Authority Essays (Examples)

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Memorandum of Points and Authorities

Words: 1898 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 836995

Authorities

This firm's client, Franklin Olsen ("Olsen") was arrested and subsequently charged with burglary of the home of Lindsay Young ("Young"). Young informed the police that she had found Olsen in her home on October 15, 2010, at dusk and observed Olsen for approximately one minute prior to his leaving the property. Young described Olsen as being dark haired, wearing all black clothing and being extremely tall. At that time that Olsen was taken into custody.

Young was asked to make identification of the suspect to the burglary in a police lineup. Olsen was one of six white males in the police lineup and had an attorney present to represent him. All the participants in the lineup other than Olsen were between 5'8: to 5'10" in height and all wore clothing that was light in color however, Olsen was instructed to wear all black clothing. Olsen was additionally the only…… [Read More]

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Cockpit Management in Commercial Airlines

Words: 2066 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36764608

CM is extremely efficient in preparing crews for these always changing roles in aircraft, because it helps them become more flexible and fluid, too. In fact, the captain, Al Haynes, who landed United flight 232 in Sioux City Iowa on July 19, 1989, now teaches CM to both United crews and other airline crews. His management of the emergency in the cockpit helped the crew land the crippled jet when it seemed nearly impossible. He said after the crash that the crew, even off duty United personnel flying non-rev, worked together to manage the situation and come up with creative ideas to fly a plane without hydraulics. He said to the crew, "What do you want to do, I don't know, and let's try this, and you think that'll work, beats me, and that's about the way it went, really" (Haynes). Thus, correct CM procedures in the cockpit can save…… [Read More]

References

Bowers, Clint a. "Chapter 4 Establishing Aircrew Competencies: A Comprehensive Approach for Identifying CRM Training Needs." Aircrew Training and Assessment. Eds. O'Neil, Harold F. And Dee H. Andrews. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000. 67-80.

Haynes, Al. "The Crash of United Flight 232." Yarchive.net. 1991. 24 March 2004. http://yarchive.net/air/airliners/dc10_sioux_city.htm

Mondout, Patrick. "Pair of 747s Collide in Worst Air Disaster of 20th Century." Super70s.com. 2004. 24 March 2005. (http://www.super70s.com/Super70s/Tech/Aviation/Disasters/77-03-27(Tenerife).asp

Tarnow, Eugen. "Self-Destructive Obedience in the Airplane Cockpit and the Concept of Obedience Optimization." Obedience to Authority: Current Perspectives on the Milgram Paradigm. Ed. Blass, Thomas. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000. 111-121.
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Infallibility of God

Words: 1096 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20906840

iblical authority and Christianity: Is the ible infallible?

When people question whether the ible has authority, they are often confused because the envision authority as coming from an external power. However, authority in the ible is both internal and external. On one hand, when Jesus teaches in the ible, he invokes the authority of his heavenly father and those prophets who taught and wrote scripture before him. He also invokes his own authority to teach as he is one with the father. The ible has a conferred authority by pointing to God but also acts as a real authority as an agent of God's self-disclosure.[footnoteRef:1] Plenary inspiration is defined as finding inspiration from these iblical authors rather than the text alone. It also suggests that while all authors are infallible or inerrant, some may be inspired in different ways. [footnoteRef:2] Verbal inspiration, in contrast, is text rather than author-oriented.[footnoteRef:3] [1:…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Elwell, Walter A. "Bible, Authority of." Evangelical commentary on the Bible (Baker reference library). Baker Pub Group, 1989.

Elwell, Walter A. "Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy." Evangelical commentary on the Bible (Baker reference library). Baker Pub Group, 1989.

Elwell, Walter A. "Inerrancy." Evangelical commentary on the Bible (Baker reference library).

