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Board Diversity and Firm Performance
Words: 1100 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5899626
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This inexperience and youthfulness, according to these researchers and theorists, led to an overall drop in stock prices for the firms affected by this law as investors became wary about the direction of the firm (Ahern & Dittmar, 2012). This research was specifically concerned with the perception of firm performance on the part of investors, however, and not with actual measures of firm performance from within the companies themselves, which means it does not actually provide useful information regarding the direct impact of board diversity on performance, though it does suggest a potential problem in maintaining confidence (Ahern & Dittmar, 2012).

More performance-oriented research conducted in the United States during the 1990s, however, found that firm diversity does appear to have a direct correlation with actual firm performance, at least when measured on a strictly financial basis (Erhardt et al., 2003). This research performed a strictly quantitative analysis on over…


Ahern, K. & Dittmar, a. (2012). The Changing of the Boards: The Impact on Firm Valuation of Mandated Female Board Representation. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 127(1): 137-97.

Erhardt, N., Werbel, J. & Shrader, C. (2003). Board of Director Diversity and Firm Financial Performance. Corporate Governance 11(2): 102-11.

Miller, T. & Triana, M. (2009). Demographic Diversity in the Boardroom: Mediators of the Board Diversity -- Firm Performance Relationship. Journal of Management Studies 46(5): 755-86.

Nygaard, K. (2011). Forced Board Changes: Evidence from Norway. NHH Dept. Of Economics Discussion Paper No. 5/2011.

Board of Education
Words: 787 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81728771
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Board of Education

An Examination of Several Issues Facing a Typical American School Board Today

According to Shannon (1994), school board members today are increasingly recognizing that genuine education reform is only possible when it is completely fashioned in the local community and only when there is a firm commitment to support and maintain it locally. "The school board," he says, "is the most credible agent of change in the community it serves. Elected directly by the people in the community (less than 3% are appointed by other locally elected officials), the school board has the political support to lead educational change in the best tradition of Jeffersonian democracy" (p. 387). To accomplish change effectively, though, a school board's consistent message to the entire school system must be that systemic reform is its main goal rather than just a passing fad (Kirst, 1994). Local school boards play a major role…


Cochran-Smith, M. (2005). No Child Left Behind: 3 Years and Counting. Journal of Teacher

Education, 56(2), 99.

Danzberger, J.P., & Usdan, M.D. (1994). Local education governance: Perspectives on problems and strategies for change. Phi Delta Kappan, 75(5), 366.

Etheridge, C.P., & Green, R.L. (2001). Collaborating to establish standards and accountability:

Boards of Directors Corporate Governance
Words: 13662 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50848269
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In contrast, within the firm, the entrepreneur directs production and coordinates without intervention of a price mechanism; but, if production is regulated by price movements, production could be carried on without any organization at all, well might we ask, why is there any organization?" (Coase, 1937, p. 387) In simpler words if markets are so efficient why do firms exist? Coase explains, "the operation of a market costs something [such as the costs of negotiating and concluding a separate contract for each exchange transaction] and by forming an organization and allowing some authority (an "entrepreneur") to direct the resources, certain marketing costs are saved" (Coase, 1937, p. 391). Thus, firms actually present greater efficiency over markets by decreasing such costs.

That being said, if firms are so efficient, why are markets needed? (Coase, 1937). As per Coase, as the firm grows (when the entrepreneur processes additional transactions), decreasing returns to…

Reference List

Adams, R.B. And Ferreira, D. (2003) Diversity and Incentives in Teams: Evidence from Corporate Boards. 

Agrawal, A. And Knoeber C.R. (1996) Firm Performance and Mechanisms to Control Agency Problems Between Managers and Shareholders Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 31, 377-398.

American Management Associations (AMA) (1981) The Advisory Board Minutes of the National Association of Corporate Directors Meeting. New York (Headquarter)

Bauer, R., Guenster, N. And Otten, R. (2003) Empirical Evidence on Corporate Governance in Europe. The Effect on Stock Returns, Firm Value and Performance. EFMA Basel Meeting Paper

Board of Education
Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37893334
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Board of Education in school districts is first set by state law and then by local regulations, with various customs and practices developing over time and becoming part of the role and responsibilities taken by these boards. In New York State, that role includes the governance of local school districts in different municipalities and educational districts (which may cross municipal boundaries in many cases). Among the tasks undertaken by school boars are personnel decisions and policies, the management of the school system including budgetary considerations, decisions regarding educational theory and practice to some degree, and the protection of students on school grounds and advocacy for fulfilling the needs of students and meeting the expectations of parents. Such broad responsibilities may be interpreted differently in different districts.

The school district in New York City is the largest and most complex in the state, facing the need to balance the competing interests…

Works Cited

"A Guide to Special Education." Special Education New York United Teachers (2005). October 30, 2005. .

"Race for the Mineola School Board." Mineola American (13 May 2005). October 28, 2005. .

"Report of the UFT Task Force on School Governance." The United Federation of Teachers (December 1999). October 30, 2005. .

The Roslyn Board of Education (2005). October 30, 2005. .

Boards of Directors Are Driven
Words: 2424 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58025813
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One other new thing brought to the attention of companies by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is the fact that, under this law, every public company is supposed to prove strong internal systems designed to catch an employee intending to commit fraud or flag accounting errors before a company has the opportunity to make its profits official. An addendum to this rule is the obligation of a company knowing about problems with its control systems to disclose what it has uncovered. This obligation generated what an author called the "current flood of mea culpas."

As mentioned above, many companies have faced serious difficulties during the last few years. Companies conducting their activity in Silicon Valley, for instance, such as Versant, Portal Software and Sipex, have acknowledged that they have encountered problems such as not having experienced accounting staff, lacking checks and balances in the case of employees handling corporate cash and the…


1.Wells Susanm J., Educating the Boardm, HRMagazine, Alexandria: Feb 2005.Vol.50, Iss. 2; pg. 46

2.Shean, Tom. Board member duties take on real meaning after Sarbanes-Oxley Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington: Dec 14, 2004.

3.Raber, Roger W., What Has Really Changed in the American Boardroom?, Community Banker. Washington: Oct 2004.Vol.13, Iss. 10; pg. 60

4. Lohse, Deborah, New anti-fraud rules causing upheaval among Silicon Valley companies, Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington: Mar 4, 2005.

Boards of Directors and Audit Committee
Words: 1316 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87911282
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oles of Directors and Duties of an Audit Committee

The Board of Directors is an organization's or company's governing body that is mandated with the task of ratifying all major decisions. Generally, the Board of Directors handles all issues of major strategic importance to an organization or company. This implies that the Board of Directors needs to be involved, engaged, and supportive in all issues of strategic importance, especially with regards to governance. However, the board comprises of directors who can play a number of several important roles as board members. In contrast, audit committees play a significant role in improving audit quality since these bodies play a crucial role in oversight and monitoring management. This paper examines the important performance-centered roles that directors may play within a board and the significant duties of an audit committee with regards to organizational governance.

Performance-oriented oles that Directors May Play within a…


Arnwine, D.L 2002, "Effective Governance: The Roles and Responsibilities of Board Members,"

Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.19-22.

AVC 2012, The Board of Directors: Role and Responsibilities, AVC, viewed 26 September


Board Two Different Approaches Which Could Be
Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 5371734
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Two different approaches which could be used to examine the possibilities and alternatives include: the qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative research is looking at other studies that were conducted. The basic idea is to identify the key trends and the impact it is having. In the case of Luke & Associates, the information will show the effects of rising costs on treatment options and the services that are provides. This helps everyone to identify key weaknesses and apply them to specific teams / organizations. (Blaxter, 2010)

Quantitative research is when a sample is collected of a various employees, administrators, patients and staff members. The conclusions will be correlated with the primary trends from previous studies using comparative analysis. This is when all facts are verified with the sample to improve accuracy. Anything that does not correlate is disregarded as an anomaly.

