Computer Software Essays (Examples)

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Computer Fluency Impact on a

Words: 1123 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6429030

As many of the world's industries are faced with increasing competitive pressure and the need to continually improve their performance, employers look to new employees with computer fluency skills as an indicator that the person also has initiative to tackle difficult learning projects and master them. Initiative is very valuable in today's labor market. When combined with computer fluency and literacy, a prospective employee can add in knowledge of a specific industry and gain a greater competitive advantage in getting a new position. This combination of factors together is what serves as the catalyst for anyone seeking a career where computer fluency is a necessary requirement.

Summary

The level of computer literacy and their level of fluency with PCs, applications, the Internet and its many applications and research tools will have a direct correlation to what they will earn over their lifetimes; this point is clear from the studies citied.…… [Read More]

Francis Green, Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, Ying Zhou. "COMPUTERS and PAY." National Institute Economic Review no. 201 (July 1, 2007): 63-75.  http://www.proquest.com  (Accessed April 30, 2008).

Copacino, William C "Skills development -- the best defense against downsizing." Logistics Management, January 1, 1997, 42.

A www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
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Computer Program Design What I

Words: 1817 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22477912



The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.

eferences

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…… [Read More]

References

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.

Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-

9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4

3f1366078&pi=4
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Computer-Based Training in Higher Learning

Words: 2946 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38422671

The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).

For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…… [Read More]

References

Bowman, W.R., Crawford, A.M., & Mehay, S. (2009). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Naval Postgraduate School, 119.

Information Design, Inc. (2004). Issues in web-based training. 5.

Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on Education, 7.

Kulik, C.-L. C., & Kulik, J.A. (1991). Effectiveness of computer-based: An updated analysis. Computers in human behavior, 20.
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Computer What Is Going to

Words: 4223 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83050421

In the same year, the founders started a new company for computer development called the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. By 1949, this company launched the BINAC or Binary Automatic computer. This computer made use of magnetic tape for the storage of data. Then this company was bought by emington and Corporation and the name was changed to Univac Division of emington and. This company was the organization to bring out UNIVAC which is one of the originals of the type of computers that are used today. (Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly)

1951 - UNIVAC begins to take over the business industries market:

Presper Eckert and John Mauchly set up their company and found their first client in the United States Census Bureau. The population of United States was growing very fast due to the baby boom that was taking place…… [Read More]

References

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Atanasoff-Berry Computer the First

Electronic Computer - John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry." Retrieved at  http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa050898.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa060298.htm. Accessed 6 October, 2005

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Harvard MARK I Computer - Howard
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Computer How Soon Till

Words: 3095 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29666258

Moreover, it has also to be ensured that the motherboard contains expansion slots built into the board, and not built into the expansion board which plugs into the motherboard.

Memory: The memory located inside the computer is called as the andom Access Memory (AM). This AM is place where CPU temporarily stores information, which it needs to perform a function. The quantum of memory is directly related to the extent of complicated functions it is able to perform. It is important to get a system having at least 256 MBs AM or 512 MBs or higher is preferred. For the greater part, the more memory to which the system can be upgraded to in future is better. The latest software programs are always extremely resources hungry.

Input-devices: - Input devices are employed to enter information and direct the commands to your computer. The two most typical input devices are a…… [Read More]

References

Improve Your Computer's Performance. Retrieved at http://h50055.www5.hp.com/smb/ph/resources/improve.aspxAccessed on 27 November, 2004

Purchasing a Computer Investing in Your Career. Union Technologist. No: 52 January 2001. Retrieved at  http://www.chtu.org/Tech/Tech52.html#waitAccessed  on 28 November 2004

Purchasing a Computer System. The Computer Specialist. Retrieved at  http://www.coroneldp.com/Prchtips.htm . Accessed on 28 November 2004

Upgrading Your Computer Components. March, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.techsoup.org/howto/articlepage.cfm?ArticleId=142&topicid=1Accessed on 27 November, 2004
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Computer Information System Design

Words: 2315 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24003748

New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office

It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.

But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…… [Read More]

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How Are Computers Used by Nurses

Words: 1893 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67760637

Computers Used by Nurses

The area of interest in nursing informatics are nursing information, nursing data and nursing knowledge. The present state of knowledge related to these phenomena proposes four implications for the development of systems to assist nursing. First, research suggests that experience and knowledge is linked to the quality of nursing assessment, diagnosis or clinical inference, and planning of nursing care, and also that knowledge is task-specific Information technology can provide access to a variety of information resources, such as knowledge bases and decision support systems, to enhance the level of knowledge of the nurse decision-maker. Second, organized patient assessment forms with linkages to knowledge bases of diagnoses have the capability to improve the quality of the patient check up and the accuracy of the diagnosis. Third, studies on planning care have demonstrated the complexity of the task when a number of options are potentially appropriate Model-based decision…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cornell University. 2012. Retrieved from Medical calculators:  http://www-users.med.cornell.edu/~spon/picu/calc/medcalc.htm 

Evidence-based medicine_BMJ Journals. Evidence_based Medicine for primary care and internal Medicine . 2012

Nursing Informatics for BSN Nursing students. (n.d.). Retrieved from Data Analysis Nursing Informatics:  http://www.nursing-informatics.com/kwantlen/nrsg4120.html 

Online journal of nursing informatics. (n.d.). Online journal of nursing informatics .
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Computer History it Is Said

Words: 1593 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 134499

In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.

Conclusion

Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.

eference

Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf

Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…… [Read More]

Reference

Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from  http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf 

Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
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Computer Addiction Causes and Potential

Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3934232

This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).

Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. ith anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online

(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.

Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.

Nykodym, Nick, Sonny Ariss, and Katarina Kurtz. "Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2008): 78-85. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.

Quinn, Brian. "The Medicalisation of Online Behaviour." Online Information Review 25.3 (2001): 173-80.
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Computer IBM Entered the Computer

Words: 8433 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19848962

To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.

In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…… [Read More]

References

Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell

Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html. accessed 27 July, 2005

Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html. accessed 27 July, 2005.

Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
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Computer Mice Not All Input

Words: 912 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67631597

Because of the standardization and flexibility of the mouse, software developers have considerable leeway in their engineering. Alternates to the mouse such as the light pen and tablet do not provide users with as robust and diverse usages as the mouse.

Mice, moreover, are inexpensive. Although users can opt for high-end mice, most standard mice and even optical and cordless mice are affordable for the average consumer. Early mice, contained in clumsy rectangular boxes, did not have the ergonomic or visual appeal of modern mice, which are easy and accessible for all users. Accessibility is another reason why the mouse has revolutionized computing. Disabled computer users who cannot access QWERTY keyboards can perform many functions using voice recognition software and basic mouse clicks.

