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Computers are an essential part of the success of any home business. Computers are especially important if a company wants to advertise their business on the web. The purpose of this discussion is to create a computer system that will meet the needs of a small gardening business. The individuals starting the business have a $2,500 computer budget and want to advertise their business on the Internet. The individuals also want to keep their own books and be able to track customers over the web. So then, the following paragraphs will define the specifications of the computer system that I configured and the reasons why I chose this particular system and configuration.
The Type of Computer
Dell Dimension 8250 would be the computer of choice. I chose a Dell computer because the company allows customers to build their PC's to order. This allows the customer to build a PC that…
Select System Components." retrieved November 26, 2002 at http://configure.us.dell.com/dellstore/config.asp?customer_id=19&keycode=6V698&order_code=D82BS3&view=1&cfgpg=3
Computers and the Internet
The Naked Mind
When Roszak refers to the "naked mind," he means to speak about the capacity and ability of the human mind as compared to the capabilities that the computer machines can do. According to Roszak, how the human mind works has vital differences from how computers process information. Roszak praises the human mind because according to him, the human mind is more dynamic and more independent than the computer machines. That is, humans can achieve their goals without having to depend on machines. The machines, on the other hand, cannot do the same independence to reach achievements. Roszak states that but I find it important to recall that mind has never been dependent on machinery to reach the peaks of achievement agree with Roszak when he suggests that the human mind is powerful than the potentials that humans think of about machineries. It is…
Turkle, S. 2004. How Computers Change the Way We Think.
The Chronicle Review. Vol. 50. Issue 21, p. B26.
Roszak, T. "In Defense of the Naked Mind."
From a general public perspective, the computer user tends to focus less upon competition than user utility. As a general user, for example, I would therefore not use the term "Killer Application" to define Microsoft's Web browser. Instead, the way in which my friends and I view such a browser is an extremely useful tool to find as much information as possible in as short a time as possible. The focus is upon utility and end result.
In terms of competition, I would use the browser that offers the best results in the shortest time. I would also use the one that is easiest and fastest to download. I would therefore not invest in an application that is inferior to one already offered as part of a wider application such as windows, or that would prove more difficult and time consuming to download. When compared to all other similar application,…
Online News Hour. "Microsoft On Trial." Oct. 22, 1998. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/
Microsoft Monopoly." Oct. 19, 1998.
As a company grows, it might increase to multiple shops or offices across the nation and around the world. In order to keep things running proficiently, the people working in those locations need a quick, secure and reliable way to share information across computer networks. In addition, travelling workers like salespeople need a regularly protected and reliable way to connect to their business's computer network from distant locations. One well-liked technology to achieve these goals is a VPN (virtual private network) (Tyson & Crawford, 2012).
Virtual Private Networking, or VPN, is a technology that lets people admission to their office's computer network over the Internet while at home or travelling. Entrance to a network in this way is referred to as remote access. VPN is most frequently put into practice by way of a router. Almost all small offices that share an Internet connection with more than one…
How Virtual Private Networks Work. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./tech/tk583/tk372/technologies_tech_note09186a008009
Mutrux, Z. (2008). Introduction to Virtual Private Networking (VPN). Retreived from http://www.techsoup.org/learningcenter/networks/page4775.cfm
Tyson, J. & Crawford, S. (2012). How VPNs Work. Retrieved from http://www.howstuffworks.com/vpn.htm
Unlike Linux, Windows can only run in GUI mode, which requires more system resources for running complicated and exacting applications, including networking functions. From the other side most of software applications, which are designed nowadays, are Windows oriented and they do not work even under WINE (windows interpreter for Linux), which limits options of Linux. Integrated security features in Linux are more powerful than in most of Windows versions, as Linux can be run only by non-root id users, while Windows is run by default from root id users, which makes it vulnerable for viruses and Trojans.
Making a conclusion it would be reasonable to state that these two operation features cannot fully substitute each other, as they can be alternatives only for a limited number of functions. Linux remains a more favorable solution for professionals and one of the optimal solutions for networking, while Windows is more oriented on…
Horowitz, M. (2005) Windows vs. Linux (Comparison), Article available at web site: http://www.michaelhorowitz.com/Linux.vs.Windows.html
Brickner, D. (2005) Test driving Linux: from Windows to Linux in 60 seconds Sebastopol, CA
Davies, J. SUSE Linux 9 bible (2005) Indianapolis, in:Wiley Pub
Windows vs. Linux
" (ahlgren, 2004) Telecommuting, conversely, can cause the opposite problem -- isolating employees from the input of other individuals, and also the system of rewards that comes from having a manager praise -- or critique one's performance in a personal basis, rather than through emails or online correspondence. The Internet seems to act to decrease social connections on the whole. "13% of heavy Internet users reported spending less time attending events outside the house and 65% of the heavy Internet users reported spending less time watching television." (Nielson, 2004) Thus, the computer revolution is here to stay, but not all of its effects may be salutary in terms of personal life or workplace productivity.
Brain, Marshall. (2004) "How Computer Viruses ork: hat's a Virus" How Stuff orks. Retrieved on 27 October 2004. http://c1.zedo.com/jsc/c1/ff2.html?n=162;c=9/1;s=8;d=16;w=720;h=300;t=UndertoneNetworks.com
Brain, Marshall. (2004) "How Computer Viruses ork: hat's a orm" How Stuff orks. Retrieved on…
Brain, Marshall. (2004) "How Computer Viruses Work: What's a Virus" How Stuff Works. Retrieved on 27 October 2004. http://c1.zedo.com/jsc/c1/ff2.html?n=162;c=9/1;s=8;d=16;w=720;h=300;t=UndertoneNetworks.com
Brain, Marshall. (2004) "How Computer Viruses Work: What's a Worm" How Stuff Works. Retrieved on 27 October 2004.
Figure 2: Comparing FID Tags and their Use
It's important to note that the majority of FID tags can be programmed by the user - a critical component in the development of patient-based strategies around FID and the reason healthcare service providers are focused on this technology and its implications for redefining their entire treatment programs and treatment value chains.
Figure 3 provides a schematic that defines how FID works. Tags communicate with antennas specifically developed to pick up their pre-defined radio frequency and in turn communicate tag content and status back to a host computer. Once the data is transferred back to the host computer, databases are used for tracking and managing patient data.
Figure 3: Exploring How FID Works
Given the real-time access of information that FID provides and the low cost of passive connectors, researchers from a consortium of companies have completed several studies in how to…
Jain (2006) - Dr. Raj Jain. Survey Paper: Medical Applications of Wireless Networks. Includes definition of RFID applications in nursing.