In the case of costs and services, these…


Look: Building the Picture. (n.d.).

Blaxter, L, 2010, How to Research, McGraw Hill, New York.

Sandow, D. And Allen, A.M. (2005). The nature of social collaboration: How work really gets done. Reflections: The SoL Journal, 6(2/3), 1-14.

Stringer, E.T. (2007). Action research (3rd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Computer Upgrade Board Proposal Computer
Words: 1328 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 969402
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In setting this plan for implementation and maintenance the ultimate goal for the district within the next five years is the creation of a student-to-computer ratio of 1-1 in grades 3-12 and 3-1 for grades K-2 in accordance with developmental studies for the utilization of technology in lesson and course plans for each respective grade. Computers will be updated on an annual basis, with replacement being taken into consideration every four years. In order to maintain cost-effectiveness, leasing programs and low-cost computer programs will allow students and teachers the capacity to access more applications and content which is relevant to consumers but nearly unaffordable in many educational systems. Low-cost computer programs such as the One Laptop per Child Foundation have been developed in order to aggressively place computers in the hands of hundreds of millions of children around the world, the United States included, in order to aid students in…


Aliasgari, M. Mojdehavar, N. And Riahinia, F. (2010). Computer-assisted instruction and student attitudes toward learning mathematics. Education, Business, and Society, 3.1: pp. 6. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Ames, M. And Warschauer, M. (2010). Can one laptop per child save the world's poor?

Journal of International Affairs, 64.1: pp. 33-55. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Carman, E., Lewis, C., Murphy, K. And Richards, J. (2005). Strengthening educational technology in schools and in pre-service teacher education: a practitioner-faculty collaborative process. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13.1: pp. 125-140. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Georgia Board of Pardons and
Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80042778
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Buckner has a Graduate Degree from Brenau University.

Governor Sonny Perdue appointed Robert E. Keller to the Board in 2007. Prior to joining the Board Keller served as executive council -- and also as chairman -- for the Prosecuting Attorneys Council of Georgia. Keller has been on the Board of Trustees of the Georgia Judicial Retirement System and the Georgia Code Revision Plan Committee. He has a law degree from Emory Law School.

In May 2010, Governor Sonny Perdue appointed Albert Murray to the Board, and Murray was elected to the position of Vice Chairman -- a position which he began serving in July 2010. Prior to that appointment Murray had a successful career in Tennessee and Alabama in the field of corrections. Murray was the longest serving juvenile justice commissioner in the history of the state of Georgia, having served in that position from January 23, 2004, to May…

Works Cited

State Board of Pardons and Paroles. (2011). Board Members. Retrieved April 11, 2011, from .

State Board of Pardons and Paroles. (2011). Mission Statement. Retrieved April 11, 2011, from

Republicans Attack on National Labor Relations Board
Words: 2502 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49523530
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GOP Aacks on NLRB

Labor Movemen & Srucure of he NLRB

In his paper I explore he sae of he curren relaionship beween he Republican Pary and he Labor movemen in he Unied Saes. In par one I briefly race he hisory of he labor movemen in he Unied Saes and he passage of he Naional Labor Relaions Ac and he emergence of he Naional Labor Relaions Board. . In he paper's second secion, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he sae level-wih special aenion paid o Wisconsin and Ohio. In par hree, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he naional level wih respec o heir aacks on he Naional Labor Relaions Board, focusing specifically on he House's refusal o appoin and approve anymore Board Members and heir recen passage of he Proecing Jobs from Governmen Inerference Ac. Finally, I explore boh he fuure prospecs of union busing sraegies and…

to the Board's duties and mission. The site houses a copy of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 and its subsequent amendments, in addition to an explanation of the duties of the NLRB, its dispute resolution process, directions regarding how to file a complaint, and the life cycle of labor law violations.

Zieger, R.H., & Hall, G.J. (2002). American workers, american unions: The twentieth century. (pp. 13-56). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Zieger and Hall catalogue the history of the American Labor Movement by beginning with a frank look at the state of unregulated industry in the first quarter of the twentieth century. They move on to catalogue the rise and fall of the American Labor Movement including the emergence of the strikes, the legal battles, the issue of race and labor, and finally the nature of labor in the United States at the beginning of the 21st Century. Zieger and Hall provide an extensive historical and legal overview of the rise of the unions.

Federal Reserve Board
Words: 1880 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38941860
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Federal Reserve oard [...] history of the oard, and what its purpose is in the United States. The Federal Reserve oard is an integral part of the Federal Reserve System of the United States, and it creates and maintains much of the monitorial policy of the nation. The board members are responsible for the monetary health and security of the country, and so shoulder a huge responsibility to the country and to the people.


The Federal Reserve oard is the governing element of the Federal Reserve System, which an act of Congress established on December 23, 1913. The board contains seven members, and is referred to as the "oard of Governors." The seven board members are:

Appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate to serve 14-year terms of office. Members may serve only one full term, but a member who has been appointed to complete…


Author not Available. "The Structure of the Federal Reserve System." 8 July 2003. 25 Aug. 2003. 

Burns, Helen M. The American Banking Community and New Deal Banking Reforms, 1933-1935. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.

Dymski, Gary A, Epstein, Gerald, and Pollin, Robert, eds. Transforming the U.S. Financial System: Equity and Efficiency for the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1993.

Editors. "Federal Reserve System." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.

Performance Management and Non profit boards
Words: 866 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71472553
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Performance Management
The governance of a corporation is the role of the board of directors and the management has the duty of running the firm on a day to day basis. The board, therefore, oversees the management and ensures the interests of the various shareholders are upheld. The executive department is made up of the top level managers and they are required to work as a team so as to deliver on the company goals. According to Wash (2002), management can only be successful in their work if they have clearly defined work description. CEO or company president is a vital position towards the success of any firm as they must take up the leadership mantle, work closely with the top-management, and ensure clear organizational mission, vision, and operational goals.
As a result of clarity in work description and the responsibilities of members of the board, the Innovations Theater has…

Peltz Aims to Expand Wendy's Board
Words: 1402 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62495339
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However, this is not a viable solution and it risks doing more damage than good, as it could lead to a decrease in the company's market share.

The issuing of new stocks could be a temporary solution to retrieving more financial resources. However, the chances of success for such a strategy are rather limited due to the difficulties the company is in and the already decreased quotation. It is true that the stock price increased by 1.8%, but this is not sufficient to boost investors' trust and interest. Furthermore, given the already existent financial difficulties, it would probably be best if Wendy's International looked for funds somewhere else.

