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Marketing is the function that connects the company with its customers and is therefore one of the most important channels of implementation for the management strategies in order to reach the company's goals.
Community service is one of the vital components of business today. Not only does it provide the business person with a good image in the public view, but it also allows a connection between the business and its community that would not otherwise be possible. Indeed, community service can also serve as an important springboard for marketing opportunities. I believe it is vital to include community service in school of management courses.
In the business environment, community service provides the business with a public image of corporate responsibility. Indeed, today's community is particularly informed regarding businesses and their community-targeted practices. Furthermore, the looming environmental crisis has made such responsibilities not only mandatory in terms of image for…
It was based on good practices within homes and outside to the general community. The field test revealed that this model is a useful managerial tool to assist home-based health care volunteer in strengthening their existing community health services and within peoples.
Monitoring and Evaluation of Goal
Monitoring and Evaluation mechanism were put in place to ensure that activities carried out are in line with the plan. and, to ensure that incase of any deviation occur, corrective actions are taken immediately. Feedbacks were also established so patients under home-based care could respond to the kind of services they receive from the team. In providing elaborate evaluation, facets were used so that the contributions to the community health care program, and the process and outcome of implementation to be determined accurately. However, the following methods were also used in carrying out evaluation:
Checking how active they engage in the activities in…
In fact, economically disadvantaged individuals could receive free medial support with the organization.
In addition to my work with Heal the Bay and New Beginnings, I also served for several hours at a community hospital as an assistant and observer to resident doctors. As an aspiring physician, I witnessed all manner of day-to-day realities in the world of health care. In whatever way I could, I helped doctors and other health care workers offer the best support and care to their clients, many of whom came in with emergencies or acute needs.
Each of my volunteer positions opened my eyes to the tremendously selfless services performed by volunteers in our community and throughout the world. With the aid of philanthropic funding, aid organizations such as the ones I had the honor of participating in will continue to assist individuals in need and I intend to incorporate selfless service into my…
Community Service Retirement
I went to a local retirement home for a half day of volunteer service not long ago, in part because I needed some service for my degree but also because of a death of the grandparent of a friend. That had gotten me thinking about what it was really like to be around people as they lived out their lives. Where they just tied to medical devises and routines, and what might it be like to talk about their memories. I had heard that a lot of people remembered the good parts of their accomplishments as their lives started coming to a close.
I was wrong on many fronts. Particularly the one about the memories. As it turned out, I found myself in the midst of a confrontation on a battlefield of a war of opposites!
Dave was one of the characters; Allan the other. Dave had…
Coaching Youth Sports
One of the best experiences that one gets in the process of learning, particularly outside the class is the issue of community service. It is at such attachments that an individual learns the things that he would not have learnt in class in a better manner than in the community. Spending time with the community and experiencing what they undergo on a daily basis opened up my eyes to the future and the contemporary challenges that the community has.
The community that I was attached to was predominantly low income families of Hispanics and the dominant social issues that I detected were bullying and the binge drinking. These are social problems that are seen to transcend from school to the community and the community has accepted them as normal and a daily happening yet they affect the children and the youth in this community.
Community Service at Catholic Charities in Chicago consider my involvement in social work, a community service at Catholic Charities in Chicago, an important and significant part of my life. As a youth, I've always wanted to be of service to those who are in need. This became one of my aspirations in life since the time I witnessed in my grandmother how helping makes her feel happy and complete. To me, she is a proof of how kindness to others, through charity, earns love as incomparable wealth and richness to one's living.
My grandmother was a program director for specialized and traditional foster care in Chicago. The charity institution she works at helps orphans who are not so lucky enough to be supported by their families. It was through my grandmother that I was able to get involved in charity works, and I find this as a fulfillment of one…
When not engaged in these volunteer and "policy" roles, I was directly at work with people in need of counseling or jobs or housing (Yates & Youniss, 2006).
I was struck by how much of my experience was shaped by professional staffs who were often trapped into behaving as functionaries and, above all, how uncritical the experience was for all of us (Yates & Youniss, 2006). To be sure, there were problems to be solved; usually those of budgets and personnel. Only occasionally would we debate our mission and its priorities. More often, our concerns had to do with money and public relations. I recalled endless attention to operational matters, often tedious, never resolved, and always recurring. Seldom, however, did we address the meaning of what we were doing; it was enough, apparently, to be doing good things. I was, in short, a good volunteer.
Looking back, I realized how…
American Hospital Association. Community Benefit and Tax-Exempt Status: A Self-Assessment Guide for Hospitals. Chicago: The Association, 1988.
Hansmann, Henry. "Economic Theories of Nonprofit Organization." In the Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, edited by Walter W. Powell. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.
Hall, Mark a., and John D. Colombo. "Modern Theories of Hospital Tax Exemption." Washington Law Review 66 (2006): 307-411.
Hoy, Elizabeth W., and Bradford H. Gray. "Trends in the Growth of the Major Investor-Owned Hospital Companies." In for Profit Enterprise in Health Care, edited by Bradford H. Gray. An Institute of Medicine Report. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2006.
Additional funding has been provided by Casey Family Programs for participation in the Breakthrough eries, and by the Casey/CCP Alliance for work going forward. Funding is still being sought for the implementation and replication of successful interventions and the critical data analysis to measure outcomes." (Clark, Buchanan, Legters, 2008)
The NW Human ervices organization operates for a noble cause and is subject to the ethical issues inherent to its operation such that any existing organization is subject to ethical issues inherent to its industry and operating environment. How an organization addresses these ethical dilemmas in a sense of either rectification, mitigation, or remediation, will determine the overall effect of how ethics plays as a role in the organizational dynamic.
According to Paulsen (2011), "One of the most influential care ethicists, Joan Tronto, distinguishes between four different phases of care
. Caring about, she says, focuses on the attentiveness…
Schene, P., Caffaro, J. & Fluke, J. 2004, the Importance of ASSESSMENT in Child Welfare, American Public Human Services Association.
Tronto JC. An ethic of care. in: Holstein M. And Mitzen P (eds). Ethics in community-based elder care. New York:
Springer Publishing, 2001.
I had to learn about some of the issue that are in the political sphere today. This taught me how to become educated about those issues. For me, this was important in heightening my civic awareness. There are things going on that are very important but most people simply don't know about. For me, it was surprising to learn about the role of government and perhaps even more importantly the role of individual citizens in government.
Going into marketing, I need to understand the legal environment and this means that I should have a pulse on the political environment. More important than that, however, is what I learned about my rights and responsibilities as an American citizen. This is the most important thing -- that I know who my representatives are, what they stand for and how to talk to them so that they know what I stand for. I…
It is important, therefore to understand the different frameworks by which the ethics of an act can be evaluated.
The art of citizenship, as identified by Barber (no date), must taught as part of one's education. It also holds that practical experience is the best way to teach the art of citizenship. People learn about the consequences of their actions by attaching themselves to those consequences physically. In my case, the sheer volume of shoes that I had to sort made the point clear -- I was helping people clothe themselves. Every box of children's shoes I sent was a child that I helped to live a better life. e have a responsibility, Barber argues, to understand the implications of our actions on our communities.
The different approaches to ethics can also be studied through practical experience. It is social interaction that illustrates for us the outcomes of our actions,…
Barber, B. (no date). A model program: Education-based community service at Rutgers University. In possession of the author.
CharityNavigator.org (2011). World Vision. Retrieved March 11, 2011 from http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=4768
Daniels College of Business. (2011). Daniels today and tomorrow. University of Denver. Retrieved March 11, 2011 from http://www.daniels.du.edu/aboutus/missionvisionvalues.html
Fukuyama, F. (1999). Social capital and civil society. International Monetary Fund. In possession of the author.