Accessed from the Internet on February 1, 2007 at http://www.cs.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-06/ftp/medical_wireless/index.html
RFID (2006) - Emergency Healthcare Support: RFID-Based Massive Injured People Management.Sozo Inoue1, Akihiko Sonoda1, Ken'ichiro Oka2, Shin'ichiro Fujisaki, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-koen, Kasuga-shi, JAPAN Fukuoka Fire Prevention Bureau 3 Marubeni Corporation and Marubeni Information Systems Co., Ltd.
Accessed from the Internet on February 1, 2007 at http://www.pervasivehealthcare.dk/UbiHealth2006/papers/2006/3.a.inoue.ubihealth06.pdf
All of those sites were U.S. government sites. The July 6 update increased the number to 21 U.S. sites. On July 7, the South Korean sites were added and on July 8, the total number of sites reached 26 ("No Sign of N. Korea Backing," 2009)
The U.S. Websites were back up and running within a day of the attack. The South Korean sites took more time to recover ("Cyberattacks Jam Government," 2009). Also, this incident was South Korea's third wave in 2009 ("South Korean Websites Hobbled," 2009)
One of the reasons that the U.S. was able to recover more quickly than South Korea is because the websites targeted immediately contacted McAfee and other private agencies to minimize the damage and reverse engineer the attack ("North Korea Blamed, 2011). They also worked with Internet service providers to filter and block the attacks ("South Korean Websites Hobbled," 2009) . Four days…
The management should ensure that the equipment is regularly serviced according to its use. The management can monitor the usage of the equipment automatically using computer information systems software. Remuneration of casual laborers can be facilitated by the use of the systems implemented by the organization to automatically check in workers. The use of computer information systems can also be used by the management to maintain the security in the organization. The surveillance cameras can be used to monitor the security in the organization and provide evidence when needed. These cameras run on software thus the importance of computer information systems in the organization.
The use of computer information systems has improved the quality of products by providing organizations with information. This information can be used to study the challenges facing the organization and thus come up with ways of dealing with them to ensure better products in the future.…
Kurbel, Karl. The Making of Information Systems: Software Engineering and Management in a Globalized World. Berlin: Springer, 2008. Print.
Oz, Effy. Management Information Systems. Boston, Mass: Thomson/Course Technology, 2009. Print.
Stair, Ralph M, and George W. Reynolds. Principles of Information Systems: A Managerial Approach. Australia: Course Technology Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
S.C. § 302). In contrast, copyright protection for a work created between 1923 and the end of 1977 has already expired currently. With the durational element of copyright protection in mind, one can clearly see how important such protection is for creators. Having one's work meet the requirements for federal copyright protection is of the utmost importance to solidifying long-term and strong protection of one's efforts as a creator and innovator. Accordingly, while both computers and the Internet are a fascinating and invaluable technological advancement for our society, the works created and posted via these mechanisms need to be better perceived with the benefits and consequences of copyright law in mind. By better understanding and being aware of federal copyright law and the rights and protections that come with it, creators and users of the Internet will be better able to use the ever-advancing technologies available to them.
Arnstein v. Porter, 154 F. 2d 464 (2d Cir., 1946).
Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., 188 U.S. 239, 252 (1903).
Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co. 499 U.S. 340, 345 (1991).
Lessig, L. (2001). The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. New York: Random House.
Consume pefeences depend on a numbe of factos, including peceived satisfaction and peceived utility ("Consume Pefeences," n.d.). The decision of whethe to buy a compute that is democatic in its philosophy, vesus one that equies a bit moe knowledge about customizing to suit pesonal needs, depends on peceived satisfaction and utility. Some consumes will gavitate towad the eady-made and easy-to-undestand compute like those poduced by Apple. On the othe hand, a lage popotion of consumes want to customize thei wokstations even if doing so equies geate effot. As a compute poduct designe, I would povide both options to secue the lagest maket shae fo my company.
Although Jobs at one point envisioned the democatization of picing among Apple computes, the opposite scenaio emeged in which Mac-based computes wee piced about one thid highe than thei IBM countepats thoughout the 1980s ("Copoate Focus," n.d.). Pemium picing simply became one of…
references," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.usi.edu/business/cashel/241/text%20files/consumer.pdf
"Corporate Focus," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.landsnail.com/apple/local/design/corporate.html
Another reason why the shrinking of the microchip remains the most significant technological change to take place in American society is because of the cellular phone and handheld device revolution. Mobile phones are essentially handheld computers with microchips and firmware. They help keep Americans connected with their families, friends, and coworkers. The same technology used to make small devices more powerful can also be used to help the disabled and victims of disease regain their ability to talk and walk. The individuals featured in the 60 Minutes segment were "locked into" their bodies; their brains functioned normally but they lost all control over their bodies. Not being able to talk or walk, people with severe paralysis need to interface their brains with a computer. Microchip technology makes that possible.
Microchip technology will also make possible the next leap forward in the evolution of computers and neurological research. If BCI recipients…
Brain Power." 60 Minutes. CBS. Nov 3, 2008. Retrieved Nov 10, 2008 at http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=4564186n
The History of the Integrated Circuit." NobelPrize.org. Retrieved Nov 10, 2008 at http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/physics/integrated_circuit/history
The teacher's surveyed at the elementary level acknowledged that their usage of computers in the classroom was quite limited, and suggested that this was due largely to their unfamiliarity with the potential benefits the computer had to offer in the classroom environment. This also coincides with information gathered from the literature review, specifically the work of Notar, Wilson & Yunker (2003) again who point out that teachers tend to teach in a similar manner to their own education.
There was significant interest expressed however on the part of the young children surveyed for the study, with a majority of respondents claiming that they were interested in using computers more in the classroom. Comments such as "I think I can benefit from more computer time" and "Computers can help us communicate" suggested that children even at the elementary level were aware of the potential benefits of computers in the…
Bracey, G.W. (1984). "Computers and readiness." Phi Delta Kappa, 68: 243-44
Collis, B.A; Knezek, G.A; Kwok-Wing, L.; Miya*****a, K.T.; Sakamoto, T; Tjeerd, J.P.
1996). Children and computers in school. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Cuban, L. (1993). How teachers taught: constancy and change in American classrooms
...Good patient care is illustrated by being caring and thoughtful. It is important to also use a correct nursing care plan, and safe nursing techniques. This includes not only infection control, hand-washing and correct skills, but up-to-date procedures and knowledge.
A a) Quote part of the above statement in a sentence.
Effective nurses are both "caring and thoughtful" in their approach with patients.
A b) Paraphrase the above statement in a sentence.
Effective nurses practice proper patient care, including good hygiene, mastery of new medical procedures, efficient case management, and treating patients with kindness.
19.Why is it important to edit and re-read your assignment before submitting?
