Business Etiquette: France and Greece
Engaging in the proper business etiquette is absolutely essential when travelling abroad: not only is it considered polite, but engaging in such a habit will empower one to accomplish what one wants with a higher degree of success. The proper etiquette will reassure your new European business associates (in this case French and Italian ones) that you understand and respect their cultural norms and that you're prepared to adhere to them to make dealings more comfortable for all people involved. Furthermore, the French in particular value rules and propriety; thus it becomes even more important to demonstrate that you have a command of these rules and codes (foreigntranslations.com, 2013).
When conducting business in France, it's important to place a premium on formality and respect. The following pillars of business etiquette are extremely important in France. For instance, avoiding exaggeration is of the utmost importance; the…… [Read More]
Business etiquette can be extremely important; extremely where the etiquette is linked to the way in which first impressions are made (Martin & Chaney, 2012). This is particularly true when dealing with international communications, as customs and practices which are accepted as etiquette in a managers' home nation may not be shared. Examining a short etiquette breach from a senior manager when meeting with some Japanese businessmen.
Prior to attending the meeting, the manager, who we will call Jon, had received a short briefing from the HR department on expected etiquette; Jon had been informed that the Japanese business people will expect a formal business atmosphere, with Jon expected to wear a suit, and when meeting them to bow rather than shake hands unless a hand was offered, and always refer to his counterparts using their citations to show respect. These were all complied with, however, the meeting did not…… [Read More]
Another factor that must be taken into consideration is represented by the business etiquette in China. Business etiquette in this country is significantly different than that of Western countries, but it is similar to other Asian countries. The analysis of business etiquette is based on the cultural dimensions that characterize the Chinese population. Same as in the case of other Asian cultures, China has a high long-term orientation, which means that the country's population has a strong attitude on persevering. Also, there is a high level of power and wealth inequality within the society. The Chinese culture is a collectivist one, and businessmen should refer to this fact in their meetings with Chinese partners (International Business Center, 2008).
The differences between the business etiquette in China and those in other countries refer to aspects like the appearance and clothing style, the behavior at meeting, offering and receiving gifts, and communications.…… [Read More]
Business in Mexico
Our company is considering outsourcing and selling products abroad, and I would like you to represent us. In specific, our country of choice is Mexico. In order to be successful there, whoever, and make an effective launch as well as hit the right people and best sell our products (never mind interest the locals to our company), it is important that we become acquainted with the Mexican social and business customs of the country as well as their etiquette in related manners.
This, therefore, is a summary of the research that I have done that should give us some rough knowledge of how to be in the various business and outside-business situations.
I was astonished to discover that sharp differences sometimes exist between American culture and Mexican culture and that this intrudes into business relationships and ways of conducting business that can quite possibly spell the differnce…… [Read More]
communications in business. Specifically it will discuss communication in business in Japan, including intercultural interactions and successful communications. Often we don't think about the culture and etiquette of doing business in another country, and that's a giant mistake. For example, communication with Japanese clients can be very different that communication with clients here in America. Here are some tips on how to communicate effectively while you're working with Japanese clients.
When we do business in Japan, we must be aware of differing cultural values, language, etiquette, and business customs that can be very different from our own. To ensure that we don't offend or anger our Japanese business partners, we need to ensure that we act and communicate according to their customs, to ensure our success. We also want our staff to feel comfortable while they're working in Japan, and suffer from as little culture shock as possible, so business…… [Read More]
To impress Japanese business people, the fame, power and size of the organization should be presented. Documentation regarding the organization should always be presented in Japanese. and, a business person should always be on time for meetings and be well prepared.
Seating at functions, such as: meetings, dinners, and even when riding in a car has a protocol in Japan. This protocol centers around several facets including: seniority, guest-host relationship, where the door is located, and even decorations in the room. Even filling glasses at meal times has a specific order in Japanese etiquette.
Other etiquette faux-pas include:
lowing one's nose in front of others.
Kissing a person as a greeting.
Tossing objects to a person when asked for something. Instead, they should always be presented with both hands and a bow of the head.
In the end, there are significant opportunities that lie in the land of the…… [Read More]
Socializing is an important part of business meetings, and Brazilians feel that people should know each other before "talking business" (Cross-cultural Maria). This is also true of telephone calls. Even on the phone, social chit chat comes before business (Hofstede, 2003). Because of that, wait for the other person to change the subject from "getting to know you" to "getting down to business." (Hofstede, 2003) In the big cities (San Paulo, Rio de Janiero), people generally expect meetings to start on time (Hofstede, 2003).
Brazilians shake hands, often in an extended way, at the beginning and the end of an encounter. If there are several people, shake hands with everyone and make eye contact (Hofstede, 2003).
MEALS AN ENTERTAINING
For business purposes, restaurants are typically used instead of a person's home (Hofstede, 2003). The noon meal is the biggest meal, and dinner is likely to be lighter. However, if you…… [Read More]
business in japan.
Doing Business in Japan
In today's increasing era of globalization, more and more foreign companies and individuals are discovering the wonderful, profitable, and sometimes, challenging world of doing business in Japan. However, although many have been lured by the boom time of the recent past, leaner times require a thorough knowledge of the business and cultural environment. The simple fact is, those who understand the milieu of Japanese life will in general do much better than those who do not.
