Catholic Church Essays Examples

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Catholic Relation to Poverty the

Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60256605

It is also recorded that the first utterances of Jesus in the public was that where he proclaimed that he had been anointed to preach the good news to the poor. In that public speech, Jesus also gave a warning to the rich that they have already received their consolation. In a parable, Jesus also warned his followers against greed and the reliance on riches when he narrated the story of the man who had his life taken away from him when he tried to secure wealth for himself (O'Brien & Shannon 71). The story of Lazarus and the rich man is also used as a warning against excessive riches. The pope John Paul II used this parable as a warning to the rich and prosperous. He warned them not to be blind to their great poverty despite their numerous possessions.

The Roman Catholic Church has adopted practices pertaining to poverty with the most common being the vow to poverty. According to St. Thomas, poverty has no goodness in itself. However, it is good in the sense that it helps to remove the hindrances that are found in the search for spiritual perfection. According to the Catholic Church, poverty is…… [Read More]

Caffara, Carlo. Living in Christ: Fundamental Principles of Catholic Moral Teaching. San Francisco::

Ignatius Press, 1987, Print
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Church Government the Early Church

Words: 4590 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52594363

The Catholic Church Government

The internal government of the early Church was formed within the framework of the Roman Empire, and bishops exercised authority over the Christian community in each Roman municipium. By the third century, a shift took place as the bishops of each Roman province formed the habit of meeting in a provincial synod, presided over by the bishop of the capital city, meaning the metropolitan bishop or archbishop. In the fifth century, the hierarchical evolution of Church government would be complete with the universal recognition of the Bishop of Rome.

In the Catholic Church, these leadership groups assumed a somewhat different form over time. From the first, three orders were thought to stand by themselves, these being bishops, presbyters (or priests), and deacons, and these were the only orders considered necessary to a church. By the third century, a number of other orders were introduced, all lower than that of deacons and so called "sub-deacons," those who helped the deacons in the care of the poor and with the property belonging to the church, including the "acolytes" who lighted the lamps, and assisted in the celebration of the sacraments; the "exorcists" who cared for persons suffering from…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allen, Alexander V.G. Christian Institutions. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.

Augustine, City of God. New York: Penguin, 2003.
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Catholic Priests and Their Right

Words: 2339 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70490615

They reminded readers that Father Cutie joined the priesthood under those rules, with full knowledge of the requirements of priesthood, but that he placed himself above church law (Mayo, May 14, 2009).

Still earlier, in 2006, the Catholic Church in Australia became embroiled in a debate over whether the small and struggling Catholic Church there should cease insisting on clergymen's celibacy when a priests' association said that doing away with the requirement might reverse the decline in the number of priests. More than 40 bishops in Australia and half the Catholic clergy (1,650 in number) wrote to the Vatican's Synod of Bishops requesting they consider changing the requirement to allow married priests to be ordained and to allow priests who had left the church to marry to be reinstated. Father Hal Ranger pointed out that in Australia many priests converting to Catholicism were married and were allowed to remain married while serving as ordained priests. He urged the synod to examine the position that priesthood is a gift, and celibacy is a gift, but that they are not the same gift (Goodenough, Jan. 28, 2006.).

Ironically, Elizabeth Abbott states that "North America and Australia were specifically exempted from this indulgence…… [Read More]

Abbott, Elizabeth, (2001). A history of celibacy, New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 382-385.

CNN, (2009). Florida priest removed after beach photos with woman published. Reviewed on June 26, 2009 at May 6, 2009.
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Catholic Theology Tradition and Scripture

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11175762

Belief that Christ is present in the Eucharist is rooted explicitly in Scripture, while the devotion known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament was not practiced until the early 14th century (McBrien). While the belief in Christ presence will forever remain a part of the deposit of faith as a Tradition, the tradition of Benediction may disappear without consequence (McBrien).

The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation teaches that Scripture and Tradition form one sacred deposit of revelation and that Tradition encompasses the "whole life, witness, teaching and worship of the church," thus Tradition is a living, dynamic reality that "develops in the church with the help of the Holy Spirit" (McBrien).

According to Catholic theologians, Tradition is never independent of Scripture, therefore is something is not found in Scripture, then it is not in Tradition, even if it is a legitimate tradition of the Church (McBrien).

