Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
In a classroom setting, there are different sets of people; they may vary from ethnic backgrounds, genders and abilities (Gravells, 2008). The constant need for equality in the classroom should be addressed, and no bias towards individuals should be displayed. Diversity must be well embraced; however this is not that easy. When introducing a set of individuals to each other, they may all react in different ways, some may be reserved and some may openly reject group conformity. A way to get by this is through ice-breakers. This is a form of team building which students can take part of and get to know each other. Ice breakers break down barriers and encourage teamwork and inclusion. Inclusion in the classroom is necessary, for no student should be left out in any way, especially because of their uniqueness; for example, they come from a different country, or they are generally…
Gravells, A. (2008). Preparing to teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector, 3rd ed. Learning Matters.
Classrooms That ork
The paragraphs below respond to the text and look at alternative ways to demonstrate reading comprehension to students. These paragraphs will offer new ways to look at ways to enhance students' reading experience.
Reading comprehension is an important part of developmental learning for young students. It helps build confidence and an eagerness to acquire knowledge. Reading is important because it expands the mind and promotes creativity. Promotion of comprehension furthers the learning experience because by understanding one concept, a student can understand others more easily. This is not just about retention of subject matter or a student moving onto the next level. For teachers, it is acquiring the tools to know how to access the strengths and weaknesses for each student to cater an individual strategy. A teacher needs to have the skills to know that each student works at their own pace regardless of making the…
Cunningham, P.M., & Allington, R.L. (2002). Classroom's that work: They can all read and write (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson Allyn and Bacon.
The main purpose of this assignment is to analyze the arrangement of the classroom environment and assess why this kind of environment would efficaciously meet the individual needs of children with autism. Specifically, the video is one of a self-contained classroom that is designed for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The paper will outline the different modifications as well as visual supports that have been utilized in the classroom setting so that children with ASD can actively participate in everyday activities.
One of the key perceptible aspects within the classroom that have been modified to facilitate learning for the students with ASD is visual supports. For instance, in the class tasks for the day, pictures have been used to illustrate precisely what will be the tasks for the day. In addition, it can be seen that each of the students including Aaron, Evans, Joe, and Amauri…
The article suggests that the teacher looks at the classroom through the eyes of an ADHD student, rather than through his or her own eyes, and monitors the environment with an eye upon the types of distractions that can overwhelm the consciousness of an ADHD child. It also stresses the need for the teacher to remain constantly upon his or her 'toes' and look for potential pitfalls to the child's success, such as overly chatty neighbors. Children who discourage rather than reinforce the ADHD behaviors should surround the most distractible students in the classroom.
Keeping the room at an appropriate temperature will facilitate learning for all students, as well discouraging the use of 'toys' from home. However, while these suggestions may be valuable, it could be argued that a 'dull' and unstimulating environment could actually make it more, rather than less difficult for the child to concentrate, given the inability…
"Setting up your classroom to help ADHD children." ADHD in school.
Retrieved November 7, 2010 at "Setting up your classroom to help ADHD children"
Classrooms for Army Noncommissioned Officer Academy Students
Educational Environment for Amy Noncommissioned Officer Academy Students
Education is important in any environment. The same goes for military training. Noncommissioned Officer Academy Students must experience a well balanced blend between military field training and academic proficiency in order to succeed in their military careers and in life outside of the Army as well. The learning environment in such contexts holds true to the strict regulations of the military, but allows for students to benefit from low student to teacher ratios with highly trained education staff and enjoy participation with their classmates that augments their education and training.
Classrooms in NCO contexts are still a military environment. As such, they do still carry with the very strict and rigid military themes and tones. All students are expected to carry with them their military discipline within the context of the classroom. Thus, the maintenance,…
Setting Classroom Expectations
When dealing with a new group of students, it is essential that clear expectations are set from day one. However, expectations cannot be established merely by telling students what they must do and threatening them with dire consequences for misbehavior. Ideally, students should want to learn, and it is essential to make them willing participants in the process of setting expectations. This is particularly true of adult learners, whom are often more intrinsically motivated than younger learners (Motivating adult learners, 2013, University of Florida). One useful exercise is to have students brainstorm expectations themselves, either in groups or individually, and have the class vote on which ones will be the rules of the classroom. (The teacher can also contribute various suggestions). The teacher will then group the suggestions into useful categories, and finally a manageable amount of ground rules can be established.
This enables students to think…
Developing classroom expectations. (2008). Project IDEAL. Texas Council for Developmental
Motivating adult learners. (2013). University of Florida: IFAS. Retrieved:
Classroom Arrangement and Early Childhood Autism
The arrangement of the classroom environment could effectively meet the individual needs of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as the room is neatly divided, which helps ASD children delineate borders and boundaries, and bright colors are used to help convey important information—like the class schedule, vocabulary words on the board to learn, and so on. There is also plenty of space for peer interaction, which Bene, Banda and Brown (2014) note is helpful for peer-mediated instruction, as it allows students to discuss with one another and communicate more freely without obstacles getting the way.
There are also several lamps in one area to help give light and make the room brighter. The lamps are helpful for reading and give a warm, lively atmosphere to the classroom. They are like living room lamps so have the added benefit of being inviting and welcoming. As…
Another factor that impacts the level of community resources offered is that many of the schools do not offer intramural activities for elementary school students. Participation in these group activities are most often children from middle to middle upper class families; due in part to cost and accessibility.
Those representing the lower socioeconomic strata tend to take greater advantage of the social services available within the community. Social services purported to be available including both state funded and privately funded organizations that offer basic services including food, clothing and shelter, as well as public welfare such as Temporary Assistance to Need Families, Social Security benefits, Medicaid and Medicare. The Department of Family and Children Services is a large provided of social services and serves as the gatekeeper to many of the private agencies that offer foster care, domestic violence counseling services, child welfare services, as well as many levels of…
Burt, J., Ortlieb, E., & Cheek, E. (2009). An investigation of the impact of racially diverse teachers on the reading skills of fourth-grade students in a one race school. Reading Improvement, 46(1), 35-45.
Keengwe, J. (2010). Fostering cross cultural competence in preservice teachers through
Multicultural education experiences. Early Childhood Education Journal, 38(3),
maintain a culturally relevant and anti-bias program in a classroom setting as well as the identification of some principles and strategies for working effectively with English as second language students and what type of support or training teachers might need to implement these principles and strategies. Finally, a description concerning some ways that teachers can control the classroom environment to enhance cultural relevant learning and specific examples of materials and activities that might be used is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning strategies for developing anti-bias programming in the classroom in the conclusion.
Ways that a culturally relevant and anti-bias program can be established and maintained in a classroom setting
Humans are naturally biased creatures and the process begins early on. For instance, Barta and Winn (1996) report that, "Children begin to develop biases and prejudices long before they reach our classrooms. Research shows that…
A young girl from a multi-ethnic Hawaiian family join family members including aunts and grandmothers in the home's kitchen to make dumplings destined for the traditional dumpling soup that is being made for the family's traditional New Year's Eve celebration. This book discusses racial identities, family structure, and holidays.
Reiser, L. (1993). Margaret and Margarita. New York: Greenwillow Books.
This book describes how two young girls meet in a park and determine how to play despite the inability of the girls to speak each other's languages (Spanish and English). The book also describes the respective family structures of the two girls.
The wealth of activities and opportunities that are available to teachers online enhances what is available to them for use in the classroom. Teachers who are well educated will make the most use of the available internet resources. Additionally, the modern classroom does not have to be a physical location; it extends into the cyber world. This fusion creates dynamic and exciting possibilities for both teacher and student, increasing the learning experience for all.
