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Software Requirements Engineering
Computer software technology has improved significantly over the past decade leading to more efficient and comprehensive information systems. With the innumerable computing systems there is also a corresponding increase in the complexity of these systems. Today software requirements analysis has become an indispensable part of software development. Over the years there has been a continued stress on the importance of a properly planned project evaluation, requirement specification and designing. The system development life cycle incorporates the complete analysis, design and maintenance of any software project wherein each phase of the project is meticulously planned and based on the previous phase. Let us consider the requirements engineering process in a little detail.
The software requirements engineering process is part of the analysis phase of the software development life cycle. Once the requirements are thoroughly assessed a comprehensive software requirements specification is drafted. This is a technical specification of…
Fairley Richard, "Software Engineering Concepts," Tata McgrawHill, 2000,pg 89
The Standish Group," "The Standish Group Report," Accessed on 16th February 2003, http://www.scs.carleton.ca/~beau/PM/Standish-Report.html
Thomas Bill, "Meeting the Challenges of Requirements Engineering" Accessed on 16th February 2003, http://interactive.sei.cmu.edu/Features/1999/March/Spotlight/Spotlight.mar99.pdf.
Computer Software for Career Planning
Career Management is a combination of structured management and active strategic planning for a professional career. Ostensibly, the outcome of successful career management should be a job that provides personal fulfillment, balance in one's work and life, actualization and goal achievement, as well as financial security. Because this is an active and strategic venture, beginning with setting goals and objectives, and following through with steps, detours, and possibly even reroutes during one's career lifecycle, harnessing the power of computers to help manage both data and direction is optimal. Career management software is, therefore, a combination of psychological assessments (e.g. Myer's-Briggs) to quick and informal overviews (Career Builder) to more summative and comprehensive like MyPath (Stenger, 2008).
ithin the context of career counseling with the college or university system, the key is preparing the student to understand that career develop is a lifelong process; and inexorably…
About 6 FigureJobs. (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from 6FigureJobs.com: https://www.6figurejobs.com/
About Career Path. (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from CareerPath.com: http://www.careerpath.com/about/
Career Development Actions. (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from SumTotal Systems: http://www.sumtotalsystems.com/products/career-development.html
Executive Dashboard Software. (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from InetSoft Solutions: http://www.inetsoft.com/solutions/dashboards/
computer software falls into one of three categories: compilers and other translator programs, software applications, and system software. Describe and give examples of each.
All three types of software are essential for the successful operation of a computer. Compliers are the applications that translate programming code into actual software applications professionals can use to do their jobs. Examples are the compilers used for translating C++, C# or in legacy systems, COBOL, into actual applications for use. The compiler takes source code and transforms the many logic conditions, branching and definition statements present in source code into applications. Software applications are those programs that users interact with to do their jobs, including Microsoft Excel, PowerPoint, Word and millions of others. Applications are often designed to support a specific series of tasks or a significant process area of a business, as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is designed to accomplish for example. The…
Computer Software Piracy and Copyright Infringement
This work completes my portion of the Blue Team's group project where we were each assigned a set of cases to review and summarize. This report is the summary for case number 3 called, Universal City Studios, Inc. V. eimerdes. The purpose was to read and then assess each case. The objective of the paper is to provide a case summary and the rules of law that pertain to the case, the main case issues as they influence society, the Court's final conclusion and whether or not I concur and as mentioned a compare and contrast with the other cases assigned.
Case 3 summary
The Defendants were web page owners that provided a software over the internet called DeCSS, which had a sole purpose of decoding the scrambled signals off the plaintiffs' motion picture studios' digital versatile disks (DVDs). With the descrambling software,…
Case Summary. (February 2, 2000). Universal City Studios, Inc. V. Reimerdes. Retrieved November 12, 2004, at http://www.law.uh.edu/faculty/cjoyce/copyright/release10/Universal.html
Computer Software Is Still a Major Barrier to Wireless Information Systems
Despite the exceptional growth of many forms of wireless networks and their many variations including metropolitan Wi-Fi and distance-based wireless networks used in broad geographic regions, software continues to be a major barrier to their adoption. The intent of this analysis is to illustrate why software has now become more of an impediment than catalyst of wireless network adoption and use.
At its most fundamental level, wireless information systems today lack the level of security possible with more proven network topologies and configurations. The pervasive use of Secured Sockets layer (SSL) versus IPsec on wireless networks has become commonplace yet both still have major vulnerabilities in their structure (Titmus, 2006). To attain the highest level of security possible on large-scale wireless information systems a high degree of flexibility needs to be sacrificed (Titmus, 2006). This is…
Kangasharju, J., Lindholm, T., & Tarkoma, S.. (2007). XML messaging for mobile devices: From requirements to implementation. Computer Networks, 51(16), 4634.
Bahattin Ozen, Ozgur Kilic, Mehmet Altinel, & Asuman Dogac. (2004). Highly Personalized Information Delivery to Mobile Clients. Wireless Networks: Data Engineering for Mobile and Wireless Access (Guest, 10(6), 665-683.
Nelson Stewart, Jared Spencer, & Nathaniel Melby. (2006). Developing Trust in M-commerce: A Vendor and Certificate Authority Model. Journal of Information Privacy & Security, 2(2), 51-58.
Peter Titmus. (2006). Securing IP telephony systems - best practices. Network Security, 2006(9), 11.
PET, as seen, has been utilized in scheduling tasks as significant as U.S. military operations, but has further shown to be significantly useful in the construction field. Not only has PET proven a viable tool in the scheduling of construction projects, but it has been noted to aid significantly in the research and development of projects. Even with an extensive experience base, construction operations have enough uncertainly that the construction manager can learn several important lessons from a brief overview of the PET procedure including proper estimates of modal duration in terms of probability of accomplishing certain activities within the time period specified (Clough, Sears and Sears, 2008, pp. 366-67).
Gantt Charts and Construction Scheduling
A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule, including the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project (Morris, 1994, p. 18).…
Baker, S. (2004). Critical path method (CPM). University of South Carolina. Web.
Retrieved from: http://hspm.sph.sc.edu/COURSES/J716/CPM/CPM.html on 14 November 2011.
Clark, C, Malcolm, D. And Roseboom, C. (1959). Application of a technique for research and development program evaluation. Operations Research, 7.5: pp. 646-669. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Clough, R., Sears, G. And Sears, S. (2008). Construction project management: a practical guide to field construction management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. Print.