Editing and re-reading ensures that any errors will be discovered and corrected before the assignment is submitted.
20.Explain the follwing terms:
Qualitative research refers to observations, interviews, case studies, and other non-quantifiable data.
Quantitative research refers to quantifiable or measurable data that can be…
Bruderle, E. (nd). The nursing process. Retrieved Mar 2, 2008 at http://www06.homepage.villanova.edu/elizabeth.bruderle/1103/nursingprocess.htm
The Nursing Process and the CNA." Retrieved Mar 2, 2008 at http://nursingassistants.net/the-nursing-process-and-the-cna
In fact, Eijnden at al (2008) found that shy or socially anxious youth did not use instant messaging to foster friendships and instead used the Internet and their computers mainly for games and other non-social activities.
When used judiciously to promote healthy identity formation and development or to facilitate human communications, the Internet can be a boon for society. However, the Internet has quickly become an emblem of deep-rooted social problems related to the disintegration of traditional communities. Instead of serving as an ideal substitute for social isolation, the Internet has exacerbated alienation. Addiction to the Internet is flourishing among youth all around the world from Taiwan to the Netherlands. Anxiety, loneliness, and depression are unfortunate by-products of the new media.
Because the Internet has enabled remote call centers and telecommuting, the workplace has been remarkably transformed. It seems as if the Internet creates more opportunities for social integration such…
Crain, W.C. (1985). Kohlberg's stages of moral development. Chapter Seven in Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall. Retrieved Jun 11, 2008 at http://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/html/kohlberg.htm
Liu, C. & Kuo, F. (2007). A study of internet addiction through the lens of interpersonal theory. CyberPsychology and Behavior. 10(6).
Poster, M. (2007). The secret self: The case of identity theft. Cultural Studies. 21(1). Jan 2007.
Schmitt, K.L., Dayanim, S. & Matthias, S. (2008). Personal homepage construction as an expression of social development. Developmental Psychology. 44(2).
However, benchmarking data shows reduced performance with some applications including iTunes. The follow-up to the 45 nm Wolfdale is already in the works, though. Called Nehalem, it will be released after the 45 nm Wolfdale-installed Intel Penryn series hit the market.
The article illustrates differences in processor performance, pointing out that features of fancy new processors do not necessarily meet the needs of all consumers and certainly not ordinary ones who take price into consideration when buying PCs and whose gaming needs are limited. Moreover, the article outlines different priorities in research and design between Intel and AMD. Clearly Intel is taking the lead in introducing next-generation Core 2 Duo chipsets that integrate with current motherboard designs but that offer consumers faster speeds, improved caching, cooler temperatures, and improved power efficiency.
The new processors show how subtle changes to processor architecture and manufacturing can lead to more widespread changes in…
Schmid, P. & Roos, a. (2008). Wolfdale Shrinks Transistors, Grows Core 2. 13 Feb 2008. Tom's Hardware. Retrieved Mar 4, 2008 at http://www.tomshardware.com/2008/02/13/wolfdale_shrinks_transistors/index.html
Besides tat, tere are massive sections on system components and even "olistic issues" regarding systems, suc as cost, installation, set-up, and muc more. Tis could be te ultimate reference tool for any systems tecnician, and it seems tat te information ere is invaluable for just about anyone involved wit computers at any level. It would seem tat te information ere is so detailed tat just about anyone could find wat tey are looking for, and rater quickly, too.
If tere is any criticism about tis site, it could be tat many of te entries are rater outdated. It seems tat te last major updates were in 2004, and many are muc older tan tat. It seems impossible tat one person could consistently maintain all of tis data and information, and so, peraps tat is wy te updates are rater dated. Even so, tis is one of te ultimate sites for…
http://www.osdata.com/This Web site compares two operating systems - Rhapsody (or the Mac operating system), and Windows NT. It includes detailed information for both technical and non-technical users, and a massive amount of data regarding the two systems. It also includes an overview of operating systems, including the types and their functions, and even a brief history of operating systems, and a biography and information on Windows founder Bill Gates.
This is probably one of the most comprehensive and useful sites on operating systems on the Internet. It would be impossible to review this site in detail without using numerous pages to review each page of the site. This is a site that the user can return to repeatedly to find specific information, or spend hours perusing when they want a more general overview of operating systems and just how they work. It is especially helpful that the site includes information for techies and non-techies, so it is less intimidating to the casual or less advanced users. The site includes a list of just about every operating system known today, and each system summary includes a myriad of information, from an overview of the system to "geek humor" regarding each individual system. Besides that, there are massive sections on system components and even "holistic issues" regarding systems, such as cost, installation, set-up, and much more. This could be the ultimate reference tool for any systems technician, and it seems that the information here is invaluable for just about anyone involved with computers at any level. It would seem that the information here is so detailed that just about anyone could find what they are looking for, and rather quickly, too.
If there is any criticism about this site, it could be that many of the entries are rather outdated. It seems that the last major updates were in 2004, and many are much older than that. It seems impossible that one person could consistently maintain all of this data and information, and so, perhaps that is why the updates are rather dated. Even so, this is one of the ultimate sites for operating systems information, and is a goldmine of information for just about anyone in systems computing.
However, most companies acknowledge that the benefits of employee Internet usage outweigh the difficulties, and continue to offer Internet access to their employees, who also perceive it as a benefit.
The term abuse also means different things to different people, and so, businesses must define abuse before they accuse their employees of abusing their Internet access. One writer defined abuse this way, "Internet abuse in the workplace is defined as sending or receiving nonwork-related e-mails, accessing nonwork-related Web sites, and subscribing or contributing to nonwork-related Internet discussion groups during work hours while using the company's electronic resources" (Mirchandani & Motwani, 2003). Thus, employees must know what constitutes abuse before they are accused of abuse, and clear guidelines must be established to protect both the employee and the employer. Employee Internet abuse may be becoming more widespread, but employees and the Internet are too intertwined to ban Internet usage from most…
Mirchandani, D., & Motwani, J. (2003). Reducing Internet Abuse in the Workplace. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 68(1), 22+.
Parsons, L.M. (2000). The Internet: Business Tool or Toy? The CPA Journal, 70(11), 58.
Computers on Traditional Writing," by Sharmila Pixy Ferris. Specifically, it will summarize the article, and comment on how it pertains to the overall topic of computers and culture.
Computers and Writing
This article suggests that the ability to write "distinguishes the human race," (Ferris), and that computers have changed how we record and remember our writing. The article first gives a short history of some of the most important innovations in writing and cognitive thought, and then goes on to specifically study writing on the World Wide Web, and how computers have changed the way we write for online needs.