Garrison, .D. & Vaughn N.D. (2007).Blended Learning in Higher Education: Framework,
Principles, and Guidelines New York: Jossey Bass Publications.
Holschuh, D.. & Caverly, D.C. (2010). Techtalk: Cloud Computing and Developmental
Education. Journal of Developmental Education. 36-38.
Lambropoulos, N. & Zaphiris, P. (2007).User-centered design of online learning communities.
Hershey P.A. Idea Group Inc.
Lan, T. & Chiu S. (2010) esearch of Modular Object Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment
E-Learning on Social Study for Elementary School Students. Journal…
Garrison, R.D. & Vaughn N.D. (2007).Blended Learning in Higher Education: Framework,
Principles, and Guidelines New York: Jossey Bass Publications.
Holschuh, D.R. & Caverly, D.C. (2010). Techtalk: Cloud Computing and Developmental
Education. Journal of Developmental Education. 36-38.
Instructional Strategy Into the Classroom
The instructional strategy selected for implementation in the classroom is job aids. There is a large body of research that suggests that job aids can be used to effectively improve understanding, cognition, retention and interpretation of material in the classroom (Dwyer & Spaulding, 2001). Simply defined, job aids are simple tutorials that often contain graphics used to illustrate the steps needed to accomplish a task or define a problem (Thiagi, 1999). They can come in many different forms including: checklists, decision tables, worksheets, flowcharts, diagrams or any other items that help improve student performance with regard to individual tasks, without requiring memorization of the specific steps or factual information related to the task (Thiagi, 1999).
A good example of a potential 'job aid' is a yellow pages directory (Thiagi, 1999) which helps people locate and use telephone numbers. Job aids work by improving an individual's…
Dwyer, F. & Spaulding, K. (2001). "The effect of time-on-task when using job aids as an instructional strategy." International Journal of Instructional Media, Vol. 28, Issue 4, p. 437
Dwyer, F. & Spaulding, K. (1999). "Effect of job aids in facilitating learners' cognitive development." International Journal of Instructional Media, Vol. 26, Issue 1, p. 87
Rossett, A. (1991). "Job aids in a performance technology world." Performance & Instruction, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 1-6
Thiagi, S. (1999). "Rapid instructional design." [online]. October 5, 2004, at http://www.thiagi.com/article-rid.html.
A major goal of learning is facilitation of basic literacy and language skills of difference students, the importance of which stems from a persistent school failure in the United States of students with Hispanic, African-American and American Indian background (Gay, 1994). Multicultural education can ease the tensions by teaching skills in a cross-cultural communication style that emphasizes interpersonal relations, perspective taking, contextual analysis and understanding differing points-of-view and frames of reference (Gay, 1994). Students must learn how their cultural condition may affect values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as preferences, expectations and behaviors (Gay, 1994).
As an experienced administrator working within the U.S. school system, I learned that within U.S. society there also still exists a strong ethnic prejudice as well as "ethnocentric values that are based and driven by cultural beliefs not based on fact; there is in fact a tendency in the U.S. To ascribe attributes and behaviors…
Gay, G. (1994). "A synthesis of scholarship in multicultural education." North Central
Regional Educational Laboratory. October 10, 2004, at http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/area/issues/educatrs/leadrship/le0gay.htm
Gorski, P. & Covert, B. (2000). "Defining multicultural education." Multicultural
Pavilion. October 11, 2004, http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html
The appendixes offer examples of learning tools, from syllabus to handouts and closes with a recommended reading list.
Though the second work in this review is longer by almost 100 pages it is also much simpler in its construct and clearer in intention as a manner to demonstrate the needs of the instructor to change the manner in which he or she constructs the classroom to facilitate learner-centered models that build a higher degree of student learning confidence and therefore success. hile the previous book has a more seminar style work, supported by research and application this second work has a higher degree of personal reading for teachers feel to it. The two together could offer a fantastic culmination of available resources for teachers to access to help build a case for and demonstrate tactics for moving the teacher centered plan to one that better meets the needs of learners.…
McCombs, Barbara L. And Miller, Linda Learner Centered Classroom Practices and Assessments New York: Corwin Press, 2006.
Weimer, Maryellen. Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Teaching. New York: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Integrating Technology in My High School Social Studies Classroom
The utilization of technology in education has gained a lot of popularity in the recent years. Great enhancements in computer software and hardware in the past decades have been noted and this has resulted to the increase of computer integration in education. The employment of computers in education unlocks a fresh area of knowledge in addition to providing a means which has the capability to change some of the inefficient and traditional educational techniques (Asan, 2003). Currently, the modernization of educational systems on the basis of data and communication technologies is thought of as very essential (ICT), in terms of literacy for the information society (Orhun, 2003, p.1; Acikalin & Duru, 2005).
The environment of the modern schools provides students with plenty of chances to conduct conversations. The students have the chance to debate, converse, tackle issues, and make certain bargains…
Acikalin, M. & Duru, E. (2005).The Use Of Computer Technologies In The Social Studies Classroom. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 4 Is. 2 Article 3, ISSN: 1303-6521
Asan, A. (2003). Computer technology awareness by elementary school teachers: A case study from Turkey. Journal of Information Technology Education. Vol. 2, 153-162.
Berson, M.J. (1996). Effectiveness of computer technology in the social studies: A review of the literature. Journal of Research and Computing in Education, 28(4), 486-489.
Cazden, C.B. (1988). Classroom Discourse: The Language of Teaching and Learning. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Fieldwork Paper and Fieldwork Form
The purpose of the fieldwork is to observe the two certified special education teachers and make connections to course content within real world classroom settings. One of the schools where the observation was conducted is P.S. / I.S. 266 whose address is 74-10 Commonwealth Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11426 (P.S. / I.S. 266, 2018). The school, which falls under New York City Public Schools district, is a pre-kindergarten to eighth grade learning institution that was established in September 2003 and has a student population of nearly 700 students. The second school is CLASP, which is located at 80 Grace Avenue, Great Neck NY, 11021 (CLASP Children’s Center, n.d.). This pre-kindergarten setting seeks to provide quality childcare for working parents and has existed for more than 35 years. This paper provides a summary of observations made in each of these schools as part of this fieldwork.
Policy Issues in Education Settings AB
Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities (APLU). (2010). "A-P-L-U-Sloan National Commission on Online Learning"
Retrieved from: http://www.aplu.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=311
"The A-P-L-U-Sloan National Commission on Online Learning was formed in May 2007 to engage the A-P-L-U Presidents and Chancellors in a discussion about the utility of online education as a means to achieve broader institutional priorities, such as diversity, retention, internationalization and accountability." This resource specifically examines the policy and infrastructural issues dealt with by four-year colleges and universities experimenting with online learning and/or hybrid courses. The longitudinal study is meant to offer comprehensive data about the specific challenges of integrating online learning into traditional college experiences.
C.J. Bonk, The Perfect E-Storm: Emerging Technologies, Enhanced Pedagogy, Enormous Learner Demand, and Erased Budgets (London: The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2004)
This is a comprehensive publication reviewing the infrastructural challenges, including policy concerns, effecting colleges who integrate e-learning…
Teaching in the Self-Contained Classroom
Music, Art and Phys. Ed. In Self-contained classroom
In 1996, the United States Department of Education mandated laws that required school districts to create inclusive programs to integrate students with various disabilities into the general school population.
However, a study conducted by the National Council on disabilities in 2000 showed that most school districts have not transitioned into full mainstream classes. Instead, an estimated 20% of children with disabilities continue to spend their schooldays in self-contained classrooms, apart from the general school population (right and right).
Proponents of the self-contained classroom, however, believe that such settings can be advantageous, particularly for students with hearing impairments, mental retardation and those with physical or learning disabilities.
