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The Phenomena of The Beatles
The purpose of this work is to explore how The Beatles have influenced the way that we make, compose, play and record music and as well what is unique about The Beatles in relation to that which they have accomplished.
It is astoundingly and incredibly amazing in comprehension that a group of young men from England singing a few tunes in nondescript attire of suits and ties would change the entire music industry in the timeframe of just a few years and still be affecting the music world and industry nearing fifty years later. The stamina and popularity of The Beatles as well as their music has not faded even today and all predictions are that their music and legacy will live on for quite some time to come.
Talkin Bout a Revolution:
The Beatles were a revolution in and of themselves as they…
"The Beatles" Influence" Wikipedia
Philly Wire (2004)
To the point, even beyond everything else which Norman portrays in the text, the theme that seems to emerge with the greatest relevance is this idea of the various members of the group as well as of such important figures in the group's extended family as manager Brian Epstein as plagued by personal uncertainty and tragic grief. So is this best captured in the details concerning John Lennon at the time of his mother's untimely passing by an automobile accident. Norman relates of Lennon that "he had never been short of girlfriends, though few were willing to put up for long with the treatment that was John Lennon's idea of romance. His drinking, sarcasm, his unpunctuality at trysts, his callous humor, and most of all, his erratic temper drove each of them to chuck him, not infrequently with the devastating rejoinder that is the specialty of Liverpool girls. 'Don't take…
Norman, P. (2005). Shout! The Beatles in Their Generation. Simon and Schuster.
One of the most creative members of the group, John Lennon, was born on October 9, 1940 in Liverpool. He had a disruptive but stable youth. After his parents' divorce, he went to live with his aunt. oth his mother and aunt encouraged his musical expression. From an early age he achieved a reputation as a rebel and carried this image though during his years with the band. His artistic bent led him to the Liverpool Art College and in 1955 he started a band called The lackjacks. A short while later he started a group called The Quarrymen and it was during a performance of this group that he met Paul McCartney. He was continually looking for new ideas and forms of musical expression and his lyrics were often caustically anti-establishment. John was later to meet and marry Yoko Ono and during these years he expanded his artistic and…
Duer, B. (2003) The Beatles. http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~bduer/brett/beatles.htm . Accessed October 10, 2004
The Beatles. http://beatles.nondot.org/. Accessed October 10, 2004
he early takes of the Beatles music would not, upon first glance, inspire in the listener's mind the image group that would become the greatest rock music band ever to exist. Instead, the group's sound strikes one as formless and often imitative of American music. his sense of imitative American rock n' roll actually stood the group in good stead, however, as the Beatles eventually blended its early attempts at rockabilly with the then-British popular music scene. he more rough than refined rockabilly sound and the Liverpool strains as typified by other bands of the era such as he Animals, combined with a sense of humor that was the Beatles' own, conspired to create such upbeat yet soulful-sounding hits as "Love me do," and "Money Can't Buy me Love."
If this style were all the Beatles as a musical group had accomplished over their history, the Fab Four would…
The early takes of the Beatles music would not, upon first glance, inspire in the listener's mind the image group that would become the greatest rock music band ever to exist. Instead, the group's sound strikes one as formless and often imitative of American music. This sense of imitative American rock n' roll actually stood the group in good stead, however, as the Beatles eventually blended its early attempts at rockabilly with the then-British popular music scene. The more rough than refined rockabilly sound and the Liverpool strains as typified by other bands of the era such as The Animals, combined with a sense of humor that was the Beatles' own, conspired to create such upbeat yet soulful-sounding hits as "Love me do," and "Money Can't Buy me Love."
If this style were all the Beatles as a musical group had accomplished over their history, the Fab Four would be a notable footnote to the music of the 1960's, rather than stand as a testimony to historical musical greatness for all time. The humor that characterized the early sounds of the Beatles was later fused into a new kind of sound itself that transcended simple fads, through hits like "I am the Walrus," and "Strawberry Fields." The emotional longing of the early Beatles sound was shackled to a more intellectual spirit and a more probing interest into the limits of popular music and structuring of the popular musical consciousness of the 1960's. The soul of Paul McCarthy and the mind of John Lennon were able to combine in unique accord to lay bare the current cultural questions of freeing one's consciousness beyond mere rebellion, and to search for a purpose of why one was alive, and the limits of government, in such hits as "Revolution," and "A Day in the Life." Finally, different members of the group had found different voices.
Early Beatles, after the band's initial rocky start, was imitative. Late Beatles however, took popular music itself to its farthest conceptual limits. Early Beatles was of the street, of genuinely popular folk music such as rock n' roll. Late Beatles was a phenomenon in and of itself, embracing religion and straining the limits of the conventionally sold album and the discourse of Western music itself, fusing Eastern as well as Western musical harmonies into its mix.
Beatles Success -- Why?
The Beatles success as a rock n' roll musical group has become so ubiquitous that it's almost an unquestioned fact of music history that the group was destined to propel itself to the top through sheer force of collective talent. In retrospect, it seems inevitable. But why did the Fab Four become such an integral part of contemporary music history?
One of the explanations for this may be found in the screaming response of American female teens upon the Ed Sullivan show -- the Beatles appeared, despite their working class Liverpool backgrounds to be nice, young respectable and respectful young men in ties whom could translate the rhythms and blues beat of African-American artists in a way that was catchy and successfully accessible and palatable, yet still had an undercurrent of illicit teenage sexuality. Also, they were funny -- "I'm a mocker," Ringo famously and cheekily…
On December 27, 1963, the London Times reported, "The social phenomenon of Beatlemania, which finds expression in handbags, balloons and other articles bearing the likeness of the loved ones, or in the hysterical screaming of young girls whenever the Beatle Quartet performs in public" (Beatlemania pp). Thus, Beatlemania was coined and today can be found listed in the majority of dictionaries. Beatlemania hit the United States with a vengeance after the group performed at the Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 (Beatlemania pp).
The Beatles were one of the most influential much groups of the rock era, that initially affected the baby-boom generation of Britain and the Untied States during the 1960's and later the rest of the world, and with global sales exceeding 1.1 billion records, they were the most successful group (Beatlemania1 pp). Although they were originally famous for light-weight pop music, as well as the extreme hysterical…
Beatlemania. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved July 25, 2005 from:
Beatlemania1. Retrieved July 25, 2005 from:
Next month I will be 23 years old. I started to wonder about other people were born on or around my birthday. Do any famous people who have a birthday near mine have anything in common? I found that jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald was born on April 25, 1918; singer Barbra Streisand was born on April 24, 1942; and actress and comedian Carol Burnett was born on April 26, 1933. hat do these three famous women have in common? The careers of each of them have been full of major creative achievements. They have each reached the status of "legend" in their own fields. They stand out, however, not just because of their creative achievements but because they all had incredible determination. They were each determined to be successful and to make the most of their talent. It was their determination that helped them to overcome adversity and none…
Biography for Barbra Steisand.
