspective not only jades the graduating classes but teaches the wrong principles for when a student needs to learn…
Larimore, David (2007). "Non-Economic Societal Impacts of Intercollegiate Athletics." The
Sport Journal. United States Sports Academy.
Meier, K.J., Eller, W.S., Marchbanks III, M.P., Robinson, S., Polinard, J.L., Wrinkle, R.D.
(2004). "A Lingering Question of Priorities: Athletic Budgets and Academic Performance Revisited. Review of Policy Research," 21(6), 799 -- 807. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
Integrity is a major issue for healthcare organizations because there are many avenues for fraud, and for people to demonstrate a lack of ethics. The problem is that the temptation is sometimes too great and despite the fact that there are laws in place to guard against these practices unethical behavior takes place anyway. The government, which supplies a lot of the money which goes for treatments through Medicare and Medicaid, has structured certain laws to make sure that the practices of healthcare organizations are ethical, but billions of dollars in fines are still doled out every year. The big drug companies complain of arcane and hard to decipher legalese, but the fact is that although they realize the issue and the penalty they continue to subvert the law. This paper looks at qui tam statutes and cases, Medicare and Medicaid admissions criteria, installing a corporate integrity program, and…
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASLHA). (2010). Summary of self- referral and anti-kickback regulations. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/practice/reimbursement/medicare/regulations_sum.htm
Hanford, J.T. (2001). Regulation of the healthcare professions. Ethics & Medicine, 17(3), 188-190.
Louthian Law Firm. (2012). Healthcare fraud qui tam whistleblower protection lawsuits.
Mattie, A. & Ben-Chitrit, R. (2009) The federal False Claims Act and qui tam actions: What every healthcare manager should know. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 12(2), 49-65.
Even in my current extracurricular activities, such as on my Varsity football team, sacrificing my need to be a 'star' and instead serve the common good is a necessity. Teaching the novice debaters is an integral part of my duties on my school's Lincoln-Douglas Debate team. I must help them see the world from competing perspectives, and to see issues in terms of grey, rather than stark black and white.
I am so thankful for the people in my life who have taught me this spirit of community: the people I met over the summer in Texas taught me what it means to be a good neighbor, the children and senior citizens I have befriended who have shown me that friendship knows no age or socioeconomic status. I have, despite the shortness of my life, tried to craft an open soul with few fences, with no barbed wire around my…
Academic Dishonesty and Student Cheating
Academic dishonesty has existed as long as organized schooling, whether in the form of glancing at a neighboring student's examination, copying a classmate's homework, or plagiarizing source material in written assignments. According to many reports, academic dishonesty has increased dramatically in over the last several years and three factors, in particular, have been implicated as contributing factors.
The widespread availability of Internet sources represents a convenient opportunity to plagiarize online material, especially where instructors are less familiar with the Internet medium than students. Similarly, recent technological advances in communication technology (and the miniaturization thereof) has enabled students to devise clever new strategies to facilitate cheating during in-class examinations.
Interviews with students who admit to cheating reveals that many of them justify their academic dishonesty by reference to high profile accounts of corporate dishonesty and widespread deterioration of business ethics, in general (Boon). Others maintain that…
Boon, Miriam (2003) Student Cheating Rises at Stanford: Educational Outreach, Overhaul of Disciplinary System May be Contributing Factors. (Palo Alto Weekly Online Website; Embarcadero Publishing Company). Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.paloaltoonline.com/weekly/morgue/2003/2003_04_11.cheating11.html
Innerst, Carol (1998) Universities Retreat in War on Cheating. (Washington Times, Jan. 29, National Center for Policy Analysis Website). Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.ncpa.org/pi/edu/jan98o.html
Slobogin, Kathy (2002) Survey: Many Students Say Cheating "OK"
CNN.com Website) Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.cnn.com/2002/fyi/teachers.ednews/04/05/highschool.cheating
Higher education is the foundation for growth within our global economy. Students who properly utilized the system to its fullest extent, garner life altering skills and abilities. These skills, which are often transferable from industry to industry further, enhance the quality of life for society (Jacks, 1932). Academic advising is critical to this process, facilitating the development of talent for organizations. These organizations, in turn, create goods and services that provide a compelling value proposition for the consumer. Without the aid of higher education, and the subsequent benefits derived from participation, many of these individuals would not have made the significant contributions to society that they have. It is therefore logical to continue to preserve the higher education system so that the next generation of students can further enhance the quality of life for society. Education is now becoming paramount to individual economic success. The need for companies to hire…
1. Broadbridge, A (1996). "Academic advising -- traditional or developmental approaches?." British Journal of Guidance & Counseling 24 (1): 97-111
2. Butler, S., Marsh, H., & Sheppard, J. (1985). Seven-year longitudinal study of the early prediction of reading achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 349-361
3. Crookston, B.B. (2009). "A Developmental View of Academic Advising as Teaching." NACADA Journal 29 (1): 78-82.
4. Drake, J.K. (2011). "The role of academic advising in student retention and persistence.." About Campus 16 (3): 8-12
Integrity: Privacy Protection in e-Commerce Websites
Privacy Protection in e-Commerce Websites
Back in the 90s, websites were more or less digital brochures that did little more than serve their registered users with monthly electronic newsletters. Today, however, websites are powerful and complex information platforms that not only store and process data, but also allow for the sharing of information across a wide range of online platforms. We share personal data on these websites, and unfortunately, the same passes on to numerous other parties, compromising our own security as well as that of our families in the process. The situation is even worse in the case of e-commerce websites. Whilst they have made shopping a whole lot easier by bringing specialty retail within a few clicks, they have also sprawled up opportunities for thieves who now find it a whole lot easier to obtain personal information and credit card numbers from…
Ackerman, M.S. And Davis, D.T., 2003. Privacy and Security Issues in E-Commerce. In. D.C. Jones (Ed.), New Economy Handbook, San Diego: Academic Press. Chapter 5.