This paper examines how students in total or semi-self-contained classrooms can benefit from instruction in art, music and physical education. It looks at the challenges of teaching such classes and how…
Boyer, Lynn and Christine Lee. "Converting Challenge to Success: Supporting a New Teacher of Students with Autism." The Journal of Special Education, 35(2). Summer 2001. Wilson Database.
MacDonald, Victoria and Deborah L. Speece. "Making Time: A teacher's Report on Her First Year of Teaching Children with Emotional Disabilities." The Journal of Special Education, 35(2). Summer 2001. ProQuest Database.
Shapiro, Deborah R. And L. Kristi Sayers. "Who Does What on the Interdisciplinary Team: Regarding Physical Education for Students With Disabilities?" Teaching Exceptional Children, 35(6). July/August 2003. Wilson Database.
Wexler, Alice. "Painting their Way Out: Profiles of Adolescent Art Practice at the Harlem Hospital Art Studio." Studies in Art Education, 43(4). Summer 2002. ProQuest Databse.
Error correction in the foreign classroom has become an extensively researched, but also very contentious topic of conversation among experts, researchers, and teachers in the field. For some immediate form-based error correction is a vital part of learning in the classroom setting, while others believe that a more subtle way of dealing with errors in the classroom is more effective when helping students associate the new language with positive experiences. In the book, Error Correction in the Foreign Classroom: Reconsidering the Issues by Miroslaw Pawlak, the author considers the phenomenon of error correction, the often divergent opinions related to it, and ends by presenting findings and recommendations both for the classroom, policy, and research.
The book is structured around an introduction, four chapters that form the body of the work, and a conclusion that holds a summary of main points and offers some resulting insights. In the introduction, the author…
Technology in History Classes]
Since the beginning of education in the U.S., the classroom setting has remained the same: Students have sat quietly in their seats with just a pencil, textbook and lined paper to practice their "readin', riting and 'rithmetic." However, the advent of new technologies is heralding a change. In a growing number of schools, technological innovations are beginning to significantly change the way that information is conveyed and students learn. Depending on the creativity of the teacher, the advent of computers, CD-ROMs, videodiscs, multimedia, and cable networks is expanding the breadth of the curriculum -- from mathematics to the social sciences. For example, teachers have found multiple ways to restructure technology into high school history that have made an often very dry topic come to life.
In 1983 Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, introduced his theory of "multiple intelligences" (MI). His book Intelligence Reframed showed that…
Loewen, J. (1995) Lies My Teacher Told Me. New York: New Press.
Norton, P. (1999) Teaching with Technology. New York: Hartcourt Brace.
Warren, W. (1999) "Using the World Wide Web for primary source research in high school history classes." Journal of the Association for History and Computing.Vol. 2, No. 2.
Extraversion: How Does Extraversion Effect Classroom Behavior
Working in a participative management environment tends to foster more interaction among team members and requires individuals who have robust social skills and in turn can lead to greater social interactions in a class or other venue that can be a major source of pleasure and happiness for highly extroverted individuals, which, in turn, generates positive moods and ultimately overall happiness (Benoliel, 2010). Anyone who has been in a classroom environment for any sufficient amount of time has undoubtedly noticed that there are many different personalities in most groups that contribute to the classroom discussion in any number of ways.
Some students may be actively following the lectures and discussions, but rarely make a contribution unless they are specifically called upon to do so. Other students may be reserved and quite, but as opposed to following along they may be doing other activities…
Benoliel, P. S. (2010). Who benefits from participative management?-+. Journal of Educational Administration, 285-308.
Ylias, G., & Heaven, P. (2003). The influence of distraction on reading comprehension: a Big Five analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 1069-1079.
Buckingham (2009) sets out alternative methods for language acquisition, but finds measurable improvement. Guided imagination seems to improve peripheral factors that support traditional academic achievement which Galyean argued was a core benefit from class practice as early as 1981 (66). On the other hand, Prangsma, van Boxtel, Kanselaar and Kirschner (2009) did not find improvement in history classrooms, but recognize this may derive from the absence of interpersonal prompting where text direction was administered instead (381). The outcome seems to be general, diffuse benefit overall, with mixed but useful benefits in different applications, and with different intensity over individual students' educational development.
If the positive behavior modification and conflict resolution many psychoanalysts, therapists and researchers claim persist after treatment, longer-term benefits likely accrue to parents and others, including more stable employment and productivity; less need for medical, mental health and correctional intervention, and resulting savings to public systems. These advantages…
Academy for Guided Imagery (2011). Academy faculty. Retrieved from:
Buckingham, J. (2009). Imaginary friends: Using guided imagery, line drawings and webquests to incorporate culture into the foreign language curriculum. IPP Collection. Paper 480. Retrieved from: http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/ipp_collection/480
Picture connects to a few words
Picture supports topic
Clear, detailed picture enhances topic
Beginning Writer's ubric -- Organization
Page is blank or illegible
No beginning or ending
Two out of three: beginning, middle and end
Beginning, middle, and end all present
Transitions rely on connective "and" and/or run-on sentences.
Some attempt at sequencing and structure
Logical sequencing; structure clarifies topic
No Title (if required)
Simple title fits content
Title fits content and is engaging
Beginning Writer's ubric -- Voice
Page is blank or illegible
No individual expression
Individual expression present and supported by text
Unique tone reflected in individual expression
Voice supports writer's purpose
Engaging voice appropriate to the piece
Awareness of audience
Writing connects to audience
Clear attempts to engage audience
Beginning Writer's ubric -- Word Choice
5-Point Beginning Writer's Rubric. (2010). Education Northwest. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from http://educationnorthwest.org/webfm_send/772
6+1 Trait definitions. (2011). Education Northwest. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from http://educationnorthwest.org/resource/503
Jasmine, J., & Weiner, W. (2007). The effects of writing workshop on the abilities of first grade students to become confident and independent writers. Early Childhood Education
Journal 35(2), 131-139.
setting with a focus on one specific EMS unit that will participate in the CDP training program. This setting was selected because it offered a snapshot collection of data that could be valuable based on the outcome of the training provided by the CDP program. The researcher will conduct pre and post-interviews with the members of the EMS unit as they start and complete the program. One of the benefits of this style of approach is that it allows for the gathering of qualitative and quantitative data.
A mixed research study design provides the researcher with hard, numerical data on feelings, thoughts, beliefs and perceptions. The organization benefits from this type of study because the organization can analyze through numerical data how its members actually perceive the training they receive. The data can help discover whether the training is effective or needs to be improved upon.
ATLAS.ti Retrieved http://www.atlasti.com/ .
Milley, J.E. (1979). An Investigation of case study as
Ethical Issues. Be sure that your paper includes an assessment of how you will deal with potential ethical issues that might arise in your study.
Palena Neale, P., Thapa, S., and Boyce, C. (2006, May). Monitoring and Evaluation -- 1
Another lesson to be learned is the importance of reflective thinking, in which teachers and students reflect on their actions (Griffin, 2003). eflective thinking is particularly important as it ensures that people learn from their behavior, and it endows them with heightened self-awareness. For example, through reflective thinking the teachers in each of the critical incidents would understand the importance of using positive reinforcement, which has been shown to alleviate many disciplinary issues (Tulley and Chu, 1995).
Another lesson is that in addition to open communication, there must be collaborative interaction between students and teachers whereby they engage in a continuous and mutually supportive dialogue (Neale et al., 2000). Collaborative interaction resembles open communication, but is grounded in action rather than just dialogue. Implementing collaborative action would ensure that the needs of the intellectually curious students (the student in the United States history class and the one in the 8th…
Griffin, M.L. (2003). Using critical incidents to promote and assess reflective thinking in preservice teachers. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 4(2), 207-220.
