Aviation Security Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:

 

View Full Essay

Security System for an Airport

Words: 4781 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20444672

Airport Security System

The secure operation of the aviation system across the globe is one of the most significant factors in the security and economic development of the United States. The use of the world's airspace should also be secured because aviation has become a major target for criminals. Actually, criminals, terrorists, and hostile nations increasingly consider aviation as a major target for exploitation and attack. An example of the security threats facing this industry is the 9/11 terror attacks, which highlighted the desire and ability of enemies to generate considerable harm to the United States. Therefore, aviation security is increasingly important in order to protect the country and its citizens from such attacks. According to Federal of American Scientists (2007), aviation security is realized through combination of private and public aviation security activities across the globe. These activities are then coordinated to detect, prevent, deter, and defeat threats that…… [Read More]

References

"Aviation Transportation System Security Plan." (2007, March 26). National Strategy for Aviation Security. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Homeland Security website: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/hspd16_transsystemsecurityplan.pdf

Das, D. (2013, January 1). Total Airport Security System: Integrated Security Monitoring Platform. Retrieved December 23, 2015, from https://security-today.com/Articles/2013/01/01/Total-Airport-Security-System-Integrated-Security-Monitoring-Platform.aspx

Elias, B. (2007, July 30). Air Cargo Security. Retrieved December 23, 2015, from https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL32022.pdf

Elias, B. (2009, April 23). Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieved December 23, 2015, from https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R40543.pdf
View Full Essay

Security After 9 11

Words: 1729 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62035700

Countermeasures After 911

Technology

Without a doubt, September 11th changed a tremendous amount about how we live and about how safe (and unsafe) we feel. These attacks caused enormous changes and countermeasures regarding the way we travel and the way we interact with one another and the way in which we use technology. However, ever since the ten-year anniversary of 9/11 has come and gone, it begs to determine just how much we've changed in the way that we live, examining specific areas of technology, commerce and communication. Consider the following: "In spite of a doubling of the intelligence budget since 2001 to $80 billion, the creation or reorganizing of some 263 government organizations, and the formation of the $50 billion Department of Homeland Security, the government has largely fallen short, the new report notes. The report states that while some progress has been made, 'some major September 11 Commission…… [Read More]

References

Aclu.org. (2003, August 25). The Five Problems With CAPPS II. Retrieved from Aclu.org: https://www.aclu.org/national-security/five-problems-capps-ii

Alpha.org. (2011, Fall). Aviation Security. Retrieved from alpa.org: http://www.alpa.org/portals/alpa/pressroom/inthecockpit/ALPAIssueAnalysis_10YearsAfter9-11Attacks.pdf

Browne, D. (2009). Flying without Fear: Effective Strategies to Get You Where You Need to Go. New York: New Harbinger Publications.

Elias, B. (2009). Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global. New York: CRC Press.
View Full Essay

Security Concerns in Air Cargo Sector

Words: 3723 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75778501

air cargo industry experienced tremendous growth since inception because of various factors in the aviation industry, particularly the freight sector. The growth and development of this industry is evident in its current significance on the freight sector. Moreover, this industry currently accounts for huge profitability in the freight sector because of increased shipping of various packages across the globe. This increased shipping is fueled by increased interconnectedness of people and countries due to rapid technological factors.

However, the industry has experienced tremendous challenges and concerns in relation to security because of the increase of security issues and emergence of new security threats throughout the world. Some of the major security challenges or issues facing the air cargo industry include terrorism, hijacking threat, vulnerability to security breaches, and probable introduction of explosive devices. These security threats are largely brought by the development of sophisticated tools and means for criminal activities by…… [Read More]

References

"Bilateral and Regulatory Issues Facing the Air Cargo Industry." (n.d.). Chapter 6. Retrieved

April 17, 2015, from  http://www.aci-na.org/sites/default/files/chapter_6_-_bilateral_and_regulatory_issues.pdf 

Elias, B. (2010, December 2). Screening and Securing Air Cargo: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R41515.pdf

"Evaluation of Screening of Air Cargo Transported on Passenger Aircraft." (2010, September).
View Full Essay

Leadership and Organization in the Aviation Industry

Words: 1539 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32085489

VITION

CIVIL VITION'S SRPS

Civil viation's SRPs

Civil viation's SRPs

The primary objective of aviation security relates to airport infrastructure protection. The agencies also insist on the need to control people's access within protected areas. This essay discusses the roles and contributions of International ir Transport ssociation as well as the International Federation of ir Line Pilots' ssociations to the aviation industry.

The world's airlines have a trade association called IT. The organization hosts primarily major carriers (240 airlines) and carries about 83% of air traffic's vailable Seat Kilometers. IT is supportive of airline activities through formulation of industry standards and policies. The organization has its headquarters in Montreal, Canada. The Executive branch offices are in Geneva, Switzerland. ll industry stakeholders and IT members agree to sequential environmental goals. The members seek to improve average fuel efficiency to 1.5% each year between 2009 and 2020 (Hendrik 2008). The agency seeks…… [Read More]

Alessandro Cento, 2008, The Airline Industry: Challenges in the 21st Century, Springer Science & Business Media.

Hendrik Vedder, 2008, Strategic Alliances in the Aviation Industry, GRIN Verlag.

Marc-Philippe Lumpe, 2012, Leadership and Organization in the Aviation Industry, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.,
View Full Essay

Contemporary Challenges in Aviation Industry

Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89231057

Aviation and Security: Management Perspective

The globalization has made the world a smaller place with information transcending the hitherto boundaries that stopped free flow of information as well as increased travel across the world. The increased traveling due to availability of the means of travel heaped a lot of pressure on the aviation industry, especially the management to ensure that security is maintained and the commuting through the various airports and through the airspaces is seamless, safe and uninterrupted, providing convenience to passengers and goods alike. The management levels at the airports hence have a heavy task of ensuring the free flow of traffic and the following is an extrapolation of how the management can and have contributed to aviation security in general.

The management must describe and make the staff members understand the four pillars of safety within the aviation industry. Once the staff members understand these four pillars,…… [Read More]

References

ICAO, (2009). Safety management: Global Approach Unlocks Potential of SMS. http://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/Documents/Publications/6106_en.pdf http://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/Documents/Publications/6106_en.pdf

Transport Security Administration, (2015). Layers of Security. Retrieved June 7, 2015 from http://www.tsa.gov/about-tsa/layers-security

U.S. Department of Transport, (2010). Safety Management Systems for Aviation Service Providers. Retrieved June 7, 2015 from http://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC%20120-92A.pdf
View Full Essay

Why Is the Main Security Program at Airports Still Ineffective

Words: 1452 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6102445

Aviation Security Since 911

How has aviation security improved since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001? hat do reliable sources in the literature say with reference to safety and security in 2015? And how effective is the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at keeping air travelers safe? This paper covers those issues and in particular provides a number of good sources commenting on the quality (or lack of quality) displayed by the TSA employees.

Generalizations about aviation security in the Post-911 era

For most people who travel by air, the screening at the airports in 2015 is certainly more thorough than it was prior to 911, but there are continuing problems with TSA, as will be documented in this paper. But at the beginning of this paper it is worth reviewing the "Mission" of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in terms of what the U.S. Government wants the public to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blackburn, M. (2012). The TSA Is Coming To A Highway Near You. Forbes. Retrieved August 20, 2015, from http://www.forbes.com.

Federal Aviation Administration. (2014). Mission. Retrieved August 21, 2015, from http://www.faa.gov.

Jacobson, A. (2009). Why have 67,000 TSA Employees Left Their Jobs? PJ Media.

August 20, 2015, from http://pjmedia.com.
View Full Essay

Aviation Safety Is Flying Really Safer Than Driving

Words: 1501 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78236554

Aviation Safety: Is flying safer than driving?

There has been an ongoing debate regarding the relative safety of flying as opposed to driving over long distances. Many argue that flying is the safer option, since statistics have proven this mode of transport to be one of the safest in the world. On the other hand, flying has been perceived as unsafe because passengers have relatively little chance of survival should mishaps occur in midair. One interesting dimension in terms of aviation safety is the events during September 11, 2001. These have caused many travelers to choose driving over flying as a result of terrorism fears. When comparing statistics, however, it appears that flying is indeed safer than driving because of factors such as the fatigue that drivers may suffer and human error on American roads. When flying, passengers do not need to maintain any level of concentration in order to…… [Read More]

References

Blalock, G., Kadiyali, V., and Simon, DH (2005, Dec. 5). Driving Fatalities After 9/11: A Hidden Cost of Terrorism. Retrieved from: http://dyson.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/gb78/wp/fatalities_120505.pdf

Jones, P. (2003). Letter to the Editors: Flying vs. Driving. American Scientist. Retrieved from: http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.391,y.2003,no.3,content.true, page.1,css.print/issue.aspx

Kersten, M. (2011). How Did Aviation Change the Travel Experience? Grin Verlag.

Sivak, M. And Flannagan, M. (n.d.) Flying and Driving after the September 11 Attacks. American Scientist. Retrieved from: https://www.americanscientist.org/issues/issue.aspx?id=3312&y=0&no=&content=true&page=2&css=print
View Full Essay

Aviation Since the First Authorized

Words: 1766 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48226865



ecommendations

With regards to improving the prospects for the Gray Eagle, the United States Army must apply the core principles of CM to its operations. This entails a strategic decision-making training session, an improved technology interface that will facilitate ground and flight operations, and a thorough training module related to leadership development and communications. When FAA regulations are also integrated with Army safety regulations, the result will be an improved and safer UAS system.

eferences

Beckhusen, . (2012). 'Gray Eagle' Drone Fails All the Time, but Army Still Wants More. Wired. June 15, 2012. etrieved online: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/06/grey-eagle/

Dorr, L. & Duquette, a. (2013). Fact sheet -- Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Federal Aviation Administration. etrieved online: http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=14153

Helmreich, .L., Merritt, a.C., & Wilhelm, J.A. (1999). The evolution of crew resource management training in commercial aviation. etrieved online: http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/homepage/group/helmreichlab/publications/pubfiles/Pub235.pdf

Mulenberg, J. (n.d.). Crew resource management improves decision making. NASA. etrieved online: http://www.nasa.gov/offices/oce/appel/ask/issues/42/42i_crew_resource_management_prt.htm…… [Read More]

References

Beckhusen, R. (2012). 'Gray Eagle' Drone Fails All the Time, but Army Still Wants More. Wired. June 15, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/06/grey-eagle/

Dorr, L. & Duquette, a. (2013). Fact sheet -- Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved online: http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=14153

Helmreich, R.L., Merritt, a.C., & Wilhelm, J.A. (1999). The evolution of crew resource management training in commercial aviation. Retrieved online: http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/homepage/group/helmreichlab/publications/pubfiles/Pub235.pdf

Mulenberg, J. (n.d.). Crew resource management improves decision making. NASA. Retrieved online: http://www.nasa.gov/offices/oce/appel/ask/issues/42/42i_crew_resource_management_prt.htm
View Full Essay

Briefing on Security Board Briefing on Security

Words: 2014 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20386093

Briefing on Security

Board Briefing on Security

Terrorism in Commercial Organizations

Terrorism in Airlines

Current Threats to Aviation

Insider Threats

Automation Adds Efficiency

Improving Total Operations

Increased Threats from Advanced Explosives

Threat against Airline Services and Airports

Necessary Steps to Improve Aviation Security

Terrorism is the systematic use of terror. It does not have a legal binding or definition in criminal law. Commonly, it is referred to creation of fear through violence (Townshend, 2002). Terrorism is usually defined and assumed as a group phenomenon (Hofmann, 2012). Terrorism has spread across the globe with its many forms and indicators. The emotional and diplomatic use of the word terrorism has resulted in a difficulty to provide an appropriate definition of terroorism (aman, 2008). esearches have figured out more than hundred definitions of the word. The notion of terrorism is arguable due to two main reasons. Firstly, it is often used by government…… [Read More]

References

Dyson, W.E. (2012). Terrorism: An Investigator's Handbook. New York: Anderson Publishing.