"Brainy Quote." http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/c/q121503.html
"Carol Burnett Fan Site." http://www.cbfan.com/
Rubber Soul (1965) [UK version]
Rubber Soul is a spatial and open production, bedecked but not overfilled with novel ideas and instruments. Its songs resemble little vignettes of Pop Art, with the lyrics matching the arrangements and the melodies' quality. Even the straightforward, amusing rocker, Drive My Car, has been performed with tight grooviness, virtually twinkling in self-amusement. Lennon gets better than ever before with this album, via innovative, thoughtful classics like Girl, Nowhere Man, Norwegian Wood, and the magnificent In My Life. McCartney's poppier and lighter songs maintain a cheerful and fresh atmosphere and his tuneful bass-playing propels everything. (McCormick, 2009)
Revolver (1966) [UK version]
Revolver reflects the band in its most cohesive and artistic mood, while retaining self-expression. Considered the eatles' greatest album, this album has so much happening: Sitars and tablas weave mystical magic in Love You Too; ripe horns flow across Got to Get You…
Abrams, J. (2012, June 16). 10 Underrated Beach Boys LPs: Wild Honey. Retrieved from Rocksucker: http://rocksucker.co.uk/2012/06/10-underrated-beach-boys-lps-wild-honey.html
Caffrey, D. (2009, September 23). The Beatles -- Magical Mystery Tour [Remastered]. Retrieved from Consequence of Sound: http://consequenceofsound.net/2009/09/album-review-the-beatles-magical-mystery-tour-remastered/
Davis, S. (1972, June 22). The Beach Boys: Pet Sounds. Retrieved from Rolling Stone: http://www.rollingstone.com /music/albumreviews/pet-sounds-19720622
Frost, R. (2012, November 16). Who was more essential to the success of the Beatles - John Lennon or Paul McCartney? Retrieved from Quora: https://www.quora.com/Who-was-more-essential-to-the-success-of-the-Beatles-John-Lennon-or-Paul-McCartney
Japanese music around the world, as well as the impact of world music on the evolution of Japanese culture focusing on the post-war period. Using eb searches and Google Scholar searches related to post-war Japanese music, including specific search terms like "enka" and "Beatles in Japan," the researchers collected a series of primary and secondary sources showing how music in Japan evolved throughout the 20th century like a dramatically changing kaleidoscope of clashing cultures. Music and culture evolve concurrently, often paralleling and mirroring each other and echoing each other's politics, values, and aesthetics. In the generation immediately following the end of orld ar Two, enka and the introduction of the Beatles music to Japan represented the dichotomies between conservative and progressive, between old and young, between past and future.
Evolution of Enka
Even though enka has changed over time, the musical style has always had a strong political and cultural…
Cahoon, Keith. "Just What is Enka, Anyway?" 2005. Retrieved online: http://nippop.com/features/Just_What_is_Enka__Anyway%3F/
Furmanovsky, M. (2008). American country music in Japan. Popular Music and Society, Vol 31, Issue 3, 2008, pp. 357-372.
"Japanese popular songs between 1945 and 1970," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.ocada.jp/culture/pops1.php
"Live: Nippon Budokan Hall, Tokyo," n.d. Retrieved online: https://www.beatlesbible.com/1966/06/30/live-nippon-budokan-hall-tokyo/
Beatlemania: Technology, Business, and Teen Culture in Cold War America
The Beatle had an influence on many cultures throughout the world and to a greater extent than most people realize. Although most people understand that they worked to revolutionize music and even fashion, they Beatles effect had much farther implications that spread throughout the economy in general and even influenced technology. It is argued that the European influence on the Beatles made them fashion leaders as opposed to simply followers of the contemporary style. (Millard, 2012) . The bands style could be defined as a striving to be different and while some people believed that their attire was outlandish, there style was quickly integrated into many demographics such as teenage culture.
For example, the Beatles continually looked for ways to stick out and separate themselves from the "heard." One style that allowed them to do this was by wearing zippered…
Millard, A. (2012). Beatlemania Technology, Business, and Teen Cutlure in Cold War America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
How the Beatles Made History
Everyone knows their names, even if one never cared for their music: Ringo, John, Paul, and George. Just 15, 16 and 17 respectively, George Harrison, Paul McCartney and John Lennon came together in 1958—young but passionate musicians from Liverpool, England, who wanted to play jazz, blues and folk music on improvised instruments. By 1962, they had added Ringo Starr to the group. With Starr on drums, the group’s first single “Love Me Do” hit the airwaves and changed the face of pop music forever. Beatlemania became a thing and the Beatles themselves became “more popular than Jesus,” as Lennon put it four years later to a London journalist (Runtagh). The Beatles surely did make history (whether they were ever actually bigger than Jesus was a controversial point): they had more number one singles than any other British band or artist, and there 17 number…
Beatles and Media
One of the crucial factors that contributed to the success of The Beatles is successful media images, which had considerable impacts on their popularity and influence. Before their arrival in the United States, media coverage was largely restricted and multifaceted in its evaluation of The Beatles and its supporters or fans. In some cases, The Beatles had received negative coverage and publicity that was mainly fueled by their dressing and some incidents that took place is some of their events. For instance, The Beatles received negative coverage and publicity because of the screaming and fainting by their fans in one of their events in Bournemouth. This negative coverage was also attributed to the fact that they had crazy hairdos and tended to wiggle their heads and hair, which would make girls go crazy. In essence, the hysteria among some of the band's fans during events attracted considerable…
Frontani, Michael R. "Introducing the Image." The Beatles: Image and the Media. Jackson:
University of Mississippi, 2007. 20-69. Print.
Biographical Introduction: Teo Macero
Producers work behind the scenes and are the unsung heroes of music. While some producers receive public notoriety like Brian Eno and George Martin; others like Teo Macero remain known mainly to music scholars and serious audiophiles. In 2008, when Macero died, The New York Times ran an obituary with the tagline: "Teo Macero, 82, ecord Producer," as if readers would need that crucial bit of vocational data. Indeed, Macero is best known for his work on Miles Davis's masterpieces Kind of Blue and Bitches Brew. He was also a composer, whose approach to music takes into account the big picture rather than attention to minute detail.
Macero was ahead of his time. He incorporated electronic effects and electronic media in ways that made Bitches Brew as momentous and groundbreaking an album as it is. The embrace of new technology is therefore a hallmark…
"George Martin," (n.d.). Beatles Bible. Retrieved online: http://www.beatlesbible.com/people/george-martin/
Martin, G. (2012). Interview with Marc Myers. Retrieved online: http://www.jazzwax.com/2012/09/interview-sir-george-martin-pt-1.html
Ratliff, B. (2008). Teo Macero, 82, Record Producer, Dies. The New York Times. 22 Feb, 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/22/arts/music/22macero.html
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (2010). George Martin Biography. Retrieved online: http://rockhall.com/inductees/george-martin/bio/
British Invasion on the United States: 1964 -- 1967
The arrival of the Beatles in New York City in 1964 for an appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show marked the beginning of what has become commonly known as the "British Invasion." This period, lasting roughly from 1964 to 1967, was a time when British bands invaded and topped the charts of the American music industry influencing the culture and social behavior of a generation of baby boomers.
In the decade prior to the 1960s fashion designs were intended to encourage housewives and discourage feminism. Teenagers relied upon their peers and the media to determine their style and the practice of conforming to their elder's tastes was beginning to evaporate. For instance, hair styles were greatly influenced by the Rockabilly icon Elvis Presley, sleek and gelled back. Nearly half of America's population was under the age of 18 at the dawn…
"1962 -- 66: American Folk-Rock vs.The British Invasion." State University of New York at Oswego, (ND). Web. 13 May 2013.
Au, Lynda. "The British Invasion: It's effects and Influences." Prezi Inc., 14 January 2013. Web. 13 May 2013.
Bangs, Lester. "The British Invasion." The Rooling Stone Illustrated History Of Rock and Roll, Jim Miller (ed.). New York: Random House, 1980. Print.
Davis, Lina and Crystal Pike."Cultural Impact." The Beatles vs. The Rolling Stones, 2011. Web. 13 May 2013.
Pranksters and Intersubjectivity
The Concept of Intersubjectivity in the Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters were led by a kind of nouveau-culture that had sprung out of the Beat movement like Athena out of the head of Zeus when struck by a hammer. The hammer that struck the Beat poets, of course, was LSD -- better known as acid -- an integral (and legal) ingredient in the search for intersubjectivity. Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a chronicle of the Pranksters' attempt at intersubjective transcendence -- the melding of all minds into one, through drug-induced states. Wolfe's narrative style is an attempt to put into words the exact experience of the Pranksters' intersubjectivity -- yet, Wolfe, himself a master stylist and satirist, uses the narrative not only to chronicle but also to expose the absurdity at the core of the "transcendent" effort of this…
legality of the "individual mandate" to purchase health insurance
There have always been heated debates about the amount of interference government should have in our lives. epresentative Michele Bachmann of Minnesota perhaps summed it up best when she commented that "If the federal government can tell you, when you are not doing anything, that you must do something, then the federal government can tell you anything," (Mears 2012). This sentiment was echoed by many, politicians and just plain citizens alike, as the fiercely debated issue of mandatory health insurance continued to command the spotlight.
