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Sophisticated Argument About a Particular
Words: 1693 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 73387823
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Yet American Girl dolls, perhaps because of their expense but also because of their reliability seldom provoke such mutilation. "I have to confess -- I have an emotional connection to this brand," admitted one adult, female NPR commentator, reviewing the film, stating that it was impossible for her to give an objective review of "Kit Kittredge, American Girl" because of her own love of the Kristen doll, as a girl, a doll that had traveled far from Sweden to settle in colonial America (Baker 2008). "She has the same name as me...I like playing with them [better than Barbies] because they're more like me," said an eleven-year-old interviewed by the NPR reporter, explaining why she adored the brand and couldn't wait to see the film

Even while some might be cynical about the fact that "a Kit doll, complete with book and accessories, will currently run you $105" and…

Works Cited

American Girl Official Website. December 5, 2008 

Baker, Jesse. "Kit Kittredge: An American Girl." June 19, 2008. 

Catsoulis, Jeanette. "Wholesome life lessons for budding Reporter. The New York Times. June 29, 2008. December 5, 2008 

Chin, Elizabeth. "Ethnically Correct Dolls: Toying with the Race Industry."

Valuation of Priceless Historical Cultural
Words: 2352 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28502570
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The shapes, forms, mediums, quality and condition of the ancient art all plays a role in the final determination of value of the art a recent report of an action of the Stanford Estate by Christie's in London relates that documentation of an Apollo bust for the purpose of establishing value was conducted and included "comprehensive research and our own expertise as well as drawing on the knowledge of established scholars and academics from around the world." Padgett of Princeton's stated that "style alone can be an imprecise rule of thumb. Technical analysis of the materials may help but it is frequently inconclusive, especially in the case of marbles used by both Greeks and Romans. (Sandler, 2006)

The work of Coolidge (2006) entitled: "Ancient History for Sale" published in Forbes Magazine relates that "Ancient art has not appreciated much in value for along time." (Coolidge, 2006) the reason for this…


Determining Fair Market Value of Investment Property (2007) Financial Web. 2007 Online available at 

Asset Valuation (2007) the Free Dictionary. Online available at 

MacClancy, Jeremy (2006) a Natural Curiosity, the British Market in Primitive Art 2 July 2006. An Essay on the Tribal Art Market. ArtTRak Tribal Art. Online available at 

Antiquities to Grow Old With (2005) Business Week 26 September 2005. Online available at

Benin Bronze the Case for Keeping the
Words: 836 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72220603
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Benin Bronze

The Case for Keeping the Benin Bronzes in the West

In 1897, members of the British military in what is now Nigeria -- members of the colonizing force, essentially -- removed many pieces of bronze statuary and other pieces from the country and brought their cache to Europe (Opoku, 2008; Cremer, 2011). From here, the pieces were dispersed to a variety of museums and collections, with substantial shares in the British Museum and in Austria but with many major museums throughout the West (and elsewhere) claiming ownership of certain pieces (Opoku,2008; Cremer, 2011). Despite continual insistence that the pieces remain the property of the royal Benin family (or alternatively to the Nigerian state) from which the pieces were stolen as indigenous cultural artifacts and evidence of the strong and sophisticated society that colonization disrupted, the pieces have remained in the West for a variety of reasons; the merits…


Cremer, T. (2011). Compromise on the restitution of Benin Bronzes? Accessed 19 July 19, 2012. 

DebateWise. (2011). Historical artifacts and repatriation. Accessed 19 July 2012. 

Opoku, K. (2008). The museums of the West & the Benin Bronzes. Accessed 19 July 2012.

Intercultural Film Analysis on Up in the
Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71582083
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Intercultural Film Analysis on Up in the Air

Interpersonal attraction

Interpersonal attraction is one of the themes at the heart of Up in the Air. For the purposes of this analysis, interpersonal attraction is taken to mean the ways in which people are drawn toward one another. The main character, yan Bingham, is a challenging character to analyze in this regard because he has experienced significant success through resisting interpersonal attraction, and yet he eventually comes to realize that people cannot simply shelter themselves from interpersonal attractions, even if they desire to live in complete alienation from others. yan makes his living through flying to workplaces and firing employees so that the bosses do not have to perform the unpleasant task, and yet he also doubles as a motivational speaker. His character is unusual in that he effectively tells people they are not suitable for their jobs (in his job…


Peterson, B.J. (2007). An Instructional Design Model for Heuristics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Potts, K. (2007). George Clooney: The Last Great Movie Star. New York: H. Leonard Corporation.