Friedman, D.M., & Mitchell, C. (2009). Security Measures in the Commercial Trucking and Bus Industries. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Jain, A. (2013, January 1). Addressing The Insider Threat. Retrieved from Security-today: http://security-today.com/Articles/2013/01/01/Addressing-The-Insider-Threat.aspx

Parr, A. (2009). Hijacking Sustainability. New York: MIT Press.
View Full Essay

Review of a Current Homeland Security Issue That Affects the US

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64127428

Transportation Security and Intrusiveness of Security Screenings

America's land, seaways, and air transportation systems are structured in such a manner that enhances efficiency and enables easy access, the two features that also at the same time make these transportation systems susceptible to attacks. The expenses and difficulty of protecting the entire transportation systems from attacks raises a critical issue for legislators and other policymakers in the government: in that how much money and effort should be utilized towards preventing attacks in the country compared to the alternative of pursuing and defeating terrorists wherever they are. While completely proofing the entire transportation sector from attacks is an almost impossible task, strategies can be formulated to significantly reduce the risk of attacks. The emphasis by policymakers should be put in coming up with the resources to build a prevention, protection, and rapid response system that can greatly reduce the likelihood and consequences…… [Read More]

References

Accardo, J., & Chaudhry, M. A. (2014). Radiation exposure and privacy concerns surrounding full-body scanners in airports. Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 198-200.

Alberto, V., & Bogatz, D. (2015, November 10). Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening

System ("Capps Ii"): National Security V. Civil Liberties. Retrieved from maxwell.syr.edu: ww.maxwell.syr.edu/uploadedFiles/campbell/events/AlbertoBogatz.pdf

Bajoria, J. (2010, December 28). The Debate Over Airport Security. Retrieved from Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/border-and-port-security/debate-over-airport-security/p23673
View Full Essay

Commercial Aviation Safety in the

Words: 2496 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3557962

The background checks can take months and months, so they're walking around with a card in the meantime & #8230;That's why so many of these airport employees are arrested so long after the fact, and are continuing to be arrested in sweeps by the Justice Department. When the information finally

does come back, they see they've got somebody out there that has a felony and lied on his application, or has a warrant out, or is in the country illegally"

(Sperry, 2003).

Civil ights Issues in Passenger Screening

While the security protocols in relation to typical potential "weapons" in the possession of passengers are fundamentally flawed, federal authorities working with British security services did identify a specific threat in 2006 that precipitated necessary precautions against more than a certain amount of liquid allowed per passenger. Unlike the other senseless concern over nail files and cosmetic scissors, this precaution was justified…… [Read More]

References

Dershowitz, a. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:

Little Brown & Co.

Dyer, C., McCoy, R., Rodriguez, J., Van Duyn, D. "Countering Violent Islamic

Extremism" the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 76 No. 12: 3-9 (2007).
View Full Essay

Transportation - Security Contemporary Transportation

Words: 6826 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95271087

By federal law, all passenger airliners now feature cockpit doors that are locked by the pilots from inside the cockpit. Likewise, pilot training now includes the specific instructions not to open the door in response to any occurrence or emergency in the passenger cabin; instead, pilots are under instructions to land the aircraft immediately in response to any perceived emergency that would have previously been cause to investigate beyond the flight deck (Sperry 2003).

Fortunately, by itself, this single set of rules has effectively ended any realistic threat of terrorists (or anybody else) ever hijacking a passenger airliner or otherwise gaining access to the flight controls for the purposes of commandeering it. In fact, it is now virtually impossible for anyone to hijack an American airliner again. Unfortunately, all of the subsequent passenger restrictions and billions of dollars in expenditures for sophisticated screening equipment is largely considered a complete waste…… [Read More]

References

Allison, G. (2004) Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe. New York: Henry Holt

Bulzomi, M. (2007) FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Search Incident to Arrest in the Age of Personal Electronics. Vol. 76 No. 9.

Clarke, R. (2004) Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror.

New York: Simon & Schuster
View Full Essay

History of Aviation Safety Aviation

Words: 2180 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67399676

All of the transportation agencies were consolidated into one big agency -- the new Department of Transportation in 1966, establishing the National Transportation Safety Board as an agency that was independent inside of the department. This new board was also given the responsibility of determining the "probable cause" of: 1) highway accidents selected in cooperation with the states; 2) every passenger train accident, fatal railway accidents, and any railroad accident that caused significant damage; 3) big marine accidents, including any marine accident that involved a public vessel and a nonpublic vessel; 4) pipeline accidents involving a fatality or significant property damage; and lastly, 5) fatalities or major injuries that were caused by the release of hazardous materials (2004).

The creation of the NTSB showed that Congress was thinking that a single agency could come up with a higher level of safety than the individual model agencies that were all working…… [Read More]

References:

Boeing. (2010). Making flying safer -- how Boeing helps to advance safety. Retrieved on September 19, 2010, from the Website:

http://www.boeing.com/commercial/safety/index.html

Federal Aviation Administration. (2010). FAA regulations. Retrieved on September 18,

2010, from the Website,   http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/faa_regulations/
View Full Essay

Department of Homeland Security the

Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86577412

Their casualties go uncounted, their actions largely unmonitored and their crimes unpunished." Scahill relates that four years into the Iraq occupation "there is no effective system of oversight or accountability governing contractors and their operations, not is there any effective law - military or civilian being applied to their activities." (2007) According to Scahill's report: "Since the launch of the "global war on terror," the administration has systematically funneled billions of dollars in public money to corporations like lackwater USA, DynCorp, Triple Canopy, Erinys and ArmorGroup. They have in turn used their lucrative government pay-outs to build up the infrastructure and reach of private armies so powerful that they rival or outgun some nation's militaries." (2007)

III. The EFFECTIVENESS of DHS

The work of Ahlers (2007) entitled: "Auditor's: Homeland Security Gets Mixed Grades" reports that congressional auditors gave "mixed grades to the Department of Homeland Security on its efforts to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Labott, Elise (2004) U.S.: Probe into Iraq Trafficking Claims. CorpWatch 5 May 2004. Online available at  http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14174 

Miller, Steven E. (2003) After the 9/11 Disaster: Washington's Struggle to Improve Homeland Security." Axess Stockholm, Sweden 2 (2003 Mar): 8-11. Online available at  http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/254/after_the_911_disaster.html 

Phinney, David (2006) AU.S. Fortress Rises in Baghdad: Asian Workers Trafficked to Build World's Largest Embassy. 17 Oct 2006. CorpWatch. Online available at  http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14173 

Scahill, Jeremy (2007) the Mercenary Revolution: Flush with Profits from the Iraq War, Military Contractors See a World of Business Opportunities. The Indypendent 15 Aug 2007. Online available at http://www.indypendent.org/2007/08/10/the-mercenary-revolution-flush-with-profits-from-the-iraq-war-military-contractors-see-a-world-of-business-opportunities/
View Full Essay

Risk Assessment for Homeland Security Programs

Words: 1485 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38846871

Homeland Security isk Management

isk Management in Homeland Security

This paper provides a brief examination of the role of risk management within the homeland security operations. The discussion first addresses issues related to risk assessment, which is a necessary, prudent step for publicly funded activities, and particularly so given the national scope and the potential consumption of resources. The Strategic National isk Assessment (SNA) serves as a vehicle to link policy -- the Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD 8) and the National Preparedness System. The core capabilities of the National Preparedness Goal are mapped to the hazards and threats identified in the SNA (SNA 2011). This tactic enables additional core capabilities to be identified, and provides a resource to inform the establishment of priorities needed for making decisions about future investing in capabilities (SNA 2011).

As with any major projects of risk management, the initial stage is focused on assessment.…… [Read More]

References

The White House. National Security Strategy. (2010, May). Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office. Retrieved National_Security_Strategy.pdf

U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Secure Boarders, Safe Travel, Legal Trade. U.S. Customs and Boarder Protection Fiscal Year 2009-2014 Strategic Plan. Retrieved CBP_Strategic_Plan.pdf

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Department of Homeland Security Strategic Plan. Fiscal Years 2012 -- 2016. (2012, February). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved DHS_Strategic_Plan-2012-2016.pdf

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. DHS Risk Lexicon. Risk Steering Committee. (2010, September). Washington, D.C. Retrieved http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/dhs-risk-lexicon-2010.pdf
View Full Essay

Commercial Aviation Industry Was Already

Words: 4603 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4794062

The combination of such broad language and the paucity of any significant enforcement tools meant that these initiatives were largely ineffective.

Not surprisingly, complaints from passengers increased by 200% within the year; furthermore, flight delays continued to increase 12% faster in the first five months of 2000 than in the same period in 1999. "Indeed, in the twelve months following the airlines' voluntary promises, flight delays cost business travelers 5 billion dollars and 1.5 million hours" (osenthal, 2002, p. 1859). The number of delays caused National Business Travel Association Executive Director Marianne McInerney to conclude that "[w]e are at a point where our nation's airline system is in need of triage" (osenthal, 2002, p. 1859). Some observers would suggest that radical surgery is required rather than triage, and these issues are discussed further below.

Security Issues and Passenger Satisfaction. When people travel on an airline, they have a legitimate right…… [Read More]

References

Asker, J.R. (1999, October 25). Why are passengers so angry at carriers? Aviation Week and Space Technology, 50.