The most viable alternative would be to request loans from financial institutions. The reason why this alternative would be preferable to issuing stocks is given by a tax factor. As such, interest expenses are deductible, whereas dividend payments are not (ch. 16,…


Adamy, J., February 12, 2008, Pelts Aims to Expand, Control Wendy's Board, the Wall Street Journal

Redding, L., 2008, Financial Management II, Chapters 13 to 30, Slides 11 to 141

Governance Management and Responsibilities of the Board
Words: 1351 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23243004
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Obstacles in the Governance of Organizations: Responsibility Delineation

Governance and Management

The concepts of governance and management found in the field of management opens up to the way organizations run. The two concepts explain the running of corporations and establishing contacts with all the necessary fields needed. In most cases, people have utilized either of the two techniques depending on the target result. The role of management delves to establish links with the needed within its scope of control. The two terminologies differ on how to bring the understanding of leadership in every organization. A mention of the term governance resonate the aspects of structures and processes. On the other hand, management relents to the creation of structures and processes that governance seeks to protect and maintain. To effect changes in leadership ranks, one has to witness the better part of the program with dealing with them. As part of…


Altenburg, R 2011, The determinants of roles and responsibilities of boards of directors in subsidiary companies, GRIN Verlag, Munich

Apple Press Info 2011, Apple Names Arthur D. Levinson Chairman of the Board. Available from 

Dalkir, K 2013, Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice, Routledge, New York

Frey, T 2014, Governance Arrangements for IT Project Portfolio Management: Qualitative Insights and a Quantitative Modeling Approach, Springer, New York

Judy Chu Member of Congress
Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42587602
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Member of Congress Judy Chu

Judy Chu: Member of Congress

Judy Chu was elected to Congress in 2009, in a special election to replace Hilda Soliz in California's 32nd Congressional district when Hilda Soliz was confirmed as President Obama's Secretary of Labor. She has subsequently been re-elected twice and currently serves as the representative from her redistricted area known as Congressional district 27. The daughter of immigrants, Judy Chu has lived in Los Angeles and the San Francisco area and has been involved in education and politics for most of her adult life. First elected a member of her local school board in 1985, she later became a member of the city council of Monterey Park California and was later elected to the office of Mayor for three terms. In 1994 and 1998 she ran for the California State Assembly but lost. Then in 2001, during a special election Judy…

Forgotten Group Member
Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 86333054
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Forgotten Group Member

Group Development

There are four main stages of group development: forming, storming, norming and performing (MindTools, 2013). During the forming stage, members are attempting to discover their roles and logistics. Team leadership is solidified during the forming stage. The storming phase involves people clarifying roles and begin to work on the project; some group members may try to avoid tasks. The norming stage involves the establishment of a hierarchy, solidification of leadership skills, a greater commitment to the team goal, and progress towards the goal. The performing stage involves hard work leading to the attainment of the goal (MindTools, 2013).

Christine's group is in the performing stage of development. The team members are all working to the attainment of the goal. Even Mike, the team member who is failing to meet expectations has performed some work to teach the goal. However, because there are problems in the…


Mind Tools. (2013). Forming, storming, norming, and performing: Helping new teams perform effectively, quickly. Retrieved September 19, 2013 from Mind Tools website:

Health Industry Professional Boards
Words: 1697 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27638401
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Healthcare professionals offer their services to the community whilst taking care to fully respect people's dignity. Doctors need to earn public confidence by dedicating their skill all equally, and to the best of their ability. A number of professional organizations supporting doctors in ensuring public safety exist, two of which are the ANA (American Nurses Association) and the AMA (American Medical Association). In this paper, the two aforementioned organizations' standards and functions will be analyzed.

A clear identification of the professional boards

The ANA represents its 3.6-million-strong registered nurse (RN) workforce's interests. Its goal is attempting to advance the profession of nursing through the promotion of superior practice standards (American Nurses Association, 2016). Meanwhile, the AMA represents a professional organization chiefly engaged in publishing studies geared at advancing public health, in addition to advocating for licensed doctors' interests. It participates in the areas of Obamacare implementation, healthcare IT, Medicare/Medicaid, improvements…

Manhattan Community Board 4 MCB4
Words: 1252 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 11725927
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As designs continue to roll out, it will be crucial to keep the public engaged, so that the new business developments will only enhance the community, and not isolate members from their beloved neighborhoods. Kathleen Treed, of the Hell's Kitchen Neighborhood Association, believes that this is a "fabulous example of working towards community benefit." This truly is an example of a community working together to beautify a shared space, while still working to increase its overall functionality and safety to improve the lives of the residents and visitors within its proximity. It is more important now than ever to show your support or opposition to the projects as they continue to develop from designs on paper into reality.

Part II

As the cityscape of Manhattan continues to change, it is crucial that we do not loose focus on the human aspect of life here in the city. So many are…

References (2013). July Letters Part I. Community Board 4: Manhattan, New York City. Web.

Johnson V Board of Control
Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16314475
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Thompson, 1981)

The weaknesses to Judge Johnson's case included the fact that there was a law on the books by constitutional stipulation that has in the past denied the legislature the power to provide for retirement benefits for state officers, including, by implication, judges (Alabama Const. Art. IV, Sec. 98, 2011). Another weakness is that of the fact that even though she was officially retired from the state she was still working at the federal level. It is possible that this could be construed as double dipping, since technically she would be getting paid from both systems.

It is very easy to see in this case that there is a possibility that the judges involved would not be very objective in making their decision. One would think that they thought would have to go through their minds that this may in fact one day be them in the same position…


Alabama Const. Art. IV, Sec. 98 (2011)

Amendment XIV. (n.d.). Retrieved from 

Code of Ala. § 12-18-6 (2011)

James v. Thompson, 392 So. 2d 1178 (Ala. 1981).

Impact of Brown vs Board of Education
Words: 2367 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95608416
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Racial Equality

Like other forms of discrimination and bigotry in the United States, racism has thankfully started to tail off and reduce over the years and generations. However, this is happening at a pace that is frustratingly slow and plodding. Court decisions and new laws passed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries have led to more inclusion and less institutional racism and other bigotry. However, de facto racism and other forms of bigotry still remain present and problematic. This report shall cover a lot of the facets of all of this including how Brown vs. Board of Education changed things, what President Kennedy perhaps should have done at the time of his Presidency to address racism head-on and more adeptly, examples of how things have gotten better, stayed the same or gotten worse, detailed reasons why it is important to keep a keen eye on society and what is going…

Speech of a Public Institution's Faculty Member
Words: 1498 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68813794
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speech of a public institution's faculty member to be protected under the Pickering/Connickline of cases, what criteria must be satisfied? Do these criteria suitably balance the interests of faculty members and the institution in the higher education context?

There are really two key principles that must be satisfied. The first is that the court determines whether the speech in question hinges on a matter of public concern. If it does, the court takes further criteria into consideration such as:

Whether the statement impairs discipline in school or harmony amongst superiors or amongst cookers.

Whether the statement has a negative impact on close working relationships

Whether the speech interferes with the way the operator usually conducts his business,

Yes, these criteria take the interests of faculty members and school into consideration.

Specifically, what was the fatal flaw in the instructor's speech? Was it the profanity itself? Or was it the belittling…

Dear Esteemed Member of Our
Words: 328 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63273646
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Attendance at this meeting for you and members of your group will be
beneficial in both long-term and short-term ways. This ways are not
limited to but could include the portrayal by your group of its civic
responsibilities and how seriously they are taken by your group.
The agenda for the meeting will include a short introduction by our
Mayor concerning the details of the activities under question and a time
set aside for open discussion(s) by group leaders and members with the
attending officials. If time is available, committees can be designated to
coordinate any decided on actions. With the prominence attained by your
group in other official capacities, it is almost certain that you and your
members will be chosen to head several of these committees.
If any concerns or questions arise before the meeting that you feel
must be addressed, please feel free to call me or…

Bulletin Board Use Case Study Questions
Words: 1318 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 91195457
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Bulletin Board Use: Case Study Questions

Section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act grants employees the right to be affiliated to a labor union of their choosing, and to exclusively engage in any concerted activity on behalf of the same, including communicating and soliciting support for the same. This text presents answers to case study questions demonstrating how the provisions of section 7 influence the use of bulletin boards at the workplace.

Case Study Questions: Bulletin Board Use

Is an employer required to have bulletin boards at the workplace?