Is health insurance really just a "product," as many suggest? This may be the case, but when we are purchasing a service that affects us, literally, so close to home, there is much more at stake than there is when purchasing a different service, such as automobile insurance. It is difficult to separate the issues from…
British History Online. University of London and History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved electronically on May 3, 2012 from http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47463
Mears, Bill. Supreme Court divided over health care mandate. Retrieved electronically on May
3, 2012 from http://www.cnn.com/2012/03/27/justice/scotus-health-care/index.html
Specific performance definition from The Free Dictionary by Farlex. Retrieved electronically
The work of Chidester explores different types of death, and symbolizes three patterns describing the transcendence of death: ancestral, experiential, and cultural (12). Types of death, and the way death is imagined, can help human beings die in a meaningful way, give life ultimate meaning, and significance (Chidester: 12). The ancestral transcendence represents a type of biological death, meaning this form of transcendence provides a way for the individual to connect with a continuous biological chain of parents and offspring (Chidester: 12). This is significant as the family line is not broken by death; death provides an ongoing continuity of family. The psychological type of death is considered experiential transcendence, and represents "profound and often intense psychological experiences that embrace death in acceptance or ecstasy" (Chidester: 14). Accepting and embracing death signifies death as a psychologically peaceful experience. A third type of death is social, referred to as cultural transcendence,…
Chidester, D. Patterns of Transcendence: Religion, Death, and Dying. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA:
Wadsworth Publishing, 2001. 1-36. Print.
The song "Eleanor Rigby" by The Beatles is a song about loneliness, wanting, and hopelessness. The song begins with the lyric, "Ah, look at all the lonely people." The line is repeated twice and gives an obvious nod to the song's theme of loneliness. The song details Eleanor Rigby's life to embellish her loneliness and her longing for a better life. The first line about Eleanor is, "Eleanor Rigby picks up the rice in the church where a wedding has been/Lives in a dream." This lyric explains Eleanor throwing rice after a wedding ceremony, and dreams of having her own wedding and belonging. She is alone, and wishes for something more from her life. Eleanor Rigby lives her life in isolation, and this is signified by the lyric, "Waits at the window, wearing the face that she keeps in a jar by the door/Who is it for?" Eleanor puts on a mask, "wearing a face," so that no one will be able to tell how lonely and empty she feels. The line, "Who is it for?" suggests, "What's the point? Why bother?" There is a sense of hopelessness. The song departs from The Beatles "pop-rock" sound, and has no drums, guitar, or piano accompaniment. The song only uses string instruments, adding to feeling of loneliness. The absence of other instruments allows for the desperation of the strings to be heard, and the isolation of the strings mimics Eleanor Rigby's isolation. A wish that people might have when they die, as suggested by the song, is to not die alone. The lyric, "All the lonely people/Where do they all belong?" suggests, "Where do the lonely people go?" And if no one is witness to their life, how does one know where the lonely people go? According to the song, Eleanor Rigby did not get this common wish. The lyrics states, "Eleanor Rigby died in the church and was buried along with her name/Nobody came." Eleanor Rigby died alone, and no one attended her funeral. The phrase, "was buried along with her name" refers to her being buried with her memory. She was alone in the world, and there is no one left behind to remember her; there is no memory by which she can continue to live.
Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Discuss this contention within the context of rock/classical music collaborations since the early 1950s.
Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy
To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans. Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…
"Classical Music." Heart & Soul. World Book. 2004. http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/classical.htm
Duxbury, Janell R. "The Nexus of Classical and Rock." Progression, no. 39, p70-74. Summer, 2001. http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/8660/article.html
Duxbury, Janell R. Rockin' the Classics and Classicizin' the Rock: A Selectively Annotated Discography. Greenwood Press, 1991.
Fissinger, Laura. "Jim Steinman: To 'Hell' & Back." BMI MusicWorld. Spring 1994. http://jimsteinman.com/bmi.htm
Outliers: The Story of Success" is a non-fiction literary work written by Malcolm Gladwell in 2008. In this book, Gladwell has explained the underlying reasons for the success of certain very famous individuals. He has called such people "outliers," which by definition is any value that lies far away from, or at the extreme ends of, a set of data. Similarly, Gladwell has explained such individuals to be very different from the rest of us, exceptional, far removed in their immense success.
In the book Gladwell has explained certain factors he believes are the reason for the success of, say, Bill Gates and the Beatles. These include the "Matthew Effect," which Gladwell has used to explain why many elite Canadian hockey players are all born in the first few months of the year. The reason he gives for this is that, as youngsters, these hockey players had an advantage of…
Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. London: Penguin Books, 2009. 320.
Knight, Charles. A biography of William Shakespeare. Nabu Press, 2010. 202.
The ritish Invasion: The eatles v the Rolling Stones
Two of the most influential rock bands of all time emerged from England in the 1960s during the ritish invasion. Although they came to prominence around the same time, The eatles and The Rolling Stones each developed a style that was unique to their bands. Though the two bands were opposites in many ways, they helped to establish a new sound, both in England and the United States, which would revolutionize rock and roll.
The eatles were made up of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. There were many early versions of the band including the Quarreymen, which was formed in 1959, then Johnny and the Moondogs, and then the Silver eatles, the name that the band adopted before formalizing their line-up and becoming known as The eatles.[footnoteRef:1] One of the first things that the band's managers…
Szatmary, David P. Rockin' In Time: A Social History of Rock-and-Roll. Upper Saddle River:
Prentice Hall, 2000.
Society and Culture
The heirloom of the sixties era has been significant and decidedly pivotal for the advancement of culture and society in nations, an aspect that is referred to as civilization. These changes and modifications that the society went through made the 1960s decade to be one of the fundamental and vital periods of the twentieth century and a landmark that is forever etched. The 1960s era can be revered and given admiration as revolutionary. These changes had a major influence on not only nations in South America and Africa that were developing, but it also had a great influence in civilized nations and we choose to concentrate on Belgium (MacDonald, 2007).
The changes that the society experienced and went through at that time made the 1960s one of the fundamental transition periods of the twentieth century and significant to how culture had fashioned society to what we see…
Donnelly, M. (2014). Sixties Britain: culture, society and politics. Routledge.
Gammond, P. (1993). The Oxford Companion to Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Grossberg, L. (1984). Another boring day in paradise: Rock and roll and the empowerment of everyday life. Popular Music, 4, 225-258.
Helc, R. (2006). The Beatles and Their Influence on Culture. Brno: Masaryk University.
Night (1964) is a rock mockumentary intended to exploit the Beatles and Beatlemania during the band's meteoric rise. The film attempts to capture the Beatles as they struggle to deal with their sudden success and the subsequent lack of privacy that ensued. Although the film is not a true documentary, as it is a fictionalized interpretation of a documentary, it embodies several characteristics of the film style including the use of non-professional actors, music that everyone can hear, and the reconstruction of "historical" events.
The first two characteristics are intrinsically connected as A Hard Day's Night follows a group of musicians, the Beatles, as they make their way to London from Liverpool via train in order to perform on a television show. Much like a documentary, the film makes use of non-professional actors to drive the narrative, however because the film is not a true documentary, but rather a fictionalized…
"A Hard Day's Night 1964." Rotten Tomatoes. Web. Accessed 6 March 2012.
A Hard Day's Night. Dir. Richard Lester. United Kingdom: United Artists, 1964. Film.
