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he also felt that it was the only way a society could achieve law and order. Furthermore he states that the person who rules the state must be a person of great power and can be beneficial for eveyrone. He compares this to the founder of sparta and athens, who created the consitution themselves. Aristotle observed that those men were the cause of great benefits for their city. If all the authority lay in the hands of a single person, it could be crafted into a masterpiece. According to aristotle, the main power should remain with the ruler so that he can make observations. Politicians should have the power to follow the constiution set by the ruler and govern the people. The politicians should be made answerable to no one else but the ruler. It would be easier for the ruler to delegate tasks through the politicians. Aristotle strongly felt…… [Read More]
Authority and Leadership in Germany
"This book is to be neither an accusation nor a confession, and least of all an adventure, for death is not an adventure to those who stand face-to-face with it. It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war." ~ Remarque, All Quite on the estern Front.
Germany in the time preceding orld ar I was a country that considered itself marginalized and in possession of limited power. Those who headed the government determined that the only way to turn this small country into a world power would be to engage in aggressive actions toward the rest of Europe. In order to get the people of Germany behind them, the government of Germany began a campaign of propaganda that would play on the German people's sense of nationalistic pride to…… [Read More]
authority and legitimacy, leadership and trust in All Quiet on the estern Front and Survival in Auschwitz
All Quiet on the estern Front" by Remarque and "Survival in Auschwitz" by Primo Levi are two novels that due share some things that are in common because they are both war novels. For example, the novel All Quiet on the estern Front depicts the battle of the Germans during orld ar I. However, "Survival in Auschwitz "also a war novel is a book of how life in a concentration camp was. It is Primo Levi's story of being taken as an Italian partisan in December 1943 and shipped to Poland because he was a Jew. ith that said, when it comes to similarities and dissimilarities, both "All Quiet on the estern Front" by Remarque and "Survival in Auschwitz" displayed various forms of authority and legitimacy, leadership and trust by the way orders…… [Read More]
Therefore, in order to protect itself from charges of discrimination in the interview process, the employer first needs to ensure that whoever is doing the interviewing does not engage in any type of overtly discriminatory behavior. While this may seem self-explanatory, the reality is that every single person carries with them a set of stereotypes and prejudices, and, without appropriate training, may not even be aware when they are relying on those stereotypes. During an initial interview, an employer should not discuss any of the protected characteristics, including: race, gender, pregnancy, religion, national origin, age, or disability, unless there is a bona fide occupational qualification related to one of those characteristics. The employer should also refrain from discussing the candidate's marital status. While that should seem easy, the fact is that the interview process may naturally lead to discussions about some of these characteristics. Therefore, employers should have a standardized,…… [Read More]
Furthermore, he believed any attempt to level out these differences are authoritative for Christian thought (Bright and Kelsey 1967). Along with that, it is clear that he believed that the differences are very difficult to figure out, which may explain why his thesis was unclear.
We shall never hear the Old Testament's word rightly unless we are willing to hear it all. That is to say, we must hear it in its full humanity. There is a drive toward incarnation in the biblical revelation... It pleased God to reveal himself not through timeless teachings, or some heavenly gnosis, but through the events of a particular history, and to and through men who were caught up in history, and who were in every case men of like passions with ourselves and subject to all the limitations of our flesh. And God's final revelation of himself was given-so the New Testament declares-when…… [Read More]
He also feels as though authority is contextual in that it is something people learn to respect and wield differently in different environments and social realities (Burger, 2009). This is to say that the Milgram studies were snapshots of a very specific culture and time period, as Blass suggests, and that they may not represent the ultimate knowledge of the concepts of obedience and authority as many researchers and academics once thought (Berger, 2009). This interesting in that it suggests flexibility in these concepts and the way humans experience them in their everyday lives that extends through historical and other contexts.
Milgram's work is certainly groundbreaking and has helped to define how researchers and academics view the concepts of perception, obedience, and authority. Though his research is often criticized for other reasons, Milgram's work only represents a small piece of the larger picture of the innate human dynamics related to…… [Read More]
The purpose of the study is to gauge the behavior of the individuals who are working with people who are perceived to have less power than they.
The only biases associated with this study is that the security personnel will know that they are being watched -- or observed -- and thus they may modify their behavior in order to appear more patient, accommodating, etc. Likewise, people who would perhaps be more difficult to deal with may alter their behavior in order to appear calmer, nicer, etc. However, the latter bias could be eliminated if they did not know that they were being observed. This holds true for the first bias as well but it would be much harder to do because of security measures that would have to be taken (especially in an airport) to observe this type of situation.
One other issue with this type of experiment,…… [Read More]
Employee Authority Levels in a Business
Non-Linear Pro-is filling a lawsuit against Quick Takes Video for the purpose of collecting money they claim is owed to them for the leasing of their editing equipment. Analysis of the issues presented in the video is explored in this paper. Some preventive measures that Quick Takes Video could have used are also included in this paper.