Amazon Inc., 2014. Amazon.com Privacy Notice. Amazon Inc. [online] Available at https://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=468496
Best Buy Inc., 2014. Best Buy Privacy Hub. Best Buy Inc. [online] Available at http://www.bestbuy.com/site/legal-privacy-policies/privacy-policy/pcmcat204400050062.c?id=pcmcat204400050062
college grades accurately reflect the academic capabilities of students. I base my argument on my personal experience. In order to achieve a 3.74/4 grade point average, I spent not only countless number of hours in studying but also found my self-learning the subtleties of analytical logic and descriptive frameworks. My academic background reflects both of the above novelties: my educational knowledge in areas such as Economics, Mathematics, and Computer Science entails the use of analytical logic, while my interests and education in English, French, and Latin literatures involve the application of descriptive frameworks. The knowledge of integration of analytical and descriptive schemas has provided me ample opportunities to view the intricacies and interactions between different subject areas. My interdisciplinary educational background has been quite useful in making my critical decisions in carrying out my work successfully.
A find that in order to achieve a 3.74 grade point average requires one…
But the girls can read the text from Lolita's point-of-view. They can appreciate her powerlessness, as they are powerless in the context of a state, held in the force of an oppressive regime even if the book is not explicitly about Iran.
Nafisi defends her choice of European classics because they uphold the integrity of the individual, and the individual was given scant appreciation in Tehran at the time. A pro-Revolutionary Iranian might have suggested an uplifting, dull theological text as appropriate reading for the girls. An anti-Iranian activist might have suggested a political tract against the regime should have been the focus of the group's secret reading.
By stressing that an individual is important outside of politics, and his or her inner life is worthy of creative and varied interpretation, Nafisi states that she was committing the most radical choice of texts of all. This is Nafisi would defend…
Nafisi, Azar. Reading Lolita in Tehran. New York: Random House, 2003.
Leadership design at Lands' end
How deep are your convictions on things you count on? Exactly what do you count on A Lot about your work that you will withstand anybody about it? Just how much are you about to jeopardize your crucial beliefs? To exactly what degree do your habits and tne options you make align with your leading worths and concepts?
Integrity suggests sincerity and even more. It describes having sturdy internal leading concepts that one does not jeopardize. It indicates dealing with others as you would want to be dealt with.
Numerous professionals known that a strong sense of right and wrong and sturdy leading concepts are the most vital and standard of all leadership abilities or attributes. Integrity advertises depend on, and very little is achieved without depend on.
Integrity is an ability to the degree that we see it in activity. However it goes…
Arthur, W., Jr., Bennett, W., Jr., Edens, P.S., & Bell, S.T. (2003). Effectiveness of training in organizations: A meta-analysis of design and evaluation features. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 234-245.
Barker, R.T., & Stowers, R.H. (2005, December). Learning from our students: Teaching strategies for MBA professors. Business Communication Quarterly, 481-487.
Barrie, S., Ginns, P. & Prosser, M. (2005). Early impact and outcomes of an institutionally aligned, student focused learning perspective on teaching quality assurance. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 30 (6), 641-656.
Bostrum, L. And Lassen, L.v (2006), 'Unravelling learning, learning styles, learning strategies and meta-cognition', Education + Training, vol. 48 no. 2/3
Lying to Ourselves
Military integrity has been a major issue in the recent past because of the increase in moral and ethical problems that are evident across the whole United States military and not just the Army alone. Wong and Gerras' article focuses on highlighting these moral and ethical problems that are increasingly affecting integrity in the U.S. military. As evident in the article, leaders in the American military lie when performing their duties and constantly use rationalizations and justifications to deal with any emerging ethical or moral doubt. This tendency has in turn contributed to the unspoken embrace of dishonesty by these leaders, which is a clear reflection of hypocrisy. Therefore, one the major conclusions from this article include the fact that lying is has become increasingly acceptable in the U.S. military and facilitated by its leaders. Dishonesty and hypocrisy in the military is widely accepted by its leaders…
Wong, Leonard & Gerras, Stephen J. "Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty in the Army Profession."
United States Army War College Press. accessed October 29, 2015. http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB1250.pdf
Ironically, the single most important thing a university could do might be to suspend all forms of grading by the traditional test methods. Even without cheating, the focus on grades only encourages studying to perform on test instead of learning for the sake of learning. It might not be practical for large classes, but one-on-one oral exams between students and professors or TAs might be more difficult to cheat on and provide more accurate indications of what students have actually learned than traditional testing methods. If the university cannot suspend traditional grading and testing, the single most important thing might be to provide a mandatory ethics course to freshman in conjunction with employing a very strict one-strike policy for cheating.
8. Do you agree or disagree with Professor Couser, author of the "Dear Plagiarist" article? Why? What are two main points he is trying to communicate to students in this…
educate students. There are many life lessons to be learned here at asmussen College. I am happy and proud to be a faculty member here in this great institution and sincerely enjoy being part of the educational experience for so many young people on a daily basis. I myself am also learning lessons every day, as life is a continuing learning process. This process must be unique in order for it to be important and have meaning. Students, in their experiences here at asmussen stand to benefit only when an honest and true effort is put forth. Success and failure depends on this authentic expression of the student to have any real purpose or individual meaning.
The use of another's work without properly citing it can, in many instances be considered plagiarism. Not always, however, there is always more to the case than meets the eye. Teachers and faculty members,…
Rasmussen College (nd). Academic Integrity Faculty Guide: Academic Integrity Policy. Retrieved 16 Dec 2015 from http://guides.rasmussen.edu/academicintegrity
Honest Work in College
Basic Information From the Book
Preparing a Citation. When a source has provided data, theory, or authoritative opinion, a citation must be provided. In every case, when the concept or content is not original though, it is important to cite both the actual quotations used and the paraphrases. In addition, if conversations with authorities or professors, for instance, emails, or interviews or other similar forms of communication are a source of information, conceptualization, or thought, then citations are required. When you refer to a particular source frequently, multiple citations must be used. Alternately, fewer citations may be applied if the reader can understand from a clarifying statement in the writing that a particular resource has been used to address a particular topic. Note that citations are not needed for facts that are commonly known by the audience for which the writing is intended.