Eastern eligion, Eastern Mysticism, And Magic
Influence the Pop Culture in America
Eastern religion" - also alluded to in this paper as "Eastern Mysticism" and "mysticism" - and the occult, along with magic and its many off-shoots have had a considerable influence on American Pop Culture over the past few decades. Movies, books, music - all have been touched and enhanced by mysticism and its cousins. So, when referring to "Eastern religion," this paper is generally alluding to the ancient religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and other spiritual genres.
It is also important to be clear on what "occult" truly means; it is a word that comes from the Latin occultus, meaning, literally, "hidden" or "concealed" (Merriam-Webster defines occult as "to shut off from view or exposure"). "Occult" has been equated with Satan, witchcraft, vampires, and other unseemly topics related to death and blood-letting. For this paper's purpose, the occult will…
Arnold, Thomas K. "Azkaban audiences do a vanishing act." USA Today 15 June
Bowles, Scott. "Cruise shows clout again with 'Collateral'." USA Today
Davy, Emma. "Harry Potter's Magic: Physics or Fiddlesticks?" Current Science 86
Another element shared in common by Shinto and Taoism is religious purity. The concept of purity is taken to a greater extreme in Shinto, in which physical illness is perceived as spiritual impurity. A Taoist is concerned with both physical and spiritual health, but practices Tai Chi and similar methods of calming and balancing body and mind.
Shinto is an indigenous Japanese religion, whereas Taoism originates in China. Although the two religions have different geographic origins and different means of worship, they share some elements in common. Both include reverence for ancestors or ancestral spirits, and both are concerned with physical and spiritual purity.
Written Assignment Unit Three
2. Discuss the process that led to the formation of the Talmud. Explain the basic contents of the Talmud and their relation to the Torah.
The Torah refers to the Hebrew Bible as a sacred text. The Talmud evolved as a living…
Music and Personal Association
What music do you associate with childhood? How did/does this music make you feel? How do your choices reflect your childhood experiences?
There is not much that I can recall about my childhood in detail. My memory tends to be unreliable at best. That is why I find it so incredible that the music of the Beatles remains a vivid and constant presence in my memories. Indeed, even before I remember knowing that red means 'stop' or green means 'go,' I knew all the words to "Yellow Submarine." It was almost as if I was born with the melody to "Hey Jude" in may head. In fact, since my parents were such devoted listeners to the Beatles, I have little doubt that this was the soundtrack to my gestation.
The constant presence of the Beatles would have an indelible impact on me. There are…
The Amazing Moderns W.H. Auden (adio Script)
"Jumpstart" radio show theme song playing.
Good afternoon girls and boys, guys and gals! This is Boom Bill Bass, a.k.a. Three B, ready to jumpstart your afternoon with my "unofficial" DJ mix and musings about prose and poetry, music and lyrics, and anything in between these things!
Listen up! We will be doing a great series in Jumpstart this month, called the "Amazing Moderns." This is a poetry series -- yes dear listeners, a poetry series this time -- showcasing the works of great poets in American literature in the 20th century. If you're wondering what 20th century means, guys and gals, it's that period when you're not yet born, oh yeah I'm kidding -- NOT! This period is between the 1900s and well before the Millennium, before the futuristic years of "2Ks" -- that's 2000 and up -- started.…
Auden, W.H. "The Fall of Rome." Available at: http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15546
____. (1969). "Moon Landing." Available at: http://www.pressrun.net/weblog/2009/02/auden-on-moon-landing.html
Music on Life
How Music Has Influenced My Life
Music has always played a major role in my life. For as long as I can remember, I have always looked to music as a way to define my life. I even found it amusing when my high school began to play music over the PA during our lunch hour, making me feel as though my life was, for a brief moment, a silly teenage movie. I am very grateful for my family's introducing me to music as I have found that it has helped me to define various, important milestones in my life.
As long as I can remember, my parents have listened to the Beatles. They had all their songs on records and cassette tapes. This was the first band to which I felt loyalty towards and pretty soon, I knew all the lyrics to all the songs on…
Blue Monday. (1983). New Order. Single. London.
God Bless the Child. (1956). Billie Holiday. Lady Sings the Blues. Clef Records.
Yellow Submarine. (1966). The Beatles. Revolver. Capitol Records.
Criminal Justice esearch
Overview- The authors of a research study examined 715 high school students in a large suburban area. They wished to define the relationship between a preference for heavy metal music and delinquency; controlling for parental and school related variables. The results showed that there was a statistically viable relationship when parental control was low; but no support between music preference and delinquency otherwise. In fact, they found it odd that students with both a preference for heavy metal music and high grades reported a higher degree of self-reported delinquency, almost leading to the view of a self-view of rebellion rather than actual delinquent behavior (Singer, et al., 1993).
esearch Issue: Is Music preference linked to juvenile delinquency?
ationale: Heavy Metal is not just a musical preference, but a cultural and life-style paradigm. Fans dress different, display different symbols, and typically emulate the behavior of some of the…
The Beatles' first Ed Sullivan Show. (2013). The Beatles Bible. Retrieved from: http://www.beatlesbible.com/1964/02/09/the-beatles-first-ed-sullivan-show/
McBurney, D., & White, T. (2010). Research Methods (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Richards, J. (2005). Open vs. Closed Ended Questions. UCLA Information Studies. Retrieved from: http://polaris.gseis.ucla.edu/jrichardson/dis220/openclosed.htm
Singer, S. (1993). Heavy Metal Music Preference, Deliquent Friends, Social Control and Delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 30 (3): 317-29.
Washington on August 28-29
On this day, more than 200,000 Americans congregated in Washington, D.C., for a civil demonstration referred to as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Planned and prepared by some civil rights and religious groups, the incident was intended to spell out the political and social challenges African-Americans constantly experienced across the nation. The march, which turned out to be a fundamental moment in the mounting struggle for civil rights in the United States, concluded in Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, a strong-willed appeal for racial, even handedness, fairness and equality (History, 2016). This topic might be of interest today with the recent cases of killings and discrimination against African-Americans in the United States to the creation of the Black Lives Matter movement.
Beatles on Ed Sullivan Show
On this day, the Beatles were introduced to the American public. It is…
Carlson, P. (2010). K Blows Top: A Cold War Comic Interlude Starring Nikita Khrushchev, America's Most Unlikely Tourist. Read How You Want. pp. 408 -- 412.
Churchill, R. S., & Churchill, W. S. (1967). The six-day war (Vol. 5). Houghton Mifflin.
Cyr, A. I. (2012). Cyr: Cuban missile crisis offers lessons relevant today. Newsday. Retrieved from: http://www.newsday.com/opinion/oped/cuban-missile-crisis-offers-lessons-relevant-today-arthur-i-cyr-1.4133202
Haas, R. (2011). 9/11 Perspective. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved from: http://www.cfr.org/911-impact/911-perspective/p25735
These assumptions encapsulate the notion of consumer sovereignty in neoclassical economics of consumption' (Jonathan Scheckter (2006). A Holistic Approach to Consumption Analysis in the Popular Music Market). While the concept is often criticized at an empirical level, or at an intuitive level, the origins of consumer sovereignty are seldom explored with reference to popular music.
The most important advancement of neoclassical economics arose as a sophisticated defense of this assumption of constant preferences. The argument asserts from the outset that, 'tastes neither change capriciously nor differ importantly between people'. (Becker and Stigler, 1977: 76) the starting point is the utilization of a reformulation of consumer theory, first expressed by Becker and Michael (1974). This new theory "transforms the family [consumer] from a passive maximizer of the utility from market purchases to an active maximizer also engaged in extensive production and investment activities," (Becker and Stigler, 1977).
The theory explained various…
Adorno, Theodor (1976). "Mediation." In Introduction to the Sociology of Music. New York: Seabury.
Berland, Jody. (1990). "Radio Space and Industrial Time: Music Formats, Local Narratives and Technological Mediation." Popular Music 9(2): 179-192.