Computer: Troubleshooting Software
Troubleshooting Software: Computer
The first step in this case would be to identify the specific applications that could be slowing down the computer. In Windows operating system, this could be done by hitting ctrl + Alt + Delete to sort programs based on the amount of RAM they are taking up. Applications taking up a lot of space, but not significantly useful could then be uninstalled to free up space. Secondly, one needs to check for any recent software changes that may have been made to the computer. Hardware and software changes could at times cause software problems, particularly if they conflict with other software or cause changes to the computer settings. Norton Antivirus software could, for instance, conflict with other antivirus software; and could fail to work effectively if such competing software are installed. The solution in such a case would be to identify…
As many of the world's industries are faced with increasing competitive pressure and the need to continually improve their performance, employers look to new employees with computer fluency skills as an indicator that the person also has initiative to tackle difficult learning projects and master them. Initiative is very valuable in today's labor market. When combined with computer fluency and literacy, a prospective employee can add in knowledge of a specific industry and gain a greater competitive advantage in getting a new position. This combination of factors together is what serves as the catalyst for anyone seeking a career where computer fluency is a necessary requirement.
The level of computer literacy and their level of fluency with PCs, applications, the Internet and its many applications and research tools will have a direct correlation to what they will earn over their lifetimes; this point is clear from the studies citied.…
Francis Green, Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, Ying Zhou. "COMPUTERS and PAY." National Institute Economic Review no. 201 (July 1, 2007): 63-75. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Copacino, William C "Skills development -- the best defense against downsizing." Logistics Management, January 1, 1997, 42.
A www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.
Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-
9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4
The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).
For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…
Bowman, W.R., Crawford, A.M., & Mehay, S. (2009). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Naval Postgraduate School, 119.
Information Design, Inc. (2004). Issues in web-based training. 5.
Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on Education, 7.
Kulik, C.-L. C., & Kulik, J.A. (1991). Effectiveness of computer-based: An updated analysis. Computers in human behavior, 20.
In the same year, the founders started a new company for computer development called the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. By 1949, this company launched the BINAC or Binary Automatic computer. This computer made use of magnetic tape for the storage of data. Then this company was bought by emington and Corporation and the name was changed to Univac Division of emington and. This company was the organization to bring out UNIVAC which is one of the originals of the type of computers that are used today. (Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly)
1951 - UNIVAC begins to take over the business industries market:
Presper Eckert and John Mauchly set up their company and found their first client in the United States Census Bureau. The population of United States was growing very fast due to the baby boom that was taking place…
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Atanasoff-Berry Computer the First
Electronic Computer - John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry." Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa050898.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa060298.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Harvard MARK I Computer - Howard
Moreover, it has also to be ensured that the motherboard contains expansion slots built into the board, and not built into the expansion board which plugs into the motherboard.
Memory: The memory located inside the computer is called as the andom Access Memory (AM). This AM is place where CPU temporarily stores information, which it needs to perform a function. The quantum of memory is directly related to the extent of complicated functions it is able to perform. It is important to get a system having at least 256 MBs AM or 512 MBs or higher is preferred. For the greater part, the more memory to which the system can be upgraded to in future is better. The latest software programs are always extremely resources hungry.
Input-devices: - Input devices are employed to enter information and direct the commands to your computer. The two most typical input devices are a…
Improve Your Computer's Performance. Retrieved at http://h50055.www5.hp.com/smb/ph/resources/improve.aspxAccessed on 27 November, 2004
Purchasing a Computer Investing in Your Career. Union Technologist. No: 52 January 2001. Retrieved at http://www.chtu.org/Tech/Tech52.html#waitAccessed on 28 November 2004
Purchasing a Computer System. The Computer Specialist. Retrieved at http://www.coroneldp.com/Prchtips.htm . Accessed on 28 November 2004
Upgrading Your Computer Components. March, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.techsoup.org/howto/articlepage.cfm?ArticleId=142&topicid=1Accessed on 27 November, 2004
New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office
It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.
But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…
Computers Used by Nurses
The area of interest in nursing informatics are nursing information, nursing data and nursing knowledge. The present state of knowledge related to these phenomena proposes four implications for the development of systems to assist nursing. First, research suggests that experience and knowledge is linked to the quality of nursing assessment, diagnosis or clinical inference, and planning of nursing care, and also that knowledge is task-specific Information technology can provide access to a variety of information resources, such as knowledge bases and decision support systems, to enhance the level of knowledge of the nurse decision-maker. Second, organized patient assessment forms with linkages to knowledge bases of diagnoses have the capability to improve the quality of the patient check up and the accuracy of the diagnosis. Third, studies on planning care have demonstrated the complexity of the task when a number of options are potentially appropriate Model-based decision…
Cornell University. 2012. Retrieved from Medical calculators: http://www-users.med.cornell.edu/~spon/picu/calc/medcalc.htm
Evidence-based medicine_BMJ Journals. Evidence_based Medicine for primary care and internal Medicine . 2012
Nursing Informatics for BSN Nursing students. (n.d.). Retrieved from Data Analysis Nursing Informatics: http://www.nursing-informatics.com/kwantlen/nrsg4120.html
Online journal of nursing informatics. (n.d.). Online journal of nursing informatics .
In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.
Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).
Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. ith anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online
(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be…
Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.
Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.
Nykodym, Nick, Sonny Ariss, and Katarina Kurtz. "Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2008): 78-85. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
Quinn, Brian. "The Medicalisation of Online Behaviour." Online Information Review 25.3 (2001): 173-80.
To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.
In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…
Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell
Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html . accessed 27 July, 2005
Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html . accessed 27 July, 2005.
Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
Because of the standardization and flexibility of the mouse, software developers have considerable leeway in their engineering. Alternates to the mouse such as the light pen and tablet do not provide users with as robust and diverse usages as the mouse.
Mice, moreover, are inexpensive. Although users can opt for high-end mice, most standard mice and even optical and cordless mice are affordable for the average consumer. Early mice, contained in clumsy rectangular boxes, did not have the ergonomic or visual appeal of modern mice, which are easy and accessible for all users. Accessibility is another reason why the mouse has revolutionized computing. Disabled computer users who cannot access QWERTY keyboards can perform many functions using voice recognition software and basic mouse clicks.
Advancements in mouse technology have also enabled users to save considerable time and energy for their computing needs. For example, the right-click button often brings up menu…
Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.
Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.
Parallel processing is the processing of program…
Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm
Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm
Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html
D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
Contracting Opportunities for a Computer Component Manufacturer: Trends in Federal Spending
The pace of technological development is now faster than it ever has been at any other time in human history, and this pace has been steadily increasing for several decades. The emergence of the computer in the first half of the twentieth century could not have foretold the power and mobility that these devices would provide a few short generations later, nor the opportunities that continuing advancement and technological growth would supply to businesses. For Vigilant Technology, a manufacturer of computer components, the opportunities are virtually endless. Selecting the most profitable route forward can be made more difficult by the abundance of choices, yet an examination of the current contracts being offered by the federal government can help indicate the large-scale trends needed for long-term profits, not to mention providing immediate short-term gains in terms of the…
Reference fbo.gov. (2011). Accessed 23 April 2011.
Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects
The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…
Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.
Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.
Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.
Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
Unfortunately, many consumers may not be aware of their photographic image being used in this fashion and even if they were, existing privacy laws fail to provide any substantive protections. For example, in response to these trends, the Harvard Law eview published an essay entitled, "In the Face of Danger: Facial ecognition and Privacy Law," with a majority of the article describing how "privacy law, in its current form, is of no help to those unwillingly tagged" (2007, para. 3). These issues have become even more salient because of the proliferation of social networking sites as discussed further below.
Privacy within social networking sites
Currently, there is a wide array of social media networks available, including social sharing sites such as YouTube and Flickr and social networks such as Linkedln and Facebook (Hensel & Deis, 2010). Others such as Spokeo and Twitter have become the virtual meeting places of choice…
Bamberger, K.A. & Mulligan, D.K. (2011). Privacy on the books and on the ground. Stanford Law Review, 63(2), 247-249.
Brodkin, J. (2009, December 8). PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/
Buchholz, R.A. & Rosenthal, S.B. (2006). Internet privacy: Individual rights and the common good. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 67(1), 34-36.
Some nanorobots are being designed as "spray-on computers the size of a grain of sand." Edinburgh University has been working on nanorobots that can be sprayed onto patients as monitoring devices. They may be released for medical use in four years.
Quantum computers, based on principles like quantum entanglement and superposition, use the properties of particles. Quantum bits, called qubits, can process information faster than any existing computer technologies. A quantum computer can process many equations simultaneously. In a smaller space, using less energy, a quantum computer becomes more powerful than any commercial PC. In fact, Hertzog implies that quantum computers will mainly be used in fields demanding rapid data processing like the sciences or in cryptography.
Finally, one of the most promising future developments will be in the realm of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence implies computers that can think critically and creatively, like human beings. The potential for artificial…
Hertzog, C. (2006). The future of computer technology. Tech Tips. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-26nov06.htm
Software Processing Methodology
Understanding the Problem
Klyne Smith, DSE Candidate
Dr. Frank Coyle
esearch and Contribution Methods
Software Processing Methodologies
Where do we go from here (Spring 2010)?
Define measurement data points for Test Case analysis
Creation and Validation of the predictive model
Articles / Web Information
Software Processing Methodology:
Understanding the Problem
In this work, I examine three different Software Processing Methodologies. I start with the iterative model, followed by the spiral model, and conclude with the V-model. Each of these methodologies are discussed in length to gain a clear understanding of their similarities and differences. This paper focuses on gaining a key understanding of the methodologies and when it is best to utilize each.…
Alexander, Ian and Beus-Dukic, Ljerka (2009). Discovering Requirements - How to Specify Products and Services
Bass, Len and Clements, Paul, and Kazman, Rick (2003) - Software Architecture in Practice (2nd Edition)
Boehm, B.,(1976) Software Engineering, IEEE Trans. Computer, C-25,12,1226-1241
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.
Types of information systems that that hold data
Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…
Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress
Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)
Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
oday the prevalent technologies for printing output from a computer include what are called "non-impact" technologies or inkjet and laser-based printing devices.
here are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. hese are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003).…
There are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. These are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003). The convenience of these types of storage devices is changing how PC and laptop users store, share and archive data and information.
Define file and folder. Explain their relationship. Discuss the file management functions included in Windows XP.
The Windows XP operating system has an eclectic series of file systems included within it, including support for File Allocation Table (FAT), a 32-bit variation of the file format called FAT32, and the Windows NT File System (NTFS). Each of these file systems are specifically designed for compatibility with previous versions of Microsoft operating systems (as is the case with the FAT file system specifically) to ensure software program compatibility. FAT32 was specifically developed to give software developers an opportunity to increase the performance of their
All of these tools make it possible for a hacker to not only corrupt the application itself in terms of accessing confidential information, but further allow for the hacker to spread damage deep into the application to attack other systems, essentially able to shut down an entire application with the corruption of contained information.
Though some of the aforementioned tactics involve the physical infiltration of a company in order to gain information and access into applications, the more common hacking tactics are the use of technological tools that allow the hacker to access information from the comfort of their own computer. The SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security) Institute notes that there currently "appear to be two main avenues for exploiting and compromising applications: brute force password guessing attacks and web application attacks" (Dhamankar, Eisenbarth & King, 2009). This type of attack seems to be trending at an unparalleled level as…
Dalton, M., Kozyrakis, C. And Zeldovich, N. (2009). Preventing authentication and access control vulnerabilities in web applications. Network and Distributed Systems Security Symposium, 2009. Retrieved from: LexisNexis database.
Dhamankar, R., Eisenbarth, M., and King, J. (2009). Top security risks. SANS
Institute Report 2009. Retrieved from: ProQuest database.
McCollum, T. (2008). Applications control. The Internal Auditor. 59:2, 23-26. Retrieved
Software can kill. A lesson how the database has to be managed in congruence with the workplace in order to save, rather than destroy, lives.
Summary of the case
Due to unclear and uncoordinated assembly and construction of the software system, 28 patients at the National Center Institute of Panama received excessive does of gamma ray radiation of cancer treatment in November 2000. 21 of those patients, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) died due to radiation poisoning and three Panamanian medical physicists who used the software to figure out the needed dose of radiation of the patients were charged with second-degree murder.
The fault of these physicians were that they introduced changes in the software for radiation procedures on the patients without thoroughly ascertaining that the software was accurately following modification instructions according to intended and prescribed details.
Chemotherapy is a calculated and precise business. Treatment of…
Yusuf, Y., Gunasekaran, A., & Abthorpe, M. (2004). Enterprise Information Systems Project Implementation: A Case Study of ERP in Rolls-Royce, International Journal of Production Economics, 87(3), pp. 21-39.
Computer Hard Drives
The globalization of computer technology offers a vast number of remarkable tools, devices, applications, and advanced equipments that brings comfort in our daily work and activities. New features, designs, and capabilities of various computer peripherals and hardware are continuously being developed and brought out to market for better performance of the current technology. One very important part of a computer that experiences the trend of up-to-date improvement is the Hard Drive.
This paper aims to provide information on the evolution of computer hard drives. Included in this paper is the history of hard drive, from the time it was developed as computer hardware up to the continuous production of new and upgraded performance of data storage mediums. The various types of this technology, its changing features, and the companies who provide us with this dependable hardware are also discussed in this paper.
Of the diverse parts…
Legard, David. Smaller, Faster Hard Drives Coming Soon. PC World. 2003.
Kozierok, Charles. A Brief History of the Hard Disk Drive. PC Guide. 2001.
Byard, Larry. Hard Disk Drive Guide History.