State law requires employers to post certain information, such as information on employment laws, health and safety laws, and minimum wage laws for employees to see. However, such postings do not necessarily have to be made on bulletin boards -- they can be made through email, social media platforms or in face-to-face settings such as in meetings and conferences. For…

Works Cited

Baird, Eileen. Labor Law -- Access to Bulletin Boards. Western New England Law Review 5. 297 (1982). 297-318. Print.

Holley, William, Jennings Kenneth, and Wolters, Roger. The Labor Relations Process (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

O'Keefe, Bryan. National Labor Relations Board Permits Employees to Use Email Workplace Systems for Union Activity. Baker & Hostetler LLP, 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 6 September, 2015

Morgan v Polk County Board
Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 87207112
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Issues: Did the Board's actions contravene W.S. § 21-4-301 and 21-13-307(a)(ii)? Did the Board have statutory and common law authority to implement alternative scheduling? Did the Board have statutory or common law justification for violation of the Wyoming Education Code? Did the Board's actions violate equal protection?

easoning: The Court was not required to investigate the merits of the proposed program, because whether or not the program was legal was not related to its legality. W.S. § 21-4-301 mandates that each school district "shall operate its schools and classes for a minimum of one hundred seventy-five (175) days each school year." W.S. § 21-13-307(a)(ii) directs that school districts operating for 180 days or more are entitled to share in funds from the foundation account.

Analysis: The extended day program would have shortened the school term to less than 175 days, which would have violated W.S. § 21-4-301, and would have…


Morgan v. Polk County Board of Education 328 S.E. 2d 320 (N.C. Ct. App. 1985).

Johnson v. Board of Education of Trustees, Sch. Dist. #1, 661 P. 2d 1045 (Wyo. 1983).

NGO Boards Financial continuity Strategies
Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60902393
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Financial continuity Strategies for NGO Boards
Non-governmental organizations are often caught up in financial woes that make it difficult for their operation despite having a strong mission program. Discussed are professional financial continuity strategies for NGO boards to control the financial performance of their organizations in a timely manner. Firstly, ensuring an effective operation of the board. Their functions are executed through complementary and supervisory operations, and legal obligations on their performance in the organizations structure (Finkler et al., 2016). The board’s primary role is to represent the interests of the stakeholders and those of the organization. Their functions include administration of the organization, financial oversight, and making decisions on policy.
Their governance responsibilities includes approval of annual budgets, preparation of business plans, policy formulation and implementation, strategic planning, and other administrative controls. Internal controls should be exercised not give room for fraudulent activities. Boards should ensure the organization abides…

Brown v Board of Education but Hernandez
Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69368636
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Brown v. Board of Education, but Hernandez v. Texas was an important Supreme Court case related to civil rights. I had not known much about this case before watching the video. The video explained the process by which small town cases can reach the Supreme Court. The issues have to call into question the fundamental federal laws. More importantly, Hernandez v. Texas is about the process of jury selection, and how jury selection is one of the most important aspects of any trial. In a murder trial, the jury may be deciding the fate of a person's life -- they were in the case of Pedro Hernandez. The background of each jury member affects how the individual thinks and feels about the issues at stake. Prejudice and bias might not be admitted publically, but they are going to factor into the way evidence is weighed, what things are important to…

Restoring People to Productive Members of Society
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67167810
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The autho of this esponse has been asked to descibe a taget agency within which the autho will wok and how pecisely that wok will commence and be executed. Included in that summay will be what the autho of this epot bings to the theapeutic encounte, the oveall helping/theapeutic encounte and the initial fomulations that will be employed in used. Befoe that, the autho will descibe the agency that will be woked at and what they do. While some may focus deision and disdain on the mentally ill and ambivalent, any peson that wants to become o estoe themselves as an active membe of society should be given the tools and esouces to do so.

The agency that will be in question within this epot is known as the Cente fo Uban and Community Sevices, o CUCS fo shot. CUCS is a non-pofit goup that sevices the poo, the…

references and experience is lacking or flat-out wrong. However, it is important to note that research shows that needs/supplies fit and demands/abilities fit are not the same thing and should be measured and assessed differently (Hardin & Donaldson, 2014).

Regarding the initial formulations, there are going to be some patterns and usual outcomes that will become obvious. First, the client will need to have their expectations managed and assessed so that they align with reality and common practice. The key is to get the patient riled up and proactive while at the same time not setting up their hopes to be tackled. The client should not have difficulty working with the author of this response but the author of this response has a duty to be honest and open about the process and the challenges that will be faced. The message should be positive but it should be based on prior results and the facts as they exist. So long as the client is on board with being honest and proactive about the process, then there should be no discord or disagreement between the two. However, if the client is down in the dumps and very pessimistic about the outcome, then there might be some challenges. However, the fact that they came forward to use the services of CUCS proves that they are at least willing to try and that should be seized on and taken advantage of.

The potential or even like difficulty in getting the client engaged and keeping them involved stems from prior patterns of desperation, negative outcomes and the general perception that all of the above will likely persist as there is little to no reason to expect otherwise based on what is observed and experienced. This is not dissimilar to what can happen with social work professionals who end up experiencing "compassion fatigue" (Bride, Radey & Figley, 2007). That being said, there are some societal or cultural constructs and trends that can influence the path the therapies do or do not take. Examples of this would include race or the patient/client having a partner that is abusive or is himself/herself being abused (Addison,1977; Aymer, 2008; Mattei, 1999; Salvendy, 1999). Any sort of inflated (or deflated) ego or any artificial influence that is not based on reality and/or is coming from an external source can heavily sway the patient's mindset and, by extension, the results of the therapy (Gitterman & Germain, 2008; Goldstein, 1995) However, all it takes to change that pattern is a change in tactics and attitude as people can overcome a negative pattern of outcomes and expectations through actions and behaviors that are proactive, positive and moving consistently in the right direction rather than being uneven or negative in terms of the overall approach.

To maintain and strengthen the treatment relationship, the author of this report will empathize with the prior challenges and struggles but the author will also make it clear that these challenges will eventually

Rights and Responsibilities for a Member of
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Rights and Responsibilities for a Member of the Nursing Union in Minnesota recent MSNBC Health article on the state of the nation's health noted that despite the nation's joblessness crisis, nursing remains woefully understaffed as a profession across the nation. The current shortage of a few hundred thousand RNs could reach a staggering 750,000 by 2020, given the aging population and rate of retirement in the 'Baby Boom' generation. The danger of this scenario, of a rapidly aging population and a rapidly retiring nursing profession, is highlighted by a recent lawsuit waged against the esley Hospital in Kansas in July of 2000. There, a jury awarded a $2.7 million malpractice settlement to the family of a woman who almost died due to chronic nursing understaffing at the hospital. Thus, the nursing shortage has costs for both hospitals as well as patients that could prove disastrous. (Johnson, 2004) shortage of nurses…

Works Cited

Johnson, Linda. (March 29, 2004) "Shortage of nurses putting patients at risk: Unions push for limits on patient loads in hospitals." Associated Press. 

Minnesota Board Of Nursing. (May 17, 2004) "Twin Cities Registered Nurses Ratify Contracts." Retrieved on June 6, 2004 at SIC&SEC={E7A71FCF-7F9B-4BE9 88C4-85784F18A4A9}

Minnesota Board Of Nursing. (June 2004) "Who needs a Minnesota Nursing License?" Retrieved on June 6, 2004 at  6898714&sc3=null&sc2=null&id=-536882404&agency=NursingBoard

Minnesota Statutes. (2003) 148.171

Assembly Bill 1914 Introduced by Assembly Member Montanez
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Assembly ill 1914 Introduced by Assembly Member Montanez

This bill is trying to address the problem of reintegration into society of former inmates, by establishing ways and methods to properly educate them and increase their chances of successfully fulfilling the requirements of life outside prison. The author of the bill (Cindy Montanez) declares that the current structure of California's prison education system undervalues education and is hostile to rehabilitation. Focusing on custodial functions will ensure prison growth, while, by implementing short- and long-term educational and vocational services and strategies, recidivism will reduce significantly, as shown by the reduction of the crime phenomenon in more 20 states that have adopted such measures. The California prison system is based solely on punishment, while rehabilitation and education play an insignificant role. The purpose of a judicial system should be the active correction and reintegration into society of the inmates, and not the simple,…


National Education Association - analysis on the "Education and Incarceration" report issued as a policy brief by the Justice Policy Institute.

Gail Spangenberg, Council for Advancement in Adult Literacy (CAAL) - "Current issues in Correctional Education" (February 2004, Rev 2/25) 

Audrey Bazos and Jessica Hasuman, UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research, Department of Policy Studies, - "Correctional Education as a Crime Control Program

Company Boards Have Decided That
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However, that does not mean that the COO, for instance, is much more suited for this kind of activities.

Analytical skills and community involvement are also qualities that determine the success of a CEO. Executive officers need strong analytical skills in today's fast changing marketplace. The needs of many groups have to be addressed everyday, while the interests of the organization must also be fostered. A CEO, cannot appear distant, single-minded or out of touch. The need to interface with all parties and to creatively analyze all information becomes more and more important. From this point-of-view, due to their analytical nature, CFO are well prepared for the job. As far as community involvement is concerned, my opinion is that it is the nature of the individual that decides the degree a company and its top representative are involved in social events of all types. I think that a CFO is…


1. Brewis, Janine, "How a CFO can graduate to CEO," Corporate Finance; London; Jun 1999; Iss. 175; pg. 13

2. Picker, Ida, "Do CFOs Really Make Good CEOs," Institutional Investor; New York; Aug 1989;

3. Sandrick, Karen, "From CFO To CEO: What Does It Take To Make The Leap?," Healthcare Financial Management, 07350732, Dec95 Supplement, Vol. 49, Issue 12

4. "Bestor: CFOs With Expanded Skills Are Good Ceo Candidates," Healthcare Financial Management, 07350732, Jun2001, Vol. 55, Issue 6

Message Board for Order Number
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The same argument could reasonably be made for the United States' even more egregious subsequent invasion of Iraq in 2003; the pubic, altruistic reason given was that weapons of mass destruction must be eradicated from this potentially dangerous rogue state. The terrorist attacks on the orld Trade Center in 2001 surely gave the U.S. more fodder for its defensive justification for invading. Iraq is, perhaps coincidentally, perhaps not, an oil-rich nation and curiously, to date, no weapons of mass destruction have ever been located within its borders.

One could argue that this unilateral action by the United States to protect its resource is no different that the colonial imperialistic power games of decades past. Kuniholm goes so far as to call this the "Great Game," and avers it is no different from that played by imperial powers in the past (546).

The preceding figure and facts make clear which states…

Works Cited

Energy. Who Consumes the Most Oil? Web. 23 July 2010.

Bartra, Valentin. "An Institutional Framework for a More Efficient Use of Natural Resources."

Minerals &; Energy - Raw Materials Report 22.1 (2007): 1-12 Print.

BPa. BP PIPELINES: An energy lifeline. UK: BP Publishing, 2009. Print.

Comparing Nurse Practice Acts
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The Nevada Nurse Practice Act is similar to the Indiana State Board of Nursing in that the two documents cover definitions of terms (such as Board of nurses, advanced practitioner, and accredited school). In addition to defining terms clearly to remove ambiguity in their application, the two documents also outline provisions for nurse practitioners and registered nurses.

The Indiana State Board of Nursing oversees nurse licensing, including issues related to education. Moreover, the State Board of Nursing in Indiana outlines the role of continuing education in the nursing profession. The Indiana State Board of Nursing's Licensure and Administrative ules include an administrative code for both registered and licensed practical nurses. Ancillary practices and areas of specialization are also included, such as nurse-midwives.

Number of members in the Indiana State Board of Nursing is something that is covered in the document related to licensure and administration. In IC 25-23-1-2, the…


Indiana State Board of Nursing (2005). Licensure Statutes and Administrative Rules

Nevada Nurse Practice Act.

Google Corporate Governance Comes in
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The company showed a global reach early, adding numerous language versions around the world. In 2000, the company reached 18 million search queries per day and officially became the world's largest search engine ("Google, Inc." paras. 11-14).

The company now sought to address its need for income by introducing a keyword-targeted advertising program for another source of revenue. The company partnered with Yahoo! And with other partners, such as China's leading portal NetEast and NEC's BIGLOBE in Japan. Google introduced Adords, a self-service advertising program that could be activated with a credit card. By December of 2000, Google received more than 60 million searches per day and reached the 100-million search mark per day in 2001 ("Google, Inc." paras. 15-16).

Google as a Public Company

Google would offer an IPO of stock beginning in 2004. McShane and Von Glinow cite Google as a successful company, especially in terms of navigating…

Works Cited

Bylund, Anders. "All Aboard Google." The Motley Fool (6 June 2007). February 10, 2008. .

Everett, Chad. "The Google Way." Infoworld (23 February 2004). February 12, 2008. .

Google Inc." Hoover's Online (2007). -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml.

Google, Inc." International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 50. St. James Press, 2003. Reproduced in Business and Company Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.:Gale Group. 2008.

Strategic Audit a CORPORATION1 I Current Situation
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Strategic Audit a Corporation1 I. Current Situation A. Current Performance How corporation perform past year terms return investment, market share profitability? B.

Nestle's performance Audit Report

Performance of Nestle in the year 2011

arket performance

In the developed world the corporation faced economic frailty and uncertainty more so in the developed world. The economic down turns in the developed world economies had a significant impact on the performance of the product in the market which set in new challenges. Key to remaining afloat with all this challenges at Nestle is to focus on delivery of both short-term performance result and considering investing along the long-term profitability and sustainable lines Nestle The World's Leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness Company 32()

On top of the normal growth Nestle corporation experienced organic growths of up to 7.5%. Real internal growth was recorded at 3.9% while growth in pricing stood at 3.6% Nestle The…

Myers H. Trends in the Food Retail Sector across Europe,. Oxford London,: Oxford Institute of Retail Management, 2004. Print.

Nestle. Nestle Corporate Governance Report . Print.

-. The World's Leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness Company. : Nestle S.A., Cham and Vevey (Switzerland), 2011. Print.

Molson From Your Perspective Were
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From his entry to the company, Ian and his side of the family was summarily ousted and perceived as outsiders. Ian claimed that Eric "refused to work with him" and as a result had "destabilized the company," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The cousins had clearly outlined roles within the company so their conflict was not necessarily due to intrarole conflict or to jurisdictional ambiguity. However, their personalities did appear to clash. Ian was obviously to more brash and outgoing of the two and Eric has been described as a "shy man who was uncomfortable with public speaking," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The clash between the cousins led to significant intergroup and intragroup conflicts. Each believed the other incompetent, and each believed that his methods and strategies were more effective than the other's. Eric leveraged his superior position as Chairman of the Board and his…


Eric Molson Retains Control of Brewery." (2004). Modern Brewery Age. July 5, 2004. Retrieved Mar 31, 2007 at 

Vying for Control of Molson Inc." (nd).

Mayoral Control of the Los
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Although Chicago's schools remain mired in a host of convoluted social and economic problems, the overall trend has been positive since these initiatives were implemented; however, analysts suggest that it remains unclear whether these modest gains can be attributed solely to the mayoral oversight or a combination of other factors as well (Merl, 2005).

According to analyst, Kenneth K. Wong, a professor of public policy and education at Vanderbilt University, there should be no doubt, at least in the cases of Chicago and Boston -- where mayoral control has been in place the longest -- that the successes enjoyed to date can be attributed to the "right kind of mayoral takeover -- with clear authority and a highly motivated municipal leader; the key to the successful implementation of this regimen for these two cities, at least, has been the fact that "the mayors have been willing to put their political…


Bulkley, K., & Kirst, M. (2000). 'New, Improved' Mayors Take over City Schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 81(7), 538.

Cassel, R.N. (2001). The Person-Centered High School in America Must Be a Microcosm of a Fully Democratic Society. Education, 121(4), 632.

Crowson, R.L. (1998). Community Empowerment and the Public Schools: Can Educational Professionalism Survive? PJE. Peabody Journal of Education, 73(1), 58.

Darling-Hammond, L. (1994). Who Will Speak for the Children; How 'Teach for America' Hurts Urban Schools and Students. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(1), 21.

Moral Leadership CEO's Values Influence on Mission
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Moral Leadership

CEO's values influence on mission, vision, and members of an organization

Effective leadership relies on the ethics and morals of the leader. The values expressed by the leader are transposed by his or her actions and are reflected in the organization's results. The mission of the organization is constructed by the leader based on his or her values. Leaders can only run organizations whose mission is to satisfy the leader's values. In other words, the organization's values must be aligned with leaders' values. Otherwise, leaders will not have a sense of fulfillment, and they are likely to consider that the organization does not serve its best and most ethical purposes.

The vision of the organization is also strongly influenced by the leader's values. This is because the vision reflects how the organization's mission will be fulfilled. It is important that the leader constructs an organizational vision that relies…

Reference list:

1. Women Still Underrepresented on Corporate Boards. Stanford Graduate School of Business. Retrieved December 10, 2013 from .

The Pros and Cons of Caps in Punitive Damage Suits
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Legal esearch and Application

Should there be caps on legal awards against organizations or practitioners? What are the pros and cons of limiting civil monetary awards?

There are a number of tort reforms that are being promoted among the fifty states regarding caps on punitive damages. The purpose of these caps is to ensure that "defendants will be held liable for no more than their fair share of responsibility for a plaintiff's injuries" and putting the rest of damages sought by plaintiffs on the "collateral sources such as health insurance" (Cohen, 2006, p. 1). Such reform would reduce the treatment provider's risk of being completely ruined by a plaintiff's lawsuit and provide that some of the risk of malpractice be assumed by other agencies connected to health care provision. This would be a pro-for defendants (health care providers) but a con for patient plaintiffs who would be required to seek…


Cohen, H. (2006). Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: Legal Issues and Fifty-State

Survey of Caps on Punitive Damages and Noneconomic Damages. CRS Report for Congress: 1-20. Retrieved from

Guidebook for Tennessee Nonprofits. (2016). Attorney General's Office. Retrieved from 

Svorny, S. (2011). Could mandatory caps on medical malpractice damages harm consumers? Policy Analysis, Cato Institute, 685: 1-28.

David Jones a Welsh Immigrant Founded This
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David Jones a Welsh immigrant, founded this departmental store in 1838 in Australia. With a vision to trade in the best and most exclusive goods as well as stocking goods tha embraces everyday wants of mankind at large, his store performed well. This store was located along the main street of Sydney and attracted both gentry and country settlers. They purchased goods such as buckskins, ginghams, fabrics, silk and other goods. David Jones later retired and handed the running of the store to his partners. This move was unsuccessful as the store underperformed with his exit. He came back from retirement borrowed heavily and recreated the stores success. At present David Jones is the oldest department store in Australia as well as in the world still in business using the original trade name (David Jones, 2012).

Management structure

The board of directors as at March 2012 comprised 8 members under…


Australian Security Exchange. (2012). David Jones Limited. Retrieved April 24, 2012, from

David Jones . (2012). Coperate Governance . Retrieved from http:/ / www.davidjones,

Sexual Harassment and Discrimination Anna
Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 60151713
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Given the context and the fact that being a convicted criminal and a sex offender could conceivably make the risk of any type of abuse (whether or not of a sexual nature) foreseeable, that defense is unlikely to succeed. However, generally, the knowledge of one Board member who does not disclose that knowledge to the Board will not be imputed to the rest of the Board. In any case, that issue is unlikely to matter because of the school's liability in negligence even without knowledge.

Question # 3

As previously discussed, the school is likely to be found liable to Anna for Title VII discrimination by virtue of her age because it allowed Forester to create a hostile work environment by failing to discipline either Forester or DuFrane, the other male teacher who made the hostile statement. The school will argue that even under those facts, the severity and extent…

Qi Plan Part IV Implementing and Revising
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Quality Improvement Plan: Implementing and evising

Authority, structure, and organization for the Mayo Clinic

Board of directors

The implementation of quality improvement initiatives require a detailed authority designation, structure, and organization of the compete project. Mayo clinic is known for its quality and technology initiatives. The programs are conceived and implemented using progressive technological approaches. The project management and organizational oversight structures are developed in accordance with the requirements. As a result the coordinated and coherent efforts of the clinic provide an overall governance model for successful project completion. The authority, structure, and organizational roles are discussed in the following sections.

Authority, structure, and organization for the Mayo Clinic:

Board of directors:

Board of directors is responsible for review and approval of the plan. The pros and cons of the plan are discussed in the broad meetings. The financial requirements and capital investment requirements are also elaborated and approved by…


Chute, C.G., Beck, S.A., Fisk, T.B., & Mohr, D.N. (2010). The Enterprise Data Trust at Mayo Clinic: a semantically integrated warehouse of biomedical data. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 17(2), 131-135.

Kolker, A., & Story, P. (2011). Management Engineering for Effective Healthcare Delivery: Principles and Applications. USA: Medical Info Science Reference.

Mueller, P.S. (2009). Incorporating professionalism into medical education: the Mayo Clinic experience. The Keio journal of medicine, 58(3), 133-143.

Sawatsky, A.P., Rosenman, D.J., Merry, S.P., & McDonald, F.S. (2010, August). Eight years of the Mayo International Health Program: what an international elective adds to resident education. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 85, No. 8, pp. 734-741). Elsevier.

Urban Political Science
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Urban Political Science: Questions and Answers


Miami-Dade County is seeking a new chief for its ethics board.

What is the primary purpose of this ethics board?

he ethics committee was first enacted to change the Miami home rule charter. It was set up as an committee that has semi-judicial powers and it is independent of all other government offices in the county for the purpose of maintaining its ability to look into the ethical practices of government offices with an unbiased view (Miami

What issues has the Commission handled that do NO relate to the member of the Board itself?

Since the board is now just conducting the search for a new boss (Hiaasen, 2011) it is not doing any business save that. It has recently worked to create a new ordinance on conflict of interest standard because it has had an issue with the county…

The budget for the entire county is $3 billion, and that has been cut from a previous proposal. The center itself also is going to be operated at an expenditure which was reduced from previous estimates, but specific numbers were not given (Varian, 2011). The articles did say that a community room would cost a group $850 per night which makes it unreasonable for most groups.

4: Was this an appropriate use of government funds? (A: No)

No it was not. The term community center cannot be adequately applied to this center because the entire community will not be able to access it. Also, the cost to tax payers was very high. The people who are supposed to be able to use the center cannot because of the high cost and they cannot afford the taxes

Strategic Audit Current Situation A
Words: 1384 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 40186153
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Although the company relies on information technology it is not at the forefront so can adapt more slowly. There are limited political-legal and societal implications. The most important force -- economic -- does vary but the North American market is by far the most important. Jet fuel prices do not vary significantly from country to country.