Advancements in mouse technology have also enabled users to save considerable time and energy for their computing needs. For example, the right-click button often brings up menu…… [Read More]

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Computer System Administrator Systems Administrator

Words: 1661 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19155519

etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Kizza, J.M. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York, NY: Springer. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=HsawoKBLZOwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Computer+Network+Security&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uZH_UJn-NMbNhAeWroDYCA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Computer%20Network%20Security&f=false

Musumeci, G.-P. D., & Loukides, M. (2002). System performance tuning: [help for Unix system administrators]. Beijing [u.a.: O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=L4oyNrsFBbsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=System+performance+tuning&hl=en&sa=X&ei=C5L_UKjmNonMhAen8ICoBw&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA

Adelstein, T., & Lubanovic, B. (2007). Linux system administration. Sebastopol, Calif:

O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=-

jYe2k1p5tIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Advanced+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X &ei=fpP_UM6EN8HMhAff9YC4DQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Advanced

%20system%20administration&f=false

Verma, D.C. (2009). Principles of computer systems and network management. Dordrecht: Springer. etrieved http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=dUiNGYCiWg0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+computer+systems+and+network+management&hl=en&sa=X&ei=i5T_UIG3IMaBhQfF2YD4Bg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20computer%20systems%20and%20network%20management&f=false

Whyte, E. (2004, Feb 09). Be a system administrator. New Straits Times. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/271766591?accountid=35812… [Read More]

References

Burgess, M. (2004). Principles of network and system administration. Chichester: Wiley.

Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=JmOTwMrFGskC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+network+and+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mJD_UP6rNNSWhQfNsoD4Ag&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20network%20and%20system%20administration&f=false

Frisch, a.E. (2002). Essential system administration: tools and techniques for Linux and Unix administration. Beijing [u.a.: O'Reilly. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=uRW8V9QOL7YC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Essential+system+administration:+tools+and+techniques+for+Linux+and+Unix+administration.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CZH_ULLhEcm6hAeFnYGAAw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Henderson, H. (2009). Encyclopedia of computer science and technology. New York: Facts on File. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeRg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
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Computer Clustering Involves the Use of Multiple

Words: 2319 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54692503

Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.

Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.

Parallel processing is the processing of program…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm

Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm

Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html

D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
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Computer Contracting Opportunities for a Computer Component

Words: 994 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82303122

Computer Contracting

Contracting Opportunities for a Computer Component Manufacturer: Trends in Federal Spending

The pace of technological development is now faster than it ever has been at any other time in human history, and this pace has been steadily increasing for several decades. The emergence of the computer in the first half of the twentieth century could not have foretold the power and mobility that these devices would provide a few short generations later, nor the opportunities that continuing advancement and technological growth would supply to businesses. For Vigilant Technology, a manufacturer of computer components, the opportunities are virtually endless. Selecting the most profitable route forward can be made more difficult by the abundance of choices, yet an examination of the current contracts being offered by the federal government can help indicate the large-scale trends needed for long-term profits, not to mention providing immediate short-term gains in terms of the…… [Read More]

Reference fbo.gov. (2011). Accessed 23 April 2011.

https://www.fbo.gov/?s=main&mode=list&tab=list
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Computer Fundamentals the Pace of

Words: 1767 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95031180



Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects

The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…… [Read More]

References

Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.

Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.

Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.

Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
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Computer Tech When Most Technology

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84412458

Some nanorobots are being designed as "spray-on computers the size of a grain of sand." Edinburgh University has been working on nanorobots that can be sprayed onto patients as monitoring devices. They may be released for medical use in four years.

Quantum computers, based on principles like quantum entanglement and superposition, use the properties of particles. Quantum bits, called qubits, can process information faster than any existing computer technologies. A quantum computer can process many equations simultaneously. In a smaller space, using less energy, a quantum computer becomes more powerful than any commercial PC. In fact, Hertzog implies that quantum computers will mainly be used in fields demanding rapid data processing like the sciences or in cryptography.

Finally, one of the most promising future developments will be in the realm of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence implies computers that can think critically and creatively, like human beings. The potential for artificial…… [Read More]

References

Hertzog, C. (2006). The future of computer technology. Tech Tips. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-26nov06.htm
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Computer for a College Student

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7045627

This greatly boosts performance, and the processor is matched up with a full gigabyte of PC2-4200 DDR2 memory. This allows smooth running, even if multiple applications are run. There is 160 GB of hard drive space, which allows for a large amount of data storage, but may be constrained in digital video use. CDs and DVDs can be both played and recorded with a 16x DVD+/-RW burner.

A is included for playing or recording CDs and DVDs.

oftware includes the O and M works, but lacks a FireWire port, and can therefore not accommodate a digital camcorder.

This computer is a desktop, and may therefore not be ideal for a student who would need a computer to collect field data. There are however significant advantages to this computer over the notebook, including its significantly larger hard drive space and better software package.

Possibility 3: Gateway DX430 Budget Desktop PC

This…… [Read More]

Sources

Kyrnin, Mark. Dell Dimension E521 Review. About.com, 2007. http://compreviews.about.com/od/budgetdesk/gr/DimensionE521.htm

Gateway DX430S Budget Desktop PC. About.com, 2007. http://compreviews.about.com/od/budgetdesk/gr/GatewayDX430S.htm

Dell Inspiron E1505 Review. About.com, 2007. http://compreviews.about.com/od/budgetnote/gr/InspironE1505.htm
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Software Processing Methodology Understanding the Problem Klyne

Words: 7750 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86615453

Software Processing Methodology

Understanding the Problem

Klyne Smith, DSE Candidate

Dr. Frank Coyle

Technical

Motivation

esearch and Contribution Methods

Software Processing Methodologies

Waterfall Methodology

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunity

Threats

Iterative Methodology

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Model Methodology

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Where do we go from here (Spring 2010)?

Define measurement data points for Test Case analysis

Section IV

Creation and Validation of the predictive model

Section V

Summary Analysis

Practical Usage

Praxis Conclusion

Books

Articles / Web Information

Software Processing Methodology:

Understanding the Problem

Section I:

Introduction

In this work, I examine three different Software Processing Methodologies. I start with the iterative model, followed by the spiral model, and conclude with the V-model. Each of these methodologies are discussed in length to gain a clear understanding of their similarities and differences. This paper focuses on gaining a key understanding of the methodologies and when it is best to utilize each.…… [Read More]

References

Books

Alexander, Ian and Beus-Dukic, Ljerka (2009). Discovering Requirements - How to Specify Products and Services

Bass, Len and Clements, Paul, and Kazman, Rick (2003) - Software Architecture in Practice (2nd Edition)

Boehm, B.,(1976) Software Engineering, IEEE Trans. Computer, C-25,12,1226-1241
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Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Words: 2541 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64625972

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.