Dux Computer Digest. 09 April 2003. http://www.duxcw.com/digest/guides/hd/hd2.htm
Computers are tools for learning; and as such are not essentially different from the way dictionaries, calculators, and videos are teaching and learning tools. However, computers provide a wide range of learning experiences that do make them qualitatively and quantitatively different from other learning tools. Three ways that computers measurably benefit the learning experience include communication, information access and retrieval, and training. Computers facilitate communication between learner and teacher, or between learner and peers. With computers and their applications, the raw data of learning -- that is, information -- becomes accessible to both teacher and learners. Training manuals and tutorials can be digitalized in ways that are accessible to learners regardless of geography and time. In spite of these three benefits of computers as learning tools, there are three detriments to the use of information technology in the higher education classroom. One detriment is the digital divide, or income disparity…
Tam, M.D., Hart, A.R., Williams, S., Heylings, D. & Leinster, S. (2009). Is learning anatomy facilitated by computer-aided learning? A review of the literature. Informa 31(9): 393-396.
Ward, J.P.T., Gordon, J., Field, M.J. & Lehmann, H.P. (2001). Communication and information technology in medical education. The Lancet. Vol. 357: 792-796.
Warschauer, M., Turbee, L. & Roberts, B. (1996). Computer learning networks and student empowerment. System 24(1): 1-14.
Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Internet.
Allowing for such access necessarily creates a point of weakness, and this must be carefully guarded against through many levels of protection (Stuttard & Pinto 2007). Many of the same steps that are employed in access differentiation as described above can also be employed here -- multiple levels of access that is password protected, strict compartmentalization of data and of processes, and other features such as the recognition and removal of malicious input can all protect the opening that is created by administrative access to application information and code (Stuttard & Pinto 2007). Password-protected access to a web application's source code is one common example of this type of core defense capability, which grows more complex as both the complexity of the system and needs for security increase.
Direct Attacks and Unauthorized Use: A More Detailed View
Direct attacks on applications, especially web-based applications, are becoming increasingly common as programming…
Dalal, S.; Poore, J. & Cohen, M. (2003). Innovations in software engineering for defense systems. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.
Sttutard, D. & Pinto, M. (2007). The web application hacker's handbook. New York: Wiley.
Add the fact that the user can enter his or her business data into an appraisal directory and ClickFORMS seems like the best choice.
At $49 per month, the software is pricey. Whether or not it will be a sound investment for a new appraiser depends on the area of specialization. Appraisers working within a broad geographic base may appreciate the more sophisticated mapping integration that ClickFORMS offers. On the other hand, specialists may not need the advanced tools that the subscription service offers.
Both ClickFORMS and Homeputer fps include hundreds of different forms, both offer PDF support for exporting, and both include photo editors. Thus, the basic tools of appraisal report creation are present in both applications. For basic report creation, appraisers should try Homeputer before shelling out the fee for ClickFORMS. Especially for independent appraisers, the software is sufficient for most appraisal needs. If Homeputer does not meet…
The core competencies identified for this paper include: (1) data management (2) personnel management (3) strategic planning and (4) the ability to create technological innovation. ealistically speaking, a company must integrate all of its capabilities to assess its position in the market, and to determine which if any of its core competencies it must work on developing further to maintain a stable position in a volatile workplace. The computer industry is constantly evolving and changing. To be a leader in the industry one might guess the most important core capability for a computer company to have is innovative leaders and the ability to create and easily adapt to new technology.
With a foundation that includes core capabilities as data management, strategic planning and personnel management, a company could easily do this without hardship.
Aung, M. & Heeler, . (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic…
Aung, M. & Heeler, R. (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic decisions in international markets." Journal of Marketing Management, 17(8): 619-643.
Business Review. "Dassault Systemes S.A." Computer Business Review Online. Retrieved 3, May 2007: http://www.cbronline.com/companyprofile.asp
Cappelli, Peter & Crocker-Hefter, Anne. (1993). "Distinctive human resources are the core competencies of firms." EQW Working Papers, WP18. ERIC ED 372190.
Gartner, Inc. (May, 2007). "Gartner says companies must have a "Chindia" strategy." Research News. Tekrati, the Industry Analyst Reporter. Retrieved 3, May 2007:
Instead, it is seen as an essential tool that can help a variety of organizations to be able to increase their revenues and productivity. (Singh, 2009, pp. 1 -- 10)
At the same time, the use of social software has meant that many corporations have been reaching out to employees. This is because they are seeing how this can help to: improve collaboration and communication. One of the biggest problems that a number of different organizations around the world have faced; is that coordinating their various departments can be challenging. The reason why, is due to the fact that globalization has meant that a number of companies must establish numerous offices around the world. In the past this was problematic, because many organizations had trouble communicating with other offices around the globe from: issues such as differences in the time zones. This made it more challenging to communicate and monitor…
Cook, N. (2008). Enterprise 2.0. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
Cross, R. (2004). Breaking the Mold. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Kennedy, M. (2009). Trust in Social Networking. Social Networking Communities and E-Dating Services (pp. 225 -- 238). Hershey, NY: Information Science Reference.
Kerno, S. (2008). Limitations of Communities and Practice. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15 (1), 69 -- 78.
For the SunLife agents to be successful the accumulated experience and knowledge in the company need to be captured, and applied to the sales cycles and ongoing customer relationships. This is another major gap that is in the approach the company is taking with the implementation of Maestro today as well. SunLife is not taking into account the deep expertise and knowledge within the company to streamline and make more efficient the selling process, and as a result the resistance to change on the part of agents just increases over time. They fail to see the value of making any significant shift in how they view new technologies to help them sell more effectively or continually be trusted advisors over time.
SunLife has an exceptionally strong grasp of technologies and their contributions to each aspect of the insurance sales, account management and risk management aspects of the insurance industry. Several…
Bull, C.. (2010). Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 94.
Ernst, H., Hoyer, W., Krafft, M., & Krieger, K.. (2011). Customer relationship management and company performance -- the mediating role of new product performance. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 39(2), 290-306.
Keller, 1999. The Pitfalls of Meta-Systems and Business Rules. Generali Office Service and Consulting.
Levasseur, R.. (2011). People Skills: Optimizing Team Development and Performance. Interfaces, 41(2), 204-208.
Computer and Web Ethics
The term "computer ethics," as coined by Walter Maner in the 1970s, refers to a field of study that examines "ethical problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology" (Maner, 1980). Maner suggested that persons engaged in computer-related actions should apply traditional ethical frameworks, such as Kantianism and Utilitarianism, to govern their decision-making. While Immanuel Kant's virtue ethics are rooted in respect for all people and an inherent respect for virtuous character traits -- such as kindness, honesty, patience and humility -- Utilitarianism judges the morality of an action according to "the greatest good for the greatest number" rule (Stanford Encyclopedia, 2011).
