380+ documents containing “asthma”.
Asthma is an obstructive airway disease that is reversible. It is characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the airways, resulting in chronic inflammation and bronchospasm. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are other examples of obstructive airway diseases that are reversible. (CH, 2011)
Asthma can either be extrinsic, also known as atopic asthma, or intrinsic, which is also called non-atopic asthma. Extrinsic asthma is the more common variety, comprising of about seventy percent of all cases. This type of asthma is actually an allergic response to a stimulus. The stimulus can vary from person to person. The allergic response can have two phases, namely, an acute response and a late response. The acute response occurs immediately and is mediated through sub-epithelial vagal receptors that cause bronchospasm. This results in a narrow airway through which air must pass to reach the terminal alveoli. The resulting obstruction can worsen with the late response. The late response occurs….
Asthma attack. (2011, January 6). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/asthma-attack/DS01068/METHOD=print
Asthma: Steps in testing and diagnosis. (2011, June 23). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/asthma/AS00003/METHOD=print
CH, F. (2011, January 5). Asthma. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000141.htm
Kumar, V., Cotran, R.S., & Robbins, S.L. (2005). Robbins basic pathology. (8 ed., pp. 393-439). Sussex: Elsevier.
This study indicates that some races are at higher risk of catching asthma when obesity is prevalent as compared to other races. This observation may help medical insurance companies to target these vulnerable groups of ethnic races. The study was helpful in further categorizing the chronic health issues of obesity and asthma with respect to its impact on each ethnic group. Though the result might not be able to generate much concern in white Hispanics or Pacific Islanders, researchers could further investigate the factors that make these ethnic groups vulnerable to increased likelihood of catching asthma when obese. This study adds new knowledge to the existing research on relationship of asthma and obesity.
Hasan, et al. (2006) have investigated the role of obesity in enabling the development of asthma symptoms in urban minority children. 109 children between the ages of 1.6-14.7 years were taken as sample and were enrolled for conducting….
Black, M.H., Smith, N., Porter, a.H., Jacobsen, S.J., & Koebnick, C. (2012). Higher prevalence of obesity among children with asthma. Obesity, 20(5), 1041-1047.
Fiese, B.H., Everhart, R.S., & Wildenger, L. (2009). Wheezing, sleeping, and worrying: The hidden risks of asthma and obesity in school-age children. Psychology in the Schools, 46(8), 728-738.
Hasan, R.A., Zureikat, G.Y., Nolan, B.M., LaChance, J.L., Campe, J.L., & Amin, R. (2006). The relationship between asthma and overweight in urban minority children. Journal of the National Medical Association, 98(2), 138.
Suglia, S.F., Chambers, E.C., Rosario, a., & Duarte, C.S. (2011). Asthma and obesity in three-year-old urban children: Role of sex and home environment. The Journal of pediatrics, 159(1), 14-20.
Public health consists of all the organized measures instituted to accomplish the following for the overall specific population: 1) to prevent disease; 2) to promote health; and 3) to contribute to prolonged lives. The unit of analysis for public health is an entire population, not any one individual in the population. The aim of public health is to establish and maintain conditions that promote health. ather than focusing the eradication of certain diseases, public health takes a holistic, systematic approach. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three primary functions of a public health system are as follows:
To identify public health priorities and problems through monitoring and assessment of community health and of at-risk populations;
To solve recognized health problems at the local, state, and national level through the formulation and implementation of public policies;
To ensure that all people have access to cost-effective, appropriate health care, including disease prevention and….
Trade, foreign policy, diplomacy and health. The World Health Organization [Webpage]. Retrieved http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story076/en/
National Asthma Control Initiative (NACI). NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/naci/
States, communities, and coalitions: Solving the asthma problem in our communities means bringing people and resources together. NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved
This would be considered primary sources of information. An advantage to this approach would be the autonomy. This autonomy comes with responsibilities and a solid data collection method requires strict adherence to scientific principles that demonstrate cautious and precise research beyond reproach.
A combination of both methods is preferable in this case. Using both empirical evidence coupled with my personal research would help explain this disease from my personal perspective and adds another voice to the discussion. In collecting my own data it is important to create a system that can defend against error and personal bias. Collecting data must be done in a systematic and predefined way to help maintain the integrity of the research. For this task, I am solely responsible.
Once this data is collected there are many things that can be done with the data. Bookkeeping and organizational skills become of the utmost importance during this step….
