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Thinking Maps to Increase Comprehension for ESL's
Words: 3036 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 42502222
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Maps to increase comprehension for ESL's

English as a Second Language Learner

The academic achievement gap between linguistic minority groups and other students is a persistent problem for the American public school system (Thernstrom and Thernstrom, 2003). The pattern of underachievement and a high school dropout rate for Hispanic/Latino students among immigrant groups is particularly pronounced (Wong Fillmore & Meyer, 1992) Of the school-aged English Language Learner (ELL) population, 73% come from Spanish language backgrounds (U.S. Census Bureau, 2002), and their test results in reading are of particular concern as literacy skills are the building blocks for academic achievement. The gap between the test scores of Hispanic/Latino students and white students is a well documented phenomenon, existing throughout grades K-12 in both reading and mathematics (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2003). According to the NCES (2000), 44% of foreign-born Hispanics fail to complete high school. A much lower percentage…


Alper, L. & Hyerle, D (2006). Thinking Maps: A language for leadership. Cary, NC: Thinking Maps.Inc.

Anderson, S., Yilmaz, D., & Washburn-Moses, L. (2004). Middle and high school students with learning disabilities: Practical academic interventions for general education teachers -- A review of the literature. American Secondary Education, 32(2), 19-38.

Ausubel, D.P. (1960). The use of advances organizers in the learning and retention of meaningful behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 51, 267-272

Bahr, G.S. & Dansereau, D.F (2005). Bilingual knowledge maps as a presentation format: Delayed recall and training effects. Journal of Experimental Education 73(2), 101-118

Cartographic Communication Early Maps of
Words: 2337 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68998996
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This is an important historical communication, noted seventy years after Vespucci's discovery. Columbus indeed landed in the est Indies (San Salvador in the Bahamas), and on Gutierrez' map the cartographer wrote: "This fourth part of the world remained unknown to all geographers until the year 1497, at which time it was discovered by Americus Vespusius serving the King of Castile, whereupon it also obtained a name from the discoverer."

Hieronymus Cock, a Flemish artist, engraved the map in a collaborative effort with Gutierrez, Hebert explains; in fact Cock is believed to be one of the "most important engravers and printmakers in Europe in the sixteenth century."

Maps not only communicated important information - and still do - but, according to an article in the journal Americas, they are witnesses. Authors J.B. Harley and D. oodward write that maps "...may be called the light or eye of history" (the quote they…

Works Cited

Casa de Contratacion (2005). La Casa de Contratacion (the House of Trade), Retrieved May 26, 2007 at .

Harley, J.B., & Woodward, D. (1991). An alternative route to mapping history. Americas, 43(5),

Hebert, John R. (2002). The 1562 Map of America by Diego Gutierrez, Library of Congress,

Retrieved May 25, 2007, at .

Standards Maps in the
Words: 1577 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50848363
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At which point, the students would begin studying composition of functions to verify each other. There will be a brief period of one day, to review the information that was covered during the quarter. (Cox, 2006)

In the first week of August, is when a comprehensive review will take place, covering everything that was presented in the year and preparing students, for their achievement as well as quarterly examinations. At this time, is when the educator needs to be focused on spending more time with the students. In some cases, it may be prudent to set up more recitation / review sessions before or after school. The extra time that can be spent reviewing the material and covering what was presented; will help to ensure that students are prepared for their assessment as well as quarterly examination, at the same time. ("Time and Structure in Curriculum Development, " n.d.)



Time and Structure in Curriculum Development. (n.d.)

Cox, K. (2006). Georgia Performance Standards: Mathematics 2. Retrieved July 23, 2010 from Georgia Standards website:

Force Conduct a Mind Map for the
Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45236674
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Conduct a mind map for the concept of "Power"





Force: I used this because a country that needs to take military action to protect its borders uses force, a way of showing their power to protect their homeland.

The authority figures in any company have the power to make policy, change policy, to hire and fire and train people -- all of which results from their power within the company.

An important part of the power that executives and managers hold is their strategic abilities to influence how their company should run, who should be the leader, and what the image should be that is marketed to the consumer and the public.

Hegemony: this is normally seen as an abuse of power; slaves were subjected to the hegemony of their masters, for example. It also suggests domination by one person over another, and some companies…

Perceptual Maps Differentiation and Positioning Are Closely
Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47784100
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Perceptual Maps

Differentiation and positioning are closely related, but they are not the same. Borna and Chapman (1993) argues that differentiation is a form of positioning, but I would argue the reverse. A product can be differentiated in a number of ways. Thorr Motorcycles are differentiated on the basis of bike features and branding, for example -- things that make Thorr bikes unique. Positioning reflects the perception of differentiation that the company pursues.

The perceptual map helps Thorr to analyze how the consumer thinks about the different points of differentiation of Thorr motorcycles and from there it can be better understand if Thorr is pursuing the right positioning. The views of consumers about the different attributes of Thorr bikes -- and whether those attributes are important or not -- help to characterize a best fit positioning for Thorr. Consumers see Thorr bikes as high quality machines with superior design, but…

Works Cited:

Borna, S. & Chapman, J. (1993). Product differentiation and positioning: Confused concepts. American Journal of Business. Vol. 8 (1) 51-56. (2010). The product life cycle. Retrieved March 29, 2011 from

Pentagon's New Map One of
Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59743425
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But the author strikes an alarming note to the reader's ear when offering his most controversial predictions, such as the United States' possible annexation of nearby nations fifty years hence. Perhaps the most controversial assertion of the text is that the "terrorist attacks of 9/11 simply revealed the yawning gap between the military we built to win the Cold ar and the different" military system, strategy, and strategic alliance, "we need to built" to "secure globalization's ultimate goal," which is the end of war as we know it. (2) Although we would like "connectivity" to trump all, this is not an easy thing to achieve -- is the end to war really a valid long-term military objective, and will not the active pursuit of dysfunctional states create more war, rather than less conflict in the short-term?

Barnett's book is interesting to read in view of recent, frequent criticisms of the…

Works Cited

Barnett, Thomas. (2003). The Pentagon's New Map. New York: Putnam.

Nursing Concepts and Theory Conceptual-Theoretical Structure Paper
Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18218062
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Nursing Concepts and Theory

Conceptual-Theoretical Structure paper

Personal belief about nursing theory and knowledge development process for nursing practice

All nursing theories play an important role in defining nursing and giving the roles that nurses need to play. Originally, the role of nurses was simply to carry out activities as instructed by doctors, however, over the years, this role has been changed to include more responsibilities as the nursing world has evolved. Nursing theories describe, predict and explain the various phenomena in nursing practice and thus create foundations for nursing practice. They also help to generate knowledge in the field of nursing and to point the direction which the field should develop in future. This view is supported by Carper (1978)

who states that nursing theories elaborate nursing practice and create professional boundaries for the profession. Nursing knowledge comes from research that has been conducted on nursing which forms scientific…


Anderson, A.M. (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.

Clark, M.J. (2003). Community health nursing: Caring for populations (Fourth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Dayer-Berenson, L. (2010). Cultural Competencies for Nurses: Impact on Health and Illness. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gis Arcview Map and Problem-Based Learning
Words: 5145 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78012711
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Figure 2: "Information System for Geography" (GIS)

2. The Map View: A GIS consists of a set of intelligent maps and other views depicting features and feature relationships on the earth's surface. Students can use GIS to support their queries, make analyses, and edit information. ith GIS, they can create maps of underlying geographic information and utilize the maps as "windows into the database," as noted by figures (3 & 4).

Figure 3 & 4: Intelligent Maps (GIS)

3. The Model View:

GIS is "a set of information transformation tools that derive new geographic datasets from existing datasets." (GIS) Students can use these geoprocessing functions to retrieve information from existing datasets. The GIS then applies analytic functions, and writes results into new derived datasets.