Avoid Plagiarism. Lipson…
Allen, D. (2001). Getting things done: The art of stress free productivity. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
Anderson, Amy Rees (2012, November 18). Success will come and go, but integrity is forever. Forbes. [Web.] Retrieved http://www.forbes.com/sites/amyanderson/2012/11/28/success-will-come-and-go-but-integrity-is-forever/
Lipson, C. (2004, October 15). Doing honest work in college: How to prepare citations, avoid plagiarism, and achieve real academic success Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press.
In that way, plagiarism is a complicated issue. I think we could begin, perhaps, to truly solve the problem of plagiarism in schools, colleges, universities, and elsewhere, by our society and mass media (e.g., television, films, Internet, etc.) expressing the idea that thinking for oneself is an admirable attribute, not a tedious waste of time or painful burden.
The skills, experiences, and attributes I plan to bring to the online MBA program in Healthcare management include my very strong organizational; writing; verbal; time management, and planning skills, as well as my ability to communicate, collaborate, and work well with others from all backgrounds and walks of life. My professional experience, including my current work as a Medical Education Research Specialist for Optima Educational Solutions, Inc., has provided me not only with considerable research and writing experience, but also with experience in areas like project development and management; healthcare marketing, and…
en speak write, words created? What thoughts preceded words? These questions heart referencing citation
Cultural attitudes towards the notion of intellectual property vary by region. Throughout western civilization, for the most part, people do believe that certain words and expression are proprietorial. One can see this in the trademarking and licensing of certain names, terms, and other ideas associated with words. The notion may be slightly absurd, but people in western culture frequently believe that ideas and their wording can belong to either an individual or an organization, and that for people to utilize them they need to be monetarily compensated.
Of course, contemporary trends towards globalization and the ease of access facilitated by mobile devices, the internet, cloud computing, big data, and other technological advancements have certainly had an effect on this line of thought. People still seek to license and protect what they believe to be their rightful…
Bowden, D. (1996). "Coming to terms: plagiarism." English Journal. 85(4): 82-84.
D. Gotterbarn, K. Miller, J. Impagliazzo. (2006). "Plagiarism and scholarly publications: an ethical analysis." 36th Annual Conference on Frontiers in Education. 22-27.
Stolley, K., Brizee, A. Paiz, J.M. (2013). "Safe practices." Purdue Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/03/
Weida, S., Stolley, K. (2013). "Developing strong thesis statements." Purdue Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/01
Students Plagiarize and Why They Should Be Told About it
Plagiarism has been the reason why "scholars'" names have been ripped off from roll of honors. Protracted court battles have been litigated because of lack of academic integrity. What exactly drives a student into using information from a source without acknowledging the source of information? Students can sometimes be a funny lot. They procrastinate so much. There are instances when assignments are given out and due dates for submitting the assignments are clearly stipulate. A student would never plan with the time he has at his disposal really well buoyed with the accessibility of information in this era of digital age where a search word in Google search engine would give you access to copious amount of information. Such students would probably party until the last day when assignments are to be submitted. That is when they will pick their…
Chickering, A.W. & Gamson, Z.F. (1991). Applying the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 47.
Fulwiler, T. & Hayakawa, A.R. (2000). The Blair Handbook. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Alamo of affirmative action, the University of Michigan. The contradictory stances of Bush and Powell on this issue are dealt with. So is the position of Gerald Ford who believes like the proponents of affirmative action that affirmative action procedures lead to diversity at the educational institutions and opportunities for the minorities that are seen as a must to be offered.
Affirmative Action in Michigan
Diversity and Achievement
Is affirmative action the victim of its own success? That is one conclusion to be drawn from Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger, two cases challenging affirmative-action policies at the University of Michigan. Affirmative action has always counterposed two basic aspects of the American notion of equal opportunity. Opponents argue that taking race or gender into account in hiring or university admissions is discrimination pure and simple. Proponents counter that taking such characteristics into account redresses a legacy of discrimination; in…
Agence France Presse English. (2003. January). Powell disagrees with Bush on controversial race case.
Commonweal. (2001. March). The diversity dilemma, pp 5.
Staff Editorial. (2003. January). EDITORIAL: Be honest on affirmative action. University Wire.
White, J.E. (1999). Society: Dividing Line: Affirmative Action's Alamo Gerald Ford returns to fight once more for Michigan. Time, pp 48.
A Comparison of Online Learning and Campus-Based Learning
The development and growth of online learning has created opportunities for both students and academic institutions alike. The online learning environment may be argued as offering many benefits such increasing accessibility to education and support of diversity as well as providing a potentially lucrative revenue streams for the institutions. These benefits have driven the growth, but the benefits are not without drawbacks, with online courses reporting a higher attrition. The aim of the paper is to look at online learning, discussing the advantages and the disadvantages of the online environment comparing it to campus-based learning and the blending environment.
An online course has been defined as one where there is a minimum of 80% of the content is delivered through the online environment (Allen & Seaman, 2014). Online delivery may include a range of different mediums, including, but not necessarily limited…
Allen IE; Seaman J, (2014), Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, The Sloan Consortium
Bauman, P, (2002), Student Retention: What You Can Control, & How, Distance Education Report, 6(16), 41
Cluskey, G.R. Jr.; Ehlen, Craig R; Raiborn, Mitchell H, (2011), Thwarting online exam cheating without proctor supervision, Journal of Academic and Business Ethics, 4, 1-7
Diaz, D.P. (2002), Online drop rates revisited, The Technology Source, accessed 11th March 2-014 at http://technologysource.org/article/online_drop_rates_revisited/
policies must be selected and analyzed. These should ideally be aligned with organisational values. Such values are achievement, balance, cooperation, creativity, integrity, loyalty, personal development and results. Loyalty in this context refers to mutual respect. The first policy to be analyzed is the assessment policy, which "outlines the framework in which learning is assessed within TAFE NSW." The policy outlines the objectives of the policy, the audience for the policy, the context including legislative requirements, and the responsibilities and delegations. In general, these policies are congruent with the organisational values. For example, mutual respect is found in policy 4.1.2, which outlines "explaining the relevant Student Assessment Guides and supporting information to students," so that there is transparency and respect between the instructors and the students.
