Ap Essays (Examples)

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Government Regulations and Anti-Trust

Words: 837 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99262166

AP ire. (8 Mar 2005) "Anti - Monopoly Agency Rules Against Intel. The New York Times. Business News. Retrieved 8 Mar 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/business/AP-Japan-Intel.html

One of the central concerns regarding government regulation of businesses and the establishment of monopolies is to protect the consumer by creating an open sphere of market competition. But what of a marketplace where a non-sanctioned monopoly has ensued where the consumer is not being unduly harmed? The economic theory of supply and demand holds that when supplies are kept artificially low, prices are kept artificially high. Traditionally, the defense against prohibiting monopolies are that "in a market that has only one or few suppliers of a good or service, the producer(s) can control price, meaning that a consumer does not have choice, cannot maximize his or her total utility, and has have very little influence over price." (Investopedia, 2005) But even when a firm does…… [Read More]

Work Cited

AP Wire. (8 Mar 2005) "Anti - Monopoly Agency Rules Against Intel. The New York Times. Business News. Retrieved 8 Mar 2005 at  http://www.nytimes.com /aponline/business/AP-Japan-Intel.html

Investopedia. (2005) "Economics Basics: Monopolies, Oligopolies, and Perfect Competition." Investopedia.com. Retrieved 6 March 2005 at  http://www.investopedia.com/university/economics/economics6.asp
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Abraham Path Evolution of the Enterprise Over Time

Words: 2309 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96997021

Abraham Path Initiative

The Abraham Path: The evolution of the enterprise over time

One of the most divisive regions of the world is the Middle East. The Middle East is fraught with conflict not simply because of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian territorial dispute but also because of a host regional and sectarian struggles that are tearing this area of the world apart. With this in mind: "in the face of daunting barriers, the Abraham Path Initiative envisions uncovering and revitalizing a route of cultural tourism that follows the path of Abraham and his family some 4000 years ago across the Middle East…As it takes fuller shape, the Path variously serves as a catalyst for sustainable tourism and economic development, a platform for the energy and idealism of young people, a beacon for pilgrims and peacebuilders, as well as a focus for seemingly endless media inquiries from reporters, producers" (Leary, Sebenius, &…… [Read More]

Reference

Leary, K., Sebenius, J. & Weiss, J. (2009). Negotiating the Path of Abraham. Harvard Business

School Working Paper. 10-049.
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Dedicate Myself to an Interest

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90537785

I intend to pursue a career in medicine, a career that I regard as a calling as well as an aspiration. My sports activities have disciplined me, toughened me, and honed my competitive instincts in a way that I believe is necessary for pre-medical studies, and later, perhaps, for medical school. I intend to enter the health care field, either a practitioner, or perhaps from a business angle, as I have grown convinced, after seeing my own family's struggle with the bureaucratic aspects of the American medical system, that there is a need for an infusion of compassion and reform into the system from all areas, on the part of administrators as well as doctors.

At present, to give me a strong academic founding for my rigorous college studies in science and business, I am currently enrolled in three AP classes: Calculus AB AP, Psychology AP, and Spanish V AP.…… [Read More]

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Case Study Supply Chain Whirl

Words: 5412 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37552867

Whirlpool

Whirl Pool Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management

Critical appraisal of Whirlpool's Supply Chain Management

Company Overview

Products and Services

Critical review of Operations

Contribution to business performance

System Changes

Changes in Internal Forecasting Process

usiness Performance Results

Criteria for trade Partner Fit

Competitive advantage

Critical Evaluation of System

Customer Centric-Supply Chain Management System

Collaborative Supply Chain

Whirlpool's production

Current System Changes

Planning and sourcing decisions

Planning

Sourcing

Drawbacks of Whirlpool delivery system

Inventory

Delivery

Factors for taking supply chain management decision

Figure: Supply Chain Performance factors

Gap Analysis

Strategic partnership

Integration

Reduced Cost and Inventory

Future trends in home appliances supply chain management

RFID usage

RFIDs to Individual Products

Vendor Managed Inventories

Challenges for home appliances businesses in managing supply chain

Complex features

Multiple Channels Conflicts

Short life Cycles

Conclusion

ibliography

Executive summary

Whirlpool is renowned as a global electronic appliances manufacturer and marketer. The company's products and…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Basu, R. & Wright, J.N. 2008, Supply Chain Management, Elsevier, USA.

Chang, S.J. 2011, Sony vs. Samsung: The Inside Story of the Electronics Giants' Battle For Global Supremacy, Wiley, USA.

Coyle, J.J, Langley, C.J., Gibson, B & Novack, RA 2008, Supply chain management: a logistics perspective, South-Western Pub, USA.

Ding, S, Guariglia, A, & Knight, J. 2012, Investment and financing constraints in China: does working capital management make a difference, Journal of Banking & Finance.
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Personal Challenges Early on in

Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69239900



During my junior year, I decided to undergo a significant change in my educational career, which is to transfer from Los Angeles to San Francisco. My decision to transfer to another school was anchored on two objectives. My first objective was to transfer to a school where I will develop my knowledge and know my limits in studying, particularly in the field of natural science. My second objective, meanwhile, was to attend a school that has a curriculum structure and format that complements my needs -- that is, to attend classes centering on natural science and mathematics.

It was noticeable during my junior year that I experienced difficulty in excelling in my humanities class. This was due to the difference in the format of teaching humanities between my old and new school. In the new school I enrolled in, humanities class was handled differently, requiring greater classroom (teacher-student) interaction, which…… [Read More]

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Assistant Principal Assistant Principle Scenario

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42615538



hat information will you need?

Critical information from this point forward would regard the faculty of teachers. Our leadership must take a distributive form, within which teachers are also part of a leadership structure. Because there will be so many practical and educational challenges in this new environment, and likely some sense of resentment or resistance amongst transferred teachers, it will be necessary to let educators feel that they have a direct stake in the leadership structure at Misery. e must therefore identify based on experience and reputation those instructors who should be tapped for internal leadership

hat will your first actions be?

Thereafter, the first action will be to appoint department heads and others who can be dispatched as leaders and positive examples to the many young teachers and the share of resentful transfers that will make up the staff. This approach is justified by Lumby (2003), who asserts…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Lumby, J. (2003). Distributed Leadership in Colleges. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 31(3), 283-293.

Spillane, J.P. (2003). Educational Leadership. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25(4) 343-346.
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Frequency Distribution Below Shows the

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38176982

The probability that both a and B. will occur is different from the probabilities that a will occur and that B. will occur.

Refer to the following data to answer questions 7 and 8. Just the answer

A random sample of song playing times in seconds is as follows:

7. Find the standard deviation. 28.65

8. Are any of these playing times considered unusual in the sense of our textbook? Explain. Does this differ with your intuition? Explain. The longest playing time, 293 seconds, could be considered somewhat unusual in that it is more than 1.5 standard deviations away from the mean, meaning more than 93% of data in the population (if normally distributed) would fall below this level -- 93% of songs would be shorter. Intuition says that this is not the case, and that though the song is longer this is simply part of the variation that exists…… [Read More]

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School ID Badges as in

Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5740080



From the school staff perspective, the identification badges would be a useful instrument to recognize who is a student and who is a teacher. Additionally, somewhat related to the identification purpose, as well as to the security perspective that one parent has mentioned, the staff can easily recognize who is actually meant to be on school grounds and who isn't. If we consider the global terrorist threat, this is a highly important argument.

On the other hand, as the parent has mentioned, security and safety measures on school premises need to have a limit somewhere, otherwise we risk having a reminder of concentration camps, where number identification tags were used. As the parent has asked, where can we draw the line?