Computers and technology have altered the way we live our modern lives, and the use of online communication is one area that has developed and changed rapidly. This ability to communicate online through email, instant messaging, and web pages brings a sense of immediacy to our lives. We expect instant…
Ferris, Sharmila Pixy. "The Effects of Computers on Traditional Writing." University of Michigan Press. August 2002. 29 Oct. 2003. www.press.umich.edu/jep/08-01/ferris.html
In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.
Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).
Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. ith anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online
(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be…
Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.
Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.
Nykodym, Nick, Sonny Ariss, and Katarina Kurtz. "Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2008): 78-85. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
Quinn, Brian. "The Medicalisation of Online Behaviour." Online Information Review 25.3 (2001): 173-80.
The story of Pandora's Box reveals the dangers that technology brings along with its many gifts. Today, some very interesting cultural changes are beginning to take hold of society that stems from the dependence on technology and the way that it is interwoven into culture. The purpose of this essay is to examine the relationship between computer technology and the corresponding dependence that is created by this relationship. This writing intends to demonstrate that people are too dependent on computers and that more balance is needed in this age of technology where considerable portions of humanity are slowly eroding.
This essay will present evidence supporting this hypothesis and suggest that the reader insist on using logic and deductive reasoning to view this report. Many facts will be presented to persuade the reader that the relationship between human and computer has reached a level of dependence that is unhealthy…
Bator, M. (2009). Are young people becoming too dependent on the Internet? The Chicago Tribune, 5 Feb 2009. Retrieved from http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-02-05/news/0902060228_1_teens-internet-distractions
Federal Emergency Management Agency (2011). Technological Development and Dependency. Strategic Foresight Initiative, FEMA May 2011. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/programs/oppa/technology_dev_%20paper.pdf
Richtel, M. (2010). Attached to Technology and Paying a Price. The New York Times, 6 June 2010. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/07/technology/07brain.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
Schirtzinger, J. (2012). Pros and Cons of Technology. The Guardian, 19 Oct 2012. Retrieved from http://www.theguardianonline.com/news/2012/10/19/pros-and-cons-of-technology/
Computer History Museum: A virtual visit
Description of the event
The Computer History Museum has both an online and a 'real world' incarnation. It is a physical warehouse of different types of computers, a virtual catalogue of computer history throughout the ages, and also provides information about specific topics pertinent to computer history, such as the history of video games. The Museum contains artifacts such as the first calculators, 'punch cards' and online computers as well as information about their place in computer history. It makes a convincing case about the ubiquity of computers in everyday life from an early age, even though the contrast between the primitive nature of early computers and computers today is striking.
There is also a stark contrast between the functionality of early computers and computers today. The computers we use on a daily basis are multifunctional. People demand that their smartphones do everything from…
"The Web." Computer History Museum. [5 Dec 2012]
Computer mediated Communication (CMC)
Throughout the years, people used different means of communication to pass information from one source to another. The type of communication involved face-to-face, writing letters then sending to people, using telegrams which was the quickest means of communication, and use of telephones, although telephones were invented some years back. Today, the world has become computerized and there are new technologies that most firms have acquired to ease communication as well as replace labor. The computer mediated communications (CMC) that emerged involved the use of e-mail, chat rooms, and Usenet groups. In summary, this paper gives a narrative regarding the issue of Computer Mediated Communication as well as, analyzing the linguistic and visual features of my topic while explaining how they affect communication.
Issue of Privacy and social networking and effect on communication
The use of modern technology has contributed to a strong impact on the lives…
Eecke, P., & Truyens, M. (2002). Privacy and social networks. Computer law and securities.
Levy, M., & Stockwell, G. (2006). Computer-mediated communication.. options and issues in computer-assisted language learning.
Werry, C. (1996). Linguistic and interactional features of internet relay chat.. Computer-mediated communication: linguistic, social, and crosscultural perspectives; pp. 47 -- 63..
To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.
In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…
Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell
Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html . accessed 27 July, 2005
Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html . accessed 27 July, 2005.
Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
As many of the world's industries are faced with increasing competitive pressure and the need to continually improve their performance, employers look to new employees with computer fluency skills as an indicator that the person also has initiative to tackle difficult learning projects and master them. Initiative is very valuable in today's labor market. When combined with computer fluency and literacy, a prospective employee can add in knowledge of a specific industry and gain a greater competitive advantage in getting a new position. This combination of factors together is what serves as the catalyst for anyone seeking a career where computer fluency is a necessary requirement.
The level of computer literacy and their level of fluency with PCs, applications, the Internet and its many applications and research tools will have a direct correlation to what they will earn over their lifetimes; this point is clear from the studies citied.…
Francis Green, Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, Ying Zhou. "COMPUTERS and PAY." National Institute Economic Review no. 201 (July 1, 2007): 63-75. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Copacino, William C "Skills development -- the best defense against downsizing." Logistics Management, January 1, 1997, 42.
A www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Some nanorobots are being designed as "spray-on computers the size of a grain of sand." Edinburgh University has been working on nanorobots that can be sprayed onto patients as monitoring devices. They may be released for medical use in four years.
Quantum computers, based on principles like quantum entanglement and superposition, use the properties of particles. Quantum bits, called qubits, can process information faster than any existing computer technologies. A quantum computer can process many equations simultaneously. In a smaller space, using less energy, a quantum computer becomes more powerful than any commercial PC. In fact, Hertzog implies that quantum computers will mainly be used in fields demanding rapid data processing like the sciences or in cryptography.
Finally, one of the most promising future developments will be in the realm of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence implies computers that can think critically and creatively, like human beings. The potential for artificial…
Hertzog, C. (2006). The future of computer technology. Tech Tips. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-26nov06.htm
Because of the standardization and flexibility of the mouse, software developers have considerable leeway in their engineering. Alternates to the mouse such as the light pen and tablet do not provide users with as robust and diverse usages as the mouse.
Mice, moreover, are inexpensive. Although users can opt for high-end mice, most standard mice and even optical and cordless mice are affordable for the average consumer. Early mice, contained in clumsy rectangular boxes, did not have the ergonomic or visual appeal of modern mice, which are easy and accessible for all users. Accessibility is another reason why the mouse has revolutionized computing. Disabled computer users who cannot access QWERTY keyboards can perform many functions using voice recognition software and basic mouse clicks.
Advancements in mouse technology have also enabled users to save considerable time and energy for their computing needs. For example, the right-click button often brings up menu…
Since its advent in the 20th century, Internet technology has become a platform for social, political, and economic interactions and transactions. Currently, cultures and societies are exploring new ways of optimizing Internet technology, from making social interactions easier, more expansive, and more frequent to minute concerns such as transferring money from one person to another via wireless Internet technology. Indeed, from its current uses and applications to human society, computer-mediated communication has become a way of life, and is no longer a new phenomenon. In fact, apprehension about the usage of the above-mentioned applications of computer-mediated communication has disappeared as the benefits outweighed its perceived risks and challenges. Only those who absolutely have no experience with computer and Internet technologies cannot see the usefulness / benefits of computer-mediated communication.