Works Cited

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Preparation for Internet by Charles Borromeo Parish,

Mississippi. Retrieved June 10, 2006 at

Divine Tradition and Sacred Scriptures. The Augustine Club at Columbia University.

1999. Retrieved June 10, 2006 at

Guarino, Thomas G. "Tradition and doctrinal development: can Vincent of Lerins still teach the church?"…… [Read More]

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Preparation for Internet by Charles Borromeo Parish,

Mississippi. Retrieved June 10, 2006 at
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Catholics in America During the

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68992155

However, Cardinal Gibbons, even after this encyclical by the Pope, "took a dim view of strikes (by the Catholic immigrants)" and any "concrete action by American Catholics was slow in coming, (due to) the conservatism of the clergy and the parochial concerns of the lay leaders" (Carnes 654).

The Catholic church responded in other ways to the crucial needs of immigrant Catholics in the United States, especially in the area of social reform and support. Mother Frances Cabrini, an Italian immigrant, founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart in order to teach Italians in the parochial schools run by the Catholic church, to care for the thousands of homeless children that had been forced to live in the streets because of the deaths of their parents from hatred, and to place nurses in hospitals. Such organizations as the Saint Vincent de Paul Society made it possible for Catholics to help each other through social change and reform in the way of providing clothes, food and shelter for the needy. According to the president of this benevolent society, one of the greatest threats to all immigrant Catholics was alcoholism which he described as "the great evil...the source of the misery…… [Read More]

Carnes, Mark C. And John A. Garraty. American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Volume II, Since 1865. Boston: Longman Publishing, 2002.

Evanston, J.K. The Catholics in America. New York: Random House, 1965.
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Catholic Hindu Throughout My Brief Time Here

Words: 544 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63482433

Catholic Hindu

Throughout my brief time here on planet earth I have realized that philosophy is a very valuable tool that can help guide someone like me into a world of wonderment, awe and excitement. I also realize that I am only equipped with belief systems as everything seems to fail under close scrutiny. My nature, along with the rest of humanity, is to learn, play and experience life to its fullest and most subjective method.

Although I am a Catholic, I realize that this religion is only a tool that I use to help reach what I am truly searching for: the religious experience. The Catholic Church would have its parishioners believe that divinity does not dwell inside the personal soul, but this I where I disagree with my chosen institution. I believe that I am Christ and God and that my divine nature is expressed through my personality and incarnation.

Hinduism is useful for this particular branch of my personal and esoteric philosophy. This beleif system suggests that Karma may dictate the results of future incarnations and gives some inclinations about how morals can be used to help society get along with each other. Ultimately Hinduism fails for…… [Read More]

Fici, C. (2012). Why Being a Hindu Has Made Me A Better Catholic. The Huffington Post, 20 April 2012. Retrieved from hindu-has-mad_b_1425982.html

"Similarities Between Buddha and Jesus. " Buddha Christ Info. Viewed 6 Aug 2013. Retrieved from
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Church as an Institution vs

Words: 362 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18423819

According to the institutional authority of the Catholic Church, individuals must accept certain principles, go through certain orientation and membership procedures (such as confirmation and confession), and submit to certain authorities, such as priests, bishops, and the Pope.

Give a meaning of sacrament as it applies to church.

Sacraments in the context of a worship community are often defined as the invisible made visible, or how the divine makes itself physically manifest on earth. The most obvious symbol of this is transubstantiation in the Catholic Mass, where God is made present in the form of the host, through the ritual process evident during the ceremony. In other Christian traditions, such as Quakerism, the spirit may be spontaneously present during a communal and nonhierarchical worship ceremony, when it moves ordinary believers to speak. The church during the context of any worship ceremony is supposed to provide a unique space and time for the sacred to become present in the world, even if the tradition's specific concept of what is a sacrament which may vary and not be called a 'sacrament'…… [Read More]

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Catholics Feel on the Subject

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26701823

They also believe that criticizing people that are intolerant however, like people that are Conservative Catholics, does no good because it only perpetuates harsh feelings toward other which is sinful.

However, there are other individuals like Amy that believe Conservative Catholics are good people because they follow the original doctrine as laid forth by Jesus and God in the Bible. Amy suggests that "it is not ok to let homeless people sleep on their steps" and that regardless of one's faith, any Catholic, whether conservative or not has a job to help that person and provide them with sanctuary. However, she doesn't believe that the church should acknowledge gay marriages, as do some of the liberal churches in California that claim to practice Catholicism.

