Catholic Church Essays (Examples)

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Catholic Relation to Poverty the

Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60256605

It is also recorded that the first utterances of Jesus in the public was that where he proclaimed that he had been anointed to preach the good news to the poor. In that public speech, Jesus also gave a warning to the rich that they have already received their consolation. In a parable, Jesus also warned his followers against greed and the reliance on riches when he narrated the story of the man who had his life taken away from him when he tried to secure wealth for himself (O'Brien & Shannon 71). The story of Lazarus and the rich man is also used as a warning against excessive riches. The pope John Paul II used this parable as a warning to the rich and prosperous. He warned them not to be blind to their great poverty despite their numerous possessions.

The Roman Catholic Church has adopted practices pertaining to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caffara, Carlo. Living in Christ: Fundamental Principles of Catholic Moral Teaching. San Francisco::

Ignatius Press, 1987, Print

Hollenbach, David and R. Bruce Douglass. Catholicism and Liberalism. New York: Cambridge

University Press, 1994.Print
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Catholic Priests and Their Right

Words: 2339 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70490615

They reminded readers that Father Cutie joined the priesthood under those rules, with full knowledge of the requirements of priesthood, but that he placed himself above church law (Mayo, May 14, 2009).

Still earlier, in 2006, the Catholic Church in Australia became embroiled in a debate over whether the small and struggling Catholic Church there should cease insisting on clergymen's celibacy when a priests' association said that doing away with the requirement might reverse the decline in the number of priests. More than 40 bishops in Australia and half the Catholic clergy (1,650 in number) wrote to the Vatican's Synod of Bishops requesting they consider changing the requirement to allow married priests to be ordained and to allow priests who had left the church to marry to be reinstated. Father Hal anger pointed out that in Australia many priests converting to Catholicism were married and were allowed to remain married…… [Read More]

References

Abbott, Elizabeth, (2001). A history of celibacy, New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 382-385.

CNN, (2009). Florida priest removed after beach photos with woman published. Reviewed on June 26, 2009 at http://www.cnn.com/2009/U.S./05/06/florida.priest.photos/index.html?iref=newssearch. May 6, 2009.

CNN, (2009) Priest who broke celibacy vow joins Episcopal Church. Reviewed on June 26, 2009 at http://www.cnn.com/2009/U.S./05/28/florida.priest/. May 11, 2009.

Deffinbaugh, Robert, (2008). Sex and the Spiritual Christian: True Spiruality: A Study in 1 Corinthians, Reviewed on June 26, 2009 at: http://bible.org/seriespage/sex-and-spiritual-christian-1-cor-71-7.
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Catholic Theology Tradition and Scripture

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11175762

Belief that Christ is present in the Eucharist is rooted explicitly in Scripture, while the devotion known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament was not practiced until the early 14th century (McBrien). hile the belief in Christ presence will forever remain a part of the deposit of faith as a Tradition, the tradition of Benediction may disappear without consequence (McBrien).

The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation teaches that Scripture and Tradition form one sacred deposit of revelation and that Tradition encompasses the "whole life, witness, teaching and worship of the church," thus Tradition is a living, dynamic reality that "develops in the church with the help of the Holy Spirit" (McBrien).

According to Catholic theologians, Tradition is never independent of Scripture, therefore is something is not found in Scripture, then it is not in Tradition, even if it is a legitimate tradition of the Church (McBrien).

orks Cited

Catechism of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Preparation for Internet by Charles Borromeo Parish,

Mississippi. Retrieved June 10, 2006 at http://www.vatican.va/archive/catechism/p1s1c2a3.htm

Divine Tradition and Sacred Scriptures. The Augustine Club at Columbia University.

1999. Retrieved June 10, 2006 at http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/sola_scriptura.html
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Catholics in America During the

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68992155

However, Cardinal Gibbons, even after this encyclical by the Pope, "took a dim view of strikes (by the Catholic immigrants)" and any "concrete action by American Catholics was slow in coming, (due to) the conservatism of the clergy and the parochial concerns of the lay leaders" (Carnes 654).

The Catholic church responded in other ways to the crucial needs of immigrant Catholics in the United States, especially in the area of social reform and support. Mother Frances Cabrini, an Italian immigrant, founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart in order to teach Italians in the parochial schools run by the Catholic church, to care for the thousands of homeless children that had been forced to live in the streets because of the deaths of their parents from hatred, and to place nurses in hospitals. Such organizations as the Saint Vincent de Paul Society made it possible for Catholics to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Carnes, Mark C. And John A. Garraty. American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Volume II, Since 1865. Boston: Longman Publishing, 2002.

Evanston, J.K. The Catholics in America. New York: Random House, 1965.

Hennesey, James. American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Thomas, William A. Catholicism and Hatred in America, 1860 to 1900. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1975.
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Catholic Hindu Throughout My Brief Time Here

Words: 544 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63482433

Catholic Hindu

Throughout my brief time here on planet earth I have realized that philosophy is a very valuable tool that can help guide someone like me into a world of wonderment, awe and excitement. I also realize that I am only equipped with belief systems as everything seems to fail under close scrutiny. My nature, along with the rest of humanity, is to learn, play and experience life to its fullest and most subjective method.

Although I am a Catholic, I realize that this religion is only a tool that I use to help reach what I am truly searching for: the religious experience. The Catholic Church would have its parishioners believe that divinity does not dwell inside the personal soul, but this I where I disagree with my chosen institution. I believe that I am Christ and God and that my divine nature is expressed through my personality…… [Read More]

References

Fici, C. (2012). Why Being a Hindu Has Made Me A Better Catholic. The Huffington Post, 20 April 2012. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/chris-fici/why-being-a- hindu-has-mad_b_1425982.html

"Similarities Between Buddha and Jesus. " Buddha Christ Info. Viewed 6 Aug 2013. Retrieved from  http://buddha-christ.info/similarities.html
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Church as an Institution vs

Words: 362 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18423819

According to the institutional authority of the Catholic Church, individuals must accept certain principles, go through certain orientation and membership procedures (such as confirmation and confession), and submit to certain authorities, such as priests, bishops, and the Pope.

Give a meaning of sacrament as it applies to church.

Sacraments in the context of a worship community are often defined as the invisible made visible, or how the divine makes itself physically manifest on earth. The most obvious symbol of this is transubstantiation in the Catholic Mass, where God is made present in the form of the host, through the ritual process evident during the ceremony. In other Christian traditions, such as Quakerism, the spirit may be spontaneously present during a communal and nonhierarchical worship ceremony, when it moves ordinary believers to speak. The church during the context of any worship ceremony is supposed to provide a unique space and time…… [Read More]

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Catholics Feel on the Subject

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26701823

They also believe that criticizing people that are intolerant however, like people that are Conservative Catholics, does no good because it only perpetuates harsh feelings toward other which is sinful.

However, there are other individuals like Amy that believe Conservative Catholics are good people because they follow the original doctrine as laid forth by Jesus and God in the Bible. Amy suggests that "it is not ok to let homeless people sleep on their steps" and that regardless of one's faith, any Catholic, whether conservative or not has a job to help that person and provide them with sanctuary. However, she doesn't believe that the church should acknowledge gay marriages, as do some of the liberal churches in California that claim to practice Catholicism.

Many devout Catholics suggest that the conservative approach is much better than the liberal approach quotes Amy, because it is impossible to label a Catholic church…… [Read More]

References

Amy a. (2007) Personal Interview, 17, December 2007, 5:00 P.M.

