Ambassador Essays (Examples)

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Appointment of John Bolton as

Words: 1410 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34876247

He has the well-earned reputation of being the "a hawk's hawk in the Bush administration" (Corn, 2005). For instance, when the Bush administration did not get UN's backing for its war in Iraq, Bolton observed that was "further evidence to many why nothing should be paid to the UN system." (Ibid.)

Officials who have worked under him, invariably describe Bolton as a bully. At his confirmation hearings in the Senate, a former colleague accused Bolton of harassing an intelligence analyst who challenged his findings on biological weapons in Cuba and called Bolton a "classic kiss-up, kick-down kind of guy." (Bosco, 2005) Questions have even been raised about his integrity: he received payments from a $100 million secret Taiwan government slush fund and submitted pro-Taiwan testimony to Congress in the 1990s without revealing he was a paid consultant to Taiwan. (Corn, 2005)

Of course, once the President had decided to nominate…… [Read More]

References

Bosco, David. (2005). "The World According to Bolton." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. July/August 2005 pp. 24-31 (vol. 61, no. 04). Retrieved on November 10, 2005 at  http://www.thebulletin.org/article.php?art_ofn=ja05bosco 

Corn, David. (2005). "Bush Gives the UN the Finger." The Nation. Posted 03/08/2005. Retrieved on November 10, 2005 at  http://www.thenation.com/blogs/capitalgames?bid=3&pid=2245 

John R.Bolton. (2005)." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved on November 10, 2005 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_R._Bolton 

Recess Appointment." (2005). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved on November 10, 2005 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recess_appointment
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U S Ignorance of Stalin's Crimes

Words: 6893 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3919657

In many ways, Russia is still recovering from it, trying to deal with the fact that only a few decades ago, it inflicted on itself one of the worst holocausts in human memory" (Hochschild, 1993). Therefore, the purges were used on the one hand to discourage the people and the elites in particular from establishing a dissident opposition or a negative pole of power that could have countered the Soviet regime.

Also, another possible justification of the way in which the Soviet regime acted in that period was the complete elimination of the possible negative influences from the old regimes or more precisely of the opposing forces in Russia. More precisely, "the decade of the 1930s saw the renewal of the Soviet leading stratum. During the period the.regime progressively unburdened itself of its legacy of class prejudice and rose to its full totalitarian posture" (Unger, 1969, 2). The regime of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beichman, Arnold. "Pulitzer-Winning Lies." The Daily Standard. 2003.  http://www.theweeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/002/791vwuaz.asp 

Bernard, Henri. Le communisme et l'aveuglement occidental (Soumagne, Belgium: editions Andre Grisard, 1982)

Boris Bajanov, Avec Staline dans le Kremlin. Paris: Les editions de France, 1930, pp. 2 -- 3.

Connor, Walter D. "The Manufacture of Deviance: The Case of the Soviet Purge, 1936-1938." American Sociological Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1972, pp. 403-413.
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Case Study on Homeland Security Event

Words: 1951 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70589519

Homeland Security Event

Over the last ten years, Homeland Security has been focused on dealing with a wide variety of terrorist attacks. In most cases, these incidents usually involve some kind of intelligence indicating that a terrorist related incident was about to occur. One recent example of this happened in October 2011, with a failed assassination attempt on the Saudi Arabian Ambassador. When the news was first announced, this seemed somewhat surreal based on the fact that Iran was behind the plot (with two suspects charged for their involvement). However, the relationship that Iran has with the West during the last few years has been strained. This is an indication of how the Islamic epublic was lashing out against these nations with one of their only tools (terrorism). (Miller, 2012, pp. 20 -- 30) To fully understand this event, we will look at how this attempted terrorist attack unfolded. This…… [Read More]

References

Two Men Charged in Alleged Plot. (2011). FBI. Retrieved from:  http://www.fbi.gov/newyork/press-releases/2011/two-men-charged-in-alleged-plot-to-assassinate-saudi-arabian-ambassador-to-the-united-states 

Two Men Charged in Alleged Plot (2011). Justice Department. Retrieved from: http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2011/October/11-ag-1339.html

Burke, R. (2008). International Terrorism. Northampton, MA: Elgar Publishing.  http://books.google.com/books?id=PuTxGl6EaIcC&pg=PA47&dq=us+anti+terrorism+laws&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ipcoT_-IJqWg2AXI2_nOAg&ved=0CGcQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q=us%20anti%20terrorism%20laws&f=false 

Dobbins, J. (2011). Coping with a Nuclear Iran. Survival. 53 (6), 47 -- 50.  http://books.google.com.jm/books?id=YEjC4QIL5kwC&pg=PA31&dq=Coping+with+a+Nuclear+Iran&hl=en&sa=X&ei=O5MyT9q-CIXqtgfNu-DvBg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Coping%20with%20a%20Nuclear%20Iran&f=false
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International Bridge Between Detroit and

Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83469115

The increased tax revenue would be realized from: the tolls that the Canadian and state governments receive. According to the Michigan Department of Transportation, they found that when completed, the DRIC would generate $70.4 million for the City of Detroit alone (in the first year). y the year 2040, this is expected to increase to $240 million. The reason why so much revenue would be generated from the project is: both Canada and the United States can jointly operate the bridge. This is a much better situation for these governments, in comparison with the Ambassador ridge (which is privately owned). At the same time, the new project would create an additional 10 thousand jobs from the added: toll booths and maintenance staff to operate the structure. (err, 2010)

Clearly, the proposed DRIC ridge linking Detroit and Windsor can provide a number of distinct benefits. The most notable are: it can…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ambassador Bridge Enhancement Project. (2011). ACEE. Retrieved from:  http://acee.gc.ca/050/documents/19699/19699E.pdf 

Protection of the Natural Environment. (2007). DRIC Study. Retrieved from:  http://www.partnershipborderstudy.com/pdf/PIOH%205%20Protection%20of%20the%20Natural%20Environment%20-%20Natural%20Heritage%20Investigation.pdf 

Berr, J. (2010). A Billionaire and His Bridge. Daily Finance. Retrieved from:  http://www.dailyfinance.com/story/billionaire-moroun-detroit-ambassador-bridge/19545089/ 

Dennis, S. (2011). Will the Legislature Turn Down the Deal. M Live. Retrieved from:  http://blog.mlive.com/capitolchronicles/2011/01/will_the_legislature_turn_down.html
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IR Review Fox J 2001

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82913282

The weakness here is that, given the specificity of the situation analyzed in the article, the conclusions are not nearly as broadly applicable as the author seems to imply. Doubtless the conclusions can be related to other events to some degree, but the author himself acknowledges that a lack of experts on Somalia was instrumental in the ultimate failure of the intervention, and other countries would require other experts and different proposed solutions. Still, the author is quite successful in developing his theory through direct analysis of what key players and documents actually said regarding the issue, basing his theory firmly in facts and drawing conclusions based on effects rather than on theoretical principles.

Along the same line, the research methods that the author employs and his evidence collection are directly related to the research questions that he developed. His citing of Oakley, the U.S. Ambassador in Nairobi, as well…… [Read More]

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Iranian & Global Nuclear Realism Iran Has

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23795416

Iranian & Global Nuclear Realism

Iran has made a choice, and that choice is to sustain a global stance of nuclear realism. And it has chosen to do this in no small part because its chief opponents who favor the new school of institutionalism are unable and unwilling to counterpunch. For right now, the major organizations of global collaboration are actually down if not out on the mats of the boxing ring, fearing, in reality, their own revival. If they arise and confront Iran, they would not only bring unwanted attention to a significant and potentially expensive conflict (which they cannot afford), they might also even have to acknowledge that they are able to unleash an entire new level of nuclear manipulation and confusion, one that would engage the destructive capabilities of cyberwarfare -- a potential blow to many elements of deterrence and power.

At this point, however, the match…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES

Boucek, C. And Sadjadpour, K. (2011) Rivals -- Iran vs. Saudi Arabia. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved from  http://carnegieendowment.org/2011/09/20/rivals-iran-vs.-saudi-arabia/56t9 .

Hirsch, M. (2008). Iran's Great Game. The Daily Beast. Retrievable from  http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/07/02/iran-s-great-game.html 

Jonsson, C. And Tallberg, J. (n.d). International Theory and International Relations. Retrievable from  http://www.uni-muenster.de/Politikwissenschaft/Doppeldiplom/docs/IIR.pdf .

Korab-Karpowicz, W. Julian, "Political Realism in International Relations," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .
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Brazilian Informatics and the United

Words: 1517 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94149691

There were hundreds of thousands of jobs that were at stake if the U.S. imposed trade sanctions on razil. ecause razil's trade barriers to U.S. informatics products was so blaringly in violation of international trade rules and was of the nature that justified retaliation razil was faced with the loss of lucrative markets abroad that they had worked many years to build. Shoe manufacturers employed 700,000 workers while the computer industries only provided 40,000 jobs and exported practically nothing. Therefore, razil had everything to lose and little to gain in refusing negotiations of this matter.