Of course, one of the first steps in considering doing business in Japan involves understanding the infrastructure of the country. Although Japan is widely touted as a technological wonderland (to some degree, rightly so), there remain significant public sector improvements to be made -- along with the accompanying investments. Unfortunately, Japans infrastructure has not kept base with its rate of economic growth (ITC). This is…… [Read More]
Business report compares the two Australian service providers where by various aspects are critically looked at in respect to the design elements of a retail store environment. The elements are categorized into exterior facilities, general interior, store layout, interior displays and the social dimensions. Each of these design elements are categorically looked into differently taking into account the services being offered by the two chosen service providers namely Fadez Barbershop and Gloria Jean's Coffees.
The two chosen service providers are unique in their own way having been selected from different industries. Various design elements in comparison with the ussell's Model of affect are discussed and how they relate in different ways. ussell's model of affect talks about the various arousal levels that the consumers achieve when in contact with the mentioned design elements of a retail store environment, the interpretations and the impact they have that affects the buying decisions…… [Read More]
A useful recommendation in this sense is represented by the contracting of a local law firm to ease the company's penetration into the region and to help us understand and overcome the initial barriers. But aside from understanding and complying with the regulations, it is also essential to understand and comply with the cultural features.
India is one of the oldest and most impressive global cultures. And its culture has also impacted the means in which business is conducted. One specific means is represented by the language barriers which are raised. And not only that the representatives of the two countries would speak different languages, it is highly possible that the representatives of India speak different languages among themselves. This is because the states of India have different official languages, and some states even have more than one official language (Kwintessential).
In terms of actual relationships between the Indians, these…… [Read More]
Furthermore it has become critically necessary to be equipped technologically in handling today's increased IT demands for business communication.
Video Conferencing (2006) GlobalMedia. Online available at: www.globalmedia.com.
Hart, Amy (2001) Global Communication Warming - The CEO Refresher. Online available at http://www.refresher.com/!warming.html.
Martin, Jeannet S. And Chaney, Lillian H. (2006) Global usiness Etiquette: A Guide to International Communication and Customs. Online available at http://doi.contentdirections.com/mr/greenwood.jsp?doi=10.1336/0275988155.
Global usiness Support: Creating the Infrastructure for International usiness Communication (2006) Nova's Communication-ased usiness Activities. Online available at http://www.nova.ne.jp/english/corporation/02jigyo/jigyou_business.html.
Jarvenpaa, Sirkka L. And Leidner, Dorothy E. (1998) Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams - JCMC 3 (4) June 1998. Online available at http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol3/issue4/jarvenpaa.html
Global Alliance Joins the Organization of the World Congress on Communication for Development (2006) Global Alliance 5 July 2006 Online available at http://www.globalpr.org/news/industry_news_direct.asp?v1=86
usiness Communications Applications on Any Network (2005) Avaya White Paper May 2005.
Avaya White Paper, "New Era of Intelligent…… [Read More]
In order to anticipate diversity issues and conflicts, the company will need to have a direct feedback from people who have previously lived and worked in Japan. In this sense, it is useful to see the problems that have arisen in other similar situation and, proactively, to discover ways by which such problems can either be anticipated or their effect minimized. The employees will then need to be taught the importance of age in the Japanese organizational culture, as well as different other useful information that can help them in their relationship with Japanese counterparts.
In order to prevent premature returns, one needs to have not only the right integration tools and preparatory instruments, but also the appropriate motivational elements by which the individual will want to remain and work in Japan for the company, such as a good salary, a good home, appreciation incentives etc.… [Read More]
In fact many identify as European as opposed to Latin American. In addition, although Spanish is spoken in Argentina and it is the official language of the country, it is also a quite different type of Spanish than the Spanish spoken in other Latin American countries ("Argentina cultural guide").
In addition to the aforementioned differences, there are also differences associated with Business Etiquette. In Argentina the culture is driven by relationships and as such when people are conducting businesses they tend to be more comfortable conducting business with people that they know and they are already familiar with. However, in London it will often be the case that the person that business is conducted with is not someone that is familiar to the individual. Because this is the case it will be important to prepare the Argentineans who will work in London by educating them concerning the norms of business…… [Read More]
business culture and expansion trends that exist for American companies in India. The paper focuses on answering the following questions: 1. What are the major elements and dimensions of culture in this region? 2. How are these elements and dimensions integrated by local conducting business in the nation? 3. How do both of the above items compare with U.S. culture and business? 4. What are the implications for U.S. businesses that wish to conduct business in that region? The paper also tackles the following aspects: Dimensions of Culture, Communication. Different Meaning of Words across Languages, Verbal, Nonverbal, High Context vs. Low Context and eligion -- Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Shinto and Ethics; Definitions, The Issue of Corruption, Corporate Social esponsibility, Values and Attitudes, Variances in Attitudes across Cultures, Concept of Time, Dealing with Change, The ole of Gender, Social Status, Business Manners and Customs across National Cultures, Social…… [Read More]
E-Mail in Business Communication
E-mail: History, elation, and Impact on effective Business Communication
Email in Business Communication
Impact of Email to Business Communication
Implications of Emails as Business Communication Tools
Email is an important form of communication in today's organization that is increasingly seeing a geographical dispersal of the workforce. To communication tool has replaced traditional business letters and memos in preference for email memos. The research carried out a review of literature on email and business communication and found the tool is used in 100% of businesses today. However, despite the wide acceptance, the tool lacks in social and visual cues which lender the messages toneless. The lack of tone and physical gestures leads to misinterpretation, ill will, disconnectedness, loss of intellectual capital and integrity for the business. The research finds that the informal history of emails, heterogeneity among users, technological limitations in social-emotions, and lack of…… [Read More]
During these times, politeness and sensitivity become necessary as this subject may be extremely emotional or explosive as many Israelis have lost family or friends in wars or bomb attacks. As Israelis are notably brusque, however, an Israeli might construe something an American deems cautious politesse as evasiveness or uncertainty. Since directness is prized, it is best to get straight answers when an Israeli questions, and/or ask straight questions. Before "getting down to business," an American business man/woman may be surprised that little small talk or "chit-chat" is exchanged. if/when an individual meets Palestinian Israelis, it is good to remember they value courtesy, dress and good form more. (Business Etiquette) the following reflect a number of points a businessperson needs to keep in mind when conducting business in Israel.
