¶ … Map of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Breast Cancer Consequently, owing to estrogen's proliferative features, its cellular stimulus can have adverse outcomes in patients conveying large amounts of these receptors intracellularly (Yager and Davidson, 2006).
Cutting down on alcohol
Giving up Tobacco
Medications approved to treat breast cancer:
Afinitor et al. (National Cancer Institute, 2016).
Concept Map of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Breast Cancer
The etiology of breast cancer remains mainly unidentified. Risk factors linked with breast cancer can be clustered into three comprehensive contributing factors: i. family history (hereditary) factors, ii. hormonal reproductive factors
environmental factors (DeBruin and Josephy, 2002).
Polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing enzymes may influence risk of breast cancer from environmental chemicals, dietary agents, and endogenous steroids (DeBruin and Josephy, 2002).
Lump or contour change
Edema or peau d'orange (Medscape, 2015)
Chest x-ray (CXR) Complete blood count (CBC)
Basic metabolic panel (BMP)
Lactate Urine analysis (UA)
Urine culture (UC)
Blood cultures x2 sites (Rischer, 2013)
When estrogen goes into the ...
Contrivance of carcinogenesis continues to be mostly unidentified, but overexpression is linked with speedy tumour growth, reduced survival, increased risk of relapse subsequent to surgery, and poor reaction to conventional chemotherapeutic agents (Yager and Davidson, 2006).
Refutation, or inward turning of the nipple
Amplification of one breast dimpling of the breast surface
An prevailing lump that gets bigger
An "orange peel" texture to the skin
Unpremeditated weight loss enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit
Perceptible veins on the breast (Krans and Cafasso, 2015)
Thickening of the breast tissue
Redness or scaling of the nipple
A nipple that retracts or turns inward
Unexplained redness, swelling, skin irritation, itchiness, or rash on the breast (Krans and Cafasso, 2015).
Rischer, K. (2013). Unfolding Clinical Reasoning Case Study: Breast Cancer Content/Concept Map. Retrieved 3 February, 2016 from: http://www.keithrn.com/site/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Breast-Cancer-Content-Concepts-Map-for-Case-Study1.pdf
National Cancer Institute. (2016). Drugs Approved for Breast Cancer. Retrieved 3 February, 2016 from: http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/drugs/breast
DeBruin, L. S., & Josephy, P. D. (2002). Perspectives on the chemical etiology of breast cancer. Environmental health perspectives,…
Consequently, owing to estrogen's proliferative features, its cellular stimulus can have adverse outcomes in patients conveying large amounts of these receptors intracellularly (Yager and Davidson, 2006).
94). The modern legal definition of disease provides a useful starting point for an examination of the concept of disease and how it is regarded by various disciplines. According to Black's Law Dictionary (1990), disease is a "deviation from the healthy or normal condition of any of the functions or tissues of the body. An alternation in the state of the body or some of its organs, interrupting or disturbing
African-Americans in Louisiana & Type 2 Diabetes Rates The poor will be always with us, we are biblically admonished. And for Americans we might add to this ancient maxim that the African-American poor will be always with us. Despite the many gains that they have made in the past 30 years African-Americans remain far more likely to be poor than are white Americans. This has a number of different consequences for
Then, the patient can receive free care or referrals to specialists from the doctor. GPs thus can provide comprehensive data regarding patients with a variety of conditions, from a wide range of demographic groups. Currently, 3,500 GP practices, encompassing a population of 23 million patients, contribute to the national QSurveillance database. The system is the largest and most regularly updated health tracking system in the world (National disease surveillance,
Pizza Hut, Domino's most dominant global competitor, was clearly way behind all three national pizza chains in 2005, with a very weak innovation story on new products to sell, and more re-shuffling of menu items with aggressive pricing and programs to bring in the lucrative in-store buyer. The net result from this lack of innovation was Pizza Hut losing significant market share. it's expected that Pizza Hut will be more
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Salmonella Fig 1. Salmonella Bacteria The first thing to note about Salmonella (seen in Fig. 1) is that it is a bacteria, and therefore a living organism. However the term "Salmonella" is used loosely in daily conversation to specify an illness caused by that bacteria in humans, and in other animals. Most people have some vague recollection of a "salmonella outbreak" caused by a contaminated food supply being reported in the media,