(Allan and afoon, 2008, p.1) Limitations of the program were acknowledged after a study reported findings which state: "...there an awareness of hidden areas of trauma that exist in this population, such as, for instance, an awareness that most humanitarian entrant women (between 80% and 100%) have been the victims of rape and the shame associated with this mitigates against disclosure and dealing with the effects of it." (Allan and afoon, 2008, p.1)
Allan, David and afoon, Patrick (2008) Strength to Strength (STS) - a family relationships program for humanitarian entrant families living in Western metropolitan Sydney 24 June 2008. Relationships Australia NSW - Humanitarian Entrants Program. Australian Government - Australian Institute of Family Studies. Online available at http://www.aifs.gov.au/afrc/practice/strength.html
Australian Government Department of Family and Community Services (nd) What we know about achievements of the Early Intervention Parenting Program and Good eginnings Prototypes. Online available at http://www.dest.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/E8EF9E6-975-438-2EA-7967032ADE85/21961/eipp_factsheet.rtf
Allan, David and Bafoon, Patrick (2008) Strength to Strength (STS) - a family relationships program for humanitarian entrant families living in Western metropolitan Sydney 24 June 2008. Relationships Australia NSW - Humanitarian Entrants Program. Australian Government - Australian Institute of Family Studies. Online available at http://www.aifs.gov.au/afrc/practice/strength.html
Australian Government Department of Family and Community Services (nd) What we know about achievements of the Early Intervention Parenting Program and Good Beginnings Prototypes. Online available at http://www.dest.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/E8EFB9E6-9B75-438B-B2EA-7967032ADE85/21961/eipp_factsheet.rtf
Gallegos, Danielle, et al. (2007) Service Provision in the Upper Northern Suburbs for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Communities: A Scoping Study. March 2007. On behalf of the CaLD Interagency Reference Group for the Northern Metropolitan Corridor. Online available at http://www.cscr.murdoch.edu.au/CaLDNorthScopingReport.pdf
Spinks, Harriet (2008) Adult Migrant English Program Budget 2009-09 Social Issues. Parliament of Australia. Parliamentary Library. Online available at http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/RP/BudgetReview/Social_Issues.htm
IV. A Multidisciplinary Approach
The work entitled: "Campus Threat Assessment Training: A Multidisciplinary Approach" states that it t has been recommended by the Florida Gubernatorial Task Force for University Campus Safety as follows: "That each college and university develop a multidisciplinary crisis management team, integrating and ensuring communication between the university law enforcement or campus security agency, student affairs, residential housing, counseling center, health center, legal counsel, and any other appropriate campus entities to review individuals and incidents which indicate "at-risk" behavior. The team should facilitate the sharing of information, timely and effective intervention, and a coordinated response when required." (Community Policing Dispatch, 2009) Colleges and universities in the United States are "recognizing the particular applicability of community policing in the campus environment. The community policing model helps to create the framework for a productive relationship between the officers and those whom they serve." (Wilson and Grammich, 2009)…
Campus Threat Assessment Training: A Multidisciplinary Approach (2009) Community Policing Dispatch. Vol. 2 Issue 4 April 2009. Online available at: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/html/dispatch/April_2009/campus_threat.htm
Campus Watch Program (nd) College of Lake County, Illinois. Online available at: http://www.clcillinois.edu/depts/sec/CampusWatchBrochure.pdf
Godfrey, Steven (nd) Assessing the Success of Community-Policing (Neighborhood Watch Program) Online available at: http://docs.google.com/gview?a=v&q=cache%3AUvBqWMSAHI0J%3Awww.emich.edu%2Fcerns%2Fdownloads%2Fpapers%2FPoliceStaff%2FCommunity%2520Policing%2FAssessing%2520the%2520Success%2520of%2520Community%2520Policing.pdf+colleges+and+universities%3A+community+watch+volunteers&hl=en&gl=us&pli=1
Gummere, Sara Lippincott (2003) Making a Better Place: Planning, Implementing & Managing a Student Volunteer Program. University of Oregon June 2003. Online available at: http://aad.uoregon.edu/icas/project_thesis_pdf/gummere_s.pdf
Description: A court-ordered sanction that puts the offender back into the community but under the supervision of a probation officer. Probation can be assigned to follow jail time (provided good behavior while incarcerated), and it may include having the offender pay a fine, do restitution, and perform community service activities as well (www.pwcgov.org)
Advantages: a) Instead of serving time in prison or a county jail the offender gets an opportunity to return to the community albeit under stringent requirements; b) it is basically like a second chance for the offender, and if he or she takes advantage of the opportunity and follows the rules, it can be a blessing for the offender and a savings of money for the correctional system
Disadvantages: a) This is not technically a "disadvantage" but if the terms of the probation are not met (for example, if the person on probation fails to…
Findlaw. (2010). Restitution. Retrieved February 18, 2013, from http://criminal.findlaw.com .
Prince William County, Virginia. (2010). What is Probation? Retrieved February 18, 2013, from http://www.pwcgov.org .
U.S. Department of Education. (2011). Community-Based Correctional Education. Retrieved February 18, 2013, from http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ovae/pi/cclo/index.html .
U.S. Department of Justice. (2011). Electronic Monitoring Reduces Recidivism. Retrieved February 18, 2013, from http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov .
Playing as part of a team reinforces social skills that will last students a lifetime, like listening to the coach (yes, that's me, I admit I'm biased!), treating their fellow players with respect, and also having patience with some of the mistakes of their team members. I point out that if you have patience with someone else's mistakes, the other members of the team will have patience if you later make an error on the field -- and no one is perfect, even the coach! I am proud of my team's record, and even though we may not have won every game, I know that every game the team plays as a unit is a victory for the team's collective character. So long as the team tries hard, I feel as if the team has won. I hope the moral lessons I teach, as well as the need to live…
The American Heritage Dictionary defines service as "an act or a variety of work done for others," but service also, however unintentionally, benefits the giver as well as the recipient. "To be of service" is defined by the same dictionary as "to be ready to help or be useful." I hope that I have indeed been useful in all of my community service, and I continue to offer my help and aid to anyone who will need it now, and in the future. Although someday I will leave the place and school I now call home, I will use the lessons I have learned to continue to serve others, wherever I may find myself in the future.
The gifts generated by service have no beginning and no end. Service is ultimately an investment in others and yourself. The gifts I began my life with were great, but because I have extended myself to serve others and to serve my community, my original gifts have multiplied tenfold. Every genuine gift you give to others comes back to you, in unexpected but always wonderful ways.
A service," the American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004, Answers.com 18 Apr. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/service
Public Health Planning
Community-Based Intervention Programs Improve Child Vaccination ates
Improvements in the rates of childhood vaccinations has, until recently, depended largely on remind/recall strategies employed by provider- and community-based programs (reviewed by Findley, Sanchez, Mejia, Ferreira, Pena, Matos, et al. 2009; Szilagyi, Schaffer, Shone, Barth, Huminston, Sandler et al. 2002). Unfortunately, such programs have failed to erase the racial and economic disparities that leave communities of color more vulnerable to preventable infectious diseases. In an effort to improve the rates of up-to-date child vaccinations in these communities, a group of researchers and clinicians designed and implemented a community program that added tracking and outreach activities to already established programs promoting child vaccination (Northern Manhattan Start ight Coalition; Findley, Irigoyen, Sanchez, Guzman, Mejia, Sajous, et al., 2004). When compared to national averages for all racial groups (74.8%) the improvements were significant, increasing from 65 to 88% for children…
Findley, Salley E., Irigoyen, Matilde, Sanchez, Martha, Guzman, Letty, Mejia, Miriam, Sajous, Michelle et al. (2004). Community empowerment to reduce childhood immunization disparities in New York City. Ethnicity and Disease, 14, S1-134 -- S1-141.
Findley, Sally E., Irigoyen, Matilde, Sanchez, Martha, Stockwell, Melissa S., Mejia, Miriam, Guzman, Letty et al. (2008). Effectiveness of a community coalition for improving child vaccination rates in New York City. American Journal of Public Health, 98(11), 1959-1962.
Findley, Salley E., Sanchez, Martha, Mejia, Miriam, Ferreira, Richard, Pena, Oscar, Matos, Sergio et al. (2009). REACH 2010: New York City: Effective strategies for integrating immunization promotion into community programs. Health Promotion Practice, 10(2), 128S-137S.