Types of information systems that that hold data

Computers

Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…… [Read More]

References

Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress

Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)

Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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Computer Essentials Define Input Device

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13137708

oday the prevalent technologies for printing output from a computer include what are called "non-impact" technologies or inkjet and laser-based printing devices.

here are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. hese are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003).…… [Read More]

There are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. These are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003). The convenience of these types of storage devices is changing how PC and laptop users store, share and archive data and information.

Define file and folder. Explain their relationship. Discuss the file management functions included in Windows XP.

The Windows XP operating system has an eclectic series of file systems included within it, including support for File Allocation Table (FAT), a 32-bit variation of the file format called FAT32, and the Windows NT File System (NTFS). Each of these file systems are specifically designed for compatibility with previous versions of Microsoft operating systems (as is the case with the FAT file system specifically) to ensure software program compatibility. FAT32 was specifically developed to give software developers an opportunity to increase the performance of their
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Software Applications Vulnerabilities and Controls

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88508322

All of these tools make it possible for a hacker to not only corrupt the application itself in terms of accessing confidential information, but further allow for the hacker to spread damage deep into the application to attack other systems, essentially able to shut down an entire application with the corruption of contained information.

Though some of the aforementioned tactics involve the physical infiltration of a company in order to gain information and access into applications, the more common hacking tactics are the use of technological tools that allow the hacker to access information from the comfort of their own computer. The SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security) Institute notes that there currently "appear to be two main avenues for exploiting and compromising applications: brute force password guessing attacks and web application attacks" (Dhamankar, Eisenbarth & King, 2009). This type of attack seems to be trending at an unparalleled level as…… [Read More]

References

Dalton, M., Kozyrakis, C. And Zeldovich, N. (2009). Preventing authentication and access control vulnerabilities in web applications. Network and Distributed Systems Security Symposium, 2009. Retrieved from: LexisNexis database.

Dhamankar, R., Eisenbarth, M., and King, J. (2009). Top security risks. SANS

Institute Report 2009. Retrieved from: ProQuest database.

McCollum, T. (2008). Applications control. The Internal Auditor. 59:2, 23-26. Retrieved
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Software Can Kill A Lesson How the

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19143851

Software can kill. A lesson how the database has to be managed in congruence with the workplace in order to save, rather than destroy, lives.

Summary of the case

Due to unclear and uncoordinated assembly and construction of the software system, 28 patients at the National Center Institute of Panama received excessive does of gamma ray radiation of cancer treatment in November 2000. 21 of those patients, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) died due to radiation poisoning and three Panamanian medical physicists who used the software to figure out the needed dose of radiation of the patients were charged with second-degree murder.

The fault of these physicians were that they introduced changes in the software for radiation procedures on the patients without thoroughly ascertaining that the software was accurately following modification instructions according to intended and prescribed details.

Chemotherapy is a calculated and precise business. Treatment of…… [Read More]

References

Yusuf, Y., Gunasekaran, A., & Abthorpe, M. (2004). Enterprise Information Systems Project Implementation: A Case Study of ERP in Rolls-Royce, International Journal of Production Economics, 87(3), pp. 21-39.
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Computer Hard Drives

Words: 1684 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63623947

Computer Hard Drives

The globalization of computer technology offers a vast number of remarkable tools, devices, applications, and advanced equipments that brings comfort in our daily work and activities. New features, designs, and capabilities of various computer peripherals and hardware are continuously being developed and brought out to market for better performance of the current technology. One very important part of a computer that experiences the trend of up-to-date improvement is the Hard Drive.

This paper aims to provide information on the evolution of computer hard drives. Included in this paper is the history of hard drive, from the time it was developed as computer hardware up to the continuous production of new and upgraded performance of data storage mediums. The various types of this technology, its changing features, and the companies who provide us with this dependable hardware are also discussed in this paper.

Introduction

Of the diverse parts…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Legard, David. Smaller, Faster Hard Drives Coming Soon. PC World. 2003.

Kozierok, Charles. A Brief History of the Hard Disk Drive. PC Guide. 2001.

Byard, Larry. Hard Disk Drive Guide History.

Dux Computer Digest. 09 April 2003.  http://www.duxcw.com/digest/guides/hd/hd2.htm
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Computer-Based Learning

Words: 1223 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7633216

Computers are tools for learning; and as such are not essentially different from the way dictionaries, calculators, and videos are teaching and learning tools. However, computers provide a wide range of learning experiences that do make them qualitatively and quantitatively different from other learning tools. Three ways that computers measurably benefit the learning experience include communication, information access and retrieval, and training. Computers facilitate communication between learner and teacher, or between learner and peers. With computers and their applications, the raw data of learning -- that is, information -- becomes accessible to both teacher and learners. Training manuals and tutorials can be digitalized in ways that are accessible to learners regardless of geography and time. In spite of these three benefits of computers as learning tools, there are three detriments to the use of information technology in the higher education classroom. One detriment is the digital divide, or income disparity…… [Read More]

References

Tam, M.D., Hart, A.R., Williams, S., Heylings, D. & Leinster, S. (2009). Is learning anatomy facilitated by computer-aided learning? A review of the literature. Informa 31(9): 393-396.

Ward, J.P.T., Gordon, J., Field, M.J. & Lehmann, H.P. (2001). Communication and information technology in medical education. The Lancet. Vol. 357: 792-796.

Warschauer, M., Turbee, L. & Roberts, B. (1996). Computer learning networks and student empowerment. System 24(1): 1-14.

Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Internet.
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Computer Programming Used at Your

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52422037



Visual Basic is an Event Driven language, which means that programs don't follow the sequential path of traditional languages such as Pascal. Instead bits and pieces of sequential code are associated with certain events such as the clicking of a button. Then when the program is run, events will occur in response to changes in the environment (such as the ticking of the computers internal clock) or by intervention from the user (such as clicking a button). When an event takes place the associated sequential code is then executed. Once this is completed the system will wait until the next event fires, and the whole process repeats (Henderson-Sellers, 2003).

One can leverage the knowledge of Visual Basic and use the Visual Basic programming environment without going through learning the scripting or manipulate HTML tags to develop a highly functional Web-based application, as one can separate designing the user interface from…… [Read More]

References

Chatzigeorgiou, a. (2003). Performance and power evaluation of C++ object-oriented programming in embedded processors. Information and Software Technology, 45, 4, 195.