Selden, P. (Date Unknown). Darwin's gift: Acceptable and amorally gifted verbal communication or: The evolutionary phenomenon of pc language. University of Hawaii. Retrieved from

Bronze Age Comparisons the Bronze
Words: 1886 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59506623
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Comparing the Minoan and Sea People Civilizations, we find that the Minoans were largely successful because of their Island base and ability to use their technology for trading purposes; thus enhancing their own civilization as well as those they encountered. The Sea Peoples were likely an amalgamation of Mediterranean cultures, whose shipbuilding and warfare technologies allowed them to influence much of the coastal areas, just not as proactively or positively as the Minoans. It is likely that the Minoan culture, in fact, was hindered by a large volcanic eruption and subsequent earthquake and tidal wave, disrupting their ability for commerce. However, recent evidence suggests that although these disasters weakened the culture, it was likely the Sea Peoples who landed on the island, burned selected buildings and palaces, and looted the civilization of the best it had to offer. Similarly, the Sea Peoples appear to have assimilated into a number of…

Works Cited

Bachhuber, C, Roberts, R (eds.) 2009, Forces of Transformation: The End of the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean, Oxbow Books, London.

Bower, B 2010, Hominids Went Out of Africa on Rafts, viewed March 2012,  / >.

Castleden, R 1990, Minoans: Life in Bronze Age Crete, Routledge, New York.

Chadwick, J 1976, the Mycenaean WOrld, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Analyzing Organization
Words: 3302 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 8183573
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adical Humanist Approach to Organizational Analysis

Analyzing Organizations


Patagonia is a small company that began by making perfect pitons for rock climbers. The company was founded by a band of climbers and surfers who lived the minimalist lifestyle they promoted. The company makes clothing and gear for the silent sports -- no motors or engines are involved -- of skiing, snowboarding, surfing, fly fishing, paddling, and trail running" ("Patagonia," 2012). For the founders, the reward in each sport comes at the nexus that takes "the form of hard-won grace and moments of connection" between them and nature ("Patagonia," 2012). The corporate mission of Patagonia is to make the best possible products and to cause no unnecessary harm while engaged in that effort.


The research in this study is grounded in critical theory and phenomenology. The personal accounts given by employees of Patagonia are expressions of how they experience…


Arnold, T.W. (1938). The Folklore of Capitalism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (1991). Reframing organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publications.

Barnard, C. (1938). Functions of the Executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bower, M. (1966). The Will to Manage: Corporate Success Through Programmed Management. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Euthanasia Is Illegal Euthanasia Otherwise Known as
Words: 1997 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38325739
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Euthanasia Is Illegal

Euthanasia otherwise known as assisted suicide refers to the painless extermination of a patient suffering from terminal illnesses or painful or incurable disease. According to Cavan & Dolan, euthanasia is the practice or act of permitting the death of hopelessly injured or sick individuals in a painless means for the purpose of mercy (Cavan & Dolan 12). The techniques used in euthanasia induce numerous artifacts such as shifts in regional brain chemistry, liver metabolism and epinephrine levels causing death. Advocates of euthanasia trust that sparing a patient needless suffering or pain is a good thing. If an individual is hopelessly hurt or ill with no hope of ever getting well, if such a person is in an unending and unbearable pain and cannot experience the things that make life meaningful, the best option for such patients is euthanasia. Euthanasia raises questions on morals, legal and essence of…

Work Cited

Baird, R. Caring for the Dying: critical issues at the edge of life. New York: Prometeus Books 2003, pp.117

Cavan, Seasmus, Dolan, Sean. Euthanasia: The Debate over the right to die. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Oct 1, 2000.

Cohen-Almagor, R. Euthanasia in the Netherlands: The policy and practice of mercy killing. Netherlands: Springer, Aug 3, 2004.

Devettere, Raymond. Practical decision making in health care ethics: Cases and concepts. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press, 2009.

Archaeological Controversy Archeological Controversies Are
Words: 1906 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57198237
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The Paleolithic arts and culture assumes its significance from more studies conducted on the issue. Shea, John (441-450) argued that recently found stone artifacts of Middle Paleolithic occupations of Kebara Cave (Mount Carmel, Israel) depict that the Middle Paleolithic populations used technology-assisted hunting as the artifacts had clear representation and meanings regarding the use of tools and this use of tools was not limited to hominids. This suggests that the paintings, artifacts, and the cultural significance of carvings is more than usually thought by some researchers. The way of life that was prevalent in that era clearly impacted the artifacts. Further the cognitive development of human is also represented in the artifacts as these were drawn, carved, and developed by using same tools and technology materials used by those people.