Many devout Catholics suggest that the conservative approach is much better than the liberal approach quotes Amy, because it is impossible to label a Catholic church as tolerant or intolerant. It is also according to the interviewee, impossible to believe in such liberal ways as the California St. Francis Church, because it seems like the priest is making up his own rules and interpreting the bible as he sees fit, which is not an acceptable practice…… [Read More]

Amy a. (2007) Personal Interview, 17, December 2007, 5:00 P.M.

Vigil Studios (2007 Oct 11) "Not the conservative Catholic Church" California Catholic
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Catholic Spirituality Cunningham L S &

Words: 562 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89795483

In our reflection of Jesus and the scriptures, we are given a doctrine by which to live and a narrative explaining why we should abide this doctrine.

Greeley, a.M. (2001). Sacred Place, Sacred Time, exc. From the Catholic Imagination. University of California Press.

In 2001, Andrew Greely published the Catholic Imagination and with it, the excerpt that we consider here. Entitled "Sacred Place, Sacred Time," this carries a similar theme to the work by Cunningham & Egan, making particular reference to the visible presence of God in the surrounding works and creations of the men who worship him. In a compelling description of the city of Koln, the Greely selection lays out the assessment that even in a secular context where survival has been a dominant theme through generations of warfare, spirituality is in stark evidence to the beholder.

Again, we see the them of God's presence in the accomplishments of man. Greely asserts that cities throughout history and across the globe have manifested this visible spirituality as a symbol of their survival. Accordingly, the selection asserts that such cities "illustrate the key component of Catholic imagination -- sacrimentality, the presence of God in all creation. One cannot isolate the…… [Read More]

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Catholic Religion Over the Last

Words: 1112 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1961606

Of course, since these views are based on those who are high-ranking members of the church, Hennesey's narrative is somewhat biased, yet it does provide an excellent overview of many important topics related to American Catholicism.

Hurley, M. (2002). The unholy ghost: Anti-catholicism in the american experience.

Huntington, IN: Sunday Visitor Press.

In this carefully-documented study of prejudice against Catholics in the United States, Bishop Mark Hurley examines the entire history of prejudice from the 1700's and up to the present day. There are three sections to this work, being 1776 to Vatican II, post-Vatican II and a final section which focuses upon the issue of abortion and how American Catholics feel about this very controversial topic.

McAvoy, T.T. (1942). The catholic church in the United States between two wars. Review of Politics, 4(4), 409-431.

Although somewhat dated, this essay examines in great detail and with much insight how the Catholic Church changed between World War I (1914-1918) and the beginnings of World War II in 1941. Of course, McAvoy's focus is upon how the church's political views altered as a result of the rise of Imperial Germany and the influence of Nazi Germany, especially on the Vatican and the…… [Read More]

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Catholic Culture

Words: 1620 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31655612

Cross Culture Catholic Case Study

The impacts of culture on a society can be measured in the collective behaviors that manifest from those who celebrate some sort of culture. Culture is a combination of many aspects, but in totality suggest a background environment of impulses and forces which lay out a pathway of behavior for an individuals. These pathologies are not healthy or unhealthy in themselves, but serve as backdrops or roles for humans to play and interact within society.

Cross cultural psychology aims to examine the impact of culture on mind behavior. The strength and efficiency in which organized religion plays within one's culture cannot be argued. The spiritual content of human beings cannot be denied and the aims of religion is to make sense of these spiritual urges and blend them within our total and whole being. Organized religion makes this very difficult in many aspects and the focus of this case study revolves around the troubles of Charlie, a devout Roman Catholic who has recently witnessed a horrible crime being committed by his parish priest.

This case study will first give background information regarding Charlie and his situation. The impacts of both organized religion and the Catholic…… [Read More]

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Catholic High School Choosing the Education Which

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37903224

Catholic High School

Choosing the education which will best serve our children is one of the most difficult decisions a parent can make. There is a very real possibility that choosing the wrong institution will destroy or at the very least seriously hinder the future success of your child. Choosing a good school will allow your child to receive a better education, to develop better socially and avoid some of the serious pitfalls which are more often encountered in lesser schools, and will open the doors for future academic successes and subsequent career success as your children progress into adulthood. Private schools have proven statistically to provide a higher quality of education in addition to a pantheon of other benefits. A private Catholic school education provides students with academic, social, and religious benefits which no other school can promise.