There may not be a correlation between a contacts' politics and his/her religious or ethnic background.
Initially, an individual should keep…… [Read More]
Home to the world's tenth largest economy and second largest population, India defies swift generalization. It includes a vast range of developmental situations, cultures, languages, and climates. The country remains largely rural, with just 26% of its people living in cities. Yet in 1995 it had over 30 cities of one million or more residents, including three of the world's 20 largest cities -- Bombay, Calcutta, and Delhi -- according to United Nations estimates (The Anguish of India, 1997).
Currently Indian labor laws, regulations, and workforce standards are very outdated. India is plagued with corruption. India has been ranked 9th in a list of 75 countries where dishonest practices are common, which is indeed an uncertain distinction. The corruptions, delays, bureaucratic red tape, and archaic labor laws are ingrained in India's business culture. These pitfalls have deterred foreign investors from investing in India (Stokes, 2003).
From the…… [Read More]
Intercultural Communication - Group
As the Manufacturing Procurement Lead for an American/Japanese automobile manufacturer, my main task is to coordinate several characteristics of production and delivery schedule of an Italian designed and manufactured electronic braking system for a new high performance sports car to be launched to the American market. An important aspect of achieving this goal is conducting a three-day meeting that incorporates various social activities, price, negotiations of delivery schedule, and creation of a preliminary contract. The social activities include cocktail reception on the first evening and a final dinner on the final day of the three-day meeting. The other vital component of success in this meeting is an understanding of group dynamics since it will affect discussions and negotiations.
The American/Japanese automotive manufacturer will be doing business with an Italian company, which implies that understanding cultural differences and business interactions with the Italian customer is essential for…… [Read More]
Each time cards were exchanged, the Saudis turned over the American's business card expecting Arabic on the back instead of a blank card. While this would have been excusable by itself, under the circumstances, it only further highlighted to the prospective business partners that the foreigner was simply not well prepared to conduct business in Saudi Arabia.
The American waited patiently (at least from his point-of-view) until the multiple-course meal was over and then began spreading out his materials for a business presentation. Since then, he has learned that this also is a violation of Saudi business etiquette. Generally, Saudi business people do not necessarily discuss business at all during the first business meeting. Instead, they tend to use the first (and often the second) meeting just to establish a rapport. Again, the Saudi business men did not refuse to entertain the business proposal, but in retrospect, that was also…… [Read More]
The age range will be between 25 and 64, and there are a lot of doctors and other professionals such as professors and lawyers in my area making this a good choice. Approximately, then between 3% and 5% of these individuals will take their dog to daycare if it is available. By adding boarding and grooming services, I can increase the number of clients available to me by 300%-600% as well as increasing my income by 200%-#400%.
There are no other dog day-care centres in the vicinity or even within neighboring localities to compete with the business
There seems to be a potential supply of clients
Training dogs: Dogyoga (innovation); cutting-hair facilities; gymnastics
Alternate products: day-care and nourishment.
Value-added products: Vet. pecial trainer. pecialist with dogs.
#40 per hour (simple day-care)
#100 per lesson -- dogyoga
#100 per lesson -- etiquette training
#100 per lesson --…… [Read More]
Business Culture in Lithuania
Lithuania has a very family-focused culture. Social obligations and protocols are very important. Fostering close relationships is vital to Lithuanians, both in business and in the general social environment. especting others by making eye contact is essential (Doing business in Lithuania, 2011, Communicaid: 3).
Elements of culture
National pride and traditions have been very important in Lithuania since its liberation from Soviet control. In general, as a people Lithuanians are quite conservative, so it is best to err on the side of caution and dress professionally and use formal modes of address. However, do not be overly brusque during first meetings and engage in respectful small talk that is not too intimate, but is still friendly (Doing business in Lithuania2011, Communicaid: 3).
Business practices and etiquette
"Organisations in Lithuania have a strong respect for hierarchy and authority, with structure and delegation coming from…… [Read More]
Business in ussia
The ussian Federation occupies most of Eastern Europe and north Asia. It stretches from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the East and from Arctic Ocean in the North to Black Sea in the south (Pearson Education, 2012). It is the largest of the 21 republics that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States. There are also 6 federal territories, 2 federal cities, 49 regions, 1 autonomous region, and 10 autonomous areas (Pearson Education, 2012). Norway and Finland borders the Federation in the northwest while Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine border it in the west. In the south it is bordered by Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea. ussia occupies a land area of approximately 17,075,500 sq km (Pearson Education, 2012).
ussia is spread over all climatic zones except tropical. West of the Ural mountains from the Black Sea to the Arctic…… [Read More]
Outsourcing of jobs is one of the most controversial topics in today's business climate. The increase of the Internet and other global communications has made it not only possible, but easier for organizations to use workforces in other regions in which wages and benefits are far lower than in the developed world. One can ethically defend outsourcing using the principle of utilitarianism -- the greatest good for the greatest number. While initially there is a job loss in the host country, competitive pressures require that global businesses remain competitive to even stay in business. Over the long-term, this means that the stakeholders benefit from the company staying in business and making a profit, even if that is shifting jobs to other countries. Looking at the economy globally allows one to justify outsourcing as a way to improve the gist of globalization (VCG, 2011).