The Paleolithic era people have produced many artifacts that have provoked an archeological controversy in the academic and research-based…

Works Cited

Halverson, John, et al. "Art for Art's Sake in the Paleolithic [and Comments and Reply]." Current Anthropology 28.1 (1987): 63-89.

Leroi-Gourhan, Andre. "The evolution of Paleolithic art." Scientific American 218 (1968): 58-70.

Lewis-Williams, J. David, et al. "The Signs of All Times: Entoptic Phenomena in Upper Paleolithic Art [and Comments and Reply]." Current Anthropology 29.2 (1988): 201-245.

Pfeiffer, J.E. (1985). The emergence of humankind (p. 38). New York: Harper & Row.

My Camera
Words: 552 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57357927
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object a personal item possession (select common object (a) ). This personal "artifact" time place history. The paper's point view focus artifact biography. This artifact meet definition "created human hands.

A personal item -- my camera

My camera is the first thing I can think about when considering an item in my possession -- an object that I identify with. This camera enables me to provide others with the opportunity to see the world from my perspective and actually contributes to making me see the world as a much more beautiful place than it is. A camera makes it possible for its user to consider ideas like light, color, and space as being more important than one would normally believe they are. Looking through the viewfinder and capturing moments that remain locked in time is truly remarkable.

Even though technology has evolved a lot, cameras still preserve a series of…

Art for Communities and Families
Words: 3426 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29622419
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Competence in AASEC Outcomes


Pesonal Educational Philosophy

AASEC-1 Knowledge Base (CE299-1)

AASEC-2 Child, Family, and Community elationships (CE299-2).

AASEC-3 Observation and Assessment (CE299-3).

AASEC-4 Learning Environments (CE299-4)

AASEC-5 Ethics and Professionalism (CE299-5)

AASEC-6 Individuality and Cultural Diversity (CE299-6).


Use your Unit 1 Project

I am 47-year-old individual who grew up in Brooklyn, New York, in the public school setting. I grew up in the projects and my mother was a teen mother since she was 14-years old when my twin brother and I were born. In addition to loving basketball, my twin brother and I generally grew up in a rough neighborhood or environment.

The educational setting in which I participated was

The educational setting or context in which I participated was similar to normal educational settings. This setting was known as PAL, an afterschool program that assisted me with my school work and playing sports, especially basketball.…


Cherry, K. (2014). What Is Art Therapy? Retrieved from 

Riley, S. (2001). Art therapy with adolescents. Western Journal of Medicine, 54 -- 57. (2007). What is Art Therapy? Retrieved from

Intasc Standards Teaching
Words: 497 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43162980
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domain I: During this stage the teacher concentrates on identifying the learner's level of preparation and creates an environment where he or she can develop effectively.

Artifact for standard 1: research paper

Rationale for artifact: The teacher goes further by gaining an understanding of each student's ability to accumulate information by using research papers.

Artifact for standard 2: lesson plan

Rationale for artifact: The teacher gets actively involved in developing a set of ideas likely to have a positive effect on the learner.

Artifact for standard 3: academic involvement

Rationale for artifact: The teacher encourages individuals to play more active roles in class and to be unhesitant about collaborating with the purpose to achieve progress.

Overview sheet for Domain II: At this stage the teacher gains a more complex understanding of his or her position and of the tools he or she has access to in order to facilitate the…

Nicola Pisano and Hieronymus Bosch
Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33848961
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Gothic/Renaissance Artifacts

The Gothic and Renaissance were tumultuous periods in terms of art and architecture. These were times of wild creativity and rapid development when it came to style and subject matter. Artists and architects used not only their own minds and current cultural milieu to create their works, but gained significant depth of expression by acknowledging the traditions of the past. These were used to mold new ideas and new ways of art in a way that was unprecedented at the time. Two examples of this kind of development are Nicola Pisano's marble pulpit of the Pisa Cathedral and Hieronymus osch's "The Last Judgment."

Description of Artifacts

Nicola Pisano's marble pulpit in the Pisa Cathedral is a remarkable work indeed. Supported by nine columns, the pulpit is shaped like an octagon and placed on semi-circular arches. Three of the columns are supported by marble lions. The main octagon contains…


Bio (2014). Hieronymus Bosch Biography. Retrieved from: 

Encyclopedia of Sculpture. (n.d.). Nicola Pisano (1206-78). Retrieved from:

Americans in Muslim Countries American
Words: 951 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 59222068
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A recent artifact that came as a product of this intercultural relationship is an article concerning an American woman's imprisonment -- which included beatings from the police and forcing her to sign false confessions -- simply for being seen eating in public with her male business partner. Even though the woman (who allowed her name to be printed only as "Yara," fearing retribution for telling her story) was wearing the traditional full-length gown and headscarf required of women when in public or in the company of men in Saudi Arabia,

she was approached by several men "with very long beards and white dresses" and told that what she was doing was "a great sin," a statement that reflects the disparity between the two cultures (Dhimmi Watch 2008). Ironically, the event took place at a Starbuck's, a place that has come to be a symbol of America's capitalism, freedom, and to…


Dhimmi Watch. (2008). "American woman jailed in Saudi Arabia for sitting with men at Satrbuck's." Reprinted from Fox News. Accessed 10 May 2009.