Vigil Studios (2007 Oct 11) "Not the conservative Catholic Church" California Catholic

Daily, Accessed 18, December 2007: http://www.calcatholic.com/news

Catholicism
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Catholic Spirituality Cunningham L S &

Words: 562 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89795483

n our reflection of Jesus and the scriptures, we are given a doctrine by which to live and a narrative explaining why we should abide this doctrine.

Greeley, a.M. (2001). Sacred Place, Sacred Time, exc. From the Catholic magination. University of California Press.

n 2001, Andrew Greely published the Catholic magination and with it, the excerpt that we consider here. Entitled "Sacred Place, Sacred Time," this carries a similar theme to the work by Cunningham & Egan, making particular reference to the visible presence of God in the surrounding works and creations of the men who worship him. n a compelling description of the city of Koln, the Greely selection lays out the assessment that even in a secular context where survival has been a dominant theme through generations of warfare, spirituality is in stark evidence to the beholder.

Again, we see the them of God's presence in the accomplishments…… [Read More]

In 2001, Andrew Greely published the Catholic Imagination and with it, the excerpt that we consider here. Entitled "Sacred Place, Sacred Time," this carries a similar theme to the work by Cunningham & Egan, making particular reference to the visible presence of God in the surrounding works and creations of the men who worship him. In a compelling description of the city of Koln, the Greely selection lays out the assessment that even in a secular context where survival has been a dominant theme through generations of warfare, spirituality is in stark evidence to the beholder.

Again, we see the them of God's presence in the accomplishments of man. Greely asserts that cities throughout history and across the globe have manifested this visible spirituality as a symbol of their survival. Accordingly, the selection asserts that such cities "illustrate the key component of Catholic imagination -- sacrimentality, the presence of God in all creation. One cannot isolate the Dom from the history of its city. Koln is called 'the holy city' not because its people are particularly virtuous but because it witnesses the presence of God lurking everywhere in creation." (Greely, p. 24)

This assertion points to a critical theme in Greely's work, indeed in the Catholic faith at large. That is, even in contexts where adherents lead largely secular lives, the neighborhoods, communities and cities around them will provide self-perpetuating evidence of Catholicism's spiritual permeation.
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Catholic Religion Over the Last

Words: 1112 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1961606

Of course, since these views are ased on those who are high-ranking memers of the church, Hennesey's narrative is somewhat iased, yet it does provide an excellent overview of many important topics related to American Catholicism.

Hurley, M. (2002). The unholy ghost: Anti-catholicism in the american experience.

Huntington, IN: Sunday Visitor Press.

In this carefully-documented study of prejudice against Catholics in the United States, Bishop Mark Hurley examines the entire history of prejudice from the 1700's and up to the present day. There are three sections to this work, eing 1776 to Vatican II, post-Vatican II and a final section which focuses upon the issue of aortion and how American Catholics feel aout this very controversial topic.

McAvoy, T.T. (1942). The catholic church in the United States etween two wars. Review of Politics, 4(4), 409-431.

Although somewhat dated, this essay examines in great detail and with much insight how the…… [Read More]

bibliography.

Redmont, J. (2002). Generous lives: American catholic women today. Liguori, MO:

Triumph Books.

In this excellent study of American Catholic women, Jane Redmont explores through a number of detailed chapters first-person accounts by women of all ages, nationalities, economic backgrounds and social standing related to their own personal experiences with the Catholic Church, some dating back to the early 20th century, and with reminiscences by both secular and members of the Church, especially nuns.

Thomas, J.D. (1987). A century of american catholic history. U.S. Catholic Historian,
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Catholic Culture

Words: 1620 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31655612

Cross Culture Catholic Case Study

The impacts of culture on a society can be measured in the collective behaviors that manifest from those who celebrate some sort of culture. Culture is a combination of many aspects, but in totality suggest a background environment of impulses and forces which lay out a pathway of behavior for an individuals. These pathologies are not healthy or unhealthy in themselves, but serve as backdrops or roles for humans to play and interact within society.

Cross cultural psychology aims to examine the impact of culture on mind behavior. The strength and efficiency in which organized religion plays within one's culture cannot be argued. The spiritual content of human beings cannot be denied and the aims of religion is to make sense of these spiritual urges and blend them within our total and whole being. Organized religion makes this very difficult in many aspects and the…… [Read More]

References

Plante, T.G. (1996). Catholic priests who sexually abuse minors: Why do we hear so much yet know so little?. Pastoral Psychology, 44(5), 305-310.

Terry, K.J. (2008). Stained Glass The Nature and Scope of Child Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(5), 549-569.

Terry, K.J., & Ackerman, A. (2008). Child Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church How Situational Crime Prevention Strategies Can Help Create Safe Environments. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(5), 643-657.
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Catholic High School Choosing the Education Which

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37903224

Catholic High School

Choosing the education which will best serve our children is one of the most difficult decisions a parent can make. There is a very real possibility that choosing the wrong institution will destroy or at the very least seriously hinder the future success of your child. Choosing a good school will allow your child to receive a better education, to develop better socially and avoid some of the serious pitfalls which are more often encountered in lesser schools, and will open the doors for future academic successes and subsequent career success as your children progress into adulthood. Private schools have proven statistically to provide a higher quality of education in addition to a pantheon of other benefits. A private Catholic school education provides students with academic, social, and religious benefits which no other school can promise.

Academically, a private education is vastly superior to the education proffered…… [Read More]

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Catholic Education in Australian Primary

Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30131099



Key Stakeholders Influencing eligious Education

A basic assumption underlying Catholic education in primary schools is that children are already believers, with God and Jesus already familiar figures (yan 1999). Oddly, the Church itself is less a major player in the development of curricula because this underlying belief already exists (or is perceived to exist). Instead, the major stakeholders that influence the development of religious education includes parents, administrators, and more local representatives of the Church rather than the central powers of the Church (yan 1999; Buchanan 2003). In the modern era, educational and Catholic theorists have gained greater influence over the development of curricula, giving basic religious concepts a more prominent place in education and allowing for greater critical investigation with reduced initial assumptions (Buchanan 2003). The role of Jesus in Catholic education has become less doctrinal and more accessible as a way of improving the level of engagement of…… [Read More]

References

Brisbane Catholic Education. (2003). Religious Education Years 1-10 learning outcomes.

Buchanan, M. (2003). Survey of current writing on trends in Religious Education. Journal of Religious Education 51(4), 22-30.

Moran, G. (?) Understanding religion and being religious.

Ryan, M. (1999). The classroom religion program in Catholic schools: three rival conceptions of curriculum. Journal of Religious Education 47(3), 19-26.
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Catholic Edu the Mission of

Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98362124

More often than not the Catholic instruction would be enhanced by a mutual strengthening of both knowledge and catechesis. Each should inform and empower the other.

The role of the Catholic school is to synthesize and fuse catechesis with religious education, and to imbue all subject areas with Catholic values. Faith becomes an integral part of student life. For example, the students will be given active time for prayer and spiritual -- not just religious -- studies (Crotty, Fletcher & McGrath 1995). Students at Catholic schools are learning how to integrate faith and culture, faith and personal life, faith and all other areas of life. A Catholic education offers a special primer with which to do so.

Graham (1994) points out that Catholic schools need to break free of the "isolationist paradigm that has been their practice and build a genuine catechetical partnership with families," (p. 4). One way of…… [Read More]

References

Congregation for Catholic Education. (1988). The Religious

Dimension of Education in a Catholic School

Crotty, L., Fletcher, E. & McGrath, J. (1995). Reflections on an emerging religious education curriculum.