Frith, Simon. (1981). "Making Records." In Sound Effects: Youth, Leisure, and the Politics of Rock 'n' Roll. New York: Pantheon, 89-129.
Hall, Stuart. (1973). "Coding and Encoding in Television Discourse." In Culture, Media, Language. Edited by Stuart Hall et al. London: Hutchinson.
As a result, consumers again have choices. y limiting media exposure, and being aware of media techniques used to brand and market pop stars, we can make educated choices. Rather than choosing what to listen to by turning on the radio and television, we now have the choice to investigate on our own, on the Internet. It will be interesting to see how pop music responds.
Daly, Steve. "ritney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.
Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.
Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. elmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.
Lelanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio rings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." illboard, 17 June…
Daly, Steve. "Britney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.
Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.
Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.
LeBlanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio Brings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." Billboard, 17 June 2000, 75.
That the post modernists rejected the psychotherapy of the modernist era is by no means suggestive that the artists of the era have escaped psychological analysis. Because of the extreme nature of the pop culture, it has presented a psychological windfall for study in excessiveness. It is represented by an excess of economic affluence, drugs, sex, and expressions of behavior. The excessiveness is found not just in the music industry, but also in literature, film, and paintings and photography. It is all encompassing of all art expressions.
One important definition of the post-modern, as a radically sceptical and questioning attitude of mind, is that provided by the philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard (1984), who wrote of it in terms of 'the death of grand narratives', with Marxism and Freudianism particularly in mind. Lyotard would see as futile attempts to consider the modern and post-modern in terms of historical periodisation. For him,…
Buchanan, Iain, Michael Dunn, Elizabeth Eastmond, and Frances Hodgkins. Frances Hodgkins: Paintings and Drawings. Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland University Press, 1994. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=76905182.Internet . Accessed 24 August 2008. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=21033116
Cantor, Norman F. Modernism to Deconstruction. New York: Peter Lang, 1988. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=21033116.Internet . Accessed 24 August 2008.
Del Loewenthal, and Robert Snell. Post-Modernism for Psychotherapists: A Critical Reader. Hove, England: Brunner-Routledge, 2003. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107976699.Internet . Accessed 24 August 2008. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99670131
Music on American Culture and Values
Over time, music has molded the American culture and its values in a variety of ways. In this text, I will highlight the various ways in which both music and radio have shaped American values and culture. In so doing, I will identify my favorite genre/type of music in an attempt to highlight the impact the music I listen to has had on American culture and social behavior.
How the American Culture and Its Values Has Been Shaped by Music and adio
In the words of Eldridge (2008), "by the close of the 1930s, twenty-eight million households (and seven million cars) boasted at least one radio set, with most tuned-in to a network or local station for an average of five hours a day." In that regard, it would be correct to point out that radio has played a critical role in the growth…
Bob & Hanger, J. (2012). The Silent Generation: 1925 -- 1945. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.
Eldridge, D.N. (2008). American Culture in the 1930s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Keith, M.C. (2008). Radio Cultures: The Sound Medium in American Life. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
People are fascinated by success stories, especially the rags-to-riches stories wherein someone starts from nothing and, through a combination of hard work and extraordinary luck, becomes famous and rich. In his book Outliers: The Story of Success, author Malcolm Gladwell profiles a number of individuals who have been tremendously successful. Some of the names are well-known: Bill Gates, the Beatles, obert Oppenheimer. The stories of their success are much more complex and interesting than one could ever imagine. Gladwell also provides plenty of examples of people for whom success has been elusive. They appear to have much in their favor and yet circumstances such as culture, class, family and even date of birth relegated them to an existence of missed opportunities and mediocrity. Talent, hard work and luck are certainly components of success but, as Gladwell shows, the back story is often richer and more complicated.
In the beginning…
Gladwell's Outliers: Timing is almost everything. (2008). BusinessWeek 11/20/08. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_48/b4110110545672.htm
Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. New York: Little, Brown.
Just as we can be sure that once we cross the border out of the United States the laws that we are governed by will not be our own; so, too, can we be sure that our cultural tastes in estern music will differ too amongst the people whose culture we enter as we leave the United States.
Like Byrne, Jeff Todd (ed., 1992), emphasizes the point that each culture will have its own music; Mexico and Latin America have Salsa, and other cultural music as we move south through South America, and into the Caribbean islands, like Cuba. In each of these places, we find folk and cultural variations of music that, in the context of their culture, are easy to enjoy, but not necessarily what we would choose to listen to at home instead of Bob Seger or Joe Cocker. Even the way in which music is referred…
Byrne, David. Crossing Music's Borders: 'I Hate World Music,' New York Times,
October 3, 1999.
Nettl, Bruno (ed). Excursions in World Music, Up Saddle River, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2004.
Slobin, Mark, Titon, Jeff, Todd, Jeff (ed). Worlds of Music, Chapter I, the Music
Cable television also opened up the medium to numerous types of television programming that had previously been excluded, simply because it could never have competed with the demand for mainstream types of programs during the same time slot.
Initially, cable television was only available in the largest markets like New York and Los Angeles and it was priced out of the range of most consumers. The technology also required a cable connecting the television to the channel box, which often was the size of small dinner platter. Within a few years, the technology advanced to the point of providing microwave remote controls that were no larger than those already included with many television sets.
The addition of virtually unlimited available channels resulted in the creation of dozens of specialty-interest program content such as cable television channels dedicated exclusively to history, science, nature, sports, politics, and comedy, to name just several.…
Drug use patterns changed from soft and psychedelic drugs like cannabis and mushrooms to harder drugs like barbiturate pills and heroin. The focus on the hippie movement also dissolved. hat started as a relatively cohesive challenge to commercialism and corruption ended up being a fragmented array of debauch. The death of celebrity musicians like Jimi Hendrix and Janice Joplin triggered the end of the hippie heyday. In spite of its excesses, though, the hippie movement transformed American social values especially among youth culture.
Binkley, Sam. "Hippies." St. James Encyclopedia. 2002. Retrieved Nov 14, 207 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_tov/ai_2419100587
CBC. "Hippie Society: The Youth Rebellion." 2006. Retrieved Nov 14, 2007 at http://archives.cbc.ca/IDD-1-69-580/life_society/hippies/
Erowid. "Hippies." 1996. Retrieved Nov 14, 2007 at http://www.erowid.org/culture/hippies/
Sayre, James K. "Late 60s and Early 70s anti-Vietnam war protests, social and political background notes and a short discussion of some of the best rock 'n roll music of…
Binkley, Sam. "Hippies." St. James Encyclopedia. 2002. Retrieved Nov 14, 207 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_tov/ai_2419100587
CBC. "Hippie Society: The Youth Rebellion." 2006. Retrieved Nov 14, 2007 at http://archives.cbc.ca/IDD-1-69-580/life_society/hippies/
Erowid. "Hippies." 1996. Retrieved Nov 14, 2007 at http://www.erowid.org/culture/hippies/
Sayre, James K. "Late 60s and Early 70s anti-Vietnam war protests, social and political background notes and a short discussion of some of the best rock 'n roll music of the times." 2007. Retrieved Nov 14, 2007 at http://www.bottlebrushpress.com/antivietnamwarprotests.html
In "The Times They Are a-Changin'," released in February 1964, he encapsulated the spirit of the times, and issued a timely warning to the older generation to accept the changing times or be drowned in a youth-inspired social revolution. (Mcilliams, 32)
hile Dylan was introducing protest folk music in the mainstream popular music in the early 1960s, bands such as "The Beatles" had captured the imagination of the estern youth on both sides of the Atlantic. By accepting the influence of each other's music in their work, these artists revolutionized estern popular music. The power of such music in shaping the direction of the youth culture was immense. It spread the message of peace, love, racial and gender equality and challenged the hypocrisy of the existing social order.