History of Underwater Archeological Sites in the United States
Words: 2501 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21001807
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Archaeological Sites in the U.S.

Underwater Archaeology

This paper examines underwater archaeology in the U.S. The paper discusses excavation techniques, tools and technology and also explores the Clovis theory. The paper also reviews findings at several submerged North American prehistoric archeological sites.

Underwater survey and excavation are typically more expensive and logistically more complex than comparable terrestrial projects. Underwater conditions involve more variability from site to site, and even from hour to hour at the same site. All survey and excavation work is constrained by safety factors; in general the deeper the site, the less time that a scuba diver can remain at that depth. Other factors that are frequently less than ideal include water currents, temperature, and visibility (Merwin, Lynch, and Robinson, 42).

Nonetheless, the potential to recover significant archaeological data outweighs the disadvantages of working underwater. In fact, underwater sites may allow for the preservation of organic materials…

Works Cited

Anderson, David G. And Faught, Michael K. "The Paleoindian Period (ca. 13,000 B.C. To 7,900 B.C.)." National Park Service. n.d. Web. 6 May 2012. .

Faught, Michael K. "Submerged Paleoindian and Archaic Sites of the Big Bend, Florida." Journal of Field Archaeology 29, 3-4, (2004): 273-290.

"Florida's First People" Florida State University 2004. Web. 6 May 2012. .

Merwin, Daria E., Lynch, Daniel P., and Robinson, David, S. "Submerged Prehistoric Sites in Southern New England: Past Research and Future Directions" Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut 65 (2003): 41-56.

Criminal Theory
Words: 2293 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96623247
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The case of former colonel ussell Williams offers insight into the psychology of criminal behavior. Williams's confession interview was released to the public and aired on The Fifth Estate, offering criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and law enforcement officials unique access to the mind of a criminal. Analysts interviewed for The Fifth Estate documentary note that Williams presents a conundrum for psychologists and criminologists, as his reactions to the police interview did not fit any previously known profile, such as that of a psychopath. Williams exhibits traits that resemble psychopathic behavior, in accordance with individual trait theory. For instance, he meticulously recorded his crimes and kept the photographic and video imagery as souvenir mementos.

Yet Williams also denies his right to an attorney, permits a foot imprint of his incriminating boots, and also states in the interview that he "was hoping" that he would not have raped or killed again had…


"Dr. John Bradford won't work Magnotta case because of PTSD," (2014). CBC. Mar 13, 2014. Retrieved online: 

Fifth Estate (2010). The Confession. [Video documentary].

Friscolanti, M. (2014). Russell Williams's wife knew he was a predator: victim. Maclean's. Retrieved online: 

La Salle, L. (2013). Colonel Russell Williams where have you been? I've been to London to fly the queen and back to collect artifacts. All Things Crime. Dec 11, 2013. Retrieved online:

Du Sable Museum a Reflection of African-American
Words: 1401 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12616805
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Du Sable Museum

A Reflection of African-American History

The DuSable Museum of African-American History is the oldest major museum related to African-American legacy. Founded by Margaret Taylor in 1961, the museum runs on a self-governing model with focus on collection, interpretation and achievement of African-American history. Its location in Chicago provides it an edge over other museums entailing artifacts related to this subject as Chicago was one of the prime cities where the major migration of African-American migration took place. Therefore, the city has African-American blood and heritage in its roots. This is the reason why the organization receives donations from local communities which ranges from single artifact to entire collection. The Diaspora of black people and the regions that black communities were related to, is well-reflected by the collection of Artifacts provided by local African-American communities. Its extensive collection of African-American heritage gives it a status of connoisseurship in…

Wade, B.(1991). "Practical traveler; tracing the trail of black history." The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved from .

Williams, L. (1988). "Black memorabilia: the pride and the pain." The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved from .