From the parents' perspective, wearing a badge may be an additional form of security and safety on school grounds, but it also may be considered a measure that will…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Parents, students protest school ID badges. November 2004. On the Internet at http://edition.cnn.com/2004/EDUCATION/11/02/school.badges.ap/index.html

Parents, students protest school ID badges. November 2004. On the Internet at http://edition.cnn.com/2004/EDUCATION/11/02/school.badges.ap/index.html
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Technology in Management the Fargus

Words: 2751 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97609854

The modeling environments was so accurate it could deliver results that aligned at a 95% accuracy rate with the actual results achieved. Another advantage was the use of knowledge management to orchestrate multichannel selling, marketing and service scenarios across the client's specific requirements and needs. The analytics and knowledge management systems were also combined successfully to create a constraint-based engine as well. All of these factors were critical to the success of the system.

The cons of this modeling approach were the lack of precision on pricing ands the ability to model the more finely-tuned aspects of the programs. There was not enough data to create a profitability measurement and the use of constraint modeling at times could leave out the more unpredictable aspects of the marketing mix. hile the virtual marketplace proved effective for testing message, media and defining audience, it lacks the precision necessary for making long-term, highly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ball, Leslie D. "IT Education Success Strategies for Change Management." Information Systems Management 17.4 (2000): 74-7.

Benamati, John, Albert L. Lederer, and Meenu Singh. "Information Technology Change: The Impact on IT Management." The Journal of Computer Information Systems 38.4 (1998): 9-13.

Bordum, Anders. "The Strategic Balance in a Change Management Perspective." Society and Business Review 5.3 (2010): 245-58.

Eastman, Doug, and Claire McCarthy. "Embracing Change: Healthcare Technology in the 21st Century." Nursing management 43.6 (2012): 52.
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Post Schooling Events

Words: 815 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91651792

Afterschool Events

Activity and Summary

The first activity in which a campus administrator must coordinate that I participate in deals with afterschool bussing. My duties for this activity include ensuring that a peaceful order is established as parents pick up their children and others are placed on the right busses. This activity is for 300 students K-6th grade.

The second activity of this nature, deals with a process called Test Sophistication. This afterschool activity is aimed at improving test scores for high achieving middle school students. The Assistant Principal (AP), is charge of this activity and I assist in teaching in this program. Cosden et al. (2004) suggested that these types of afterschool programs are beneficial for development. They wrote "After-school homework programs can provide students with structure, supervision, academic assistance, and the opportunity to learn study skills. At their best, participation in after-school homework programs can help students maintain…… [Read More]

References

American College of Education. November 2013 Graduate Catalog.

Cosden, M., Morrison, G., Gutierrez, L., & Brown, M. (2004). The effects of homework programs and after-school activities on school success. Theory into Practice, 43(3), 220- 226.
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Macro Social Work Interview With

Words: 446 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25108465

He also felt gratified that his work and philosophy had touched the lives of other LSWs and that his determination to uphold high professional standards had resulted in better service to all of the people in need in the counties served by the LSWs he monitored and instructed.

What do you like least?

Bureaucracy could often limit Ramos' creativity and flexibility in dealing with both the LSWs and clients.

The part that interested me most of the work roles the interviewee described.

It was interesting to hear Ramos' perspective, given that so much of his work was devoted to training other LSWs, and ensuring that they were upholding a high standard in their work. Ramos was very candid about the need for monitoring other LSWs, and showed a refreshing honesty about the profession -- it is a profession with many selfless individuals, but also with a high range of error,…… [Read More]

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High Fuel Costs on the

Words: 4320 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61115111

According to these airlines, the public can help by contacting their Congress people.

According to the airlines in question, there are in fact (or have been) regulations in place in order to discourage the phenomenon of uncontrolled speculation and manipulation in world markets. These have however been weakened or removed, resulting in the rapid rise of fuel prices today. The claim is in fact that rising demand and diminishing supply cannot account for the rise in oil prices that have been experienced over the last year.

Alexandra Marks (2008) also addresses the role of the Government in encouraging higher fuel prices. According to airline industry experts and analysts, Congress is not doing enough to curb speculation. If this is not done very soon, according to these experts, the aviation industry could face a collapse in the not very far future, that is in danger of crippling the economy of the…… [Read More]

Sources

AOPA ePublishing staff. AOPA working on future avgas. http://www.aopa.org/aircraft/articles/2008/080319avgas.html

Credeur, Mary Jane. (2008, July 9). Northwest Air to Cut 2,500 jobs to Blunt Fuel Costs. Bloomberg Press. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=aQSwxib7vM3s&refer=us

Hegeman, Roxana. (2008, July 8). Soaring aviation fuel cots ground many pilots. Forbes.com. http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2008/07/08/ap5194342.html

Lynch, Kerry. (2008, Mar. 24). AOPA, Greens Battle Over Lead in AvGas. Aviation Week. http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=busav&id=news/LEAD03248.xml
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Presidential Candidates the Three Presidential

Words: 379 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60430603

Still, one has to wonder if the poor will move forward with insurance even with the subsidies. Certainly, many of these individuals will make poor healthcare decisions without federal mandates for healthcare.

Clinton's plan is the best because in mandates individual coverage for all Americans. Like Obama's plan, Clinton would provide tax credits for working families to help them cover their costs. Just like individuals need to buy automobile insurance to cover their bills if they are in an accident, they should have to buy health insurance to cover their medical bills if they become sick. This is only common sense given that an illness can quickly bankrupt a family. Clinton's plan is also that only one that makes people do the right thing rather than relying on individuals to behave responsibly.

ibliography

McCain's health care proposal emphasizes 'freedom'. (2007, October 11). CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/10/11/mccain.healthcare.ap/index.html

Providing affordable and accessible healthcare. http://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/healthcare/…… [Read More]

Bibliography

McCain's health care proposal emphasizes 'freedom'. (2007, October 11). CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/10/11/mccain.healthcare.ap/index.html

Providing affordable and accessible healthcare. http://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/healthcare/

The time has come for universal healthcare (2007, January 25). http://obama.senate.gov/speech/070125-the_time_has_co
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Marketing Channels and Methods

Words: 2664 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16942492

Marketing Channels and Methods -- the New Svelte Shape of McDonald's

Objectives & Mission Statement

Although McDonald's latest advertising slogan, as proclaimed on its 2005 website, is "I'm lovin' it," (McDonald's Official ebsite, 2005), shareholders in the fast food company have not be equally enamored of its current stock performance and plummeting sales. (The Rogue Investor, 2005) Thus, the objectives of the new McDonald's marketing campaign must be to undo some of the economic and public relations damage done to the company by the negative press generated by the success of Morgan Spurlock's film 'Supersize Me.' Over the course of the year, McDonald's wishes to gain a greater percentage of the revenue of the current fast food market than its most prominent burger-oriented competitors endy's and Burger King. McDonald's also wishes to gain some of the type of positive media as generated by the sandwich chain Subway. The Subway Diet…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bauman, Valerie. (11 Aug 2005) "People try to lose weight at McDonalds." AP Wire. Accessed on AOL on 22 Aug 2005 at http://aolsvc.news.aol.com/news/article.adp?id=20050811163009990002

Burger King. (2005) Official Website. Retrieved 11 Sept 2005 at http://www.haveityourway.com/

Collins, Luke. (2002) "Chips are down for Burger Giants" MCD: McDonald's Corporation News and Articles. Retrieved 27 Aug 2005 at http://www.licenseenews.com/news/news134.html

Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.
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Core Competencies Balance Scorecard

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30025965

Miley Cyrus

The core competence analysis emphasizes whether an organization has unique selling points that will help it succeed in business. These are relevance, difficulty of imitation, and breadth of application (MindTools, 2013). Miley Cyrus scores well on all three counts, which means that she has the core competencies needed to succeed in the entertainment performer field.

