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Economic, Parental, Peer, And Self-Induced Pressures That Affect College Students
This paper examines Economic, Parental, Peer, and Self-induced pressures that affect college students today, as compared to the college students of the 1970's.
The 1970's were a decade in which many changes were taking place in America. Between the Vietnam conflict and the stagnant economy college students had pressures placed on them that their predecessors had not dealt with for several years. Today's college student also faces pressures that seem to be unique to this time in history as well as some that are familiar to those who went to college in the 1970's.
In the last few decades the pressures on college students have come full circle. The things that parents, society and students faced in the 70's are similar in many ways to what they face today. ith those similarities there are also differences that are tied to…
While the terrorism threat faces today's students they do not yet face a forced draft.
Academically there are pressures as well. The technological explosion has moved forward in record measurements since the 1970's. Today's college student walks into college with a strong working knowledge of computers and information technology. The 1970's students were being indoctrinated in technology but it was not yet expected to have a firm understanding before walking onto the campus. Students today are pressured to choose more specialized fields of study than in the past as the world continues to globalize.
During the 1970's as well as today college students are under pressure academically, socially and economically. The concerns of the 1970's are different than today's problems however the changes were often brought from positive progress. The economic climate is similar to the pervious era, and students today can have hope. The nation recovered then and it will again and the students will go on to lead productive successful lives in their chosen fields.
This has affected me in many ways. I'm afraid to spend money, and I am stressed about rising gas prices and that kind of thing that I have no control over. I do not drive very much, I try to eat very cheaply, and yet, it seems that worry about money and about school has pretty much taken over my life.
A final pressure I am feeling right now is family pressure. It is not nearly as bad as the other two pressures going on in my life, but it is there, and it certainly affects me. My parents expect me to do well in college, and to get a good job. They have always put pressure on me to get good grades, and in high school, that was easy. My classes are harder now, and my grades are not as good as they were in high school. I feel…
Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly
Dr. Judi Kuric
DNP Project Question
Will Every Two Hourly Turning and Positioning Decrease Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly Bed Bound Population in Nursing Home.
Will Every Two Hourly Turning and Positioning Decrease the Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly Bed Bound Population in Nursing Homes.
Pressure ulcers are a common cause of immobility among the elderly, which results in immense pain, suffering, and substantial costs with charges because of increased length of stay in the nursing homes. Prior studies suggest that patients who receive care in accordance to evidence-based guidelines are not at risk of developing pressure ulcers. However, the empirical evidence on the effectiveness of the measures is inadequate. Nevertheless, frequent manual repositioning of patients is a firmly established standard of care for the elderly; although there has been no much evidence on the same, experts suggest that…
One important aspect of nursing home living is that most of the time the people living there are helpless to accomplish many tasks that are part of everyday living. The employees are trained (for the most part) and as one study found it is "important to assess whether nursing staff levels and skills are meeting nursing home resident care needs" (Zhang, Unruh, Wan, 2013, p. 290). For example, incontinence is a significant risk factor for skin breakdown. The moisture changes the chemical balance of the skin, and often without adequate ventilation and care, a route for bacterial infection. In either case, pressure on the wound area, increased bacteria and moisture, all contribute to the lesions becoming rather serious (Gefen, 2008).
Many of the employees are taught to turn the elderly in their beds to relieve pressure, presumably thereby lowering the incidence of pressure ulcers. According to Fossum et al., "pressure ulcers can be prevented if residents at risk are identified early and relevant preventive measures are implemented" (Fossum, et al.,, 2011, p. 2429).
Current research shows that, at least in nursing homes, employees have a cognitive nature concerning pressure ulcers (amongst other things) and the positive results from taking preventive measures. Much of the current literature espouses the fact that nurses are trained to do so, but there is not really a lot of specific information on
Pressure Building on College Students
College is not always a breeze as some students might expect. While the studies themselves are stressful, what really builds additional pressure is a variety of tasks that need to be done within 24 hours of the day such as research assignments, coursework, quizzes, take-home exams and not to mention all domestic activities as well. Fitting everything in 24 hours is not easy. On top of all this, students are also expected to maintain a respectable grade point average while not neglecting their social lives. Most students feel that if you can survive college, you can probably survive everything in life. This is certainly not an exaggeration since rate of depression and suicide is very high among college students. "Suicide is the second leading killer of college students - with an estimated 7.5 deaths per 100,000 students per year, according to a study of Big…
1) Daniela Lamas / Knight Ridder Newspaper (KRT), The dark side of college life: Academic pressure, depression, suicide, (Accessed May 7th, 2001) http://www.elon.edu/e-web/pendulum/Issues/2004/onlinefeatures/health/depression.xhtml
2) Ranjita Misra, Academic Stress Of College Students: Comparison Of Student And Faculty Perceptions, College Student Journal, June, 2000
3) Shannon E. Ross, Sources Of Stress Among College Students, College Student Journal June, 1999
4) Pete L. Kranz, Perceived Stress Reported by Fisheries Graduate Students at Tennessee Technological University, Journal of Instructional Psychology, Sept, 1999
Universities and colleges have been described as 'loosely coupled systems...'
"What does this mean to you based on the readings?" loosely coupled system is one that only occasionally works, and sometimes produces unpredictable results. Given the disparate goals and social elements of the modern university, a university is clearly such a loosely coupled system. Students come wanting a degree to get a good job and may have to take liberal arts courses they dislike, professors who want to research must teach students with little interest in deeper, critical thinking about life, the university community is diverse and brings together teachers, students, and administrators with different backgrounds and views of the purpose of life and education -- and sometimes students, faculty, and administrators use their position for social change, other times college is simply a place to 'fill time.'
Student organizations, social and extracurricular, may have different interests than…
At the same time there are also many areas of contention and criticism of these groups. In order to put this debate into perspective one has to take into account that the concept of democracy is complex and that there are many views of what true democracy is and how it should function. As suggested above, the pluralist notion of democracy is different in many respects to the more formal or 'elitist' views of democracy. One's assessments of pressure groups will therefore depend to a great extent on one's concept and understanding of democracy.
On the one hand the pluralistic view that pressure groups expand involvement in the democratic process and bring important issues to the attention of both the public and the state is a view that many pundits tend to accept. But there are many other arguments against these groups; such as the view that they can in…
Do pressure groups add to democracy?, viewed 8 August, 2010,
Bhandari J. 2003, Democracy of pressure groups, viewed 8 August, 2010,
And it is to this end that the university is so distinct in the way that it provides a community which is most hospitable to intellectual and emotional growth.
Difficulty of Harmonization:
Downey (2000) points to a modern vagary of our persistent state of global recession in making the case that it is difficult to find harmony between the stated goals of his trinity. Indeed, though this reflects a certain ideal for university functionality, it contrasts the reality in many contexts. riting on Canada's higher education system, which has been largely subsidized by government funding on an historical basis, Downey (2000) indicates that that more privately run university system in America is becoming a model to public officials. This, Downey (2000) demonstrates, is to the detriment of the university's capacity to reflect the modalities of his trinity in harmony. As he remarks, the Canadian government is finding itself increasingly hobbled…
Downey, J. (2000). Balancing Corporation, Collegium, and Community. Innovative Higher Education.