DuSable Museum Page 2

Hermeneutical Analysis of Psychotherapy as
Words: 2945 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18213239
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Of course, this is necessary for psychology to try and understand human behavior, but metabletics sees the change in human behavior over time, and explains it, also. To think that time does not change the most elemental of properties that a people interact with is ridiculous to metabletics. The people change because the world around them goes through fundamental changes. omanyshyn (1989) may put it best when he says "history is a psychological matter and that humanity's psychological life, its hopes and its dreams, its fantasies and fears, its images and inspirations, are shaped as a cultural world" (12).

The prism of history is not flat because different people have walked through different periods of time, and culture changed with that passage. The present developed from the past in some ways, but not because of a growth of knowledge throughout history (Sipiors, 2008). The evolution of ideas has happened because…


Claes, J. (1971). Metablecica or a psychology of history. (D. Wohlgenuth, Trans.)

Humanities, 7(3),269-278

Cushman, P. (1995). Constructing the self, constructing America: A cultural history of psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA: De Capo Press.

Gergen, M.M., & Gergen, K.J. (2003). Narratives of the gendered body in popular autobiography. In Holstein, J.A., & Gubrium, J.F. (Eds.). Inner lives and social worlds: Readings in social psychology. (304-316). New York/Oxford: Oxford

Understanding and Evaluating Art
Words: 1610 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96240923
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The Wikipedia web site defines "art" as a "generic term for any product of the creative impulse," while Encarta Encyclopedia considered this concept as "the product of human creativity in which materials are shaped or selected to convey an idea, emotion, or visually interesting form." These definitions are related in the study of eight web sites, all of which center on the subject of (various forms of) art:

The Hubbard Street Dance Chicago (HSDC) web site ( centers on and provides an overview about street dancing through providing information about different institutions and centers that offer street dancing tutorials, competitions, other street dance-related events.

The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. ( showcases the not only the works of Andy Warhol, but also functions as a venue for artists to take advantage of grants and art projects that would be beneficial for their development/improvement as visual artists.…

Archive Proposal Introducing the Selected Work of
Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Peer-Reviewed Journal Paper #: 80180205
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archive proposal, introducing the selected work of art, which is the film called It's a Wonderful Life. The author offers a well-written and brief summary, which helps the reader. Saying that It's a Wonderful Life is "significant and unique because it was produced sixty-six years ago and is still a popular film today," also helps to show why the writer chose this particular topic for the research. The author also does a very good job explaining why the movie remains significant after so long, and why it remains an important cultural artifact. It is because it "constructs and performs timeless principles that Americans admire and strive to execute." This becomes an ideal segue way into the background and context section, addressing the rhetorical components of the film.

As the author points out, "It's A Wonderful Life focused on actual events as they occurred." Therefore, one of the reasons why the…

Explosive Impacts of Computer and Information Technology
Words: 3234 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34311157
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Explosive impacts of computer and information technology on business and individuals have generated a need to design and develop new computer and software system to incorporate a rapid growing range of computer applications. Software engineers apply the software engineering principles and techniques to design, evaluate, test and implement software systems to enable computer to perform different applications. Software engineers use systematic and quantified approach to design, evaluate, implement software and provide maintenance for software. In other word, software engineering systems use sound engineering principles to design economical and reliable software for business and individual uses. Typically, software engineering principles are used for the development of software application, which include network distribution, and operating system.

Pimentel, et al. (2009) argue the growing integration of application development into web development has made software engineers to apply the principles of document engineering to assist in enhancing the software specifications. Document engineering is an…


Blei, D.M. & Lafferty, J.D. (2006). Dynamic topic models. Proceedings of the ICML. ICML'06: 113 -- 120.

Clements, P. Bachmann, F. Bass, L. et al. (2009). Documenting Software Architecture.(Second Edition). Software Engineering Institute.

Forward, A. (2002).Software Documentation -- Building and Maintaining Artefacts of Communication. Thesis submitted In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science degree in Computer Science. University of Ottawa.

Frank, F. (1999). An Associative Documentation Model. University of Berne, Institute of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics (IAM).

Sociology of Technology in One
Words: 2057 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81007146
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As a result they demand more convenient means of addressing communications needs like text messaging and are more prone to use Blackberry-like devices for their SMS needs. The development of the Blackberry came far after Hong Kong users had mastered the art of SMS on standard cellphones. The product "mapping," as Norman (1996) describes, is more intuitive on the Blackberry but the technology arrived too late to compete with the Hong Kong market. This supports what (author of "Do Artifacts Have Politics") describes as the "social determination of technology."

Sociological theories of technology suggest that artifacts may reflect political and cultural realities. Differential cellular phone usage between North America and Canada reflects a political and cultural reality: telecommunications infrastructure in the United States and Canada continues to emphasize land lines, and cellular phone services are less entrenched as a result. In Hong Kong the reverse is true: land lines were…


Cell Phone Usage Statistics." Retrieved April 1, 2007 at

Chowdhury, Mridul & Yeung, Steve. "Hong Kong SAR." Retrieved April 1, 2007 at 

Do Artifacts Have Politics?"