English, G. (1992). Religious education: what did you expect?
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Catholic Edu While Secularism May

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31607545

The community breakdown is one that can be mended, though, with creative community-building programs like the retreat. etreats can be designed to blend practical learning and the needs of adults with those of the developing child. Graham (1994) emphasizes the need for strong catechesis, which provides the means by which to develop religious communities. The Congregation for Catholic Education (1988) claims, "catechesis takes place within a community living out its faith at a level of space and time not available to a school: a whole lifetime," (p. 55). Thus, the school's role in the community transcends that of the student, that of the parent, and that of the curriculum.

By applying Catholic values to academic subjects, catechesis becomes far more than religious education. Catechesis becomes a transformative force in the community. Communities are comprised of individuals, and when each individual is empowered with spiritual tools, the community as a whole…… [Read More]

References

Congregation for Catholic Education. (1988). The Religious

Dimension of Education in a Catholic School

Crotty, L., Fletcher, E. & McGrath, J. (1995). Reflections on an emerging religious education curriculum.

English, G. (1992). Religious education: what did you expect?
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Catholic Australian Catholic Education in

Words: 787 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66178433



n addition to the explicit curriculum of facts and the implicit curriculum of cultural indoctrination, Eisner (1985) argues that there is also a null curriculum that is taught precisely through not teaching certain things -- there is a set of facts and values that is explicitly (and implicitly) not a part of any given educational system, so students are also taught what to discount, ignore, or even simply fail to perceive. This is perhaps the most profound and the most essential part of Eisner's argument in this essay, with definite and resounding implications and ramifications on attempts at a well-rounded religious education.

For Catholic schools, the issues that Eisner raises must be viewed in the context of a school that is at least somewhat explicitly indoctrinating students with specific values and beliefs. That is, a major part of the explicit curriculum in Catholic schools -- the facts and figures that…… [Read More]

In addition to the explicit curriculum of facts and the implicit curriculum of cultural indoctrination, Eisner (1985) argues that there is also a null curriculum that is taught precisely through not teaching certain things -- there is a set of facts and values that is explicitly (and implicitly) not a part of any given educational system, so students are also taught what to discount, ignore, or even simply fail to perceive. This is perhaps the most profound and the most essential part of Eisner's argument in this essay, with definite and resounding implications and ramifications on attempts at a well-rounded religious education.

For Catholic schools, the issues that Eisner raises must be viewed in the context of a school that is at least somewhat explicitly indoctrinating students with specific values and beliefs. That is, a major part of the explicit curriculum in Catholic schools -- the facts and figures that are taught -- is akin to the implicit curriculum taught in any school as identified and described by Eisner. This in turn has major ramifications on the implicit curriculum taught in Catholic schools, as teachers and administrators must ensure that teaching methods and standards as well as rules of classroom operation and definitions of student success are in line with the explicit values taught in the curriculum. Essentially, then, the line between the implicit and explicit curricula are blurred in Catholic schools, and truly in any institution that provides a religious education. Morality, cultural values, and systems of behavior are an explicit part of any religion, and definitely of Catholicism, meaning they will necessarily be a part of any meaningful and effective religious education.

The null curriculum that Eisner identifies is also of great importance when it comes to Catholic education, especially in the modern world of growing diversity and the greatly increased need for cultural and religious tolerance and understanding. Students in Catholic schools, while being taught a definite, specific, and explicit set of values and beliefs must also be made aware of other attitudes and values or run the risk of becoming bigoted or narrow minded. Striking the balance in the explicit and implicit curricula of unequivocal value statements without ignoring other options and values is difficult, but entirely necessary.
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Catholic Ethics the Catholic Religion

Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82448077

The author then asserts the tenet of natural law that men naturally seek what is good, and that to know the good and not pursue it is to reject God (99, 101-102). Balthasar closes with a comparison of the freedom of an individual and his membership in an aggregate social group -- the only true way to combine the two identities, he says, is in Christ, where the two identities converge.

All three of these discussions attempt to explain a modern facet of Christian belief and practice-Schurmann in his examination of a New Testament interpretation, Ratzinger in his reconciliation of praxis and theory, and Balthasar with his overview of justifications for action based on faith. Each man treats a subject that is distinctly modern in its discussion, most notably Ratzinger's response to the Marxist concept of praxis, but all three topics can be related back to moral theology and trace…… [Read More]

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Social Teachings of the Catholic

Words: 1621 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13540953

...liberty to captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free,,: (Luke 4: 18)

Summary & Conclusion

The teaching of the Catholic Church in relation to social rights and responsibilities is quite clear however, it has been noted to be critical by the U.S. ishops that the church teaches these social principles more clearly and more persistently to the church in advancing the Kingdom of God and in fulfillment of the Great Commission.

ibliography

yron, William J. (1998) Ten uilding locks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at http://www.americamagazine.org/articles/catholicsocialteachingbryon.cfm.

Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana

ISN 88-209-7716-8. Online available at: www.vatican.va/roman_curia/p ontifical_councils/justpeace/docum…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Byron, William J. (1998) Ten Building Blocks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at http://www.americamagazine.org/articles/catholicsocialteachingbryon.cfm.

Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana

ISBN 88-209-7716-8. Online available at: www.vatican.va/roman_curia/p ontifical_councils/justpeace/docum ents/rc_pc_justpeace_doc_20060526_compendio-dott-soc_en.html#the%20Church,%20the%20Kingdom%20of%20God%20and% 20 the%20renewal%20of%20social%20relations

Cf. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis, 11: AAS 71 (1979), 276: "The Fathers of the Church rightly saw in the various religions as it were so many reflections of the one truth, 'seeds of the Word', attesting that, though the routes taken may be different, there is but a single goal to which is directed the deepest aspiration of the human spirit" Cited in: Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana
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Dorothy Day's Catholic Conversion

Words: 1215 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10590041

2012 annual meeting of the Catholic Bishops of the United States, Dorothy Day, already officially named a "servant of God," was unanimously recommended for canonization, the first step on the path to sainthood. Pope Benedict XVI, in one of his last public speeches said that this remarkable woman was a "…model of conversion." (Forest) Although never raised a Catholic, Dorothy Day would convert to Catholicism and become a major figure in the Catholic orker Movement, a social movement that used Catholic teachings to address the needs of the poor. It would seem that the communist, anarchist, and socialist groups to which she once belonged lacked the spiritual aspect of service that she needed in her life; something she discovered in the Catholic Church. But as she came to the Church as an outsider, she was able to view the institutions of the Church with a more discriminating eye and was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Day, Dorothy. "From Union Square to Rome." 1938. Catholic Worker Movement.

Web. 20 April 2013.

http://www.catholicworker.org/dorothyday/daytext.cfm?textid=2

Forest, Jim. "Servant of God Dorothy Day." Catholic Worker Movement. Web.
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Direct Impact That Catholic Voices Had on

Words: 5149 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23099408

Direct IMPACT that Catholic Voices had on the media contributing to the perceived success of the Pope's visit in 2010 amidst the volatile negative climate surrounding the Catholic Church in that year

Even if people are interested in knowing about various religions and getting inspired from them, a lot many get put off from the topic when religious intolerance begets riots and uproars in a city, an instance that was observed in America when the issue of burning the Korans arose. Also, the issue of the New York Islamic centre sparked a number of controversies (Ingebretsen, 2005). One way that the Catholic Church and Pope have been able to avoid such criticism in the past is by befriending the media. One of the most recent examples of this is the formation of the group -- Catholic Voices -- the primary purpose and objective of this group was to "amplify the…… [Read More]

References

Catholic Voices Official Website (2010). Accessed on March 12, 2011 from http://www.catholicvoices.org.uk/home

Angela Ann Zukowski and Pierre Be ' langer (ed.) Radio Presence. A Collection of International Stories & Experiences (Brussels, 2000). See articles such as: Radio vs. dictators, Unda Newsletter, x (5) (Brussels, June 1966), 1, about the role of Radio Soleil in Haiti against Jean Claude Duvalier. The same can be found in the Philippines (against Marcos) and in Peru (against Fujimori).