Figure 5: Example of a Derived Dataset (GIS)

hen students combine data and apply some analytic rules, they can create a model that helps answer questions…

Works Cited

Alibrandi, Marsha, and Herschel M. Sarnoff. "Using GIS to Answer the 'Why's' of 'Where' in Social Studies." Social Education 70.3 (2006): 138+. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008 .


Andrienko, Natalia, et al. "Testing the Usability of Interactive Maps in CommonGIS." Cartography and Geographic Information Science 29.4 (2002): 325+. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008 .

Environmental Program Takes Aim at Weeds: Townsend K-12 School District 1 / Montana." School Administrator Apr. 2007: 12. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008 .

Secrets Maps Constantly Changing Making These Maps Useless
Words: 2370 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66019059
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Children's Gate: Of a Home in New York by Gopnik (2008)

Of Maps

The work of Gopnik (2008) entitled "Through the Children's Gate: Of A Home In New York" relates a story about a man that worked for the city and during his employment took a set of aerial photographs and underground schematics and "turned every block, every highway and every awning -- everyone in all five boroughs! -- into neatly marked and brightly colored geometric spaces laid out on countless squares. uildings red, streets blue, open spaces white, the underground tunnels sketched in dotted lines…everything in New York was on the map: every ramp to the Major Deegan Expressway and every abandoned brownstone in the ronx." (Gopnik, 2008, p.3)

Of Mental Maps

Gopnik states in his work that it is not possible to make a life in New York absent the composition of a private map of the city…


Cohen, P. (2011) Thinking Cap: The Zoot Suit: Statement of Style or Protest? Arts Beat: The Cultures at Large. The New York Times. 5 July 2011.Retrieved from: 

Knopf, AA (nd) Through the Children's Gate: A Home in New York. Wolcott, James. Smugged by Reality. New Republic. Retrieved from: . Retrieved from:  

Trouble With Your Strategy Then Map it
Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 58481445
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Trouble with Your Strategy? Then Map it

One of the measurements of the success of an organization is the application of effective and efficient strategies harmoniously directing towards the attainment of its mission, vision and goals. How about if the strategies applied are in trouble? Then there is a need to further the strategies until it is perfectly strategized. In this situation there is a need to map out our strategies.

Maps are directions which lead to a certain point of reality, the point where we are heading to. It is like in an organization, the way to attain our shared hopes and what we want to be known for is mapping out what we really want to achieve putting systematic strategies.

Strategic directions are oftentimes the core of the shell which organization must do in order to unify their vision and mission with their operational plans in which strategy…

Curriculum Concept-Based Curriculums What Is
Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31063128
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Students, by seeing that a concept can unite so many different aspects of an idea are better able to draw connections between what is learned in the classroom and subjects that are common to their daily lives.

For example, take the broad curricular concept of 'travel.' The most obvious application of this concept is in a literature class, where students can learn about travel from stories about other lands, or about people traveling over the course of a story. But students can also apply the concept to math class, as they learn to budget for a trip, and calculate the speeds of various modes of transportation. They can learn about the science of how trains and planes are propelled, as well as research the weather conditions and geography of a possible destination. They can learn about the different people, cultures, religions, and wildlife of a land, and even create art…

Works Cited

Gail G. Muir & Sally S. Blake. "Foundations of Collaboration." (2006). The Professional

Organizational Development Network in Higher Education. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at .

What is concept-based curriculum?" (18 Jun 1998) District 118 Curriculum Design. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at

Ornstein, Alan C. & Francis Hunkins. (1998). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues. 3rd Edition, Allyn and Bacon.

Business Plan For YOLO Concepts
Words: 2718 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47096797
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YOLO Concepts
A majority of businesses prefer to maintain the same status quo and they prefer not to make any drastic changes that would result in changes in the way they conduct their operations. This holds true in the entertainment industry where revelers frequent the same spots every other day and they only get to experience the same thing as they had last time. This becomes monotonous and customers will begin searching for new experiences from other night clubs and entertainment spots.
Business Description
A. Purpose
YOLO Concepts is pop-up format Limited Liability Company that concerns itself with the running, management, and operation of entertainment events in New York City. YOLO Concepts is not a fixed brick-and-mortar establishment. Instead, it is a flexible ‘nightclub on the move’ that seeks to entertain party goers by setting up temporary party spots in unexpected locations like vacant warehouses, building rooftops, private residences,…

Probability Concepts & Applications 1 Describe the
Words: 3656 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61403906
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Probability Concepts & Applications

(1) Describe the rationale for utilizing probability concepts. Is there more than one type of probability? If so, describe the different types of probability.

One uses probability mathematics in order to assess the probability of a particular occurrence or the results of a particular action; For instance, whether or not one should go into a certain market or invest in a certain product -- what are the chances or possibilities of the product succeeding.

There are five major approaches of assigning probability: Classical Approach, elative Frequency Approach, Subjective Approach, Anchoring, and the Delphi Technique

Classical Approach -- this is used when each of the possibilities have an equally likely chance of occurring. The theorem is: P (X) = Number of favorable outcomes / Total number of possible outcomes

elative Frequency Approach -- calculation is based on past historical / experimental experience. Theorem: P (X) = Number…


Aslan, I (2011) A Linear Programming Approach for Different Serial Machines

Scheduling with Optimizing Batch Size in a Flow Oriented Synchronized Production 2011 International Conference on Innovation, Management and Service, IPEDR vol.14

Barnett, MW . MODELING & SIMULATION IN Business PROCESS Management Gensym

Hopfield Networks Anns and Mind Maps
Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 99962517
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Hopfield Network and Human Learning

[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]

The Hopfield network exists as an idealized, yet simple model of what is called attractor neural net dynamics. It translates well to mathematical examination. However, it is not compatible with practical computational intelligence or detailed neural modeling. Nevertheless, just like with everything, it can be modified. With modifications, the standard Hopfield net can then be used to implement continual learning through placing a cap on absolute values of link weights allowing effective functioning of the Hopfield net. There are of course some drawbacks, meaning it may be required for maintenance of the network for a large number of neurons to continually shift windows of memories.

A Hopfield network is a type of continuing artificial neural network made popular in 1982 by John Hopfield. Although Hopfield made it popular, it was described by Little, earlier in 1974.…


Chemero, A. (1998). A Stroll Through the Worlds of Animats and Humans: Review of Being There: Putting Brain, Body and World Together Again by Andy Clark. The Philosophical Review, 107(4), 1-10. Retrieved from 

Cromley, J. (2000). Learning To Think, Learning To Learn: What the Science of Thinking and Learning Has To Offer Adult Education. NIFL Literacy Leader Fellowship, Program Reports, Volume IV, Number 1. ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794. Tel *** (Toll Free); E-Mail: - --; Web Site:  Http://Www.Ed.Gov/Pubs/Edpubs.Html . For Full Text: Http://Www.Nifl.Gov/Activities/Cromleyb.Htm., 4(1), 1-226. Retrieved from 

Kasabov, N. (2014). NeuCube: A spiking neural network architecture for mapping, learning and understanding of spatio-temporal brain data. Neural Networks, 52, 62-76. 

Maurer, A., Hersch, M., & Billard, A. (2005). Extended Hopfield Network for Sequence Learning: Application to Gesture Recognition. Proceedings Of ICANN"05. Retrieved from

Businesses Have Been Facing Increasing
Words: 1980 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 87741131
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The main reason why is, is because it is inviting everyone to understand what is happening by going beyond the boundaries of traditional research. Instead, there is an emphasis on: who, what, where, when, why and how. This will force actuaries to look beyond the scope of the problem itself. Once this takes place, is the point that they can compare these findings with one another to understand the trends. This will ensure that any kind of research is taking a deeper look at the different techniques and their long-term effects. (ubin 2011, pp. 423 -- 425)

What is expected from these findings is to locate data that will help executives to minimize their risks. This is when they will have various tools for understanding the challenges affecting their firms and how to adjust with the changes that are occurring. Over the course of time, this will make the company…


Bryman, a, 2007, Business Research Methods, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Carson, D, 2001, Qualitative Marketing Research, Sage, London.