Part 2 -- Because the global economy…… [Read More]
There are a number of norms for business communication . Business communications serves to perform a number of tasks, ultimately leading to improving the performance of the business. It can inform, motivate, explain or clarify, and business communication can also help to build a team. Within these roles, however, there are some norms for communication in the business setting. Business communication has a higher degree of formality than casual conversation. This is the same no matter by what means the communication occurs, but it also means that communication is more frequently in writing. That allows for better choice of words, for accurate recording of the communication and for communicating the message to many respondents. A more formal style also helps with broadcasting a message to a larger audience, because the formal style focuses the communication strictly on the issues at hand (Ingram, 2015).
The fact that…… [Read More]
The population of Beijing is somewhat homogenous in that the people are almost entirely Han Chinese, but the city does act as a magnet for Chinese from around the country. There can be significant cultural and even linguistic differences between Chinese from different parts of the country. hile the city is 96% Han, there are significant minorities of Manchu, Hui and Mongol (Beijing elcome, 2012), in addition a foreigner population for which estimates vary significantly but is well over 100,000 (Sina.com, 2010). The primary language spoken in Mandarin. All Chinese are taught the Beijing dialect (Putonghua) in school, so even migrants from other parts of the country should be functional in Mandarin. Most long-term foreigners in Beijing also speak Mandarin.
In addition to being the political and cultural capital of China, Beijing is one of its most important economic cities. The city's economy is rapidly growing, and 71.3% of…… [Read More]
Global Business Cultural Analysis: Brazil
Cultural backgrounds reflect the ways and standards of living, which is unique and different for each country. In fact, the business world is also profoundly influenced by the cultural differences of the counties. This focus of this research paper, in this regard, is to analyze the cultural perspectives of doing business in Brazil. Therefore, major elements and dimensions of Brazilian culture such as business structures, management styles, communication, ethics, values, and customs are discussed comprehensively.
Moreover, the discussion has also been made on how the local businessmen integrate these cultural dimensions and elements. Indeed, a detailed comparison United States business has been made with that of Brazilian culture and business elements by means of Hofstede's dimension tool (that is particularly used for measuring cultural differences). Finally, the paper concludes with the implications for the U.S. businesses that plans and desires to conduct business in Brazil.…… [Read More]
culture is playing on international business. This is accomplished by comparing cultural traditions of elgium and South Africa using Arcelor Mittal. Once this occurs, is when we are able to understand how the firm is able to utilize these factors to give them an advantage in the global marketplace.
Over the last several years, globalization has been having profound impact on firms. What has been happening is corporations, have been seeking out those areas that can provide them with the lowest costs. This is part of an effort to increase productivity and their overall profit margins. As a result, a variety of different firms have been establishing operations around the world to deal with these underlying challenges. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the fact that 47% of American and European companies are outsourcing some aspect of their operations. (Sears, 2009) This is important, because…… [Read More]
Decisions about international business take into account a wide range of different factors, including political, economic and social environments, in addition to firm-specific issues such as where to produce, what the company makes and how easy it is to ship the company's product. In this report, the case of General Mills in Europe will be considered. General Mills is a major producer on consumer consumables, and the countries in question are going to be France and Greece. The paper is going to discuss the key issues with respect to each country, keeping in mind the General Mills context.
General Mills produces food under a number of common household brands -- Cheerios, Betty Crocker, Pillsbury, Haagen-Dazs, Old El Paso, Yoplait and Nature Valley. The company is based in Minneapolis and began in 1860 with two flour mills, hence the name. The company would change its name to Gold Medal Flour…… [Read More]
ole of Culture in International Business
In an attempt to further enhance their bottom-line while at the same time taking advantage of the benefits and conveniences of globalization, businesses are increasingly extending their operations abroad. Although there are many benefits that such businesses stand to reap, the said global expansion presents its own unique challenges. Indeed, multinational companies operating in global markets face a raft of challenges. These challenges include but they are not limited to business structure adaptation, staffing issues, regulatory and legal hurdles, economic volatility, financial reporting, etc. Multinational companies also have to contend with cultural issues as they conduct their businesses internationally. This is more so the case in terms of the management of their human resources. This text concerns itself with the role of culture in international business. The company of choice for purposes of this discussion is a global electronics company with offices in four…… [Read More]
At the professional level, it is necessary to be prepared and equipped with the proper training on basic business practices and etiquette in Chinese business culture. Chinese society is generally a highly collective group, but respects a degree of power distance between each other. For them, individuals must know his or her place in the organization, and his/her actions must be based from this stature. Thus, they are used to working together as a group, but they maintain a degree of respect to individuals who are either senior or have more superior positions in the organization, or both. Thus, foreign staff members must learn to respect, and more often, adhere to this practice in the society. Since values are greatly respected in Chinese business culture, this is a mandatory practice that must not be forgotten especially when in the presence of Chinese affiliates with crucial roles in the success of…… [Read More]
HM Issues in Global Business Expansion
Introduction to Human esource Management
In the last several decades, human resource management (HM) has evolved into a major component of modern business organizations (George & Jones, 2008). In principle, HM functions have always been part of professional business management; however, it became a distinct professional field with dedicated specialists only since the latter part of the 20th century. Generally, HM consists of all of the processes and functions that relate to personnel management, from the entire cycle in between recruitment and retirement or alternative ends of careers such as voluntary departure and involuntary termination. More specifically, HM departments typically handle the hiring process, new-employee orientation and training, the resolution of personnel issues and conflicts, benefits administration, employee performance review, and post-employment debriefing processes (George & Jones, 2008).