Fu, Linda Y., Cowan, Nuala, McLaren, Rosie, Engstrom, Ryan, and Teach, Stephen J. (2009). Spatial accessibility to providers and vaccination compliance among children with Medicaid. Pediatrics, 124, 1579-1586.
My visit to this location was extremely educational as I had a chance to witness firsthand how mental illness can be treated in this type of environment. I spoke to many people while there, including doctors, nurses, counselors and patients. The experience was informational but I am not convinced that this place is operating at its fullest potential.
My experience sitting in on a group therapy session was very enlightening. I heard many troubled stories and immediately became grateful for my personal upbringing and development. Hearing stories of abuse and reckless behavior had a profound impact on the way I see mental illness and can now appreciate the many complexities that accompany treating these wayward youths. The lead counselor for these sessions, was a bit overwhelmed and often lost control of the session while some of the boys demonstrated rude and unstable behavior. Perhaps this is normal for this type…
The visits would also include the distribution of basic food items to help alleviate the food shortages and associated hunger in the area. The country is one that has a high reliance on agriculture and subsistence farming, but with the recent civil war the poverty is exacerbated with a need to recover. Recovery is needed for both production and the access to funds that may be realized from the sale of agricultural goods. This is an ongoing issue which one is constantly aware of when handing out food, knowing it is a short-term solution to a long-term problem. However other projects do exist which are seeking to address this issues.
The visits also involve medical checks, with doctors and healthcare workers visiting people in their homes to help with medical issues to carry out checks and to give advice. This was also a learning experience, seeing the range of medical…
community (Times Square NY) and how it was addressed with community policing. How did police respond? Was it successful? Why?
Times Square has notoriety for serious crimes, shady and sleazy business establishments and hookers and many illegal activities, not only at present but from the time the Square came to be. In fact recently the former President Bill Clinton while remarking on the changes to a positive side in the area for the last twenty years did remark that in his teens somewhere in 1964 -- there were violent crimes and the President remarked -- "I saw a hooker approach a man in a gray flannel suit, pretty heavy stuff for a guy from Arkansas." (CNN, 2011)
Times Square was the centre point of crime and nefarious activities until recently. In 1990s the steps taken by the then City Mayor udy Giuliani was instrumental in bringing about the modernity by…
CNN. (2011) "Clinton remembers old Times Square: crime, hookers"
CNN Political Unit.
Center For Court Innovation. (2012) "Midtown Community Court Overview" Retrieved 12
August, 2012 from http://www.courtinnovation.org/project/midtown-community-court
(1990) Municipal Government Involvement in Crime Prevention in Canada. This work provides insight into the way that municipal government interacts with the police in the organization of crime prevention structures and the delivery of crime prevention services and activities. (Hastings, 1990, p. 108)
The idea of municipal government interaction in crime prevention is shown to have been spurred on in Canada by "....the successes of locally organized and community-based initiatives in North America. In both cases, the involvement reflects a sense that, whatever crime prevention is, the police cannot do it alone." (Hastings, 1990, p. 108) This again attests to the prevailing theme in the literature that there is a general consensus that the police force faces problems that are complex and which require the interaction and the assistance of other local community and municipal structures.
Hastings emphasizes this sense of interaction in the field of community policing and particularly…
About Community Policing. Retrieved 16 August 2006, at http://www.communitypolicing.org/about2.html
BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance Fact Sheet. Comprehensive Communities Program: A Unique Way To Reduce Crime and Enhance Public Safety. (2000) Retrieved 18 August, 2006, at http://www.ncjrs.gov/txtfiles1/bja/fs000267.txt
COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING. Retrieved 16 August 2006, at http://safestate.org/index.cfm?navID=7
Community-Oriented Policing: Blessing Or Curse? Retrieved15 August, 2006, from, http://www.wsurcpi.org/resources/citizen_invol/Community-Oriented%20Policing%20Blessing%20or%20Curse.htm
boast about, but sometimes serving others sets an example that be a source of inspiration. Communicating our experiences with community service can show others what a rewarding opportunity the gift of selfless service can be, especially when approached in a Christian mindset. When we formed the St. Joseph Servers group (SJS), our intention was to create a community of like-minded individuals committed to service but without interest in personal gain. Our group meets informally. There are no dues, set meeting times, or requirements for membership. The only requirement is a genuine desire to serve others.
The SJS has done over 20,000 hours of community service each year in many different areas. We have swung on swings with nursing home residents, made puppets for the local Boy's Club anti-bullying campaign, and stuffed shoe boxes full for kids in Vietnam. We offer child care and baby sitting services for local parents in…
Community policing arose from dissatisfaction with traditional policing. According to Brogden (1999), traditional police work focuses primarily on fighting serious crime. Proponents of community policing claim that this framework of policing has failed to serve the needs of the community and that traditional police work ignores the factors that most communities regard as priority. Fleming (2005) adds that traditional crime control methods failed to adequately address crime. Brogden (1999) explains that traditional policing "has been faced with several inter-linked crises -- of operations (policing practices are highly ineffective at dealing with crime): of efficiency in crime prevention, especially in the failure to enlist the potential of citizens and communities in this process of crime prevention, and in dealing with the symptoms rather than the causes of crime; of professionalism (the lack of relations between higher police pay, codes of conduct, and effectiveness); and of accountability" (p. 173). Fleming (2005) adds…
Alldredge, P. (2009). The Contradictions of Neighborhood Watch: The Growth and Success of a Failed Crime Prevention Strategy. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association, 1. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Bennett, T., Holloway, K., & Farrington, D. (2006). Does neighborhood watch reduce crime? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2(4), 437-458. doi:10.1007/s11292-006-9018-5
Brogden, M.M. (1999). CHAPTER 10: Community Policing as Cherry Pie. In, Policing Across the World (pp. 167-186). Taylor & Francis Ltd. / Books. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
U.S. Department of Justice. (2011). Community policing. Office of Justice Programs: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=81#terms_def
The term community is used for the settlements like town, villages and farms. The concept of community is considered as an inclusive one because it promotes collectivism rather than individualism. The term community can be understood in two broad categories. One category deals with its sociological perspective while other deals with its biological perspective. Its sociological perspective will be considered as a domain of the discussion. Community depicts the real picture of the society (Hampton, 2011). Those communities which have the capability of converting the raw information into some particular knowledge are considered as those which can create competitive advantage and contribute towards the development of the nation (Bartle, 2010). The talent of the people also comes forward when they live in community because there are many people who can identify the talent and promote it accordingly. The concept of community has become very much a colonial one. This…
Bartle, P. (2010, September 22). Elements of Community Strength. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from http://cec.vcn.bc.ca/cmp/modules/mea-ele.htm
Bhattacharyya, Jnanabrata. "Theorizing Community Development." Journal of the Community Development Society 34.2 (2004): 5+. Questia. Web. 11 Sept. 2011.
Gallant, K., Smale, B., & Arai, S. (2010). Civic Engagement through Mandatory Community Service: Implications of Serious Leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 42(2), 181+. Retrieved September 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5043554643
Hampton, J. (2011, January 31). Principles of Community . In http://www.community4me.com/ . Retrieved September 13, 2011
This discussion will cover community-based business, overview of sustained community- based business, social enterprise, weaknesses of community-based business and success and failures of social enterprises.
A sustainable business can be referred to as a business that is operating within a friendly environment or take part in green activities in ensuring that every products, processes as well as manufacturing activities address the current environmental concerns adequately in as much as the profit margin is maintained. The description can be narrowed to; business that meets the needs of the current world while having no compromise on the future generation's ability so that they meet their own needs; or a process of assessing ways of designing products that are going to take advantage of the recent situations of the environment as well as the degree at which products of the company perform with renewable resources.