Neale, D.C., et al. (2000). Collaborative critical incident development. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Annual Meeting, 44(37), 598-601.
Tulley, M., & Chu, L.H. (1995). Student teachers and classroom discipline. The Journal of Education Research, 88(3), 164-171.
Watts, M., et al. (1997). Prompting teachers' constructive reflection: Pupils' questions as critical incidents. International Journal of Science Education, 19(9), 1025-1037.
My classroom management theory is based on a constructivist approach to learning, which implies that there is a mutual responsibility between the learner and the instructor to move forward with the learning experience. My current position is in the First Grade, which at times can make this somewhat challenging. In many ways, First Grade is a segue into a "real" school atmosphere: longer day, more academics, less play, stricter expectations, social growth, challenging social and academic environment and more. Often, the first few months of First Grade are transitions into expected behaviors and a more regimented school day, so classroom management can be challenging at times. Overall, I have been using placement of students (moving desks, etc.), challenging paced lessons and a reward system for good behavior, excellence in teamwork, assignments, etc. By in large, this has been quite effective for this level of student, most of whom…
Sutton-Smith, B. (1997). The Ambiguity of Play. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
The National Institute for Play. (2011). Play Science -- The Patterns of Play. Retrieved from: http://www.nifplay.org/states_play.html
Rimm-Kaufman, S., et al. (2009). The Contribution of Children's Self-Regulation and Classroom Quality to Children's Adaptive Behaviors. Journal of Developmental Psychology. 45 (4), 958-72.
Schneider, M. (2003). Linking School Conditions to Teacher Satisfaction. Retrieved from: http://www.edfacilities.org/pubs/teachersurvey.pdf
Classroom Behavior Management
Developing a classroom that takes cultural diversity into account begins with understanding one's own ethnocentrism, that a lot of what we take for granted pertains specifically to our own cultural upbringing. Children who come from other cultures -- and their parents -- may well have different ideas and ideals. It is important to learn about the different cultures that are present in my classroom, as a starting point for understanding. A lot of developing an inclusive classroom involves listening to students and parents, so as to understand their cultures better, and how that pertains to the classroom. My plan would have specific Tier 1 rules, governing the basics of classroom behavior that are not subject to question on the basis of culture. But there will also need to be more of an individualized (Tier 2) approach, where some students from other cultures might receive special attention, or…
Behavioral Principles in the Classroom
Some of the most effective techniques and principles to shape and promote positive behaviors in the classroom come from behavioral psychology. Teachers can implement techniques based on behavioral modification techniques in their classrooms by first setting strict rules that are simple, concrete, and straightforward and then by enforcing these rules in a consistent manner (O'Donnell, eeve & Smith, 2007). The general principles of behaviorism suggest that behaviors that are reinforced have a higher probability of being repeated, whereas behaviors that are not reinforced or punished are associated with a higher probability of NOT being repeated (Ulman, 1998). Therefore, the first step in applying behavioral principles to the classroom is to set and apply a specific set of rules or goals that need to be followed or reached.
ules regarding appropriate class behaviors should be clear-cut and set at the beginning of the school year (O'Donnell…
McCann, T.M., Johannessen, L.R., Kahn, E. & Flanagan, J. (2006). Talking in class.
IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
O'Donnell, A.M., Reeve, J., & Smith, J.K. (2007). Educational psychology: Reflection for action. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Premack, D. (1965). Reinforcement theory. In D. Levine (ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation. (Vol. 13). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Class room management holds extreme importance in the process of teaching. It is mandatory for a teacher to manage her class effectively in order to achieve her predetermined instructional goals. 'Successful classroom management involves much more than rules and discipline. Indeed research into classroom management demonstrates that effective teachers are proactive about student behavior, and they involve students in the process of establishing and maintaining rules and routines'. (Strong, 2007)
An effective instructional is dependent on various factors, and a properly managed classroom is definitely one of those factors. There is no way that a teacher can achieve her desire objective, if the process of teaching is taking place in a poorly managed classroom. A properly managed classroom along with attractive materials can definitely attract the attention of students and involve them in the process of learning. Management of classroom is also important to avoid any unnecessary wastage…
Evertson, C.M, & Weinstein, C.S. (2006). Handbook of Classroom Management: Research, Practice, and Contemporary Issues. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (p.51)
Mcleod, J, Fisher, J, & Hoover, G. (2003). The Key Elements of Classroom Management: Managing Time and Space, Student. Alexandria, USA: ASCD Publication.(p. 75)
Stronge, J.H. (2007). Qualities of Effective Teachers. Alexandria, USA: ASCD Publication. (p.40)
Classroom Management and the Escalating Child
Every classroom has one, a disruptive child. This includes the non-compliant student, the combative student, the student who engages in inappropriate nonverbal communication, and the attention grabber whose behavior escalates. This last type student is the subject of this paper. I will tell you about a child I observed first, then summarize an article on classroom management, and attempt to apply the principles in the article to the problem I observed with this child.
I visited a kindergarten in a nice, clean school in a working class neighborhood. The building was old but well-kept and spacious. The children walked to school from their homes. Most of the children were white with a few black and hispanics here and there. Classes were not overcrowded. This particular kindergarten with 17 students convened all day, not the usual morning or afternoon. The room was attractive, cheerful,…
Albin, R.W. (2003). Twelve practical strategies to prevent behavioral escalation in the classroom. Preventing School Failure, 47, 4 (summer), 156-6l.
Shifting Classroom Learning to Online Learning: A Case Study to Transition From the Traditional Classroom-Based Program to Online CBT Format
The objective of this study is to examine the transition from the Traditional classroom-based program to Computer-Based Training. There are reported to be a great number of colleges and universities that are presently transitioning to Computer-Based Training and fully transitioning to "online, blended or web-facilitated courses." (Keengwe & Kidd, 2010) The number of online programs and classes available have grown exponentially during the course of the last ten years. Other terms used to refer to Computer-Based Instruction include those stated as follows: "…web-based training, e-learning, distributed learning, Internet-based learning, web-based instruction, cyber learning, virtual learning, or net-based learning. Online learning is a subset of distance education and embraces a wide set of technology applications and learning processes including, computer-based learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaborations." (Keengwe & Kidd,…
Keengwe, J. And Kidd, TT ) (2010) Correspondence Study, CBI & OJT. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vo. 6, No. 2 June 2010. Retrieved from: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol6no2/keengwe_0610.htm
FAA Academy Distance Learning (2010) MY FAA Academy Distance Learing. Retrieved from: https://www.academy.jccbi.gov/distancelearning /
Description of the Classroom
The observation took place in an eighth grade level social studies classroom consisting of twenty-one students from diverse backgrounds. The teacher is Latina. Not wanting to make any assumptions about ethnicity or culture, I asked the teacher about the demographics. The teacher stated that of the 20, 8 were female and 12 male. Three students were African-American, two were Vietnamese-American, two Indo-American, five students were Hispanic, two were Jewish, three were from mixed backgrounds, and four were white. Two of the students had IEPs, one of them was an African American boy and the other a white student. Each of the students with IEPs had specific learning and developmental disabilities. One of the Vietnamese-American students had been recently diagnosed with audio processing disorder, and accommodations were being made to move the student to the front of the classroom. The IEPs provided for specific accommodations and modifications…
Boundaries for Children
ules and norms are an expected way of social living. They are predictable and part of our lives, and, therefore, we rarely stop to question their roots. We accept them as part of our routine, as demonstrative of our progressiveness as a nation, and are comfortable in their security. When children don't have boundaries, their lives take a much different turn than parents ever plan. Even if parents don't start out setting boundaries for children, it is never too late to start. The older the child the harder it gets, but the importance of setting boundaries never declines. Setting boundaries for children is important for all who come into contact with them from educators to child care givers to parents, of course, themselves.