Coldwell, F, 2004, Business Research, JUTA Academic, New York.

Mahoney, J, 1992, 'The Resource-Based View', Strategic Management Journal, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 363 -- 380.

Devil's Highway' Was a Stance of Standing
Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85441892
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Devil's highway' was a stance of standing back and looking at my prejudices. Luis Alberto Urrea reduced this mass of numbers to individuals. All the time, we are faced with the problem of immigrants in the news -- the issue of foreigners entering the U.S. has always been a problem, and I think during hard times (such as the current recession) this problem becomes aggravated and more sensitive due to local resources being that much more limited and valuable.

The issue is, too, that we are ego-centrist (the center of our universe) and, after that, depending on experience, can relate closest to our similar group that we identify with. Anything outside that ken may seem alien to us and threatening. The closer an entity is to us, the more real and heartfelt their sufferings; the more different they are to us -- with alien ideology, cultural practices, beliefs, opinions, way…

Organizational Health

Educational institutions generally approach organizational improvement by addressing the performance standards to which students, educators, and administrators are held. The standards movement has been a dominant theme in educational policy arenas and in the public eye. With roots in the 1950s Cold War mentality, the thrust of educational improvement has been prodded by perceptions of international industrial and scientific competition. If the rigor of educational standards in the nation -- according to the logic of this argument -- falls below that of other countries, our economy will falter and the balance of trade will be compromised, perhaps beyond the point of recovery.

Fears for the future of the country and our citizens run deep; these fears propel a course of action that is not particularly based on rational thinking and lacks a base of evidence. The course of action adopted by educational policy makers and educational leaders in…


Barth, P. (1997, November 26). Want to keep American jobs and avert class division? Try high school trig. Education Week, 30,33.

Bosch, G. (2000). The Dual System of Vocational Training in Germany. In Tremblay, D.-G. And Doray, P. (2000). Vers de nouveaux modes de formation professionnelle? Le role des acteurs et des collaborations. Quebec: Presses de l'Universite du Quebec.

____. (1998). Business Coalition for Education Reform. The Formula for Success: A Business Leader's Guide to Supporting Math and Science Achievement. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

Hacker, A. (2012, July 20). Is algebra necessary? The New York Times [national ed.], SR1, SR6.

Learning Styles in Essence Learning
Words: 1697 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4604283
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Choosing the most effective style that relates to one's individual personality is very useful in terms of increasing one's learning strengths. I have personally found that in reality most people combine a number of learning styles in developing their unique approach to learning. From my perspective I have found that a combination of both imaginative and analytical learning styles best suits my needs. The emphasis in my approach is however on the imaginative style as I am more comfortable with a learning style that explores various sources and views of reality in a discursive and open-ended way. At the same time the more considered and careful analytical approach is also useful in that it tends to 'ground' one in reality.


Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.

etrieved February 23, 2009, at

Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. etrieved February 23, 2009, at



Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.

Retrieved February 23, 2009, at

Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. Retrieved February 23, 2009, at

Guild, P. (1994, January). Making Sense of Learing Styles. School Administrator, 51, 8. Retrieved February 26, 2009, from Questia database:

Effectiveness of CRISS
Words: 921 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 58505982
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CRISS- Annotated Bibliography


Philip Levin, Ph.D, Director, The Help Group/UCLA Neuropsychology Program

Overview of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) that went into effect July 1, 2005. Included changes to the assessment of learning disability which improves early remediation for those children at risk in reading as early as Kindergarten. Language Development, Behavioral Development and Pre-Academic Skills Development are the key components discussed.

Theoretical Literature Is Quite Lengthy
Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 83410736
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e. Was the manipulated variable applied to students individually or in groups?

A group of individuals was selected for the manipulated variable, concept mapping. Individuals, however, created concept maps and completed pre-tests and post-tests.

f. What additional detail could be provided about how the pre and posttest were administered?

Although the authors write that the tests were time intensive, readers want to know how long completing these tests took. In addition, readers want to know what the environment was like for taking the test. Could students have been distracted? Were they allowed to consult with their groups? Could they have cheated? Samples of the discussion questions, perhaps in an appendix, would also have been appropriate.

g. What information could be provided to address the possible and plausible threats to internal validity?

First, the researchers need to be more clear regarding the students' situation in groups and when collaboration was allowed…

Anthropological Observations Walking Downtown Is
Words: 850 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60506257
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Additionally, many were on their cell phones; it seemed like they were purposely trying to find ways to keep them from interacting with each other. This showed a clear disconnect between the different subgroups that are in such close proximity of one another. Only a few actually spoke to each other, and when this was observed it was typically using only brief statements. Social manners say a lot about a society's culture. Watching what interactions that did take place showed the clear signs of what is acceptable within this society. People would ask each other questions with polite statements ending in "please" and "thank you." This signifies a sense of manners, but also a sense of coldness that only is present within interactions between strangers. The interactions between these individuals were very formal, showing a use of language that separated the individuals from other members of society who might otherwise…


Eichberg, Henning. (2010). How to study body culture: Observing human practice. International Society of Eastern Sports & P.E. Web.

Engel, Claudia a. & Ebron, Paulla a. (2004). Mapping key concepts in cultural anthropology. Concept Maps: Theory, Methodology, Technology. Web. 

O'Neil, Dennis. (2006). What is culture? Palomar University. Web.

Course Development Community Health Nursing
Words: 5731 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Other Paper #: 36553619
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COURSE DEVELOPMENTCommunity Health Nursing Course DevelopmentPart ACourse OverviewBSN nurses must be prepared to practice and function effectively in a wide range of settings. Community health is considered an integral part of the public health sector. For this reason, it remains part and parcel of efforts to not only improve the health and wellbeing of the masses, but also fend off infectious diseases. This course will equip learners with the skills and knowledge required to function effectively in community health settings.Weekly Course Module TopicsWeekly Key ConceptsEvidence-Based Active Learning StrategiesCitation of Scholarly Sources Using APA Format1. Definition and nature of community health nursingCommunity health as a specialty concerned with the promotion of the mental and physical health/wellbeing of persons within a certain geographic region.Pause procedure: At various points during the lecture, learners will be asked to review the notes they have made and seek clarification on various aspects of the same after…


Attard, C., Berger, N. & Mackenzie, E. (2021). The Positive Influence of Inquiry-Based Learning Teacher Professional Learning and Industry Partnerships on Student Engagement with STEM. Frontiers in Education, 6, 319-325. 

Bonney, K.M. (2015). Case Study Teaching Method Improves Student Performance and Perceptions of Learning Gains. Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, 16(1), 21-28.

Bachhel, R. & Thaman, R.G. (2014). Effective Use of Pause Procedure to Enhance Student Engagement and Learning. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8(8), XM01-XM03.

Business Teams and Conflict Is
Words: 2399 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38498220
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The results of this study showed that while teams may have reported using strategies from the same conflict resolution categories, the way that they applied those strategies to resolve different conflicts was often associated with very different patterns of change in performance and satisfaction (Behfar and Peterson, 2008).

There are two interrelated theoretical contributions that this study shows. The first is to provide facts about how teams manage task, relationship, and process conflicts along with the performance and satisfaction tradeoffs associated with choices in conflict resolution strategies. The second is the fact that participant driven categorization of team conflict management does loosely map onto current individual-level conflict management typologies (Behfar and Peterson, 2008).

Additions that can be made to current literature from these results come from comparing management of the three types of conflict between different outcome patterns. The researchers felt that rather than applying mapping on an individual-level of…


About Conflict. (n.d.). Retrieved May 6, 2009, from Academic Leadership Support Web site: 

Behfar, Kristin. And Peterson, Randall. (2008). The Critical Role of Conflict Resolution in Teams: A Close Look at the Links Between Conflict Type, Conflict Management

Strategies, and Team Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(1), 170 -- 188.

Exercises Used in the Text
Words: 1018 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84895966
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Key highlights cited:

Separating research from other aspects of your life cuts you off from a major source of insights, hypotheses, and validity checks.