Heilbroner, Robert L. (1967). "Do Machines Make History?" Technology and Culture. 8(3). July 1967: 335-345.

Domain Intasc Domain Instruction This Domain Is
Words: 325 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45397688
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Intasc Domain: Instruction

This domain is covered by INTASC Standards III, Adapting Instruction for Individual Needs and VI, Communication Skills.

These standards require that the teacher create instructional plans that address the fact that students' learning styles are diverse, and that those differences are legitimate and need to be addressed in the teacher's instructional methodology. The teacher must use his or her ability to use a variety of methods for communicating with students during instruction, including not only verbal and nonverbal but media approaches as well. That goal is that the instruction use inquiry, that it collaborates with the student and that it supports real interaction between students and teacher and between students.

These standards build on other standards covered in INTASC. Other standards require that the teacher realize when a student is struggling, but in addition the instructional domain requires that the teacher alter teaching style in an…

Fantasy Themes in the Princess
Words: 2023 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41458001
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By being herself, she wins the two boys over. Harry begins to confide in her. When Harry plays the game as "Seeker," she recognizes when he falls under an evil spell, and she figures out how to counteract the bad magic so Harry can win and catch the Snitch. He couldn't have won without her. And it is Hermoine who discovers the nature of the "Sorcerer's Stone." She realizes that evil Voldamort is trying to get it for his own use. She cautions Harry to be careful, but at the same time she reassures him, "As long as Dumbledorf's around, you can't be touched, Harry." on tells her (following a spell she cast), "Hermoine, you're scary sometimes...brilliant...but scary." When all three land in a snake pit at one point, Hermoine tells them not to struggle as she has read about this and "Devil's Snag hates sunlight." Harry comments afterwards, "Lucky,…


Foss, S.K. (1989). Rhetorical Criticism: Exploration and Practice. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

Avars in Medieval Carpathian Basin and Grave Goods
Words: 5357 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92276055
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Grave Goods of the Avars in Medieval Carpathian asin

The objective of this study is to examine the burial styles and grave goods of the Avars. This includes such as buried livestock and artifacts. As well the variability in the relationship between different several sites from this similar time period, and some specific burial sites of interest will be examined as well as the various traditions relating to positioning of bodies and preparation of the dead along with any possible meanings. Examined as well will be construction of the tombs and any other grave goods of interest. From this data this study will attempt to determine the traditions, individual wealth and the position of that culture and to determine what the traditions were of this culture as well as how they developed and changed over time. The difference in tribes or clans and other influences from that time period will…


Avar Rule Before 630 (nd) Retrieved from: 

Avars (2014) Migration Period between Odra and Vistula. National Science Center. Retrieved from: -

Balint, C. (nd) Avar Goldsmiths' Work from the Perspective of Cultural History. British Museum. Retrieved from: 

Bordas, E. (nd) The Largest Cemetery from the Avar Period in the Carpathian Basin. Retrieved from:

Design Science
Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24038595
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Peffers et al. (2008) describes an attempt to identify and define a design science research methodology for information systems. One of the main challenges in this regard is that information systems, or what the authors refer to as "IS," is an applied research discipline. In this regard, the authors explain that theory from other disciplines is often used to inform information systems and towards problem solution within information systems. Hence, the applied nature of such theory makes it difficult to truly identify a focused and/or unique theory for IS itself. The danger inherent in this is that there is no strong component in IS that produces applicable research. Hence, there is the potential of losing research influence in various streams where applicability is important.

The purpose of the investigation was therefore to identify a design system research methodology that is grounded in existing literature while also providing guidance for researchers…


Hevner, A.R., Ram, S., March, S.T., Park, J. (2004, March). Design Science in Information Systems Research. MIS Quarterly 28(1).