Bolivia. 50 an " os de Radio Pi ' o XII o el Indio-Radio, SIGNIS Media, (2), 24 -- 25 (Brussels, 2007). Costa Rica. Treinta an " os de radio cultural por los campesinos, SIGNIS Media, (2) (Brussels, 2007), 24.

Convents, G. And Beeck, T.V. 2009. FORUM DOCUMENTING CATHOLIC MEDIA ACTIVITIES ALL OVER THE WORLD: THE SIGNIS, OCIC AND UNDA ARCHIVES. Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Vol. 29, No. 1, March, pp. 113 -- 121
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Anglican Church it Is Commonly Believed That

Words: 861 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36305125

Anglican Church

It is commonly believed that the country of England was a solely Catholic nation until Henry VIII's abrupt break from Catholicism so that they might marry Anne Boleyn. The king was already married and under Catholic law, the only way to end a marriage was through the death of a spouse or through annulment. Henry attempted to annul his first marriage, but the presence of a daughter Mary, showed that his claims that the marriage went unconsummated proved to be completely false. The Catholic Church refused to grant Henry a divorce and vowed to excommunicate him from the church if he went through with it (Dixon 1878,-page 3). In retaliation, King Henry of England decided that, rather than have to obey a religious person in a position of power, he would break off from the Catholic Church entirely and place himself at the head of his new religion.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Cody, David. (2011). "The Church of England." Retrieved from  http://www.victorianweb.org/religion/denom1.html 

Dixon, Richard (1878). History of the Church of England. Smith, Waterloo.

Patterson, Melville (1909). A History of the Church of England. Longmans, New York.

Spence-Jones, Henry (1897). The Church of England: A History for the People. Harvard.
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Holy Cross Church in Times

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54461632

People of the parish won't know the difference." But the parishioners will know the difference if they wake up one morning and their church is closed; which many fear will be their fate.

If that happens many parishioners feel they would be lost without their church. Theresa Henry stated "I would be devastated if they closed this church. I found solitude coming here, it's helped me through hard times." Before anyone should panic however, Father Peter was quick to comment on the potential closing of Holy Cross Church stating "There's an ongoing planning process, it would be foolish to close down Holy Cross." He also attempted to raise moods by telling parishioners that there would be no decision any time soon and that a final decision won't be made for at least "two years."

Parishioners at Holy Cross Church in Times Square can read the writing on the wall and…… [Read More]

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Deliberation of Early Church Leadership Terminology

Words: 4125 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99237815

Shepherd: Pastor, Elder, Overseer

The Shepherd

The words elder, overseer, and pastor all describe the same authority of leadership within the universal church. However, since different denominations use these terms as though there are separate entities, the three offices are thought to have distinct meanings. Within the ultimate authority of the ible and the Scripture, the terms elder, overseer, and pastor overlap in meaning. Indeed, Apostles Paul and Peter continuously interchange the offices of elder and overseer with the gift of pastor or shepherd. From this, it is clear that -- for the people they minister to, for, and with -- pastors are intended to have oversight. Thus, it is possible to say with confidence that those who have the gift to pastor also hold the office of elder and overseer.

Table of Contents

Thesis

Introduction

Historical Definitions.

Two Parallel Directions.

The Human Overseer.

Fitness to Lead.

Conclusion

"Then I…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Constable, T.L. (2010). Notes on Acts. Plano, TX: Sonic Light. Retrieved  http://www.soniclight.com/ 

Cox, D.R. (2003). Pastor, bishop, and elder: What's the difference? [Web]. Retrieved http://davidcox.com.mx/usa/our_promo/pastorelderbishop_whats_the_difference.htm

Duffield, Guy P., and Nathaniel M. Van Cleave. Foundations of Pentecostal Theology. Los Angeles, CA: L.I.F.E. Bible College, 1983.

Elliott, John Hall. "Elders as leaders in 1 Peter and the early church." Currents In Theology And Mission 28, no. 6 (December 1, 2001): 549-559.
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Bible in Roman Catholic Theology

Words: 2201 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92849597

The Roman Catholic Church took advantage of the fact that it received criticism and went on to produce new and better interpretations of the Bible, without damaging the image of Roman Catholicism.

Throughout time, those who came against Roman Catholic theological interpretations of the Bible received little support from influential members of society and rarely represented a worthy adversary for the church. In contrast, Roman Catholic theologians were provided with resources that were almost unlimited and were supported by some of the most notable members of the Roman Catholic Church. Mostly because of the support they received, Roman Catholic theologians were better prepared to deal with interpreting the Bible and in certain cases produced versions that were too accurate for critics to condemn. It is difficult to determine the level of freedom that Roman Catholic exegetes are provided with, especially considering that some leading members of the exegesis movement have…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Ayres, Lewis and Fowl, Stephen E. "(Mis)reading the Face of God: The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church," Theological Studies 60, no. 3 (1999): 513

Binde, Per "Nature in Roman Catholic Tradition," Anthropological Quarterly 74, no. 1 (2001)

Burton, William L. "Buried Treasure: Why Catholics Should Learn More about Scripture," Commonweal, 6 April 2007

Firth, Frank J. The Holy Gospel: A Comparison of the Gospel Text as it Is Given in the Protestant and Roman Catholic Bible Versions in the English Language in Use in America [book online] (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1911, accessed 7 January 2011), 240
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St Peter's Basilica and the Catholic Religion

Words: 2356 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94997103

St. Peter's Basilica is located in Vatican City, and was consecrated in 1626 (Saint). It is among the largest of the world's churches and is considered to be one of the holiest of Catholic sites on the planet. The church's namesake, St. Peter, is buried there, as well, and believed to be located directly below the altar (Saint). There has been a churched located on that site since oman Times, which is part of the reason St. Peter's in seen as so valuable when it comes to architecture and its place in the Catholic Church. Liturgical functions are held there, and it is also a common and very famous place for pilgrimage.

When the Pope gives services there, several times per year, between 15,000 and 80,000 people come out to hear him speak (St. Peter's). Even those who are not Catholic or religious in any way have often heard of…… [Read More]

References

Bannister, Turpin. "The Constantinian Basilica of Saint Peter at Rome." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 27(1): 3 -- 32. 1968. Print.

Frommel, Christoph. "Papal Policy: The Planning of Rome during the Renaissance in The Evidence of Art: Images and Meaning in History." Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 17(1): 39 -- 65. 1986. Print.

Saint Peter's Basilica. Vatican City State. 2014. Web.

Scotti, R.A. Basilica: the Splendor and the Scandal -- Building of St. Peter's. NY: Plume. 2007. Print.
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Conflict Between Protestants and Catholics

Words: 2636 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97872977

onsidering that the old order in Ireland was in place since two millennia and had always been under the control of the Gaelic chieftains, their removal from the leadership of the provinces of Ireland by the English rown was destined to arise the resistance of the majority who sought support in the atholic world and especially hoped in the papal authority. urtis points out that the resistance against the protestant faith that built up after Elisabeth took over Munster and Ulster was coming not only from inside the respective Irish provinces, but also from the dissidents in Italy, Portugal, Spain and the Low countries. On one hand they were gathering in the spirit of preserving the old faith, on the other, the Irish and the Anglo-Irish who opposed the Reformation were changing their ways supported by the Jesuits who helping the process of transforming the faithful into fanatics. On the…… [Read More]

Cronin, Mike. A History of Ireland. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, 2001.