CONCLUSION

The United States took every opportunity to gently lead razil toward reducing and mitigating the trade barriers which appear to be quite intentional and heavily one-sided in terms of the benefits derived however, when the economy in razil showed signs of weakening and then inflation took hold, President Reagan understood that this was the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Odell, John and Dibble, Anne (1992) Brazilian Informatics and the United States: Defending Infant Industry vs. Opening Foreign Markets. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.
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Brazilian Informatics and the U S

Words: 1813 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53160208

This step should be present in any scenario.

Brazil accepting to reduce trade restrictions is not an option in any scenario. The country's informatics industry could lose from allowing unrestricted access to U.S. informatics companies on the domestic market as many nationally-owned companies would not survive the competition. The gain, however, would be to allow more know-how in the country and help the informatics sector develop further on the quality, rather than quantity direction. In this case, the country should negotiate a gradual market opening that would give enough time to some weak national companies to become competitive against U.S. companies and thus maintain a substantial national ownership percentage in the industry.

Risks associated with the strategies

Greenhouse strategies can be major success of major failures, especially in high-tech industries, which can rarely develop in isolation. It is true that Brazil, the pioneer of such strategy in informatics sector managed…… [Read More]

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U S National Strategy What Three United States

Words: 4520 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17089313

U.S. National Strategy

What three United States national interests do you think will be at great risk over the next five years? Describe those interests and identify which instruments of national power can be leveraged to protect or advance those national interests and how those instruments can be used.

As President Obama stated in his addresses to Congress in February 2009, the most important problem that the country faced was the economy, which was in the worst recession since the 1930s. This affected both domestic and foreign policy, since the country would probably have to reduce military spending and its commitments overseas as it did during the Great Depression, so for the Obama administration economic recovery was the primary goal. He did promise that "the weight of this crisis will not determine the destiny of this nation" (Obama Address, 2009, p. 1). He promised that the government would deal with…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Address to Joint Session of Congress. Remarks of President Barack Obama, As Prepared for Delivery, Address to Joint Session of Congress, Tuesday, February 24th, 2009.

Comprehensive Regional Strategy on Somalia: A Strategy for U.S. Engagement Report to Congress, February 2007.

JP 3-0 Chapter I.

JP 3 Extract Chapter 2.
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Personal Statement the Art of Governance Has

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30876407

Personal Statement

The art of governance has been in existence since the Declaration of Independence but in my opinion, it has been the efforts and struggles of the legal bodies without political affiliation that have perfected the American Justice Department. These bodies effectively framed our Bill of Rights and our Articles of Confederation for governance and most of all they secured the general public's trust by setting up the American Constitution. Throughout history professionals from the field of law have demonstrated great dedication to public services causing various others and I, to admire their zealous efforts. Even today, despite leaving behind much of the idealism of my youth, I feel they are the ones who coalesce between society and the law.

It is schools like John arshall Law with a century and more of academic history that have presented to society pioneers in the field of law who have the…… [Read More]

My endeavor throughout my academic and professional experience has been to create awareness of civil rights violation. In March 2002 I was promoted to project coordinator and thus, further able to explore and cater to community outreach by encouraging people to take part in community activism.

While studying at... I am still a member of the ACLU club on campus, regularly planing group activism events for the students albeit on a restricted scale because of my busy schedules. In my quest to combine academics and my mission towards public service, I have discovered John Marshall Law School's Fair Housing Clinic - an ideal program.

In my opinion, by participating in Federal and State court litigation, administrative proceedings and through the acquisition of knowledge in fair housing law, I would be more equipped in preparing cases for my clients. Thus, I feel a degree from John Marshall Law School would ideally enable me to achieve my career goals as well as fulfill my aspiration to become part of a monumental institution of American heritage that serves the public.
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Letter Will Demonstrate That I Have the

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79899231

letter will demonstrate that have the talent you are looking for in a Pre-Rehabilitation student. am dedicated to improving myself, and that is something have proven my entire life. My service in the Army and National Guard is my strongest accomplishment, and it has provided me with the discipline and sense of purpose that will allow me to excel in the Pre-Rehabilitation program.

first took an interest in rehab science a couple of years ago when broke my left tibia above my ankle. received a 5-inch plate to hold my ankle in position, and worked extensively with a physical therapist after the surgery, sparking the interest in me about helping people to recover from traumatic injury.

am applying on the basis of my military experience, my maturity and the strength of my character. will be the first to admit that when was younger had no real sense of what it…… [Read More]

I was able to become a full-tuition Scholarship Cadet, and a Basic Combat Training Squad Leader. I contributed in other ways, building my leadership skills. I was able to conduct English training as an English as a Second Language (ESL) professor. I also served an Army ROTC Culture and Language Program Ambassador in Vietnam. This was an incredible experience for me, and I grew a lot in my time in a leadership position overseas.

I have also undertaken some work in the private sector as well, to help build my skill set. I worked for a marketing company, conducting sales meetings, gathering demographic information, talking to customers and tracking results. In this role, I had to be confident, and highly knowledge about our service offering. I still work in this Promotion Coordinator role, and it has force me to learn new skills, especially with respect to dealing with people, that will come in handy when I graduate and enter the rehabilitation field.

In addition to these experiences, you will find that I have built a solid portfolio for myself. I have worked several promotions jobs, including a volunteer role improving the promotional program for the Make-a-Wish Foundation, and a host of other volunteer roles. I even made the Dean's List in 2010. What I offer the Pre-Rehabilitation Program is a hard worker with a track record of success everywhere I have been. As a natural leader, I will represent the school well when I graduate and enter into the field. I have a lot of enthusiasm for the work that physical therapists do, having experienced it myself, and with my natural leadership and the strong communication skills that I have developed over my time working in marketing, I see nothing but success for myself. On the basis of my military service, excellent track record in the private sector and in my volunteer work, and the strength of my intangible factors, I believe that I will be an asset to the Pre-Rehabilitation Program.
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War Without a Cause as

Words: 1870 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26997012

However, in the end, they were unable to stop the war despite their best efforts. The war happened anyway, in spite of the best intentions and actions to prevent it. T he actions of the various governments were reactions to events that they had tried their best to prevent. They did not make a full-blown effort to convince their people of the need for war, until the war had already begun. Had the war been intentional on the part of Germany or any other entity, there would have been plans in place to gain the support of the people long before August 1, 1914.

Only Germany had such a plan in place. However, this does not mean that they started the war intentionally. It might mean that they saw it coming and wanted to be prepared. In the end, only the players know what their motives were on any particular…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Primary Sources

The Treaty of Versailles (1919), esp. Article 231,  http://net.lib.byu.edu/~rdh7/wwi/versailles.html 

Memorandum of Prince Karl Max Lichnowsky (1914)

Secondary Sources
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Future of HR What Do

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2220615

Making use of e-learning may require HR departments to gain better knowledge of current technical tools at their fingertips, but ultimately, "the entire organization [must] line up to the same set of common goals and ensure that everyone is rowing in the same direction," only then can one "achieve a higher level of organizational performance." (Greengard, 2003, p.1) Human resources must provide a holistic vision of how organizations can realize their special vision.

Of course, as Schnoover states, "human resource organizations will need to provide online access to products and services as well as face-to-face support in their application," and thus may need to be the "ambassadors of a more high-tech approach than before.(Schoonover, 2002) But it is also the HR professional's duty to make sure that even the most technically sophisticated suggestion, innovation, or change, meets the human needs of the organization in terms of orienting, training, and taking…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Greengard, S. (Mar 2002) "Optimas update: the best get better - Workforce Optimas

Awards 1991-2002: A Retrospective - human resources best practices." Workforce. Retreived 17 Nov 2006 at  http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FXS/is_3_82/ai_98542332 

Lenoard, Bill. (Jul 2002) "Ways to tell if a Diversity Program is measuring up." HR

Magazine. Retreived 17 Nov 2006 at  http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_7_47/ai_89025013
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Accept My Application for Admission

Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46907504

For 2006 and 2007, I have been accepted into the Explorer Program at Mt. Carmel East Hospital. During this time, I also participated on my high school soccer team. I feel I have experience and enthusiasm to offer the medical program and a degree from your institution would be my stepping-stone into the career I have always seen for myself.