The values of achievement and results are met with policies like 4.1.7, which states "monitoring and improving the quality of assessment." There is TAFE Quality…
Higher Education and Ethics
Higher Education is a realm of academic life that requires ethical parameters -- a framework by which all members and stakeholders of institutions within this sector voluntarily utilize so as to achieve a common goal. That goal enable leaders in Higher Education to assess the right way forward and the core principles or values that should govern decision-making and various activities within the institutions. Ethical guidelines can be a significant tool of governance towards a better quality of life within the Higher Education realm, therefore it is essential that a substantial understanding of the role that ethical governance plays in Higher Education be achieved. This paper will discuss Higher Education ethical governance and how leaders assure ethical procedures are in place within their institution.
Higher Education Institutional Governance
Institutional governance is very important when it comes to higher education, because it not sets the bar in…
Committee of University Chairs. (2015). The Higher Education code of governance.
Retrieved from http://www.universitychairs.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Code-Final.pdf
Council for Industry and Higher Education. (2014). Brunel University West London.
Retrieved from http://www.open.ac.uk/ethics-centre/0509Ethics.pdf
'How to Effectively Market and Manage Quality Australian International
A primary focus for the nearly half a million international students choosing to study in Australia each year seems to be on obtaining a higher education; oftentimes it is because they believe it is an investment in their own future. For the vast majority of these international students the hope is that their education will lead to improved employment opportunities and a higher quality lifestyle, either in Australia, another country, or after they return to their homeland. Interestingly enough, almost half of the surveyed higher education graduates and two thirds of VET graduates were living in Australia, with most either already having been granted permanent residency or hoping to obtain permanent residency status.
Graduates who were working in Australia had a slightly higher level of unemployment than those who returned home, although most were working or undertaking further study.…
Anctil, E.J.; (2008) Recommendations for selling higher education, ASHE Higher Education Report, Vol. 34, Issue 2, pp. 89-98
Australian Government (2009a). Transforming Australia's higher education system, Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, Accessed on May 17, 2010 at website: http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Documents/PDF/Additional%20Report%20-%20Transforming%20Aus%20Higher%20ED_webaw.pdf .
Belanger, C.; Mount, J.; Wilson, M.; (2002) Institutional image and retention, Tertiary Education and Management, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 217 -- 230.
Bradley, D.; Noonan, P.; Nugent, H.; Scales, B.; (2008). Review of Australian higher education: Final report, Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, accessed on May 18, 2011, http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Review/Documents/PDF/Higher%20Education%20Review_one%20document_02.pdf .
journey are enormous, but they compare with the challenges faced by those in this week's media in significant ways. The two resources I would like to focus on include the "Faculty Expectations and Interaction Program Transcript" and the "Walden Student Services Staff Program Transcript." I would like to discuss the various uses of the Internet in the classroom, including for research, communication, and networking.
As the speaker states, "faculty relationship are some of the most important you will cultivate" while at Walden ("Faculty Expectations and Interaction Program Transcript" n.d.). One of the challenges I face will be interacting in small group environments and finding my voice. I am not used to being taken seriously enough for my voice to count, and being at Walden offers me the opportunity to shine like never before. I relish this opportunity. Using the Internet allows me the chance to express myself in a safe…
"Faculty Expectations and Interaction Program Transcript," (n.d.).
"Walden Student Services Staff Program Transcript," (n.d.).
However, the digital age has provided much more sophisticated methods of cheating on in-class exams, including real-time Internet searches or note retrieval during closed-book exams.
In many schools, administrators have even documented instances of students sending one another real-time instant messages during exams (MJS, 2004). Academic dishonesty preceded the computer and Internet age, but the new technology has increased the temptation to take shortcuts and increased the sophistication of the available methods of all forms of cheating.
The area of academic integrity most affected by the widespread availability of online information sources is plagiarism in various forms. Until recently, students could copy and paste information directly from the Internet and turn it in as their own work for credit with relatively little risk because the chance of detection was very low.
The sheer volume of available Internet sources made it comparatively easy to find sources of information with which any…
Carr, Nicholas. "Is Google Making Us Stupid?" Atlantic (July/August 2008). Retrieved February 9, 2009, at http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200807/google
Girard, Nancy, J. "Plagiarism: An Ethical Problem in the Writing World" (2009) AORN
Journal. Retrieved February 9, 2009, from FindArticles.com. At http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FSL/is_1_80/ai_n6113175
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. "Internet Gives Rise to a Bold New Era in College-
On the other hand, the most acceptable treatment, the survey showed, would be to give that student a failing grade and allow him or her to redo the assignment.
Article #3: TIME (supporting details from the article): This piece states that there are "hundreds of online paper mills" [i.e., web sites that produce research papers] which cater to "all the stressed-out, disaffected or just plain lazy students" who have credit cards and Internet access. And the Time article asserts that according to Rutgers professor Donald McCabe's research (a survey of 13,248 students), some 67% admitted to having cheated "at least once on a paper or test." That having been said, it is also true that colleges and universities are fighting back against the tidal wave of cheating by purchasing the services of www.turnitin.com, a eb site that reportedly has a database of "billions of eb pages, tens of thousands of…
Carter, Stacy L.; Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra Maria. Acceptability of Treatments for Plagiarism. College Student Journal, 41(2), 336-341.
Rawe, Julie. (2007). A Question of Honor. Time, 169(22), 59-60.
