Classroom Management Essays (Examples)

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Management Plan Discussion of the

Words: 1394 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81746350

To become successful, consequences are to be applied consistently and they never are to be physically or psychologically injurious to the student. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)

Features about the techniques that I like These techniques enable to mend the behavior of the students who do not respond to conventional discipline. It promotes student involvement because it makes learning attractive and fun and particularly because of the focus being provided to the expectations and needs of the students and also because of the dignity and respect provided to the students. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)

Features of the techniques about which you have reservations

While the students are not accepting the consequences for breaking the rule of the class it is sometimes imperative to infuse the Insubordination ule i.e. The student will not be allowed to remain the class until the consequence is being accepted, which is a part of the technique…… [Read More]


Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at Accessed 28 September, 2005

Enhancing Communication and Instruction via the Internet" (March 14, 2001) NYSCSS

Convention. Retrieved at . Accessed 28 September, 2005

Project Management Guide: Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at Accessed 28 September, 2005
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Classrooms Are Diverse Environments Characterized by Students

Words: 2226 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11998484

Classrooms are diverse environments, characterized by students from varying backgrounds, and with varying needs and skill levels. It is from this diversity and the recognition of how it contributes to the richness of a learning environment that the concept of differentiated instruction arises. Through differentiated education, students representing diversity have the opportunity to learn in environments that promote inclusion, unity, and understanding. An investigation into the effects of differentiated instructional curriculum for a fifth-grade science class demonstrated that both teachers and students reported a significantly higher degree of satisfaction with methods and materials used in differentiated instruction as opposed to typical instruction (McCrea et al., 2009). Similar results were found in a study that investigated the effectiveness of differentiated instruction in the realm of physical education curriculum (Kriakides & Tsangaridou, 2008).

Developing and putting into practice differentiated instruction curricula involves shifts in planning, execution, and assessments that require flexibility and…… [Read More]


Hall, T., Strangman, N., Meyer, A. (2011). Differentiated instruction and implications for UDL implementation: effective classroom practices report. National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum, retrieved 19 October, 2011 from

Holloway, J.H. (2000). Preparing teachers for differentiated instruction, Educational Leadership, September, 82-3.

Kyriakides, L. & Tsangaridou, N. (2008). Towards the development of generic and differentiated models of educational effectiveness: a study on school and teacher effectiveness in physical education. British Educational Research Journal, 34(6), 807-38.

Lawrence-Brown, D. (2004). Differentiated instruction: inclusive strategies for standards-based learning that benefit the whole class. American Secondary Education, 32(3), 34-64.
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Managing Behavior in the Classroom

Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34501523

Classroom Behavior Management

Developing a classroom that takes cultural diversity into account begins with understanding one's own ethnocentrism, that a lot of what we take for granted pertains specifically to our own cultural upbringing. Children who come from other cultures -- and their parents -- may well have different ideas and ideals. It is important to learn about the different cultures that are present in my classroom, as a starting point for understanding. A lot of developing an inclusive classroom involves listening to students and parents, so as to understand their cultures better, and how that pertains to the classroom. My plan would have specific Tier 1 rules, governing the basics of classroom behavior that are not subject to question on the basis of culture. But there will also need to be more of an individualized (Tier 2) approach, where some students from other cultures might receive special attention, or…… [Read More]

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Management of Misbehavior in the

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19782336

Traditionally, the behavior of the student disturbing the class would be stopped by the intervention of the teacher. Peace would be restored in the classroom and the incident would be discussed and punished later on during direct and face-to-face-to-face interactions between the student and the teacher. Nevertheless, in few circumstances, it is possible for the misbehavior to be generated by positive intents and to generate positive outcomes, in such a case the intervention of the teacher being put off. Examples in this sense include those of a student trying to stimulate his classmates to enhance their performances at a sports activity or other curricular or extracurricular activity. The teacher's ability to make the differences between the positive and negative types of misbehavior -- and to as such decide his intervention -- can only be obtained through the completion of the first step.

Finally, at the third stage, the misbehavior would…… [Read More]


Aves, M., 2010, What are some similarities of behavior and misbehavior in discipline management, eHow, last accessed on November 8, 2010

Durmuscelebi, M., 2010, Investigating students misbehavior in classroom management in state and primate primary schools with a competitive approach, Education, / last accessed on November 8, 2010
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Management and Leadership Examine the

Words: 2461 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99285054

He wished to build the happiest place on the planet and this message continues to be handed over to the new recruits who join the organization presently also. Disney exists to give a guarantee to the Americans that are there for real. Disneyland is not just unreal, rather it is hyper-real. As a result it is possible to express of the corporate culture of Disney as being created. ("eading Organizations from behavior and experience to representation and experience," n. d.)

4) Explain how the four functions of management support the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture

The four functions of management support the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture as it leads to planning, organizing, leading and coordinating of resources and it is these 4 activities which recur across the institution and are extremely unified. Present features relating to management cover claims leading are distinct from…… [Read More]


Arnold, Paul. V. (2002) "Fixing manufacturing" MRO Today Magazine, Retrieved at

Bryman, Alan. (1995) "Disney and His World"


N.A. (2007) "Disney Institute Homepage" Retrieved at
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Management - Case Analysis the

Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27339271

I will address the group with a general overview of the problems the company is facing, with the assertion that I believe it can be rectified. I will ask each employee to work together for the good of the company and its survival in the e-business world. The purpose of the conference will then be to involve every employee in restructuring the company in a more effective way.