Lack of communication is the first issue presented on the video. Hal one of the Quick Takes executive failed to inform Karen the other executive. Karen learnt of the lawsuit from Mary her secretary. This bothered Karen as she felt been one of the executives Hal should have informed her of the lawsuit. Hal's excuse for not letting her on the details was that the lawsuit was not that bad, and he did not want to upset her. Since she was the ace salesman, Hal wanted her…… [Read More]
Human beings are all born with free will and the ability to choose for ourselves which actions to undertake, however this ability has been modified over time as we are trained to obey figures who we perceive to have authority over us. This process begins in childhood when our first understood authority figures, namely our parents, inform us about what behaviors are appropriate within a given social context and which behaviors are inappropriate. e are trained to understand that behavior is contextualized by the social setting, by the characteristics of the population around us, and by our own the rules and regulations of the society as a whole. The way we are taught to behave is wholly dependent on our perceived authority figures. If there is an individual or group that we believe to have authority over us, then we internalize their orders and their versions of acceptable…… [Read More]
Largely, Individuals Obey the Authority
Determining the level of obedience to authority is an important practice because different jurisdictions have diverse considerations in the way they exercise their laws and other reinforcements. Individuals will naturally obey the law based on two primary factors, intrinsic or extrinsic rewards. This research will attempt to prove largely that individuals will naturally obey the authority. The study is structured into two main sections; firstly, a background will endeavor to assess critical research in the area of abiding by the law. Secondly, the literature review will attempt to justify research presented on the background. The review will as well discuss the justification of the thesis statement whilst presenting the research design employed in relation to this study.
The Psycho-law and its nature
MacGuire (23) attempts to discuss and offer perspectives about the legal and psychological law. In this case, history of psychological law has…… [Read More]
Authority, Inspiration and Inerrancy in the Bible
There is no greater calling than living by the word of God. As Christians, we have a responsibility to exemplify God's wisdom in the way that we live our lives. This is the knowledge given to us by the scriptures and in recognizing the truth that is held within these scriptures, we understand that there could be no other way than the one laid out before us by God. As the discussion on authority, inspiration and inerrancy shows here, this is the imperative that makes the Bible so powerful a source of faith.
The Bible comes to us not as a text authored by man nor as the allegorical mythology that non-religious scholars might argue. Quite to the contrary, we recognize that the authority derived from the Bible is in its direct origin as the ord of God. hile…… [Read More]
SOX provides explicit legislative directives for SEC regulation, altering this authority division, of what was once perceived as the states' exclusive jurisdiction.
ule 404 of the SEC
The following Executive Summary reflects the ule 404 of the SEC:
Auditors can't critique their own work and must avoid the appearance of conflict to comply with section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. That gives CPAs a new consulting opportunity to document and test non-client companies' internal controls.
A firm interested in developing this niche has to know the skills it will need, the time and staff required, the depth of the market, the best way to approach clients, the limits on auditor involvement and what information technology tools are available.
The market exists because companies temporarily may be unable to meet the project management and staffing needs to design the section 404 internal audit functions that later will be checked by the…… [Read More]
Advanced Practice Nurses and Prescriptive Authority
Though the roles of Clinical Nurse Specialist, Nurse Educator and Nurse Administrator are all vital to the health care industry, they are not allowed prescriptive authority per se. However, the role of Nurse Practitioner is intimately connected with the ability to prescribe medications. The developmental history of the Nurse Practitioner shows a determined movement from a single fledgling program in the 1960's toward eventually complete autonomy and financial rewards, despite resistance from other members of the medical community and the Nursing profession itself. Facing a patchwork of varying, sometimes inconsistent and restrictive regulations on the state and federal levels, Nurse Practitioners face serious issues and challenges in several arenas, including but not limited to ethical, legal, political and educational concerns, that hamper their abilities to provide the highest standard of patient care. However, Nurse Practitioners are now using the clout endowed by sheer numbers…… [Read More]
Obedience to Authority
I was obediently driving down the right side of the street last week when I dutiful stopped at a red light. I noticed a video camera mounted on the light's pole and thought that the camera must have been there to promote free flowing traffic. I did not think about the light and camera again until later that evening when I watched a very entertaining Dreamorks film by Ridley Scott called "Gladiator" starring Russell Crowe. That movie made me think about authority, subservience and obedience and how those topics pertained to that traffic light and camera. as the camera there because people driving down the street usually obey the local traffic laws or was it there because they don't? I am sure that I would not have run through a red light even if the camera was not present because I feel that I am an…… [Read More]
They also quoted the same statute to justify the arrest after the defendant had been brought before the court, which thereby nullified the fact that the arrest was made by an unauthorized individual.
A case also cited in this case was; Prigg v. Pennsywania, 16 Pet. 539, 622, 10 L. ed. 1060, 1091; Robertson v. Baldwin, 165 U.S. 275, 41 L. ed. 715, 17 Sup. Ct. Rep. 326 which allowed for the authority needed in regards to a foreign individual being arrested and held in the United States.
Another statute cited by the Supreme Court was a substantiation of the court's earlier citing which was the Revised Statutes of the United States, as 4079, 4080, 4081. (See also U.S. Comp Stat 1901, p 2766. By citing this substantiation the court said that the authority to enter into treaties by the United States with foreign countries. The court also cited Revised…… [Read More]
Even Tituba is accorded greater status than before. Women, traditionally marginalized in a religiously oppressive society, can gain power through the mechanisms provided by the witch hunt and the tribunals headed by men who believe the girls (or want to believe the accusers). Some of the men leading the hunt seem to genuinely think that they are doing God's work, while others seem to have more mixed motivations. All seem to enjoy demonstrating their authority, although they do not fully realize the degree to which they are being manipulated by the girls.