Strom, Peter S.; & Strom, Robert D. Curbing Cheating, Raising Integrity. Education Digest,
Turnitin.com (2007). Digital Assessment Suite. Plagiarism Prevention. Peer Review.
Orienting Toward the Future: How an Online Orientation Program for Adjunct Nurse Practitioners Promotes IOM Goals
In 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a pivotal report citing the need for greater numbers of nurses, especially those in positions of leadership practicing to the full extent of their abilities. The IOM report has helped shape the future of nursing, which depends critically on effective nursing education. Higher education and training for nurses can and should be available, and the nurses who graduate from those programs should be practicing to the full extent of their training as equal partners with physicians and other healthcare practitioners in a team-based environment rather than the outmoded hierarchies that once characterized medical care. Also important in the new healthcare environment is greater attention to diversity. To meet the goals of the IOM and to improve standards of care, an orientation program for adjunct clinical nurse…
Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2010). The future of nursing. Retrieved online: https://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/The-Future-of-Nursing/Future%20of%20Nursing%202010%20Recommendations.pdf
McLeod, S. (2013). Kolb -- Learning Styles. Retrieved online: http://www.simplypsychology.org/learning-kolb.html
Mehra, B., Olson, H.A. & Ahmad, S. (2011). Integrating diversity across the LIS curriculum. IFLA Journal 37(1): 39-51.
Rice, G. (2016). An orientation program for clinical adjunct faculty. ABNF 27(1): 7-10.
What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is not just the act of copying someone else’s words and passing them off as your own. It is also the act of taking someone else’s ideas and taking claim or credit for them. Plagiarism can take various forms, in other words—and the best policy to adopt when doing academic research and writing is to always give credit where credit is due. There is never an advantage to gain from trying to steal someone else’s work—but there is everything to lose. On the other hand, properly citing sources and giving a reference anytime words or ideas are taken from a source is just good, academic practice and there’s no shame in citing other authors. So long as you contribute something new to the topic, citing other authors is actually looked highly upon: it shows you’ve taken the time to get to know what others have said…
Solidarity created via black feminist discourse is empowering. The acknowledgment of a collective black female identity can lead African-American women to value rather than shun their identities and to embrace the fullness of their culture. Psychological empowerment is a precursor to economic and political empowerment. Empowerment ultimately does not depend on conformity to the predominant social institutions. Another reason why it is important to sustain black feminist thought is that this alternative discourse is the only means by which the voices of the oppressed may be heard. In the same way that empowerment means not having to participate in or condone white male institutions, black feminist ideology defines its own methodological tools. Those tools cannot rely on scholastic sources or the scientific method. A European-masculinist academic institution imposes positivism on all discourse. This shuts down valid voices offering personal opinion, immediate experience, narrative, and other means by which black women…
The apparent point here is that land traditionally belonging to native tribes will be used to mine in the interest of the developed world. It makes me feel both sad and powerless. I do not have all the information, but stories like this always make me feel that those with the greatest physical, technological, or financial power, or all three, tend to have more power than even those with the right to a certain piece of land or way of living.
The second point confirms the previous observation, that the consistent support of those in power has resulted in the approval of the project without any regard for the rights of those who have possessed the land for far longer. Again, this gives me a sense of powerlessness when faced with decisions by politicians who have only their own interest at heart.
This is far longer than the mere…
When professors work with students with special needs they should always be certain to create an inclusive environment that encourages all students to shine. Moreover, community college professors need to develop curricula that honor diversity whenever possible. A comprehensive teaching philosophy for the community college professor therefore expands student awareness of diversity as well as of their subject matter. The community college instructor must also keep in mind that many students will have families, part-time, or full-time jobs and must therefore respect the needs for students to juggle differing demands. Professors should always listen to their students needs: if work loads appear too hard for many students then the professor should consider reducing them. Expanding awareness also includes helping students network. The community college professor should introduce students to various campus organizations, clubs, other classes, and community resources. The instructor should direct students to campus bulletin boards and career development…
Indeed, it may be argued that action research is uniquely suited to the conditions within the classroom. So reports the text by Ferrance, which indicates that "action research is a process in which participants examine their own educational practice systematically and carefully, using the techniques of research. It is based on the following assumption. . . teachers and principals work best on problems they have identified for themselves." (p. 1)
The implication here is that the constant state of flux revealed by day-to-day activities within a course and in interaction between professor, students, content and other entities justify the use of a research framework which is similarly mutable. As the source by Ferrance argues, the improvement of one's own practice of education may well be based on the ability of the instructor to evolve in harmony with an evolving understanding of the community systems, social networks, cultural inclinations and academic…
Dick, B. (2000). A Beginner's Guide to Action Research [Online]. Available at http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arp/guide.html
Ferrance, E. (2000). Action Research. Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory at Brown University.
45), it is probable that teaching faculty are more focused on their specialization than seeking to develop students as a whole or focusing on non-academic growth. This is not to say that teaching faculty are unconcerned about student achievement, but rather it is probable that they see this as the job of student affairs personnel, while their job is to focus on the development of the students as scholars. When teaching faculty engage with student affairs personnel on such relevant issues as academic integrity. Such models can occur when both faculty and student affairs personnel are aware of the active learning component and the personal group of a student as an integral part of the university's…
Breaching the Student Affairs-Faculty Divide
According to Magdola (1999), active learning is one of the more important institutions in a college education. Active learning means that students are able to bring together the aspects of their personal and academic lives. Magdola (1999) writes, "To make effective arguments, decisions, and judgments, a student must reflect on her own and others' views and integrate them into informed perspectives and understandings" (pg. 23). Thus, it is the job of the student affairs personnel to engage in a discourse with teaching faculty regarding active learning. However, Magdola (1999) also writes that entering such a discussion can be challenging. Indeed, the divide between teaching faculty and student affairs personnel is something of popular lore. While this divide exists, addressing why it is there and what can be done about it is up to speculation.