Contemporary Human esource Management in the Age of Globalization
In the age of globalization, HM departments…… [Read More]
oles and Experiences in Cross-Cultural Business
Cross-cultural differences are recognized as the biggest barrier to doing business in the world market (Fan & Zigang, 2004). esearch aimed at exploring cross-cultural differences in regards to international business investigated key differences in personality traits between business leaders in different countries. The key finding demonstrated by this research was that the factors that counted for most of the differences experienced by executives working internationally were agreeableness and emotional balance (P Newswire, 2007). This is expressed in differences between countries with regard to how extensively group harmony is valued and the extent to which emotions are expressed or muted (P Newswire, 2007).
The way businesses in China experience and process risk has been found to differ significantly to that of the West (Brumagim & Xianhua, 2005). These differences may be appropriated explained through prospect theory, which hypothesizes that potential losses are experienced more intensely…… [Read More]
social media by business, using the Best Buy case as an example. The benefits of social media in the business context are explained, as are the downsides. There are also recommendations with respect to the use of social media by a law firm, and in this case it is recommended that the law firm should not engage in social media. Compared with a retailer -- especially one with a connection to technology -- there is less upside for a law firm and more downside risk. Understanding the benefits of social media as well as the business context is essential to developing an effective social media plan.
Best Buy has successfully embraced social media, something that fits with its brand image, but also something that has helped to enhance its business. This report will outline the principles of successful social media usage, the value that social media has to business, and…… [Read More]
Using contemporary illustrative examples from academic literature and reputable business publications, discuss the concept of "Social Business" and the resultant opportunity and challenges that are currently being faced by the retail industry globally.
Concept of Social Business
Concept of Social Business with etailers
Social Media and etailing
Best Practices in Administering Social Media
There is a growing body of research that confirms that companies of all sizes and types can realize a wide array of benefits from the use of social media networks. While the types and applications of social media experience constant change, social media content such as blogs and microblogs have become some of the more popular social media tools that have emerged in recent years. Although there a number of benefits and advantages that can be achieved through the use of social media resources, there is a concomitant danger that inappropriate or misguided content can backfire…… [Read More]
Integrated Business Communications
Integrated Business Communication. Write (3-4) page paper addresses: As a future executive, explain important communication issues face embark career. Discuss communication complex, complex,
Assessing integrated business communication today
Ultimately, business is about serving customers, and customers will not understand the value one's business can give them without effective communication. However, the need for effective communication is not limited to people who buy an organization's goods and services. The ability to frame a cohesive organizational message begins with strong, effective workplace relationships between employees and employers and then spills out into the other facets of the workplace.
Given the profound shifts that have occurred in workplace communication, it is necessary even for well-functioning organizations to review their standard operating procedures. Workers, thanks to the availability of online technology, are often spaced out farther from one another than ever before yet are also far more constantly connected: the…… [Read More]
During this Diaspora, the African Slave Trade transferred 9-12 million people from one continent to another with major repercussions on cultural and political traditions in the New World. There have been a number of modern Diasporas based on the post-Cold War world in which huge populations of refugees migrated from conflict, especially from developing countries (Southeast Asia, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Latin America, South American, Rwanda, etc.).
Part 1.2.1 - Civil Law is a legal system inspired by Ancient Roman law. In Civil law, laws are written into a codified collection that is a group of ideas and systems that work in tandem to help organize societies without the need for judicial interpretation. Overall, civil law is in place to formulate general principles and to distinguish substantive rules from procedural rules, and is based on the tenet that legislation is the primary source of law.
Conceptually, civil law is a group…… [Read More]
This behavio is not consideed dishonest; in fact, and Indian peson would be consideed ude if he o she did not ty to attempt to give a peson what has been equested.
Anothe vey impotant aspect of business cultue in India is the meeting etiquette. Meeting Etiquette is influenced by all sots of cultual elements descibed above, including social class. Fo example, in India, one must geet the eldest o moe senio fist, and when leaving a goup each peson must bid faewell individually. Though shaking hands is common, this is only in big cities, whee the natives ae accustomed to Westenes. Men and women, howeve, do not usually shake hands.
