To some, that suggests that college is a more viable alternative for many of those who would otherwise have sought jobs in the manufacturing sector previously.
However, there are at least two reasons that such a conclusion may be invalid. First, while many manufacturing jobs have disappeared, many other types of technical jobs opportunities have emerged from numerous new technologies (Klein, 2012). Many of them require vocational degrees and certifications but no college degrees. For many people without specific interests in vocational applications of any college degrees being considered, training programs for these types of jobs is much less expensive, quicker, and more likely to lead to satisfying employment options than a college diploma in a random academic area or one of great intellectual value but few employment prospects outside of academia (Klein, 2012).
Second, vocational training, in general, has changed significantly in the last several decades. Specifically, whereas vocational education programs were previously considered a catch-all for students believed to be unsuited to the classroom and with limited vocational prospects available to students completing them, today's vocational training programs provide precisely the sort of preparation that leads directly to numerous relatively well-paid careers in which significant growth in demand is expected in the next decade and that do not require a college degree. For example, the anticipated growth in demand for veterinary technicians (median 2010 wage of approximately $30,000) in the next decade is 52%; it is even higher (60%) for masonry workers earning approximately the same. The anticipated growth for iron workers (nearly $40,000) is 59%; physical therapy assistants (nearly $50,000) is 46%; 44% for medical sonographers (about $64,000); 38% for dental hygienists (over $68,000); 28% for radiology technicians (over $54,000); and 26% for registered nurses who earn nearly $65,000 on average (Klein, 2012).
Another viable option to college degrees for those without specific career interests that require college degrees is no longer widely available in the U.S. But has been emphasized more over the last several years elsewhere, such as in Germany: namely, the apprenticeship concept that was much more common everywhere in prior eras (Ewing, 2009). In addition to preparation for some of the blue-collar types of jobs that have traditionally been taught through vocational training (such as automotive and air-conditioning repair), Germany (in particular) has accredited 350 different types of jobs for which high school students may prepare, often, after leaving academic education programs as early as the age of 15. The concept has been used broadly enough to allow apprenticeships for college students as well, and are available for careers in everything from baking and hairdressing at one end of the spectrum to aerospace technology and the biotech fields at the other end of the spectrum (Ewing, 2009).
A more practical approach to contemporary education in the U.S. would deemphasize the social importance of a college education just for the sake of the degree status. Even some educators acknowledge that the notion that everyone should necessarily go to college is more a "matter of political correctness" than, necessarily, representing greater value beyond that sociological significance (Klein, 2012). The counterargument is that college prepares the individual for responsible citizenship in ways that cannot be measured by employment rates after graduation.
However, it is difficult for proponents of that position to argue against the proposition that, in general, young adults with good paying jobs and strong prospects for long-term employment make better citizens...
Toward that end, there would have to be a shift in expectation that college is always or nearly always preferable to entering the workforce in many other capacities that do not require a college education or degree. Ideally, high school programs should make more of an effort to promote both options and to help students whose primary interests, talents, and temperaments may not necessarily be in vocational areas that correspond to the traditional focus on college degrees.
The national debt attributable to college education expenses is approximately $1 trillion. While the expense and effort of pursuing a college degree may be the most sensible option for many students who have a clearly-defined career path in areas that require college degrees in those fields that is no longer necessarily the case for many other students. Because advanced education corresponded so closely with better career potential in prior eras, an assumption arose that is hard to resist today, even though it no longer appears to apply as much as it may once have.
The cost of college has increased dramatically in the last several decades, but employment prospects available just by virtue of having any college degree have dwindled for various reasons. Among other things, the route of high school to college before entering the workforce in any long-term capacity probably contributed to the diminution of the relative value of many college degrees, particularly in general studies and humanities, and especially among students who really had little genuine interest in those academic areas in the first place.
Instead of encouraging all high school graduates to continue to college studies, high school guidance counselors should probably spend more effort trying to help students identify their most realistic and genuine vocational or career interests and encouraging those whose interests do not lead naturally to a college path to pursue other viable options. At the same time, that could be more easily accomplished today than only a generation or two ago, because vocational training and certification programs have evolved along with the variety and quality of the alternative career-path options available to contemporary high school graduates.
Coy, P. (2009). "The lost generation." Business Week (October 19, 2009): 33-35.
Ewing, J. (2009). "Germany's answer: The apprentice." Business Week (October 19,
Hay, J. (2013). Question of 'Is college worth it?' weighs on local students. The Press
Democrat. Retrieved online:
Kenny, C. (2012). "The real reason America's schools stink." Bloomberg Business Week
(August 19, 2012). Retrieved online:
Klein, J. (2012). "Learning that works." Time 179(19): 35-38.
McDonald, a.F., (2009). Media, Crime: An Investigation into the CSI Effect. Von Verlag: Saarbrucken, Germany.
Ripley, a. (2012). "College is dead. Long live college!" Time 180(18):33-41.
Strauss, V. (2013). "A warning to college profs from a high school teacher." the
Washington Post, (February 9, 2013). Retrieved online:
Without a doubt, a great deal of these insecurities are embedded in the modern American culture's obsession with women maintaining unhealthy, unrealistic body types. Women have been set up to fail by these expectations, which has ultimately served to keep them submissive and dependent on men. Conclusion The bathroom scale is, for all intents and purposes, nothing more than an inanimate object - a machine. However the frustration, degradation and humiliation
He who has learned to disagree without being disagreeable has discovered the most valuable secret of a diplomat." Robert Estabrook To disagree in a polite, yet friendly manner, while appearing to agree, is perhaps the most effective way of being a diplomat in negotiation exchanges. In negotiations, the advantage is lost if one loses one's stance of calm, caring concern for the other party's interests. One will find success at the
John Keats The most widely respected source for the history of the English language, the Oxford English Dictionary, records as early as Chaucer in the fourteenth century a meaning for the word "star" used (as the OED puts it) "with reference to the pagan belief that the souls of illustrious persons after death appear as new stars in the heavens." This metaphor seemingly takes a long time to devolve to
It so happened that Russian doctor Karlov was trying to find patients for another clinical trial for an experimental drug, and Ershov fit the requirements to enter the study. "They told me the treatment was safe," says Ershov. "I trust my doctor completely." Like 90% of Karlov's other clinical-trial patients, he immediately signed the consent form (Lustgarten, p. 1). Russia is one of those countries that suffers from high
Al.). Apple has positioned the iPad Mini as a solid competitor to the Amazon Kindle HD, which is very comparable in form factor and weight, in addition to the Google Nexus 7 tablet and the over 50 different Google Android-powered devices now available as of late 2012 (O'Reilly, et.al.). Apple has differentiated the iPad Mini with an enhanced screen, a faster processor than the majority of competitors, and the unique value
Types of Takeovers There are several consequences of whether a takeover is considered hostile or friendly. These consequences are more in the practical business realm than legal ones. Hostile takeovers are riskier for the acquirer than friendly ones. In a friendly takeover, the bidder will have a better chance to examine the company and its health. If the board is amicable to the situation, they will provide a full disclosure of