Not all aspects of the sixties music were positive. Many of the sixties rock musicians adopted a hedonistic lifestyle and indulged in…
DiGrazia, Judith L. "The Sixties: Notes of Discord." Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. 1983. January 18, 2007. http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/4/83.04.04.x.html
McWilliams, John C. The 1960s Cultural Revolution. Ed. Randall M. Miller. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Rodnitzky, Jerome L. "The Sixties between the Microgrooves: Using Folk and Protest Music to Understand American History, 1963-1973." Popular Music and Society 23.4 (1999): 105.
Dylan started to introduce amplified rock music into his acoustic folk repertoire by 1965 and the "Beatles" replaced their simple "I wanna hold your hand" lyrics by more socially relevant themes in their songs in the latter part of the sixties.
..it has to affect people in predictable ways regardless of particular circumstances" (Linton pp). However, music, says Linton isn't like that because one listener might hear the opening E-minor chorus of the St. Matthew Passion and become grief stricken, while someone else might become bored, and another might find that piece incomprehensible (Linton pp). According to Linton, listening to a particular kind of music does not throw listeners into a trance any more than heavy metal music turns its listeners into sociopaths (Linton pp).
However, even Linton back-stepped a bit when he revealed that there was one area of life in which music apparently had the ability to affect people's behavior, grocery shopping (Linton pp)! Several studies reveal that faster paced music tends to make American shoppers walk down the aisles more quickly than slower paced music (Linton pp).
Apparently Holloway believes that society can be transformed by the cultivation…
Linton, Michael. "The Politics of Music.'
More importantly, he clashes with his father, and has a rocky relationship with him. He writes, "I do not want to shoot my father" ("Dead" 118) at the end of the story, and the reader can feel his pain and his disassociation from the man. He is clearly proud of his father and his role in the government, but it is also clear that the two do not see eye-to-eye on matters. This is common the world over, and here, Dinh is like any other boy who clashes with his father. Ultimately, the emotions and the fears are the same. Dinh has great anger toward his father, and yet loves him at the same time. He could be any boy anywhere, and here, the differences between cultures disappear, and the oneness of the people of the world is clearly shown.
One major difference between the culture Dinh writes about and…
Dinh, Linh. "Dead on Arrival." Charlie Chan Is Dead 2 by Jessica Hagedorn. New York: Penguin, 2004. 108-118.
Eight postcards from Vietnam." The Literary Review; 22 June 2002.
Three Poems." The American Poetry Review; 1 Sept. 2003.
Dinh, Thuy. "Fake House." Raintaxi.com. 2000. 1 Dec. 2004. http://www.raintaxi.com/online/2000winter/dinh.shtml
Undoubtedly many Beatles songs will be around far longer than many pieces labeled as "classical," but we would still never call "Yesterday" a work of classical music. Similarly, songs like "Yesterday" can be considered as musical masterpieces just as Beethoven's 9th, but the term "classical" can still only be applied to Beethoven, not the Beatles.
Therefore, pop music can be "classic" but not "classical." Classical music is a category; the term does not mean that the music was composed in the eighteenth century; nor does it mean that the music will endure in time as a masterpiece. Music called "classical" can be composed in the 21st century; much of it will not stand the test of time. Nevertheless, it can be labeled as classical if it can be classified into that genre, for instance by the type of instruments being played and the overall impact of the composition.
Classical." Entry in Dictionary.com. http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=classical .
Although not nearly as controversial as saxophones upon their introduction, acoustic guitars have nevertheless had a lasting impact on the world of music since their invention 400 years ago. Noted for their pleasant tonality and frequently beautiful appearance, acoustic guitars remain a mainstay of several music genres such as pop and folk, and provide many newcomers to music with their first experience playing an instrument. Given their increasing popularity in recent years, it is clear that acoustic guitars are here to stay, but many people may not appreciate their lengthy heritage and the craftsmanship required to build such an instrument. To this end, this paper provides an overview of the history of acoustic guitars, followed by a description of how they are made; a summary of the research and salient findings will be provided in the conclusion.
Review and Discussion
History of Acoustic Guitars. In 1944, Muddy aters…
Brain, Marshall. (2005). How Stuff Works. [Online]. Available: http://entertainment.
Guitar. (2005). Encyclopedia Britannica [premium service].
Bennett, Andy and Kevin Dawe. Guitar Cultures. New York: Berg, 2001.
Great Art proponents
Art is not something new that started recently. Art work has been in existence for a very long time and there are various artists who have brought an influence in this field. When looking at art in the 1960s we can see that there are various art movements as well as cultural histories which are associated with this period.
Andy Warhol was a very influential pop artist in the 1960s. He took product logos and their labels from a commercial context and displayed them as a form of art. He also went ahead to make sculptures that were identical to Brillo boxes and Campbell's soup cans. Through his work we can see that pop art posed as a challenge to traditional art through equating imagery that was mass produced in advertising with existing fine arts. This was attracted by graphical directness of advertising and consumer packing…
References psychedelicadventures.com. (2010).The Psychedelic [in] Society:
A Brief Cultural History of Tripping. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://www.psychedelicadventures.com/BriefHistory.htm
Chappell, M. (2006). Art in the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true#%281%29
Sarasota Visual Art. (2012). William Pachner: Works from the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://sarasotavisualart.com/2012/02/william-pachner-works-from-the-1960s/
Songs for win ower
For the United States, the events of September 11, 2001, and the post-9/11 developments arc full of historical drama. In he 9/11 Commission Report, the summary of the drama is stark: 'On September 11, the nation suffered the largest loss of life-2,973-- on its soil as a result of hostile attack in its history.' his description is usually accompanied by countless stories and mini- histories involving persons, families, workers. Citizens of the U.S. And of other nations too, near and far from New York and Washington, DC, found their comings and goings full of new meaning.
Union Square had become a public site for families and friends of the dead, grieving their losses or seeking the missing by posting photos, laments, poems, prayers. hey also scrawled their epithets of rage. he unity of work and remembrance, forged amid unfolding trauma, reminded me of the families of…
The late King of Pop also contributed to this catalog of songs we are reviewing today.
What More Can I Give was originally written to bring peace to the Korean Peninsula and the never-ending war-like crisis there. But the sudden intrusion of terror on September 11th threw a wrench at the project. Plans were quickly arranged for the urgent. On October 21st, 2001 Michael hosted United We Stand: What More Can I Give.
The benefit concert included the performance of "What More Can I Give." A song exclusively written and produced by Michael Jackson. And so he invited a total of 35 artists for an all-star tribute. Tom Petty, Carlos Santana, N'SYNC, were among many who attended. Including Ricky Martin, Celine Dion, Beyonce Knowles, Usher, Maria Carey, The Hanson's, and fragments of The Backstreet Boys, and Boyz to Men.
Views on the Nature of Knowledge: Social Scientists vs. Natural Scientists
hat is knowledge? A simple question, or so most people would think. Knowledge is the accumulation of information on a given subject or subjects. It is a collection of facts, of things known to be true...or is it? The closer one looks, the more one comes to realize that there are many different approaches to obtaining knowledge, and many different definitions of precisely what constitutes knowledge. One's use of the term varies with one's own background and objectives. To some, knowledge is an absolute, to others; it is that which is gained through long hours of observation and long years of experience. The facts that make up what we call knowledge may be composed of absolutes, or they may be composed of many opinions, opinions that we believe to be most accurate or most correct. But what then…
Caldwell, Chris. The Prime Glossary: Perfect Number. 2002. URL: http://primes.utm.edu/glossary/page.php?sort=PerfectNumber
Gal Einai Institute of Israel. "Yud - The Mystical Significance of the Hebrew Letters." The Inner Dimension. No Date. URL:
Pederson, K.C. "Scotland Raising Shedding Sheep for Wool Production." Twisted Spinsters: Obsessive Fiber Disorder. November 2000. URL: http://www.twistedspinsters.com/page14.html.