Freidheim, C. (1998). The trillion-dollar enterprise: How the alliance revolution will transform global business. Reading, MA: Perseus Books.

Galpin, T.J. (1998). When leaders really walk the talk: Making strategy work through people. Human Resource Planning, 21(3), 38.

Gips, M.A. (2004, June). Passenger screening in no-fly zone? Government efforts to work the kinks out of the latest passenger screening proposal seem mired in the battle between privacy and security. Security Management, 48(6), 62.
View Full Essay

Counter-Terrorism and Social Media Freedom vs Security

Words: 5692 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49775496

Counter-Terrorism and Social Media: Freedom vs. Security

The United States prides itself to being the most democratic nation of the world, with the highest respect for the human being, for its values, norms, and dreams. At the same time, before 9/11, it was also considered to be one of the safest nations of the world. The attacks on the World Trade Center towers, in particular pointed out that there are gaps in security and that even the United States represent a vulnerable target. Since then, the security measures have been seriously increased, in certain areas of expertise; security rules have been created if they did not exist. All these measures fueled a constant debate on whether the security that has been increased affects or not the liberties and freedoms of the American population.

On May 1st 2011, Osama bin Laden has been announced dead by the U.S. President, arack Obama…… [Read More]

Bibliography

CNN Wire Staff. (2011) "Bin Laden killing caps decade-long manhunt." CNN Asia.  http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/05/02/bin.laden.dead/index.html?hpt=T2 

Cook, Martin L. (2001) Ethical Issues in Counterterrorism Warfare. Department of Command, Leadership, and Management. U.S. Army War College. May 3, 2011  http://ethics.sandiego.edu/Resources/PhilForum/Terrorism/Cook.html 

Cornell University Law School. (N.d.) Michigan Dept. Of State Police v. Sitz. 1990. http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0496_0444_ZS.html

Cornell University Law School. (N.d.) Terry v. Ohio. 1967. May 3, 2011 http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0392_0001_ZS.html
View Full Essay

Aviation Logistics and Competitive Advantage

Words: 2313 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40617647

Logistics in Aviation

Aviation logistics: Competitive advantage and technological innovation

Prelude

In the modern era, the worldwide logistics and supply chain is very cut throat and keeping an edge over others is important for all the firms in operation. Worldwide competition in aviation logistics business is cut throat with numerous firms. Firms in this business survive only when they maintain an edge over their rivals in the business in order to keep the clients in check. Most of the firms are very lenient to their clients as they listen to their client's needs and requirements, complaints along the way, implementing long-term marketing programs as well as short-term. Companies also make use of their resources in order to acquire competitive edge over their rivals in the marketplace which leads to satisfactory profits (Sakchutchawan, 2011). The resource advantage theory stipulates that having edge in resources paves way for competitive edge in the…… [Read More]

References

Abrahamsson, M., Aldin, N., & Stahre, F. (2003). Logistics platforms for improved strategic flexibility. International Journal of Logistics: Research & Applications, 6 (3), 85-106.

Bardi, E.J., Raghunathan, T.S., & Bagchi, P.K. (1994). Logistics information systems: The strategic role of top management. Journal of Business Logistics, 15(1), 71-85.

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.

Bowersox, D.J., and Daugherty, P.J. (1995). Logistics paradigms: the impact of information technology. Journal of Business Logistics, 16 (1), 65-80.
View Full Essay

Aviation Maintenance Resource Management Mrm and Its Impact on U S Commercial Aviation Safety

Words: 8329 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75270940

U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.

Human Factors History

Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance

Performance Excellence Framework

esearcher's Work Setting and ole

Statement of the Problem

EVIEW OF ELEVANT LITEATUE AND ESEACH

Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics

Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13

Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12

Statement of esearch Question…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents

World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from  http://www.hf.faa.gov  / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx

Boeing. (1994). Field test of the MEDA process. Retrieved 17 Dec, 2004 from William L.

Rankin, Ph.D.
View Full Essay

Aviation Is an Aspect of

Words: 3182 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91345832

According to IATA, freight within Asia Pacific, between Asia Pacific and North America and between Asia Pacific and Europe will account for 57% of the 36 million tonnes of international air freight tonnes in 2011, up from 55% in 2006. The majority of this growth will be from the outbound leg from Asia Pacific ("2008 Annual Report - Air Freight: Carriers Alter Course")."

Overall the article characterizes airfreight as an aspect of the industry that will continue to grow in spite of the fuel cost and economic slow down that seems to have negatively impacted the airline industry. The growth of economies such as China and India seems to contribute to the increased profitability of the air freight segment of the industry. It seems that the growth in air freight will continue well into the future.

Week 7-Article Critique

Issues associated with traffic flow, have been at the forefront of…… [Read More]

Morrison Mary E. July 14, 2008. "Most airlines shun marketing as way to fly through storm" Retrieved July 24 at http://www.btobonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080714/FREE/950009745/1109/FREE

What is General Aviation. http://www.aopa.org/info/what_ga.pdf

Winston C. And Morrison S.A. (2008) "The State of Airline Competition and Prospective Mergers" Retrieved July 24 at http://www.brookings.edu/testimony/2008/0424_airlines_winston.aspx
View Full Essay

Aviation Flight School Start Up

Words: 3585 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45948221

Business Proposal

Mission Statement

Vision Statement

Proposed Products and Services

Competitive Advantage

Organizational Structure

Expected revenues

Market Industry Position

elevant Competitors

ole of Information Systems

Information Systems Structure

People resources

Hardware esources

Software esources

Data resources

Network esource

Ecommerce

Eagle Flight School and Shop will be a flight school for future pilots and a store where pilots and students can purchase everything from clothing (apparel) to flight bags to headsets. The Flight School will provide classes that will allow students to acquire a pilot's license in accordance with government rules associated with the minimum number of flight hours and the government approved curriculum. The mission of Eagle flight school is to provide pilots with the proper instruction as it pertains to all aspects of air travel and to provide both students and professionals with the equipment needed to carry out their duties as pilots. The flight school will provide a…… [Read More]

References

Balasubramanian, S., Konana P.and Menon N. M, (2003)"Customer Satisfaction in Virtual Environments: A Study of Online Investing," Management Science, 49, 7,, 871-889.

Bhatnagar R., A.K. Srivastava+,A. (2010) An Implementation Approach for Intrusion

Detection System in Wireless sensor Network. International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, 2(7), 2453-2456

"Data Resources." Retrieved from  http://www.learn.geekinterview.com/data-warehouse/data-management/what-is-data-resource.html
View Full Essay

What Is the Role of Human Factors in Improving Aviation Safety

Words: 2823 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38946703

Aviation Safety

What is the role of human factors in improving aviation safety?

Many personnel are involved in the operation and maintenance of airplanes. The aviation industry employs many people performing many different roles and tasks to keep aviation a safe mode of transportation for goods and services. Despite rules, procedures, and advanced technology to help keep passengers and crew safe, sometimes accidents still occur. It was found that more than 70% of commercial airplane accidents are caused by humans, rather than simply a failure of technology (Higgins & Higgins, 2008). This research supports the thesis that human factors are one of the most difficult, and the most important issues in aviation needed to increase aviation safety in the future.

Mechanical failure is cited as one of the more common reasons for aviation disasters (Higgins & Higgins, 2008). It is easy to shift the blame to a machine, rather than…… [Read More]

References

AAM-500. (2010). Human Factors Research Division (AAM-500) Simulation Facilities. Federal Aviation Administration.  http://www.faa.gov/data_research/research/med_humanfacs/humanfactors/ 

Gallaway, G. (2011). A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Fatigue Risk Management in Aircraft

Maintenance -- Near-Term and NextGen Time Frame (Maintenance Fatigue; Avers).

AAM-500-b-F-004 Rev.2. Retrieved from
View Full Essay

Book Why Can't We Make Money in Aviation

Words: 1921 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30293011

Aviation Book

According to Pilarski (2007), "the financial situation of the airline industry, especially in the U.S.A., has been between disaster and catastrophe," (p. 3). Financial wizards like Warren Buffet have made "bombastic pronouncements" related to the economic illnesses of the airline industry (9). Dynamic entrepreneur ichard Branson, himself seduced by the desire to own an airline, has likewise stated, "How do you become a millionaire? Start as a billionaire, and then buy an airline," (cited in "In-Depth Drilldown Of The Airline Industry - Part 1, 2012). Airline companies operate with razor-thin profit margins, if any at all. Moreover, the situation was bad enough befofre but has grown worse since September 11. "Since 9/11, we've seen tremendous changes surrounding the airline industry: security, regulations, and operational costs. Overall, these variables have had tremendous, and far-bearing, negative impacts on the industry," ("In-Depth Drilldown Of The Airline Industry - Part 1," 2012).…… [Read More]

References

"Global airline industry profits to falter at $3bn in 2012," (2012). New Statesman. June 11, 2012 Retrieved online:  http://www.newstatesman.com/business/transport/2012/06/global-airline-industry-profits-falter-3bn-2012 

"In-Depth Drilldown Of The Airline Industry - Part 1," (2012). Retieved online: http://seekingalpha.com/article/644991-in-depth-drilldown-of-the-airline-industry-part-1http://seekingalpha.com/article/644991-in-depth-drilldown-of-the-airline-industry-part-1

Pilarski, A.M. (2007). Why Can't We Make Money in Aviation? Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Pilarski, A.M. (2010). The fallacy of airline mergers: Two drunks holding unto each other will not walk straight. Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation. Retrieved online: http://www.avitas.com/publications/adampilarskiarticles/The%20Fallacy%20of%20Airline%20Mergers%20Two%20Drunks%20Holding%20Unto%20Each%20Other%20Will%20Not%20Walk%20Straight.pdf
View Full Essay

Safety in the Aviation Industry

Words: 1022 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15538474

Aviation Safety PO involves applying critical thinking to particular topics of aviation safety and security which are used to support a project or comprehensive research question. Aviation safety includes the analysis and evaluation of any and all safety and security concepts, techniques, procedures including SMS, airfield and other aviation facility security, accident investigation, operational safety, Federal Air Marshall Program, terrorism prevention as they influence and relate to the project or comprehensive research question. This paper will look at basic concepts in aviation safety in regards to crew resource management as it pertains to the aviation/aerospace industry.