Cyrus has maintained a high degree of relevance, which is critical to success as a popular entertainer. She parlayed a high level of exposure in a role as Hannah Montana into an adult music career. In particular, she has taken steps of late to cement this transition both for her fans and for the media. Had she not taken these steps, her relevance as a child performer who is no longer a child would be in steep decline. By re-inventing herself as a mature performer in the mainstream she has improved her relevance.…… [Read More]

References

Marr, B. (2013). What is a balanced scorecard? Advanced Performance Institute. Retrieved November 18, 2013 from http://www.ap-institute.com/Balanced%20Scorecard.html

Mind Tools. (2013). Core competence analysis MindTools Retrieved November 18, 2013 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_94.htm
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Attending the 2004 USC Asia Conference Can

Words: 336 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95984602

Attending the 2004 USC Asia Conference can help further my teaching, my professional role in my school district, as well as enhance my long-term professional growth objectives. As an AP economics teacher with the Los Angeles Unified District, the USC Asia Conference will provide me with the opportunity to improve my teaching on an immediate and measurable level. Gaining a broader understanding of teaching within Pacific Rim societies will help me pass on this level of cultural knowledge, and my desire to learn about other cultures to my students. This is especially useful for students in my Advanced Placement classes, as a better understanding of the interaction of economics and culture in the Pacific Rim is crucial in this time of globalization and outsourcing.

A strong understanding of cultural diversity and the broader world in which we live is essential for today's professional educator. The USC Asia Conference offers a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sample, Steven B. Welcome Letter from President Steven B. Sample. 19 August 2004.  http://www.usc.edu/programs/asia/sample.html
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Students With ADHD

Words: 3380 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24285863

ADHD (what it is this disease) and what are the symptoms and result of this disease. The paper also discusses the affects of ADHD on patients. In this paper the treatment of ADHD is also discussed and explained.

All the details relating to this condition and its symptoms and treatments are explained and supported by the use of literature review.

ADHD in Children

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome) is a chronic condition that affects the children and continues till their adulthood in many cases. This disease results in the combination of a number of problems such as difficulty in focusing on something and paying attention, 'hyperactivity and impulsive behavior'. (Mayo Clinic, 2013)

In the children, the children suffering from ADHD also experience lack of confidence and self-esteem, trouble in relationships and bad performance in school. The disease is usually preceded by behavioral and learning problems and lack of attention in…… [Read More]

References

Australian Psychological Society (APS). (2013). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. APS Webpage. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.org.au/community/adhd/

DuPaul, G.J., Jitendra, A.K., Volpe, R.J., Tresco, K.E., Lutz, J.G., Junod, R.E., Cleary, K.S., Flammer, L.M., & Mannella, M.C. (2006). Consultation-based Academic Interventions for Children with ADHD: Effects on Reading and Mathematics Achievement. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 34 (2006), 635-648.

Duvall, S.F., Delquadri, J.C., & Ward, D.L. (2004). A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Homeschool Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. School Psychology Review. 33(1). 140-158

Frazier, T.W., Youngstrom, E.A., Glutting, J.J., & Watkins, M.W. (2007). ADHD and Achievement: Meta-Analysis of the Child, Adolescent, and Adult Literature and a Concomitant Study with College Students. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 40(1), 49-65.
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Psychology and Offender Rehab

Words: 2710 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77000192

riginality, Applicability, and Relevance; Interdisciplinarity; Literature Review;)

It is the typically the norm for many offender programs follow the long-standing conventions that have been developed in the last few generations. However, the traditional route does not seem to consider fully the psychosocial factors that influence individual engagement in intervention settings. While factors related to offending behavior are known throughout the research community, their influence on what causes the behavior or motivational engagement still remains unclear. Brooks & Khan (2015) provided an effort to pursue these gaps in knowledge by creating a study that attempted to examine the precursors to behavior and engagement by interviewing and monitoring 109 juvenile offenders. The sample existed within a non-custodial community intervention and the researchers explored the antisocial behavior, influence of aggression, and disruptive and problematic behavior during school hours. They also monitored and explored self-esteem and parental bonding as possible moderators and reported on…… [Read More]

Other research efforts also suggest that the positive role evidence-based practice has a positive influence on juvenile offender rehabilitation. Another study found that "the intervention had a beneficial impact on antisocial influence potential of adolescents' friendship networks, with p < .05 for both of the primary composite measures. Current evidence-based preventive interventions can alter adolescents' friendship networks in ways that reduce the potential for peer influence toward antisocial behavior" (Osgood et al., 2013, p. 174). Furthermore, diversion programs and preventative programs can also benefit from evidence-based practices (Schwalbe, Gearing, MacKenzie, Brewer & Ibrahim, 2012, p. 28). The value in such models is based on the premise that the research examines reasons why juveniles offend, or could offend, and take into consideration various psycho-social factors and influences that lead to juvenile crime (Sim, 2014).

More insights into effective rehabilitation are provided by a 2014 study which identified the juvenile offenders' need for stimulation, which represents a common behavioral predisposition. "Results showed that need for stimulation, "irresponsibility," and callous & unemotional were sensitive to changes in respondents' varying psychopathy levels, whereas lack of realistic, long-term goals; superficial charm; and revocation of conditional release were less so" (Tsang, Piquero & Cauffman, 2014, p. 1333). By studying factors such as the lack motivation, long-term goals, and other behavioral characteristics commonly associated with offenders provide insights on the complex nature of the criminal offenses. Rehabilitation of criminal offenders, especially juvenile offenders, must clearly involve the study of individual motivations and behaviors to be effective (Ward, 2012). Traditional methods of offender rehabilitation have yet to apply such considerations despite substantial amounts of evidence that suggests that treatment psychosocial factors are more effective in preventing negative outcomes such as juvenile re-offense among others.

In a 2013 study, researchers sought to investigate the usefulness of two main methods for interpreting research into evidence-based practice within the juvenile justice setting. These methods were introduced in the form of brand-name programs, which are recognized via lists of several expert groups, and also come with quality guarantee packages presented by the program's developers. From an investigation that included large-scale meta-analyses, researchers have presented a number of universal approaches that may be applied for the purpose of refining existing programs. For example, the results of the study suggest that brand-name programs have a big benefit in the form of application success when compared to universal programs. In fact, they found brand-name programs had the top expected values offering conclusions that support statements such as that both "brand-name programs and meta-analyses represent two rigorous and transparent approaches for advancing evidence-based practice in juvenile justice. State governments should consider the merits of both approaches through a decision-tree model" (Welsh, Rocque & Greenwood, 2013, p. 207). Such studies can help to clarify salient factors that would otherwise be overlooked in a vague intervention model, and have the potential to significantly refine and strengthen rehabilitation and prevention programs in the future.
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Juvenile Offenders and Rehabilitation

Words: 4448 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35811849

Juvenile offenders have grown to become a serious problem in many countries, especially the United States. Like adult offenders, juvenile offenders are more likely to reoffend, especially without the proper guidance and assistance they need in order to live a law abiding life. esearch within the last five years has led to identification of specific program models as well theory-based intervention approaches that not only assist juvenile offenders in leading productive lives but also keeps them from potentially re-offending. This paper will focus on rehabilitation programs for juvenile offenders and prevention programs that help in lessening the number of potential juvenile offenders by proposing alternative means of coping with hardship and stress.