Henderson-Sellers, B. (2003). Method engineering for OO systems development Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 46, 10, 73-74.
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Software Defense Establishing Software Security

Words: 996 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9511466

Allowing for such access necessarily creates a point of weakness, and this must be carefully guarded against through many levels of protection (Stuttard & Pinto 2007). Many of the same steps that are employed in access differentiation as described above can also be employed here -- multiple levels of access that is password protected, strict compartmentalization of data and of processes, and other features such as the recognition and removal of malicious input can all protect the opening that is created by administrative access to application information and code (Stuttard & Pinto 2007). Password-protected access to a web application's source code is one common example of this type of core defense capability, which grows more complex as both the complexity of the system and needs for security increase.

Direct Attacks and Unauthorized Use: A More Detailed View

Direct attacks on applications, especially web-based applications, are becoming increasingly common as programming…… [Read More]

References

Dalal, S.; Poore, J. & Cohen, M. (2003). Innovations in software engineering for defense systems. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

Sttutard, D. & Pinto, M. (2007). The web application hacker's handbook. New York: Wiley.
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Software Should Facilitate the Appraisal

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2077935

Add the fact that the user can enter his or her business data into an appraisal directory and ClickFORMS seems like the best choice.

At $49 per month, the software is pricey. Whether or not it will be a sound investment for a new appraiser depends on the area of specialization. Appraisers working within a broad geographic base may appreciate the more sophisticated mapping integration that ClickFORMS offers. On the other hand, specialists may not need the advanced tools that the subscription service offers.

Both ClickFORMS and Homeputer fps include hundreds of different forms, both offer PDF support for exporting, and both include photo editors. Thus, the basic tools of appraisal report creation are present in both applications. For basic report creation, appraisers should try Homeputer before shelling out the fee for ClickFORMS. Especially for independent appraisers, the software is sufficient for most appraisal needs. If Homeputer does not meet…… [Read More]

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Computer Competencies Industry Analysis Core

Words: 1572 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70250249

The core competencies identified for this paper include: (1) data management (2) personnel management (3) strategic planning and (4) the ability to create technological innovation. ealistically speaking, a company must integrate all of its capabilities to assess its position in the market, and to determine which if any of its core competencies it must work on developing further to maintain a stable position in a volatile workplace. The computer industry is constantly evolving and changing. To be a leader in the industry one might guess the most important core capability for a computer company to have is innovative leaders and the ability to create and easily adapt to new technology.

With a foundation that includes core capabilities as data management, strategic planning and personnel management, a company could easily do this without hardship.

eferences

Aung, M. & Heeler, . (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic…… [Read More]

References

Aung, M. & Heeler, R. (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic decisions in international markets." Journal of Marketing Management, 17(8): 619-643.

Business Review. "Dassault Systemes S.A." Computer Business Review Online. Retrieved 3, May 2007: http://www.cbronline.com/companyprofile.asp

Cappelli, Peter & Crocker-Hefter, Anne. (1993). "Distinctive human resources are the core competencies of firms." EQW Working Papers, WP18. ERIC ED 372190.

Gartner, Inc. (May, 2007). "Gartner says companies must have a "Chindia" strategy." Research News. Tekrati, the Industry Analyst Reporter. Retrieved 3, May 2007:
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Computer Mediated Business Communications Social

Words: 2081 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50493248

Instead, it is seen as an essential tool that can help a variety of organizations to be able to increase their revenues and productivity. (Singh, 2009, pp. 1 -- 10)

At the same time, the use of social software has meant that many corporations have been reaching out to employees. This is because they are seeing how this can help to: improve collaboration and communication. One of the biggest problems that a number of different organizations around the world have faced; is that coordinating their various departments can be challenging. The reason why, is due to the fact that globalization has meant that a number of companies must establish numerous offices around the world. In the past this was problematic, because many organizations had trouble communicating with other offices around the globe from: issues such as differences in the time zones. This made it more challenging to communicate and monitor…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cook, N. (2008). Enterprise 2.0. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.

Cross, R. (2004). Breaking the Mold. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Kennedy, M. (2009). Trust in Social Networking. Social Networking Communities and E-Dating Services (pp. 225 -- 238). Hershey, NY: Information Science Reference.

Kerno, S. (2008). Limitations of Communities and Practice. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15 (1), 69 -- 78.
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Computer Information Systems Sunlife of

Words: 1467 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74711629

For the SunLife agents to be successful the accumulated experience and knowledge in the company need to be captured, and applied to the sales cycles and ongoing customer relationships. This is another major gap that is in the approach the company is taking with the implementation of Maestro today as well. SunLife is not taking into account the deep expertise and knowledge within the company to streamline and make more efficient the selling process, and as a result the resistance to change on the part of agents just increases over time. They fail to see the value of making any significant shift in how they view new technologies to help them sell more effectively or continually be trusted advisors over time.

SunLife has an exceptionally strong grasp of technologies and their contributions to each aspect of the insurance sales, account management and risk management aspects of the insurance industry. Several…… [Read More]

References

Bull, C.. (2010). Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 94.

Ernst, H., Hoyer, W., Krafft, M., & Krieger, K.. (2011). Customer relationship management and company performance -- the mediating role of new product performance. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 39(2), 290-306.

Keller, 1999. The Pitfalls of Meta-Systems and Business Rules. Generali Office Service and Consulting.

Levasseur, R.. (2011). People Skills: Optimizing Team Development and Performance. Interfaces, 41(2), 204-208.
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Computer and Web Ethics the Term Computer

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68668240

Computer and Web Ethics

The term "computer ethics," as coined by Walter Maner in the 1970s, refers to a field of study that examines "ethical problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology" (Maner, 1980). Maner suggested that persons engaged in computer-related actions should apply traditional ethical frameworks, such as Kantianism and Utilitarianism, to govern their decision-making. While Immanuel Kant's virtue ethics are rooted in respect for all people and an inherent respect for virtuous character traits -- such as kindness, honesty, patience and humility -- Utilitarianism judges the morality of an action according to "the greatest good for the greatest number" rule (Stanford Encyclopedia, 2011).

Similar to Maner's definition, Deborah Johnson, author of Computer Ethics (1985), defined computer ethics as a study of how computers "pose new versions of standard moral problems and moral dilemmas, exacerbating the old problems, and forcing us to apply ordinary moral norms to uncharted…… [Read More]

References

Bynum, T. (2006). "Flourishing Ethics," Ethics and Information Technology, 8(4), 157-173.