Academically, a private education is vastly superior to the education proffered at public institutions. Public schools have an established curriculum which is decided on by a committee. There is no room for individuals to exceed beyond the limitations of the curriculum. Many schools have been forced to slow down the rate of introducing new information for the sake of the slowest…… [Read More]

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Catholic Education in Australian Primary

Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30131099

Key Stakeholders Influencing Religious Education

A basic assumption underlying Catholic education in primary schools is that children are already believers, with God and Jesus already familiar figures (Ryan 1999). Oddly, the Church itself is less a major player in the development of curricula because this underlying belief already exists (or is perceived to exist). Instead, the major stakeholders that influence the development of religious education includes parents, administrators, and more local representatives of the Church rather than the central powers of the Church (Ryan 1999; Buchanan 2003). In the modern era, educational and Catholic theorists have gained greater influence over the development of curricula, giving basic religious concepts a more prominent place in education and allowing for greater critical investigation with reduced initial assumptions (Buchanan 2003). The role of Jesus in Catholic education has become less doctrinal and more accessible as a way of improving the level of engagement of Catholic students.

Conclusion: Issues for Teachers

Teachers of students in Catholic primary schools, in Australia as well as in Catholic communities the world over, need to emphasize the community-centric rather than the Church-centric aspects of Catholic beliefs and values in the classroom, making Jesus more of a personal figure than…… [Read More]

Brisbane Catholic Education. (2003). Religious Education Years 1-10 learning outcomes.

Buchanan, M. (2003). Survey of current writing on trends in Religious Education. Journal of Religious Education 51(4), 22-30.
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Catholic Edu the Mission of

Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98362124

More often than not the Catholic instruction would be enhanced by a mutual strengthening of both knowledge and catechesis. Each should inform and empower the other.

The role of the Catholic school is to synthesize and fuse catechesis with religious education, and to imbue all subject areas with Catholic values. Faith becomes an integral part of student life. For example, the students will be given active time for prayer and spiritual -- not just religious -- studies (Crotty, Fletcher & McGrath 1995). Students at Catholic schools are learning how to integrate faith and culture, faith and personal life, faith and all other areas of life. A Catholic education offers a special primer with which to do so.

Graham (1994) points out that Catholic schools need to break free of the "isolationist paradigm that has been their practice and build a genuine catechetical partnership with families," (p. 4). One way of breaking free of isolationism is to recognize the "diverse scholastic contexts" in which the school operates, "(Catholic 6995 p. 74). The catechetical relationship does not stop with students; the role of the school extends into the community. If the role of the school is considered to be part of the…… [Read More]

Congregation for Catholic Education. (1988). The Religious

Dimension of Education in a Catholic School
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Catholic Edu While Secularism May

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31607545

The community breakdown is one that can be mended, though, with creative community-building programs like the retreat. Retreats can be designed to blend practical learning and the needs of adults with those of the developing child. Graham (1994) emphasizes the need for strong catechesis, which provides the means by which to develop religious communities. The Congregation for Catholic Education (1988) claims, "catechesis takes place within a community living out its faith at a level of space and time not available to a school: a whole lifetime," (p. 55). Thus, the school's role in the community transcends that of the student, that of the parent, and that of the curriculum.

By applying Catholic values to academic subjects, catechesis becomes far more than religious education. Catechesis becomes a transformative force in the community. Communities are comprised of individuals, and when each individual is empowered with spiritual tools, the community as a whole benefits. Religious education is one component of the Catholic education that can create trust and bonds between Catholic and non-Catholic members of the community. A Catholic school is by definition a religious institution, or at least one component thereof; and although that role does involve evangelism, the Catholic school does…… [Read More]

Congregation for Catholic Education. (1988). The Religious

Dimension of Education in a Catholic School
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Catholic Australian Catholic Education in

Words: 787 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66178433

In addition to the explicit curriculum of facts and the implicit curriculum of cultural indoctrination, Eisner (1985) argues that there is also a null curriculum that is taught precisely through not teaching certain things -- there is a set of facts and values that is explicitly (and implicitly) not a part of any given educational system, so students are also taught what to discount, ignore, or even simply fail to perceive. This is perhaps the most profound and the most essential part of Eisner's argument in this essay, with definite and resounding implications and ramifications on attempts at a well-rounded religious education.