Indeed, the thesis posited demonstrates how, over time, literature and research studies about computer-mediated communication (CMC) have been conducted…
Baumer, M. And H. Van Resburg. (2011). "Cross-cultural pragmatic failure in computer-mediated communication." Coolabah, No. 5.
Ess, C. And F. Sudweeks. (2005). "Culture and computer-mediated communication: toward new understandings." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Vol. 11, No. 1.
Romiszowski, A. And R. Mason. (2010). Computer Mediated Communication. NY: Prentice Hall.
Wrench, J. And N. Carter. (2007). "The relationship between computer-mediated communication competence, apprehension, self-efficacy, perceived confidence, and social presence." Southern Communication Journal, Vol. 72, No. 4.
Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects
The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…
Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.
Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.
Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.
Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
Contracting Opportunities for a Computer Component Manufacturer: Trends in Federal Spending
The pace of technological development is now faster than it ever has been at any other time in human history, and this pace has been steadily increasing for several decades. The emergence of the computer in the first half of the twentieth century could not have foretold the power and mobility that these devices would provide a few short generations later, nor the opportunities that continuing advancement and technological growth would supply to businesses. For Vigilant Technology, a manufacturer of computer components, the opportunities are virtually endless. Selecting the most profitable route forward can be made more difficult by the abundance of choices, yet an examination of the current contracts being offered by the federal government can help indicate the large-scale trends needed for long-term profits, not to mention providing immediate short-term gains in terms of the…
Reference fbo.gov. (2011). Accessed 23 April 2011.
My significant other and I met in a traditional manner, at a nightclub.
Furthermore, most of our early relationship was spent in a conventional manner; we dated and spent time with each other, using CMC, such as texts and IMs as a way of relaying information about how we would spend our face time, rather than using it as a way to replace face-time. Then, life intervened, as it so often does, and an internship opportunity across the country separated us. Both of us being relatively poor students, we are unable to fly to visit each other frequently. Furthermore, while cell phones and unlimited calling plans have made it possible for us to talk a lot of the time, we have conflicting schedules, which can make it difficult for us to arrange times for any type of lengthy conversation. However, we can spend time e-mailing each other, devoting time to…
Computers are tools for learning; and as such are not essentially different from the way dictionaries, calculators, and videos are teaching and learning tools. However, computers provide a wide range of learning experiences that do make them qualitatively and quantitatively different from other learning tools. Three ways that computers measurably benefit the learning experience include communication, information access and retrieval, and training. Computers facilitate communication between learner and teacher, or between learner and peers. With computers and their applications, the raw data of learning -- that is, information -- becomes accessible to both teacher and learners. Training manuals and tutorials can be digitalized in ways that are accessible to learners regardless of geography and time. In spite of these three benefits of computers as learning tools, there are three detriments to the use of information technology in the higher education classroom. One detriment is the digital divide, or income disparity…
Tam, M.D., Hart, A.R., Williams, S., Heylings, D. & Leinster, S. (2009). Is learning anatomy facilitated by computer-aided learning? A review of the literature. Informa 31(9): 393-396.
Ward, J.P.T., Gordon, J., Field, M.J. & Lehmann, H.P. (2001). Communication and information technology in medical education. The Lancet. Vol. 357: 792-796.
Warschauer, M., Turbee, L. & Roberts, B. (1996). Computer learning networks and student empowerment. System 24(1): 1-14.
Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Internet.
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.
Types of information systems that that hold data
Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…
Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress
Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)
Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Computer Hard Drives
The globalization of computer technology offers a vast number of remarkable tools, devices, applications, and advanced equipments that brings comfort in our daily work and activities. New features, designs, and capabilities of various computer peripherals and hardware are continuously being developed and brought out to market for better performance of the current technology. One very important part of a computer that experiences the trend of up-to-date improvement is the Hard Drive.
This paper aims to provide information on the evolution of computer hard drives. Included in this paper is the history of hard drive, from the time it was developed as computer hardware up to the continuous production of new and upgraded performance of data storage mediums. The various types of this technology, its changing features, and the companies who provide us with this dependable hardware are also discussed in this paper.
Of the diverse parts…
Legard, David. Smaller, Faster Hard Drives Coming Soon. PC World. 2003.
Kozierok, Charles. A Brief History of the Hard Disk Drive. PC Guide. 2001.
Byard, Larry. Hard Disk Drive Guide History.
Dux Computer Digest. 09 April 2003. http://www.duxcw.com/digest/guides/hd/hd2.htm
In the second case, failing to maintain the forearms in a horizontal position can also trigger similar problems. This frequently occurs when users maintain their keyboards and mice on their desks instead of using a sliding keyboard and mouse tray. Prolonged use of keyboards and mice in an elevated position relative to the elbow causes wrist problems because of the continual downward bend required in the wrist. The solution to this type of hand and wrist problems is simply to use a pull-out keyboard and mouse tray that allows the user to keep the hands at the exact same height as the elbow without bending the wrist down at all during computer use.
Neck, Back, and Shoulder Problems
Prolonged computer use can also result in neck and back problems through similar mechanisms. When users fail to maintain the proper height of the computer monitor, they have a tendency to look…
Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.
Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.
Parallel processing is the processing of program…
Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm
Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm
Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html
D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
oday the prevalent technologies for printing output from a computer include what are called "non-impact" technologies or inkjet and laser-based printing devices.
here are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. hese are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003).…
There are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. These are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003). The convenience of these types of storage devices is changing how PC and laptop users store, share and archive data and information.
Define file and folder. Explain their relationship. Discuss the file management functions included in Windows XP.
The Windows XP operating system has an eclectic series of file systems included within it, including support for File Allocation Table (FAT), a 32-bit variation of the file format called FAT32, and the Windows NT File System (NTFS). Each of these file systems are specifically designed for compatibility with previous versions of Microsoft operating systems (as is the case with the FAT file system specifically) to ensure software program compatibility. FAT32 was specifically developed to give software developers an opportunity to increase the performance of their
Unfortunately, many consumers may not be aware of their photographic image being used in this fashion and even if they were, existing privacy laws fail to provide any substantive protections. For example, in response to these trends, the Harvard Law eview published an essay entitled, "In the Face of Danger: Facial ecognition and Privacy Law," with a majority of the article describing how "privacy law, in its current form, is of no help to those unwillingly tagged" (2007, para. 3). These issues have become even more salient because of the proliferation of social networking sites as discussed further below.