American Lung Association (2012). "Asthma and Children Fact Sheet." October 2012. Retrieved from http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/resources/facts-and-figures/asthma - children-fact-sheet.html
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. "Childhood Asthma." Viewed 12 June 2013. Retrieved from http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=8&sub=16&cont=44
Litonjua, a. (2009). Childhood asthma may be a consequence of vitamin D deficiency. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology. June 2009, 9(3): 202-207. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897155/
Suglia, F. et al.(2010). Social and environmental stressors in the home and childhood asthma. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, July 2010, 64(7): 636-642. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3094102/
Indeed, interaction with the patient on this point would demonstrate a very poor inhalant technique, a factor which the physician failed to consider before increasing the patient's dosage. Additionally, the physician failed to check concordance with respect to the patient's history of medicine use. This might have revealed some shortcoming in the subject's own methods of self-administering medication, including inconsistent usage and occasionally skipped doses. A useful instrument for checking concordance is that provided by the Devon City Council (2010), which offers a line of questioning concerning the habits and patterns of the subject's medicine usage. By prescribing and increasing dosage with both inhalants and an antibiotic without conducting this check of concordance, the physician failed to take all proper steps in validating the particular medication approach selected.
Yet more problematic would be the prescription of this treatment course without a more thorough examination of the subject's health environment. Specifically,….
ADTC. (2005). Panic Attacks. Anxieties. Online at
Asthma UK. (2006). Two Treatments to Be Discontinued. Asthma.org.uk.
BBC News. (2009). Eczema's Link to Asthma Uncovered. British Broadcasting Company. Online at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8055038.stm
Benabio, J. (2010). Eczema and Asthma Link. The Dermatology Blog.
Asthma: Pathology and Contemporary Treatment Alternatives
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, asthma is a complex disease on the rise in the United States. Most at risk include poor or inner city minorities that present with inordinately high rates of mortality resulting from the condition (CDC, 2005). Asthma may also be on the rise due to environmental factors including increased pollution and exposure to environmental toxins that may affect lung capacity (CDC, 2005; Hwang et. al, 2005; Yang, et. al, 1997; Wickman, et. al, 2003). Asthma is a serious, potentially life threatening condition for the millions of sufferers worldwide. Doctors are still working to determine the cause of this disease and finding new ways to treat it. While there is no cure for asthma yet, researchers have uncovered multiple treatment alternatives that help patients with asthma effectively control their condition.
Education, public response and intervention are all critical success….
Barnard, A. (2005 -- Jul). "Management of an acute asthma attack." Aust Fam Physician.
Butz, A.M., Syron, L., Johnson, B., Spaulding, J., Walker, M., Bollinger, M.E. (2005-
May). "Home-based asthma self-management education for inner city children." Public Health Nurs. 22(3): 189-99.
Chronic disease especially one that a child suffers from has to have an impact on his/her physical, spiritual, psychological and social life. A study was conducted which observed that children influence the facilities and services provided to them in a great way. It was said in a Convention carried out on the ights of the Child that children should not only have a right but they should also be encouraged to participate and freely give their opinions and reviews about all the matters concerning them (Elward, Graham Douglas, Kurtis, 2010).
One study observed that when it comes to providing information to others it should be ensured that the information is compatible with the age and mental maturity levels of the person that it is targeted for. Therefore, when it comes to arranging the learning programs for the children we have to keep in mind their age, how they experience….
Ahluwalia, SK; Matsui, EC (2011). The indoor environment and its effects on childhood asthma. Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology 11 (2): 137 -- 43.
Arshad, SH (2010). Does exposure to indoor allergens contribute to the development of asthma and allergy? Current allergy and asthma reports 10 (1): 49 -- 55.
Bornehag, CG; Nanberg, E (2010 Apr). Phthalate exposure and asthma in children. International journal of andrology 33 (2): 333 -- 45.
Brooks, C; Pearce, N; Douwes, J (2013). The hygiene hypothesis in allergy and asthma: an update. Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology 13 (1): 70 -- 7.
To determine eligibility for a diagnosis of obesity, the children's height and weight were analyzed to categorize them based on weight categories. Then, more abstract data of environmental conditions was collected. This focused most on the social environment of the children's home and family. Particular categories were particularly explored, such as the depression of the child's mother, and the presence of domestic violence, as well as external environmental factors in the physical urban space in which the child was living in. Psychosocial factors were especially important, as they were key to helping unlock some of the components of the hypotheses. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the dependent variable of the presence of asthma in the various independent variables that were thought to affect it.
Overall, Suglia et al. (2011) uncovered some major findings. The study found that out of all of the participants, 10% had asthma;….
52.8% did not know how to use their inhalers properly, and almost all patients did not take their prescribed asthma medication. This study shows a strong correlation between ignorance and a lack of control of asthma symptoms.