The next pat of the business cultue is knowing Indian names, and whee they oiginate. Accoding to one aticle, names ae based upon "eligion, social class, and egion of the county." Fo Hindus fo example, in the noth, people…… [Read More]
Men and women who work directly with each other often get hung up on communication issues, particularly over concerns that entail authority, support, and the supervision of others. This happens due to the fact that the sexes have different methods of communicating. They call for achievement and guidance in a different ways. Their spoken answers and moments are often dissimilar. And they have diverse approaches for articulating workplace burdens. The consequence of this can be mistakes. In the end this leads to a lot of cross talk. Presently, almost half of all privately held companies are 50% or more owned by women. This translates to there being 11 million private ventures at which women owners must converse their objectives and operational needs to both male and female clients, merchants, associates and employees. Women have to appreciate how men talk during business, and the other way around as well (Krotz, 2010).…… [Read More]
TASTES & COMMUNICATION
On a recent trip to India, Mr. Yang, a prominent Chinese executive, dined with his client Himanshu Jain. Mr. Yang commented that the food was spicy, which Mr. Jain interpreted as an opportunity to discuss Indian cuisine. After lengthy explanations, Mr. Yang commented again that the food was spicy. What happened? What barrier is likely getting in the way of clear communication and how could this barrier have been overcome?
This situation exemplifies a breakdown in crosscultural communication. There could have been several factors that contributed to their miscommunication. Language is likely a prominent factor in why they had a problem. Certainly, they must share some common language in order that they conduct business together, but because this cultural conundrum stems from a linguistic misfire, language barriers are a good place to start. There also seems to be some contextual confusion. Yang perceived his comment…… [Read More]
The Middle East, even in areas with relatively secular governments, have a strong Islamic tradition with specific strictures upon what is considered the 'correct' behavior for women, and every woman from outside the culture must decide how much she wishes to accommodate those demands. Some Western businesswomen may agree to cover their heads out of modesty during business meetings in areas where Islam plays a significant role in governance; others may not.
The Middle East, in contrast to America, has a strong collectivist tendency as a society as "is manifested in a close long-term commitment to the member 'group', that being a family, extended family, or extended relationships. Loyalty in a collectivist culture is paramount, and over-rides most other societal rules" (Taylor 2007). Social rules may override even legal requirements -- in many Arab nations, bribery is a relatively accepted practice to circumvent red tape. One of the difficulties of…… [Read More]
Many of them are either uddhist or Taoist, and both of these religions teach respect very seriously. In order to understand the idea of respect amongst siblings in the way that the Chinese individuals see it, it becomes necessary to also understand some of the Taoist and uddhist traditions and beliefs. These are not always seen as being very significant, largely because many individuals in the west do not understand Taoism and/or uddhism, and therefore it gets largely ignored. However, it is also important to understand the importance of schooling and how this affects the way that the Chinese individuals think when it comes to the respect that they show to their siblings (ogdan & iklen, 1992).
Integration of the Elements by Locals
Religion and usiness in China
uddhism is the religion that is generally seen in the Chinese culture. uddhists seek an elimination of suffering. The uddha teaches that,…… [Read More]
There are also some words that are used, which do not translate into English such as privacy. This is because the cultural traditions of Russia do not understand such concepts, which makes translating certain ideas more challenging. (Richmond, 2009, pp. 109 -- 117)
Russian is a Slavic language that has close ties to all of the different European languages including: English and German. This means that many of the root words are similar to what is used in the common languages spoken throughout the West. However, as far as the alphabet is concerned, the language will utilize what is known as the Cyrillic alphabet. This is different from Western languages, as each of 32 different symbols will represent particular roots of certain words. When reading the language and learning Russian, the basic alphabet will help foreign business executives to navigate their way around. With the alphabet is pronounced…… [Read More]
International Communication in International Business
Words are very important in a high context culture and have much more significance and carry far more meaning and weight than in a low context culture. In a high context culture, words are chosen carefully and one must be familiar with the culture itself because it is this that informs the words and gives them their weight.
In business negotiations, the type of behavior that I believe will manifest itself when players from a High Context Culture engage with those of a Low Context are the indirect and direct types of communication that are likely to exist. The high context culture negotiator will likely tend to be more indirect, assuming that his meaning and point will be inferred, whereas the low context culture negotiator will be direct, expecting there to be no hidden meaning behind his words. The contrast could result in confusion and…… [Read More]
Importantly, there is a certain structure and decorum involved in business negotiations. For example, the atmosphere is usually relaxed and contemplative and "…periods of silence are not uncommon and are an essential part of negotiating" (Doing usiness in Poland | Polish Social and usiness Culture). Consequently, small talk is not seen as part of the negotiating situation. However, before a business meeting casual conversation is usually part of the process.
5. Conclusion: Recommendations
In terms of the above analysis a number of central aspects emerge. The most significant is the Polish respect for authority and hierarchy which must be balanced against their strong sense of individuality. Small points of etiquette, such as shaking hands and addressing people formally at first, are also important to remember.
In the final analysis, the most important aspect of interacting with someone for Warsaw is to not only be aware of their customs but also…… [Read More]
Another reason why it may be difficult for businesspeople to understand business etiquette is culture difference. Globalization has made the business world a more diverse area. Whether one is working in an office in his or her own country or negotiating business dealings with clients and partners in other cultures, cultural and ethnic differences can place stress on the business etiquette relationship. One person may not know that another from a different culture is offended by certain hand gestures or does not find it appropriate to discuss certain topics. Finally, business has a great deal to do with why business ethics remains a difficult concept to grasp. In the business world, most people are incredibly busy. Because they think the focus of business is money or achievements for themselves and the company, some are just willing to sacrifice ethical behaviors for reasons of time and comfort. In order to solve…… [Read More]
The latter type of employees will act as mediators between the foreigner and the host, will point out potential mistakes and will also be more easily accepted by the staff. Undoubtedly, if Chinese who haven't had international experiences are capable of appropriately managing the business, they will be given the chance to hold top management positions after a certain period of intercultural training.