Baker Pub Group, 1989.
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Fallacy Fallacious Thinking -- Appeals

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98857680

So is the appeal to ignorance. One need look no further than Fox News to find such an appeal -- what else can one say about a news site that has a regular featured financial columnist called "the capitalist pig?" Jonathan Hoenig who proudly calls himself by this title, plays into the readers' likely assumptions that greed is good is lauded for selecting the highest yield profile over one year, regardless of the fact that many readers may really want to be long-term investors -- the one with the most money wins, proclaims the "Cash it in Challenge" of Fox. The fine print of the challenge, however, reads that "is FOX News' policy that contributors disclose positions they hold in stocks they discuss, though positions may change. Readers of "Cashin' in Challenge" must take responsibility for their own investment decisions."

Yet even though one might snidely observe that Fox News…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hoenig, Jonathan (20 May 2005) "Cashing it in Challenge." Fox News Website. Retrieved 21 May 2005 at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,122620,00.html

Hurt, Harry III. (20 May 2005) "Freud and Schwarzenegger: Both Can't Be Wrong." Business News. The New York Times. Retrieved 21 May 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/21/business/21pursuits.html

Soprano Star in Depression Fight." (11 Mar 2005) BBC News. Retrieved 21 May 2005 at  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4339889.stm 

Why Live with Depression." (2005) Pfizer Company Website. Retrieved 21 May 2005 at http://www.lbracco.com/battlingdepression2005.htm
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Organizational and Leadership Analysis at Texas General Hospital

Words: 1219 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17081061

The mission of the organization stress on the commitment towards the provision of quality services to the community with the aim of obtaining and ensuring improved health condition.

Culture of the Organization

The organization benefits on the punctuality of the employees. New employees are aware of this culture through extensive orientation to make them concerned on the regulations, rules, and the need to reach the offices on time. This makes the organization unique among other institutions thus effective towards the achievement of the goals and objectives.

Profit or Non-Profit Organization

The organization is a non-profit entity in that the mission focuses on the collective gain or well-being of the society. The organization is exempted from taxation system with the aim of enhancing the welfare of the community. The organization has the ability to make profits directed towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the institution. Some part of…… [Read More]

References

Bullough, V.L., & Sentz, L. (2000). American nursing: A biographical dictionary. New York:

Springer.

Baligh, H.H. (2006). Organization structures: Theory and design, analysis and prescription.

New York, NY: Springer.
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Preventing and Addressing Problems

Words: 990 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7347048

Preventing and Addressing Problems in Human Services Organizations

PEVENTING AND ADDESSING POBLEMS

Human services administrators are responsible for recognizing problems within their organizations, addressing them, and taking the necessary steps to prevent them from re-occurring in the future (Berger et al., 2009). Unfortunately, the correct methods for achieving these goals are not always clear, so human services administrators must use their personal judgement when deciding on a plan of action. The process of recognizing and solving problems often involves the use of authority and supervision, or a combination of the two. In this assignment, I will discuss a problem faced by Andrea Ingram, a human services administrator, and examine the methods she used to address these problems.

Andrea Ingram runs an organization that offers 24-hour crisis services and shelter programs. Both programs are run out of the same building; however, the crisis staff and the shelter staff often act as…… [Read More]

References

Berger, C., De St. Aubin, M., Gilbert, C., & Kadushin, G. (2009). Models and methods in hospital social work supervision. The Clinical Supervisor, 28(2), 180-199.

Bogo, M. & Dill, K. (2008). Walking the tightrope: using power and authority in child welfare supervision. Child Welfare League of America, 87(6), 141-156.

Community Care. (2005). How to give supervision. Retrieved from [insert URL here].
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Narrative in Asian Art History

Words: 1924 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80137744

Narrative in Asian Art History

Exporting Buddhism's Moral Authority

Whether or not one accepts Hayden White's assertion that the will to narrativize history is inseparable from a will to impose moral authority in a specific social reality, a brief survey of the artworks of several important Asian religious sites shows that there were narrative works. A further look reveals that those narrative works took as their subject matter the most significant entity in the region, the Buddha.

In addition, the fact that the Buddha and the ideas of the Buddha were exported to sites beyond the Indian subcontinent, to Jakarta, Indonesia for example, does indicate that perhaps White is correct. Perhaps by exporting the ideas attributed to the Buddha, those who commissioned the artworks were attempting to impose their own moral authority on a specific social reality, as well as reinforcing it at home.