To achieve this, I would divide the employees into smaller groups of 10 members or so each. The first issue to address is the vision, mission and goals. Each group will be asked to come up with suggestions. The second step will be to identify the various actions to reach the goals, and the third step will be to more effectively restructure the company. For the latter, the groups will be provided with a list of the divisions within the company. They…… [Read More]

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Management Practices and Responsibilities

Words: 3012 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94721387

Part 6.1. I would seek to change the cognitions of the employee in order to change the affects and the behaviors. The cognitions underlie the other two traits, so any change must start with the underlying values and beliefs. It is important for managers to have an understanding of organizational behavior because managers are responsible for guiding that behavior in directions that support the organization's objectives. Knowledge of OB is more important at lower levels because those are the managers that must deal directly with the organization's rank and file. Higher level managers dedicate more time to strategy formulation and environmental analysis, which involves setting directions for the organization, but the lower level managers are the ones that must implement the strategies and that means dealing with the human elements of the organization.

2. Of the four components of emotional intelligence, the one that I feel is most important for…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Rafaeli, A. & Worline, M. (1999). Symbols in organizational culture. Technion. Retrieved September 18, 2010 from (2009). Geert Hofstede cultural dimensions. Geert Retrieved September 18, 2010 from (2007). SWOT analysis. Retrieved September 18, 2010 from

Porter, M. (2008). The five competitive forces that shape strategy. Harvard Business School. Retrieved September 18, 2010 from
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Management Concepts and Theory

Words: 828 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72808712

Management Theory vs. Organizational Functions

Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory is useful for raising awareness of the contribution between job challenge and responsibility in motivating employees toward higher productivity and employee retention. It has also been useful in identifying and assessing customer satisfaction characteristics. Fishbein's Reasoned Action Theory is useful for explaining why particular behaviors are happening and the underlying causes of the behavior. Both theories are useful for identifying problem areas and planning actions for improvement in organizational behaviors.

According to (Bolm, 2012), the Two-factor Theory claims individual perception of satisfaction or dissatisfaction relates to discrete intrinsic and extrinsic variables where a variable can uniquely influence satisfaction or dissatisfaction, but not both. Motivator (intrinsic) factors include achievement, recognition, and responsibility where hygiene (extrinsic) factors include policy, status, and security. Motivator factors, when present, increase job motivation and satisfaction, but, when not present, show no effect. Hygiene factors, when present, show no…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bolm, J. (2012). Two-factor theory-at the intersection of health care management and patient satisfaction. Clinicoecon Outcomes Res., vol 4, 277-285 Retrieved from http:/

Dartey-Baah, K. & . (2011). Application of Frederick Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory in assessing and understanding employee motivation at work: A Ghanian Perspective. European Journal of Business and Management 3(9).

Peters, R.M. (2010). Theory of Planned Behavior, Self-Care Motivation, and Blood Pressure Self-Care. Res Theory Nurs Pract, 24(3), 172-186 Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm,

Sukato, N. & . (2009). A Model of Male Consumer Behavior in Buying Skin Care Products in Thailand. ABAC Journal, 29(1), 39-52 Retrieved from .
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Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills Antisocial

Words: 9724 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69077262

Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills

Antisocial behavior in schools in on the rise and has become a concern in school systems, from both a learning perspective and from a safety perspective, as well. Previously, schools have dealt with such behaviors using punitive measures such as expulsion, or even law enforcement measures to attempt to discourage youth from behaving in an undesirable manner. These programs have had little or no effect on curbing behavior problems in schools. Second Step and Boys Town are programs, which implement a positive approach to behavior management. These programs teach youth alternatives to violence and stress problem solving, coping, and conflict management. These programs have had considerably greater success than their predecessors. This research will qualitatively explore the theoretical issues behind the success of these two programs and take a critical look at them to explore ways in which they may be further improved for…… [Read More]


Butterworth, F. (1998, July 26). Why the South's murder rate is so high. The New York Times on the Web. ( )

Capra. F. (1996). The Web of Life. New York: Anchor Books.

Carlson, N.R. (1994). Physiology of behavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon

Cohen, D., Nisbett, R.E., & Bowdle, B.F. (1996). Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: an "experimental ethnography." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 945-960.
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Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution

Words: 2832 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89863702

e. Lindle 1996). Also, the conflict management design under the SBM structure does not work well under dictatorship; in fact when the principal becomes too domineering, the researches showed obvious instances of dissatisfaction amongst the staff and decreased incentive from the students to work and engage in the learning process. The conflict management design under the SBM structure is heavily dependent upon the contribution of the committees and cannot succeed without it. Numerous studies have shown that the most ineffective principals have been the ones who have appointed committees but haven't given them enough authority over the real executive tasks or enough room to perform and contribute to the overall managerial structure. The problem, as highlighted in numerous studies, with this approach is that there is an obvious tussle for authority between the principal, the teachers and the peripheral agencies like the investors. This tussle has a negative effect on…… [Read More]


Arnott, M.A. And Raab, C.D. (2000). The Governance of Schooling: Comparative Studies of Devolved Management. Routledge. London.

Bryk, A., Sebring, P., Easton, J., Luppescu, S., Thum, Y., Nagaoka, J. And Bilcer, D. (1998a). 'Chicago School Reform: Linkages Between Local Control, Organizational Change, and Student Achievement. The American Educational Research Association. San Diego.

Bryk, A., Sebring, P., Kerbow, D., Rollow, S. And Easton, J. (1998b). Charting Chicago School Reform: Democratic Localism as Lever for Change, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

David, J. (1996). The Who, What, and Why of Site-based Management. Educational Leadership, 53-4:4-9.
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Compare Discipline and Management

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97974018

DISCPLINE vs. Management

Compare Discipline and Management

Discipline in the classroom is often equated with punishment, although punishment is only one of the tools of discipline that can be used by a teacher. One common definition of discipline is "teaching others right from wrong" with "methods to prevent or respond to behavior problems so they do not occur" (Behavior management, Sage Publications, 5). Discipline's "most typical current meaning seems to be most associated with the notion of bringing children into line" (Allen 2010). In my own personal classroom vocabulary, I think of discipline as informing students of expected consequences, both good and bad, such as if a student turns in all of his homework on time he gets a sticker at the end of the week but if he does not he has to do an extra assignment. In other words, discipline is a way of dealing with problems and…… [Read More]


Allen, K.P. (2010). Classroom management, bullying, and teacher practices. The Professional

Educator, 34(1), 1-15.