Although Dalton (1999) writes that "recent national reports on education and society have been highly critical of the neglect of values in undergraduate education and have called for renewed attention to the central role of character and civic education in colleges and universities" (pg. 45), it is probable that teaching faculty are more focused on their specialization than seeking to develop students as a whole or focusing on non-academic growth. This is not to say that teaching faculty are unconcerned about student achievement, but rather it is probable that they see this as the job of student affairs personnel, while their job is to focus on the development of the students as scholars. When teaching faculty engage with student affairs personnel on such relevant issues as academic integrity. Such models can occur when both faculty and student affairs personnel are aware of the active learning component and the personal group of a student as an integral part of the university's goals and models of student achievement.
" -- San Luis Obispo professor, as reported in Net Learning.
Who wants to sit around looking for websites trying to find out if a paper is plagiarized or not... pretty soon you're a private investigator." -- a Stanford University professor, from an article in TechWeb News.
Plagiarism] is one of those areas in the academy that no one wants to talk about and is often rewarded for not addressing actively." -- an Associate VP of Student Life, as posted in The Chronicle of Higher Education's "Colloquy."
Too few universities are willing to back up their professors when they catch students cheating, according to academic observers. The schools are simply not willing to expend the effort required to get to the bottom of cheating cases" -- as stated by The National Center for Policy Analysis. (qtd. In "Statistics").
Types of Plagiarism:
There are several different types of plagiarism, many of…
Avoiding Plagiarism. No date. Madison Area Technical College. November 12, 2006 http://matcmadison.edu/is/writingcenter/plagarism.htm.
OWL Materials: Avoiding Plagiarism. 2006. Purdue University. November 12, 2006 http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/ .
Plagiarism. No date. The University of Edinburgh. November 12, 2006 http://helios.bto.ed.ac.uk/resman/nrm/plagarism_and_copying.htm.
Plagiarism Today. 2005. Plagiarism.org. November 12, 2006 http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism.html .
Since 1874, Purdue University has garnered a reputation of high academic integrity and achievement. Pursuing an education at Purdue University has always been a dream. Since completing my high school education in 2011, I felt that my purpose was to make a difference in the lives of others. With such a challenging childhood, my desire to persevere is fueled by circumstances. Such life events have yielded a strong desire to learn more and to give more. Furthering my education builds upon knowledge and experience by teaching important leadership skills necessary for today's complex workplace. Insomuch, a quality education will help achieve personal and professional goals that may add value by enriching the lives of others.
Reason for Pursuit
My mother who had her personal life's challenges precipitates my higher educational pursuit. Perhaps her sorrow fueled her alcoholism. During one particularly bad incident, after I rushed to the drugstore…
Next I will respond to the accusation that I collaborated with other students on Question 3 in violation of the exam instructions which read, "Students may not work together." I assure the committee that collaboration with others for this exam was never a consideration for me for the following reasons.
One, I had no reason to consult with others because as a take-home exam, I had a wealth of information and ample time available to me to conduct research at the library or on the Internet. Moreover, I have proven myself to be a hard-working and successful student, one who would not need the assistance of others on a straightforward exam question.
Second, if I had needed or wanted to consult with others I would hesitate to use my fellow classmates as a reliable resource. Rather, I would much prefer the more valuable input from my place of employment: I…
The difficulties of approaching papyri on an academic pedestal are clear, related to the need for context and interpretation. There are the "overt biases" that are used to inscribe and decode, and there are notions that the text "must be controlled by knowledge of the intellectual traditions from which they spring," (Crawford, Gabba, Millar, & Snodgrass, 1983, p. x). The linguistic properties of the papyritic record can be surmounted and even so, "the problem remains of how to mitigate the effect of the limited range of interest " this documentary evidence presents (Crawford et al., 1983, x). The dry, arid, and perfectly preserving climate of the Egyptian landscape enabled the preservation of the papyri as well as bodies of other documentary evidence from tombs to temples. It is explicit and implicit what the papyri have to say, and what they offer in terms of placement on the linear trajectory of…
Luijendijk, a. (2010). A New Testament Papyrus and Its Documentary Context: An Early Christian Writing Exercise from the Archive of Leonides. JBL 129(3): 575-596.
Porten, B. (1996). The Elephantine Papyrus in English. BRILL.
Sijpesteijn, P.A. & Sundelin, L. (2004). Papyrology and the History of Early Islamic Egypt. BRILL, 2004.
Society of Biblical Literature (2010). A New Testament Papyrus and Its Documentary Context: An Early Christian Writing Exercise from the Archive of Leonides (P.Oxy. II 209/p Journal of Biblical Literature 129(3): 575-596
THIS FRM MUST BE CMPLETELY FILLED IN
Please Follow These Procedures: If requested by your mentor, use an assignment cover sheet as the first page of the word processor file. Use "headers" to indicate your course code, assignment number, and your name on each page of the assignment/homework including this assignment cover sheet.
Keep a Photocopy or Electronic Copy f Your Assignments: You may need to re-submit assignments if your mentor has indicated that you may or must do so.
Academic Integrity: All work submitted in each course must be the Learner's own. This includes all assignments, exams, term papers, and other projects required by the faculty mentor. The knowing submission of another persons work represented as that of the Learner's without properly citing the source of the work will be considered plagiarism and will result in an unsatisfactory grade for the work submitted or for the entire course,…
One of the biggest challenges facing policymakers seeking to provide affordable housing for families with children is the paucity of affordable family housing (Cocheo, 2009). Indeed, in many American communities, home ownership is only a pipe dream for at least half of the population (Cocheo, 2009), and there is a chronic shortage of affordable family-sized housing units available (Sirmans & Macpherson, 2003). The implications of a chronic affordable shortage of family-sized housing units are severe and long-lasting. In this regard, Scott and Ward (2005) reported that parents in general and single parents in particular can experience severe depression as a result of not having permanent affordable housing which in turn can result in higher incidences of child abuse and neglect.