Whilst some parents inculcate parenting styles from their own parents, either deliberately, in which intent they may seek to transmit inculcated patterns, or, at…
Baumrind, D. (1996). Parenting style and adolescent development . In J. Brooks-Gunn (ed.) The encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 746-758). NY: Garland.
Barrish, H., Saunders, M. & Wolf, M. (1969) Good behavior game.. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2, 119-124.
Charles, C. (2005). Building classroom discipline. USA: Pearson Pub.
Darling, N. & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context, Psyc. Bulletin, 113, 487-496
Journal Entry 1
Discourse on classroom management has shifted away from a disciplinarian and authoritarian model towards one more steeped in developmental psychology, social justice, and compassion. Within a new educational paradigm, teachers can provide structure in the classroom without expecting “conformity” or “obedience” per se (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013, p. 21). Teachers working within a classroom management paradigm that emphasizes trust and relationship building create far more effective educational environments.
Still, teachers do need to be armed with information and specific strategies. Some of the strategies recommended including improved awareness of non-verbal communication cues and a systematic means of redirecting and reframing problematic behavior (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013). Effective classroom management requires sensitivity to issues like cultural diversity and other contextual variables, too. The authoritarian approach does not work with adolescent students, especially, requiring teachers to develop a flexible and creative approach to problem solving in the…
harsh realities of the human condition is the fact that everyone, including students and teachers, has stereotypical views about other people that influence the manner in which they think and behave. When stereotypes are introduced into the classroom, though, they can adversely affect the environment in ways that detract from the learning experience for all students. Besides traditional gender-based stereotypes, the increasingly multicultural nature of American society has created a wide range of new stereotypes in the classroom today. To determine what can be done, this paper provides a description of different approaches that teachers can use to eliminate stereotypes from their classrooms. A summary of the research and important findings concerning stereotypes in the classroom are provided in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Impact of Stereotypes on Learning
Beginning in the early 1990s, social psychologists first identified the cognitive processes that activated various negative stereotypes in the minds of…
Berman, N. & White, A. (2013, December 1). Refusing the stereotype. Youth Studies Australia,
Billings-Harris, L. (2014). The diversity advantage: Enhancing inclusion in the classroom.
Teachers of Color. Retrieved from http://www.teachersofcolor.com/2009/11/the-diversity-advantage-enhancing-inclusion-in-the-classroom/ .
There were some interesting results in the answers obtained. First, all six participants were between the ages of 15 and 18 and 100% of them had started studying the English language in grade 5 at home in Iraq. Another observation is that 80% of the Iraqi students reported that they were a full grade level below in Australia; the remaining 20% were two grade levels behind his or her current educational pace in Iraq. This interesting fact demonstrates that the Iraqi school system is behind the Australian school system and the Iraqi learners will need further 2nd language training.
The fourth question delves into the educational background of the Iraqi students parents. A Muslim belief dictates many of the findings because Iraqi females often are not schooled and in some cases are illiterate. Sixty percent of the males have college level education, 40% of the males have a military or…
For some, the discussion of multiculturalism is a theoretical one, with little practical application to their day-to-day behavior. Even when people encounter others from different cultures, ethnocentric ideals may prevent them from really understanding how cultural backgrounds impact their interactions. For classroom teachers, however, multiculturalism is much more than a theoretical concept; it is the framework that helps establish how a teacher can create a classroom environment that is beneficial for all of the students in the classroom. However, establishing a multicultural classroom is not a simplistic process. In order to do so, an educator must consider many factors that relate to development in children. Educators must also think about the different family backgrounds of the students. Finally, teachers have to keep in mind that they may direct their classrooms, but they do not completely control them; the teacher has to play an active role in facilitating the…
Australia Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship. (2011). The People of Australia: Australia's Multicultural policy. Retrieved September 11, 2013 from Australian Government website: http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/multicultural/pdf_doc/people-of-australia-multicultural-policy-booklet.pdf
Lo Bianco, J. (2010). Multicultural education in Australia: Evolution, compromise, and contest.
Retrieved September 11, 2013 from International Alliance of Leading Educational Institutes website: http://www.intlalliance.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/Conference_2010/NP-AU.pdf
Swetnam, L. (2003). Lessons on multicultural education from Australia and the United States,
As students interact with the website and take assessments, the teacher is notified of the student's progress. Once the student submits his assessment, Molecular Workbench (2010) reports, "SAM activities end by generating a report that includes answers to multiple choice questions, annotated snapshots, and the text of open responses. These reports are emailed to the teacher. Students have a chance to edit reports before they are submitted." Use of this website could produce the next generation of scientists.
Technology used directly in the classroom to allow students and teachers to interact with each other includes the Audience Response System. According to Turningtechnologies.com (2010) the function of the system is declared, "TurningPoint audience response system integrates 100% into Microsoft® PowerPoint® and allows audiences and students to participate in presentations or lectures by submitting responses to interactive questions using a ResponseCard ™ keypad or other hand-held/computer devices." Made up of three basic…
Audio Response System. (2010). Retrieved on April 16 from http://www.turningtechnologies.com
DIIGO. (2010). Retrieved on April 16 from http://www.diigo.com/learn_more
Klopfer, E.; Osterwell, S.; Groff, J.; and Haas, J. (2009). "The Instructional Power of digital games, social networking, simulations and How Teachers Can Leverage Them."
Retrieved on April 12, 2010 from http://education.mit.edu/papers/GamesSimsSocNets_EdArcade.pdf
Air Conditioning Window Unit Comparisons
Frigidaire FRA126CT1 Window Air Conditioner
1. Cools up to 650 square feet.
2. UL listed.
3. 8-way air direction control
4. Clean air ionizer
5. Antibacterial mesh filter type, tilt-out filter access
6. Features electronic controls with temperature sensing remote
7. Antibacterial mesh filter cleans the air, removing harmful bacteria and allergens
8. Quiet operation
9. One-year manufacturer warranty
Room Air Conditioner
1. 24-hour timer
2. Sleep mode.
3. One-year limited warranty; 5-year sealed system limited warranty.
4. Eight-way louvers
Keystone KSTAW12A 10.8 EER Energy Star Window Air Conditioner with Full Function Remote Control
1. Electronic Controls with LED Display
2. Full-Function Follow Me LCD Remote
3. Sleep mode, Timer, and Energy-Saver Mode
4. Three Fan Speeds and…
The Vietnam War was a turning point in the Army's growing realization that senior military leaders, and not just political leaders, had a responsibility to be able to speak to soldiers, to the American people, and to the press about ethical issues.
The Professionalism Study of 1970, examined institutional systems and requirements for success in the Army, attitudes and values of senior officers, and tasks for the 1970s. One of the striking conclusions of the first study was that the Army contained "untoward and unhealthy pressures to strive for success" on the part of officers. Systems that regulated the selection, education, promotion, and reward of Army officers were in need of major correction.
It was clear that the Army needed to evaluate its concepts of values and ethics.
During the decades of the 1970s and 1980s senior commanders in all the services began to exert their influence on the direction…
Angelo, T.A., & Cross, K.P. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers (2nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Carter, D. & Wilson, R. (1995). Thirteenth annual status report on minorities in higher education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.