The second study by Ulrik et al. (2009), "Disease variability in asthma: how do the patients respond? -- and why?" from the Journal of Asthma was to explore patterns of self-management in adult asthmatics, and found, interestingly enough, that education was not necessarily a panacea: despite instruction, two-thirds of the study subjects would increase their use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) when their symptoms worsened, but only 23% took their controller medication in the case of deterioration, although 59% were instructed to do by their physicians. Despite doctors' efforts to educate patients on the importance of minimizing inhaler use and using medication to prevent attacks, the study concluded that the patients' preferred strategy for….
Adeyeye, O.O & B.O. Onadeko. (2008, July). "Understanding medication and use of drug delivery device by asthmatic in Lagos" West African Journal of Medicine. 27.3:155-9.
Ulrik C.S., U. Soes-Petersen, V. Backer, P. Lange, H. Harving, & P. Plaschke. (2008, August).
Disease variability in asthma: how do the patients respond? -- and why? Journal of Asthma. 45(6):507-11.
Instead, the rate of occurrence and its severity has largely continued and, strangely, medicine is apparently no closer to understanding what asthma truly is than it was two hundred years ago when it first began being diagnosed. Asthma researchers continue to be frustrated by the fact that the harder they tend to look for information regarding the causes of asthma, the more it seems that new and more complex questions arise. Every step forward seemed to bring with it more and more possible factors that contributed to the cause of asthma and contributed to its aggravation. Those suffering from the effects of asthma found themselves not knowing where or who to turn to regarding diagnosis and, more importantly, treatment.
The frustrations incurred by the medical and scientific community in regard to asthma have caused many experts to begin to question whether a new direction might be necessary. As no one….
Aggarwal, B.B.(Editor)(2011). Inflammation, Lifestyle and Chronic Diseases: The Slient LInk. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Hall, I.P. (1997). The Future of Asthma. British Medical Journal, 45-49.
Jackson, M. (2009). Asthma: The Biography. New York: Oxford University Press.
Nadeau, K. (2010). Ambient air pollution impairs regulatory T-cell function in asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology .
My asthma has been treated as has been suggested above -- through the avoidance of irritating stimuli and by medication where necessary.
As I can attest from my own experience, asthma is a very irritating condition to live with. It often prevents one from taking part in sports and other strenuous activities and can have a negative effect on the general quality of one's life. However, if a treatment plan that is medically approved is followed then this disease can be managed and controlled to have a minimal impact on one's life. On the other hand, if one does not take the symptoms of asthma seriously and if a good management plan is not implemented, then asthma can become more than just an irritation and can lead to serious health impairment and even death.
Definition of Atopy. October 16, 2009.
Definition of IgE. October 16, 2009.
Food allergy, preservatives and Asthma. October 16,
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by blockages in the airways that cause difficulties breathing. It is relatively common, particularly in childhood. There are two main types of asthma, intrinsic and extrinsic. They each have different causes and physiological mechanisms. Intrinsic asthma is also referred to as non-atopic or non-allergic asthma because the condition is not caused by allergic reactions to environmental stimuli. Environmental stimuli ranging from smoke to air quality might trigger an asthma attack in persons with intrinsic asthma independently of the immune system (Ulrick, et al., 1995). Triggers of intrinsic asthma include anxiety or overexertion. Extrinsic asthma is by definition caused by allergic reactions to things like dust. As Ulrick, et al. (1995) note, "the pathogenic mechanisms underlying intrinsic and extrinsic asthma in children may differ," (p. 547). Sibbald & Turner-Warwick (1979) found that relatives of children suffering from extrinsic asthma are more likely to have….
Humbert, et al. (2000). The immunopathology of extrinsic (atopic) and intrinsic (non-atopic) asthma. Immunology Today 20(11).
Sibbald, B. & Turner-Warwick, M. (1979). Factors influencing the prevalence of asthma among first degree relatives of extrinsic and intrinsic asthmatics. Thorax 34.
Ulrik, et al. (1995). Extrinsic and intrinsic asthma from childhood to adult age: a 10-yr follow-up. Respiratory Medicine 89(8).
Asthma Bib Entry
Chulada, Patricia C., Kennedy, Suzanne, Mvula, Mosanda M., Jaffee, Katy, Wildfire, Jeremy, Thornton, Eleanor, Cohn, ichard D., Grimsley, Faye, Mitchell, Herman, El-Dahr, Jane, Sterling, Yvonne, Martin, William J., White, LuAnn, Stephens, Kevin U., & Lichtveld, Maureen. (2012). The head-off environmental asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study methods and study population. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(11), 1592-1600.
The article examined here explores a recent study conducted in Louisiana in the city of New Orleans regarding Hurricane Katrina's possible exacerbation of children's asthma in the area. The researchers first explore how Hurricane Katrina impacted the region and the city's relationship to increasing asthma levels seen in children. There is a thorough examination of how environmental destruction caused by Hurricane Katrina could be a link. The researchers believe that the floodwaters caused serious mold problems that could have impacted asthma levels, as well as allergen levels in the region. Other factors that are not….