Farrington's Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential Theory will be examined within the context of juvenile offenders and how this framework may be applied to understanding Juvenile motivations for engaging in criminal activities Importance of rehabilitation will be emphasized because…… [Read More]

References

Baglivio, M., Wolff, K., Piquero, A., & Epps, N. (2015). The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and Juvenile Offending Trajectories in a Juvenile Offender Sample. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 43(3), 229-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.04.012

Barnes, A., Campbell, N., Anderson, V., Campbell, C., Onifade, E., & Davidson, W. (2015). Validity of initial, exit, and dynamic juvenile risk assessment: An examination across gender and race/ethnicity. Journal Of Offender Rehabilitation, 55(1), 21-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10509674.2015.1107004

Borduin, C., Dopp, A., & Taylor, E. (2013). Evidence-Based Interventions for Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders. An Evidence-Based Approach To Assessment And Treatment, 192-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118320655.ch11

Brooks, M., & Khan, R. (2015). Psychosocial influences that motivate young offenders to engage in a non-custodial community intervention. The Journal Of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 26(3), 351-367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14789949.2015.1013973
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Aboriginal Studies Presidency This Is

Words: 1618 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93195794

Today's President has many important duties, and while some have delegated some tasks to their vice presidents, they are ultimately still in charge of these tasks. As the country has evolved, so has the importance of the vice president, therefore making it comprehensible that the vice president may eventually officially assume some of the President's current duties.

orks Cited

Felzenbery, Alvin S. The Vice Presidency Grows Up. Policy Review. (2001): 01 February.

Outline of U.S. Government. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/outusgov/ch3.htm).

The Presidency. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=1003810-h&templatename=/article/article.html).

The President of the United States. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/government/national/president.html).

Vice President of the United States. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0403250-00&templatename=/article/article.html).… [Read More]

Works Cited

Felzenbery, Alvin S. The Vice Presidency Grows Up. Policy Review. (2001): 01 February.

Outline of U.S. Government. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/outusgov/ch3.htm).

The Presidency. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=1003810-h&templatename=/article/article.html).

The President of the United States. (accessed 25 January, 2005). http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/government/national/president.html).
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Religion and Politics

Words: 3527 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61687506

eligion and Politics

All religions aim to provide a code of life for mankind. Apart from other tenets, this code establishes laws that govern all areas of man's life. Thus the laws established by the religion Islam are termed as Shariah. The term Shariah means all of the Islamic Laws and is derived from four basic sources. These sources are The Holy Quran, Sunnah, Ij'ma (consensus) of the Companions (Sahabah) and Qiyas or analogical deduction. These laws are not just limited to areas such as marriage or divorce; rather, the Islamic laws cover every action performed by an individual or a society. The term Shariah is also synonymous with Fiqh. However the term Fiqh means knowledge of all the Islamic Laws (Shariah). It can also be taken to mean the Knowledge of the sources from where the Islamic Laws (Shariah) have been extracted.

Shariah or Islamic Laws are divine ways…… [Read More]

References

S.Q. Fatimi, Islam Comes to Malaysia. Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, (MSRI), Singapore. 1963;

EDITH M. LEDERER, Associated Press Writer, U.N. Development Fund for Women protests stoning sentence against Nigerian woman., AP Worldstream, 08-28-2002.

Author not available, Mexico's president to fight death penalty in Nigeria., AP Worldstream, 08-28-2002.

D'ARCY DORAN, Associated Press Writer, Nigerian government 'totally opposed' to death by stoning sentence., AP Worldstream, 08-22-2002
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Political Parties and Interest Groups

Words: 1766 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90248907

The best that they can hope for is to influence a political party to get behind their cause and vote to have it adopted. Political parties on the other hand, have the power and ability to change laws and mandates by their voting clout.

eferences

Democratic Party (accessed 5-1-07)

http://www.democrats.org/a/party/history.html

Interest Groups (accessed 5-1-07)

http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0216125-00&templatename=/article/article.html

epublican Party (accessed 5-1-07)

http://www.mcgop.net/History.htm

Walker, Jack L., Jr., Mobilizing Interest Groups in America (Univ. Of Mich. Press 1991).… [Read More]

References

Democratic Party (accessed 5-1-07)

http://www.democrats.org/a/party/history.html

Interest Groups (accessed 5-1-07)

http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0216125-00&templatename=/article/article.html
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Gifted Program it Is Difficult

Words: 3442 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98725194

To address these social and academic issues, the Waco, Texas, Independent School District (2005) initiated a project offering AP Spanish Language to eighth-grade Hispanic students and later expanded to three years (akow, 2005). The goal was to promote student success, develop self-confidence, and support student academic aspirations among an at-risk student population. In the three years of program implementation, 117 students took the class and corresponding AP exam. Of these, 92 (79%) earned qualifying scores of 3, 4, or 5 on the exam and four high school credits. In addition, the AP students were more likely to participate in honor societies (29.3%), academic clubs (36.2%), and to win an academic honor (41.4%), as compared with the HE and HS students. In addition, more of the AP students reported planning to participate in AP courses (92.7%), dual credit (67.9%) courses, honors courses (52.8%), pre-AP courses (52.8%), honor societies (37.0%), and service…… [Read More]

References Cited:

Baldwin, a.Y., Gear, G.H., & Lucito, L.J. (Eds.). (1980). Educational planning for the gifted: Overcoming cultural, geographic, and socioeconomic barriers. Reston, VA: The Council for Exceptional Children.

Cavazos, L.F. (2002). Emphasizing performance goals and high-quality education for all students. Phi Delta Kappan, 83, 690-697.

Clasen, D.R. (2006) Project stream: a 13-yar follow-up of a pre-college program for middle and high-school underrepresented gifted. Roeper Review 29(1) 55-63.

Eckstein, M. The Kid Network (2008) Gifted Child Today 32(2), 20
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Media Coverage of the Scott Peterson Case

Words: 1740 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21771339

Media Coverage of the Scott Peterson Case man allegedly slaughters his pregnant wife in cold blood! This sensational headline for the sensational case of Scott Peterson could very easily and ironically, accurately sum up the details of Peterson case. Peterson is accused of pretending to go fishing on Christmas Eve, killing his wife and his unborn son because of anxieties about becoming a father and because he desired his beautiful mistress more, and hiding the evidence. Then, he is accused of fleeing the investigating team by dying his hair, abandoning his mother and father in law during their hour of grief, and hiding out with his own parents.

AS such, the Peterson legal case in terms of reportage provides few challenges in terms of supposedly non-legitimate media outlets such as The New York Post, for example, or the celebrity driven show "Extra!" On TV. These media outlets might be challenged…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1."Curtain set to rise on Peterson trial Defense accuses prosecution of withholding evidence." (May 31, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 13, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/05/31/peterson.trial.ap/index.html

2."A day of shopping, at the spa: Slain wife's final day before reported missing told to jurors." (June 3, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 12, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/03/peterson.trial.ap/index.html

3."Geragos: Peterson baby born alive." (June 3, 2004) on June 15, 2004 at http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/02/peterson.trial/index.html

4.Jeffrey Toobin: Peterson prosecution begins unconventionally. (June 11, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 14, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/09/toobin.peterson/onindex.html
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Racism Affects Education How 21st

Words: 2207 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99206912

g., a magnet school), and also in terms of the various percentages of whites; African-Americans; Asians; and Latino (a)s attending each high school. According to Solorzano and Ornelas (Feb/Mar 2004) their study of advanced placement high school enrollment trends among minority students was driven by their desire for clearer answers to several key questions about equal access to educational opportunities for minority students and white students alike within various Los Angeles public high schools.

The questions the authors sought answers to in their study were the following:

How do school structures, practices, and discourses help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? How do Latina/o and African-American students and parents respond to the educational structures, practices, and discourses that help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? Finally, how can school reforms help end racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? (p.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Affirmative Action." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. 2000. 8 Dec 2007.

Microsoft Works Suite 2000 (CD-ROM). Disc 3.

Affirmative Action Ten Years After Proposition 209." UCLA International

Institute. 20 Mar 2007. http://www.international.ucla.edu/showevent.asp?
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Immigration and the Community Policing the Immigrant Community

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35821978

immigration to the U.S. nd focuses on Charlotte North Carolina. The reader is given an foundational understanding of the INS and how it operates as well as information about immigrants in the Charlotte area, both documented and non-documented. There were four sources used to complete this paper.

INS the Immigrant Police

WHT IS THE INS?