Some reports emphasize sustainability to be…
Berkes, F., and I.J. Davidson-Hunt, (2007). Communities and social enterprises in the age of globalization. Journal of Enterprising Communities 1:209-221. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from http://www.thecommonsjournal.org/index.php/ijc/article/view/206/107
David Kam 2008"Threadless - Community-Based Business" Ezine article. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from http://EzineArticles.com/1340820
Lionais, D. (2002). Mondragon: Experiment in Cooperatives or Community business? Canadian Association of Studies in Cooperatives Annual Conference 2002, Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities, Toronto, Ontario.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (1984). Obstacles and aids to the development of community business ventures. Community business ventures and job creation: Local initiatives for employment creation. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The selective type would enable me to make optimal use of the specific factors that are relevant to my target group. This IOM type would also enable me to identify cases of prior and current drug use, and to refer these to specialized groups and programs for help. The selective type is therefore optimal for the specific sector of society that I want to target.
Best Practice Program
From the "Best Practice Programs," I chose "Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid teroids: The ATLA Program," because it specifically focuses on high school athletes as a target group. While it focuses mostly on one particular kind of drug, I would perhaps modify it to address the specific problems, risks and protective factors of my target group.
The ATLA program focuses on male high school athletes and aims at reducing the risk factors involved in the use of anabolic steroids and other…
CASAT. Best Practice: Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids: The ATLAS Program
Institute of Medicine. Projects: Adolescent Health Care Services and Models of Care for Treatment, Prevention, and Healthy Development http://www.iom.edu/CMS/12552/35625.aspx
Community esponse to ace and Criminal Justice
The Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), in Decatur, GA was chosen for this assignment. The department is responsible for serving the state's youth offenders up until the age of twenty-one. The organization's mission as stated on their web page is: "Our Mission is to protect and serve the citizens of Georgia by holding young offenders accountable for their actions through the delivery of services and sanctions in appropriate settings and by supporting youth in their communities to become productive and law-abiding citizens" (http://www.djj.state.ga.us/AboutUs/AboutUsOverview.shtml). Cathy Dravis, the Juvenile Program Manager was interviewed. Below is a summary.
When asked how they view the issue of the disproportionate amount of African-American males arrested for drug distribution vs. Caucasian and Hispanic males, the response was that the person's environment that they grew up in plays a large role in shaping their adult lives. Many…
DJJ - About Us. (n.d.). DJJ Internet Home. Retrieved May 16, 2012, from http://www.djj.state.ga.us/AboutUs/AboutUsOverview.shtml
Grunwald, H., Lockwood, B., Harris, P., & Mennis, J. (2010). Influences of neighborhood context, individual history and parenting behavior on recidivism among juvenile offenders. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 39(9), 1067-1079. doi:10.1007/s10964-010-9518-5
Ryberg, J. (2011). Racial profiling and criminal justice. Journal Of Ethics, 15(1/2), 79-88. doi:10.1007/s10892-010-9098-3
Western, B. (2010).Decriminalizing poverty. Nation, 291(26), 12-14.
Services Presentation in Older Adults
Approximately 75 million baby boomers were born in the United States between1946 and 1964. This generation will stress the healthcare system as has no other generation in history. There are many services available for older adults in relation to their psychosocial, cognitive, and emotional issues. This work will identify available services for older adults in a specific facility and address the issues relating to older adults and mental health programs or the psychosocial health of older adults in this facility. The facility at focus in this work is Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii.
The adult psychiatric treatment program for older adults at Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii is such that focuses on depression experienced in older adults. The U.S. Department of State examines the issues of dealing with elderly parents by those in the service so that the health care of…
Aging Baby Boomers In a New Workforce Development System (nd) report updates and revises an earlier study by the Urban Institute, The Aging Baby Boom: Implications for Employment and Training Programs, June 1997, by Stacy Poulos and Demetra Smith Nightingale.
American Legion giving little ground over proposed cost-shifting (2011) The American Legion Legislative Point Paper (2011) TRICARE. 4/6/2011. Retrieved from: http://www.legion.org/files/legislative_pointpapers/legislative_tricare.pdf
Caring for Elderly Patients (2010) U.S. Department of State. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/m/dghr/flo/c23141.htm
Department of Defense Health Care System and Military Facilities (2010) Brown, Bauman & Smith. Attorneys. Retrieved from: http://www.brownbaumansmith.com/newsletters/Elder-Law/?launch_pg=NewsletterDetailLayout&launch_sel=1000283&title=Department+of+Defense+Health+Care+Benefits
Service Theory design is not a basic foothold that can be explained in only a few sentences. There is a lot of thought, experimentation, research, and trial and error that goes into the creation of a sound theory. First, it is important to acknowledge all of the things that can play a role in the design of a theory itself. esearchers have reported that community and culture significantly influence value orientation (Goel, 2010), perceived needs, and motivation as well as provide the ground for creating shared understanding. All disciplines have their own cultures, and all cultures evolve through cross-cultural exchanges. It all starts with a series of questions and ideas that the researcher would like to find out background information on, and possible determine information that may not have been evident upon first glance.
The questions that would need further clarity are: (1) what model best fits the current prospective…
Freeman, J.B., & Ambady, N. (2011). A dynamic interactive theory of person construal. Psychological Review, 118(2), 247-279. doi:10.1037/a0022327
Goel, S. (2010, April 1). Design of Interventions for Instructional Reform in Software Development Education for Competency Enhancement. Online Submission, Retrieved from EBSCOhost..
Rodrigues, R., de Lima Bicho, A., Paravisi, M., Jung, C., Magalhaes, L., & Musse, S. (2010). AN INTERACTIVE MODEL FOR STEERING BEHAVIORS OF GROUPS OF CHARACTERS. Applied Artificial Intelligence, 24(6), 594-616. doi:10.1080/08839514.2010.492167
Tracey, M. (2009). Design and development research: a model validation case. Educational Technology Research & Development, 57(4), 553-571. doi:10.1007/s11423-007-9075-0
Type I diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and results from the body's failure to produce insulin. Type 1 account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf). The most common form of diabetes is Type II, which accounts for about 90 to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf). Pre- diabetes is a condition often present prior to the development of Type II diabetes. In pre-diabetes, blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetic.
Pre-diabetes does not have to lead to the development of diabetes if a person diagnosed with this condition: Patients who work to control their weight and increase their physical activity can often prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. There are 41 million Americans…
American Diabetics Association. Retrieved 22 March 2010 from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/
Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet.Retrieved 18 March 2010 from www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf
Adrian Duncan, a night manager at the Y, suggests friendly competitions, such as spelling bees or basketball tournaments, pitting school teams against YMCA teams. The YMCA teams would provide an opportunity for students from different schools and different backgrounds to come together as one.
In challenging economic times, organizations that serve youth and work with volunteers can find sustainable funding difficult. LIVA in particular finds it difficult; the YMCA, with greater name recognition and presumably greater economic resources, did not express that finances are a particular concern.
The current economic climate has been challenging not only for Long Island's non-profits, like LIVA and the YMCA, but for its public school system as well. Long Island property taxes are among the highest in the nation, largely because of the costs of funding public education (umsey, 2010). The schools, under the umbrella of the Education Working Group, are collaborating with the Long…
DiCocco, P. (2011, January). [Interview with Tracy Murtagh, Youth Education Coordinator,
Long Island Volunteer Association].
DiCocco, P. (2011, January). [Interview with Adrian Duncan, Night Manager, Cross Island
ather than treating their problems, the community attempts to punish them for their behaviors, placing them in systems where they rarely have access to the type of treatment that will teach them how to avoid engaging in further antisocial behaviors (Thomas & Penn, 2002). In fact, the overrepresentation of mental illness in the juvenile delinquent population as compared to the normal population suggests that the shifting of ill kids to the criminal justice system is commonplace.
Even more troubling is the idea that juveniles who are not involved in the criminal justice system but who experience significant mental health issues may not have access to mental health care. Out-of-pocket expenses for residential mental health treatment for adolescents are exorbitant, even for parents with health insurance. Copays can literally be thousands of dollars a week. However, parents who cannot afford those costs may find the state unwilling to help them; parents…
Texas Department of State Health Services. (2010, December 21). Mental health. Retrieved May 15, 2013 from State of Texas website: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/mentalhealth.shtm
Thomas, C.R. & Penn, J.V. (2002). Juvenile justice mental health services. Child Adolesc
Psychiatr Clin N. Am, 11(4), 731-48.
