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Principles of Organization from Early Christianity Applied to Management Today

Words: 1911 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30570271

Abstract
This paper looks at the organizational structure of the early Christian communities and highlights the ways in which mission and vision played central guiding roles in the maintenance of these communities. It also shows how these communities had clear leaders and how the morale of the communities was supported through the celebration and honoring of the martyrs, whose relics were preserved in shrines. The paper then explains how these principles can be applied to an organization today.
Introduction
Organizational structure is something every organization must address in order to maximize its power and reach its potential. The organization that lacks definition and order will likely be one that fails. The early Church communities provide an example of how an organization can succeed even in the face of a hostile environment. By analyzing the structure of these communities, one can see how mission, vision, networking and leadership all helped to…… [Read More]

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Textual Reliability of the New Testament

Words: 2590 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65876763

Introduction
While modern biblical researchers such as Bart Ehrman have contended that textual reliability of the New Testament is absent under close historical analysis,[footnoteRef:2] other scholars such as Michael Kruger have resisted the argument and shown that the New Testament contains textual integrity and reliability from start to finish.[footnoteRef:3] This paper argues that those who doubt the textual reliability of the New Testament are doing so from the standpoint of conjecture and subjective critique rather than from the standpoint of both logical inference and deduction. This topic is relevant for today’s world because it affects the question of faith and whether it can be possible. Faith should rest upon reason—but if one believes that the text of the New Testament is unreliable one has no reason to believe in its message of redemption. On the other hand, if one can show that the New Testament has textual reliability, one can…… [Read More]

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Religion Heretical Sects

Words: 1776 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90899353

The Beguines: The Intersection of Gender and Heresy in the Church

The Beguines may not be a household term, but this all-female religious movement of the thirteenth century left an indelible stamp on European and Church history. Beguine philosophy, theology, and religious practice are all quintessentially mystical, with an emphasis on personal encounters with God and overt displays of religious experience taking place outside of the dominant Church monastic order. The writings of key figures in the movement like Hadewijch and Marguerite Porète reveal the independent spirit that epitomizes the Beguine way of life. Arguably, the Beguine’s greatest contributions may be towards the illumination of gender roles and norms in European society. Because the Beguines eschewed neither asceticism nor family life entirely, their liminal status presented a threat to the rigid dogma that dominated Church discourse throughout the Middle Ages. The Beguines were primarily active in the Low Countries: mainly…… [Read More]

Works Cited
“The Beguines.” https://www2.kenyon.edu/projects/margin/beguines.htm
Coleman, John A. “When They Began the Beguines.” America: The Jesuit Review. 8 Nov, 2011. https://www.americamagazine.org/content/all-things/when-they-began-beguines
Gui, Bernard. Inquisitor’s Manual. Burr, David (Trans.). https://www2.kenyon.edu/projects/margin/inquisit.htm
Hadewijch. “You Who Want...” Hirschfield, Jane (Trans.). https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/48704/you-who-want-
Knuth, Elizabeth T. “The Beguines.” Dec, 1992, http://www.users.csbsju.edu/~eknuth/xpxx/beguines.html
Porète, Marguerite. The Mirror of Simple Souls. Duncan, Bonnie (Trans.). Excerpt online: https://www2.kenyon.edu/projects/margin/porete8.htm
Raber, Jean Hughes. “The Wisdom of the Beguines.” Commonweal. 29 July, 2015, https://www.commonwealmagazine.org/wisdom-beguines
“Who Were the Beguines?” The Economist. 13 May, 2013, https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2013/05/12/who-were-the-beguines
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The Rite of the Sacraments of Healing and of the Sick

Words: 1627 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66309687



Oral Exam:  Sacrament of Healing
1
The biblical basis for the sacrament of penance is: “Receive ye the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained (John 20:22-23).
The theological basis for the sacrament of penance is that it is a means of regaining grace and justice for those who had defiled their souls through mortal sin. Prior to the coming of Christ the Lord, penance was not a sacrament, nor is it a sacrament for the unbaptized. However, after rising from the dead, Christ breathed on the Apostles and sent them the Holy Ghost and gave them the power to forgive sins in the name of Jesus with the direct purpose of reconciling those among the faithful who had fallen into a state of sin since their Baptism. Such has been the teaching of the Church since…… [Read More]

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Preaching that Changes Lives by Mike Fabarez

Words: 3119 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 92225779

Reflection Summary: Preaching that Changes Lives by Mike Fabarez (2005)
Because the weekly sermon is typically the most visible and by far the most common interaction that most congregants have with their church, developing an acute sense of what sermons should communicate and how they should be framed represents an essential need for all who would seek to inspire others and help them change their lives in meaningful ways. This need and how to address it are described and discussed in Mike Fabarez’s text, Preaching that Changes Lives, together with a number of useful empirical observations and insights that can help guide the process. This reflection summary provides a chapter-by-chapter summary of this book followed by a statement concerning what was learned and how this learning is applicable to the author’s life and ministry.
Part I – Rethink Your Task
1. Understand the life-changing power of preaching. As the title…… [Read More]

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The Conditions of the Cluny Foundation Charter

Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 27924170

The work that will be the focus of the monks’ lives, according to the Cluny foundation charter, is the work of the rule of St. Benedict. The monks were to pray, perform “works of mercy toward the poor, the needy, strangers, and pilgrims.”[footnoteRef:1] Who would benefit from it, of course, would be the monks themselves, the Church as a whole, those who would receive the attentions of the monks, as well as William and his wife (who donated the land) and their families. William notes several times that he is donating the land because he is wealthy and it is good for the wealthy to care for others and to give to the Church. He asserts that he is donating it because he wants to reap a portion of the rewards of those monks who, despising the world, are able to give their lives to the everlasting and obtain mercies…… [Read More]

Bibliography
“The Foundation Charter of Cluny” in Readings in Medieval History, 5th Ed. (ed. by
Patrick Geary), Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.
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Understanding the Impact of Religion in the US

Words: 224 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17992642

Religious Trend and Religious Sensitivity
It is surprising to note that religious trends in the US have been on the decline in the past couple of years. People are losing their faith and when children move out of their parents' homes they tend to stop going to church. This indicates that the children did not have a strong belief as their parents. With the changing lifestyles and job situation, young people do not have the time to go to church and they do not create the time for church. Also, there is an increasing number of young adults in the US who identify as Atheists since they do not ascribe to a particular religion.
One must be sensitive to other religious beliefs and practices. Some people hold dearly to their religion and tradition and one should respect that. While some religions might seem odd in the way they do things…… [Read More]

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Power during Jesus Time

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80581994

The Nature of Power
Military, political and religious power was extremely influential in determining the events of the world at the time of Jesus. Essentially, those manifestations of power were the might that determined the shape, form, and nature of the world in terms of its social order. Those who had religious power were able to assert their sway over others to gain personal and public benefits. The same concept is applicable to men with military power as well as political power. Oftentimes during the epoch in which Jesus lived, religious power earned one political power, which in turn was reinforced by the might of the military.
The ministry and environment of Jesus was at odds with the political power of his day. In this regard, Herod the Great was something of an antipode to Jesus in terms of the varying forms of power. Herod’s power came from the military…… [Read More]

References
Pope Francis (2017). Pope Francis’ daily homily.