Curtis, Edmund. A History of Ireland: From Earliest Times to 1922. London:

Routledge, 2002.
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Persecution of the Early Church

Words: 3006 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60644770

However, Henry VIII was still insistent at that time on Catholicism in everything except loyalty to the Pope. The Pope had named Henry VIII a Defender of the Faith for the opposition that Henry had to Martin Luther, and Henry's theology did not change any because of his rejection of the authority of the Pope.

Thomas Cranmer and some or the other leaders of the Church, however, decided that there was a need to reform what they considered to be the heresies that had developed. Especially important to them were a liturgy and a ible that was printed in English. In addition to this, they also wanted to do away with some of the beliefs and practices that the Catholic Church had and that they believed did not fit in with Scripture, such as veneration of saints, celibacy for the clergy, and Purgatory. Their desire by accomplishing these things was…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Becker, Carl Lotus. Beginnings of the American People. (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1915).

De Molen, Richard, L. ed., Leaders of the Reformation (Selinsgrove: Susquehanna University Press, 1984)

King, John N. English Reformation Literature. The Tudor Origins of the Protestant Tradition (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982)

Luther, Martin. Ninety-Five Theses (Internet: www.bartleby.com,1517)
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Protestant and Roman Catholic Styles of Piety

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49462762

Piety

Although Catholics and Protestants share a fundamental belief system, their theologies as well as their forms of worship differ greatly. Roman Catholic piety is generally expressed through the intermediary bodies of the Church, its hierarchy, and the various sacraments. Moreover, Catholic prayers are directed to intercessors such as the saints or the Virgin Mary. On the contrary, Protestants generally ascribe to an individualistic piety, one that is removed or independent from a church body. One's relationship to God or Jesus Christ is developed without the aid of teachers other than the "word of God" as it is expressed in the Bible. Although there are a multitude of different Protestant sects, they generally agree on a few basic tenets that set these denominations apart from the Roman Catholic Church. One of these tenets is the belief in a "universal priesthood" in which all Christians have the potential to approach theological…… [Read More]

Works Consulted

Horton, Michael. "Reformation Piety." ModernReformation.org. http://www.modernreformation.org/mr02/julaug/mr0207reformation.html.

Wilhelm, J. "Protestantism." Article in the New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia. 2003. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12495a.htm.
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Social Catholic Catholics Capitalism and

Words: 1077 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62627052



Vatican II

Vatican II, officially known as the Second Vatican Council, was a meeting of many leaders of the Catholic Church to discuss both theological and social issues pertaining to the Church in the modern era. Convened by Pope John XXIII in the 1960s and continued by his successor Paul VI, the main goal of the Second Vatican Council was to establish the Church's role and meaning in the modern world, which it recognized as fundamentally changed from the role of the Church in previous eras. Many different topics of concern were examined during the many phases of Vatican II, and the Council produced a number of documents on these varying subjects that help to define Church doctrine and perspectives on the modern world. When it comes to the social thought and action of the Catholic Church following Vatican II, one of the most important documents produced by the Council…… [Read More]

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Greek Orthodox Church the Only

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15223352

As great as it is to have one thing that everyone shares, it's even better to have more than one to relate to. I think that makes people take their faith even more seriously.

I absolutely believe that misconceptions about people's beliefs are common. Protestants believe Catholics worship idols; Christians believe pagans worship demons and dance naked in the woods; believers think atheists are horrible, immoral people. From what I remember in history, part of the reason the Catholic Church was able to pull off the Crusades was by painting the non-Christians as evildoers who ate babies. hy does it happen? Because as human beings, we want to believe that we have a good deal on the afterlife. And I also think people often just want to think of themselves as "better" than others.

To fix this, I think people should be more willing to discuss their faith with others.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

A Dictionary of Orthodox Terminology - Part 2 -- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. (n.d.).

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Retrieved August 29, 2011, from http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith9152

No Author, Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches, National Council of Churches, 2000.

No Author. (1914). About Ascension Cathedral: Ascension Cathedral. Ascension Cathedral. Retrieved August 29, 2011, from http://www.groca.org/?page_id=334
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Protestant and Roman Catholic Styles of Piety

Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50966021

piety in the oman Catholic faith and the Protestant faith. The writer examines the meaning of piety in both spiritual faiths and contrasts their differences. There were four sources used to complete this paper.

Throughout the history of religion there have been many differences and similarities. Many of the popular faiths of the western world believe in a higher power named God and they believe that Jesus Christ was the son of God. In addition they also believe that Jesus Christ died for the sins of man. Two spiritual paths that believe these things are the Protestant and the oman Catholic faiths. They each believe in the same God the same Jesus and the reason Jesus was crucified. At first glance it appears that the two faiths are the same. When one looks more deeply into either of the churches however one will find distinct differences in their foundational structures.…… [Read More]

References

Question:

http://css.catholicexchange.com/truthtract.asp?qid=252(accessed 12-15-2003)

Why do Catholics wear a crucifix and the Protestants wear a plain cross?

Piety Without Hysterics http://www.useless-knowledge.com/columnists/danielmryan/article27.html
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Anglican Church the Modern Anglican Church Is

Words: 1611 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49680311

Anglican Church

The modern Anglican Church is more specifically referred to as the Anglican Communion. It is an international association of national and regional Anglican Church, so instead of there being a single "Anglican" Church with universal authority and dominion over all Churches, each national or regional Church has full and complete autonomy. Historically, these Churches fall under full communion with the Church of England, or the Mother Church, and the specific titular head, the Archbishop of Canterbury. The status of "full communion" means, ideally that there is mutual agreement on several specific and basic doctrinal issues, and that full participation in each single Church's sacramental rubric is available and upheld by all Anglicans (The Anglican Communion Official Website, 2011).

Overall, the essential nature of the Anglican Communion is epitomized in the iblical passafe from John 1: This life is revealed, and we have seen it and testify to it,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

The Anglican Communion Official Website. (2011, March). Retrieved June 2011, from Anglicancommunion.org:  http://www.anglicancommunion.org/ 

Anglicanorum Coetibus. (2009). Cited in Vatican.VA

http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/apost_constitutions/documents/hf_ben-xvi_apc_20091104_anglicanorum-coetibus_en.html

Archbishop of York on being Anglican. (2011). The Church of England. Cited in:
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Ancient Early Church Middle Ages and Renaissance

Words: 1204 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31339101

Ancient, Early Church, Middle Ages, and Renaissance Civilizations to the Contemporary Western Civilization

Two primary civilizations had emerged to form the first civilization of mankind -- that of the Mesopotamia, and Egyptian civilizations. Although other important civilizations had been formed during the ancient times such as the Sumerian and Akkadian empires, the important contributions and use of innovations and progress of the three aforementioned civilizations had influenced and developed the Western Civilization of today, thus, the focus of this paper will be on the contributions of the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilization to the present civilization of mankind.

One of the primary contributions of the ancient civilization to the Western civilization is the development of a water irrigation system. Through the development of water irrigation system, the Mesopotamians were able to cultivate plants as their food, giving way to the development of agriculture. The need to establish laws regarding irrigation control…… [Read More]

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Catechism in Australian Catholic Schools

Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67720631

At the time, the question-and-response format seemed an ideal way of instructing converts and children 'correctly.' The text originally began as a preacher's reference, rather than was intended as a pedagogical instrument (25). As pointed out by Herbert Lombaerts, the catechism arose as a reaction to the Protestant eformation -- as a way of purifying the new Catholic faith, and distilling its very essence from the trappings of the cult of the saints and papal authority. The catechism itself, however, became a kind of holy relic, and the words and structure of the text took on symbolic value, beyond their actual meaning (Lombaerts 1986: 5).