Community Oriented Policing
new and comprehensive strategy against crime: Community Policing:
For the purpose of reducing neighborhood crimes, creating a sense of security and reduce fear of crimes among the citizens and improving the quality of life in the community, the community policing strategy will be proved to be the most effective one. The accomplishment of all these objectives to develop a healthy and clean society can be done by combining the efforts of the police department, the members of the community and the local government. "The concept of community policing is not very new however it has gained attention in last few years. It is an approach to make a collaborative effort between the police and the community in order to identify and solve the problems of crime, societal disorder and disturbances. It combines all the element of the community to find out the solutions to the social problems.…
Gordon: Community Policing: Towards the Local Police State?: Law, Order and the Authoritarian State, Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1987, p. 141.
O'Malley and D. Palmer: Post-Keynesian Policing, Economy and Society: 1996, p 115.
Bright: Crime Prevention: The British Experience: The Politics of Crime Control: Sage, London, 1991. p. 24-63.
MacDonald: Skills and Qualities of Police Leaders Required of Police Leaders Now and in the Future: Federation Press, Sydney, 1995. p. 72
Community corrections are an integral component of any law enforcement correctional program. Community corrections staff, develop, and administer contracts for community-based correctional programs and serve as the Bureau of Prisons (BOP)'s local liaison with the federal courts, the U.S. Marshals Service, state and local corrections, and a variety of community groups. Through the community corrections program, the BOP has developed agreements with state and local governments to house juveniles and prisoners of non-violent crimes (Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2011).
The BOP contracts with residential reentry centers to provide assistance to inmates who have been found to be non-violent offenders. The community centers also include those inmates nearing release at the end of their determined term of incarceration. esidential reentry centers are always under supervision; in addition, they provide employment counseling, job placement, financial management assistance, and other programs and services. C's help inmates gradually re-enter the community and facilitate supervising…
Akhila, K. (2010) Foreign Prison Conditions Improvement Act of 2010. http://akhilak.com/blog/2010/10/17/foreign-prison-conditions-improvement-act-of-2010 / Last accessed January 11, 2013.
Federal Bureau of Prisons (2011) Community Corrections. http://www.bop.gov/locations/cc/index.jsp Last accessed January 11, 2013.
Public Safety Performance Project (2007) What Works in Community Corrections. www.pewpublicsafety.org Last accessed January 11, 2013.
To train those college students who aim to join the teaching profession;
To provide the teachers with a wide spectrum and grounds for exploration so that they can apply their knowledge and ability in a way that boosts the overall educational standards of the institution and the students;
To design a schedule and academic profile that aims to purely heighten the academic and social growth of the students; and to support and carry out studies that will in eventuality help escalate and improve the educational standards at not only the school level but also the college and university levels.
Harkavy (1998) believes that the partnership between the school, community and the university is far more complex and inter-dependent that believed by the masses. In his study he brings forth new theories and explanation of his statement with the help of annals and current studies and examples. He feels…
Anderson, B.D., & Stetler, E.G., & Midle, T. (2006). A case for expanded school-community partnerships in support of positive youth development. National Association of Social Workers, 28(3), 155-163.
Beaumont, J.J. & Hallmark, D.L. (1998). Introduction: School-university partnerships in urban settings. Urban Education, 32(5), 557-560.
Beaumont, J.J. (1998). Administrator and researcher: Conflicting dual roles in directing a school-university partnership. Urban Education, 32(5), 645-660.
Becker, J. (1999). Partnerships with families promote TRIO student achievement. (ERIC Document 432197)
First the process of co-creation will be defined, followed several examples of successful co-creations of the customer experience.
5. Customer experience is the brand and co-creation is the process
A firm that migrates to a service-dominant logic will move from selling a commodity to co-creating the customer's experiences. If you utilize the brand definition in the introduction portion of this paper -- a brand is the summation of a customer's interactions with a firm and their products and services - one must come to the conclusion that building a customer experience equates to building a brand (Prahalad, 2004). The job of a marketer becomes one creating positive encounters; encounters which influence the customer's ability, willingness and opportunities to co-create with firm. (Payne, 2009).
The process of co-creation is evolving. In 2004,Prahalad and Ramaswamy, describe the building blocks of interactions. To co-create, a firm needed to facilitate dialogues, create access to…
Andreu, L., Sanchez, I. & Mele, C., (2010). Value co-creation among retailers and consumers: new insights into the furniture market. Journal of retailing and consumer services. Retrieved on April 18, 2010 from: http://www.sciencedirect.com .
NOTE: Your may want to download this article and complete this citing.
Arvidsson, A (2005). Brands: A critical perspective. Journal of Consumer Culture. Volu 5 (2) pp 235 -- 258.
Babitch, S., Chen, J & Whitney, P. (2005). Design for the Emerging Markets: Interview with Marriott International. Institute of Design, Illinois Institute of Technology. Retrieved April 18, 2010 from: www.id.iit.edu.
Citizen Film (2010). Maquilapolis - Promotoras. Retrieved Dec 1, 2011 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVWsBVoSGdo [VIDEO
Community Advocacy Program (2009). Beyond Medicine: Removing Legal Barriers to Health. Retrieved Dec 1, 2011 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egrm6csKERg&NR=1 [VIDEO]
The basic theme of both programs is a micro view of health care and the ability to see how the environment that surrounds the poor can contribute to healthcare issues. The poor not only cannot afford insurance or it is denied them, the circumstances surrounding the environmental issues the poor are subject to are primary in terms of disease prevention. While this population group needs to take responsibility for healthcare, there should be no reason in the 21st century why factory work is unsafe, the environment toxic, and there be no access to care as needed. Instead, the Promotera model allows work to be done at the grassroots level, where we have seen through the Civil…
'In New York City, the controls are better. Since Sept. 11, as police are looking for terrorists and those who mail anthrax, the controls have increased. So crime continues to go down. Everyone is much more alert.'" (NewsMax Wires)
Queens, NY has also become really diverse with people from different ethnic and racial backgrounds coming in and living there. There are large numbers of Hispanics, Asians and African-American in Queens. However there is a difference in the drop of crime rate in Queens and Brooklyn. "Year to date, overall crime is down 7.1% in Queens, 5.6% in Brooklyn" (Anonymous). However the overall general change is that in both communities, crime rates have plummeted and there is increased safety for the civilians. Normally in areas where there is a wide diversity of people living, there is an increased rate in crime and although there has been unemployment in the entire city…
1) U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Program, Population Division, "Counties Ranked by Black Population in 1998" (Table CO-98-16), September 15, 1999.
2) Anonymous - The Tipping Point. [Online website] Available at http://www.gladwell.com/1996/1996_06_03_a_tipping.htm [Accessed on: 15/09/2005]
3) Randy Bergmann - New York City: Few places can match Brooklyn's imprint on American culture. [Online website] Available at http://www.phillyburbs.com/pb-dyn/news/170-11122002-120.html [Accessed on: 15/09/2005]
4) NewsMax Wires - NYC Crime Rate Continues To Drop. [Online website] Available at http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2002/3/20/60653.shtml [Accessed on: 15/09/2005]
It also made me realize how relatively easy I have it in this world when there are so many hungry people and children. I saw mothers with babies coming in by the dozens to shop at the food bank store, and owners of small food pantries picking up their daily and weekly supplies, and massive trailer trucks bringing dozens of pallets of donated food from grocery warehouses and distribution centers.
It all impacted my feeling about volunteering and helping others in need. It is hard to realize how many need such assistance until you see the huge amounts of people, and enormous amount of food necessary to feel those who can't afford to feed themselves.