Although subjectivity can be adversely affected by drawing on these personal experiences and observations, the failure to do so means that the research will not be as robust and the findings that emerge will be a regurgitation of previous findings rather than a critical analysis of these findings and how they apply to the current study.

There cannot in principle be a "God's eye" view that is completely free of subjectivity (in other words, all exegesis involves some eisegesis.

The quality of the addition of empirical observations and personal and professional experiences is related to the scope and extent of personal experience.


The use of existing theory in qualitative research has advantages and disadvantages as set forth below.


Theory as coat closet: A useful…

Mapping Nursing Leadership and the Impact it Is Having
Words: 432 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 99542907
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Magnetism Map

Identify the five components of magnetism and the forces of magnetism associated with each one.

The five components of magnetism include: organizational structure, management style, the quality of care, consultation / resources and autonomy. The organizational structure is looking at underlying amounts of bureaucracy and its ability to respond to new challenges. The management style is studying the approach that is used and the way the leadership is able to connect with everyone. The quality of care is focusing on safety and doing more for patients. Consultation and resources are when everyone is working together and receives the proper amount of support. Autonomy occurs with everybody acting and thinking creatively. Each one of these areas is critical in defining the healthcare environment and the way professionals are able to meet the needs of stakeholders.

Create a concept map using magnetism as your key concept.

To connect with everyone…


Messmer, P. (2011). Magnetism. New York, NY: Springer.

Watson, J. (2011). Human Caring Science. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Expression Is One of the
Words: 1527 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85799984
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A simpler form of this would be a word box, where the student generates possible vocabulary as a list.

Various forms of visualization can be used. The fingers of one hand can be assigned to the concepts of "who, what, where, when and why" to help students remember to include all those elements when writing to report. Karge (1988) encourages other supportive imagery, such as that of a hamburger, with the top bun the topic sentence, the hamburger, pickle, ketchup, lettuce, etc. As supporting details, and the bottom bun a closing sentence.

These articles demonstrate that it is possible to think clearly and precisely about how to teach writing to students who struggle with that skill, and that it is possible to provide them with the tools to evaluate and improve their writing themselves.


Alber, Sheila R. 1999. "I don't like to write, but I love to get published':…


Alber, Sheila R. 1999. "I don't like to write, but I love to get published': Using a classroom newspaper to motivate reluctant writers." Reading & Writing Quarterly 15:4, 6p.

Hansen, C. Bobbi. 1998. "Using reflective portfolios as a tool to teach writing to students with learning disabilities." Reading & Writing Quarterly 14:3, 11p.

Karge, Belinda. 1988. "Knowing what to teach: Using authentic assessment to improve classroom instruction." Reading & Writing Quarterly 14:3, 13p.

Newcomer, Phyllis; Nodine, Barbara; and Barenbaum, Edna. 1988. "Teaching writing to exceptional children: reaction and recommendations." Exceptional Children 54:6 (April), 6p.

Higher Education and Learning New Approach to Education
Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1557584
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Value of Assessments in the College Experience

The goal of college and university instructors is of course to provide the materials, the context, and ultimately the motivating and stimulating environment in which students may learn. But there is a deeper component that should be pivotal and present within the college milieu. That vital component is a process of assessment as to how well students are learning, which indicates how effective the instruction has been. Assessments are fundamental when it comes to accurately measuring the success (or lack of success) vis-a-vis the quality of teaching. Thesis: The overriding purpose of attending a college or university is not merely to engage in the process of receiving a degree -- but rather to learn and achieve a level of scholarship that prepares a student for the future; hence, without assessments the true value of that learning experience cannot be measured.

Classroom Assessment Techniques…

Works Cited

Nilson, L.B. (2010). Teaching at its Best. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stivers, B., and Phillips. J. (2009). Assessment of Student Learning: A Fast-Track Experience.

Journal of Education for Business. 84(5), 258-262

Webber, K.L. (2012). The Use of Learner-Centered Assessments in U.S. Colleges and Universities. Research in Higher Education, 53(2), 201-228.

Cognitive Teaching to Nurses
Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57515574
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Teaching & Learning the Cognitive, Affective, & Psychomotor Domains

Janice is a 28-year-old financial advisor. She is now 7 months pregnant with her first child. She is complaining of many symptoms including fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, leg cramps and mouth/tongue sores. She is diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia. Write learning objectives to guide your teaching about how diet modification could improve her health and well-being.

In nursing, patients who are pregnant represent a category that can be especially complex given the fact that there are a range of various implications due to the prenatal needs of the expecting mother. The fetus is especially vulnerable in the early stages of development and symptoms that the mother has could potentially cause a lifetime full of health issues if the symptoms are sufficiently problematic. esearch has even confirmed data that supports the efficacy of certain kinds of prenatal stimulation and the future child…


All, A., & Havens, R. (1997). Cognitive/concept mapping: a teaching strategy for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1210-1219.

Burchum, J. (2002). Cultural Competence: An Evolutionary Perspective. Nursing Forum, 5-15.

Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A Model of Care. Journal of Transactional Nursing, 181-184.

Lafuente, M., & Grifol, R. (2001). Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: From Six to Twelve Months. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 207-216.

Teaching Comprehension
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eading Comprehension

Effective Teaching of eading Comprehension

Just like writing and speaking, reading comprehension is a language skill that needs to be developed in order to enhance understanding of various types of texts. For a long time, teachers have employed different strategies in an attempt to assist their students catch a glimpse of their focus. However, some of these strategies have been applied haphazardly, most often out of ignorance. As a result, most students ended up having trouble in comprehending even basic text. Nevertheless, recent years have seen language experts coming up with techniques that have proven to be effective in solving some of these reading comprehension challenges. The following presentation explores some techniques a teacher can employ to make a reading exercise a successful adventure.

Instructional Strategies

Duke and Pearson (2004) recommend a number of tested instructional strategies for assisting students acquire effective comprehension skills. Despite the existence of…


Block, C.C. & Israel, S.E. (2004). The ABCs of Performing Highly Effective Think-aloud. The Reading Teacher vol. 58(2): 1-14

Duke, N. K, & Pearson, P.D. (2002). Effective Practices for Developing Reading Comprehension. International Reading Association, pp1-27

Hassan, S and Fatemeh, N, (2012). The Effect of Learner Constructed, Fill in the Map Concept Map Technique, and Summarizing Strategy on Iranian Pre-university Students' Reading Comprehension. English Language Teaching, vol. 5(9):78-87

Stevenson, G. (2000). Concepts in Reading Comprehension. Advanced Learner Journal, vol. 3(4): 12-13

Web Design Evolution for Common
Words: 3229 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57367248
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Skills must be honed that create a functional page that users will view and use as the client hopes them to.

Many new eb designers produce eb pages that seem to ignore fundamental principles of "good design": full of colored backgrounds, animated pictures, multiple colors and styles of text, and little to no navigation or eb-based structure. Even in courses devoted to eb design, students still produce pages that lack unity, coherence and emphasis: "though they [students] seem to understand (and can critique) others' efforts, they're stymied when it's time for production. Few have the skills or experience writing in this medium" (Yancey & ickliff, 2001, p. 180). Similarly, individuals working on their own or working from documentation struggle with being able to create eb pages due to the same lack of experience writing on the eb.

Karper 340)

For this reason, relative examples, as explained in the previous subheading…

Works Cited

Chan, Henry, Raymond Lee, Tharam Dillon, and Elizabeth Chang. E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications. New York: Wiley, 2001.

Castro, Elizabeth HTML 4 for the World Wide Web Berkeley, CA Peachpit Press, 1998.

Dix, Alan. "3 Human-Computer Interaction and Web Design." Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design. Ed. Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005. 28-46.