For Catholic schools, the issues that Eisner raises must be viewed in the context of a school that is at least somewhat explicitly indoctrinating students with specific values and beliefs. That is, a major part of the explicit curriculum in Catholic schools -- the facts and figures that are taught -- is akin to the implicit curriculum taught in any school as identified and described by Eisner. This in turn has major ramifications on the implicit curriculum taught in Catholic schools, as teachers and administrators must ensure that teaching methods and standards as well as rules of classroom…… [Read More]

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Catholic Ethics the Catholic Religion

Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82448077

The author then asserts the tenet of natural law that men naturally seek what is good, and that to know the good and not pursue it is to reject God (99, 101-102). Balthasar closes with a comparison of the freedom of an individual and his membership in an aggregate social group -- the only true way to combine the two identities, he says, is in Christ, where the two identities converge.

All three of these discussions attempt to explain a modern facet of Christian belief and practice-Schurmann in his examination of a New Testament interpretation, Ratzinger in his reconciliation of praxis and theory, and Balthasar with his overview of justifications for action based on faith. Each man treats a subject that is distinctly modern in its discussion, most notably Ratzinger's response to the Marxist concept of praxis, but all three topics can be related back to moral theology and trace the origins of each question to an older debate-Schurmann's interpretation is similar to debates over the superiority of the New or Old Testament in previous eras of Church history, Ratzinger's theory vs. practice topic has been an issue among Christians since the inception of the faith, and Balthasar's exploration of…… [Read More]

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Social Teachings of the Catholic

Words: 1621 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13540953

...liberty to captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free,,: (Luke 4: 18)

Summary & Conclusion

The teaching of the Catholic Church in relation to social rights and responsibilities is quite clear however, it has been noted to be critical by the U.S. Bishops that the church teaches these social principles more clearly and more persistently to the church in advancing the Kingdom of God and in fulfillment of the Great Commission.


Byron, William J. (1998) Ten Building Blocks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at

Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana

ISBN 88-209-7716-8. Online available at: ontifical_councils/justpeace/docum ents/rc_pc_justpeace_doc_20060526_compendio-dott-soc_en.html#the%20Church,%20the%20Kingdom%20of%20God%20and% 20 the%20renewal%20of%20social%20relations

Cf. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis, 11: AAS 71 (1979), 276: "The Fathers of the Church rightly saw in the various religions as it were so many reflections of the one truth, 'seeds of the Word', attesting that, though the routes taken may be different,…… [Read More]

Byron, William J. (1998) Ten Building Blocks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at

Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana
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Dorothy Day's Catholic Conversion

Words: 1215 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10590041

2012 annual meeting of the Catholic Bishops of the United States, Dorothy Day, already officially named a "servant of God," was unanimously recommended for canonization, the first step on the path to sainthood. Pope Benedict XVI, in one of his last public speeches said that this remarkable woman was a "…model of conversion." (Forest) Although never raised a Catholic, Dorothy Day would convert to Catholicism and become a major figure in the Catholic Worker Movement, a social movement that used Catholic teachings to address the needs of the poor. It would seem that the communist, anarchist, and socialist groups to which she once belonged lacked the spiritual aspect of service that she needed in her life; something she discovered in the Catholic Church. But as she came to the Church as an outsider, she was able to view the institutions of the Church with a more discriminating eye and was able to focus her attentions not on the institutions of the Church but on its message: to minister to the poor.

Dorothy Day's family was nominally Christian, but rarely attended church services and were not religious in their daily lives. As she stated herself, "mother and father never went to…… [Read More]

Day, Dorothy. "From Union Square to Rome." 1938. Catholic Worker Movement.

Web. 20 April 2013.
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Faith Baptist Church in Manchester NH the

Words: 1205 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59608698

Faith Baptist Church in Manchester, NH

The Baptist Church I visited is called Faith Baptist Church and it is located at 52 Lake Street in Manchester. This is quite an attractive church from the exterior to interior. On entry to the church compound, there are beautiful, and attractive flowers planted along the roundabout. Then there are the green ones that are planted along the church building itself. The church has been simply build without the normal Gothic architecture found in other churches. This shows modernization that has seen many changes in church.