Crew resource management involves the application of human factors skills and knowledge when it comes to conducting flight operations with the goal of using the available resources efficiently; equipment, systems and humans in order to achieve safe flight operations. CM is a combination of both individual skills and human factors knowledge together with effective…… [Read More]

References

Federal aviation administration. (2008). Safety Management System Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved July 21, 2014 from  http://www.faa.gov/about/initiatives/sms/faq/ 

Liu, A, Zizhang, M. (2012). Crew Resource Management. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from  http://aviationknowledge.wikidot.com/aviation:crew-resource-management 

Graeber, C. (2009). Human Factors. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from  http://www.boeing.com/commercial/aeromagazine/aero_08/human_textonly.html
View Full Essay

Human Factors in Aviation Safety

Words: 3281 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50742327

Human Factors in Aviation Safety

The human beings with their immense capabilities, imagination, creativity, and cleverness have transformed the world into an industrial world that is surrounded by numerous inventions, innovations, and advancements in various facets of life. Aviation industry is also one of the developments of the human beings, which was imagined as an attempt to emulate bird flight. Human beings were engaged in this phenomenon for centuries prior to the emergence of the first flight, which resulted in outstanding civil transport in the form of spaceflight (Campbell & Bagshaw, 2008). However, it is wise to note that the human life is one integral aspect that should not be ignored when any mode of transportation is concerned. To have a safe journey during flights it is demonstrated that aviation safety is essential. Aviation safety principally signifies that prevention techniques in the form of regulation, education, and training should be…… [Read More]

References

Abeyratne, R. (2012). Strategic Issues in Air Transport: Legal, Economic and Technical Aspects. USA: Springer.

Abu-Taieh, E.M.O., El-Sheikh, A.A. & Jafari, M. (2012). Technology Engineering and Management in Aviation: Advancements and Discoveries. Information Science Reference.

Ben-Daya, M. (2009). Handbook of Maintenance Management and Engineering. USA: Springer.

Campbell, R.D. & Bagshaw, M. (2008). Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation. 3rd Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
View Full Essay

Future Trends for Civil Aviation the Importance

Words: 2282 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5331253

Future Trends for Civil Aviation

The importance of a viable civil aviation sector to national security has been well documented, but the aviation industry continues to struggle with skyrocketing fuel prices and highly regulated operational environment. In this setting, it is not surprising that some civil aircraft engine manufacturers have fallen by the wayside while others have prospered by achieving a competitive advantage of some sort. To identify what strategies have worked and those that have not, this portfolio explores the extent of internationalization in both global retailing and the manufacture of aircraft engines for civil aviation, followed by a review of successful and failed international strategies around the world for these industries including an evaluation of the importance of joint ventures on their respective outcomes. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings are presented in the portfolio's conclusion.

eview and Analysis

Internationalization of the Global etailing and…… [Read More]

References

Badrtalei, J. & Bates, D.L. (2007). 'Effect of Organizational Cultures on Mergers and Acquisitions: the Case of Daimlerchrysler.' International Journal of Management, vol.

24, no. 2, pp. 303-305.

Beirman, D. (2003). Restoring Tourism Destinations in Crisis: A Strategic Marketing Approach.

Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
View Full Essay

Future of Security in Previous

Words: 1106 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27797053

National security cards also have the ability to provide useful information and insight to policymakers on which areas of a given country will most likely be the least secure and which pose potential security threats (Ortmeier, 2009). This will also force nations to into strategic identity management systems and taxonomies of how they classify threats to their populations. The use of analytics and big data or exceptionally large and complex data sets, will become commonplace in five years or less as a result of the adoption of national security cards across more nations in the world (Ortmeier, 2009). National security cards will also be increasingly used for managing healthcare, human services and social programs, as the United Kingdom has successfully done for example. The broader implications to the future of security from the use of national identity cards are evident in how advanced forms of security authentication continue to flourish…… [Read More]

References

Krull, a.R. (1995). Controls in the next millennium: Anticipating the it-enabled future. Computers & Security, 14(6), 491-491.

Ortmeier, P.J. (2009). Introduction to security: Operations and management. (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Inc.

SP's Special. (2012, India's slybird MAV maturing fast. SP's Aviation,

Sproule, C.M. (2002). The effect of the U.S.A. patriot act on workplace privacy. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 43(5), 65-73.
View Full Essay

Homeland Security Weaknesses and Strengths

Words: 691 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36102669



National Incident Management System:

NIMS has been designed with the sole purpose of integrating emergency practices on all levels of government. These practices include mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery and NIMS provides the single platform where all these practices would merge in order to better respond to national terrorist crises. The strengths of the program are:

1. It provides standards for organizational structures, processes and procedures

2. It also offers standards for planning, training and exercising of emergency practices

3. It integrates technologies such as voice and data communication systems, information systems and data display systems (Bullock, p. 53)

Weaknesses

1. extensive training required to understand the system properly

2. not enough trained individuals available who can handle the complexities of NIMS

3. NIMS is dependent on NP for effective utilization of its capabilities and for its final success

National esponse Plan

With the help of NIMS, NP provides a…… [Read More]

References

Jane Bullock, George Haddow. Introduction to Homeland Security, Second Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann Homeland Security) Butterworth-Heinemann; 2 edition (April 13, 2006)
View Full Essay

Book Why Can't We Make Money in Aviation

Words: 1495 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92632670

Money in Aviation: An Examination of Support

The history of American flight is generally one of pride and wonder. Historical figures associated with the first airplanes are generally revered by history books and society as a whole. These are figures like the Wright brothers, Amelia Earhart, Charles Lindbergh and others who most agree made a positive impact on human life and symbolize a leap of mankind towards advanced technology and increasing modern times. Modernity. Technology. These are all things that airplanes and flight represent to Americans and they're widely viewed as things which have improved life on this planet for the better. This begs the question as to why the airline industry still remains one of the most volatile, low (or no) profits business around. The book, Why We Can't Make Money in Aviation, by Adam M. Pilarski, seeks to both scrutinize and illuminate the general failure of the airline…… [Read More]

References

Bluejay, M. (n.d.). What's Wrong with Bicycle Helmets? Retrieved from Bicycle Safe:  http://bicyclesafe.com/helmets.html 

Bowser, B. (2003, April 2). On the Homefront: The Airline Industry. Retrieved from Pbs.org: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/transportation/jan-june03/airlines_04-02.html

News, A. (2003, April 4). SARS Spread Leads to Fear, Questions. Retrieved from ABC News: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/ColdandFluNews/story?id=116751&page=1#.UKa064dZWSo

Pilarski, A. (2007). Why Can't We Make Money in Aviation? Burlington: Ashgate.
View Full Essay

Employment Law Criminal Law to the Security Manager

Words: 2017 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92719483

Legislation

Disputes

Advice on Handling Dismissals

The Minimum Wage

Working Time egulations

WOKES AND EMPLOYMENT

DISCIMINATION

Gender and Sexual Orientation Discrimination

Sexual Orientation

Gender eassignment

Discrimination on Grounds of ace or eligion or Age

Treatment of employees has come under scrutiny in the last few decades. Legislation has been passed to help facilitate effective regulation of a business/work environment. The areas covered by legislation are: employment contracts, work-related regulations (ie. Breaks and work conditions), minimum wage rates, unlawful/unfair dismissal, and discrimination/harassment on the grounds of gender, sexual preference, race, religious beliefs, disability, and in recent years, age. Legislation of this nature need to be a major concern for employers to not only follow, but implement. Dismissal of legislation could lead to large penalties, associated with compensation and legal fees.

Infringement of employees rights may also lead to a company/organization's poor public image. As most businesses know, maintaining a positive public…… [Read More]

References

Ashworth, A. 1995. Principles of criminal law. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press, p. 87.

Computer World. 1996. IT security managers too focused on compliance, experts say. [online] Available at: http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9237254/IT_security_managers_too_focused_on_compliance_experts_say [Accessed: 12 Jun 2013].

Fay, J. 2007. Encyclopedia of Security Management. Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, p. 249.

Fletcher, G. 1998. Basic Concepts of Criminal Law. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, p. 45.
View Full Essay

Designing a Procedural Security System-Wk4-Writ

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72848451

One of the principle threats that is found at the internal level of airport security is passengers attempting to smuggle items aboard planes that can function as weapons. In this respect, security measures must include a list of substances that passengers are prohibited from flying with (such as chemical compounds) (Staples, no date), in addition to utilizing various devices to ensure that no is violating these rules.

There are a host of technological applications that are utilized for achieving the latter objective. Most of these devices involve scanning passengers to both detect and deter them from taking potentially lethal contraband aboard planes. Metal detectors are utilized to look for typical weapons such as firearms and knives, while searches of passengers and scanning of their luggage should also be conducted to look for any prohibited materials. Other scanning devices include x-ray machines and explosive detection machines, both of which can detect…… [Read More]

References

Staples, Edward J. (No date). "The Industrial Physicist -- Safeguarding Ports with Industrial Security." American Institute of Physics. Retrieved from http://www.aip.org/tip/INPHFA/vol-10/iss-3/p22.html.

Tyson, J., Grabianowski, E. (no date). "How Airport Security Works." How Stuff Works. Retrieved from  http://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/flight/modern/airport-security4.htm
View Full Essay

Popularity of Aviation Has Continue

Words: 7059 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79080535

This is important, because this flight school is larger and has a variety of programs to offer. If at some point, someone decides that want to study other forms of aviation, this school would be ideal at learning for much as possible. ("MVP Accomplishments," 2010)

Mc Air Aviation offers students the ability to complete most of the course work, through a self-study format. Where, students will complete the basic written curriculum and will then complete the in flight requirements with their certified instructors. At which point, the student can be able to receive their flight certification. This is important, because it provides other options in studying and obtaining certification, as those with busier schedule can be able to balance this kind of instruction with their lives. ("141 Self-Examining Authority," 2010)

Another option is to go through the Airline Career Pilot Program. Under this program, there is assistance for students who…… [Read More]

Bibliography

141 Self-Examining Authority. (2010). Retrieved July 16, 2010 from McAir Aviation website:  http://www.mcairaviation.com/141_flight_training.htm 

1999 Mooney M290. (2010). Retrieved July 16, 2010 from Aero Trader website: http://www.aerotrader.com/find/listing/1999-MOONEY-M20-Ovation-97012603

2007 172 Cessna Sky Hawk. (2010). Retrieved July 16, 2010 from Aero Trader website: http://www.aerotrader.com/find/listing/2007-CESSNA-172-SKYHAWK-96517151

Become a Pilot. (2010). Retrieved July 16, 2010 from MVP Aero Academy website: http://www.mvpaeroacademy.com/
View Full Essay

Phraseology Is Vital for Aviation

Words: 9175 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15002570



2. Approach Clearances

According to the article, "Back door IF: When stratus happens and you didn't file, you'll need to sweet talk your way into the system. Here are some practical tips to do that safely" (2006 obtaining an IF clearance, literally on the fly, does not constitute not a to be taken for granted privilege.

Approximately 15 years ago, U.S. pilots almost lost a significant portion of this flexibility, when the FAA's legal department proposed procedural changes in FAA Order 7110.65 Air Traffic Control, potentially requiring pilots to request such "pop-ups" to be permitted "to climb under VF to whatever minimum IF, vectoring or en route altitude applied to the area in question" (Back door IF... 2006, ¶ 30).