Mid Range Theory
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Nursing Theory

ithin the field of nursing there are many theories that receive a great deal of attention for the manner in which they assist nurses in treating patients. The middle range theory of unpleasant symptoms was developed many years ago and has proved to be beneficial to nurses treating patients with various ailments. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate the middle range theory of unpleasant symptoms as it relates to cancer patients. This subject was chosen because of the substantial number of patients that are affected by cancer. As a result of the presence of so many cancer patients, Nurses must understand how to effectively treat people with this disease. The middle range theory of unpleasant symptoms is one of the tools that can assist in the treatment of cancer patients.

Overview of theory

According to Smith & Liehr (2008) Middle range theory is defined as "a…

Works Cited

Dirksen, S.r, Belyea, M.J., Epstein, D.R. (2009)Fatigue-Based Subgroups of Breast Cancer Survivors with Insomnia. Cancer Nurs. 32(5): 404 -- 411

Kim, H., Barsevick A.M. (2009) Predictors of the Intensity of Cluster Symptoms in Patients With Breast Cancer J. Nurs Scholarsh. 2009; 41(2): 158 -- 165.

Otte, J.L. And Carpenter J.S. Theories, Models, and Frameworks Related to Sleep-Wake Disturbances in the Context of Cancer. Cancer Nurs. 2009; 32(2): 90 -- 106

Smith, M.J. & Liehr P.R. (2008) Middle Range Theory for Nursing.

Problem Solving in Mathematics GCSE or the
Words: 3517 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25602444
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Problem Solving in Mathematics

GCSE or the General Certificate of Secondary Education is basically a system that is present in England, Northern Ireland and in Wales. In this system, a student is awarded an academic qualification based on the grades that they attain. The qualification that a person attains is equivalent to either a level 2 or Level 1 key skills qualification. Normally, a student can uptake as many subjects as he or she wants. However, different systems set a requirement for how many subjects or GCSEs a student must take. There is present an international system of IGCSE as well and these subjects can be up taken anywhere in the world. This was just a precise history of what exactly the GCSE system is all about. Interestingly enough, the GCSE system was not the first one of its kind. Prior to this, GCE and the English Baccalaureate System were…


Anderson, J. (2009) Mathematics Curriculum Development and the Role of Problem Solving. [E-Book] The University Of Sydney. Available Through: ACSA Conference 2009  Http://Www.Acsa.Edu.Au/Pages/Images/Judy%20Anderson%20-%20Mathematics%20Curriculum%20Development.Pdf  [Accessed: 11th February 2013].

Bloom, B. (1971) Handbook Of Formative And Summative Evaluation Of Student Learning. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.

Boaler, J. (2002). Experiencing School Mathematics: Traditional And Reform Approaches To Teaching And Their Impact On Student Learning. Mahwah, N.J., L. Erlbaum.

Davies, I. (1975) Writing General Objectives And Writing Specific Objectives. In: Golby, M. Et Al. Eds. (1975) In Curriculum Design . 1st Ed. Open University Books .

Amy Attended the County's Administrator Forum it
Words: 4743 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39352473
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Amy attended the county's administrator forum, it became clear that the rumor mill about the "Good Ole' Boys" network was not exaggerated. Sitting across the table from fifteen district superintendents, not one in the bunch was a woman. There was only one other woman in assembled group, who like Amy held a lower position on her district's administrative team. Just as Amy had done her entire career, she made the decision not to let the statistics change her course and she was more determined than ever to proceed and succeed.

During the next few months Amy began researching her situation, and after reading several articles about women in upper-management, she became keenly aware that a doctoral degree will help level the playing field for women like her who want to reach the higher levels of administration in the K-12 education arena. She enjoyed her job as a district curriculum developer,…


Kimberly A. Brehm, Colleges adjust to accommodate non-traditional students., University Wire, 02-15-2000.

Sudeep Reddy, Forget going to class -- just get your diploma on the web., University Wire, 11-30-1998.

PATRICIA ALEX, Staff Writer, GOING TO COLLEGE WITHOUT LEAVING YOUR LAPTOP., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 11-24-1995, pp a01.

Catherine E. Shoichet, Harvard ponders distance learning., University Wire, 03-04-2002.

Tests and Measurements
Words: 3787 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4932648
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Tests and Measurements

The activities of the classrooms are revealed to the learners, instructors and the institutions through administering normalized tests. They encompass gathered knowledge in reading, mathematics, and English for learners starting from kindergarten up to the high school level. Several instructors detest from organizing and evaluating tests and a majority of the students are scared of appearing in them. ut tests are potent didactic instruments which provide at the minimum four tasks. First of all, tests assist in judging pupils and evaluating if they are receiving their education as per our reckoning. Secondly, properly planned tests provide inspiration and assist pupils to systematize their educational pursuits. (Davis, 1993, p.19)

Learners undertake their lessons in manners that show how they imagine their tests will be like. When they anticipate that a test is going to ascertain their knowledge about facts, they will get by heart the particulars; when they…


Burley, Hansel. A Measure of Knowledge. American School Board Journal. Volume: 189;

No: 2; February 2002, pp: 43-48

Davis, Barbara Gross. Tools for Teaching. Jossey-Bass Publishers;

San Francisco, 1993

Roosevelt's Fireside Chats Radio Broadcast
Words: 766 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6788167
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Part 2

1. Describe the main tenants in the New Deal.

The New Deal was the set of federal programs launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt after taking office in 1933, in response to the calamity of the Great Depression.

2. Draw a concept map of the New Deal.

3. The New Deal was a launching pad into World War II. Do you think that this process was helpful or not helpful in the long run?

The New Deal was helpful because it helped lift a country out of a depression. WWII was a necessary war that needed to be fought by America.

4. What is your opinion of Roosevelt exceeding the two term presidential limit? Do you feel that this was right? Would you like to see it happen again?

Roosevelt violated the Constitution and should not have been elected past a second term. This is the only time…

Learning According to the University of Canberra's
Words: 1529 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84269176
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According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.

The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study…


Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple intelligences. Retrieved online: 

Dartmouth College Academic Skills Center (2011). Managing your time. Retrieved online: 

Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons. Perseus.

Langer, J.A. (1986). Learning through writing: Study skills in the content areas. Journal of Reading. Feb 1986.

Testing Memory Encoding
Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15220353
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Memory Encoding

Long-Term Memory Encoding

The card trick shown on page 265 in Coon and Mitterer (2013) provides a demonstration of how human memory works. An individual is first presented with six face cards from a deck of cards and told to focus on a single card of their choice, so that the person will be able to remember it later. The cards are removed from sight and the individual is presented with five face cards that do not include any of the face cards presented initially. If the individual remained focused on only one card in the first set of cards then he or she would be unaware that all of the cards were changed, resulting in the individual believing the trickster could read minds. This card trick reveals how attention is required for memory encoding. Coon and Mitterer (2013) call the failure of the individual to remember any…


Coon, D. & Mitterer, J.O. (2013). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior with Concept Maps and Reviews (13th ed.). Independence, KY: Cengage Learning.

Folstein, M.F., Folstein, S.E., & McHugh, P.R. (1975). A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12(3), 189-98.

Malloy, P.F., Cummings, J.L., Coffey, C.E., Duffy, J., Fink, M., Lauterbach, E.C. et al. (1997). Cognitive screening instruments in neuropsychiatry: A report of the Committee on Research of the American Neuropsychiatric Association. Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 9(2), 189-97.

Steis, M.R. & Schrauf, R.W. (2009). A review of translations and adaptations of the Mini-Mental State Examination in languages other than English and Spanish. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 2(3), 214-24.

Nurse Instruction
Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71688732
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nursing development class. The theme of Stroke and brain injury will be continued to be used in order to highlight how an instructive class may be developed, instituted and assessed. This essay will discuss the learning objectives and present their delivery in a form that outlines basic teaching and learning principles that reflect the essence of healing and the professional medical community.