Peffers, K., Tuunanen, T, Rothenberger, M.A. And Chatterjee, S. (2007-8, Winter) A Design Science Research Methodology for Information Systems Research. Journal of Management Information Systems

Google What Are the Observable
Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 19308295
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Lastly the focus on Clan through the use of the cultural aspects discussed in the first question also supports its unique ability to continually create greater levels of innovation and growth over time. Adhocracy is critical given the intellectual abilities of the people the company attracts and retains, as they are more interested in attaining objectives even if it means cutting across functional lines of authorizing rather than being governed by a strict hierarchical framework. The clan aspect of the structure of the competing values framework is critical for the continual growth and maturation of the culture, so highly attuned to the development of innovation instead of embracing the status quo as is the case in so many other cultures. The foundation of Google's innovation is its ability to create norms, values and core beliefs as part of its Clan as defined with the Competing Values Framework. The combining of…

Daimler a Long and Tangled History the
Words: 3933 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27651895
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A Long and Tangled History

The Daimler car company, under various different names and throughout various configurations, has been around almost as long as the history of the automobile itself. It has seen good times -- including some very good times -- as well as some very troubled times. While Daimler, like any other company, has been to some extent purely at the mercy of chance and external forces, it has also risen and fallen a number of times because of the company's internal culture. This paper examines that organizational culture and how it has both helped and hindered the company during its recent history, relying primarily on the theoretical model of the cultural web. While "culture" is most accurately understood as an element of an integrated human community rather than a corporation (which includes elements of a wider human community but is much narrower in function and scope),…


Bak, P. (1997). How Nature Works: The Science of Self-Organized Criticality. Oxford: University Press.

Capra, F. (1997). The Web of Life: A New Synthesis of Mind and Matter. London: Flamingo.

Dooley, K.J. & Van de Ven, A.H. (1999). Explaining Complex Organizational Dynamics. Organization Science 10(3): 358-372.

Douglas, M. (1985) Introduction in J.L. Gross & S. Rayner, Measuring Culture: A Paradigm for the Analysis of Social Organization. New York: Columbia University Press.

Minimum References Describing Culture United States America
Words: 749 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55929238
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minimum references, describing culture United States America. Your There are several observable artifacts of the culture of the United States of America. Some of the most notable of these artifacts are immensely observable on national holidays. For instance, the Independence Day celebration on the Fourth of July is demonstrable in the sense that on this day, people are prone to fly American flags more so than on other days, and the battle for the independence of this country from England is regularly reenacted all across America with the displaying of fireworks. Other observable artifacts attest to aspects of religion, such as Christmas, which is the principle Christian holiday within this principle Christian nation, and which is observable by the displaying of Christmas trees, the decoration of them, and the exchanging of gifts. Other holidays such as Halloween and Thanksgiving, in particular, have traditions and customs relating to the purchasing and…


Jefferson, T. (1776). The Declaration of Independence. The Charters of Freedom. Retrieved from 

No author. (1787). Constitution of the United States. The Charters of Freedom. Retrieved from 

Schlereth, T.J. (1982). Material Culture Studies in America. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press.

Warshauer, M. (no date). " Who wants to be a millionaire: changing conceptions of the American dream." Retrieved from

Libraries Changing Role of Libraries Changing Role
Words: 8909 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17277967
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Changing ole of Libraries

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

From the time when the recorded history began, all kinds of artifacts of symbolic, religious, social, and educational have been assembled together and protected in the libraries in the form of books and documents. Sumerians were the one who developed and brought into actual formation of a library. People of Mesopotamia, several millennia before, revolutionized the means of communication by using symbols and pictures which represented specific units of speech. According to Derrida (1996), the humans have undergone an "archive fever" which means the urge to preserve all kinds of information regarding the history, facts, experiences of people, etc. This impulse gave rise to libraries like temple libraries which contained organized and arranged books and this was done by trained personnel. Libraries in the…


Barr, RB., and J. Tagg. 1995. From teaching to learning -- A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change 27(6): 13 -- 25.

Bazillion, RJ. 2001. Academic libraries in the digital revolution. Educause Quarterly 24(1): 51 -- 55.

Bazillion, RJ., and C. Braun. 2001. Academic libraries as high-tech gateways: A guide to design and space decisions. Chicago: American Library Association.

Beagle, D. 1999. Conceptualizing an information commons. Journal of Academic Librarianship 25(2): 82 -- 89.

Individual- Children's Understanding of the
Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 61088254
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, 2006). he proponents of the theory utilizing this method argue that open-ended questions require children productive use of information they already know, unaided by an external representation of the earth (e.g. globe or any other 3-D model). Using this method, superficial (memorization-based) knowledge is eliminated. his enables the experimenters to find out whether children fully understand the information they know (Vosniadou, Skopeliti, & Ikospentaki, 2005).

Using the forced-question method, on the other hand, results in less ambiguous answers. When an external 3-D model of the earth accompanies this style, more scientifically correct responses are obtained because the model gives a cue (Panagiotaki, et al., 2006). However, most of the forced questions used by the proponents of the second theory are biased towards a spherical model of the earth (Panagiotaki, et al., 2006). So in the end, the results may not be truly representative of what children do know if…

That being said, it may never be too early to expose children to situations where she might begin to explore the dual representation nature of the globe. Even if a child hasn't reached an age where she understands that the earth is in fact a sphere, parents and teachers can lay the groundwork by talking about it in class or going to science exhibits and museums. Callanan et al. (2002) reviewed some strategies for effective parent-child conversations about representational objects, but unfortunately, most are applicable to concrete, rather then abstract concepts. However, they brought into focus the importance of social interaction within which children experience representational objects.