Most students also feel very pressured to fill every minute with studying -- how horrible it would be to fail! Zinsser agrees with Carlos Horta who stated: "Violence is being done to the undergraduate experience." Adds Zinsser: "College should be open-ended; at the end it should open many, many roads. Instead, students are choosing their goal in advance, and their choices narrow as they go along."
Zinsser's thoughts, therefore, are somewhat similar to Bird's in that many teenagers (for that is what they still are) are often too young to know their ultimate direction. They have to take several detours and trips around the block to know where they are actually headed.
Russell Baker adds his two cents about this topic, as well. With typical wit, he states in "School vs. Education": "By the age of six the average child will have completed the basic American education.... From television, the…
pressure a junior nurse? How respond time? What examples stressors experienced Intensive Care Nursing (: patient emergency situation, increased heart rate, shock? Q2: What qualities bring Intensive Care environment? For: good time management skill, 8 weeks placement ICU nursing student.
Give an example of a time when you were under pressure as a junior nurse? How did you respond at the time and afterwards? What may be examples of stressors experienced in Intensive Care Nursing (for example: patient in emergency situation, increased heart rate, shock and so on)?
As a junior nurse, simply adjusting to the experience of being a professional caregiver was stressful. I felt very acutely the reality that other people's lives depended upon me. When there were other nurses on staff who were ready to provide assistance if I required guidance, I felt less nervous. Still, it was occasionally awkward to interrupt other nurses with what I…
pressures China, Jamaica, America expressed article, ethics play a role decision making financial, environmental, cultural issues? How concepts positive normative economics reflected context? How market efficiency, economizing, market system affect ethical issues? Format paper APA standards.
Ethics and business making
Society has experienced much change in recent years and the business environment has similarly progressed significantly as more and more international players started to get actively involved in expanding their businesses while also putting across cooperating attitudes. Even with this, these bodies are well-acquainted with the fact that their actions reflect negatively on society as a whole in some cases and come to adopt approaches that demonstrate that they are more interested in profits than they are in ethics. Countries like China, Jamaica, and the U.S. are among those who are hesitant about adopting strategies that would reduce the level of pollution they provoke because they know that this would…
Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, John, and Ferrell, Linda, "Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases," (Cengage Learning, 01.01.2012)
Prakashan, Nirali, "Business Ethics"
pressure of deadlines or scrutiny of the professor, writing can be stressful and nerve-wracking. However, with a few simple tools, any student can learn how to get over any form of "writer's block" and overcome any fear of self-expression. First, it is important to be as unconcerned as possible about lofty diction: that is, using big words. Big words from a young or inexperienced writer can sound artificial and pretentious. Clarity, not fancy language, is the hallmark of good college writing. Second, to improve their writing skills, college students should spend a few minutes organizing their thoughts before starting to actually write the words down. From formal outlines to simple scribbles on a piece of paper, organization can go a long way toward improving a writer's clarity. Finally, a student's writing skills will improve most through lots of practice: thankfully, four years of college offer just about all the practice…
'Guide to Grammar and Writing." 2004. Capital Community College Foundation. Online at < http://webster.comment.edu/grammar/>.
"Purdue's Writing Lab." 2003. Purdue University. Online at < http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ >.
Tis is not to say owever, tat all classical music is sooting and terapeutic. In fact, te majority of traditional classical music are not terapeutic because tis is not te intent of te original masters. Concertos by Beetoven, Bac and Brams for example all focus on arousing strong emotion rater tan arnessing te power of strong terapy, terefore te pysical presence and rytmic are not necessarily terapeutic. Mozart's no. 23 owever, is an ideal example of terapeutic music. Tis is because te affects of entrainment is easily observed troug studies on te affect of tis music on oters. Wile listening to te music, people say tat it "relaxed and sooted," upon monitoring wit medical equipment it is observed tat te music lowered bot teir blood pressure and eart rates. Te reason is tat Mozart's concerto affects individuals in bot a psycological and pysical sense. Wile te classical music made people…
Vanasco, Jennifer. American classical music: Exploring roots, reflections. Jan.
1998. Chicago Chronicle. 3 Feb. 2007 http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/980108/musymp.shtml .
College a right or a privilege
For a long time majority of colleges took themselves to exist in place of a parent, and evinced a worry with the development of characters of their students. A geared up acknowledgement had long been in place that college education was a privilege, but not a right, and that individuals who enjoyed it were obligated to others. In addition a strong element of paternalism existed and it was extensively considered that college administrators and professors in particular as well as adults in general, had better knowledge of what was good for a student than the student himself. Role of taking place of parents later came to an end. Dormitory life regulations were relaxed, as the same applied generally to regulation of campus life, as well as of the curriculum. Majority of professors came to realize their function as tutor in their subject, without meddlesome…
Dewey, John. Democracy and Education. New York: Free Press. (Originally published in 1916):1966
OECD, Chapter A: The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning: Education at a Glance 2002
R.S. Peters: Ethics and education. 5th edn, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London 1968.
R.S. Peters: The philosophy of education J.W. Tibble (Ed.):1966.
On the other hand, some wars resulted in massive uprisings, mass destruction of property, indiscriminate killings of people, uprooting of the power base, widespread lawlessness through revolutions like the French Revolution, the Chinese Revolution and the Russian Revolution and most recently the Iranian Revolution. These revolutions have had far reaching repercussions for the countries in which these revolutions erupted as well as for the entire regions and the world at large. French Revolution over-turned the centuries-old monarchy and brought in republic governments, which in turn changed in quick succession until the end of the Second World War. The period between the end of monarchy and the establishment of stable republic government in France is a witness to the loss of French colonies. The Chinese Revolution turned around the people from a capitalistic economic system to socialist economic system under a new political system of communism expounded by Marx. The Chinese…
This allows for people to work toward removing a few pounds gain rather than many if weigh-ins occur less frequently. Weight obsession is a very possible outcome of this kind of independence, but the truth is that one needs to be aware of weight in order to work with it. Third, a healthy pattern of self-discussion about weight, the factors that an individual currently engages in that lead to weight changes, and making plans to manage weight is exceptionally helpful - Mom's not there to tell you you're fat on a daily basis (which is good for some, but still means that no one is going to be the voice of body reason and awareness except for you).
Ultimately, freshmen experience a host of pressures both good and bad that can result in weight gain. What is important to keep in mind is that good preparation prior to attending college…
Pressure on Performance
The Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams in College Students.
Anxiety and stress have been demonstrated to affect test performance and cognitive performance. Previous research has suggested that anxiety interferes with test performance by means of cognitive interference. Often, especially in individuals with high levels of test anxiety, stress leads to anxiety which leads to inattention, self-absorption, and focus on self-evaluation rather than on task-relevant behaviors. Stress is most often induced by a high pressure environment and can vary from situation to situation. The purpose the current study is to examine whether stress induced from a high pressure environment negatively affects testing performance. The current study investigated the effects of time pressure (being timed) and performance pressure (being evaluated) on the ability of college students to solve anagrams. It was hypothesized that pressure would lead to stress that would result…
Holroyd, K.A., Westbrook, T., Wolf, M., & Badorn, E. (1978). Performance, cognition, and physiological responding in test anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 4, 442-451.
Morris, L.W., & Liebert, R.M. (1969). Effects of anxiety on timed and untimed intelligence tests: another look. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Sarason, I.G. (1984). Stress, anxiety, and cognitive interference: reactions to tests. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 929-938.
8). These students are excited about breaking the rules and the possibility of being caught or getting away with it. Whatever the reasons may be it is academically unhealthy for students to engage in plagiarism.
There are occasions when a student may unintentionally engage in plagiarism. There are essentially two types of plagiarism intentional plagiarism, which is an act of cheating and involves a deliberate attempt to deceive. These is also unintentional plagiarism where the student is guilty of a "misuse of sources" (Plagiarism: What is it? 2009, par.11). This type of plagiarism is accidental and often occurs where a student is unaware of the rules that govern citation as it relates to ideas. They student may also be sloppy in the use of quotation marks and in the act of paraphrasing. It should also be noted that there is a cultural component to plariagism, as writers from other cultural…
Harris, R. (2009). Anti-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers. Virtual Salt. Retrieved from http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm
Plagiarism: What is it? (2009). Washington State University. Retrieved from http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/plagiarism/what.html
Plagiarize. (2010). Merriam-Webster.com Retrieved from http://www.merriam-
(Bass, 2008, p. 874) They may seek these individuals from within, or choose a secondary leader to hold the position, temporarily until a new leader can be chosen. The interim leadership period is frequently a challenging time for the university as many feel that such a situation leave the university in a limbo position with regard to changes, proposed from within and without and challenges to interim leadership may even be greater than they are once a new permanent leader is chosen. Interim directors and presidents are often seen as not worth collaborating with as they will not be in the position long enough to implement real long lasting and transformational change projects.
Behind every presidential transition, of course, is a story that almost never gets told but that is very germane to this account. The untold story is the period of waiting at the University of Michigan for an…
Ahn, M.J. Adamson, J.S.A. & Dornbusch, D. (Spring 2004) From Leaders to Leadership: Managing Change. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. 10 (4) p. 112.
Albas, D., & Albas, C. (2000). Tertius Dolens: The Student Experience of the University of Manitoba Faculty Association Strike [*]. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 37(4), 461. Retrieved August 31, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001193248
Alexander, F.K. (2000). The Changing Face of Accountability. Journal of Higher Education, 71(4), 411. Retrieved August 31, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001062123
Bass, B.M (2008) the Bass Handbook of Leadership. New York, NY: Free Press
Anxiety and Learning
Anxiety impacts roughly 18% of the population in one form or another. It is particularly troubling for students in higher academics. This study aims to investigate the question: What factors outside of the classroom increase anxiety in academic performance? This paper will provide an overview of anxiety, discuss how college students are affected by it, examine the factors that cause it, and look at how parents and educators can help those who suffer from it.
What is Anxiety?
There are many different types of anxiety, but generally put anxiety refers to nervousness and a feeling of being overwhelmed by stress about something related to one’s life. There is social anxiety, panic disorder, fears and phobias, separation anxiety, and general anxiety disorder, which refers to a chronic case of anxiety that simply will not go away. The characteristics of anxiety include a feeling of apprehension, tension, restlessness, jumpiness,…
The types of speech prohibited by the Emory speech code are not those pertaining to rational discourse, but the type of speech designed to make students feel inferior and unsafe while they pursue a (very expensive and time-consuming) education. The student's right to an education cannot be 'trumped' by another student's right to say hateful things designed to make another student feel as if he or she has no right to attend class, to be on campus, or to speak his or her own opinion.
Of course, some may disagree with Emory's educational philosophy. Those who do are free to seek their higher education elsewhere: "Court rulings have prohibited public (state-run) colleges and universities from enacting codes that restrict the constitutional right to free speech based on content. Private institutions, in contrast, are not subject to these decisions. Emory, for example, as a private university, can ignore public law rulings…
Uelmen, Gerald. "The Price of Free Speech: Campus Hate Speech Codes."
Issues in Ethics. 5. 2. Summer 1992. January 2, 2010.
Studying the Case of an African-American College
Morehouse College was officially founded Augusta Institute in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1867. It has a relatively unique and rich heritage serving some of the brightest minds in the black community since its founding. The college has many notable graduates including Nobel Peace Prize laureate Martin Luther King Jr. Despite this rich legacy, the college in its present state has many operational challenges. The size of the student body in 1997-1998 was roughly three thousand students who all paid roughly $18,000 in tuition and fees. The faculty was composed of over two hundred instructors; 165 of whom were full-time and a majority of whom held their doctorate degrees. One of the more popular degree programs was the Business Management and Administrative Services program.
Since the computer began to become developed at an exponential rate since the 1980s, many of the business operations…
Dickeson, R. (V41N2). Unbundling the Issue of Faculty Productivity. Planning for Higher Education, 75-82.
Shavers, F. (1999). Morehouse College. Harvard: Graduate School of Education.
Toma, J. (2007). Expanding peripheral activities, increasing accountability demands and reconsidering governance in U.S. higher education. Higher Education Research & Development, 57-72.
Wildavasky, B. (2012). Higher Ed. The New York Times.
Pressures to Conform or Obey
Western nations pride themselves on allowing their citizens freedom to choose for themselves their paths and destinies. However, psychological and sociological pressures often trump government-granted freedoms, especially in certain situations.
Sociology is the examination of the social lives of humans, groups, and societies, often defined as the study of social interactions. It is a relatively new academic discipline that evolved in the early 19th century throughout Europe and America. It deals with the social rules and processes that bind and separate people not only as individuals, but as members of associations, groups, and institutions.
In fact, sociology is concerned with our behavior as social beings; as a result the sociological field of interest ranges from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous individuals on the street to the examination of global social processes. In a broad sense, sociology manifests the scientific examination of social groups,…
Orwell, George. (1949). 1984. New York: Bantam.
Janis, Irving. (1972). Groupthink. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Aperture. (2005). The New Workplace. New York: Aperture.
KidsHealth.org. (2005). Dealing with peer pressure. http://kidshealth.org/kid/feeling/friend/peer_pressure.html .
Since studies on the effect of tuition increases are few, it falls upon the public school to evaluate the impact of tuition increases on the student population. Schools are also tasked with periodic follow-up on the ongoing requirement for tuition increase, as well as maintaining a dialogue with students on the quality of education vice the increase in cost.
When public colleges are required to increase tuition, they also bear the burden of detailing how additional tuitions will be used. It is most effective when schools implement tuition increases that a portion of the increase be used to plan cost-cutting measures which in turn will reduce the need for future increases.
Many parents facing tuition increases are in precarious financial situations. Most families require that both parents work, and the loss of a job or the breakup of a marriage can reduce financial standing.
Unstable economies which drive up tuition…
Abou-Sayf, Frank K. "We strongly disapprove of the UH tuition schedule for 2006-07 to 2010-11, Increases, Demand and Academic Performance," Journal of Applied Research in the Community College, 9(1),2001, 25-44
No Author Listed. "College price increases moderate, but reliance on borrowing still rising"
Diverse Issues in Higher Education, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0WMX/is_20_22 " 2005
Olivas, Michael. "State college savings and prepaid tution plans: a reappraisal and review. Journal of Law and Education. Oct, 2003
Environmental and Organizational Pressures Sample
Create a table where at least three (3) organizational pressures and at least three (3) environmental pressures in the organization are illustrated and rank those pressures according to their influence.
Carbon emissions and overall sustainability
anking and promotion characteristics with the military.
Dependency on natural resources and their overall depletion
The ability to attract, hire and retain talented individuals to serve in the military
Identifying and using alternative energy and packaging solutions
Cultural sensitivity and its meaning within the organization.
Describe in detail the environmental and organizational pressures that exist in the organization and how they have evolved over time.
In regards to organization pressures within the military, much has changed due to varying societal norms. What was once deemed unacceptable by society has now become acceptable for society overall. As such, these changes have manifested themselves in…
1) Visser, Wayne, Dirk Matten, Manfred Pohl, and Nick Tolhurst (Editors) (2007). The A to Z. Of Corporate Social Responsibility. London, England; New York, NY: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-72395-1
2) Armstrong, Scott (1977). "Social Irresponsibility in Management." Journal of Business Research (Elsevier North-Holland Inc.) 15: 115 -- 203. http://marketing.wharton.upenn.edu/ideas/pdf/armstrong2/social.pdf .
3) Kalinda, B. (Ed.). Social Responsibility and Organizational Ethics. (2001). Encyclopedia of Business and Finance (2nd ed., Vol. 1). New York: Macmillan Reference
This is helpful advice for college students who wish for their work to stand out from that of their peers, for by choosing descriptive words over the general, writers can discover stronger and more vibrant ways in which to present their ideas in a thoughtful and critical way.
Goldberg's essay touches on the vital importance of paying attention to the world around us as we seek to learn the names of everything that we encounter. This is a practical tool that Cheryl L. Dozier cites as an effective way to encourage students to make the connection between what they read in books and what they see in the world around them. In such a way, a greater appreciation of words is created, along with an educational foundation which encourages strong literacy skills. In her essay "Literacy Coaching: Engaging and Learning with Teachers," Dozier writes that "noticing and naming involves an…
Dozier, Cheryl L. "Literacy Coaching: Engaging and Learning with Teachers." Issues in Literacy 18 (2008): 11-19. Web. 15 Nov. 2011.
Goldberg, Natalie. "Be Specific." Writing Down the Bones: Freeing the Writer Within.
Boston: Shambhala Publications, 2005. Print.
Lamott, Anne. "Shitty First Drafts." Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life. New York: Anchor Press, 1995. Print.
Parking on College Campuses
Almost every student at some point is concerned about campus parking, whether he or she is a resident who wants to have a car for day trips off-campus, or a commuter for whom a car is a vital necessity. Having decent and accessible parking is also an important 'selling point' for many campuses. egarding the impact of parking upon urban life, particularly tourist areas:
Parking is one of the first experiences that people have when traveling to a destination. Convenient and affordable parking are considered a sign of welcome. Parking that is difficult to find, inadequate, inconvenient or expensive will frustrate users and can contribute to spillover (motorists parking where they should not). As a result, inadequate parking supply can create problems to both users and nonusers... However, excessive parking can also create problems. Parking facilities are expensive to construct, imposing financial costs on developers, building…
A comprehensive menu of solutions to parking problems. (2011). TDM Encyclopedia.
Victoria Transport Policy Institute Journal. Retrieved October 2, 2011 at http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm72.htm#_Minimum_Parking_Requirements
Litman, Todd. (2011). Parking management: Innovative solutions to vehicle parking problems. Planetizen Journal of Management. Retrieved October 2, 2011 at http://www.planetizen.com/node/19149
Webster, Andrea. (207). The sustainable transportation challenge on college campuses.
Evidence-Based Project Implementation Issues: Pressure Ulcers
Evidence-based research as opposed to evidence-based practice is defined as "research [that] is generating new knowledge about a phenomenon or validating existing knowledge…Although evidence-based practice may have opinion -- expert opinion, but opinion still -- woven in, research is built in such a way to avoid bias" ("Evidence-based practice and avoiding confusion," 2014). Experiments must have controlled variables to ensure that extraneous data does not influence the result. In the case of my DNP project, the use of two-hour turning and positioning to decrease pressure ulcers in elderly bed-bound patients in nursing homes, one clear issue is the extent to which the patient's poor health could influence outcomes. Nursing home patients can have a variety of issues which could impact the results and both experimental and control groups must be carefully balanced. "More than 100 risk factors of pressure ulcers have been identified in…
Evidence-based practice and avoiding confusion. (2014). Health Leader's Media Council.
Retrieved from: http://www.healthleadersmedia.com/page-1/nrs-245879/EvidenceBased-Practice-and-Nursing-Research-Avoiding-Confusion
Haynes, B & Haines, A. (1998). Barriers and bridges to evidence-based clinical practice. BMJ,
317(7153): 273 -- 276. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1113594/
economic pressures do employers face that impact healthcare plan design and selection?
ight now, employers are facing shifts in Medicaid and Medicare costs, with some of those costs moving to the states instead of the federal government (osenbloom, 2011). That is a concern because many employers rely on the federal programs that give tax breaks to companies to help them pay insurance. Increased taxes are also appearing for many companies, because there are tax breaks that are ending and a rising cost of living (osenbloom, 2011). Economic pressures are significant for employers today, and some of those pressures are so strong that they are causing companies to stop offering healthcare to their employees because they simply cannot afford to do so. The design and selection of healthcare plans are also affected, as the employers that do offer plans are offering fewer of them and not paying as much of their…
Rosenbloom, J.S. (2011). The handbook of employee benefits (7th ed.) NY: McGraw-Hill
Social Pressure to Have or Not Have Children
In the November issue of edbook magazine two articles are available discussing children. The first article discusses TV in the bedroom and its effects on children, and the next discusses strategies for getting kids to sleep at night. The amount of coverage given to children in this magazine is small compared with the overall content of the magazine, however the overall message presented in the book is that it is acceptable if not very common and expected to have children.
A small portion of the advertisements in this magazine is dedicated to children, roughly 2% of the total magazine. The article suggests that children are difficult in some respects. Some subjects covered include trying to et children to sleep through the night which appears a difficult task, trying to talk with children about sleep and avoiding over stimulating children with too…
Yu, Winnie, "Get Your Kids To Sleep." Redbook, November 2005: 172
No More TV In The Bedrooms." Redbook, November 2005: 171
Relationships provide the key experience that connects children's personal and social worlds. It is within the dynamic interplay between these two worlds that minds form and personalities grow, behavior evolves and social competence begins." (1999) Howe relates that it is being acknowledged increasingly that "...psychologically, the individual cannot be understood independently of his or her social and cultural context. The infant dos not enter the world as a priori discrete psychological being. Rather, the self and personality form as the developing mind engages with the world in which it finds itself." (Howe, 1999) Therefore, Howe relates that there is: "...no 'hard boundary' between the mental condition of individuals and the social environments in which they find themselves. The interaction between individuals and their experiences creates personalities. This is the domain of the psychosocial." (Howe, 1999) the work of Howe additionally states that attachment behavior "...brings infants into close proximity to…
Ainsworth, M.D.S. (1989). Attachments beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44, 709-716.
Allen, Jon G. (2001) a Model for Brief Assessment of Attachment and Its Application to Women in Inpatient Treatment for Trauma Related Psychiatric Disorders Journal of Personality Assessment 2001 Vol. 76. Abstract Online available at http://www.leaonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/S15327752JPA7603_05?cookieSet=1&journalCode=jpa
Armsden, G.C., & Greenberg, M.T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427-454.
Barrocas, Andrea L. (2006) Adolescent Attachment to Parents and Peers. The Emory Center for Myth and Ritual in American Life. Working Paper No. 50 Online available at http://www.marial.emory.edu/pdfs/barrocas%20thesisfinal.doc
.....dreamed of becoming successful the field of social work or another career that involves helping people, I was told that I could not succeed in college because of my learning disability. The situation occurred when I was applying to join college to advance my professional development and skills. Throughout high school, I was in an individualized education program (IEP) because of the learning disability. I obtained decent grades in high school and also held several leadership and volunteer positions because of my passion to help others. However, when applying for college, I was told that I may not succeed because the learning disability was affecting my academic performance. The school administration told me that the course I was applying for was very demanding and a learning disability would affect my chances of success.
The situation was influenced by some external social, political and cultural factors, which made the school administration…
This is very clear from the consistently over 50% level of activity for cardio training for example. It is noteworthy this is the first time activity levels across the respondent base have stayed over 50% for any factor. This leads to the conclusion that the greater the concentration on a given area or specialized fitness program the greater the commitment over time.
The fourth question is which type of activity is least likely to lead to a high level of commitment on the part of respondents. Previous analysis indicates that the more specialized the activity the greater the long-term commitment. The contrarian view is supported through nonparametric correlation analysis of the activities measured in the response. When aerobics and basketball are combined by the same respondent there is a very high negative correlation of -.306, significant at the .01 level of confidence.
The fifth question is whether respondents participate in…
In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).
There will also be an all-time…
Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.
McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.
Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at http://www.clomedia.com/content/templates/clo_feature.asp?articleid=698&zoneid=29
Boston University is a 150-year-old institution located in Boston Massachusetts on the banks of the Charles River. At least 30,000 students attend the university, from around the country and the world. I am one of those students, and I just served as an intern at Boston University in the Distance Education center.
This was my first job and I worked as an intern web designer for the Distance Learning education center. I did not actually do the web design, but I did the small things, such as web maintenance, graphics, and updating the web site with new course materials, news, and registration information. My major was graphic design, and so I expected to work mostly on graphics and design of web pages, but in reality I was able to learn much more about the technical side of computers and the web. I was also able to learn more…
When you put these different pieces together, they will instill a sense of emotionalism and logical (helping to have the greatest impact upon the reader). The different examples will be drawn from a combination of: books, observations and experiences to add as much realism as possible.
Identifying the Pattern
The pattern that will be utilized to reach out to the audience is one that will speak to them in: a relaxed style and non-confrontational tone. As there will be select words that will be used to add that sense of emotionalism such as: drastic and extreme. This will help the reader be able to emotionally connect with the information that is being presented. The organizational style is to use a combination of text and graphics to catch the readers' attention. At the same time, you would want to use unique colors and a glossy format to make the pamphlet visually…
College Student Suicides. (2010). Suicide.org. Retrieved from: http://www.suicide.org/college-student-suicide.html
Stress Causes of College Students. (2011). Love to Know. Retrieved from: http://stress.lovetoknow.com/Stress_Causes_of_College_Students
I would be interested to see information on the number of these incidents when the drinking age was 18.
In his article, Seaman explains the practice of pregaming. According to Seaman, college students who are too young to purchase alcohol drink large quantities of liquor prior to going to a party. This practice results in many students either being hospitalized or actually dying from alcohol poisoning. In relating the history of the legislation regarding the drinking age, Seaman explains that the drinking age was lowered to 18 in the 1960s as a result of student protests. During the 1980s, pressures from Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD) forced legislation that increased the drinking age to 21 in all 50 states. According to Seaman, prohibiting the use of alcohol for 18 to 20-year-olds resulted in making the use of alcohol more attractive for these young adults. He argues that while lowering the…
Seaman, Barrett. "How Bingeing Became the New College Sport." Time.com. Web 23 June 2011. http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,1096516,00.html .
Urban Dictionary. Web. 23 June 2011. http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=pregame&defid=1483677
I could not agree more with the argument that there comes a period in someone's life when religious zeal emerges, in which case an individual takes "their religious identity seriously" (Feldmeir, 2004, p. 57). An individual develops this identity during adolescence and consolidates the same in early adulthood. It is during this period that the said individual learns exactly what "it means to be an adult with spiritual integrity" (Feldmeir, 2004 p. 56).
I personally became more religious after joining college. The reason for my move to be more religious, I believe, was as a consequence of the negative image about college life (with regard to students hanging out at clubs, etc.) that had been painted in my mind by relatives, friends, and the media. ight from a very tender age, I would hear my parents warn my elder sisters, who were in college then, against interacting with…
Feldmeir, P. (2004). Spirituality in Adulthood: Development and Fruition. The Way, 43(1), 51-64.
Wink, P. & Dillon, M. (2002). Spiritual Development across the Adult Life Course: Findings from a Longitudinal Study. Journal of Adult Development, 9(1), 79-94.
treat severe college stress year students. introduction background paragraph 3 body paragraphs conclusion academic references
Stress has recently emerged as one of the most dangerous disorders that people can contract as a result of coming across a series of more or less serious problems. Entering a new community is probable to provide an individual with significant issues, as the respective person would have to perform great efforts in order to be able to successfully integrate. This is the case with first-year students, as they encounter several problems trying to adapt to a more demanding environment. These people experience academic, social, and personal impediments as they struggle to be accepted by a world that they are largely unfamiliar with.
Leaving an environment that they have been accustomed to staying in for most of their lives can be particularly stressful for first-year students, as they practically need to abandon their previous lives…
Alipuria, Alexis Katherine, "First-year College Student Decision Making: How Freshmen Respond to the Stress of the College Transition," (ProQuest, 2007)
Hamil, Shelley, "Stress and the First-Year Student: An Adviser's Role during Tough Times," Retrieved May 26, 2012, from the Division of Undergraduate Studies Website: http://dus.psu.edu/mentor/old/articles/091021sh.htm
LaSere Erickson, Bette, Peters, Calvin B., and Weltner Strommer, Diane, "Teaching First-Year College Students," (John Wiley & Sons, 2009)
Dual enrolment has become a popular phenomenon in the education realm in the last one decade. Community colleges are increasingly collaborating with high schools to enable high school students undertake college-level courses while still in high school. This prepares high school students for the realities of college education and socialises them into the norms, attitudes, behaviours, and expectations of college life, in addition to reducing the time and cost of college education. However, challenges such as difficulties in credit transfer, little or no confidence in dual credit courses on the part of colleges and faculty members, lack of a strong policy framework, and ensuring equitable participation abound. These are concerns that college administrators must handle if dual enrolment is to be more successful. It is particularly important for the leaders of community colleges to adjust structures, processes, and practices at their institutions if the fairly new collaboration between secondary and…
Environmental and Organizational
Individual Commitment to Environment
Contribute to Profits
Environmental vs. Organizational Pressure
Change is disruptive and can be the source of much anxiety and stress. egardless of these fears, changes within organizations are inevitable and are guaranteed to happen sooner or later. To better manage these changes it is helpful to compare and contrast the different types of pressures an individual may feel when working in a corporate environment. The purpose of this essay is to discuss these pressures in an organizational and environmental context to decipher their influence on organizations. For purposes of this essay I will utilize my job working for Astra Zeneca as a guide to explain these influences and how change can best be managed.
The environment contains the organization and is large in size and scope, and, in theory affecting everyone who…
Angell, L (1999). Environmental and Operations Management Face the Future. Decisions Sciences, May 1999. Retrieved from http://www.decisionsciences.org/DecisionLine/Vol30/30_3/pom30_3.pdf
Delmas, Magali A. And Michael Toffel. "Institutional Pressures and Organizational Characteristics: Implications for Environmental Strategy." The Oxford Handbook of Business and the Natural Environment. Bansal, Pratima, and Andrew Hoffman, Eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. 229-247
Donovan, F. (2013). Organizational pressures creating schizophrenia within IT. Fierce Enterprise Communications, 30 Mar, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.fierceenterprisecommunications.com/story/gartner-organizational-pressures - creating-schizophrenia-within-it/2013-03-30
pressure? How respo
There was a time when I was under extreme duress to get to work on time. Although I can look back on the situation fondly now and apply the lessons learned, back then it could have had serious negative ramifications for my career. I had recently moved and was beginning a new nursing position. I was supposed to fly in on the Friday before I started the following Monday, but I missed the flight and had to catch the next one. By the time I arrived, I barely had a chance to get a full night's rest in my own bed, let alone plot the route from my new residence to my job. I remember feeling so pressured as I drove around the downtown streets which all looked alike since I had just moved. At the time, the last thing I wanted to do was start a…
academic environment students are under extreme pressure to turn assignments in on time as well and to get good grades on those assignments. Under these conditions students will often choose the path of least resistance or the easy way out and plagiarize from some document. In this essay we will briefly examine what plagiarism is and the challenges students face when attempting to avoid plagiarism. Ultimately it will be apparent that the majority of students plagiarize unintentionally and often to their great distress. While plagiarism is a serious concern, stemming the tide will require student education combined with institutional vigilance. Consequently, it is very difficult for untrained students to avoid plagiarism.
While there are many technical definitions of plagiarism, Academic Integrity (2011) suggests that plagiarism involves many variant and diverse types of behaviors. These behaviors range from the actual copying of text from another location for use in the students…
Academic Integrity for Students (2011). Retrieved from http://guides.library.ualberta.ca/content.php?pid=62200&sid=457755
Davis, S.F., Grover, C.A., Becker, A.H., & McGregor, L. N (1992). ' Academic Dishonesty',
Teaching of Psychology, 19 (1):16-20.
Schools today are under pressure to provide students with the maximum opportunity for as broad as possible an education. At the same time, the school environment and classroom are relatively safe and protected, but also restrictive in terms of insulating students from the world in general. To strike a balance between safety and learning, teachers often elect to include excursions beyond the boundaries of the school. These field trips are designed to provide students with a practical learning experience to supplement the information they are expected to internalize within the classroom. To maximize the positive effects of this experience, the Western Australian Department of Education has created a policy document to divulge the specific requirements for student safety during such trips.
This is then also the stated background of the policy, in that any risk factors related to excursions outside the school premises need to mitigated in such a way…
The CPA firm is under pressure to adapt to an ever-changing marketplace. The global environment affects not only large corporations, but smaller entities as well. Additionally, the customer(s) are constantly being wooed by the competition, lower prices, and online convenience that was not available only a few short years ago. In order to maintain and grow the firm, action must be taken to keep clientele from leaving, while enticing new clients to move their business to the firm. It seems as if globalization has brought added pressure to small firms, yet opportunities still abound. This is not the 'normal' business environment that one might expect. As one recent study found however; "the management of abnormal situations becomes more important every day" (Aguilar, Prato, Bravo, ivas, 2009, p. 406).
There are certain aspects of accounting that customers expect from their accountant and the firm that he/she works for. One of…
Aguilar, J.; Prato, F.; Bravo, C.; Rivas, F.; (2009) A multi-agent system for the management of abnormal situations in an artificially gas-lifted well, Applied Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 406 -- 426
Gardels, N.; (2007) America no longer owns globalization, New Perspectives Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 2 -- 5
John Wiley and Sons; (2006) Ethics in Accounting, accessed on April 12, 2012 at: http://higheredbcs.wiley.com/legacy/college/kieso/0470374942/gate/Ethics_in_Accounting/ethics_in_accounting.html
Kreng, V.B. & May-Yao, H.; (2011) Corporate social responsibility: Consumer behavior, corporate strategy, and public policy, Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, Vol. 39, Issue 4, pp. 529 -- 541
The pressure for increased meat to feed the world's hungry population vs. its strain on natural resources
The trendiness of vegetarianism and veganism aside, throughout history there has been a consistent trend regarding meat consumption. The more affluent the society, the more meat it tends to consume. This has been true of the rapidly-expanding population of the developing world. Given that the developed world continues to consume large amounts of meat, this has resulted in a proliferation of factory farming and a depletion of the earth's resources to feed growing demand: "These assembly-line meat factories consume enormous amounts of energy, pollute water supplies, generate significant greenhouse gases and require ever-increasing amounts of corn, soy and other grains, a dependency that has led to the destruction of vast swaths of the world's tropical rain forests" (Bittman 2008). Worldwide, per capita meat consumption has doubled since 1961 (Bittman…
Bittman, Mark. (2008). Re-thinking the meat guzzler. The New York Times. Retrieved:
Is eating meat sustainable. (2012). Real Food University. Retrieved:
movie lue Chips discuss 2 pages pressure put a coach win
While the masses are inclined to consider that being a college basketball coach is not very difficult from being a professor, reality is very different as these individuals encounter significant resistance as they attempt to assist their students in experiencing positive results in their endeavors. Some of them are unable to cope with the stress that they go through as they concentrate on improving the abilities of their students and come to perform immoral activities with the purpose of having better teams. The character of Pete ell in William Friedkin's motion picture lue Chips perfectly displays the experiences of a struggling basketball coach as he loses his ethics as a result of entering a world dominated by corruption.
The world of sports in the contemporary society is no longer a place where fair play is one of the principal…
Dir. William Friedkin, Blue Chips, Paramount Pictures, 1994.
WRC was a rival association and since Nike had been supporting FLA for sometimes, Nike saw University of Oregon's decision as a kind of betrayal, which led to immediate withdrawal of support. University of Oregon stood by its decision, which sets an example of right conduct.
It is important to understand that multinational firms have a duty towards the community and if they fail to comply, we, the consumers should use our purchasing power as a pressure tactic. Payment of appropriate wages is a responsibility of the firm and so is maintenance of good working conditions. Therefore when a firm as large as Nike fails to take into account its responsibilities, it is important that consumers pressurize them into seeing this. The only tool that we have is our purchasing power. If we decide not to purchase products made under certain sub-human conditions, it will automatically put the firm under…
Oxford Brookes University BSc (Hons) in Applied
Accounting esearch and Analysis Project
An Analysis of the Business and Financial Performance of StarHub Group from 2008 to 2010
Topic chosen and for the reason
For the basis of my Oxford Brookes University degree research and analysis project (AP) is project, the topic selected was number 8, "The business and financial performance of organisation over the three years period." This selection is due in large part to my ultimate dream job of being a professional financial analyst and the environment in which the Singaporean telecommunications industry is developing. For instance, Chong and Chow emphasize that, "Asia's telecommunications market has long been viewed as lucrative and fast growing. The value of the Asian market is estimated at $180 billion, while a recent study shows that the "Asia-Pacific excluding Japan has been the fastest growing information and communications technology market, moving at a compound…
Anderson, M. (2010, August) 'Gearing.' ACCA Student Accountant.
Bragg, S.M. (2007) Business Ratio and Formulas, 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Chong, R. & Chow W. (1999) 'Financing Telecommunications Projects in Asia: A Promising
Regulatory Perspective.' Federal Communications Law Journal, vol. 52, no. 1, p. 1.
Every university's economic situation and priorities varies. While some universities can self-sponsor their activities, most universities do need external assistance. Therefore, it is unbeneficial to criticize the presence of a socially responsible company on campus, which is benefiting education.
Regarding the vendor relationship, she centers her argument on the notion that tech-firms are greatly influencing the curriculum and thus negatively influencing college education. She writes, "Faculty members are very much involved in helping to select software packages for students or in setting the parameters for hardware purchases for their units, most faculty are clueless about such processes. These decisions are frequently based on the expectations that future employers have for graduates: Can a future project manager use Excel? Can an engineering student solve modeling equations with Matlab? Do the architecture students know AutoCAD? Are your students facile in some discipline-specific modeling software? Where have all the Apples gone?"
psychological concepts. In some questions, specific scenarios were also given and we had to analyse them with reference to psychological concepts. Over all, this assignment broadened our knowledge of psychology and improved our thinking skills.
To answer this question, first we have to understand the meaning of gender. While sex refers to the biological differences between males and females, gender refers to the sociological differences between males and females. Gender however can be influenced by biological differences but it basically is a social phenomena. Gender differences can vary in different cultures and societies. For e.g. most of the females work in the U.S. But many women in Asian countries do not go to work. So if women and men were classified on basis of going to work, then women in U.S. would be very different from women in the Asian countries.
Let us now talk about gender roles. Gender roles…
Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis
The University of San Diego Counseling Center (USDCC) has been established to provide enrolled students with access to quality counseling and healthcare services. Employing a diverse selection of the university's most accomplished psychiatrists, psychologists, medical doctors, registered nurses, and other healthcare professionals, the USDCC operates a high-volume Critical Intensive Care Unit with the assistance of a 50-member nursing staff. Although the USDCC has built a reputation for delivering competent and qualified critical care services across a number of years, the organization's management structure has become concerned that educational priorities have not been updated to reflect modern advancements in the field. To that end, the USDCC recently elected to conduct a comprehensive Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis to identify the paramount educational needs in place, and the institutional forces working to facilitate or impede the implementation of these needs. Empirical research on the efficacy of various…
Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods.
Journal of Sociology, 44, 868-896. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2769418?uid=3739552&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=7
Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
A means oriented strategy involves developing improved ways of managing resources while pursuing the organizations goals. Some approaches that are preferred are laying off faculty, decreasing faculty size, increasing budget control, and implementing energy conservation. Least preferred approaches include: laying off administrative staff, decreasing campus maintenance, decreasing salaries, and decreasing student recruitment. educing faculty size has particularly been effective because faculty salaries and fringe benefits usually represent an institutions' single largest expense. They often exceed 50% of the total budget. Because of this faculty retrenchment has become a major retrenchment strategy that is being used today (Budros, 2001, p.223)
When organization make retrenchment decisions it is important that they make rational choices. Classical models of organizational choice are made up of processes that are highly rational and involve the following four basic things: 1) they establishing organizational goals and objectives, 2) they search for alternative actions, 3) they assess the…
Appelbaum, Steven H. And Patton, Eric. (2002). Downsizing the university: bonne chance! The
International Journal of Educational Management, 16(2/3), p.126.
Asher, Hanna and Shapiro, Jonathon Z. (1990). Are Retrenchment Decisions Rational? The
Journal of Higher Education, 61(2), p. 121.
Political Activism and College Students -- First Peer-Reviewed Article
The study (1) was conducted as a research question in order to review the "contemporary trends in student organizing" and to examine how student governments and student movements influence the policies of higher education (Klemencic, 2014). Prior research presented by the author (2) includes: National student unions tend to be training grounds for future political leaders (Luescher-Mamashela and Mugume, 2014); student activism disrupts higher education; obstructs educational reforms; exerts pressure for social change, but are "recognizable features of campus life" (Altbach, 1966-2006); the international economic downturn forced universities to increase income from private sources (Marcucci and Usher, 2012).
The author (3) selected universities where studies had been made about why and how students organize. There was no need to obtain (4) informed consent from the participants since it was a literature review of existing studies. The research instruments (5) were previously…
Klemencic, M. (2014). Student power in a global perspective and contemporary trends in student organizing. Studies in Higher Education, 39(3), 396-411.
Pascarella, E.T., Salisbury, M.H., Martin, G.L., and Blaich, C. (2012). Some Complexities
in the Effects of Diversity Experiences on Orientation Toward Social/Political Activism
and Political Views in the First Year of College. The Journal of Higher Education, 83(4),
The assumption here is that ounselor burnout may be heightened as a result of the diversity of students who attend post seondary eduational institutions, and the variety of servies the 2-year postseondary ounselors must provide to these students. This assumption is ongruent with the findings of a study by Wilkerson and Bellini (2006) who advise, "Professional shool ounselors are asked to perform multiple duties as part of their daily work. Some of these duties math the desriptions set forth by national standards for shool ounseling programs, whereas others do not" (p. 440).
Consequently, shool ounselors are required to formulate deisions on a daily basis onerning the best way to perform their jobs (Wilkerson & Bellini). Not surprisingly, many shool ounselors are overwhelmed by these onstantly hanging working onditions and requirements, and a number of ounselors experiene high levels of stress as a result. Beause the onnetion between high levels of…
cited in Angerer, 2003). Unfortunately, it would seem that most helping professionals, including counselors, possess characteristics which predisposed them to this construct. For example, Lambie notes that, "Counselors may have increased susceptibility to burnout because of their training to be empathic which is essential to the formation of a therapeutic relationship. In fact, research has found counselor empathy to account for two thirds of the variance in supporting clients' positive behavioral change" (p. 32). The ability to remain empathic to the plights and challenges typically being experienced by students in community colleges is complicated by the enormous diversity that is increasingly characterizing these institutions, of course, but all helping professionals run the risk of becoming burned out while performing their responsibilities by virtue of their empathic sharing. In this regard, Lambie emphasizes that, "Empathy helps counselors understand the client's experience, but at the same time, a counselor may experience the emotional pain of multiple traumatized clients. Empathy is a double-edged sword; it is simultaneously your greatest asset and a point of real vulnerability; therefore, a fundamental skill of effective counselors, being empathic, may place counselors at high risk for burnout" (p. 33).
Citing the alarming results of a national survey of counselors that indicated that incidence may be almost 40%, Lambie also emphasizes that although all professions involve some degree of stress, counselors and other human service providers are at higher risk of burnout compared to other professionals. For example, this author notes that, "Counseling professionals are often in close contact with people who are in pain and distress. This continuous exposure to others' despair, combined with rare opportunities to share the benefits of clients' successes, heightens counselors' risk for burnout" (Lambie, p. 34). Other authorities confirm the incidence of burnout among educators, and cite even higher rates than the foregoing estimate. For instance, Cheek, Bradley and Lan (2003) report that, "Based on several international studies, approximately 60% to 70% of all teachers repeatedly show symptoms of stress, and a minimum of 30% of all educators show distinct symptoms of burnout" (p. 204). Indeed, a study by Lumsden (1998) determined that overall teacher morale was sufficiently severe that fully 40% of the educators who were surveyed indicated they would not choose teaching again as a career, and far more than half (57%) remained undecided at the time concerning ending their teaching career, were actively making plans to leave teaching, or would opt to leave the teaching field in the event a superior opportunity presented itself.
There are some other qualities that typify school counselors that may predispose them to becoming burned out over the course of time (some quicker than others, of course), but which may reasonably be expected to adversely effect the ability of school counselors to maintain their effectiveness in the workplace. For instance, Lambie concludes that, "Common counselor qualities of being selfless (i.e., putting others first), working long hours, and doing whatever it takes to help a client place them at higher susceptibility to burnout. As a result, counselors may themselves need assistance in dealing with the emotional pressures of their work" (p. 34).
Counselors and Characteristics of Burnout
This decision at the opportune time ensured that the SAT scores returned to their normal level during the current year, and the core admission processes have remained as in earlier years. However, in case the scores plummeted to more depths and minor tweaking was not sufficient to amend them, the Program Director would make endeavor to make important modifications in the admission procedures in an endeavor to ensure that the scores return to their earlier acceptable state of affairs. For instance, such a marked decline in the previous years resulted in the development of a new high school relations program giving courses to higher juniors and seniors in the span of two years, the SAT scores bounced back to the original levels. (Birnbaum, 1998)
7. What quality assurance processes are in place within the institution?
Quality assurance processes in a cybernetic system as that of Huxley is that…
Birnbaum, Robert. (1998) "How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic
Organization and Leadership" Jossey-Bass Inc.
Calas, Martha. B; Smircich, Linda. (1992) "Re-writing gender into organizational theorizing: Directions from feminist perspectives" in Rethinking organization: New directions in organization theory and analysis. Michael Read and Martin Hughes (eds.), 227-253. London: Sage.
High School Dual Programs
Current social, political, and cultural concerns have hastened the call for high school reform and have intensified an interest in producing high school graduates that are college ready (Kuo, 2010). Competition from up-and-coming economies such as China and India have challenged traditional American economic world dominance and are forcing policy makers to be concerned about making substantive changes in the educational system (Kuo, 2010). However, when positive attempts are made to reform high schools, they often are not sustained due to the fact that the people who initiated the changes moved on and the system reverted back to the way it was prior to the reform effort (Hamann, 2005). Thus, there is the need for wider-ranging changes in education.
Twenty-first century educational reform efforts will need to address three emerging issues related to the American educational system: globalization, the continuity of the system, and the wasted…
Cohen, J.S., & Smerdon, B.A. (2009). Tightening the dropout tourniquet: Easing the transition from middle to high school. Washington D.C: New America Foundation.
Cooper, M.A. (2009). Dreams deferred? The relationship between early and later postsecondary educational aspirations among racial/ethnic groups. Educational Policy, 23, 615-649.
Domina, T. & Ruzek, E (2010). Paving the way: K-16 partnerships for higher education diversity and high school reform. Educational Policy, 26(2), 243-267.
Hamann, E.T. (2005). Systemic high school reform in two states: The serendipity of state-level action. The High School Journal, 89(1), 1-17.
The impact of social pressures and cultural influences on human development are not fully know. Only pieces of information are available for us to understand as there is much to be learned and gathered from this subject. The purpose of this essay is to examine two distinct articles directly related to socio-cultural influences on the development of the human species. This essay will first review and summarize each article on its own merits before offering new conclusions about the feasibility, practicality and overall usefulness of these two arguments presented.
Bakermans-Kranenburg et al. (2004) article about attachment security and minority children helped to expose some important information about the ways culture has a direct and sometimes profound impact on human development. Through statistical analysis gathered from qualitative means, certain patterns of relationships were identified through this study. The study eventually found that there are significant differences in the way…
Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. et al. (2004). Differences in attachment security between African- American and white children; ethnicity or socio-economic status? Infant Behavior & Development,27 (2004) 417-433.
Varela, R. et al. (2009). Parenting strategies and socio-cultural influences in childhood anxiety; Mexican, Latin American descent, and European-American families. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, 2009, 609-616.
There are abundant pressures on open land, from urban and suburban sprawl to the increase of factory farming. At the same time, it is being recognized that more and more species are being lost as land becomes less diversified and habitats are destroyed. In addition, life is becoming more stressful and people seek ways to engage in recreation for relief. There may be a way to combine more balanced land use with the need for human populations to engage in recreation, and to save significant portions of the natural world at the same time. These methods involved dual uses for open land, both agricultural and forest, and would benefit from additional support by governmental agencies.
Statement of the problem
In an era when it is more profitable to sell rural or close-in suburban land for development than to retain the land for farming or other uses, means must…
Chapman, Art. (2003) Texas ranch to host weekend with Willie, Ronald, longhorns. Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, August 6. Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.
Eisele, Tim. (2003) Managing woodlands a big benefit to wildlife. Wisconsin State Journals, June 11. Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.
Landowners to receive grants for conservation actions. (2001) M2 Presswire, May 2.
M2 Presswire; 5/2/2001 Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.
Loma Linda University are particularly attractive and meaningful to you and why you have chosen to apply for advanced education.
It is clear from the information materials available that Loma Linda University seeks to foster a holistic development of those who choose to join its programs. The University is committed to global respect for the diversity of humanity in line with God's intention. Loma Linda serves the world community through promoting living healthy including sharing the Good News. The consistent commitment of the university to serve both local and international community with education and a spiritual touch is what inspired my zeal to seek to become a member of the institution (LLU, n.d.).My central objective, since graduating from MCPHS, is to upscale my grades so as to present a formidable application for admission into the neonatal and pediatric practitioner program for nurses. I'm currently enrolled at Regis College; pursuing a…
LLU. (n.d.). Mission and Values. Retrieved from Loma Linda University: http://home.llu.edu/about-us/mission-and-values
Wehrhahn, N. (2014, June 08). All things simple. retrieved from: http://nataliawehrhan, blogspot.com/2014/06/lli.html
Sales and Promotion
Blue Mountain Community College has been experiencing some difficulty in the area of developing a sales and promotion plan for the athletic department. The purpose of this discussion is to resolve this problem through the development of a detailed plan for promotion and sales of its teams. The plan will be inclusive of the five teams the community college has including football, baseball, softball, and men's and women's basketball.
Regardless of the sport being discussed in terms of promotion and sales, one of the key components in improving sales is associated with relationship marketing (Parvatiyar & Sheth 2001). According to Bee & Kahle (2006)
"Relationship marketing is important because it can be effective. It facilitates role enactment by providing definitions for types of influence and communication strategies that should characterize two participants in a relationship. Teams, leagues, athletes, marketing corporations, and fans have relationships with…
Bee C.C., Kahle, L.R.. (2006) Relationship Marketing in Sports: A Functional Approach. Sport Marketing Quarterly. 15, 102-110
Fink, J.S., Trail, G.T., & Anderson, D.F. (2002). Environmental factors associated with attendance and sport consumption behavior: Gender and team differences. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 11, 8-19
Fullerton S., Merz, G.R. (2008) The Four Domains of Sports Marketing: A Conceptual Framework. Sport Marketing Quarterly,, 17, 90-108
Irwin, R.L., Sutton W.A., McCarthy, L.M. (2008) Sport promotion and sales management. Human Kinetics