Behavior management. Sage Publications. Retrieved from:
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Improving Classroom Discipline- Potential Data

Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93610259

control group as well as potential other study groups (grade level and ability level

DCS2 -- Field Notes/Observational ecords -- Observation of the above classes engaged in either a various lessons; take detailed notes on behaviors observed and current strategies being use to refocus or mitigate that behavior.

DCS3 -- Audiotaped Interviews (Children) -- Interview students about ways they believe behavior or management intervention can be effective. Students innately understand that certain behaviors are acceptable and certain ones unacceptable, within the classroom. Use this to get their view on how they believe a teacher can be effective in classroom management and what that means to them.

DCS4 -- Interviews with experts -- Similarly, interview experts in the field of behavioral psychology, long-term teachers, or specialists in classroom management to discuss appropriate levels of classroom management and intervention techniques.

DCS5 -- Behavioral Scales -- Once literature review and interviews are complete,…… [Read More]


Churchward, B. (2009). 11 Techniques for Better Classroom Discipline. Discipline by

Design. Cited in:  

Craig, D.V. (2009). Action Research Essentials. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
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Positive Class Room Environment Positive Classroom Environment

Words: 3575 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95331637

Positive Class oom Environment

Positive Classroom Environment

Grade Course

This report is about building class room environment for school students. In addition to the general concepts about class room environment, the report focuses on a particular issue and presents its solutions in the light of concepts and practices prevailing in the literature of building class room environment.

There is a scenario of school class consisting of students who age is between 12-14 years. It is French class, to be held once a week for 35 minutes. The school administration has issued a plan of contents to be covered in each period. The teacher needs to cover that contents plan effectively within the time.

The behaviour of students is not much learning oriented. They put the teacher to task and give him tough time in managing class and covering the course contents. In addition to behavioural problems, they also lack in…… [Read More]


Chris, K., 1995. Essential Teaching Skills, 2nd edition. USA: Stanley Thornes (Publishers) Ltd.

Partin, R, L., 2009. The classroom teacher's survival guide: practical strategies, management techniques and reproducible for new and experienced teachers. San Francisco, Calif.:Jossey-Bass

Rodgers, B., 2011. Classroom behaviour: a practical guide to effective teaching, behaviour management and colleague support.3rd Ed, London: Paul Chapman Education publishing.

Wolfgang, C.H. 2009. Solving discipline and classroom management problems: methods and models for today's teachers. 7th Ed Hobken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
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Restructuring the Classroom

Words: 910 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53122041

Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups," Elizabeth G. Cohen surveys, analyses, and critiques research in the field of cooperative learning and small class group productivity. Finding that small group learning can be eminently productive for both academic and social reasons, the author extrapolates from prior research which methods of learning and instruction are the most productive and also describes how to create and maintain "desirable kinds of interaction," (1). In particular, Cohen finds that open exchange and elaborated discussion are necessary for successful conceptual learning. This article attempts to build upon current and past studies to offer to the academic community an outline of the most favorable means of small classroom management. The author's intention is not meta-analysis but rather to introduce potential areas of fruitful research in appropriate areas.

Cohen's paper is well-organized and thorough in its scope. The introduction is succinct and to-the-point, and is immediately…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohen, Elizabeth. "Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups." Review of Educational Research. Spring 1994, Vol. 64, No. 1. P. 1-35.
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Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Classroom

Words: 2676 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57089055

Multicultural Class

Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Class

The education field provides many unique challenges to educators and learners. Teachers have to deal with student absenteeism, tardiness, classroom management, creation of learning plans, and many other issues in creating a safe comfortable environment for learners to thrive in (Nissman, 2000). Today's globalized society has enabled populations to be filled with diversity. The modern teacher and learner must strive to overcome and conquer the challenges of diversity in the classroom. The profession of teaching is a challenge in itself, but the inclusion of English Language Learners, physically and mentally disabled children, autistic learners, and behavioral issues, the challenges of teaching can become overwhelming and cause disturbances in the learning.

The demographics of the community are an important element that teachers must take time to explore to understand his or her learners better; communities lacking diversity still needs the teachers to…… [Read More]


Banks, J.A., & McGee Banks, C.A. (2009). Multicultural education. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons

Cincinnati and tristate. (2011, September 22). Retrieved from 

Drug free Cincinnati. (2011, September 22). Retrieved from

Hechter, M. (2001). Social norms. New York, NY: Russel Sage Foundation.
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Handling Critical Incidents in the Classroom

Words: 3066 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28700645


Compare and contrast prior impressions of teaching with the reality of your experiences in the classroom.

The moment teachers fresh out of college to get into the class environment, what they might have expected and what they encounter in the class can often be different (Melnick & Meister, 2008). The education profession is often a more complex profession than what many anticipate. Individuals who choose teaching as a profession should review why they did so in the first place if they are to overcome what awaits them. When new teachers enter the classroom, they are usually shocked by the challenges that come with being a teacher in the real world. At times, the reality is much more different than what the teacher anticipated. Beginning teachers often describe their first year in the classroom as a year of survival. Different studies have also backed this argument, labeling the first year…… [Read More]


Bluestein, J. (2004). Great Expectations: Good News for Beginning Teachers. Retrieved from Education Oasis:

Carter, V., Orr, B., McGriff, M., Thompson, C., & Sonawane, S. (2014). Critical Incidents in Classroom Management During Student Teaching Internships and Their Effects on the Teaching Profession: Perceptions of Student Teachers in India and the United States. U.S.-China Education Review, 4(4), 209-228.

Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S. (Eds.). (2009). Inquiry as Stance: Practitioner Research for the Next Generation. New York: Teachers College Press.

Cole, A. L., & Knowles, J. G. (1993). Shattered Images: Understanding Expectations And Realities. Teachrng & Teacher Educarion, 9(5), 457471.
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Bias in the Classroom Today

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4375239

maintain a culturally relevant and anti-bias program in a classroom setting as well as the identification of some principles and strategies for working effectively with English as second language students and what type of support or training teachers might need to implement these principles and strategies. Finally, a description concerning some ways that teachers can control the classroom environment to enhance cultural relevant learning and specific examples of materials and activities that might be used is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning strategies for developing anti-bias programming in the classroom in the conclusion.

Ways that a culturally relevant and anti-bias program can be established and maintained in a classroom setting

Humans are naturally biased creatures and the process begins early on. For instance, Barta and Winn (1996) report that, "Children begin to develop biases and prejudices long before they reach our classrooms. Research shows that…… [Read More]

A young girl from a multi-ethnic Hawaiian family join family members including aunts and grandmothers in the home's kitchen to make dumplings destined for the traditional dumpling soup that is being made for the family's traditional New Year's Eve celebration. This book discusses racial identities, family structure, and holidays.

Reiser, L. (1993). Margaret and Margarita. New York: Greenwillow Books.

This book describes how two young girls meet in a park and determine how to play despite the inability of the girls to speak each other's languages (Spanish and English). The book also describes the respective family structures of the two girls.
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Images and Ideas Using Videos and Reflections to Guide Instructional Change in Early Childhood Classrooms

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13650977

Disrupting by Imagining: ethinking Early Childhood esearch

Early Childhood esearch

This research highlights four teachers who work in early childhood classrooms who have chosen to implement the use of video-observations of their teaching in conjunction with the reflective process. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes. After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: 1) Analysis: individuals and/or groups in the process of reflection (grade level teams); 2) Strategies: offers other teachers and/or programs ways to introduce concepts to a group of teachers and/or school;…… [Read More]


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.

Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.

Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.

Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).
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Problems in the Classroom

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96878924

Student Learning

Language Barriers & Issues

ESL Students

Other cultures/languages iii. Issues specific to a given area/school

Slang/Improper Speech


Improper terms used

Classroom Decorum (or lack thereof)

Disrespectful/disorderly students

Gossiping/Cliquish behavior iii. Lack of Attentiveness

Students not staying on task

Sexual talk/banter/jokes


Mental intimidation

Insults b. Physical violence/injury


Groups cornering single victim


Social media

Text messages iii. Teasing/Taunting by Groups

Poorly Trained and/or Behaved Teachers

Use of unlicensed teachers

Teachers not adhering to curriculum

c. Teachers injecting personal/political/religious views

Overall inexperience of young teachers

Race/Cultural Issues

a. Racial minorities tend to be poorer

b. Racial minorities more likely to be in single parent household

c. Racial minorities more likely to be discriminated against

d. Racial minorities often perform more poorly on tests

e. Accusations of institutional bias against minorities in general

f. Racist/stereotyping behavior by students

g. Segregated schools/neighborhoods

VI. Student Pacing

a. Students able to…… [Read More]

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Management and Decision Sciences From

Words: 25680 Length: 90 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55501983

76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…… [Read More]

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Classroom Event in Which Fourth

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12957270

The critical discourse analysis was conducted in the context of ethnographic data collected over two years in this classroom. Extensive field notes, interviews, audio and videotaped lessons and discussions, support the researcher's understandings of the transcripts analyzed for this paper and collections of student work.(Dutro et al., 2006)


The findings are discussed over several pages where the researchers discuss how the students felt regarding various aspects of the survey they had taken. The particular part discussed in this analysis is where the researchers discuss the racial and ethnic designations that were printed on each child's copy of the district survey. Grace, who points to the printed categories to support her argument that race/ethnicity should not matter, first introduced the issue of racial/ethnic categories.

Limitations of the study include, conducting assessment at one school, in one state and city. Therefore, assessments may vary from area to area. The analysis shows…… [Read More]


Dutro, E., Kazemi, E., & Balf, R. (2006). About your color, that's personal: A critical discourse analysis of race and resistance in an urban elementary classroom. Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, pp.1-33.
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Classroom Teacher the Classroom of the Future

Words: 1502 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24076861

Classroom Teacher

The Classroom of the Future -- Civics Education in the Future as a Living Lesson of Civics Democracy in the Classroom

Teaching Democracy in John Goodlad's Democratic Classroom

Civics is one of the most complex subjects to teach children, particularly children in junior high school, between the grades of 6th through 8th. During these ages, children are only beginning to gain a sense of centeredness in terms of their place in the world, their sense of personal morality, and also their sense of responsibility to the larger community. Merrill Harmin's text Inspiring Active Learning Strategies of Instruction provides an acronym for the five core aspects of any educational program -- DESCA means "Dignity, Energy, Self-Managing, Community, Awareness." Civics instruction must foster these elements in a student so that he or she becomes an effective learner, an effective participant in the larger community, as well as foster these principles…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bitter, Gary. Using Technology in the Classroom. Fifth Edition. Pearson Allyn & Bacon, 2001.

Brophy, Jere, Motivating Students to Learn. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 1997.

Gootman, Marilyn E. The Caring Teacher's Guide to Discipline, Second Edition. Corwin Press, 2000.

Goodlad, John I. In Praise of Education. (John Dewey Lecture Series) Teachers College Press, 1997.
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Management and Control of Quality

Words: 1658 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3024961

Quality Control

Balanced Scorecard

The balanced scorecard was developed by Robert Kaplan and David Norton and serves as a useful tool for designing strategies along different types of important objectives in any organization. Other business models were deemed too narrow and they wanted something more comprehensive to translate vision and strategy into objectives and measures across four balanced perspectives: the financial perspective, customer perspective, internal process perspective, and the learning and growth perspective. Each perspective is important to look at individually, however when the four approaches are "balanced" then the organization is in the best position to create value for all stakeholders.