Similar to Maner's definition, Deborah Johnson, author of Computer Ethics (1985), defined computer ethics as a study of how computers "pose new versions of standard moral problems and moral dilemmas, exacerbating the old problems, and forcing us to apply ordinary moral norms to uncharted…
Bynum, T. (2006). "Flourishing Ethics," Ethics and Information Technology, 8(4), 157-173.
Gotterbarn, D. (2001). "Informatics and Professional Responsibility," Science and Engineering Ethics, 7(2), 221-30.
Johnson, D. (1985). Computer Ethics, First Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994; Third Edition Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001.
Maner, W. (1980). Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, Hyde Park, NY: Helvetia Press and the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy.
" Shin (2006) Shin also states that the CMC literature "illustrates shifts of focus to different layers of context." Early on, research relating to CMC in language learning and teaching looked at the linguistic content of CMC text to examine how language learners could improve certain communication functions and learn linguistic figures through CMC activities (lake, 2000; Chun, 1994; Kern, 1995; Ortega, 1997; Pellettieri, 2000; Smith 2000, Sotlillo, 2000; Toyoda & Harrison, 2002, Tudini, 2003; Warschauer, 1996) Recent studies of "tellecollaborative projects have examined how language learners jointly construct the contexts of their CMC activities, as part of their focus on tensions among intercultural communication partners. (elz, 2003, 2003; Kramsch & Thorn, 2002; O'Dowd, 2003; Ware 2000, War & Kramsch, 2005) IN the study of Shin (2006) which was "informed by Ware's (2005) examination of a tellecollaborative communication project between American college students and German students" Shin (2006) looks into…
Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2006) Computer-Assisted Language Learning http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/ling361/ling361_call.html .
Lusnia, Karen B. (1000) Teaching Teachers Long-Distance: A Paradigm-Shift for the Teacher-Planner in Mexico - Applied Linguistics. Paper presented at the International Conference on Language Teacher Education.
Bakhtin, M.M. (1981). Excerpts from discourse in the novel. In M. Holquist (Ed.), The dialogic imagination: Four essays by M.M. Bakhtin. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Bateson, G. (2000). Steps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press.
Introduction of the new technology will also means new job requirements as well. People are resistant to change by nature, but these changes are necessary to ensure that Argot gains and maintains a competitive edge long into the future. Management needs to stress the necessity of these changes to employees and assist them in making a smooth transition. Technological changes will require changes on many levels, not just in hardware and software. One of the keys is developing adequate training programs so that workers get off to a good start with the new system.
Benefits and Limitations of E-commerce
E-Commerce has several advantages and disadvantages. The key advantage is that it provides real-time access to necessary information among the various systems and departments. The second is that it streamlines business processes and raises organizational efficiency. This is the key benefit for the Argot International. Another advantages is that it maintains…
Active Grid. (2007). Enterprise Web 2.0. Retrieved July 19, 2007 at http://www.activegrid.com/?gclid=CJi604zUs40CFQxzHgodphVVtg.
Apache Software Foundation. (2007). Apache Software. Retrieved July 19, 2007 from http://www.apache.org .
Gian, T. (2003). Dancing Around EAI 'Bear Traps'. Retrieved July 18, 2007 at http://www.ebizq.net/topics/int_sbp/features/3463.html .
Hewlett-Packard (2007). P-UX Apache-based Web Server v.2.00 powered by Apache, Tomcat, Webmin. Retrieved July 18, 2007 at http://h20293.www2.hp.com/portal/swdepot/displayProductInfo.do?productNumber=HPUXWSATW200
Computer assisted learning (CAL), once a novel concept, is a staple in numerous classrooms across the country, from the primary education to the university level. Computer assisted learning offers both students and teachers a daunting and near-limitless education supplement. However, this paper will examine examples where computer assisted learning is more or less effective and why. It will be revealed that computer assisted learning programs that are most effective are the ones which place precedence on interactivity. A particularly successful program, the Interaction Multimedia Computer Assisted Instruction Theory, will be examined carefully in regards to the strategy and concepts used in order to make such a learning program as successful as possible.
Educators and pedagogues have known for years the wealth of benefits that computer assisted learning can offer the student. Certain educational software programs equal a dissemination of difficult concepts and/or an illumination of intricate ideas. For example,…
Azer, S. (2008). Navigating problem-based learning. Marrickville: Elsevier.
Banerjee, A., Duflo, E., & Linden, L. (2004). Computer-assisted learning project with pratham in india.Poverty Action Lab, Retrieved from http://www.povertyactionlab.org/evaluation/computer-assisted-learning-project-pratham-india
Greenhalgh, T. (2001). Computer assisted learning in undergraduate medical education. British Medical Journal, 322(7277), 40-44.
Iskander, M. (2008). Innovative techniques in instruction technology, e-learning. Brooklyn:
They may not install personal copies of software they purchased for home use on a school computer; or make copies of school-owned software for either home use or to share with parents and students.
In addition, the laws address the use of shareware. Sometimes people think of shareware as "free," but it is not, and schools may not use shareware beyond the date at which the shareware copyright owner demands payment. In addition, although freeware is free in that the school does not have to pay for it, the law states that people may not sell freeware. Schools are not likely to do that, but they also cannot alter the freeware for any kind of commercial purpose, even if their goal was to support educational goals in some way (Education World).
The cumulative effect of these laws require that schools (as well as everyone else) use commercial software only in…
Association of Research Libraries (ARL). "A History of Copyright in the United States." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://arl.cni.org/info/frn/copy/timeline.html#20C
Education world. "Applying Fair Use to New Technologies." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr280d.shtml
Minnesota State Colleges and Universities (MSCU). "Copyright Law/History," in Intellectual Property and Copyright. Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://copyright.mnscu.edu/introduction.htm
NCSU. "The TEACH Toolkit." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/scc/legislative/teachkit/
Apple (the computer company) with relation to China. The paper will need to focus on the company's product development and supplier relations within the Chinese market.
"Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL; formerly Apple Computer, Inc.) is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products are the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Its software includes the OS X and iOS operating system; the iTunes media browser; and the iLife and iork creativity and production suites. Apple is the world's third-largest mobile phone maker after Samsung and Nokia. Established on April 1, 1976 in Cupertino, California, and incorporated January 3, 1977… Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2012" (ikipedia: Apple Inc.)
The following essay describes Apple's relationship with China…
Wikipedia. Apple Inc.
Rathee, J. (2012) Could Apple's China Love Affair Be Over? http://wallstcheatsheet.com/stocks/could-apples-china-love-affair-be-over.html/
(but they are these days more and more used around the globe)
The common characteristic of all input devices is that they encode or convert information of various types into data that can enter a further processing phase performed by the computer system. Output devices decode the data into information that can be easily understood by people, which are ultimately the users of a computer. This way, the computer system may be viewed as no more than a data processing system.