There are no sculptures outside the church like those found in the Catholic Church. Baptist church has known to have branched itself from the first protestants of the Catholic faith. Like the Anglican Church. There is no clerestory too which is common in other churches with an aim of bringing in light through its windows. The interior is well done with candles lit at the front to show Christ's presence. There were no paintings or artwork like is normally found in Catholic Church.

The Baptist Church was founded by John Smyth. The church broke away from the Protestants who had broken away from the Catholic Church. It comprises…… [Read More]

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Direct Impact That Catholic Voices Had on

Words: 5149 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23099408

Direct IMPACT that Catholic Voices had on the media contributing to the perceived success of the Pope's visit in 2010 amidst the volatile negative climate surrounding the Catholic Church in that year

Even if people are interested in knowing about various religions and getting inspired from them, a lot many get put off from the topic when religious intolerance begets riots and uproars in a city, an instance that was observed in America when the issue of burning the Korans arose. Also, the issue of the New York Islamic centre sparked a number of controversies (Ingebretsen, 2005). One way that the Catholic Church and Pope have been able to avoid such criticism in the past is by befriending the media. One of the most recent examples of this is the formation of the group -- Catholic Voices -- the primary purpose and objective of this group was to "amplify the voice of the Catholic Church in the British public square, especially in the media and in public debates, by training and briefing articulate young Catholics to act as speakers; offering media skills training to the Church; bringing together and nurturing Catholic public intellectuals; and making available a team of Catholics…… [Read More]

Catholic Voices Official Website (2010). Accessed on March 12, 2011 from

Angela Ann Zukowski and Pierre Be ' langer (ed.) Radio Presence. A Collection of International Stories & Experiences (Brussels, 2000). See articles such as: Radio vs. dictators, Unda Newsletter, x (5) (Brussels, June 1966), 1, about the role of Radio Soleil in Haiti against Jean Claude Duvalier. The same can be found in the Philippines (against Marcos) and in Peru (against Fujimori).
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Anglican Church it Is Commonly Believed That

Words: 861 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36305125

Anglican Church

It is commonly believed that the country of England was a solely Catholic nation until Henry VIII's abrupt break from Catholicism so that they might marry Anne Boleyn. The king was already married and under Catholic law, the only way to end a marriage was through the death of a spouse or through annulment. Henry attempted to annul his first marriage, but the presence of a daughter Mary, showed that his claims that the marriage went unconsummated proved to be completely false. The Catholic Church refused to grant Henry a divorce and vowed to excommunicate him from the church if he went through with it (Dixon 1878,-page 3). In retaliation, King Henry of England decided that, rather than have to obey a religious person in a position of power, he would break off from the Catholic Church entirely and place himself at the head of his new religion. Doing so would ensure that no question of religion or ethics could be answered in a way as would displease him. Although the royals may have still practiced Catholicism, at least in name, there were many people in the country who began to participate in the Protestant religion. This was…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Cody, David. (2011). "The Church of England." Retrieved from 

Dixon, Richard (1878). History of the Church of England. Smith, Waterloo.
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Holy Cross Church in Times

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54461632

People of the parish won't know the difference." But the parishioners will know the difference if they wake up one morning and their church is closed; which many fear will be their fate.

If that happens many parishioners feel they would be lost without their church. Theresa Henry stated "I would be devastated if they closed this church. I found solitude coming here, it's helped me through hard times." Before anyone should panic however, Father Peter was quick to comment on the potential closing of Holy Cross Church stating "There's an ongoing planning process, it would be foolish to close down Holy Cross." He also attempted to raise moods by telling parishioners that there would be no decision any time soon and that a final decision won't be made for at least "two years."

Parishioners at Holy Cross Church in Times Square can read the writing on the wall and many believe that the replacement of their long time "pastor," Reverend Peter Colapietro, with a temporary "administrator," Reverend Gerald Mulvey, spells the slow but eventual end of their parish. While official spokesmen can rationalize the choice of an administrator over a pastor, the fact that a pastor is usually appointed…… [Read More]

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Deliberation of Early Church Leadership Terminology

Words: 4125 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99237815

Shepherd: Pastor, Elder, Overseer

The Shepherd

The words elder, overseer, and pastor all describe the same authority of leadership within the universal church. However, since different denominations use these terms as though there are separate entities, the three offices are thought to have distinct meanings. Within the ultimate authority of the Bible and the Scripture, the terms elder, overseer, and pastor overlap in meaning. Indeed, Apostles Paul and Peter continuously interchange the offices of elder and overseer with the gift of pastor or shepherd. From this, it is clear that -- for the people they minister to, for, and with -- pastors are intended to have oversight. Thus, it is possible to say with confidence that those who have the gift to pastor also hold the office of elder and overseer.

