1000+ documents containing “civil war”.
How did it happen that the North won the Civil War, notwithstanding the fact that the South had its own powerful advantages? This paper explores that question using chapters 11, 12, 13 and 14 for reference sources.
Background on the Southern economy and politics
The South greatly expanded its agricultural industry (the plantation system) between 1800 and 1860, and in doing so became "increasingly unlike the North," the author explains in Chapter 11. The "lower South" relied on cotton (short staple cotton) and the market for all that cotton in New England and in Great Britain made many plantation owners wealthy. Because of the skyrocketing cotton industry, more and more slaves were needed to tend those crops, and some 410,000 slaves were moved from the upper South to the lower South. And yet the South depended economically on the North (which had a booming industrial growth period) and the South did….
Civil ar of Northern Aggression
Is the Term Accurate?
The Civil war has been one of the most controversial topics in the history of United States. here it has been given many names like ar Between the States, the ar of the Rebellion and the ar for Southern Independence, one of its most controversial names is the ar of Northern Aggression. There is an enormous amount of literature written on the subject matter in the form of books, articles, research papers etc. however, James McPherson has managed to present a rather accurate and unbiased account of civil war. According to McPherson, despite the violence showed by Northern States, it was the secession of the southern states and initiation in firing the first shot which started the war in the first place[footnoteRef:1]. Therefore, considering that Southern states were just operating in their defensive mode would present a rather inaccurate account of the history.….
Civil War represents a decisive period in American history, but also one of violence, during which more than 620,000 Americans died. (Gary B. Nash, Carter Smith, page 144) The American Civil War was fought between North and the South, and started as a result of their differences regarding slavery, state's rights and federal authority. The decisive moment was when epublican candidate Abraham Lincoln won the election, and become the president of the United States. This victory influenced seven states to leave the union; on December 20, 1860 South Carolina, and, after the war started six more states left the union (Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi)
While the North's economy was based on manufacturing and industry, agriculture being an isolated activity, in the South it was based on agriculture and slavery. The main crops that were planted in the South were cotton and tobacco. After 1830 the North wanted to….
1. Nash, Gary B., Smith, Carter, Atlas of American History, Infobase Publishing, 2007
2. Civil War, Retrieved December 18, 2012, from the Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District website: http://www.harlingen.isd.tenet.edu/coakhist/cwar.html
3. American Civil War, Retrieved December 18, 2012, from the History website: http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war
Would the union still have won the civil war if the Border States separated?
The union would have still won if the Border States separated. During the Civil War the Border States, Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, were not critical to the unions victory over the confederates.
Unfortunately, our modern society has been marred with war and strife over its eventful lifespan. A civil disagreement, when accompanied by mass offenses, often ends with deadly war. Throughout history, many nations have been unable to solve their personal grievances with one another in a diplomatic manner. In many instances are solves through protest, boycotts and other contentious means. However, in some instances, society elects the worst possible alternative, which is often war. In retrospect, wars have been fought for many worthwhile causes, even by today's standards. Wars have been fought over liberty, injustice, the potential threat to national security and more. However, no….
1. Allen C. Guelzo, Lincoln: a very short introduction (Oxford U.P., 2009), p. 61. See also Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery (2010), p. 100.
2. McPherson, "Battle Cry," pp. 8 -- 85. In Gerson, Harriet Beecher Stowe, p. 68; also Stowe, Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin (1953), p. 2-39.
3. William W. Freehling, The Road to Disunion: Secessionists Triumphant 1854 -- 1861, (1988) pp. 9 -- 24.
4. Curry, Richard Orr (1964), A House Divided, A Study of the Statehood Politics & the Copperhead Movement in West Virginia, Univ. Of Pittsburgh Press, map on page 49.
In a long war, all of the economic, financial and population advantages would favor the North since the South was a mostly agrarian region that imported its manufactured goods. Initially, both sides had expected that the war would be short and decisive, although by 1862 it was clear that it might drag on indefinitely. Jefferson Davis, obert E. Lee and the other Southern leaders realized that their best chance would be to win a series of rapid military victories early in the war then appeal to Britain, France and other European nations for diplomatic recognition. They did not wish to conquer the North nor did they ever imagine that they had the capacity to do so. Their only goal was to gain independence and force the other side to end the war, but the longer it lasted, the more the Union's advantages in population, money, ideology and resources would….