I hope to complete my education as soon as possible and obtain a position in a pediatric facility where I can help other children that suffered as I did when I was young. The nursing staff helped me through that difficult time, and I hope to do the same for other children. I also hope to become involved in some type of pediatric cancer research. I feel I can best accomplish these goals with a degree from your institution, as its reputation for medical education is well-known and respected throughout…… [Read More]

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Kosovo War

Words: 2552 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27675563

strategy executed by the United States (U.S.) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) met the criterions for a just war as defined below. Both the U.S. And NATO did not fight this war in order to overthrow the Yugoslavian government nor to give the Kosovo Albanians a country of their own. ather, the war was fought to stop the needless ethnic violence against the Albanians living in Kosovo and allow the return of all refugees, and that is just what both the U.S. And NATO did during this military operation. The U.S. And NATO had no intention of any major military operation, they only wished to use the minium force required in order to achieve their stated goals. This paper examines the strategy formulation, coordination, and execution, that lead to NATO's war to save Kosovo. How the U.S. And NATO reached their goal could not be described as perfectly…… [Read More]

References

Yugoslavia: Travel Guide, n.d. [cited 12 December 2004] Available from World Wide Web:  http://sg.travel.yahoo.com/guide/europe/yugoslavia  / history.html

Elshtain J.B. "The third annual grotius lecture: Just war and humanitarian intervention." American Society of International Law: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting.( 2001) 1-12

Please replace this with the proper citationr, e.g. (W.U. 1987 4)

Need reference for W.U.
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City of Alexandria -- Time Series Data

Words: 1819 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86422683

City of Alexandria -- Time Series Data

Tufte (2001) and other ambassadors of the visual display of data have shown us how easily it is to understand complex data when it is graphically represented in ways that our minds are designed to understand. Tufte argues that "experience with the analysis of data…is essential for achieving precision and grace in the presence of statistics, .but even textbook of graphical design are silent about how to think about numbers" (Tufte, 2001, p. 104). Tufke remarks, that "Illustrators too often see their work as an exclusively artistic enterprise -- the words "creative," "concept," and "style" combine regularly in all possible permutations -- a Big Think jargon for the small task of constructing a time-series a few data points long" (Tufte, 2001, p. 204). Visual display of data has other uses than simply an elegant way to view, appreciate, and analyze data. The process…… [Read More]

References

Averch, H.A. (XXX). Chapter 10 Using expert judgment. [In XXXX].

Gladwell, M. (2007, November 12). Dangerous minds: Criminal profiling made easy. The New Yorker.

Miller, J.E. (2005). The Chicago guide to writing about multivariate analysis. Chicago, Il.: University of Chicago Press.

Meier,, K.J., Brudney, J.L., and Bohte, J. (2005). Applied statistics for public and nonprofit Administration, 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Thompson Wadsworth.
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Education Essential to My Success Since Returning

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44941561

education essential to my success. Since returning to school at XXX College of XXX, I have worked very hard to not only learn all I could from the courses, but to apply my knowledge to my professional life. Because my profession is in the financial industry, I believe that the degree program in Management Studies will be very helpful.

Unfortunately, I had to leave school because I was no longer able to afford tuition. I went into the workforce so that I could earn money for college and reflect on what I wanted from my university experience. I was very shy and reserved in my early college years and found it difficult to find my way in large universities. Because I came from a small private all girls' school, I was out of my comfort zone while attending a large university.

The working world taught me some lessons. I learned…… [Read More]

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Feature Story on Transwoman and Cause

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42103345

Edit

Geena Rocero is a model with a purpose. Rocero was born and raised in the Philippines, and recently returned to her homeland to help victims of Typhoon Haiyan. In the midst of a busy schedule, Rocero spends time in her first interview because she feels that sharing her life story is one of the first steps toward helping others. "e're all in this journey together," Rocero exclaims.

Coincidentally, the interview falls on Transgender Day of Remembrance, which commemorates all transmen and transwomen who lost their lives because of targeted attacks. "Transwomen of color are the most marginalized," Rocero reminds us. "70% of hate crime in the LGBT community is committed against transwomen of color. I want this to change. I need this to change. I get so emotional about this and I'm reminded how privileged I am," she says with tears in her eyes.

Rocero works as a model…… [Read More]

When she was a young girl, Rocero knew she was female. Her dream was to become a model. She borrowed her sister's clothes, wore her mom's lipstick, entered local beauty pageants, and eventually self-medicated with hormones. Her parents, especially her mom, supported Geena and helped her to enter beauty pageants. When she was 17, Rocero moved to the United States. She was able to work in the United States and save enough money for the gender reassignment surgery, which she had done at age 19. In fact, while on her upcoming trip to Thailand, Rocero is meeting her surgeon to "thank him for giving me a wonderful vagina."

After her sexual reassignment surgery, Geena pursued her dream of modeling. She moved to New York City in 2005 and while working as a bar hostess, met a photographer who helped her develop a portfolio. That same year, Rocero signed with her first modeling agency. Currently, Rocero is signed with NEXT Model Management. In addition to modeling, Geena has worked as a makeup artist with Benefit Cosmetics, a manager at Inc. Magazine, and a sales representative for First Go Green biodegradable products. Rocero has also worked with the Summit Series, an entrepreneurial organization, to learn how to collaborate with partners on achieving mutual goals. It was because of her broad working experience and her networking with Summit Series contacts that Rocero has been able to develop a plan for promoting her public policy initiatives around the world. Rocero's ultimate goal is to transform public policy at the trans-national level. Her vision is to serve as an ambassador for transgender issues with the United Nations.

Rocero knows she has led a privileged life because of supportive friends, supportive family members, and a supportive spiritual community in both her native Philippines and in the United States. Rocero wants to ensure that the underprivileged people of the world also have access to the support systems and resources needed to live a healthy life. Referring to brutal assaults on transwomen around the world, Geena states, "People are dying. I need to do something."
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Ngo Dinh Diem

Words: 9229 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61284105

Ngo Dinh Diem

orn in the year 1901 to an aristocratic family, Ngo Dinh Diem rose to become the Prime Minister of South Vietnam in the year 1954. This paper looks in detail at the events during the life of Ngo Dinh Diem, his era of governance and the events that took place in the aftermath of his assassination. Catholic missionaries converted his predecessors into Christianity several years back in the 17th century. Much like his pervious family generations, he too was educated in French Catholic schools. Following his successful graduation he was trained as an administrator who worked in conjunction with the French authorities based in Vietnam. At a very young age of twenty-five, he became a provincial governor. This was his foray into a long political career, which marked dramatic incidents both in his personal life and the history of Vietnam.

At a time when communism was rising…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Diem, Ngo Diem' Retrieved at http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/bios/29.html Accessed on April 5, 2004

Ngo Dinh Diem - Encarta: An Encyclopedia Article' Retrieved at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761576219/Ngo_Dinh_Diem.html Accessed on April 5, 2004

Colby's Vietnam: History Misrepresented' Retrieved at  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54/099.html  Accessed on April 5, 2004

Letter to John F. Kennedy' Retrieved at http://pages.xtn.net/~wingman/docs/lettdiem.htm Accessed on April 5, 2004
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Vienna Convention Is the Vienna

Words: 3695 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12373672



The VCC clarifies the VCD and limits the diplomatic immunities in such as way that should prevent abuses. The problem is enforceability. Many law enforcement officials on a local level are not familiar enough with the particulars of both documents to make a proper judgment. They are aware of diplomatic immunity, so in order to avoid making a potential mistake, they will not arrest someone who has any type of diplomatic immunity. It is not that diplomatic immunity under the VCD allows diplomats and their families to commit crimes and get away with it. The principles contained in the Vienna Convention were in place as customary procedure even before the Vienna Convention was codified (Uribe, 1997). Nations do not have to maintain consulars and embassies, this practice is optional (Gross, 1980).

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the authority that is responsible for decisions regarding whether a country violated…… [Read More]

References

Byers, M. 2004, Agreeing to Disagree: Security Council Resolution 1441 and Intentional

Ambiguity. Global Governance. Vol. 10. Issue: 2. pp. 165.

Caron, D. 1991, Iraq and the Force of Law: Why Give a Shield of Immunity. American Journal of International Law. Vol. 85. Issue: 1. pp. 89.

Crawford, J. 1981, Execution of Judgments and Foreign Sovereign Immunity. American Journal of International Law. Vol. 75. Issue: 4. pp. 820.
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House of Tudor England's House

Words: 3757 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92375052

The setting up the king's supremacy instead of the usurpations of the papacy, and the rooting out the monastic state in England, considering the wealth, the numbers, and the zeal of the monks and friars in all the parts of the kingdom, as it was a very bold undertaking, so it was executed with great method, and performed in so short a time, and with so few of the convulsions that might have been expected, that all this shews what a master he was, that could bring such a design to be finished in so few years, with so little trouble or danger (Slavin, 19)."

Cromwell's position was no less tenuous than that of his predecessor, olsey. Henry did not become a tyrant without warning. Ridley reports that even as a young man, before he succeeded his father as king, Henry was prone to outbursts of anger and bad temper…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Haigh, Christopher. English Reformations: Religion, Politics and Society Under the Tudors. Oxford University Press, Inc., 1993.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6981860

Lindsey, Karen. Divorced, Beheaded, Survived a Feminist Reignterpretation of the Wives of Henry VIII. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, 1995. Questia. 26 Nov. 2008  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6981860 .

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000546177
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Cuban Missile

Words: 5521 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6435999

Cuban Missile Crisis

There are two views, as with any conflict or issue, on the reasons and reactions of the major players in the Cuban Missile Crisis that took place at the end of October 1962. The crisis pitted two world powers, the United States and the Soviet Union, against each other in what many describe as the closest the world has come to World War III and a nuclear holocaust.