Author Jean Johnson of New York…… [Read More]

Sources Cited

Johnson, Jean. "Decoding Borobudur," http://www.askasia.org/frclasrm/lessplan/l000070.htm,1 June 2003. http://www.hydonline.com/people/Kids_Corner/kingsibi.html

http://www.afghan-network.net/Culture/gandhara.html
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Leisure UK Ergonomics the Ergonomic

Words: 2807 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17568365

The relevant topics include communication, staff resource management, work design, design of working times, teamwork, participatory design, community ergonomics, co-operative work, new work paradigms, organisational culture, virtual organisations and quality management. (David, nd)

usinesses have responsibilities to those who work for them as well as to those who visit the organization. In the public sector ergonomics are "extremely important n defining standards and legislation and in ensuring compliance with the standards and legislation.

VI. Ten Top Tips for Ergonomics

Ten top tips provided by David (nd) are the tips as follows: "(1) Ergonomics should be an integral part of the design process, preferably involving qualified ergonomists within the design team. Most value is achieved through early involvement and close liaison throughout; (2) Ergonomics issues should be considered at the very beginning of a project - don't wait for problems to arise later on because their remedy will rarely be as…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Coleman, Roger (2006) From Margins to Mainstream: Why Inclusive Design is Better. Helen Hamlyn Research Centre, Royal College of Art, London. Online available at http://www.ergonomics.org.uk/espdfs/ErgSocLecture.pdf.

Rennie, Claire (2006) Some Talk of Alexander. Ability. Issue 61 Spring 2006. Online available at http://209.85.165.104/search?q=cache:MysQIVQQ_6UJ:www.ni-libraries.net/app/content/docs/ability61.pdf+Ergonomic+needs+of+users+and+employees+of+UK+Local+Authority+Leisure+Centres&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=56&gl=us.

Mid Devon District Council Annual Report on Health and Safety; 1 April 2005-30 April 2006. Online available at (http://www.middevon.gov.uk/media/pdf/j/k/Agenda_Item_4(a).pdf

Employer's Forum Update September (2002) Online available at http://www.employers-forum.co.uk/www/guests/update/september2002/up0902.doc.
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Cried You Didn't Listen A Survivor's Expos

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2994157

Cried, You Didn't Listen: A Survivor's Expos of the California's Youth Authority. The paper should be 4 pages in length and should include a brief synopsis of the book. When writing your reaction to this book.

Please concentrate on the topics and questions below:

The impact of abuse on juvenile development.

How the family system affects juvenile development.

How peer relationships and gangs influence juveniles.

Would Dwight's life have been different had he been placed with a relative instead of in juvenile hall?(no separation between child welfare and juvenile justice at this time)

How could the California Youth Authority improve its work with juveniles?

What was your overall reaction to Dwight's story?

Long ago in the dying years of the 17th century, the authors of a satire on human society, called The Roaring Girl, criticized the jail system noting that it was a place that bred criminals rather than reformed…… [Read More]

Interesting it is to note that Dwight's anger is mainly directed at these parents. It is interesting since his parents were, after all, largely helpless and external to the system. Nonetheless, parents are the primordial force of the child's development. Had Dwight's parents, or a caring relative, been there to protect Dwight none of this plausibly may have occurred. Would Dwight's life have been different had he been placed with a relative instead of in juvenile hall? This is difficult to answer. The fact is that the Dwight Edgar Abbott ends his book as voice behind these walls. This is where he is still today.

Source

DE Abott (2006)I Cried, You Didn't Listen: A Survivor's Expose of the California Youth Authority AK Press
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Federal Government Has Expanded Through the Years

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15897301

federal government has expanded through the years to develop stronger political, social, and economic structures. Social and economic issues brought about by the social issues in years prior to the Civil War and the legislation in years after the Civil War in an attempt to resolve the issues expanded the authority of the federal government. The black race was enslaved in the South, but free in the North. The role of the federal government became stronger to influence the political, social, and economic issues in an effort to build freedom and a stronger economy.