The proposal additionally extended to particular clearances being withheld; contending that controllers may be held responsible when pilots hit terrain or obstructions at a low altitude. Previously, a pilot was…… [Read More]

References

Airmen, Iraqi air traffic controllers work together. (2007). U.S. Fed News Service, Including U.S. State News. HT Media Ltd. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1286415771.html

Air Traffic Control. (N.d.). Centennial of Flight Commission. Retrieved March 26, 2009 at http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Government_Role/Air_ traffic_control/POL15.htm

Air Traffic control. (2008). U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved 25Mar2009 at http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/air_traffic/publications/atpubs/ATC/Chp2/atc020html

Back door IFR: When stratus happens and you didn't file, you'll need to sweet talk your way into the system. Here are some practical tips to do that safely. (2006). Aviation Safety. Belvoir Media Group, LLC. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-149365581.html
View Full Essay

Career Opportunities for African Americans in Aviation Jobs vs Market Potential and Growth

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49034318

Airline

Flying the friendly skies -- but friendly to whom? The outlook of the airline industry regarding African-American job prospects and the overall future of the airline industry

Fly the friendly skies," the famous and infamous Delta Airlines advertisement used to proclaim to viewers everywhere. But friendly to whom, African-American job seekers and consumers could have demanded of the smiling Delta personnel depicted in the ads when they first ran in the 1970s and 1980s. The customers and the airline personnel alike in the advertisements were largely white, middle-class, and homogeneous in their appearances and depicted lifestyles. If women appeared in these ads in a professional capacity, they appeared as smiling and attractive stewardesses. This was, sadly reflective of the real-life airline industry in general at the time.

Also, in this "friendly" Delta advertisement, as in advertisements for most of the other carriers, African-Americans had no presence at all, even…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Horblower, Margaret. (August 1995) "The still unfriendly skies. (lack of African-American pilots in civil aviation)" Time Magazine.

Occupational employment - forecasting by occupation."

Occupational Outlook Quarterly. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1155/is_4_47" Winter, 2003

Organization of Black Airline Pilots. (OBAP) 2004. Official website. Retrieved on October 18, 2004 at  http://www.obap.org/aboutus/aboutus-history.asp
View Full Essay

Navy and Aviation

Words: 1366 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99463585

U.S. Navy Aviation History: Celebrating 100 Years

The history of aviation in the Navy is actually quite recent. Beginning in 1910, the Navy has really driven its aeronautical program to new heights. From its modest beginnings before World War I, aviation in the Navy has come a long way. It was not until World War II that the Navy really understood just how important aviation capabilities were and the investment in aircraft carriers helped win the war in the Pacific against a heavily fortified Japanese navy with landing strips on a variety of islands throughout the region. Innovation seemed to stall until new threats in the Cold War once again demanded the Navy to invest in innovation to protect the nation's waters. The height of the Cold War saw the introduction of jet planes and nuclear capabilities on aircraft carriers. In the years after, the Navy has continued to play…… [Read More]

References

Ackerman, Spencer. (2013). U.S. Navy Makes History by Landing Unmanned Drone on Aircraft Carrier. The Guardian. Web. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/10/us-navy-x47b-drone-aircraft-carrier

Dann, Capt. Rich. (2010). Naval Aviation Historical Narrative. Centennial Documents. Web. http://www.public.navy.mil/airfor/centennial/Documents/Naval%20Aviation%20Historical%20Narrative.pdf

Naval History and Heritage Command. (2014). United States Naval Aviation 1920-1995. Naval Aviation History. Web. http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/united-states-naval-aviation-1910-1995.html
View Full Essay

Military Aircraft and Their Effect on Commercial Aviation

Words: 2238 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91891162

Military Aircraft and Their Effect on Commercial Aviation

Civil aviation deals with the organization and use of aircraft as a means of commercial transportation. The principal interest is the use of aircraft on scheduled and chartered flights to carry passengers and cargo, but the subject also covers the use of aircraft for pleasure, business, and medical services. ecause of the international character of civil aviation, governments play a major role in its conduct and regulation, through both national legislation and international agreements. This governmental influence was a major factor in commercial airline operation until the early 1980s, when the U.S. domestic market was deregulated. The result was a massive increase in competition, which led in turn to a reorganization of the airlines into larger groupings. It seems likely that this process will continue in the international market, which will lead to an increase in air travel, and increased pressure on…… [Read More]

Bibliography

(1963)Aeroflot, Flight International, Vol. 84, No. 2856, December 5,

Harrison (2000)Mastering the sky: a history of aviation from ancient times to the present.

Shulman, S (2003).Unlocking the Sky: Glenn Hammond Curtiss and the Race to Invent the Airplane

Taylor, J & Munson, K (1973)History of aviation
View Full Essay

Department of Homeland Security and

Words: 565 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68678368

S. Customs and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services were combined to form U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Overall, DHS incorporates 22 government agencies. The major agencies of DHS are the TSA, Customs and Border Protection, Citizenship and Immigration Services, ICE, FEMA, the U.S. Secret Service, and the U.S. Coast Guard (Borja).

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) was formed on July 1, 1973 and is headquartered in Arlington, VA. Former drug enforcement related agencies are the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs and the Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement. The parent agency of the DEA is the U.S. Department of Justice. The DEA is the lead agency for domestic enforcement under the Controlled Substances Act. The DEA's primary goal is to combat drug smuggling and use within the U.S. The DEA shares jurisdiction with the FBI and ICE and shares communications systems with the Department of Defense. DEA…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Borja, Elizabeth. "Brief Documentary History of the Department of Homeland Security

2001-2008." Department of Homeland Security History Office. 2008. Print.

"DEA History." Drug Enforcement Adminstration. 3 February 2011. Web.
View Full Essay

U S Government Has Reacted to

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78608951



Question #2: Describe the evolution of aviation security threats. List several types of threats and specific events that illustrate the damage of such threats.

Through history, the threat upon the security of airline traffic has generally been reduced. Wars and conflicts would generally be handled in open attack and without the implication and loss of civil lives. Airlines were considered the safest means of transportation.

However, with the emergence of terrorism at a global scale, wars are no longer disputed openly, but adversaries seek for ways in which to inflict as much loss as possible for the other side, with the minimum casualties on their side. The direct result was that of a demise of the airline industry, including the individual reticence to fly, materialized in the bankruptcy of several airline operators.

n more recent years, the safety of the operators and passengers within the airline industry has been impacted…… [Read More]

In more recent years, the safety of the operators and passengers within the airline industry has been impacted by the personal desires of desperate or unstable individuals. In some instances, armed or otherwise dangerous individuals were able to attack in airports or even in airplanes and cause losses of lives, materials and money.

The modern threat on aviation through terrorism is, among other things, possible due to the growing numbers of religious fanatics. These people do not encounter any moral or physical problem with dieing in a mission, factor which has also increased the incidence of aviation threats.

In a nutshell, the evolution of aviation security and safety has followed an ascendant trend in the meaning of increased threats upon the lives and well-being of customers and airline operators. However redundant, the most relevant example remains the terrorist act of September 11, 2001. Its effects of reduced national trust and morale, the loss of thousands of lives or the bankruptcy of airline organizations are just a few of the negative impacts that will be felt for years to come.
View Full Essay

Criminal Justice - Counterterrorism Counterterrorism

Words: 1353 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51099893

S. law. Legislation such as many elements of the U.S.A. PATRIOT ACT are problematic because they do not provide adequate controls to ensure that investigative methods and procedures appropriate under some circumstances cannot be used in circumstances where they are inappropriate under U.S. law.

4. What is the FISA Court? Explain how it works. What authorities can it grant law enforcement? How is it different from traditional courts? What concerns exist about expanding the use of FISA?

The Foreign Intelligence and Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) was established to regulate the use of surveillance by the executive branch of government in the wake of various unconstitutional investigations conducted by the Nixon administration in connection with monitoring political rivals and government opposition groups. The FISA Act authorized the covert monitoring of information and communication exchanges of entities of foreign governments engaged in espionage and intelligence collection activities in the U.S. pursuant…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Building Evaluation

Words: 1662 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95066539

Building Security Evaluation: Baltimore-Washington Thurgood Marshall International Airport

Just a couple of decades ago, travelers, visitors and virtually anyone else could walk freely through the nation's airports without being challenged at any point, and security considerations were generally restricted to concerns over possible so-called "skyjackings" to Cuba, but even these were rare. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, though, all of this changed in fundamental ways as airports across the country implemented a wide range of security measures intended to prevent a recurrence of these deadly security breaches. Indeed, today, security at the nation's airports has never been stricter, and despite the time and trouble these initiatives have created for air travelers, most passengers today appear to accept these measures in stride as part of the post-September 11 climate. To determine what security measures have been taken in a specific airport facility, this paper provides an evaluation of…… [Read More]

References

Facts & figures. (2009). Baltimore/Washington Thurgood Marshall International Airport. [Online]. Available: http://www.bwiairport.com/about_bwi/facts_figures/.

Fire suppression division. (2009). Maryland Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation. [Online]. Available: http://www.marylandaviation.com/content/aboutthemaa/firerescuedept.html.

Ramstack, T. & Lively, T. (2004, January 7). BWI airport police search entering cars; action taken as a Code Orange precaution. The Washington Times, C08.

Wallis, R. (2003). How safe are our skies? Assessing the airlines' response to terrorism. Westport, CT: Praeger.
View Full Essay

IMF Is Responsible for Providing

Words: 306 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56599788

2002; Vol 31:109-127

Edkins and Zehfuss report, "According to the most conservative estimate, in the last one hundred years, 60 million men, women and children were gratuitously slaughtered in wars legitimately by the state."

Civil aviation has become an essential part of modern life which transcends national and international boundaries and political or social differences. (Salter, 2008)

References:

Salter, M.. (2008). Imagining numbers: risk, quantification, and aviation security. Security Dialogue, 39, 243-266.

ibliography:

"What We Do." International Monetary Fund. 1/26/2010 .

arkawi, Tarak. "Retrieving the Imperial: Empire and International Relations." Journal of International Studies 31 (2002): 109-127.

Jenny Edkins and Maja Zehfuss, eds. Global Politics: A New Introduction (London: Routledge, 2008).

Salter, Mark. "Imagining numbers: risk, quantification, and aviation security. ." Security Dialogue 39 (2008)

Jenny Edkins and Maja Zehfuss, eds. Global Politics: A New Introduction (London: Routledge, 2008).… [Read More]

Bibliography:

"What We Do." International Monetary Fund. 1/26/2010 .