In order to understand the Crisis, it is important to first understand the events leading up to the crisis. This paper examines the background of the crisis from the Cuban/Soviet point-of-view in depth. Toward the end of the paper, the United States' perspective of the crisis is discussed with regard to what is described previously from the perspective of supporters of the Castro regime and the now collapsed Soviet Union.

ackground

After the devastation that the bombs left in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alleged Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders," 20 November 1975. The National Security Archives. 147.

Bay of Pigs: Forty Years After," Chronology, National Security Archives (Cuban Problems 11 December 1959), 24 June 2004.  http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/bayofpigs/chron.html .

Bay of Pigs." Cuban History: Missile Crisis. Marxists.org. 25 June 2003.  http://www.marxists.org/history/cuba/subject/missile-crisis/index.htm .

Crisis de Octubre: Cronologia." Informe Especial: 1960 and 1961. Centro de Estudios Sobre America.
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Hitler's Rise to Power

Words: 751 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9393957

Appeasement

Abraham Ascher was a noted author of history and distinguished Professor Emeritus at City University of New York until his death in 2012. is scholarly article in The Journal of the istorical Society discusses in great depth the failure of European leaders to recognize the harmful intentions of Adolf itler and the Third Reich -- until it was too late.

Ascher points out with well-crafted narrative and well-verified sources that itler should not have been a riddle at all -- albeit the Nazi leader had a "penchant for contradictory pronouncements" and few European leaders had read Mein Kampf -- because all the signs showed itler's villainous obsession with power and his ability to stir up extreme nationalistic emotions (Ascher, 2009).

The purpose that Ascher had in writing the article was to carefully, thoroughly review the way in which European leaders (in particular, British leaders) came to slowly understand itler's…… [Read More]

Here are quotes that present the principal supporting arguments from Ascher vis-a-vis Britain's appeasement policies: a) officials in London (in 1938) "…shied away from confronting him as a leader unscrupulous in the pursuit of his goal, the enhancement of Germany's Power" (p. 14); b) ambassador Nevile Henderson reported (1938) that Hitler "…may have crossed the border-line of insanity" (p. 16) and yet Henderson also said Hitler "hates war as much as anyone" (p. 17); c) Prime Minister (PM) Neville Chamberlain was "the chief architect of appeasement"; and after visiting with Hitler three times in September, 1938, the PM said Hitler could be "relied upon when he had given his word" (p. 17-18); d) "It had taken Chamberlain over six years" to fully understand what "Rumbold and Phipps" had been saying (p. 19); and e) had the advice of ambassadors in the early 1930s been "heeded" the British "could have stopped Hitler… history of the twentieth century might well have been different…" (p. 19).

Critique on the article: Ascher makes his points without using emotional language, and every new point is logically linked to the last point. The author's juxtapositions (pointing to Hitler's madman outbursts contrasted with Britain's apparent indifference to vividly presented dispatches from its ambassadors) are very effective. I really enjoyed reading this article and most of the points Ascher makes are credible. I most certainly bought into his narrative approach to identifying appeasement towards Hitler. The article achieves its goal and there were only a couple points in his conclusion that were less than totally believable.

In conclusion, as Ascher points out in his last pages, and as this paper points out, if the leaders of Western Europe had heeded the dispatches from Britain's ambassadors in the early 1930s, things might have been different. However, I do feel that Ascher's last paragraph was very speculative and uncharacteristic of the rest of the piece. That is, even if Europe had been totally up to speed early on what Hitler was planning, there is -- contrary to Ascher's assertion -- absolutely no assurance that using economic measures against the Nazis would have stopped Hitler's war machine. Yes, there was a failure of "political will" but hindsight is indeed 20-20 and there is absolutely no certainty that had those ambassadors' warnings been transitioned into Britain's foreign policies that Hitler could have been stopped. Hitler was not a riddle, but explaining how and why early assessments of his fanaticism were ignored is a kind of riddle itself.
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Roger Ailes Fox News

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60774900

Introduction
Organizations select brand ambassadors as the ‘face’ of their company or brand. The ideal candidate for playing such a role is a community tastemaker who plans on taking advantage of established relationships and community networks for marketing the brand through word of mouth. A company’s ‘face’ represents the company at particular events in which he/ she distributes sample products or carries out product demonstrations. Brand ambassadors are passionate, sociable persons who enjoy significant social media presence accompanied by a large- or at least mid- sized network. They already approve of and have adequate knowledge about the brand they represent. Usually, brand ambassadors’ chief function is representing products at diverse settings. Furthermore, they help create content, and engage in marketing and event planning activities. Lastly, effective brand ambassadors promote products using their accounts on social networking sites, where they create awareness by word of mouth and offer details on novel…… [Read More]

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How Did America React to the Japanese Seizure of Manchuria in 1931

Words: 3106 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14180616

America react to the Japanese seizure of Manchuria in 1931?

To begin with we have to analyze the situation around China and international relations between the U.S. And Japan as they were two major powers of the Pacific region for a long time after ussian Empire had collapsed. There is no doubt that China was a desirable region both for the U.S. And Japan as it had extremely rich natural resources and huge market for foreign goods (Chinese industry was not developed at all). Japanese imperialists and owners of leading American corporations dreamed of strengthening their positions in the region and gaining unlimited access to the huge Chinese markets and resources. Japan was a new superpower of the region after it rose from feudal country to developed industrial state and became a dangerous rival both for the United States and ussian Empire. After ussian evolution, United States and Japan became…… [Read More]

References:

1. 1. Lafeber, W. The Clash: U.S.-Japanese Relations Throughout History Norton & Company; 1998

2. Rosenfeld, Michael Japanese aggression Chesterfield publishing, 1972

3. Tomine, T. Manchurian Crisis JTR, 1967.

4. Rana, M. The Manchurian Myth: Nationalism, Resistance, and Collaboration in Modern China by University of California Press2000p.
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Stilslim Future Strategy for Success

Words: 3419 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69373053

Stil Sim Company: Strategic Implementation / StilSim: Future Strategy for Success

Strategic Implementation / StilSim: Future Strategy for Success

Vision

Values

Value 1: We treat each person with dignity and respect.

Value 2: We exceed our clients' expectations.

Value 3: We are committed to continual improvement.

Value 4: We are Ethical

Value 5: We maintain good relationships and provide value

Go-To-Market Strategy

Generic Strategy: Customer Focused Strategy

Brand Ambassadors

Mobility is Essential

Social Media

Prompt Lead Follow Up

Track your esults

Market Strategy

Social Media Integration

Mobile Sites

Timeframes for the social media and mobile campaigns

People Involved

Tracking Progress

High-Level Action Plan

Points to Be Considered

Competition

isks

Contingency planning

Organization Design

CEO-Bill Simmons

ecruiting Manager

Account Manager

Line Manager

Software Engineers

ecruiters

Staffing Specialists 12

Summary 12

eferences 13

Strategic Implementation / StilSim: Future Strategy for Success

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to examine Stilslim's performance…… [Read More]

References

Brown, A. (2012). Dynamic Strategic Action Planning in Today's Fast-Paced Environment. USA: AudioInk.

Fifield, P. (2012). Marketing Strategy. 2nd Ed. Great Britain: Routledge.

Funston, R., & Ruprecht, B. (2007). Risk in the Strategic Planning Process. Business Finance. Retrieved from http://m.businessfinancemag.com/business-performance-management/risk-strategic-planning-process on 24th November, 2015.

Miller, F.R., & Miller, L.E. (2007). That's Customer Focus! The Overworked and Under-appreciated Manager's Guide to Creating a Customer-Focused Organization. USA: That's Customer Focus!
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presidential negotiating case'study

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79156361

Presidential Negotiations

President George H.. Bush is an eloquent speaker and an effective negotiator. Regardless of what your particular feelings on the what the US policies have been in the Middle East, it is clear by the address before Congress that President Bush offered before the American people how support for the war was gained. He acted with firm conviction and dedication to what he believed, as well as operated in an organized and effective leadership style. It is also clear that he was a skilled politician and carefully selected his battles. Although his calls for intervention in the Middle East were dressed in rhetoric that focuses on high ideals, there is reason to believe that Bush's motivations were largely pragmatic.