Impressment was the legislated policy to seize food, fuel, slaves, and the other commodities for armies during the Civil War. The tax-in-kind law, passed a month later, allowed the government to impress crops from farmers at a negotiated price. (DeCredico, 2011) ecause of insufficient enforcement, prices below market value, and abuse of labor, citizens hoarded goods…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Congress, M.A. (2004). Civil Rights Act of 1875. Retrieved from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3407400042.html

DeCredico, M. (2011, Dec 3). Confederate Impressment During the Civil War. Retrieved from Encyclopedia Virginia:  http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Confederate_Impressment_During_the_Civil_War 

Law, W.E. (2005). Fourteenth Amendment. Retrieved from Encyclopedia.com: http;//www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Fourteenth_Amendment.aspx

States, T.O. (2005). Fifteenth Amendment. Retrieved from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O184-FifteenthAmendment.html
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Rule Making by the EPA

Words: 1081 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99482165

The EPA proved that it is a mere technology upgradation that is not impossible to meet. However, it required extensive work on the part of the manufacturers, but nevertheless, many manufacturers were meeting the standard of 0.20 g/hp-hr and this made it easier to enforce this standard. Finally, only one manufacturer cannot meet the standards and since this company was running out of credits for 2012, it is estimated that they would need an alternate technology to compete in the market from 2012 onwards.

Medium Heavy Duty Diesel NOX standard

The EPA estimated that the first two criteria have been met for the medium heavy duty diesel vehicles. As with the previous category, only one manufacturer does not meet these standards and they are running out of credits. However, they have not submitted an application for alternate technology for its 2012 models.

Emission standards are currently not being proposed for…… [Read More]

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13th Amendment Reconstruction and Circumscription

Words: 1614 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57410947

By enacting the Black Codes, starting in 1865, following the 13th Amendment, however, and by giving birth, in 1866, to the Ku Klux Klan and its reign of terror over the freedmen, the southern states successfully circumvented the actual enjoyment by blacks of most of the freedoms granted them by the 13th Amendment.

Primary ources

The Constitution of the United tates of America [Article II]. A History of the American People.

Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 776.

Hill, Elias. "Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871." Reading the American Past: elected Historical Documents. Ed. Michael

Johnson. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Bedford, 2002. 9-13.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Declaration of Independence. A History of the American People.

Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 759.

Mississippi Black Code, November 1865." Reading…… [Read More]

Sources

Black Codes in the Former Confederate States." December 15, 2004. http://www.civilwar home.com/blackcodes.htm>. 5 pages.

Brinkley, Douglas. History of the United States. New York: Viking, 2002. 237-8.

Carman, Harry J. et al., Ed. A History of the American People. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York:

Knopf, 1960. 738.
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1992 Washington Heights Riot or 1992 Rodney King Solidarity Riot

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82971803

1992 ashington Heights riots were the culmination of a series of abuses that law enforcement officers had performed in the area. The case of Michael O'Keefe's shooting of Jose "Kiko" Garcia generated much controversy and influenced people in the area to organize a riot meant to protest with regard to how the authorities were hesitant about prosecuting the police officer. The local community got actively involved in denouncing this attitude and in trying to use violence as a means to emphasize its point-of-view concerning the matter. This later resulted into a full-on riot that saw hundreds of protesters criticizing the country and wanting to harm any representative of the system that they could come across.

ashington Heights was a poor and relatively peaceful neighborhood up until the times when drugs came to dominate the area's streets. The presence of drugs changed everything and people came to be a part of…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Black, Led, "The Washington Heights Riots of 1992 Remembered -- Part 2," Retrieved May 23, 2013, from the Uptown Collective Website: http://www.uptowncollective.com/2010/07/13/the-riots-remembered-part-2/

Hellman, Peter, "The Cop and The Riot," New York Magazine 2 Nov 1992

Jackall, Robert, "Street Stories: The World of Police Detectives," (Harvard University Press, 30.06.2009)

"The Lesson of Washington Heights," Retrieved May 23, 2013, from the NY Times Website:  http://www.nytimes.com/1992/09/13/opinion/the-lesson-of-washington-heights.html
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Violence in American Schools Violence a &