Studying a mid-1970s classroom text for use in Australian Catholic entitled Here and now reflects a far different concept of the student than the rote repeater of dogma of the pre-Vatican II era. In the textbook, the student is asked to make a list of…… [Read More]

References

Lombaerts, Herbert. (1986). Religious education today and the catechism. Word in Life.

Marthaler, Bernard. (1978). The modern cachetical movement in Roman Catholicism: Issues and personalities. Religious Education: S77-S90.
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New Church Allen's Image of

Words: 555 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60259790

What changes will occur will be demographic and social. These changes will influence the way in which faith is practiced, but not the faith itself. The faith remains. This can be compared with the current trend of the Global Church as well. Christians from across the world are joining this Church under the unifying umbrella of their faith. Culturally, this means the integration of a wide variety of cultures and denominations. These differences no longer cause division, since the unifying factor, faith, is stronger. Allen seems to imply the same in his work. The faith that makes the Catholic Church remains its foundation. In the Global Church, the same thing occurs on a wider scale. The Christian faith remains unchanged, although the way in which this faith is expressed and integrated undergoes some changes.

Part 3:

What Lewis seems to be describing is a type of uniform Christian society, free…… [Read More]

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Lutheran Church the Movement of

Words: 993 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9174559

. Lutherans believe that it is only through grace and faith in Christ as the one true savior that one can be saved (Lutheranism pp). The Lutheran view of salvation can be summarized by saying:

All humanity is sinful.

Humanity is incapable of rising out of its sinful state on its own.

All who sin are under the wrath of God and are subject to His just and righteous punishment.

God's gift of grace is the establishment of faith in Jesus Christ.

God elects the faithful, declaring them just and righteous and forgiving their sins" (Lutheranism pp).

Great emphasis on a liturgical approach to worship services, along with music forms a large part of a traditional Lutheran service (Lutheranism pp). Lutheran churches have active music ministries, including choirs, hand-bell choirs, children's choirs, and sometimes carillon societies (Lutheranism pp). Johann Sebastian Bach was a devout Lutheran and composed music for the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lutheranism." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutheran_church

Martin Luther 1483-1546." The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://www.iep.utm.edu/l/luther.htm

Snyder, Walter P. "A Brief Look at the Lutheran Church." http://members.aol.com/lutherland/stuff/lutheran.html

Roots of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America." http://www.elca.org/co/roots.html
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Romanesque Church Art in the

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56096013



Churches represented the primary type of Romanesque architecture. Despite regional variations, Romanesque architecture shares a multitude of common characteristics such as harmonious proportions, stone barrel vault, round arches supporting the roof, thick and heavy walls and pillars, or small windows. Also, most Romanesque churches feature round arches used for exterior and interior decoration, a nave with side aisles though there is also a number of small, more modest churches which do not have an aisle), galleries above the side aisles, separated from the nave by a triforium, a transept, an apse and an ambulatory around the apse. Also, most Romanesque churches have multiples towers, as well as sculptured decorations on portals and capitals, and painted decorations throughout the interior. One of the most important structural developments of Romanesque architecture was the stone barrel vault which was intended as an alternative to wooden roofs which were prone to fires (Butt 162).…… [Read More]

Sources

Browne, Edith A. Romanesque Architecture. Kessinger Publishing, 2005.

Butt, John J. Daily life in the age of Charlemagne. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.
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How Traditional Catholics Differ From Novus Ordo Catholics

Words: 1951 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46877899

ethnography of the local Traditional Catholic community which practices at a nearby church. This group is very dissimilar in appearance and behavior from the surrounding neighborhood, even from the surrounding mainstream Catholic or "novus ordo" Catholic community, as the Traditional Catholic community calls it. This difference is rooted in the belief system that the community holds, which informs their practices, behaviors and modes of dress. Their main concern is with being "traditional" in all things. Thus, their appearance has a very dated look to it (a kind of 1950s style of dress among the men and women) and their worship is very Old World in terms of being in Latin and having lots of statuary in the church. However, they are easy to talk to and they seemed to have a sincere interest in converting me, which was flattering in a way. This paper discusses these people, their culture and…… [Read More]

References

Schensul, S., Schensul, J. (2013). Initiating Ethnographic Research: A Mixed Methods

Approach. UK: AltaMira Press.
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Comparison of Roman Catholics and the Calvinist in the Eucharist

Words: 3060 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14143661

Eucharist in Catholicism and Calvinism

Our word "Eucharist" is derived directly from the Greek of the New Testament: etymologically, it derives from the word for grace (charis) with a prefix (eu) meaning "good" or "well," but the original Greek word "eucharistia" means, simply enough, "thanksgiving" -- like our word "thanksgiving" it is a noun that derives originally from an equivalent verb describing the action involved (i.e., the giving of thanks). The Eucharist is intended as a sort of commemoration of Christ's Last Supper. The story of the Last Supper is attested to in three of the four canonical Gospels: Matthew 26:26 -- 28; Mark 14:22 -- 24; Luke 22:17 -- 20. (John's Gospel lacks a similar account but does include relevant statements that become important to later Eucharistic practice, such as John 3:36, "He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life.") Yet it is the fourth…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:  http://www.newadvent.org/summa/index.html 

The Holy Bible. Print.

Bouwsma, William. John Calvin: A Sixteenth Century Portrait. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988 Print.

Calvin, John. Institues of the Christian Religion. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.html
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Religion How Universal Is the Christian Church

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93784816

Religion: How Universal is the Christian Church?

Given all the variations of Christian denominations and different religions, how is it that the Church can still claim to be universal? "The name refers on one hand to the inclination towards uniformity (universus) existing in different things, in virtue of which different things may be represented by a single idea applicable to all in the same way and on the other hand to this one idea which is applicable to the different things (unum vs. alia)" (Universals pg). As used in the Nicene Creed, Catholic means 'universal' or 'all-embracing,' thus, Jesus Christ intended his church to embrace all people, just as he embraced all people, demonstrating in his own ministry to Greeks and Jews, rich and poor, woman and man, free person and slave alike (Schreck 89). The term 'catholic' in reference to the church is first recorded in a letter of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Akin, James. "THE TWO CANONS: SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION."  http://www.ewtn.com/library/ANSWERS/2CANONS.htm .(accessed 01-23-2003).

Schreck, Alan. Basics of the Faith: A Catholic Catechism. Servant Books. 1987; pp. 69, 70, 89, 90, 110, 112, 120, 265.

Universals." New Advent.  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15182a.htm .

A accessed 01-23-2003).
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Religious Themes Catholics in America

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91104220



In 1924, the American Congress greatly reduced immigration with the Immigration Act, but this system was removed in 1965 which allowed for a huge wave of immigration from parts of Asia, such as the Philippine Islands, Japan and China; also, immigrants from Haiti and Mexico flooded in and greatly increased the population of American Catholics. With the arrival of the 1960's, five events are of high importance. First, John F. Kennedy became the first Catholic President of the United States in 1960 which "due to his popularity, charisma and personal integrity reassured non-Catholic Americans that Catholicism was legitimate and that Catholics could be trusted" (Emerson, 256).

Second, Pope John XXIII who had been elected as Pope in 1958 became one of the most popular and beloved Catholic Pope in modern history, due to his attempts to bring Catholics and non-Catholics together in friendship and appreciation. Third, John XXIII also convened…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ellis, J.T. Catholics in Colonial America. New York: Helicon Press, 1965.

Emerson, Charles W. The Story of Catholics in America. Rome: Paulist Press, 1978.

Marino, Anthony. The Catholics in America. New York: Vantage Press, 1960.