Robert E. Lee was also an important general responsible for commanding the Northern Virginia regiment of the confederate army. Lee was interesting in that even though he was a confederate commander he was believed be against slavery.
Lincoln's beliefs about America are forever engrained on the national psyche. Speeches such as the Gettysburg Address are still quoted and reflects the intent of the founding fathers. The Gettysburg Address states, "Four Score and Seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure ("The Gettysburg Address")." These words have been used at many throughout American history in times of distress and change. Also, the current president even took the cites….
The action was successful and gave them control over the island. The victory encouraged Gillmore to order another attack, this time on Wagner. He ordered the troops to bomb by land and sea. Robert immediately sent out pickets to complement with whites in other regiments. Early on July 16, 54th companies fought with members of 10th Connecticut. A force of Confederate attacked the picket line but the 54th persisted as long as it could. This persistence allowed the 10th Connecticut to retreat behind without much loss and injury. The 54th took the toll for the retreat. It proved that lack troops could put up a fight. That afternoon, Robert and Ned Hallowell exchanged premonitions of not surviving that action. He shared the same with his wife in a letter that the gallantry of his men would make up for the humiliating loss in Darien. y sunset, the 54th Regiment….
Adler, John, ed. 2005. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson. Harper's Weekly: Harp Week, LLC
Dhalle, Kathy. 1997. A Biography of Robert Gould Shaw. The American Civil War History Special Interest Group: Bits of Blue and Gray. http://www.bitsofblueandgray.com/june2003.htm
Hickman, Kennedy. 2007. Civil War: Robert Gould Shaw. Military History. About.com: The New York Times Company
http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/1800armybiographies/p/rgshaw.htm?p=1 (Accessed December 2, 2007)
Civil War and Grant
The Civil War in the United States can be considered as the darkest moment in its relatively young history. (Mitgang, 2000) His Gettysburg State of the Union Address is perhaps the shortest in history; but the depth of meaning and the profundity of emotions it invokes should never be forgotten. It starkly contrasts with the inane, self-congratulatory blather of modern presidential administrations.
This hotly contested War had amazing leaders. General Robert E. Lee, for the Confederates, was a gentleman's gentleman, brilliant tactician and wonderful human being. If one were to root for the Unionists as being on the right side of the Civil War, then Lee was a victim of circumstances, who merely happened to lead for the Southerners. (Robert E. Lee, soldier, patriot, educator, 1921) On the other hand, the General Ulysses Grant, the leader of the Union Army, won decisive battle after battle and made the….
Bradford, N. (2001). Battles and leaders of the Civil War (2001 ed.), New York, Gramercy Books.
Dodge, G.M. (1965). Personal recollections of President Abraham Lincoln, General Ulysses S. Grant, and General William T. Sherman (1st reprint ed.), Denver, Sage Books.
Donovan, T.H. (2002). The American Civil War, Garden City Park, N.Y., Square One Publishers.
Gallagher, G.W. (1999). The Antietam campaign, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.
The War in the West
Just as the causes of the Civil War are not entirely simple or straightforward, the progress of the war was anything but linear. Despite an ultimate Union victory, the Confederacy managed several periods of advancement into Union territories, and they were even more effective at maintaining a hold on their home territories. Thus, the war progressed and regressed in fits and starts at ties, and victories in one region could easily be offset by losses in another. There were several major theaters of the Civil War, and different issues and strategies led to different developments of the war in these theaters at different periods in the war. In the Western theater in the first half of 1862, the Union made a relatively rapid progression into Confederate territory against an under-funded and under-manned enemy army.
By the end of January, the Union had taken most of Kentucky in….
Concord Learning Systems. (2008). "Civil war battles: Theaters of war." Accessed 22 August 2009. http://www.laughtergenealogy.com/bin/cw-battles/theaters.html#3_1862
Hickman, K. (2009). "American civil war: Causes." Accessed 22 August 2009. http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/civilwar/a/CivilWarCauses_2.htm
McPherson, J. (2000). Ordeal by fire. New York: McGraw Hill.