For example, in June 1989, the Chinese military suppressed a pro-democracy movement demonstrating in Beijing's Tiananmen Square in a violent demonstration that used a disproportionate use of tanks and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Global Research. (2012, March 5). Gulf War Documents: Meeting between Saddam Hussein and US Ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie. Retrieved from Global Research:  http://www.globalresearch.ca/gulf-war-documents-meeting-between-saddam-hussein-and-ambassador-to-iraq-april-glaspie/31145 

Miller Center. (N.d.). George H. W. Bush: Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from Miller Center:  https://millercenter.org/president/bush/foreign-affairs 

Walt, S. (2011, January 9). WikiLeaks, April Glaspie, and Saddam Hussein. Retrieved from Foreign Policy:  http://foreignpolicy.com/2011/01/09/wikileaks-april-glaspie-and-saddam-hussein/
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Georgia the Former Soviet Republic

Words: 3591 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96113922

Lastly, a loss of Ajaristan (Ajaria) would weaken Georgias buffer with Turkey and increase loss of lack Sea shoreline:

In the conflict between the Ossetians and Ingush, the Russian government favored the "always loyal Ossetians" over the discontented Muslim Ingush. The conflicts with the Georgians in the south and the Ingush in the west have fueled the growth of Ossetian nationalism, but the majority hope for autonomy, not full independence, fearing the loss of Russian protection in the volatile region they have inhabited since ancient times. The Ossetians, although needing Russian protection in the mostly Muslim region, continue to work for the unification of their small nation in a single political entity. In 1996, the governments of North and South Ossetia signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation. Relations between the South Ossetians and the Georgian government improved in the late 1990s. The Georgian government of Eduard Shevardnadze proposed in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Abbott, Wilbur Cortez. The Expansion of Europe: A History of the Foundations of the Modern World. Vol. 2,. New York: H. Holt and Company, 1918.

Atal, Yogesh, ed. Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia. New York: Berghahn Books, 1999.

Black, Cyril E., Robert D. English, Jonathan E. Helmreich, a. James McAdams, and Paul C. Helmreich. Rebirth: A Political History of Europe since World War II. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.

"Bulgaria, Romania Pledge Support in Georgia's EU Aspiration" May, 9th 2005,  http://www.washprofile.org/en/node/6355
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U S Military Assistance Funding to

Words: 6309 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43316197

On November 8, 2001, the U.S. Senate passed several new conditions before direct 'military-to-military relations can be restored with Indonesia including the punishment of the individuals who murdered three humanitarian aid workers in West Timor, establishing a civilian audit of armed forces expenditures, and granting humanitarian workers access to Aceh, West Timor, West Papua, and the Moluccas."

Following are two very recent bills and rulings by the U.S. Congress concerning the Indonesian presence, changes, and sanctions.

In the House resolution, number 666, urton (R-IN), Wexler (D-FL), and lumenauer (D-OR) congratulate the Indonesian people and government for a successful election process, supported Indonesia in political and economic transformations, expresses gratitude to Indonesian leadership for arresting 109 terrorists, supports the emerging legal framework, commends Indonesia for "discovering new ways of working with regional law enforcement and intelligence communities in a sincere effort to root out domestic radicalism, and urged Indonesia to conduct…… [Read More]

Bibliography

(2001). U.S. And Indonesia Pledge Cooperation, Joint Statement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Indonesia.

(2001, October 1). U.S. To Send Team to Indonesia To Discuss Combating Terrorism. Xinhua News Agency.

(2001, November 27). U.S. Admiral Urges Indonesian Military To Account for East Timor Mayhem. Agence France-Presse.

Baker, P. (1997, April 22). U.S. To Impose Sanctions on Burma for Repression. Washington Post.
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Government Economics and Business in

Words: 2319 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15479048

Poverty rose after the Islamic evolution, and so did unemployment, leaving Iran largely uncompetitive in the global marketplace. Their largest export is the sale of oil and gas, and Iran holds what is estimated to be 10% of the world's oil reserves, so their economy is growing again, and they are successfully paying off old debt that was restructured in the 1980s (Editors).

While Iran was sinking into a depression, Israel, on the other hand, was gaining ground in many areas of their economy. While they still have to import oil, and that continued during the 1975-1985 time period, their economy has modernized and gained much more ground and diversity than Iran's, at least today. However, from 1975 to 1985, the economy was a very different story. While Iran was undergoing a boom because of oil prices, Israel enjoyed no such luxury. In fact, their resources were depleted after the…… [Read More]

References

Coutsoukis, Photius. "Israel's Economy." Photius.com. 2004. 3 July 2008.  http://www.photius.com/countries/israel/economy/israel_economy_economic_growth_and_~13.html 

Editors. "Iran's Economy." Iran Trade Association. 2008. 3 July 2008. http://www.iraniantrade.org/doinbiz/econ.asp

Kirshner, Sheldon. "Israel's Ties With Iran Have Been Mercurial." CanadianJewishNews.com. 21 February 2008. 3 July 2008.  http://www.cjnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=14065&Itemid=86 

Melman, Yossi. "How Israel Lost to the Iranians." Iran Press Service. 2006. 3 July 2008.  http://www.iran-press-service.com/ips/articles-2006/december2006/iran_israel_oil_071206.shtml
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Political Science Government in Canada

Words: 3059 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10763007

" The bill then goes on a calendar, so it can be debated, discussed, or amended. The bill then goes to the floor of the house where it is read, discussed, and voted on. If it passes by a two-thirds margin, it goes on to the Senate, where it goes through the same process. If it makes it this far, it is "enrolled," signed by the Speaker of the House and the Vice-President, and then it goes to the president for signature ("Ben's Guide"). Both legislative branches seem to have similar means of passing bills, Canada's follows about the same procedure in a different order.

In Canada, Canadians elect a Parliament, and the most the members can sit on Parliament is five years. The Parliament is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate. The leaders of the two bodies are the Speaker of the House and the…… [Read More]

References

Andres, Gary J. "Left, Right Left; Liberals, Lobbyists and Laws in Lock Step." The Washington Times 2 Feb. 2006: A19.

Editors. "Ben's Guide to Government." Ben'sGuide.gpo.gov. 2007. 21 Sept. 2007.  http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/index.html 

Editors. "Canadians and Their Government." CanadianHeritage.gc.ca. 2007. 21 Sept. 2007. http://www.canadianheritage.gc.ca/special/gouv-gov/section2/infobox2_e.cfm

Editors. "Office of the Registrar of Lobbyists." ORL-BDL.gc.ca. 2007. 21 Sept. 2007.  http://www.orl-bdl.gc.ca/epic/site/lobbyist-lobbyiste.nsf/en/h_nx00162e.html
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Iraq War in 2003 the United States

Words: 2120 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44960711

Iraq War

In 2003 the United States President George W. ush officially declared war on Iraq to depose Saddam Hussein from power. The rationale given by the ush Administration to justify the invasion of Iraq was manifold. The U.S. Government accused the Iraqi regime of possessing and developing weapons of mass destruction. In numerous statements, the ush Administration officials also accused Saddam Hussein of harboring terrorists, including members of Al-Qaeda. And finally, the U.S. statesmen said, Iraq had abysmal human rights records and the United States, by overthrowing the regime of Saddam Hussein, would bring democracy to Iraq -- and elsewhere in the Middle East. In formulating this rationale, the ush Administration relied upon the principles of a group known as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC). The intended policies of the ush Administration in Iraq were in line with the main principle of PNAC, as stated by…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bumiller, Elizabeth and Eric Schmitt, "On the Job and At Home: the Influential Hawks' 30-year-old Friendship Evolves," New York Times, September 11, 2002, available at . (Accessed: December 4, 2010).

Donnelly, Thomas. Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces, and Resources for a New Century, available at . (Accessed: December 4, 2010).

Greenhouse, Steven. "U.S. Says Iraq Appears to Resume Pullback From Kuwait Border," New York Times, 17 October 1994, p. 10.

Ikenberry, John. "America's Imperial Ambition," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 81, No. 5, (Sep./Oct., 2002).
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Alpha 66 and Omega 7 Are Alpha

Words: 2156 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5637404

Alpha 66 and Omega 7

Are Alpha 66 and Omega 7 Domestic or International Organizations?

After Fidel Castro's evolutionary movement overthrew the Batista regime in Cuba and declared his country a Socialist nation allied with the Soviet Union -- the principle enemy of the United States at the time -- many Cubans opposed to Castro flocked to the United States. Many of these refugees and exiles were wealthy businessmen who were committed to overthrowing the Castro regime. The anti-Castro opposition by Cuban exiles took different forms, some of them advocating dialogue or diplomatic opposition, while others taking a hardliner position, engaging in militant activities (Garcia, 1998). The Cuban exile organizations known as Alpha 66 and Omega 7 were among the latter, resorting to violent activities inside and outside the United States, attacking persons and installations belonging to the Castro government and its allies as well as those in the United…… [Read More]

References

Bohning, D. (2005) The Castro Obsession: U.S. Covert Operations Against Cuba, 1959-1965. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, Inc.

Didion, J. (1987) Miami. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Garcia, M. (1998). Hardliners v. 'Dialogueros': Cuban Exile Political Groups and United States -- Cuba Policy. Journal of American Ethnic History, 17(4), 3. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Herman, E.S. (1982) The Real Terror Network: Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda. Boston: South End Press, 1982.
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Arguments for and Against NAFTA

Words: 2077 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60299296

NAFTA: Two Sides of the Peso

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect January 1, 1994. The North American Free Trade Agreement allows U.S. companies to sell their goods in Mexico tariff-free. It also allows Mexicans to set up low-wage factories to produce their goods to sell in the United States duty free. [Dowling, 1996]. This agreement removed most barriers to investment in between Canada, the United States and Mexico. Its intention was to boost the economies of all three countries by expanding their potential markets and allowing them to take advantage of what each of the other two countries had to offer. Since its adoption, its effects have been debatable, especially concerning safety and environmental issues in the United States and the effect on the Mexican Peso.

hen we begin to read to wealth of opinions about NAFTA, one thing becomes clear. There is no set…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dowling, Donald Jr. The pros and cons of business in Mexico: South of the border, many pros are cons. Business Journal . Going Global section. American Business Journals.

