Aviation Security Necessity of a Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :


'The International Outreach Plan' provides a comprehensive framework to solicit international support for an improved global aviation security network.

All these specially suggested plans addresses the need of different aspects of aviation security, yet, these security plans support and complement each other and that is why all have been properly integrated with the designing plan of the airport (Transportation Security Administration, 2010).

The designed plan for the airport includes all aspects of TSA -- mandated and provides a system for passenger screening in terms of concentric ring theory -- defense-in-depth. The first layer of security is presented and guarded by the 'Passenger Security Screening Checkpoints -- SSCP.' Every passenger or employer is required to pass through the SSCP before they may access the departure gate. Enhanced security measures are engaged in the system of screening. Security officers properly screens and scans the passengers and their carry baggage. No person can enter or leave the terminal without proper security screening. If at any check point, if a person refuses to go through screening, he will not be allowed to have entry beyond the screening area.

The 'TSA Passenger Security Screening Checkpoints' include three major ways of screening that are:

The X-Rays Machines

All the items that a passenger carries with her or him including their carry baggage on the belt of the X-Ray machine. Many bins are provided so that passengers may put up their laptops, computers, video cameras with cassettes in those bins, passengers will also need to remove their cloths including coat, jacket, suit jacket or blazer and place it in one of the bins. "These items go via the X-ray screening machine."

'TSA Shoe Screening Policy' ensures that all passengers remove their shoes before they enter the walk-through metal detector. All types of footwear are essentially screened; if a passenger does not follow the Security Officers they will not be able to board their flight (Transportation Security Administration, 2010).

The Metal Detector

After passing the X-ray machine screening, the passengers will next walk through a metal detector. Objects on the passengers clothing or person containing metal may set off the alarm on the metal detector. Passengers will undergo additional screening if they set off the alarm on the metal detector, or if they are chosen for additional screening. On the other hand, passengers may directly request for pat-down screening (Transportation Security Administration, 2010).

Additional Forms of Screening

If an individual passenger sets the alarm of the metal detector off, or if the passenger is selected for additional screening because of some doubts, he or she will have to go through additional screening. This screening includes a hand-wand inspection in conjunction with a pat-down inspection that is inclusive of the torso.

If a passenger is required to go through additional screening, the screener would direct the passengers to 'a screening station' from the metal detector where he or she will brief the passenger regarding the next proceeding steps.

During this time, the passenger should make the screener know of any personal needs the passenger might have as a result of cultural or religious considerations, disability, or other forms of medical issues.

Except in special instances, a person who screens for each gender would perform additional forms of screening. The passenger may request that their search be performed in privacy (Transportation Security Administration, 2010).

Apart from X-Ray Machine and Metal Detector, "WTMD, walk-through arch for detection of metallic items carried by the person concerned," 'Explosive Trace Detection Machines -- ETDM' would also be made use of at the main gate entrance during the time of screening. Apart from that, non-metallic ADA gates have been provided in the designing plan for the airport so that the disabled passengers on wheelchairs may pass through them. As a WTMD gate is not so wide to allow wheelchair through them, the ADA gates are placed adjacent to them. The ADA gates need to contain least or no metal so that they may not interfere with the process of WTMD gates (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007).

The hand-wand station for hand-wand inspection is allowed with a 4' long entry channel to allow queuing space for passengers waiting to be screened. Up to 3 of the passengers can be screened simultaneously in the hand-wand inspection station (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007). While the passengers will be screened at various 'Passenger Security Screening Check Points,' the additional security arrangements will also facilitate proper security check at each and every part of the terminal so that no unwanted accident or activity may go on unnoticed (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007).

As mentioned above, if a passenger fails at any WTMD checkpoint, he will be required to go for additional check point that is, the 'Hand Wand Inspection Station.' Any passenger will be allowed to have a private hand-wand inspection if he requests for that. Proper private search areas have been provided in the design of the airport. The area provides complete privacy along with sufficient space so that a passenger and two screeners, a chair, a search table and some more equipment may be placed in that. At some checkpoints, the private search area is in a modular paneled system while at some other checkpoints, it is an adjacent private room (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007).

Along with that, the security system is properly integrated with the use CCTV cameras at various places and at every terminal 'Passenger Security Screening Check Point.' These CCTV cameras allow passengers a sense of security and they deter burglary, and capture visual records of security activity, including breaches of the security requirement. The CCTV cameras have been placed in proper way and at many places more than one camera have been used so that if somebody breaches a security requirement, his or her face and back and every other aspect may become clearly visible. CCTV cameras also help in monitoring unmanned SSCP and adjacent areas for greater security.

The space for TSA staff, the SSCP signage and the length of response corridor have been designed in such a way that facilitates the operational efficiency of the SSCP system. Furthermore, the integrated exit lanes system is such designed that allows proper access for the well-screened passengers to the airside operational area (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007).

Apart from that, the TSA officers also provide proper cargo security system. The Airport design includes proper access point for the cargo screening, access points for the employees and contractors, there is enough space for additional technology to be used for screening cargo, or to fulfill staffing requirements. The storing areas for the cargo are separate from acceptance area. The system is designed to provide proper separation and security of cargo prior and after inspection. The building designed for cargo inspection is easily accessible by contractors, commercial entities and employees (Aviation transportation System Security Plan, 2007).


Aviation transportation System Security Plan. (2007) "Supporting Plan to the National Strategy for Aviation Security."

N.A. (2007) "National Strategy for Aviation Security"

N.A. (n. d.) "Aviation Projects: Bodouva, Architects and Planners" Retrieved 26

July 2010 from http://www.cbodouva.com/pages/3/index.htm

Transportation Security Administration. (2010) "Passenger Security Check Points"

Retrieved 26 July 2010 from http://www.tsa.gov/travelers/airtravel/assistant/editorial_1049.shtm

Transportation Security Administration. (2006) "Recommended Security Guidelines

for Airport Planning, Design and Construction."

Sources Used in Document:


Aviation transportation System Security Plan. (2007) "Supporting Plan to the National Strategy for Aviation Security."

N.A. (2007) "National Strategy for Aviation Security"

N.A. (n. d.) "Aviation Projects: Bodouva, Architects and Planners" Retrieved 26

July 2010 from http://www.cbodouva.com/pages/3/index.htm

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