4) Referring to demand and customer relations, a foreign company should display a high respect towards its clients by offering them qualitative products and services that take into account their cultural background (i.e. avoiding colors which are associated with fatality, avoiding gestures, words that are considered to be offensive etc.).
The Chinese market's demand for a foreign company's products is significantly influenced by collectivism. For instance, in Japan which is a collectivist culture too, a U.S. based company selling ice cream paid several Japanese to stay in…… [Read More]
Uncertainty Avoidance, according to Hofstede's model, refers to how comfortable the people of a certain culture are with structure as opposed to flexibility. Notable disparities in negotiating styles between those nations scoring high and low on the uncertainty avoidance index have been known to cause significant conflict. This conflict is mostly likely to occur when people who prefer structured activities because they entail less risk encounter people from a culture with a more spontaneous style. Those with a structured mindset are likely to regard a lack of structure as a form of disrespect -- as if the culture does not care about risk because the deal or the negotiation is not as important to them. According to Goodwin "Uncertainty avoidance concerns planning and stability as a way of dealing with life's uncertainties: those high on uncertainty avoidance have a strong desire for consensus, and deviant behavior is unacceptable. Because high…… [Read More]
Cultural Briefing Document Zurich Switzerland
The LJ Products Co. is proud to announce that one of our executive staff will be joining our staff in Zurich Switzerland in January of 2012. Mr. Didier Burkhalter will be joining our Zurich staff as chief financial officer. Mr. Burkhalter will report directly to the CEO and other members of the board. To make Mr. Burkhalter feel welcome in his new position it is requested that all staff members read the following briefing prior to his arrival and that they become familiar with the customs of Mr. Burkhalter's country of origin. All staff members should extend Mr. Burkhalter a warm welcome by familiarizing themselves with his customs. The following summarizes many of the customs of Swiss society, using American culture as a reference point.
Hofstede's cultural dimensions is the most widely used system for developing a framework that assesses national cultures and…… [Read More]
Cultural Awareness in omania
The objective of this work in writing is to examine cultural awareness in omania. The official language of omania is stated to be that of omanian and the primary issues in relation to language in omania is stated to be the "protection of the languages of the 10 minority ethnic groups." (Compendium, 2011) Protective principles are such that can be located in the 'Local Public Administration Law' No. 215.2001 which includes the "right to use a mother tongue within administrative procedures (Article 8) or the systematic translation of geographical names and indicators in all the spoken languages of a given area (Article 10 to 13)." (Compendium, 2011) The primary priorities of omanian cultural public policies "in the cultural field" have undergone recent changes. (Compendium, 2011) IN 2010, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage priorities are "supporting the national heritage and contemporary creation." Mid-term priorities are…… [Read More]
Therefore, Americans seeking to do business with Saudi nationals would be well advised to research their prospective Saudi counterparts thoroughly but to make preparations to travel to Saudi Arabia first before actually initiating contact with Saudi business people. Doing so and calling after arriving in Saudi Arabia instead of initiating contact from abroad demonstrates awareness of and respect for Saudi business customs right off the bat and in a way that should be noticed by Saudis, especially those who might be familiar with the fact that the norm in the U.S. is simply to call first or email to arrange the first meeting.
Saudis seeking to do business with American firms should understand that in the U.S., it might be inappropriate to travel to the location of a business first and then make initial contact expecting that the meeting will necessarily be planned during their stay. That is because in…… [Read More]
BAND EPOSITIONING OF HALLMAK GEETING CADS
epositioning in the Target Market
Hallmark greeting cards are the most ubiquitous printed greeting cards found across the United States. The company prides itself on having a card for every occasion and to express every sentiment. Hence, the volume of cards printed by the company has increased with time. The chief strengths of the brand are excellent product quality, the quality of the sentiment, the visual appeal and the convenience of accessing and purchasing the card. However, with the advent of free and interactive online greeting card services, the popularity of printed greeting cards has been declining over the years. According to Kardes et al. (2011), brands need to be rejuvenated when they are in the decline stage. Franzen & Moriarty (2009) state that a brand needs to be repositioned when it fails to remain relevant to the value patterns…… [Read More]
Turkish culture is generally considered to be quite homogenous; even so many business people of Turkey are used to doing business with people from all over the world and from a range of different cultures (Katz, 2008). However, this doesn't necessarily imply that Turkish people are open-minded. Sometimes they are quite the opposite and prefer to have things done "their way" or in the specific manner in which they are used to. In that sense, it's absolutely helpful to have a guide of all the aspects of Turkish culture, so that one can better familiarize oneself with the nuances of this culture so that communication is facile, and so that one can achieve the business related goals that are most important and specific. When it comes to the culture of Spain and of those from Catalan, there are areas of overlap and areas of difference.
elationships and Showing espect
"Many…… [Read More]
S. scored 40. The Turks still distrust although they know well how to hide it. Turkey scored 45 in femininity vs. masculinity. Holfstede used feminine values of modesty and caring and masculine values of assertiveness and competitiveness to arrive at this score. Masculinity differs from the macho image. When the difference is not recognized, Turkey rated lower than if it was recognized. Compare with Japan, which got the highest score at 98% and Sweden at only 5% (McPherson).