Class Need Assessment

Evaluating the learning for this class will come in different stages. The first half of the class is based on the cognitive and basic knowledge skills that nurses need to have to identify the important factors dealing with stroke. This knowledge can be assessed with a simple testing procedure that quizzes the student on their knowledge using multiple choice questions and answers. The second half of the instruction is more hands on and requires the students to perform their job in a simulated activity of…


Cronenwett, L., Sherwood, G., Barnsteiner, J., Disch, J., Johnson, J., Mitchell, P., ... & Warren, J. (2007). Quality and safety education for nurses. Nursing outlook, 55(3), 122-131.

Hanger, H.C., Walker, G., Paterson, L.A., McBride, S., & Sainsbury, R. (1998). What do patients and their carers want to know about stroke? A two-year follow-up study. Clinical rehabilitation, 12(1), 45-52.

Mant, J., Carter, J., Wade, D.T., & Winner, S. (1998). The impact of an information pack on patients with stroke and their carers: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 12(6), 465-476.

Rodgers, H., Bond, S., & Curless, R. (2001). Inadequacies in the provision of information to stroke patients and their families. Age and ageing, 30(2), 129-133.

Social Business and Retailer
Words: 12746 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 58098465
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Using contemporary illustrative examples from academic literature and reputable business publications, discuss the concept of "Social Business" and the resultant opportunity and challenges that are currently being faced by the retail industry globally.

Concept of Social Business

Concept of Social Business with etailers

Social Media and etailing

Best Practices in Administering Social Media

There is a growing body of research that confirms that companies of all sizes and types can realize a wide array of benefits from the use of social media networks. While the types and applications of social media experience constant change, social media content such as blogs and microblogs have become some of the more popular social media tools that have emerged in recent years. Although there a number of benefits and advantages that can be achieved through the use of social media resources, there is a concomitant danger that inappropriate or misguided content can backfire…


'About MySpace,' 2013, MySpace. [online] available: .

'About YouTube,' 2013, YouTube. [online] available: .

Anderson, DJ 2011, Winter, 'The Foray into Social Media: A Clinician, and Skeptic,

Sold,' Frontiers of Health Services Management, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 23-29.

Centralization and Decentralization in Public
Words: 1927 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96300042
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Related to this concept of "myth" is the concept of "vision." A vision can transform an organization's ideology or sense of purpose into a road map for the future (Bolman, 2008,p. 255). Vision can translate into principles being integrated into the very fabric of the organization. Vision can foster the development of an organization's culture that predicates itself on hard work and determination; determination to attain specific benchmarks, this determination can quickly metastasize through the entire organization (Bolman, 2008, p. 256).

The question then becomes what administrative structure is more adept at handling such conditions. Is a more centralized "top-down" approach similar to the management styles of former Home Depot CEO Robert Nardelli and President Jimmy Carter the most beneficial? These management styles have often been lauded for their micromanagement and intense hands on approach defined by their incessant need to be involved in the every decision making process. Ultimately,…

Works Cited

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Reframing organizations: artistry, choice, and leadership. 4. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008. Print.

Compare and Contrast 2 Minority Cultures in South Dakota
Words: 1967 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8650404
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Minority Culture in South Dakota

Lifestyles, Values and the Economy of Hispanic-Americans and Indian-Americans in South Dakota

The history of the minority groups in the U.S.A. dates back to historical times in the 1800 and their growth has been somehow stable in USA. It is undisputable that the treatment of the minority groups and the Native Americans and the African-Americans ran out of the borders of the tolerance and freedom. It is however notable that the U.S.A. has all through welcomed huge numbers of diverse immigrants and accommodated them as any other born American. It is no longer viable to ignore the issue of the minority groups in each state since even at the national grid, as U.S. Department of State (2006) indicates, the minority groups have played a significant part in all sectors. For instance Hispanics accounted for nearly half of the U.S.A. population increase between July 1, 2004…


Ann W.C. & Ruben D.N., (2011). Understanding the Hispanic Culture. Retrieved May 22,

2011 from 

Bloomberg L.P., (2011). South Dakota Grows as Minority Population Surges, Census Finds.

Retrieved May 22, 2011 from

Teaching in Multi-Ethnic Classrooms Experts
Words: 1681 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13697967
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This instructor has learned to proactively educate his Navajo students about the need to reveal certain information they normally keep among themselves, such as burial grounds, because federal law now protects them from violation -- but only if their location is known. What this suggests to me is that I may simply have to accept that some cultural distinctions may be important to my Native American students and that it may not be part of their culture to explain it to me. If an issue is important then it may be up to me to explain why something is important in the school's culture so the child can be more successful, but without suggesting that the school culture is better or superior.

Finally, I think it will be important to incorporate literature from the cultures of minority students, recognizing that it isn't enough that the story be "Hispanic." A story…


Allison, Sherry R., and Vining, Christine Begay. 1999. "Native American Culture and Language." Bilingual Review, p. 193.

Amselle, Jorge. 1997. "Adios, Bilingual Ed." Policy Review Vol. 86, pp. 52+.

Araoe, Lisa, and Nelson, J. Ron. 2000. "A Comparative Analysis of Teachers', Caucasian Parents' and Hispanic Parents' Views of Problematic School Survival Behaviors." Education & Treatment of Children 23:3.

Bardwell, Tracey; McMahon, Rebecca, and Saunders, DeLaura. 1996. "Increasing Young Children's Cultural Awareness with American Indian Literature." Childhood Education 73:2, pp. 105+.

Montefiore Medical Center Reasons for Developing New
Words: 3035 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 16657719
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Montefiore Medical Center

easons for Developing New Strategy

Designing the new strategy involved several meetings by the Medical Center's employees to assist in the development of a balanced scorecard and initiating nation-level measures. In this regard, the firm developed a new strategy to represent the cause-and-effect linkages among the environment, strategy, and operating plan that could deliver the required financial results. The new system proposed by the strategy was initiated to ensure that financials made up a 10-percent of the measures on the balanced scoreboard. Montefiore additionally, developed the new strategy to measure patient satisfaction, the cost, health care quality as well as cycle times of clinical and administrative processes. It was realized by the institution that the strategic measures were essential in positioning Montefiore for future innovation while encouraging organizational growth. The GIP strategy was initiated by the medical provider to help in increasing market penetration while assisting in…


Barney, J.B. (1986). Organizational Culture: Can It be a Source of Sustained Competitive Advantage? Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 656-665.

Barney, J.B. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.

Collis, D.J., & Montgomery, C.A. (1995). Competing on Resources: Strategy in the 1990s. Harvard Business Review.

Engestrom, Y., Miettinen, R., & Punamaki, R.-L. (1999). Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.

Marketing Involvement Consumer Involvement Refers to the
Words: 1968 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 27836083
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Consumer involvement refers to the amount of time, though and energy that a consumer puts into a particular purchase decision (McNamara, 2014). This can be categorized along the emotional/rational scale. So many small purchases like impulse purchases are low involvement. At the very low involvement end of the scale is something like fries with your burger -- you might not even want them, and accept the suggestion for them almost reflexively. At the high involvement end of the scale would be something like the military bidding process, or for consumers buying a house or car. A medium-involvement purchase involves at least some thought. An example might be new headphones -- it's not an impulse purchase but unless you're ad audiophile there is only so much energy you will put into that purchase.

For marketers, the optimal situation for a low involvement purchase is to reduce the search for…


Brisoux, J. & Laroche, M. (1981). Evoked set and composition: An empirical investigation under a routinized response behavior situation. Advances in Consumer Research. Vol. 8 (1981) 357-361.

Cauberghe, V. & Pelsmacker, P. (2008). The impact of banners on television: The role of program interactivity and product involvement. CyberPsychology and Behavior. Vol. 11 (1) 91-94.

Lin, L. & Chen, C. (2006). The influence of country-of-origin image, product knowledge, and product involvement on consumer purchase decisions: An empirical study of insurance and catering services in Taiwan. Journal of Consumer Marketing. Vol. 23 (2006) 248-265.

Martin, C. (1998). Relationship marketing: A high-involvement product attribute approach. Journal of Product & Brand Management Vol. 7 (1) 6-26.