The letters INS stand for Immigration and Naturalization Services. Its purpose is to document and legalize immigrants who come migrate to other nations to live and to work. The INS started in the 1800's when the government decided that merica had a policy of immigration that was to free and to open

fter certain states passed immigration laws following the Civil War, the Supreme Court in 1875 declared that regulation of immigration is a Federal responsibility. Thus, as the number of immigrants rose in the 1880s and economic conditions in some areas worsened, Congress began…… [Read More]

Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.

Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.

Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.
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Electronic Cash and Smart Cards Forms of

Words: 2004 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11050138

Electronic Cash and Smart Cards

Forms of electronic cash came about in the 1990s with the rise of the Internet and a new way to do business. Smart cards were among the new forms. When purchasing products over the Internet, consumers have concerns about the privacy of their information with electronic payments. Some studies were conducted to evaluate the pros and cons of smart cards, how the security is designed in the payment systems, and if the use of smart cards can change the addictive behavior of gamblers.

Mondex

What it is

It is claimed the Mondex smart card can be used the same as cash and have the advantage of not having to carry cash at the same time. It was conceived as a technological solution to the handling of money and undermining the traditional role of the circuit of money. (Knights, 2007) The aim was to replace the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Knights, D. e. (2007). Organization. Retrieved from Sage Publications:  http://org.sagepub.com 

Nower, L. a. (2010, Jan 19). Gambling Motivations, Money-Limiting Strategies, and Precommitment Preference of Problem vs. Non-Problem Gamblers. New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Retrieved from Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Wang, H. e. (2004). Concurrent Engineering. Retrieved from Sage Publications:  http://cer.sagepub.com/
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California Law

Words: 3080 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15605385

population of California underwent dramatic changes in the last 60 years. In the 1940s, the Latinos were a minority of only 6% of the state or roughly 374,000 (autista 1991). ut by 1980, the Latino population grew to 4 million, almost doubling the figure and increased to more than 7 million in the 90s. In the 2000s, Latinos accounted for a third of California's total population, creating huge political, economic and social impact upon its entire society (autista). esides sheer volume, the continuously increasing Latino population has developed the distinct feature. efore the 60s, immigrants were rare and less than 20% of these Latinos were foreign born, most of them from Northern Mexico. Immigration, however began to fill the ranks since the 80s so that, today, the majority of adult Latinos in California are immigrants. These developments are among the most important criteria to social and demographic policy makers in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

California Labor and Workforce Development Agency. (2004). 1975 Agricultural Labor Relations Act. Agricultural Labor Relations Board. http://www.alrb.ca.gov

Democrats Assembly. (2004). Measure to Prohibit Employers from Locking In Their Workers Passes Assembly. California State Assembly. http://democrats.assembly.ca.gov/template/ademmain.sp?articleid=122&zoneid=2

Full Assembly Approves Proposed Increase in the State's Minimum Wage. http://democrats.assembly.ca.gov/templates/ademmain.asp?articleid=106&zoneid=2

House of Representatives. ((1998). Hearing on the Failures and Promises of the California Garment Industry. 105th Congress, Subcommittee on Oversight Investigations, Committee on Education and the Workforce, serial 105-110. http://commdocs.gov/committee/edu/hedo&i5-110.html
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Juvenile Recidivism Rates and Analysis

Words: 12874 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40811758

Dugan: Should be on its own page.

Juvenile recidivism is a prevalent problem in the criminal justice system. Tackling reoffending remains a complex task requiring several strategies and aims. It involves research, acknowledgement of causes, factors, exploration, and evaluation of subgroups to generate long-term, positive changes in the lives of juvenile offenders. From gang violence to Interactive, Constructive, Active, and Passive (ICAP), researchers discover some of the reasons why juveniles reoffend and the kinds of intervention methods that may help or worsen the problem of juvenile recidivism. Intervention philosophies like surveillance, discipline, close monitoring may increase recidivism rates. estorative programs, counseling, skill building programs, as well as multiple coordinated services decrease recidivism rates. Comment by Max Dugan: I would put evaluation at the end of the list vs. first. Comment by Max Dugan: Need to spell out all acronyms before using in APA format.

elevance

Juvenile offenders and reoffenders are…… [Read More]

References

Aalsma, M., White, L., Lau, K., Perkins, A., Monahan, P., & Grisso, T. (2015). Behavioral Health Care Needs, Detention-Based Care, and Criminal Recidivism at Community Reentry From Juvenile Detention: A Multisite Survival Curve Analysis. American Journal Of Public Health, 105(7), 1372-1378. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2014.302529

Baglivio, M. & Jackowski, K. (2012). Examining the Validity of a Juvenile Offending Risk Assessment Instrument Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity. Youth Violence And Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 26-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1541204012440107

Baglivio, M., Wolff, K., Piquero, A., & Epps, N. (2015). The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and Juvenile Offending Trajectories in a Juvenile Offender Sample. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 43(3), 229-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.04.012

Bates, K. & Swan, R. (2013). Juvenile delinquency in a diverse society (1st ed.). SAGE Publications.
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Chinese as a Foreign Language

Words: 4930 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68701269

The pogam pimaily suppots the local Chinese communities to maintain younge geneation's heitage backgound, and speading Chinese cultue in the U.S. The classes ae nomally held two to thee hous on weekends with Chinese language lessons and othe taditional cultual and at activities. Most students have high levels of oal poficiency in Chinese, but needed to enhance skills in liteacy. Chinese heitage schools ae mainly suppoted by two goups: the National Council of Associations of Chinese Language Schools (NCACLS) which is founded by Taiwan o Hong Kong immigant and heitage communities, and the Chinese School Association in the United States (CSAUS) that is connected with immigant and heitage communities fom mainland China. Accoding to Scott McGinnis's (2005) compiled statistics, the combined enollment of NCACLS and CSAUS was aound 150,000 in 2003. The numbe of students in the heitage schools is lage than in othe CFL pogams acoss the U.S.

Many…… [Read More]

references for the researchers and educators that may lead to some recommendations in developing a better learning environment in future foreign language education. The data collected from the surveys will be treated as confidential by me, and all the collected data will be anonymous. The data will be only applied directly to this study and not in other use, nor is it available for other parties. A letter of consent form will be sent to all participants to be aware to the purpose and the use of this study from the collected data. All collected data will be protected by the researcher during the study.

Instrumentation/Materials

A survey developed by the researcher of this study includes two sections of questions which relate to the foreign language learning. The first part of the questions is based on the participants' background and their children's background relating to their cultural and language background. The second section includes questions about the reason of sending their child to CFL program; what level do they want their child to complete Chinese language learning, and what area do they want their child to apply the language. The participants choose from the options provided that applies to them the best. There are three open ended questions, allowing for free comments. (See appendix a).

Research design

The research is a qualitative research design that investigates the similarities and differences between parental motivations towards CFL learning between diverse ethnicities by using an online survey to explore the two essential questions in this research.
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Ethics in Organizational Decision Making

Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25184029

Still, MIT countered "Our mission statement talks about principled, innovative leaders and we take the principled part seriously." (AP ire, 2005)

Part II. The impact of technology on work-related stress

ork should be growing less stressful -- given the ubiquity telecommuting, and the increased swiftness and interconnectedness of technical innovation that connects the individual to the workplace via the Internet. (Olson, 2003) However, the easier it becomes to get 'connected' to work, quite often the more the stress of the workforce bleeds into the quality life of one's home and the higher the expectations demanded of conscientious employees.