What I Learned
One person really can make a difference. A small group of dedicated, generous, hard-working people can change a community. And all of us working together could change the world. I helped one…
Banks have thus the role of distributing these products to their customers. Added to that in the international arena banks are dealing more with derivatives and foreign exchange, making the role of the bank far more important in the overall well being of the economy. Banks are diversifying and redefining themselves as trading, banking and service institutions. The banks are multifunctional and are known by various terms like the 'clearing bank' in UK, 'Commercial banks' and 'Investment banks' or 'Merchant banks'. Banks are thus redefining themselves to suit the wider rage of operation sand services offered. (Cranston, 1997, p. 3)
2. Globalization of banking sector
Globalization is a phenomenon that has invaded all industries and human life. The changes that have come about after the break down of the cold war and the new social interaction between nations have affected the financial sector as well. Globalization has removed restrictions for…
Ashdown, Neil H. (2002) the Impact of Banking Policy on Trade and Global Stability.
Quorum Books. Westport, CT.
Chambliss, William J; Block, Alan a; Weaver, Constance a. (2004) All Is Clouded by Desire: Global Banking, Money Laundering, and International Organized Crime. Praeger. Westport, CT.
Cranston, Ross. (1997) Principles of Banking Law. Clarendon Press. Oxford.
Services Marketing Strategy eport
The airline business is among the most competitive sectors in the economy. The business requires the investors to invest huge amounts of capital to sustain the operations of the business. The difference in the capital available has resulted into emergence of superior airline companies that have dominated the global market. The airline companies are mainly a service delivery oriented offering transport for passengers and language.
The airline company under evaluation is Singapore Airlines. The company was incorporated in 1947 originally as Malayan Airways Limited. With the help from British Commonwealth airlines, the company increased its fleet size to become among the major players in the airline industry. The company has a strong presence in Asia, which is the major market. The company operates trans-Pacific flights, which increase revenue. The company also diversifies its operations to provide services like as aircraft managing and engineering services (Lee &…
Beiske, B. (2007). Loyalty management in the airline industry. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Capon, N., & Hulbert, J.M. (2007). Managing marketing in the 21st century: Developing and implementing the market strategy. Bronxville, N.Y: Wessex Inc.
Chary, S.N. (2009). Production and operations management. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.
De, L.C. (2003). The Rough guide to Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei. New York: Rough Guides.
This, according to Karen blurs the line between the organization and the people among whom it is established. There is a likelihood of the organization losing the social identity and touch with the people among whom it is established who, as a social culture, should be part of its identity. This is seen from that lacking human face of the organizations and all that people encounter are machines and software.
However, looking at the entire aspect with the postmodern theory perspective, there is always the temptation to believe that this is the right trend to follow. The post modern theory attempts to bring sense into the multifaceted and the highly dynamic business environment. According to Bryan C. (2004) postmodernism explains a series of breaks and continuations experienced within the contemporary community. It is based and argues for advancements, innovation, and adaptation to the contemporary dynamic goings on. This then means…
Bryan C., (2004). Post Modern Theory. Retrieved May 16, 2013 from http://comm.colorado.edu/~taylorbc/Postmodern%20Theory.pdf
Michael Palm (n.d). Outsourcing, Self-Service and the Telemobility of Work. New York University.
Karen Stocker, (n.d). Identity as Work: Changing Job Opportunities and Indigenous Identity in the Transition to a Tourist Economy. California State University, Bakersfield
The company's board believed they could not find a replacement for Chaney by the date of his intended departure, and so the directors put the company up for sale. In March 1996, the New York-based investment banking firm Merrill Lynch was hired to generate interest in the company, and a suitable buyer was found, a New York-based private investment firm named Forstmann Little & Co. This company was headed by Theodore Forstmann, a leveraged buyout specialist. Forstmann's firm had more than $20 billion invested in 20 companies and made its living by acquiring companies and selling them for a profit. Forstmann Little acquired Community Health in 1996, and this was the firm's first purchase of a healthcare company. The firm paid $1 billion for Community Health, which at the time operated 38 hospitals in 18 states, and this change in ownership made Community Health a privately held company. In January…
Adams, D. (1996, March 20). Buy materials management systems, or pray you can swim. Health Management Technology, 63-65.
Community Health Systems Inc. scales back on risk (2004, November 23). Ioma.com, retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BCRC?vrsn=157&locID=longbeach&ste=5&n=25&docNum=A131272544 .
Community Health may seek other deals (2001, February 2). Philadelphia Business Journal, v19 i51, 10.
Career opportunities (2007), retrieved May 29, 2007 at http://www.chs.net/career_openings/corporate.html .
Using the support and mailing list channels of a neighborhood association can be important for gaining the credibility necessary to succeed as a charity organization.
Local radio and television are two additional avenues which must be considered.
For purposes of charity and community orientation in particular, most local radio programmers and DJs are quite accessible. It may not be that difficult to retain the support and endorsement of those which direct access to the radio airwaves. This can help the program to reach a very wide and diffuse audience, serving most directly the goal of creating a more widespread knowledge of the food bank's existence. Extending beyond the orbit of its own local community, the radio can help bring the food bank in touch with other communities and agencies that may be of use, or to whom the food bank may in turn be of use.
For television as well,…
Deinstitutionalization refers to releasing a mentally handicapped person from an institution whose main purpose was to provide treatment into a community with the intent of providing services through the community under the supervision of health-care professionals. There have been some positive outcomes from deinstitutionalization trend for society but there have also have been a wide array of drawbacks limiting care provided to these individuals. Among other things, crime, violent crime, and homeless are among the major consequences of releasing some of these patients to the public. Much of the trend began in the 1950s and the 1960s and the deinstitutionalization of institutional patients has been a trend that has impacted society on many levels and continues to this day.
There were a number of factors that were responsible for the reversal of the institutional framework that was built nationally to house the mentally damaged. After the Second…
Torrey, E.E., Geller, J., Stanley, J., & Jaffe, D. (N.d.). The Shortage of Public Hospital Beds for Mentally Ill Persons. The Treatment Advocacy Center, 1-17.
I understand that there could be a veteran who could possibly need assistance at the time that I would be gone, but the Vet Center is a comfortable, welcoming place for them to wait out of the weather and the staff knows where I keep all of the food for those who might need it. Additionally, there is another service officer for those veterans who might need assistance with their benefits or in filing for a copy of their discharge papers. The director of the Vet Center, Ralph Yunkey, has told me that they support the idea and his staff will assist in any way they are able. The time away would not be excessive and the number of veterans served could increase by many. The requirements to keep a program open, according to the director of the homeless veterans programs, is to serve at least 35% of the estimated…
Community Health Statistics for Caddo Parish, Louisiana
Description of Caddo Parish, Louisiana
With about a quarter of a million residents, Caddo Parish, Louisiana is a fairly older community with almost two-thirds of its population aged 25 years or older. Most of the residents of Caddo Parish (82.3%) are high school graduate or higher and 22.3% have a bachelor's degree or higher compared to the national averages of 84.6% and 27.5%, respectively. There are slightly more females than males in Caddo Parish, and median family incomes are slightly lower than the national average at $48,522; per capita income is also slightly less than the national average at $22,323. There are also slightly more whites than blacks (50.3% compared to 46.4%, respectively) in Caddo Parish. ecent relevant statistical data for these and other areas of interest are presented below.
Biophysical Considerations: Caddo Parish
About the Parish of Caddo. (2011). Caddo Parish Official Web Site. Retrieved from http://
Annual report. (2007, 2010). Caddo Parish Official Web Site. Retrieved from http://www.caddo.
Community Outing isk eport: Touring Old Mesilla
The outing proposed needs to be a four hour tour for a group of 20 individuals with varied backgrounds, experience, and physical abilities. It needs to be an outdoor activity. The people in the group include four people in the 60-70-year range (three males and one female) two females over the age of 75, both of whom have health problems, four children between the ages of six and ten years old (one with chronic asthma and one with a severe peanut allergy), six people between the ages of 35 and 40 (three males and three females; one of the females is pregnant), and four people between the ages of 16 and 18 (2 males and 2 females). Furthermore, while everyone in the tour group is an English speaker, English is not the first language of the elderly members of the group (those age…
ABQ Webmaster, 2011, National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office: Albuquerque, NM.