Community Planning and Housing
Cook, Bruin, Yust, Crull, Shelley, Laux, and White (2009) reported that community involvement is needed to
Failure and Rescue
Atul Gawande and How Failures can be Turned Around
Atul Gawande makes some key points about failure that arose through contemplation about some stories about particular individuals who have faced increadible hardships, namely, surviving the Holocaust and then having to deal with some of the harshers aspects of being human and having to age. Gawande tells the story of Mrs. C. and her inherient value system that developed based on some of the events in her life that she has had to overcome. After surviving the Holocaust with her family, much of her self-worth was derived from her ability to remain independent and contribute to society. However, after reaching the age of eighty-seven, Mrs. C. suffered an episode in which she lost her vision and required an immediate surgery in order to have the possibility to regain her sight. The medical team was so focused on the…
Gawande, A. (2012, June 2). Failure and Rescue. Retrieved from The New Yorker: http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/failure-and-rescue
Likewise, educatos at all levels ae faced with the dual-edged swod of technological innovations that offe new appoaches to the delivey of educational sevices but which have also fundamentally tansfomed the taditional elationship between classoom teache and students, paticulaly in adult educational settings. Moeove, the combination of poweful wod pocessing pogams and the amount of infomation on the Intenet that can be easily accessed and integated into eseach pojects has made academic integity a focus of a gowing numbe of studies in ecent yeas as well. These issues ae examined futhe in this study using the methodology descibed below.
This study used a eview of the elevant pee-eviewed and scholaly liteatue to develop insights into cuent and futue tends in Intenet usage, with a paticula emphasis on how these tends ae affected academicians. While thee was a specific effot made to incopoate the most ecent studies and texts (e.g.,…
references that were older than 10 years were also consulted and used where appropriate. This approach is congruent with a number of social researchers who emphasize the need for a review of the relevant literature as a starting point for many types of research projects. For instance, Gratton and Jones (2003) report that a review of the relevant literature is an essential task in all types of research: "No matter how original you think the research question may be, it is almost certain that your work will be building on the work of others. It is here that the review of such existing work is important" (p. 51); however, there are limitations to this approach. As Dennis and Harris (2002) caution, "Finding the information needed
Dean of Students,
As I prepare to meet with you this coming week, I do so with a full understanding of the seriousness of my offense. However, this is an understanding that I have truly only gained during the last year and as a result of my own regrettable actions. Last year, I was accused of plagiarism for failing to properly quote and cite some of the sources that I used to complete a research paper for a Geography 100 level course. I am sorry to say that I am guilty of this offense.
However, I hope to make it clear to you in our meeting that this offense was not committed out of malice or dishonesty. It was a simple error in judgment and one that I will never make again. After enduring this process while simultaneously attempting to remain on top of my current studies, I have gained…
Organic organizations are considered more hands off and let things occur instead of forcing them to happen. Command and control over an organic organizations is widespread and distributed amongst its components. Trust and faith are more a part of the practices in this type of firm where creating revenues, instead of focusing on costs is a more important practice. The word "organization" and "organic" are nearly the same and it appears that organizations work better when utilizing an organic approach.
Boxenhorn (2004) explained how the Internet is an organic organization that appears to be working in a very deliberate and effective manner. He wrote, "One of the most astounding examples of Organic Organization is the one you're using right now to read this post: the Internet. The technology to build the Internet was around for something like 30 years before it took off. It took that long because the…
Boxenhorn, D. (2004). Organic Organization, Synthetic Organization. RishonRishon, 10 June 2004. Retrieved from http://www.rishon-rishon.com/archives/031769.php
Zeveloff, J. (2013). Report: Barnard College Officials Are Investigating an Alleged Cheating Scandal. Business Insider, 7 May 2013. Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/barnard-college-cheating-scandal-2013-5
TED Talk: uggy Moral Code
"How much can I get away with without being hit by the consequences?" (Ariely, 2009)
A deep discussion ensued when I broached this topic with my peers, as individuals justify cheating depending on the context. If our type of person does a particular thing, we would also tend to engage in it. Here's where the concept of morality becomes effective. Ariely associates this with cheating on God's divine law (the Ten Commandments). The moment one starts taking morals into consideration, one will become more unwilling to cheat. A student will definitely tend to cheat less if his/her professor establishes high academic integrity standards, as cheating breaks down his/her fudge factor. There will not be much room to justify why one cheats. On the whole, cheating consistently on smaller projects will ultimately build up till one has no qualms about cheating on examinations and other larger…
Ariely, D. (2009, February). Dan Ariely: Our buggy moral code. Retrieved from TED: https://www.ted.com/talks/dan_ariely_on_our_buggy_moral_code?language=en#t-8559
Dokodemo. (2011, August 11). Dan Ariely on our buggy moral code (TED Talk). Retrieved from da2el.wordpress: https://da2el.wordpress.com/2011/08/11/dan-ariely-on-our-buggy-moral-code-ted-talk-2/
Yousif, J. (2013, February 18). Dan Ariely, "Our Buggy Moral Code." Retrieved from UMICH: http://www.umich.edu/~hcouncil/home/In_The_News/Entries/2013/2/18_The_Ted_Talk_titled_Our_Buggy_Moral_Code%2C_given_by_Dan_Ariely_provides_the_hidden_reasons_that_several_of_people_think_it_is_the_norm_to_cheat._He_begins_by_relating_cheating_to_economics
Unit 4 Assignment Worksheet
In the Units 3 and 4 Discussions, you created a thesis statement that offered a solution to a problem in your community or workplace. In this unit’s Assignment, you will revise and evaluate the effectiveness of that thesis using the Toulmin Model.