Gotterbarn, D. (2001). "Informatics and Professional Responsibility," Science and Engineering Ethics, 7(2), 221-30.

Johnson, D. (1985). Computer Ethics, First Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994; Third Edition Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001.

Maner, W. (1980). Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, Hyde Park, NY: Helvetia Press and the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy.
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Computer Assisted Writing Learning Applied

Words: 6823 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52847352

" Shin (2006) Shin also states that the CMC literature "illustrates shifts of focus to different layers of context." Early on, research relating to CMC in language learning and teaching looked at the linguistic content of CMC text to examine how language learners could improve certain communication functions and learn linguistic figures through CMC activities (lake, 2000; Chun, 1994; Kern, 1995; Ortega, 1997; Pellettieri, 2000; Smith 2000, Sotlillo, 2000; Toyoda & Harrison, 2002, Tudini, 2003; Warschauer, 1996) Recent studies of "tellecollaborative projects have examined how language learners jointly construct the contexts of their CMC activities, as part of their focus on tensions among intercultural communication partners. (elz, 2003, 2003; Kramsch & Thorn, 2002; O'Dowd, 2003; Ware 2000, War & Kramsch, 2005) IN the study of Shin (2006) which was "informed by Ware's (2005) examination of a tellecollaborative communication project between American college students and German students" Shin (2006) looks into…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2006) Computer-Assisted Language Learning http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/ling361/ling361_call.html.

Lusnia, Karen B. (1000) Teaching Teachers Long-Distance: A Paradigm-Shift for the Teacher-Planner in Mexico - Applied Linguistics. Paper presented at the International Conference on Language Teacher Education.

Bakhtin, M.M. (1981). Excerpts from discourse in the novel. In M. Holquist (Ed.), The dialogic imagination: Four essays by M.M. Bakhtin. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Bateson, G. (2000). Steps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press.
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Software Recommendation Argot International Technology

Words: 1994 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61760202



Introduction of the new technology will also means new job requirements as well. People are resistant to change by nature, but these changes are necessary to ensure that Argot gains and maintains a competitive edge long into the future. Management needs to stress the necessity of these changes to employees and assist them in making a smooth transition. Technological changes will require changes on many levels, not just in hardware and software. One of the keys is developing adequate training programs so that workers get off to a good start with the new system.

Benefits and Limitations of E-commerce

E-Commerce has several advantages and disadvantages. The key advantage is that it provides real-time access to necessary information among the various systems and departments. The second is that it streamlines business processes and raises organizational efficiency. This is the key benefit for the Argot International. Another advantages is that it maintains…… [Read More]

References

Active Grid. (2007). Enterprise Web 2.0. Retrieved July 19, 2007 at  http://www.activegrid.com/?gclid=CJi604zUs40CFQxzHgodphVVtg .

Apache Software Foundation. (2007). Apache Software. Retrieved July 19, 2007 from  http://www.apache.org .

Gian, T. (2003). Dancing Around EAI 'Bear Traps'. Retrieved July 18, 2007 at  http://www.ebizq.net/topics/int_sbp/features/3463.html .

Hewlett-Packard (2007). P-UX Apache-based Web Server v.2.00 powered by Apache, Tomcat, Webmin. Retrieved July 18, 2007 at http://h20293.www2.hp.com/portal/swdepot/displayProductInfo.do?productNumber=HPUXWSATW200
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Computer Assisted Learning Cal Once a Novel

Words: 1827 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68935532

Computer assisted learning (CAL), once a novel concept, is a staple in numerous classrooms across the country, from the primary education to the university level. Computer assisted learning offers both students and teachers a daunting and near-limitless education supplement. However, this paper will examine examples where computer assisted learning is more or less effective and why. It will be revealed that computer assisted learning programs that are most effective are the ones which place precedence on interactivity. A particularly successful program, the Interaction Multimedia Computer Assisted Instruction Theory, will be examined carefully in regards to the strategy and concepts used in order to make such a learning program as successful as possible.

Introduction

Educators and pedagogues have known for years the wealth of benefits that computer assisted learning can offer the student. Certain educational software programs equal a dissemination of difficult concepts and/or an illumination of intricate ideas. For example,…… [Read More]

References

Azer, S. (2008). Navigating problem-based learning. Marrickville: Elsevier.

Banerjee, A., Duflo, E., & Linden, L. (2004). Computer-assisted learning project with pratham in india.Poverty Action Lab, Retrieved from http://www.povertyactionlab.org/evaluation/computer-assisted-learning-project-pratham-india

Greenhalgh, T. (2001). Computer assisted learning in undergraduate medical education. British Medical Journal, 322(7277), 40-44.

Iskander, M. (2008). Innovative techniques in instruction technology, e-learning. Brooklyn:
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Software Copyright - Digital Millennium

Words: 1044 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28611923

They may not install personal copies of software they purchased for home use on a school computer; or make copies of school-owned software for either home use or to share with parents and students.

In addition, the laws address the use of shareware. Sometimes people think of shareware as "free," but it is not, and schools may not use shareware beyond the date at which the shareware copyright owner demands payment. In addition, although freeware is free in that the school does not have to pay for it, the law states that people may not sell freeware. Schools are not likely to do that, but they also cannot alter the freeware for any kind of commercial purpose, even if their goal was to support educational goals in some way (Education World).

The cumulative effect of these laws require that schools (as well as everyone else) use commercial software only in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Association of Research Libraries (ARL). "A History of Copyright in the United States." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://arl.cni.org/info/frn/copy/timeline.html#20C

Education world. "Applying Fair Use to New Technologies." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr280d.shtml

Minnesota State Colleges and Universities (MSCU). "Copyright Law/History," in Intellectual Property and Copyright. Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://copyright.mnscu.edu/introduction.htm

NCSU. "The TEACH Toolkit." Accessed via the Internet 6/2/09. http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/scc/legislative/teachkit/
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Computer Assisted Language Learning

Words: 5289 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14954613

Computer Assisted Language Learning or CALL, relates to the creation, use, and study of software that is specifically designed to allow for the use of a computer in the teaching and learning of a new language (Jarvis, 2013). Most commonly this is done for people learning English, but it can, theoretically, be used for any language learning process. There are a wide range of communication and information technologies that are embraced by CALL, as well, because approaches and applications that address teaching and learning of foreign languages are changing (Davies, 2002). The drill and practice methods that were so common in the 1960s and 1970s have been amended to provide a more interactive environment and a better opportunity for people to learn what they need to know in order to speak, read, and write another language more easily and more fluently (Jarvis, 2013).

The philosophy that CALL currently employs has…… [Read More]

References

Bax, S. (2003). CALL -- past, present and future. System, 31: 13-28.