Configuring SAP R 3 and an
Words: 2159 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86205452
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Judy E. Scott, Iris Vessey, 2000 (pp. 213-223) illustrate through their analysis of /3 failures that integration left to rudimentary programming that simply maps non-ABAP fields to ABAP fields is prone to failure and lack of scalability and security. Fang Zhao, 2004 (pp. 675-689) mentions that the role of production planning's integration is to further produce a higher level of efficiency in all aspects of transactions. This includes higher transaction velocities for BOM Master Data use, more accurate use of both logical and physical BOMs, and the critical integration links to inventory management, MP synchronization and demand management interfaces to enable a higher level of transaction accuracy and responsiveness on the part of manufacturing. SAP's Production Planning Module has been designed to support these workflows, and as SAP dominates process industries, the EP provider has includes the PP-PI module for Oil and Gas. The following figure shows an example of…


Thomas Gulledge, Rainer Sommer, George Simon, 2004. Analyzing convergence alternatives across existing SAP solutions. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 104(8/9), 722-734. Retrieved November 24, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 773804071).

Mahesh Gupta, Amarpreet Kohli, 2006. Enterprise resource planning systems and its implications for operations function. Technovation, 26(5,6), 687-696. Retrieved November 26, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1006962051).

Mike Kennerley, Andy Neely, 2001. Enterprise resource planning: analysing the impact. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 12(2), 103-113. Retrieved November 26, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 119045895).

Pernille Kraemmergaard, Jeremy Rose, 2002. Managerial Competences for ERP Journeys. Information Systems Frontiers: Special Issue: Information Systems: Modeling and Analysis, 4(2), 199. Retrieved November 23, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 338583171).

Geographic Profiling What Your Address
Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22977890
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53). The technique has roots in various psychological concepts that examine how individuals make choices about behavior and the ways in which motivations are formed and molded. It also draws on a set of investigatory techniques broadly called environmental criminology. Environmental criminology looks at how physical space influences people to commit crimes, how what particular types of crimes are committed are related to the physical space in which they occur (for example, farming communities tend to be the site of different types of crimes than is the case in housing projects or suburban cul de sacs) and how the type of person who is likely to be victimized is also related to physical space (MacKay, 1999).

Geographic profiling has moved a long way from the old tape-a-map-to-the-wall-and-stick-pushpins in it. Geographic profilers use highly specialized software systems that produce what are called "jeopardy surfaces" or "geoprofile," high detailed three-dimensional models of…


Brantingham, P.J., & Brantingham, P.L. (1984). Patterns in crime. New York: Macmillan.

Canter, D. (2003). Mapping Murder: The Secrets of Geographic Profiling. London: Virgin Publishing.

MacKay, R.E. (1999, December). Geographic profiling: A new tool for law enforcement. The Police Chief, pp. 51-59.

Rossmo, D.K. (2000). Geographic profiling. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Polly Was Pregnant Again I
Words: 1760 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37498921
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Brauer, J.C. (1954). The Nature of English Puritanism: Three Interpretations." Church History. 23 (2): 99-108.

Coon, D. (1976). Eliza Lucas Pinckney and the eintroduction of Indigo Culture in South Carolina. The Journal of Southern History. 42 (1): 61-76.

Daniels, B.C. (1991). "Did the Puritans Have Fun? Leisure, ecreation, and the Concept of Fun in Early New England." Journal of American Studies. 25 (1) 7-22.

Governors of Massachussettes. (1768). "Massachusetts Circular Letter to the Colonial Legislatures." Yale University's Avalon Project. etrieved from

Judgments and Decrees National Archives, ecords of District Courts of the United States, ecord Group 21. (1773). "Dowry Gift of Slaves: Ann Taylor vs. Thomas Hart Jr.." The National Archives Documented ights. etrieved from

Lambert, F. "I Saw the Book Talk': Slave eadings of the First Great Awakening." The Journal of Negro History Vol. 77, No. 4 (Autumn, 1992), pp. 185-198. etrieved from

Mereness, N.D.…


Brauer, J.C. (1954). The Nature of English Puritanism: Three Interpretations." Church History. 23 (2): 99-108.

Coon, D. (1976). Eliza Lucas Pinckney and the Reintroduction of Indigo Culture in South Carolina. The Journal of Southern History. 42 (1): 61-76.

Daniels, B.C. (1991). "Did the Puritans Have Fun? Leisure, Recreation, and the Concept of Fun in Early New England." Journal of American Studies. 25 (1) 7-22.

Governors of Massachussettes. (1768). "Massachusetts Circular Letter to the Colonial Legislatures." Yale University's Avalon Project. Retrieved from

Ways Google Innovative Technologies Have Changed the World
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Google Innovation

How Google's Innovative Technologies Have Changed the World

The Google founders deliberately designed and continually fuel a corporate culture that puts innovation at the center, acting as a highly effective catalyst for creating new products and services. One of the foundational elements of their culture is the ule of 20%, which gives engineers the flexibility of spending up to 20% of their time on projects they are interested in transforming from concept to finished product (Laffey, 2007). Since instituting this program at the launch of the company, products and services generated from its successful use has delivered 56% of total revenues to Google on an annual basis (MIT Sloan eview, 2006). Google Docs, Gmail, personal search, Google+, Android operating systems, Goggles (visual search) and Latitude are all the result of the ule of 20% Program (Manyika, 2009). Taken together, Google's technologies have made a major impact on the…


Brown, A.S. (2011). Google's autonomous car applies lessons learned from driverless races. Mechanical Engineering, 133(2), 31-31.

Cho, K. (2009). Powering the Google engine: Innovation is key. Fountainebleau, France, Fountainebleau: INSEAD.

Deegan, M. (2008). New products from google aimed at sparking innovation. SNL Kagan Media & Communications Report,, n/a.

Gopalakrishnan, S., Kessler, E.H., & Scillitoe, J.L. (2010). Navigating the innovation landscape: Past research, present practice, and future trends. Organization Management Journal, 7(4), 262-277.

Dilmah Tea Stakeholder Analysis Customer Segments There
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Dilmah Tea

Stakeholder Analysis

Customer Segments

There are two ways of looking at Dilmah's customers. The buyers -- to whom Dilmah sells -- are the supermarkets and wholesalers that carry the tea. The other customer group is the end user. Tea is a mass market product that is consumed by a broad swath of the population, and to the extent that there is a definable "typical" demographic for tea consumption, this will vary by market. Initially, the company experienced difficulty in attracting interest from supermarket chains, which would then have had to utilize a push strategy to convince consumers to buy the tea. Over time, however, Dilmah was able to build its brand, making it more attractive to both supermarkets and consumers.

The global hot beverages market is worth $69.77 billion and the two major segments (coffee and tea) are both growing (PR eb, 2011). The growing demand, combined with…

Works Cited:

Bajaj, V. (2010) . A Sri Lankan underdog battles global tea giants. New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from 

Datamonitor. (2010). Hot drinks in Australia to 2013. Datamonitor. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from 

Dilmah Tea website. (2012). Retrieved May 11, 2012 from 

Ellis, E. (2007). A cup of tea like a fine wine. Fortune Magazine. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from

Recovery Is a Personal and Unique Process
Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68313793
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ecovery is a personal and unique process that involves the changing of an individual's values, attitudes, feelings, skills, goals and basically involves a way of living life that is hopeful, satisfying and contributing even with limitations that are caused by involves developing new purpose and meaning in an individual's life as they grow beyond the effects that are brought by mental illnesses. The process of recovery has several concepts and they include finding and maintaining hope. This involves having a strong belief in one self, having a sense of personal agency and being optimistic of what the future might bring. Another component is the reestablishment of self-identity .this involves finding a new identity that takes in the illness while at the same time retaining positive sense of one self as being core. Another component is the building of a life that is meaningful. This involves the making sense…


Slade, M., Boardman J., & Shepherd, G.(2008).Making Recovery a Reality. Sainsbury Center for Mental Health.