So the professional opportunities for young obert were limited, and the army came as a rescue solution.
Pegging to his life of severe lacks, difficulties and sadness, Lee became a man of strict self imposed limits. He was moderate and never wasteful of either type of resource. Due to his rather stern appearance, he was not the most popular of army men. But he did always serve his country and the cause he believed to be the truest. He had a strong sense of civil duty, and he strived to insufflate it to others.
And while not many will agree with this, Lee was a compassionate man, who cared and strived to protect his subalterns. In working toward this goal, he also understood that his men were the ones who determined the final fate of the war. So he strived to protect their lives. Evidence in this direction stands the battle….
Historians have long puzzled over the contradictions within Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. As a statement of general principle it seems compromised by Lincoln's refusal to extend manumission to slaves within those border states which permitted slavery but which had remained within the Union at the onset of hostilities: Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware and Maryland. This central contradiction was observed at the time; Evans notes that some Abolitionists claimed it was a clever but meaningless document that freed only those slaves now firmly under Confederate control, in states where Lincoln had no power to do so. 'A poor document but a mighty act,' the Governor of Massachusetts said to a friend. (Evans 192)
I would suggest, however, that our confused understanding of the Emancipation Proclamation derives from understanding the document as part of Lincoln's military strategy. The better way to understand the Emancipation Proclamation is within the context of foreign affairs. Even….
Evans, Eli. Judah P. Benjamin: The Jewish Confederate. New York: Free Press, 1988. Print.
Graebner, Norman A. "Northern Diplomacy and European Neutrality." In Donald, David Herbert. Why The North Won The Civil War. New York: Touchstone, 1996. Print.
Jones, Howard. Union in Peril: The Crisis over British Intervention in the Civil War. University of North Carolina Press, 1992. Print.
North, Douglass. Growth and Welfare in the American Past: A New Economic History. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1974. Print.
he beginning of the nineteenth century marked a period of reform and social changes in Europe and the young American state that was triggered and partly encouraged by the new era of industrialization. he transfer from agrarian to industrial societies changed people's lives and offered new perspectives for those concerned for the well being of the society as a whole. he widening gap between the American North and South continued to grow after the euphoria of the first decades since the Declaration of Independence had been proclaimed in Philadelphia in 1787.
he majority of the Americans were still living in an agrarian society, but the numbers were disproportionate between North and South and many historians and political analysts consider these differences in stages of development as the roots of social inequity and finally, of the war between North and South.
While the American North was embracing new technologies, new ideas, reforms,….
The Pre-Civil War Era (1815 -- 1850). History SparkNotes. Retrieved: Dec6, 2009. Available at: http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/precivilwar/summary.html
Secession Crisis. The Missouri Compromise. Retrieved: Dec 7, 2009. Available at: http://civilwar.bluegrass.net/secessioncrisis/200303.html
Monroe Doctrine, 1823. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved: Dec. 6, 2009. Available at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/jd/16321.htm
The first article in the Rep. is condemned by the two colours, hite Brown, but I can't see why. e are in fearful times, but the Lord reigneth & I have no serious fears for the issue. I feel like Gen. Jackson-"the Union must & shall be preserved" and "their object is disunion; but be not deceived, disunion, by armed force, is treason." I hope no one will be hung, tho' a few deserve it. I have no confidence in man's wisdom; but as I said in my last baccalaureate, God made this government & he will not let man destroy it. (Augusta County: George Junkin to Francis McFarland, January 19, 1861)
hile in comparison to these heated ideologies, only the last of which holds out hope to the end that unity will be restored, the letters and documents from Franklin county express the idea that their chosen voices will preserve….
The International law stands on two cornerstones of the Codified Law and Customary Law. The Codified Law is represented by the UN Charter that embodies the norms of sovereignty and non-interference in the domestic affairs of the state and contrary to this the Customary law progressively stresses upon the safeguarding of human rights and the security and well being of the individual. Taking into consideration the present situation and emerging norms on intervention, there appears to be two isolated but associated principles on the basic unacceptability of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, to illustrate, the establishment of International Criminal Court and secondly a wider principle emphasizing the significance of the non-use of coercive force so as to allow resolving the clashes internally. The quest for the reasons behind the intervention is necessitated more intensive thought to reveal out the possibly criterion for justifying the intervention as convergence….