Barkawi, Tarak. "Retrieving the Imperial: Empire and International Relations." Journal of International Studies 31 (2002): 109-127.

Jenny Edkins and Maja Zehfuss, eds. Global Politics: A New Introduction (London: Routledge, 2008).

Salter, Mark. "Imagining numbers: risk, quantification, and aviation security. ." Security Dialogue 39 (2008)
View Full Essay

Changes in Priorities of Icao Since 1944 and Present

Words: 2894 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45310863

History Of the Organization's Formation

Objectives of ICAO as Specified in the Chicago Convention

Enhancing Safety and Security in Civil Aviation

Development and Constant Evaluation of Aviation Standards and Policies

Implementation of Standards and Practices

Timely esponse to Challenges

Additional Objectives

Changes in ICAO's Strategic Objectives

Safety Objective

Security Objective

Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Objective

The International Civil Aviation Organization was formed in November 1944 by the conclusion of the Chicago Convention held in that year. This organization was formed because of the need for securing cooperation and standardization of global aviation policies and practices. The United States of America played a crucial role in the organization's formation by inviting several states to the Convention on international civil aviation standards, policies, and procedures. Out of the 44 States that attended the Chicago Convention, 32 States signed an agreement that paved the way for ICAO's creation.

ICAO was mandated with…… [Read More]

References:

"Annual Report of the Council." (2010). Documentation for the Session of the Assembly 2013.

Retrieved September 30, 2013, from  http://www.icao.int/publications/Documents/9952_en.pdf 

"Annual Report of the Council." (2011). Documentation for the Session of the Assembly 2013.

Retrieved September 30, 2013, from  http://www.icao.int/publications/Documents/9975_en.pdf
View Full Essay

Flight Training

Words: 3303 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24855917

Flight Training is a popular career choice that keeps fluctuating in scope due to the position of the economy, and is today viewed to have better prospects due to an apparent brightening up of the outlook. The career of a pilot is that of a highly trained professional who are involved in flying airplanes and helicopters which carry out many tasks. Most of the pilots are airline pilots, copilots or flight engineers and they are mostly involved in the transportation of people and cargo, but a small section of roughly 1 in 5 pilots who have commercial licenses are involved in unusual tasks like the dusting of crops, spreading seeds in the process of reforestation, testing aircraft, undertaking special flights for passengers and cargoes to unusual destinations, overseeing large scale firefighting efforts, chasing criminals, supervising traffic, and in the rescue and evacuation of severely injured individuals.

The profession suffered deeply…… [Read More]

References

Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers" U.S. Department of Labor; Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos107.htm. Accessed on 03/23/2004

Crisis Response and 9-11: What We Have Learned" Retrieved at http://www.dpw.state.pa.us/omhsas/CASSPNews/MAR/omhCassp0302_CrisisResponse.asp. Accessed on 03/23/2004

Dougherty, Jon. "FAA most responsible for 9-11?" (July 24, 2003) Retrieved at http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=33718Accessed on 03/23/2004

FAA proposes complex and costly flight simulator regulations" Retrieved at http://www.aopa.org/whatsnew/regulatory/regfsd.html. Accessed on 03/23/2004
View Full Essay

September 11th and Transportation Law on the

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65995959

September 11th and Transportation Law

On the morning of September 11th, 2011, the United States of America felt the full fury of an enemy which had been lying in wait for decades, planning an attack of spectacularly tragic proportions that would shake the nation to its core. The weapons of choice for Osama bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda terrorist network were not bullets or bombs, but airplanes which were ruthlessly hijacked and flown as missiles into New York's World Trade Center, the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., and fatefully, an empty field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. With the collapse of both of the Twin Towers and the immediate loss of over 3,000 lives, the American aviation industry was suddenly transformed from a once proud symbol of our national strength into a scapegoat for society's shattered complacency. In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, with images of smoldering rubble streaming live on television…… [Read More]

References

H.R. 3110 -- 107th Congress: Transportation Security Enhancement Act of 2001. (2001). In GovTrack.us (database of federal legislation). Retrieved June 25, 2012, from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/107/hr3110

107th United States Congress, (2001). Public law 107 -- 71 -- nov. 19, 2001: The aviation and transportation security act. Retrieved June 25 from U.S. Government Printing Office website: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ71/pdf/PLAW-107publ71.pdf
View Full Essay

Terrorism Ever Since the Year

Words: 2243 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26368328

These are designed to be confusing for terrorists who attempt to circumvent them. The unpredictability is enhanced by varying them for location to location. What makes the threat especially insidious is the fact that current full body scanners used in airports across the world cannot detect items concealed inside the body with great accuracy. However, improving existing technology can change this capability for the better, according to aviation security experts.

The main likely reaction to the latest intelligence is to expand and improve security at airport checkpoints. As security measures after 9/11 have expanded and improved, terrorists have responded by creating innovative evasion measures to avoid common screening practices at airports.

The publication Today Online (2011) refers to the surgically implanted devices as "belly bombs." The report quotes Transport Security Administration spokesman Kawika iley in asserting that there has been a trend among terrorist groups to respond to increased security…… [Read More]

References

Center for HealthCare Emergency Readiness (2011). Homeland Security Presidential Directives. Retrieved from: http://www.chcer.org/Post_DHS_HSPDs.html

Homeland Security (2009, Feb 25). Homeland Security Presidential Directive 19: Combating Terrorist Use of Explosives in the United States. Retrieved from: http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/laws/gc_1219260981698.shtm

Homeland Security.com (2011, Feb 11). Homeland Security Outlines Evolving Terrorist Threats. Retrieved from:  http://www.homelandsecurity.com/2011/02/11/homeland-security-outlines-evolving-terrorist-threats/ 

Kress, J. And Grogger, S. (2008). The Domestic IED Threat. JFQ, Iss. 48, 1st quarter. Retrieved from: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA518754
View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality Full Body

Words: 2497 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68273587

d.).

Despite the fact that full body scanners may be the most technologically advanced equipment we could realistically put in an airport, they still have their shortcomings. Full body scanners can't see inside your body. Generally, the machines also can't find items stashed in a body cavity. This means that a determined terrorist could potentially store bomb materials or weapons inside their body, specifically in their anus. Since such a low dose of electromagnetic energy is beamed inside the people who enter the scanners, the images are only skin deep. So just how drug traffickers smuggle drugs inside their bodies, terrorists could do the same but with far more dangerous materials. As America witnessed with the failed shoe bomber, it does not take a great deal of free space to hide materials that could overthrow or take a plane down. For instance, C4 explosive, which is military grade, can be…… [Read More]

References

Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.tsa.gov/approach/tech/ait/index.shtm

Brain, M. (2012). How Airport Full-Body Scanners Work -- and the huge national debate around the TSA right now. Retrieved from http://blogs.howstuffworks.com/2010/11/17/how-airport-full-body-scanners-work-

and-the-huge-national-debate-that-is-accompanying-them-right-now/

Eaton, K. (2009). Full-Body Scanners at Airports: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.
View Full Essay

Counter-Terrorism Terrorism Takes Up a

Words: 2264 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15788481

esearch and development was encouraged for future developments as well to continue to make security a priority (Airport Security, 1989, p. 2).

Also in response to the bombing of Flight 103, the Aviation Security Improvement Act of 1990 was passed. Senator Wendell H. Ford opened the proceedings with the statement: "The terrorist bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in December 1988 tragically demonstrated that something more is needed to be done to protect Americans traveling by air" (Aviation Security Improvement Act of 1990, 1990, p. 1).

In later hearings on implementation, it was noted by Thomas C. Kelly, Vice President of Security for the Air Transport Association, that U.S. airports were much safer than foreign airports and that this fact should be noted when dealing with this legislation: "Our primary focus in the development of this legislation was to ensure that it would contain provisions imposing the same extraordinary procedures…… [Read More]

References

Airport security (1989). Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives.

February 9, 1989.

Aviation Security Improvement Act of 1990 (1990). Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate. October 4, 1990.

Dorey, F.C. (1983). Aviation security. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
View Full Essay

Airline Pilots Association

Words: 1798 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99383905

history of the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) and its achievements throughout its seventy years. Safety regulations, issues of aviation concern, and milestones in union negotiations are discussed.

THE AIR LINE PILOTS ASSOCIATION

ith the recent terrorist attacks in the United States, airline safety has been of top concern. Six months ago airport security was seldom discussed except perhaps in an article tucked in a newspaper or magazine. Now it's a top story on the evening news every night. It makes us wonder if anyone has been thinking of our safety until now.

The Airline Pilots Association has always been thinking of our safety. From metal detectors in airports to the 'fasten seat belt' signs on airliners, the APLA was responsible.

The ALPA is regarded as the leader in safety issues concerning all areas of aviation

(http://www.alpa.org/internet/news/1997news/NR97066.htm).

The Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) not only helps with safety issues and…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Air Line Pilots Association:

http://www.alpa.org/internet/about.html

http://www.alpa.org/internet/news/1996news/NR96029.htm

http://www.alpa.org/internet/news/1996news/NR96037.htm
View Full Essay

Manpad Mitigation System Should Be

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59221178

Airports need to also have a well-trained MANPAD threat response team that is familiar with combating MANPAD type weapons and tactics. This team needs to have the ability to respond quickly and effectively to any terrorist threat, with emphasis on MANPAD threats and attacks. Even after a MANPAD attack occurs, those in the aircraft as well as those on the ground need to understand how to respond effectively to reduce the possibility of further damage or attacks.

2 ?" Examine the issue of planning the airport of the future in terms of minimizing the MANPAD threat. It is far easier to build systems into new designs than it is to attempt to modify existing ones.

Since large airports are relatively costly and require permanent structures, it is much easier to build anti-MANPAD systems and strategies into new airports than it is to attempt to modify older, existing airports. Existing airports…… [Read More]

References

Federal Aviation Administration. (2007). National Strategy for Aviation Security.

Federal Aviation Administration. (2007). Aviation Transportation Security Plan.

Transportation Security Administration. (2006). Recommended Security Guidelines for Airport

Planning, Design, and Construction.
View Full Essay

Airports Airspace and Air Traffic Control

Words: 1312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91541246

Airports, Airspace, And Air Traffic Control

A Manager's Perspective from an Aeronautical Point-of-View on Airports, Airspace, and Air Traffic control

Team resource management defines the efficient and effective use of resources that are available including people, information, and equipment. It always targets security enhancement and efficient management of air traffic control (Hikmat, 2013). The principles that guide the management of the team in air traffic control include the following aspects.