Cite a specific example (from work, industry, media etc.) where technology played/will play a role in an organizations behavior

For example, the connective nature of work enabled by the Internet, specifically with high-speed connections such as broadband, and when complimented with wireless phones, video conferencing, and other technologies, have enabled some workers…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AP Wire. (9 Mar 2005) "Harvard rejects those who saw Admissions." The New York Times. Retrieved 10 Mar 2005 at  http://www.nytimes.com /aponline/business/AP-Business-School-Hacker.html

Olson, Elizabeth. (24 Aug 2003) Executive Life; at Home (of Course) With a Telecommuter." The New York Times. Retrieved 10 Mar 2005 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60F1FF83F5D0C778EDDA10894DB404482
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Marketing Plan - Outsourcing Accounts

Words: 7207 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58464907

(Accounts Payable Processing: BPM Outsourcing) for enhanced managerial competence and price decline, many companies are concentrating a lot on reducing costs and reforming operations. The crisis is mainly severe on non-revenue producing, but vital jobs like accounts payable and purchasing. Accounts payable and procuring processes are main operations, but they are usually regarded as important cost centers. Thus, making constant developments in the accounts payable and procuring departments is an essential step to make sure that the organization is working at its most proficient and can bring in considerable profits. (Driving Continuous Improvements across Accounts Payable & Purchasing Processes)

Lack of appropriate account payable management entails the customers of the company to lose faith that forms a bad influence on the company. However, simultaneously the management of account payables is considered a strenuous task for most of the companies and necessitates skilled labor along with specialized training activities. Only due…… [Read More]

References

Accounts Payable Case Studies: Supplying Nationwide Distributor with the Right AP Solution. Retrieved at http://www.lason.com/case_studies/apcs.htm. Accessed on 10 March, 2005

Accounts Payable Processing: BPM Outsourcing. Retrieved at http://www.bpmsource.com/payables.htm. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Accounts Payable. Retrieved at http://www.global360.com/solutions/accounts_payable/. Accessed on 12 March, 2005

Accounts payable outsourcing. Retrieved at http://www.opiglobal.com/accounts-payable-outsourcing.htm. Accessed on 10 March, 2005
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Should Marijuana Be Legalized in US

Words: 1615 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45014298

Legalization of Marijuana

SHOULD MARIUANA BE LEGALIZED IN THE UNITED STATES?

For over 40 years the United States has struggled with how the use of marijuana should be governed. On one side, proponents argue that it should be legal in the same way alcohol and cigarettes are, or legal in small amounts. They do not feel that people who have small amounts for personal use should be prosecuted in any way. Recently, the prestigious medical journal The Lancet has suggested that keeping marijuana illegal may do more harm to society than its actual use does. They point out that the negative effects from use of alcohol are far greater than any negative effects from the use of marijuana (offee & Yancey, et. al., 2004).

However, those in favor of maintaining marijuana's status as an illegal substance argue that marijuana is not harmless and that in some ways it is very…… [Read More]

Joffee, Alain, MD, MPH, and Yancey, Samuel, MD., with the Committee on Substance Abuse and the Committe on Adolescence. 2004. "Legalization of Marijuana: Potential Impact on Youth. American Academy of Pediatrics Technical Report." Pediatrics 113:6, June.

Portillo, Ely. 2005. "Web sites selling marijuana, paraphernalia proliferate." Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Serice, July 7.

Staff writers. 2005. "Safety - how alcohol affects the brain." New Straits Times (Science section), December 5.
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Management Distributed Order Management Systems

Words: 4856 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12855735

AMR Research (2005) believes that companies must begin developing and redeploying current order management architectures with the focus on delivering more flexibility rather than a strategy that delivers far less. The move toward customer-driven fulfillment processes requires the ability to build and adapt channel-specific, product-specific, and customer-specific order flows quickly without an army of developers creating custom code.

However, the days of big bang, rip-and-replace implementations are over, and any significant it project must have two key attributes: the ability to use existing investments in data and business logic and the ability to be deployed iteratively. oth of these require thinking about the order management applications in terms of architectures, rather than a laundry list of features and functions. The users that are good candidates for the various types of Distributed Order Management (DOM) applications that are defined in this analysis should place significant emphasis on the architecture support across…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AMR Research (2006) - What is Demand Visibility? AMR Research Report. Published March 14, 2006. Accessed with permission from the publisher. Lora Cecere and Roddy Martin.

AMR Research (2005) - the Handbook of Becoming Demand Driven. AMR Research Report. July 15, 2005. Accessed with permission from the publisher. Lora Cecere, Roddy Martin, Debra Hofman.

AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 3rd, 2006 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ConfigurationIstheHeartofCustomerFulfillmentforComplexProductManufacturers.pdf

Askegar and Columbus (2002) - Channel Management Best Practices: It's All About Orders. AMR Research Report. Monday September 9, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on May 7, 2006:
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System Implementation Oahu Base Area Network

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20589599

System Implementation - Oahu ase Area Network

System Implementation: Oahu ase Area Network

The wireless local area network (WLAN) in the Oahu ase Area Network is made up of several different subsystems. The inputs to the system will be desktop computers, laptop computers, and embedded systems (fixed and mobile). Each client has a wireless network card that can communicate with an access point (AP). The AP manages WLAN traffic and physically connects the wireless system to the wired local area network (LAN). The wired LAN will then send the requested information back to the access points, which will relay it to the appropriate client (Conover, 2000).

The system has three modes of operation:

Op-Mode: This is the standard operating mode for system operation. The mode consists of interaction between clients and one or more server. The clients are wireless devices such as laptops, desktops and tele-robtics platforms. Servers are access…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Conover, J. (2000, July). "Wireless LANs Work Their Magic." Network Computing. Retrieved 16, January, 2004 from Internet site http://www.networkcomputing.com/1113/1113f2.html

Curtis, G., Hoffer, J. George, J., Valacich, J. (2002). Introduction to Business Systems Analysis

University of Phoenix Custom Edition). New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Custom Printing.

Galik, D. (1998, April). "Defense in Depth: Security for Network-Centric Warfare." Chips
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Strategic Issues

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88041641

McDonald's strategic issue is a fundamental policy question or challenge affecting an organization's mandates, mission, and values; product or service level and mix; clients, users, or payers; or costs, financing, structure, or management (Bryson, 1995). This paper describes a strategic issue faced by fast food giant McDonald's, which is fighting to maintain its position as a market leader.

McDonald's has built one of the most successful fast food franchises in the world, with incredible growth for over three decades. The company's long-term strategy has focused on uniformity in its product, service, and the consistency of its information systems. However, with a slew of recent challenges, McDonald's learning that times are changing. The company's main new concern is portraying their sense of healthy eating habits and staying ahead of the competition.

McDonald's reached a low point in 2001, when customer-satisfaction surveys revealed that the company was falling well behind its competitors,…… [Read More]

References

AP. (March 3, 2004). McDonald's Scrapping 'Supersize'. Associated Press.

Bryson, John M. (1995). Strategic Planning for public and non-profit organizations. Jossey Bass.

Green, Alison. (October 14, 2004). Big Mac's makeover. The Economist.

Tsao, Amy. (October 10, 2004). Salad Days for McDonald's? Business Week.
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Juvenile Offenders and Reoffending

Words: 11154 Length: 37 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46175369

elevance

Juvenile offenders and reoffenders are an important problem facing the United States criminal justice system. For more than one hundred years, states held the belief that the juvenile justice system acted as a vehicle to safeguard the public via offering a structure that enables the rehabilitation of children growing into adulthood. States identified the difference of children committing crimes versus adult offenders (Loeber & Farrington, 2012). For example, the states saw them as less blameworthy with a higher capacity for longstanding, true change. Therefore, states have founded a distinct court system especially for the handling and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders along with a separate and different youth-based service delivery system that offers additional aid not found in the adult justice system.

The juvenile justice system offers the study of criminal justice an important area to develop proper rehabilitation techniques that will help juvenile offenders and reoffenders find a means…… [Read More]

References

Baglivio, M. & Jackowski, K. (2012). Examining the Validity of a Juvenile Offending Risk Assessment Instrument Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity. Youth Violence And Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 26-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1541204012440107

Baglivio, M., Wolff, K., Piquero, A., & Epps, N. (2015). The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and Juvenile Offending Trajectories in a Juvenile Offender Sample. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 43(3), 229-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.04.012

Burfeind, J. & Bartusch, D. (2015). Juvenile delinquency (p. 158). Routledge.