CLASSICAL AND POPULAR MUSIC IN 'THE CRYING OF LOT 49'
Thomas Pynchon is known for his complex storylines and weird characters. For this reason it is not easy to comment on the use of music in his novels as it is the very complexity of his plots that obscure the influence or meaning of classical and popular music in his books. Despite this, he is one of the most influential writers of the postmodern era and many singers have cited his work as an inspiration for their music. In our days for example, since the return of popular music, we notice that Thomas Pynchon has become a source of inspiration for many new pop artists. Larry Swindell (1996) says, "Pynchon is an enduring literary cult figure, sainted by proponents of darkest-hued comedy."
It is important to bear in mind that Pynchon's use of music is not limited to just one…
Hans, James S., Emptiness and plenitude in "Bartleby the Scrivener" and 'The Crying of Lot 49.'. Vol. 22, Essays in Literature, 09-22-1995, pp 285(15).
Jamie Diamond, PAGES: THE MYSTERY OF THOMAS PYNCHON LEADS FANS AND SCHOLARS ON A QUEST AS BIZARRE AS HIS PLOTS., People, 01-29-1990, pp 64
Joel Stein, The Case For Thomas Pynchon., Time, 07-09-2001, pp 50.
Joseph Slade, Writers for the 70s: Thomas Pynchon, New York, 1974.
Elvis Presley's Impact On Popular Music Culture
From the time Elvis recorded "That's All Right Mamma" for Sun Records in 1953, to his subsequent and astonishing rise to fame, he reinvented the concept of rock star and has made a bigger impact on popular music culture than any other act. That is saying a lot considering that the Beatles and Rolling Stones and others like Elton John have been huge superstars. But looking at Elvis's impact, as this paper does, one can clearly see that he influenced all of those acts. John Lennon said that "Before Elvis there was nothing…" and the Rolling Stones have indicated that they were hugely influenced by Elvis.
hen Elvis Started Out -- Launching his Career as a Musical Rebel and Icon
An article in the Public Broadcasting Service (KCET) website ("Culture Shock / Music and Dance) traces Elvis's early beginnings in terms of how…
History Today. (2007). Elvis: Rock 'n' Roll's reluctant rebel. Retrieved December 24, 2013,]
From http://www.historytoday.com .
Kemp, M. (2001). Elvis Presley Biography. Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 24, 2013, from http://www.rollingstone.com .
Public Broadcast Service. (1956). Elvis Presley, 1956. KCET. Retrieved December 24, 2013,
Communications -- "How to be a Success" by Malcolm Gladwell
"How to Be a Success" is a Maclean's journal article by Malcolm Gladwell stating that expert command of any field requires natural ability, outside help but chiefly unusually hard work for a great deal of hours over an especially long time. Though the successful examples mentioned in Gladwell's article all have talent, they are "outliers" -- exceptional people who all worked very hard on their special fields from their childhoods and spent at least 10,000 hours developing their skills. In fact, their long periods of very hard work over many years seem to be more important than having natural talent because the brain takes that much practice to incorporate all the skills needed to "master" a field. Achieving 10,000 hours of practice requires help, such as approval, encouragement and enough financial support from parents, special programs that make it possible…
Gladwell, M. (2008). How to be a success. Maclean's, 59-61.
Tkacik, M. (2009, November 23). Gladwell for dummies. Retrieved July 6, 2014 from www.thenation.com Web site: http://www.thenation.com/article/gladwell-dummies?page=0,0
Fortune Affect Grand Master Flash's Political Message?
Music is one of the most powerful forms of communication. It utilizes different types of information networks to cut across linguistic and social boundaries. In several occasions music has the potential to relate to politics and power. From the songs of sorrow sung by slaves in the south, to the revolutionary nature of jazz, blues, and rhythym and blues (R&) during the activist days of the Civil Rights Movements, music has been an important part of many social and political changes. In the recent past the power of music has definitely been amplified by increasingly globalized communications such as social media. Nowadays more rapidly than ever, music links and influences people from all over the world (Malone and Martinez).
Hip-hop is considered by some to be one of the most important genres of music. It originated in the ronx, New York in the…
Allmusic.com. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. n.d. 8 May 2015. Web
Bakala-ska, prace. Hip hop in American Culture. Thesis. Palackeho, 2012. Web
Bey, Alexander. "Hip-Hop's Musical Evolution of Rap." n.d. http://www.oneonta.edu . 8 May 2015.Web
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. About Hip Hop Youth Subculture. Los Angeles: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, n.d. Web
services management of no less than Apple Corporation. Apple has established a level of basically unparalleled dominance in the form of its product offerings such as the iPhone, iTunes, the iPod and its line of computers and tablets. The points of analysis that have been conducted and that have revealed the sheer excellence and overall performance of Apple include its use of business intelligence, enterprise resource planning (EP), customer relationship management (CM), data mining and intelligent systems. They have built a formidable and singular platform for their own business operations as well as for their consumers. They have even accommodated the preferences and wants of some consumers that are not Apple-exclusive. This would include the embracing of the common MP3 file format, integration with Windows products, the use of Intel chips that were solely or mostly the domain of Windows-based PC's in the past and so forth. ather than try…
Apple. (2016). Apple. Apple. Retrieved 28 February 2016, from http://apple.com
Dice. (2012). Apple iPad Is Evolving the Business Intelligence Market - Dice Insights. Dice Insights. Retrieved 28 February 2016, from http://insights.dice.com/2012/05/07/apple-iPad-is-evolving-the-business-intelligence-market/
Fox, S. (2016). Keep parental controls in mind when picking which streaming services to share with your kids. Timesherald.com. Retrieved 28 February 2016, from http://www.timesherald.com/article/JR/20140319/NEWS/140319594
Huynh, T. (2016). Apple CarPlay: everything you need to know about iOS in the car. TechRadar. Retrieved 28 February 2016, from http://www.techradar.com/us/news/car-tech/apple-carplay-everything-you-need-to-know-about-ios-in-the-car-1230381
He had been most inspired by the songs of Woody Guthrie. "Woody had a sound and said something with his music." He wanted to meet Woody and thank him for such inspiring songs. Woody had not been well and was being treated in a local hospital. Bob went and saw him and then wrote a "ong to Woody."
uddenly, following that visit, as if overnight, Bob Dylan became a household name. He was selling out theatres across America and England. He was referred to as a genius. It has been said that Bob went down to the crossroads and struck a deal with the devil, in order to arrive at such a place. He continued to evolve from the old acoustic folk singer that everyone loved, to a somewhat loud electric rock star. Columbia Records and many of his fans were not happy about this change. Fans were booing and…
Suddenly, following that visit, as if overnight, Bob Dylan became a household name. He was selling out theatres across America and England. He was referred to as a genius. It has been said that Bob went down to the crossroads and struck a deal with the devil, in order to arrive at such a place. He continued to evolve from the old acoustic folk singer that everyone loved, to a somewhat loud electric rock star. Columbia Records and many of his fans were not happy about this change. Fans were booing and heckling him at concerts, yet they continued to buy tickets. Bob's electric song "Like a Rolling Stone" from the acclaimed album "Highway 61 Revisited" climbed to number 2 on the Billboard pop charts, second only to The Beatles "Help."
The central theme to this documentary is a lesson that teaches us to remain true to ourselves no matter what others think. If we are to conform to the labels and beliefs of others, we are bound for failure. Bob knew this, and continues to follow his heart to this day.
Steve Allen of Billboard said: "Dylan's poetry is born of a painful awareness of the tragedy that underlies the contemporary human condition." This is as true in 2010 as it was in 1965. Martin Scorsese captured a moment in time with this project, and the moment he captured is the same now, as it was then, and will always be.