As far as electromechanical engineering technology is concerned, it enables engineers to design automated systems. Students need to learn to use computers, math, and advanced science in order to design such systems. Learning how to install and test robotics equipment is also important, and is performed by using computers.
Even apparently simple devices, such as candy machines, involve various technologies. For instance, the little rollers (a mechanical device) pull…
1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997 Edition - Articles on Computers and Computer Technology
Apple Computer, Inc. is a multinational corporation with its roots in the United States. It designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers (Shetty, 2011). The company has grown to rival the likes of Microsoft in the world of consumer electronics and computers. As such, its physical, monetary and human resources, as well as its knowledge and technology are used in such a way as to ensure the growth and sustainability of the company. Despite several criticisms, the company's current size and stature in the public eye remain testament to its effective use and management of the resources at its disposal.
According to Shetty (2011), the company's best-known hardware products are its Macintosh computers and the iPod, iPhone and iPad. It also promotes a range of software, including the Mac OS X operating system, iTunes media browser, iLife multimedia, and iWork productivity software, among several others.…
Helft, M. And Vance, A. (2010, May 26). Apple Passes Microsoft as No. 1 in Tech. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/27/technology/27apple.html?_r=1
Kessman, S. (2007, May 3). Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. Unveils Plans to Go Green. Associated Content. Retrieved from: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/232826/steve_jobs_of_apple_inc_unveils_plans_pg2.html?cat=3
Shetty, N. (2011, Jan 22). Human Resource Management of Apple Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.managementparadise.com/forums/human-resources-management-h-r/213861-human-resource-management-apple-inc.html
usiness Software Technology
The information technology industry is vitally important to the advancement of our society and our world. This discussion will explore the business software technology aspect of the industry. First, we will discuss the tasks performed by individuals in this field. We will then look at the economic impact of this segment of the industry. Finally, we will explore the benefits and rewards of working in the business software technology field.
Tasks Performed by individuals in the usiness Software Technology Field
The usiness software technology field is critical to the success of any firm. The field researches and develops software applications that allow firm's to thrive. The usiness Software Alliance explains that, "usinesses use software to collect, analyze, and present information; to buy and sell goods and services; to design better products; and to facilitate communications." ("uilding an Information Technology")
usiness software technology is particularly critical for e-business…
Amos, Susan. "Help is on hand for software developers." Computer Weekly. Feb 5, 1998. Retrieved March 21, 2003 at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0COW/1998_Feb_5/20382110/p1/article.jhtml?term=business+software+
Barack, Lauren. "Software knows if you've been Naughty or Nice. New York Post.
Building an Information Economy." Business Software Association. June, 1997. Retrieved March 23, 2003 at http://www.caast.org/resources/econstudy.pdf
E-business Technology." Seminole Community College. Retrieved on March 22, 2003 at http://www.seminole.cc.fl.us/e-business/softwaretechcert.htm
Computer/Software and the Use of Computer Technology in Investigations
The key advantage of computer forensics is that it can look for and assess loads of data in a swift and efficient manner. Computers are able to search for keywords from hard drives, in various languages. This proves valuable, as cybercriminals are easily able to cross national boundaries over the World Wide Web (Forensic Science, 2009). Computer forensics may be utilized in cases of corporate frauds, thefts, disputes over intellectual property, asset recovery and contract breaches (Forensic Science, 2009).
Important information, which cybercriminals have deleted or which is lost may be recovered and employed as significant court evidence. Professionals in the legal domain can furnish evidences in courts, which were earlier impossible. The field of computer forensics (i.e., electronic evidence) is fairly new; typically, criminal issues are handled through the use of physical evidence. Fortunately, the tool has proven advantageous in…
10 Famous Criminal Cases Cracked by Forensics. (2011, February 1). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://www.criminaljusticeschools.org/blog/10-famous-cases-cracked-by-forensics
Forensic Science. (2009). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://www.anushreepatil.myewebsite.com/articles/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-computer-forensics.html
University professor helps FBI crack $70 million cybercrime ring. (2012, March 1). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://rockcenter.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/03/21/10792287-university-professor-helps-fbi-crack-70-million-cybercrime-ring
INTASC Standard IV
Artifact: "Educational Software"
INTASC Standard IV: Multiple Instructional Strategies -- The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student's development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.
This artifact evaluates educational software. Computer utilization is one way add instructional strategies into the classroom. In the process, it looks beyond the design of the software to consider how the software might mesh with current instructional practices. The artifact also looks at practical aspects of installation and ease of set-up for student use, factors that would influence how effectively the software can be used in the classroom. The artifact looks at a variety of reading-based software from basic phonics skills to comprehension. It includes illustrations from the software to demonstrate facets of the software. The artifact also looks at cost, an important issue in budget-strapped school systems.
By looking not only at the software…
computer used by the employee has either been compromised physically with a password cracking software (EC-Council,2010;Beaver & McClure,2010) or it has bee compromised remotely with the help of a keylogging software.A keylogger is noted by APWG (2006) as a special crimeware code that is designed with the sole intention of collecting information from the end-user terminal. The stolen information includes every strike of the keyboard which it captures.The most sensitive of the captured information are the user's credentials. Keylogger may also be used to refer to the hardware used for this purpose. The employee's password could also have been shoulder-surfed by his immediate neighbor at the workplace. This could be his coworker who manages to peek and see over his shoulder as he types in sensitive authentication information (password)
Strategy to address the issue as well as the necessary steps for resolving the issue
The strategy for addressing this threat…
Anti-Phising Working Group (2006). Phishing Activity Trends Report
Bem, D and Huebner, E (2007).Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment. International Journal of Digital Evidence .Fall 2007, Volume 6 (2)
computers for the organization. All three are high-end ultra-slim laptops for the sales force. These are compared according to a number of key variables -- weight, size, performance, memory, communications, power, software, operating system and price. The three models are the MacBook Air, the Toshiba Portege R830 and the Samsung Series 9. A recommendation is made at the end of the paper.