Cale, J., Smallbone, S., Rayment-Mchugh, S., & Dowling, C. (2015). Offense Trajectories, the Unfolding of Sexual and Non-Sexual Criminal Activity, and Sex Offense Characteristics of Adolescent Sex Offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal Of Research And Treatment. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063215580968
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Fingerprints vs DNA Is One

Words: 3159 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85872409

(Aronson, 2007)

The problems and future of DNA Testing

The scientific soundness of the DNA test has not been doubted at all. Courts have increasingly relied on the outcomes of DNA tests. The common man is at a loss to understand the complexities of the method, and as a result in jury trials it is not taken as standard proof but approached with hesitancy. Jurors are ignorant of science and the 'principles of modern genetics' and can get quite confused by all the jargon and confusing tactics of lawyers who are more interested in their cases rather than scientific truth. ("DNA Fingerprinting and Forensics," 2006) Thus the very process that can throw light on the proceedings and produce unfaultable evidence gets mired in sticky debates. The actual concern about the DNA test is not a confused jury but the process of collecting the data and analyzing it. There is no…… [Read More]

References

Aronson, Jay. D. (2007) "Genetic Witness: Science, Law, and Controversy in the Making of DNA" Rutgers University Press.

Champod, Christophe. (2004) "Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions"

CRC Press.

Lazer, David. (2004) "DNA and the Criminal Justice System: The Technology of Justice"
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Rate Adjustments by the Federal

Words: 1375 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99243237

But when the Fed declared a moratorium on its consistent hikes in 2006, not everyone cheered. Said one economist: "According to their statement, the main reason is that the Fed believes inflation is destined to fall even in the absence of further monetary tightening. I find both good news and bad news in that rationale. The good news is that the Fed is looking ahead, acting on a forecast, rather than just opening the window, taking the economy's temperature and deciding what to do. The bad news is that inflation forecasts are not very accurate. And the other bad news is that if the Fed expects a weak economy to drag inflation down appreciably, it must be pessimistic about the outlook for growth" ("Commentary: The pros & cons of unchanged interest rates," Nightly Business Report. PBS.com, 2006). Little had really changed in the economy, said some economists, the Fed was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Commentary: The pros & cons of unchanged interest rates." Nightly Business Report.

PBS.com. 14 Aug 2006. [18 Jul 2007] http://www.pbs.org/nbr/site/onair/transcripts/060814d/

Fed lifts interest rate to 3.75%" BBC News: Business. 20 Sept 2005. [18 Jul 2007]

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/business/4265872.stm
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Penington P Caminniti S Schein J R Hewitt

Words: 552 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25209040

Penington, P., Caminniti, S., Schein, J.R., Hewitt, D.J., & Nelson, W.W. (2009). Patients' Assessment of the Convenience of Fentanyl HCl Iontophoretic Transdermal System (ITS) Versus Morphine Intravenous Patient- Controlled Analgesia (IV PCA) in the Management of Postoperative Pain After Major Surgery, Pain Management Nursing, 10, 124-133

to evaluate patients' assessment of fentanyl ITS and morphine intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA)

Research question/objective/hypothesis

Two previous studies used Ease of Care questionnaire in order to assess the superiority of ITS over morphine intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. However extensive analysis of the EOC data was not collected. This study intends to do just that, assessing the convenience of each patient modality using the EOC questionnaire form both previous studies.

Review of the literature

There is inadequate management of postoperative pain, which can impact a host of conditions including chronic pain. Patient controlled anesthesia is preferred to clinician-controlled anesthesia. The common analgesic used until now…… [Read More]

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Balance of Payments Explain Briefly

Words: 2317 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16940898

S. economy coupled with slower growth rates in key U.S. trade partners, and not a sign of poor economic health.

as this an attempt of the administration to put a happy face on bad economic news? Quite simply, U.S. consumers, said the Bush Administration, had more dollars to spend on imported goods, hence the increased gap -- the gap in the short run was a sign of health, said the administration. "e have an economy that is growing faster than most around the world and that can increase the trade deficit," said hite House spokesman Scott McClellan. The Commerce Department said the U.S. trade gap widened in October to a record $55.45 billion. (AP ire, 2004)

Outside analysts also looked to the higher cost of crude oil and petroleum products played a key role in the October figures, putting a not-so happy face on the balance of payments deficit in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AP Wire Website. (2004) "U.S. Trade Gap Widens as Production Rises." October 2004.. Retrieved 17 Dec 2004 at http://app.quotemedia.com/data/newsItem.htm?storyId=1533543

Balls, a. (19-20 June 2004) "U.S. current account deficit £1.5bn a day." Financial Times.

Ruby, P. (1999) "Balance of Payments." Digital Economis website last updated 2003. Retrieved 17 Dec 2004 at http://www.digitaleconomist.com/bop_4020.html

Hughes, J. (14-15 August2004)" Record U.S. trade deficit follows rise in imports,." Financial Times.
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Adverse Possession and Its Impact

Words: 3117 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38141104

Surprisingly, there is very little systematic discussion of this fundamental issue in the legal literature (Adverse Possession (http://faculty.palomar.edu/eschultze/Class_Files/LAWCH21.htm)."

The premise of adverse possession is that the land in question is being neglected or ignored by the land owner. Because of this assumed neglect or being ignored, when the squatter uses the land is no longer being neglected. If the land owner turns a blind eye to the use of the land the owner is consenting to give up that land by the very lack of objection.

This theory, which has its roots in Mill, starts with the premise that everybody owns the land in common: there is no such thing as private property because nobody is born with some sort of natural right to any particular piece of property. In other words, everybody has a right to every piece of property in the world. Suppose there's a piece of property…… [Read More]

References

Adverse possession in Oregon: the belief-in-ownership requirement.

Environmental Law; 6/22/1993; Olson, Per C.

YOU CAN'T CLAIM LANDLORD'S PROPERTY by ADVERSE POSSESSION

St. Louis Post-Dispatch; 11/9/2000; John Roska; Land of Lincoln Legal Assistance Foundation
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Step NC System

Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76023513

NC system

This study focuses on the rise and significance STEP-NC as the most efficient model to transfer knowledge and communication on different CAD and CAM structures to improve the product design and overall project management. The paper will be divided into six chapters: 1) ntroduction chapter which will include the statement of the problem, significance of the problem, purpose and scope of the study, the relevant definitions, the assumptions of the study as well as its limitations; 2) Literature Review chapter which will present an analysis of all the prior studies done on similar topics; 3) chapter variables and hypothesis creation where all the variables (dependent and independent) will be listed; 4) methodology chapter which will include data collection processes and the qualitative procedures used; 5) results and presentation of data chapter which will include all statistical calculations and the regression analysis; 6) conclusion chapter which will includes discussion…… [Read More]

In this study, while both can be very useful, we will use the deductive approach and form hypothesis/research questions. The deductive approach will prove to be more useful as it will help us determine all the necessary technological changes that are occurring and support our decision of why choosing Step NC was the right form of technology. Furthermore, it will also help us solidify and strengthen our hypothesis as the study and data collection process moves into the latter stages. This will perhaps be most advantageous for this study as in reality, it is probably not very challenging to arrange the necessary grounds of reasoning and incorporate it into a single minded approach or aim of the study that consistently works its way from general ideas to specific observations. The fact of the matter is that even if this approach presents a lot of limitations and constraints, we might still be able to conclude some definite trends and patterns in the information that can be eventually helpful in developing up newer theories (Trochim, 2006) and help us form better recommendations for future research on the given topic.