Developing human factors

Linking the human factors with constantly occurring events

Using the best practices to manage the crew

These principles are effective to counter human error having an optimum use of all the available resources, thereby improving services and operations of an air traffic controller (Wiene, Kanki, & Helmreich, 1993). Human factors in air traffic control have an enormous contribution in the management of air traffic. The constantly increasing delays in air traffic and accidents all arise from instructional…… [Read More]

References

Boeing. (2013). Air Traffic Management: Revolutionary Concepts that Enable Air Traffic Growth while cutting Delays. New York: Boeing.

Garland, D.J., Wise, J., & Hopkin, D. (1998). A Human Factors Perspective. In R. Amalberti, Automation in Aviation (pp. 173-192). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Inc. Publishers.

Hikmat, M.K. (2013). Collaborative Decision Making in Aviation. Center of Excellence Aviation.

McDougall, G., & Roberts, A.S. (2009). Commercializing Air Traffic Control: Have the Reforms Worked? Ottawa: Suffolk University Law School of Research.
View Full Essay

Expression That Has Been Dedicated to the

Words: 2913 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21180458

expression that has been dedicated to the 2001 terrorist attacks by Al-Qaeda that the United States suffered from on September 11. It won't be incorrect to state that 9/11 proved to be a turning point for the George W. Bush administration and the foreign policy of the United States of America. The events unswervingly led to the United States support for the downfall of Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan where it was believed to have its foundation. These attacks were also important as they were later used by the United States of America as a justification of invading Iraq regardless of the fact that no apparent proof could be presented regarding any connection between Iraq with Al Qaeda. Nevertheless, the 9/11 impact was strong enough and the invasion was therefore strongly supported by the American public ("9/11," 2013).

Description of the Event

Al-Qaeda is a radical Islamic group that has been involved…… [Read More]

References

9/11 from The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. (2013). Questia. Retrieved October 11, 2013, from http://www.questia.com/read/1E1-N-9-11/9-11

Bergen, P. (2006, September 24). What were the Causes of 9/11?. Prospect Magazine. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/whatwerethecausesof911/#.UllYG1Awpcp

Economic Impact of the September 11 World Trade Center Attack. (2001, September 28). Fiscal Policy. Retrieved October 13, 2013, from  http://www.fiscalpolicy.org/sep28WTCreport.pdf 

Griffin, D.R. (2005, May 10). David Ray Griffin: 9/11 and the American Empire | Scoop News. Scoop - New Zealand News. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from  http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0505/S00129.htm
View Full Essay

Changes Terrorism Has Brought to the United States

Words: 3084 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47110667

Terrorism Has Changed the United States

The United States has experienced considerable threats of terrorism in the past decade similar to other parts of the world. This threat has largely emerged from the fact that groups like Al-Qaeda and other terror organizations have continued to pose a significant threat to the United States homeland. Despite the success that the country has achieved in eliminating terror groups and organizations like al-Qaeda, affiliate and extremist groups continue to pose a major threat to the United States. The increase in terrorist activities and incidents in the recent past have contributed to various measures adopted by the United States as well as other countries towards combating terrorism. These efforts have significantly transformed the United States and other countries around the globe with regards to security measures, immigration, and foreign policy.

The Threat of Terrorism to the United States

The United States wasn't officially involved…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gellman, Barton, and Greg Miller. "Black Budget' Summary Details U.S. Spy Network's Successes, Failures and Objectives." The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 29 Aug. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2015. .

Green, Matthew. "How 9/11 Changed America: Four Major Lasting Impacts." Online Posting. The Lowdown - Decoding the News. KQED Newsroom, 10 Sept. 2014. Web. 14 Apr. 2015. .

Jenkins, Brian M. "How a Decade of Terror Changed America." RAND Corporation - Objective Analysis, Effective Solutions. RAND Corporation., 30 Dec. 2009. Web. 14 Apr. 2015. .

Plumer, Brad. "Nine Facts about Terrorism in the United States since 9/11." The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2015. .
View Full Essay

Invision Over the Past Ten Years Many

Words: 1979 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81733849

InVision

Over the past ten years many technology companies have succumb to the economic conditions that have dictated their demise. InVision technologies is a company that has risen to the occasion and silenced many of the pessimists and naysayers. The purpose of this discussion is to identify InVision's strategic strengths and weaknesses based on environmental "scan" analysis. The discussion will also focus on the core competencies of the organization and develop a Porter's "Five Forces" analysis for the organization. Finally we will discuss the strategic thinking of company CEO Sergio Magistri. Let's begin with a brief description of the company's function and the products that it offers.

Brief description

According to MultexInvestor Invision Technologies produces and sells explosives detection systems which are used in airports throughout the world to monitor checked baggage. The company, founded in 1992, has created products that are based on advanced computed tomography. (Company Profile) The…… [Read More]

References

Company Profile. 2003. MultexInvestor. Retrieved August 19, 2003 from;

http://yahoo.multexinvestor.com/FullDesc.aspx?target=/stocks/quickinfo/companyprofile/fulldescription&ticker=INVN

Company Overview. (2003) InVision Technologies. Retrieved August 19, 2003 from; http://www.invision-tech.com/company/company.htm

Management. (2003) InVision Technologies. http://www.invision-tech.com/company/mgmt.htm
View Full Essay

How America Still Welcomes Terrorists Criminals and Other Foreign Menaces

Words: 1789 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97193510

America still welcomes terrorists, criminals, & other foreign menaces

The September 11 attacks have changed the ways Americans view the security and violence situation within their territory. Dramatic changes have been made in connection with security in the ports (land, sea and air); immigration laws; buying residency and citizenship, as well as visas. However, many experts assert that the security situation has worsened from where it had been before 9/11. Instead of reducing bureaucratic procedures and the loopholes associated with it and increasing the efficiency of the present workforce through accountability and checks and balances, the government has done exactly the opposite. This research paper is primarily focused on terrorism, and how we continue to allow it to happen to us. How the September 11 terrorists exploited U.S. immigration laws. How government officials sell residency & citizenship papers. How people from other countries are rushed through airport without proper screening…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bill Sammon, Jerry Seper. U.S. To Offer Visas for Help against Terror. The Washington Times, November 30, 2001

Michael Janofsky. 9/11 Panel Calls Policies on Immigration Ineffective. New York Times. April 17, 2004

Pascal Riche. At American Borders: Smile; you're on File. Liberation. January 6, 2004.

Steven A. Camarota. How the terrorists get in. Public Interest, 2002.
View Full Essay

Does Terrorism Work

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59339198

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Causes of Terrorism

Terrorism clearly draws attention to the group that perpetuated the crime in the media although it is not clear that it 'works' to achieve the stated goals of the groups that use it. Studies of the efficacy of terrorism indicate that it often backfires, at least violent terrorism. "When terrorists kill civilians or captives, it significantly lowers the likelihood of bargaining success" (Solomon 2013). However, some might argue that the accomplishments of former terrorist organizations in gaining the ability to negotiate with the offending power such as the rish Republican Army (RA) and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) (both of which have long renounced terrorism but which began as paramilitary groups) might suggest that violence is often useful in achieving group objectives (Solomon 2013).

But in these instances, the goals of the groups were relatively concrete (expelling British and sraeli influence, respectively, from contested…… [Read More]

International responses to terrorism

The Bojinka plot was an international effort, comprising a terror network beholden to no specific nation. Also, although the terrorists were based in Manila, the 'testing ground' of the plot cast a wide net. For example, to assess the feasibility of the plan, the organizers detonated a bomb in Japan and the 'lines were not drawn' between this attack, a small bomb on a Philippines Airlines Flight, and a bombing in a Manila theater. While the Homeland Security Department has made major efforts in increasing information-sharing between domestic agencies, the same efforts must be made to increase information-sharing between nations as well.

Unfortunately, the atmosphere of mistrust between nations affected by terrorism has hampered this, even when this seems to work against nations' best interests. Legally speaking, there is growing consensus internationally as to what constitutes terrorist actions as defined in the abstract. According to the UN, "there are currently 12 international conventions that criminalize some of the most significant acts of terror: offenses against aircraft and airports, attacks on internationally protected persons, hostage-taking, misuse of nuclear material, attacks on ships and offshore platforms, misuse of plastic explosives, bombings and financing of terrorist acts"( Multi-lateral responses to terrorism: The UN, 2004, Anti-defamation League).
View Full Essay

Air Traffic Control Safety Issues

Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78313629

911 tragedy, many politicians and airline industry representatives began to search for improvements to the Airline Traffic Control system, or ATC. These improvements were deigned to increase security and safety for all flight personnel, as well as for all passengers. This paper will outline some of the changes made to the ATC systems, and will discuss the benefits of each new policy or procedure.

One of the most significant changes to ATC has been the implementation of key technology, deployed at the headquarters of NOAD, located in Colorado Springs. This technology, known as Explorer, enables the NOAD team to monitor all commercial aircraft flying across the country at any given time. Previously, the technology had been used solely to monitor for incoming missiles, or military planes (Carr and Cone, 2002). The FAA also added a staff of air traffic controllers to the NOAD base, as well as in many busy…… [Read More]

References

Belger, M. (2004, June). Written testimony to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Retrieved online April 29, 2005 from Global Security. Web site:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/congress/9-11_commission/040617-belger.pdf .

Carr, D. And Cone, E. (2002, April). When air traffic control became national defense. Baseline, 3, 163.

FAA. (2002). Part 6: air traffic services. 2002 Security Updates. Retrieved online April 29, 2005 from FAA.website. Web site: http://www.faa.gov/asd/2002Update/PDF/AT_services.pdf.

Griffith, J. (2004, June). Written testimony to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Retrieved online April 29, 2005 from Global Security. Web site:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/congress/9-11_commission/040617-griffith.pdf .
View Full Essay

Economic Profile of the Airline

Words: 1692 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35632429

Furthermore, existing vulnerabilities of the airline industry are not taken into consideration until a disaster occurs. Lastly, the September 11th Security Fee introduced by the Department of Homeland Security was considered by many "as a beneficial trade off for their personal safety eventually," having as a direct consequence a rise of the airline industry.

ibliography

Gregory Mankiw (2004) Principles of Economics, 3e, Mankiw

InnovativeThinker. (2007) Economic Profile of the Airline Industry. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from Associated Content, Inc. Web site: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/435732/economic_profile_of_the_airline_industry.htm

Wei, S. (2006). Analysis of aggregate Passenger Routes in Air Travel: An Atlanta-ased Study. Southeastern Geographer, Volume 46, Issue 1, page 139. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from web site: http://proquest.umi.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com

Recent Policy Initiatives to Raise Low Pay. (2004). Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from ACORN.ORG: https://www.acorn.org/index.php?id=203

FRSF Economic Letter. (January, 2002). Airline Competition. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from Olin usiness School- Washington University: http://www.olin.wustl.edu/faculty/gowrisankaran/pdf_papers/airline_competition.pdf

Virgin Territory (2006, September 30).…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Gregory Mankiw (2004) Principles of Economics, 3e, Mankiw

InnovativeThinker. (2007) Economic Profile of the Airline Industry. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from Associated Content, Inc. Web site: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/435732/economic_profile_of_the_airline_industry.htm

Wei, S. (2006). Analysis of aggregate Passenger Routes in Air Travel: An Atlanta-Based Study. Southeastern Geographer, Volume 46, Issue 1, page 139. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from web site: http://proquest.umi.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com

Recent Policy Initiatives to Raise Low Pay. (2004). Retrieved Feb 1, 2008, from ACORN.ORG: https://www.acorn.org/index.php?id=203
View Full Essay

Comparing the Modern Nature of Policing in the USA UK and Germany

Words: 1014 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33289036

Policing in the U.S.A., UK, and Germany

The way law enforcement and the criminal justice system does its work in the United States has more similarities than differences with the way in which law enforcement and criminal justice is conducted in the UK and in Germany. This paper points to the similarities and the differences in approaches to policing and criminal justice in those three countries.