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99387375

Violence in American Schools

Violence

(a & b) Columbine High School is in Jefferson County in Littleton, Colorado. In the spring of 1999, two male senior students executed a plan to commit a brutal series of violent acts against their fellow students, teachers, and staff. In essence, they took the school by siege and they took every person within the school hostage. There were several aspects to the plan. These domestic terrorists definitely premeditated this attack, which included specific activities to block or hinder the fire department that was bound to arrive on scene. They ignited explosions in the school (such as the cafeteria and parking lot), but what people mostly remember are the shootings. They killed 12 students and 1 teacher. Dozens of other students were injured because they tried to flee the scene to save their lives. Eventually, the two attackers turned their guns upon themselves and committed…… [Read More]

References:

NBC News. (2007). Worst U.S. shooting ever kills 33 on Va. campus. NBC News, Web, Available from:  http://www.nbcnews.com/id/18134671/ns/us_news-crime_and_courts/t/worst-us-shooting-ever-kills-va-campus/ . 2013 June 25.

Shen, A. (2012). A Timeline of Mass Shooting in the U.S. since Columbine. Think Progress, Web, Available from:  http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2012/12/14/1337221/a-timeline-of-mass-shootings-in-the-us-since-columbine/?mobile=nc . 2013 June 25.

Toppo, G. (2009). 10 years later, the real story behind Columbine. USA Today, Web, Available from:  http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-04-13-columbine-myths_N.htm?POE=click-refer . 2013 June 25.
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Developing a Model EOP Emergency Operating Plan Developing a Model EOP Draft

Words: 411 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56423674

Emergency Operations Plan Outline

Authority

SITUATION

Potential Hazards

disruption of basic infrastructure (utilities, roadways, communication)

degradation of sanitary facilities iii. direct injuries/fatalities and property damage

Critical esource Dependencies

medical care needs could reach critical mass

clean water and hygiene needs must be managed

Characteristics and Policies of the EOP Authority That May Affect esponse

intercommunication and cooperation of disparate departments is essential

chain of command changes during emergency could prove problematic

Concept Of Operation

EOP Activation

disaster notification should go straight to the top member of the hierarchy

proper chains of command and task hierarchies must be maintained

B.

Overall Plan Priorities

protection of life, health, and property

effective coordination of relief efforts and resources iii. maintenance of basic physical and organizational infrastructure

C.

Town / CITY Handling Of Emergencies

i. establish refuge/information centers for the population

ii. establish emergency communication procedures and hierarchies

D.

Emergency Action Levels

i. overall…… [Read More]

Resources

i. plan for cessation of public transportation during/following event

ii. reorganization/prioritization plan for transportation redeployment
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Rule Making by the EPA

Words: 881 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1676174

30 and 0.50 g-hp-hr for the same factors respectively.

The actions taken by the EPA in this regard is justified given the fact that greenhouse gases account for 90 to 99% chance of global warming. Some of the prominent greenhouse gases that contribute to this problem are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and HFCs. In the U.S., emission from heavy-duty vehicles on highways account for 28% of the problem. So, the EPA has to intervene at some point to control these emissions and this is the right way forward. This rule will discourage manufacturers from introducing vehicles that are high on performance, but continue to emit high amounts of greenhouse gases such as nitrogen oxide.

Most manufacturers today have the technology to reduce these emissions and it is a matter of personal choice whether they want to use the technology or not for a cleaner air. Some manufacturers do not…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, Tim. (2011). "Vehicle Emissions Review 2011." Corning.

Environmental Protection Agency. (August 2011). "Final Rule making to establish greenhouse gas emissions standards and fuel efficiency standards for medium and heavy-duty engines and vehicles." http://epa.gov/otaq/regs/hd-hwy/ncp/420f12001.pdf (Accessed March 9, 2012).

Environmental Protection Agency. (January 31, 2012). "Non-conformance penalties for on-Highway Heavy duty diesel engines." http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-31/html/2012-1936.htm (Accessed March 9, 2012).