Available from: http://www.srh.noaa.gov/abq/?n=prephazards
ISO, 2009, ISO 31000: 2009. Available from:
Community Space and Youth
There are many benefits for young people when public space is made available, or when citizens work together to both pressure government and work with government and business to establish quality space. Public access should not be denied to young people and as a youth says on page 7 of Another inter, Another Spring (Social Planning Toronto -- SPT), "Schools shouldn't be charging for the use of space." In hitehorse, volunteers proved that with a firm goal in mind, change can be accomplished and young people can be afforded quality space for their activities. The volunteers have worked within the system -- embracing members of the business community and others from government to establish a space for the visual and performing arts (Canadian Case Studies).
Today there is a well-functioning Yukon Arts Centre, open year-round, hosting theatre presentations, music events, and even training for young would-be…
Canadian Case Studies.
Raphael, Dennis, Renwick, Rebecca, Brown, Ivan, Phillips, Sherry, Sehdev, Hersh, and Steinmetz, Brenda. (2001). Community Quality of Life in Low-Income Neighborhoods:
Findings From Two Contrasting Communities in Toronto, Canada. Journal of the Community Development Society, 32(2), 310-333.
Social Planning Toronto. Another Winter, Another Spring: Toronto Youth Speak Out about
Frequent town meetings where residents can air concerns to representatives of the force likewise fosters a sense of community empowerment.
Finally, it goes without saying that officers must, to establish trust, always seem ethical and not act as if they are above the law. Not abusing police privileges, not accepting things 'on the house' such as free food, upholding the law when engaging in searches, stops, and seizures, and including ethics training as a part of the education of new officers are all positive steps in this direction. Having a strong and impartial internal affairs department within the force and minimizing events that can generate bad publicity and erode community trust and damage relations with community leaders is likewise essential.
School Safety." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=106
Newman, Grahame. (2008). "Check and Card Fraud." COPS: U.S. Department of Justice.
School Safety." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=106
Newman, Grahame. (2008). "Check and Card Fraud." COPS: U.S. Department of Justice.
Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/files/RIC/Publications/e07042442.pdf
Police integrity." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun
Love and non-judgmental acceptance may be the most important things. Yes, money can help a person find a niche in life, but money is insufficient to get a person off the street. Following up later with some of the residents, I discovered that many would have returned to the streets a long time ago, despite their opportunity of free accommodation and food, were it not for the friends and care that they felt in these homes. Many of them, over and again, reiterated the bonds that they had formed one with another and, sometimes, with the staff members themselves. Some, through the staff members, had found support in the external community.
This presence of support was particularly evident in the foster home. There the 'foster parents' seemed to have a reputation for providing unconditional love, and I was greatly struck with the way that some of the residents, particularly the…
Juvenile Community Corrections
Corrections in Community-Based Settings
Community-based corrections: Factors to consider when dealing with juvenile offenders
One seemingly self-evident truth regarding juvenile offenders might seem to be that socio-economic status will have a significant impact upon the individual's ability to find adequate treatment. The research does support the idea that individuals of higher socioeconomic status (SES) are less likely commit juvenile crimes. Also, it would seem that a wealthy, well-connected suburban family who is able to offer private counseling to their child is more likely to see the teen transition out of juvenile corrections than one who does not. An overall literature review suggests that lower SES is linked with the likelihood of perpetuating juvenile crimes. In another study of 420 urban youth comparing those from high SES neighborhoods vs. low SES neighborhoods, the high SES youth were half as likely to engage in serious delinquency (Atkins et al.…
Atkins, T., Bullis, M., & Yovanoff, P. (2007). Wealthy and wise? influence of socioeconomic status on the community adjustment of previously incarcerated youth. Behavioral Disorders, 32(4), 254-266. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/219677853?accountid=14872
Mincey, Barrett, Maldonado, Nancy, Lacey, Candace H. & Thompson, Steve D. (2008).
Perceptions of successful graduates of juvenile residential programs: Reflections and suggestions for success The Journal of Correctional Education 59(1).
Woolard, Jennifer L., Harvell, Samantha, Graham, Sandra. (2008). Anticipatory injustice among adolescents: Age and racial/ethnic differences in perceived unfairness of the justice system. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 26: 207 -- 226. Retrieved:
hereas in 1990, ninety percent of the population was native born, it has been found that in just ten years and at the 2000 Census, that over fifty percent of the population in Glendale and Queens is foreign born (Glendale Area Population, 1 and Montefinise, 1). hereas much of the population was white or black before are now increasingly Hispanic and Asian. Angela Montefinise writes, "Hispanics are moving into areas like Glendale, Middle Village and Jackson Heights, which used to havens for Italians, Germans, Irish and other working class immigrant populations" (3). These ethnic whites have moved eat or out of the State of New York entirely. Montefinise elaborates that more and more people from Caribbean nations and South Asia are moving into Glendale along with people from India and Pakistan (3). These are the changes seen in recent demographic studies. hat is important for not only community managers (politicians…
Glendale Area Population Statistics in 1990. 30 May 2005 http://www.queenslibrary/demographics_1990.asp.
Kleniewski, Nancy. Cities, Change and Conflict: A Political Economy of Urban Life. Geneseo, New York: State University of New York, 1996.
Montefinise, Angela. "Queens by the Numbers." Queens Tribune on the Web 25 Dec. 2003.
30 May 2005 http://www.queenstribune.com/weekly/122503..
The way that this can be accomplished is by forming boards that are similar to Long-Term Care Committees. The only difference is that they would severe a similar role as a medical control board. Where, they will have the responsibility for determining how all of the different health care solutions should be integrated on the local level. In this case, these committees could follow the state's integration plans and then augment the various services that are being provided with a structure that will work well for each community. (Fisher, 2009, pp. 219 -- 231)
For example, the state could provide guidelines about how the different health care solutions need to be integrated together as one single plan. The way that this occurs on the local level, will determine the kinds of services that are offered by the various organizations. At the same time, it will depend upon how the community…
Integration of Acute and Long-Term Care. (2011). DMAS. Retrieved from: http://www.dmas.virginia.gov/altc-home.htm
Cutler, D. (2010). How Health Care Reform must Bend the Cost Curve. Health Affairs, 29 (6), 1131 -- 1135.
Darkins, C. (2008). The Impact on Parents. Intensive and Critical Care, 25 (2), 72 -- 79.
DeCicci, P. (2008).Cigarette Taxes and Older Adults Smoking. Journal of Health Economics, 27 (4), 918 -- 929.
egistered nurses are both qualified, educated, and certified to provide a high quality of various care services that an individual may need in a home setting or elsewhere. Hence, providing these practitioners with the power to certify and provide home care is a solution to an overwhelming problem that has plagued the health care environment in recent years. Nursing practitioners, as a result of the nature of their work, are closely connected to the needs of individual patients. This means that they, more than many other health care providers and institutions, are able to assess the needs of individuals, their households, and the level of care they require. This places them in a position to accurately determine the need and/or of such individuals to obtain long-term home care and when such home care becomes unviable. As such, registered nurses who serve individuals in the home setting are able to maintain…
AARP Public Policy Institute. (2013). FAQs. Retrieved from: http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/ltc/ltss_faq.pdf
Brassard, A. (2011). Removing Barriers to Advanced Practice Registered Nurse Care: Home Health and Hospice Services. AARP Public Policy Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/research/public_policy_institute/health/removing-barriers-advanced-practice-registered-nurse-home-health-hospice-insight-july-2012-AARP-ppi-health.pdf
Doty, P. (2000, June). Cost-Effectiveness of Home and Community-Based Long-Term Care Services. U.S. Department of health and Human Services. Retrieved from: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2000/costeff.htm
Lynch, M., Estes, C., and Hernandez, M. (2007, June). Long-Term Care Policy Option Proposal: Consumer Controlled Chronic, Home, and Community Care for he Elderly and Disabled. Georgetown University Long-Term Care Financing Project: Working Paper No. 4. Retrieved from: http://ltc.georgetown.edu/forum/4lynch061107.pdf
In essence, the program will help meet the physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual needs of crime victims in the remote areas in South Carolina.