Trisco, Robert F. Catholics in America, 1776 to 1976. Boston: Committee of the National
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Lawsuit Challenges Anti-Abortion Policies at Catholic Hospitals

Words: 835 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23608284

Lawsuit Challenges Anti-Abortion Policies at Catholic Hospitals" brings to attention the recent case of the American Civil Liberties Union filling suit against the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, which has attracted attention for its unusual approach. Based on the way the medical stuff at Mercy Health Hospital from Muskegon, Michigan, dealt with a medical case involving a pregnant woman in her eighteenth pregnancy week, the organization decided to go to the roots of such decision and attack this in court.

The facts, as the article presents them, appear simple: Tamesha Means went to the only hospital she had in her country. She was 18-month pregnant and her water broke, which, in less medical terms, meant that her baby had absolutely no chance of surviving, but she would, under proper medical treatment. However, because the hospital was benefiting from Catholic funding and had to abide by Catholic directives, this did…… [Read More]

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Black Church the Redemptive Role

Words: 16899 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2523902

It will use historical evidence to examine the role of the church is a spiritual entity. It will examine the role of the church as a political entity throughout changing political landscapes. It will explore the role of the church as a social service provider with regards to the importance of this role in helping black people to redeem themselves in light of historical cultural atrocities that they have faced.

esearch Questions

In order to examine that topics of interest un this research study the following research questions be addressed.

1. How has the black church served as redemptive force in helping the black people to heal?

2. What factors served as a redemptive force in helping the image of black people in the black church to improve?

3. How has a black church helped black communities to regain and maintain their self-sufficiency?

4. How has the black church served…… [Read More]

References

Primary Sources

Aaron. (1845), the Light and Truth of Slavery. Aaron's History: Electronic Edition. Retrieved June 19, 2010 from  http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/aaron/aaron.html#p6 

Adams, John Quincy. (1872). Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams. Retrieved June 19,

2010 from  http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html#adams6
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Basic Beliefs and Practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church

Words: 1496 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28769892

beliefs and practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church can be somewhat differentiated from the basic beliefs and practices of the Western Church due to its veneration of iconography or spiritual imagery of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church can be differentiated as well from the Western Church in that they pray for the dead and are stated to believe that icons "…are a meeting point between the living and the dead; they believe God's grace is active in relics of the saints, they pray to angels; they have a view of sacraments that is differentiated from those of the Western Church in that salvation "…deposited in the Orthodox Church and the priest gives saving grace through the sacraments, so that people have a relationship with the Church rather than with Jesus Christ." (Young, 2007, p.1)

General Information

The Eastern Orthodox church is reported to be a fellowship of…… [Read More]

References

1) Young, David M. (2010) What's So Wrong with the Eastern Orthodox Church? European Institute of Protestant Studies. 2007 Jan 1. Retrieved from:  http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?ArtKey=easternorthodox 

2) Meyendorf, John (2010) The Orthodox Church: General Information. Retrieved from: http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/orthodox.htm

3) Benz, Ernst (2008) The Eastern Orthodox Church: Its Thought and Life. Transaction Publishers, 2008) Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=Q5Z_evECb1UC&dq=basic+beliefs+and+practices+of+the+Eastern+Orthodox+Church&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

4) Eastern Orthodox -- What are the main beliefs. (2010) AllExperts.com. Retreived from:  http://en.allexperts.com/q/Eastern-Orthodox-1456/main-beliefs.htm
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Emergence What Author's Key Message Proposes Church

Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34391059

Emergence." hat author's key message proposes Church? How evaluate suggestions local church today? Grading Rubric 1) Formatting Spelling 5 pts. 2) Accuracy thoroughness summary key message proposal 65 pts.

The Great Emergence

hat is the author's key message and what does she propose to the Church? How do you evaluate her suggestions and what would it mean for the local church today?

According to Phyllis Tickle, the author of The Great Emergence, we are in a new era of religious reflection. Periodically, all religions 'clean house' and re-examine their storehouse of ideals. Over the course of her text, Tickle examines how cultural moments like the re-centering of the universe with the sun at its center; the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species; the development of psychoanalysis; and even the popularization of Joseph Campbell on PBS caused estern culture to view the Christian religion differently. Tickle urges Christians to not see…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Tickle, Phyllis. The Great Emergence. Baker Books, 2008.
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Christ Book Critique Everett Ferguson's Book Church

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86407037

Christ Book Critique

Everett Ferguson's book Church History, Volume One: from Christ to Pre-Reformation explores the relationship between the church and secular historical events. Since the inception of the Christian religion, those in positions of leadership have utilized the faith in the religion to extend power to the followers, often coming into conflict with secular leaders such as kings and queens. The book covers an extended period of time and deals thoroughly with the various struggles of the Christian religion and specifically the Catholic Church. The book also explains the writing of the Christian Bible and explains the ways that the religion spread until it eventually became the most influential belief practice in the western world. In the text, the author makes several arguments regarding this dynamic which deal with specific periods in Christian history including the first rise of Christianity in the waning Roman Empire, the growth of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Everett Ferguson, Church History, Volume One: from Christ to Pre-Reformation: The Rise and Growth of the Church in its Cultural, Intellectual, and Political Context. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2005)
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Women in Paul's Churches

Words: 1954 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47130233

ole of Women in Paul's Church

The role of women in church as laid out by the Apostle Paul has always been controversial. There are those who say that Paul hated women and created restrictive, secondary roles for them in the church because of it. Others, however, maintain that Paul loved women and that the roles he created for them in the Christian church were very liberating for them. Still others acknowledge that the roles for women that Paul created for the Christian church are somewhat restrictive and secondary, but say that this is because of the status of women in society at that time, not because Paul hated women. The role of women in the Christian church as ordered by Paul continues to be controversial and a matter of scholarly interpretation and study today. This paper takes a look at the role of women in the Christian church as…… [Read More]

References

D'Angelo, Mary Rose and Ross Shepard Kraemer, Women & Christian Origins. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schussler, But She Said: Feminist Practices of Biblical Interpretation. (New York: Beacon Press, 1992).

Groothuis, Rebecca Merrill, Good News for Women: A Biblical Picture of Gender Equality. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1997).

Massey, Lesly F., Women and the New Testament: An Analysis of Scripture in Light of New Testament Era Culture. (Jefferson, NC: McFar, 1989).
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Renaissance Church

Words: 317 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88027166

Renaissance

Both William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope mocked the times in which they lived in their respective works of literature: The Tempest and The Rape of the Lock. In using elements of the supernatural and pagan universes, these two authors make fun of Church authority, which was in decline during the Renaissance. Shakespeare and Pope portrayed monarchic power in a favorable light relative to their portrayal of the Church. In both The Tempest and in Rape of the Lock, supernatural beings influence royalty. Church authority is depicted as being weak and ineffective because of the inclusion of pagan elements. For example, in The Tempest, Prospero is the exiled Duke of Milan. Stranded on an island, he turns not to the divine authority of the Church but rather to occult powers: he manages to control and enslave a spirit-being named Ariel. Similarly, Belinda in The Rape of the Lock has a…… [Read More]

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Serbian Culture the Spiritual Heritage of the Serbian Church

Words: 1367 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56802136

Serbian Culture

Theatre among Serbs has a tradition that is more than eight centuries old. Theatre in Serbia was not created without the occasional interruption. Serbian theatre performances in the Middle Ages had a basically secular and entertaining function. They featured improvisations without written texts, and were staged in public places. The theatre, at this time, remained beyond the bounds and influence of the Orthodox Church. In the thirteenth century, church authorities forbade their congregation to attend gatherings where actors showed their performances (Library of Serbian Culture, par. 55).