November 22, 1996 print edition.

Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA). Senate quotes: the good, the bad, and the ugly. Quotes from July 27, 2001 Senate floor debate on Mexican border opening.

2002. OOIDA Website. Accessed February, 2002.
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United States and Canada Has

Words: 3466 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51455286



The result was a put-off United States. ealizing this furthered the need for an outside alliance, talks of NATO resumed. At this point, Canada saw NATO as more than just a defense strategy in the face of Communism. Canada fought and won a battle in discussions to require all members of NATO to cooperate economically. Additionally, the NATO alliance assured that Canada would have a say in combined foreign policy and security. Even further, Canada would be able to deal with the United States on more of a multilateral level, which would help ease the disparity between the nations (Jockel, Sokolsky, 1996). ather than simply following America's lead in foreign affairs, Canada was determined to make decisions in the best interest of the Canadian people.

By 1949, the threat of Communism was in full swing. The Soviet Union had tested its first nuclear weapon, and the world took notice. Now…… [Read More]

References

Aronsen, L.R. (1997). American National Security and Economic Relations with Canada, 1945-1954. Westport: Praeger Publishers.

Canada. (2003). Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 17, 2004 from Encarta Online. Web site: http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761563379_7/Canada.html.

Canada and the UN. (2003). Canada and the United Nations. Retrieved November 17, 2004 from the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Web site:  http://www.un.int/canada/canadaandun.html .

Canada Department of National Defense. (May 1953). Canadian participation in the Korean War, Part I. Canadian Defense Report No. 62. Montreal: Canada Department of National Defense.
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Israel's Security Policies Relating to

Words: 4812 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62669521



On October 6, 1973, Israel was attacked by the combined forces of Egypt and Syria. It was Yom Kipper, the most sacred day in the Jewish calendar. Egypt began as Israel had, with an air attack. On the ground, Israel was outnumbered six to one, fielding only about 200,000 soldiers against a combined force of over 1,150,000 Arab troops. Once again, the Soviet Union was involved, sending over 1,000 tons of weapons and ammunition to Egypt and Syria during the early days of the war. The United States was forced to intervene. On October 13, President Richard Nixon ordered an airlift of military supplies, enabling Israel to sustain its forces. After initial success, the war had gone against the Arabs and eventually Egyptian President Anwar Sadat appealed to the Soviet Union to save them. Following negotiations in Moscow on October 21, U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger flew to Tel…… [Read More]

Bibliography

The Anti-Terrorist Fence - an Overview." 9 July 2005 http://securityfence.mfa.gov.il/mfm/data/48152.doc.

Bregman, Ahron. A History of Israel. New York: Palgrove MacMillan, 2003.

Chomsky, Noam. "A Wall as a Weapon." The New York Times 23 February 2004. 9 July 2005  http://www.commondreams.org/views04/0223-02.htm .

Crock, Stan. "Israel's Wall: A Step toward Peace?" Business Week Online 18 July 2002. 9 July 2005  http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/jul2002/nf20020718_1722.htm .
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Hospitality Trends and Problems in

Words: 2618 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22302100

There are some cases where there can be a guest service agent who might be handling japans guests but may not understand what the guest exactly needs and hence will need to ask for help and may lead to a long period of waiting. This leads to decrease in the efficiency of the services the resort offers since there can be a time when there is no one available for translating and the guest has to wait until someone is available this leads to the guests getting impatient and hence it was discourage the guest from visiting the resort some other time. This is an eventual decline in international guests since there is no efficiency in handling them. The communication barrier between the staff and guests is something very bad and if not taken care of well can lead to serious negative implication to both the image of which will…… [Read More]

References

Rauch, R. (2011).Top 10 hospitality trends for 2012.Retrieved December 11, 2012 from http://hotelmarketing.com/index.php/content/article/top_10_hospitality_industry_trends_for_2012

Ako, D. (2012). Hawaii Hotel Industry Lags. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from  http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/6507725/hawaii-hotel-industry-lags 

The Moscow times. (2012). Hospitality Industry Trends. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from  http://www.themoscowtimes.com/business/business_for_business/article/hospitality-industry-trends/459453.html 

Rauch, R. (2012).top 10 hospitality trends for 2013.retrieved December 11, 2012 from  http://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4058659.html
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History African Diaspora Subject - Fredrick Douglass Ambassor

Words: 1455 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86818821

History African Diaspora (Subject)- Fredrick Douglass Ambassor Hatti. (Objectives )-Two primary sources Two secondary sources, Outline, Structure, Thesis, Arugument, Motives, Primaries a Tittle.

Frederick Douglass and the African Diaspora

Africa is presently perceived as a land of origin by millions of people from around the world, as numerous Africans have either willingly or unwillingly left their homes throughout time. Although the term African Diaspora generally refers to a series of Africans who left their home continent from antiquity and until the present day, it is widely used to relate to Africans who descend from individuals who were forcefully brought to the American continent during the Atlantic slave trade. In spite of the fact that they were persecuted and forced to work as slaves in the Americas, some Africans actually rose against their oppressors and are presently remembered as some of the most reputable individuals in all of history.

Africans have…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Gomez, William Angelo, Reversing Sail: A History Of The African Diaspora, (Cambridge University Press, 2005)

McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass (New York W.W. Norton, 1991)

"Lecture on Haiti," Retrieved March 3, 2012, from the Webster University Website:  http://www.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/history/1844-1915/douglass.htm 

The Liberator, 27 March 1846; Reprinted in Philip Foner, ed., Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass, vol. 1 (New York: International Publishers, 1950), p. 138.
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Detail Facts on How Persia Became Iran

Words: 1712 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26156084

Persia became Iran

Iran, which is the name nowadays for its country, was formerly known as Persia. The two identities of present day Iran is associated both to the peak of power of pre-Islamic, Achaemenid Persia, as also to its Islamic origin situated both in the 7th century start of Islam in Iran via Arab invasion, and to its 16th century when Shiite Islam formally turned out the state religion of Iran. The country has always been acknowledged among its own people as Iran (land of the Aryans); even though for centuries it was pinpointed to as Persia (Pars or Fars, a provincial state in southern Iran) by the Europeans, mainly because of the writings of Greek historians. In 1935 the government mentioned that it should be called Iran, although in 1949 allowances were made for both names to be implemented. Persia turned out a powerful empire under the Cyrus…… [Read More]

References

Gold Coins of Persia: A Brief History of Persia" (n.d) Retrieved at  http://www.taxfreegold.co.uk/persia.html . Accessed on 12/08/2003

Iran or Persia." (2003) Retrieved at  http://www.sanibrite.ca/iran/page10.asp . Accessed on 12/08/2003

Mackey, Sandra. "The Iranians: Persia, Islam and the Soul of a Nation" (1996) Plume: New York, p.5

Yarshater, Ehsan. "Persia or Iran? When Persia Became Iran" (n.d) Retrieved from Iranian Studies, Vol. XXII, No.1, 1989. Accessed on 12/08/2003
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Gillette Inc Case Study

Words: 1358 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37587171

Gillette Inc.

Gillette has successfully convinced the world that 'more is better' in terms of number of blades and other razor features. Why has that worked in the past? What's next?

Gillette has, over time, sought to influence the life of men. It has presented itself not as a mere self-indulgent, but as a daily need, telling consumers that it has got their back and will get them whatever it is that they really desire. This has partly accounted for the company's continued success. However, three other factors have also had a hand in driving the company to success.

The first is the company's commitment to research and development, as well as product innovation. According to Michael Abbott, the marketing director at P&G, the company's ethos of supporting innovation is driven by an urge to develop products capable of meeting the ever-changing needs of men, and consequently transforming the life…… [Read More]

References

Chung, K.Y., Derdenger, T.P. & Srinivasan, K. (2012). Economic Value of Celebrity Endorsements: Tiger Woods; Impact of Sales on Nike Golf Balls. Arizona State University. Retrieved 17 September 2014 from  http://econ.arizona.edu/docs/Seminar_Papers/2011-2012/Derdenger20120511.pdf 

Knittel, C.R. (2012). Celebrity Endorsement, Firm Value, and Reputation Evidence from the Tiger Woods Scandal. University of California, Davis. Retrieved 18 September 2014 from  http://gsm.ucdavis.edu/sites/main/files/file-attachments/tiger011_web.pdf 

Newman, A.A. (2008, February 21). Embracing Women's Inner Goddess. The New York Times. Retrieved 17 September 2014 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/21/business/media/21adco.html?_r=0 

Socio, M. (2010). Cream of the Crop -- Gillette Brand Profile. Marketing Magazine. Retrieved 18 September 2014  http://www.marketingmag.com.au/blogs/the-best-a-brand-can-get-gillette-brand-profile-9183/
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Elections Pale Against Boko Haram Threat

Words: 1059 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84719397

Nigeria Election and Media Coverage

The Nigerian elections committee has postponed the national election until March 28, 2015. The election was scheduled to take place on February 14, but growing concerns about violence and security issues have triggered this cautionary response. Yet, there are some who believe that postponement will not substantially result in improved security, and instead will worsen conditions. Nigeria's security chiefs are not confident that they can keep voters in the northeastern region of the country safe from the extremist militant group Boko Haram. Hundreds of schoolgirls were abducted in the northeast Nigeria last spring, and Boko Haram fighters attacked a village in neighboring Chad in February.