Table of Contents



Historical Definitions.

Two Parallel Directions.

The Human Overseer.

Fitness to Lead.


"Then I will give you shepherds after my own heart, who will lead you with knowledge and understanding." (Jeremiah 3:15) 16

Bibliography 17


The office of elder, overseer, and pastor all hold the same office of shepherd, are interchangeable terms in Biblical times and should be so today. Various titles have…… [Read More]

Constable, T.L. (2010). Notes on Acts. Plano, TX: Sonic Light. Retrieved

Cox, D.R. (2003). Pastor, bishop, and elder: What's the difference? [Web]. Retrieved
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Bible in Roman Catholic Theology

Words: 2201 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92849597

The Roman Catholic Church took advantage of the fact that it received criticism and went on to produce new and better interpretations of the Bible, without damaging the image of Roman Catholicism.

Throughout time, those who came against Roman Catholic theological interpretations of the Bible received little support from influential members of society and rarely represented a worthy adversary for the church. In contrast, Roman Catholic theologians were provided with resources that were almost unlimited and were supported by some of the most notable members of the Roman Catholic Church. Mostly because of the support they received, Roman Catholic theologians were better prepared to deal with interpreting the Bible and in certain cases produced versions that were too accurate for critics to condemn. It is difficult to determine the level of freedom that Roman Catholic exegetes are provided with, especially considering that some leading members of the exegesis movement have left the church once they discovered that they were not allowed to employ personal convictions in the process of interpreting the scripture.

One cannot possibly focus on providing an unbiased interpretation on the Bible, given that the very process of interpreting relates to the respective person's personal convictions in regard…… [Read More]

Ayres, Lewis and Fowl, Stephen E. "(Mis)reading the Face of God: The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church," Theological Studies 60, no. 3 (1999): 513

Binde, Per "Nature in Roman Catholic Tradition," Anthropological Quarterly 74, no. 1 (2001)
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St Peter's Basilica and the Catholic Religion

Words: 2356 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94997103

St. Peter's Basilica is located in Vatican City, and was consecrated in 1626 (Saint). It is among the largest of the world's churches and is considered to be one of the holiest of Catholic sites on the planet. The church's namesake, St. Peter, is buried there, as well, and believed to be located directly below the altar (Saint). There has been a churched located on that site since Roman Times, which is part of the reason St. Peter's in seen as so valuable when it comes to architecture and its place in the Catholic Church. Liturgical functions are held there, and it is also a common and very famous place for pilgrimage.

When the Pope gives services there, several times per year, between 15,000 and 80,000 people come out to hear him speak (St. Peter's). Even those who are not Catholic or religious in any way have often heard of and know about St. Peter's, simply because of its prominence in various parts of history. There has been value, blessings, scandal, dissent, and numerous other issues surrounding the Basilica over time, and it is important to see the building as more than just a church or a place of worship.…… [Read More]

Bannister, Turpin. "The Constantinian Basilica of Saint Peter at Rome." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 27(1): 3 -- 32. 1968. Print.

Frommel, Christoph. "Papal Policy: The Planning of Rome during the Renaissance in The Evidence of Art: Images and Meaning in History." Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 17(1): 39 -- 65. 1986. Print.
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Persecution of the Early Church

Words: 3006 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60644770

However, Henry VIII was still insistent at that time on Catholicism in everything except loyalty to the Pope. The Pope had named Henry VIII a Defender of the Faith for the opposition that Henry had to Martin Luther, and Henry's theology did not change any because of his rejection of the authority of the Pope.

Thomas Cranmer and some or the other leaders of the Church, however, decided that there was a need to reform what they considered to be the heresies that had developed. Especially important to them were a liturgy and a Bible that was printed in English. In addition to this, they also wanted to do away with some of the beliefs and practices that the Catholic Church had and that they believed did not fit in with Scripture, such as veneration of saints, celibacy for the clergy, and Purgatory. Their desire by accomplishing these things was to return to the idea that everything that was necessary for salvation was contained within the pages of the Bible.