According to its founders, Robert Kaplan and David Norton, it consists of four major performance measures- Financial, Customer, Internal Business Processes, Learning and Growth (Kaplan & Norton, 2007). The financial measure gives an idea of the past performance of a company, whereas measures like customer satisfaction and learning…… [Read More]

Works Cited

GE. (N.d.). What is Six Sigma? Retrieved from GE:

Kaplan, R., & Norton, D. (2007, June). Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System. Retrieved from Harvard Business Review:

Six Sigma Quality. (N.d.). What is Lean Six Sigma? Retrieved from Six Sigma Quality:

University Alliance. (N.d.). Six Sigma vs. Lean Six Sigma. Retrieved from Villanova University:
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Classroom Situation Dynamics of the

Words: 1496 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40138867

Clearly she has not been a good steward of her classes because the principal twice visited her class and both times she was working individually with a student while other students were misbehaving or otherwise not being productive.

The Trenton district was also negligent because state law requires that all computers in public schools have software that prevents -- or filters out -- inappropriate materials. A public school cannot allow students to access pornography, whether it was just a little stunt that some boys pulled to get attention, or whether they were actually curious about a porn site and hoped to access it for a thrill of some kind.

Additionally, the Trenton school district is also potentially negligent because the Connecticut Guidelines for Teacher Evaluation Programs (Duke, 1995) require that before a teacher gets a contract, he or she must pass "…an essential skills examination (CONNCEPT)"; in fact teachers must…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duke, D.L. (1995). Reconstruction of Thinking: From Accountability to Professional

Development. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Dunklee, D.R., and Shoop, R.J. (2006). The Principal's Quick-Reference Guide to School Law:

Reducing Liability, Litigation, and Other Potential legal Tangles. Thousand Oaks, CA:
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Management the People of the

Words: 2603 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96514571

b) The Football Championship in Lisbon

The capital of Portugal has received little investments in developments and infrastructure from both the public as well as the private sectors. But the football championship has stimulated the construction and development of two stadiums in north and northeast parts of the capital, namely the Benfica and Alvalade stadiums.

The hosting of the football championships, supported by the two stadiums, draws the attention of investors and stimulates their efforts to set out new operations in the community, supporting as such its social and economic development.

"In general terms, those buildings give support to a modern city vision, that attempts to preserve its ancient culture at the same time it projects an image of progress.

Those infrastructures, given their magnitude in the urban context, might help to promote Lisbon as an international capital. They will certainly allow the city to re-structure its present functional structure.…… [Read More]


Barghchi, M., Omar, D., Aman, M.S., 2009, Cities, sports facilities development and hosting events, European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 2

Copley, J., 2005, Sports events leave a giant 'ecological footprint', New Scientist, last accessed on October 26, 2011

Cugola, G., Nitto, E.D., Fuggetta, A., 1998, Exploiting an event-based infrastructure to develop complex distributed systems, ICSE '98 Proceedings of the 20th international conference on software engineering, IEEE Computer Society Washington

Gursoy, D., Kendall, K.W., 2006, Hosting mega-events: modelling locals' support, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33, No. 3
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Managing a Multimedia Learning Environment

Words: 3283 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59280858

learning and teaching has drastically changed all over the world, in general, and in America, in particular. This is because of the sudden increase of information technology. Of late, both the teachers and learners, all over the world, have come to the realization that the old technologies cannot compete with the latest technological developments when it comes down to the practice of teaching and the process of learning. Therefore, the old technologies are being quickly replaced by the new multimedia technologies. It is important to note here that multimedia and its ever-increasing technological products have become very popular tools of both teaching and learning. This is because it allows the learners to pace their training in line with their capacity to learn; it allows the learners to gain control over the process of learning; and it allows the learning process to be individualized. The transformation of the methodology and approach…… [Read More]


Sorel Reisman. Multimedia Computing: Preparing for the 21st Century. Harrisburg:IDEA Group Publishing. 1994.

Shousan Wang. Multimedia and Some of Its Technical Issues. International Journal of Instructional Media. Volume: 27. Issue: 3. 2000.

Patricia Deubel. An Investigation of Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Instructional Multimedia Design. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. Volume: 12. Issue: 1. 2003.
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Management and Leadership Issues

Words: 1716 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16123706

KATZ model of management skills necessary at various levels of management?

The Katz model of management skills may be argued as dated. The theory, developed by Robert Katz and popular in the 1950's, is based on the idea of three core skills areas; technical skills, human skills, and conceptual skills. When examining this approach, it may be argued each of these skill areas is relevant to management at different levels. Technical skills refers to knowledge and proficiency in specific areas associated with the activities relevant to the organisation, human skills refers to inter-social skills, such as the ability to communicate and skills required to lead effectivity. Conceptual skills are the ability to conceive and develop abstract ideas and visions which may be used to support decision making and strategizing. Katz argued at lower management levels, the first core area of technical skills is most important, with human skills still being…… [Read More]

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Project Management Elements of Business Project Management

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89438706

Project Management

Elements of Business: Project Management

Postings to the Discussion Board

The Critical Path of PET charts

Successful realization of business goals of any organization, there has to be an efficient project management in control. Most performing organizations bare witness of how the good managerial functions and change has brought to them. The critical path will always entail the sequencing of duties and events, to ensure that a project is not delayed. The critical paths of most projects are designed in search a manner that the delay or acceleration of the entire project is determined by one activity. Once one activity is altered, it leads to the entire change of project timeline. The process of creating the critical path in most cases requires activity sequencing (Sawyer, 2009).

Prioritizing the correction of existing projects

In cases where the project has steps that follow a certain sequence, a certain task must…… [Read More]


Adams, T. & Means, J. (2005) Facilitating the Project Lifestyle: Skills and Tools to Accelerate Progress for Project Managers, Facilitators and Six Sigma Project Teams: New York, John Wiley and Sons.

Haynes, M.E. (2002) Project Management: Practical Tools for Success: New York, Cengage Learning.

Jones, R. (2007) Project Management Survival: A Practical Guide to Leading Managing and Delivering Challenging Projects: New York, Kogan Page Publishers.

Paula, M. & Humphrey, C.J. (1996) Orientation to Home Nursing: New York, Jones and Bartlett Learning publishers.
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Vendor Management IT Management Process

Words: 4065 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57673057

In this regard, a project manager must have a follow-up on facilities development in order to ascertain success.

Strategic Planning and Project Programming

A good strategic plan shapes programming of essential capital projects in an organization. Market demands and resource constrictions impede the success of the projects. The programming activities linked with planning, and other management functions establishes the priorities and time required for completion of various projects to achieve the goals of the organization (Bruhn et al., 2007). Managers make such a decision while initiating a project and market fluctuations may determine the success or fate of the completion. Among the different projects influenced by market fluctuations is the construction project. If the organization fails to hit the market, it may short-live the demands for the products. With the current trend in both local and global markets, there is intensive competition. However, only the technology intensive organizations succeed in…… [Read More]


Abramson, a., and Paul R. 2007 .The Challenge of Transforming Organizations: Lessons Learned about Revitalizing Organizations. In Transforming Organizations, 1 -- 10. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Amis, J. Trevor S,. 2008 .The Pace, Sequence, and Linearity of Radical Change. Academy of Management Journal 47 (1):15 -- 39.

Armenakis, a ., and Arthur G . Bedeian . 2009 .Organizational Change: A Review of Theory and Research in the 1990s. Journal of Management 25 (3): 293 -- 315.

Armenakis, Achilles a ., Stanley G. Harris, and Hubert . Feild . 2007. Paradigms in Organizational Change: Change Agent and Change Target Perspectives. In Handbook of Organizational Behavior,, 631 -- 58 . New York: Marcel Dekker.
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Successful Management Is That of the United

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20273127

successful management is that of the United States Army, which is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces and is responsible for land-based military operations on both a national and international level. The U.S. Army is both the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military and has labored for years under its mission to provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of defending the United States in regard to its security and defense. In viewing this organization, one immediately understands that when the safety of millions is at stake, clear and distinct management standards must be set in place within the U.S. Army to ensure that no stone is left unturned in terms of operations, intelligence, planning and enacting its duties. In understanding this basic relationship between the U.S. Army and management, one can better understand how certain strategies apply to different areas of specialization within…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adubato, Steve. "Making the Communication Connection," in Nursing Management,

35(9): pp. 33-36. 2004. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Edmonds, John. "Making Change Happen," in Training Journal, April Edition, pp: 33-

37. 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
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Operational Management Learning Is a Slow but

Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60390526

Operational Management

Learning is a slow but steady procedure. It is fascinating how, even the smallest things in life can teach you wonders. Throughout the length of the operational management course, I have come across a great deal of information which will hopefully help me greatly in the practical side of my career. What make this experience stand apart from all the previous ones are the opportunities provided in it. Not only did the class events give me a deep insight on the managing, designing and delivering of products according to the need of the customer but also gave me the chance to understand the difficulties faced by the operating enterprises in the implementation of management sciences in their everyday encounters. Such knowledge now makes me more capable of analyzing the correct concepts and tools related to any issue in the market and hence, making sensible decisions. I am also…… [Read More]


Slack, N, Johnston, R, Chambers, S 2007, Operations management, 5th edn, Prentice Hall/Financial Times, New York.
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Rich Society Database Management Is an Ever-Expanding

Words: 1161 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15453375

rich society, database management is an ever-expanding and increasingly important field. This paper discusses databases, database management systems (DBMSs), and their importance in today's society. Additional topics include the need for security, concurrency, and control within database management, as well as the role of the database administrator.

A database can be defined as "a structure that can house information about multiple types of entities, the attributes of these entities, and the relationships among the entities" (St. Edward's University). Databases can contain a wide variety of information. For example, a university database may include information about students, courses and classrooms. Further, this university database may contain significant amounts of information about the relationships between these entities, such as student course enrollment, and the use of classrooms for courses (amakrishnan).

A database management system (DBMS) is "a software product through which users interact with a database" (St. Edward's University). These systems allow…… [Read More]


Mattila, Sakari. 1999. Duties of the database administrator. 16 August 2004.

Ramakrishnan, R. And Gehrke, J. 2002. Database Management Systems 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Science.

RSA Security, Inc. 2002. White Paper: Securing Data at Rest Developing a Database Encryption Strategy. 16 August 2004.

St. Edward's University. Access III Outline. 16 August 2004. ttp:/ /
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High Performance Management Accomplishing Organizational

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47157045

According to the author selected for this analysis, the quality standards embodied in the ISO 9000 quality systems standards have clearly become more prevalent over the last few years, in fact, more than 90 countries out of the world's 220 or so burgeoning nations have adopted the ISO 9000 series or its equivalent as their national standards; furthermore, adherence to ISO 9000 standards has become mandatory for companies looking to market medical devices or telecommunications equipment in Europe, where more than 20,000 companies are currently registered (Barnes, 1998. According to this analyst, "In the U.S., suppliers to the electrical, chemical, and nuclear industries are expecting certification to become mandatory. The number of ISO 9000 registrations is doubling every nine to 12 months in the U.S., from 100 in 1990 to 4000 in 1994" (Barnes 1998, p. 24).

What is typically referred to as the ISO 9000 standard are actually comprised…… [Read More]


Barnes, F.C. (1998). ISO 9000 myth and reality: A reasonable approach to ISO 9000. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 63(2), 23.

Lorsch, J.W. (1986). Managing Culture: The Invisible Barrier to Strategic Change. California Management Review, 28, 95-109.

Madu, C.N. & Kuei, C. 1993, "Strategic Total Quality Management (STQM)," in Management of New Technologies for Global Competitiveness, C.N. Madu, Quorum Books, Westport, CT.

Simmons, B.L. & White, M.A. 1999, "The Relationship between ISO 9000 and Business Performance: Does Registration Really Matter?," Journal of Managerial Issues, 11(3), 330.
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Profit Management the Overall Mission

Words: 797 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49418477

" Since this clearly person was not trained to answer questions about governance, I was connected to a "sponsor relations" associate. Speaking to this second person located in the Kansas City main office, I asked how Children International "operates." During our discussion, the customer service associate became passive-aggressive and unwilling to discuss internal matters; clearly the associate had never fielded questions about governance. hile the associate could only "have to get back to me on that," she did not take any interest in the profile of the board. My perception is that the associate felt that the board is a private or almost confidential unit, rather than a publicly transparent, well-regarded entity. The associate was quite sure, however, that the board consisted of the non-indigent.

Children International represents a conventional aid scenario: children are starving in a distant nation, and if only the global north were aware of their pains,…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Salamon, Lester M. The State of Nonprofit America. Brookings Institution Press: Washington, D.C., 2002.

Additional Resource

Laughlin, Fredric L., Andringa, Robert C. Good Governance for Nonprofits: Developing Principles and Policies for an Effective Board. American Management Associatioon: New York, 2007.
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Knowledge Management - Trial and

Words: 3015 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94961864

Tackling Details

After establishing the basics for knowledge management, the next step includes "Developing support and setting expectations." Lessons learned during this process and recommended to others considering utilizing knowledge management were reported to be:

1. To help insure the project starts off right and ends up right the first time, consider consulting a consultant, Stoll recommends. esearch and interview potential candidates to insure a positive working relationship.

2. Equip organization/business board and/or management to "get on board." Present benefits; concerns; projected outcomes. Stress expected benefits such as:

Better knowledge sharing among staff and member/customers;

Improved records-management system for enhanced use of our knowledge;

System that uses member/customer knowledge to improve customer relationship management and provide better services to members/customers.

3. Consider funding costs of the project.

4. Identify and set goals and expectations, yet be flexible when change is needed.

Moving forward

The Encyclopedia of Knowledge Management which contains…… [Read More]


Amar, A.D. 2002, Managing Knowledge Workers: Unleashing Innovation and Productivity. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Bellinger, Gene. 2004, "Knowledge Management -- Emerging Perspectives." Retrieved 4 August 2006 at .


Cilliers, P. 2005, Knowledge, Limits and Boundaries. Futures, 37(7), 605+.
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Project Management Scope Management Small LAN's Inc

Words: 2784 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40986774

Project Management

Scope Management

Small LAN's Inc. installed a Local Area Network at the new Spring Academy Childcare Center. The project came in a few weeks late becaue of a failure in the planning procees and the overall partner's communications. "In directing the intent of the project, the plan must clearly identify the project objectives, goals, and any special influences or constraints on the project scope." (Stuckenbruck, 100) In order to compete in the twenty first century, Small LAN's Inc. turned in a rather low bid to acquire this work and with today's tighter corporate budgets and reduced resources, Spring Academy Childcare Center accepted.

For this particular project, the project scope consisted of Small LAN's Inc. taking the lead in purchasing all necessary equipment and then professionally installing an entire network over the course of twenty three days. The project had a start date of May 17, 2002. The deadline…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Deal, Terrence E., and Allan A. Kennedy. The New Corporate Cultures: Revitalizing the Workplace After Downsizing, Mergers, and Reengineering. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing, 1999.

Kennedy, Allan A. The End of Shareholder Value: Corporations at the Crossroads. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books, 2000.

Madu, Christian N. Management of New Technologies for Global Competitiveness. Westport: Quorum Books, 1993.

Stuckenbruck, Linn C. The Implementation of Project Management: The Professional's Handbook. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1981.
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HRM Outline Human Resource Management

Words: 9449 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89370006

, 2010). The model includes several mediator (e.g., knowledge exchange) and moderator variables (e.g., self-leadership competencies of actors) that explain why and when this approach is effective and looks at leadership in more of a comprehensive way than focusing on one individual. Such perspectives have suggested that when employees become involved in the decision making processes then this can strengthen leadership.

Transactional Leadership

Transactional leadership is the leadership model that represents what most people view as the concept of management. Transactional leadership is defined by an exchange relationship between the managers and the employees that are all motivated by their own self-interests and meeting the expectations that are associated with their job description. Transactional leadership consists of monitoring, controlling, and motivating employees through economic incentives and other types of exchange incentives (Bass, 1985). Most of the motivation in this model stems from financial exchanges such as by either salaries, performance…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alipour, F., K., I., & Karimi, R. (2011). Knowledge Creation and Transfer: Role of Learning Organization. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), 61-67.

Antonacopolou, E. (2001). The Paradoxical Nature of the Relationship Bewteen Training and Learning. Journal of Management Studies, 38(3), 327-350.

Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.