This essay will compare three different computer models for the organization to meet its needs. It is assumed that the computer chosen will have a high need for portability and performance, so the focus is going to be on three high-end lightweight laptops. They are the MacBook Air, the Toshiba Portege R830 and the Samsung Series 9. They will be evaluated on a number of different metrics and considerations.
eight and Size
Each of the three computers has a 13.3" widescreen display. The material that is used is…
Samsung Series 9: http://www.samsung.com/us/computer/laptops/NP900X3A-A03US-specs
Toshiba Portege R830: http://us.toshiba.com/computers/laptops/portege/R830/R830-S8332
Apple MacBook Air: http://www.apple.com/macbookair/
Small Desktop Computer (Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor 2.80GHz, 1M/533MHz FSB, Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional Operating System, 256MB DDR SDRAM, 60GB Hard Drive, 17" Flat Panel Display (E152), Dell AS500 Sound Bar Speakers, Integrated Intel Extreme Graphics 2 Graphics Card, 48X32 CDRW/DVD, Integrated 5.1 Channel Audio Sound Card, PCMCIA Type II slot, 1.44MB 3.5" Floppy Drive, Windows XP Office Standard)
Network Computer Printer (Monochrome Laser, 1200 x 1200 dpi, 25 ppm, 160 MB RAM, 10/100 BaseT Ethernet built-in for Networking, TCP/IP Setup Utility, 100 to 127 volts (V) at 50 to 60 hertz (Hz), Power cable included with, 3,000-page Toner cartridge and 250-sheet standard drawer)
Wireless-G Access Point
Wireless Network PC Card
Smart Board 580 72"/182.9 diagonal with Smart Board Floor Stand 570
software processes of sometime deteriorate into non-Productive arguments. hy does this occur?
If only human being's egos could be as carefully streamlined of nonproductive processes as the software applications they design, the workplace would be a far more productive space. The reasons for non-productive arguments are often rooted in the same sources as other workplace and even family conflicts. Clashes of personal ego create arguments that have little to do with actual project demands or practical and constructive responses to work-related problems. However, there are other sources of non-productive conflicts that are particularly endemic to the software industry and are not always particular to any individual workplace's clash of personalities.
Sometimes management issues poorly written requirements regarding the software that are "unclear, incomplete, too general, or not testable" therefore there will inevitably be problems and arguments when the creators of the software are facing a vague set of specifications with…
Davis, Rob. (2004) "Five Common Problems that occur during software development." Software Testing Engineer. Retrieved 13 Jan 2004 at http://www.robdavispe.com/free2/software-qa-testing-test-tester-2011.html
poor requirements for development software vs. The problems that occur from poor requirements management
A good manager will present his or her staff with clearly defined requirements, realistic schedules, ask for a product whose specifications can be subject to adequate testing, present his or her staff with reasonable but firm specifications, and have good communication skills. A poor manager will do just the opposite -- not only will he or she have poor interpersonal skills, but quite often a bad manager will present vague specifications for the developing software that workers cannot easily test, and simply demand too much, too quickly, on too tight a budget or a schedule of the staff. (Davis, 2004)
Poor management can of course contribute to some of the different kinds of failures in requirements for development software. For example, a rushed schedule can result, on the part of the software developers, with key user…
Chin, Paul. (May 6, 2003) "Cold Case: Project Failure." CIO Online. Retrieved 13 Jan 2005 at http://www.itmanagement.earthweb.com/cio/article.php/2201981
Davis, Rob. (2004) "Five Common Problems that occur during software development." Software Testing Engineer. Retrieved 13 Jan 2004 at http://www.robdavispe.com/free2/software-qa-testing-test-tester-2011.html
There's also the issue of speed and response that each of these devices imply and the expectations of those that are members of social networks, keeping mind these social networks could be the departments they work in for their jobs. Even the iPod has this speed of response inherent within it from having the continual stream of new songs copied onto it for use during commuting, working out and working. The advent of social networking sites that are accentuating the speed of response include Twittr and others, which support messaging to PCs, hybrid MP3 players and smart phones. Inherent in the social network that is fostering the growth of these technologies that provide options for collaborating and connecting more than ever before is the implied expectation that once someone is contacted they will respond immediately. The urgency of the immediate often overtakes the importance of the longer-term more introspective…
Gul Agha. "COMPUTING in PERVASIVE CYBERSPACE. " Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 51.1 (2008): 68-70. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest.. 28 Apr. 2008 / www.proquest.com.
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. " MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr.2008 www.proquest.com.
Robin Snow. "Rethinking the Web. " Marketing Health Services 26.2 (2006): 35-37. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com
Cynthia G. Wagner. "Disconnectivity Demonstrated. " the Futurist 42.2 (2008): 68. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com
Computers Are Related to My Profession
Computers are a very important part of our world and are vital to the success of any firm. This paper will explore how computers are related to my profession as an Internet merchant. We will discuss the role that the computer plays in allowing me to perform my duties as a merchant. The discussion will also focus on the program languages and devices that are vital to my success. This technology includes Application Service Providers, a Merchant Account and Data Warehousing. I will explain how these technologies are used and why they are vital to the success of my business. First lets discuss the nature of my profession and the duties that I perform.
Nature of my Profession
As an Internet merchant I sell products and services over the World Wide Web. I have a website that allows people to purchase products using credit…
Hayes, Ian S. "Implementing an ASP Solution." Software Magazine. Dec 2000. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0SMG/6_20/69412619/p2/article.jhtml?term=ASP+programing+laguage
Mccollum, Tim. "Tools For Targeting Customer Service." Nations Business. Nov 1, 1998. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1154/1998_Nov_1/53111049/p1/article.jhtml?term=database+management
Vignette Merchant Suite Provides Powerful Solution for Direct Sales Online to Businesses and Consumers." Business Wire. June 18, 2001. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0EIN/2001_June_18/75609966/p1/article.jhtml?term=Online+Merchant+Accounts
Dot.com Comparison of a Leader and an Upstart
Red Hat.com vs. Microsoft.com
Two prominent dot.com companies within the same industry of recent note may be found in the competing personages of Red Hat Software and the successful brand name of Microsoft. Although Red Hat Software is not nearly as well-known as the Titanic brand name of Microsoft, it offers an interesting and different software business perspective to Microsoft's better-known strategy business. Of course, it should be noted that, as Red Hat is the world's premier open source and Linux provider that it is not exactly tiny in its stretch as a company. However, it does not have nearly the status of industry leader as Microsoft, or, more importantly, that company's well-known status as a brand name and purveyor of technology and software.
Microsoft's business strategy is in line with many typical technological vendor models. It attempts to generate…
battles of the C# and Java wars between Sun and Microsoft. The winner will greatly affect the entire internet which in turn means they are in control of major part of our modern world. The net offers us a plethora of possibilities and opportunities. For example, I know that I can't live without my daily emails, chat and of course I am a big fan of music downloads and bargain shopping. The future of not only information technology is tied to the internet, but business in general as more companies move to the likes of the net for B2B and b2c marketing. The bottom line is that the internet is really comprised of nothing more that physical hardware that runs on intricate software with routers and Local Area Networks (LANs) sprinkled around the world. Basically, the company that grabs a monopoly hold over the rest of the industry can make…
Niccolai, James. "Sun's Gosling Testifies In Java Case." InfoWorld. September 9, 1998: Retrieved on 16 May 2005, from .