Bush, M.D. (2008). Computer-assisted language learning: From vision to reality? CALICO Journal 25(3): 443-470.

Chambers, A., & Bax, S. (2006). Making CALL work: Toward normalisation. System, 34: 465-479.

Chapelle, C. (2000). Computer applications in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Apple the Computer Company With Relation to

Words: 2624 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54655112

Apple (the computer company) with relation to China. The paper will need to focus on the company's product development and supplier relations within the Chinese market.

Apple

"Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL; formerly Apple Computer, Inc.) is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products are the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Its software includes the OS X and iOS operating system; the iTunes media browser; and the iLife and iork creativity and production suites. Apple is the world's third-largest mobile phone maker after Samsung and Nokia. Established on April 1, 1976 in Cupertino, California, and incorporated January 3, 1977… Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2012" (ikipedia: Apple Inc.)

The following essay describes Apple's relationship with China…… [Read More]

Wikipedia. Apple Inc.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.

Rathee, J. (2012) Could Apple's China Love Affair Be Over? http://wallstcheatsheet.com/stocks/could-apples-china-love-affair-be-over.html/
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PC and Machine's World Computer

Words: 1836 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37512006

(but they are these days more and more used around the globe)

The common characteristic of all input devices is that they encode or convert information of various types into data that can enter a further processing phase performed by the computer system. Output devices decode the data into information that can be easily understood by people, which are ultimately the users of a computer. This way, the computer system may be viewed as no more than a data processing system.

As far as electromechanical engineering technology is concerned, it enables engineers to design automated systems. Students need to learn to use computers, math, and advanced science in order to design such systems. Learning how to install and test robotics equipment is also important, and is performed by using computers.

Even apparently simple devices, such as candy machines, involve various technologies. For instance, the little rollers (a mechanical device) pull…… [Read More]

Reference:

1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997 Edition - Articles on Computers and Computer Technology

2. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer

3. www.aspire.cs.uah.edu/textbook/introcomp6.html

4. www.iseek.org/sv/22030.jsp%3Fid%3D241200
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Apple Company Apple Computer Inc Is a

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18466128

Apple Company

Apple Computer, Inc. is a multinational corporation with its roots in the United States. It designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers (Shetty, 2011). The company has grown to rival the likes of Microsoft in the world of consumer electronics and computers. As such, its physical, monetary and human resources, as well as its knowledge and technology are used in such a way as to ensure the growth and sustainability of the company. Despite several criticisms, the company's current size and stature in the public eye remain testament to its effective use and management of the resources at its disposal.

According to Shetty (2011), the company's best-known hardware products are its Macintosh computers and the iPod, iPhone and iPad. It also promotes a range of software, including the Mac OS X operating system, iTunes media browser, iLife multimedia, and iWork productivity software, among several others.…… [Read More]

References

Helft, M. And Vance, A. (2010, May 26). Apple Passes Microsoft as No. 1 in Tech. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/27/technology/27apple.html?_r=1

Kessman, S. (2007, May 3). Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. Unveils Plans to Go Green. Associated Content. Retrieved from: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/232826/steve_jobs_of_apple_inc_unveils_plans_pg2.html?cat=3

Shetty, N. (2011, Jan 22). Human Resource Management of Apple Inc. Retrieved from:  http://www.managementparadise.com/forums/human-resources-management-h-r/213861-human-resource-management-apple-inc.html
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Business Software Technology

Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58130820

usiness Software Technology

The information technology industry is vitally important to the advancement of our society and our world. This discussion will explore the business software technology aspect of the industry. First, we will discuss the tasks performed by individuals in this field. We will then look at the economic impact of this segment of the industry. Finally, we will explore the benefits and rewards of working in the business software technology field.

Tasks Performed by individuals in the usiness Software Technology Field

The usiness software technology field is critical to the success of any firm. The field researches and develops software applications that allow firm's to thrive. The usiness Software Alliance explains that, "usinesses use software to collect, analyze, and present information; to buy and sell goods and services; to design better products; and to facilitate communications." ("uilding an Information Technology")

usiness software technology is particularly critical for e-business…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Amos, Susan. "Help is on hand for software developers." Computer Weekly. Feb 5, 1998. Retrieved March 21, 2003 at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0COW/1998_Feb_5/20382110/p1/article.jhtml?term=business+software+

Barack, Lauren. "Software knows if you've been Naughty or Nice. New York Post.

Building an Information Economy." Business Software Association. June, 1997. Retrieved March 23, 2003 at http://www.caast.org/resources/econstudy.pdf

E-business Technology." Seminole Community College. Retrieved on March 22, 2003 at http://www.seminole.cc.fl.us/e-business/softwaretechcert.htm
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Open Source Software

Words: 1916 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55968968

The term "open source software" has been used to refer to computer software whose source code is available for public use, either exactly the way it is, or after certain alterations are made to it. Such software normally requires no license fee. OSS applications are available for various purposes like web design, communications, office automation, content management, and operating systems (Necas & Klapetek, 2012). One major difference between proprietary software and OSS is license. Just like copyright material, one will nearly always find that software is licensed. Software licenses reveal what use the software is intended for. OSSs are unique as they are always distributed under certified licenses for meeting open source criteria (Gaff & Ploussios, 2012), including the rights of unrestricted software redistribution, source code access, source code modification, and distribution of the software's modified version.

Review of literature

OSS originates from the following 3 operating systems' creation --…… [Read More]

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Summarize the Disadvantages to Law Enforcement With Respect to the Advancements of Computers

Words: 791 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59230236

Computer/Software and the Use of Computer Technology in Investigations

The key advantage of computer forensics is that it can look for and assess loads of data in a swift and efficient manner. Computers are able to search for keywords from hard drives, in various languages. This proves valuable, as cybercriminals are easily able to cross national boundaries over the World Wide Web (Forensic Science, 2009). Computer forensics may be utilized in cases of corporate frauds, thefts, disputes over intellectual property, asset recovery and contract breaches (Forensic Science, 2009).

Important information, which cybercriminals have deleted or which is lost may be recovered and employed as significant court evidence. Professionals in the legal domain can furnish evidences in courts, which were earlier impossible. The field of computer forensics (i.e., electronic evidence) is fairly new; typically, criminal issues are handled through the use of physical evidence. Fortunately, the tool has proven advantageous in…… [Read More]

References

10 Famous Criminal Cases Cracked by Forensics. (2011, February 1). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://www.criminaljusticeschools.org/blog/10-famous-cases-cracked-by-forensics

Forensic Science. (2009). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://www.anushreepatil.myewebsite.com/articles/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-computer-forensics.html

University professor helps FBI crack $70 million cybercrime ring. (2012, March 1). Retrieved January 15, 2016, from http://rockcenter.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/03/21/10792287-university-professor-helps-fbi-crack-70-million-cybercrime-ring
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Intasc Standard IV Artifact Educational Software Intasc

Words: 546 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64195841

INTASC Standard IV

Artifact: "Educational Software"

INTASC Standard IV: Multiple Instructional Strategies -- The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student's development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.