There was a serious clash at that time between John Stokesley, who was the bishop of London between 1530 and 1535, and Thomas Cromwell, who was the lead councilor to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Becker, Carl Lotus. Beginnings of the American People. (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1915).

De Molen, Richard, L. ed., Leaders of the Reformation (Selinsgrove: Susquehanna University Press, 1984)
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Protestant and Roman Catholic Styles of Piety

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49462762


Although Catholics and Protestants share a fundamental belief system, their theologies as well as their forms of worship differ greatly. Roman Catholic piety is generally expressed through the intermediary bodies of the Church, its hierarchy, and the various sacraments. Moreover, Catholic prayers are directed to intercessors such as the saints or the Virgin Mary. On the contrary, Protestants generally ascribe to an individualistic piety, one that is removed or independent from a church body. One's relationship to God or Jesus Christ is developed without the aid of teachers other than the "word of God" as it is expressed in the Bible. Although there are a multitude of different Protestant sects, they generally agree on a few basic tenets that set these denominations apart from the Roman Catholic Church. One of these tenets is the belief in a "universal priesthood" in which all Christians have the potential to approach theological matters without the aid of a priest. Moreover, Protestant denial of papal authority subsumes much of its ideology and attitude toward piety. For Roman Catholics, obedience to the Pope as well as to Church doctrine remains central to personal piety. For both Catholics and Protestants, piety may be expressed through…… [Read More]

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Conflict Between Protestants and Catholics

Words: 2636 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97872977

Considering that the old order in Ireland was in place since two millennia and had always been under the control of the Gaelic chieftains, their removal from the leadership of the provinces of Ireland by the English Crown was destined to arise the resistance of the majority who sought support in the Catholic world and especially hoped in the papal authority. Curtis points out that the resistance against the protestant faith that built up after Elisabeth took over Munster and Ulster was coming not only from inside the respective Irish provinces, but also from the dissidents in Italy, Portugal, Spain and the Low countries. On one hand they were gathering in the spirit of preserving the old faith, on the other, the Irish and the Anglo-Irish who opposed the Reformation were changing their ways supported by the Jesuits who helping the process of transforming the faithful into fanatics. On the other side, the Protestants represented by the English installed as bishops, for example, although as zealous as their opponents, were unable to understand them since they were not interested in understanding their language and customs.

The roots of the conflict between the Protestants and the Catholics in Ireland spread in…… [Read More]

Cronin, Mike. A History of Ireland. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, 2001.

Curtis, Edmund. A History of Ireland: From Earliest Times to 1922. London:

Routledge, 2002.
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Social Catholic Catholics Capitalism and

Words: 1077 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62627052

Vatican II

Vatican II, officially known as the Second Vatican Council, was a meeting of many leaders of the Catholic Church to discuss both theological and social issues pertaining to the Church in the modern era. Convened by Pope John XXIII in the 1960s and continued by his successor Paul VI, the main goal of the Second Vatican Council was to establish the Church's role and meaning in the modern world, which it recognized as fundamentally changed from the role of the Church in previous eras. Many different topics of concern were examined during the many phases of Vatican II, and the Council produced a number of documents on these varying subjects that help to define Church doctrine and perspectives on the modern world. When it comes to the social thought and action of the Catholic Church following Vatican II, one of the most important documents produced by the Council is the Gaudium et Spes, which had many ramifications for the Church.

One of the most salient features of the Gaudium et Spes is its praise of modern advancements and progress in technological and scientific fields, which led to the potential for a better quality of life for all of…… [Read More]

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Protestant and Roman Catholic Styles of Piety

Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50966021

piety in the Roman Catholic faith and the Protestant faith. The writer examines the meaning of piety in both spiritual faiths and contrasts their differences. There were four sources used to complete this paper.

Throughout the history of religion there have been many differences and similarities. Many of the popular faiths of the western world believe in a higher power named God and they believe that Jesus Christ was the son of God. In addition they also believe that Jesus Christ died for the sins of man. Two spiritual paths that believe these things are the Protestant and the Roman Catholic faiths. They each believe in the same God the same Jesus and the reason Jesus was crucified. At first glance it appears that the two faiths are the same. When one looks more deeply into either of the churches however one will find distinct differences in their foundational structures. One of the more significant structural differences in the two faiths is the understanding of piety. Each faith follows piety demands in a different way. Each faith places piety at the top of their list when it comes to the goals of their followers but the path to that righteous…… [Read More]