Criminal Justice in the United States

The USA has a presidential system of government, with one federal constitutional institution (with three branches, judiciary, legislative and executive), and 50 separate states with their own constitutions. In terms of the criminal justice system in the U.S. -- and law enforcement's role in that system -- there are four kinds of policing: a) federal policing (U.S. Dept. f Justice -- and several agencies within the DJ -- the Dept. f Homeland Security (Secret Service, Immigration, and the…… [Read More]

On pages 47-50, the author emphasizes the growing number of violent sex crimes that have been committed against children. About one-third of the "organized pornography rings around the world" are located in the United States and hence, since the 1990s, several pieces of legislation dealing with child molesters / sex offenders. Along with the "Wetterling Act" (the law that mandates sex offenders must be included on the national registry of sexual predators) and the Adam Walsh Protection and Safety Act (2006), the federal government provides funds for states to upgrade law enforcement and to provide sex offender information and registries. In the UK, the Violent and Sex Offender Register (VISOR) is very much like the National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR) in the U.S. The Sex Offences Act of 2003 describes more than 60 different kinds of sex crimes -- including possession of "indecent photographs of children" and the trafficking of children for sex purposes -- and like the U.S., sex offenders must register their residences and notify the government within 3 days (60-61).

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are many similarities between the criminal justice systems in the UK, the U.S., and in Germany. The similarities can be explained because all three democratic countries basically face the same kinds of criminal issues -- terrorism, white color crime, crimes against children, violent crime, among other aspects of criminal activity -- and in all three countries police and federal agents are ultimately accountable to the citizens who pay the taxes to keep law enforcement well staffed and up-to-date vis-a-vis technology. In the UK, there is a movement to decentralize police services away from total federal control, but decentralization is already reflected in the U.S. And Germany.
View Full Essay

Cyber Warfare

Words: 2636 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39907237

Cyber warfare continues to grow larger than imagination as the public becomes more aware of and involved in technology. This work in writing will identify a case study that presents a 'cell', 'klan', or 'state', which conducted or has the capacity to conduct cyber warfare. This work will describe the elements of: who, what, where, and why and means of conducting such cyber warfare and the organizational ideology behind the attack. Finally, this work will conclude with a review of how the attack could be prevented, either through training or certain tools.

There is a group that calls themselves 'Anonymous' which has exposed the weaknesses in American cybersecurity and while the group Anonymous is not staging or conducting cyberwarfare, they have revealed through their hacking of the Internet that hacking down the American infrastructure would not be as far-fetched as once was believed. Anonymous has managed to conduct hacking operations…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Al Qaeda Video Calls for 'Electronic Jihad' on America (2012) The Threat Journal 23 May 2012. Retrieved from:  http://threatjournal.com/archive/tj05242012.html 

Paganini, Pierluigi (2012) Plan X: Developing U.S. Cyber Warfare Capabilities. Infosec Island. 4 Jun 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.infosecisland.com/blogview/21532-Plan-X-Developing-U.S.-Cyber-Warfare-Capabilities.html

Rollins, John and Wilson, Clay (2007) Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues. CRS Report for Congress. 22 Man 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL33123.pdf
View Full Essay

Should Pilots in Commercial Flights Be Able to Carry Firearms in Cockpit

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61691034

Arming Pilots

After almost four years, the United States is still feeling the effects of the September 11 terrorist attacks. The ar in Iraq continues. Despite massive security measures that have been put in place since September 11, Americans continue to be vulnerable to terrorist attack.

This paper argues that allowing trained pilots to carry firearms will help protect air travelers from similar hijackings. More important, armed pilots would constitute an important layer in the fight to keep the United States secure from terrorists and other enemies.

First of all, the move to allow pilots to carry firearms has widespread support. In 2002, for example, the Lower House voted 310-113 in favor of a bill allowing commercial pilots to signed up for a firearms training program (Sowell, 45). Polls conducted among members of the general public have shown strong support for this measure. Furthermore, many pilots have voiced a strong…… [Read More]

Works Cited

LaPierre, Wayne. Guns, Freedom and Terrorism. New York: WND Books, 2003.

Lott, John R. "Airline Pilots Should Be Armed." Homeland Security. Andrea C. Nakaya, Ed. Current Controversies Series. Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thomson Gale. 25 June 2005

Szyliowicz, Joseph. "Aviation Security." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 27: 47-63, 2004.
View Full Essay

How Far Have New Detection Technologies Advanced in the Prevention of the Concealment of Explosives

Words: 1132 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4382514

new detection technologies advanced in the prevention of concealment of explosives.

Current security methods in place for detection of explosives

The hunt to develop new and improved instruments to eradicate terrorism is on the increase as terrorists progressively produce increasingly more sophisticated instruments. Some of the high explosives that terrorists use such as DX, TNT, and C4 propel huge blasts that are not always manageable by modern instruments. Added to that are comparatively new arsenal such as sarin gas that can have a concrete effect on nerve and is not always visible. All of this demands new and increasingly sophisticated counter-measures that can provide prompt and accurate detection and identification of these, and other, lethal chemicals.

Traditional methods used have most famously been dogs that have sniffed out explosives, and trained to react in a positive way when detecting a lethal chemical, but dogs soon become tired or bored. In…… [Read More]

References

BBC. (2007-09-05) Hot picks: UK tech start-ups. BBC.co.uk..  http://newsvote.bbc.co.uk/mpapps/pagetools/print/news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/6972526.stm .

Coffey, M. Chemical and explosives detection. APS Physics.

www.aps.org/about/governance/task-force/counter-terrorism/coffey.cfm

Knight, W. (10 August 2006). Analysis: Explosive detection technologies. NewScientist.com news service. http://technology.newscientist.com/channel/tech/weapons/dn9715.
View Full Essay

Enhancing Security in Civil Aviation

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23366747

Airline Operations

The Airline Certification Process And Dot eporting egulations

Airline certification is a complex process that involves a series of steps an airline company should follow and meet its requirements for the certification process. The certification provides the airline company with the authority to carry out its operations in the global markets with minimal limitations. The certification process begins with filling in the application form in the air carrier authority. The information provided when filling the form includes supporting information, confidentiality treatment, service, and filing. The application is then processed by the carrier authority staff where they make decisions based on the information provided by the company and their credibility. Upon the acceptance by the staff, evidence requirements are submitted by the organization applying for the certificate. Evidence requirements include information such as fitness test, corporate ownership and structure, technical ability and management expertise of the organization, and operating…… [Read More]

References

Belliotti, R., National Research Council (U.S.). Airport Cooperative Research Program. & United States. (2010). Reference guide on understanding common use at airports. Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board.

Parsons Brinckerhoff, Chait, E.P., Cambridge Systematics, & National Cooperative Highway Research Program. (2008). GASB 34 -- methods for condition assessment and preservation. Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council

United States. & National Research Council (U.S.). (1998). Improving the continued airworthiness of civil aircraft: A strategy for the FAA's Aircraft Certification Service. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press
View Full Essay

Organized Labor in U S Commercial

Words: 3198 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67577375

43 in 2009. Yet current airframe and power plant mechanics are inclined to move to the computer and automotive sector for better work environment. Analysts advised the creation and use of informational recruiting tools to attract these potential workers. in-house training programs on long-term career growth and a sense of commitment to the company would be one form. Another could be employee-retention programs on leadership, technical, and management training courses. Other tools and strategies could be flexi-time, relocation benefits and an improved work environment. Recent mergers and consolidations within the industry are meant to retain employees and serve a wide range of customers. The technology-driven industry requires mechanics with the necessary technological competence in order to provide the wide range of services required by customers. A resourceful information management system could integrate e-business tools and advanced technology into standard business practices. This integration would bring about more efficient and cost-effective…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Airguide Online (2006). North America. Airline News: Pyramid Media Group, Inc.

Retrieved on December 28, 2008 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOQXQ/is_2006_Oct_2/ai_n27005685?tag=content;col1

Air Safety Week (2008). Controllers declare "staffing emergency" in Atlanta,

Chicago, New York and Southern California. Access Intelligence, LLC: Gale, Cengage
View Full Essay

Shift Work

Words: 2288 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14447471

Shift Work and Scheduling in Aviation Industry

Shift work and Fatigue in the Aviation Industry

There is a circadian rhythm in every human being (refer to Figure 1). It basically acts like the body's biological alarm clock and it tells your body the time it needs to rest, to eat or even when to get active. The circadian rhythm can be interrupted by modifications in daily schedule. Disturbance in the circadian rhythm can have strong consequences like the onset of exhaustion. Typically grownups need good 8 hours of sleep in a 24-hour phase (WSH Council, 2010). A recurrent sleep of less than that vital will sustain a sleep deprivation that cannot be improved within one day. Improvement typically requires a few days of sufficient sleep (WSH Council, 2010).

Fatigue or tiredness is basically when a person feels low and weak both mentally and physically, there are many different types of…… [Read More]

References

Alertness Solution. (2009). The Moebus Aviation Report on "Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations": Invalid, Insufficient, and Risky. Rebuttal to the EASA Report. Accessed: http://www.ryanair.com/doc/news/2009/mar090607.pdf

Bouma, G.D. (2004). The research process. 5th ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Caldwell, J.A., Mallism M.M., Caldwell, J.L., Paul, M.A., Miller, J.C. And Neri, D.F. (2010). Fatigue Countermeasures in Aviation. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 80, No. 1.

Federal Aviation Administrtaion (FAA) (2008). Aviation Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships For Solutions. FAA Fatigue Conference Proceedings. Accessed:  http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs200/media/aviation_fatigue_symposium/aviation_fatigue_symposium.pdf