President Goodluck Johnathan's decision to postpone the election until security improves does not align with his position for most of 2014 in which he attempted to diminish the militant threat. As Boko Haram's attacks have become more blatantly daring, the…… [Read More]

References

____. (2015, February 16). The Editorial Board. Nigeria's miserable choices. The New York Times. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/16/opinion/nigerias-miserable-choices.html?_r=0 

____. (2015, February 19). Nigeria Ambassador Adefuye refutes New York Times editorial on election postponement. Sahara Reporters. Retrieved from  http://saharareporters.com/2015/02/19/nigeria-ambassador-adefuye-refutes-new-york-times-editorial-election-postponement 

____. (2015, February 8). Muhammadu Buhari: Nigeria "reduced to a failed state." Al Jazeera. Retrieved from  http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/talktojazeera/2015/02/muhammadu-buhari-nigeria-reduced-failed-state-150208121316691.html
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Tesco S Organizational Structure and SWOT Analysis

Words: 2482 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68052577

Management: Tesco Supermarket

Tesco's Goals and Targets

Functions of Management

Organizational Structure

Internal Analysis of Strengths and Weaknesses

Creating more Innovative Organizational Cultures

Benefits of Effective Communication

Understanding Management: Tesco Supermarket

Tesco supermarket is a British multinational grocery and general merchandise retailer. Tesco is headquartered in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England in the United Kingdom. Tesco deals with a wide range of products, which has high demand in the market aiming at full customer satisfaction. Tesco was founded in the East End of London, London in 1919. The fist chief executive officer was Dave Lewis. Tesco was originally dealing only with grocery, but it later diversified to various products in various geographical regions.

Introduction

Tesco has opened many branches in different countries, and it is aiming to reach even people in rural areas. Tesco has stores in 12 countries all over Europe and Asia, and it is the leading grocery…… [Read More]

References

Alanezi, A.S., 2015. Communication Satisfaction and Its Relationship to Organizational Commitment among Secondary Teachers in Kuwait.

Chen, I.S., and Tseng, F.T., 2016. The Relevance of Communication Media in Conflict Contexts and Their Effectiveness: A Negotiation Experiment. Computers in Human Behavior, 59, Pp.134-141.

Da Fonseca, M.J.M., Silva, J.R. and Menezes, A.M.F., 2015. The Internationalization of Portugal Telecom and Its Impact on the Company's Organizational Structure. International Journal of Engineering and Industrial Management, (1), Pp.209-230.

Egeberg, M., Gornitzka, A, Trondal, J., and Johannessen, M., 2015. The European Parliament Administration: Organizational Structure and Behavioral Implications. In The Palgrave Handbook of the European Administrative System (Pp. 227-245). Palgrave MacMillan UK.
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the'similarities between'social media and real life

Words: 741 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94338395

Social media reflects reality. However, social media also allows for a manufactured and manipulated version of reality. In as You Like it, the character Jacques states, "All the world's a stage, / And all the men and women merely players," (II, vi). Years before the advent of social media, Shakespeare was writing about how people spend their whole lives performing. Their personalities are their egos: something that is personally and socially constructed. Social media is similar to real life because it enhances the ability to create personas, change those personas at will, and project those personas to a target audience.

Social media is similar to real life because it makes it more possible to create different personas. With social media, the number of different personas that can be created is even more than what is possible in real life. In real life, the number of personas a person has is…… [Read More]

References

Shakespeare, William. As You Like It.

Squires, David. "The Cause and Effects in Social Media."
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How European Views of the Ottomans Changed

Words: 1657 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41679443

Introduction

For centuries during the Middle Ages, Europe had been at war with Moslems of the Middle East. There had been Crusades (beginning in the 11th century), wars for Holy Lands, and wars of great consequence (such as the Battle of Lepanto in 1571). Charles V had struggled to combat both the invading Moslems and the Protestant rebellion in his own kingdom in the first half of the 16th century, showing just how dramatic that conflict between the West and the Middle East was for many. Yet the tension that had existed dissipated to a great extent when the Ottoman Empire began to decline. Russia grew in power in the 17th and 18th centuries, and the West was rapidly modernizing. The Ottoman Empire itself was changing, and the new dynamic of life in the modern world played a significant role in the way that some Europeans saw and created images…… [Read More]

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Russian Meddling in U S Election Essay

Words: 3078 Length: Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

In this essay, we will investigate the topic of Russian interference in the United States’ 2016 Presidential election.  This essay will contain a list of topics related to Russian meddling, possible titles for essays covering those topics, an outline of the essay, and an example demonstrating how to write a strong essay.  Our free example essay will not only explain how Russian interference influenced the election, but also show you how to write each part of an essay: introduction, thesis statement, and body paragraphs that combine evidence and analysis.  The essay will conclude with a review of the information presented in the essay and suggestions for further action.

Titles

A New Kind of Cold War: Russian Meddling in the 2016 Election

Is Putin the De Facto President of the United States: How Russia Influenced the 2016 Election

Should Russian Interference in the 2016 Election Invalidate the Results?

What Does Russian…… [Read More]

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The Reagan Administration U S Diplomatic Relations with the UK throughout the Falkland War

Words: 3227 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57228179

Introduction
In April 2nd 1982, the then Argentinian government sent soldiers to take over the disputed Falklands Islands. The reason for this is that the South American country regarded the group of islands as part of its territory. However, the British, who already occupied the islands, also regarded the Falklands as their territory. Over the next one month, both countries made serious attempts to store the conflict from escalating. Alexander Haig, who was the then United States Secretary of State was right in the middle of the diplomatic negotiations to try and stop the conflicting from escalating. He and his team travelled frantically between the London and Buenos Aires to meet and negotiate with the leaders of the two countries, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom and President Leopoldo Galtieri of Argentina. Nevertheless, the countless hours of negotiations and the frantic efforts of the Alexander Haig and his…… [Read More]

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UAE and Japan Relations

Words: 4304 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95844397

An Analysis of Relations between United Arab Emirates and Japan
In an era when American influence in the world is waning, the bipolarity of the Cold War years is being replaced by regional partnerships that are mutually beneficial for all stakeholders. Indeed, one important international partnership that has emerged over the past half century has been between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Japan, with both countries expanding their diplomatic presence in each other’s capitals and investing heavily in exports, most especially oil and gas to Japan with the UAE importing electronics, vehicles and various types of machinery from Japan. Moreover, international analysts predict that this strategic partnership will continue to expand for the foreseeable future. The purpose of this research proposal was to provide an overview of the history of the relations between Japan and the UAE. A discussion concerning the origins of this modern relationship is followed by…… [Read More]

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Karol Jozef Wojtyla 1920-2005 Served

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87199336

Similarly, no one can deny that this Pope's message of peace and tolerance was more than Papal doctrine and became, instead, Vatican Foreign Policy, delivered in person by someone who "walked the walk and talked the talk." Precisely because of this, the book gives the contemporary reader insights into a tenuous time -- a time of Cold War tensions, a time when the economic stability of much of the world was unknown, and most especially a time in which many feared the coming millennium.

Ironically, one of the final public scenarios presented in the book deals with the then Cardinal atzinger, prefect for the Congregation of the Faith, authoring and espousing the primacy of the Catholic Church. Despite the seeming arrogance of such a statement, the Pope called the documents "close to my heart" and explained that, "our confession . . . . isn't arrogance that deprecates other religious but…… [Read More]

REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED

Flynn, R., R. Moore, J. Vrabel. (2002). John Paul II: A Personal Portrait of the Pope

And the Man. St. Martin's Press.

Gertz, S. (October 1, 2003). "Christian History Corner: John Paul II's Canonization Cannon."

Christianity Today. Cited in:  http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2003/octoberweb-only/10-20-52.0.html
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Bcg the Boston Consulting Group

Words: 1083 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61853161

It is my recommendation that Matt, encourage Josh to stay in Chicago until he was promoted. After receiving his promotion, Josh could then apply to the Ambassador program. This would also give his family a chance to plan for a possible overseas relocation.