This artifact evaluates educational software. Computer utilization is one way add instructional strategies into the classroom. In the process, it looks beyond the design of the software to consider how the software might mesh with current instructional practices. The artifact also looks at practical aspects of installation and ease of set-up for student use, factors that would influence how effectively the software can be used in the classroom. The artifact looks at a variety of reading-based software from basic phonics skills to comprehension. It includes illustrations from the software to demonstrate facets of the software. The artifact also looks at cost, an important issue in budget-strapped school systems.

By looking not only at the software…… [Read More]

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Computer Used by the Employee Has Either

Words: 1061 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44847212

computer used by the employee has either been compromised physically with a password cracking software (EC-Council,2010;Beaver & McClure,2010) or it has bee compromised remotely with the help of a keylogging software.A keylogger is noted by APWG (2006) as a special crimeware code that is designed with the sole intention of collecting information from the end-user terminal. The stolen information includes every strike of the keyboard which it captures.The most sensitive of the captured information are the user's credentials. Keylogger may also be used to refer to the hardware used for this purpose. The employee's password could also have been shoulder-surfed by his immediate neighbor at the workplace. This could be his coworker who manages to peek and see over his shoulder as he types in sensitive authentication information (password)

Strategy to address the issue as well as the necessary steps for resolving the issue

The strategy for addressing this threat…… [Read More]

References

Anti-Phising Working Group (2006). Phishing Activity Trends Report

http://www.antiphishing.org/reports/apwg_report_feb_06.pdf

Bem, D and Huebner, E (2007).Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment. International Journal of Digital Evidence .Fall 2007, Volume 6 (2)

 http://www.utica.edu/academic/institutes/ecii/publications/articles/1C349F35-C73B-DB8A-926F9F46623A1842.pdf
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Computer Systems Are Used One Has to

Words: 2506 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85070875

computer systems are used, one has to delve a it deeper into how those issues occur and what they mean for the people who use computers. Addressed here will e a critique of two articles addressing DNS attacks and network intrusion detection, in order to determine the severity of the issues these attacks are causing and what can e done in order to lessen the risks and protect the data of more individuals and companies.

Jackson, C., Barth, A., Bortz, A., Shao, W., & Boneh, D., (2009). Protecting rowsers from DNS reinding attacks. ACM Transactions on the We, 3(1): 1-26.

Jackson, et al. (2009), provides information on the use of DNS reinding attacks, which are generally unexpected y the users who experience them and can e very devastating. Many firewalls and other protection options do not work against DNS reinding attacks, ecause the rowser is fooled into thinking that the…… [Read More]

bibliography that provide a great deal of knowledge about the subject at hand, and that provide it in such a way as to be easily understood. These include:

Bace, R.G. (2000). Intrusion Detection. Macmillan Technical Publishing, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Coit,, C.J., Staniford, S., & McAlerney, J. (2001). Towards Faster Pattern Matching for Intrusion Detection or Exceeding the Speed of Snort. In Proc. 2nd DARPA Information Survivability Conference and Exposition.

Haines, J., Rossey, L, Lippmann, R., & Cunningham, R. (2001). Extending the 1999 Evaluation. In Proc. 2nd DARPA Information Survivability Conference and Exposition.

Discussion and Conclusion
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Computer Virus Is Among the Greatest Enemy

Words: 2494 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23405191

computer virus is among the greatest enemy of computer technology's globalization. In just a few split of seconds, it can turn our endeavor of automating our diverse activities into a nightmare. This is especially a catastrophe to businesses whose operation at a large percentage depends on computerized data access and retrieval. Globally, computerization is the trend among businesses. Thus, the damage that computer viruses can cause is a global threat and problem to the stabilization and progress of businesses and economy.

There are many types of computer virus. Almost everyday, a new computer virus is created. Since the emergence of computer networks, such as LAN, WAN, and the Internet, there has been quite a number instance where a computer virus had infected and brought damage to a great amount of information and data globally. As a consequence, many businesses are paralyzed when a computer virus attacks.

Purpose

This paper aims…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brouwer, Mark W. Virus or Hoax?

1997. Virusall.com. June 01, 2004. http://virusall.com/virus.html

Landesman, Mary. Boot Sector Viruses.

2004. Antivirus.com. June 01, 2004. http://antivirus.about.com/cs/tutorials/a/bsvirus.htm
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Computers for the Organization All Three Are

Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91598211

computers for the organization. All three are high-end ultra-slim laptops for the sales force. These are compared according to a number of key variables -- weight, size, performance, memory, communications, power, software, operating system and price. The three models are the MacBook Air, the Toshiba Portege R830 and the Samsung Series 9. A recommendation is made at the end of the paper.

This essay will compare three different computer models for the organization to meet its needs. It is assumed that the computer chosen will have a high need for portability and performance, so the focus is going to be on three high-end lightweight laptops. They are the MacBook Air, the Toshiba Portege R830 and the Samsung Series 9. They will be evaluated on a number of different metrics and considerations.

eight and Size

Each of the three computers has a 13.3" widescreen display. The material that is used is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Samsung Series 9:  http://www.samsung.com/us/computer/laptops/NP900X3A-A03US-specs 

Toshiba Portege R830: http://us.toshiba.com/computers/laptops/portege/R830/R830-S8332

Apple MacBook Air: http://www.apple.com/macbookair/
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Computer Lab Would Be to

Words: 305 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24596609

dell.com)

Small Desktop Computer (Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor 2.80GHz, 1M/533MHz FSB, Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional Operating System, 256MB DDR SDRAM, 60GB Hard Drive, 17" Flat Panel Display (E152), Dell AS500 Sound Bar Speakers, Integrated Intel Extreme Graphics 2 Graphics Card, 48X32 CDRW/DVD, Integrated 5.1 Channel Audio Sound Card, PCMCIA Type II slot, 1.44MB 3.5" Floppy Drive, Windows XP Office Standard)

Network Computer Printer (Monochrome Laser, 1200 x 1200 dpi, 25 ppm, 160 MB RAM, 10/100 BaseT Ethernet built-in for Networking, TCP/IP Setup Utility, 100 to 127 volts (V) at 50 to 60 hertz (Hz), Power cable included with, 3,000-page Toner cartridge and 250-sheet standard drawer)

Wireless-G Access Point

Wireless Network PC Card

Smart Board 580 72"/182.9 diagonal with Smart Board Floor Stand 570

Ethernet Switch

CAT-5…… [Read More]

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Software Testing in the Product

Words: 4713 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90246477

(Pan, 1999; paraphrased)

The point at which it is generally considered acceptable to stop testing has as its basis two criteria for stop-testing criteria which are those of: (1) when a threshold has been reached with the reliability; and (2) when the testing costs are not justified by reliability gains.