In conducting research on national cultures, one must keep in mind that averages do not relate to individuals in a country or destination under study. Even if Holfstede's model has proved accurate quite often in general population studies, a researcher must be careful not to assume that all the individuals or even regions with subcultures, necessarily fit. Research can only serve as guide to understanding differences between countries. It does not set…… [Read More]
Moreover, because of the high levels of tourism, no one would be out of place in Miami. acism exists in North America, in the United States and in Miami; however, it is determined to be as pronounced in some other more conservative cities.
With race and ethnicity it is important to mindful of the history of America in relation to how immigrants have been treated in general, and to Latin immigrants specifically. There are a number of ethnic groups represented within the Latin immigrant population and there should not be blanket generalizations applied to the group as though they represent one culture or ethnic group.
Ofttimes, nonverbal communication can be as significant as verbal communication. For those individuals of Latin descent, some of the more general associations with nonverbal communication are the importance of shaking hands in the introduction process. Culturally, there is purportedly the view that…… [Read More]
Like many traditional societies in Hofstede's typology, PNG is also called a 'feminine' society, in the emphasis it places upon relationships. The nation would be characterized very much as a 'high context' culture, one in which relational status is very important when conveying meaning. How information is conveyed is more important than the actual wording of the message. Nonverbal language is very important in high context cultures, and it can be very difficult for cultural outsiders to translate the dominant cultural script into their own terms. The culture is very change resistant in PNG, and this is exacerbated by logistical difficulties, such as the lack of highly qualified IT and business professionals to teach current undergraduates to pass on information about new ways of doing business.
Behaviors, ethnocentrism, self-reference criteria
However, while it has been called 'feminine' in terms of its valuation of relationships, an observer should know that for…… [Read More]
Annotated Bibliography -- Venezuela
What are the major elements and dimensions of culture in this region?
Centre for Intercultural Learning. (2012) Cultural Information -- Venezuela. Available from http://www.intercultures.ca/cil-cai/ci-ic-eng.asp?iso=ve. 2012 April 04.
his is an interactive tool for people interested in different cultures and companies. here is home page for each country with information about Venezuela divided into sections via hyperlinks. he structure is conversational style between the user and the content provider. Statistical information as well as information regarding cultural norms and behaviors are provided.
Interknowledge Corporation. (2010) Venezuela -- History and Culture. Available from http://www.geographia.com/venezuela/history.htm. 2012 April 04.
his article provides a lot of details regarding the social and the cultural aspects of Venezuela. Particular attention is paid to aspects such as language, art history, behaviors, norms, dress, and cultural aesthetics. here is less statistical data and more qualitative data regarding Venezuela culture.
Roques.com. (2011) Republica de Venezuela…… [Read More]
Cross Cultural Interaction etween Corporations
As per CEO of Finisar, Jerry Rawls, 'Culture eats strategy for breakfast'.
During a panel discussion revolving around authentic leadership, Jerry Rawls said this famous line to signify the influence culture can have on best of strategic plans which companies fail to oversee and implement at around 70% of the time (Charan & Colvin, 1999). All small, medium and large enterprises are held responsible for this strategic implementation failure as global trends affects business strategy increasingly. The leaders need to assess the challenges arising whilst working in a worldwide marketplace relying on information, goods and services changing borders quickly which have transformed the landscape for competitive edge for most companies (Clapp-Smith, 2009)
In this modern era, communication takes place regularly between international suppliers, consumers, moderators and workers in a real time or a virtual time environment. The changes coming with globalization had compelled organization's top…… [Read More]
In fact, there have been a number of women who have proven themselves capable of leading the country. In the Philippines, there was former president Corazon Aquino and the current president Gloria-Macapagal Arroyo who both have proven that they can be in control and bring back the glory to the country. Other countries that have had a woman president as are: India, Chile, Liberia, Finland, Panama, Sri Lanka and Ireland.
Hence, it is already proven that any woman has a chance of becoming a president if she can prove that she is credible and capable of doing so. omen are perceived as an equal ally of men nowadays. They are not anymore the weaker sex. They have already gained the respect and trust by the populace - men and women, young and adults.
This goes the same with the idea of having a black man as a president. Any black…… [Read More]
Globalization and Cultural Conflict
The authors (Gardner, et al., 2008, Author House, 82-83) explain that several IT and business professionals have been hired to transfer a business from an existing system to a completely automated system. This project was launched prior to the terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. The key question comes down to a leadership scenario: hat leadership approach should be taken when two out of a dozen talented contractors that have been hired happen to be Islamic, and those two individuals ask for an hour off every Friday for religious purposes? This paper delves into that subject using narrative from the available literature, and from two books: Corporate Leadership Selection: Impact on American Business, Employees, and Society; and Managing Cultural Differences: Global Leadership Strategies for Cross-Cultural Business Success.
Gardner, et al., on Leadership
As an introduction to what Reginald J. Gardner writes about leadership in…… [Read More]
Silence too is an important part of communication in Singapore. It is customary to pause before answering a question, to indicate that the person has given the question the appropriate thought and consideration that is needed. Westerners habit of responding quickly to a question, to Singaporeans, often indicates thoughtlessness and rude behavior. Their demeanor is typically calm, and Westerners more aggressive style is often seen as off putting ("Singapore: Language," 2009). Authority is to be respected for both employees of an organization, in Singapore, and when dealing with other organizations (Tse, 2008), and communication content and tone should represent this respect. Business etiquette is also different in Singapore than in many Western countries.
Cultural Business Etiquette in Singapore:
Business is more formal in Singapore than non-Asian organizations are often used to. There are strict rules of protocol, with a clear chain of command, which is expected to be kept on…… [Read More]