Sullivan, Tom and Ed Scannell. "Microsoft, Sun At War Again Over Java." InfoWorld. (2001): Retrieved on 16 May 2005, from < http://www.infoworld.com/articles/hn/xml/01/01/29/010129hnmsjava.html >.
computers in space science. Specifically, it will look at the roles computers have in current space technology and how they have effected the lives of everyone in the world. Without computer technology, space science would be confined to the ground, and man's imagination. efore large-scale computing was developed, the technologies necessary to design, build, and maintain a space program simply did not exist. Computers have made it possible to explore the moon, stars, and beyond.
Computers in Space Science
Computers play an integral role in the science of space, and without them most of modern space exploration would not be possible. As the NASA report, "Computers at NASA" states, "Since the 1950's, the computer has been the main tool that has enabled scientists and engineers to visualize the next frontier and then make it a reality" (NASA). NASA employs literally thousands of computers throughout the world to monitor, design, and…
Author not Available. "Computers at NASA." NASA. 1994. 29 Oct. 2003. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/news/factsheets/computers.pdf
Barber, Jennifer Lauren. "Close Encounters on Your Desktop." Bright Magazine. 2001. 29 Oct. 2003. http://journalism.medill.northwestern.edu/journalism/magazine/bright/brightlite/peer4.html.
Dubinski, John. "Cosmology." Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. 26 June 1997. 29 Oct. 2003. http://www.cita.utoronto.ca/webpages/CITA/annrep96/node20.html
Editors. "Hubble's Computers and Automation." HubbleSite. 2003. 29 Oct. 2003. http://hubble.stsci.edu/sci.d.tech/nuts_.and._bolts/spacecraft_systems/#comp
Computers and Technology in the Classroom
One of the critical advantages of introducing technology into the classroom, even for the youngest of elementary school children, is that technology offers the presentation of clear problems that require immediate, hands-on solutions with appreciable results. (Roblyer, 2003) Computers have a tactile and visual quality in their applications that are enticing as toys to elementary school level children. Unlike many toys, however, there is an educational and real-life component to using computers that makes the integration of technology crucial to modern education. One must not allow one's students to be part of the much discussed digital divide that separates tomorrow's workers from those whom are technically literate from those whom are not.
There is also a communications aspect to the use of technology in the classroom, as embodied through the use of the Internet and the orld ide eb that would be of value…
Cassell, J. (2002). "We Have These Rules Inside": The Effects of Exercising Voice in a Children's Online Forum," In: S. Calvert, A. Jordan, and R. Cocking (editors). Children in the Digital Age: Influences of Electronic Media on Development. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
David Huffaker. (June 2004) "The educated blogger: Using weblogs to promote literacy in the classroom " First Monday. Volume 6. Retrieved on September 9, 2004. http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue9_6/huffaker/FirstMonday .
Intel. (1997) Intel Education Odyssey Day. Retrieved on September 9, 2004 http://www97.intel.com/education/odyssey/day_300/day_300.htm
Roblyer, M.D. (2003). Integrating educational technology into teaching. Third Edition. New York: Merrill Prentice Hall.
In fact, it is difficult to imagine many other possible areas where increased funding and emphasis would equal the benefits of investing in computer technology in higher education. Computers on campus facilitate communications between students and faculty that provides much closer supervision and better access to professors on the part of students. Even in liberal arts studies of classical literature, computers allow instantaneous access to commentaries and many different academic perspectives from libraries and databases worldwide.
More generally, the current prospect for being hired directly out of college in one's field of study is not particularly good. In all likelihood, most new graduates from American colleges next year will not find employment in their chosen fields directly after college. However, all of them will almost certainly rely heavily on their computer literacy and competence immediately upon being hired in any professional capacity. Today, computer skills play a significant role in…
Similar to the suggestions offered by Gahala (2001), rody (1995) identified several traits to be considered when developing a comprehensive professional development program. Among those traits include the reputation of the trainer, the rewards available to the participants, both tangible and intangible, and the support of the administration. Traditional staff development models have required everyone to participate at the same time and in the same location creating problems such as scheduling, travel, space, and funding. intrim (2002) notes that web-delivered staff development allows teachers to log on and participate at the time of day that is best for them and at the pace they are the most comfortable with.
urke (1994) concluded that the use of effective distance education programs for K-12 staff development should be increased to supplement face-to-face in-services due to the positive evaluations of K-12 educators who participated in the electronic distance education in-service programs. However, other…
Bintrim, L. (2002). Redesigning professional development. Educational Leadership, 59
Blumenfeld, P.C., Marx, R.W., Soloway, E. & Krajcik, J. (1996). Learning With Peers:
From Small Group Cooperation to Collaborative Communities. Educational Researcher, 25(8), 37- 40.
Books, J., Cayer, C., Dixon, J., Wood, J. (2001). Action Research Question: What Factors Affect Teachers' Integration of Technology in Elementary Classrooms?
Kinshuk, Liu, ., & Graf, S. (2009). Coping with mismatched courses: Students' behaviour and performance in courses mismatched to their learning styles. Educational echnology Research and Development, 57(6), 739-752. Retrieved from ERIC database.
Kinshuk and Graf first establish the fact that students are often required to learn material that is not adaptive to their preferred learning style. he work then goes on to analyze how an interactive adaptive online/computer aided system could aide these students in allowing individual learning through designs that were more adaptive to learning style preference (i.e. had multiple ways of learning the same material) the work indicates that non-adaptive computer aided designs, i.e. that simply teach with one learning style are not as effective as those which offer students in mismatched courses several ways to learn material.
Sahin, a., Cermik, H., & Dogan, B. (2010). Is it "Writing on Water" or "Strike it Rich?" he experiences…
This work analyses interactive complex group learning tasks through the implementation of computer learning models. The research indicates that the computer model must be structured in a specific way to best aide the student in finding answers to complex learning tasks. The model that was most effective involved task specific step processes organized in a linear way and computer aided scripting (through chat) to help the learner answer enduring questions about the subject and the computer program, with a pre-task orientation to the system by a computer learning aide live in the computer lab, where each student worked independently on his or her own computer.
Wang, S., & Heffernan, N. (2010). Ethical issues in computer-assisted language learning: Perceptions of teachers and learners. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(5), 796-813. Retrieved from ERIC database.
Wang and Heffernan discuss the issue of ethics as it is associated with Computer- Assisted Language Learning (CALL) as it has transitioned from stand alone formats to internet driven interactive learning. The researchers state that there has been a near complete lack of attention paid to online privacy and security in the classroom which could potentially create a demonstrative difficulty for computer aided learners and instructors as well as for the use of internet-based learning systems in general. The researchers seek to let their work serve as a starting point for a serious discussion about these issues, specific to the classroom and the industry of internet-based computer learning in general.