V. Test Automation Overview

The work of Carl J. Nagle states the fact that: "When developing our test strategy, we must minimize the impact caused by changes in the applications we are testing, and changes in the tools we use to test them." (nd) Nagle additionally relates in the work: "Test Automation Frameworks" that in the present environment: "...of plummeting cycle times, test automatic becomes an increasingly critical and strategic necessity." (nd) Even making the assumption that the historical levels of testing was deemed to be sufficient, and rarely ever has this been the actual case, the question is presented…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beizer, Boris (1990) Software Testing Techniques. Second Edition; in Pan, Jiantao (1999) Software Testing - Carnegie Mellon University 18-849b Dependable Embedded Systems. Spring, 1999; Online available at http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~koopman/des_s99/sw_testing/.

Pan, Jiantao (1999) Software Testing - Carnegie Mellon University Dependable Embedded Systems. Spring, 1999; Online available at http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~koopman/des_s99/sw_testing/.

Nagel, Carl. J. (nd) Test Automation Frameworks. Online available at  http://safsdev.sourceforge.net/FRAMESDataDrivenTestAutomationFrameworks.htm 

Software Performance and Functionality Testing (2007) LioNBRIDGE Online available at http://www.lionbridge.com/lionbridge/en-U.S./services/outsourced-testing/testing-strategy-and-planning.htm
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Software Processes of Sometime Deteriorate Into Non-Productive

Words: 317 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64658923

software processes of sometime deteriorate into non-Productive arguments. hy does this occur?

If only human being's egos could be as carefully streamlined of nonproductive processes as the software applications they design, the workplace would be a far more productive space. The reasons for non-productive arguments are often rooted in the same sources as other workplace and even family conflicts. Clashes of personal ego create arguments that have little to do with actual project demands or practical and constructive responses to work-related problems. However, there are other sources of non-productive conflicts that are particularly endemic to the software industry and are not always particular to any individual workplace's clash of personalities.

Sometimes management issues poorly written requirements regarding the software that are "unclear, incomplete, too general, or not testable" therefore there will inevitably be problems and arguments when the creators of the software are facing a vague set of specifications with…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Davis, Rob. (2004) "Five Common Problems that occur during software development." Software Testing Engineer. Retrieved 13 Jan 2004 at http://www.robdavispe.com/free2/software-qa-testing-test-tester-2011.html
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Software Processes

Words: 344 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30803738

poor requirements for development software vs. The problems that occur from poor requirements management

A good manager will present his or her staff with clearly defined requirements, realistic schedules, ask for a product whose specifications can be subject to adequate testing, present his or her staff with reasonable but firm specifications, and have good communication skills. A poor manager will do just the opposite -- not only will he or she have poor interpersonal skills, but quite often a bad manager will present vague specifications for the developing software that workers cannot easily test, and simply demand too much, too quickly, on too tight a budget or a schedule of the staff. (Davis, 2004)

Poor management can of course contribute to some of the different kinds of failures in requirements for development software. For example, a rushed schedule can result, on the part of the software developers, with key user…… [Read More]

Works cited

Chin, Paul. (May 6, 2003) "Cold Case: Project Failure." CIO Online. Retrieved 13 Jan 2005 at http://www.itmanagement.earthweb.com/cio/article.php/2201981

Davis, Rob. (2004) "Five Common Problems that occur during software development." Software Testing Engineer. Retrieved 13 Jan 2004 at http://www.robdavispe.com/free2/software-qa-testing-test-tester-2011.html
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Computers Have Changed Lives Opening

Words: 1285 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84799638

privacy.

There's also the issue of speed and response that each of these devices imply and the expectations of those that are members of social networks, keeping mind these social networks could be the departments they work in for their jobs. Even the iPod has this speed of response inherent within it from having the continual stream of new songs copied onto it for use during commuting, working out and working. The advent of social networking sites that are accentuating the speed of response include Twittr and others, which support messaging to PCs, hybrid MP3 players and smart phones. Inherent in the social network that is fostering the growth of these technologies that provide options for collaborating and connecting more than ever before is the implied expectation that once someone is contacted they will respond immediately. The urgency of the immediate often overtakes the importance of the longer-term more introspective…… [Read More]

References

Gul Agha. "COMPUTING in PERVASIVE CYBERSPACE. " Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 51.1 (2008): 68-70. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest.. 28 Apr. 2008 / www.proquest.com.

Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. " MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr.2008 www.proquest.com.

Robin Snow. "Rethinking the Web. " Marketing Health Services 26.2 (2006): 35-37. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com

Cynthia G. Wagner. "Disconnectivity Demonstrated. " the Futurist 42.2 (2008): 68. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com
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Computers Are Related to My Profession Computers

Words: 1776 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98184071

Computers Are Related to My Profession

Computers are a very important part of our world and are vital to the success of any firm. This paper will explore how computers are related to my profession as an Internet merchant. We will discuss the role that the computer plays in allowing me to perform my duties as a merchant. The discussion will also focus on the program languages and devices that are vital to my success. This technology includes Application Service Providers, a Merchant Account and Data Warehousing. I will explain how these technologies are used and why they are vital to the success of my business. First lets discuss the nature of my profession and the duties that I perform.

Nature of my Profession

As an Internet merchant I sell products and services over the World Wide Web. I have a website that allows people to purchase products using credit…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Hayes, Ian S. "Implementing an ASP Solution." Software Magazine. Dec 2000. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0SMG/6_20/69412619/p2/article.jhtml?term=ASP+programing+laguage

Mccollum, Tim. "Tools For Targeting Customer Service." Nations Business. Nov 1, 1998. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1154/1998_Nov_1/53111049/p1/article.jhtml?term=database+management

Vignette Merchant Suite Provides Powerful Solution for Direct Sales Online to Businesses and Consumers." Business Wire. June 18, 2001. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0EIN/2001_June_18/75609966/p1/article.jhtml?term=Online+Merchant+Accounts