Industry competition is driven by overall demand levels, price and service. These forces do not vary globally. There is low threat of new entrants due to high entry costs. Buyers have average buying power due to competition. There is a high threat of substitution from electronic communications and slower shipping services. Rivalry among firms is intense. Unions, governments, interest groups have low relative power.

Customers are the only immediate factor affecting FedEx, as they have curtailed spending on shipping. A major threat is that customers will find ways to reduce shipping permanently. An opportunity…

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral: FedEx. (2009). Retrieved December 8, 2009 from 

Carey, N. (2009). FedEx says taking market share despite slump. Reuters. Retrieved December 8, 2009 from 

Shult, K. (2008). Battle of the brands: UPS vs. FedEx. Blogging Stocks. Retrieved December 8, 2009 from 

2009 FedEx Annual Report. Retrieved December 8, 2009 from

Nonprofit Governance the Family Christian Association of
Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82481833
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Nonprofit Governance

The Family Christian Association of America (FCAA), Inc. is under the governance of a state wide corporate board of directors, composed of 30 volunteers from various professional disciplines. This board is responsible for the creation and approval of policies, development of financial resources, providing oversight of financial and legal matters, as well as authorizes volunteer advisory councils, and collaboration on strategic planning. (The Florida Christian Association of America, Inc., 2010)

The FCAA shows complete cohesion between the articles of incorporation, bylaws, website, and the work that they are doing in the community served. The mission and vision statement are clear, concise, and evident through the services provided to the population served by this nonprofit. There are actually very few areas that appear to need any correction or improvement. It appears that if there were more guaranteed ways to secure funding from year to year would be one of…


Florida Coalition of Black Faith & Community-Based Organizations. (n.d.). Membership Policy. Retrieved from 

Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. (1997, June). A Survey of Corporate Governance. Journal of Finance, 52, 737-783. Retrieved from

The Florida Christian Association of America, Inc.. (2010). About Us. Retrieved from

Resolving Various Issues Relating to Social Work
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Social Work

Scenario One; Mr. K

M.K Elements

My Life is a train Wreck

I can't sleep at night

I can't do my work

I think my boss is getting tired of my mistakes

I also forgotten to pay my some of my bills

Creditors are calling the time

The Chief Reason: My Life is a train Wreck

Rationale- Thinking

Mr. K, I have heard about your story and I regret what you and your wife had to experience. I do not consider divorce as a fruitful option, especially if the culprits are not prepared for their outcomes. However, with a close analysis, you should rethink about your life, especially in relation to your mental health. Based on the synopsis you have been having about your social and economic life, you will agree with me that you might need to change the way you view life.


From my understanding,…

Heifer International to Jo Luck
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She has committed herself to helping people in difficult circumstances help themselves. hile in prison Stewart volunteered at the omen's Venture Fund, teaching poor women how to start their own businesses, and has continued to show an interest in empowering former female inmates since her release ("Stewart aims to lighten sentence with charity," 2004, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel).

Since she is barred from serving as the CEO of her own company, Stewart does not formally have an organization to run, thus adding the stewardship of Heifer to her portfolio might be an attractive offer for the successful businesswoman. She would bring added publicity to the cause's mission. It would draw a larger donor base for Heifer, as Stewart's traditional Macy and Kmart shopping audience would hear about the organization through Stewart's website and media broadcasts.

orks Cited

Leadership Team." (2007). Heifer International. Retrieved 14 Feb 2007 at

Singer, Peter and…

Works Cited

Leadership Team." (2007). Heifer International. Retrieved 14 Feb 2007 at 

Singer, Peter and Jim Mason. (2007) the Way We Eat. New York: Rodale.

Stewart aims to lighten sentence with charity/." (2004). Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 14 Feb 2007 at

Miami-Dade Ethics Commission Was Created
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 60914448
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According to the research, "About half of that reduction is because the federal government won't be sending the $873 million stimulus for education that it sent last year," (Kam 2011). Without any cuts, that money would have to be replaced entirely on the burden of the Floridian tax payers. Thus, Governor Scott is trying to avoid that situation with his budget cutting policies. Moreover, the plan also allocated greater savings for property owners throughout Florida. Some of the money taken from educational budget cuts is going to providing Florida home owners with some much needed relief in a recession still claiming foreclosures left and right. The research states that "a $44.72 property tax savings for the average Florida homeowner with a homestead exemption," (Kam 2011). The research also states that the cutting will actually decrease state property taxes for schools in the area. Therefore, many agree with the necessity of…


There were several events provided the basis for each of the alleged wrongdoings. Overall, the main two issues were overpayment of Commission employees, including Pat Bean herself, and the illegal snooping of emails. Here, the research states that there was "an uproar over unauthorized email access and unexpected pay raises" (Williams & Martinez 2010). In fact, 2007 saw much of the events unfolding, as Bean and her camp began giving themselves raises without proper cause or procedures. The St. Petersburg Times reported that even "County Attorney Renee Lee and several other top officials 1% pay raises in 2007 without telling commissioners, who are supposed to set Bean and Lee's salaries" (Varian 2010). Additionally, there was an allegation that Bean had also been snooping through Jim Barnes' email.

If Bean and other employees were terminated with cause, no, there should be no severance pay involved in their termination. Bean's firing was done so with cause, showing clear negligence in following agency procedures. The scandal beforehand was not the action of misunderstanding, but that of clear self bias. It was clear that her actions were enough to cause the firing with

AUS Corp Law HP Case
Words: 1137 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 59275003
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The June 2010 change to the manner in which dividends were deemed payable shifted the requirement from a measure of profit to a balance sheet-based formula in which dividends were only payable if assets outstripped liabilities, essentially.

This is, according to the facts of the case as presented, the only reason the dividend payment might be considered insolvent trading or otherwise contrary to the legal and financial constraints of the company under current Australian law. As the error was again solely the fault of chief financial officer George, the directors incur no liability in this instance.

Part B

As described above, the board of directors at Hampton Park Pty, td. incurred no liability in this case as they relied on information provided by a competent and informed employee in the person of the company's chief financial officer, George, which legally absolves them of liability in this case.

Whether or not…

Lipton, et al., 469.

Deloitte, "Changes to Corporations Law rules for payment of dividends." (2010).

Corporations Act 2001, Section 189.

Union Presidents Collective Bargaining - Labor Relations
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Union Presidents

Collective Bargaining - Labor relations Topic: explain duties national union president executive board members Essay Question: List explain duties national union president executive board members, illustrate remuneration considered "fair compensation" compared CEO-counterpart U.

List and explain the various duties of the national union president and executive board members, and illustrate how their remuneration is not always considered "fair compensation" as compared with their CEO-counterpart in the U.S. corporations.

The national union president administers the union constitution and enforces the union's official policies (Sloane & Witney 2010: 167). Union presidents act as the public voice of the organization, appearing as public speakers at union conventions and before the public. They also testify before congressional committees on pertinent issues. They may act as advocates for unionization in non-union shops, strive to protect pro-union policies and laws and deal with management when contentious issues arise such as wildcat strikes or closed…


Epstein, J. (2011). Union presidents make six figures. Politico. Retrieved from: 

Sloane, A.A. & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice


Ethical Challenges in Healthcare Administration
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Ethical Challenge Scenaios in Healthcae Administation

Scenaio 1: You have withdawn an offe at the last minute (due to poo efeences) to an ICU nuse manage candidate who has moved acoss the county to accept the job. The only way you will avoid a lawsuit is if she is hied somewhee else soon. A close colleague calls to ask you fankly why you withdew the offe. What do you say?