Research Horizon and timeline

When it comes to the design of any research, time typically plays the part of
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Protocol and Network Management

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8863986

Wireless connections today are ubiquitous and taken for granted; however, there is a complex world at work behind the scenes that relies on highly specific conditions. Whether on a laptop, cell phone, or other wireless handheld device, everyone has experienced the frustration of a faulty wireless signal. For this reason, it is helpful to understand some causes of signal weakness or failure. A brief study of the differences between wired and wireless networks, the basics of multiple access protocols, and increased challenges posed by mobility will offer a basic understanding of the complexities involved in successful wireless data transmission, or what can be described as the "21st century grease of the daily grind."

When a user chooses to "unplug" from the wired internet and connect through a virtual wire instead, they introduce a myriad of problems. Some basic challenges result from the differences between a wired and wireless network: decreasing…… [Read More]

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Ethics of Discarded Computers Discussed Is John

Words: 1071 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36445711

ethics of discarded computers. Discussed is John Stuart Mill's philosophy.

Response scenario: I have just worn out my fourth computer. I love a high speed computer, but I feel guilty when I buy a new one. A new computer is my top priority for a purchase, and I begin saving for a new one almost as soon as I have purchased one. I know that many people are just like me. There must be junkyards full of computers. hy is there such a waste with hardware and software in the computer industry. Should I try to get by with less? Two sources are used. APA.

Computer Junkyards

Computer trash is certainly becoming a problem for societies everywhere. Some people try to make use of them by creating art, but that is a miniscule use of the millions of old computers one can see set out for the garbage men or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bergstrom, Bill. "Junked Computers Are Toxic Nightmare."

AP Online. May 7, 2000. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=AP_Online&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.ap.org&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=BILL+BERGSTROM%2C+AP+Business+Writer&title=Junked+Computers+Are+Toxic+Nightmare++&date=05%2D07%2D2000&query=discarded+computer+&maxdoc=60&idx=3.(accessed07-22-2002).

Fackler, Martin. "Chinese villages poisoned by American high-tech trash." AP Worldstream. March 01, 2002. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=AP_Worldstream&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.ap.org~S~&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=MARTIN+FACKLER%2C+Associated+Press+Writer&title=Chinese+villages+poisoned+by+American+high%2Dtech+trash++&date=03%2D01%2D2002&query=discarded+computer+&maxdoc=60&idx=5 accessed 07-22-2002).
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Tanner Dowler Was Born to John Dowler

Words: 1158 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36155735

Tanner Dowler was born to John Dowler, age 39, and his wife Audra, age 19. Nine weeks later, on October 12, his grandparents reluctantly agreed with doctors that life support should be stopped because Tanner had no chance of surviving the beating his father had given him on October 3. Now the state of Colorado has charged John Dowler with first-degree murder, and must decide whether they should seek the death penalty. This paper argues that because of the severity of the crime, John Dowler should face the death penalty if convicted.

It seems unlikely that anyone likes the fact that many states have the death penalty as an option for convicted murderers. Everyone would prefer that people not go to the extreme of taking another person's life. However, some argue that some crimes are so heinous that justice demands that the perpetrator die.

Our country's criminal history is filled…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Associated Press (AP). 2002. "Child dies despite woman's plea for help." CNN.com website. November 6, 2002. Accessed via the Internet November 10, 2002. http://www.cnn.com/2002/U.S./Northeast/11/06/childabuse.aftermath.ap
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Police Department Rewards for Defusing Violent Situations

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94318131

Recent fatal attacks by police against unarmed citizens -- in particular African-American males -- have been portrayed as insensitive, illegal, and unnecessary violence by cable news programs over the past few years. And those televised reports (shown over and over) have caused angry citizens to participate in large demonstrations in American city streets. Fairly or unfairly, these incidents have caused citizens to turn against police departments -- albeit most police departments do not train their officers to shoot unarmed suspects. Because everyone with a smart phone can take video of police actions, and share videos with news organizations, this has become a negative for law enforcement. In response to these incidents, some police departments are offering rewards to officers that show restraint in the line of duty. This paper presents examples of those strategies by police departments.

The Philadelphia & Los Angeles Police Departments

In Philadelphia, the police department rewards…… [Read More]

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Colombia Gold Colombian Gold Mining

Words: 1956 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20640569

Spiegel & Velga (2010) report that a new international effort is underway to regulate the diffusion of mercury into the environments contextualizing mining operations. According to Spiegel & Velga, the world community has recently developed a set of International Guidelines on Mercury Management in Small-Scale Gold Mining. As Spiegel & Velga report, "commissioned by the United Nations Global Mercury Project, the purpose of the guidelines is to assist policymakers, practitioners, researchers, miners and the public in developing strategies for reducing mercury use, eliminating major pollution point sources and reducing risks." (p. 375)

This points to the worldwide interests that are implicated by the current conflict between miners and environmental advocates in Colombia, which over the course of the country's gold-mining boom, has become a template-setter for how national and world governments must balance mounting economic opportunity with the threat of environmental destruction.

orks Cited:

AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle, a First in Eco Gold. The Independent.

Angenent, M. (2010). Artisanal Gold Mining in Colombia Co-Creating a Sustainable Future. Fair Jewelry Action.

Associated Press (AP). (2010). Colombia Shuts 18 Gold Mines. Straits Times.

Colombian Solidarity Campaign (CSC). (2007). Gold Mining in Colombia; Cauca Assembly in Resistance. Colombia Solidarity.
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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 2212 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65853290

Once again, research reveals a healthcare setting where professionals are supposed to be trained to help those with mental deficiencies. But something is wrong here. This is not comparable with Cuckoo's Nest, but it reflects bad management, which leads - at the very least - to poor service at the patient level, and at worst, brutal abuses of the kind that were seen in Cuckoo's Nest.

Doctors, nurses and medical students in nursing and doctor training are pivotal actors in the fight to detect, prevent, and somehow manage substance abuse among patients; that is a given when it comes to mental health services across the board. But in London a recent study reveals that "...many doctors and nurses can have a negative attitude towards the management of drug and alcohol problems" of patients and of their own community of professionals (O'Gara, et al., 2005, p. 328). Doctors themselves "are at…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2008). "Chinese paper: Gov't critics sent to mental wards."

International Herald Tribune. Retrieved December 7, 2008, at http://www.iht.com.

Gold, Stanley. "One flew over the cuckoo's nest." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 37.1 (2003): 115-118.

O'Gara, Colin, Keaney, Francis, Best, David, Harris, Jennifer, Boys, Annabel, Leonard,
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NFL Retirement Benefits Issues and

Words: 2086 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16664641

12

Furthermore, EISA issues aside, according to Linda Sanchez (D-California), "It concerns me when those who work hazardous jobs don't get the care they deserve, whether a coal miner, tire factory worker or football player... " referring to the questionnaire distributed to the NFLPA requesting medical data pertaining to their retirees, she said, "I look forward to timely responses to our questions so we can determine what steps might be necessary that those who made football great aren't neglected."13

AP, 2007

Carpenter, 2007

Conclusion:

Professional football is, by all accounts, a violent sport whose participants frequently suffer significant physical injuries on the playing field. Because of the nature, frequency, and intensity of the collisions inherent to the game, especially at the professional level, the effects of football injuries often persist long after retirement. Most insidious are the cumulative effects of repeated cerebral concussions, only recently identified as a specific injury…… [Read More]

References

Associated Press. 10/24/07 NFL Adds $10 Million to Medical Fund, Latest Step in Dispute Concerning Retirees and Pensions. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from CBSonline at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/10/24/ap/sportsline/main3404035.shtml?source=search_story

Associated Press. 5/31/07-35 NFL Players Qualify for Dementia-Alzheimer's Assistance Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from FoxNews Web site, at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,276617,00.html

Carpenter, L. 10/13/07 Congress Presses NFL, Union on Benefits. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from WashingtonPost.com at  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/12/AR2007101202059.html 

Conrad, M. (1999) Sportslaw History: The John Mackey case. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, at http://www.sportslawnews.com/archive/history/HT8.html