Boutwell, Jeffrey. Pugwash Study Group on Intervention, Sovereignty and International Security. Pugwash Workshop on Intervention and Sovereignty. Pugwash Meeting No. 252, 10-11 December 1999. Venice, Italy. Retrieved from http://www.pugwash.org/reports/rc/rc5.htm Accessed on 7 May, 2005
Chester Crocker, Lessons on Intervention, in Managing Conflict in the Post-Cold War World: The Role of Intervention. Report of the Aspen Institute Conference, August 2-6, 1995, (Aspen, Colorado: Aspen Institute, 1996) pp.77-88. Retrieved from http://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/example/croc1975.htm Accessed on 7 May, 2005
Implementing Peace Agreements in Civil Wars: Lessons and Recommendations for Policymakers. IPA Policy Paper Series on Peace Implementation. Center for International Security and Co-operation. Stanford University. May, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.ipacademy.org/PDF_Reports/Pdf_Report_Implementing.pdf Accessed on 7 May, 2005
UN intervention in Somalia and Mozambique: why success is not always cast in stone. Global Dialogues. Vol: 5; No: 1; May 2000. Retrieved from http://www.igd.org.za/pub/g-dialogue/africa/somalia.html Accessed on 7 May, 2005
The question to which this report strives to offer an answer however does not refer in particular to either Union or Confederation, but to the entire United States, and to what extent the Civil War revealed a society that was eager to eliminate slavery and create a color-blind society.
The answer is relatively simple -- part of the country was convinced that the old way of keeping slaves was the best solution for individual wealth; the other part of the country envisioned a new society, in which free labor would set the basis for economic prosperity and stability, as well as a prosperous, culturally diverse nation. In the end, it was a battle of right vs. injustices, and the right won, with slavery having been abolished, and with the end result being that of a new American society, in which all individuals enjoy the rights of freedom, liberty and equality.
Civil War How did it happen that the North won the Civil War, notwithstanding the fact that the South had its own powerful advantages? This paper explores that question using…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil ar of Northern Aggression Is the Term Accurate? The Civil war has been one of the most controversial topics in the history of United States. here it has been given…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil War represents a decisive period in American history, but also one of violence, during which more than 620,000 Americans died. (Gary B. Nash, Carter Smith, page 144) The…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Civil War Would the union still have won the civil war if the Border States separated? The union would have still won if the Border States separated. During the Civil War…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil War In a long war, all of the economic, financial and population advantages would favor the North since the South was a mostly agrarian region that imported its manufactured…Read Full Paper ❯
Robert E. Lee was also an important general responsible for commanding the Northern Virginia regiment of the confederate army. Lee was interesting in that even though he was…Read Full Paper ❯
The action was successful and gave them control over the island. The victory encouraged Gillmore to order another attack, this time on Wagner. He ordered the troops to…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil War and Grant The Civil War in the United States can be considered as the darkest moment in its relatively young history. (Mitgang, 2000) His Gettysburg State of the…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
The War in the West Just as the causes of the Civil War are not entirely simple or straightforward, the progress of the war was anything but linear. Despite an…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
So the professional opportunities for young obert were limited, and the army came as a rescue solution. Pegging to his life of severe lacks, difficulties and sadness, Lee became…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil ar Historians have long puzzled over the contradictions within Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. As a statement of general principle it seems compromised by Lincoln's refusal to extend manumission to…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil War he beginning of the nineteenth century marked a period of reform and social changes in Europe and the young American state that was triggered and partly encouraged by…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
The first article in the Rep. is condemned by the two colours, hite Brown, but I can't see why. e are in fearful times, but the Lord reigneth &…Read Full Paper ❯
Civil War The International law stands on two cornerstones of the Codified Law and Customary Law. The Codified Law is represented by the UN Charter that embodies the norms of…Read Full Paper ❯
The question to which this report strives to offer an answer however does not refer in particular to either Union or Confederation, but to the entire United States, and…Read Full Paper ❯