Privacy within social networking sites
Currently, there is a wide array of social media networks available, including social sharing sites such as YouTube and Flickr and social networks such as Linkedln and Facebook (Hensel & Deis, 2010). Others such as Spokeo and Twitter have become the virtual meeting places of choice…
Bamberger, K.A. & Mulligan, D.K. (2011). Privacy on the books and on the ground. Stanford Law Review, 63(2), 247-249.
Brodkin, J. (2009, December 8). PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/
Buchholz, R.A. & Rosenthal, S.B. (2006). Internet privacy: Individual rights and the common good. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 67(1), 34-36.
In setting this plan for implementation and maintenance the ultimate goal for the district within the next five years is the creation of a student-to-computer ratio of 1-1 in grades 3-12 and 3-1 for grades K-2 in accordance with developmental studies for the utilization of technology in lesson and course plans for each respective grade. Computers will be updated on an annual basis, with replacement being taken into consideration every four years. In order to maintain cost-effectiveness, leasing programs and low-cost computer programs will allow students and teachers the capacity to access more applications and content which is relevant to consumers but nearly unaffordable in many educational systems. Low-cost computer programs such as the One Laptop per Child Foundation have been developed in order to aggressively place computers in the hands of hundreds of millions of children around the world, the United States included, in order to aid students in…
Aliasgari, M. Mojdehavar, N. And Riahinia, F. (2010). Computer-assisted instruction and student attitudes toward learning mathematics. Education, Business, and Society, 3.1: pp. 6. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Ames, M. And Warschauer, M. (2010). Can one laptop per child save the world's poor?
Journal of International Affairs, 64.1: pp. 33-55. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Carman, E., Lewis, C., Murphy, K. And Richards, J. (2005). Strengthening educational technology in schools and in pre-service teacher education: a practitioner-faculty collaborative process. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13.1: pp. 125-140. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act was enacted into law in 1986 to deal with the hacking of computer systems operated by the American government and certain financial institutions. Through its enactment, the legislation made it a federal offense to access a protected computer without authorization or to an extent that is beyond the authorized access. However, since it was passed into law, the act has been amended severally in attempts to expand its scope and penalties. In addition, the act has developed to be an important legislation since it's used widely not only by the government to prosecute hackers but it's also used by private corporations to help protect their trade secrets and other proprietary information.
Penalties and Fines in the Law:
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act is considered as one of the most essential computer-crime laws because it was the first significant federal legislation to offer some protection…
Easttom, C. & Taylor, D.J. (2011). Computer Crime, Investigation, and the Law. Boston, MA:
"United States v. Morris -- Bloomberg Law." (n.d.). Case Briefs. Retrieved December 3, 2012,
The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.
Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-
9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4
The core competencies identified for this paper include: (1) data management (2) personnel management (3) strategic planning and (4) the ability to create technological innovation. ealistically speaking, a company must integrate all of its capabilities to assess its position in the market, and to determine which if any of its core competencies it must work on developing further to maintain a stable position in a volatile workplace. The computer industry is constantly evolving and changing. To be a leader in the industry one might guess the most important core capability for a computer company to have is innovative leaders and the ability to create and easily adapt to new technology.
With a foundation that includes core capabilities as data management, strategic planning and personnel management, a company could easily do this without hardship.
Aung, M. & Heeler, . (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic…
Aung, M. & Heeler, R. (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic decisions in international markets." Journal of Marketing Management, 17(8): 619-643.
Business Review. "Dassault Systemes S.A." Computer Business Review Online. Retrieved 3, May 2007: http://www.cbronline.com/companyprofile.asp
Cappelli, Peter & Crocker-Hefter, Anne. (1993). "Distinctive human resources are the core competencies of firms." EQW Working Papers, WP18. ERIC ED 372190.
Gartner, Inc. (May, 2007). "Gartner says companies must have a "Chindia" strategy." Research News. Tekrati, the Industry Analyst Reporter. Retrieved 3, May 2007:
Future Development Trends
The pervasiveness of the Internet and the increasing availability of development tools for creating analytics applications are together serving as the catalyst for the development of an entirely new set of predictive analytic and modeling applications where the performance of specific strategies can be simulated and planned for (Gounaris, Panigyrakis, Chatzipanagiotou, pp. 615, 616). Second, the development of collaborative platforms based on the Internet is also making the data collection function of Marketing Information Systems much more streamlined that has been the case in the past.
Marketing Information Systems are transforming the accuracy and speed that companies' marketing, sales and senior management can react to market conditions effectively. The growth of these systems is in direct proportion to the increasing speed and uncertainty new markets and market conditions influence company's plans and results.
Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through…
Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through call center emails into a decision support system for churn prediction. " Information & Management 45.3 (2008) 164. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
Elizabeth Daniel, Hugh Wilson, Malcolm McDonald. "Towards a map of marketing information systems: An inductive study. " European Journal of Marketing 37.5/6 (2003): 821-847. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com.
Spiros P. Gounaris, George G. Panigyrakis, Kalliopi C. Chatzipanagiotou. "Measuring the effectiveness of marketing information systems:an empirically validated instrument. " Marketing Intelligence & Planning 25.6 (2007): 612-631. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
Ronald L. Hess, Ronald S. Rubin, Lawrence a West Jr. "Geographic information systems as a marketing information system technology. " Decision Support Systems 38.2 (2004): 197-212. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 27 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
The illegal site I reviewed for this assignment is www.howtogrowmarijuana.com. This site covers virtually all aspects of marijuana growing -- which is an illegal activity because marijuana is widely outlawed in the United States. However, there are some states in which individuals can legally consume marijuana for medicinal purposes. In these states and others there exists the potential for businesses to legally supply this substance to people.
There is a large degree of transparency in this particular web site. It was the first result to appear with a Yahoo search for "How to grow marijuana." As the tile of the site suggests, it discusses many different facets of growing marijuana and stratifies this process according to location (indoor or outdoors), various strains of marijuana including seeds (No author, 2014), irrigation and growth systems involving hydroponics, and other germane equipment types such as the expensive lights used to assist…
Faris, S. (2013). Have the NSA leaks compromised Big Data's future? www.dataversity.net Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/page/2/?s=stephanie+faris
No author. (2014). Marijuana seed strains review. www.howtogrowmarijuana.com Retrieved from http://howtogrowmarijuana.com/all-marijuana-strains.html
Romero, R. (2011). Craigslist illegal drug trade exposed. www.abc7.com
Retrieved from http://abc7.com/archive/8132665/
Do you keep the magasine after you read it?
7.What is your age?
55-65 years over 65 years
8.What activity do you perform?