Farris, P. (1996). Teaching, Bearing the Torch. Madison, WI: Brown and Benchmark
Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups," Elizabeth G. Cohen surveys, analyses, and critiques research in the field of cooperative learning and small class group productivity. Finding that small group learning can be eminently productive for both academic and social reasons, the author extrapolates from prior research which methods of learning and instruction are the most productive and also describes how to create and maintain "desirable kinds of interaction," (1). In particular, Cohen finds that open exchange and elaborated discussion are necessary for successful conceptual learning. This article attempts to build upon current and past studies to offer to the academic community an outline of the most favorable means of small classroom management. The author's intention is not meta-analysis but rather to introduce potential areas of fruitful research in appropriate areas.
Cohen's paper is well-organized and thorough in its scope. The introduction is succinct and to-the-point, and is immediately…
Cohen, Elizabeth. "Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups." Review of Educational Research. Spring 1994, Vol. 64, No. 1. P. 1-35.
History of Constructivism
As long as there were people asking each other questions, we have had constructivist classrooms. Constructivism, the study of learning, is about how we all make sense of our world, and that really hasn't changed."
Jacqueline Grennan rooks (1999)
The concept of constructivism is as old as Socrates, but 20th Century pioneers of the movement include Jean Piaget, John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky. Jean Piaget and John Dewey were early adaptors of "Progressive Education" ideals that led to the formal concept of constructivism. For Piaget, these ideas were grounded in the notion that people learned in logical increments, through structured introduction and that children absorbed information in different ways than did adults. John Dewey thought that learning should be associated with real life experience achieved through inquiry. Vygotsky introduced a social aspect by asserting that children exceed their average learning capability when interacting with others.
Dettrick, G.W. Constructivist Teaching Strategies. School of Education
Monash University - Gippsland Campus. Churchill Australia 3842
1896 EW5: 96-109 The reflex arc concept in psychology
In the eight section, the authors recommend "generating and testing hypotheses" (ASCD, 2001), and the final strategy discussed is the application of "cues, questions, and advance organizers" (ASCD, 2001). Generating and testing hypotheses is critical to prepare students for the importance of drawing fact-based conclusions in the real world, and also promotes critical thinking skills and hands-on learning (two major principles advocated by the authors); the "cues and questions" chapter discusses issues such as allowing sufficient "wait time" and asking more analytical questions to foster critical thinking (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001).
While all of the strategies mentioned can be important for improved student achievement, I believe the chapters on homework and rewarding effort are most important and most often overlooked. In my personal experience, I benefitted greatly from my parents never helping me with homework; student who have their own personal tutors at home not only have an unfair…
ASCD. (2001). An ASCD Study Guide for Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement. Retrieved 02-20, 2011, from ascd.org: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/101010/chapters/[email protected]_Research-Based_Strategies_for_Increasing_Student_Achievement.aspx
Marzano, R., Pickering, D., & Pollock, J.E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. ASCD.
business setting increase team's motivation, satisfaction, performance. Address specific differences attitudes, emotions, personalities, values collaboration, difference influences behavior.
Overall business interactions are becoming more global. Many large corporations are outsourcing manufacturing and service jobs overseas where labor is cheaper. Currently 54% of fortune 500 companies outsource at least one core business function ( "IT Outsourcing Market, 2010). With the advent of the internet, firms are drastically cutting travel expenses but utilizing online video conferencing services. These services allow for the seamless and effortless communication of individuals anywhere in the world. With this increase in global outsourcing creates a corresponding increase in international teams. Individual group members are often located in entirely different areas of the world but still must work together to achieve company objectives. A challenge that many global corporations now face is that of employee moral and motivation. How can you motivate individuals with entirely different motives, customs…
1) Author Unknown. Knowledge Systems and Research, IT OUTSOURCING MARKET:STRONG, GROWING…AND WITH HIGH
CUSTOMER EXPECTATIONS (Online). Available: http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/imc/pdf/wp-it-outsourcing-market.pdf (April 24, 2011)
2) Author Unknown. Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Understanding Workplace Values around the World (online). Available: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_66.htm (April 24, 2011)
3) Author Unknown. Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions (online). Available: http://www.geert-hofstede.com/geert_hofstede_contrarian_position.shtml (April 24, 2011)
Hybrid Pedagogy and Student performance
Harkening to the roots of educational episteme, in What Does it Mean to be educated, John Spayde (2010), addresses the convergence of knowledge formation in late-capitalism from the position of a Socratic muse. In review of contemporary educational praxis, Spayde examines the polemic that has arisen from the knowledge vs. information paradigm prompted by Cartesian comparison of the traditional and online classroom. Seemingly underneath this proposition, is the devolution of centuries of classical thought as global capital flows push the limits on what has become 'priority' knowledge; or conduits where classical and technical skill might be acquired. As Spayde opines, in the United States, the current state of knowledge exchange as a field of practice may only be understood by way of systemic analysis of accumulation. Hence, the reification of testing standards over longitudinal or analytical performance by way of thorough-going expiation and demonstration;…
A Pedagogy for 20th Century Learning (2010). SchoolKit. Retrieved from: http://www.schoolkit.com/learn21.aspx
Daymount, T. & Blau, G. (2008). Student performance in online and traditional sections of an undergraduate management course. Institute of Behavioral and AppliedManagement, 275 -- 294.
Driscoll, A. And Wood, S. (2007). Developing Outcomes Based Assessment: for learner centered education. Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Langer, A.M. (2002). Reflecting on practice: Using learning journals in higher and continuing education. Teaching in Higher Education, 3 (7), 307 -- 351. Retrieved from: EBSCO database.
NI observed a fourth grade classroom during a science lesson. Bob is an intelligent ten-year-old child, but he has a difficult time paying attention to his teacher. He likes to get a lot of attention and when he gets bored he turns his focus to other destructive matters, such as throwing pencils up into the ceiling. Throwing pencils at the ceiling has gotten him in trouble many times. The teacher told me that once he was kicked out of the classroom for it. From the general disruption of the class, I can see why. Bob is the "class clown." He likes to get the other children involved in the disruption of the class along with him. In the 45 minute class time, the teacher did not get much done due the need to punish Bob. This included sending him to the principal's office and then a good amount of time…
Problem behaviors in the classroom: What they mean and how to help functional behavioral assessment. Child Study Center, (2002), 7(2), 1-6. Retrieved from www.aboutourkids.org/files/articles/nov_dec_2.pdf
Reducing behavior problems in the elementary school classroom. (2011). Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/practiceguide.aspx?sid=4 .
Richert, K. (2012). How to approach behavior problems in class. Retrieved from http://teaching.monster.com/benefits/articles/1956-how-to-approach-behavior-problems -.
Compare and contrast prior impressions of teaching with the reality of your experiences in the classroom.
The moment teachers fresh out of college to get into the class environment, what they might have expected and what they encounter in the class can often be different (Melnick & Meister, 2008). The education profession is often a more complex profession than what many anticipate. Individuals who choose teaching as a profession should review why they did so in the first place if they are to overcome what awaits them. When new teachers enter the classroom, they are usually shocked by the challenges that come with being a teacher in the real world. At times, the reality is much more different than what the teacher anticipated. Beginning teachers often describe their first year in the classroom as a year of survival. Different studies have also backed this argument, labeling the first year…
Bluestein, J. (2004). Great Expectations: Good News for Beginning Teachers. Retrieved from Education Oasis: http://www.educationoasis.com/instruction/bt/great_expectations.htm
Carter, V., Orr, B., McGriff, M., Thompson, C., & Sonawane, S. (2014). Critical Incidents in Classroom Management During Student Teaching Internships and Their Effects on the Teaching Profession: Perceptions of Student Teachers in India and the United States. U.S.-China Education Review, 4(4), 209-228.
Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S. (Eds.). (2009). Inquiry as Stance: Practitioner Research for the Next Generation. New York: Teachers College Press.