Eric Wong and Michael Lao

Eric does not seem like a good fit for BCG; he is passive in asking for help or staffing assignments, he is perceived to be unpolished and has been unable to balance life and work. Eric is intimidated by his mentor and refers to him as Mr. Lao. Mr. Lao, has also failed Eric -- he has made minimal efforts to provide support and is passively waiting for Eric to come to him. Some of this passivity by Eric and Mr. Lao could be cultural and/or environmental to the Hong Kong office. My recommendation for Eric is to overcome his fears and…… [Read More]

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Bush v Obama Foreign Policies

Words: 3671 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74573903

The administration's disregard for international norms led to the excesses at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, and attempts to circumvent congressional oversight over the activities of the Administration backfired. Faced with increasing criticism at home and the inability to stabilize Iraq, the Bush Administration began to temper its approach with realism. The Administration agreed to a bipartisan Iraq Study Group, led by former Secretary of State James Baker and Democratic Congressman Lee Hamilton (Baker & Hamilton, 2006). The report prepared by the group was quite critical of the Bush Administration's policies in Iraq, and though many of those criticisms were rejected, the Administrated still took the criticism seriously, and a year later began to pursue a new approach, which eventually helped to decrease the level of violence in Iraq.

The Obama Administration's approach to Iraq War reflects the liberal views of Obama who warned in 2002 that "a U.S. occupation…… [Read More]

References

Ahmad, I. (2010). The U.S. Af-Pak Strategy: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Asian Affairs: An American Review, 37(4), 191-209.

Bacevich, a. (2010) Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Bacevich, a., (November 6, 2005) the Realist Persuasion. The Boston Globe, retrieved on March 13, 2011, from  http://rempost.blogspot.com/2006/04/realist-persuasion.html 

Baker, J.A., & Hamilton, L.H. (2006) the Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward -- a New Approach. New York: Vintage Books.
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Luciano Pavarotti Introduction to Opera-

Words: 3835 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26009534

In June, 1966he first appeared in Covent Garden in another Donizetti role, Tonio in la Fille du egiment and was so skilled at the difficult range of the role the press dubbed him the "King of the High C's" (Woodstra, Brennan and Schrott, iv; (Ah Mes Amis - Live at Covet Garden 1966).

He began recording and adding to his repetoire; 1969 opposite enata Scotto in I Lombardi, the rarely performed I Caputelti e I Montecchi, and a complete L'Elisir d'Amore with his now famous friend, Sutherland. On Feburary 17, 1972, Pavarotti made a stunning breakthrough at the Metropolitan Opera in La Fille, receiving 17 curtain calls and wild raves from both the crowd and critics; as well as doting praise from Mirella Freini (emembering Pavarotti; a Mes Amis - Live at the Met 1972).

From then on, Pavarotti was in demand as a world-class tenor. He was brought into…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

"Ah Mes Amis - Live at the Met 1972." 1972. You Tube. November 2010 .

"Ah Mes Amis - Live at Covet Garden 1966." June 1966. YouTube. November 2010 .

Arendt, P. "It Was All About the Voice." 7 September 2007. The Guardian. November 2010 .

Block, M. "60 Minutes Story About Singer." 15 October 2004. Television Newswriting Workship. November 2010 .
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Oil and Gas Industry in

Words: 19369 Length: 70 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13266410

A large body of literature has treated many different aspects of these influences on Asia, Europe and the United States (Busser & Sadoi, 2003). The importance of the study relates to the current trends taking place in Libya where aggressive steps have been taken in recent years to normalize relations with the international community. For example, Libya opened up its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction to international scrutiny and renounced terrorism as a political tool (Libya, 2010). Moreover, the country's political leadership has been equally forthcoming in its efforts to normalize their relations with Western nations since 2003 (Libya, 2010). More recently, Libya has been removed from the U.S. State Department's list of states that sponsor terrorism in 2006 and in 2008, Libya joined the United Nations as a nonpermanent member on the UN Security Council during the 2008-2009 term (Libya, 2010).

Other signs that clearly point to…… [Read More]

References

About us. (2010). Mobil. Retrieved from  http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/about.aspx .

Al-Waha Oil Company overview. (2010). Al-Waha Oil Company. Retrieved from http://www.

wahaoil.net/company_overview.htm.

Announcement of oil discovery. (2010, July). National Oil Corporation. Retrieved from  http://en.noclibya.com.ly/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1423& ;
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Sudan -- American Involvement in

Words: 3834 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42510727

2). It is clear that the United States looks on this pathetic situation as a place that needs assistance, and the U.S. has provided aid off and on to Sudan through the years of its independence. It may be, Lewis writes, that the U.S. actually did not intervene in any way in the carnage in Darfur until massive international publicity forced America's hand. The 22-year civil war that claimed 2 million lives and "displaced 4 million people" ended in 2005, Lewis explains, but was "scarcely noticed in the West" (Lewis, p. 1).

What has been the U.S. role in the peace accords and Security Council Resolutions?

The U.S. has had its hand in numerous attempts to end the Darfur and Sudan tragedies. Prior to 2005, the year in which the UN Security Council -- along with Sudan and other cooperating nations -- put together the "Comprehensive Peace Agreement" (CPA) the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

ABC News, 2006, 'George Clooney Speaks About Crisis in Darfur -- 4.30.06', Retrieved April 2, 2011, from  http://abcnews.go.com .

CBC News, 2005, 'Sudan's mass killings not genocide: UN report'. Retrieved April 3, 2011,

From  http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2005/02/01/newdarfur-report050201.html .

Enough Project, 2010, Sudan Peace Watch -- Nov. 4, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2011, from  http://www.enoughproject.org .
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Leave You Forever Changed Long

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29001449

I felt privileged to talk with these individuals, as well as happy to show them that someone cared through my presence.

My time in Brazil was brief, but it solidified my determination to always make volunteerism an integral part of my life. I consider it a religious and human duty. The power of charity is an important part of my personal system of belief. Ever since my freshman year of college, when I acted as a retreat leader, I have always understood that it is necessary to view one's life in a larger context. Yes, I may become obsessed with day-to-day troubles. But being part of a community of faith has sustained me through many difficult times. Seeing my faith manifested in another culture solidified my belief that faith can unite and ground the human spirit. This idea, which has buoyed me through high school, was truly put to the…… [Read More]

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Papua New Guinea a Failed

Words: 2072 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28510977



5

F

State failure is equated with civil war (but state failure can take place without civil war and civil war can take place without state failure).

Although it did not rise to the level of a full-blown civil war (only because it did not succeed any further), when U.S. analysts term "a nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville" from 1988 to 1997 resulted in about 20,000 deaths (Papua New Guinea 2011). In addition, Ayson and Ball (2006) also emphasize that, "In Papua New Guinea, intergroup fighting in the oil and gas-rich Southern Highlands province continues; some paramilitary turmoil is in prospect; but the peace process in the Bougainville province has been successful so far" (p. 260).

3

The respective weighted score for each of the failed criterion as applied to Papua New Guinea are presented graphically in Figure 1 below.

Figure 1. Application of Criteria for a…… [Read More]

References

Ayson, R. & Ball, D. 2006 Strategy and Security in the Asia Pacific. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Black's Law Dictionary. 1999 St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Chesterman, S., Ignatieff, M. & Thakur, R. 2005 Making States Work: State Failure and the Crisis of Governance. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Manwaring, M.G. & Joes, a.J. 2000 Beyond Declaring Victory and Coming Home: The
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Lessons Learned on Yom Kippur

Words: 2931 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59750372

Flight operations by Egyptian pilots using these aircraft have begun; approximately 16 Hawker Hunter jet fighters also arrived in Egypt from Iraq with Iraqi pilots. About 10 Lightning jet fighters were expected from Saudi Arabia;

(3) Movement of TU-16 bombers from Aswan to the Cairo area in the latter part of March which are equipped to carry air-to-surface missiles;

(4) A high state of alert imposed on the Egyptian air force since April 20 had been noted with some air force reservists being recalled on the third of May;

(5) Relocation and reactivation of various Egyptian air squadrons with shuffling to accommodate aircraft from Libya and Iraq;

(6) The evidence suggested that additional commando units may have moved closer to the Suez Canal since the middle of March; and (7) A report that the Egyptian staff had been ordered to prepare a detailed plan for an attack across the Canal…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Burr, William (2003) The October War and U.S. Policy. National Security Archives. 7 Oct 2003. Online available at: www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB98/

Indications of Arab Intentions to Initiate Hostilities (2001) National Security Council Archives. Declassified. Online available at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB98/octwar-01.pdf 

Intelligence Memorandum for Secretary Kissinger (1973) National Security Council. From William Quandt and Donald Stukel. WSAG Meeting, Middle East, Saturday October 6, 1973, 3:00 P.M. Online available at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB98/octwar-15.pdf 

Memorandum of Conversation: Simcha Dinitz, Ambassador of Israel; Mordechai Shalev, Minister; Henry A. Kissinger, Assistant to the President; and Peter W. Rodman, NSC Staff. The White House. National Security Council Archives. Online available at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB98/octwar-05.pdf