System Theory the Origin and
Words: 4711 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99908857
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However, in the most recent theory of evolution which discusses the living world appears as the result of chance and an output of different randomly selected natural mills. This kind of development came to present as a result of the need of more subjects or topics in areas such as cybernetic, general system theory, information theory, theories of games which is needed in most decision making process in line with real applications. In mathematics techniques however, there are a number of general assumption which are insufficient and most of the time very contradict themselves (Laszlo & Krippner, 1982).

Again, Laszlo (1982) outlined that von Bertalanffy considered the idea of organization to be involved at various stages in the expression of natural system. This could be highlighted from his first statement on the system which he made between the years 1925-1926, during the time when similar thinking of organism was being…


Bailey, K.D. (2004). Beyond System Internals: Expanding the Scope of Living Systems Theory. Los Angeles: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bailey, K.D. (2006). Living systems theory and social entropy theory. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 23, 291-300.

Bertalanffy, L. (1951). General system theory - a new approach to unity of science. (Symposium), Human Biology, 23, 303-361. Dec 1951.

Bertalanffy, L. (1972). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications. London: Allen Lane.

Incentives and Performance Monitoring in Management Writer
Words: 1848 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64724759
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Incentives and Performance Monitoring in Management

Writer Inserts Title of Essay

This study examines and compares two concepts that are applicable in aviation management practices; incentives and performance monitoring. In addition, the weaknesses and strengths of these two concepts are highlighted to ascertain the most effective and efficient concept.

The paper further describes the application of these two concepts in management and details their implications as well as suitability in the aviation industry and above all in management.

In organizations such as those in the aviation sector, people make the critical difference between success and failure of the operations. The key determinant of the level of performance in organizations is the effectiveness with which workers are managed, motivated, involved and engaged. It is however interesting that little research indicates the relationship between worker management and business performance. Numerous articles describe certain practices and styles which are claimed to increase motivation,…


Aspect. (2012). Performance Management: Tools that Drive Action, Not Just Reports. Retrieved from

Bloom, N., & Van Reenen, J. (2006). Measuring and explaining management practices across firms and countries. NBER Working Paper.

Brink, A.G., Hobson, J.L., & Stevens, D.E. ( 2012). The Effect of Financial Incentives on Excessive Risk-Taking Behavior: An Experimental Examination Incorporating Earnings Management and Individual Factors. Social Science Research Network.

Deci, E. (1971). Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Apple's iWatch
Words: 4509 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65500658
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Smart Watches and Their Evaluation Functionality and Usability With Smartphones

Smart watch, often referred to as the smart watch is a wristwatch that has been computerized, and integrated with functionality that has been enhanced beyond timekeeping (Miyake, 2001). Moreover, the features of smart watch make it comparable to a personal digital assistant, or a PDA device. The early models of these watches were capable of performing basic tasks that included translations, calculations, and game playing. Meanwhile the modern smart watches have been designed in a way that they can be considered to be wearable computers that are actually quite efficient and effective. It is actually quite interesting to note that many smart watches have been designed in a way that many mobile apps can be run on them (Lever, 2013). On the other hand, there are also some models of these watches that are capable of operating a mobile system,…


Arthur, C. (2013). Apple reportedly seeking outside expertise to make iWatch.Guardian.

Budiua, R. (2013). Smartwatches Are the Future -- But Samsung Galaxy Gear Only Partway There. [online] Retrieved from:  / [Accessed: 28 Mar 2014].

Dingle, S. (2013).A history of the smart watch and why nobody wants one.Adventures in Consumer Technology. [report] Medium.

Doensen, P. (2010). Q.5 Watches with Memory and Database. WATCH. [report] History of the Modern Wristwatch by Pieter Doensen.

Faulkner and Time Fragmented Time
Words: 6888 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51400850
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Reading The Sound and the Fury can be frustrating for the reader, particularly the reader who is used to the linear march of time and the orderly unfolding of the events. Classic chronology provides a sense of order and a sense of time for the reader. They can easily relate to their own experience and concept of the passage of time. Faulkner steps into an uncomfortable area for many readers, making his work difficult to follow in terms of linearity. It appears as if he is randomly leaping off in different directions with no sense of purpose or direction at time. However, if we look at the way in which time acts as a character one can glean a different perspective of time and gain a glimpse into the eternal nature of time. Jean-Paul Sartre explains that, "A fictional technique always relates back to the novelist's metaphysics" (Sartre). Such is…

Works Cited

Baldwin, M. Faulkner's Cartographic Method: Producing the Land through Cognitive

Mapping. Faulkner Journal. Vol. 7, No. 1 & 2. Fall 1991 / Spring 1992

Cape, J. And Smith, H. The Sound and the Fury: Commentary. October 7, 1929. William

Faulkner On the Web.

William Renwick The Content of
Words: 5769 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76841378
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The biosphere consists of all living organisms on the planet. The atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere function collectively to provide he environment which sustains the biosphere. These four spheres interact to create ecological systems. These ecosystems, as they are called, are groups of organisms and the nonliving environment which they exist in.

In the process of living and working in an area, people modify the landscape to suit their purposes or tastes. These are called cultural landscapes. Many geographers maintain that the entire surface of the earth constitutes a cultural landscape, as humans have changed the face of the planet to such a great degree. Some geographers also put forth environmentalist theories, which emphasize the role of the environment in human life. The interaction between humans and the environment is a circular effect- environment affects human life and culture, while humans alter and transform the environment. Geographers have studied the ways…

Traditional Se Asian Bamboo Flutes
Words: 28549 Length: 95 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 64807002
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Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.

In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.

A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…

works cited:

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Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)

Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received

Gray highlight means writer found this source

Strategy Mapping and the Learning and Growth Perspective
Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 26413567
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Strategic Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective

The execution of a strategy in an effective manner is a crucial factor to success and survival of organization and businesses. Despite of the significance of effective implementation of strategy, very few companies and businesses are actually successful in executing their own strategies. Generally, many companies continue to fall short of their own expectations and those of others when executing their strategies. One of the major reasons for the relative poor execution of strategies is the seeming inability by organizational leaders to communicate their vision in a manner that others can participate and contribute to its achievement. Even though many companies have clearly defined procedures for developing strategic plans, there is usually a major disconnect between formulation and implementation stages of strategy. This paper will mainly focus on explaining the strategy mapping process and its link to performance management and the development…


Armitage, H.M. & Scholey, C. (2006, March). Using Strategy Maps to Drive Performance.

Retrieved December 29, 2013, from 

DiCenso, C. (2004, June). Build Your Strategy Map and Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved December 29, 2013, from 

Murby, L. & Gould, S. (2005, July). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced

Health Care -- Lean Philosophy on Cost
Words: 3801 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20327811
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Health Care -- Lean Philosophy on Cost Reduction and Quality Improvement

Lean Philosophy is initially traced back to Henry Ford's innovative assembly line, revolutionizing manufacturing while failing to provide true variety. Building on Ford's concepts Toyota management established a Lean Philosophy in the 1930's and 1940's that focused on production flow and waste elimination, resulting in rapid, low cost and high quality processes, along with simpler and more accurate management. These concepts were further elucidated by authors including James omack, who established the Lean Enterprise Institute in 1997.

The essential elements of Lean Philosophy are 5 principles including: defining the value sought by the customer; specifying the value stream of the product satisfying that value while challenging wasted steps; making a continuous flow of product through refined steps; creating "pull" (essentially meaning "customer demand/expectation") from step-to-step for continuous flow wherever possible; continually improve and refine the process to cut the…

Works Cited

Berk & Associates. (2011). Idea: Lean government. Seattle, WA: Washington State Auditor's Office.

Jimmerson, C. (2010). Value stream mapping for healthcare made easy. New York, NY: Productivity Press.

Lean Enterprise Institute. (2009). 5S - Visual workplace. Retrieved October 5, 2012 from Web site: 

Lean Enterprise Institute. (2009). Lean timeline. Retrieved October 5, 2012 from Web site: