497 results for “College Tuition”.
It's become a widely recognized fact. College is expensive, and saddles students with lifelong debts. Moreover, observation shows that people learn very little in college and that knowledge and talent in a field may be unrelated to the degrees that one has. There's a simple solution to this problem: the youth of this nation should refuse to go to colleges where they will be saddled with debt and useless information. Of course, many people would complain that without going to college, one is not qualified for jobs in the real world. It is true that many jobs will not hire people who go to school, but this does not make the unschooled less qualified. If everyone refused to go to school, then corporations would simply have to accept new standards for hiring, such as talent. It is my argument that college is not worth the price and people should…
Colleges' Failure to Resolve Funding May Bar Millions From Attending, Study Finds..." The Washington Post Company Jun 18, 1997.
Rising Tuitions Fill Loan Firm Coffers; Constellation of Businesses Grows Around Education Financing Series: DOLLARS AND DIPLOMAS; MAKING MONEY ON THE HIGH COST OF COLLEGE Series Number: 1/3" The Washington Post Company Oct 27, 1997.
College Education Should be Free for Everyone
People everywhere in the U.S. are going into major debt just to get a college diploma so they can be eligible for a career in the job market. Fifty years ago, having to get into debt just to be eligible for a job was not a characteristic of starting a career. It is a new phenomenon that has developed as a result of the federal government backstopping all student loans (Avery, Turner). Whenever the federal government gets involved in anything in the free market, prices go up (Wolfram). That is the reason health care is so expensive today: the federal government subsidizes treatments, which means producers have no problem raising the prices as they know taxpayers are going to pay for it via Uncle Sam. Since Uncle Sam also started guaranteeing student loans, colleges have no problem offering them to student and raising…
The report also shows that some changes must be made in order to make student financial assistance more affordable, by reducing loan interest rates for example.
Denis Herard also stated for the Edmonton Journal reporters: "We're on track to implementing the new tuition fee policy that will be in place and working for the students in the fall of 2007."
However, the new policy must be approved by the cabinet and other levels of government. Last year, premier alph Klein unveiled a tuition freeze as a "centennial gift" and promised to come up with the most "affordable" tuition policy in Canada.
These recommendations simply reinforce the status quo," said David Cournoyer, chairman of the Council of Alberta University Students and a vice-president of the University of Alberta Students' Union, about the proposals and recommendations in the steering committee's report.
Both the Advanced Education Minister, Denis Herard, and the Premier, alph…
1. "Historical and social content. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuition .
2."Education in Quebec. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Qu%C3%A9bec .
3."University tuition fees." The Daily. Statistics Canada. (September 2006).
4. Thorne, Duncan. "Minister promises to link tuition fees with cost of living."
To some, that suggests that college is a more viable alternative for many of those who would otherwise have sought jobs in the manufacturing sector previously.
However, there are at least two reasons that such a conclusion may be invalid. First, while many manufacturing jobs have disappeared, many other types of technical jobs opportunities have emerged from numerous new technologies (Klein, 2012). Many of them require vocational degrees and certifications but no college degrees. For many people without specific interests in vocational applications of any college degrees being considered, training programs for these types of jobs is much less expensive, quicker, and more likely to lead to satisfying employment options than a college diploma in a random academic area or one of great intellectual value but few employment prospects outside of academia (Klein, 2012).
Second, vocational training, in general, has changed significantly in the last several decades. Specifically, whereas vocational…
Coy, P. (2009). "The lost generation." Business Week (October 19, 2009): 33-35.
Ewing, J. (2009). "Germany's answer: The apprentice." Business Week (October 19,
Hay, J. (2013). Question of 'Is college worth it?' weighs on local students. The Press
Community colleges too saw tuition raises and increases in mandatory fees in 48 of the 50 states. These increases in costs directly affect the students that have to pay them.
DeMoranville and O'Donnell (2001) investigated the effects of increases in per-credit-hour tuition on four-year graduation rates and how they are marketed to minimize enrollment effects. These authors too understood that increases in tuitions and fees directly has a negative impact on students. Their study examined whether or not a sliding scale tuition rate would increase the graduation rates. The researchers found that a sliding tuition rate scale does not positively affect four-year graduation rates when tuition increases are incurred.
DeMoranville and O'Donnell's (2001) research is important because it shows a history of negative effects incurred by increasing tuition. However, as times have changed such as the increased need for higher education in a competitive job market and the availability of…
DeMoranville, C. & O'Donnell, P. "Price Elasticity of Per-Credit-Hour Tuition Charges and the Effects on Four-Year Graduation Rates." Journal of Marketing for Higher Education 11(4) 2001: 29-49. Education Resource Complete EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 19 Oct. 2009 .
Trombley, W. "The Rising Price of Higher Education." The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Winter 2003. The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. 19 Oct. 2009 .
Of late, an alarming hike is being witnessed in college tuition fees. This, coupled with books, housing, supplies, transport and food expenses, leads to unmanageable debt for college students. A majority of financial experts suggest maximum borrowing to amount to one’s anticipated earnings during one’s first year following graduation. But the hike in tuition fees renders this suggestion hard to follow. Nearly 50% of collegegoers today consider quitting college midway owing to debt incurred. Unable to meet these expenses, an increasing number of pupils are actually quitting college. Meanwhile, other pupils have no option but to seek full-time employment, besides attending college full-time. Hardly any student graduates without being burdened by debt. In this paper, the issue of college campus debt, its prevention, and potential solutions if one cannot escape it, will be addressed.
Normally, the highest-risk group isn’t that of pupils having the biggest debt; rather, it…
The report also identified some important aspects that determined successful completion of higher education. It was found that among both borrowers and non-borrowers, working part-time or fulltime and/or delayed entry into college carried a significantly high risk for dropping out. The fact that almost all of the students who successfully completed higher education were enrolled in college right after high school, attended fulltime and did not work part time or full time implied that external distractions had a major negative impact on successful completion. Since borrowers are under financial burden they are more prone to take up part time jobs and therefore carry a greater risk for dropping out. Essentially, one of the main findings and recommendations of this report is to "Make college more affordable so as to reduce dependence on loan financing and student employment, especially for those with the greatest need." [Lawrence Gladiex, pg 16]
1) Tamar Lewin, 'College may become Unaffordable for Most in U.S.', New York Times, Accessed Nov 19th 2009, Available Online at, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/03/education/03college.html?sq=Higher%20Education%20May%20Soon%20Be%20Unaffordable%20for%20Most%20Americans&st=cse&adxnnl=1&scp=1&adxnnlx=1258791454-dIlgWsiVrh3PLjWWuRQS7g
2) Tamar Lewin, 'College Costs Keep Rising', New York Times, Accessed Nov 19th 2009, Available Online at, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/21/education/21costs.html?scp=10&sq=higher%20education%20price&st=cse
3) Jack Kadden, 'Fears for the Future of University of California', NY times Accessed Nov 20th 2009, Available Online at, http://thechoice.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/11/20/fears-for-the-future-of-the-university-of-california/?scp=2&sq=higer%20education%20new%20policies&st=cse
4) NCPPHE, 'Measuring Up: 2008 -- The national report Card on Higher Education', Accessed 19th Nov 009, available online at, http://measuringup2008.highereducation.org/print/NCPPHEMUNationalRpt.pdf
Since studies on the effect of tuition increases are few, it falls upon the public school to evaluate the impact of tuition increases on the student population. Schools are also tasked with periodic follow-up on the ongoing requirement for tuition increase, as well as maintaining a dialogue with students on the quality of education vice the increase in cost.
When public colleges are required to increase tuition, they also bear the burden of detailing how additional tuitions will be used. It is most effective when schools implement tuition increases that a portion of the increase be used to plan cost-cutting measures which in turn will reduce the need for future increases.
Many parents facing tuition increases are in precarious financial situations. Most families require that both parents work, and the loss of a job or the breakup of a marriage can reduce financial standing.
Unstable economies which drive up tuition…
Abou-Sayf, Frank K. "We strongly disapprove of the UH tuition schedule for 2006-07 to 2010-11, Increases, Demand and Academic Performance," Journal of Applied Research in the Community College, 9(1),2001, 25-44
No Author Listed. "College price increases moderate, but reliance on borrowing still rising"
Diverse Issues in Higher Education, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0WMX/is_20_22 " 2005
Olivas, Michael. "State college savings and prepaid tution plans: a reappraisal and review. Journal of Law and Education. Oct, 2003
(Corey, 2005, p. 3)
Now, again these costs are outstripping the ability of institutions to offset them and again other programs or individuals will then be asked to pay them. (Davis, 2003, pp. 1-2) According to these three experts the situation has again reached a pinnacle, as there will be a saturation point, where institutions may begin to reduce tuition discounting, as they become more aware of the risks they take in creating tuition-revenue deficits and begin to lose or be unable to support greater diversity of programming and enrolment. According to Corey, the goals associated with allowance of deficits are softer goals, and less track able, such as increased prestige but they could also be linked intrinsically to poor management, i.e. errors made when tuition discounting goes so far that it creates a deficit without intention, offsetting these deficits institutions argue that they have met goals other than revenue…
Davis, J.S. (May 2003) Unintended consequences of tuition discounting
5(1) Lumina Foundation For Education Retrieved May 1, 2009 at:
Corey, S.M. (November 2005) Explanations for an institution continuing to tuition discount even when the results produce negative effects on net tuition revenue. Retrieved May 10, 2009 at: http://www.prescott.edu/faculty_staff/faculty/scorey/documents/Corey2005ExplainingTDwithNegEffects.pdf
Education on managing or eliminating debt early in one's professional life should also be combined with realistic education on the state of the economy and the impact which this has levied on personal opportunities for financial comfort. To this point, individuals are not finding the jobs for which their education has qualified them, are not achieving a pay commensurate to what they anticipate are their living requirements and are unable to afford many of the fundamental instruments to healthy and intelligent living. Indeed, one source denotes that "in 2007, the Census Bureau estimated that there were nearly 8 million uninsured young adults (ages 18-24), making them the largest segment of the uninsured population. That problem is likely to be compounded with the rise in unemployment and lack of new jobs resulting from the current economic recession." (E-Health Insurance, 1)
Because such matters should be considered a significant priority, the budgetary…
Doyle, J. (2008). Credit Nightmares. NPC. Online at http://www.npc.org.uk/media/newsfromprospectsarchive/creditnightmares
E-Health Insurance. (2009). Seven Tips for College Graduates Seeking Health Insurance. Young Money.
Hilpern, K. (2006). Student debt: are you on top of what you owe? The Independent. Online at http://www.independent.co.uk/student/postgraduate/student-debt-are-you-on-top-of-what-you-owe-475696.html
Lazarony, L. (2008). 12 money-management tips for college students. Bankrate.com.
Even today, the image of the over-sexualized college girl persists, in images of girls on 'spring break' who have 'gone wild,' to cheerleaders. Also, although they have dimmed so much, the question as to how to balance work and family life remains for women in a way that it does not for men, harkening back to the idea that women, unlike men, must choose between being either bodies or brains.
The anxieties about female education in recent decades have also become exacerbated by the increasing percentages of women in relation to men on campuses all across the nation. As women make up a disproportionate amount of college graduates, women and men have voiced the concern that men will begin to feel inadequate, and that boys cannot cope with the feminized atmosphere of the classroom. While before it was feared that women could not cope with 'male' subjects like mathematics and…
And it is to this end that the university is so distinct in the way that it provides a community which is most hospitable to intellectual and emotional growth.
Difficulty of Harmonization:
Downey (2000) points to a modern vagary of our persistent state of global recession in making the case that it is difficult to find harmony between the stated goals of his trinity. Indeed, though this reflects a certain ideal for university functionality, it contrasts the reality in many contexts. riting on Canada's higher education system, which has been largely subsidized by government funding on an historical basis, Downey (2000) indicates that that more privately run university system in America is becoming a model to public officials. This, Downey (2000) demonstrates, is to the detriment of the university's capacity to reflect the modalities of his trinity in harmony. As he remarks, the Canadian government is finding itself increasingly hobbled…
Downey, J. (2000). Balancing Corporation, Collegium, and Community. Innovative Higher Education.
S. with significant language barriers that severely complicate their employment prospects. Therefore, it is suggested that Acadia launch a promotional campaign targeting this population in conjunction with the establishment of a series of English Language for Foreign Professional program to capitalize on this market.
High School Recruitment and University Fairs
The current economic crisis in the U.S. has opened up a tremendous opportunity for higher education institutions that offer high-quality and comprehensive online academic programs that lead to fully recognized undergraduate and post-graduate degrees. Today, large numbers of students from socioeconomic strata that had previously considered attending college a "given" have come to realize that doing so may be financially unrealistic, especially if they had expected to attend traditional on-site colleges rather than commuting from their homes. The increasing costs of college tuition, reduced availability of U.S. federal student loans, higher unemployment of parents, lower prospects of part-time employment for…
Public College Education in the United States Be Free for All?
Education should be free for all U.S. citizens in the United States in order for the U.S. workforce to effectively compete in the globalized economy.
I believe education is integral to national and personal well-being. The current U.S. economy is highly global and competitive, and for it to become, and remain, strong, the nation requires the world's most highly educated workforce. This cannot be achieved if, year after year, several thousand bright youngsters in the nation are unable to afford college education, whilst several million more quit school deep in debts. The U.S. must ensure that each youngster in the nation who aspires to earn a college diploma/degree can realize his/her dream, without falling in debt, irrespective of family income (Sanders para. 5). United States is the leader of the western world and the western world is the leader…
Bolinder, Connor. "Why college should be free." Technician 17 February, 2016. Print.
Ellison, Keith. "The Argument for Tuition-Free College." The American Prospect 14 April 2016. Print
Sanders, Bernie. "Make college free for all." Washington Post 22 October 2015. Print.
Day Seven Class -- History: The only materials recommended are a copy of Howard Zinn's a People's History of the United States.
Day Eight -- Writing Day: No additional materials are recommended because participants already have pencils and notebooks for other classes.
Day Nine -- Reading Day: No additional materials are recommended because participants already have a copy of a book they have always wanted to read.
Day Ten -- Open Mind Day: No additional materials are recommended. Participants are encouraged to trade their books recommended for Days Six and Nine with other participants whose books they would never have chosen to read and would never have read otherwise.
The New York City Metropolitan Area has an extensive public transportation system. Subways travel from all four outer-boroughs into Manhattan and from other areas of Manhattan to the Union Square Area. Every subway station and bus stop maintains posted maps…
money is a factor in politics, it is also a factor in academics and it is a corrupting influence, because who controls the purse strings controls the content. It is like having sponsored content in a newspaper: the university's educative content is essentially sponsored by benefactors who have a say and a stake in the ideas that are promoted. Thus one should pay attention to who and what entities are supporting universities if one is sensitive to what sort of material he or she wants to learn, because depending on the backers of the institution it might turn out that a very specific worldview or focus is promoted.
Also, with college tuitions rising and the job market shrinking, there is a significant chance that a great many students will be left with a bill that they simply cannot afford. Debt over one's eyeballs is certainly nowhere close to being the…
Butler, S. (2003). War is a Racket. LA: Feral House.
Hershbein, B., Hollenbeck, K. (2015). Student Loans and the Dynamic of Debt. MI:
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Lind, W. (2011). The History of Political Correctness. Free Congress Foundation.
College a right or a privilege
For a long time majority of colleges took themselves to exist in place of a parent, and evinced a worry with the development of characters of their students. A geared up acknowledgement had long been in place that college education was a privilege, but not a right, and that individuals who enjoyed it were obligated to others. In addition a strong element of paternalism existed and it was extensively considered that college administrators and professors in particular as well as adults in general, had better knowledge of what was good for a student than the student himself. Role of taking place of parents later came to an end. Dormitory life regulations were relaxed, as the same applied generally to regulation of campus life, as well as of the curriculum. Majority of professors came to realize their function as tutor in their subject, without meddlesome…
Dewey, John. Democracy and Education. New York: Free Press. (Originally published in 1916):1966
OECD, Chapter A: The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning: Education at a Glance 2002
R.S. Peters: Ethics and education. 5th edn, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London 1968.
R.S. Peters: The philosophy of education J.W. Tibble (Ed.):1966.
college campus across the country, students are greeted with the familiar sight of individuals seated at folding tables, with the purpose of marketing credit cards to them. These salespeople are most frequently seen during the beginning of the college semester and are usually young and attractive and smiling, barely older than the students themselves. Quite often, if a student fills out an application for the credit card, he or she may receive a small toy or a gigantic in exchange for his or her pains. hat could be more harmless? hat's wrong with having a credit card on hand, 'just in case?'
However, this familiar sight is one of the many reasons that college students are becoming more and more deeply ensnared in debt. These smiling individuals prey upon students when they are at their most vulnerable. Most of these students have just had to pay hundreds of dollars for…
Indentured Servitude Contract in 17th Century Virginia. Stratford Hall History Resource of Historical Documents. http://www.history.pdx.edu/hst201/headrts.htm
Encarta Encyclopedia. "Sharecropping."
Consequently a student when graduate is already under debt thousands of dollars. Most of the time those students are awarded aid that are need-based but quite a number of students are entertained based on academic merit, sports ability or musical talent rather than financial need. Universities gave almost half of their $14.5 billion in scholarship money in 2000 to students based on merit or ability.
Students gaining admissions and financial aid could still display poor result as shown by the 1996 study of UCLA according to which there were less than 40% students who finished their degree in the first four years of joining university, a decline by 7% from 20 years ago.
As the large some of public money goes into the higher education system public definitely do take cognizance of who is taking advantage of the scheme and how much is been spent. Majorities say it's important to…
1]the state constitution of 1974
http://senate.legis.state.la.us/Documents/Constitution/Default.htm Accessed March 8, 2007
http://www.publicagenda.org/research/research_reports.cfm Accessed March 8, 2007
This allows for people to work toward removing a few pounds gain rather than many if weigh-ins occur less frequently. Weight obsession is a very possible outcome of this kind of independence, but the truth is that one needs to be aware of weight in order to work with it. Third, a healthy pattern of self-discussion about weight, the factors that an individual currently engages in that lead to weight changes, and making plans to manage weight is exceptionally helpful - Mom's not there to tell you you're fat on a daily basis (which is good for some, but still means that no one is going to be the voice of body reason and awareness except for you).
Ultimately, freshmen experience a host of pressures both good and bad that can result in weight gain. What is important to keep in mind is that good preparation prior to attending college…
Core Analysis - UMASS
This report is a critical analysis of the at University of Massachusetts Amherst budget. The intention of the report is to make recommendations in the university's resource allocations in order to improve spending tendencies in order to improve the quality of services provided to the students and the immediate community. The analysis includes several considerations. For example, the budget, a comparison of the schools other institutions and the services they provide to the community. Another objective of this report will be to provide a definition of quality in order to evaluate if the University of Massachusetts at Amherst is providing quality service. As budgets continue to shrink, the expectation of a public school education is still expected to be top notch. Although the Ivy League schools are credited as the best providers of a college education, public schools are actually responsible for providing 80% of…
Clawson, Dan. Presentation. Professor of Sociology and Vice-President of the faculty union, the Massachusetts Society of Professors.
FY05 House Higher Education Budget. Ed. State Budget. House of Rep. Massachusetts. 24 Sept. 2004 http://mscaunion.org/news/040430.pdf .
Shea, Rachel Hartigan, et al. "The Students Keep on Coming." U.S. News & World Report 23 Sept. 2002.
University of Massachusetts. Ed. UMASS. University of Massachusetts. 25 Sept. 2004 http://www.umass.edu .
return to study at Santa Monica College in the Fall 2014, life leads me to New York for a big opportunity in my career on the aviation industry. For the type of job I have, if I want to continue to succeed in the business, I have to move to a much busier city airport and JFK is just that. When I received the news over a week ago, the first thing I felt was nervousness. Family and friends of many years were in shock. Two weeks ago, I was planning to rent a house in Big Bear and all of a sudden, I am in a situation in which I have look for an apartment in a city I have never lived in. I have to get used to the snow and the cold, keeping in mind that I'll be arriving in January. However, as an undergraduate, one of…
Therefore, my friendships became deeper and more meaningful after college than before college. I also met people from around the world in college, which expanded my mind and my awareness of other cultures. In high school I mostly had friends from similar backgrounds as me, whereas after college I mostly have friends from diverse cultural and religious backgrounds.
Finally, I am a different person psychologically since entering college: whereas I was dependent, egocentric, and lacked a clear sense of identity before university, now I have a strong sense of self and a clear vision of my future. My pre-college self was more self-absorbed than I am now that I am in university. Whereas I thought mostly of myself before, now I think a lot about worldly issues and matters of global importance like pollution and war. I am also more interested in other people on a personal level than I…
Studying the Case of an African-American College
Morehouse College was officially founded Augusta Institute in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1867. It has a relatively unique and rich heritage serving some of the brightest minds in the black community since its founding. The college has many notable graduates including Nobel Peace Prize laureate Martin Luther King Jr. Despite this rich legacy, the college in its present state has many operational challenges. The size of the student body in 1997-1998 was roughly three thousand students who all paid roughly $18,000 in tuition and fees. The faculty was composed of over two hundred instructors; 165 of whom were full-time and a majority of whom held their doctorate degrees. One of the more popular degree programs was the Business Management and Administrative Services program.
Since the computer began to become developed at an exponential rate since the 1980s, many of the business operations…
Dickeson, R. (V41N2). Unbundling the Issue of Faculty Productivity. Planning for Higher Education, 75-82.
Shavers, F. (1999). Morehouse College. Harvard: Graduate School of Education.
Toma, J. (2007). Expanding peripheral activities, increasing accountability demands and reconsidering governance in U.S. higher education. Higher Education Research & Development, 57-72.
Wildavasky, B. (2012). Higher Ed. The New York Times.
Community College Leadership
Specializing as a community college leader is a good opportunity to enhance my degree path in Education. By obtaining a doctorate in education and specializing in Community College Leadership, I can address some of the issues that impact students coming into the university for the first time as well as issues that affect other students who are looking for direction and needing assistance with applying their education to the real world (in terms of finding a career, for instance, or in just finding the right path forward for them). Community colleges are known for being smaller-scale higher education settings as compared to larger universities that are famous across the nation for having high profile athletics programs or high reputation academic programs. Community colleges tend to offer more affordable rates of tuition to students who are simply seeking an education at the university level without the fanfare of…
Dobbs, D. (2011, October). Beautiful brains. National Geographic, 220(4), 36-59.
Jimerson, S., Renshaw, T. (2012). Retention and social promotion. Principal Leadership: 12-16. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tyler_Renshaw/publication/271652282_Retention_and_Social_Promotion/links/54cf21780cf29ca810fd8eeb.pdf
Lickona, T. (1993). the return of character education. Educational Leadership, 51(3):
Tuition Assistance Cutback esponse
Military Tuition Assistance Cut: A Personal esponse
An effort to kill the Tuition Assistance program in 2011 sparked off a furor in the lines, and the remunerations were swiftly restored. This time though, there has been almost no outcry; with Navy carrier groups not capable to install because of a lack of money -- and the services dropping their ranks by in excess of 250,00p recruits, it's not easy to justify a $600 million expense for off-duty learning. However, in the past week we are not starting to see a lot of protests both online and offline.
This specific cut is extremely short-sighted. In fact, Tuition Assistance delivers outstanding defense fund value, compared to other military education curriculums. With service members attending classes while in uniform (characteristically online, during their off-duty times), the military payback from the information and expertise they achieve. Many recruits have reported…
Patton, Mark; Svan Jennifer H. And Robson, Seth. Military students left scrambling after services halt tuition assistance programs. Stars and Stripes. April 5, 2013.
Sisk, Richard. Marines Halt Tuition Assistance Program. Military.com Mar 05, 2013
Gore, Leada. Air Force, Coast Guard are latest service branches to end Tuition Assistance Programs. Alabama. March 12, 2013
Gura, David. Military tuition cuts: A tangible sequester impact. Marketplace. March 11, 2013
education at Valencia College, where I am studying to be a respiratory therapist. I want to continue my education, with the hope of attending the University of Central Florida. The University of Central Florida does not offer a Bachelor of Science degree in respiratory therapy, but does offer a wide range of degrees related to the medical field. I intend to pursue a B.S. In Health-Sciences, Pre-Clinical undergraduate degree. I feel that this will give me the educational background I need to place me in a competitive position for graduate or professional training, while exposing me to a wide variety of occupations in the medical field.
The four-year university that I have selected is the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida. It is a competitive university with a student body of just under 50,000 (49,900) students (Petersons, 2013). The average in-state tuition rate seems reasonable at $6,247 per academic…
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2013). Respiratory therapists. Retrieved March 7, 2013 from the Occupational Outlook Handbook website: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/respiratory-therapists.htm
Petersons. (2013). University of Central Florida. Retrieved March 7, 2013 from Peterson's website: http://www.petersons.com/college-search/university-of-central-florida-000_10000671.aspx
University of Central Florida. (2013). Health-sciences, pre-clinical. Retrieved March 7, 2013
from University of Central Florida website: http://www2.cohpa.ucf.edu/health.pro/prospective_students.shtml
Organizational Benefits of Tuition eimbursement
Tuition reimbursement has been a mainstay in employee compensation packages in contemporary American professional business organizations (Compdata, 2011). Its rate has declined somewhat since the onset of the current economic recession, but continues in most organizations (Compdata, 2011). On one hand, tuition compensation has traditionally been regarded as one incentive to increase employee retention, but unless it is managed carefully, it can actually provide opportunities promoting turnover, especially in organizations where there are insufficient openings at the level of newly-graduated employees. Nevertheless, where tuition reimbursement programs are properly managed, they can provide a positive return on investment. Some of the factors that organizations should consider carefully in conjunction with tuition reimbursement programs that add value to the organization include stricter eligibility criteria and requirements that employees taking advantage of those opportunities remain with the organization for minimum employment periods following the award of their degrees…
Andrews, J. And Higson, H. "Graduate Employability, 'Soft Skills' Versus 'Hard'
Business Knowledge: A European Study." Higher Education in Europe, Vol. 33,
No. 4 (2008): 411 -- 422.
Compdata Surveys. "2010 Compensation Data Banking and Finance." (February 7,
Lee College Financial Activities
Lee College is an academic non-profit organization that awards both undergraduate and graduate degree program to students across the world. Located in the United States, the financial statements of the Lee College conform to the Government Accounting Standard Board (GASB). (Lovvorn & Kieschnick, 2011). Overview of the Lee College financial activity reveals that total unrestricted revenues at the end of the 2012 fiscal year is totaled $16,230,000 while total unrestricted expenses are $17,050,000. However, $3,290,000 is total amount record for the increase in permanent restricted revenues and $650,000 is increase in temporary restricted. Temporary restricted consists of contributions totaled $1,500,000, gain on long-term investment and net assets released from restrictions. Permanent restricted revenues consist of income of endowment totaled $2,540,000 and gains on long-term investment totaled $750,000. Overall amount of permanent restricted revenues are $3,290,000.
Unrestricted revenues reveal the total revenues and total expenses, and unrestricted…
Lovvorn & Kieschnick .(2011). "Lee College District Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended August 31, 2011. Lovvorn & Kieschnick."
We wish to become a playground for the mind, to foster relationships between students and faculty members that last a lifetime, and to serve every student as an individual.
Step 5: Goals and objectives
Maintain need-blind admissions: Admissions decisions must continue to be made regardless of the student's or the student's family's desire to seek financial assistance. This will require some belt-tightening on the part of the university. To accomplish this objective the university will:
Create a temporary hiring freeze on the number of faculty in every department, but keep the educational environment intimate by having small sections composed of 10-15 students taught by graduate students
Conduct an intensive fund-raising campaign to draw financial support from alumni to enlarge scholarship funding for needy students and to make up for a reduction in the endowment.
Look to cut costs on underused extracurricular programs, food services, and other amenities that are not…
Parking on College Campuses
Almost every student at some point is concerned about campus parking, whether he or she is a resident who wants to have a car for day trips off-campus, or a commuter for whom a car is a vital necessity. Having decent and accessible parking is also an important 'selling point' for many campuses. egarding the impact of parking upon urban life, particularly tourist areas:
Parking is one of the first experiences that people have when traveling to a destination. Convenient and affordable parking are considered a sign of welcome. Parking that is difficult to find, inadequate, inconvenient or expensive will frustrate users and can contribute to spillover (motorists parking where they should not). As a result, inadequate parking supply can create problems to both users and nonusers... However, excessive parking can also create problems. Parking facilities are expensive to construct, imposing financial costs on developers, building…
A comprehensive menu of solutions to parking problems. (2011). TDM Encyclopedia.
Victoria Transport Policy Institute Journal. Retrieved October 2, 2011 at http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm72.htm#_Minimum_Parking_Requirements
Litman, Todd. (2011). Parking management: Innovative solutions to vehicle parking problems. Planetizen Journal of Management. Retrieved October 2, 2011 at http://www.planetizen.com/node/19149
Webster, Andrea. (207). The sustainable transportation challenge on college campuses.
United Negro College Fund (UNCF) is the largest, oldest, most comprehensive, and most successful minority higher education assistance organization in America. They provide assistance in a variety of manners, including: operating funds and technology enhancement services its 38-member, historically black, universities and colleges, internships and scholarships for minority students at nearly 1,000 institutions, as well as faculty and administrative professional training ("About UNCF," 2004).
The United Negro College Fund has been in existence for more than 60 years. In this time, it has raised more than $2 billion that has assisted more than 300,000 students to attend college. They have distributed more money, in the assistance of minorities attending school, than any other organization, other than the United States government ("About UNCF," 2004).
Today, UNCF supports approximately 65,000 students at nearly 1,000 colleges and universities. 60%, of these students, are the first in their families to attend college. 62%, of…
About UNCF. (2004). Retrieved January 16, 2005, from http://www.uncf.org/aboutus/index.asp .
Roots that Run Deep. (No date). Retrieved January 16, 2005, from http://www.uncf.org/doc/UNCF_Impact_History.pdf .
UNCF History -- Timeline. (2004). Retrieved January 16, 2005, from http://www.uncf.org/history/timeline.asp .
Arizona State University (ASU) is a leading metropolitan research international institution in the United States that is committed to excellence in teaching, research, and public service. Established in Tempe in 1885 by a legislative act, ASU was initially formed as a teachers college. The core of the Tempe campus was a 20-acre cow pasture donated by leading citizens who desired an institution to educate public school teachers and offer instruction to their children in agriculture and mechanical arts.
In 2002, Michael M. Crow became the University's sixteenth president. In his inaugural address, he outlined his vision for the transformation of the school into a prototype for a new American university. This future institution will be a comprehensive research university that continues its academic excellence as well as have a strong commitment to social, economic, cultural, and environmental issues to meet the needs of the growing Phoenix area. The city has…
Today many institutions of higher learning are trying to implement it in some form (Bass, Dellana, & Herbert, 1996, p. 339).
In developing the institution of higher learning for the future, the administration will have to consider the new technologies that can be adopted, the consequences of doing so, ways in which those technologies can be used both on and off campus, and the way education should be organized to accomplish the tasks needed for the future. This will require rethinking the way the institution is currently structured:
eengineering in education is about developing a delivery process which is coherent and progressive in scope in order to maximize the learning experiences of students. Since reengineering focuses on coherent processes, not structures, it negates the perpetuation of typical educational structures, such as departments in high schools, and focuses more on sequential, progressive learning through the rearrangement of the curriculum and instruction…
Bass, K.E. & S.A. Dellana (1996, August 1). Assessing the use of total quality management in the business school classroom. Journal of Education for Business 21, 339.
Dobni, D. & B. Dobni (1996, October 1). Canadian business schools: Going out of business? Journal of Education for Business 72, 28.
Gadbow, N. (2001). Teaching Strategies That Help Learners with Different Needs. Adult Learning, Volume 12, Issue 2, 19.
Golhar, D.Y. & Deshpande, S.P. (1997, July 1). HRM practices of large and small Canadian manufacturing firms. Journal of Small Business Management 35, 30-39.
Universities are often ranked by the strength or weakness of their graduate programs and the quality of original research the university is able to provide in certain fields of study. Furthermore, in addition to offering traditional graduate programs, the University offers an opportunity for those holding bachelors degrees to earn graduate certificates through work experience. This opportunity will be appealing to those students seeking post-graduate education but who need to work rather than being full-time graduate students.
The University's outside business partnerships also offer benefits to students. Most universities have outside business partnerships, such as vendor relationships with on-campus providers. However, the University goes beyond traditional vendor-relationships. It actively cultivates a wide variety of partnerships with businesses, which increases its access to research opportunities. Furthermore, these established relationships with corporations help increase internship programs and also promote the hiring of graduates. The influx of corporate money to the school helps…
Online College vs. Traditional College
When considering the ever-changing and ever-growing world of globalization and technology, it is no surprise that such trends have found their way into the educational arena. Accordingly, with the computerization of classrooms and assignments many more worldly citizens have been given access to the valuable education they deserve. Regardless of the subject they teach, almost all teaching professionals have also had to become more educated in the world of technology. For, in addition to the computerization of assignments, technology has found its way into several other aspects of the overall higher education experience. In the modern collegiate world things like applications, grades, transcripts, library resources, textbooks and even exams have all been incorporated into the lives of students and faculty members. In keeping with this advancement of technological integration, countless universities have begun to offer online classes and degree programs, whereby students never enter a…
"hy do you think they are called for-profit colleges:"
The big business of (not) educating students 'You need a college degree.' This is the conventional wisdom articulated in today's society, where job prospects remain scarce, despite the softening economy. On average, "unemployment is still far lower for the college-educated than for high school graduates (10%) and those without high school diplomas (15.7%)," and the most severe effects of the recession were felt in the manufacturing and construction sectors, typically the areas of the economy which offer the brightest prospects to non-college degree holders (Davidson 2010). orries about one's viability in the job market have driven many workers to seek out higher education in nontraditional formats. Few adults have the ability to afford a traditional four-year school and balance the needs of home and work. Online, for-profit colleges or nighttime schools may seem the ideal solution. On the surface,…
Carey, Kevin. "Why do you think they're called for-profit colleges?" Chronicle of Higher
Education. 25 Jul 2011. [4 Mar 2010].
Davidson, Paul. "Unemployment rate for college grads is highest since 1970." USA Today.
Community Colleges in America
In 1983 and 1984, a dozen major reports on the United States' schools were published. All stressed the need for "excellence" in education. These reports are the subject of: Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. The reports pertaining to higher education were published by The BusinessHigher Education Forum, and saw higher education as "unable to train skilled managers and technicians that they believed industry needed." (Altbach 32) These reports essentially claim that student achievement has declined at technical schools because schools "do not demand enough of their students, do not apply stiff criteria for promotion, do not test students enough, and particularly in high school, provide students with too many choices about what subjects they study." (Altbach 32) These reports are somewhat dated in that they compare American students with Japanese students and focus on technical proficiency vs. The intuitive grasp of problems and…
Altbach, Philip G., Gail P. Kelly, and Lois Weis, eds. Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1985.
Baker, George A., Judy Dudziak, and Peggy Tyler, eds. A Handbook on the Community College in America: Its History, Mission, and Management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Diaz, David P., and Ryan B. Cartnal. "Students' Learning Styles in Two Classes Online Distance Learning and Equivalent On-Campus." College Teaching 47.4 (1999): 130-135.
Miller, Richard I., Charles Finley, and Candace Shedd Vancko. Evaluating, Improving, and Judging Faculty Performance in Two-Year Colleges. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2000.
In addition, the estimation of seventy-seven thousand individuals that would be able to receive an additional refund from the tax credit suggests that it could actually cost the state a substantial amount of money to operate this program. These students would not only pay no taxes, but would actually receive money from the state -- a minimally employed student that owed no income tax to begin with could actually receive a refund of eight hundred dollars (forty percent of two-thousand) or more. Clearly, there would be a major impact o the overall state budget from the cost of this program. Though a billion dollars doesn't go as far as it used to, it is still a substantial portion of the state's total sixty-three billion dollar budget (POB, 2012). Though the money saved or sent out to individual taxpayers through this tax credit would most likely be used to make purchases…
PASDC. (2012). Quick facts. Pennsylvania State Data Center. Accessed 3 March 2012. http://pasdc.hbg.psu.edu/sdc/pasdc_files/pastats/PaFacts_2011.pdf
POB. (2012). Budget in Brief. Pennsylvania Office of the Budget. Accessed 3 March 2012. http://www.budget.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/current_and_proposed_commonwealth_budgets/4566
skyrocketing tuition costs at the highest levels of education and unfundable needs at even the lowest, sound financial policy is an integral key to the success of the American education system. In a system where public education is the bedrock of society, it is the responsibility of the public to maintain a viable financial policy. While citizens give regularly to the schools in their districts through taxes, enrollment, and requisite civic engagement, the businesses to which they matriculate and from which they find economic support are not free of responsibility. Instead, they are tethered to the concerns of America's youth; it is from the children of today that they will see profitability in the international market tomorrow. As financial problems come to define the ability of educational institutions to provide services, the access and ideology of foundational support demands examination to meet the growing market needs.
Because the education system…
Hollis, Ernest V. "The Foundations the Universities." The Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 11, No. 4. Apr., 1940. p. 177.
Hollis, p. 178.
Quinn, Jane. "Professional Development: Investing in Futures." Youth Today. Washington: Mar., 2005. Vol. 14, Iss. 3. p. 17.
Community Colleges & Universities -- Comparisons
hat are the major differences between community colleges and four-year colleges and universities as far as financial and academic appropriateness for students? For millions of Americans, community colleges have an enormous advantage over four-year colleges and universities -- but what are those advantages? This paper will examine those and other issues relating to the community college vs. A four-year college / university.
Community Colleges and Universities - Comparisons
There are an estimated 2,604 four-year colleges and universities in the United States, according to data in U.S. News & orld Report. There are an estimated 1,151 community colleges in the U.S. As well. Of those, about 1,000 are public community colleges, and the remainder are funded through private channels (American Community Colleges).
The original intent of a community college (in the past they were called "junior colleges" but that title had a slightly un-dignified sound…
American Community Colleges. "Consider a Community College When Studying in the United
States." Retrieved October 10, 2011, from http://www.americancommunitycolleges.com .
de Vise, Daniel. "More university students taking advantage of cheaper community college courses." The Washington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2011, from http://www.washingtonpost.com .
"Attending a college with a 100 point higher average SAT is associated with 3to 7% higher earnings later in life." (e.g., Kane, 1998, cited by Dale, and Krueger 1999, 1) as higher education constitutes up 40% of total U.S. educational expenditures, understanding "the impact of selective colleges on students' labor market outcomes is central for understanding the role of human capital," Dale, and Krueger (1999, 1) stress.
Previous literature cited by Dale, and Krueger (1999, 1) includes work by "Hunt (1963), Solnion (1973), ales (1973), Solmon and achtel (1975), and ise (1975),...Brewer and Ehrenberg (1996), Behrman et al. (1996), Daniel (1997), Kane (1998), and others." c. BACKGROUND:
To remove the effect of unobserved characteristics that influence college admission, this study considers information on the set of colleges where students were accepted and rejected.
A difficulty interpreting past estimates a many estimates of the effect of college quality on students' subsequent…
Black, Dan a. And Smith, Jeffrey June. 2003. "How Robust is the Evidence on the Effects of College Quality? Evidence from Matching?" http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/economics/centres/cibc/ .
Brewer, Dominic J., Eide, Eric R., and Ehrenberg, Ronald G. Does it Pay to Attend an Elite Private College? Cross-Cohort Evidence on the Effects of College Type on Earnings the Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 34, No. 1. (Winter, 1999), pp. 104-123. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022166X%28199924%2934%3A1%3C104%3ADIPTA%3E2.0 . O%3B2-F.
Cohn, Elchanan, Cohn, Sharon, Balch, Donald C., and Bradley, James Jr. 2004. Determinants of undergraduate GPAs: SAT scores, high-school GPA and high-school rank. Department of Economics, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina, Columbia SC.
Dale, Stacy Berg and Krueger, Alan B. (1999). Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and un-observables.
This states that the university is a "public, regional, comprehensive institution committed to providing access and offering high-quality undergraduate education, select post-baccalaureate and graduate programs, and a variety of educational and cultural resources for its students, alumni, and citizens of southeastern Pennsylvania."
mong the strengths of the organization, we can mention, first of all, its history and tradition. Indeed, its history goes back to 1812, when the West Chester cademy was founded, operating up to 1869, when the University took over. Its status is also an important strength. Indeed, the university was included in the State System of Higher Education, in 1983, which provided additional funding and a distinct opportunity to develop new degree programs. nother strength worth mentioning is the academic staff, well-endowed and prepared from an educational point-of-view.
In terms of weaknesses, the fact that the college is only regionally recognized as an educational entity of importance does…
As for the price factor, the university, because of public contribution from the national budget, can play along a certain line of flexibility that allows it to be more price competitive. This means that the price factor will play a less important role in the marketing mix and that West Chester can benefit from this to be more competitive on the market.
As we have seen, the fact that the organization operates in the academic sector and market means that there are certain specific conditions that it needs to abide by. These conditions include smaller price sensitivity, an emphasis on the quality of the educational services provided, which would include a large number of factors ranging from technological facilities to the academic staff. Its regional rather than national coverage tends to direct its focus in the state rather than at an U.S. level.
On the Internet at http://www.wcupa.edu/_INFORMATION/FACTS.WCU/mission.htm.Last retrieved on December 12, 2006
Miscommunication between the genders results not simply in wasted time during the workday, but hurt feelings and serious consequences. Miscommunication between the genders can cause a casual remark to be taken as sexual harassment, or a serious remark being laughed off as a joke. If a man feels that he is apt to be accused of sexual harassment, he might be unwilling to befriend a female coworker in an innocent manner, and a woman might be afraid to seem friendly less her manner be misinterpreted in a sexual manner by her male colleague. The result of this state of mutual tension is a less friendly and productive working environment. If a woman feels threatened and feels as if her male colleagues cannot take her seriously, she may leave the organization, or sense that her professional efforts are being hampered by her gender, and a male might feel as if he…
Potential for denial of service attacks.
Section 4. ecommendation.
Based on the company's current adult student enrollment percentages and identified trends and opportunities, it is recommended that Apollo Group, Inc. more aggressively pursue the domestic 46 years-and-over market which currently stands at just over 10%. As Arsenault and Anderson (1998) emphasize, "The needs, interests, and expectations of retiring baby boomers will be significantly different than those of their parents and grandparents. Future generations of elders will seek continued personal growth in their retirement years, and hence the demand for educational programs and services designed to meet the needs of older adults will intensify" (p. 27). The positive aspects of this recommendation include the fact that this segment of the American population is growing more rapidly than most others and as Arsenault and Anderson point out, "Older adult learners are in an envious position because many have the luxury of enrolling…
About Apollo Group. (2008). Apollo Group, Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.apollogrp.edu/About.aspx.
Apollo Group profile. (2008). Yahoo! Finance. [Online]. Available: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=APOL .
Arsenault, N. & Anderson, G. (1998). New learning horizons for older adults. JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 69(3), 27-28.
Dohm, a. (2000). Gauging the labor force effects of retiring baby-boomers. Monthly Labor Review, 123(7), 17.
Marketing Segmentation, Targeting, And Positioning for Acadia University
This article reviews the marketing strategies for Acadia University, one of the higher education institutions that are trying to shine in the education sector. The article starts by identifying key issues related to the institution and thereafter evaluates and assesses the external and internal marketing situations. The paper also looks at some of the possible marketing strategies which the institution can employ to effectively segment, capture and penetrate its target market.
Acadia University was founded in 1838 and was one of the largest colleges in the Maritime colonies at the time. Acadia University is driven by the mission of providing rigorous and personalized yet liberal education. To this end, the university aims to promote a respectful and robust scholarly community and inspire students to become critical thinkers.
The university is perceived by many market analysts to focus more on customer needs and…
A typical example of a recent high school graduate is that of Erica Espinosa, age 18, a graduate of Northwest High School in Germantown, Maryland. Erica was accepted at the University of Maryland at College Park, which costs $21,163 for tuition, fees and housing and several other four-year schools but chose a full scholarship honors program at Montgomery College, where she can attend school for free and live at home. Her twin sister Ivone will study at a community college as well. "It's a way to save money and have money to pay for the next two years and not come out with a big debt," said Erica, "It's too risky now to try anything else" (Strauss 2009). Right beside Erica are students from the financial industry, seeking to enter sectors of the job market with greater growth potential, such as that of healthcare and education. Community colleges enable adults…
Onaran, Yalman. (2008). Colleges flunk economics test as Harvard model destroys budgets. Bloomberg.com. Retrieved June 19, 2009 at http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601010&sid=aoglHAxZffTI
Strauss, Valerie. (2009, May 31). Community colleges get student influx in bad times/
2. Did the fact that Hatchett's initial injury occurred in a work-related setting affect the court's analysis of her legal claims? As a policy matter, should this fact make a difference in the ADA/FMLA analysis?
The particular circumstances of Hatchett's initial injury were never considered by the court in the analysis of her claims. As a policy matter, the circumstances of the initial injury are completely irrelevant to the ADA/FMLA claims because those circumstances would only be relevant to the issue of civil liability, such as for negligence in a tort claim for damages caused directly by the injury.
The purpose of the ADA provisions are to protect disabled persons from employment discrimination and the purpose of the FMLA provisions are to protect the right to continued employment for persons who might otherwise be terminated as a result of suffering from or receiving necessary treatment for medical conditions. Neither the…
The administrations, however, had not really planned for this type of cultural change. Authors Locke and Guglielmino provide a broad overview of materials that focus on the types of sociological and cultural change and adaptations necessary that will enhance the experience within both subcultural groups and American students.
These changes have prompted many community colleges to reexamine their purpose, role, and ultimate mission statement to meet emerging challenges and capitalize on new opportunities. It is really more of a relationship between integration and organizational culture that will need to handle significant change without any adverse effects. For example, American students should be able to take advantage of opportunities to interact with students from other cultures, but the level of instruction should not be diminished in classes that have large groups of non-English speakers. In order to maintain a standard that contributes to the higher academic needs of both the university…
McJunkin, K. (2005). "Globalization of the American Community College."
Community College Journal of Research and Practice. 29 (4): 329-34.
National Commission on Community Colleges, (2008). "Winning the Skills Race
And Strengthening America's Middle Class: An Action Agenda for Community Colleges. Center for Innovative Thought, College Board.
In order to come to the decision that this would be the best way to address a workforce education program at Edison College, though, there were many things that had to be considered. A panel of experts was formed to study the impact that this program could have, how it would work and be used, and whether there would be instructors available and students interested in it. If these things would not all come together, there was little point in trying to continue with the program. The experts talked with people in the community, took surveys of existing students, and talked with Habitat for Humanity and other organizations. They also implemented a DACUM process through which the panel of experts was located and the study into whether the workforce education program in construction would be beneficial was carried out. What type of licensing was needed for the instructors was addressed…
Allsopp, DH, Santos, K.E., & Linn, R. (2000). Collaborating to teach prosocial skills. Intervention in School & Clinic, 35(3), 141-146.
Badshah, A. (1997). Building corporate sector partnerships. Public Management.
Barna, E. (2002). Rutland region marshaling support for new development: downtown, Route 7, railroad yard take center stage. The Vermont Business Magazine.
Biondich, P. (2002). Performance training for the Mind. Retrieved from http://www.ultimatestudent.tv/features/articles/training_techniques/performancetraining.asp
There are a few different benefits that college players might receive from joining the union. The first is that they would see increased bargaining power with the universities. This means that they might have improved access to the revenue that is generated by college football -- with bargaining power they can use that revenue as leverage for better wages. At present, these football players really do not have any meaningful bargaining power. The second benefit that they players might well receive is worker protections. The key shift in this ruling is not the ability to organize but the recognition that the players are employees. As an organized union, these football players will have the ability to influence their conditions of employment, in particular with respect to safety. Football is a dangerous game, and joining a union might give the players better ability to bargain their working conditions to improve…
university quality assurance in the UK
What were the objectives of the British government in passing the Further & Higher Education Act in 1992 and in establishing the Quality Assurance Agency five years later?
The objectives of the British government in passing the Further & Higher Education Act in 1992 were to dissolve the Polytechnics and Colleges Funding Council (PCFC) and the Universities Funding Council (UFC). In turn, the Act instigated the creation of new institutions that would provide funds and capital to all higher education institutions in their corresponding expanses within the United Kingdom. For instance, with regard to Scotland, there is the Scottish SHEFC (Higher Education Funding Council), for England, there is the HEFCE (Higher Education Funding Council for England); while on the other hand, for Wales, there is the HEFCW (Higher Education Funding Council for Wales) (The UK Academic Infrastructure, n.d). The main objective of the British…
(n.d) The UK Academic Infrastructure may be accessed at http://www.qaa.ac.uk/assuringstandardsandquality/academicinfrastructure/Pages/default.aspx
Brown, R (2004), Quality Assurance in Higher Education: The UK Experience since 1992 (Routledge Falmer; ISBN 0415334926) [Chapter One: Background]. Retrieved March 2, 2012 from http://www.questia.com/read/108947028
Palfreyman, Quality Assurance & Accreditation in UK Higher Education (OxCHEPS occasional paper, 2006) Retrieved March 2, 2012 from http://oxcheps.new.ox.ac.uk/MainSite%20pages/Resources/OxCHEPS_OP25.pdf
Stiles, D.R. (2004). Higher education funding council (HEFC) methods in the 1990s: national and regional developments and policy implications. Public Administration Vol. 80 No. 4, 2002 (711-731).
Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:
Reducing The Barriers
There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…
Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from http://icos.groups.si.umich.edu/Institutional%20Theory%20Oxford04.pdf
Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.
Austin Community College is an institution designed to help prepare students through higher learning. The community college was established in 1972 with nearly 2,400 students. By 1991, through rapid expansion, the community college had over 40 facilities and over 23,000 students. Although this growth in the overall enrollment of the community college was impressive, it was not without its difficulties. For one, Austin Community College had lackluster facilities with the communities in which it operated in. Although ACC operated 40 facilities, these facilities were quickly becoming obsolete due to rapid depreciation. In addition, many of these facilities were not owned outright by ACC. Instead, many of these facilities were leased from third-party venders. As a result, the facilities were not created to handle a rapidly growing student population. The cramped space within the facilities created high demand for larger more user-friendly accommodations. The problem faced by ACC was on of…
1) Charlotte Christiansen et. al, The Risk Return Trade-off in Human Capital Investment, 14 LABOR ECON. 971, 984-85 (2007)
2) Ewell, P.T. (1999). Assessment of higher education and quality: Promise and politics. In S.J. Messick (Ed.), Assessment in higher education: Issues of access, quality, student development, and public policy. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum
3) Haley, K., Hephner LaBanc, B., & Koutas, P. (2011). New school, new job, and new life: Transitions of graduate assistants in student affairs. Journal of College Orientation and Transition, 18(2), 5-19
4) Kasper, H.T. (2002). The changing role of community college. Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 46(4), 14 -- 21
Beacon College, as a small institution, has encountered problems regarding its overall governance standards and accounting oversight. The empirical facts suggest that the entire organization did not have a culture of challenge and innovation. This seems at odds with the overall mandate of the college however. As a liberal arts college, it is by definition innovative and challenging. However, the empirical facts suggest that management was satisfied with the status quo. In any organization, one individual should not have all the information pertaining to a critical subject. This creates information asymmetry where the individual can use their informational knowledge to direct action from others who do not have access to the information. This appears to be an early problem of Beacon College. The CFO did not divulge information in a transparent manner and as a result, the overall financial performance of the organization suffered. Management was unable to make critical…
1) Cleveland, Frederick A. (1915)"Evolution of the Budget Idea in the United States." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 15-35.
2) Rubin, Irene S. (1997) The Politics of Public Budgeting: Getting and Spending, Borrowing and Balancing. Third Edition, Chatham House Publishers: Chatham, New Jersey
3) Sullivan, Arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2003). Economics: Principles in action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. p. 502.ISBN 0-13-063085-3
4) Walsh, Mary Williams. "Richard A. Musgrave, 96, Theoretician of Public Finance, Dies." January 20, 2007. New York Times: Business
" (Downey, 2000, p.307) This aspect of the university, or that of the community is characterized by having less structure that the corporation or collegium of the university and is such that includes everyone as a member as everyone "belongs to and has equity in the university as a community." (Downey, 2000, p.307) This is a community characterized by disorder, ambiguity, and little in the way of definition. The university community is ever-growing and continuously changing and adapting to changes.
V. Synthesis and Evaluation of Three Critical Tensions by the Academic Leader
One critical aspect of the university is that of funding resources. As government funding either increases or decreases for the university so too does the requirements of how that funding will be allocated increase or decrease. As well, the university is forced in times of decreased funding to decrease such as:
(1) the number of employees;
Downey, James. The University as a Trinity: Balancing Corporation, Collegium and Community. Reprinted from Innovative Higher Education, Winter 1996, Human Sciences Press.
change dining plan at Texas a&M University
POPOSAL TO CHANGE EQUIED DINING PLAN FO INCOMING FESHMEN AT TEXAS A&M
Freshmen and members of the Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M are required to select a dining plan prior to attending the university however, should the student fail to select this dining plan by the first of August, the student is then automatically assigned to the Good Bull plan. This plan includes 120 meals or approximately seven to eight meals per week. Each plan that is created by A&M University dining has three tiers within the plan. The various University dining plans include: (1) Old Army; (2) Good Bull; and (3) Non-eg. The number of meals varies ranging from approximately two hundred meals to ninety meals each semester. The Old Army meal plan is the most expensive costing $2,070.00 which provides the student with $500.00 dining dollars each semester and then…
Kaib, J. (2014) Here's Why College Meal Plans Suck. The College Fix. 6 Feb 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.thecollegefix.com/post/16235/
Landes, L. (2014) How a College Meal Plan Wastes Money. Consumerism Commentary. Retrieved from: http://www.consumerismcommentary.com/how-a-college-meal-plan-wastes-money/
Porter, S. (2010) Meal Plan Costs Surpass Cash Prices with Pioneer. Indiana Wesleyan University. The Sojourn. Retrieved from: http://www.iwusojourn.com/wp-content/uploads/archive/fall2010/Issue%205.pdf
Williams, L. (2013) Location, Variety Take Priority in Meal Planning. University Business. Retrieved from: http://www.universitybusiness.com/article/location-variety-take-priority-meal-planning
Access and Equity of Higher Education by the Population
Policy Analysis Memo Draft Format guidelines
Equity in higher education is a serious concern as the cost of tuition continues to increase. The cost of college tuition has increased by over 150% in the last three decades. Current financial pressure on students leads them to using student loans as a method to pay for college tuition or other strategies such as opting for two-year degrees. Higher education institutions are also facing the same economic pressure and feel forced to increase tuition fees leading to a vicious cycle of tuition fee increase. Looking at the expenditure of higher education institutions, the largest increase in expenditure over the same 30-year period has been in labor costs. The administrative costs per student enrolled has increased considerably (Ladd & Fiske, 2012). The current situation in higher education means the tuition fees are unsustainable and there…
Choudhury, S.R., & Mahajan, S. (2004). Why Subsidise Higher Education? Economic and Political Weekly, 39(18), 1781-1783. doi: 10.2307/4414955
Gilbert, C.K., & Heller, D.E. (2013). Access, Equity, and Community Colleges: The Truman Commission and Federal Higher Education Policy from 1947 to 2011. The Journal of Higher Education, 84(3), 417-443. doi: 10.2307/23486834
Ladd, H.F., & Fiske, E.B. (2012). Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy. London: Taylor & Francis.
Leach, L. (2013). Participation and equity in higher education: are we going back to the future? Oxford Review of Education, 39(2), 267-286. doi: 10.2307/42001824
resist in the city?
To parallel the 'Occupy' movement and others of its ilk with the Arab Spring may seem strange, given that the Arab protestors were resisting a bloodthirsty dictator, while the 'Occupy' movement was more concerned with economic issues such as student loan debt and outrage over the 'bailout' of the Wall Street banks. However, although the lives of young people are not necessarily on the line, their livelihoods and futures are -- to be crippled with student loan debt at a young age can mean that one's credit score, job prospects, and even ability to raise a family in a home is endangered. This is why organizers are creating a 10-day teach-in in Union Square in the spirit of the 'Occupy' movement to raise awareness about the high cost of tuition. The event is called the 10 DAY NO MORE TUITION INCREASE PROTEST PLAN organized by Students…
Ballard, JG. War Fever. London: Collins, 1990.
Gray, Rosie. "NYU has highest student loan debt in the nation." NYU local. 2010.
Available: http://nyulocal.com/on-campus/2010/08/18/nyu-has-highest-student-debt-in-the-nation / [3 Mar 2013]
"Is a college degree still worth it?" U.S. News & World Report. 2013. Available:
Human capital is used for acquiring knowledge and skills which increase individuals' value and productivity. Such skills are experience, training, and education. These skills aids in providing resources to enhance economic growth, and produce new businesses and technologies.
Despite affording costs in the United States, college education has raised individual's income. More educated persons have higher IQs and well educated and rich parents. Similarly, above hundred other nations with diverse cultures and economic systems, educated people have the same standards.
From the viewpoint of individuals, the college education increases benefits and income, while from the viewpoint of society; it enhances desirable social norm and values, communication and democracy, and produces effective leaders. Its monetary benefits include lowering of the probability of unemployment. On the other hands, non-monetary benefits include psychological benefits i.e. social acceptance, ability to communicate better, and make wise decisions.
On the labor market experience, obtained…
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Julianne Nelson (1992). The Market Ethic: Moral Dilemmas and Microeconomics. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (4):317 -- 320.
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