Part I: First of all, you will revise the provisional thesis statement that you generated in the previous unit Discussion. Make sure the thesis is concise (1–2 sentences) and includes two parts: a proposal for solving a problem and a reason that solution is needed. For more on creating effective persuasive thesis statements, review the following Writing Center resources:
· “Give Your Paper Direction: Developing a Strong Thesis Statement”
· “Writing a Thesis for a Persuasive Essay”
Write your revised two-part thesis statement here, and be sure to include a claim + reason (the “because” or “since” clause):
Employees should be taught stress management…
Writing and Reflection
My paraphrasing strategy is to focus on putting the main idea of the author into my own words while still giving credit to the author from whom the idea comes. In other words, I will read what an author has written, summarize it in a new and fresh way, while integrating the idea into my paper appropriately. At the end of the paraphrasing, I will include an in-text citation that shows the source of the idea. If one simply quotes an author’s original words all the time, one is not actually doing any writing or work but simply attaching quotes from others together. Even if cited properly this is not very effective writing. A writer should be able to take information he has read, process it, and deliver it in new words that make sense and convey the original author’s idea in a way that…
speak or write, do you own the words that you have created? What about the thoughts that preceded those words?
What is originality?
In some sense, we are all 'original authors.' We compose our own ideas in our head and transmit them to the world in speech. Yet, on the other hand, it is just as easy to claim that because our words are the result of a series of subtle cultural influences, there is no 'original' thought. Even the greatest scientific innovations of earlier eras built upon the ideas of people who existed previously. Shakespeare borrowed most of his plots. The notion of someone who exists outside of culture is a fiction. Even the language we speak shapes and limits our conceptions of the world.
However, although originality may be a fiction, it is a necessary fiction. Without copyright laws, authors would have no incentive to create new ideas.…
"Common knowledge in academic writing." PK6. 26 Oct 2011. Available:
http://www.uta.fi/FAST/PK6/REF/commknow.html [17 Jan 2013]
Hayes, Niall & Lucas D. Introna. "Cultural Values, Plagiarism and Fairness: When plagiarism gets in the way of learning. Centre for the Study of Technology and Organisation,
Lancaster University Management School. Available: http://www.lums.lancs.ac.uk/files/sdaw/5706.pdf [17 Jan 2013]
If this were to happen, legitimate students who use material honestly and properly cite all sources will be losing out on untold amounts of useful information.
There are several ways which would prevent plagiarism from getting out of and any further. In recent years, many colleges and universities have begun using programs to detect plagiarism. Schools turn to services such as www.TurnItIn.com as a prime weapon in the fight against plagiarism. These services run received papers through an immense database which contains publications from around the world. The service looks for certain key words and sentences which it compares to other key words and sentences in other previously published works. Using this new technology, most work turned in by students is checked and verified in the database. If something is too close for coincidence, or is obviously not cited right, this information will turn up during a scan through the…
Two of the most pressing issues in corporate leadership today include gender equality and labor rights. In "Women See Slow Progress in Leadership," Gay (2013) cites numerous empirical studies showing that the glass ceiling remains nearly impenetrable at the highest levels of management. The report cites the work-life balance ideal as the most common reason offered for why many women are either opting out of the CEO lifestyle, or are not considered ready or willing to handle the challenges and pressures of senior leadership.
In "The Best etail Companies to Work for ight Now," Smith (2013) describes Costco's approach toward human resources management. The company has recently been named one of the best companies to work for in the United States because of their relatively high salaries, supportive work environment, opportunity for growth, and job security. Its ethical labor rights practices are helping gain positive publicity for Costco, showing…
Gay, M. (2013). Women see slow progress in leadership. The Wall Street Journal. 14 Nov, 2013. Retrieved online: http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303289904579196123043065800
Greenleaf, R. (2013). Ten principles of servant leadership. Butler University. Retrieved online: http://www.butler.edu/volunteer/resources/principles-of-servant-leadership/
Lavinsky, D. (2013). Are you a visionary business leader? Forbes. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/sites/davelavinsky/2013/04/26/are-you-a-visionary-business-leader/
Robert K. Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership (2013). What is servant leadership? Retrieved online: https://greenleaf.org/what-is-servant-leadership/
George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA
The face of American politics has changed greatly over past fifteen years. After 9/11 incident, the American version of democracy and the credibility of higher offices of United States has been questioned time and again. Even CIA is not different from any other organization in the machinery of United States government and its integrity and objectivity has been the subject of doubt consistently over past few years. Where CIA has been the questioned repeatedly, so has its former and last DCI, George Tenet. George Tenet has been accused of crossing ethical boundaries and overlapping his ethical obligations with his personal preferences which caused the downfall of CIA as an organization.
During his tenure as CIA's head, George has been praised over time for brining CIA back to the status of fully-functional organization full of motivated employees and has…
Gordon, P.D.(2007), The ethics map- a values-based approach to defining ethics and integrity in the public service. Retrieved from http://users.rcn.com/pgordon/homeland/ethicsmap.pdf
McDougle, M.L. (2007), Understanding and maintaining ethical values in the public sector through an integrated approach to leadership, retrieved from http://www.ipa.udel.edu/3tad/papers/workshop6/McDougle.pdf
Menzel, D. (2003). Public administration as a profession: Where do body and soul reside? Public Integrity, 5(3), 239-249.
Waldo, D. (1980). The enterprise of public administration, Chandler and Sharp, Novato, CA.
Generally, Wikipedia pages also include references and many of them are legitimate sources of information. In that sense, Wikipedia can be helpful as a starting point for online research more than as an authoritative source of any information.
Website 3 -- the National Anti-Vivisection Society: http://navs.org
The National Anti-Vivisection Society appears to be a legitimate organization with many links to established animal welfare organizations such as the Human Society of the United States and ASPCA. On the other hand, it is more of an advocacy site than an information or news site. The main concept of the organization is based on subjective belief and opinions in connection with the relative rights of non-human animals. While that position actually seems appropriate and more justifiable than the opposite position (i.e. insensitivity to the suffering of animals for human benefit), it is not, strictly speaking, based on objective facts. Because the website is…