Bass, B. (1998). Transformational leadership: Industry, military, and educational impact. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
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Time Management Is a Not

Words: 886 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7679629

Time Management skills are not specialized or exclusive to a certain group, instead every single person needs to acquire them in order to make themselves more productive and to get more out of their day. You may not read it anywhere but time management is closely connected with sense of achievement and success, which further boosts your self-confidence and makes a more effective person, student, and employee on the whole. This is my personal experience and I know how time management has helped me get more done and how this has led to success in various ways. There is a simple Pareto Principle very famous for its advocacy of time management. This principle states that 80% of work can be done with 20% of effort so if we apply 80% of effort, imagine what we can achieve. In fact I am so sure of the effectiveness of time management skills…… [Read More]

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College Degree Is in Organizational Management Graduate

Words: 1102 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59293317

college degree is in Organizational Management. Graduate study at California State University in Los Angeles will help me achieve my ultimate career objectives, which include working one on one with employees in major firms to understand their hidden talents, skills and abilities. Thus far during my brief career I have worked for the Education Foundation in Taiwan, helping people study abroad. My career goals include working in a global environment as a business leader that helps support critical business initiatives including managing diversity and people. I hope to expand my knowledge base and learn how to interact with people of varying backgrounds and experiences in a manner that is positive and supportive.

I feel that it is critical that all employees and individuals have the opportunity to gain experience from a global perspective. I am aspiring to an upper level management position so I have some influence on organizational communication…… [Read More]

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Shifting Classroom Learning to Online Learning

Words: 1402 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91040814

Shifting Classroom Learning to Online Learning: A Case Study to Transition From the Traditional Classroom-Based Program to Online CBT Format

The objective of this study is to examine the transition from the Traditional classroom-based program to Computer-Based Training. There are reported to be a great number of colleges and universities that are presently transitioning to Computer-Based Training and fully transitioning to "online, blended or web-facilitated courses." (Keengwe & Kidd, 2010) The number of online programs and classes available have grown exponentially during the course of the last ten years. Other terms used to refer to Computer-Based Instruction include those stated as follows: "…web-based training, e-learning, distributed learning, Internet-based learning, web-based instruction, cyber learning, virtual learning, or net-based learning. Online learning is a subset of distance education and embraces a wide set of technology applications and learning processes including, computer-based learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaborations." (Keengwe & Kidd,…… [Read More]


Keengwe, J. And Kidd, TT ) (2010) Correspondence Study, CBI & OJT. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vo. 6, No. 2 June 2010. Retrieved from:    

FAA Academy Distance Learning (2010) MY FAA Academy Distance Learing. Retrieved from: /
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Technology on Human Resource Management

Words: 5157 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86552691

Performance and Compensation Management

According to Sachdeva, Mittal and Solanki (2009), technological solutions are vitally important for aggregating and using relevant human resource management information for performance and compensation decisions. These authors note that, "Human resource information systems are extremely important for acquiring, maintaining, utilizing and deriving human resources pertinent information. They are essential to make speedy and useful employee related decisions" (Sachdeva et al., 2009, p. 43). The specific attributes and techniques that are typically used by human resource practitioners for these purposes are discussed further below.

Performance Management Systems

Performance management systems represent powerful tools for H managers by providing:

1. Better insight into individual performance for informed decisions;

2. Improved ability to manage goals and change direction; and,

3. Ability to tighten the reins so everyone remains on track (Managing employee performance, 2009, p. 6).

The studies to date have confirmed that organizations that employ performance management…… [Read More]


Allen, S.J. (2008). A hunt for the missing 50 cents: One piece of the leadership development puzzle. Organization Development Journal, 26(1), 19-20.

Frauenheim, E. (2009, April 20). Talent tools still essential. Workforce Management, 88(5), 20-


Godwin-Jones, R. (2009). Emerging technologies personal learning environments. Language,
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Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Words: 23212 Length: 80 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46964051

Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Review of the Relevant Literature

Types of Mergers

Identifying All Stakeholders in a Given usiness

Strategic Market Factors Driving Merger Activity

Selection Process for Merger Candidates

Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations

The Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Mergers and acquisitions became central features of organizational life in the last part of the 20th century, particularly as organizations seek to establish and maintain competitiveness in an increasingly globalized economy (Nevaer & Deck, 1996). Mergers are generally described as being the formal joining or combining of two corporations or business (Prichett, 1987), although both the framework and the method of merger vary greatly. The reasons for mergers are different based on what a company is trying to accomplish. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services,…… [Read More]


Ansoff, H. Igor. 1987. The Emerging Paradigm of Strategic Behavior. Strategic Management Journal, 8, 501-515.

Barney, Jay B. 1986. Strategic factor markets: expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Science, 32, 10, 1231- 41.

Beinhocker, E.D. & Kaplan, S. 2002. Tired of Strategic Planning? Many Companies Get Little Value from Their Annual Strategic-Planning Process. It Should Be Redesigned to Support Real-Time Strategy Making and to Encourage 'Creative Accidents.' The McKinsey Quarterly, 49.

Black's Law Dictionary. 1990. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.
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Differentiated Instruction in the Classroom

Words: 6401 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53348085

In many ways, the concepts of separating out individuals that are different has been fostered by the construction of the educational format. Tomlinson notes the fallacy of such an arrangement and provides some excellent advice with regard to classroom inclusiveness. "A classroom is -- or at least ought to be, in my opinion -- a microcosm for the world we live in. It is a community of individuals in which the good of each and the good of all continually seek a balance." (Tomlinson, Sharing 189) Of course, to assume that the mere make-up of classrooms to inclusive rather than exclusive would change prevailing prejudices is to overestimate the influence of such a measure. But education should not be endorsing such outmoded concepts as segregation and differentiated instruction helps to provide an environment wherein individuals of varying skill levels and learning potentials can see the value that other members of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baglieri, Susan and Knopf Janice H. "Normalizing Difference in Inclusive Teaching." Journal of Learning Disabilities 37 (2004): 525-530.

Davies, Brent "Rethinking schools and school leadership for the twenty-first century: Changes and challenges." The International Journal of Educational Management 16 (2002): 196-207.

Fahey, John A. "Who Wants to Differentiate Instruction? We Did ... Educational Leadership 58

(2000): 70.