This paticula scenaio seems like moe of a legal issue than an ethical question. An ethical dilemma would be about whethe to talk to the fiend o not. It seems that thee ae a few sepaate issues with egad to the oveall scenaio. Fist, of couse is the legality of talking to the fiend at all. Why does she want to know? Did she ecommend the employee? Next, what does an offe of employment mean? Anothe point to expound upon…

references: A survey of recently enacted state legislation. William and Mary Law Review, 39(1). 177-228.

Meier, K.J., & Hicklin, A. (2008). Employee turnover and organizational performance: testing a hypothesis from classical public administration. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4). 573-582.

Robinson, R.K., Jackson, W.T., Franklin, G.M., & Clayton, R.W. (2010). The changing legal environment for employers: Implications for small businesses. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 22(1). 91-99.

Yoder, B. (2008). How reasonable Is "Reasonable"? The search for a satisfactory approach to employment handbooks. Duke Law Journal, 57(5). 1517-1529.

Effective Meeting Organizational Behavior
Words: 1385 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50197983
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Trans Lead OB

Solutions at a NPO radio station

In response to a series of unattended Board of Directors meetings in the last several Quarters, the following is an organizational analysis intended to support communications on Company activities for report to investors and stakeholders. The document outlines information on human resource operations, and the organization's strategic plan of transformation. The report will serve as introduction to the forthcoming 4th Quarter Meeting, where presentation of operations will serve as starting point for more general discussion on organizational behavior (OB) changes as they pertain to human resource management. Short-term and long-term strategic objectives, goals and updated strategic plan are inserted for review in preface to the upcoming, annual board retreat and training.

As you are aware of, in the recent past the number of meetings in the Company increased gradually from monthly to biweekly, and finally to once a week in response…


Burke, W.W (2007) Organization change: Theory and practice. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hitt, Black & Porter (1995). Management. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Prentice Hall.

Pynes, J.E. (2008). Human Resources Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Strategic Approach. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, John & Sons, Inc.

Thill, John V. & Courtland L. Bovee (2005). Excellence in Business Communications, 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River: New Jersey.

Boomtown Effect Impacted the Ranier
Words: 5482 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 19480819
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While there were students of color in the community, their race was rarely, if ever, a source of conflict. The unfortunate outcome, however is that in being "Color Blind," and believed that everyone is being treated the same. In reality, the outcome does not celebrate the uniqueness of those same ethnic groups. The bigger implication in my work will be the study of the blending of economic classes. Prior to the consolidation of the schools, ainier had numerous rural one to four room schoolhouses. Each school had its own distinct area of the county and each group was resistant to blending with the others. This was an area of generational poverty. Families were land rich and money poor.

In the early 1970's, when Portland General Electric began construction on the Trojan Nuclear Power Plant, there were the beginnings of a local population explosion. The first group to come to…


Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (2000). Escape from cluelessness: A guide for the organizationally challenged. New York: American Management Association.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. (2004). Surviving your thesis. New York: Routledge.

Dennis, C., & Harris, L. (2002). Marketing the e-business. London: Routledge.

Feagin, J.R., Orum, a.M. & Sjoberg, G. (1991). A case for the case study. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Create a Budget Qualification Personnel
Words: 772 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 4602466
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Medical Research Funding - Government vs. Private

Most research funding comes from two major sources: corporations and government. Some small amounts of scientific research are carried out by charitable foundations, especially in relation to developing cures for chronic diseases.

Government funding for medical research amounts to approximately 36% in the U.S. he government funding proportion in certain industries is higher, and it dominates research in social science and humanities. Similarly, with some exceptions government provides the bulk of the funds for basic scientific research. In commercial research and development, all but the most research-oriented corporations focus more heavily on near-term commercialization possibilities rather than ideas or technologies.

Government-funded research can either be carried out by the government itself, or through grants to academic and other researchers otside the government. Critics of basic research are concerned that research funding for the sake of knowledge itself does not contribute to a great…

The various members of HHMI that are filling key staff positions include: Robert Tjian (President), Craig Alexander (Vice President / General Council), and Sean Carroll (Vice President for Science Education). Robert Tjian has formal training as a biochemist and has been the President of HHMI since 2009. He received a Bachelor Degree from Berkeley and a PHD from Harvard University. The greatest contribution that Tjian has made to medical research is through his groundbreaking work, regarding how genes are turned on and off. Craig Alexander has acted as legal counsel for HHMI since 1994 and has been the Vice President since 2006. He has a Law Degree from the Georgetown University Law Center. Sean Carroll is in charge of Science Education for HHMI. He has been working as an HHMI investigator at the University of Wisconsin Madison, where he is a world famous biologist.

Partnerships and cooperating agencies include: 18 Nobel Prize winners, the National Academy of Sciences, and 335 HHMI investigators around the world. The various board members include: James Baker, Garnett Keith, Fred Lummis and Paul Nurse. All of the different individuals made annual contributions to the foundation.

HHMI Personnel Budget

Mergers and the Vanguard Group
Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39349452
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The Director at His Best: The Right Question at the Right Time

Mergers are often advocated as a way of generating powerful organizational synergies for both newly-united organizations. But merging together two dissimilar corporate cultures can often result in profound challenges. The Vanguard Group of Investment companies is a result of a merger of several organizations and the organization initially faltered in its attempts to gain a clear sense of direction. The board of directors was divided between those loyal to Philadelphia-based Jack Bogle versus those still loyal to the Boston investment firm that made up the conglomerate. According to Jim Hill, there was constant friction between the two sides and meetings often were focused more upon one faction’s attempt to dominate the other rather than advancing the true interest of the firm.

Vanguard thus showed all the signs of not being a truly merged entity but was more like…

Team Objective When I Arrived
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was invited to assist in all aspects of Riyad Capital management as directed by the CEO, to advise and coordinate the development and implementation of special projects related to Riyad Capital's various businesses. According to the CEO of Riyad Capital, "helped change direction" for the first time in the company's history.

This required definition of Riyad Capital's strategies and objectives, so the CEO and developed a three-year strategic plan for the period 2011-2013. Assisting the CEO in carrying out his management responsibilities took advice, coordination and support on designated projects, and representing the executive office vis-a-vis other departments. actively contributed to efficiency, SWOT analysis, HR policies, operational effectiveness and the establishment of a strategic position.

worked with the head of Risk & Compliance to develop an action plan to the capital market authority, updated and initiated many Service Level Agreements (SLAs) with Riyad Bank, and closed 28 past-due internal audit…

I was invited to assist in all aspects of Riyad Capital management as directed by the CEO, to advise and coordinate the development and implementation of special projects related to Riyad Capital's various businesses. According to the CEO of Riyad Capital, I "helped change direction" for the first time in the company's history.

This required definition of Riyad Capital's strategies and objectives, so the CEO and I developed a three-year strategic plan for the period 2011-2013. Assisting the CEO in carrying out his management responsibilities took advice, coordination and support on designated projects, and representing the executive office vis-a-vis other departments. I actively contributed to efficiency, SWOT analysis, HR policies, operational effectiveness and the establishment of a strategic position.

I worked with the head of Risk & Compliance to develop an action plan to the capital market authority, updated and initiated many Service Level Agreements (SLAs) with Riyad Bank, and closed 28 past-due internal audit outstanding control exceptions company-wide in 25 days. I edited Arabic and English sell-side reports for our research department, wrote the 2011 objectives for 10 department heads who report directly to the CEO, and reviewed and corrected the company's HR manual. I submitted a peer comparison for our company to the Board of Directors and worked as acting head of the it department, to restructure the department and push two crucial projects through bottlenecks that had kept them pending for two years. My work during this period was deeply appreciated by the board members.