By integrating the social context of the globe-earth link and the theories on children's earth concepts, a likely overall interpretation about children's understanding of the earth could be this: Children can be trained to learn scientifically correct understanding of the earth using the globe as an external model and by giving them fragments of information when opportunities arise, to help them develop their own coherent and non-literal interpretation.

Finally, the lessons learned from the earth-globe research findings can be applied to other abstract concepts in science like atoms, gravity, and evolution. With modern technology and advances in computer-aided design, it is possible to create interesting models of an atom or a visual representation of gravity and evolution in museum or exhibit settings. Children can explore these models while teachers or parents engage them by providing simple information that focus on a particular aspect that the child is interested in. At home, parents and children can look at science picture books or videos and label the objects they see represented on the pages or videotape. In other words, there are various opportunities and many accessible representational objects that can be used to lay the groundwork for children to build a coherent understanding of abstract principles.

Pacal Sarcophagus a Guide to
Words: 1760 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24425035
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This story told by the sarcophagus is an important one because of the way it provides us with insights into Maya religion and history. However, it is also important because it has become one of the artifacts that 20th-century writers have used to spin fantastic stories about how the earth has been visited by extraterrestrial creatures, whose images appear on the sarcophagus lid of Pacal, in addition to other places.

As Feder (2010) writes (he is only one of many critics who take up this subjects), there is absolutely no truth to claims that the images on this sarcophagus lid that represent anything but the religion of classical Maya civilization. So why should people think that there are? This question is related to a timely one, which is why many people (many of whom should certainly know better) believe that the Maya calendar says that the end of the…


Feder, K. (2010). Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum. Wesport CT: Greenword.

Ferguson, W. & Adams, R. (2001). Mesoamerica's Ancient Cities. Santa Fe: University of New Mexico Press.

Kubler, G. (1984). The Art and Architecture of Ancient America: The Mexican, Maya and Andean Peoples. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Laughton, T. (2011). Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of the Maya. New York: Rosen Publishing.

Mesolithic Religion Like Numerous Neolithic Settlements Located
Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70220193
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Mesolithic eligion

"Like numerous Neolithic settlements located in valleys with access to water and the prerequisites for agriculture, Gobekli Tepe dominates the landscape" and has continued to astonish modern archeologists today (History Underfoot, 2011). The Stone Temple erected at Urfa signaled the arrival of a new way of life in the Mesolithic era and a new set of behaviors. The site, in southeastern Turkey, is now considered one of the older religious sites known to man, which was erected during the Mesolithic era. It represents a new way of life, where man begins to harness his own power to create lasting objects on the natural landscape, where mankind changes the landscape in honor of religious practices.

Essentially, this massive effort on the behalf of these ancient people signified a new way of life. The site is "the oldest human-made place of worship" (Axelrod, 2010). According to the research, "massive carved…


Axelrod, Lauren. (2010). Rock architecture: When it first appeared, why it was built, and what history can it tell us. Ancient Digger. Web. 

Curry, Andrew. (2008). Gobelki Tepe: The world's first temple? Smithsonian. Web. 

History Underfoot. (2011). Gobekli Tepe's oldest temple in the world: An archeological stone age site in Anatolia. Electrum Magazine. Web. 

Scham, Sandra. (2008). The world's first temple. Archeology, 61(6). Web.

Olmec Ancient Civilization
Words: 6598 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83782582
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4. Social and Political Life

There is a general paucity of information about the actual societal and political structure of the Olmec. While there is not much evidence to build a comprehensive picture of the daily and social life of these people, there is enough available data from certain archeological sites to provide some reasonable speculations.

One of the assumptions that is derived from the excavation of sites at San Lorenzo and then at La Venta is that the society was very centralized. This in turn has led to the view that the society was highly structured, with a hierarchical basis of order and class stratification. This also implies the existence of a ruling elite and a system of power and control, which was possibly based on religious beliefs. This view of the structure of the society is summarized as follows: "Olmec society was & #8230;highly centralized, with a…


Griffin Gillett G., the Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership, / (accessed 8 November, 2010).

Jones, David M. Mythology of the Aztecs and Maya, New York: Lorenz, 2007.

Lemonick M.D., Mystery of the Olmec,( Time Magazine, July 1, 1996, Volume 148, No.