Power-hungry Abigail suddenly has more authority than even Elizabeth Proctor had as a wife overseeing a household. Elizabeth once had the power to expel Abigail from her home; now the town is in fear of who the girls will 'discover' to be a witch. People are afraid to upset the young women. The townspeople's own prejudices mix with…… [Read More]
Custom, Equity and Books of Authority
Although it does not have a constitution per se, the United Kingdom does have an elaborate system of laws in place that help maintain and protect the interests of its citizens. Although the specific origins of many of the laws that are followed in the U.K. are based on common law, other sources of law can include longstanding custom, equity and books of authority that date to antiquity, causing some observers to question whether these sources remain relevant in the 21st century courtroom. Through the use of judicial comment, academic comment and case law, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to determine the relationship between these historical sources and whether such historical sources have ceased to be a form of law within the English legal system today. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
eview…… [Read More]
Obedience, Authority, & esponsibility
There are indeed, problems with obedience, as the reading's title proclaims. One problem with obedience is that if there is more than one person cohabitating in the same area, some form of obedience is necessary. Thus, on a grander scale, it is more apparent that obedience is mandatory for societies to exist and function. Another problem with obedience is how those who obey are often predisposed to obey to a fault -- to knowingly obey orders that result in actions that are in direct conflict with that individual's conscience. Blind obedience is a problem. The paper will argue that instances when people obey blindly, it is a problem for the individual and the society. Another problem of obedience occurs when "normal" and otherwise moral individuals obey orders to commit crimes against humanity and do not feel any responsibility or accountability for the result of the…… [Read More]
Authority and leadership have an enormous influence on an organization that is going through change.
The strong authority figures that embrace transformation leadership styles of management within an organization are very likely to be successful in bringing along the rest of the organization. By reviewing plans and goals carefully and fully with staff and other executives, the transformational leader can take the organization well past the old concept of status quo and infuse a "broad shared vision of the future" instead (McKnight, 2013, p. 103). In the peer-reviewed Journal of Leadership, Accountability & Ethics, the author asserts that the transformational leader can provide an enormous source of support through identifying the exact steps an organization will need in order to successfully transition through changes in the goals of the organization.
The transformational leader will be "…creative and inclusionary," McKnight explains (103), and will be totally open for "personal…… [Read More]
This firm's client, Franklin Olsen ("Olsen") was arrested and subsequently charged with burglary of the home of Lindsay Young ("Young"). Young informed the police that she had found Olsen in her home on October 15, 2010, at dusk and observed Olsen for approximately one minute prior to his leaving the property. Young described Olsen as being dark haired, wearing all black clothing and being extremely tall. At that time that Olsen was taken into custody.
Young was asked to make identification of the suspect to the burglary in a police lineup. Olsen was one of six white males in the police lineup and had an attorney present to represent him. All the participants in the lineup other than Olsen were between 5'8: to 5'10" in height and all wore clothing that was light in color however, Olsen was instructed to wear all black clothing. Olsen was additionally the only…… [Read More]
Parental authority is something Hobbes believes is based on a contract. Parents take care of children in exchange for the obedience of the child. Locke believes parental authority relies on biological inheritance and the natural rights bestowed on a parent to take care of a needy creature they bring into the world. He also states, children are bound by honor to obey the parent until they reach 'an age of reason'. Such a convoluted and complex interpretation of parental authority is why Locke's perspective is wrong and Hobbes' perspective is right. Hobbes' interpretation of parental authority is simple and linear, introducing the concept of choice and obligation onto the parent and child. By providing an understanding that both parties are responsible and if lacking, have no rights in that respect, it makes parental authority appear more of a responsibility rather than a right. This makes Hobbes' perspective more convincing. This…… [Read More]
This type of certainty only signifies authority, but it shows Danforth to be truly powerless over his convictions or any sort of lasting truth. Like Proctor, he is also described upon his first appearance, with Miller commenting that he was of "some humor and sophistication that does not, however, interfere with an exact loyalty to his position and his cause" (Miller 73). Though Danforth has authority over life and death in Salem, he has no real power because he has already completely given himself over to his position as a Judge and his cause of seeking out witches. When the truth and all things eternal cease to matter, all power is gone, and though John Proctor and many others meet death essentially at Danforth's hands, they retain power over themselves in their refusal to give in to Danforth's authority.
Nowhere is the difference between power and authority made more clear…… [Read More]
Family and Authority in Saudi Arabia: A Prototypical Example of the GCC Countries
Understanding the attitudes towards authority and the importance of familial responsibilities in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is essential to developing a comprehensive and effective understanding of how individuals and businesses in the companies do business. There are certain signs that these attitudes and responsibilities might be shifting, however, which complicates the study of such issues. A brief examination of Saudi Arabia, which can be seen as a typical example of GCC countries and cultures, will demonstrate the current cultural understandings and the complex changes that may be occurring.
Attitudes towards authority in Saudi Arabia have been largely proscribed by religion -- specifically, by the interpretation of Islamic religious law by the Saudi Arabian royalty and government (Moaddel & Karabenik 2008). There are signs that many youths are beginning to turn away…… [Read More]
Disadvantages of police discretion
The blanket use of discretion can result in repressive tactics being utilized against suspected criminals. If the police department refrains from guiding and controlling the use of this authority, abuses as well as extreme disparities can occur. Where, various individuals could become corrupted from the large amounts of authority they are given. As they could begin seeking out special favors (bribes / kickbacks) or they could use severe tactics when dealing with suspects. This is because police officials often operate in environments, where they are mostly alone. While at the same time, they are in contact with people in who live in different social / economic conditions. (Goldstein 1977) When you put these various elements together, this means that the use of discretion must be limited (due to the fact that possible abuses could occur).