A work in the medical domain/social assistance
Liberal proffesions and private businesses work in the financial domain work in the public administration domain work in the commerce and services domain work in the medical domain work in the industry domain
Others (please mention)
9.Where do you live?
A city with more than 500.000 people city between 500.000-200.000 people city between 200.000-50.000 people
In the countryside
10.Which is your monthly income?
11. Which are your hobbies?
A a) Travelling b) Sports c) Reading
As I have predicted, the greatest part of the Cosmopolitan's readers (80%), are of ages between 20 and 35 years, most of whom (55%) are rather students or…
WELCH Susan and Rebekah Herrick, "Women and minorities in the United States," New York:Praeger, pp. 1985
Rory O'BRIEN, "Normative vs. Empirical theory and Method," New York, new York American library, 1981 www.cosmopolitan.com www.elle.com
J.P. GUILFORD, 'Psychometric Methods," McGraw-Hill, New York, 1954
E. GUMMERSSON, Relationship Marketing," Macmillan Publishing Company, new York, 1993 case study conducted in Sacramento, California, in the period 10.19.2006-10.22.2006
Computer Vision Syndrome
According to the Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is "A variety of problems related to prolonged viewing of a computer screen. Short-term effects include dry eyes, blurred vision, eye fatigue and excessive tearing. Long-term effects include migraines, cataracts and visual epilepsy. Some solutions are to keep reflections and glare to a minimum and to provide a non-fluorescent, uniform light source. Special lamps are available that maintain the proper light around the monitor and generate light at much higher frequencies than regular light bulbs"
With the ever increasing amount of time consumers are spending in front of their computer screens, this disability is considered on of the fastest growing work related health problems in the country today. For many Americans, the problem cannot be left behind at the office. Individuals come home, to spend time surfing the web, corresponding via email, and pursuing various computer-based entertainment…
Anshel, J. 1997, July 1. Computer vision syndrome: causes and cures.
Managing Office Technology.
Chambers, Anne. 1999, Oct. 1. Computer Vision Syndrome: Relief Is in Sight.
The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).
For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…
Bowman, W.R., Crawford, A.M., & Mehay, S. (2009). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Naval Postgraduate School, 119.
Information Design, Inc. (2004). Issues in web-based training. 5.
Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on Education, 7.
Kulik, C.-L. C., & Kulik, J.A. (1991). Effectiveness of computer-based: An updated analysis. Computers in human behavior, 20.
Computer and Web Ethics
The term "computer ethics," as coined by Walter Maner in the 1970s, refers to a field of study that examines "ethical problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology" (Maner, 1980). Maner suggested that persons engaged in computer-related actions should apply traditional ethical frameworks, such as Kantianism and Utilitarianism, to govern their decision-making. While Immanuel Kant's virtue ethics are rooted in respect for all people and an inherent respect for virtuous character traits -- such as kindness, honesty, patience and humility -- Utilitarianism judges the morality of an action according to "the greatest good for the greatest number" rule (Stanford Encyclopedia, 2011).
Similar to Maner's definition, Deborah Johnson, author of Computer Ethics (1985), defined computer ethics as a study of how computers "pose new versions of standard moral problems and moral dilemmas, exacerbating the old problems, and forcing us to apply ordinary moral norms to uncharted…
Bynum, T. (2006). "Flourishing Ethics," Ethics and Information Technology, 8(4), 157-173.
Gotterbarn, D. (2001). "Informatics and Professional Responsibility," Science and Engineering Ethics, 7(2), 221-30.
Johnson, D. (1985). Computer Ethics, First Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994; Third Edition Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001.
Maner, W. (1980). Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, Hyde Park, NY: Helvetia Press and the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy.
Computer Mediated Learning
For busy adults with conflicting schedules facing a multitude of family and work demands, who still wish to add to their academic credentials or vocational qualifications, computer mediated learning may seem like an ideal way for such adults to satisfy their educational needs. For an elementary school instructor, however, computer mediated learning lacks the supervisory, mentoring, and hands-on capacity that is usually deemed necessary for imparting basic skills. An "online, collaborative learning approach using the Internet offers solutions to many of the problems plaguing university education," such as oversubscribed classes and the difficulty for university students to gain access to the required classes that they need to graduate on time. (Jones, 2004) At a higher education level, computer mediated learning allows for students to be enrolled in more sections on a year 'round basis in a university environment -- but this is not an advantage enjoyed by…
Jones, David. (2004) "Solving Some Problems of University Education: A Case Study." Horizon. Retrieved 14 Jun 2005 at http://horizon.unc.edu/projects/monograph/CD/Science_Mathematics/Jones.asp
Perez, Lucia. (1996) "The Effectiveness of the Internet in the Foreign Language Classroom." Horizon. Retrieved 14 Jun 2005 at Horizon. Retrieved 14 Jun 2005 at http://horizon.unc.edu/projects/monograph/CD/Language_Music/Perez.asp
Shaw, Robin. (1996) "Conversion of a Mathematics Course to Tutor-Supported Computer-Assisted Flexible Learning." Horizon. Retrieved 14 Jun 2005 at http://horizon.unc.edu/projects/monograph/CD/Science_Mathematics/Shaw.asp
Computer-mediated communication has "revolutionized social interaction," (Georgakopoulou, 2011, p. 93). On some days, I communicate with others more with digital devices than in person, such as days I am home studying. Instead of using the phone or talking in person, I will use messenger apps or email. Social media is also an important type of computer-mediated communication. It matters because of the ways technology transforms the nature of communication. The term "mediation" refers mainly to the means by which a message is transmitted (Thurlow, Lengel & Tomic, 2004, p. 18). When we are in person or even on the phone, our brains can pick up a slew of cues, such as tone of voice, pauses in the person's speech, pace of speaking, and other forms of non-verbal communication. We detect tone and emotion in body language, eyes, and timbre of voice. These cues are all absent in computer-mediated communication, with…
Hacking, the apolitical counterpart of hacktivism, is also not necessarily a form of terrorism. However, cyberterrorists often use hacking as a tool of terrorism.
Terrorists may be tempted to use computer attacks for several reasons including the following. First, cyberterrorism can be relatively inexpensive. Second, terrorists can easily remain anonymous when they use computer terrorism. Third, the scope of the attack can potentially be larger than physically combative ones. Fourth, cyberterror can be launched and managed remotely and fifth, computer terrorism can garner instant and widespread media attention. Cyberterrorism is not only in the province of international terrorist organizations but may also be used by fanatical religious groups or even by disgruntled employess. Using computer terrorism can also become an adjunct to traditional forms of terror like bombs.
The National Security Agency (NSA) has investigated vulnerabilities in their own systems and have hired hackers to expose weaknesses in their systems.…
Weimann, G. (2004). Cyberterrorism: How Real Is the Threat? United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr119.html
However, pricing has stabilized and marketing is aimed at mainstream demographics.