The traits of staged scenes and sport festivities lived on in the Serbian fourteenth century as well. In the painting The Mocking of Christ, created between 1317 and 1318 in the monastery of Staro Nagoricino, the endowment of King Milutin, three characters in long sleeves, together with several figures with unusual instruments, are seen in the foreground. Serbian rulers, who had…… [Read More]

Resources

Mihailovich, Vasa. Landmarks in Serbian Culture and History.

Library of Serbian Cutlure, Accessed on September 27, 2003, at http://www.rastko.org.yu/index.html.
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Attitudes Towards Dance in the Catholic and Christian Traditions

Words: 2107 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34054884

Attitudes Towards Dance in the Catholic and Christian Traditions

A History of Church Attitudes Toward Dance

The Historical Attitudes of the Church

Throughout history, dance has been a part of the human experience. so too, religion has played a fundamental role in that experience. It may in fact be truthful to say that dance and religion are essential parts of what define us as human beings. Both dance and religion rely on the belief that we as human beings have souls, and as such, these souls contain the essential parts of our psyche. Both dance and religion contend that our souls' desires cannot be expressed through superficial means. Other than dance and religion, no other human endeavour offers a more thorough and personal opportunity for this expression. Religion offers us the opportunity to commune with our god through the reading and recitation of his word. It offers us the opportunity…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Antiquarian Society. A History of Social Dance in America. 2007. 23 November 2010 .

Coleman, Lucinda. "Worship God in Dance." 1995. The Australian Christian Network of PastorNet. 23 November 2010 .

Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. "The History of Western Dance: Christianity and the Middle Ages." 1995. Encyclopaedia Britannica . 23 November 2010 .

Gerrie, Bona. "Dance in the Bible." 7 July 2010. Worship in Dance. 23 November 2010 .
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What Jews Believe and What Catholics Believe

Words: 2284 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71505776

Judaism and Christianity

The religion of Judaism is one that goes back centuries and includes a description of the creation of the world, as found in the Book of Genesis. According to Judaism, the world was created by God, ho also created man in his own image. Being Christian, my religious tradition actually builds on the Judaic religious tradition. It refers to the Scriptural books pre-Christ as the Old Testament, and the writings of the Apostles of Christ as the books of the New Testament. It views Jesus Christ as the Redeemer of mankind, the one hom the Jews were meant to expect, as prophesized in the Old Testament. The Jews, however, do not recognize Christ as the Redeemer or as the Son of God. Thus, this paper will describe Judaism and its tenets and developments and compare and contrast it to my own religious tradition.

Judaism

The history of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hays, J. D. "Applying the Old Testament Law Today." Bibliotheca Sacra vol. 158, no.

629 (2001): 21-35.

"Jerusalem Special Report -- The Building of the Third Temple." Youtube, 2010. Web.

5 Dec 2015.
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Erasmus of Rotterdam Was a Former Catholic

Words: 1711 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59797937

Erasmus of Rotterdam was a former Catholic priest who lived in the 15th and 16th centuries. Dissatisfied with the status quo, Erasmus wrote extensively about potential reformations to the policies of the church which would make the clergy an important entity in daily life once again. Like Martin Luther who sought reformation of church policy in reaction to perceived corruption of the clergy. During the period, many members of the Catholic Church were accused of accepting moneys and other favors in exchange for pardons or blessings. Reformists were appalled that sinners could purchase their way to salvation through the actions of some corrupt officials. Unlike the Protestant Reformation, Erasmus did not support an entire reevaluation of church dogma, but rather a return to the original pious intentions of the Catholic Church. In Erasmus' essay "Julius Excluded from Heaven," he levels some heavy criticisms at the church which serves to highlight…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Erasmus, Desiderius. "Julius Excluded from Heaven." The Praise of Folly and Other Writings.

Los Angeles: Norton. 142-73. Print.
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Church Plan on Sex Abuse by Marguerite

Words: 383 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32762994

Church Plan on Sex Abuse, by Marguerite Michaels. Specifically, it will argue against the plan.

CHUCH PLAN

ecently, the oman Catholic bishops of the United States formulated and adopted a new plan regarding sexual abuse by Catholic priests. Briefly, the plan says that if a priest is accused of sexual abuse, a board of at least one priest and lay Catholics will advise the local bishop in private if there is "sufficient evidence" of abuse. This is not acceptable practice, for the board may, and probably will be prejudiced toward the priest, and against the victim, especially if the board is made up of local members of the parish. The board, if it exists at all, should be made up of disinterested third parties, and members of parishes that are far enough away so as not to bring prejudices to the board. In other words, it should be an impartial…… [Read More]

References

Michaels, Marguerite. "A Church Plan on Sex Abuse." Time. 25 Nov. 2002.
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Power of the Medieval Church There Is

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2843725

Power of the Medieval Church

There is little doubt that the Church was one of the most powerful institutions in Medieval Europe. Many factors contributed to its remarkable success. Among these was the importance of religion in the everyday lives of people of all classes and backgrounds. It is not by accident that the Middle Ages is sometimes known as "The Age of Faith." In a world that had not yet discovered scientific explanations for the travails that beset humankind, religion offered answers and also hope. The monasteries that dotted the map of Europe provided safe havens in the violent storm that was the essence of Medieval life for so many. Within their sheltering walls, there existed a different, more peaceful, more promising modus vivendi. Here, man was free from the constant wars, and the sudden destructions that too often befell the men and women of that period. On another…… [Read More]

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Crusaders and the Church What

Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81595377



Did the Crusades advance the cause of Christ?

According to a digitized volume originally published in 1864 by Partridge and Company, the Crusades were instigated chiefly by "the most superstitious and fanatical notions"; and these "soldiers of Jesus…carried destruction to those who knew him not. Is this the spirit of Christ or of his holy gospel? Is it not rather the spirit of Mahomet…" whose propaganda was always 'the sword or the Koran" (Meliora, p. 15). Simon de Montfort, the Duke of Burgundy, executed his task "…with relentless cruelty, ravaged the country, burned the houses, massacred all the people, whether Romanists on not" and inflicted the "most revolting indignities…upon the weak and helpless" (Meliora, 15).

Answering the question for this portion of the paper, Meliora states, "To Christianity as a religion the Crusades did much evil" because the Christian Church "…sank more deeply into superstition; the clergy into ignorance; and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crawford, Paul F. 2011. Four Myths About the Crusades. The Intercollegiate Review 46

(Spring): 13-22.

McCannon, John. Barron's AP World History, 2010. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational

Series.
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Priests Got Away With Raping and Abusing Children for Years

Words: 735 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42014738

Catholic Priests and Sexual Abuse Issues

The ongoing sexual abuse scandal involving Roman Catholic priests and other church officials continues to shock the Christian world and has led to prosecutions, prison sentences, international embarrassment for a major world religion, and to the paying out of millions of dollars in reparations by the Church. This paper reviews the sexual abuses perpetrated by the Church, the number of cases involved, the impact of this abuse and the response to the abuse by the Church, the media, and the public.

Overview of the Abuse of Young Boys by Priests

The first public reports of sexual abuse by Catholic priests in the United States were published in 2002, according to a peer-reviewed article by Karen J. Terry. At first it seemed that the perpetrators were American priests, but in a few years the scandal took on international implications, but the investigative journalism in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barrett, D., and Squires, N. (2014). Pope Francis says about 8,000 pedophiles are members of Catholic clergy, including bishops and cardinals. The Telegraph. Retrieved April 14, 2015, from http://www.news.nationalpost.com.

Dale, K.A., and Alpert, J.L. (2007). Hiding Behind the Cloth: Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 16(3), 59-72.

Terry, K.J. (2015). Child sexual abuse within the Catholic Church: a review of global perspectives. International Jou8rnal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.

39(2), 139-154.