Cole, A. L., & Knowles, J. G. (1993). Shattered Images: Understanding Expectations And Realities. Teachrng & Teacher Educarion, 9(5), 457471.
California teachers meet the challenges of a classroom that is becoming increasingly culturally and linguistically diverse. The research will be based upon several proven strategies, including reflective practice, and incorporating the knowledge gained into practice.
Action research is described as "as a tool of curriculum development consisting of continuous feedback that targets specific problems in a particular school setting" (Ferraro). Mettetal adds that action research is undertaken in order to answer a specific practical problem, resulting in action. It is relevant to the specific site where it occurs, and results are shared with individuals who are directly affected by the research.
The action research program proposed here will follow the model set forth by Ferraro. A senior teacher will take the role of the researcher and role model. As such, the senior teacher will hold monthly meetings with all student teachers. At these meetings the student teachers will report their…
Ferraro, Joan M. Reflective Practice and Professional Development. ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education Washington DC. ERIC Digest.
Mettetal, Gwynn. Comparison of Formal and Action Research Methods. Resources for Teacher-researchers, Information on local teacher-researcher initiatives. Research about Teaching and Learning. Division of Education, Indiana University South Bend. 19 October 2002. http://www.iusb.edu/~gmetteta/Research_about_Teaching_and.htm
Multicultural Pavillion Teacher's Corner. Teacher Action Research. Created and maintained by Dr. Paul Gorski. 19 October 2002. http://curry.edschool.virginia.edu/centers/multicultural/tar.html
Parsons, Sharon. Teacher Research. Access Excellence @ the National Health Museum, Classrooms of the 21st Century. 19 October 2002. http://www.accessexcellence.org/21st/TL/AR
Suggested rules for the classroom are: (a) arrive prepared; (b) follow directions immediately; - work during work times; and (d) keep to yourself. (ressi, nd)
4) Develop consequences for common rule infractions and be sure to (a) Fit to the nature of the problem; (b) implement calmly and consistently; and -implement as immediately as possible and in the setting in which the infraction occurs. (ressi, nd)
5) Design routines for the following: (a) Attendance/tardiness procedures; (b)Heading papers; - Assigning work; (d) Homework; (e) Late work; (f) rining materials to and from class; and (g) Collecting work
6) Prepare lessons on behavioral expectations for each major activity. It is necessary to "identify critical content: 'What do students need to now in order to behave responsibly?" (ressi, nd) e sure to make each activity clear in terms of: (a) Conversation; (b) Help; - Activity; (d) Movement; and (f) Participation. (ressi, nd) ressi…
Bressi, Rob (nd) CHAMPs: Proactive and Positive Classroom Management. PBS Coordinator, Springfield Public Schools. Online available at http://www.lblesd.k12.or.us/student/download/Bressi-CHAMPs.pdf
Sprick, Randy; Garrison, Mickey; and Howard, Lisa M. (2007) CHAMPS: A Proactive and Positive Approach to Classroom Management. Pacific-Northwest Publishing. 2007.
Classroom Management: CHAMPS
Teaching Special Education Students
In the classroom, teachers are primarily responsible for ensuring that special education students are provided with equal opportunities for education. While instructors should not lower academic standards in the classroom, they should make every effort to make reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. y making simple adjustments, such as allowing students to record lectures or changing the format of a test, teachers can make sure that special education students do not have academic or social disadvantages.
Setting up the Classroom
In the classroom, simple changes can make a great difference for special education students. For example, by arranging desks in a manner where each student has his own personal space, as opposed to sitting in groups, special education students have less chances of being distracted.
There should be various centers in the class that provide a space for students to go when they are finished with…
Klinger, J., & Vaughn, S. (1999). Students' perceptions of instruction in inclusion classrooms: Implications for students with learning disabilities. Exceptional Children.
Polloway, E., Bursuck, W., Jayanthi, M., Epstein, M., & Nelson, J. (1996). Treatment acceptability: Determining appropriate interventions within inclusive classrooms. Intervention In School and Clinic.
Brattlan, Lee. (2002) Brief Reference of Student Disabilities:...with Strategies for the Classroom.
Collaboration in the Classroom
Schools today face a significant challenge. The school environment is no longer one in which a teacher can expect a relatively homogeneous population in the classroom. In addition to the challenges already posed by cultural and lingual diversity, school reform initiatives that focus on inclusive education have also resulted in intellectual diversity. This poses many challenges for the teacher of the inclusive classroom, since it is no longer acceptable to exclude children with disabilities or lack of linguistic proficiency in English from general education and assessment, teachers must find new ways to accommodate these children and help them to develop to the best of their ability (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). In order to handle this responsibility, co-teaching has been implemented in many schools, involving a partnership among teachers and special educators. Special educators would then work with the children who need specific attention, while teachers would…
Blednick, J. And Wilson, G.L. (2011). Teaching in Tandem: Effecitve Co-Teaching in the Inclusive Classroom. Alexandria, VA: ACSD.
CBS News. Apps for Autism. Retrieved from: http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/apps-for-autism/
Dailymotion.com. (2008). The Medicated Child. Retrieved from: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x17awuw_the-medicated-child-2008_news .
Fattig, M.L. And Taylor, M.T. (2008). Co-Teaching in the Differentiated Classroom. San Francisco: John Wiley and Sons.
Computers and Technology in the Classroom
One of the critical advantages of introducing technology into the classroom, even for the youngest of elementary school children, is that technology offers the presentation of clear problems that require immediate, hands-on solutions with appreciable results. (Roblyer, 2003) Computers have a tactile and visual quality in their applications that are enticing as toys to elementary school level children. Unlike many toys, however, there is an educational and real-life component to using computers that makes the integration of technology crucial to modern education. One must not allow one's students to be part of the much discussed digital divide that separates tomorrow's workers from those whom are technically literate from those whom are not.
There is also a communications aspect to the use of technology in the classroom, as embodied through the use of the Internet and the orld ide eb that would be of value…
Cassell, J. (2002). "We Have These Rules Inside": The Effects of Exercising Voice in a Children's Online Forum," In: S. Calvert, A. Jordan, and R. Cocking (editors). Children in the Digital Age: Influences of Electronic Media on Development. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
David Huffaker. (June 2004) "The educated blogger: Using weblogs to promote literacy in the classroom " First Monday. Volume 6. Retrieved on September 9, 2004. http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue9_6/huffaker/FirstMonday .
Intel. (1997) Intel Education Odyssey Day. Retrieved on September 9, 2004 http://www97.intel.com/education/odyssey/day_300/day_300.htm
Roblyer, M.D. (2003). Integrating educational technology into teaching. Third Edition. New York: Merrill Prentice Hall.
It is thought that the class could go to see the neighborhoods where Chinese, ussian and African people live and they could converse with the neighborhood people. The learners are probable to find dissimilarities and resemblances within their individual culture. Another teacher could ask a guest speaker to aid an art class to reconstruct some of their culture's art (Jones, n.d.).
esearch done by many scholars such as Neugebauer (1992) has shown that children become aware of gender, race, ethnicity, and disabilities at an early age. They also begin to soak up both the affirmative outlooks and pessimistic prejudices joined to these facets of individuality by family members and other important adults in their lives during their school years. In order to promote healthy self-esteem, children must be taught how to intermingle reasonably and effectively with dissimilar kinds of people, and the best place for this to be done is…
Borkar, Rujuta. (2010). Cultural Diversity in the Classroom. Retrieved January 11, 2011, from Buzzle Web site: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cultural-diversity-in-the-classroom.html
Jones, Stephen. (n.d.). Incorporating Cultural Diversity in the Classroom. Retrieved January 11,
2011, from Teachers of Color Web site:
Fitness Business Trends
Three current trends in classroom management
One recent trend in classroom management is a stress on defined goals and expectations. The popular classroom behavioral management program Wong's Pragmatic Theory "stresses that classroom procedures and rules are clarified at the very beginning of the school year. Teachers are to instruct students how to follow rules and procedures. The teacher prepares lessons about the rules and procedures so that he or she can thoroughly teach the kids about the classroom procedures and rules" (Miller 2013). This stress upon predictability is also commensurate with such philosophies as behavioral theory, which emphasizes how student behavior can be shaped and reformed through goal-setting. Students are given goals to strive for and then are rewarded for reaching those goals. For students with behavioral issues this can be useful given that it provides concrete, reward-based mechanisms for improvement. The need for greater adherence to…
Behavior management. Sage Publications. Retrieved from:
Lynch, M. (2013). Future trends in K-12 classroom management. Education Week. Retrieved http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/education_futures/2013/11/future_trends_in_k-12_classroom_management_and_discipline.html
Miller, K. Wong's Pragmatic Theory: Advantages over disadvantages. Enroll.com. Retrieved from: http://blog.enroll.com/view-post/Wongs-Pragmatic-Theory-Advantages-Over-Disadvantages
This instructor has learned to proactively educate his Navajo students about the need to reveal certain information they normally keep among themselves, such as burial grounds, because federal law now protects them from violation -- but only if their location is known. What this suggests to me is that I may simply have to accept that some cultural distinctions may be important to my Native American students and that it may not be part of their culture to explain it to me. If an issue is important then it may be up to me to explain why something is important in the school's culture so the child can be more successful, but without suggesting that the school culture is better or superior.
Finally, I think it will be important to incorporate literature from the cultures of minority students, recognizing that it isn't enough that the story be "Hispanic." A story…
Allison, Sherry R., and Vining, Christine Begay. 1999. "Native American Culture and Language." Bilingual Review, p. 193.
Amselle, Jorge. 1997. "Adios, Bilingual Ed." Policy Review Vol. 86, pp. 52+.
Araoe, Lisa, and Nelson, J. Ron. 2000. "A Comparative Analysis of Teachers', Caucasian Parents' and Hispanic Parents' Views of Problematic School Survival Behaviors." Education & Treatment of Children 23:3.
Bardwell, Tracey; McMahon, Rebecca, and Saunders, DeLaura. 1996. "Increasing Young Children's Cultural Awareness with American Indian Literature." Childhood Education 73:2, pp. 105+.
Analysis of Three Different Educational ebsites
Homepage (University of Phenoix, 2014)
The University of Phoenix is the largest school in terms of its total student population. The school offers both in-class instruction as well as online education.
"Today, our students study at more than 100 locations, as well as through online programs available in countries around the world. Not only will you attend classes that are convenient for you, you'll earn your degree on your terms (University of Phenoix, 2014)."
The locations are spread out throughout the United States as well as in a select few international locations. However, most of the universities students are registered for online classes. The University of Phoenix has been a pioneer in the online classroom development and has an advanced portfolio…
Harvard University. (2014). Home. Retrieved from Harvard University: http://www.harvard.edu/
Kingkade, T. (2014, January 25). Arizona State University Frat Celebrates MLK Day By Being Extraordinarily Racist. Retrieved from The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com /2014/01/21/frat-mlk-day-arizona-state-racist_n_4638224.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Incidence in the Classroom
Critical Learning Experiences
One specific incident that is fairly eminent among the others that have taken place at ICCD where I am employed as a student teacher involved one of the general education pre-kindergarten students. This particular student was actually a twin, and both he and his brother were new to the class I was helping as a student teacher. On this one particular morning Haneef decided that he did not want to participate in the class instruction. What was interesting about this situation was that his twin brother, Habeeb, had no problem coming to the class and preparing himself for school that day. Haneef, on the other hand, was something altogether else.
He actually refused to enter the classroom facility when his mother attempted to bring both of the boys in. He hesitated at the threshold of the room, and made his brother go in…
Learning Project Outline Template
I. YouTube has implemented new restrictions regarding their AdSense program. People must meet certain requirements to even monetize their content. When content is monetized, it must meet certain guidelines. YouTube has begun hiring many new employees to help determine the kind of content suitable for monetization.
II. Organizational Analysis: YouTube has faced increasing scrutiny in their placement of ads in certain videos. By offering employees training courses, they can employ a sound evaluation practice for monetized content on YouTube. Person Analysis: New employees without sufficient training are coming in and placing restrictions on monetized videos leading to uproar from the community due to seemingly unfair or improper censorship. Task Analysis: Proper discernment of what is appropriate content on YouTube should be implemented in training guides to facilitate more effective evaluation practices by YouTube employees.
II. The learning goal is to understand what content is appropriate for…
Using "Stage One: Rubric for Group Invesigative Roles" can be helpful here, a grading rubric that stresses the ability of students to present information aloud and on paper to with sources correctly cited, with understanding, etc. During the performance, students should be assessed not simply on acting ability, but as denoted in "Stage Three: Rubric for Peformance," that they can understand and morally evaluate what is going on, such as clearly explaining several ways in which a character 'saw' things differently than other characters. This may require teachers to meet with students one-on-one, before giving a final grade, so as to discuss what students learned from the project.
hat is the revision process once you have the results from your evaluation?
Students can fill out a questionaire, reporting and assessing their contribution to the experience to allow the teacher to assimilate new information into the lesson plan next year.
Beyond the Story: A Dickens of a Party." (2006). Read Write Think.
International Reading Association. Last Modified 29 Dec 2006. Retrieved 29 Dec 2006 at http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=238
DID Designer. (2006) Pearson Education, Inc. Retrieved 29 Dec 2006 at http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_leverduffy_teachtech_2/0,9593,1573750-,00.html
Stage One: Rubric for Group Invesigative Roles" (2006). ReadWriteThink. Retrieved 29 Dec 2006 at http://www.readwritethink.org/lesson_images/lesson238/rubric_stage1.html
Social Problem in a Family Context
Select a social problem, disorder, or condition that affects family dynamics.
Family Separation due to Deportation
In the introduction describe the problem, its etiology, and effects on the family system.
Problem and Etiology
Innumerable children experience the trauma of separation from their families (parents), owing to deportation. For many years, no attention has been paid to their suffering or their demands. However, of late, a glimmer of hope can be seen for such families, on account of President Obama's precise, direct position with regard to this major issue. Therefore, now is the opportune moment to broach this issue and assist researchers in making these displaced people's voices heard. Migrants from different parts of the globe are lured to the U.S. where they hope for a secure future and improved life. A number of families and individuals risk much, including their lives, for acquiring passage…
Applied Research Center (2011). Shattered Families: The Perilous Intersection of Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System. Retrieved on May 14, 2014 from https://www.raceforward.org/research/reports/shattered-families?arc=1
Bakker, C. (2009). The Impact of Migration on Children in the Caribbean. UNICEF Office for Barbados and Eastern Caribbean.
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss, vol. 1: Attachment. New York: Basic
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic.
Violence in K-8 Schools
The issue of violence among young people has become demonstratively more controversial within our culture in the last few years. The demands of society in general for more accountability and a greater sense of awareness among both parents and school officials have created an exponential need for research associated with the phenomena. Society and officials alike have called for a greater understanding of the motivations and reasons for violence within the schools and also a greater security of awareness of the ability to recognize and intervene when potentially violent young people exhibit warning signs of future violence. This work is a proposal for the study of the phenomena of violence within the K-8 school setting, and will be divided into three parts, studying both primary aged schools and middle school aged school settings.
The proposal demonstrates the need for research associated with a tertiary standard, of…