Factors that influence an officer's decision-making process
There are a number…… [Read More]
movie show hierarchy authority school, hierarchy affect social relationships? 2. Identify strategies Erin class overcome impersonality educational bureaucracy.
Conditions at oodrow ilson High School in Long Beach were critical at the time when the film's protagonist arrived. Students were unwilling to accept forms of authority and they generally perceived school as a formality. In spite of the fact that there was a strict form of hierarchy at this school, pupils were not provided with sufficient encouragement from the teachers and thus felt that it was pointless for them to subject to teachers in their school. General tendencies in the country make it difficult for teachers to actually express interest in doing their job and the fact that students are dedicating to making their lives contributes to influencing them in being reluctant to want to teach pupils.
One of the principal reasons for which these students are reluctant to…… [Read More]
PATIOT ACT legal authority conduct covert surveilance. - I faxed a hours paper, I 1-2 sources buy make cited .
The Patriot Act represents perhaps one of the most important legal instruments created since 2001 to provide legitimacy of covert actions that would contribute to the fight against terrorism that the United States is fighting since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.
The Patriot Act introduced new legal protection for actions that relate to covert surveillance conducted through all means such as wiretapping, electronic communication, or any type of electronic communication.
The Patriot Act provided the legal framework to conduct such operations by amending existing laws such as "The Wiretap Statute," "Electronic Communications Privacy Act," or "Computer Fraud and Abuse Act" (Dept. Of Justice, 2012)
The enactment of the Patriot Act has determined a lot of controversy in terms of the privacy restrictions it imposes. This is largely due…… [Read More]
FAMILY POWER AND AUTHORITY INFLUENCES Introduce topic Introduce speakers DEE What affirmative views topic Brad make opposing views. Declares debate open AFFIRMATIVE VIEW OPPOSING VIEW Give equal time members opposing team Facilitate discussion Dee rebuttal Dan ( affirmative rebuttal) Dan rebuttal Dee ( Negative rebuttal) Dee summary (restate proposition significant argument favor change) Dan summary (restate proposition significant argument favor change) (PLS ADDRESS ONLY THE DEE PORTION AND INTRODUCTION -- the AFFIRMATIVE AND REBUTTAL PORTION OF DEE BASED ON SCENERIO BELOWAND MORE IF YOU COULD ADD SPICE TO IT, THANKS)…THE TOPIC IS ABOUT ISLAMIC OR MUSLIM FAMILY WITH CULTURAL DILEMMA.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We live in a world that is nowadays prone to injustice, social inequality, and cultural discrepancies. Today's debate deals precisely with this type of reality: the reality of a family that was defined by a particular cultural background and has been shaped by another cultural environment.…… [Read More]
Stanley Milgram on Obedience
Legitimacy and Proximity: Social Influences that Determines and Generates Obedience in Stanley Milgram's Obedience Study (ehavioral Study of Obedience, 1963)
For many years, psychology, as one of the main branches of social science, has tried to discern and understand human behavior and its relation to the society through empirical observation and experimentation. Social scientists, under the philosophy, methods, and principles of psychology, tried to understand human mind, particularly an individual's mental state. Experimentation as a primary research method for determining human behavior is specifically utilized in Stanley Milgram's research on the nature of obedience among humans, popularly known as the "ehavioral Study of Obedience," also known as the Stanley Obedience Study.
Stanley Milgram is a psychologist in the 1960s, who popularized the issue of obedience to authority. This issue is applied in the context of social psychology, wherein Milgram's study was based on the historical event…… [Read More]
Atwater v. City of Lago Vista
Supreme Court's decision in Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (Atwater v. City of Lago Vista, 2001) has been highly criticized. Interestingly, the case has been criticized by conservatives and liberals alike. Even for the most ardent law and order advocate, the fact that the Court ratified the authority of the police to jail someone for what was a fine-only offense. The potential for abuse by allowing such process means that the police are now free to arrest and search any person and their vehicle driving on public streets and highways. Atwater represented a further expansion of police authority in regard to traffic stops and essentially has opened the way for police officers to arrest individuals for very minor offenses in order to open the door for investigating more serious crimes for which they would otherwise not have authority to arrest. The potential for…… [Read More]
Charlemagne and the Authority of the Church
Before Charlemagne i.e. Charles the Great became the King of the Franks in 771, the Franks were the only tribe in Europe who were mainstream Christians. The Franks were the mainstream Christians across Europe during this period despite the hugely successful works and initiatives of missionaries like Augustine and Patrick in the British Isles (Graves par, 1). hen he became King of the Franks, Charles the Great was a great military conqueror who focused more on serving the church. Throughout his reign as King of the Franks, Charlemagne was seemingly focused on service of the church, which helped him enhance the authority of the church through several initiatives and actions.
One of the ways Charlemagne's actions helped in enhancing the authority of the church was through compelling all his subject peoples to become Christians. During this period, Charlemagne used bloodthirsty measures of spreading…… [Read More]
omen ith Authority in a Patriarchal orld
In the contemporary world, the cultural and literary spheres acknowledge female interests and activities. Females have overtly exerted their rights by demanding their due status in society, thereby being accepted as important societal members. But the scenario was vastly different about a hundred years ago. Females belonged at home, with the general society believing that raising children and taking care of domestic affairs sufficed as their emotional fulfillment. Between 1850 and 1900, societies were chiefly patriarchal and dependent women had to fight to enjoy equal social status. They were governed completely by a male-fashioned society, and had to be the image of the era's feminine ideal.[footnoteRef:1] In this paper, female authority within patriarchal societies will be addressed, with particular emphasis on the many restrictions when it came to them exerting power and what effective strategies they applied. [1: Pamela, Balanza. "The Role of…… [Read More]
It takes an encounter with madness to appreciate the finer things in life and through successful characterization, Kesey brings this issue to the forefront. The struggle between man and those wishing to control him is not new because it is intrinsically human to desire freedom. hen we are caged, we rebel, even if that rebellion comes with a high price. McMurphy emerges triumphant because he demonstrates to the other men that they can be free and they do not have to let the system crush them. Bromden is heroic as well, because he discovers himself after a long separation from who he actually is. He would have never taken the steps he did without McMurphy and his antics. They are modern-day heroes fighting the age-old war of man vs. authority.
Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky…… [Read More]
2201 Sweeney Drive
Clinton, Pennsylvania 15026
Dear Sir or Madam:
This letter is in response to an article that appeared in your newspaper on July 13, 2016 by the president of the Pennsylvania Association of Nurse Anesthetists, Ann Culp, entitled "CNAs battle tested." The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has announced its intentions to provide full practice authority for its advanced practice registered nurses (APNs) to improve the accessibility and quality of care provided our nation's heroic veterans. In response to this announcement, a number of national organizations, including the American Nurses Association, the Federal Trade Commission, the American Hospital Association, the American Association for etired Persons and the obert Wood Johnson Foundation have all joined in supporting…… [Read More]
Federal and State Court Authority
The federal court system was founded by the United States Constitution and derives its authority from that document. The establishment of the federal court system is specifically derived from Article II which created the institution of the Supreme Court, the highest law in the land, and also permitted Congress to establish a system of lower courts. At present, there are 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeal (“Court Role,” 2018). The state courts derive their power from the state constitutions directly, although state authority does not supersede that of federal authority. This was a major sticking-point between federalists and antifederalists and remained a point of contention during the early days of the republic.
State courts possess what is referred to as general jurisdiction, which means that all cases not within the scope of the federal courts are within the jurisdiction of the…… [Read More]
Beyond friendly support, if necessary, we will take armed action to protect our interests, which is outlined in my Foreign Policy, listed below.
MY DEMANDS I feel that my actions and talents, all utilized in the best interests of the citizens, have earned me the right to demand obedience to the law from all citizens, and also that all citizens continue to work hard, pay their fair share of taxes, and do all that they can to promote the common good. All of these demands are in fact in all of our best interests, and have been the backbone of others who have come before us.
FOREIGN POLICY the premise of my Foreign Policy is simple- we will do whatever we can to peacefully co-exist with our neighbors, to all of our mutual benefits. However, when needed, we will raise up powerful armies, as the Chinese, Greeks and Romans have…… [Read More]
TVA v. Hill Questions
Do you agree with the Court's decision, based upon the language of the Endangered Species Act quoted above? That is, did the Endangered Species Act preclude construction of the dam? Should the ESA have precluded construction of the dam? as Congress right to amend the ESA to permit the dam to be built?
The Supreme Court acted correctly in its decidedly rigid invocation of Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA). According to its decision, Section 7 asserts that "all Federal agencies must take such action as is necessary to ensure that actions authorized, funded, or carried out by them do not result in the destruction or modification of this critical habitat area." (U.S. Supreme Court, p. 1)
Given that $100 million of federal funds had already been funneled into the Tellico Dam project, it is clear that Congress was explicitly responsible for…… [Read More]
P.J. Smith (2007) argues that there is also a new dimension of delegating work, specifically the ability to motivate people. The researcher as such believes that when people are presented with more responsibilities, they feel trusted and will strive to increase their performances, to as such generate larger benefits for the group.
Aside form this, Vickers and Finch state that the good project leader has to behave in a highly moral and ethical manner; has to communicate with the staff members, to develop himself and to lead by power of example. This is the only way in which he would get the respect of others. Staffs are unlikely to follow a leader who verbally militates for one thing, but whose actions say otherwise.
The article by the two authors is practically useful for the becoming project manager or for the manager who seeks to improve himself. A shortage which is…… [Read More]
During the concert, care should also be focused upon the bar, as well as concert goers with alcoholic refreshments in their hands while enjoying the concert. Such monitoring should include an assessment of possible danger and violence as a result of excessive drinking. Concert goers should then be encouraged to supplement their drinking with non-alcoholic substances or food. Criminal activity or medical emergencies during the concert should then also be handled with the necessary discretion, taking care to cause as little disruption as possible for the rest of the concert goers. Criminal activity and illegal substances can be controlled by means of entrance monitoring. Security personnel should carefully monitor incoming concert goers to ensure that they are not carrying illegal or harmful substances. If such items are found, they are to be confiscated before allowing offenders to attend the concert. In order to ensure continuing security, such offenders should be…… [Read More]
Mooching: Undermining Police Authority
For the most part, it would be exceedingly difficult to prove that specific acts of mooching and chiseling -- or of these practices in general -- actually undermine the effectiveness for police officers to carry out their duty -- which is primarily regarded as a charge to protect and serve the general well-being of society at large. Generally speaking, mooching and chiseling can be considered independent acts of clemency on the part of private or of even public businesses, which benefit a few and generally have little effect upon the many who are not beneficiaries of such boons. Favoritism, however, certainly appears to directly undermine the authority of police units, for the simple fact that the use of license tabs or window stickers to avoid traffic citations directly impacts one of the principle components of police officers' jobs. In order to further elucidate these points, however,…… [Read More]
' However, ill-tempered is a somewhat subjective judgment, given that the protestors of the civil rights era were likely to be judged as similarly 'ill tempered' by those who opposed African-American legal parity with whites. King's claim of lovingly breaking the law did not mean that he joyously accepted his punishment of jail time for exercising his rights in the segregated south: King may have embraced his punishment because of his hopes for change, not out of some sort of self-abnegating humility. The civil rights movement was about self-assertion of one's rights. The love in his heart came from his hope for the possibility of change. This did not mean, just like contemporary groups, that he was not outraged by his jailing and the violent actions of the police against civil rights demonstrators.
But James J. Lopach and Jean A. Luckowski seem to have another agenda: their distaste for the…… [Read More]
social psychology: Stanley Milgram's shock experiments and Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. Both experiments were conducted, at least partially, to help explain why seemingly normal people became Nazi collaborators in the World War II era. The experiments help demonstrate how individual authority over another allows individuals to exercise their own proclivities for cruelty and how being under the direction of authority figures causes people to engage in behavior that they find distasteful or cruel. The paper also examines Jane Elliot's Brown Eye / Blue Eye experiment and what it says about the establishment of hierarchies.
Milgram and Zimbardo
After the end of World War II, as more and more information became available not just about the atrocities committed by the Nazis, but also about how seemingly normal individuals acted as collaborators to aid the Nazis in their pursuits, psychologists and sociologists became fascinated with how seemingly normal people could be…… [Read More]
Lupack points out that conventional male and female roles are "comically reversed" (Lupack 96), emphasizing the "underlying principle of ironic contrast and the reason for the novel's universal appeal... madness is sanity and sanity is madness" (96). In addition, we come to grasp the notion that the patents are more "sane" (96) than their caretakers are but they only become aware of this after they check themselves into the asylum. Lupack observes, "The Combine's order is actually chaos, and the random natural elements of the world outside provide the only real meaning and order in life" (96). hile life appears to be orderly, it is actually empty. In Brave New orld, the irony exists in the premise of what defines happiness. The Savage touches on it briefly when he realizes that without pain, there can be no real, measurable pleasure. In a sense, everything is equal and while this may…… [Read More]
Schechter v United States: hat is the constitutional doctrine of the non-Delegation of legislative powers?
Over the course of his first terms in office, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt enacted a series of measures designed to extricate the nation from the Great Depression. A number of these actions, including his attempts to create a series of new federal agencies, caused him to engage in open conflict with the U.S. Supreme Court, to the point that Roosevelt even considered increasing the number of Supreme Court justices to ensure his legislation stood unchallenged. Although ultimately he was dissuaded from this plan, the question of when it was legal for Congress to delegate its powers to some of the other branches of government was at the heart of the conflict.
The doctrine of non-delegation of legislative powers holds that even if Congress wishes to delegate its legislative authority to another entity it cannot do…… [Read More]
Lucifer Effect," which describes the circumstances in which good people are capable of performing evil actions. Through mounting pressure and situations that push them into levels of stress that they are unused to experiencing (and therefore dealing with), otherwise normal individuals can commit some of the most horrific crimes. This paper will discuss how this change occurs in the human personality, what can be learned from Zimbardo's prison experiment, what correlations can be drawn from conditions in Abu Ghraib, and whether I personally could follow commands received by an authority figure.
Hong's (2012) article begins with a description of a twenty-year, seemingly ordinary Army veteran (Sergeant ussell) suddenly experiencing severe mental stress, going to the mental health clinic on four occasions before finally shooting five of his colleagues in Bagdad. From this introduction into a concrete example of a normal individual acting evilly, Hong segues into Zimbardo's book via a…… [Read More]
Website Evaluation: Nolo.com
One of the biggest legal information clearinghouses online is the website Nolo.com. Based in the United States, and therefore mainly only applicable to that country, Nolo.com offers a wide range of informational articles and also links to law blogs. Additionally, Nolo.com promotes legal services with the ability for visitors to find a lawyer in their area. Nolo.com therefore combines educational, informational, and commercial services under one rubric. The confluence of information and commercial goals can be problematic, which is why it is important to thoroughly assess the credibility of this website.
The authority of the website can be determined by examining the “About Us” section, which also includes brief biographies of the Nolo staff and the editors of the website. In the “About Us” section, the organization also presents its mission as being directly related to helping ordinary individuals—and small businesses—to empower themselves with knowledge of “everyday…… [Read More]
From God to Man
The ideas of power and responsibility changed dramatically between the inaugural addresses of Abraham Lincoln and John Fitzgerald Kennedy. An evaluation of each of these addresses proves that power and responsibility has shifted from centering on God with man essentially doing his behest, to centering on man with few limitations, including God.
Lincoln makes it clear early on in his inaugural address that the responsibility for the Civil War does not lie with man, but rather with God. He describes this war as some manifestation of the volition of Providence that “fervently do we pray” (Lincoln) to end. The pronoun “we” refers to the warring parties of men. This quotation demonstrates the Civil War is occurring because of God’s power and responsibility. Conversely, Kennedy (1961) makes it apparent that men, and those within the U.S. specifically, are responsible for waging war, and even threatens to engage…… [Read More]
CM is extremely efficient in preparing crews for these always changing roles in aircraft, because it helps them become more flexible and fluid, too. In fact, the captain, Al Haynes, who landed United flight 232 in Sioux City Iowa on July 19, 1989, now teaches CM to both United crews and other airline crews. His management of the emergency in the cockpit helped the crew land the crippled jet when it seemed nearly impossible. He said after the crash that the crew, even off duty United personnel flying non-rev, worked together to manage the situation and come up with creative ideas to fly a plane without hydraulics. He said to the crew, "What do you want to do, I don't know, and let's try this, and you think that'll work, beats me, and that's about the way it went, really" (Haynes). Thus, correct CM procedures in the cockpit can save…… [Read More]
iblical authority and Christianity: Is the ible infallible?
When people question whether the ible has authority, they are often confused because the envision authority as coming from an external power. However, authority in the ible is both internal and external. On one hand, when Jesus teaches in the ible, he invokes the authority of his heavenly father and those prophets who taught and wrote scripture before him. He also invokes his own authority to teach as he is one with the father. The ible has a conferred authority by pointing to God but also acts as a real authority as an agent of God's self-disclosure.[footnoteRef:1] Plenary inspiration is defined as finding inspiration from these iblical authors rather than the text alone. It also suggests that while all authors are infallible or inerrant, some may be inspired in different ways. [footnoteRef:2] Verbal inspiration, in contrast, is text rather than author-oriented.[footnoteRef:3] [1:…… [Read More]
So is the appeal to ignorance. One need look no further than Fox News to find such an appeal -- what else can one say about a news site that has a regular featured financial columnist called "the capitalist pig?" Jonathan Hoenig who proudly calls himself by this title, plays into the readers' likely assumptions that greed is good is lauded for selecting the highest yield profile over one year, regardless of the fact that many readers may really want to be long-term investors -- the one with the most money wins, proclaims the "Cash it in Challenge" of Fox. The fine print of the challenge, however, reads that "is FOX News' policy that contributors disclose positions they hold in stocks they discuss, though positions may change. Readers of "Cashin' in Challenge" must take responsibility for their own investment decisions."
Yet even though one might snidely observe that Fox News…… [Read More]
The mission of the organization stress on the commitment towards the provision of quality services to the community with the aim of obtaining and ensuring improved health condition.
Culture of the Organization
The organization benefits on the punctuality of the employees. New employees are aware of this culture through extensive orientation to make them concerned on the regulations, rules, and the need to reach the offices on time. This makes the organization unique among other institutions thus effective towards the achievement of the goals and objectives.
Profit or Non-Profit Organization
The organization is a non-profit entity in that the mission focuses on the collective gain or well-being of the society. The organization is exempted from taxation system with the aim of enhancing the welfare of the community. The organization has the ability to make profits directed towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the institution. Some part of…… [Read More]
Preventing and Addressing Problems in Human Services Organizations
PEVENTING AND ADDESSING POBLEMS
Human services administrators are responsible for recognizing problems within their organizations, addressing them, and taking the necessary steps to prevent them from re-occurring in the future (Berger et al., 2009). Unfortunately, the correct methods for achieving these goals are not always clear, so human services administrators must use their personal judgement when deciding on a plan of action. The process of recognizing and solving problems often involves the use of authority and supervision, or a combination of the two. In this assignment, I will discuss a problem faced by Andrea Ingram, a human services administrator, and examine the methods she used to address these problems.
Andrea Ingram runs an organization that offers 24-hour crisis services and shelter programs. Both programs are run out of the same building; however, the crisis staff and the shelter staff often act as…… [Read More]
Narrative in Asian Art History
Exporting Buddhism's Moral Authority
Whether or not one accepts Hayden White's assertion that the will to narrativize history is inseparable from a will to impose moral authority in a specific social reality, a brief survey of the artworks of several important Asian religious sites shows that there were narrative works. A further look reveals that those narrative works took as their subject matter the most significant entity in the region, the Buddha.
In addition, the fact that the Buddha and the ideas of the Buddha were exported to sites beyond the Indian subcontinent, to Jakarta, Indonesia for example, does indicate that perhaps White is correct. Perhaps by exporting the ideas attributed to the Buddha, those who commissioned the artworks were attempting to impose their own moral authority on a specific social reality, as well as reinforcing it at home.
Author Jean Johnson of New York…… [Read More]
The relevant topics include mental workload, cognition, decision-making, skilled performance, human-computer interaction, human reliability, work stress, training, cultural differences, attitudes, pleasure and motivation.
Organisational ergonomics: Concerned with the optimisation of socio-technical systems, including their organisational structures, policies, and processes. The relevant topics include communication, staff resource management, work design, design of working times, teamwork, participatory design, community ergonomics, co-operative work, new work paradigms, organisational culture, virtual organisations and quality management. (David, nd)
usinesses have responsibilities to those who work for them as well as to those who visit the organization. In the public sector ergonomics are "extremely important n defining standards and legislation and in ensuring compliance with the standards and legislation.
VI. Ten Top Tips for Ergonomics
Ten top tips provided by David (nd) are the tips as follows: "(1) Ergonomics should be an integral part of the design process, preferably involving qualified ergonomists within the design team. Most…… [Read More]
Cried, You Didn't Listen: A Survivor's Expos of the California's Youth Authority. The paper should be 4 pages in length and should include a brief synopsis of the book. When writing your reaction to this book.
Please concentrate on the topics and questions below:
The impact of abuse on juvenile development.
How the family system affects juvenile development.
How peer relationships and gangs influence juveniles.
Would Dwight's life have been different had he been placed with a relative instead of in juvenile hall?(no separation between child welfare and juvenile justice at this time)
How could the California Youth Authority improve its work with juveniles?
What was your overall reaction to Dwight's story?
Long ago in the dying years of the 17th century, the authors of a satire on human society, called The Roaring Girl, criticized the jail system noting that it was a place that bred criminals rather than reformed…… [Read More]
federal government has expanded through the years to develop stronger political, social, and economic structures. Social and economic issues brought about by the social issues in years prior to the Civil War and the legislation in years after the Civil War in an attempt to resolve the issues expanded the authority of the federal government. The black race was enslaved in the South, but free in the North. The role of the federal government became stronger to influence the political, social, and economic issues in an effort to build freedom and a stronger economy.
Impressment was the legislated policy to seize food, fuel, slaves, and the other commodities for armies during the Civil War. The tax-in-kind law, passed a month later, allowed the government to impress crops from farmers at a negotiated price. (DeCredico, 2011) ecause of insufficient enforcement, prices below market value, and abuse of labor, citizens hoarded goods…… [Read More]
The EPA proved that it is a mere technology upgradation that is not impossible to meet. However, it required extensive work on the part of the manufacturers, but nevertheless, many manufacturers were meeting the standard of 0.20 g/hp-hr and this made it easier to enforce this standard. Finally, only one manufacturer cannot meet the standards and since this company was running out of credits for 2012, it is estimated that they would need an alternate technology to compete in the market from 2012 onwards.
Medium Heavy Duty Diesel NOX standard
The EPA estimated that the first two criteria have been met for the medium heavy duty diesel vehicles. As with the previous category, only one manufacturer does not meet these standards and they are running out of credits. However, they have not submitted an application for alternate technology for its 2012 models.
Emission standards are currently not being proposed for…… [Read More]
By enacting the Black Codes, starting in 1865, following the 13th Amendment, however, and by giving birth, in 1866, to the Ku Klux Klan and its reign of terror over the freedmen, the southern states successfully circumvented the actual enjoyment by blacks of most of the freedoms granted them by the 13th Amendment.
The Constitution of the United tates of America [Article II]. A History of the American People.
Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 776.
Hill, Elias. "Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871." Reading the American Past: elected Historical Documents. Ed. Michael
Johnson. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Bedford, 2002. 9-13.
Jefferson, Thomas. The Declaration of Independence. A History of the American People.
Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 759.
Mississippi Black Code, November 1865." Reading…… [Read More]
1992 ashington Heights riots were the culmination of a series of abuses that law enforcement officers had performed in the area. The case of Michael O'Keefe's shooting of Jose "Kiko" Garcia generated much controversy and influenced people in the area to organize a riot meant to protest with regard to how the authorities were hesitant about prosecuting the police officer. The local community got actively involved in denouncing this attitude and in trying to use violence as a means to emphasize its point-of-view concerning the matter. This later resulted into a full-on riot that saw hundreds of protesters criticizing the country and wanting to harm any representative of the system that they could come across.
ashington Heights was a poor and relatively peaceful neighborhood up until the times when drugs came to dominate the area's streets. The presence of drugs changed everything and people came to be a part of…… [Read More]
Violence in American Schools
(a & b) Columbine High School is in Jefferson County in Littleton, Colorado. In the spring of 1999, two male senior students executed a plan to commit a brutal series of violent acts against their fellow students, teachers, and staff. In essence, they took the school by siege and they took every person within the school hostage. There were several aspects to the plan. These domestic terrorists definitely premeditated this attack, which included specific activities to block or hinder the fire department that was bound to arrive on scene. They ignited explosions in the school (such as the cafeteria and parking lot), but what people mostly remember are the shootings. They killed 12 students and 1 teacher. Dozens of other students were injured because they tried to flee the scene to save their lives. Eventually, the two attackers turned their guns upon themselves and committed…… [Read More]
Emergency Operations Plan Outline
disruption of basic infrastructure (utilities, roadways, communication)
degradation of sanitary facilities iii. direct injuries/fatalities and property damage
Critical esource Dependencies
medical care needs could reach critical mass
clean water and hygiene needs must be managed
Characteristics and Policies of the EOP Authority That May Affect esponse
intercommunication and cooperation of disparate departments is essential
chain of command changes during emergency could prove problematic
Concept Of Operation
disaster notification should go straight to the top member of the hierarchy
proper chains of command and task hierarchies must be maintained
Overall Plan Priorities
protection of life, health, and property
effective coordination of relief efforts and resources iii. maintenance of basic physical and organizational infrastructure
Town / CITY Handling Of Emergencies
i. establish refuge/information centers for the population
ii. establish emergency communication procedures and hierarchies
Emergency Action Levels
i. overall…… [Read More]