The word asthma comes from the Greek word aazein which means to exhale with one's mouth open or to breathe with a pant; in literature its first emergence appears in the Illiad (Benson & Haith, 34). The exact definition of asthma be it with children or adults is that it is "a chronic disease of the lung manifest clinically as episodic obstruction of pulmonary airflow (Benson & Haith, 34). Asthma is an extremely common childhood illness and one which appears to be increasing each year with the number of children who have died from asthma tripling in the last few years (Martin & Fabes, 262). This is a major public health concern as asthma not only contributes to many missed days of school for children, as well as hospitalizations, but it puts an enormous strain on the health care industry. "Hospital admission for asthma alone increased from 21 per….
Ahsaic, Amy.M. And Christiani, David. "Respiratory Disorders." Levy, B.S., DH Wegman and S.L. Soka, R.K. Baron. Occupational and Environmental Health:Recognizing and Preventing Disease. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 398-410.
CHP. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Guide to Asthma: How to Help . Philadelphia: John Wiley and Sons, 2004.
EPA. America's children and the environment measures of contaminants, body. Washington DC: EPA, 2003.
Gelfand, J.L. Asthma in Children: Symptoms and Risk Factors. 2012. .
As a 63-year-old, John has had asthma since childhood, a medical condition that has been controlled with the various types of medications for the disease. While the medication frequency and doses have increased in the past five years, John's wife died within the same period and he hasn't been taking care of himself. The patient presented to the hospital with exacerbation of asthma from an upper respiratory tract infection or influenza virus. However, he had not had the influenza vaccine though it was recommended by his general practitioner. Through physical examination, it was revealed that he had decreased breath sounds among other conditions. As a result of the condition, he could only speak in short sentences while coughing and producing sputum.
Different Forms of Asthma Medication:
Based on this case, there are various types of asthma medication that are used to control or treat the condition. According to Bass (2010), asthma….
"Asthma Medications and Other Drugs." (2011, July). Better Health Channel. Retrieved from State Government of Victoria website: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Asthma_medications_and_other_drugs-open
"Asthma Medications: Know Your Options." (2011). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved April 30, 2012,
Bass, P. (2010, July 31). What Types of Asthma Medication Are Used To Treat Asthma?
Asthma is an obstructive airway disease that is reversible. It is characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the airways, resulting in chronic inflammation and bronchospasm. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are other…Read Full Paper ❯
This study indicates that some races are at higher risk of catching asthma when obesity is prevalent as compared to other races. This observation may help medical insurance companies…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma Public health consists of all the organized measures instituted to accomplish the following for the overall specific population: 1) to prevent disease; 2) to promote health; and 3) to…Read Full Paper ❯
This would be considered primary sources of information. An advantage to this approach would be the autonomy. This autonomy comes with responsibilities and a solid data collection method…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Indeed, interaction with the patient on this point would demonstrate a very poor inhalant technique, a factor which the physician failed to consider before increasing the patient's dosage.…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma: Pathology and Contemporary Treatment Alternatives According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, asthma is a complex disease on the rise in the United States. Most at risk…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma (illness) Chronic disease especially one that a child suffers from has to have an impact on his/her physical, spiritual, psychological and social life. A study was conducted which observed…Read Full Paper ❯
To determine eligibility for a diagnosis of obesity, the children's height and weight were analyzed to categorize them based on weight categories. Then, more abstract data of environmental…Read Full Paper ❯
52.8% did not know how to use their inhalers properly, and almost all patients did not take their prescribed asthma medication. This study shows a strong correlation between…Read Full Paper ❯
Instead, the rate of occurrence and its severity has largely continued and, strangely, medicine is apparently no closer to understanding what asthma truly is than it was two…Read Full Paper ❯
My asthma has been treated as has been suggested above -- through the avoidance of irritating stimuli and by medication where necessary. As I can attest from my own…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by blockages in the airways that cause difficulties breathing. It is relatively common, particularly in childhood. There are two main types of…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma Bib Entry Chulada, Patricia C., Kennedy, Suzanne, Mvula, Mosanda M., Jaffee, Katy, Wildfire, Jeremy, Thornton, Eleanor, Cohn, ichard D., Grimsley, Faye, Mitchell, Herman, El-Dahr, Jane, Sterling, Yvonne, Martin, William…Read Full Paper ❯
Childhood Asthma The word asthma comes from the Greek word aazein which means to exhale with one's mouth open or to breathe with a pant; in literature its first emergence…Read Full Paper ❯
Asthma: As a 63-year-old, John has had asthma since childhood, a medical condition that has been controlled with the various types of medications for the disease. While the medication…Read Full Paper ❯