In December of 1970 they started recording their fourth album and their sessions lasted till the next summer due to several factors like the band wanting the album to remain untitled, they wanted nothing written on it and no texts or credits anywhere on the album itself or on its outside or inside sleeves. They wanted their music to the talking but were talked out of it by their label and there were credits added to the albums inside paper sleeve, but it had nothing to help in identifying the album or its distributers on the front cover. It became known unofficially as Led Zeppelin IV and due to its powerfulness; it did manage to reach number two on the charts. Stairway to Heaven was one of the songs in the album and became the band's best song ever and also rock's best song ever.
In 1972, there was less…
So alike yet distinct did these early writers create, that they are now required reading in British schools (Duquette).
In terms of religion, American culture emulated Britain less than many of the early settler were reactionary against British conservatism. Several of the original 13 Colonies were established by English, Irish, and Scottish settlers who were fleeing religious persecution. By 1787, in fact, the United States became one of the first countries to place a freedom of religion code into law, even if it was only at the Federal level (Gaustad).
Thankfully, America has a taste for more exotic foods and cuisine than the British, but if we think of many of the celebrated Holidays, they either derive from or are part of the British tradition. Thanksgiving, for instance, is now a traditional American holiday evolving from the Pilgrim's plight during the first winter of their landing. Christmas, Easter, and Lent…
Ciment, J., ed. Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History. New York: Sharpe Reference, 2005.
Duquette, E. Loyal Subjects: Bonds of Nation, Race and Allegiance in 19th Century America. Trenton, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010.
Gaustad, E. Proclaim Liberty Througout All the Land: A History of Church and State in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Gienow-Hecht, J. "A European Considers the Influence of American Culture." 1 Febuary 2006. America.gov - Engaging the World. .
I have had friends who turned on me because they wanted to hang out with people they thought were cooler, more popular, or who had better toys. Those friendships rarely lasted, though. In high school, the kids who had cars were more able to get friends, but those friends were only hanging out because of the car and not because they actually liked each other. I managed to remain friends with some people who I still consider close even though we go to different schools. The superficial aspects of our lives are meaningless and transitory. Money, looks, and other superficial traits fade, and what really counts is our character. I have seen people in my family bicker over money and other materialistic things that do not matter, when I really wish they would just love each other for who they are. This is why I find Timbaland's song to be…
Timbaland. "The Way I Are." Song.
The mounting preoccupation of America's youth with surfing would, for the new generations coming of age at this time, become less a counterculture and more mainstream as a recreational activity. As Eglington (2004) would remark, "the sport exploded in popularity in the 1950s and 1960s, when cheaper, more maneuverable, and lighter boards made of fiberglass and foam became available and the teenaged baby boomers headed to the beach in droves to enjoy the maneuverability and stunts made possible by the new boards." (Eglington, 1)
The result was what could be regarded as a momentary fixation on surfing and all of its cultural conceits. During the earliest part of the 1960s, surfing could even be thought of as a fad for those in the mainstream who were inspired by its fashion and its rebellious attitude. Among the features of the culture that would be embraced were new styles of bathing suit,…
Eglington, P. (2004). The History of Surfing. Surfing History.
Gault-Williams, M. (2005). Legendary Surfers: A Definitive History of Surfing's Culture and Heroes. The Golden Age of Malibu. Online at http://files.legendarysurfers.com/surf/legends/ls25.shtml#blake&reid
International Surfing Museum (ISM). (2010). Huntington Beach. Surfing Museum.org.
Marcus, B. (2003). From Polynesia, With Love: The History of Surfing From Captain Cook to the Present. Surfing for Life. Online at http://www.surfingforlife.com/history.html
Today sometimes also referred to as 'urban' music, R&B was originally a euphemistic way of referring to the boogie woogie blues-based music of African-Americans in the 40s and 50s. In some circles, these would be referred to as 'race records.' When white musicians like Elvis Presley began recording these songs, the term Rock and Roll was coined. This transition would not render the R&B genre moot, but would instead apply it to most music made by African-Americans. Over the years, this would come to serve as a Billboard Chart classification for forms such as Soul, Funk, Disco and many modes of Hip Hop.
Quite in fact, today, R&B may be said to be the dominant form in popular music once again, with its permeation of the variant of popular forms impacting the sound of music today in the same way that rock would for decades. Particularly in the type of…
"They are not just faces," Peyton, has said of her portraits, referring to the old classical painters of portraiture, indicating that she too has studied those classics well, and while she is not attempting to recreate that process of capturing images to make people well-known, she does believe in this culture portraiture is a means to convey her ideas about the world around her (New Museum.org, audio interview, found online).
The image of the subject in Democrats are More Beautiful, is neat, and indeed beautiful. The board on which the oil is painted is absorbing, and to capture the deepness of the color and light, Peyton had to be meticulous in calculating the oil composition to the texture of the board. The board helps to create the texture of the light and darker shades in creating the shadows of facial structure. The deep red pursed lips as the facial angle…
New Museum.org, (2009). Democrats are More Beautiful, Live Forever Exhibition,
found online at http://www.newmuseum.org/exhibitions/400/live_forever_elizabeth_peyton#images_panel , retrieved November 22, 2009
New Museum.org, (2009) Live Forever, Elizabeth Peyton audio interview, found online at http://www.newmuseum.org/elizabethpeyton/ , retrieved November 22, 2009
As a whole, the piece is far more rhythmic and structured than many earlier Guns N' oses song, and its has definitely lost some of the rawness that made the band so popular in the first place. It has been replaced with contemplation that still raises a challenge to listeners and critics, however, as well as to former band mates. Slash's lack of presence on the guitar is evident, but what is played provides a support for Axl's voice in a way that Slash's playing never really did, if it was even attempted. It is true that the collaborative spirit of the group has diminished, and this is definitely evident in the isolation and emphasis of ose and his singing -- and lyrics, incidentally -- but the music still goes on. Ax ose continues to listen and to incorporate changes in the rock scene as well as the growing use…
Luukkonen, J. (2008). "The History of GN'R: The Shocking Truth." Accessed 23 September 2009. http://www.heretodaygonetohell.com/history/history06.php
Rose, a. (2008). "Open Letter from Axl." Accessed 23 September 2009. http://web.gunsnroses.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20081216&content_id=a1&vkey=news&fext=.jsp
For instance, you may have a memory of a taking a test in your ninth grade English class and answering that Shakespeare wrote Hamlet. Your memory of the test and the class is an episodic memory, while your memory of the fact that Shakespeare wrote Hamlet is a semantic memory.
Episodic and Semantic memory have other features that make them important to the study of long-term memory. Episodic memories are more prone to being forgotten because one looses one's sense of recollection over time, while semantic memories resist this. Additionally, some argue that semantic and episodic memories come from very different types of memory processes, while others suggest they are quite similar. Thus, understanding the difference between episodic and semantic memory and their implications is quite important to the study of long-term memory.
obinson-iegler, G. And obinson-ielgler, B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology: Apllying
the Science of the Mind. Second Edition.…
Robinson-Riegler, G. And Robinson-Rielgler, B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology: Apllying
the Science of the Mind. Second Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
(Conniptions886 2009). Again the ad stresses the outdoor beach culture among those who have the means and leisure to enjoy it.
Coca Cola ads have not seemed to change that much over time. They have sacrificed expressing multiculturalism, without popular exception to build a following for their target market. One comparison ad done by Pepsi and much more reflective of diversity, and especially the diversity of the urban culture is the ad affectionately known as "Chain reaction." In general Pepsi seems to have somewhat let go of the beach culture and decided to focus on the massive urban youth culture. This is not to say that Pepsi has become the label of multicultural expression, as they still clearly target the white youth audience:
(Youtube user DuncansTV2008)
The Pepsi chain reaction video is a great example of the change of focus of one brand to the urban culture of the youth…
CocaColaChannel 2007, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXufTYF80b0
Conniptions886 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8TDXFy7LSo&feature=email
Conniptions886 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4o-GR2wogWE&NR=1
Conniptions886 2009): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrBxEZfejBE&NR=1