CFS' last product, Chubby Stubbies, is at the very early phase of the introduction stage. The company is still working on test marketing, and building product awareness to develop a market for this product. Product quality still has to be established, and it is uncertain if intellectual property protection, such as patents and trademarks, have been secured yet or not. Pricing has yet to be determined, and the organization may wish to garner market penetration with a low pricing strategy, or they may need to utilize high skim pricing to recoup some of their development costs, given their limited financial resources. Distribution will be limited until consumer acceptance is certain, and promotion will be geared towards building brand awareness and educating potential buyers.
3. When considering next year's marketing plan, CFS may wish to implement a more efficient method…
" Shin (2006) Shin also states that the CMC literature "illustrates shifts of focus to different layers of context." Early on, research relating to CMC in language learning and teaching looked at the linguistic content of CMC text to examine how language learners could improve certain communication functions and learn linguistic figures through CMC activities (lake, 2000; Chun, 1994; Kern, 1995; Ortega, 1997; Pellettieri, 2000; Smith 2000, Sotlillo, 2000; Toyoda & Harrison, 2002, Tudini, 2003; Warschauer, 1996) Recent studies of "tellecollaborative projects have examined how language learners jointly construct the contexts of their CMC activities, as part of their focus on tensions among intercultural communication partners. (elz, 2003, 2003; Kramsch & Thorn, 2002; O'Dowd, 2003; Ware 2000, War & Kramsch, 2005) IN the study of Shin (2006) which was "informed by Ware's (2005) examination of a tellecollaborative communication project between American college students and German students" Shin (2006) looks into…
Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2006) Computer-Assisted Language Learning http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/ling361/ling361_call.html .
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Computer assisted learning (CAL), once a novel concept, is a staple in numerous classrooms across the country, from the primary education to the university level. Computer assisted learning offers both students and teachers a daunting and near-limitless education supplement. However, this paper will examine examples where computer assisted learning is more or less effective and why. It will be revealed that computer assisted learning programs that are most effective are the ones which place precedence on interactivity. A particularly successful program, the Interaction Multimedia Computer Assisted Instruction Theory, will be examined carefully in regards to the strategy and concepts used in order to make such a learning program as successful as possible.
Educators and pedagogues have known for years the wealth of benefits that computer assisted learning can offer the student. Certain educational software programs equal a dissemination of difficult concepts and/or an illumination of intricate ideas. For example,…
Azer, S. (2008). Navigating problem-based learning. Marrickville: Elsevier.
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Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, and managing resources that would cause the successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. It is sometimes conflated with program management. Regardless, a program is technically a higher level construct. Any group of related and somehow interdependent projects is key to product management.
A project is a temporary attempt. With a defined start and finish, typically reserved to a specified date, these can be by funding or deliverables, undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, usually to bring about beneficial change or added value. The temporary nature of projects stands in contrast to business as usual or operations, which are repetitive, permanent or semi-permanent functional work to produce products or repairs. Essentially, the management of these two systems is often found to be quite different, and as such requires the development of distinct technical skills and the adoption of…
SWOT analysis is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a project or in a business venture. It involves specifying the objective of the business venture or project and identifying the internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable to achieve that objective. The technique is credited to Albert Humphrey, who led a convention at Stanford University in the 1960s and 1970s using data from Fortune 500 companies.
A SWOT analysis may be incorporated into the strategic planning model. A SWOT analysis should be defined by the start and finish. Attributes of the person or company that assist in achieving all objectives. However, attributes of the person or company may also be harmful to achieving any objectives. External conditions that are helpful to achieving the objectives create opportunities. External conditions which could do damage to the objectives may pose a threat and should be consciously monitored. Identification of SWOTs are essential because
For the SunLife agents to be successful the accumulated experience and knowledge in the company need to be captured, and applied to the sales cycles and ongoing customer relationships. This is another major gap that is in the approach the company is taking with the implementation of Maestro today as well. SunLife is not taking into account the deep expertise and knowledge within the company to streamline and make more efficient the selling process, and as a result the resistance to change on the part of agents just increases over time. They fail to see the value of making any significant shift in how they view new technologies to help them sell more effectively or continually be trusted advisors over time.
SunLife has an exceptionally strong grasp of technologies and their contributions to each aspect of the insurance sales, account management and risk management aspects of the insurance industry. Several…
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An influence diagram has detailed rules that help decision makers pay strict attention to various differentiating options and the variables of a problem. (Zumuda, 2004)
Although the example above is not for the Automation Department's specific problem, the diagram does lay a foundation of what can be achieved by using the influence diagram as a decision making tool.
The objective would be to gather all of the details of the problem including the various opinions of the other departments into a single landscape so that management can decided what is best for the company in regard to future costs, efficiency and organizational objectives. This is not the Automation Department's problem; this is a company wide problem and any and all decisions that affect the future of the organization should be well thought out and planned for accordingly. The influence diagram in this case, would be an excellent tool to meet…
Zumuda, Bob. (n.d.). Influence Diagram. Retrieved on December 14, 2004, from http://bobzmuda.tripod.com/influence.html
Instead, it is seen as an essential tool that can help a variety of organizations to be able to increase their revenues and productivity. (Singh, 2009, pp. 1 -- 10)
At the same time, the use of social software has meant that many corporations have been reaching out to employees. This is because they are seeing how this can help to: improve collaboration and communication. One of the biggest problems that a number of different organizations around the world have faced; is that coordinating their various departments can be challenging. The reason why, is due to the fact that globalization has meant that a number of companies must establish numerous offices around the world. In the past this was problematic, because many organizations had trouble communicating with other offices around the globe from: issues such as differences in the time zones. This made it more challenging to communicate and monitor…
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The study found that computer charting was well accepted by therapists. "Charge capture was reduced from a four-step manual process to a single-step computer documentation of the procedure. Computer charting was more complete and informative. Productivity increased 18%, although it remains unclear to what degree the computer was responsible." (Andrews, 1985)
In conclusion, the study determined that computer charting streamlined the process of documentation and allowed more beneficial use of clinical information. (Andrews, 1985)
In other words, the study fell in line with the later Cunningham study in that they both noted that computer involvement in various stages of health care provision via computer charting truly benefits the health care provider and the patient. In addition, it streamlines costs and eliminates costly errors.
College health systems benefit especially from computer charting, according to Carol Mulvihill, R.N.,C., CQ Editor and Director of Health Services, University of Pittsburgh at radford.…
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Medinotes: 2005. Charting Plus. www.medinotes.com
Mulvihill, Carol. 1997. Advantages of computerized charting in college health. University of Pittsburgh: CQ.