Generally, the program is expected to have several impacts such as helping rural crime victims through increasing the services provided to them by Victim Service Programs. Secondly, the programs will help in increasing the number of rural crime victims who can access victim assistance programs. Third, the program will enhance the quality of victim services in the rural settings by developing effective strategies to meet the divergent and unique needs of rural crime victims.
As previously mentioned, Victim Service Enhancement Program for ural Crime Victims is a project that is mainly geared towards improving the quality and accessibility of services for rural crime victims. Since the project seeks to lessen the ineffectiveness of current victim service programs while increasing their availability, it will collaborate…
"Chapter 21 - Rural Victims of Crime." (n.d.). Academic Departments. Retrieved from the
Medical University of South Carolina website: http://academicdepartments.musc.edu/scvaa/Academy%20Topics/textandppt_06/academy%20text%20pdf/CH%2021.07%20RuralVictims.pdf
Hook, M., Murray, M. & Seymour, a. (2005, August). Meeting the Needs of Underserved
Victims Video Discussion Guide. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice -- Office of Justice Programs website:
Geagua County, OH
Planning -- The most effective strategy within a community for any public health issue is two-fold: education and focus. To accomplish this at the community level, there needs to be a broad level of focus and support from all levels of the government: local, State and Federal, in order for there to be a consistent and proactive message. Education should begin at the elementary school level, with teaching talking about substances, abuse and alternatives; and move through the school system as appropriate for the cognitive abilities of various age groups. In this way, the community can collaborate with schools to provide initiatives and programs that address the problem prior to it becoming as endemic, and offer proposed solutions in a way that almost everyone involved knows they can receive help if necessary. The educational process must also be pervasive and accessible -- people need a number to…
Bangeret-Drowns, R. (1988). The Effects of School-Based Substance Abuse Education. Journal of Drug Education, 18(3), 243-64.
Berkowitz, M., et al. (1991). Sociomoral Development and Drug and Alcohol Abuse. In W. Kurtines (Ed.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development (Vol. 3). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum.
Blondell, R. (2005). Ambulatory detoxification of patients with alchohol dependence. American Family Physician, 71(3), 495-502.
Cook, P., & Moore, M. (2002). The Economics of Alchohol Abuse. Health Affairs, 21(2), 120-33.
In addition, today's police officer faces different challenges from police officers of even two decades ago. One of these 21st century problems facing law enforcement is terrorism. Almost every community across the nation has some building or government location that could be considered a target of terrorism, and large metropolitan areas have many of these targets within their boundaries. Because of this, police models may have to change to be more involved in preventing terrorism from occurring, rather than responding once a terrorist act has been committed. Community policing can aid in this by allowing community police officers to become familiar with their neighborhoods and citizens, and knowing exactly what targets lay in their area. To create better police officers, training in terrorism and how to recognize typical terrorism suspects must be stepped up and addressed in all communities.
Perhaps the biggest challenge facing many officers is the use of…
Bucqueroux, B. (2007). Community criminal justice: What community policing teaches. Retrieved from the Policing.com Web site: http://www.policing.com/articles/ccj.html26 March 2007.
Gianakis, G.A., & Davis, G.J. (1998). Reinventing or repackaging public services? The case of community-oriented policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485.
Glenn, R.W., Panitch, B.R., Barnes-Proby, D., Williams, E., Christian, J., Lewis, M.W., et al. (2003). Training the 21st century police officer: Redefining police professionalism for the Los Angeles Police Department / . Santa Monica, CA: Rand.
Leuci, R. (1999). 13 the enemies within: Reflections on institutionalized corruption. In Police and policing: Contemporary issues, Kenney, D.J. & McNamara, R.P. (Eds.) (2nd ed., pp. 216-219). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Elder Learning Service
By taking part in "Elder Learning Service," one can learn much from the experience. In fact, this is becoming a growing phenomenon both academically and within the community itself. All the research points to the positive impact of how much it empowers individuals into becoming better citizens by becoming self-aware of those that are in need. A service learning service was designed for high school students entitled, "Carrying on the Legacy of San Juan's Elders." Many conclusions arose as well as project outcomes for one to consider for any future project.
Service Learning: High School Students Engaged in their Community
The district in which I teach allowed me to do a service learning project with my high school students upon asking permission from the principal of the school. These were my goals when working with each of them. 1) Promote student and elderly intergenerational communication; 2) Improve…
Brown, L.H., & Roodin, P.A. (2001). Service-learning in gerontology: An out-of-classroom experience. Educational Gerontology, 27(1), 89-103.
Furco, A., & Root, S. (2010). Research demonstrates the value of service learning. Phi Delta
Kappan, 91(5), 16-20.
Getahun, Linde J. (2006) Reflections on service learning with the aged. Academic Exchange
History Of Human Services
When the Kalamazoo Foundation began in 1925, the welfare state in the U.S. was minimal, and on the federal level almost nonexistent. Problems of poverty, hunger, racism, unemployment, and inadequate education were largely left to the start and local levels to be dealt with by private charities and religious organizations. This only changed with the expansion of the federal safety net during the New Deal of the 1930s and the Great Society of the 1960s, although it has been contracting again over the last thirty years. During the Progressive Era of 1900-20 and into the next decade, civic-minded philanthropists and capitalists often took the lead in dealing with the social and economic problems of urban, industrial America, among them Dr. W.E. Upjohn, founder of Upjohn Pharmaceuticals. In addition to donating the first $1,000 in stock to establish the Kalamazoo Foundation, Upjohn also founded Bronson Methodist Hospital,…
Kalamazoo Community Foundation (2011). The Lifeline Initiative.
Miller-Adams, M. (2009). The Power of a Promise: Education and Economic Revival in Kalamazoo. W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Rakstis, T.J. (1967). "Grass Roots Philanthropy." The Rotarian, March 1967, pp. 34-37.
The war in Iraq has spawned a debate over whether or not all persons should have to spend some time in the civil service when they reach the age of eighteen. There are huge sacrifices that are being made in Iraq and Afghanistan but they only really affecting working class Americans. Not everyone can be in the military but everyone can participate in various aspects of the civil service. The purpose of this paper is to provide definitive proof that civil service should be mandatory at the age of eighteen.
Many veterans and ordinary Americans believe that a grave mistake was made in 1973 when the draft was abolished. Many felt that military service should be mandatory.
An article in Washington Monthly explains,
Such a system should be mandatory not voluntary. It should be broad, not narrow, with exceptions based on inability rather than personal inconvenience.…
Civil Service." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.
You will volunteer / National-service schemes ultimately are a self- contradiction. Gazette Feb 7, 2002. April 1, 2004 http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/2629/7256.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000836118
Bridgeland, John M., Stephen Goldsmith, and Leslie Lenkowsky. "New Direction: Service and the Bush Administration's Civic Agenda." Brookings Review Fall 2002: 18+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000685691
Just, Richard. "Suddenly Serviceable: Is This the Moment for National Service." The American Prospect 1 Jan. 2002: 15+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000169584
The quantity and quality of services of these organizations vary according to their size and capital. To save money, some of these organizations also work from satellite offices. Some of them have gyms, offices, and a large array of extra-curricular services. In some cases, services benefit both Mexican living in the U.S. s well as original host community in Mexico and the organization and the Mexican government collaborates to ensure success of these organizations.
The services can generally be categorized into eight departments: legal, cultural, community, family, education, science, technology, and healthcare.
Legal services exist to protect the right of the Mexican immigrant and include a complex array of subjects. Civic, or social work, services, eases the entry of the immigrant into merican society and are accomplished through various social activities. Business services assist Mexican with job employment and sating their own business. Cultural services create and sustain awareness of…
Amayo-Castro, G. (2011) Immigrant non-profit organizations. Thesis. S. Illinois Univ.
Alatrista, J., & Arrowsmith, J. (2004). Managing employee commitment in the not-for-profit sector. Personnel Review, 33, 536-548.
Perry, J., Mesch, D., & Paarlberg, L. (2006). Motivating employees in a new governance era. Public Administration Review, 66, 505-514.